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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, ind i itPunist fall we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUME X. 3- D S. T,113
rUBLISHIED EVrY WEDNESDAY
Wi. F, DURTSOE.
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Communications, post paid, will be prompt
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ATT7O RNE Y ATl Lild11'.
W ILL be routid mn his ofice at Edgefie!d
Court IIiise, adjoining Bryatn's Brick
Store. on Saturdays, Saledoys, iitd Court,
He will attend promptly and strictly to busi
ness in his profes.iitn.
anuary 10, tf 51
ATTORNEY A T LA IV,
No. 9, Broad Street. Clharlestont S. C.
ter the Office of W. M. lariini. Will
clicitn Barnwell and Columbia, and con
ractice in Beaufort.
OS. W. LAN
andidate for the
N HILL Pin
Sheriff of Edg
'nionnee T. J.
e for the Office
the for SherilT,
ODIE. Esqr ,
the Offlice of,
fo ince Cap.t. I
E. as a Can
111i Iorized to aninwOnce Capt
OUEDY, as a candidate for the
zP)lc (if Tax Collector, at the ensuing
lection. -1n. 2
The Friends Or Alaj. F. W. IUR T, ani.
nnunce him as a canilate for Tax Co!e
tor. at ilte enstirg electi-m.
ff' We art authorlizd to niinounce
IMOODY HARRiS us a Candidate for
The friends of Col. J. QUA TT LFBUT,
announce hin -is a canditlete for Tax Col
lector, at the etsingi electiiton.
Wi are atthorized to anootce N1 L.
PARKS as a Candidato fur Tax Collec
tor. at the next ceeliiiti.
(7W We are ar:horized to annoice
Capif. T. DEAN. as a Candidate for Tax I
Collector, at she ensuina election.
(:7 We are authorized to announce
LITTLETON A. lR OOiKS. as a Can.
dttdae fi-t Tax Loliector, at thte .ctsuing
(Q We arc nothorizedl to annotunce
ROHERT CLOY, as a Catr.diate fur
Tax Coillector, at she etuing r-llr'i~n
Thte Friensis of $1aj. ISA AC 1lOL ES,
arnnonce hun as a C;andidate- for the ollice
of Tax Collector, at ithu enstuiug electiona.
We are anautrizedh so announce Col.
WVILLIAM H. MOSS. as a Cttndidato
ihr the ofF~ce of Ordiniary at the entsuing;
ilT The friend.< of11ENRY T. WRIGH T
Esaqr., annonnete himt as a candidlate f.>r the of
fice of Ordinuary of this District, at thte ensuinag
We are nothnriz~ed to antnonce ISnj'.
W. L. COLE3lAN. as a candidate fotr
Ordinuary tat she ensnsing election.
The friends rof IIUGII A. NIXON, Esq.,
respectfually ntantunce hims as a Candidate
for the office of Orditnary, at the ntext
Thse Friends of VIRGIL M. WH ITE,
annountce hsim as a Catididaute for thte oflice
of Ordinary at the estintg elcectiona.
We nre authorized to ananounoce ED WA RD
PRESLEY, nts a Candidlate fotr thec Otlice of
Ordinary at the enusninig elect.
The friends of -E. PENN, annonmnee
him as a Candidate for the O0lice of Clerk
at the'ensuing election.'
(g We atre authorised to antionsnce
WVM. St. JOHNSON, Esq., a candhidate
for Clerk oaf the Districot Court of Ed~gehield
at the ensuting election.
lt The friends of PETER QUATTLE
D.UM., Esgi.. anntonneec hims as a casndidsste for
the Office of Clerli of ste Curtof Conmnon
Pleas, of this District. at the esniing~ election
- Q We are autshorizedl to announce
Col. 0. TOWLES, as a Canadidateftor
Clerk of the Court of Commoan Pleas, at
the ensuing electiona.
We are authorized to announaco THOS.
