Newspaper Page Text
Front the Chnrleston Mercury.
THE ADMINISTRATION AND MR.
A year ago, the people of the South
were called upon, urged and entreated. im
the name of the great question which in
volves their interest and their safety, to
forget their party allinitities, and unite in
thc support of that candidate for the Pres:
dency who was one of themselves; whom
they could trust in as a devoted friend ;
whose interests and feelings were all iden
tified with theirs; who, let him conie short
as he might of their standard on other and
inferior questions. was sure to be right on
the great issue involving the independence
and equality in the Union of the Southern
States. If was this appeal which elected
General Taylor to the Presidecy-an ap
peal which ought never to have been made
without better assurances, and the bitter
consequences of which are now to 1all
equally upon those who yielded to it, and
those who raised their unavailing voices
against trusting to implied pledges, where
ex.licit ones were refused.
From the time of the election until now
the history of the President's opinions has
been a blank. Apparently. iideed, the
only momenta when he ever indulged in
political opinions were thore curious fits of
inspiration cornmemorated by his letters to
Capt. Alison; and either the fine frerzy
has never revisited him since the election
was settled, or his communications with
that mysterious relative have ;been made
under an impenetrable veil of secrecy. If
Capt. Alison has received any moro let.
ters from his distinguished cdrrespondent,
the public are not the wiser for it. The
inaugural itself was a blank, save itt that
one pledge against party proscription
which has been so systematically and
shamelessly violated from the moment it
For passing popularity, Gen. Tayinr
had been fortunate in being the first in the
order of time, to win a fresh and brilliant
military fame. For enluring reputation.
lie was unfortunate, in that his victories
were indecisive in character, meagro in
results. and humble in the display of mili,
tary skill, compared with those which
followed under other leaders. The tide of
his military popularity lasted just long
enough to carry him into the Presidency;
and that greater tidle of fame, crowned
with the hotors of other and more illus
irious chieftains, came to swallow up its
predecessor, just at the -noment that the
people of the United States had submitted
to the conviction that. exceptine his claims
and merits as a soldier, Gen. Taylor had
not a solitary title to distinction, nior a soli
tary quality redeeming him from the comn
moo herd of men. By common consent,
lie seems to have dropped out of remem
.brance-his enemies not caning to treat
m as game worth ilh expenditure of
r and shot, and his friends wisely
that the respectability of their
Id only be secured. like that of the
ma, by keeping him in darkness,
unding him with silence. Save
and there an individual, with whom
cy was a blind passion, and bilab
a uncontrollable disease, Gen. Tay.
scarcely been mentioned by his
ta sitnco his itttrodtuction itnto oflice.
residency itself has seemed as mtuch
*as the political opinionis of the in.
't. It has been assert'-d itndeed,
ahas been allowed a vote in the
blast; but as tno effects could ever be
.4aced to such an influence, the statement
'is in great need of comnfirtmtiot.
- .iZ4'.But if the people of the South wrere left
to conjectume whether they hatd elected a
man or a shadow to the Presidetncy, they
were allowed no such pri'.ilege of douha
as to the chtaracter of the Administraztion
they had placed in power. it was not
W~hig in the closesi party sense, to the ex
clusion of all that laurge botly of men who
had stupported Gen. Taylor from personal
preference, atnd to secure whose support,
the WVhigs had dese.-ted t heir old and faith
ful leader for a new man, but it became
very so-)t mantifest, that, the onily strong
and active spirits in the Cabinet-the men
wvho constttute'd its soul-if soul it hadl,
attd who were to give character and di
rection to the Executive, were Nurthern
men, who stood, by their own ptublic atnd
reperated avowals, on the very verge of
downright Abulitionism. This is iruly a
charmitng result of electing a man to the
Presidency merely because he nt as aslave
We have been itn no haste to draw these
conclusionts itn referettce to the puresent Ad
ministratio)n, anid have desired thtat they
should plainly show their hands before wie
undertook to characterise their game. Per
hops, too, it wonlid have been hardly fair
1o take the indications of the Nastiontal In
telligencer anid the Natiotial Whtig as reve
lations of the opinions or designs of those
in power. The papers were understood
not to be favorites, nd neither of them
destined to fill the offido of Court Jtournal.
