Newspaper Page Text
From the Chars. :Mercury.
THE COTTON CROP OF 18 48-9.
So much has been said concerning the
over production of Cotton. and so vivid
have been the apprehensions tha the mar
kets tIlhe world would Ise glutted with
the article, that we trust we will be ex
eased for devoring a portion of our space
to an analysis of the present year's Iran
sactions in our great staple. if what we
may say will throw any light upon a sub
ject in which so maty of our readers are
interested, or lead to any useful results, we
shall reel that the room occupied has been
beneficially disposed of.
The propable extent or the present crop
has been a subject of alarm from the cotim
mencement of the season. and a yield of
2.700.000 hales was anticipated with very
gloomy forebodingci by many, as calcula'ted
to glut the markets at the world, and effect
an unprecedented depreciation in value.
The existence of war on tile continent of
Europe, lte unsettled condition of France.
and the blot-kade of the ports in the Baltic.
were expected to agcravate the evils of
this over-prodoctioni, by paralying trade.
andi stopping the wheels of the consu merd.
in the struggle to edcape fr'om these lon
pending danigers. merchants and plan era
began to press their coton on the miarkets.
and to sell at any price diat they couldl
obtain; and as their very eagerness to sell
rendered the manufacturers only tile mtire
indiff-rent abot b'eying. it is not in lie
wondered at dint pricessh.uld have fallen
to pintsi of extreie depression. When in
this patnic of sauve qui peut. prices htad
fallen to 5 a 51 -r Fair ceittin in Char
leston, and correepondling rates elsewhere.
the planters began to reflect whether it
inight not be as prutlent to hold their cot.
ton as part with it no prices wholly Unre
munerative, and with the very first indi
cation of this feeling, prices began to tentd
upward; and now. when all those evils
should he upon us from ntwhieh we were
trying to escape by sacrificing our staple.
there is ant absolute scarcity of ctron mi I
the country. and the price if Fair is 8J.
Let us exatince what ha-t le-ome of
this crop, eslimated at 2.700,000 bales,
atd the aunnnt of stock which Liverpool.
the great Cottin tarket, is likely to lie
Since the fiest of September lost. tip to
June 22. we have r-ceived 2.036.000 hales
and of this we have exported to Great
Branin. - 1.450.000
From the Gulf ports between the Ist of
Sepiembier and 10th Noweimber. :tnd tie
Allautic part* to the 17th Nomvemh.-r. we
exported to Great. Briinin 160.0100 btles.
and we asstme th-it ihuse impltrI4 rpehee
Liverpool before Jaenunry I, i8-9. and
were coutt ited in la t % ear's iipmts . tn ti
will, conseqetn'iv, nt a opletr i tuis y-air's
imnports. Thie W'lli leave 1.290.000
From Jatu-try. I to June 1.
there h'cye been receive-I lot
Liverpoul 93q 000
L-avin! aflat a-d in arriva 32.001)
O)f the Oltoerts to Gre-.o Britain fri-ii
this cuncry; th-- prutporjtan ,has gtes o
other pirt%, thn Lverpooul is about 7 per
cent. which of 322.000*wtnhi he, say 22 -
000 aned wold b.-nve its the quantity gtill
on the waey tio Livurtpol 300.000
Added to stock held June 1, 526.000
Stipply when exports Iland, 826,000
The qiestion now arises how much
more witi we send from Juno 22 to No
vember 19. The entireo stock itt our sea
arts (exclndine New York) aned on ship
Noard is but 1-26.000 hales, tand therm are
20 ships loadiner fir Fraence and the Con
tinent against 27 for Greait Brittain. The
growing crop is thtmee or four weeks lateri
than usual, and we car. count only otn a
very moderate export of new Ciotto lire.
vio-us to the 10th atnd 17th of' November
next. In our opinion 125.000 batles is
qutite a large estimate for the export to
Liverpool ter that period. wrhieb, added
to 826,000 will give as the supply of
-* American Cotton in Liverpool from June
1 to Januairy 1. 1850. 951,000
We will now view her wants.
There were taken at Liverpool
for consumpitiont from Jann,.
arv 1 to ist June. 22 weeks,
546.000 bales, anti fir expolrt
during satne period. 69.000
bales. makinig 615.000 hales,
or 28.000 per week of Amer
lean Cotton. In tihe same
ramio. the want, of the re
maining smoen mnonceh, or 30
weeks, will require 640,000
bales. which wo'uuld lentve as
the stock otn hand ott 1st
January next. 111.000
bales. against 235.000 has rn the 1st
January. 18l0, anid -21,000 on the 1st
It is admitittedl thnet cirumnsnnees mny
arise w~hich ma~y affect the corre'ctnes iof
thisd estfi-tf. Adlverso cases mt'ay come
into tplav ducritne thte iivervatl. ariting firom
the -dist urbed conti'ion of~ Enuriponn poli
tirs; or thte prispect of their penacefil se'
thement. the coc-paratively light atic-k.