G BA CON, a candidate for re-election as
erk.1 of Ike C'ourt for Edhgeield ,District.
FUNERAL CEREMONIES OF
At-noon, yesterday; the mournful roll
of the muled drum, and the plaintive
notes of the fife, announced th pre Ipa a
tions for the funeral escort of the veme
ran patriot, Edmund Pendleton Gaines.
With a crowd of other citizens, we pro
ceeded to the parlor of tih(. St. Charles
Hotel, where the coffin conmaining the
aemains of the old hero was laid out,
eveloeid in a velvet pull and surmounted
with the epauletts, scat f and swoid of
thie.deceased. The sword used on this
ccIsion was that nhich was presented
to the General Lv the State of Tehmes
see, in testimotny of the gratitude and
admiration of the people of that State,
far tile pallant defence of Fort Erie.
The coffin was surrounded by an artay
of military and citizews, in whose fv'res
tpi; surrow and veneration for the dis
inguishued dead were strongly expressed.
The Governor and[ his Aids, all in fNll
uniform, stood at the head of the coffin.
On his right were Major Genrt al Lewis
uid Staff, Biigadiet General Trtacy atnd
Staff, anti manv officers of the volunteer
aind militia service. On the left of tho
Governor, were collecied tle officers of
our reguhar army now in this city. among
whom we observed representatives of
he various corps of our army. Major
Porter, in tle absence of Guen. Btoke,
was the senior officer present. The
illant and popt.ar Brooke, who re
ceiv'd his first brevets ini fighltirng under
General Gainos, and who like his com.
nander, was wounded in the storming of
Fort Erie, was so much a;i-cted by the
l1ati of hit old companion in arms, that
w wats unable to participate in ithe fu
ral cereonies. With Maijor Porter,
vere Ijor Coffee; of the Pay Depart
ient; Lieuitenint Tree, Adjtant of the
!, Draigoons; Lieuteiant 1I.iys, of the
krtillerY; Surgeon Porter; Lieutenant
\rJ ilten, Of the Artillery, and several
>thteIs whose names were nt known to
is. Captain Cahintin, the aid of Gene
al Qaines, dJirieted -theo:funers cerenio
lies. At one o'clock, the Rev. Thi-o,
lore Clapp, in his pastoral robes, ad
-anced to the coffin, and layitng Isis hand
mon it, pronounaced one t' those elo
enaoatt xtiemporo discoursos for %ihi
!is hearned Divine is so distingutishied.
le commtntced by at beatif. i apOs
rophe to Dath, an.i after dwvling u pon
is terrors, ie said ti;:t b. fore its level
ing priwers the young and the obl, the
ica: and poor. the griat and humble, all
Alike suik, as the grain. fialls under tie'
sickle. IBst for 0bi; per ishability of our
mentat lpowers, there was a silace in
the thought thait our virties live after us.
Our good deeds perish rot in tle mento-1
ries of our friends and fellow c:tiz-ns
So wiIst this coffin containis ali that is
left of the p!iyical form ot our illistri
ois friend, tle ob'i ious waves of 1tm
shall ss;av in vain to envelop those bri
liat deeds that shine upn the pagtes of
history. lie will Aive in tihe Epic of
our count v. He wi!l shine anig tie.
bribat costelbations of our1 nat i's
gblay. 11e will be venerated as long as
virite is admired, patriotia inoiied,
inr:orr ptible integrity esteemed by our
,Mr. Clapp then proceeded to speak in
iermis tao less (lsqun'ts thlain trut ihanl, o
the tmany virmtes of the decetased. He~
descr ibid his claracter, as miodlled on
hat of WVashington andai adorned wit h all
thos" viurtuas I :at matk--d thae lives of
he Fathlers of tle fl a'public. Ile d velt
upion his highl tad lofty' sense of honor,
his stainkess repuiitation, the abscence of:
till passionate and~ revengefhul feeliing.
froam his heart. Amidt mucha persecu -
tia through hbich lie laud passed, tandi
under the provoking obloquy of deima
goges anid personasl etnetmies, lie alwaiys
mainitined his temper, his invsariable
humtaninaity and benevolence of chaarac
ter. Like WVashington , ho alwas ens
jotyed the conf'idence and affection of,
the Amtrericana peopl -. In dtuty inflexi
ble, lie was ina disposition a ffectidnia to,I
child- like, uansophistictated. HIis win
ning mianners atd refined courtesy made
himt the charni of every social circle,
and the welcomea guest oh (very fanmily.