A new paper was to be estabilished, fresh
and green. like the President's political
studies, which, having no hack files wvith
which it could be rasped, no past charac
ter to mtaintain, no pledges to make good,
thus offered itself a simple tnass of dough,
to be fashioned in whatever shape the
wisdom or stupidity of the Administration
might fancy. This paper has beetn estab
lished. It is understood to Ito the or-gsn,
and is called-"The Republic."
On the third day of its existence, antI
the first of its disclosures, in an article
entitled ".-ttlantic and Pacific Railroad."
this authoritative and chosen epresetuta
live of the Taylor Administration, makes
the following comment upon Mr. Calhouns's
recently published .letter decliniu'q to at
tend the Memphis Convention:
"To the commit tee making the pru-para
lions for this convention. Mr. Calhoun has
adidressed a letter, which we copy below
as a part of the history of the times. We
cannot, howvever, permit it to appear with
out expressing our deep and sincere regret
that this gentleman shotuld lose no occa
sion, however inappropriate, to throw out
suggestions cotnceivedl in a spirit hostile to
the perpetuity of the Union."
No one can read this paragraph, without
seeing by its own light, as it were. that the
Republic must, in the nature of thintgs, be,
what it is allirmed to he, the faithful expo
nent of the Admitnistrarion. Th'is extract
besars all their characteristic, their satncti
unonious, preltnsions to moderation and
patriotism; their malice, using eahutmny as
incapacity to understand the transparency
of their own crooked proceeding.- If the
Republic had felt any "deed and sincere
regret" at an occasion for assailing Mr.
Calhoun. why did it go out of its way to
pick up, from the gutter or party slender,
an imputation. for which his recent letter
affords no pretext. It looks rather like
excessive eagerness to make occasion for
decltring tite spirit and designs of the Ad
ministration to be all hostile to the South,
than any "deep and sincere regret" for the
necessity of casting reproach upon one of
its great statesmen, and conbistent defen
But the letter itself leaves no room to
doubt, and no excuse for misrepresenting,
the broad and patriotic spirit with which
the writer had considered the subject of a
connection betweec the Atlantic and Pa
cific shores. It should be made, he says.
with no reference to sectional advantages,
but for the ggol of the whole country; and
it is only because we are threatened by the
North with forcible exclusion frotn all
share in our Pacific territory, and that they
detriand to make its acquisition not only
a means of mere sectional aggrandizement
but also an occasion for insuiiing asnl de
grading the Southern States through the
legislation of Conress-it is for these rea
sons that Mr. Calhoun cautionq his fellow
citizens to vait and determine first whether
that territory is to be the scene of political
justice or the spoil of sectional rapacity,
before they irrevocablly pledge their means
for the establishment of a communication
with it. It is in~eed p new doctrine, wor
thy of the political philosophers who rule
in Washington, that men are disonionists
because they decline to subscribe to a
Railroad from which they expect no ad
vantages. So gross is the violence done
to the tneaning of words in the conclusion I
drawn by the Republic, that it admits of 1
but one interpretatiot. This particular
le:tcr of Mr. alhoun is nastiled because
it is the only thing that he has written
since the Taylor Admitnistration was in
stalled. ar.d no time was to he lost in de
nouneing as an enemy a Statesman con
spictuous among the champions of the
South, and thus in the most marked man
tier repudiating all sympathy in her cause.
From the N. 0. Picaynn.
LATE FROM MEXICO.
By the rrival here last evening of the
brig Anna & Julia. Capt. Liston, from
Vera Cruz the 7th inst we hove received
files of the Arco Iris to the day of her de.
parture. and from the capitol to the 1st
inst. inclusive .
The discovery of gold in California by
our enterprising couintynen appears to
have awakened tnuch of the cupidity of
the Mexican character, and regrets are
frequently expresced in the jourtals of that i
country that the territory should have been <
ceded to us. A correspondent of the
.Globe," pu blished at the capital. writes
from San Francisco that the arrival in
that port of a Mexican schooner from Maz
atlati had awakened in him and hiscom
panions, other Mlexicans, hopies of a char
acter very inimical to our sovereignty there.
The number of Mexicans has beeni
doubled withtin a short atime in that region.
and it would not bie extraortdinary if. by
the union of Spanish Atmertcans and Eu
rnjpeans who daily arrive in search of gold,
this jenel iq nirested from the hatnds of
t he *Los Yankees,' to fortm a great anti
powerful nation, the tmistress otfible Pacific.
