Newspaper Page Text
From the Dublin Freeman's Journal.
Is this t e forever and forever lhe cry.
-death! death !! death! !! We came to our
office yesterday hoping that we would
not have to peruse the usual amount of
awful, heart-rending death lists, but need
we say hat our heart sank within us, and
that -our blood ran cold as we read letter
after letter, and found the burden of each
to be the same appalliing cry-death, death.
ileath. - The hunione Protestant rector of
Ballnorbe addresses Lord John Russell
to-day throuah our columns, and every
line of his eloquent expressive, and philan
thropic letter is as a voice from the dead
a voice telling of over one hundred and
thirty six registered deaths occurring in
one week in the poorhouse of Balliniobe!
-a voice telling of the increase of the
people's wretchedness and misery-a voice
telling of the, poorhouse being shunued as
a pestilenmial briare through "the vain
hope" of the. victims "that death may not
all at once-overtake them elsewhere"-a.
voice telling of the deplorable fact that the
people. "have had neither food nor rai
ment in any way commensurate with their
vinis. or even the necessities of nature, and
that the painful consequence is, "they are
dropping into their grave in MULTI
Rev. Mr. Conway, the petive. zealous
and Chumaue Catholic curate or the same
place, writes to us-and the burden of his
letter also is the same fearful cry as that
which gives an awful interest to the com.
munication of the compassionate Protes
tant rector. He says :
e "Ire have dead bodies evrerythwere. I am
obliged myseil to handle them, coffin
them, and put them in the earth. We
cannot p'rocure a sufficiert number of men to
bury the dead,'or ofcoffins to contain them.
Every village had dead bodies lying un.
buried for many days; almost every hovel.
in the suburbs of the town has its corpse.
We cannot, I repeat, get coffins, boards
or men for the necessity of the moment.
May God forgive our rulers for their cruel
conduct toward God's creatures here !"
Agati and agin we ask in anguish of
spirit will men be apathetic while such is
the fate of brother men ? Will creatures
endowed with souls-with human hearts
-be silent while the very stones, had they
voices, would cry to Heaven against such
T uesday night we took up the evening
papers, and said, here at least the cry of
death .will not meet us at every line. We
were mistaken. It was still the same.
The wail of the destitute poor was taken
up by the Conservative Packet, and Bung
among our rulers with a vigorous and
truthful eloquence which few could coin
mand. The first thing that met our eyes
in that journal, ever true to the cause of
suffering bumanity, was this:
"Doom or THE MERE IRIsH.--We feel
it is not necessary to utter one syllable of
comment when introducing the followin
letter to our readers. It has been co
municated to us by a highly intelligent
etleman, who would be incapable of
oration, and the fruits of whose tal
~arning have frequently delighted
ted our readers.
-are some (acts simply stated i
at are terrible suggestive of the'
c 'b our peasantry are reduced
or onto happy, iight-'hearted peasantry.
Th ciidrenl fighting for the nettles is one
of these. Childhood -strufggling with
childhood-struggling for such means to
exist a little longer in living death ! The
'well-growno girls' .cowering before the
writer is another, the agony of their shame
-God help them !-surpassing the agony
of their hunger. And what, in all the
records of this unrelieved famine that
is slaying our unhappy people. can be
more demonstrative of the desert through
which our correspondent passed, than the
.driver's significant words, 'You won't I:ear
the cry of a child from this to Litterick ?'
Not a child's cry in a dlistrict once fruitful
and beautiful-once peopled with life antd
- bhappiness-once filled at this season wvith
the hustle of harvest preparation-once
musical with the mirth of young voices!
Good God ! could volume sugaest a tnore
, appalling change thatn the simple words,
'You won't hear the cry of a child from
-this to Limerick ?"
"The followinig is the let ter:
'To the Editor oft/ae .Eveeing Packet:
A PRI L, '28. 1849.
!Dear Sir: I have 'ceen for the last ten
days throuch the Counties of Limerick,
Gaiway, Clare, and across thence to the
'All attempts to depict the existing state
of the misery of the mnasses beyond the
Shannon must come utterly shot' of the
truth. All that tract of coutiry from Kil
halos to Portumna otn the Galtway side of
the Shannon, is lying waste and uncultiva
ted. About three out of four of the mis-,
erable huts unroofed. Some of the for
merinmates are dead, somnein the unuion,
and some few hauddled together in one or
- two of the huts still existing.
