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-We will cling tothe Pillars of th~e Tenple of our Liberties, and if it amidst the Ruins."
VOLU ME X1V. 3) (4
-_ - -.
'PUBLISHED EVENLY VWED'ESDAY
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t ing the nuamb.er of insertions markedal
on zhem,.will bn enutianed uutil oudered out
atnd ciharged accoditlgly..
Conumnaaaicationas. pist panidvill be prompt
ly and strictly attended to.
D R. G . BIRD, respctflly offers lis
pN fe.asioal services to the'Citizens of
Edgefild atnd its vicintity.
Office opposite Citpty's H otel.
MayD, 9f 16
DR. E. F. TEAGUE
R ESPECTFULLY oilers hiis parofesisinal
Pserv ices int ate pructiake of Mrdicine. Sur
gery, and Obstr rics, in the Citizens oil' Ealge-t
field Village 1ut4 vicinaity. .Ollicp its the Drag
Store of Drs. Bilanad. Tentie & Co.
iy 9, tf 16
ANA D I I A T ES.
rized to announee -Capt.
ULWA RE,as a Can
i-Co.TilOS. W. I.AN
itja its a cantdidate for the
bafle negt election.
aif Col. JOHN lIILL nu
datdue 64 S.lhcril ol Edg
lnlanno e T. J.
-canid a.ite. fur tie Office
ds' ofr A LFED MAY.
a Candidate for SheriT,
?WI EsLEY 1ODIE.Esqr.,
ii.ena idnte for the tllica* ol
Ittict at tile naaniang elctiutn.
Send of Maj. ISAAC BOLfES.
Kijiu Ias a Ciateilait.- for the olice
Collector, nt the ensnintg election.
o art- nithorizedl it) tb tainett Calr(
F. GOUE DY, as n candidhate fhr the
iice of Tux Cullector. at the ensning
ection. . J ;n. 2
The Friends of Malj. '. W. BURT. an
-C nunce hit as a cubinialate fur Tax Collec
ior. att lte ensnirg election.
. We ntre awhorized to announco
IOODY HARRIS as a Candidate fur
The frietsis of Col. J. QU.iT ,iHUM,
nnnouaco haimlt ns a candidate for Tax Col
lector. at the ensuiltine election.
We nre authorized t) atniounace WM L.
PA RKS as a Catndidate for Tax Collec
tor, t.t ae neftt electioa
. W IVe nre nralborized to anntonnrce
Capt. T. DEAN, ;as ;a Canadidate for Tax
Collector, at fte ensninu election.
* We rare anaihaarized to annotnce
L ITTLETON A. BR OOKS. as a Caia
dnate f..r Tax Clleca.r. at ite etnsuing.a
ft'We atre natahorizedl tao nannounce
ROBElRT C:LOY, as a Cma.didate foar
Taex Collector, att te enisuing aeectin.
- FOR ORDINARY.
We tare nalahorized in. taanoanece E D WA RD
PRESLEY, ats ai Candidtmie fr thte Otlice of
Ordinairy at thea entsning~ electiona.
W Xe are iantfhorizedal annouastnco Caol.
WILLIAM Hl. AMOSS, as a Ctandaidlate
for te oftce of Oniinary at the entsuing~
117 The friend' of IIENI!Y T. WIlIGiT
Ergr., anno'nce film nu an enandidmate for tha:e f
fice of Ordintary of this District, tat thec eianinag
We tare naathorrizedl tao annlountce Mtj.
W. L. COLEM1AN. mis a enandidate far
Ordinary tat the easinga eie'ain.
The friendas oaf H UG H A. NIXON. Esq.,
respectfully annountce himn as at Candiae
for the office of Ordinaury, at abe next
'Thae Friends of VIRGI L M. W HITE,
annouuee htim as a Candaiadate lfar the othee
of Ordinary it the eusuing; electiona.*
*FOR CLERK. .
-We are tamuhorized to onnotnee TIIOS.
0. BACON, a candidate ftr re-eeeciona as
Clerk of- the Court, for Enelild District.
-The frienids of E. PENN. antnosatnee
him as a Candidate for the Ollce of Clerk
at the ensuing electioan.