anid the prospe.-t of at ma~teriallyV dliminish
edl crope foir theo present year. may caue a
material adivance in price<, amid check
consuitptioit. Bne we i..h to sh'tw, antI
we thine w- have ecitbtisheet, that cite
crop of2.700.000 hales leas creaeted nte Simt
in th:e market. eve-n tintder the trressere edI
a Europ-an war. antd theat the preset
prices are too low in view of t he relative
suipply and demantd of the article.
if we tort our attention to ouer home
rotanufntetuirers. we will find chat they are
in no better condcitieon ehhan those of Great
Britain. as the fiollowing e'htibit will .show :
The total stoicks in all the seaports and
inlind cn'vns orn trce 1st Septembeer,
1848, was 172,000
And the receipts up to the 22d
June, are 2.63.5,000
Exp'ts to fl. Britain, 1.450.000
" Franece, 337.000
-Other ports 360,000--2,057.000
The stock remainting is
-Jo the seaports 130.000
New York -84,00')
Inland towns -40000--254 000
Showing that there has been
taken for domestic consump
tion fr... Sept...be. 184
to Juno 22, 1849. making
forty-two weeks, 460,0o
There will he wanted in the
remanining ten wieks, at the
sarie ratio. 115.000
To supply this there is an nggregate stock
or 214,000 bales in the country, while
there are forty-five ships loadtng in thi
Sout hern ptorts alone for Enagland and the
But let us catry the calculation a little
further. If the crop, of last year reach
2 700,000 bales. which is scarcely proba
ble, there is yet to receive up to Ist Sep
tember, 60,000 bales; and of Cotton ol thi
new crop. we may receive at :hte Gol
port up to November 10, nid Atlantic
porte, November 17, say 150,000 bales.
making together. 210.000 ales. atnd added
ti the paresent stuck of 253,000 halee,
woul.l make 463,000
Of this we have give
Great Britainl 125 000
France iln(d Continent 40.000 165.000
Tite consumption of the United
States to i7tl Novcmber, 21
wresks, at 11,000 per week 231,000
Letvingt. as the agregate stock
in all ilte poris and Inland
towns of ite Ur-ited States on
tlhe 17th Nov-m'aer next 67,000
baleso, itgninst 319.102 bales at the sain
perimi lust year. and 273,84G bales in
If our estim::tes and ealculations nre
rorreer. and there is sit amnall qnantiay of
Ohe lisi crop to be carried over to te iixt
year.'s receipts. added to the strong proha
bility that there will lie a diminished crop
the present year. the producers and con.
miners of cstton, and all others interested,
inay he aided by them in making up their
:pinions as to its prospective value.
FROM MEXICO & CALIFORNIA.
A telegraphic despatch to the Charleston
Courier Irom New Orlenne. dated .une
231. gives the following intelligenco :
The British stacamship Clyde arrived nt
Mibile, fr-im Vera Croiz, giving us tha
rifllowing iten-t of news :
Herrra's gavernnent is growing ex.
ceedingly unpo'ilar in Mexico. and alt
inerensing desire is exhitite. far the returi
ifSiainta Annta to pow er.
A large body of Indalhns have been lately
invited by the annexationists to marcha it
,Advices from San Francisco to the 1 9h
ainy. bring qite unfavorntile accouants
From that Place. as !o the prospect of gold
liggers.-Some n.o very lurky, while
thers. itdeed the greater number. obtain
ardly sttniiint to pay their expenstes.
Tio5o:lsans wirn trriving there, but
maaV. iiitach dialtppoiinted in their exiee.
aiantis. were retuarning. aifter having eta
.ou otered III uc-h suffiering.
The numbtter of gold liggers now em-a
played is estimated at about 8000.
A ltter froima San Francisca. of the 1thi
if Mtay stnes flint every thng is ilj dliuor:
er ther#. h'lte law of the strang'oet 'kiil
:a.is 'len proclaimed. Gov. Sanitht and
hi, troops have taken refuge on board the
A- trienn ships,.ad the soldiers were
hutntia.l downt liko walves.
Suome alf the. passengers by the 'Clyde.
left S in Franc isci) on thec 18th. but imean
iota not a naortl of the~se maatters ad thete
rare little or n coalidenace is placed in the
rThero haid beeni a numtber or encounters
aetweena the ludiatns and w hites at the
Tag Loutevz Lid' D CEL-The LnI ts
illea Journal oaf ithe 15th conttain;s t h- fl,
owinag accoaur~t af a faital duel, previiously
epaarted lay telegraph:a
lt is otar mnelanchloly aillice to record the
su of a fratal del which tatok platce ys
erday, at ten o'clock, six tailes aboave thtis
ity, on thto indiana shoro, baetw' en twoa
well-ktnownt citizenas of Loaiisville, Mr.
11)hn1 T. Groy and Capt. Henry C. Pope.
