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EDEFIELD C. 1.
%VLDV1;S r61Y- J.,AUARYJ, l)
There seemls to be lkil or an of impor
t. nec doing iii Cowr-s.
SOUTil CAIZOLINA COLLEGE.
This inwtimn s;eems'- mA to bi a lery
flonarishaing~ condion there me 2'7 stolS,
viz: 5 resident graduat's; 7 Siiois i.ia
miors; 73 Sophs and P; Fre-hiei.
yVIU;MNI.\ AND FL.ORWAl.
The Le. -islatIire. of u1si -sia :a nd Vltoifla
have adopied Iesob:,iolst "jha slow I07at
tlhose Slates enteltaill sCltilinln.z, :ruy siI
erj in their coaract:r ;I relatism it, the Wihn"
Proviso, asd the i1:1, I leece of C41:1- assi:
the quIebtionI of savcIy inI the t. I Ito i s.
- AMR. CALI.K)OUS.
We regret to see in the AqiisiaChoicle
& Sen1tnel, an altack apon M r. Can'. a
together u called tr at thi time, v.b lan1
ny and m.animinity of seatim nt are ro mn;
needed at the South. We do not iniewl to at
tempt asn answer to thC article! re:re t1 at thiS
time, we believe it 11on1lecessary. Tht., ositifll
which Ir. Calloan ovetilies at prs:in 'muig
tiae Southeri Members of Coligre.;s isili
cient evidence to the cotilry that hae is ot
wanti"ag in patriotism, and devolii to the
ATEETING OF SOUTIlR.N 51..0PIS.
We ste from tha, Clu!rIstim Couricr, that the
- Ilecting of Sou:hearn 3einhea' m Cor
was held ona the ight of the 22di inst., and that
the Committee of hireen reported io the mt
in" an address pre:ied by a1 3li;errivn, which
vas intended as a sub6titnte lPr the addres:s
prepared by Ir. Calhlonl, whieb had cansed
some dissatisractii itt a lrmer meceting, but
Air. Ierrien's addiess wai rejected ly the
meeting, and A1r. Calhom's was adopte.1, with
the CXCC)tion of one unimporlaat clause. It
is lhoughat that marly all the Southern Demo.
erats and some three or four Southern Whigs.
will eventually sign the address. It is said that
t'ie address will be published forthwith.
The pride of the trne learled American
one who really feels a deep iterest in the lib,
eOal institutins of his coitry-is stibject to
fequenunortification at the disgu1stinlg scenes,
Wrequently epa cted in, somle of our L.egislative_
assemblies. The Legislatares of Ohio and
North rdiliiki-vhrernl en..
of such scenes; in vhllcl tile opposite political
parties, in trying to get the a.seendancy, have
brokent out inato dhisorde,r, consfuasions, aaad yio
lence. Suach thaaags asighat h.e somacwhsat -cuial,
if happeaaing under thao hidden excitemaeant of
an extraordiniary occasion; but when, as in
thaese cases, they are the resualts amerely of wronag
hecaded, piarty fanaat icismi, withtout the pretext of
any auusutal event, thaey tare altogethser withant
pardonable excuse. Enlightened paublc opian
ion shonld c:ansc to he visited upona saneh unabe
cominag insdeceies wvhaieb are ct.hculatcd to
bring reproach tapoan otr anation, thec most
- A con.yention is abaoust in be called ina len
tuicky with the view of liesfotiing the State
Constittution. Onse imaportanat asatter, we are
told, to be disea:sed by the Convenatioin is, thae
devisiag of somec plan foar the gradusal emaneati
pation of theC slasve.
We had hopa~ed that thae ultra Ra:dicalismu to
wvhich thec attempted Rlefoarm in thte New Yoark
Constituation, hads led, wousld, foar a whileh, at
least, havc checked the rabaid spirit of iaaaor.e
tion rise ini onar lsands. Will (air peoplhe never
learn to atapreciaste the hblessngs thecy enjoy
Will they ithi a imnerile t:n.<e for aaovehiy, be
ever in search of stome vaina imaiginry good!
W ~ ill they coaantnae toa bear dlwna all their vena
-phantom of perfectionr ? Sha:ll we have anoth-.
try fixed anad rcunc a'mon;g aus? Soan wc
shall scarcely be able to to.e lhe hanadie.or!u f
otur wise anacestors ias the g re:at poli tic:al inasiiln
tsons of then couantry-sso violenat is thae nte fair
new--fanigled, anda whaimtsic:dl thaeories. If there
be tr'tha 'at haistaory, thais forebhodes aio good.
