Newspaper Page Text
From ihi Charleston Couricr.
WASAINGTO, March 12.
.The President has disembarrassed him
self from all troublesome app 'cations for
office by a peremptory 'order t:.at. all such
applications be made to the heads of de
partments. These heads will, of course,
make their own selections, and their de.
cisions ivill be final, unless General Tav
or -should overrule them, w%hich is quite
improbable. The extent and reasons for
removals must be a matter of Cabinct
counsel. The President must rellulate
the general policy of the government otn
that subject, and the Cabinet must carry
No one here .yet knows What wilf ie
the policy of the administration of this
the most important subject of general in
quiry. A number of members of Congress
remain here, anxiously waiting upon E -
ecutive favor for themselves or cthers.
Crowds of politicians are lingering here,
for many of them are not easily thrust
aside or abashed. It is surprising to see
collected here so many of John Tyler's
pets, whom he appointed to ollice as a
means for his own political ends. and who
are now claiming restoration on the whig
principle and anti-proscription. The non
proscriptive doctrines may be very wise,
but the Tyler men were not its apostles.
- . The heads of departments are lo6king
into the administration of the difXerent bu
reaux and inquiring into the character
and qualifications of the clerks. I learn
that the Secretaries have dccided that they
will make no rcmuvals until alier the
close of the fisca.1 year, June 30th.
The Select Committee of the Senate on
the election of Mr. Shield,, frotn Illinois,
have agreed, unanimously to repori that
he is not eligible to a seat in the Senate.
The ground taken is that. as the facts
shown, he has not been a naturalized citi
zen of the United States for nine years.
He has been a citizen for eight years only.
Of course, he will be eligible after one
!,-.more year. But the Legislature of Illinois
will not meet, alter the close of their pres
ent session, for two years. There must be
an extra session to elect hitn next year,
after the completion of his constitutional
term of naturalization. If his seat be made
vacat, it is probable that the Legislature
will elect some person in his stead before
We have a rumor that M r. Calhoun will
oppose the conclusions.. though not the
facts, to be presented by the Committee
in this case, and that he will insist that the
Senate lhave no right to go behind tihe
credentials which General Shields pre
sented. This may not be so. General
Shields' case is evidently:much prejudiced
by his unfortunate letter to Judge Breese.
All eyes are now turned to the Senate
with eager curiosity as to the nominations.
Another list of nominations was sent into.
the Senate io-day. . The smaller offices
*nlist as much interest as the larger ones
perbaps they concern a.greater number of
Webb, of the New York Courier. But no
nomination has yet been made for the
The Committee.on thme election of Gen
Shields to the Senate, reported, to day,
thr'ough Mr. Mason, in the absence of Mr.
Benton, the Chairman.
It appears that the Committee had be
fore them two facts of record-viz: that
Gen.'Shields was of foreigtn birth, and
-- that he was natturalized on the 21st Oct.,
1840,- There was no other evidence before
them. They notified (Gen. S. that they
were ready to receive any communication
a from him, or any application for delay.
N6 answer was received. The Comnmit
tee were readly to report unanimously last
Friday. It appears that General S. sent
* them a communication, which they never
received, and this they learned on Monday.
They again notified him that they were
ready to receive any information, or ap
* . plication, though the Committee had tnade
* up their report on the recorded evidence
before thetm. Gen. S. still did not thitnk
proper to interpose, and the Commnitte,o
reported a resolution that his electnion was
void. hte not being a citizen for the term
required by the Constitution.
* . Gen. S. made a few remarks on the
question. The substance of what he said
may be stated in a few words, to wit-No
objection to his citizenship was tnade frotm
Illinois-not by his enemies in his own
patty; not by his political opponents; nut
by his whig competitor for the Scenate
not by five people in Illinois. In Illinois.
he had lived 17 years. HIe had held va
rious offices-member of the Legislature,
Auditor, Judge of the Supretme Cottrt. lie
had held o00ices utnder the United States
Government-Commissioner of the Land
Office; General itt the Army, and, for
,three days, Governor of Oregon. TIhecn
his State sent hitm here as Sen,ator, and
hero he met, for the first time, the objection
of inelligibiliy-the want of citizenship.