As a cormmunicanat of his (Mr. Cltapp's)
church, he was thre model of a faithful,
Mr. Cltapp conacludepd his beautiful dis
cout se, whlich weo regret we as.e .not' able
to giv'e enltire to Our, readers, wvithout imti
patiring its beauty anid elegance by-ant
affectionate farewell and tapostrophe to
After the religious- ceremonies wvere
over, the coffin was taken to theo hearsae
prepared for it on one0 of the caissions of
the bat talion of arti!lery, and was es
corted fronm tihe hotul by a military cor
tege, cone.istinig of a detachment- of
Major Gally's sm tilbery, anad se veral conm
painies of thae Legion, with detachments
from othaer military corps, and by one
comapany-of the 4.h United States ar'
inier nder 0r1. Rigl
The procession moved down St.
Charles, Royal and Casacalvo s:reets,
to the Pontchartrain railroad, ~marching
to the time of the slow and solein music
of the dead march. The hearse fo
lowed the military, apd on each side of
it were six pall hearers, among whom we
observed Gov. Johnson, Gen. Rowley,
Gen. Lewis, Col. Winthrop, Gen. Wal.
ker, Mayor Crossman, and Aijors Por,
ler and Cailhoun, U. S. A. Following
the hearse was a lengthy proceSsion of
citizens anid caiiianges. Ariived at the
rairotd, the military formed into line,
and anie to a present as the hearse
passed through to the depot. At tIL
depot the cofiin was iranifeired to a
mourning car, siecially fled up ;n hear
the remains of the veteran. About
three o'clock the train started, and a de
tachiment of the Ar'illery Battlion, with
a gun, continued firing at intervals, -s
the cars noved ofT. At the Lake, the
cOEn was placed on ouard the steamer
Oregon, to be conveved to Mobile, and
as the boat swung oif a salute was filed
by the artillery, bidding farewell to all
that was earih!v of a fleroaund a Patrio:.
-N. 0. Ddta, Junc S.
(From te IN'iw York* Sumi;y Tin;s.3
LATER Ffnom CALIFORNIA.
The long hiatus in the con esponden1cIl
of ol special and exclusive epistoluitory
agent in Cdlifurnia, lId i To fe~ar 1hat lie
had been lvaclwd or hal died suddenly
cf some other di.ase coinmon ito newly
settled couni tries ; but we wvere pleasant
ly disappointcd hist week by the recep.
iinn of the fl4lowing letter, under his own
hand and seal. We hud smin difienhv
decypheinig the original, which appears
to have ben writtein with toubacco j;ire ;
and had it not been for the gold dust
used by the writer, insead of coniitu
sand, and which in some measure iloumi
natis the dingy manuscript, ti.e cin
niunication would haive been whollVy
iilhgible. It will be seen rth t the state
nIits of our correspondent, upon whom
the qiomt implicit .relia ne.: *ay hp
e'd, nuire ii in codirn lie niot favota
ble accuunts heretofore received :
.L1.10 PT i-: S.Cu ::'r., A pril 20.
