Newspaper Page Text
EDGEF1ELD C. H-.
WEDN.SDAY JutiE 20, 1849.
Look at Tiis.
A Gentleman of practical experience in the
art of purifying and cleansing feathers. will in
a few days have a ,Machine in operation in our
Village, for that especial purpose-we deem it
unnecessary to say anything as to the utility
and comfort derived from this operation. Sev.
eral years since our Citizens tested the matter,
ad it gave entire satislaction. (See hand
bills for particulars.
1jn. Santa Anna.
Santa Anina-is said to be creating excitement
in St. Dontogo. It is thi'ught lie may become
President of the Dominican Republic.
Whe meeting ol this convention, which was
to be held on tha 4th of July, is postponed to
the 15th of October, on account of cholera at
This well has teached now the depth of.870
feet. A bed of roc'< hlas been struck, which
dimands the use of the chisel, and is of so hard
a contexture as to render further depth at pre
sent very difficult. The chisel does not make
mere than one or two inches in two hours.
We need not call attention to the letter of
M. CAruoUS in anothei column. The produc
ti.ns of his pen are always regarded with the
deepest interest by our readers, and the subject
on which his letter touches is of great mottieit
to the Southern portion of ibis confederacy.
Though impressed vith a deep sense of the
high importance of connecting the Atlntic and
Pacific by Rail Road, mnitittg - commercially
and politically, the Western coast of this con
tinent and the Eastern coant of the old, with
the Eastern coast of this and the western coast
of the old," and though advising all prelimnina
ry matters, surveys, estimates &c. to be settled
;-yet in consequence of the tnertainty as to
the position we are to occupy in reference to
op'newly acquired Territory on tle Pacific. he
v 'ises a pause in the matter, to learn the issue
-territorial question, before deciding final.
course to be pursued in reference to
ig of the r6ad.
esecn by his letter, that from other
ent. lr. CALUOUS declines the invr
b r ,teiett at tle Memphis Conven
ah4di of'iuly next.
irllow at New Orleans.
latest intelligence there has been
cline in tire iinndauion, caused, it its
by the Sontherly winds, and-the work
the crevasse, which is daily ntarrowing
Mtorrent. The wotk et the Sanve crevasse
is pro'ceeding slowly. btnt strongly ttnd effec,
Atively." It is stated that $100,000lhave already
been expended on thisi work, and it is not yet
The losses of property in the inundated
District are very considerable. According to
atn estimate made by the Delta, two establish
tnents alone have suistainted losses to the amount
Rail Road Fare Reduced.
By an advertisetmnt of tlte Rail Road Corn
pany we learn that a large reduction is to take
place in the rattes of summer travel to the inte
rior towns of Georgia.
Withm some of our contemporariec. we can
ntg see the proliriety or the jusmace of reducing
the fare in favor of travel to the upper regiotns
of Georgia, and not likewise reduce it to en
courage travel to the upper parts of ottr own
State, possessing so many advantages in point
of health, edenery, and pleasure.
The new French assembly convened at Paris
on the 28th of May. Great excite'nent pre
yailed. owing to a rema~rk of the President,
that the assembly was endangered by the itn
trigues of Lcdrts Rollin in excititng the mob
From 210 to 240 niltra radical members have
been elected, w~ith the signal failure of the
Germany is in a state of general commotion.
She is in a dreadful suspense awaiting the first
tmovemnent of the triple alliance, between Rus
cia, Austria and Prttssia.
-Hoards of Russians are entering Hungary
in differenit quarters. The Mlaygars are retiring
itbto their mountain fastnesses, the bctter to
make snccessful resistance. No further actions
have taken place.
THE DANISH WVAR.
The war between, Prumssia and Denmark still
contintues, but escites little interest,'antid the
grand operations about to begin in central Eu"
Dreadful misery still prevails in Ireland.
In one District the condition of the people is so
wretched, it is said, they are forced to eat dead
bodies wvashe~d ashorae.
The cholera hasbroketn out in London.
Mr. 'Clay requested to Resign.