He did not complain of the Senator from
'Wisconsin for making the question. It w as
the right, and no doubt his duty. The
Senate had entertained the objcction,. and
the Committee had reported. Ho was
prepared to submit to theitr dccisionm. lHe
- wotuld acquiesce itt it. He did not wish
any friend to resist it. Ho prefered to go
* back to his constituents and subtimit to them
the question. He wottld appeal to them,
and if they tnow discarded him he would
unever offer htere. again. he wvould never
take office again in the United States.
He acknowledged before the country
that he had, since he came hore, at thtis
* session, committed an indiscretion-an
error-a wrong. But he protested against
- the construction put on his letter, HIe was
incapable'of the thnought of assassination.
Breese-knew that he was. Mr. 3, woutld
.remember the time wvhen he (Gen. S.)
* thrust his body, at the peril of his life,
between1 Mr. B. and Mr.. B.'s brolher-in
law, who attempted to kill him for an im
puted invasion of his domestic righis.
Before God lie disavowed the construction
put on that letter.
A long debate followed, and is likely to
continue for days, on the motion of Mr.
Foote to postpone the whole subject to the
1st Monday of December next.
Should the Senate agree to this Gen.
Shields %% ill lose his seat. Gen. Shields
knows very well that by being sent home
now, while tite Illinois Legislature is in
session, lie will secure a re-clection, and
so again nnother yiar, unlil nine years.
shall have elapsed. lie will be elligible
next October, nrcording to our Constitu
tion, hu. according to other views, lie is
elligible at any time, but cannot officiato
till he has been nine years a citizen.
To the Edirors of the N. Y. Express:
Wr.. Al. E1IEnIT, TiE NEW S,CRE
TARY OF TntF TREAsurY.-Living with
him iin the same city for more than forty
years. and during that time having a close,
friendly and professional connection with
him, and being, from an eyxtensive acquain.
tance with all the great-and distinguished
men of our country, a t lerable judge of
talents and capacity, by comparison the
only standard of right appreciation, I am
sure Air. Meredith will be found equal to
any of his predeccssors in the oflice of
Secretary of the Treasury. Ile was ad.
mitted io the practice ef law, after gradua
tiig at College. about the year 1817, at
the city of. Philadelphia, and was then
k'nown as a young. man of fine natural
talents, with a vigorous and logical mintd.
As a Belle Lettre scholar his accomplish
ments were universally admitted, but his
powers as a lawyer weie not yet fully de.
veloped. As an evidence of the force of
his character at that time, as a literary man
lie was always selected to decide on the
merits of authors of such character. whose
performances were to*be pecuniarily .re
warded; and his decision was cheerfully
acquiesced in. A siort time after coting
to the bar, on the trial of a mai for burglary,
UIr. Meredith and his colleague, Mr. Bid
tile, incurred the displeasure of Judge
1lallawell. (then presiding Judge of lie
Court before whom the case came) for
some hasty expressions of theirs, arising
from a publication in 1he newspapers of
the day. materially conflicting. as they
believed, in the just rights of their client,
and in the heat of their ardau-in his do
fence, which induced the Judge to impiis
both for the terni of twenty days. It was
generally considered a rather harsh pro
ceeding on the part of the Judge, and Mr.
Meredith grew into public favor nad no
tice from that time. His undoubted scho
larship, his industry, his integrity and
great talents naturally led him otn frotn
b'eing a member of, the Legislature of
Pennsylvania, a member of the State Con.
vention, to form the present Constitution,
until he stood beyond dispute at The head
of -he Philadelphia bar.
