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Dr's prayer has been answered, for John's
sole or even soles, are in little dangerof
damage before next October. Ifthis emp,
ty headed Levite who blows the horns
of the temple, for the people to listen to
his-own glorification. -is not satisfied with
his honors, we trust the University of Ohio
will add to that of Doctor, the honorary
and honorable degree of A. S. S.
"CIrCtNrAT Oh., April 30, 1849.
"Dear John-Yours come safe to hand
t6-day finding as in the mercy of God, all
well. I was glad to see your name at ihe
bottom of the letter, and was still glader
to hear of your welfare. and I hope in .Sole
and body. May the Lord bless, you. an.
if we meet not in time. may we meet in
he-aven, Olet us tryfor this. I found your
friends well at Dublin, your rather seented
well pleased to hear from you and yout
welfare, he thought it a fine thing and
seemed well satisfied. William is work
ing with brother Tommy and was much
pleased to hear from you. The people
of Dublin seemed very different towards
me, all seemed glad to see me down my
enemies. I could not get offuntil I gave
Dr. Curtis a tanin-and I gave him a hard
one. Your father was present and took
n.quite an interest in the debate. It was
the opinion of many of the citizens that
he was too hard for Dr. Singar, as he could
not speak off hand and Curtis is a rather
good speaker. The people thought Sin
gar's written lecture was respectable. hot
the nasses jodge from other things. Curtis
had used up Dr. Smitlh on the evening I
got there so bad, I left the room; they re
ported (that I was afraid of him, this you
know did not suit Me, bO I resolved io
learn him a lesson-and the people thought
I did learn hin one, which will be of ser
vice to him before he commences another
discussion. I never saw such a ro-action
in the public mind before, the people would
have plucked out their eyes Jor tiae.
"Our little Society is doing well in
Dublin, and their procpects are flattering
for the future, many of the old friends spoke
of you in kind tcrtns.
-We con: menced the exhibition of the
Panorama in College Hall, Sab, evening
and our propects are flattering. I expect
to go East by the middle of this month.
I saw your Epistle to liarwood & Co.. this
morning, your letters are well received aud
will do you credit-the '-Ph" is growing
and the meetings are interesting, and your
let-ter gives much interest to them. if you
regain your health and do good and get
back safely, which I pray you may, the
season will be well spent. I can't say
wtite soon, for I don't know where I shall
be. May the hand of heaven direct you
in all you do. You will remember the im
portant of taking due precaution in matters.
A, then you reach your destination, the tone
of the press in that quarter is quite firey.
they feel the charges of nantism, but don't
knoto who chargcs the wires. Mtany friends
send greeting, &c. S. F. CHAsI:.
This letter was directed to Barrett at
S.Ashville, and forwarded from that place to
Greenville. froin there to Spartanbura C.
H. where Barrett took it out of the Post
OrTace. It seems to us, comment is unne
cessary to point the irresistible conclusion,
field of labor was South Carolina. Ve
present our readers with an extract from
the secret correspondence of Barrett.
i-onest men, in gn-houpsg buatness, with
ho est purpqses, are -not apt ro-need or use
b~ei a.str'ogg prgesumption,thait lBarrett
had-his pcas 'fo'r shgouading in secrecy
hid s idubelhi~ bad the key
-. 7W sJiilloc - enigma:_
- g written' -
'oid:-recejve. I. would
3 Where ydtideould ntast
4 Should it-be opened.
1 Letters to Greenville, Anderson
-2 Urge the propriety of your
3 Safely get them, one of.
4 It is the one contaitning
J And Spartanburg, which
2 HIaving them forwarded
3 Them especially may
4 A letter to the P. Master
-1 It is important you
2 To you to sorte point
3 Give you some trouble
4 General, as soon as you
The reader will commence at 1 and ten
go through all of them-then take the first
2 and go throutgh all of them-then 3 atnd
4 int the sarne way, and he has toe secret,
though it must be confessed that even with
this key our frietnds here hiave not been
able to understand portiotns of tho corres
We submit to an enlightened public,
that the expositioni we have made of the
actings and doings of Barrett, leaves no
moral doubt of his full guilt, atid that our
community stands justified in the eyes of
the country int demanding a legal investi
gation. It is true we have not given all
the evidence in on-r power, policy, 'forbade
that,' hut we have given enough to satisfy
any reasotnable man, that ouir people have
acted neithter rashly nor harshly. It is
also tvue that the whole people of the
State are indignant at the numerous andu
covert assaults made upon them, and that
a few more detections will exasperate them
to a degree which will render even a Jail
a very unsafe place for- the'incendiairy.