The citizens of~ Trimible country, Ky. at a
meeting on the 29th tilt adopted thte following :
'"Resolved, Thtat heo is no longer, deemed a
fit instrument to carry ont the wishes and de..
fend the rights of thte good tpeople of this Com-.
moniwealth in the Senate of the United States,
and therefore, as the first nct of the ntext Legis
Istureof Kenitucky, hie, the said Henry Clay.
should he formal requsted to- resign his seat
Peace between Rome and
It is stated that Mr. D'HaRcoUaT, forme'r
Minister of the French Republic to the court
of Rome, had been sent to Paris, as bearer of
a convention concluded between the Roman
Reptublic and that of France.
Russia and France.
A serious difficulty is likely to arise between
tiese two great. nations. The Red Republi
cans in the French chamber, are highly indig
nant at the nanifssto of the Emperor Nicholas,
and ut ge ain itamediate declarationof war ngainst
Rnssia and Austria. Warm debate fulluwed
on this proposition ; but resulted in the adop
tion of the annexed Resolution, offered by
" The National Assembly calls the serious
attention of tte! governmeit to the events and
movements of troops taking placein Eutope,
and seeing in the state of aflairs dangers for
liberty and for the Republic, recommends the
government to take energetic measures ne.es
sary for their protection."
This Resolution is pregnant with the start
ling event (if a gcneral European war. It is al
most certain that Russia and Austria will not
recede fron the stand they have taken,'and it
is equally probable, that France. with her lofty I
sense of liberty and determined opposition to I
the encrontchinents of the two most despotic gov. I
ernments in Europe. will not remain inactive I
while these powers are advancing to subjugate
all central and western Germany.
The Delegates from the counties, comprising
the first Congressional District, Alabama, nom.
innted in convention, C. C. SELLERA, as the
Democratic candidate for Congress and uinani.
mously adopted the following spirited Resolu
Resolved, That we will stand by the Consti.
itition. and we hold every'man as an cnemy to
the Union, who shall encournae, or countes
nance, a tusurpation of undelegated powers.
Rcsolved, That the Abolitioists, disregarditig
the guaranties of the Constitution, are threat
eni na with it fratricidal hand the dissolutioti ofi
the Union, and if this terrible calamity ever
comes, that the responsibility will not rest up
on the Sonth.
Resolced. That the States, under ife Consti
tntioti, are equal sovereignties, and that the
property of the whole, is the joint property of
each, with co-extensive riglitt aid privileges.
'Resooed, That til territtry lately aicquirr-d
from Mexico, being the contttjit property of
the several States of the Union, is alike open
to the introduction of the slaves of the South.
as to tl.o goods, wares and merchandise of
Resolved, That we approve the Southern Ad.
dress. and regret it was not signed by cvery
Southern member of Congress.
Mr. Benton's opinions on
Our readers may learn .fromin the following ex
tracts from Seinator BENTON'S manmmoth speech, I
what his sentiments are on the subject of
" Finding nothing in the past to condemnin
some people must go into fitirity, to see if'
anything can be found there! and even into my i
bosom, to see if anything is hid there, which
can be condented. Very giol: they shall
know my opinions. And first, they may see
then in my public acts--ii my propousals for
the aduissioti o' Texas five years a -o, in which I
1 proposed to limit thie westerin extension of'
Slavery by loingitudial line, I believe the I00o6 Ii
degree of west longittude-itext ini my vui-s<
npont the Oregon hill, in which I opposed the
iiutrodtuctiont of Slavery there-anid, ngain iu i
mty letter to the people of Oregon, in which I
d'clatre myself to be ito propagandist of 81ave
ry. 'These wvere pubilic acts. But you watnt 1
public declarations of piersottal setienetntst
veiy good ; you shall hiaye-thiem. My persont- .
al setinetiets, thett, are against thie institttuon I
of slanvery, anid ..tg:.inst its iimrodntctin intoc
places in which if does not exist. If there wvasr
no Slavery in M issouri to day, I shonhul oppose
its comtirg in; if thet e was tnone in the Umited
States, I should oppose its co'ming into the Unii
ted States ; as there is none in New-Mexico or
Califoria I am againsit sendiing it to those ter- C
ritories, and could not vote for sueh a measure
-a decl-arattion which costs mie bint little, theio
whole dispute now beitng abottt the abstract f
right of carrying slaves there. withiotut the ex
ercise of the right. No one asks for the exer
ciso of the right. atnd canniot ask it in the face of
the dogma which tdenies the powver to grantlit.