i;I&ylurs of th!? Sunday Tincs :
hi - ivrIte In-hi e, sp;Iads was i tinps
-n.,w it's dmunis,. Tiee preshuN
ttuim i is f1u, l in hi ilialit pllfuio: 0:1
t13! brow f the Sarhl J . v'i'ly, ;idI
sevc iaI as I- rge as fix gg ha' be i
Seen i a ountlinut of gol, diiv2-ri
last weuk, near the S.iam Jking ; and
wlen the siov niit; it is snipmosed that
ma ny of tie first '.iter % i: comie d vi
with tilie cunlent. Seed diiund is
rentarkabul plemy, b11ut a law has been
imde agen gallieuin 'emil, h':ause il
spui!s the futi-r crop. None is alhnd to
be gatiered under flh si:- of a piece of
cha dIk. Eunriu:ds almiinds, but nublv
is grelu eno u!h to pick 'em i; wien
they can get dinimnds. Other joils is a
drng. B-yand the pins, on n hat ilh. y
call a p'ato of ie mou:utings, bushels of
little ):.ces of' silver has been ditg up.
which is very convenyent fir sm:ll
chinge. A stiream runnin' into Feather
yiver, anJ partikarly rich in gold, hia
recendv been diskivered hy a Germniui
konpuny, and lihy hive skewere d the
joint oneiship by threatning to kniilei any
one the-y catch~ poaching oin heir fiirk.
In lionor' of sonm outlandish Dut ch wa
I er privilege, they caill ic the lRiver
Rhiine-o. Sonme of' the xplorin 'socia
lions which has tgone fir io te intiere
yur, setnds wordl that l'he aile itere is all1
solid gold, sul with ioobi.es, but nobody
bleves these omt-lin g parit-iies.
Thle debdh of'the ad oriife-iuois sand< on
lie acrymenito is forly-eight'C fee~t ilivein
inchtes anid threo quarters. Weirever
we find traces of gold, we sink shafts and
draw it up with horses. The !ind is so)
ta rnaltioni heavy it puts'the muusstangs to
their mnetal, I tell you ; but thtere's nio
he-lp for 'emn ; they must hang on with
all their mighit uind mane, or dlown they
go, and then it's all up wvith'em.
'rMense quantities of gold, at the very
least, has been sent to St. Francisco fo:
sonie time back, and as fast as it is gut
in it is turned to ingots. Thieves can-t
not exzist ut the diggings-being hung
on thie slightest suspishun. Grub is
moderate; flooids of a spiritus naturie
very dear. All kinds of salt pirovisions
is sold for n. song; the tavern keepers
'mpost givin 'emi away in order to pr
mote thirst. Salt pork is five dollars a
hogshtead, and braudy ten dolloars a half
pint. Hows'ever, as gold is -pkinty,
evcry Jack has gill.
This poots me in mind of the news
by the steamer Califonyi, that a slipload
of young wimnmin was a-commning out on
a marrying spekelaishun, with one M~rs.
Farnham as shoopercargo, .We look for
thio satme anxshiuly.-Whai~t is guld
what is proshtus s'uns withoutt wiimmiin
Nothin but vanity and vexsashiun oh
Ispirit. Solomnon says-I read it 'tothet
day on a page of probveribs I was a-go'ir;
to ose for waddin-Solomon sayv,.iv
wnrshusloman is more preslius th3n
roobies, -Rd in a kumry without a
pettycoat.one feels the force of ie
reaitik. k\V hen a man has weahth lie
wants ha4s to leave it to ; and inl course,
no wiveuh.no hares. You couldn't
s-nd me t one, conid yon ? I mean
awifl!, a8 hare. If She-s smpte
with' thio Asnall pox eveni, I woodn't
care. e ordinariest good is valuable
when ti -'s nione in the narke;.
There's ,zens I woodlent a looked at
inIh SIne . that 'nid now bo ianikfully
received,.gnd no questions axed. You
Canl say Ziand truly, hOt 1'i worth
more n nt' weight in gold, for I*ve .cot
a qu arter cf a itin of it in store at St.