SWe are authorised to ananaunco
WYN. M. JOH NSON, Esq., a candidane
for Clerk of the District Court of Edgelield
at the ensuing election.
se fO7 The friends of PETER QUATTLE
BUMl. Esaqa.. ananounace himt tat -a -candidate for
the Ofie. of Clerk of ahe Court of Conannota
Pleasoffhis District, at abe ensuing election
(Q tWe :are:uthorizedl to announce
Col Q- TO WLES, as a Candidate for
ACJO& of the Court of Common Pleas, at
From the National utfelligencer.
VHAT DOES IT COST TO GROW
This i a question of vast importance to
t..e United Swie. Wlo can answer it ?
Not one in ten of those that make it :heir
staple crop. I venture to say; for cotton
planters are as creless in this respect as
ihough they were condncting a business of
cents and dimes instead of dollars and
i ihereorr propose to givo you ap ex
ruat from my notes, which I have been
taking idurin;: mrty extensive agricultural
tour the iat v.inter and spring. not only
to show the character of the inforrtnmtion
ta1t I have been gathering. hut in the hope
that it may induce oithers to come out und
give more and and better inlo-nation, or
point out any erroars in my statements.
The coist or making 331l,13G pound, of
cotton lnt year ta pdo one or tihbst iplan
iationis of South Carolina %- as -917.894,48.
otr a fraction over five cents and four mills
a poiund, including freiglt adil commission,
as well as interest upon a fair valuation if
The cost, exclusive or freight nn-l com
mnikoin, aid inc(ltding interest. of making
I 8.000 pounds upon the 'cant brake hads
of Alalmala," last year, was $6.67G. no, a
fraction over five cents and two mills a
This is considered the richest cation
lad inl the wr!d; and. altholugh the crop
was called a small one, it %as probably
about an inerage ote.
The field htaindl upon this place num
bered seventy-five, couniing -all over twelve
years old, which give a finction less than
four and one-third hales to each.
Now this crop las to he hauled over
about twenty-five miles of tlia worst road
it the world, when iver, as they usually
are at the time the crop is readj to go to
market. and then down the dillicult and
dangerous navigation of the Totubighee
I aum satisfied that these two crops give
a hetier shmwing than three-lurths of Ihe
coatain crops of the United States. My
o" w opinion is. that whenever cotton is
below ix cents it does not play interest
upon It.' jipital invcstett, except perhaps
in sa few cases.
Bel-aw I give a table of iteim-s of expense
uponl the firin plantniain meitioned. This
is wtned by Cal. J. N. Williims of Socie.
ty Ilil, and lie. ipoin %%hat is called the
swamp lands of the Pee Dee river. These
itemis are naesary to slhtmw that I have
not sitted th expense to hig I
The capital cotsists of
42U0 acres land (2.700 in cultivation) at
815. $G3,000 00
251 .lavcs at 5350 each, ave.,
al and yuntIauatag S9,900 00
60 mules atd inare, nnl I
jack. atal I sttil, ave. $60 3.720 00
200 heaid or cutle, at Slt 2.000 00
500 . ho. * t S tJ.000 00
S)3 carts and 6 wagets . 20 00
G0 hull-longui e 11lab11211, (0
sharnin2 ato., 25 t nrning dIt.
15 drill do.. 15 harrows, ut
atn lave. il$1.50 each 262 00
All othar plattatian tools esii
ainted wori 1,000 00
C eas expenses. S161,402 O'9
laterest ik only counted on the
five first oati. $15,G20,.
at 7 pier ('e-nt 11.003 00
39--0 yrds L)idee iaggitg. at
16 ces (5 ydas. to a hale) 2.3G so
313-1 lla4. of rope, t G cents 101 04
Taxes on 251 slaves, ut 7G cts. 193 04
- land 70 00
Thtree overseers va'gq 000 00
.\edical attenduance, $1,25 per
head 317 50
liill aof yently stupply of iaon, 00
ilverign 100 0
Plows tandl thter toa'ls purcha
scd. ainanual ave., 1001 00
200 pair of shoe<. 175 01)
Antaui supt~ply air hats, 1010 01)
lai I of to titan and wvollena clath 610 001
I00 caottun comftorters, iu lieu
of beid lake~s 125 00
100 oil-eloth e-spotes, (New
York coas') 87 50
20 small wouollena blanikets for 250
Cadlicoa diress and hat dklerebIief
for etach woa n atal girl,
aaextra ttolber clothing) 82 00
Charistmrtas ptresenits, in lieu of.