WVhen a natioaa ceases to a'Lnire the anyia ble.
sings it enajo'ys anad acajarires a sickly taste for
chaaage, its days :are amataheredl.
CH.inESToN SUc.si~ Ri:xrry --We
paid a visit a few days ne~o to thae Stgar
Rlefineary ina A ason-sIreea, anal were highly
gratified ina witnessinag its varions opera,
tionsg. The politeness aind courtesy uof tihe
Superinten.dant, .\m. liarris, gave tas every
facility for a ftall exsaminsatiaon of ahe diliet
rent pr'ocesses throutgha which thec Sutg;ar
has to pass inl its arogress In) a praiper
state of refinaemnt. 'The acahiinery is all
ini the mlost perfect ordaer, asnd th laoaperia
tions are condtaetedl with a systeura and
- regularity that spetak well faar its mannaie
ment. There are about thirty-five whlite
operatives in constant emoploymnit in this
establishmaet, aunJ thte Sttgars whlicha i
turns otat, arc of the very best qualiay,
eqtialling, if not suarpassiaag, those of any
Refiniery in the Unaited Staaes.
But th lamanufactutnrng is not con f.ned
ho tile seyeral grades of Saugar. They
have adaded ao thais the preparationt of most
bseautiful and delicions of steam Cnnaday.
Among which are Peppermint Sticks,
Wimaergreen Sticks, Pepperminta Lozen-.
ges. Cintnamon Drops, Clove Sticks, Va.
ilila Crenmn, I loartionad Candaay. Leamon
Drops. Peppermint Drops, Boauect Can
dy and Sugar Loaf punt tup in boxc: con
taianing aboot -25 lbs.'each.
Mr, John L1. Hiedley. Not 143 East Bay
CorresplonAnce of the natinorc Sun.
W 4sl1oToY, Jan. 22.
A bill is about to be introduced for the
establis,nment of a now line of sicam ships
firm New York -to I avre, touching at
F'aliouih. The steamers all to be built
for -var purposes, under the superinten
dlince of i lnited Staites Naval Construe
ior-wit ihe-eigines working entirely un
der deCk, so -is to be easily chan:ed into
frigates of the first class, without being
This is a tardy movement'; hut it comes
"beter late i than never." A line to I lavre
was nided loug ago, in coiijutnction with
-hat to ireicn, so as to connect us not
mlly witti the north but ako with the cen
trr and souti of -:urope, which can not be
ellected by the 3rcimen line alone. ilavre
is the pori of Paris, and Paris is not only
['rancec, but the ceotre of civilization and
6ommilllerce of the whole of Europe.
Our postal communication with Europe
is not complete, as long as letters deitined
flir tie Continent are obliged to go by the
w.av of Etngland, ;:iving to British mer
cha.ts the earliest nen%s whether it go to
or from :13e United States. Our lettcrs for
France all go by ile way (ft En11,gh;and, and
thie same rmrsc i- t alen by lettets origi
nating in lrance for th,. United States;
but this is not all. J2!-ian clodis, French
silks and lvlvels, ad all fancy goodi, de
pelding on fashion, aid requrino quick
tranisporialioll, .11w1mv semit via England
thiroligh Arilish steamers,,tie diffCrence of
lime bcitig far more valuable than the
differcnce in the rate of frei-lt on articles
olso much value and so litile hulk. Our
Failing packets to l1lavre depid entirely
On tlie bl:lky articles we export ihither,-fir
ai out ward, and on French and German
emligranls to ihis country, for a ho-neward
reiglt. The s311111i.lshment of a line of
steamers, itercfre, would not' interferc
wi:bl out present shipping interest to Hay.
re, but promioto the trade with France by
rendering thait Pm6i of it direct, which is
now carried onl by the way of England, at
a considetable loss of time and nouey..
From lhe Correspimunce 'f the Couricr.
The Southern meeting was held last
ight, and thie Comittee of fifreen report.
ed the address prepared by 31r. Berrien to
thi m,ectilg; but the meeting rejected the
address, and wem back and adopted tile
original address drawn by Calhoun, strik
ing out one unimportamt passage. There
was a good deal of debate, and some of
the whigs retired firom the- mem:ing; but
*n the whole, there was unaninmity upoln
the maiin object of the meeting.
The address has not bcen signed, but it
is to be open for signatures, atnd will be
signed. eventually, by nearly all the demo
cratic inembers from life South, and some
three or four whigs. like Gov. Gayle.