-Ai a politician, Mr. Meredith has always
been a Whig fltlbough -aointed to the
office of United States District -Atto-ney,
fir PlifladeCnhii, by General. Harrison or
ibut firm Whig. Of greatabiii.y and in
dut,.uas-on Philadelphian, in
telfiget, shrewd, modest and aff'able, ful
of natural wit, and wveil readl in the histor
of his coutntry and her politics-an unde
viating friend of the Domestic Industry of
the country-a staunch, upright, firm man,
filling every office hseretofore held to the
entire satisfaction (of the community. A
Republicatn in principle atnd practice; a
safe, sagacious and profound counsellor and
one fully competent to meet the public ex
pectationi atnd exigencies in ~the high office
to which'he has been seleeted by President
Taylor-equal to any of his associates in
that Cabinet, whose like will not have
been known since General WVashtington,
Yours, &c., C. J. J.
SOUND DocTRNE.-A writer in the
"Boston Signal," whose communication
tinder the head of "An Exhoriation to
union among then States of the A merican
Conftederacy," the editor recommends to
the serious consideration of his readers as
"a patriotic address well suited to the
times, httlds the following language upon
the subject of slavery. We can otnly wvish
that conscrvative and Christian vicws like
these tmore generally prevailed in tenon
"The existence of thme relation betwveen
master atnd slave is recognuized in the cotn
stitution, and that inistitution of slavery
which wvas itntroduced itnto the Southern
and Northern States wvithout their consent,
atnd certainlj without any criminality on
their part, is countenanced, protected and
secured by our fundamental laws. WVhat
ever may be our theoretic opiniotns about
its morality or expediency, it has been ad,
mitlted into our social state with all its
beneflis and mtischiefs; security to the
rights of the owner in his property is
pledged by the federal compact; and it is
to lotnger a question to be mooted whether
lie shall remaini in the utndisturbed and iu
violable enjoy ment of them.''
ArinING FOil EloXET.-Bulwer, in
the last Blackwood-thue Caxtotns-says:
"For yott, my dear, and frank, atnd high
souled young friend-fbr you I shotuld say,
fly froms a load upon the heart, on the gen..
ius, the energy, the pride, and the spirit,
which not one man in. a ittouandt can
hear; fly from tho course of owing every
thing to a wife-it is a reversal of all tna
tural position, it is a .blow to all manhood
within us. You know not- what it is; I
do! Sly wife's fortune came not until
after marriage-so far so well; it saved
my reputstion from .the charge of fortune
hunting. -But I tell you fairly, that if it
had never come at all I should be prouder,
atnd a greater, and a happier man than I
have ever been, or ever can be, wvith all
its advantages. it has been a millstone
rountd my nueck. And yet Ellitnor hits
nsever breathed a word that would wound
0 We are indebted ,to thiHon. Jolx C.
CALUOUN, for important publi documents.
gT We are iegested to stii-e that the Post
Office " PEROE " in this District. has been
discontinued, and nil packageilbrk that office
should now be directed to '06irdge P-0.
07 We heartily welcomelo %" ' columns
our poetical correspondent " S His ver
ses cannnot rail to please. W ' e glad at
all times to receivb an article, ei in prose or
poetry, from his gifted.pen-.
There was a violent hail -Mto3aon.the 16th
inst. in the neighborhood o-thW Cheftokee
Ponds in this Distridt, aboutefti' mile. above
Hamburg, whieb did great dajp- to the fen
cing and ploughed lands. Tht ail- in some
places is said to have ,en left waift deep.
LF We beg leave to call attention to the Ad
vertisement in another colud of Messrs.
JAcXsoS .& KINCHLy, Who are:or opening
a new stock of Spring and Sn i er Goods.
We have no doubt that the M rs and Far.
mers would do well, while on a to Hamburg
to give them a call.
This Journal has passed into the.haide of 1.