3ta the Motaday naight previous a diit~etnly
ccurred betweena the. parties which it is
eedless to describe. Caiptain Piipe sub
equtently sent Mr. Grey a challetnge.
which w~as accepted. 'Tho challenged
party selected shaotguns as the weaons,
ondedl with single balls. dlistance tuenuay
paees, the giutt to tbo held with thte lanr.
rels restinag in thte hoallow of thea left air in.
and to fire at the tasual words. Thte gutns
were fired nearly simntanenusly, andl
-Captaina Piape fell. thIe hal p1w i thriatagh
lie (opper puart of his thigha. barenaking the
aonte, antd enterinag the other thiang. A
aied wats pirocuredl, anti incedI in tt smnaIl
boat, and the waitnded gent'lermtan was
laid on te bead and tblrotughtt down rahe riv
ar. htat baefoare thae boat reached Loatisville
bte extiredl. Others will paronoauntcsthe
rsalaoiy of the decenased. Hie was tt gentle
matn air a Ie rot, respaectabale conneeraions,
af htarndsotmt talents, nnd1 he tpossessed ii
kintd andai genteruaus naature. He and hais
nitngonaist hail been utmil the nlightt of t
quarrel bosomn friends.
EFFfrCTs OF EM-AN~cnPArtotC.-In the
last Willmtor and Smritt's 'Timtes, wae have
anothter evidenace of the offerts of emanci
ption in te Brmtish W~est Indlia Islandr:
--Hy the West lndi'au mail we learn that
liar taawnsianat, M'1r. J.>sias Booker, n' hto it
itnipresent int the West Indies, hias purl'
rehnaed nt Demerara the Plantationa 'Profit
foar $I0,220. Three tither plainta'irans. thr.
G~reetafield, Eccles, and Henry, we~ re soldl
'a tbe snmtte timea. They fortmerly baeliana
eI t o ,Mes~rs. G!en, attd cost ?100 000
,aterlinag. 'The fuur only brought $32,380
KrcYrocxx.-Thae Yeoman says: "W~e
lea.-n fram a whaig thlaat it is the irntention
f -tiny members of thtat party. after thae
election, to gtet up petitions all over the
Statte, reg-restinag Mecssrs. Clay ntnd Un-a
derwood to resign their sealts in thae Uniited
States Senate, if, as they believe. tlto vote
r.f the peoptle goes strongly against etman
eipatioan. The peop~le of Kettetky wil
tever be sattisfiedl to he represented in thte
Sne of ithe United States bay two Soomh.
trm men with Northern principles."
Daowr~v.-.-A Mrs.sMitchell and bet
bree chaildren, at Stctetevile, Ohio, a fe w
laysa go left httme very mysteriously, an
tnve nll been found drowned in Yellow
Dreski When discoveredithe rjvo eldest
hildren were tied together and the young.
,sr to the mother.
EDGEFIELD C. H.
VEDNESUAY JuLY. 4, 1S49.
Air. IV. G. Russnml. aid Jons A. Ar
nisow. are our nuthoriz--l Ag4 ''ir the collen.
tin ef anl mnievyside ust i the Districts l
Edefield, A hheville,'Newheri. nrid Bariwell
We nispe nil perhons inidebtil to us will ni
put nor Collectors to the troidble or cailin- os
them Ite seonind time. or force nts In pince theii
neconutA in the hands or if ngistrates tot he enl.
lected nt their cost. We wanet..our monry and
miust-lnvo it. A word to the'.itise is stifficient.
07 The Hnn Jous C. CALHUaNO. has writ.
ten a letter to the Petleton Messenger in rein
iints too the Speech nadebythe Flon. Thos. H.
Benton. at Jcfiferieon City, %%.jch will appear
in the next tumiber of that pijier
The Faller Insiltute,
AT GRF.ECNW* ABBETILLS.
From the advertisement In nnother volition,
it vi!l be seen, that tho exainantion of the
stieenit or titt exceint school classed on the
27th tilt. We learn from various snirces, that
its resiIt were very satisfactitry to its patrons,
and very fi ittering to its tenchers.
The exertinionfthe people of Greenwood tr
affitid h.9 ineans or inistrnetint to ynnntg gentle
men and laties. deserve thie mnat iheran eneinr.
ngement of the coniniiitiy. The friestel of the
istitntion at thin head of these ronaike, iave
contined to labar against accidents and loses
with n zei not only fervent. but most highly
commenidable. We do not -suffer irselves in
eittertnin the slightest dtih?, hot ttha- their hope
will hn crowied with the cosmpletest success.
Ffortst sq latdiable. casnotimeet with a iailure.
Abbeville mtsi -at permit it-Edgefield must
iot permit it.
Besides thsir principal te- -her .1r. Niclat'LI.s.
we leart., talint the servicastfir. two accoimlipshed
maisSu:stanis have been emploved.' We are aetn,
inforied tlit tho splenrlsd brick hsilding whicl
is being cnartrctesl by the pitrasns of the
lnd-es & Filler Institu.e,-will ie completed
in or by Octoher next.
The Battle of Sullivan's Island.
The 2Oth of Jite, the Anniversary i this
hattle was.celebrateitbe necitizis of Charlee
ton with Prent spirit and style,
We nre highly in faivor of suc)h celebrations.