Reason, argument, law. and even the
Constittution of the country. have no effect
in staying the bigots, fanatics and political
knayes in their. mad career. The decree
has gone forth, "Delenda est Carthaga,''
and Carthage must defend herself the best
way she can. Each State in the Sotuth
must make her sovereijgntj felt, as well as
make her voice heard,- or, their intstitta
tions perish. If we eanot meet our. toes
in the field of battle, we have dungeonis
and seafiolds for their miscreant agents,
and will use them.
SAs thtis subject is one of Jeep and pain.
ful interest to all of us, we shall in anther
articles.take up some matters collaterally
cotnnected withi Barrett's arrest andI im
prisonment, which wiill be found not only
interestitig, but positively useful to the
muagistracy of the country.
'The abolitionists have comamenuced their
game upon the good people oif Spartan
burg, andl seem to think them so extremely
.verdant, that they.can be induced to credlit
theit anonymous st atements, howveri a b
surd and ridiettlous they may be, in their
intnl .andi externl evidene.
The grear "Brutous" himsilf, as the wri
ter alleges, enters the arena in person, to
do hattle for his friend and coadjuior, Mr.
ILrrett; bu this "nawna nominis umbra,"
'-shadow of a ipighty name," shall speak
for himseilf and speak more than lie bar
gained for. He will percie his system
is not quite as perfect as he inagines it,
and that detection is more probable than
he teaches or supposes.
Our readers will however hear in mind,
that though we have no doubt the letters
we shall qnote, represents the true charac
ter of the abolition moveinents and tactics,
we liave not the least idea the writer and
"Blrutus" are idenical. We give them
foil credit for the promptness with which
they have come to the rescue with all the
nnies in their power ; but the inefliciency
of such names will greatly develope itself,
and the law remain unarrested in its course.
These letters. all in the same hand-wri
ting, and bearing upon "the qtnestion,"
are now in our hands. They are anoy.
mous, unlesq the signature "Butus" to
one of them gives it a different character.
One mailed at Washingtn, June 30th,
where Barrett is pretty well known, and
w'cre we have no doubt they were all
writen,-the other two mailed at Phila
delphia, June 27th. We are warranted in
saying the recipients of the letters have no
disposition to pay further postage on ac
count of their distinguished correspondent.
Bit should the writer of these letters he
detected, as lie more than probably will
be. we have little doubt what will be his
excuse and defence. Even that defence,
if true, will not sale him from the indigna
tion, scorn and contempt of theState; and
our arms are long enough to reach and
punlish, far beyond the meridian of Wash
ington. Ve however choose to treat and
consider the missiles, as bonafide, so far as
efTect is concerned, however glaringly as
sumined may be tho personal of the seri
oo, or hoaxing writer.
Thus discourseth the "great chief" of
the conspiracy, in a communication to the
Shenril of this District :
"Juxa 15:h, 1849.
Dear Sir: Having learned through n
friend that a gentleman by the name of J.
l. IBarrett is now in Jail in Spartanburg,
and that for what I myself, with others,
cansed to be done iithout the said Bar
rett's knowledge, approbation ir consent, I
deem it proper to address you this note,
that an innocent man may not soifier for
what was to me an act of-courtesy, if he
complied at all with the reqeit madehim,
of which indeed I am not informed. 1 am
not an olscure nan sir : you would be as.
'tonished were you to learn who I am. I
have taken many years- an active part in
the public concerns of ihis State, and am
so well known, that to give you my name
wpsuld silenie at once the charge, that may
wrilings nonv being circulated, areof "Y an
kee origin." But I sm too conversant
with the state of things here to venture to
place myself in an attitude that would lead
to the discovery of authorship. It would
not defeat the purposes of myself and as.
sociames, but it would render measlures ne
cessary, which would be more prolific of
excitement among us, than our present
s' op onerati on ivig the opportunity to
act upon minds which would be tamed if
exposed to public scrutiny. If our com
miutoications were allowed to pass readily
through the 'Post Otlices, we need not
resort to involuntary and unsus~pecting
agenhs to help us to circulate our papers,
and if our Prin ting Oflices would print for
tts, we need not go beyond th'e limits of the
State to hage it done."
