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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Literties, and if it muse pull, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLURIE XIV. $ NO.29
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Look 'Aways on the Sunny Side
Whatslitile things may sweeten life
If we but view them rightly
Our daikest moments oft are rife
With pleasures beaming righthy.
The mind dhat wraps itself in grief
And vents its woes in groaning,
Would never gain one hour's relief,
For ages pass'd in moanin
Lnok always on the sunny si 'e
The sun is ever shining ;
The shadow may be dark and wide,
But 'tis no use repining.
Nay. tho' the sun seem vanish'd quite,
We are not unenlightened.
The glistering stars show best at night.
As though by darkness brightened.
Your path mny be thro' deserts drear,
But springs e'en there are flowing;
Keep up ytour epirits, never fear,
Heareu still iajoy bestowing.
As a bright flower that may be found
Where all besides is dreary.
Seems to shed sweeter fraganice aroupd,
In comfurt to the weary.
Just so. a joy the mourner sees
- ~ C'CSdi fe o. i t.ee,
Ait strengibens for the morrow.
Then let its always look for joy,
E'en in our griers invite her;
And what would otherwise annoy,
Will help to make life brighter.
A GOOD ONE.
The Hartford (Conn.) Gu:ette tells the
followitg good one, which well hits tiff tihe
practice of runntng ourselves down that
others he induced to compliment. Very
few, as in the case of the pious Mr. H. that
would like to lie taken at their word:
In a village tnt a dozen miles from
Hariford the members of a religious socie.
ty were in the halbi of holding prayer
meetings in the church in which ohcy
made a kindt ofconfession commonly called
"telling one's experience." A very pious
member of the flock, Mr. H1. sometimes
invited Mr. P. who was not a metter, to
attend the "experience meetings." At one
(of these. Mr. H. in relating his experience,
stated that he was a great sinner-that he
had sinned daily, with his eyes open-wil.
fully and knowingly sinned-that goodness
dwelt not in h.is heart-:.that he was abso
lutely depraved, arno that nothing but time
boundless mercy aid ininite goodness of
Jehovah. maniftested through the attiniing
bilood of the' Redeemer. couldl save him,
from eternal perdition. Mr. P. who had
accidlentally been placed upion the "'anxious
seat," was-calledi upon after his' neighbor
ii. had ended, to relate his "experience."
He arose, and with great gravity said, lie
had very little to say of himself; butt the
birethreo would retmtetmber that he had lived
for twventy-five years the next door nteigh
bor to Mr. Hi. that lie knew him well and
it gave him great pleasuire, (because he
could do it with entire sincerity) to confirm
the truth of till brth-r H. had conifessed
ofhimnsell! When Mr. P. sat down tinder
the smile of the whole congtegationt (the
worthy parson not accepted,) .Alr. lr. w'ent
up to him and said. 'You are a rascalh
and a liar, and I'll lick you when out of
'Dennis, darlint, och Dennis, what is it
you're doing !'
el'se trying an exparament !'
*Murder ! what is it 1'
What is it, did you say ' Why it's given
hot wather to the chickens I amt, so thia.'l
be after laying boiled eggs.'
'Meen are made in the image of God ?'
* Genthlemen are muanufactured by tailors,
barbera, and boot blacker.
Woman is the last and most perfect
work <.fGod. Ladies are te prodtuctions~
of silks worms, milliners and dressing
A darkey set to. work to cut down a
very tough ieee. but his axe flew back, for
some time, with hut little ellect. A stormn
occurred mean titte. and a crashing shaft
of lightnting shattered'a htuge oak to spilin.
term near him.
'.Bress de Lord!' exclaimed Sambo. 'dat
well done. 'Spose y ou try dis one ntext
guess you get,your match..
Wo,.d. ..a. pas.. k..t LIn=. fahi heavy.
Mr. Calhoun at Fort Hill.
We fiod in the New York Herald an
intereSing letter from a correspondent
who I.ad lately paid a visit to Air. Culhoun
at Fort luill, his residence, in Pendleton.