a"negr.o erop" 1 75 0
50 sacks aof sailt ' 0 00
Anuaal alvertage out lay for it-on
anid w'oodi wtork for carts
anal wagons ~ 100 O0)
Lime anad plaster bought last
y'ear 104 00
Annaual average outlay for gin,
belts, &c. Sf0 01)
400 grallons ul' molasses 100-0
:3 kegs of ti baceo, 60 00
2 barrels of flotar ~10 00
g of' a centt a pound on cotton
for freight and commtiss'ion 2.069 G0
The crop of cotton at 6 cents . -.
will amoun t to 10,880 16
Col Williamns las also creditedi
this place wnitht the addi
ional it etms drawn from it:
13500 hlts. of bacon, taaten for
homte place anod fatctory G75 00
Beef and butter for ditto and
sales 500 00
1100 buishel, of corn and meal
. for ditto and sales 550 00
8curds of tan bark for his
. ain yard 480 00
Charges to -others for black
- - a ith-n ..I --00Ih 00
Muotrin and wool for homo use
and sales 125 00
Profits over and above in'ere-t and ex
pense upeot this total are S4.403,S.
Counting cotton only at six entis, profits
nre J.973 68; counting it at seven cents.
($23,179 59,) and profits are $2.294 04.
It is proper to state that part of. the crop
was.so!d at seven cents, and it may ave.
Now, it must ho borne in mind that this
is nne of the best plantaiions, as well in
soil as management, and that this was an
extraordinary good crop. It must also be
assomed that the land wvill. cotiine Io
maintain its fertility and value, and that
the sate hands will keep the buildings in
repair, as no allowance is made in the ex
pense account for such repairs, or there
will be a loss under that head.
Most of the cord and meal credited
comes froim a toll mill on the place. All
the cloth and shoes are man'ufaciured by
Col. Williams, but upon a ditiict place.
The place mentioned in Alabama he
longs to Robert Montague. Ei., of Ma
rengo county. The items of valuation
are 'he folloing:
1100 acres of land at $25 $27.500 00
i20 slaves. at $200 48,000 00
4 wagons 400 00
5 yoke of oxen at $30 150 00
30 mules and horses, at $75 2,250 00
4000 bu. corn for plantution
- use, at 35 cents 1,400 00
Fodder and oats, 35 rcen.s 200 00
40 head of cattle, at .5 200 00
70 " sheep, at $2 140 00
250 " hogs - 600 00
20.000 is. bacon and pork 1.000 00
Plows aud other tools 500 00
Interest on capital at 7 per cent 5.756 81)
Cash exlienses, taxes average 100 00
Blackcs. hats, and shoes, other
clothing all hotne made 250 00
Medical bill ave., not exceeding 40 00
500 lbs. of iron, $30; spades,
hoes, &c. $.30 Go 00
Average outlay for mules over
what are raised 100 00
Average expenses yearly for
machinery relairs 20 9(0
Bagging und-ropo ~ 30a00
This crop, (28.000 potinds.) at six centA
nett, will leave a balance of $1,000,420.
which is just about eneough to pay the
owter common wages of an overseer,
which business lie attends to biimself.
Now, u hile there may he a few beiter
pi;ires. tlere are ihousands not near as
good itt all the cott .-owill! region.
I could go an at .considerl:iIe lengih to
give other items about cotton, as well as
similar iifrtiiatio-n abtout sugar. &r.. but
ny time nor your space will not ullow it
I would remark, however, that I am
pullishing a series of letters in the Aime.-i
can Aarieulturis;. published in New York,
for " hich I am the travelling correspon
deit. It iH possible also tiat I timay pub
lish the observations of my tour in a iore
exten*ded and periatient form, whenever
I get tine to write out all the noltes that I
Any thing that I can do to add to the
agricultural infornimation of mny coumiry I
have a r.'rong desire to do. I am, tm'ost
Washiugton, June 4, 1848.