C. DFGAFFARELLY, Mr. KEr,AS owever, still
continues his connexion as Edilt
Mr. SMYTHE has associated .ivthdim in the
Editorial Derpartment of the Republic, Dr
JAMEs TiNsLEY. The paper hahitherto been
ably condueted by Mr..Smythe; :--has pro
ved himseli a stiong advocate Sotithern
rights. With this accession -td.14 strength it
.promises to be of still more o ed useful
ness. ~Gbergia may'well be proud. of such an
organ of her politicasnmets.
The Working-Fa eri
We have upon our- exchange ble an agri
cultural paper -by the above nanff, publ'
monthly at New. York by Messrs KIV
Cnoss, on the following Terms --4
For a single copy, -
For twelve copir-s,
For twenty-five copies.
-It is a neat, well '
(uci i the c6ariniativeeakhfl.prospern
ty of the two great sectio,ns.ofitlli edantry.
Should the pamphlet fall into fe hands o
any of our readers, they shout4not, fail t<
read it. -
We beg leave to call the a tion of out
readers to the Advertisement s i r paper o
the " Greenville Female Academsy 'under the
superintendence of R. BnuosuAw;, . M. Ti't
institution is favorably known ii he State.
We trust it may receive an exteinv patron age
There is no subject in our domesje concerni
that should awaken a deeper ineiast than tha
of female education.. We thinf i' wtants re
forming. It should be more thorprgh and sub'
stantial. Girls should be educatedfor wives
foir the solid virtues of a companioIof a moth
er, of a domestic conomist; . Programe
of the " Greenville Female Aca&eny" pron.
ises wcll. The branches taught tire of suffi
cient variety-and the instructor of acknowl
We would inform the citizens our village
and District, that Mr. W. H. SiaonouoH
has arrived at this place. Mr. Scarboroughs
is too well known as an artist, roequire any
commendation from our pen of hi.nnius. and
merit. A partiality however, for the ine ar ts and
a desire to seo them prospergonrtcountry,slead
us to express the hope, that our eit'.'zens, already
fovorably knowni for their taste.aus4refinement,
will encourage the ell'orts of an artIst so greatly
excelling in his profession. aWe lave had the
pleasure of examining mastei.ces of the
best artists in this country and in,.urope, and
we have no hesitancy in saying dat as a por,
trait Painter, in taking an exactlikiness of a
person-in delineating th-e feaI:Me as they are
-in putting up)on canvass the matj as you see
him with the eye, Mar. Scarh 4ugh is alto
The court for this District atdjout;ned on
Saturday last, after a two weeks seision. having
disposed of little more than hal('of the busi
ness on the Docket. On Tuesday tbe 13th inst.,
Samnuel Butler was tried for the msurder of a
slave, thme property of Mr. Cheshcy Wells' oh
this Diatrict, and convicted of 'IEliing in suid
den heat and passion." The prosecution was
condu-e? by M. L. Bonham, Solicitor, and
Mr.1 ~. .~y; the defence, by Messsus. Carroll
We cannot refraini from express tg our pleas
ure at the remarks'ol his Honor, Judge Evans,
in passimg sentence upon the prisoner. His
views, touchmg the relations' ofinaier and
slave, must meet a ready response in every sen
sIble and rightly disposed mind inithe commu..
nity, Hie regards slavery as'a 'rt of patri
archal itnstitution, which, makes he master a
pater familias, the head of the. fa ily-who is
legally and morally bound to enforce proper
subordination among his slaves, b the
time ro govern'them with patience and forbear-..i
ance; to restrain the irritable feelings of his na
ture in correcting them; and to afford them a
friendly and fatherly pretectitn. For the good
of the community, we trust, his Honor, the
presiding Judge,.will favor is with a report or
his remarks for publication.
Mr. Clay ont Emancipation.
Mr. Clay has addressed to the public a long
communication on the subject of emancipation
in Kentucky;- ;He sets ont with the usual ar
guments against the institution of slavery, re
garding it as injurious to both the. white and
black race-to the master and to the slave.
He then submits a plan for the gradual
emancipation of slaves in Kentucky, in which
he suggests that every slave born in. the State
after the year 1855 or 1860 shall become free
on attaining to the age or 25.