The extent of his plantation and the ad.
mirable management everywhere oliserva
ble have perfectly enraptured the wri'er,
and we regret our space limits us toi ex
tracts while our desire is to give lhe wiho'e,
as it presents our distinguished citizen inl
a character entirely new to most persons
heyond the bountds of the State.-South
"We reached Fort Hill about two o'clock
p. m. It was tearly the dinner h'aur. I
was introduced to his ramily, which at that
time cotistpd of Mrs. Calhoun. hisyoung
est daughter. and three youngest sons.
M] r. Calhoun has seven children; the eldest,
Andrew, isa planter in Alabata; the next
Patrick, is a captain in the army, and
stationed near New Orleans, the eldest
daughier is in Enrope, the wife of our
charge at Belgium. Mrs. Calhoun is just
stich a wife as a man like Mr. Calhoun
should have-sensible. domestic, and in
dustrious. She governs her household in
a style that the Roman matron in the olden
anes ever surpassed. Cornelia, the daugh
ter at home, is a most affectionate compan
inn for the mother. John is a physician,
and was married, shortly after I leJi to the
datuhter of a near neighbor. v*j -2i'ill
make a lea.ling piysician we iis
destiny leads him to settle. 3asrn,7ithe
next, is a calm, quiet, thinking yddg nan
of 20, and, itt many respects. strongly res
enables his rather, Willie is the youngest
(if all Mr. Calhoun's children, about 18
years of age. and the pet of all. The two
last are stndents in the South Carolina
College, ani at home durintg the vacatiott."
"Towards sutiset Mr. Calhoun gave me
an invitation to walk over his farn. I
"Had I iot known with whon I was
conversing I should have set hin down
in my mind as the most thorough going
practipaI ftrmer I had ever met wih -
There i-s no detail connected with it, with
n hich ie is not perfectly ramiliar; anad as
tie carries you alotg with him, he points
ouit to ytion. and explains every thitig in the
rmost simple manner possible. You won.
der, l'to ing the man, where lae got his
infortnatidai froni, and when he had timte
ta, get it, and still more wheni he had time
tIo carry it into operation. But pieapla!
eannovunderstand M r.'Cal'oiin. h4.
1efeewegi-rf V all' m 7sytem and power
f combiuationIs. lie has a time atid phlce
lar evely iing; itf a word, ta give a vul.
ear qutatian, "what Mr. Calhoan don'i
ktiw about any aral every thing, ain't
wortht a tian's while to look after.' Say
what you please about Mr. Culhoon's
tither qualifications. dispute about them
ns tmteti as you p!ease. whether ie is this,
that or the tither, I care not-but this as
sprtian I i ill make, John C. Calhoin is
the iest practical faritier ill the United
States,- and if aniy m'an doubts this as.er
ioti, let hin make a pilgrimnage ta Fort
Hill. lind] fiil doubts will le lt-l there."
"1v tht, way, while walking in the large
corn fibld.f asked Mr. Calhaoun what gave
the name of Fort dIill to this place. lie
answcred my qiuery by pintirng out to me
a long aill about [te Seneca, anti remark
-There was a fort stood there. built, I
believe. during the war of the revolution;
it was used during tiat time by the Ameri
cans. aid called Fort Hill. It was dis
mantled with peace, hat its name has
been gi-en to my farm, on which the old
rott stootl.' By this time we had passed
throiih the tall corn and had reached the
hank of thte river, a narrow hut a rapid
and very deep stream, whose head waters
were found nest frtiy miles from him. in
fact in sight oif his house in the mountains.
There was a lung scow tied tto a tree on
the btank swung ourt into the stream. We
both entered it, and I took a sent.
Nor a word was spokeni for somne mo
menis. and an imtpression was made on
my mindi which I' shall ntot sor forget.
Mr. (,alhounm's clear vtoice for a- moment
broke the spell. ''The Setneca mosst be
abouat twro-thtirdls of thte size of rte Jnardan.'
I looked up, an lie descrihed the rescem
blatnce, probably, with as much accturacy
as if he has seen bothI. Again, I- toughit
with what is lie not familiar. The history
of an empire or republie, oir thte history tif
the cotton plant or Indin corn; these riv,
ers andi brooks, or .Jordana and Etuphrates,
and Tre~as rivers. While lie was gazing
uip that placidl stream. I gazed at him, anid
I have felt an. irresistibtle Ilove come over
meandta consciousness-of irresistihle pow
er in himin, which I never hav~e felt belore
io ite presece osf ny created 'oeing. I
have stoodl in sight of emperors anti kitigs
in the old word at revie ws, amid the rolling
oft artillery, the peals of music from hun-t
diedas of bandls andi the nmarchinig of thou.
santds, and yet I tnever was so impressed
with a feeling of the one man power,. as
in the presence alone of John C. Cathhman,
ini a boat on the Seneca river, anid during
that brief period a hundred thigs flashed
across rmy minad, which I will recall again.