They have at happy eltii ntt thin yning. and
warm the harts nf the old.. They store the,
mind with patrirutia .senlimneirtsi and inspire iI
wtvth nill anid hernir Jnpiss. -Every spiit
TI thd country vlerle. otpfaPrs r h- hni
bos chnssecratad to thiir. tiameri's-t-~ patriot
ism atisd in vittunr. it is a piifl eviletce of
the indal'renena ' oinr''plinphii not to e.mv, 01
their wantt of rpsrit. that the marks which re.
coral ihmstrnsegies of the Am'eriena aroonnd old
Ninetv-six. in thi< district and Ahhevilks. shionir
be en horribly eflirted. TI.. B :ar Redonht'
doies nor trnsmtifit the re'membrmance ..f nutr did.
graece. Otn thte c.nnStrar'we reensr tn it with
pleastire annd pride, nnd the dteieet venseraution.
T'hs efT~trtd made by nor anceestore to nrrest i
front the handls of the BritI-sh. thsonth ttnanc
fi, were as aallant -s nny of the most splenidid
atctionss of the wmatr of the revoltution.
The Hon. Thuos. Hart Benton.
Th'is linn. II. S. l'otn. ini his nisaih cl's
q-tenit style. hats vinadientied ihe tignesrs of the
dothesarn Addlres.ca f'rom thss fiaml napersinns
sons them by 'rTt. si. Betts.naf .1lis-.
enoti. in hiis lise .Jflersoin city speecht. inn
laong. anble and most powerful letter to the lian.
FH. A. Wise.
The Missaori Sentotr's chief .itacks were
huorledl at M r. Cat.uo, as the e'xponeint'and
leutaer of thte Southern m~ovement, with thse
vie w of idenitifyisngthe present spirit or resisc
tanice to Naurthemrn negressinn, wviths the spiril
thait antimateda Snit h Carolinta ini the dlays sif
onllification. .Mr. Fsoait itt disclosing the pur
pso. nnud expnsing the tnectics atf the heartless,
bialh ing beer or the W~est, has the fsollowinsg
just. baeutifiil ainda bnprea'sivo patssage.
-It isanmtising ousgh to obltservo with what
pertitnacity Mr. Bsenttt kseeps sup his puirsuiit of
ths favaaritea stautestmuan ef Setuth Ceatlitna. T~he
issnes wvhich hie mua~ke its hii Jeffearsont City
sapeecht are slI simsae with Mar. Cnihlitnn. Hlis
donatisaneidonsa nsre till Iitr hits.m.e tidietilet
hism-ho smalitis tiim-wvithsosutst or reoren.
lHe mioisc no ether signer of' thsa Sotherni
Adldreaes by iamtie nit all. Hau glanoces, tat tbe
sure,. fuirtively, anid abluiast ns if bsy pisre aacci
deti onace ast twice, at thosse whoa itiited wvithi
the dranightetst of the ndi.rns. itn the noct sif
sssba'aribaing ii; bitt stffects tat rentgise every
mtothetr's s.m5 of themi as iseres "Gl:atwers" of ia
. tort saf idoalized politisnt lender. liis rentson
for asdoptiing this partienslatr eourse is ahlvinas
ensngh: he imaginsed thazt there vet lurked ini
thme pubtllin mtiind n remtnanst tf thit otacn pree"
enit psrendice nanist hair. Catlhostn asth
expondet~sr tf' ssillificatiota; retansppaee thi't it
het enntbla tnage t'' connstect nuer mtovamnst lasti
witnter wvith thea nsotedi msteses of Staste re-ist
nare adospled by Sasuth Carslitin a lew y'ears
sinecn, Isis tritsmsph itn the cotlest wvhtch he Is~
satnght wmiah hae "jnite nn5 enisy atne Besills.
he hadl but little r:ghlt tat expect that hir. Catl
Ihoist wvonid comie itl thie siressi att all wvith
such asn aintagonsist as hiimsa'lf.nas he is wvell
known i very sehlomt indaeed (an notice tiny ting
whlich chiasce's tat fit. tromt teh. heittons in the
Sentate. aid to aerisht for himt esuly a sensi
menst of imnsuasbh-' c- ntemopt. By canltions
ly av'idling atny sepecial niisn to..the~rasignters
esfitse addres, lie expecsed to he able so aissail
thus inidirescthy. withouit nsiThngi thtem a pe
text for rettaag his hiostility.0I regret ho feel
ceimpelled tat dist apint this anticipationt of ims
punsity. Inespresentting.nas I have the pert to
Idi, si vaisunt, in paitriattic, and Unsiton havinsg coni
Istitueincy-a enasitienesy. who. ttpo:1 nll esses
tins which iinvslve the honior of the natioti, ot
their iwis dlomletic secutrity, tsre uniitedl st
msan; a conhtituentcy irma, discreet, enltightenoed;
.--Their dnities knstw,
But knsow thesr rihts, anid knouwing, dart
Prevent the leog aimed -blow, -
Anda crush the tyriant when they rentd the chain;t
nctinsg by thte anthority afsnseh.a costituency,
ins a higitplace, I dare not preve r'ecreant.bei
fore thei enemies, .or patiently permit
s tanding nd good aith ag a 'trnsted. .fpction
nry to be called in qnestion by any inflated an
presutiluptnons dentagogne that has ever ye
cursed the republic with-his presence.