'The men generally have perished."'
The correspondent of the Packet havitng
described scenes of human misery on
which a demon could scarcely look with
ont emotion, concludes thus:
"With large tracts oif land lying uncul
tivated, a few miserable meni are etmploy,
- ed onihe roads-at whkat i ages think you?
JOe pound of yellow meal-i. c. less than
-lh per diom !!! Great God, how is this
tocure famine !
"If this process of depopulation goes on
a few months more. you may seek an able'
bodied men in vain ,for twenty or tir ty
miles of count fy."
Such is the testimony of an intelligent
Conservaitive witness, after having visited
In the name of our common humanity
and our common faith, we'call upon the
public, one and all, to arouse themselves
toresdune their brother-men, their brother,
subjects, and brother-Christians, who nowv
stand on the brink ol destruction, from this
devouritng sea of misery, w hose deluge en
gulfs its thousands atid its tens of thousands
by the week.
TRE~MENOUS FIRE IN CHiNA.--News
has reached Canton of a great fire at
Kwvai-law, the capital of the Kwanso pro
vince. It is said that upward of 4,000
hodses and shors have been destroyed, in
cluding~ the Ya-mtum, or' ohicers, of the
Viceroy. blany people have porishd
EDGEFIELD C. H.
W:DNESDAY MAY 30, 1849.
The adjourned meeting for the formation of
a I.yceam will he held on next Saturday (2d
June,) in the Court House, at 9 o'clock.
7 DAN MARBLE, the delineator of Yan
kee character, has died of cholera in Louisville.
We have had several very heavy falls of
rain within the last few days accompanied by
much' lightning and thunder. A few miles
below this'place a severe hail fell on Saturday
night last, which did great-damage to the crops
The first nymber of this paper, published at
Pickens C. H. has reached us. It is a neatly
gotten tip sheet, and will no doubt take a highly
respectable stand among the weekly Journals
of the State.
Capt. TiroMAs PETIGRU, of the United States
sloop (if war,-Falmouth, sailed from Boston on
Wednesday 16th.inst. for the Pacific.
Hon, Daniel Duncan.
The Hon. DAsmsr DuNCAN, of Ohio, died
in Washington City on Friday evening the 18th
inst. His sickness had continued from the ad
journment of Congress.
Destruetive Fire in St. Louis.
The Western and Philadelphia papers are
filled with accounts of the great Ifire in St.
Louis and the very heavy lowes which have
- Washing Machine.
M r. D. H. STROSL is at present in our Vil
lage with " Sabin's Patent Washing Machine,''
and offers for sale the Patent for Edgefield Dis
trict. The Machine is quite simple in its con
struction, and is in no danger of getting out of
repair. It has been successfully tried in our
Village, and has been highly spoken of in' dif.
ferent parts of the State.
We.call the attention of our readers to the
Advertisement of Mr. Strobel in another col
umn of our paper.
The Cholera is committing ravages in the
Towns and Villages lying on oqr Western wa
ter-essecially in New Orleans, St. Louis,-and
Cn *, '' In the latter city, during one
*ere'1114'ease, and in two-ds 71
In San Antonio, Texas, 100 deaths and upiid
had occurred up to 26th Apil. .
The Cholera has appeared likewiin. New
York and Duston). .
J0Q!0 HOUSEs sURaoDN~DED, WITH WATElt.
The breaches irn the Levee on the Mississip
pi, and the conseqttent itiundations of the City
of New Orleans and the adjacent country, are
causing mtnch alarm, to the inhabitants. In the
city of New Orleans four Wards were inunda
ted, and-about one thousand housessurrounded
by water. The Delta of the .16th May. says,
ini some of the Wards, the houses are "small,
one-story tenements, and inhabited by poor peo
pie, whlo have been compelled to move out with
all their furtniture ; others, who were foartunate
enough to haav'e an upper story to their houses,
remain at home, the gentlemen doing the mark
etinag and the ladies their shoppinag in sktffs."
Our readers will ftind In anothmer cotumn
thrilinag accounats of the great distresas in Irelanad.