The enterprise wotuld not he a diffcult I
ore, atid the barbarous conduct of Smithi
wvill he the tmentts which Providence hasa
etmployed to itnitinte it.
[lie here alludes to thte order of Gen.
Smith interdicting diggittg at the minies
to all excepting, citizetns of the U. S.)
A bill has been itttroducetd into Cong~ress
for sink ing $8,000,000, to come out of the
indemnity to be paid by the United St ates,
to he applied lotr the gradual reduciion and I
payment of the internal debt of the Repub
The latest news received in Mexico
from San Francisco is up to the 1st of'.i ay.
WVollen goods htas fallen considecrably in
price, in ctonseqttencu partly of their abun
dance and partly thrtough the advent of ,
summer. Houses of business in San
Fratncisco decline receiving any tmore con
signents, unless of articles which corn
mtatnd ready sale. They exact 11 per cm.
commission and warehouse room A a
shotrt time ago a stool! dwelling there was
lt at $250 pter montht, on a lease of two
years, anti immediately alterwards the
stn of $2,500 was of'ered by the owtners
atdacce pte.1 by the lessee. toannul the con
ract. There was for the motnent sotme
iflicuilty in collecting gold on the rivers,
s thte w'aters hatd overflowed the banks. a
t the dry dligginigs Ihere were eight thou- e
and persons at work at one spot. It was
in cotntettiplationi to hold a meeaingfor thte
prpose of pasing resolutions to prevent,
all whto were tnt American citizens from
orkitg the mities. In the Placer del
orte, ihe [tadians had dlisplayed some hos
ility to ihe whites. anti some murders has ~
en committed by theta.
Bra-ro ts aMssout.-The excite
ent ott the slave question is getiiD high
n Missouri. In Cape Girardeau county a a
arge anti-Benton meeting was held, in s
hicht men of both parties participated. It q
s stated that nearly all the leadinag Demo
rats of the country were present. They d
ndorse the Legislative anti-Prouiso reso
Itions to the whole extent, and declare b
hat they have received Mr. Benton's 5ap
eal with "mnrtifte-ttion and astonishment.
A resolution approves of the course of Sen
tor Atchison, and calls fur meetings
troghtout the State to resist the effort
"to enrol the proud andi patriot-ic State of
\lissouri in the list of Barnburner States." 1
n Chariton county a meeting was held,
with the samte object, but with a different I,
result. The amnti-Benaton 'aesoluttions were
roted down, and the Legislative resolutions t
The Atesian WeL.-We leartn that Mr. ti
Weltor, yesterday, in his progress to the b
point wvhere pure water is expected to be j
btatned, has penetrated to the depth of il
885 feet. It gives us great pleasure to say t.
that those conversant with such tmatters, tl
trc af opinion that the substance drawnil
from this depth, gives indication thmat he is t
ucar thme point where geologists conclude 3
that waoter will' be obtained.-Charleston t
EDdEFIELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY JUNE 27, 1849.
i7 Mr. W. G. RUSSELL and Jonu A. AD
Itsonl, are our authorized Agents for the collec..
inn or all moneys dote as in the Districts of
.dgefield. Abbeville, Newberry nnd Barnwell.
We hope nil persons indebted to us will not
it our Collectors to the trouble of calling on
hem the second time. or force us to place their
icconnts in the hands of Magistrates tit be col
erted at their cost. We want our money and
mat have it. A word tio the wise is sufficient.
The death of this distinguished man, is an
vent or no ordinary moment. But yesterday
to was at the head of one of the greatest na
Ions on the Globe, dispensing power and pat
onage almost as great as any monarch's ins
khristendom, and directing the movements or
in army as renowned for its gallantry, as any
hat ever took the field; and at the shortest no
ice, he has Leen summoned to his last restmng
lace, and to his final account with his God.
JAmEs K. POLK was more than an ordinary
itizen; and frrom the extraordinary position
ie occpied in onr government, his career will
is examined by statesmen and political philnso
hors, with more than common interest, and
more than common ingenuity.