On the sickly sentimentality of Mr- Clay as
to the " wrongs under which Africa hau suf
fered," which has led him earnestly to desire
the abolition.of slavery, we deem it unnecessa
ry to make comment. We have been favored
with any quantity of this moibid feeling for the
last twenty years from the blinded enthusiasts
of Yankeedom. It has lost all its novelty, and
not even the genius of Mr. Clay can impart to
it any feeling of interest. It is stale, flat and
unproftable. We are a little surprised that, in
his old age, Mr. Clay should allow himself to
be carried away from the paths of soberness
and'discretion by a Northern feeling, which ev.,
ery body knows, is not the result of genuine
philanthropy, but ofa morbidfanaticisingrowing
entirely out of political considerations.
We regard Mr. Clay's particular plan for the
manumission of slaves, altogether visionary and
We may at some future period publish Mr.
Clay's letter' when we will notice his argu
ments more in detail.
[FOR TOE ADVERTISER.3
Mr. Editor:-Prompted by a desire to Gid up
a fair blank page in a parlor edition of the
"Lady of the Lake,"- given to me by a very
dear friend, I wrote the following verses a
day or two since with less frequent inversions
of the "stylus," I fear, than Horace would
have recommended to the poets of his day. I
have entitled it
A tribute to the brilliant author of de
Lady of the Lake.
Soaring aloft with eagle wing,
Fancy, for him,-saw at one glance .
Each.gem of nature's fashioning,
From mountain rock to murm'ring spring
Or where gay flow'rs their fragrance fing
And maidens join the dance.
knew to tell the tempests might,
A scowl'd and thunder'd on its -
erear-cud;of it's flight
by the ghtt'ring light
.oi alone from "pictured urn,"
ae bade her Northern votary draw
Coni" she exclaimed, "and thou ahaktlearn
The very lname with which I born;"
- . ... .. .-- urn
With every grade from king to-page,
Subservient to his lay.
There are who scorn poetic glory,
Deem romance baneful to the mind-,'
Wise'fools! ye ne'er have lied before ye
That book so rich in Scottish storyi
By one who wrote till he was hoary
A blessing to mankind.
FoR THE ADVERTIsER.
Mad. EnITOR :-To understand correct
ly the spir.it of our remarks upon the.Tern
perance-Reformers, the fact must be kept
in mind, that they have~ abandoned the
mild and ellicient means of moraI'suasion,
for their own "force ad arms." A cert aisi
monarch (Louis XIV) in a fit of arbitrary
pride once declared himself to be the
State. L'etat e'esl moi, (I am the State.)
Admitting that certain rulers of the Town
are the Town, or are the State and deter
mined to govern upon the odious interfer
cnce principle, still we claim protection tun
der the settled principle that "everything
in the State must be founded on justice
and justice rests on generality and equali
ty. The general principle undoubtedly is,
interfere as little as possible toith the pri
vale aifairs of the irsdividual. This is
clear from the object of the State. The
intermeddling of the State with private
affairs is unjust-burthensome and danger.
ous; and frequently springs from other
motives than a wish to be useful to those
whose affairs are intermeddled with. In-.
dividlual indusitry, private combination and
associations, which are conscious that they
depend upon themselves alone, are possessed
of a vigor-keenness and detailed industry,
" and I may add of a liberality and fairness
not to he0 expected when they depend upon
tihe arm of the law. The constitutional
inoligibility of ministers or the gospel to a
seat in our Legislature, is wisely founded
upon toe nature of man and the experi
once of the world. True .it is, their motto
"peace on Tearth and good wili toward
men," is the best that could influence
man. What is more-t'hese men are the
truly wvise, for " the fear of the Lord, that
is wisdomr; and to depart from evil-is un
derstanding." Truly, the christian relig
ion is far above all, praise ; the tongue of
an angel cannot adequately describe its en
cellency and glory. But it is also equally
true, that with all their piety, embracing
as it does every principle of equity, justice,
reason, phrilauthrropy and pat.riotism, they
have not been able to avoid bigotry, and
the exercise of arbitrary rule and conceited
dogmatism ;whon p}arced in irresponsible
power. If holy men of God in the exu
berance of their pious enthusiasm, would
encroach upon rel.igious liberty and tram
pie down the rights and interest of others,
what is to be expected at tihe handa of a
combination of fanatical tmoralists who
ha~vo not oven "lihe form of godliness,"
mueh less " the onwer thereof,"
>ut ablest Judges, that the misguided ex
ireise of tb discretionary power placed in
tbe haids of Town-coincils, had been the
prime-cause of many indictments, upon
which the Juries had refused to find a ver
ief of guilty, regardless of the proof.