I reppect Mlr. Calhoun very highly, and be
lieve ihnt few better. pnrer. and moe patriotat
men have ever lived on earth; but whilst I ani
not nshamed to acknowledge my high reve
rence Air his mind and character, I am uni
nfrid (if being regnrded by any man whc
knows me as his obseqninis follower. A fe w
days will determine, whether lie who hasli been
set forth as our leader, mny not. in spite of hiit
knnwn aversion to controversitil strile, and tht
reeble state of his physical health. prompted by
the peculiar perils of ilt hour. n deep and
swclling seise of long-accumulating wrongs,
and this last vaudalic outrage upon his reelimgi
ad character. snatch the sword of ven.ienswie
from ih, scabbard where it reposer. and wield
it with a giant's strenigth for the destruction ao
such monsters its hve s(.dton appeared in the
world since thlnold days of Mythical renown.
Perrupit Acheronta Herculeus labor.
ntil lie shall cnnisider his nssailants worthy o
death tit his own hands, it would ill-becoime
oie wholly ua:cannmissioned for the piuirpose to
presnme t) lit a lance in his defence."
The Mismi..sippi Senator does not stop at do.
femding the comiinct of hiiself and friendi
againat tie ar-rimnatnt and vitnperation of the
great political alos4tate taf the cauttmy, but he
trimnphitiatly proves the iie.ntisistency. and
reviews the whole course of that violiter ofall
lecencv, consistency and order, and that eremy
in the goverineut he is bonid to protect.
We will by no mterns, weary our renders by
a fill exipression if the loathing and disgust we
have fAir one nf the moat inscrnipinlns aind trai.
torans politicians that over bl.ackoned the anisa
of this, or perhaps any conntry. We feel a
deep concern in his late acts oaf perfily only,
because they give an niinistakenble indicnti
fif the feeling of the North-west ott the qates.
tioni, which is dlestinted, we fear, ,it io I slant
perind to rend that Unin nainder, and discap.
pnint- the risird hapes of all the patriots and
Invers of liberty on the a tentinett of America.
With JI it is a qaue'tioia nt of liberty tnd
slavery only, bit of life nnd dealt. We niust
meet it it ovety form, atd neither the ridirle
nor the- taints of our enetties should af'ect our
The South are sincerely atliched to the
Union by the dearest rec-ollectiogins that cat hind
the hearis of men-by te sttfirings and glory
of their fithers-hy the Ilond of their brethren
anl sntis, and by the wole hitoAry of the gny.
ergatnent: hnt their itve of liberty itself, andh of
the priinciples of ettrial jataitiace. will drive
them even to the Int resort. before they will
yaeld sr etnipromiaee the shadow o' a right in
the contest that now agitates the land.
FnR TiHE- AtIVERTISFn.
At a regaai1gr meetiig of Caincorlin
Loal. No. 50. held at tia Masonic H1all
on theili 161h tilt., the following. Preamble
anad Resolttion were <&red and unni.
Wherats. we lave henrdi with faelinges of
pain anal sorrow of the demise of our
young friend and Brother, JoHs J. MATS,
we cannot i i exlraess ilt.hn;e feelings ign
,nme fiinialle and publie form. Cait oil
in the full hajatit fof a1 usefaal nad hinorn.
Ible career.- w tituat sincer.-ly svimpathise
with hits hexentevl trien-l-4 nn relaions.
H-ie was': b. ri~thi IBianther, antd ang irtna
men:t air ne oage, anal the whtolt hrtihe
hotnd. His loss we Irtast manj p-ove hti.
E terntal gaina. . 1ay hi jnisa attt hanorale
haf't. taini haium art ad-~niatannee 'o tone (ele's
,ial Lotdge n! nye. nata he~ prannuanced Wor
thyj by ogar Great Ga anal .\alaster.
ftearled. That we adteply leplore hti.
lInes, as n useful atr.d clficit Offieer, andt
Resolverd. Thai we waill wear the tusual
unidie tat Moa trn ing fair thiray dhays.
Resolred, That thae taniks otf si< Lndlge
hte gendered tn tihe lirethreg tf Harmttotn
Laai1e. Nga. 67. faar their kittanns~s atnd agi
tgt-tIitin. sat the fatnteral services taf our de
geMRa'al Brotherj .I .IA Ts.
Resolved. Thnat a eanry of these reenin
tiants ha, irnsmitteal lav the .Secretrary. t
th famnjiv ofC aour }raat her, nand th at thetc
be pnbtlishedl ign thta Elgeliald Adve~rtiser
aand Hamnbur'g Ra-paabli--ne.
W. H. A rasoY. Sec'ry.
.DIArn nr Coar.. JACK. IIAYS.-SUnvy'.1
Or A RaauTV. -ro L;, Paaso.-The death aif
Cotl. J ack H ays. nununneet: in t he fallaow
mnz lettecr, will bo regrettead thtraanghtti
the Untin. Hea wase a most gatlltat and
Corrspondencea of thae Memphis Eagle.
GALVm-rSaI, Jtune 3. 1849.
The news tif aot eity, by nrrivnl ahi2
moring, is the rieath tif ColI. Jatek Hayge.
le diedl at San Antontit, a few day s ago,
T1he engineers sen. ottt anme montha
since lay thte Iate Gean. Woarth, arid whta
were sauppinsead to have beeni cutt off it
their exptlatrninnu of El Paissa raou'e, haave
all returnmedl in gouad henglth anda repiort ft.
vrnably ao' the ratite. The expedhiin
which wtas stnppn'eed t have bteen atbun
doned, will, it iasgnow said, start for the.