States do as they please. These iiro imy prtut.1
ciples; anud they reduce the difference between
refusing and nut asking."
Agi:-"Tnh to admire tho foitnders of I
our Governme t y early yoith, Ireverence
themi now ; tatught to yalne their works then, I
worship it now :a Senator for thirty years. I
cannot degrade thec Senate, by engaging in Slave
ry and disutiion discussions. Silence such de.
bate is toy prayer ; and if that cannot be done,
I silence mnyself."
FOR THtE ADVERTisER.
Thec same subject Continued.
The strongest grounds, perhaps p. that can
be urged against the~exerciae of the right of
instruction, are the dlisadvantaiges to thei
country, and the almost imipossibihtty of I
fairly reducing it to pract'ce.I
First the disadvanttages to the country.
The statesman who has consecrated his in
1whole life antd energies t- the st udy of thet
science and practice of governtroent, with <t
superior advantages of mastering imopor
tant natiotnal questions from conet with<
the first intellects of the coutntry in argo- 1
ment or debate, may certain'y becoie
bettor qualified than any or all of his coin
stituents fully to utiderstand and rightly to
promote measures for die general good. ]
He enjoys advantages of thouroughly coin- I
prehe 2dintg state or national qttestions not
attainable by the mass of his Fellow-citi
zens. if lie be diligent, dutiful and clever,<
as he should be, he is obliged in these mat-<
ters to rise superior to his constituents. i
Beside, mingling freely with enlightened
minds from various parts of the nation, he '
becomie liberalized in his feelings anda
sentiments, and is thereby better fitir~d for
embracing enlarged vines, which are more
higbly conducive to the national prosperi- t
ty. -To deprive the country of these ad
vantages of superior intelligence and patri
otism, as would be the case, if the right of
imstruetion h-e exercised, would lie unifavo-<
rable to national progressive imyrovement !
But, seconidly, to exercise the right int<
fairness is altogether impracticable. As
citizen, the Representtative is entitled to his I
own opitnions, and htas a right 1o use all<
hontoraile eillirts to give them effect. As
public agent. he is expected lo cotnsult and,
execute the will of his constituenta. He
may, iten, be doubly embarrassed F irst
as bctwcea theadelntinn'nf his own j,,,d_ .
nent and the judgment or hisconstituents,
lenI he solemnly believes %he latter to be
vrong ; secondly, as to what may reall.y be,
he will of his constituents.
If he determine to follow 'the latter, he
vill be forced to inquire, is it ti.heniral
vishi, or does a bare majority difler from
,iim ? To say nothing of ik' practical
lifficulty in finding out the cleak]ive.press
:d wish of a majority. wherrascertained,'
he Represensative, having just.notions of
uis enlarged duties, will nut cinsider him
elf bound always to pursue it. He will
'eel tilat the will of the minioritgis likewise
,o be respected. le will regard himself
is strongly bnund, morally and'politically,
o protect their rights, a' to- protect the
ights of the majority. The obligation to
it both is equally binding; for as the mi
inrity, by being defeated at the. ballot-box,
to not lose their rights which belong to
hen as members of the same-government
r society, they are eqlually, entitled with
he majority to have those rights looked to
y those who adinitister the goverunmeut.
ndeed, the right of the minoriy to have
heir interests respected, creates an obliga
ion on the part of the Representative to
espect those itterests ; for the R'epresen
ative is the agent as well (tf the minority
is of the majority. Thnugh pui in office
iy a plurality or mnjority. heW,-e'iidently
he Represetiative of the whole. .I'his no
rue Republican will deny. He 's& -then,
ound to look to the interests 9 whole.