Would it,not be'wise in the Legislature
o take this power from the hands of men
who thus prostitute it.' from considerations
>f either personal or picuniary interest,
and jiut it in some certain and iositive
ihape, so thdt the calculations of each citi
P.en may be founded upon som surety of
heir uhimati realization under the protec
ion of the law ? If this be true of all
men, no matter how plausible their pre
extis, is it not much more true of those
whose object is simply to change the sort
)f immorality that is to prevail, and
whose means to effect this object are illib.
wal,partial and collusive? Men whose priu
iiples are absolutely untenable, whether
ried by the revealed law of God or the
airest induction@ of reason. Where is this
itermeddling principle to be stopped, if
2nce fully introduced.
It is the tyranical and exploded principle
)f Christian 11 of Denmark, who by a
teavy penalty, prescribed "how the street
and entry of houses ought to be swept, and
,ow benches and tables in the houses were
o be scoured." It is said by a learned
iuthor, that "during the latter part of the
ast century and the beginning of the pres
,nt, the more active governments on the
!ontinent of Europe, carried the intermed
ling principle to such an extent that no
affair, ever so private seemed to be ton
idered as not belonging to police inspec
ions -It has been found hoever even
Ahere the people did not insist Opon the
:ontrary that this course leads to moot
:alamitous and useless results." The ar
lument here is an appeal to Government
against its interference, in behalfof a body
>f pretending moral reformers, Is it not
eatonable and just that government, (the
)eople,).should be informed of thi nature
tnd extent of the reformation contempla
ed. and of the character, conduct, and
)rinciples, of itsadvocates? Inteference
in the part of the State in their behalf,
would be exceedingly undignified and hu
pilating.for their contemplated reforma
ion, is in.principle a most extraordinary
and violent anomaly in our system of
morals, totally unworthy of our age and
:ountry. Let us illustrate by hypotheis
Ny neighbolur is addicted to fornication
and adultery. By it he expends his for
tine; contracts disease: entoils the same
upon his children; defiles his soOi and
body, by this most common of all. sins,
which is truly desetified'as being athe way
to hell, going doWn to the chambers of
But if the sin -diKelies 6rTerd
2err. qal in virulence' to those .of
ironkenness, and equally prevalent, as
well as deleterious as respects society,
iqually* prostituting . to the' fortines, the
health, and the morals of the eommitnity,
Arhy should not this moral-reform (or My
neighbour aforesaid, who represents it) for
the sake of -society, embrace lewdness
within its prohibitions? Tl; proof now
resolver itself to this; i.e these moral
Reformersid&inot trolyf dsallecate th end,
peac Refor, not prmoe ilir.e
*iino oas or~.iti be :eelaeo'f society.
Those who denythe latter, will find tIhem
*elves.bound to prove that the welfare of
society, is involved in the substitution 'of
one immorality for another, the one being
ns deleterious as the other physica lly and
morally. "And thinkest thou this Of man,
that judgest them, which do such things,
mod doest the same (in principle.) that thou
shalt escape the judgment of Cod?1 And
art confident that thou, thyself, art a guide
of the blind, a light of them which are in
darkness. Thou therefore, which teachest
another, teachest thou not thyself?"