Mexican Prolocal Diffcully Sclled.
The Washingtont correspoindent of the
Philadelphia American, gives the follow
it is confidently assortedl in high demo
cratic quarters, thiat Mir. Suchanan has
received a letter from Mr Clifford, the
U. S. Minister at Mexico, stating that the
Mexican Congres had appros ed of' the prin
eiples anud argumnetnts advanicedl by Mr.
Clayton in the discussion with Ser.or de
la Rosa, touchitng the matter of the Proto
cal, antd to the extent hadt approved of tlie
grounid assumed by their rep~resentaiive.
For the authetnticity of this fact, I profess
to giVe nil better authority atan the deelara
titons of genlitlen occupyinlg high socil
anid politicial positions, uand who were
intimate int thme councik aud cotnfidence ol
the last administration."
AasaavmLt~e(S C.) JUNE 16.
Anolthir Storm.-We regfret to learn
that ont Fridlay lie Sih inlst., atnothler severe
sinrm of wvind passed over the lowver por
ion of our district, doing considcrable mis
chief in various places. Thle plantat ion of
Mr. G3eu. Mamrshtall, wve arc told has been
seriously inijuried by it, as also his growing
crops; but thte sadest part is, the loss by
this-gentleman of a negro boy some ninte
years of age; lie was carried till in the
storm, anid although diligent- search was
made fot him two enitire days lie has not
yet been found. It is something rematrka
tile aind extraorditary.~he anumber of severe
storms we have ha~I:.this spring, and -ihe
amount or property and timber destroyed
is no small item'.
The fight between Cassius M. Clay and
Jose ph Turnter, when resulted in the kil'ling
of both, took place at a p)ublic meeting
where slavery emancipation wans under
The Richmond Board of Health, under
date of 19tbhinst., repor~t five new cases ol
Cholera, dtue of which terminated fastally
and four were conivalescent or under treat
ETIQUET'IF a GENTL MEN.
In the colu 'the National Intelli
gence devoted 'nA otes on New Books,
we find the frol iag chapter from a new
ivork on eilt Vi
In the intei 'of social.ife the im
portance of i things is very great.
rrifles are call ' of expressing a geat
er degree. but regard and disregard
than larger act 4 If you are attentive
in t ivial afis.i said ycur regard ex
tends even to t flest consideraitions;
if you are n' 4 il in light and unim.
portant nitte i'is observed that you
have not enu epect to be civil even
in th' blniitojp hcerns. That person
who picked ui - olat of Mr. Madison
at the flight of ndensbdg exhibited
and abasemen' altery which it would
bave been diii t to exceed ;.and that
minister wito r Vto take up Napo
leon's wheni 11 ' ped it in thie council
chamber as a tes ofthle consideration lie
was held in, dts)--!d a thorou0hness of
indifference w'..- ssured the Emperor
that his fate -w*ti d
We shall be" -et down, without or
der or conecttnno pipe points of etiquctle
necessary to bi- "own and practised by
him who would e' well bred in man
At an evening. .rey you should make
a point of going'. aIround the room, af
ter you haveBi. sied the lady of the
house, and bowigEio every lady with
whom you are .t -aiinted. If, also, in
any public room; k..ptace of exhibition,
you see any per' Whom you know,
you should go a.. eak to them.
If you teet ida or gentlemen whom
you do not kno nrorning visit or a
small evening pay4 where you sit next
i~them and .4I ouglt into contact
with them, c.. Aih them witha the
same readiness-a ?lease as if you had
ktnown them ill .life. 1Noreover, if,
in w:dking wi-.h whongyou nr aC
qitinted wjii, t Are .#hors .in the
gr oup who yo idryousguld
adds . iwd rrn
on which you speak -to your friend: On
such an occasion the topics should bie
wvholly free fr om embarrassment. A shy
or awvkward demeanor towards strangels
in such position is the certain nark of one
not faniliar with the gieat world.