The address, it is said, will be published
forthwith, together.with all tie preceedings.
The Pennsylvania Delegation deny the
statemett that they have recommended
Andrew Stewart- to General Taylor, q a
Cabinet Minister. -They have endeavoi-ed
to unite in.he: recommendation of omie
eiiizen of their State, in case Gei. Tavlor
slbouhT call upon them-foiheir opion
and advice in the premises.
M r. Calhoun has been somewhat indis
posed since Fridag last, and has remnained
at his lodgings siiice.that day, when, from
faintness and( exhlaustion be was compelled
to leave tile Senate Chamber. -lie wvas
muchl hetter to day. andi will be able soon
to resuime his seat. Mr. Catlhoun was
never knuown to leave htis pos, in the Sen
ate, for any reason other thlan indisposi
ion, ile has been as flrompt, and regular,
and constant in his attendance on his duties
as Mr. .J. Q. Adams was. Mr. Webster,
who is of the samie ag.e with Mlr. Calhoun,
and has gone through tile same ficld of
service, with hteavy professional latbors
besides, htas ofteener faltered than Mr. Cal.
houn in thle rtugge<l road of life. But Alr.
Webster has always taken care, and takent
ime to lic iiy and recruit, now atnd then.
Y.ou will never catch hitm in the Senate
Chatmber, fastened to htis seat, enduring
the intfliction oIf ptrgmnatical argumtenlt and
inane declama;tion as to every day busi
ness. Alr. Wecbstcr has scarcely appeared
il his seat twice this session. lie came
in onice to give his opinion, andi ito sub
mitted it in writing, and very bIrielly, on a
pivate claim, w ishting, he said, that his
views sh:ould the knowni to tile nutmerous
climnils who had ofte~n a pplied to hitm
for advice, in regalrd to :laimns fo.r promperty
lestroyed byv public (.tlicers. So, itn this
case, Mir. WVebts:r sp.oke with a view to
save himself trotublo. I mneatn to say I hat
Mtr. W. does not3 expose hlimself utnnecs
s;rily, to ti hifatige and dcpressiuo conse
qent on sitting, day inI atnd day out, in
that over-heated anid ttnventilatcd atnd
rowded llail, the Senate Chatmber. A
gnttlecman from te Nor th, formerly and
fotr Iee/re 2fcars; a mnembet of Congress,
visited the Sentatc Cha;mmber to-dIay, and
sat thiere somte thlree hours; and lhe men
ione-l to his friends that , in his opinion,
tile Senators hazamtded their heal th and
lives bty sittinlg s0 many hou)trs in1 so con
flued a pae
The several sets of Resolution the sub
et of SI:ivery, tihe Wimnot Proviso. &c.,
whIichm have be en untder consideration in
the two I louses of the Legislateof North
Carolinia for somne ttme p31st, finally passed
tile Ihouse of Commns, as amnicded by
Mlr. Dobb:in, otn Samturday last by a ptretty
naim ttltiotus vote. Theli following additional
Resoution, oflered lby Ar. Smtnley, ol
B;eatuform, was also passed, by a vote of
55 to $.--viz:
"Re-so/ved, That we btelieve the people
of North Carolitna, of all parties, arc de
votedly attached to the Untiotn of the Uni
ted States-that they regard it as a main
pillar in tihe edifice of reatl ind(ependene
te stupport of tranquility at hlomre, of peace
tabroad, if safety,' of prosperity, atnd of t hat
very libprty theyv so hligihly prize;-that
they cherish a cordial, habitual atnd immo
vable aitachmcnt to it; and that they
watch for its prcservfttion wvithl jealous
anoicty; that itey believe it is thte duty of
teir pubilic servants to dliscountenlance
whatever may suggest even a suspicion
that it can itt any evetnt be abtondoned. atnd
to repel.indignanity every attempt to ai
eai<d any portionl of otur cottttry from tile
rest, or to enfeeble thec sacred ties wvhichi
linkL toannlter ihn Varinos nnrts."
Correspndence of tie N
The important seri
graduates of West Pc
Mexico, led me to e:
cunstarfces of the or
ment, to see to whoir
the means of preserv
our country, a knc
Although the instit
in 1302. it was under
met until a recent p(
in his report of 1s2,
Academy nay. be c
been in its infancy un
1817 or beginning of
there was but litile sy!