Francis"o, besides a sprini.ling of
eliar P suri of make-shift govern
ment herge (no alushiu to the par.
rygraiT above), got up extrumpeirry so
one ,nay sy, that anlsurs purty wel for
u .ew kutry. Geni. Smito , ain't no
body. UJ's a clever chap, and a spun
kv, no dobbt o' that ; but lie haint gut
no more "thloriry than a child ill at Iis,
if thre such a thing in the set:Ile
ment. . ishoos gereral ord,'rs and
proclail.mnis and such tluck, and, the
people re'ad 'eii, pvIlite literatoor being
scrce 3 ii4 wheni they've read 'en,
thev larf .and shet oie(, eve, and Lin antid
du jest as they d-n p!uav. I t's allus
so in nu.kuniries.
Agr ic:dur in C;ili'orny is purty much
-lft to nhiture. If sticks il f'lks' crop
to be swenig corn whenii thvy cin dig
gold, and .so they all go to the placers
14) makeria v while :he sun shines.
This is thp ionstir d.posit bank iof thi
tiner varsafl-world, and we're all casliri-s
and direciors. Gi ing ycr 'iatmus heire
if you waut C'em dug, we can't take the
trubble to raise 'eiim. 'I'le oyiv wiegeia
ble we coi 'tyvate is thi root of a!l evil,
and if yot'f send us the fru:es of the
airth, you can have
Thle Tainy sear
waher is..set tied.
:1d kutitries keep,
wvater, anl IhI'.
i:Ppir -inil o!' he frri i''i s so I....
it i;tkes com-i.ihrabe ponert arid alll.
Cobi's 1ils is fine lor on-ihy. ThI-:
/h cit iuses a goo.J ni y m-iVinses, ht
ilt!e /arr: allub 81:ops 'U n, I -!nadi pro.
huIhiy ship iy pi'(- by th.: Cd
iexi trip ; and if I rNse to the c'shm:,
.w inj:ms, and th y::cr f: v ilri:
ihro'dih I -xico, y u ii nv '.:tct to si
ie before very lo ng, andoiii ipl.s sooner.
A DiSiANDI \uL;.TEi-:n;
T;.: POPULAR VanT ' or Lr-,rs -Com
mieuiin:g on itha !;i he:ions at Paris the
c'irrepondent of the Coummercial Adver.
The proch!nimaion of the rer'h i, Paris
of tI e w election was imalem thi, eveninii
at six o':lick. The royalists, wIt-) were
dreamin ru of a res'oraition, ail the zeaios
friewiis of* Louis Buiparte, who, it is said
were waiti--g ontly for a large najourity to
prclai it him iperor,. are sirucn 'ith
fimr.,; anid trembliig; lie spretulaimi:s a tihe
louirso arc friaiteiied, anid tie F::uvhbers.
Uupios, Barrot, and Taschiereu'is see
nothing in tie futire except the gris4y
pha.:ntomn if Syeia hism mu Vin ofl' the tienids
of reaic i ionaries.
Wh'lat ilit now he saidi by those corres
pondentiis who hanve represenied Francee~ as
iroyali'ut, anireiptcuiea, nod~i rie:ily tin
coeirmiiinate the Socialiists I Foi'rimy
part, I have saiid noithin~g whicth I havi~e
niow~ to retract in any' letier of' mii n on the
sibj.'ci . France is firmly republ icainiand
infavior ot prougres<, wiie itiei majority,
thme iummense majitiuiy, is in favur of mod
Tj'iim lirst remark to make on thec new
list fmmin Paris is thait every mm supposed
to) reprei'sent the Presidenti has ben itr
ied! Whtii a commneintarv ont the assertion
w hichI have been dinned in the eairs cif iue
A mericn- people, that ther Presidem's
piupularity was on the increase ! His.
friendls, Gen. P~at, Persiguy, and others,
i are left wTiilh ai small vote; hiueien Lhomua
pirtie is far downi on ihe lis1 of ihe defeat
eid, in spite of all the efforts cof the Presi
denit. Murat is the only Bonapar'te eect
edl, but hrs addresq was entirely cleair ini
its siuppfort of? the Rr'public. A monung otheri
iings, lie reinat ked hat lie thad lived in
the iujited States, and knew what a free
The second remark is tbau all the avmv
edl monarchists are~ omhitei-such as
Thiers, Montalemibert, -Latroebe'ja'puelin,
and Bhugeaud. Thieris expected to be
,elected ini about .twenty departments.