Hundreds arc actually dying from hunger. And
this is British phailanthrophay! Enlglantd can
senad out lher amissionaries at an expense of tmil
ins:-Shae can contribute thouasands of pounds
to the spreadirng of abolition doctrines in the
United States, and keep op a large force on the
African coast to saippress the Slave trade-but
nothing can shec off'er to alleviate thec sufferings
of thme poor Irish! Hans the English nation no
sense of justice-no feelin4 'of synmpathay for
fellow beings in actual distress ? Then, is her
Phiilaanthropy, mere matchish sentimentality
the result only of a selfish pride ! England
would prefer thme honor of leading int the sup,
pressiona of thae Slave trade on .thbe coastaof
Africa, though it cost her millions, to the saving
of a whole nation from bueggary and oppression,
if no other eclat should arise, than what might
result from the discharge of mere duty. -
Cot, Benton's Letter.
Senator BarroN, in a letter lately addresse
to the people of Missouri, sthives to justify his
course on the slavery question and in regard tc
thme Southern Address. The Missouri Legisla
ture instructed her Senators to support Mr.
Calhoun's aiddress. Col. Bentonl, nmow goes be
hind the Legislative athorimy, and appealstc
the people of his State. 1Ho threatens to re
signz, if thme peopie cotnfirm the instructions ol
the Legtulature. The following is an extrac1
from his letter:.
" The General Assembly of our State, at its
late sessi'an, adopated certain resohapionas on the
subject of slavery, and gave me instructions to
obey thean. From thais command I .appeal tc
the people of Mlissomti-mhe whoule body of thc
people, and if they confirm the instraictions,
shall give them an opportunity to fipd a Sena
tor to carry their will into effect, as I cannot dc
anything to dissolve4hie Union, or to carry one
half of it agamnst the othmer.
" I do not admit a dissolution of the Uanior
to be a remedy, to be prescribed by statesmeta
for the diseases of the body politic, any moore
thtan 1 admit death, or suacide, to be a remedy
to be prescr-ibed by physicians fort the diseases
of the natural body. Cure, and not kill is the
only remiedy which any mind can contemplat
- at Work anongute
The National An!i Slavery Stand of th
17th May is filled with. the proceedti s: fti
annual Meeiing of the anti-slavery h 1",yj
onr Soutbet it neighbors, who are tryidg it mai
it appear, that thete isno just-fonidatii fA
the present movement in. irogfAnoatiber
rights, will but peruse the Report qtiliosere
ceedings they can no longer doubt. Onlyte
"who have eyes and see not," ?aifailio b
convinced of the earnestdetermitaifon of Ab
olition Fanatics. Hearthe Editor of the Anti
"We do not rememlier ever to fijve know
so much Anti Slavery crowtted idtn a singl
week, in this city, as in the-last. In'addition I
the meetings of the American Society, -ther
were several evening meetings atmong the col
oured people, and on Friday alke.noon an
evening a discnssion on the charaqter of th
Constitution of the United States-, betwee
Frederick Douglass and S. IL Ward, whict
we hear, was conduicted with great ability,.an
to the satisfaction of a crowded audience??_
N. B.-Our readers will recollect tharFreO
arick Douglass is a " nigger," antfas one0
0T The following fact is circidiied in th
papers, showing the probable orinihitoragof th
ORIGINAToRs OF THE N. 4R o-s.
The New-York M irror relates the followin
It is now ascertninul that A'ie suiis
money were spent in getting up late riot.
Tickets were sent to certain well kiown hauni
of the rowdies, wrapped up in, hank notes.
Wh-i paid the money? .We hope (lie Maya
will not rest until the originators of.the riot er
brouizht to light andjostice.
" It is well known who wrote,"pfinted, circi
lated and paid for the inflamatory Iandbill
which incited the mob to the woilk of:destrui
tion on Thuirsday evening; and w'.ippieln
there will be no difficulty in ascertining wbie
the money came from."
The following rascally attempt of n' n.Aboll
tionist to steal the property of a. Virginia slav(
holder, was commented upon in the late Anti
Slaoery Convention, as a landabli effort mad
for liberty, and the "inalienable right; of man!
. RIeHNOND, Wednesiay 'iaj 9.