The period spoken of iy Lae mucunb
as constituting its itnfancy, u as that when
Mr. Calhoun hssutmed the duties of Secre
lary of War under AMr. Monro -
It ought to he wyell known t.ihe coun
try, that immediately upon asspning that
ollice, Mr. Calhoun undertook-ibe-reform
of the whole military arm, -and instead of
the confusion which had previouily exist
ed, (a confusion exten-ding tI:rughout all
its parts) !ie introduced order aud-systetn
into the whole establishment.'1
It is troly remarkable thtdny mind
should have been campetent.to:lace thte
esinblishment pt a footing so. perfect as to
have iemained iubstiantiialty xinchanged
for a period of 30 years; but. such is the
fact; for, with all the nunerogschinges,
regulations and provisions, i:itr4uced by
Mr. Calhion into the War offiejle Mili
iary Academy and the ser0.ice-kenerally,
they stand in full operation as)fiey, were
devised by his wonderful miud.
The change in the condition-of the Mili
tary Academy was so sudd g that in
1822, Gen. Alacomb saya: To Institu
lion being now in successful opea,iion the
most favorable results may ini future be
anticipated from it,"
Mr. Calhoun's term of scrife-as See
retary of Wnr commenced in 1817, and
ended in 1825. During this trie the re
duction of the army, and ' theiformation
of the peace Cestabli-h.ment devdved upon
him. In the performance or:-this great
du:y, the leading princples of Mr,Calhoun
as shown in his numerous reportis to Con,
gres., were first to create an!i perpetuate
military skill and experience iff7nr coun
try, And secondly to establish' tie army
) such a footing in time of peace, .thit its
augmentation in time of war migh ensue
without the necessity of any change of
How well this duty was accomplished.
the present condition of West.Poiat and of
the army abundantly attes'. Indeed, it
may almtost be said, thIat for our capacity
ro meet skilfully and successfully an army
in the field, we are indebted to the wise
"orecast of Mr. Calhoun, when. Socretary
of Var, and the zeal with which he at
oacked the prejudices which existed against
ny slanding '- .~, nP neaPe
roops, to- meuet with su.
hat were regitlarly trained. Genius with
aut experienc*e may c-o:mmnh, butt it catn
ni go much further. It cannot at once
orgatnize disciple an army. an-d give it that
military tone and habit whiichi(only. in the
ridst of immtinent danger, can enable it to
pci form the most complex evglutions with
precisioni and promtit ude. These quahi
tis, which essentially distinguish an arnmy
rom an egnal number of unfrained indi
vi.iuatls, can; only he acqttited. by thte in
strction of exiperiencedl oflicerp. -If thtey,
particularly the company andj regimental
>licers, are inexperienced, the army must
remaitn utndisciplined; in which case the
genius and even expierience 6f the com
mandler will be of little avail! The great
and leading objects, then,-of imilitary es
mblishment in pecace, ought iobe, to create
and perpetuate military skili and cxperi
ence, so that at all times the country may
have at its command rc body of oflicers suf,
iciently nmous and well 'instructed i.n
ivery branch of duty, both-of the hine and
stall; anid the organization of the army
ought to he such as to enabfle the GJovern
mient at the commencemnent-ef hostilities
mo ibtain a regular force, adequate tto tho
emrgncies of the country,1prof.erly or
;anised, andl prepared for :acegal service.
It is tIhus only tttat we can he'in tile con
itin to meet the first shocks of hostilites
with unyitelding firmness; and to press on
ano enemy while our resources are yet
The true conception formed by Mr.
Clhoun of what the country 4equired in
this master, and his retnarkably adminis
rative t alent, enabled himato put the whole
deprtment on the best fooring, [le found
it in the worst disorder and cotnftsion, with
40,000,000 of unisetaled aceoits, which
ie reduce'd to 63,000,000, consisting of
acoutits not capable of settlement. He
found the military establishment costing
S51 per~ man, and lie loft thie cost less
tan $26'7, tunder a system of- reater elli
ciency. The gross saving in'Iis depart
meat was $1,300,000 per'annu,m, en ani
expenditure of $4,000.000. i-J prepared
a code of laws and rules for the department
atd each of its bureaus still dubstantially
in force, organised the tri.ecaI depart
metnt at our military posts,.seeas to.secure
reports on diseases and-climate, (an ex
ample since followed by England,)-anid
alhough the ordinary routine-of work as
Secretary required fourteenfor fifteen hours
of lahor when lie entered'on the duties,
such was the perfectiorr acquired in the
system, that he had. littler to do, after a
short time, beyond signingle name and
decidig on cases niot embarrassed i his
rules. The mnachinery wis9.o perfect as
to work almost or itself; anlformed such a
ctombinatioti, that General Barnard, who
had beeni a favorite aid d6-camp of Napo
leon, an-I was Chief of our Board (if Enii
giners, "noict unfreiientlyyeompared .Mr.