One convictiin was this: that but for ig
norance, downright stupid ignoranice, on
the part of the people of the United States,
made so antd kept so by st-ill more stupid,
hack party paipers, contented with the in
terest of selfish, alspiring party leaders,
whose interest it is to keep the mass of the
people ignoitnt of the real character of
John C. Cadhoun, of his glorious and god.
like intellect, his lofty patrititisim, and love
for counitry, which is only bounded by that*
country, and-noet by any one State or sec
tion-lie wishes hut justice to all-of his
nswerving dvoton,n ton tecnstitntinn.
his supreme cnntempt for dislionest. tine
serving politicians, tricksters, and lickspit
ties ; and his love for all that is good. use
ful, and patriwtie ; above all, his honesty
anl incorruptibility fir his sagacity-his
long experience or foriy years in the high
est seats in t he councils o1f the Union-and
his deep thought and foresight, which all
-nake him whai he is. the greatest man in
the federal Union-but for ihis. the peqple.
ad one mat, would have arisen and placed
him at the head of allairs it Washiagton
long ago, and lie would 1tave stamped the
impresq of his. mit-ly mind, for years to
come, for good. Withi so pure, so lofty
and patriotic a Presidenti, how would our
government noaw stand before the strug
gling European natiops? ie wobl niark
his administration-by acts and policy that
would cause it to be blessed for a century
to, come. As it is, what has he not done.
for the last twenty years only ? lie has
origiinated antid carried more measures.
which have become law, and defeated more
which ie believed ito he bad, than all the
Presidents during that period. Is it nt t
true, and are not the people of the United
States fully conversant with these facts -
lie has no press to trumpet florth andi bla
zon his great actions, as every other little
great man has, and who consequently be
come quite honored anal caressed. These
men, and that class of men, every one of
them, know what John C. Calhoun is, and.
what he has done, and feel that to l/im
they are the pigmy to the giant. A1r. Gal
houn stands alone. lie is like the rii;;hLV
chnin of the Allegltanies, which loom upt
noto the cloudi, 40 or 60 miles from his
moansioi. When time h*4 pased wit i
hitm, when 40 or 60 years intervene, thent,
and not till then, will lie people of our
country look back, and then in that di-.
tance-abve all. will tower the memory
o)f the acts of Calhoun. lie is like the
mountnin-the grandeur (if his mind and !
its conceptionis cannot he seen by those in
his time. Distanre will ma.k his outlintes
with distinctness aid do him jusice-bet,
ter fur hita-tuo late for ts.
" What experience has been his-how
long and how varie-d ! Six years a mem
her of the lower lltouse of Congress, eigt
years Secretary of War. seven 3ears Vice
President, one year Secretary of Sinie,
eighteeii years Seattor in Congress ! For
rfort3y years, without inermissinn, it the
public servicc ; and during periods frau ht
wi'th the greatest excitemetnit aid interetj
i the Union. I th ta titrtrn
PraThe init party subserviency should be I
able In obscure in onor own lal ian inellect
whic! would shine brillitattly in an fy ot
r; and the sage of experience never occan
py his true paotition in onr esiiari.n moil
afler he leaves us; aid wh:ai does lie think
A this or of the Presideiey ? I a-kedl
him, ani as near as I can recollect I will
give his reply :
"*Whai conhl I gain to be President ?I
Cnre and anxiety, that I nan-free fron now.
