Newspaper Page Text
es Em betr t zItr.
EDGEFIELD C. HI.
WEDNESDAY MAY 9, 1S49.
Mr. DuaYmx the eloquent and able lecturer,
now engaged in the servien of the Stnt Tem
perance Conven.tion, will address the public
this evening at early candle light, in the Court
House. A general attendaneo of the commu.
pity at large is nmost respectfully solicited..
*U Four Negroes, -beside the one already
enr.dermied to le hanged, have been brought to
jail, charged with aiding in the murder of Ar.
Al icAa, Lot;'e. They are to be tried in a few
On -a recent visit to this distinguished patrint
at his residence in Abbeville. we were gratified
to find him improved In health. He seems, at
present, to be entirely free from physical patn
though ninttbre to walk without assistance. lie
manifests very little iiterest in conversation fo
any kind; but with the exception of defect in
memory, shows that lie still retains in clearness
his powets .1 mind.
.Paper at Newberry C. It.
lilesers. WRAY & HI6'LASn are abont to el
tabliph a Newspaper at Newberry. called the
Nctr" Palladiun." We wish them happy
Ron. Henry Bailey.
This able jurist. for years Attorney General
of the State, died in Charleston, on . Saturday
thi 28tult-a fev days aftet his :eturn from a
From the rerent retutns of thE elections in
Virginia, the Democrnt have been dacidedly
successful. F.ourteen Deimocrats have been
Teturned, and one Whir-an Independent.
Messrs. 'Pendleton and Bols, strong partizan
Whigs, have.been left at hon.e.
Outbreaks in M11exico.
The I'nsutgents, with Paredes at their head
havetaken possession of San Lanis Potosi.
the troops sent mut by Goverinnent to quell
the -reb'ellion, on passing the mountains. declar
ed for Paredes; This unhappy country ia like
ly.to experience again all the dissensions and
difficulties, which g- ow out-of a bitter civil war.
Troubles in Canada.
Our r6eatozwd.,find some accounts in our
paper of the- serious civi dturbales-mong
our Northern neighbors, the Canadians. The
ground of the outbreak, was the approval by
Lord Elgin, the Gov. General, of a-law indet
nllying the patrints for -losses sustained in the
Rebellion of 1838 and 1839. The people rinted
at this act of the Executive ; and the authorities
were called out to suppress the disturbanice
apon which the pnpntace conmitntted great in
dignities on- the Guy. General, as hc returned
from the Parli-unenlt bouse,. peltinig him with
rotten eggs &c. They also bu rot down the
Parliamient house, destroyintg allthe archives
of -the State.
The French party armed themselves, to formt
a body guard for the Governor General. Trhe
English indignant at this, .formed a counter
party, and noW .demand of the French the lay
ing down of their arms. A fearful fight ts an
ticipated. By. the latest accounits troops are
pouring in from the different provinces, and all
upper Canada is in a rage.
The British party have sent an address to the
Queen of England, asking for the recall of .the
Conunittee of Safety.
The- Comimitte eof Safety and11 Correspon
dotnce heretofore appiteid by ite Citizens of
tis Disitt..mst ecn' Mo-it'y that. in the Court
Hou~se. 'rTho Chgaira organeized the Com:
mittee and submoitted foir their 'consideration,
the propriety of appoitinig D,,le-itee to repro
senrt-hle Diatrict-in the Co:iventin te ;,sentble
in Colnmbi. on the 2.1 Monday of :bis mnonth.
Onrwmotionl or Gen. Bonhamet the Co~mmitter,
-Resolved, To send -Delegaetme.
Resolved, That. a ('cminee of five he nowv
appointed by the Chiirmnan to tnminate five
Deltgatesto rresentEdgfi'ld District ini the
- The Chairtman, named as the Committee'
the following gentlemen. viz:
Messrs. Bontham, Holland, Towles, Shep
pard atnd Hlerrison.
The committee retired and after consultation
repiotted the names of' the following persons as
*Messrs: F.' W;. Pickenis, Charies Hammond,
Janr~es Tompkins, James Jones arnd Arthur
Simlkins, and on motiont it was further
Resolved. That thte Delegates to the said
Cotnvention. shouldhba constituted a standitng
Eeciv~e Committ.eo. -
On motion of Gen. Jones. the Chairman of
hbis meeting was added to the Executive Comn
ttc.N. L. G RIF FIN, CKAriaxaU.