Rom. 2. c. if then this society does not
contemplate even a social reform, but
simply a change, what does It avail? Let
them consider well, the reasoning of the
Apostle, above partly quoted, and let.them
make a just application of it to themselves.
From the. Charlesutona Mercury. ~
PARTING COMPLIMENT TO EX-.
The Ex..President and Family, and
Hon. Rt. J. Walker, left this city early on
Saturday morning. They were accomnpa
nied to the boat by the Committee of Re
ception and a number of citizens. Central
whasf, at the foot of which the boat was
moored, were thousandanof bales' of our
staple, and by a happy thought of the
young gentlemen connected with the wharf
hey were so arranged as to pay a tasteful
mod moat appropriate parting compliment
10 honored guests of our city. 'rho cor
tege passed through a long avenue of bales
of.Cotton piled up on either aide ten or
twelve feet high about the centre of which
was a beentiful arch decorated with flags
and evergreens. The pillars of the arch
were fifteen feet high, composed of square
bales of Carolina Upland Cotton, resting
upon bases of large Georgia bales (in comm
pliment to our sister State.) and faced
with a bale of Sea Island Cotton. Each
pillar was encircled with arbor vita, laurel,
cedar, palmetto and other evergreens, and
capped4with a barrel of rice, of one bearing
the inscription "Free Trade," and the
ather "Commerce and Agriculture." A
seam of Carolina Pine, covered with
Americau ensigns in graceful festoons, ex
tended from pillar to pillar, and supported
his inscription, encircled with evergreens,
mud a pennant in featoons:
THE OLD PALMETTO STATE
BIDS THEE PAREWEL..
Across the wharf, in the rear of the pil
na, was suspended a handsome banner,
representing Sergeant Jasper replacing the
[lag on the ramparts of Fort Moultrie, and
an the reverse side his rescue of the cap
tives from the Tories. The banner was
supported on either side by a Union Jack,
and an American easign
The whole affair nass most handsomely
arranged. and'was creditable to the taste
and the public spirit of the young gentle
men by whomt it was executed.
The Old Cabzinirt-The Vashingtow
'Unio states thit he -Secretai e'$ Staire
War and Navy, itired Irdlnlfhir pe -
live bureaus, un Wodiday IBu
anan-returns to Lacsster, arAaying
vissited Harrisburg,!rnere lie lis'ben in-.
vited by theemocrati e mirib,rif the
Legislature. Gov. aryeturns to Al
bany, and JAlge Mason, i is sid, propo.
sea to locati himserf in Riclmond Cafe
Tohnson Post Ma'ster GeperAi, Will his
family, returns to Tennessee ia a few
The late .President,of the Ufted State,,
although the bill for -the orgafniailn of
the Minesota Territory was-so ahered as
to codfer on him such' a powe'r,miade no -
nominations to the offices-in that Terripry.
Mr. Clay' Letter nKentcy.-The
Lexington Observer is out i'j-'tro erms
against Mr. Clay's letter, and' addsi
"If Mr. Clay had .been ii Kenwtcky,
and fully apprised of publii fe'ling upon
this subject, as displaye8 8in the Legsla
tore and elsewhere, he would. hayei,pde,
we think, the concluding parof-his, letter
still stronger, and franklysaid at onc that
he saw no hope or executing'is, ishus
now, and advised his friends to relinquish
an impracticable underitaking..
"hat ,effect this docunent ig to-have
upon tie country remains.to be sen. ,We.
believe the settled conviclions ofrhe,public
mind on this subject are too strong to be.
shaken by the potent indince of Mr.
Clay's name or the strengil of the-srga
ments he may adduce."
Medical Depitriment of lhe Aivimy. .rAn
act increasing the Medical Staffof- the
Army having been passed at,-the'e'_ t
session of Congress. we have been request
ed to state that- a Medical- board for the
examination of candidates for the -,p'omnt
ment of Assistant Surgeonsi will beoa.
vened in New York about the-first offty,
ensuing, and will continue. in eswoefor a
month or longer.