If you are presented to a lady at an
evening party you should call upon her
At an evening varty never put a tea
cup, wine glasq, glass of water, or cup of
lenmonade back upon thea same waiter
from which you took it. That waiter will
be handed to others, and it will be disa
oreefable to them to survey an arr.y of
half empty cups and glasses, and perlip's
inconvenient to distinguish which 'are
fiesh and which have been used. * Anot h
er waiter, in every respectable house,
follows the first one, for the purpose of re
ceiving the cups and glasses with which
persons have done, ;nd upon it alone
should they be placed.
When the servants are engaged in
handing tea or-doing twher special service,
you should not withdraw any of them
fi-ot that duty by sending them from the
r 1oom ror any thinigs else-as for a glass
of waier, a piece of ice. This is particu
larly important at a small party. where
there are fetw servants; and where therd
absence will be more inconvenient.
II, in wualking, you mreet a feiend, ac
compatuied by utie whoni you do not
know, speak to hothi. Also, if yoti are
walking with a friend who speaks to a
friend, whom you are not acquainted
withi, y'ou shuouldl speaek to the person;
and with asnimuch respect and ease as ii
you knew tepry fyume
1bma whom yo Ihv ,etegetly
bfrwokniows your n ame, and wh~ose
name you know, it is polite to salute
At dinner, thtere should not be much
conversation during the first course,
ulhile ihv meats are receiving at tetntiot.
At least, during that sea;son the renmatk
which are ade should he brief and
quiet, and not upon earnest or exciting
topicks. Long stories should be avoided,
lior the li.,teners have other organs thian
the ear, which they are wishing to ex
ercise at that time. At a hater part of
the entertainment, discourse is ugseea
If you are at a small party where tea
bs made in the room, you should not en
ter into conversation with the lady who
presides at the table, and y'ou should not
draw your chair close to her. She has
need of all her attention in arranging and
prepairing the tea-waiters, and she~ also
r equires room fur: her ai ms.
When you take colfee, ten or s.oupi at
table, you should miake no noise in sup
ping, nor other .unnatural snmacktings of
the mouth, for this is decidedly vulgar.
The most tender-hearted man we ever
saw was a shoemaker, who always shut
his eyes and whistled ile e ~ n the
aw$Unto a sole. '
SEVEN ShllLLING PIECE.
1t was during the panic of 1826, that
a gentleman, 'Whon we shall call Mr.
Thompson, was seated iith something
of a inlancholy look, in his dreary back
room, watching. his clerks paying away
thousands of pounds hourly. -Thompson I
was'a bank-r' of excellent cred-it ; there
existed perhaps in the city of London,
no safer concern than :hat of Messrs.
Thoapion & Co.; but at a moment
such a I speak of, no rational reflection
was admitted, no formter stability was
looked to ; a general distrust was felt,
and every one rubhed tn his banker's to 1
withdraw his hoard, fearful, that tFy I
next instant would be too late, forget
in- entirely that this step wias that of all
others most likely to insure Cie ruin he
soughlt to avoid.
But to iturn. The wealthy citizen sat
gloonily watching the outpouring ofIis
gold, and with a grim smile listening to
the clamerous demands on his cashier,
for although he felt perfectly easy and
secure as to the ultimata strength of'
his resources; yet he could nut repress
a feeling of bitterness as he saw constit
uent after constituent rush in, and those
whom le fondly imagined to be his
dearest friends eagerly assisting in the
run upon his- strong box.
Presently tha door opened, and a
stranger was ushered in, who after gazs t
ing for a moment at the bewildered u
banker, cooly drew a chair, and abrupt.
ly addressed him. 'You will pardon
me, sir for asking a strange question ;
but I an a plain man, and like to coma
straight to the point.'
'Well, sir P impatiently interupted, i
the other, 'I have heard that you have s
a run on .our bank, si.'
'Is it true ?'
'Really, sir, I must decline answering
to-your. very. extraordinary query. If,
ho ver youm have any, motoiy in.the .
brkw jolu I ad_ better. at once airasif
rraitdati~fy' vouieffroCreasier wti
instrintly pay you ; and the banker rose, t
as a hint for the stranget to withdraw.' 0
'Far from it sir ; I have not ore six- A
pence in your hands.'