GRAT ExcnTIsstrT-An Meimpt.o Ru
Negroes to the North Detccted.-A'ian name
A. S. Smith, a supposed agent of ihe Abolition
tionists, sent a box to Messrs. Adamns & Co
express office, in this city, marked'as merchat
dise, and directed "To W. P.#Villiams, But
tonwood-st., Philadelphia." Thibox was pla
ced on the freight cars; but, e-examinatiot
it proved to contain Iwo live negro slaves, wh
were supplied with cans and bla Jers of wate
and other necessary contrivances to sustai
them on the trip. On the diseadery bein
made, a telegraphic despatchwas'sent i
Fredericksburg, where~Smith was arrested an
taken badk to Richmond, where:.he was-cotm
mitted to jail to await an early tri01"
"On the foregoing, Mr. Garrison commer>
ted, as symbolizing the character of our Gov
ernment and people,. and the regard here le
for liberty as au " inalienable. riht " of man.
N. B.4Our readers will not*%at this M
Garrison is President of the A'erican Anti
Slavery-Siiciety. The name af ~-Man so -de
seivingff renown as IWian. -1G arrisor
should,4s think. be cns .to fame
We truist our readers will n'ot.. oret him!
We repeat it-he is President qf the America
The Northeri Press & New
The Editor of the "Newv York Tribune
in summing up the various causes of the lal
Riot ini New York, anys:.
"Bt-tne most direct agency of disorder
yet to be spoken of. We mean the licentiou:
unprincipled and venal Press,-the Press whir
sells its influence to the mnosst corrupt use:
which sneers at benevolence and mocks at ri
tigion, which has neither faith in man, rever
ence for God, nor belief in anythine, whic
panders to depraved appetites, traiics in false
hood and caltumny, speculates on dithonoi
gloats over vice, attd does its utmost to weake
the tnoral setise of the public and bring th
Law into contempt. Who will estimate tht
part which this branch of the Newspape
Press has had in bringing about'the Astos
place rioti Who can tell how mtuch of th
violenice there displayed was the fruit of i
insiduous assaults on all that is best and mo
sacredi And by wvhorn is such a Press ke pt i
existence ? Thtat, too, reader, is a questio
which we leave for you to reflect on."
Other agencies have also been aC work I
produce this great outbreak. It was not ahoni
as the Tribune well remarks, the quarrel
McCready and Forrest, that gave riue toi
"That is the accident so to say, vjgich develoi
the disease previously existing fi the systenl
The elements of brutality and ruffianism, di:
regard of the law, contempt for the rights
others and for the peace of society, love of di.
order and violence were there before ; they hr
been geticrated by many and perverse infih
ences; in the riot they were only combined an
directed to the accomplishment of a particuh
One of these many perversc influences is, witl
out doubt, the leveling spirit, under th e nani
of reform, which has been so rif.tously at wvor
in New York for the last ten years, and in tI
aggravationt of which no one has more recl
hessly contributed than the deoer but WTOn
headed Editor'of the Tribune, Mr. Hobrac
Greely.--The City is already reaping tI
legitimate results of the mobocratical doctrini
of the Albany and Tammany Hall Reformer
But these are only the beginining. The "ho'
of disorder atid violence" will be, in the ftttur,
prolific of the fruits of "brutality, rnflianisri
and disregard of the Law." The peace of Ne
York society, under the anarchical spirit of Ii
New Reformiers, is destined to perpetnal di
turbanee. The most trifling occauiotn, as in tI
late Riot, will let loose the elements of"brutal
ty and rzefinnismn." May God defend our liti
commonwccalth from the ruinous effects of sttc
\VoMEN IN THE ARMY FIGHTING
The late German papers say that Hut
gariatn ladies are fighting with the ear
enthtusiam fur freedom as their countr)
men. Among one hundred atid fori
Hungarian captives taken by Getn. Sin
onish, there were nineteen Hungarian lh
dies, with muskets in their hands, ar
dressed in tmilitary uniform, A Countes
of the highest rank, has raised a regimei
at her own expense, arid her sister is il
cnmmander bf this regtiment.
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
WHO ARIE THE PEOPLE ?