Wu's. C.' Meotas,;.Seit'y
E uropean News.
-GEoRGE- IPPAnD..Editor of thie "~Quaker
City," sumns tip thus pithily- the news by' the
" ' Another Steamer hais a'rdved from Europe,
brin'ging' with it thte latest modifhcanions of ao
old-story. in the way of news. The Hungs
Tians have beaten the Austans, the people are
parving in Ireland; France apjears genet, and
theQiteen'of Englatnd, prmirises to pre'se'nt the
Ftg'lsh'pe-ogile withg tiother beir; This is the
Our own information varies a little from: the
above. France does not. appear quiet ; but
seegtsip-he.qiigpig a formnadable-arnmnment
forea-.seionir prieof wtrike character.
-Havingdaet'rined to reinstate Pope PitusIX
,oh:s.e.np.,a atnd necloinatical rights and pri;
ileges,she has sent a large rore. to Civda Vecchia
tcr carryoant heir dternination. This. may.be
the beginning of a general European war; for
- very slight stir or the discordant.elements
among the Gerian states, will put all Germa
ny into ontbreak, anti once excited they must
shake the whole ralric or European society.
North Protestant Europe will be arrayed in con
flict with South papal Europe, and then mut
begin a scene of universal strife, not less ha
rassing and ceaseless, perhaps, than that of the
Thirty years Wat."
The wars on the continent are still tinging
.furiotly. Tite Austrians have been beaten in
Hur.gary. Hostilities have recommenced be
tween Denmark and Prussia. The Danes
have proclaimed a strict blockade of all the
German ports. even to Vessels laden with emi
It is rnmored that the Prussian Ministets
have resigned, and that the King of Prussia has
declined to aedept the Imperial Crown of. Ger
The whole continent is in a state of great
excitement and confusiou.
Russia and 'Turkey.
An open rupture is likely to ens:.e in a short
time between these two despotic powers. The
Ottoman Government has refused to allow the
passage cf the Egyptian fleet through tite Dar
danelles, which will'be eagerly taken up by
Russia as an ample pretext foi quarrel. Those
conusant of European politics, ate well aware
that Russia hais been long looking with a rapa
clous eye upon the sunny fields of the Ottoman
Empireand has onlyawaited some slight ground
of justification .in' the judgment of civilized
Europe, to ponnce tipon her doomed victim.
It is the settled opinion of the leading states
men of Europe that Turkey must sooner or
later be swallowed up in the vortex of Russian
nbsoltiteness. The catastrophe is almost inevi
table. ItlIms been approaching for ye'rsi and
now that all Ettrope is entirely occupied with
intestine brtils, the haughty Autocrat will has:
ten the consummation-of an event, which has
already existed for years in political prophecy.
It is thonght not to be in the power of the
Turkish Government to avert the awful de.
ro uunient. Turkeymay boast of her Arsenals
filled witlthree Decker@, and of an army an m
bering three hundred tlousani men; bat tte
eleinents of internal anardhy, are to powerful.
lV at work in that enslaved nation, as, in the
judgment of European statesmen, to render
her un easy prey to the great military power of
In a contest between two powers so despotic
and ruthless, tte civilized world could take lit.
tle reul inierest-since the blessing of liberty is
the list retiLt to be expected. The nations of
Northern Europe will be justly alarmed be
cause of the priobble increase of RUssian atn
prenacy already overgrown. aid highly danger
ous to the liberties of Europe!
NEGROES AT TIlE NORTH.
-EJ--Meantrsee.as the T .e
graph, the condition ftIe negroes af it
Notth and South. and shown how far
preferable was the lot of the Southern
slave to that of the Northern free negro
a fact which Oendine's experience. has
confirmed to his own cost. Frequent ap
plications are now made to Southern gent
tlemetn visiting the North by these poor
creatures, to bring them back, and put
theta on their platntations--the friendship
of the Aholitionista exhaustitng itself in
wortds, anid not taiking atny practical shtape
tf aid aud comfort.
Ag wve have ,ftena reportetd, the clamor
at the North for "Free-labor," means
white labor; thre blacks are etirely out of
the pale of their symrpathies--and their
great effort ntow is to get a monopoly of all
the new Territories, free from the comnpe
tition of black labor.