It wvill bt~a ' .cessary to take up time
and space ssilhe balance of the letter,
which is a mere argument that Barrett
oug~ht to be sufTered.mo depart the country,
except thiat~tt fqlowing extract may
elucidate sore '. ints that may ariie :
" We shall tre as heretofore, take
care to Ijubor for e deliverance of- our
State frosihisgalliag oppressioug-butake
equal care nout to expoqp .strang .tmvel
hi-ng through t'hlfeunirf to the i infties
atnd assaults of man who- have no .other
regard for liberty thtan to take liberty for
This same Brut us, if he be the real Si
moo Pure, writes as follows. and wvill
doiubtless feel his security some wvhat sha
ken, w-hen he reads in the public prints
one of his mrost private atnd confidetttial
commuunications. T1his letter unqgnestion
ably was not intended for the public eye;
whether this "Brutus" he the true or the
fazlse one, the indireetion he has used failed
hitm in the result, and he may rave as
Ito pleases about the sanctity of a seal.
Weare honorably in possession of the
documents, anti 'do but our duty to the
State in exposing the machinations of its
enenmies. T1he address of the letter is
suppressed for the -present, lest we tmight
injure an innocent man. If there be atny
Soutuh Carolinians in correspondence wit h
these traitors, which, by the bty, wve don't
believe, thetn they are to understand we
have at least one name, which at the pro..
per time shall be given .to the public.
" EDoEFELD, .June l9ut, 1849.
"Dear Sir-You will please accept a
copy of my address. TIhis will get to you
in a round about way, but you will easily
understand why it is necessary thus to
reach you. This address has made some
noise in thme State, and the enemies of jus
tice have etideavored to blunt its force by
calling it an abolition incendiary paper.
Believing you to be a man of bet ter sense
amnd in sympathy with the oppressed non
slaveholdlers in our State, I send you a
copy of it; you are personally acquainted
"ouj will understand that we have
formed an association for the purpose of
comprehending in it all the nonslavehtolders
.we can confido in, and for the purpose of
producing such a change in public senti
ment, as to promnote our interests against
the oppressions of the Slave holdinug pow
et. We cannot possibl3 be found out ; we
have agente located South and1 North,
East and West, who will divulge nothing;
beside we make many do work for us
without their knowing in the least, what
they are circulating. As for instatice, thtisd
will leave the Post Offico. at some dlis
lance from where I am writing, dlirected to
a gentlemnan in some distant city or large
towvn, with thte Postage paid upon it ; when
lie takes off the envelope he will of course
nut ,he enclosed letter into the Post 0Omec.
It will then go to Spartanburg, to a gen
ileman I know there; he will in- his turn
send this last enclosed to vourself.-(But
you see he did not-Ed.) ;Again when we
know of any one travelling through the
country, we get some acquaintance or his
to give him a package to drop along his
way, lie of course as a maier of courtesy
"You will see from this ho'w the need
ful writings can he circulatd: but you
will wish to know how to joid'us. This is
done wi:hout giving your name at all.
Every man has his special sign given him
when applied to, and the keeper of signs
and the particular officer in the case, knows
it. I am at present keeper origns. You
will therefore understand, if you wrish to
unite with us, that your sign -nf introduc
tion must he placing your thumb and in
dex finger-when you are meeting any
one-in your vest poetet, let it be the left
hand and the left pocket. The messenger
who will watah -ynur movements, will
inform me; your fidelity will then be sub
jected to tests, and when confidence in you
is once established, you will be informed
4w next to proced. You need be under
no apprehension, once admitted to our as.
sociation you will find a powerful support,
moral and numerical. Your refusal to
join is will not help you any, and ny at
tempt to detect us will be futile; many
trials of that sort, have been made, but in
vain. (Who ever heard so before ?-Ed.)
Our enemies are just as apt to get into
difficult straits as any of us, indeed more
so, for it is one of our plans to be as much
in action with the Committees. of Safety,
ns though we were really in sympathy with
Let our friends bear in mind that this
letter was not intended for the meridian of
Spartanhurg, and we will leave the sub
ject at the present to their better judgment.
S TATE VS. J. . BAnRETT.
Warrant to Arrest and Recognise a [Fitness.
We cnll the attention of the Magistrates
and P. Master of and in this State, t our
report of the legal proceedings: had in this
case against G. W. 11. Legg, Esq , Post
Master at this place.