El Passo in a few dlays.
No chtolern nt ti ptlace.
Yattrs, truly, J1. B. A.
Bt-nnr RrsenfUY-r.R ts JAIr..--The
Hagersraawn (.ldi ) Torchtlightt gives the
--Ott Ttuesday aftertnoon a dimench
netmrud itn the catunty j til, hfetwveen twa
prisatners. Hena'try Kenrney atnd Wmt. Van
hiade.r; thte formier; coofialnfdor to nasauhb
wi th thle itet to kill ano talicer. itad othte
charges, antd the hatter for passing countter,
fit ttoniey. Kearatey hnvinig tetrminedia
to Ireak jatil. mematainnead his objecito Van
idaier in atrder tat tobtaini his assistance. ht
was refusetd. He wenat to hiis rotamt ptrn
cured a pistol tad presented, it nt Vanabin
ier, whao, seizittg it it hgis handta, atteteda
to take it friam him-while lie hadl hohtl no
it, Kearnecy drew thec triger,n at ieceeiv.
edl sev.eratl slngs it his hiatd. Kearntc
gaint went to i, raomi. praocured a baule
hrrel pi,.tatl, anal 'nlrl V. he '"wouhai finishi
himn this time." lie presented the pisttl
ind fired-V. threw til his arm andi receiv.
ed the contents, seaven sinag%. in 'it. A
sercht was mnadte fotr the pitlas, and, oil
Wednesay tmornintg. they were foundc
coceealed btenenth the wvashtboard. A knift
itnd file were also fotnad."i
I've risen from thie Bar io the Bench
as thte young lagwyer sa id when be qi
aw and went to shtoemraking. .
Ask thy purse what thou shouldlst buy
tFrom the Hamburg Republican.
ST. JOllN'S DAY.
This time honored Masonic Anniversary
ralliig on Sunday, was celeb.'ated on Sat
urday the 23.1, by Harmony Lodge or this
place. assisted by numerous visiting
About 12 o'cleck the Lodge was organ
ized. formed in procession and marched to
the Bridge, where they met Social Lodge.
No. 1, of Attgusta, Georgia. and the whole
being fortied in procession. was marched
through several of our streets, makittg a
fine display, with flying banners anid their
rich regalia, until they arrived at the Bap
ist Chitch where a large audience land
aissembled 1#o hear an addiress from .
Gray,'Esq., a member of the Order. Ser.
vices -at the church were commenced by
the Chaplain, the Rev. Mr. Keinerly offer
itag a Prayer. follon% ed by the ,nieing of ati
Ode prepared fIt the occtsion. The Ora.
tor theti rose and addres-cd the audience
in a very chaste. impressive and a ppropri.
ate tauner, after which the services of
the church were closed by sfinging tnother
Ode, and benedictio., frotn the Chaplain.
The members of ilte Mauonic~Order were
then marched to the Hall of Hariony
Lodge, tand called from labor to refresh
At half p-ist 2 o'clock noth lodges. with
a ntmber of tranient. brethren. marched
in procession to Kettham's American Ho
tel. and partook of a mosit sumptuos im
tier. Mr. Ketcham. on this occasion, dis.
played his usual good inste and litberality.
hy providing eve'rything ihat !he mo~t fa;.
tidiaous ciauld desire to cotsiitute a adintier
pileaintg alike to lhe cpietnrian eye or pa.
late. After all presem had displayed in a
1mot becoming maner their atppreciation
of ithe viatnds, the elih being removed,
the fallovintg regular and volun;eer toasts,
with many others, we have not been able
to obtain, were offired and drank with en
1. Our Patron Saint-his sterling virtue
and the mornI bIeny (if his character. rean
ders his namte dear to ill.true Brothers or
the r if. May we this day celebrate his
festival in a fit nitid becoming at anner.
2 Free Masonry. a imne nonored ani
dlorious Institition-its nible prioriples
nill live, lie honored and cherished when
the tianes of its enemies shall be forgot.
ten. and lov in the laps tif time.
3. Tie Widin s :Son-ihe spotless puri.
tv of his character and the honest itegrity
tf his life. will ever tie beil in sacred esti
matiin by all genuine Free Mainos.
4. The .\lasont L-idder-Fuith in Grad.
Hope for immortility. anti Charity to all
iinkind. May we steadfastly adhere to
ibik Sacred Ladder.
5. Our iivited 3reibren nrioiher Lodges
--we hail them with oneigned feelinas of
Brotherly Love. nid hid theat welcume,
lthrice wilctme to our restive Board.
6. The Maemory of the Brave and Gen
ereans Col. P. M. luier. whilst we admire
his gallaitry as a soldier aid his patriot.
isin as a cit'zen. Yet -we dleeplv d 4are
his hiss as it Bro-har itnsee. * lis noble
andi patritic deeds in the field and his mild
amiable vii tues as a Ma'son. endears his
memoitry too tOe Masonic Fr:ternity.