Calhoun'sadministrative abtlities to those
of that extraordinary man-.
Mr. Calhoun thus satisfied the counitry
that' he p)ossessedl not odiy those great
power's as a debater wliici e natitutes thet
master powers of tie human mind, bu
that he was eminent also for his industry
and great adninistrative talent--powers
wlicl, in their application to the wants 01
the country, have produced the most use.
ful results; and enabled the adrniuistratiou
to fight oui battles with Mexico,
From the New York Times;
A FRIEND.IN NEED.
The colored raceof this country nevei
wanted friends more than they do at the
>resett time-not professing friends whr
-niculate how much political cap'tal can
,e made by being clamorous in their be,
nif, but true friends, who wish to see
ie:n comfortable, safe and happy. When
as Africa been happy ? Laboring un
-der divine displeasure, a marked and dif
ferently'created race from the white man,
always at war with each other 'in their
own country, sold as slaves by our North.
ern ancestors, and purchased by the South
to till the land the only comfort, protection
security, and saf:y which they have ever
enjoyed since they reft the land of Cush,
is in what is called their slavory in the
Southern States; and this comfort and
safety they are abott to be robbed of by a
host ofsympa thizig 'politicians, calling
themselves free soil tien and the friends ol
the colored race.
Hero at the North, the poor blacks are
'no'. permitted to work alongside of the
white man.. We reduce them to the low
est grades of civilization by making them
our servants, or waiters, and our depen
dendants. Once they were permitted to
follow the humble ehi ployment of carrying
up brick and morter, but they were kicked
frotn tho ladder by our white fellow-citi
zens. They clean boots, scour clothes,
but are not permitted to sweep street
they do not own or command a ship; they
are only cooks and stewards-they are not
merchants, bankers, or brokers-,they hold
no public appointitnents, ind are ruedly
thrust from our cars and carriages-we
do -not eat with them or pray with them
and in our places of amusement there are
pens and divisions in which they may
sit by themselves. Is it any wonder
that they are poor vicions, and inmates
of our hoqpitals and prisons'? And yet
we who persecute, neglect and repudiate
thefree black man here, are filled with
holy zeal to make the slave free at the
South, and deprive him of a home, of food
and clothing, and of a kind. considerate
master; and we strngle for that freedom
even at the expense of breaking down,
dividing, and destroying our glorious re
public ! Well may the blacks say, "Save
us from our friends ! Save us from the
pity and protection of the'political Aboli
What isito become of the poor free blacks
when thrown upon the world without pro
tection, deprived of their happy home in
the slave States, and of kind sympathising
masters'? The Governor of Virginia. in
his late message to the-legislatare,.pro
pose to direct by law, that the free blacks
l leave the State. True, they work
ad idliesess is the parent of
they corrupt the honest and
dave, are useless th6inselves,
J the the States The freedom
...9-Aho whites, is in them an
burdeIf. ~W ihii,_ hjl-9-, i
- - f4]00,000 poor, friendless, free
- n from their own State to take
Nor th, where are allowed,them
- leges ? Suppose all ~the slave
:e to say to their free blacks
.. . .ds we have given you employ
mnerd and( bread hnt S our abolition frienids in
thte Northt are an xious for you io come for th
from the iniquity that surrnounds you
go to them, and see if they will do as mach
for you as we have done !" Wthat is to
become of more thatr half of a maillion of
of freed blacks driven forth to seek the
coldl charities of the North :They will
starve ! We of the North will give them
no stuccor, no emplyment, atnd yet we are
even in favor of rending our glorious con
stitut ion to pieces in or der to give them
liberty ! WVhen will the age cof reason
revived ? WVe cannot rebuke the slave
States in ritdding thiemselves of their free
blacks, which are a dead weight upon
them; and yet we dread the day wvhen they
shall be thrown ttpon the North for sup
port and protectio)n. WVherever we turn
we see nothing in the agitatiotn of the
slave question but ruin and distress to the
A cumstance occurred here lnst wveek,
which htas led to thte loregoing reflections.
Passion downt Nassani street, three or fotur
p)ersons were standIng inside of a store
talkintg to a black tman, and they invited
us ir> come in "HIere is a black man,"
saidl otne of the gentleman," who wishes to
sell himnselfas a slave for $150."