. We have expressed the belier that the
cire for the radical spirit in our country is
to be applied' to the hearts 'of the People;
r that health in the body politic is to be res.
tored by spreading intelligence and by cor
recting popular prejudices and errais. To
V these ends, therefore, our humble efforts
e will be earnestly directed.
. The first error that claims our notice is
one or much universa.lity. It is founded
on the notioni, natural in despotic govern.
ments, that the interests of-those holding
0 power, are separate and. distinct from the
n interests of the governed. It is often said,
e for excample, "the people's rights are usurp
., ed" tc !
d Who are the people? It is pretended,
a that ihere is a certain class of society in
Sthis country, as in the aristocratic govern-.
meets of the old world, called the people,
cotra-distinguished from others, who form
another class by reason of entitled privi
liges. In the sente here meant, this is
non-sensica Ijargon. . Where is the privi
liged ordr in this-country, or where the
6; individuals who.can be taken out from
among the people of the nation. and placed
-In a separaie priviteged class ? Socially
.here wiay be a distinction; but in a politi.
cal point of view, as meant in this connec-.
g ion, no one can poiat to any such distitic
tion. Politically we are all on an equality:
we. are all the people. It is the ballot-bor,
and nothing else, that gives political rank
in this country. Every one who exercises
r fully the elective franchise is one of the
people. and no other class is known to our
civil and politicalinstitutions.
low are we to understand, then, the
* expression,-the people's rights are usurp
ed? ".Itis true the people of one section
a of the .cwuunry may- array themselves
against, the people of another section, and
' usurp authority; hut it would be a solecism
tb call this an usurpation of the people's
. rights, since the only rights that can he
ifringed are the people's rights. When
infringement or usurpation, takes place,
therefore. it tustbe by one portion of the
people over another. There exists, as we
have.'stated, no separate class to usurp
popular rights, how much soever it may
suit the policy of demagogues to urge this
notion. Legislators who make the laws
tat are thought to usurp the righis of the
people, are no distinct. class. They are
simply agents or trustees. selected by the
- people from among themselves for the dis
, charge of certain duties, and are instru
D mental mainly in. carrying out the wishes
r of those whout they represent. For. t he
" time being, it is true, they are somewhat
9 privileged; for instance, in going and
d returning from our Legislative qssemblies,
- and during their abode, they are fiempt
from the ordinary process of law ; but this
, poor privilege ceases on their return, and
- after the short period of two years, without
re-election ,they are once more on a po
liical footing uith the plainest of their
Fellow-citizens. This principle extends
to all the political offices of the counryv
. even to the Presidency of the United
States, in its exalted dignity. Beside,
public functionaries in this country are
- nearly al'vays identified itn interest and in'
feeling with those whom they represent.
What interests can they have that conflicts
with the interests-of their constituents ? If
as Legislators they infringe the rights of
Stheir Fellow..citizens, they will thetns,elves
alter a year nr so be the party aggrieved.
Isl it rational to suppose That men will take
e away rights, or legislate usurpgltively whlen
they kntow, that they and their post erity
must become the sutfferere thterebty? But
with the strong reins, held by the people
over their Legislative agents it is almost
impossible for these latter with any sort of
vigilance on the part of the people to usurp
-unauthorized power. The thing is out
h of reason. If one Legislature do wrong,
the people will have control over the next.
"If Legislators act amiss they can he readi
Sly deposed from power. indeed experi
eence -enables to affirm, that in by far the
r majority of cases, the action of Represen
.tatives itn our country is consonant to thte
afeelings and wishes uf their constituents.
5 In the first place, on all leading measures
tt their opinions are not likely often to clash,
" because similitude of intetests is alnst
nsure to produce similitude of feeling and
Ssentiment; but in the few cases in whitch
*Representatives have had the moral bold
ness to dilfer from their constituents, they
'have nearly always been made to stuccumb
tto the latter, who hold the reins of powver.
u A Representative openly refusing to carry
u. out the wishes of his constituents on
. prominent public measures will not he a
tf Representative long. However injurious
Sto the country this may often be, it is nev
d ertheless true. We ,peak to .facts that
come withtin the knowledge and experi
d ence of every one.
Toe conclusion, heat wvhich we wish
in looking for the sources of Legislative
tyranny or usurpation in our country, we
e must in .general, go further back than to
k our ILegislators and public functionaries.
ea We mtust recur to the people thetmselves
e. to the predominant factions in the land.