Candidates. being -between twenitifti
and .twentyreight - years ofae,-ishould
make application to the SecetaryofWar,,
with proper iestimonialhu.-..eNadtonatInlet
ligencer. -.*-- .
Tas Houtk DzeiR ti" 16 a - . -
ing of the newly 'elilisied Eo ie 0 art
went, the.Washingto6' Unionremarks, :
We confess we view witi sone jealousy
the possiblei endency.of stchdepai ment
towaids centralization. TheStatesaad
the people. should watch witiseepless
vigilance every movemeni,by T-hich.such
a department may.be calculated todaw
new. and larger.- and mo.e aping
powers. against the spirit 6fhn
tion, into the vortex of the fiAaut
-Ezecu"oi ofthe 'ndair.;as-iWe aki
from the Pendleton Messinger'liat Cai l,
and Thoma.Henderson,.cniected at lei,
last Court 9f Ssiocs fkr Piktnii ri t --
ofrli. iimiura ~ Robeirt -Wyibaan r
,execufed on t- h.instant,a
Messe'nge:,.that..'bomasM '. sWh~
.ert l0T0 i.ael biv .
e tGGK e ta.
for a.list of ne~clerk'setilfsii. sttn
what time they came rifeicad~ini .
Secretary Meredith, to ascortain wh a
remoedt, and. who Wappoinied d
administration-of ?,lr. Polk; al~ he Si
sons for removal.4'W' -d
A Thought worth Rememberwng...
the late anniversary of the New York
Typographical O9ociety, time veteran:Nah
gave the following admirable sentiment:
"The Printer's Apprentice.-May lie
always bear in mind that he may hoa'
journeyman; the journeyman that-he may
be the proprietor and editor, and-the editor
that he may enjoy the highest- honors1in
the gift of the republic.
Terrible Act of Inanity-An' insane
man -named Samnl. Mowrey, or Shelby. -
Ohio, one night lately, motioned~to his
ile sitting by the fire -to leave the
house, w 'she did, when it appears hie
bolted the doors, it is thought delibe3
rately set fire to the ho suming'himi
self in it. - '- -
"Bill," said Tom Williams, "what-des.
perate cold weather wye have I Why,
they've got a Mahometer down -to 1Squire,
Jones' that tells howv cokd -'is, 'end this
morning it was five degrees coldei thaa
The Virginia House of Delegatesen~
Saturday; passed a resolution.instructing
the Governor to place at th'e dispouall of
the civil authorities of Acomac connty,oee
hundred muskets.and four pieces of six
pound cannon, to enforce the oyster Jaws '
of tbe State.
Too Muck of a Hurry -A lady leavin .
New York a day or two ago, just is 'they
were raising the plank of the steamboat,
cried out to her husband, "Goodness, Jo'hn
I must go back to the Astor House-I've
left my teeth in the Washbowl."
The Rising Generation.-"Father," sai .?
an urchin, the other day, ofseven summersa
and eight winters, "let's go to -Horn's -
and roll ten pins," "Roll, boy? -what do -
you know about rolling ?" "Why, I can -
roll your darned eyes off in ten minutes." -
Marrying in Ha'ate.-The hurry tosan
der the bonds of matrimony is so -great'
that-the chancery docket of the Common ~
Pleas of Hamilton Co. Ohio is mamnly-~
made up of this business. Twenty.couple~
were unyoked last week. and about -a. -
hundred are waiting for their tura. -
A Cheap Postage Association is forde'
in New York. It is moving now- witli
reference-to the next session of. Congress
so as to procure a reduction of the prsent
rates of postage. -- :--'
General Scott.-It is state a Wash
ington -letter writer, (says th'Baliunore - -
American.) that den.Tjlorlas ritem
to General Scott, inviting him to return
and make Washington his hadlsle
Nnt he that has little, but be that desireuse
'much isjioor, -o