We entered the store, and saw a short
stout fellow, in rags, wvith, a good coun
tenance, and no indicetin ol vice.
"WVhere de' you helonig ?"
"To Ne w York. I w as bortne here."
"Don't you know that you cannlot sell
yourself as a slave in this State 1"
What am I to do ?! I can get no work;
I have had no breakfast : I am almost na
ked ; no one cares for me, and I have no
friends. Is it not better to have a good
master whom I can wourk for, and who
wvill care for me ?
Here was and illutstration of tIre practic
al benevolence or domestic African slave
ry, while, it exhitbited the rank hypocrisy
of the ablitionists. They cotuld raise
$2000 to purchase the liberty of two mtulat
to girls, and yet allowed a poor black to
ofTer tot sell himselves as a slave to save
himself from starvinig in a free Northern
LITV.nAar Msatir REwAaDErv--The
Lnndotn correspondent of the Nalional In
telligencer, speakitng of Macaulay's Histo.
ry of,Eu.gland, says: " we are enable to
state, upon the authority of tIhe A theneuwn,
that the first e(lition of these volumes, con
sistinig of 3000 copies, has already beeni
disposed of, and that a second will be is
st:ed on the 5th of Jntnuary. We are futrth,
er told that Messrs. Longham & Co. have
purchased the copy-righut for ten years,
for which they are to pay the tnlen-ted au
thor, during thue ten years. no- less a stum
than ?600 per annum. We are quite in,
elined to believe that, wvhile Mr- Macautay
has thus been handsomely, we presume
not to say adequately, repaid for his men
tal labors, the spirited publishers will h'ave
abundant reasons to be satisfied with their
lierlde hi.nm. "- Char. Comr.
From uie Temp-rawe Advocaie.
SCHOOL FOR MUTES.
We have been politely favored with the
following communication addressed to Mr.
A. Feaster, of Fairfield, by -Mr. Walker,
the gentlemen who proposes establishing a
school for the instruction and education of
Mutes in Spartanburg Distric.-Appeal
ing, as it does, to all the better aq; more
benevolent fuelings of our nature, we deem
it unnecessary to add any thing by way of
comment. Air. Walker is represented to
be a gentleman, in every respect qualified
for the proper discharge of the interesting
and arduous duties he is about to assume.
Alay success crown his exertions.
MOUNTAIN SHOALs. Dec. 29, 1818.
Dear Sir.-From the great interest you
have manifested, I have no doubt you will
be pleased to learn that I have procured a
location for my contemplated Mute School.
I have rented a large building at "Cedar
Spring." four miles souh of Spartanburg
Court House ; an% as soon as repairs can
be done on the house, which will proba.
bly be accomplilied by the fifteenth or
twentieth of January, I expect to com
mence my instructions. This building is
sulficiently large .to accommodate a con
siderable class of Alutes with board and
bedding, with rooms well adapted to their
instructton. Probably there is not a heal
thier location in the State-water sur
passed by none. Provisions can be bought
cheap. and boarding as a matter of course,
will be accordingly.
It is my intention at present, to receive
as many of the Mutes into my family, as I
can well accommodate. Those; however,
who prefer, can have have boarding ont
the premises at Mr. E. J. Wingo's. not
more than three hundred yards from the
recitation room. I greatly desire to com-:
nence the operation. The novelty of
Alute instruction in the South, together
with the confidence I have of euccess in
this enterprise, inspire me to actioni But
when I contemplate the increased happi;
ness of the unfortunate class, for whose
benefit I am soon to engage, I-am at a loss
for words to express my feelings.
I am exceedingly glad to see that the
philanthropic heart of our justly distin
guished Legislature. has again been moved
for the benefit of those unfortunate chil
I have not seen the form of the Act on
the subject of the Mute appropriation; but.
I presume it will be before the people
shortly. It is to be hoped that the par.
ents, gtardians, or care-takers of the bene.
ficiaries of the State will speedily take the
benefit of the provisions !o kindly offered
by the same.
When you learn my school is on the
way, I shall be happy to have you visit me.
Yours as ever,
N. P. WALKER.
A. FEASTEn, Esq.
ANOT1nER ITORR1ELE DtsCLot,a-The
New York Herald gives the following ac
count of the New York mode of dealing
with the dead, which is too horrible to be
true, and we hope the llerald is a little
mistaken; or a little too melo-dramalic on
this occasion. But we give the extract .