We do not.pretend to deny that many .of
our public men are corrupt ; hut without
efaction amon h epeti orpin
we conten ol be opaecratielyham
sless. We will, also, not nowv utndertake to
s' Lay in how far the corrupt leading men of
ea the country excite and provoke faction
. among the people. In thts point of view
i, their influen~ce is, we believe, exceedingly
v wicked and dangerous, as we will en..
a deavor to show in a succeeding essay ; but
sthe fact on which we dwell as highly im
Sportant, is. that misrule and mal-adminis
.tration in our country are traceable, in a
great degree, to factions among the people.
Whatever causes may operate to excite
these factions-whether they be the wor~k
of designing Demagogues. or the nattral
result "of common impulse of passion or
- of interest," when once aroused, they are
1altoget her irresistible. Proscription would
e follow soy public agent .who would un
-dertake to thwart their ambition or to
y check their cupidity. The bjest atnd most
-virtuous men have been made victims to
-their capricious tyrantny,- Jt is an unde,
d niabile fact, that many of the liberal-mind
s ed Statesmen of the North, but for the
~unyielding spirit of sectional jealousy or of
o faction, would be disposed to allow: an
e!ality of rig~hts to tho South on the
threatening questions of Slavery and the
These remirks apply- as well to ;o
State, as. to the. Federal Governma .
With us, also, unauthoriied legisltion'-is
for the most part, the resklt of faction
among the people.
By faction, we uudersta'nd' in 'the lan
gunge-of the Fqderalist, "a 'number of
citizens-whefher amounting-to agajortay
or minority of -the -whofe,' h ar- uitled
and actuated by some comoO In saf,
passion orof inretest e o hiii
ofiother citizens:or to te
aggregate interests .oftifecom 24
We venture to assertihers innotbi
pointed out, since'the for'ititi' f-oou'
State government, a stg2finsane, in'
which the rights of the com pni~ylia$e
been usurped by the Legisla1urd (if itded
any usurpation has taken. place:a allwiih
out the direct agency of the peip f ia
faction of the people. - We do it
from a'minute knowledge ofthk.
live History of the Slate; ui f e
character of the machinery if ato
government itself; in whichlt here.sponst
biliy of the Legislature to the peopl--ts..so
direct and full. that usurpation of.poser.
unsustained by outward faction, is-utieri
out of the question. A Iegislature stand
iug aloof from the people, legislating
against the common good, or transcending
its charter limits, would be the creature'
scarcely of a day.
We will not say there has been in our
State no indiscreet Legislation, in which
the - people, apart -from the Legislature.
had little ngency. On the contrary, we
could point out, much that we deein
inexpedient and hasty; but the inexpe'li
ency was often not discovered till* after
bitter experience. It is not given to all
bodies to act always in wisdom. We
sboLId, therefore, not be too prompt to
condemn the acts of our agents, wIken we
have no reason in the world to suspect
them of dishonesty.
If the position we have taken be cortect,
all that boisterous declamation of dema
gogues, about the usurpation ofthepeople's
ngts within vur State is the merest hum.
bugery, without the. semblance of truth
for its foundation. The thing is without
reason, ard morally impossible.
In the first place the Legislators, who
are part and pnrcel of the people could
have no .earthly interest in diminishing
general or popular rights In the next
place, they could not usurp, without being'
su'stained by a numerous -faction extranee
ous to the Legislative body. In this co~tn-.
try the Legislarure is fully circultiicited'
within the will of the people; for its frsit
and highest rule of action is the- Canstitu
tion: and the Constitution was the 'work
of the people. Sd long, then, as, the Leg
islature keeps within the hounds of the
Constitution, it cannot usurp but it carries
out the authorized will of the people. If
fault be found with Legislation thus direct
ed, it is chargeable upon out Constitutin-'
al charter. So long as this noble sdocu
ment remains in'force, it must be the.abso
lute rule of Legislative action. When the
people see fit to alter it in due maniter and
form. the Legislature will he' bound-to
comply with the change.. This nootne
will deny. But until we get to possess
more patriotic wisdom.. than our anceptors,
let us not think of change.' Let us"'most
cautiously meddle with that noble docu
ment, replete with so much wisdom, and
We recur, then, to the conclusion of our
argument. if usurpation take place, it
will be by one portion of the people over
a not her portion)-by one interest or faction
over another interest or faction.