7. TPitt Gantd ebiarnt'eristic principles
or citr Ordehr-Blroaherly-Love. Relie'', iand
Trmth. Mayti we ever sijuare our actionts
by I beir iiuiloart a! jriinciplies.
VOLUN'l'l R TO.\STS.
BU A. Ml Benson. (.1Master of H armony
f4odge.) -Thu Poaitat withiin the Creele
.iMay every briather retmembier thatt lhe i<
hat point, andt hiear iin tind howv that
eiriele is biouttdtetd. so thIa I. in the enijoy
tmentt of hbis fe'i val accasioni lie nmay ntat
cever-step the bota udarv tattkedl out biy the
first 'erdina! virlite-Temperance.
By Wfilliam H~ill.-lThe ever to lie te
memtibere'd icenn of aour Order-broitherly
love', relic'f' and i rt:h.
By l'illiam Miler.-Thte Laties.
Althiotitth e..elle I fIc rom ettltr finrarity,
yet they ocetlpy thea highmest siationl ini t
tite 'i aroni's hatrt.
B3 C. F. Lewi.-Chiarity.-'The chief
air every samri.,1 xirtuei. ihie dismiuauishiig
chnenacleristic of our Order.
Bly Lerey Hill.-Fcem-asrcnry- Like
the tiafty Oakl whotcse tcwering smiti 1 ti is
seeni in thi- mist cif iihe trees 'of thle forarest
that surrounad it. it dallies with athe wvinds
(if persed' tion anti ale fis lpiteii ..
By? (Jr. Moantagne.-T'he tmemory of'
thte M~arquais DeaLaf'ayette.-The early
fi lend! of' ottr counatry.'tho paltront of on'
Order and liticrary mnemtber of Social
Leedfe No. I. Ananosa. Genrcia.
B, lewis Lery.-Otar hiost, Mr. Ket
chiamai-recme nda tedu by~'t the (a.ti tl ee
olf Arrniements otf irmtony L-eiae. Nat.
67. roun tiwoilrthyi and weall qtialitled by
Sorintl L'idle, Nco. 1. of Atugcsta.
By Johln larsh.-Oar ~Hocses-A 1
thtouuth altr licast wats rcomtmeindedi by
Ha:rcmony antd l'omnd wcorthiy fby Social. thte
licht biy wich huile shtines is aonly lborrtowed.
ne onat tible shows the work of wotman's
By Mrl. Hlardman.-The lilacksmith,
doilomatnt wisdto-a ia foundit at thte head of
thte festive bona the Bla;cksaitth will be
f'emind amone the guests.
By Ml. Gray.-Otir Principles-The
moure rcasely tiy tare inivestigated, the
tnere tiutnnifual thecy n ppeair.
By J. D. Buit-Th'e Fair Sex.-AI
thouali they catnnot be tmfaie Masons they
are oftetn atmade thie better halves of M a
By 17. H. M4aharry-Hairmnony Lode
No 67 anid Stocial Lcacle No. I, P'srtici
p~is att thte f'eti'.e botard, mtay they lie
e-qutal parliucipants in relievinig the dis
taresed widow~s and orphans of Master
By N. M1. Beall.-The'memory of Moar
Gaen. G.i:jnes, hisi memory will ever be
cherished biy all tue Miaimn.
By, S. M. Thaompmon.-hlar-r'ony. and~
Social Lodg~es, as liaramoaty is ntOeI sarty
to~ Sociality, may both forever exist be
I ween ilheam.
- By Jamesa Godby.-The principles of
Free Mcasontry; laased upon the aatpertshal
pble founidat ion aif Divline trth;i proimtts the
witrm-iheartedl brother to feet! the hunery,
to clothe the na'kedl, anda vi-it the sick. and
to meek' ctpporunities for doinig good to his
By 17. 1. 1ighlhnan.-H armony Lodlge
of -H amburg. Its hospitality this day3 is
an agreeable prontl that. whether at refresh
meat or labor, the principle of brotherly
love i never f'orgtten.
By J. D. Butt.-Miasonry. her sons are
the people-her Lodge, the Universe.
By J. W. Punizin.-Our intilitntion.
The storm ormalice decended, the Floods
of envycermo and the wines of persecution
blew and beat upon it, but it fell not, for.
it was founJed on the Rock of Faith; ce
men ted by the ties of brotherly love and
By A. W. Letis -Woman. To have
their sauction is our ambition, our great
est care will be to preservo them.
By B. Baird.-'Free Masonry. As
firm as a rock based in the bosom of all
civilized . countries. It has withstood the
asaulits of iho Tyrants of the Old World,
the political Anli-Masons of the United
States, and the Rcligious bigoto of all
Christenihm.-Esto perpetua. -
By S. B. Mays. [sent in).-The memory
orlitm. who. in 4aur Mystic Temple. re.
present Ihe Pillar of Beauty. maty we pre
serve with as much fidelity (as he did ou
a certain occason) the Jewel committed to
By IV. R. Oakman.-Oor H ost. May
his parkets lie always as well lined as his
board this daiy.