"Mr. Buskirk, a respectable citizen of
SiatJ.and- latel ied.tuddenly- in.-the
city, and his son having come here to oh!
tain his boly, ias found it gone. and. dis.
posed of. nobody knows .thero. I the
course, however, of the painful research,
it bar come to light that the bodies of those
who die itn the streets, are sent from the
almshouse and other places, to he nomi
nally interred in Potters Fild. Outt of
nine bodies sent by the almsehouse corn
missioner to be thus buried, orr the 5th and
Gilb tltimo, four otly ottt of the itne-reachi
ed the ground! Mlr. H3uskirk, Jr; and Mr.
Bell,.the oflicer, opened six coffins at Pot
ters Field, in search of the body of Mr.
Duskirk, and they fotttd only tmutilated
remains and pieces of Ilesh-a trutnk with
out a head, all sorts of mutilations, too
horrid to recount. Where and wvhen the
bodies disappear, when~ they are chopped
up, no one can or will tell. They are left
in tho bone-house at Bellvue, for a time,
in the care of a pauper-then they are
carried in a boat from Bellvue to Randall's
Island, and here they are givein to the care
of the sailors, also paupers; and the coffins
are left for nights, exposed and unproiected
on the wvhnrf, tossed negligetntly otn the
shore, arid loss than half reach the bury
From tha Columnbia TelegrapIt.
Tnr. TEA P'LArr.--WeC received on Fri
day from our townsmatn, Mr. Russell. a
small package of Green Tea Leaves, ac
conmpained by the following note, which
we publish, as containing some interestitng
details of the result of his experiments, in
CoLum.e, Jan 19, 1849.
Editor Tele gra ph :
Doar Sir,-[ send you a sample of
Green Tea Leaves grown in my garden
which have stood out in the gardlen in the
open air for the last four years, without
thte least protection from heat or cold. I
have no doubt that the Tea Plant will
grown as well here as in China. I have
the Olive growiug out in the garden-it
is a hardy plant, nd will bear fruit here.
Will our planters try it on a small seale,
or with they still plant cotton and buy
every thing else arrd even by the same
cotton that they send abroad, and pay for
the carriages and( all the expensesofrmanu
facturing in the bargaitn ?
R. E. RUSSELr,.
We regret to state that the Hon. Win.
C. Preston has been serionsly indisposed
for the last few days, but was considered
htter by his physicians last evening. His
attack has been of a most critical charac
ter; bu t we sine erely trust that the danger
is now over, atrd that he may be long
spared to a community and State which
prize him for his getn'us and moral worth,
and to-the iustitution of which he has been
the- fostering parent,
is illntess has cast a gloom over our
community. for wve all know that for qutak
ties both of headl and heart, this genera
tion can presetnt but few peers to the
sttesman-, Wim. C. Preston--andl we who
have seen him in the walks of daily life,
have learned egntality to love the man.
The threatened loss of our two greatest
ten at the same moment presents a stratnge
coincidence. We caRt at present ill spore
- Pacto rNOb3i4e."
United State8 Commsr C na
The following- extract of a letter- rrod
Commander Geisinger, to the.Nvy. 6
partment that the difficulty beti-wrid- Mr.
Davis, our commissioner, and the:Chjihese J,
commissioner.. has been satisfactorily Mt
1-1 had the pleasure .of learning from
Mr. Davis, two hours after our arrival id
the Preble, that ihe Chinese commissioner
had addressed him in,a most satisfactorf
communication resioring the previous un
derstnnding between then, and appointing
the 6ih inst. (October) for his reception.,
The Late Vintag.ifO Ftance.-Durthg
the year 1848 there -were 5.000,000. ace
of land in France planted waih"'i'11
which produced 919.580,575 gallons oe
wine and.27,220 050 ghllons of brandyj
estimated at the enormous sum of 478,4
083,302 francs, (Z19.120,060.) Th ave.
rage value kf each acre of vinds may bd
taken at 630 francs (1.21.) The annual
donsumption by each individual in Franed
is calculatd at seventeed gallads of wind
and three gallons of brandy.
Pauperism in Massachuselli.-it ap
pears from the annual returns of thd Over:
seers of the Poor, for.the pastyear, that thd
number of persons relieved or supported
by the 174 alms-houses in the State of
Massnchusetts. was 18.693, at an expense
of $372,743 70. More than one half of
the whole numbet %*eta probably made so
by intemperance in themselves dr others,
The number of insane relieved di sup.
ported, was 611, and the idiots324.