It was known that Bnrrett was authoris
ed to take from the Post Office a letter
directed toJohu Edward Thompson. This
lie positively refused to do, doubtless be
cause it might implicate him in some de.
gree. The Post Master was not authoris
ed by law to deliver it to nny one but the
person addressed, or his agents. It was
believed the letter contained important
estimony, or would lead to the obtaining
important testimony, on the part of the
State in this prosecution, and the question
was, how the Jetter could legally be got
hold of. The lion. David Johnson, Ex
Governor, and for thirty years a Judge of
f the Supreme Court of this State, on
Monday last attended at this place for the
purpose of aiding our people wvi-h his ex
perience and advice; this he didantd it
iwas strictly followed. The lon. 1, II.
Thompson, Chairman of the Committee
rf Vigilance and Safety, made oath that
the Post Master was a naterial witness
or the State in this case, and tabt the said
a letter directed to JohnEdiad hiiip.
on, which letter the deponent had reason
io believe, and did believe, would furnish
material evidence in the State vs. John
Upon this affirlavit Jolhdtinder, Esq..
saued his wvarrant agairnst Medr.eggr, re
luiring him to appeat liefore hinidoI enter
nto a reengniza:nced'or his appeinance at
Lourt, and also t 4produce the tter ad
Jessed, John Edovard Thtomp '
Mr. Legg was arrested antI bhlt lhe.
Fore the M1agistrate. H~e said. his de
ence that lhe was a sworn , r''of thte
Government and hiad given hi a'nd atnd
security fair the faithful dischiarge of his
cluty ; that lhe was tnt athorisedTlo delhver
th letter to any one but the party or his
agents ; that before the next Court of Ses
sions lhe was bound to foirward the let ter to
the department in WVashington ;that he
was as willing as any onsc to discharge his
luty to the State as a good Citizetn; that
wih'doe deference to the distitngutished
ath~tity under which the Magistrate was
ating, he felt hirnself comtpelled to de
iue delivering up the letter, or to eniter
into recogniizance except for his personal
appearanice. This defence, though sttictlIy
:rrect, wvas not deemed satisfactory tiy thie
Magistrate, who thought that the Post
Dilice was not ititended to en'tblo crim-.
ais to perfet their schemes d. crime wvith
mnpunity, and that upoti a -casonabile
thewing, if the Post Ollice containied the
avidence of some crimne perpetrated, or
about to be perpetrated, the Post Master,
ike arny private individual na bonund
poin thte reqnisition of the State authorities
t produce tha evidetice.
Mr. Legg was therefore comnmitted to
Jail until ho shall have given Bond anid
ecurity, for his appeaurance at Court, anid
he production of the Joltni Edlward Trhomp
ton letter. By the advice of Counsel, andl
n order to relieve himself from his paitiful
y complied wvith the order of the Magin
rate, anid is niow under Bond to appeatr
md produ::e the letter. Air. Legg's coo
.luct in this whole all'air wvas wholly irre
poachable and becoming his general char
tter. it was firm, temperate and res
,eetful, shewving a conscientious determi
ntaton to do his duty. according to the best
>t' his kniowledge atid ability both to the
State and the General Guivernment.
Thus has been tmade the first feasible
ssue at law with the General Government.
he State must succeed whilst she retaitns
er sovereigttty, and that before she will
rive up that, she will give op all that tram
els or interferes with it. We comumend
Lthe precedent to the Magistracy of Soutih
'arolina, and hope none of them wil
refuse to act uponi it wvhetn called umpon.
They-coulId hardly have a highter or more
reliaible authority than the vetnerable Judge
Johnsoni. Self defetnce is the first law of
nature, andle that lawv is a part of the code
af each sovereigna State in the Untiotn. No
law or regulation of the General Gloverna
mnt catn deprive us of this inalienable
right, nor will we suffer ourselves to be
theated, tricked or bullied out of it by any
himan power or form of law.
HON." Ma. CI.Esson, United States
Minister to Beclgiumn, andI his lady nd
family, have arrived in London froim the
iniedt ateson n their return to Belitum.
wJC R.M rtfoer.
EDGEFIELD C. TI.
WFEDN ESDAY AUGUST I, '149.
By Divine Permission the Rev. E. L. WHT
.EY, will preach in the Baptist Church at this
place on Sunday next.