The Editor of the N. 0. Bulletin, at
present on a visit to the North, writing
front New York, gives the following graphic
sketch of thte actual cotndition of the colored
race throughout the North, whiehb our own
personal observation has cenirmed:
"\\'hilst on the subject of employments.
I would observe that I have been forcibly
struck with the manner in which the free
negroes in the northern cities are being
grailually driven from various occupations
whic~h they formerly almost moniopo
lized. In house servanits this is particu.
larly obvious; for I have- not been in a
house in this city where there is a negro
emp1loyed, but all whire-male and female
servants, even to the coachman. There
are still some negro servants at the hotels,
and ont hoard of steamboats, but there too,
hey are evidently dinminishting ; as labo
rers. they atebecoming scarce, and it is a
rare thing to sec at negro about now !build
inga. even as mort ar-mixers or hod carriers.
'-No one of whom I have inquired-here,
can tell nthat-becotmes of them, though it
is generally admit ted, that with some ex
ceptions, they are the most wretched as
well as the most worthless portion of the
population, atnd none wish to see any in
crease of the number. IT wvould bena groat
misfortune to the North. if the Southern
States should expel all the free blacks
from atmong them, wbich they may be
compelled to do, if the fanatic abolitionists
of the North continue the course they have
been pursuitng forea number of years. They
nre those who have lbeen the worst er~erpnes
or the poor negro, and have driven the
Souih to adopt measures of restraint which
otherwise would not have been thought of.
1 think it is very evident that the climate
of-the North acts very unfavorably upon
the health andn longevity of the African,
and.I believe that without additions from
the South, their numbers here, so far from
inCreasing tnalerigglly, would deCrease."
WDITE '9LAcK-SEntES.'--This may
seem like a misnomer, but Mr. Russell sent
us yeaterday, a specimen of this remark able
fruir, which is like our comnmon:black'
berry in size, flavormund every particular
except color, being of a pure mnillk white.
This plant may be -seen growing at Mr.
Russell's Garden~with the fruit upon it in
ell steges of perfection. Wbethber it tsa cemn
mon variety of our ord frien'd of the Sand
hrlls. er riot, we.are not enough of a Bot.
anist to aay--but have no doubitthe fair
savans of somaeof our Female Seminaries,
learned..in the "logies" and "Onmies"
an cermine.--olumbia Teegraphr.
WIS'CONSIN ON RUMSE INJG
We have already stated 'thaa very
stringent bill in regard to intix ting li
quors was passed by the Wiseons' Legis
lature at its recent session. The bill con
sist of ten sections. and requires all persons
who would vend or ret all "spifiotiiquors,"
to give bond to the town authortties, with
there sureties in 1,000, "eqndit-oned 16
pay all damages the community or in
dividuals may sustain by reason of such
a traffic,' to support all paupers, widows
and orphans; pay the expenses or all civil
and criminal prosecutions made. growing
out of, or justly attrilbutable to such a traf
fic." And it is made the duty of the officer
ho!ding the bond to deliver it to "any per,
sen who may claim to be injured by such
traffic." We quote the remaining provi.
sions entire :
&ection, 4. It shall be lawful for any
married woman to institute,- id her own
name, a suit on any such bhond; for all
damages sustained by herself uichildren
ot accoum of such traffic, and the motley
when collected shall be paid over to her,
for tihe use of herself and children.
Sec. 5. No suits for ilquor bills shall be
entertained by any of the Courts of this
State, and %, henever it shall bermade to
appear before any Court befure which a
suit may be pending. on a promisory note,
that such note was given in wloleor in
pbrt for liquor bills, such Couit shall im
medintely dismiss such at the costs of the
Sec. 6. On the trial of any suit under
the provisions of this act, the cause or the
foundation of which shall be the act of an
individual under the influence of liquor, it
shall only he necessary. in order to sustain
the action, to prove that the principal in
the bond sold or gave liquor to the person
(so intoxicated or in liquor) Yhose acts
are complained of, on time day previous to
the commission of the same ofrence.
Sec. 7. Whenever a person shall be
come a county, city or village charge, by
reaton of intemperance, a suit may be in
stituted -hy the proper authorities on ithe
hond of any person who may have been
in the habit of selling or giving liquor to
such person or pauper so becotning a pth.