A new steam Carriage.-The London,
Morning Chronicle mentions a unique lo.
comotive carriagd which has just
placed on the A 1istol and haxe t ieelt
Road. It is thought that it may supertede
very generally the usual heavy locomotive,
The carriage with ffty passengers, india
ding the motive power, fuel And -water
weighed only 14 tons, and cusudidd.8 lbs.
of coal per hour; and yet ran at id late
of 45 miles per hour.
Kentucky Legislature.--Quite an inte
resling debate took plade id the State
Sdnate on the 9th inst. on a motiou to det
apart a day to choose United States.Stid
tor. Mr. Bruce paid a high tribut4 _i&
Henry Clay, and demanded his return to
the Senate. The Senate appoint6d...the
first day of February as the day of.eldi..'
tion. The ernancipation 4uesiion is alsor
much agitated in both Houses.
Yucatan.-We have received advi.s
from the.interior of Yucatan,- vid Baclli,
which represent the Indians as. agaid in
the ascendant. Several tdwns have.hefi
retaken by them. It is also stafed 'tif ir
they edeceed in retaking -Ticash, now
cldsely besieged, they *ill at once proeed
to attack Merida.-Obserner, De.
Nerhspper Postage in Brauzl.-miAcotd
ing to a recent law, which has been in
force in Brazil since November';nsispa
pers printed in Brazif pay.no postage,r
and are 'sent through the posto.bfice i;it
out ady charge, aq also foreign neivspaper
dire'ted to paulieliiiries ir that .eslprre
A fire broke. out yestefdav raidigid
the premie .nc .-p I I,- Vi r..; -
on Ciien-. hiccoetii edU
wooden houselind stale,t '
before any further damage was donv6i m
Thbe loss is estimated at 0& r-g
It is supposed to have-been the -work ofan
incend iary.-Columbia Tel., Jan~.w .
25he Chinese --These pople injyol'
by their intere'ourse with tlid outside lisr
bariuavs. ,A correspondent' sy L -Thay
children are very idttelligent and sh'arp.,
Almost all the young blaclignards'.about
the place can swear in very good.lEngish.".
A Blessed Land.--lt is a siingulat fact
that when the cholera, on its first viuik
some seven teen or~ eighteen fe'ars ago. ran
over Europe, it vwent entirely aroudd Sait
ony, without a person being affecfed, and;
now*, on its seconid appesrace it is said to
be doing the sarme.
or E'rescott's Histor) of tife '"Catefuest
of Mexico," the publishers have sola Very
nearly 13,000 copies. The author recives.
91 50 for each edpy sold. His reCeipts
thus far, on that work aloise, hate lisee
Horns-Mr. Turdier, in a recent Jecture
at Manchester, averted, with referenlce to.
brass bands, that "no man was ever known~
to blo* the largest horn and Iiye.beyonid a
period of three years." It is hiowever;
otherwise with man and his own ttumpet.
Jacob Williams, Esq. has beeu appoint
ed by His E.'cellency G~ov. .Johnson, of
Louisiana, a Commissioner to take De
pnsitions, Acknowledgments and I1roofsor
Deeds, &c., in the State of South Caroli
isa (or the State of Louisiana.
T'he A djutant General of Pennsylvania.,
in his annual report, reeommends the comn
plete abolition or the present militia organi
zation in that . State, and the construction
of a ilew, simple1 and effectual volunuteer.
in .1835 an FEnglish potund seeriug was
worth only about 19' shillings inr sirvet. or*
3& penny weights of gold; now it is20 shil
lings in silver, or 5 penny weight 3 grains'
in gold. So says Mr. CYo5Jen.
The Sistersi of Mercy have ten'dered to
the city of Pittshurg the use of their hospi
tal in case the cholera iiisits that city.- They
have also tentered their service is nursing;
A I-ull paper describes a fuil grown
crab, bearing on its back twe score and a
half oysters, apparently sa firmly imbedded
in its shell as if they consi-tuted a proper
part of it.
In the 43d year of liabof, (1601) a.
bill was hv'otgh~t into Parhianrent to pre
vewt mren from rid'ng in coaches, whichx
was then considered gross effeminney.
it is still doubt fl wihether Mr. Clay will
consent to go baclt to thie' . S. Senate. s
A Senator is to be chosen on Efonday..
The annual- swerepings of the streets of
Paris sell for O'700,000~ after they are col
lected in the depot, for thanurb.
The VaTparaiso lieighbopseords 40
severe shocks of earthq'ualle at that place, -
within 16 months.,
*Positiveness is one of -thie 1 soet rtrai
marks of a wieakltudneet.4