t is his duty, consequently. to' regird
0 the wishes and opinions of the minority,
ideed. as already stated, the primary
Cbet of government is to -rutect the mi
ority or the weaker portion.
llow, therefore. can the Representative
id himself of this imperative duty. with
ut violating the first principles of good
But the doctrine of instructioris itn itself
nreasonable. -If government,," 'says the
minent Siiesman. * to whom we have
luded. ".were a matter of will 'upon any
ide, the witi of consituents,' without
uestion ougbl to be superior.,,:But gov.
rnment and legislation are maitters of rea
on and judgment, and not of inclination;
nd, what sort of reason is that,'in which
mie set of men deliberate, and another de
ide ; and where those who form thecon
lusio., are peihaps three hundrelImiles
listant from those who hear the arguine.t"
Again : under the doctrine of instiruction,
he Representative would be forced to ftl
aw the will of the majority, although he
itcerely believed the minority to be right.
-le would be bound to pursue the will of
he majority, although, in so doing, he
night feel and know, that he was doing a
msitve injury not only to the- minority,
ot to the community at large-to the
jority themselves. How preposterous!.
[lie tnan who would allow himself to be
etrayed into such gross dereliction of duty,
ould he recreant to the high trust reposed
n hirt and to the powers given him by his
reator. He would be an unsafe agent
D be entrusted with the high and .sacred
uty of searching out and reducing to
ractico the great principles of justice and
onor, which lie at the bottom of every
vell ordered government. Nor an of
pirit or calibre would ever be iitling to
tier upoi such an agency
To relieve the Representative from this
wkward predicament; to keep from forc.
;g him to the immtoral act of going against
hie solenit convictions of hiisjnudgmuent antd
oscience ; to open a field forthte exercise
f htis vir tue. his learning, and his patriot -
om; in a word, tn enable him to execute
rith dignity antd ability the high trust re
osed itn him-he should be left to thittk
onl act for htim~elf on questions of public
olicy, directed by his cotnstittuency, otnly
1the excepted caises of desertion of prin
ile andtiof dutifulI deport ment, in no tither
innner than by tmoral appeals to his un
The argutment relietd on, in suppnrt of
lie atmrmiative of~ the doctrtine, viz: That
onstiients are not sullicienttly secured
~itott the right of itnstruction, is without
rc; for they are well enogh gaurded
nn all practical purpo~es in three impor
nit particulars : First, in knowing the
'rinciples of ite Representative before he
Selected. Secondly, by the general hotn
sty, intelligence andi patrioiism of the
Lepreentative. Th'irdly, by the control
hey hold over htis actions in haviing the
ower to dismtiss him from office alter a
hort term of~ service.
Consider moreover, that the interests of
the Represetntative are nearly always
lentified with thoso of~ his constituents,
nd ample guaranty is affordled for the best
ffrts of the Representative in behalf of
is constituents arid his country.
ONEm OF TUts PEOPLE.
*Sir Edmund Burke.
As I-r SULnD BE -The Frenchs in
?ome.-A correspoudentt of the Herald.
riting from Rome, gives an accotunt of
he release of the French prisoners of wvar,
ni the subsequeut fraternal escort that
va given them. The Frenchitad their
words returtned to theta, and were con
ucied into the town to a collation. Some
f them expressed themselves with a gnod
al of feeling, antd all were completely
retf~uden. Gen. Avezanno uiftbok hands
vith most, and they were embraced by
nany of the Italian offcers. In a short
me, General Avezanno went with his
taff to join thenm ini the Corso. where the
~rench soldiers were collected, and in
riendlv conversatio~n, with ciowds of
utmans, some of whom were olfering
he cigars, some giving bread, and
there taking them to drink wine. it was
elightful to see with what good-wvill anti
lacity the Rotmans responded to the gen
rots atnd noble invitation of the govern
nen. The utilitary band played the Mar
llics. atnd thent a Frenchman, who had a
ood deal of elnoence and writes for some
f the French papers, was requested by
he ocers to address the people from the
alony of the restaurant ;antd hethanked
hem, in the most expressive terms, fttr
he noble conduct shown to his fellowv
ountrymen, and he wasn received witht
niost rauptuous applause frotm the people.
d cries of~ "five la Republic Romaine !"
rom the French soldiers in the street. The
ate prisoners were then conducted in pro
ession, most of them arm in arm with
tomans. to the gates or the city; hut as
hey passed by St. Peter's, they went in
their own accord, and, before the grand
liar knelt down and swore never to serve
ain anainst the Roman reptnblic."