Sec. 8. Any person against whom a
judgment may be obtained, under the
provisiocs of this eel, shall be entitled to
maintain a suit to campel a contribution
toward paying the judgment against him.
again-st all persons engaged insuch traffic
in-such county, city, town or village, who
may have sold or given liquor to such per
son committing an offence, or becoming a
Sec. 9. Any person who shall ven-l or
retail. or for the purpose of avoiding the
provisions of this act. give away spiritius
oUs liquors, without first giving the bond
required by the first section of this act,
shall be decned guilty ofinisdemennor.
and upon conviction thereofjialr be fined
in a sum of not less than fifty, nor more
than five hundred dollars, and he imprison.
ed in the county jail not less titan ten days,
nor more than six months, and slutt'he
individuals, the'same as he would have
been lie had given the hond required in the
first section of this act.
This remarkable expression of public
opitnion itn Wisconsin on the sub'jcet of
"spitituous liquurs," passed the Senain buy
a vote of JO to S. and the Assembly 29 to
21. .It goes some steps beyond any legis
lation on the subject in the coutntry.
To ALLr TulE SOL.D! ERS 0 THE IVAR
WITH AIlEtco.--We are now etngaged
upon a work, entitled "The Real Heroes
of thme Mexican War" It is .our earnest
purpuose to do justico to every soldier. con
cerned in the cnmpjaings of Scott and Tay
lor. In the preparation of this work, ne
will not be giverned by the display of
mere titles or names, but will endeavor to
do exact justice to the private duldier, as
wvell as to the officers. Will the soldiers
of the WVar extend their aid to us? Every
onie who par'.icipated in the battles of thme
wrar can wi'h but little trouble, send us an
account of his ex periettce and adventures
-it tmatters not htow brief or how roughly
written. From materials thus gathered we,
wvill be enabled to write a true history of
the war, for the pertsal of th'e maisses of
the Amnerican people. It will be a book
which every soldier, (whether officer or
private,) can beciueath an heir-loom to his
family and to posterity. Tme Book will
differ in every respect, from all other his
tories. It will pictuore the deeds of every
manm who distinguished himself,, and nt
confine itself to a mere enlngy of thosu
titled persons. whose -greatness too oftqi
constists, solely in their rank atdd officidl
position. Those gentlemnen who comply
with thmis request, will confer a great favo~
by describlng itn their own way the mirnj.
test det ails of every incident which camy
within their experience and their knowL.
edge. Details with regard to scenery. th~
nature of the ground on which the varioui
-battles were fought, and the costume ofth
p)aretie concerned mn the war, will be pa
i Thme Press of the country wvill render a
gi-eat favor, not only to ourselves, but to
the true bistot'y of thme war, by givitng this
undertaking, a otice itn their columns.'
__ Quaker City.
SEA COAs-r AND TEitatToRIEs 0F THE
US. STares5.--The sea coast of the United
States. accordintg to a recent report of the
land office, is five thousand one hundreid
and twenty miles, including the Atlantic,
Gulf antd Pacific, or a "short line" follow;.
ing the irregularities of the shore and sea
islands, according to an estimate of the
Superitendent of the Coast Survey, 33,
The territory of the United States, in.
cluding those recently acqnired, contaiti
twro millions one hunidred and eighty-se
yen thousandlfour liuamdred and ninety-six
square miles, or 1,023,518,080 acres1
which is sufficient to ,give fifty-one acres,
without-including the States, to every one
of the twenty -million, of inhabitants itt
the country. Tis territory is distributed
as follows. .Nothwest Territory, west ol
the Mississippi river,'723,248 square mile.;
Wisconsin Telrritory,.22,336 squ are milms;
Oregon 341,463; Upper Galifornit-and New
Mexico, 526.078; Texas, 325,520. Tlhe
newly acquired territory, lying north ol
36degrees 30 minutes, is 1,643,784; south,
AFFAIRS IN CANADA!
The New York -papers eontain the fot
lowing details'of tlie last intelligna re
ceived from Montretl: -
MONTUEAr., April 28, 1849.
All day yesterday a most fearful ex
citement cxisted ihroughout the city.