Poor main, Ite f'ailed ingall h'ut one. T1hio
man of tricks rind expediesits has beeni
judged by the gooid sense of' the people.
The thrrd is, that such nun as C abet and
Pr'oud'hoti have also becen omitted.
In short, there is niot on the list a single
man. unless we except M. Blarrot..who hats
niot atdhmeed boldly to the Rupiulic. M1.
B3arrot, owes hissutccess to a reputation
forn honesty and integrity, acriuired in, a
long political life; though the large majori
ty even of his friends do not now claimn fou
*him the merit of political s.agacity. His
ministry of pompous words anid litnle nets
' hae unned him to rnedliocriiv forev'er.
T n cf ihese new memner are claimed
as Socialists. This is a vague word, which
has been adopted here us a p-irty nane.
These men have been elected fur so...e
other reason than their supposed doctrines.
This reason is that they are friends of
progress and opposed to glovernmenial
corruptioin. Ahhough inAdividun!y they
hold will and impraciienble notiaafn. they
meet in the common desire to seareh hSn,
egiey and learle.sly faor he renedy to the
eztisiing evils of sociely. The late elecin
i, is no more ;I protestation in favor of I
Fourierim than the December election
was Une aguist the Republic.
SL'LILnIIr .A CHoLR:n.A -Pt-CiF.-Dr.
J. H. Bird. a physician of chiiego, has
discovered that S3iiuphn is one ol the best
preventives iad a cemrtin remedy for
Chlera. It is snid that eholicra is owing
to the presence ofl a very deleerious agei
in the atmosphere cnlled o:one, and-that
I salphur possesses the property of neut rn
lizing it; in luence. As this a'ent is con
p-iratively unknown. we exrnct a descrip,
lion otit frot t je Washin ton Union:
-O::ne is harmed in I he air by decom -
iaposition of i's w:er, I!:riatogIT disturbaces
of its elecirieni eqiliium. ho naure
and composition are ncerntaio. It has
hereiofore been detected in Ithe atiosphere
ding Ihe prevalence of epi-lemics. vary.
ig in quantiy n ith the violence ol the
drisens. An zoneineier can be male by
salurating a piece of paper in a solaiion
"fsImreh and idide of ptsium. T he I
smulesi quantity of izene in the air will he
redlered manifeit by the discoloration pro
duced1 by the frece iodine."
This discovery is atiracting great at
tillion at the North. and in some instances
'he ePiOecy has been tested in 1he worse
stiges of collapse with satifaclory results.
D)r. Bird's investigations have resuled in
he dieovery of the fCact that eboleri never
irevailed in the viciitay of Slphnir Spriigs,
oir in aoy sitoantion where stillilr is abun
lant. Dr. 1irJ t ied the remedy on ihree
cases-one of which was in the singe.
of col~ips, and promounced so by the piy
sicianis-all of nlim wee eared. Next
day two inore cases were tried. and aboh
hairs, have i:t te er'tet 10reieve l1he 1
paltie'nt. and in a few hours to dissipate ea.