H is adminiistrat:on was crowded with striking
vents, and, in all probability, was the begin
ling or a new and doulbtful policy to be pur
ued by our Government. The spirit or ac
jisition by cnnquest, once exciteil in the
inds of our people, will not be easily re
The settlement or the Oregon contraversy,
mid the war with Mexico will mark the lagt
?residential term, as the most illutstrious in our
mnials since the termination of the public life
Whether the contrse of the President in the
ommencement of tie Mexican war, was tin
mceptionable or not, is a question not now to
e determined. That the war was prosecuted
ith great energy and time most eminent sue
osm, after tie honor of the country had become
nvolved in it, none can deny. The campaign
if Gen. SCOTT, which ended withi the ratifica
ion of the treaty of peace, is the most illustri
us in the history or the New World; and the
xploits or Gen. TAYLOR, on the Noitern
ne, resemble those of the heroes or antiquity.
rhe contest was brought to a happy terminna
ion without a single disaster, to mar the bright
ess of our escutcheon, or a single crime to
ale the lustre of the American dame.
Mr. POLK certainly possessed Tconserable
tellectnni vigor, and had the interests and
ommnr of his comuntry ov~er next ism heart.
Hie was faithifii to his friends, nnd somnetimes
diheredi to them nmore 'clnaely than was conas'
nt with the public interest.
His life was probaibly htmught to a close at
be monient most auspicionsa for his fame.
le had jnst udescended from the highest office
ri the gift of the penple, amid their blersings
ud their thamiks, andi the glory of hisi own ac'
onis lighted him to the tomb.
0' The sickness of the Editor is our excuse
Ir time wvant of more Editorial.
If7 Those who belong to the vnlunlteer corn
any tim be maisedi at this place, and those desi
oms ofrjoiniing it, are requested to meet in time
~onrt H omms at 10 o'clock A. Ml., on Wednes
y the 4mh or .July.
IDT There will he aim examination or the
tdents of Rose Cottage Academiy, at Dr.1
hni L.akes in this District, on 8atnrday the
th inst. which will commence at 10 o'clock
i the morning, and close in the afternoon.
(17 We copy from the Charleston Mercury1
n article on Mr. CAu~uoux and time Adminis
ation, not becanse we approve of the senmti
ents contained in it. but because it indicates
ost probably the position of the Mercury to
ards time New Adminiistrationi.
0f7 A very partieular report on the Cholera
d its treatment, ha been made by the Medi
al Society of Souith Carolina.
Time committee of physicians of which Dr.
EDDIS~s is first named, strongly recommenid
anatory measmires. to prevenut the ravages o'fI
at fatal distemper. uncleanliness, intemper
ne,'high excitement, and an unmwholesome
msphere, are supposed to induce the at
eks of the great destroyer, were more strong
than any contagiouis qtualities of the disease
The London Board of Health, also, recoin.
ends a strict attention to the cleanliness and
etiatinn of houses, ships, &c, instead of
The prevailing notion appears to be, that
sses are not so contagions as was formemly
pposed, lbut are brought on and aggravated
~canses that may be removed by wvise regu
tions of law.
lFot THE ADVEaTISElI.
vil influence of majorities, ani of party.
We hove seen that the people, political'.i
speaking, are they who exercise the a
eeive franchise; amid that time taill of
e people is the n ill of the iajority anti
inoriy, or of a plurality and tminorities.
Now in order to give proper effect toe
e twill of the people, it will not do toc
hor absolutely in the cause of bare ma
riies. when their interests conifict with
e interests oh minorities. For to allow
e majority free exercise of power, under
e grapimng propentsities of man's nature, I
ey are sure to appropria~te -ure than 4
eir jutst share of rights and .privileges.4
an is seldom satisfied-erith his~own' He
ants only~ opportunitj to take 'more.. a
aud higher aspirations; you bestow in- v
creased interests; you give scope to all 1l
the rabid passiourof cupidity and ambi- I
tion. - The love of power, like the love if I
gain, is encroaching and agaressive. Both i
grow upon the affectious of man with
like rapacity. Tlie. majority thus appro
priates what does not belong to them; and
if they have more than their due, the mi- f
nority are sure to have less 'han theirs. c
Under Ithis spirit of encroachment, the
rights .of the minority are in danger of a
being icompletely absorbed. This is the i
instructive lesson of history.