From the Telegraph, June 15, il
SEVEN DAYS LATER.
ARRIVAL OF THE
A Telegiaphic Despaich received yes
terday afternoon, gives the following in
telligence, one weea later from Europe.
The news is neither good nor bad-but
we rear the present pause in the European
revolutions is but the lull that precedes .the
greatest violence of the storm.
The condition of France, by accounts
.which the Cambria's papers bring, still
continues very critical. Much discontent
and disaffection to the existing Govern.
ment has recently been manillated, both
in and out of the Asseably.
The new Assembly had convened on the
28th ult. and had a stormy time to-begin
with. The composition of the body is
strange.: The Ultra-Radicals, ICd Re.
publicans, Socialists, &c. have from 210
to 240 votes in the new body-to which
the l)uc d' Aumale was also elected, but
being unJer sentence of exile, was not
qualified to take his seat.
Great excitement was occasioned by the
assertion of the President, that the Assem
bly was in danger of mob violetce through
the intrigues of Ledru Rollin. This - im
putation was strongly resented by a num.
ber of inembers, who rose to leave tire
Hall, and four Secret aries refused to serve.
but quiet was restored by the retraction
and withdrawal of the offensive remarks
by the President. Otherwise a dangerous
explosion might taken place.
A general, amnesty for all political of
fenders was proposed, and the Bill lost by
only five votes, which shows the feeling
in the Assembly.
At tme latest advices the French Army
had not renewed its attempt toenter Rome.
The troops showed evident sympathy with
the Roman people and a desire to Irater.
nize with them. The negotiations of the
French Ambassador to secure a peaceful
ettry into the city, for the Frenth forces
had failed-the Romans refusing to admit
them either as friends or enemies. The
position of General Oudinot was very
embarrassing. his army being expressed
to the Malaria, which in the Summer
season is very fatal.
DisalTectiojn ationg the troops was great.
l increasing. and the Neapolitan allies
had withdrawn their forces.
Affairs in Hungary still remain in the
same condition, and no further decisive
action taken place.
The Russian and Austrian force swol.
len into a vast army of several divisions.
continues to advance upon them, and the
Hungarians are slowly receding to their
fastenesses, where they can have them at
disadvantage, and cut them up in detail.
The city of Buda is in their bands, and
five or six hundred of the inhabitants are
said to have been massacred.
The' Magyars are said to have posses
sion of Traine, the only Hungarian seaport
and a place ofgreat strength-a very im
portant point for them to maintain.
ITALY AND DENmARK.
The A ustrian forces in Italy are inactive
-nothing new reported from thence.
In Denmark iho contiiet still rages,
without any prospect of speedly peace.
~The Town of Frederika had been takeun
by the Prussians.-A Russian fleat had
also appeared in the Danish waters.
The accounts represent affairs in a very
cotfused st ae-domtestic disturbances still
prevailing without abatement. Nothing
decisive had bieen done towards securimg
the unity of Germany, (Pr separate State
organizations-all in confusion.
The accounts are terrible. The distress
antd snfferings of the people have reached
the highest pitch, and their misery catnnot
be described. In one District, it is said
that the people are so terribly pressed by
famine, as to be forced to eat corpses
washed ashore. [This must be an exag
geration, but the reality is bad enough, no
The burden of all the hews from that
place, tells the same sad tale of starvation
There had been no further debate in
Parliament on Canadian affairs, nior other
incident of interest. There was ito retamon
to supposo that the Government enter
tined any idea of pardoning the Irish
Patriots now under sentence of death.