By J. IV. Fannin.-Th'e Ladies of
Edgeceld. Although they possess not the
sirengih and wisdom arrogated to them
selves by the coarser sex. still they have
the charm of beauty nore potent than
either, and oftienhe consequence. of both.
MAYF RE ID AT HoX.-The following
extrnct fron New York papers show the
estitation in which Lieut. Reid is held
at ione. Nuah's Sunday Times says:
"Lieutenant Reid enumnerates, among
other gallit fea-:s, to obtain the .
or Geral Jarkson, that he a
Paimetto boys to do their duty u
ing lum the uiit their regimental ori.
Coilonel Gladden, their hate colonel: in a
letter to our Miyor and Common Council, #
says that~it is all romance-the result of
a paneice intagination. The Bag of the
Palmetto regimr.ent never once fell, and
was carried throughAout the action. We
gucas the colonel is right. The Palmetto
boysa dil their duty on that day, as their
forefathers did at Fort Moitirie."
The New York Atlas winds up its com
inent4 as follows:
We do not wish to say anything dis
reputable to the claims of Lient. Rieil, we
must admit that we thought. at the time
we first perused his document, that he
was 'cuttin2 it rather thick!' And we
regret that the only champion-out of al.
the hirues manufactured by the Mexican.
war-whn has thus far stopped o -6
and told the world- his merits, jhoa
furo'ersmep the modesty of naV'
m-ike 8 refutation of his val
If ihe cily autiliorities cal
laimants flir thie pri
hack to Andrew Jae
till some future occasiorl.
mary to present it for the s i
'chiva'ry' of lie eepublic.'r
The Siunday Mcercury aI
very utitiercifilly. and ib
were "sold" htv aiking ,
a ridiculou mirifesitaw
How Ttxrs u ?
gnal city of Boistotn :s on
abiolitiona ciaies in the Uri
verstal eantcipatiion !
niever comaes ttao late.
fromea thte Botontaa ptapers, gi
troade our Puritan frienda
'July 5. 1742 -To 1)i5
likely. stroit:. atnd healhby n'
that is an eccellentt couokh andl
soarts ofr busainess.-Evein
July 5. 17426-Any person that
tar mare tingr mten to) dispose of can
oif it customer lay ap~plying to the prini
Se pat. 20). 1742,-Tho lie stald amottg
boiats funtue a likly negro tian, aged
n ety-eightt years-Eve. Post.
February 8. 1771.-Toa lie still am aue-.
tioan a sprighty bad, eig~hteemn year. aalit
thnt enna stpeak Fretwlh. hiquire, of the
tat inter.-.Massiachusetts Gaziette and Post
A pril I9, 3771.-Ta lbe mold hy public
'e'ndlte Wcteddy next. at the Court
li nste atnd Crain it. ini Caornhill. Hostin,
saimitry sorts of hotasehtoid caods. bedts,
pimts. and. ket tle-t, brass anid iront ware, and
a ytoung. n'fgro wotman seasoned to the
coutntriy.-New E'nglanda Wetekly Journat.
Jutty 8. 1771 -To he sold a hearty, like.
by negro bay, abountt twetnty yanra otf age;
has had the small pox; catn ido every sort -
ofr work; would make an excellent set vant
in the cotntry.
ilecembter 17. 1774.-To be sofad, a
negra womian, tiirty-six years of ago. She
bhas been in Biastotn Fraan a chihl. Shte is
a agoad cooik :iand washer, and can dio all aorts
of htinseholdj humitiess in a comitplete'ma
ner, and is a very serviceable negro.--Eve.
Oc tohae 26, 1730.-To' be sold by Mr
Davi'ia Pippoon, five young tnegro. girls
atnd btoyt. Alao a white youtig miati, who
is wrillitng t o serve t welve month; for five
puoundsi and prisotn charges.
there iq an advertisemenit of a different
December 7, 1714.-A-6noe negro child
of a very gooid bareed, to lbe given away.
linquire of the prinier.-Eveinig Foat.
E tr.cyTonevatuo.-The following good
hit at the practice of catndidates for oflice,
playing the agreeable t'o the families of
thoseo they visit when on elecnioneering
tur, is from the Vicksburg Whig :
"A few of the canididaies for district at
torney inst at the house of a planier in
lhiandscoutity not long since. Crabb nursed
three of th chiildren antd did the agreeable
tat one of the growna girls and the old lady
at the samen timte. while Hooker talked-is
an agoiin~tgly affectioinate mainer to"the
sovereignl." flock, fin the meantime, wsas
tnrkitag himself ustefual by helpinag one' of'
the stmall lbtys to get his dog over the
fence. Dulielit, it is said, twisted the cat'si
tail with a perseverance .which would have
dotie credit to the bad boy in the primater,
ail pleased the baby so- prodigiously'th
it caime very near going off in a spasm 'of
laughlter. n hen all te candidlates rushed to
its rescue anid tmade mitch a hallahaloo with.
their kindl exertions that a stiting' hean.i
d~er the house was seared off her nest, and
has tnever returned from that day tothis'. '
At latest accounits tea of the eggs were
apoiled, the old lady was as, "huf ias
wet hen," and the "sovereign"hbad .dkt
wined not to cast his vote for distulet. at. '