The interests, then, of the people, that r
is, of the collective population !can be pro.
perly fostered only by controllimg the I
movemettsofnutnericalmajorties Against c
their repeated encroachments, the inie- L
rests of minorities must be staunchly do- a
fended. Majorities should not be allowed
to judge absolutely of their own rights, and
then of-the rights of minoriies-their pit.
litical opponents. This would be placing
dhe latter entirely at the mercy uf the
With like evil results is the influence of I
party. True it i, a mran cannot toiform
ly work for the good of the whole coun
try, if he he enshackled by party ties. i
Ftom the blind prrjudice and pinched i
habits of thinking, excited by party rela
tions, a man loses the ability of rising to I
the elevated platform of the true states- I
man. lie cannot, like the latter in his u
broad mental vision, take in the whole h
range of interests in his community or
country. There is something in the very i
nature of small party tactics that cramps
and circumscribes the mind1. There wants
the elastic bound of thought, and the blild I
freedom of opinion peculiar to un- 1
trammelled genius. The mind moves in (
a limited circle of thought, described often v
boy men, unfitted by naturo or education. d
to grasp the principles of science, or to
mark the boundaries of knowbedge. It is c
a plain fact in mental plilosopihy, that tle r
mind, like the natural eye, from habitual L
conractedness of view, loses its expansi
bility. It comes to conceive narrowly and v
to feel narrowly. It goeson in its pinched P
habits of thoughi and feeling, until at length r
it becomes divested of all magnanimity. r
Nor is party influence less powerful in I
its eflects upon the outicard being of men. e
How often, from the violence of party f
spirit, are men forced into rash and im- C
prudent conduct despite their better judg.. c
ment atd resolution ! A man mny see n
the good and approve it-yet so strong is c
the current of this feeling, it often wnfls
him along n full speed against the inclina- c
lion - of his heart. and the convictions of
his judgment. Ilis only chance of escape li
is to fall in n ith it, or he is subjected to (
perseculion and proscription. 'It requires P
more than ordinary Ifirminess to sten the
fury of this dreeded current in our free
country. It is all powerful to bear down
every thing before it. Yet if a matn will i
really act the patt of a patriot ;-if he j
will put forth hi-i efflors honestly for the 1
good of his country-he will be obliged to 1,
stanId up against this spirit in all its vio
lence. He cannot serve his country and
his party too. He must often desert the h
one or the other. To desert the former ,
is as we have s~ared, n1o trivial mtautter- ki
f a mall do. he will be often forced to r<
sand alone, and. then, hie mist hatvo an i
irotn soul, that can resist the shocks of[
envy, hatred ail ridicule, lHe will have i
t see the weak and the unprincipled seat.. *
ed above him in powrer, commanding the
plaudits of the crowd below ; while he
hise~ilf mnust bear, witht stern comnpo~sure, 13
the hisses of the tmultitudc, and the nep- 8
ect of all except the virtuous. [Jo will
moreover, be compelled to habor against
atOer, and under the shafts of rnalignmant n
ridcule. But the true Statesman atud tbe il
sigh souled patriot, will hear all this. o
For this noble self-sacrifice, he is, how- it
ever, not withouit reward. Ho bears along i
ith him the approvals of conscience, and i
he consolationsof Philosophyv. To stand up ht
nan fully tunder a'lverse trials or opposing o
ificulties, is the true dignity of virtue- o
he sublimne of character. eit is the spirit p
liat led the martyrs to the stake and a
he gibbet-that carried to the block a e
R~aligh 'atnd a Sidney. Buoyed by 'he ir
acouraging hopes of a pure moarality, the ia
erling hearted patriot will not yield to
etporary disorders i.i the public amind, or v
o transient hatred and obloquy. He will it
ise superior to the uproarous clamors of a;
he disappointed andI evilly disposed. Re- p
ying on the high wisdom of atn Overuling A
Providence, he is tught to regard all C
aerrat ion of tmoral power, as anomolous and rt
ransitory. He is brought to believe that b
noral rule howvever erratic for a time, will ci
oon regain its ascendency, and adjust its
leviatiotas; that in the great mind of Otm- ti
tpotence, justice always retains her sway Ci
a undiftinished purity. WVeakness and er
rillany may for a while be allowed to pros- p
ir, to the noglect of virtue and worth. tc
But the philosophic statesman, who trusts st
it the eflicacy of a moral government in i
he universe, will feel and know, that such it
roperity is only transient ; and that vice
md villainy, by their accidental elevation, I
are not in reality exalted. Circumstances s<
rs staon cannot change the ingrafted p
nerit or demerit of mind! or heart. 51
'Pygies are Pygmies though perched on Alps, b
an Pramids are Pyramids in yale,." h
It may he inferred from our remarxs,
hat we believe a statesman should have h
to partys: which, with many, is to have ~
In political principles. T his is not our
neaning. No man can be a statesman inC
he just sense of the term, without certain t
ixed ptinciples, touching the theory and ri
administration of government. The states.. s
nan must have a litne of policy to pursue, cI
ar he is like the mariner without a com- tI
ass. It is his province to aequaint him. eI
elf profoundly with she spirit, theory, and cE
ractice of his governmenlt, aud to-deduce, sI
ifter much labor and reflection, a set of d~
riciples, by which that government, in S
is view. may be best administered. With s5
hese, and his fund of general knowledge,
mhracing always a kr.owledge of the
ircumtances under whtch any particular TI
neasure is to ooerate, he will be enabled
roperly to judg'e of the expediency of any w
it of legislation. Thou far every states- tan
nsa should belong to a party. HeI should it.