From the Hamburg Republican.
AN ENTERPRIsING MECHANC.-We
were pleased. on a late visit to Edgefield
villaae to notice the extensive 'Carriage
and Harness making establishment of Mr.
A. Bushnell. From a small beginninig
Mr. B. has, by bis unremitting care and
industry, raised his sittle black-simith shop
to a large brick edifice, one hundred feet
in lengthl, forty feet wide, and two' stories
in height. Besides this he has reared a
wooden buijding oIf the same size, all fin
ished off in good siyle and constructed in
the most convenient manner. being sur
rounded by spacious sheds 'and platforms.
Mr. Bushnell carries on the Carriage
and Harnless making business .in all its
branches, manufacturing, to order, any
decriptiotn of vehicle that may be required,
and keeping on hand such a supply as
wou Lld make a respectable sho0w in any of
the northern factories. With regard to
quality, appearance, or price of vehicles,
we are satisfied from a careful examina
tion that he can comnpera with any north
ern establishment without any other aid
or yrotection thtan that resulting from the
good opinins of the peoples iMlr. B. gives
regular employment to upns ards of twventy
ands, all of whom appear cheerfi con
tented and happy. We should be pleased
to see many such establishments in our
State, and venture the opinion that as many
as may be attemptedl will succeed with
the same skill. and industry that marks the
head of the one in question.
WHAT IS A DEM1AGOGUE ?-.Macaulay
in his History of England, saysi "In every
age the vilest specimens of human nature
re to be found among demnaos'ucs." -
Front do Clarleston, Mercury.
THE RAiLROAD CONVENTION.
It will be perceived by the following
letter from Mr. Calhoun, in reply to an
invitation,. that he declines to attend the
Convention which is to meet at Memphis,
on the 4th of July next to take into con
sideration the various projects of a Rail
road communication between the Missis
sippi river and the Pacific oceano 31r.
Calhoun throws out. in few words, vicws
marked by his usual sagacity, of the i
portant points to be settled, preliminary to
any decision upon the route, and in the
conclusion of his letter presents a motive
for deferring that decision, that cannot fail
to have great weight with -the Southern
FORT HILL, May 26, 1849.
Gentleamen-I have received your invi
ration in behalf of the citizens of Memphis,
to be present at wmeeting of citizens from
every part of the country to be held there
on the 4th of Jly next, for the purpose of
aiding, by expressing public opinion, the
project of constructing a railroad from the
valley of the Mississippi to the Pacific
I would be happy to accept your invita
tion, and to be present on the occasion, but
regret to state, that I have an engagement
with which I cannot dispense, and which
will not permit me.
The ohjeet of your meeting I regard as
very important. Of all the projects of tihe
age, I consider it as the one of the greatest
magnitude, viewed either in its coinmer.
cial or political aspect. It would do more
than any other to facilitate intercourse be
tween the two great oceans of the globe
the Atlantic and the Pacific-and thereby
unite, commercially and politically, the
western coast of this continent and-the
eastern coast of the old, with the eastern
coast of this and the western coast of the
old, far more intimately than they have
ever heretofore been. The valley of the
Misiosippi would become the common
centre of the intercourse between the two
oceans and the extremes of both conti
nents, with all the great benefits it would
Thus far, there can be no division of
opinion; but it remains to he determined
whether a rail road is practicable; at what
point, if it is, should it commence on the
Mississippi and terminate on the Pacific ?
and what intermediate tract should it take
between? what will be its cost? and
what plan should be adopted for its execu
tion? All these questions should be de
liberately atd carefully settled before the
work is undertaken. Nothing ought to be
hastily or precipitately done in a case of
such magnitude. A careful recognizance
and an actual survey. where necessary,
ought to be made by able and faithful en
gineers of all the routes preparatory to
determining the question of practicability ;
and, if found to be so, to determine what
wot4ld be the shortest, the most easily con
structed, the cheapest, and the most open
and. readily passed over at all seasons, and
what the actual cost of constructing each
would be. All thisibformation would bs
necessary-to determine the point at w, hich
it should commence on the Mississippi and
terminate on the Pac'fic. But in deter
mining on these points,omher considerations
would have to be taken into the estimate.