I a noat anibitions. The tnly reward i
seek is the approbation of my awa con
science. I neither ask nor desire any oth
rr reward thatn th11at. I wontl not tecelt
the oflice of Presiden on any oilher termas
Iban the most eniire recedim to reforti
abuses, abolish this system tf re:itoval-1,
and break tip the spoils and phinder svs
lean, and restore the government to a
healthy and viorous action, and this with.
rot ainy trami-el or plealges, excepi those
which the constitution impoaes upon the
A PRAYER BY KOTssUTi.-The fulow
ing prayer oflered by (osuth will be in.
teres'ing to oir readers. It was ul'eredr
by him kneeling amid the mnliude. at
the grave of the Magyer heroes who fell I
in the battle of R tatpoyIna. and1a1 was orig
iially palit shed in the Opposition a jou.r
nal ofiPesthi. WVe translate from the Ger.
Almighty Lord ! God of the warriors
of A rpad ! Lotok dotwn from thy starry
throneo upont thIy impjlaring servan', fromat
whose lips the prayer of millioans ascenals
tat thy Heaven, praisinig the uttsearchtable
power oif thtine Omntipotce. O (God,
aover me shianes thy saon atia beuneathmte
repose the relics of my falle- htertic bre
thtren, abtovo my htead the sky i-s blue anad
under my feet the earth is dyedl real with
the Italy bltood of the children aofotur an
cstors. Let the aniamatiung.hbeams taf thy
sttn fall here that flaiwers mnay sptinag tap
from the lood so that these hais of de.
ptartedl beings may not twirhrer tuidortread.
Gaid of onr fathers attd God of theo naitions!
hear tand bless the vatice of otnr wvarrirm in
which the at ,n atal the soul oaf brave tn
tionis thiande~r to break &lae iront hantd of
tyranny as it forges its chains. As a free
man I kneel ott these fresh graves, lay the
remnains of my brothers. By such a sac
rifice as theirs TPhy Faarih waonba Ite coat
seacrated were it all- stared with sin. 0
God i oan this holy soil abotve these graves
no race oflslaves can live. O Fathter!
Father of our Fathers! Mlig'hmy over miy.
riads. Almighty God aof ilae Ieaven, the
Earth aand tae Seas! From the hotnts
springs a glory whose radiance is on the
browv of my people. [Hallow their dat
with PTy grace hat the ashes of amy fal
ett heroic brethren may rest int peace.'
Leave us utot, Great Gaod of hiattles ! In
the holy name of the ntations, praised be
Thy Oanuipotance. Amten.
Tuve RE stoy.-"Oh, D~oetor," staidi nt
elederly lasty recently to Dr. II-, the
celabrated boite-seater, ini describting te
efmecs.of :tdeseased spine, "I can neithter
lay tnor set."
"I should recommend, then, replied he,
From the.Ma.ihall (Texas) Repniblic:m.
- AlARInALr, July 3, 18-19.
Ma. E-ilTolt.-I have drawn entirely
rmin mymemory the few paragraphs A
CL'n. Wig'al~s speech, wieb lire givenI forli
publienti p. I shlall, a11 somye convenlient
ime. gi O.ou oiber panigraphsi. n1til Ili
utire sji? . s'iall have been publinhed.
IhN WigfAIl'ss Speech,
TheA ress Of the sountherin members.
mid Mr. Vigfall, was oijneed to by four
Senators beentuse the ore'inal draft con
ained the deelaration that "the present
-riis W14kLs9 iImporinit ;i that whicI led
Sihe' Denratim if .[ndpemience." Hot
ir. BIerr 's Aiiress, for which hoi
5enas o1(ed, ntid would hnve i:ned,
leelaresft 't lie question is of fill nI.jI-es
he mostC portant." C;in lanamziiae be
aringer? _ is objected nonin, that the
irig-inal"' t declares that if our rig1 I
ire not pltected uider the consiiiliion, i
lhe consillalion) will herome "a sword
or attack'Inhd not a shield fur defen'ce." Is
lie propusilion not self-evident ? Bna,
trangeta' say. neither of the Sen:ators
vere eferiasked it) vote f~or the original
lrnft-th~olhjeibiable passnees havitig
een stricken out. by the consent of .1/r.