At 2, is' ai. the inavs meetig called to
take into consideration the best means of
preserving-the peace of the country was
held at the Champ de Mars, and an im
mense multitude was prgent. Strong
resolutions were passed, and a petition to
the Queen to recall Lord Elgin was drafted
At the earnest request ot the principal
leaders, the people dibperied quietly.' -
The five rentlctnen arrested have been
committed for rioting.
A man )y the name of Party., the great
leader of the firemen of this city, has been
committed tojail onl a charge of arson.
Towards evening a rumor rapidily
spread that the French party were being
sworn in as special constables, and armed.
It proved correcr.
The Brithh pO-tion wete persuaded by
the leader's to wait till armed, and an en
counter took place between about twenty
English'gentlemon atnd these constables,
who most wantonly fired upon them.
Only a few of the small party had arms,
which they discharged upon the mass attd
slowly retreated, hearing of one of the
party, wounded in the leg by a pistol ball.
From the cries uttered by some persons
in the crowd, one of the gentlemen who
fired informs me that their discharge must
have taken effect.
Turing the whole night these were
drilled, armed withl cutlasses and pistols,
in the onsecours market.
The military were under arms oil night,
and the arti!lery drawn up in square.
I have the biest authority for stating that
Sir Berijumin )arban, cotmander of the
f'rce8s, at a meeting of the Executive
Council last night. made remarks to the
following purpurt to Col. Teach, one of
lie demanded to know by whose nu
thority those men had been armed. He
said that he was there to protect her Ma
jesty's dominions, and by the aid ofheaven
hye would do that. -It -was unconstitutional
to arm one portion of the population against
Turning round to Gen. Gore, he said,
"Go io his Excellency the Governor Get.
oral, nod say, I send him a body of British
troops to protect him, atid that I wili not
consent to this clandestine arming of the
French population. lMisarrm these men,
and find by whose authority they were
It is understood that Col. Bruce and
Tashe do it ott an order frotn the govern.
The arms-are refused to be given up.
The British are rapidly arming, and a
dreadful fiahtt is expected.
The 7'It regiment arrived from St.
Johns this morning, and the provincial
cavalry are momentarily expected. -
Upper Canada is itt a fearful state of
The light could be .soen at the lake,
thirty miles off.
The whole upper provinces are arrpitg.
in t he eastern townships immenee quman
tities of' land have teeen sol, and large
bodies of' egurdy riflumen are expected to
thte assistanc~e of' tha British.
On the Ottaws, the lumbermen are also
preparing to assist Montreal.
Malirtial latv is talked of, and will he
proclaimed, if thiere is not an immediate
end to violenco. The creators of the moh
hamve raisedl a spirit of resistance, which
they are now speeking to quell.
As for annexing Canada to the United
States tto really serious minded persott in
the communtity seems really to entertain
any such purpose. WVe give below an cx
tact from the Toronto Globe of' what
seems to be public opitnion both in Upper
ard Lower Catnada.
"Every well informed person knows
that the true motives of the tories who now
cry fur annexation, are to alarm Lord
El~in, and thtrough him the home govern.
me-it, that they mnay havoja change of min
isters and the restoration of the provincial
pa'ronage. They will not succeed. and
they mny as well renounce the pursuit at
once. If the tory faction, which desires
once more to take the reins do not succeed.
of whtich there is not the most distant
hope, it will not - be because any means
have b-een left untried-They have, cont
trived even in England to create a belief
that we are at the rebellion point in Cana
da, and they look for nothing hut war and
It looks to. us very much as if' much of
the tory outbreak in Canada had reference
to the personal hostility to thte government
ministry. No doubt there is a deep ha.
tred of' Frenchinfluence. but- this is only
an item. thougnh probably a large one tn
the list of' incidents.
HEIFAvY BUstNszss iN' CoTroN'.--The
sales of' cotton itt Now Orleans last week
from MIonday morning to Saturday bight
are set down at 65,000 bales, which, as
far as nur recollection- exteuds, (says th'e
Deha) is the largest week's business ever
known here. The extensive and -general
'!emantd which has prevailed is- attributed
nsome degree io the recent accounts from
e . interior of severe .injury done to the
cowing plant by the late heavy frosts,
~hich, it is thought, may seriously curtail
bte coming crop. The recent favorable
johitical advices from Enrope have also
lad a good influence, which senms likely to
a ttinte, and to produce a permanent im
ovement in prices. .