Let the people, therefore, when they hear
of the usurpation of their 'rights, distin
guish whether it proceed from the cor
ruption of their publid men alone, or from
a predominant faction among themselves.
If the former. let them change their ruler.
--a thing easily'done ;-if the latter, let
them reform themselves-the most import
tant and by far the most difficult task.
K~eep purc the fountain,- out of uWgch|
sp.'ring thec streams of powoer, and the
streams themselves cannot long remain
muddy or impure !
ONE OF THE PEoPLE.
From the South Carolinian, Extra, 2Mik inst.
ARRIVAL OF THE CALEDONIA.
A despatch just received, dated Balti
more, 25th, antnotunces the arrival of the
steamer Caledonia, with dates to the 12th.
LivERPooL, May 12.
The market has beeni very steady during
the. past week. Immediately after the
receipt of the mails by the steamer Her
maim, holders became firmer, and Ameri
can descriptions advanced an id. Surats
An increasing quantity offered yester
dlay, and the quotations of the brokers, at
there meeting, were declared to be the
same as last week : F~air Uplands and
Mobiles 4k, and Fair Orleans 4j.
-Sales of the week amounted to 42,600
bales. Imports 20,000 bales. Small
imports, owing to unfavorable winds.
The Londont Corn market was heavy.
American Flour, 20s. 6d.
RESIARKAiLE CAsE OF FEcUNDIr.
Four Children at a Birth-Mrs. Moore,
wife of David IAfoore, residing at No. 139
-Washington Market Place, Sou thwark,
(Shippen st., between Crab and Fifth,
north side.) yesterday, gave birth to four
children! The infants are all boys, and
they are as fine, pretty and healthly look
ing babies as were almost ever seen. One
was bortn about l0 o'clock;. A. M.. another
about noon, third about 5 P. M., and the
fourth abottt 7 in the evening. The third
child-was delivered dead ; the others alive
--and the la:ter are lively and natural to.
day as many infants a monthis old.
The mother, by a former husbands had
twins once and triplet. at another accouch
ment. Of.these five children twvo survive
-one of theetwins and one of the triplets3
The woman, who is a native of Ireland,
is yet under thirty years of age. The oc
currence created quite a sensation in the
neighberhood, and yesterday the house
was run down by curious visitors. The
family is very poor. and the case is one
deserving of the attention, of the benevo
Lahn'nr conqners every thing.
From iho Charlkston Courier.
CHARLESTOR, May 23.
M11Rssas. Eiroas~-The Southern Bap.
tist Convention commenced its Triennial
Meeting, at the .First Baptist Churcin
this city. lp-day, atl2Iotclock. The ven
erable Preideun, Ii. William B. Jom.
son, D..D., of BSuith Carolina, having
caged the meeting 11D order, commenced
itu'jiroceedings by .-reading the, 2d chapter
of Paul's Epistle to the Phillipias. -
Prayers were offet-ed hy. the Rev.:Mrs.
Kindrick,. Pastor of the First 3Baptist
Churcb of Charistou. Rev, J. :Craie,
of Virginia, siej as. Secretay of the
Convention. iT& rresident-read the Con
sritution and Rul ea-of Order, established at
the first triennial meeting of the Convema
tioahel51 at Richmodd, Va. A ComMiia
see'dioffi~e~ 'wappointed by the Chairto
iseile zaue and report upon the
eDelegdtea. A question
of , arose as to the authoriT
tider. 'W.ii the Convention mId. its
present sessiob, which gaie rise to a brief
debate. It appears, that In consequence
of tie supposed: prevalence of Cholera at
Nashville, (Tei.) wvphere the Cobvention
was, this year, to have held its regular
meeting, the- President, . tith' the consent
of the Boards of Foreign amil. Domestic
Missions, issued; circular, ektendbg the
tineand appointing' Charlesten as the'
placeof meeting. The Delegates whb
met at Nashville, at the regular appoitied
time, held a Convention at that place, and
a doubt arose as to the authority undet
which the present Convention, meetirg at
a different time and place, is acting. It
was proposed to read the proceedings of'
the Nashville meeting, as published in
several Tennessee papers, and in the South
ern fptist or this city, by way of infor
ination, until cerrified copies of their pro
ceedings should be placed, io due formo
before the Convention by Delegates-not
now present, who. were at the Nashville
neeti tf but as-the Convention was in
formefthat the Delegates, charged with
ihis businees, % ould arrive, lin all p'rgba
bility. by the afternoon cars, their reading
was postponed, but a letter from Dr. How
ell, just received, was read by thePresident
shedding some light on the subject. The
Committee appointed to receive the cro
dentlals of Delegaies then withdrew for
that- -purpooe, and the Convention, until
their report should be-made, engaged in
,_4 O'CLoCK, P. M.-The Convention
iominenced its eiercises by singiug the
-T4eSecretary read the proceedings of
Convention held at Nashville, Tennessee.