Crops in the West,
The Charleston Mercury or last week con
tained nnmerons extracts from papers in lis
sissippi and Lonisinna on the condition of the
crops in those States. They are represented
as very iiferior, especially the cotton crop,
which has suffered.greatly from floods or rain.
Any one who will pay a visit to Mr. H EiRY
GRAY's Ofice in this Village may see soine
beautiful specimens of Plating, executed by
this Gentleman. The plating is done by Elec
tro-Magnet sm with the battery of the Torpedo.
Mr. GRAr has gone to considerable expense in
fitting up apparatus for the pui pose, and has
already acqired great skill in the art. If any
one doc not believe us, let him call and exam
ine for himself. 'This plating is very useful in
a variety of ways. " Common brass thimbles
spoons, watch cases, pencil cases, lamps, and
nn enlless variety of fancy articles, can nil he
plated wih a brilliant lustre, and in a perma
nent manner." The plating is either with sil.
ver or gold, and does not cost a great deal.
(- Onr readers will find in another column
copies of documents and letters relatint to the
abolition pamphlets signed "Baurus" and a
"Tauc CARoLmNIAx," ofwhich there has been
so tmuch talk. Some ofthese letters were inter
cepted and some found on the person of Thos.
Barrett. who has been apprehended in Spar
tanburg District upon suspicion of spreading
incendiary publications. It will tie seen that
one or the letters is dated "Edgeiuld Jone lt,th,
1849." It behooves our citizens to keep vigi
lait watch over suspiciouns persons in our midst
and over straggling itinerants through the
country. It is time to raise the arm of defence
against these villainous assaults upon " our do
mestic altars and our House hold Gods."
Some may counsel silence as the best way of
treatig these milnight assassins; but the mat
ter is now become too serious to admit of so
timid a policy. A prompt energy may effectu
ally quell these revolutionary movements, while
inaction on our part may enable these incendia
ry fanatics to organize aid to combine in such
way as to render their elTorts fatal to our secnri
Iv. Let us strike the blow at onca. One of
has been arrested by the high..spirited people of
Spartanbirg. By proper vigilance aid activi
ty, others may in like mniner be overtaken mi
their impions wvork.
D& E. J. Arernmun, Esq., Editor of thre Pal
mnetto Slate Bainnrer, has retired from thne Edito
rial Chair, leaviing the paper in thre handes of
Mr. I. C. MoaGANI who is to be its futture
Mr. Arthur's withdulawal will be deeply rn
grettedl by the Corps EdLitorial of onr State ; for
lie wielted a strong pen, and possessed thouse
high toned sentiments, characteristic of ihe
scholar anrd the gentleman, which made him
ani ornamient to the Editrial profession.
U The A UGUlsTA CHRao~iet.z & SES-rISET.,
in reply to ant Editorial in ottr last, hias thre ful
"The Edgefield A derriser is infomed that if
striking it fromt our exchanige list is giving it
thre "cnt idirect.'' it wvas doine soinetime sincie. I
TLhe Chronicle & Senunaet will be sent to irs al
dress un a comipliatnce with the termrs of sub,
As the Chroniele & Scntinel had been oti for
mer occarsions irnruarly received at this oflice,
we were rnot entirely certain, it had drorpped
our paper from its exchange list, though we
strongly suspected thre fact. It is now renideredl
certain, however, by the acknowledgement of
the Editor himrself. And onr readers will nat
orally ask, why ? The Editor has not thonght
proper to give his reasons, but has left its to
conjecture them. Weo shall not hesitate to ex.
ercise this privilege. .
Whatever may be the pretended reasons
hereafter put forth by the Chronicle tj Sentinel.
wce are satisfied that the truie canse of striking
the "A dvertiser" fromr its exchange list, is a fear
that thie wanton and untserinpulonis attacks made
ini its columns against Mir. ailhonni and the
Sonrtlern Cause may be exposed to juist censutre',
arnd thereby niay draw off fromn its list a unm..i
ber of Subscribers in Edgefield Distrrct. We
ate too voell acquainted wvith thne intelligent, and
high-spirted Whligs if this District to sidppose
that they a be guiled by the insidions assaults
of the Chianicle & Sentinel upon Sonthern h
Institutions. Though differing frorr nmatny of
us on some -,olitical toprics, we can itnformn the
Edlitor of thi: Anti-Southrernr Paper, that on ther
questioni of &*reryI they are as true and firm asj
thie most streions Demiocrats aimong us,-and
that bitt foi-theirjalTection for the party to which ,,
they belo'ag, they would, we believe, long sinice
have ceated to be his patrons andi subscribers.