,ExtRAORDrNARY SURoscArL OPEa&
'or.-We learn says the Boston Journal,
SDr.'Warren, of this city recently took
(4 m the .stomach of an Irish girl, at the
Issaehuset ts General Hospital, by means
e -an- incision, a tape-worm forty-one
fe- and eleven inches in length. The op.
e tion was- performed while the snaferev
W under the influence of ether. She
o rved in coining to her. senses. "Oh!
I . ave had a pleasant dream, and feel re
ie Td." The wvound was dressed with
gr itcare and.she has scearcely compluiti
ed ~fpain since the operatiu. ' This, we
are Ild, is the only case, on record, where
the tpe-worm has been literally cut from
. roaths Columbia Tdegka*
THE FEELING .AT THE NORTH,
. AND AT THE.SOUTH,
.friend who has jist:returned from a.
husdfess trip ro the Nor thern and Eastern
States-(a most intelligent merchant of
this place)-has given us some interesting
and valuable lufo'rinidie U at (' theit'ptes
sions made on his mind by observation
an'd intercourse with "the natives" he met,
or had dealings with. . I
He states the fact without hesitation,
that there seems in' be bu one sentiment
pervading the whole mass of the Northern
'people in relation to the Free Soil ques
tion ;-and that while the more influential
portion or them deprecate any interference
with Slavery as it stands in the old States.
all refuse to allow any but 1ee twhirte)
labor to be introduced into our new terri
He says there is a litle excitement, but
'a cold calm deter mination to elude the
South from the Territories undegall cir
cumstances-even should the people of
California consebt lhat Slavery should be
introduced there, when it is ready to come
id as a State.
The Abolitionists s're. ut a fragment of
the Free Soil party, which now absorbs all
other parties, whoclifrerint 66 othe' points
all agree on this. Thisi condition of feeling
he observed no exceptions to-and a more
dangerous state of tings for the future
Equality of the Soultf, and tire mainte
nance of her just rights, .it is -difficult to
conceive of. Againsta noisy fanaticism
we could easily make 6g~l *th the wea
pons of reason, ridicule and wommon sense.
Against open assalis and "etier acts," of
aggression, we could rally the South to
the rescue; for, to i man her sois woufd
march into the 4imminent deadly breatlhi'
could they but see their ewenty ? Such is
not the policy of our assailants. The
Northern people are calculating and cau
tions (it would be a base libel to call theto
cowardly, for the soil of America, and out
free institutions nurture none suchJ and
they slowly sap our strength; profit by oul
divisions; coucenirate their own ptblit
sentimenat into one point, While seeking by
ridicule and mockery to paralyte and
frustrate our eforts at concerked and com
bined action; work upon our .sensibilities
by appealing to the lCsings Of the UWion
which they are converting into curses; that
the Siuthi like a blind Sampson, may be
mide their menial through a generous cod
Ahen'ce. -- And they *11 e*'ct their pul
pose, unless Southern men will shake off
the faial apathy, and yet more fatal devo
tion to partizan prejudices. which paralyze
all c3mbination anti contert for the com
mon safety, and subject those who "agi
tate" to the derision of their exulting ene
mies, who hate because they fedt the Ver'
idea of a A GaEAt SOUTMrcaa LEA%
demanding Equaliy qf righth wvitl the
North. If to claim this as our ri-ft-to
resist all itifractions of plightWd lIaith, and
"agitate" for ACTION Upod fol wrongs,
insulis and injuries houly petpetlhited upon
the citizens of the South;ahe "rebelion"
and "treason" (as even Southern, presses,
!ave stigmatized it.) the. we rejoice to
tried mens' souls" our fathers bore, and for
oppressions and wrongs leis grievous rat;
for they came not from thoSe who talled
us "brethren" but "cbildren," and who
sought not to. rob us of a heritage bought
with the blood of our bait and btavest.
A solemn crisis of our National l4istory
is near at hand. He must be blinded by
terror, or by treason able inslinecls, whd tan
not or will tnot look-It in the fade-and'it Is
the part or prudence as well as of patriot
tirn to prepare to meet it like med.
Let those then who shiver over the v
word--Secession-takerheed lest 'e~r
Dvercafltion does not call down upon thaeg
heads hereafter the dread imprecation int
yoked, by the Poet on a voluntary traitor,
for their timidity is treason to their own
hearths and homes, as well as to the endu
ring pet manence or the Union.