The Secretary read the Report of the
Commitiee on credentials, which was
adopted. - :- ..
The names of the D sgates ,iseit,
were then read.
The following gene
elected officers of the COnAtii:. -
William B. John'son, A . d
Riv. Messrs.- _13 ioel J
in the eveni
of Dr. Johnso'n'
discourse otn ihe'cisfa
enterprises of the day2-kl wa u.
ed by the clearness and comprebensir
or its views, aud displayed througho
generous, liberal and hoperul spirit.
A t the close of the sermon the President -
of the Cotnventiotn announced, thsat the
Reports of jComtmittees would be read to..
morrow. and that they would be interes~ig
documents. He again invited all such
persons as might feel disposed to do it, to
attend the meetings of the Convention. It
wvill be interesting to know how the South,.
e Baptists htave been able to sustain
themselves since their severance from
their Northern brethren, and those whto
listen to the reports and debates of the
Convention will have opportunity toilearn
what they have accomplished. There is,
no doubt, a great deal of talent in this as-.
sembly, and its meeting will probably be
etnlivened by much that is interesting to
the community at large. W. -
From the Charlceon Mercury.~
StcoZnD DAY-TaUasDAr, MAT 24.,
Af ter prayer by Rev. Rt. Furman, the
Convention proceeded to fil the vacancies
in the list of officers, which resulted in the
choice of Rev. W. C. Buels, of Kentucky,
as Vice President, and B. M anly, jr. of'
Alabama, Secretary. The teport of the
Foreign Missionary Board was read by the
Correspondiog Secretary, snd an abstract
of tbe Treasurer's account snbmitted and
referred. The following committees were
appointed upon the report :
On China Mtssion-J. L. Dagg, R. W.
Cuishman, J. S. Bacon, H. D. Duncan, 3.
On Arfrican Mission.-3. B. Jeter, 3. L.
Brooks, W. Crane, P. H. Mell.
On New Fields of Labor.-E. Ball, 3.
S. Bacon, R. Farman, J. S. McDaniel,
S. S. Shernan.
On Agencies.-W. H. Stokes, G. F'.
Adams, J. L. Pritchard, H. A. Dunca,iJ.
On Amendment of.Constitution,-J. S.
Bacon, J. II. Taylor, J. Culpeper, J. J,
Branttley, D. G. IDaniel.
Organs of Publication.-W. T. Brant
Icy, J. S. Mecins, J. H. De Vottie, A. N.
Purifoy, John Turpin.
To Nominate New Boards-Thomas
Stocks, Hf. K. Ellison, J. 5. McDaniel, S.
P. Reid, S. S. Sherman, 3. T. Tichenor.
- Committee on Finance.--.Alex. Feel,
C. D. Ellis, A. J. L aw ton, C. .M. Irwia,
T. P. Lide.
The report of the Domestic Missionary
Board was then read. and ordered to be
printed, and the following committees ap
1st. On Agencies. 2d. New Fiel~ls of'
Labor. 3d. Colored People. 4th. Bible
distribution and Colportage. 5th.- Organs
. The Convention then adjourned aftero
prayor by Rev. WV. T. Brantley, and re
assembled at 4 in the afterternoon. The '*
subject of's central Theological Institution
was taken up, and the remainder of the
day's session was appropriated especially
to this objict.