We knov their sentittenits too well not to be p
certain, thnt they have been at hearrt disgustd il
at the vituyerattive njd slanderous charges lie ti
has made against Mir. Galhoun and those cio
operating vithi him in defence of Southierr
But thre Elitor of the Chronirce Sr Sentinel- ti
Dn. Larz w~rmean-no doubt feels chagrined F
at our clhargh' him with being an Albolitionist,. a
Has he denijthe chatrge1I He attenmpted, it r
is true, to exgain it away; bitt in his fezeble
elinurt, like a man laborinig against his own
belief, lie con ticed us of the truth of the very
thing lie wrma endeavoritig to disprove.. Hie
sartisfwmd uts; a ni did every mnan of trite Snauthi
ern feelinigs,thgt hre is at heiart and in truth, F
oprposed to shagry-Yes i that hue is ani aboli
tionist ! WVillie dare deny [that he is 1 WVe
chiallenge hlimn 0,theq questin. We call upjon S
bu~n toavouw hne prineintes on this subijet ini a
language that can be anderstood. If he do nit,
lie will deserve the jiust reprubation of ill Sonth.
rons, who have at heart the welfare of their
Dr. Lv.v has been wearing a doubte-facc in
tlisaiatter. ie has been laboring to. convince
his readers that he is no abolitionist, but a well
wisher to the southern cause-yet nearly every
column of his paper teems with abolition sen
tioment, and treadcery to Southern rights and
lie is upon his own showing a completo
nondescript in politics. Professionally he is a
sort of pro-slavery advocate-but virtually an
anti.slavery zealot; a polhtical equivocator
half Northern-ialf Sonthern ; halfabolitionist
and halfain advocate of slavery.
S"So some rats of anmphibious nature.
Are either for the land or water."-Huo.
Dr. Lr. is much mistaken if lie supposes
that Southern Editors dai be 'so recreant to the
high und responsible posts they occupy as tint
to expose his dangerous opinions, and his latent
treasonable desig's. The Whig parry of Geor.
gia have already diselaimed his anti-Southern
notions. In Convention at .Milledgeville, they
utterly repudiated hisfrvorite and widkdd dod
trines. Btt the Editor of the Chronicle &
Sentinel has hid the effrottery to say that he
does not represent the Whigs, but is the organ.
of itself! Bah! And is it come to this?
Shalla mn who is not of ti., but born and
bled in a section of country deadly hostile to us
in sentiment and feeling. tie allowed to raise his
standard of revolt and treason in our very
midst 7 Shall we allow him to disseminate his
poisonous doctrines, and enjoy the favor of.onr
patronage and protection? 0, tenpora! 0,
But if the Chronicle S- Sentinel is not lhe " or
gan" of the Whig party (as asserted by the
Editor) how can the intelligent Whigs of this
State and Georgia give it wari support and
encouragement? Will they allow themselves
to be taken in hy the insidious snares of that
Paper, under a-mistaken belief that they are
serving their p-rty ? We have too much faith
in their intelligence and patriotism to believe
Ro. They certainly have no excuse for being led
away by the 'wily artifices of the Chronicle &
Sentinel. The genuine Whig papers of the
South have all disavowed its anti-Southern
doctrines, and exposed its errors and follies.
The Augusta Republic, a staunch Whig Jour
nal, edited by Southern men, and entirely true
lo Southern rights, has been among the forec
nmost in this patriotic elTort. and has acquired
high claims not only to the respect and patron.