ave principles to govern his political con- Si
lct, anal he should strive, in the most ju- -a;
icious mantner, to give these.principles SI
ractical efficacy. But he should never Si
low himself to be drawn off from his i di
arinciples. in ..,ppart of umars w-hirh b a
iolate them, merely to co-operate with
Je individuals or his puriy. Against such
olitical delinguency, we solemnly protest.
L is the frutful source of faction, and!
ideed of tarly all the political calamities
t our country. By an artful organitailn
few political tricksters are thus enabled
a rule the whole nation. They run tivea
rinciple, and often change the whole
arretnt of public opinion. The general
ense of the people, nearly always wise
nd patriotic wheni lert to its uatural de
'elop-netnt, is, in this way. made a mighty
ngine of injnstice and oppression, sover
uling law and often urgitg t-) deeds
hocking to hImanity itself. We have
inle faiih in organizd systematic party
ombinatiuns. They are certainly no achaaols
ither for n ielom or patriotiim. They
re the b.ane of our countriy !
ONE OF TUE PEOPLE.
Froa tlie Spartsnkirg Spartan. 14th inst.
ARREST OF AN ABOLITIONIST.
On Satuirdny morning last an expected
isitor took lodgirng at Col. It. C. Poole's
iotel. anti some oftour citizens being ap.
rised of the fact, look such measures as
vere prudent yet prompt in satisfying
hemiselves as to ilte import o his tubi
A letter has lcen addressed to Win.
Valker. Esq. of tle Walker hotase. by
)octor Fitrh of Columaa. stating ant a
uinn by the nane of J. M. Barret, who
ailed from Ohio, had made his escape
rom Columbia ; a warrant having been
isued against him--and that lae wI ould
Sure enouglt, not only did said .. M.
larrelt mnke his appenranre, but there
-ere several letters directed to him fmm
inacinnati Ohio, and Dublin Indiana.
rhich our Postmaster thought preper to
elivet it) him in person at his lodginge.
Lfer this was done, several of our citizens
alled on him, nad with, the luonal% ledge
re-obninted tarough Dr. Fitch of Colum
in, denattded a senrch.
Upon investigation and examination, it
ras ascerrtined that he was employed by
essrs. IIarwoad & Co. ostensibly Iaor the
nra1pose ofgettitg statistical itaformatioan
,r a "Gozetteer"-.ut sone of ilte letters
aund in his possession proved to lae the
ntvelope ofa two tuhers. directed one to Dr.
ilt of Columbia. and ilhe other to T. J.
ilover of Orantgeburg ; and upon opening
tern it was found that the one directed
> Dr. Sill ctratained two numbers of the
elebrated incendiary publication, signed
Brutus." avd alae other to r. J. Glover
ontained only one of the same.
Beion we copy lthe letter verbatim et
teratim. The post marks is Cincinnati,
bltio, May 12th, Directed to J. M. J3Bsrett,
:sq. Spartanburg, S. C.
MAY 11th, 1S49.