In determining the,former, it will have to
be considered, first, what point on the
river will best suit its valley, and in the
next, what will biest suit the rest of the
Union, all things considered ! The former
would involve the question, what point will,
at all seasons, be most easily. cheaply and
certainly approached by its waters, inclu
ding its great tributaries ? And the latter,
the question, what point would, in like
mnner, be approached hy rail road from
other portions of the Union ? These ate
qestions which will demand, at the proper
ime. grave and careful exammnation. The
selection should be made in reference to
the general good of thre whole Union, and
not ini reference to any particular portion.
The selection of the pmtnt of terminus
n the Pacific willbte less complicated.
The goodness of the port, its p'simiuo in
refereuce to the general trade of that
cean, and the facility of reaching it by a
rail road, should. be considereg in deter
But candor cotmpels me to state, there
still remains another and greater questton
for us of the South to determine before we
inally~ decide what course we should take
in reference to this great project, and that
is: what position are ne to occupy in
referetnce to our territories on the Pacific,
acquired from Mexico by the late treaty
with her ? Are vwe to be excluded from
thetn? Are we, after having spent so
much of our blood and treasure for their
acquisition, to the deprived; contrary to the
provisiotns of the Constitution, and viola
lion of every principle of equity and justice,
f our equal right in them ? Are thoy to
be made the means of our humilitatidn
and subjection to the rest of the Ur~ion,
instead of our prosperity? And, if so,
shall we still go on, and spend millions on
millions, in addition to wvhat we have al
ready, in aggrandizing the rest of the
Union at our own expense and for our sub.
jection ? I trust not. I trust we shall
pause until it is ascertained how we are to
standl, as to those territories and-the rest of
the Union, before we decide frnally on otur
course in reference to the subject of the
meeting. In the meantime steps may be
taken to obtain information preparatory to
deciinit; but let isrCeere 'that ztalfi toe
can see what interest the are to have in the
With great respect, I am, &c.
,oeto j. C. Carnourr..
Messrs. RbronTopp. M. 13. Winches
ter, Jo. T1. Trezevant, and .others of
the Committee of Correspondence.
HAns TO Bear.-Our townsman, Dr.
J. W. Parker, obtained the-other day, at
one shearing, front a small Ewe of the
Bakewell breed, fifteen pounds nett of
Wool, in the presence of Dr. Bachman
and Rev. Mr. Hort. The former of these
gentlemen. whose knowledge of such sub
je;a is notorious, declared that he never
had seen a greater yield..
This should encourage otur farmers to
turn their attention to this business, as it
proves the fitness of our climate for it.
God is ib,. es support
- facts aub *uCturutu.
Extraordinary Prescrvation 01 a Cat an-I
Rat.-As Mr. Williams, proprietor of the
Diamond. Belfast, was removing a stack
of chimneys, the nien found. 'lose io each
other, and secni-ed between tie brick ,ro'k
a lIrge cat and rat, which, though they
must have been there nearly a century,
were in the highest state of preservation.
it is supposed the tabby pursued her.game
with sdch eagerness that she firced h'ir
body into a wedge where she could not
extricale herself, so that they werey boilt
starved to death.
Bangingin Sport.-At Vienna recently
a troop of boys were .playing soldiers,
A heu one of the Imperialisis deserted ii
theenemy. The sentence of death was
passed upon lhe offender, and the culprit
was hanged by the juvenile royalists. who;
seeing thie contoftions of theil' Iaimane,
and alarmed at ivhas they had dohe, rad
away. Some say it was a premeditated.
act of vengeance, but this is not certain.
At any rate the story is shocking enougli;
and shows the effect produced upon the
rising generation by late events.