ige of the 1/dg party but of every one who
thinks and feels as a man true to Southern in
The condemnation of the course pursued by
the Chronicle & Sentinel has been so uniform
ind unqualificd among the leading Journals of
both parties at the South, we had supposed it
would pintacheck nponits wanton anl virulent
ibnse of a just cause aid of good men. But its
effrouery and insane fanaticsm are as violent
On a recent visit to this prosperous mantufac
tiring village we were struck with admiration
it the ntnlr aid variety of improvements
nade in so short a time. WVithint two or three
rears a village has sprnng up with 600 or 700
nhabitaints, with its Chiuches, Stores and
Schoolhiouses; sett off' by tasteful buildings,
tandsomne streets, and ornatmental gardens and
The Iuctory is at present in successful opera
ion. It giives emoyimeint to about 300 ope
'atives., who" besides a qnintity of thread, turn
Unt somte 12,000 yards or cloth per day. It is
im a large scaile, containing about 300 Looms
ind 9,000 Spindlles. A pplication will be made
o the next Legislature to enlarge the establish'
nent. The presentenergetic stock holders are
letermtined, we learn, tio pitt up another build
iig of te same size with thme present. We
ceartily wish them success: for we are most
horongly cotvinced of thme bigh utility of
tanufatctures to the Southern States, and hope
he day will soon come when every baile of
ottonm made in South Carolina will be spun or
nuade into cloth within the himtits of thme State.
TIo believe it will greatly add to the wealth and
:eneral prosperity of the State.
A project is in contemplationi to butild a Plank
?oud between this village and Graniteville or
nine poiton thme Rail-Road. Thme enterprise
of too great cotisegnence to the cititens of
or Village and District riot to excite much in
.rest, We hi'ipe earnest effor ts will be made,
nimediately after obtaiining a charter, to carry
ie project at once inito executioni. Let our
itizenms no lotnger neglect their interest and
A line of Coaches is about tn be established
etween our Village anid Graniteville.
Gen. Cass' Letter,
We invite the attenttion of our readet-s to the
utter of Gen. C.Ass on the first page of our
Theli m-tin pointts tonchted tipon are-Internal.
nprovetmetts and the Wilmint Provismo. W~e
o iiot think Gen. Cass is entirely sonnd on
ither or these subijects; but his views tire
ighuly liberal for a tman born in a non-slavehiol
ing State and living in the midst of a free-soil
opntlation. Denyiing to the Federal Govern
tent the right to initrodntee a general system of
iternael inmprovetnents, lie yet maintains thme
ower of' Gongress " t improve .some of the
reat harbors, rivers and lakes of the union."
ut 'owing to the great difliculty of draiwintg a
ractical line at all times between the objects
tat ottght atd thatotnght not to engage thme atten
Ott of Congress, atnd owing to the *abttse to
hich the whole subject is liable, General
,ewis Cass thiniks that the effort should be
narror o d ,not to enlarge the circle of
ower in Congress.' Fronm the reasons here
isigned, Southern Detmoerats believo gene
dIhy-that the power of making Intergal im
rotvemcnts strictly speaking dioes tnot belong
Congress at all. And in this, t~hey differ
em Genm. Cass, perhaps from Sir. Caltonnt.
On the [Vilmot Proviso Gent.Cars is mnure cx
lik than ho was in his lettet to Mr. Nicholson.
that, he says, "his doubts are resolvingtem
lees into convictions that the princip'les it (WIil.
of Proviso)1 inveolves should be k~ent out at' the
national egiaslature, and left it the people of thii
confederacy in their respective local governments.'i
Agnin:-- I an opposed to the czercise of ju.
risdiction by Congrtss over this matter; and i
am iu fivor of leacin7 to the pevple of any
Territory, which may be hereafter ninired. the
right to regulate itfor themselecs nader the gencra
at principles of the constitution."
lie here rnakes no distinct avowal of the
nneunstitIxtionality of the Wihnot Proviso, and
therefore, was inder no pledg:e to Seto that
measure in case of-his slection. In tie present
letter lie avows frankly and without reserve,
that the Wilmot Provisti unconslitutional as
well as highly inezpedient. Fot this manly ex4
pression of his real views, at a time of so great
excitement on this question, when it is almost.
snie to bring upon lain bitter reproach and ob,.
loqy from the numerical majority in the coun
try, Gen. Cas deserves the warm gratitude of
the Sonthern people. We cannot but com
mend his frankness and his independence
From the Savannah Repnblie p.
INDIAN RIVER SETTLEM991
ny the United States mailiteam pet
Ocmulgee, Capt. Wilson, we have rez -
ceived intelligence via St. Auguitine, that
the Indians have again begiin to renew
their former cruebies. Ourintel!i;ence is
from most reliable gentlemen, and as but
a part of the settlers could he accommo
dtied on the boat in which they escaped,
it is feared that the next ne i will be still
From a pas~enger who cme on the
Octnulgee, we learn that Mr. Russell, who
was wounded, had previously had some
difficulty with the Indians, and it may
have been personal revenge that prompted
them to shoot at him. .This is more pro
bable, as he received frive wounds, and as
there were bur five Indians seen, each one
mtit have fired at him.