Dear Sir-Having learned that you are
avelling in South Carolina, I take the
berty of requesitng you to drop into some
ost Office aloang your way, the enclosed
tiers. Although comparatively a stranger
tyotu, I take the liberty. because I wish
a Oblige a Carolinian who desires me to
ike some pate of communication with
is friends wlit-h will not tay tie Post
lark reveal his present location. Be
indl eanuel an destroy thais wheat you htave
sad it. You will pardoni me for ntut sicn
ig my name, buts that you nmay koaw atat
atm to he relied uptont. I will jtust namne
iat Mes~rs. E. Iliaravood & Co,.; have
:n yotu $20, to Ctalumbiat. S. C.
Anuothter letter Post Mlarkedl Dublin,
tdiatna, Maty 27th, directed so Juuhna M1.
at reta, Sparainaburg C. H. S. C., signed
Johnson, cotttains the tollo~wihg para,
-Some person usuggested to mo that you,
-old beconme proslaverny lay travellintg itt
te Stautht but I idal them no, the principale's
Truth and Rlight were ton deeply rooted
your heatrt, tao ever have thema eradica
d from sclftsh or othaer motives: btesidles
avellintg amntg the wvrng, will I think,
ave a tentdenucy to strenugahen onte's hatsredl
fthis wvrong. At least I leave no tears
t John lMi. Barrett coming back to Dubllina
ro slaverized. I want you to take items,
ud cotme back prepared to wage watt and
Leranal warfare against the abomninable
astitution. I hate it worse antd worse the
tore I thtink of it."
Int a Town Meeting on Saturday, at
hicht theo said Barrett attended. atnd spoke
a his own behal, it was tunani-nously
greed by athe citizens presenat, that legatl
roceedings shontld be taken against himn.
nt Allidavat was made of thte facts before
. W. H. Legg. Esq., uplont whicha a wrar
ant was issued hor his arrest, and begin
rought hefbre hiam tsar examtination, wias
ammttitel for taial.
WVe take grate plasure in stating that
ae ptrisonter was treated with thte uatmnost
vility, end nothinag like a disposition to
ole. as seemed so lbe apprehtended by the
risoner, mnade its appearaance. H e seems
be a ant of great astuteness, and 'just
ach an tate as it amight lbe expected woauld
emtploayed by ste Northern Abolition
Thcre canu be noa doubt remaining but
ist thais said John Barrett, is tan emissary
:ot amontgst usn to further the Hellish
urpose oftthe Abolitionists, but whtether
illicient proof can be adtucedh to brintg to
or the penahy of the law, is to be seen
The account that said Barrett gave of
maehf is simply that heo is an agent for
hesars. E. Ilarwood & -Co.. New York,
collect staistics anud infrmrationt for a
azetteer, shortly to be puablished, atnd
at he published, and that he canntot be
apontsibale for any letter or documents
Ut to him by Mail. Taking the whole
reumstances together as gleaned front
e papers foutnd ini his possessiona, thais
immunity stands justified in his arrest and
mmitmetnt. Inttending ontly that 'justice
all be done at the same time, that they
sire to show their adhereance to thea
auth, and their love for her peace and
fety, by acts as well as words.
NORITERtv latFE.-The New York
rihune oft Friday, says;
" A paoor womana ttamed Bridget Connor,
hose hausband died last Satueraay, was
rned out ->fher apartments,225 Eldridge
yesterday afternootn, by her lantdlady.
1ta-had two children, one of which was
parently dying. antd the othter very sick.
te fouttd hter way to the Eleventh Ward1
ation house, where one of hem children
ed, and medical aid was called for the
Froii uhe Charleston Courier.
A CAROLINIAN IN CALIFORNIA.
We nre indebted to the poliie attention
of Mr. Forgeaud, of this city, for the sight
of a letter from his birother. now in San,
Francisco, tCalifornin.) dfated April 9th;
from which we have permitted to take the
extracts which n il be found below.
.)octor Forgeatid, was located it St.
Louis. (M issouri.) and left tlat pilace in '
Jne, 1846, for California, long before the
discovery or the placers that have yielded
such an nbutndance of the preciotts metil.
Taking his family wit h him. he determined
to locate in the new country, to grow with
its growth. Of an enterprising turn of
mind. ie purchased property with tite
belief that it would eventually increase in
value, and we nre happy to state all his
anticipations have been realized far beyond
his expectations. and that he is now the
possessor fir an independent fortune. well
deserved, for the reason that he had the
energy and perseverance to entounter all
the dificisbies and dangers of his then
SAx FRAtisco, April 9, 1849.