'Then may I ask wlat is your busi- y
ness here I'
'I wished to know if a small sum
wonld aid you at this moment.'
'4Vhj do you ask the qunestion '
'liecause if it would, I should gladly
pay in a small deposit.'
The money dealer stared.
'You seem surprised ; you don't know
my peltson or my niotive. I'll at once
explain. Do you recollect some 20
years ago when you resided in Essex'
'Well, then, sir, perhaps you have not
forgotton the turnpike gate through
which you passed daily ? My fither
kept the gate, and was often honored
b a few minutes chat with you. One
Chrisinias morning my father was sick,
and I attended the toll-bar. On that
day you passed through and I opened
the gato fur yon. Do you recollect.it,
'Not I, my friend.'
'No sir; few such mien remember their
kind deeds, but those who are benefited
by them s-ldoma forget them. I am
perha2s prolix; listn however only a
fewv moments, and I have done."
The banker, wvho began .to feel inter
ested, at once assented.
'WVell, sir, as I said before, I threw epen
the gate for you, and as I considered
,myself in dluty bound, f wislied you a
hiappy Christmas. 'Thank you my lad,'
reptlied you-thank you; and thie sanme
to you; 'here is a trifle to matke it so ;
and you threw me a seven shilling piece.
It wvas the first money I eve'r possessed;
and never shall I forget my joy on re
ceiving it, or your kind smile, in bestow
ing it. 1 hong treasured it, and as I
grew up, added a little to it, till I was
able to rent a toll myself. You left that
part of the country, and I lost sighit of
you. Yearly, .however, I have been
getling on; your present brought good
fortune wvithi it; I am now comrparativo-.
hy rich, and to youi I consider I owe 'all.
So thcis -morning hearing accidenatally
that there- was a run on your bank, I
coliected all my capital, un4 hive
brought it to lodge with you, in case it
can be of anay use; rheto - a iTs. sir-here
lit is;' and he handed a. bundle of bank
notes, to the agita'.ed Thompson.. -In
a fewv days l'il call again;' and snatching
.up his ia.t, the stranger thraing down
his card, walked out of the rooma.
Thompson undid tho r-oil; it contain.
ed ?30,000.! 'Tue stein heatrted banhkir
-for tall banker mtust be stein-burst
into( tears... The firm did not required
thiis prop, but the motive. wvas 'so noble
that oven: a.- milliotiaire- sobbed.,-he
could not help it. The firm is still one
of the first in London.
The ?30,000 of ..the .turnpike loy is
now grottninfo .some ?200,000. Fort
,tunne aswit disnnscd of -her gifts. -
A AUTo BroofAPutz oF DATELW-0!IM
ITER.-i: is stated that in the preparatida
>fthe Life of Buccminster4 by M.rs. Leq
vhich is soon to 1je published, she has.had
wcess to many interesting ptivate papers.
tmot tbese isi a tntanuscript autobiography
if Danliel Webster. A paragraph quote
rnim this, shows us a fact which wijlW.k
ioth encouraging and consoling.tp diffident
Chool hbys. ,yr. Webster says:
" ily first lessons in Latin were recitq4
o Joseph Stephens Buckminster, at thia
ime an assistant at the academy.. .1 mdy
iderable progress in all the branches
tiended to under iis -instrtuciion, bur there,
ras one thing I could not dg-J-could tne
sake a declinmntion. .1 cauld iot sI
efore the school. The kind Iand excellier
luekminstierespecitly, 'souglht t o persu1;1eo
re to perforan the exereile of declatnaa
ion, like the other boys. but I could -tint de
.lany a piece did i commit to nemoy.yD
nd rehearse it in my own rosom, over and
ver iagain ; but when the day came, whs
he school was collected, when my name
ns called, and I saw all eyes turned upon
iy seat, I could not raise myself from it.:
Sometimps i he masters frowned, sonetimes'
bey smiled. M1r. Buckminster always
re'sed and entreated'%ith the most .win
ing kindness, that I wou!d only venture
nce-but I could not command sufficient
esolution, and whjn the occasion *a$
,ver, I went home and weit bitter teirtii
TnicKNS.9 oF THE COURT OF .i -
AaTL.-The first investigation orimpor)-:
once that presents itself is the thicknt.*
f the crust on which we d well. We her
en that this ought to be continually.