Beinw we give two letters from ot cor
respondents to which we refer for life par
ticu'lars of the outrage :
FLORIDA REPUBLICAN OEFICV.
Jacksonville. (Fla.) July.20.
Editors Savannah Republican:
Gentlemen : We have briefly to nform
you that intelligence has been receiv d here
that the Indians have made an attal upon
the settlement at Indian River. 4 man
by the name of Barker, (brother-in-law of
Rissell. the Inspector at Indian River,)
was killed in his field, and Russell shot
through the arm in two places; the house -
of Gatlig, anniher settler, was burned, and
Barker's an-I Russell's houses sacked.
Most of the settlers took a vessel'and have
arrIved at St. Augustine in a very desti
tute and distressed condition. Intelli
gence has been despatched to Wash.ngto',
Yours. &c. D.
ST. AUGUSTINE, July I8
EV-ilors Savannah Republican:
On Thursday evening last, 12th insLt.
party of Indians made their appearance at
the settlement on Indian River,1mAil kill"
Mr. John Barker in his field antd wo 4
F. Russele i. CoUect
tis. This created a " tement in.
the whole settlement, 2' appening
to be a small schooner rigge ht at on :he
River, of about four tons, as mitty of. the
settlers as could possibly "slowe" thetm
selves in her, put out immediately to-sea,
and madte their~ way for this port. whet
they arrtved this miorning, after sufi'ering
dreadfolly from exposure and wvent. Tb.
following are the names of the persons
who arrived here, viz: WV. F. Russell and
daughter, WV. B. Davis an1 lady, Mrs.
WValker and three children, Mers. Burnha-n
and fixar children. Mrs. Stone, Messrs.
Thomas Hite, D. HI. Gatlis. M. Navarra, --
M. McLeod, James P. Lighiburn, Win.
RI. Tomb, and twvo others,.and four or five
These individuials made their escape int
the greatest possible hurry, having left
many friends and relatives, and not know'
ing what has been their fate.
Trhus it will be seen that what has been
long apprehened, has now come to pass,
viz: that the Indians would break up the .
seuilement on Indian River, anti perhaps
engage in another general Indian War.
T1his occurrence is most lamentable, as
these worthy piotneers have been strug
gling hard for several years, to provide
thetnselves a home. aind now ale uncerer
moniously compelled to abondon all their
hard earninge. It Is now to be hoped that -
the authorities at Washingtn will see the
tnecessity of at otnce sending a sufficient
force inito Florida, as will overawe the
Indians and prevent further difficulties.
Eaxpresses were diespatched in New Smyr
na atnd Tampa Bay to-day by Col. Smith,
the cotmmanding office at this post.
Yours, &c, . R.
lIEAL'tt i CttARLEsTON.--Ve are
happy int being able to state that, during - -
tio previotts period at this season of the
year, has our city enjoyed a better con
dition of health- than at present. Our
happy exemption hitherto fromn the pesti
lence whlich is desolating so many of our
sister cities, is a matter of wai congratu
lation, antd we have strong hopes of esca
ping its visitation altogether. -In the mean
time we are glad to perceivo~that our au..
thorkies have not relaxed their vigilance
in the abatement of nuisances, the appls..
cation of means for ithe purification of
streets and alleys, and the enforcement of
other sanitaryregulat ions.-MIer., 27th tilt.
HtS-rs -rO FAR35E~s AND M tiLEs.
Professor Dick says thai. the books of a
sinigle inspector of Newv York cit y, showed
that in 1847 he inspected 218,079 barrels
of sour and musty flour. 'in his opinion
the loss on these was $250000.-Isvery
year the total- loss in the. United States
from moisture in wheat andI fiotr is esti
mated at from 83.000,000 to $6,000,000 !
To temedy thtis great evil, the grain ihouild
be well ripened before harvesting,- andi
well dried before stored in' a good dry.
NEW ?osT OFFICE.--A Post Offie'
has heetn established in St. Peter's Parish,
henufoirt District, Souith Carolina, to b6.
called Brighton; and Franci-B-. Baker ap
pointed Postmaster .or the same. The
oicee will be opetned for the receipt and
distribution of' the mails, on the .first of