'There is 'lideed gold and muc gold in
Calilornia-, but it req-uirea great sarifice of
the usual, I will out say voinfort, but ne
cessaries of lire to obtain it. Dulring. the
winter very little can lie done by digeing
gold. Fruin the mtinh of July till Octo
her, the miners are exposed to the billious
remittent fever-a disease which nearly
cost me liy life las: summer. I have not
as yt recovered from its effects. At
present, a person working at the mines
may make fron $I2 to $70 per Jay-but.
oceasionally, a man may fied a rich spot
and make as much as $500 or 2600 per
day for a short time. A spot that does
not yield $16 per day is not considered
good. It is impossible to say how long
this nill last. The expenses across lhe
Isthmus are exhorbiant-much detension
is experienced. Perhaps it wotlki he best
for-you to take a passage oi board a vessel
around the Cape. Should yot decide upon
coiming. it would be well to come alone.
This coihtry in its present cotiiion is no
place for a family. You could not get a
house for tient. Many families are ob
liged to live in tents. A servant is not to
be had at any price. My v;ife is con
strained to her own house work and cook
ing. We pay $200 per month for a very
interior house. I1you come, I would ad-.
vise you to take wiih you as little bagga
aspossible. fespecially if yon comiih
the Ishinis) and nothing for the-,
of speculating. do not buy even
chine-plenty lhere, better thian!,i e
the States. Once here, you F
find somiething to do. F
this place in five or sii:
lesion. The market
glutted, and heavy
enced by those
Those who will
goods will cert
tiy things are ii
At a meeting.
ing, the M~ay~
of Jaimes K.
bute to the meni
hail enjoyed the h
pujblic, and had ablya
tion of his country bo
Whereupon Alderman Tupper
the following resolutions, n hich wereuo"
Resolved, That the City Councilof
Charleston have learnt, with emotions of
pain anid regret the decense of Jaui~s K. ~
POLKx, Ex- President of the United States.
Resolved. That as a mark of respect to
rhe memory or oce so disiinguished biy
the exathed positioin hie has occupied, as
well as by eminent services renidered to
his country, his Honor the niayor he re
quested to have the bells at St. Alichaels
tolled bet ween sunirise'and sunset bo-mor
Resnlced, That the Clerk of Council he
directedl tto forward a copy or these reso
lIttioins to the widow of thie deceased, ten
dering the sympathies of the penople of
Chtarleston in her great bereavement.)
Council then adjoiurned.
Clerk of Council.
We learn that the negroes Jimmy and
Charles, tnow tinder sentence of death for
the murder of Thomas alorriston, have ack
towledfged their guilt. Jimmy, it appears
grasped the victim by the throat, and hteld
him, while Charles inflicted the deadly
ilows. After disposing of his body, they.
n~ith great deliberation proceeded to te
mill, and stolo three hags of rice, which
they disposed of to a Grocer on South
We understand that a large quantity of
Rico found on the premises of this Grocer,
who has. disappearetd, has beena ottched,
and nwaits the decision of the proper au.
lorities. It is the intention, w~e are glad
to learn, or those who sued out the writ, if
successlul, to appropriate the proceeds to
the benefit of Mrs. Morrison, the ntidow of'
the unfurtutnate wachman.-Char. Mler.
GEN. CAss -ro Rsote.--The Nash
ville Baener assures its readers, upon tha
most "unquestionable authority," that
Generatl Cams will resign his seat in the
Seniate rather thtan obey the instructions
imposed upion him2 by the Legislature of*
We do .not know to what resoltitions
this has reference, bttt presume it must
silude to the Free Soil subject. If '-hi.
ie so. and his withidrawal is put upon rhis
ground, then will lie have shown himself
s.5,-e friend to the South, anid to the
Consuittution. WVe will wait this develop
rnent with some curiosity, for we have not
sitherto given Mr. Cass credit foir such de
rotion to our interests atnd institutioas.; .
At Queen Victoria's drawing room, on
he last day ofthe month, she had the honor
o receive, and our Minister, Mr. hancroft,.
isd the hotnor to present to her Majesty,
he Hon. Edward A. Ilanniegan, Minister
o the Court of Berlin, and Gales Seatori,
ws. erearye of Legntion to Fr'ankford.