"Oh 1'r a tongue to curse the siNve.-.
Whose treason, like a deadly blight,
Comeos o'er thes counsels of the brave,
And blasts them an their hour of mi;:ht."
The true rriends of the Cotnsthtution and
the Uniotn are those who stand prepared
to protect and defend hoth in their original
purity, who court no eraven compromises
with fanaticism, withi fraud or with folly
who-ask for nothing but what is right, and
will stabmit to nothing that is wrong. The
etnemies of both are the Free-soilers of the
North, and those who give them "aid and
comfort" at the South.
These now are the two great parties in
his country, and every man must take his
ride. On ours,.all who-are not for are
against u-the neutrals are allies of the
Ist'onTAlT Faox MEwCo.--The Co's
lumbia Telegraph of the 4th inst, says.:
We are indebted to a friend for the follows
ing extract from a letter received: by him
MATAasoaAs,A pril 20,189
"Parades is kickitng up the devi at press
me. The pronunciados (insturgents) took
San Louis Potosi on the lyth ins.'an
hav6 marched on Queretaro. Tbe treoopa
sent from here to put down the revok-bave
'pronounced' in favor of Paredes, and
joined the revolutionists as. soon as they
trossed the mountaIns."
Our previous advices from Mexico rep
resented that a formidamble itsuarrection had
broken out in the vicinity of San -I.onis,
ad that a large body of troops had been
tent on by the* governmetn to pot down
the insurgents. It is difficult to obtain
fromn obr Mexican exchangesma satisfaetory
iceount of any of the movements of the
people, as'they exaggerate the sneeessesoi
the government forces, and depreciate the
npbrationts of those hustile to the presentJ
administration. If thbeaboveitutelligence
be correct, 1we rthey espect the unfortunate
republic 6f Mexico soon to be plunged
into the horrors of-anarchy, if not of~
rivi .war-Delta. -
. frIuOta U.. S. SSAsTonN.The St.
Louis Repiuhlican, says that GoFrentch
has ecome t8 the cbacission that'he does
not possess under the ConstitutiO'ts pa
er to appoint a Selartot to Ol the place to I
which General Shlefde was -eleted last
winter, and which..hs did.. Ellfort several
dlays befor-e his iaeligiblity wans determin
ed; by the Senate. If this ihe so, thera
must necessary be d called-- session of the
aSattfl aub Mhtttt.
16nkee in Chin.-A 'letter from on
board the United S-intes ship Plymouth at
Cahnn, dated Jan. 6. says
"Canton is about fourteen miles from
Whampoa, and has a small Yankee steam.
er running up and dowa every day..r-he
steamer was brought out here in a vessel.
and has been so useful to its owners that I
am sold several more has 'been orderida
It is not more than twenty.five feet lon,.
The Chinese Were very tich indsid'W i
when first it made its appearanc%;gand he.
ing a propeller they could not understand
the philosophy of the raft.
Rivets dont ftroy fth.-Ah invention
has recently beeni produced in Bostot, by
Air. Samuel Pratt, by which sheets of
metal of any length, bands, hoops, &c.
m"y easily aod quickly be join-el logiethor,
without the use of rivets. Peculiar slits
are made in each end of the coflar ribbon.
or rho bhnd of tbe ho6p, or- i the ends of
the sheets of mhetal, which ebables-ono
sheet or band-, to dovetail into'ihe *other'
when a blow from the hammer .joins them
as effectually as by riveiog', and effects g
great saving im time.
Wa#it ersus iai..allical notice has
tn hiven that letters sent to thi British
West Indies seated with, wax, have the
seal removed by the mnil agent oi...hoard
the steamer, who substitutes a twaer for
the wax, the reAsOn being that the wax
sntebs in tropical climateb,-ctlirnihe
letters to *dherb to earlhither 'and 1otibr.
wise.defacing them. We hia4e - leily
.paistd ouit the expediency of using WIles
ror ship lettets.
Colke Cotlee befeate.z:-A bill its.
roie the Maesathlusetts Legiblatute to in.
eorporate a itonad Catholiu College, at
Worcester. Alass., *as defeated in ihe
House o Wednesday, after an taimated
tiebate, by a Vote of 117 to 84.