We saw by a letter yesterday; that thi
"Etna Fire Insurance Company"of Hart.
ford, Connecticut, hav.e instructed their
agent at St. Louis to draw. on them ht
from one to three days sight for all 16
losses sustained by the lire at that placed
as rapidly as those losses can be adjusted,
without waiting for the expiration of the
sixty days. This commendable actsof
punctuality will be appreciated Ty. the
Steamer Burned.-The steambeoat Said
Walker was burned at. our landing on ibe
morning of Tuesday. She had no cargo
on board; was advertised for sale by th -
sheriff on the day previous, bot -sale at
rested by an tnjunction. From 'every cir
cutnstance it is the general opinion' it was
the work of an incendiaty. The boat was
skuttled bafore the fire was communicated,
and burned to the water's edge. . No insu
Sheridan made his appearance one day
in a pair of new boots;-these attracting thd
notice of some of his friends, -Now guess,'
said he, 'how I came bf these boots.' Ma
ny probable guesses took place. 'No.
said Sheridan, 'no, you've not hit it, nor
ever will. I bonght and paid for them P.
Horn's Last.-Horn.enquired of a Hard.
mare Merchant if he kept all kinds.o
natils,-"Yes," replied he, expecting a
catch a customer. '''Well. then," a
incorrigible, "give me a .uoundj
Fruits of Gen. Taylor
-Under this head aug
cords the deliver'
three children at
we have a righi
ty in every C
but in such
is as much
is peopled b
inthabitant s, a
of one million
banks and shops
ment the togues tdu
out, a galvanic bat tery;
and rings a bell.
Wlrhat is love, Marvf"
other nightt, as he sat by tii'ii1
'Lovne ! Bill, i hardly know what i ir.
but suppose it must be getting miarried and
kissing the babies!'
A Good Salve.-Take an egg ais beil
it hard, then take o: the yolk atnd fry it
in halif a table-spoonful of clean lard for.
ahout five tminutes,.and yhu htve an ex-.
cellent salve. it is especially good for
sore nipples, and requires just to be rubbed
on as occasion may requite.
Lime-We wvould caution all personas .
against the use of slacked lime as'a disia
fecting agent, It has no more virtue thats
so much sand. tOnslacked lime, according
to the testimony of all who have tried in,
possesses great virtue. Where the former
has been used, it should be immediately
substituted by the latter...-Ale.r. Gadette.
Miss Edgeworth, the distinguished nov
elist, died on the 21st ult. after a few hoars -.
illness, in the 83d year of her age. tip to
a very recent peritod she had enjoyed un
interrupted health and epirits.
The Cholera had'very munch abated in
France. Whole number of cases received
at 17 of the Paris hospitals to 15th ,lk.
8291, of whtich 1788 (more than half) ters
minated fat ally.
Jenny Lind has left -England unmtsrired;
it is supposed to take counsel of her triends
about her contemplated change of eondition
The ExEmperor of Austria. it is said,
has been taken prisoner by thp Hngari-.
ens, who require him to 'state the reaons
for resigniing ite Hungarian crown-. They
respect his porson however.
Of th'e 16,000.000 persons 'who inhabit
Great Britain, there are about 108,000 who
keep metn servants. 152,000 who pay dety ,..
for horses, 26,000 who possess the luxury
of a four-whteeled carriage. -*
Soldiers' Bounly Lands-It'.eestima
ted at thte Home L~eparttment that 90,000
land wqt-rants will be applied for, on ac
count of services in the war with Mexico.
Of these about 5,000 will be for 40 aercas
each. and the rest for 160 acres. Total.
13,800,000 acres.- About 60,000 warratris
have already been issued.
Heavy Fleeces.-At his jsheep shearing
a few days ago, Col. Ware, of Clarke, took
from one of his Cotswolds thet enormous
quantity of eighteen and three fouu~ths
pounds of wool. Some of. the steple, we -
are told, measured bixteen inches in length, -
-Winchester Virg. . - ...
When-a lie gets into the wvorld, you
may batter it about the head until life. ts
apparently extinct, but next day you will
meet it as fresh and vigorous as ever.
A happy life consists in virtue.