6ir-Iy 1tholera symptome1-;
D.-. Bird s::gt2es: a ca:iiion of paaw
P[red cbaroal, cnte part to Collr oafse!;nur
has seemled to mn::ka, die remedy iiorC
Ti'g: P.wr'ns-rs cr letc:T7 .'.;-rm-t:
AN -rt M:Avi:ny M L -
isville Democrat of tie .31st uh. connints
the fallowing communicaion rlative to
tin emanci1:11 ion mlov e iit ill ihflta Statz e;
The Ba: iss is 'he most numeroudeorni
nlimso of Chlritiansi in) Kentuicky, having"
mi10Te commn'tlietns Ita the Methaiis
anld 'resbyterians nailed. I speak al
visedly when I as-ure you that niost ofthe
litist preachers arc uppsed to gitading
the subjecet of siavry. in any way in lhe
approahi:nt Convenmion. As an evidence
if the '6-elinigs of our ministry upion this
enhject-i-abh h we nmhtr several huan
dred; there wer otnly two presenit nt Franak
for at the Anti s!anvery Convetion. ne
;cord;ig to their puablihed tcount. As a
I miniry, we are opposed to minilitg in
politics. But being -:trrent riendts of aood
order ad thei inte.r'esis of our beloved
Saweare tinwillinig thait anty u nde
itflatence shoul lie secuared to Northern
faintaticismt, oar its legitiioieI offspritng. aiti
Ialays it n fKenineiky. I a. ao nacder
stan, ad I 'ervedmy informnationfromn
prm~lises-Ithat the inistry' nong the
refticme, wiho are also a numeiaarouis do
tiomin ation, are generally iopposedl tn the
present will anal unlreasojnable mto'emenit
uapon the~ subtject- of elmanciptatitan. I lopa
ing that stcacess will Iattlori every latuda-t
ble ellbrt which may lie mude thtraughi thle
columnins oaf yaour paper to t iwart the
schetmes of the present nigi~tmtin ofslavery.
A B.wras-r FR E.4ciEt'..
A ND Low CoasEs. -Th e follow
ing is froma the Philadelpihin Ledlger:
"'A high and low class" eertiily do
exist ini ai eI ities. Bait wihii caonsihlutes
the hig cass ? Whay the or:lerly. lhe
sober, the qnier, the law oving~ aiwd the
peace-preserving citizenis, without refer
ene to rieb o~r poor. .Werc it otherwise.
society coutld not hiang togeaher for nn
hour. Wh~o costitte -ihe low class''but
the lawbreakers the peace-di-turbers,
the riotons, the brawling inmebrinites aind
the inicorrigihle loafers. Naot the poor, fair
there are ait lehst as many poor. amtong the
sober and quiet portiton of the colrmunity,
as rich. The 'distinction of "high andI
low." in clnsses, whlen propterly defineri,
involves no insidiouis sarcnsm. ignotniinus
dlegraadationt oa theo poor. Who cloistitutte
the piolice? TJhe poor. 1Whlo makes up
th'e ranks of the mjilitia ? Tthe pur, if
the Shter ili'enlls out his posser. commnim
tais. whoa obeys the call ? . Noit the rieb
lbut thIt poor. WVho fight the but ai of the
cuntry in war I The poor. WVho pro
duce pioperty, and then protect it, hut the
Ipoor ? We have but two classes, the idlIe
and the ndustrious, anal the latter only
diahnarrc all the duties nf good citbizens.
ENGLISH INOBLEM EN.
The following racy and spirited eketch
of several of the distineuished nen in t64
Iiritikh Parliament i4 from the pen of the
correspondent of the Boston Post:
'Lord Broueham is 71, and as active as
a cat, Nothing is said or done but he
must have a hand in it. lie springs frord
his seat on every question and one would
think the ship of state would certainly sink,
without his aid. He wanders up and
down the long nren like the ghost of somo
departed spitir, now. on one side of the
house, now on. the other, often chatting
with the lord chnnecelor, seated on one end
or the woolgack, and not- unfreqnently.ad.
dressing the house, from the iench of
hihinops. Iti makirg a speech, Lord
Broughan has enire command of lan,
;uage, never hesitates, and makes a good
choice of words; but as an orator he does
not appear dignified or impressive.-Lord
Stanley is allowed to be the lender.of tie
oppluition-; is one-of the youtgest peers,
having'hcen antil lately a member of the
house of communi; froni thettce lie cnipe
parily, rumor suays. at the instance Of i
Robert Peel, who could not bear a rival.