7alhoun, kforc ile motion was maivde fw
ecommit .ineu, It was the Address of the
southern members against which they
'ated, ahd as an excuse for it theiy point
mt seintetces whaidh thv wera never usked
o iaaeharse. -
lut thei Sonuhern Address. they sny.
leclares ibat the nggresimis uf the Norih
ipon South would lie the cause of war he.
ween foeign nations. This is languvag'e
v'hich theY. could 'not toleraic-it is sinh
s shounold-t be used ownrls our brethren.
tit wltlo kr. Hierrici sny<,- "such inter
erenc Wan d "ot.b- eglerated hlet ween in.
erpendent''overigntirs-it would lie mt
iy reintttrance, rntd, if necessury, by
brce." thiy see nothing objecionall. hu
uie fAir, indorse, and are willing to si n
. 'he inae sentiments in uther pas,a
:es. whaict IWere objected to by thein in
lie Suth rn Address, were showii by .ilr.
Vi1fal li IT e cominte in .I1r. Derriec't,
ad to h: 'received iheir entire sanction.
at Cr euce, th-ii, lie .s4keda, cnn lie
laced if lJei siicerity. whei they iirge
he exisie cof these passee, i the Suith
rn Afddt r''ni.if rreason fur not signl
1)ig I I . . 0
Gnerali Hot n said (11r. Wiggfall con.
inued) that h land been deino.iced by 31r,
'alhoitnia oi lacoiunTa of his Oregon 'vate.
Vhr-n grave charges are nade, it 1 il a
ort:atn io determine the eraracter [af he
ecuser. lie (General Iflaioini.) wouald
est li< defence upon the issie of sh' in
hat \lr. C;alhou was, and ever ii da beaen
1iuall ie great quiestions whir.h t:al :ei.
:aaed the cauntry. i;ithless to aie Sontlh,
nd pnrt icalarly it Texas. Air. C,ahaun.
ni Mr. WV.. needed no lefi-ser. :ni he
Air. W.) could be neither provoked aor
itraved into thediscuision of a false issue.
ien. hitustn's conduct. ad not ir.
alhonin's was lie mater inder conside
niion. Nit asi Gen.11. had rested his de.
ence apon lie establishing of hi..; rharas
-ainst Nir. C., they became imporint,
fld for lat purpose lie wumtld consiler
hem. aud fhr that oily. It was imposisi
Ie. nithii the lime allowed him, to ex
dain and consider in demail the positions
vhieh that great state-an hal accupied
apon all the great queasti-ms nupon which
hie country haid been divided diring the
ast quarter'ai a century. Ile would
esiriet himself to one-31r. C's posi a iana
is 0 Tex.as. lie Seleced a is bveatuse his
liliece were litmili.ir with ii, and he
auase Geni. 11. hna laid great siress aupon
a. if ilioun thi lahe coulid show 1hat Gen
ral 11's paasiaiai ons uinsustniced. the
acts uponi which he relied f~uke, niad his
harges unfounded, then lhe wotl edl
apun the penphle to rejet his (Gen. Iis)
erstimonrny upon all ot her pints~c ns unwaor
hy of belicf. FPalsuis int une. falsus in om.z
,lus. [Whenii a wianess wilfully mcisrep
esenated as to one anaer lie coul lie lie
ieved ras to cione.] Gea.n. Iioinston, chatrzed
liat M r. C., by depa.itchiing the Joinat Ries
ilu'ins, put it out ofa thle piower aif ?dr.
oalk to tendler the alterntative is he (3Mr.
~.) hiaid plediged hiamself an dlo. SIrV. WA.
acre asked Gencerail II. if j'uJr. Poik could
itat. at aity time before the Jaiiin lislo,
ions had beetn acteada upon by3 lhe Republic
fjTe xas. have wit hdra wi themit andi substi
uted athe alternative. General II, was
mdaerstood in say "he could nuo."' Then.
aid ir. WV., ait of your amwni mout I
v ill couden you. I 'hlhl in; my ham aia
eiter signed Saim. Ijaouson, written .ix
seeks jafter the ,Joinit Resuilutions haad beena
ii iathed, anal addlressed, Lo MAjayr J.
maisoun. "I said," excianinedl Genernl
:l., "thai ~aIr. Polk said lie coiul noai." if,
ahi ar. , there are anyi (ither mdifii
:tacionis of your antswer to lie muade, I wvill
miieniily await them. There seemi to be
ymie. 'Then I will renal what Geni. II.
hought of nir. Polk's position ail cunarol
>nver the Joint Resolu'iinsa on ihe 0th A pril,
845, saix weeks aifier they hail passedl from
Ilr. C's hiands. "Now, mny dlear friendc, I
onjure you to use your inlfIaence ini ha,v
aig presenced to t his goivernmatena, cthe al
ernative sur~gented biy the ;amaeadmnt to
r. Browna's Bill before it is tuu late, aind
vhile there is a remeady."