reasing, though with inreasing slowne;
nd that there was a time when it was!.
biin as to be almost .in a state of fysiA
Ve have stated that lie increase dften
erature observed is about one degren
'uhrenheit for every fifteen yards of de
out. In all probability, however, .th.i
icrease will yet be found to be in -gea
1etical progression, as investigation iets
mnded ; in which cases the present ekus
ill be much thinner than we had. caca
tied it to be ; and, - should this befoun
be correct. the ingenitous thporydii ;
imea-tzbject off rore 'ipo -
oli ical poiht orieWI
regenC dii s &oosiderti . - il j
ten, as correct thegresent observed..fae
f increase, the temperAture would be as
Water will bo:l at the depth of 2.430
Lead melts at the depth of 8400.vards; -
T'here is red beat at t to depth of.7
Gold melts at 12 miles.
Cast iron at 74 miles.
Soft iron at 97 miles.' .
And at the depth of 100 miles there is ti
emnperaturo equatl to the.greatest artificiat
cat yet ohderved-a temperature capable
f fusing platina, porcelain, and indeed the
ardes' substance we are acquainted witb.
hese temperatures show that the earth
P fluid the depth of 100 miles, and4 lite
tore than the soil on which we-tread.is fit
>r the habitation of organized bping; -
Beauliful S60imen.-The latetem
nent Judge Sir Allen Park once said at
publi- meeting in London : . .. .
" We live ini the midst of blessings
ill we are titterly insensible of their
reatness and of tfie source from wlence
hey flow. We speak of our civil*ization,
stir arts, our freedom, our laivs,, and
orget entirely how large a share is due
o Christianity. Blot Cristianity out of
nan's history, and wat would-his laws
save been, what his civilization ?. Chris.
*iunity is mixed up with otr.,very being
and our very life ; there is not a familiar
>bjtet around us.w~hichs does not wvear
diffhernc aspect biecause ihe ligh-of
Chsristian love is upon it ; not a law wvhich:
loes not owe its truth and gentleness to.
Chsris tianiity , not a custom.'wihichs can-:
sot be ltaced in all its holy beautifu;.
parts to the gospel."
A SuAVEnIoLDR ARREsTED D MD
FC)R WAoEs Br 115s SvE.T he Toroasto
Examiner-notices a case t~aedl at the pre
tent Assizes there, its vhich Doctor Stie,.
s Southterns slavehokder, had beets arrested,
~ept a few l'onrs 'en jail, and heltd rombail,
xrhile on a. visit, to that city, at the suit ol'
l3rwn,, bis fojrmer slave, who had-escaped.
rum bonda.age, on a claim on the part of
aints Browns of compensatiom for eervicer
'enidered Dr. Stone while itn slavery'. The
C~ourt decided. anii 'very correctly, that.
B~rownt could not recover on a -claim in
C'anada. nnsy competnsation thait wouhld not
have beets recocnised as dlue-to him in the
Ctorts of the States whsere-the parties had
resided while Brown was':Stone's slaves..
He. was accordingly' .iubjected to' the fulr
costs of the suit. - w'hich the Eramineer
sthiks. he deserved to: beo'and -that the.
t-laitms was -a. .vile conspiracy' -in extort
money from~ a atransger.-N. Y. Ti-ibuue'
NoT Bao-A newly mharried couple
eent to house-keepinsg ; nfot :long sinece,.at
Boston.s. At-breakfast the nsext mornsing,
after their-eagrance, thle: gentleman said to
sis lady' --My dear, this is Popslar-se,
sssd putting u (you) its it, it hecomue.
sopular." "And by putting saii. it,T'
romptly replied the lady1 "at will hbecome
F~our-thousand people; ostt ofa popoin
:ion of sixty' tho'usattd 'died it Limi
n ne mont h, of the canf .'