He makes, fine speech, withont making
himself such a loconotive as Lord Broug
ham. L)rd 1ntengle is a very impres
give speaker.. With a ma;tnificent voice!
lie speaks --ruipet tongued." The mar
quis of Landsdowne is one of the most
tulented of the peers, but geting into the
"senr, and yellow leaf." The noble lord
on the woolsnck having but little to say
for himself, I have but little to.say aboqt
him. He appears to be a !ittle fussy, busy
sort of a body, without much .appearance
o talent or.di.nithy, though lie may have
abundance of both.
in the house of commons, it was early
in tho sessio-2, and they were occupied f'r
zome one or two days - in discussing the
'.ie .hour rule.' Sir Robert leel made d
very flowery and somewhai satirieal speech
at;aintt it; brt Lord John Russell, Al
lnme and Mr. Cohden wero it favo
i.-Si.- Robert :s most undoubtedJi
nrator of the house of cortmons,b
best spechil I heard,'was "OiclC
- pcuxs rigi
and "tells yon the thing,; whichi he do'
knew." Sir IR. [I. Inglis, the member -
from Oxfori, is a pleaintg speaker, but
lpeaks inl lv t of vtoice Were. lie
itt thi;e house of lords, yout nialit as well
ctnpi to hear n eniviry hird from the
Peak of Teuerilfe to the Cape de Verd
TRANQUILITY OF TIE CnilNEsE Emx.
PiE.--'l'ie Government is attemptin to
regain its power by deereeitg the sever.,
ect punishment noaint demagogues. ..As
an instautre, we might refer to tile sentatce
of dcath lately p;tssed on tIwo individuals
w ho collected a crowd, and interrupted the
examinations in Keanrgse. Two years ago
a general risitng would have taken place if
these fellows had been executed; but now
all has remained rquici. The great body
of thie people are weary (tf constint agita
tion, having discovered that the hest framed
patriotic speeches do not tend to promote
thtir ivelftre or increase their propriety;
but that sharpers nave, under the garb of
patriotism, been fleecing them out of their
hard-won earnirgs. So many instances
of this kind have occurred, that the people
atre now mmtch tiore cautious in listening
to their vap:iring spi-eches. Evsen the
arminig and drilling of the mttin, a popu
lnr pastime only last yeat, has likewise
fatlien into disfavor, because time was thus -
hist which could be mnore advatntngeously'
bestowed on agricultural pursnits. it is
to lie hoped that this suate dif things may
countinues and if the Mandarins would buts
matke a proper use of the renetion, quie
andl onler; iiiht very generally berestoredli
-Pckin G3ceele, Feb. 1.
Lrv.ur. Wrr..--Henry Erskine', the
famous Scotch Batrrister, a great Wag,
wvas once pleading before a futtny S cotch
Judge, wvith whotm lie was op the most
itntiniate te rms, and haupperinag to hatve
a client a femrale, defendanut tn utn actiorn4
of the namet of Tickle, lie commenced
in the following stratin- " Tickle, my
client, dhn defenderit, my lord,"-The
anditors were anmost di iyten itnto hys,.
te-rics of ltightter, by. the Judge reply,
ing: " Tick Io her yourself, Henry
y ou're as able to do .it as I am."
A schoolmnaster who: wvas as fond of
his grog at ithe uise of his glohtes, wats
auske~d the difference between gravity
and gravitatiori. " Whein 1. have drank'
five glasses of grog," replied the peda
gognec, "my gravity vanishes, and gravi.
taition begitns to opera te."~
"What's that dog bat king at P" asked
a fub, whose boots were more polished
thani his ideas.
"Why" teplied a bvstatnder, "be
catuse he sees atnothier bupapy in your'
To a country of blind people, the otto.
cyctd man ia a kring.