Parson Brownlo*. of the lotickbnuroujig
Whig, *as attacked at 6ight *lile re
tdrding (torn thtrch, and struck down iy
a club in the bands of John-Ryland. whom
he had published as a deserter in Mexico.
the Rev; editor, after fifteen.4days -con.
Onement from his injuriest comes down-on
his assailant in a column of invective, and
characteristically says in eneluaon, ei
owe my-ekistence, bnder God;Jd n'strong
besver bat I had on at the time.i'
Pound Drotoned.-J. N. Gamhi.
Driver. rrom Polk touaity. Tennessee, *ho
bad been thissiug for a iieek, was .fund
on Sunday last drowned in the-riveropoo.
site t:e 6ity. lie came here on the 20th
of March, with. 19 horses and two -Viz
horse teams loaded with bacon, and on
tered at once upon a barter of dissipation
which euned in.tho destruction of hi char-...
anter and life.-Macon Journal 25tk
A Nice Distinction.-"I say,
you going to see that mati hua
row f "I don't know Dick,
in bo hung for?" "Vv, blei
itealingA" "For steaing a
rool! Vy didn't he buy-v
lower pay for him ?"
The keeper 6 a grog esta I
GeorgIa, has milde known.dby 6 dy
tint, that he will not, in future
pirituous liquors to temperance
hey should bring at written peria
rrom theIr wives,
gorrid beat.-A t Skaneateless,N34
last week a man by the natne of Searl,
angalted in distilling, fell into a vat of bnit
ing liqu~or, and was so dreadlfully sealded
that he only survived a few hours. Whlen
he was taken out, his skirn literally pealed
uff, and hung in strings from, his limbs,
laying bare the sinews and muscles..
Gold Pens.-Jt is said to have -heeus
tiven in evidence, in a trial now before the
Miew York courts, that otie hundred doilars
vorth of gold pens can be made from ad
wace of gold, costing sixteen dollars.
"iow lo' you like Gen. Taylor ?" was
tsked a Whig (a few days since. "First
ate," replied the old coon; "be turs et
great deal better than we expected.'!.
A young man named Leathers'has ap
plied to lbs Legislature af Maryland to
save his name changed, as the beloved of
iis heart refuses to marry a man with
iuch -a name. WVe reckon that she is afraid
he'll "hytie" her.
Arkansa.-The Little Rtock Banner, of
he 17th uit., states that Col. John .
loane is elected by one hundrtid nd-sikty
votes,- so far as the official vote shops.
rhbe county of Mississippi is to be. heard
'rom. Ititwas understood that .the inagu.
ation.would take .place on the .15th ult.
A Good.ioke.-.T wo rabid politicians ia
Dincinnati, who wvere striving. for. the ap
omntment of Post Mlaster, received..each a
otter on the 1st of A prilnotifyin.ese- t#f
heir appointment. They both sallied forth
o crow ever each .other, to the great
tmhusemenlt .of those who understand the
A centain jud-e in Vermont;-.nsed to
~harge the jury tat "things-of a- doubtful
latture were very uncertain."
millions of passengers have been carried
aver. the .I assachusetts railroads wvithi
he past.'three -year.- Fifty-six killed,
sad sixty-five injured. .. .
Letters hits been ree'eived id towva
rrom'gentlemen residing -in Natechdtoliie.
which represent the 'destrnelion of, the~
~rops by the leite frost. to~havecbeen sweep,.
ng.' All thotton ahbon thte groiund ws
ut off'at once.-:N. O.Picayune.. ~*.
A "down-ebst" editor bsks hir.'eubsesit
sers to payeup, that be- raytplafal sitnia
iake upon his .reditoral :: ..
The receipts of the United St ales Treat
ury for the quateLsmding Marcha 31,
mounted to 314.80000F The expendi-.
ues to 611 ,13,000,
MerPreston,-the Sertary ofth& Nt vy,
as left Washington. on e a brief lj~fit
fnirinia.. Comtsodotea aisingtob is~t.
Mr.'Elrng,'the Seeretasy,1f h lifte
)epartment ha .returned 1 a rp~o,
Ittorney Getnr, isa atApnagohs e
Tennessee isseid:'o-be ih~asty Sta'ik
u the. Union that had 'noti not-'of' ll'
teden the-1s f Janary, 1849. -
A ood word is as soon said asan 'uina