It was not even thin " too bnae " for
M1r. Polik to ucndo alr. C'.a work, lIe
nuiglht (according to Gen. II.', still substi
nate ihe alternative fair the Joint Rtesaili
iuins, and, by wiihdrawinig firm a le preo
ile the .privilege of dleciding fair them
ael~'es, redheemn his pledge, nnd thus place
l'exas in te hainds of air. Bentoni and his
Frie-nd Gn. H; But whatever may be tihe
fae ao i) the power of ihr President over
the Joint Iesilutios alt-r they had been
dispatehled. 1ha Gein. Ilitiio (lid not be
lieve that Air. Poh 's contdut wias comtrtll
ell by Mr. Calihontn's action is manifet.
Yet he openly and boldly charges it.
Couldl he have forgotten the letter, or did
lie presiume upon four ignorance ?
But, iaain. (en. II. says that by the
Joint lIesilut ions slavery is now abolshedll
over one third of Texas-thai the "legal
capacity there exising to employ slave to
hori " has hee, "1 destroyed by Mr. Cai
houo." and that vast region emi owf from
the occutpaliin or Southern planters ald
firimers "-that 1 i. C. has m ut hillaitel a
Southerin state. and suppressed, in a large
portion of it, the de-itiete institution saie.
tinnf by its lnwis.' It has been ;ilreaIdy
seen thar. necording to his own showing, iI
has been ir. Polk, and not Mr. C.. who
is iesponsible for this, if it lie so. But is
the siafement irie. that slavery is now
aboiShed in Texas? Mr. W. would not
insult Ihe iundersianding by nrguing the
ips'ioi. SIlavery' existed there. ai still
exikts all over Texas. The Federal Gov
ernment hitd no right to ibulishi it. Our
owls Le'g-ature had none. Yet Get. II.
had just stated, i i he iost solemn manner.
iha: it was now abolished over one-third of
Mr. W. then rend the Joini Resolutions.
It was plain ihat ihe ilissouri restriction
was a mere nmlily. I I'a state is 'rmined
ab.uc 36 deg. 30 min. slavery is to hepro
hibited; but no steh slate can be formed
eixcelit "bytecu/consent" ofTerus. Slavery.
lien, c-innot he abolished (over any of
Texas. except by our consent. It could have
been abolihed by our consent whether
ti Mi.issouri restriction had ieen ingraflted
in the Joiint iesolutions or not. iuIt %S ith.
out the insertion of i lie Missouri Compro
mise the Residotlions could never have
beei piied. It faTorded nor'hcro democrats
all Cxen1se for voting for them, and at the
saime tile interlred w iih none of our
rithIi- 'Tis ilie onily comprim:ise tie have
ever tnade with hlie North, by which we
have lust nothilng. And for this Mr. Cat.
hin has bleet denounced, a:di held up to
.-reprobatiim." Ii is at tlie fihfuh sell.
tincl the deserter always fires as lie is pass
iigfrom ie (.imp of !tis countryimen into
lie ines of the enemy.
But, said Mr. W., Gen. H1. s.ys that
tho line of* 36 deg. 30 min. :uts ofll'ne.
third f.&t lie pipte, I I a here oxhibit ed a
I wiciir h sho itd thas wn.'i rtore itin a
incifIth. or a ith it most, ly ihove the
line. 11, said Mr. W., Ie iis attuempted
to impose upoin our crcddJicy as to those
matters tif which every Texian nmmt lie
ifUormoed, iwhit conliletnece ca w e placet
in his si:itemetits as tli those manters of
icVh1,0 we kiniow nothing-l31. CuIhtoin's
pmihion upon the Jaot k, Tariff, nod Il.
'rnal Improvement, lies:ions more than
In (jet). II', reply. lie sai ihnt in statiung
that ome-tiirl ti the st rc lay niive36
deg. 30 tin. ie mar:'nt degrees of lailude,
and not squftare miles. The other two
charges he left unionehed. the reply being
il mist entire'y taken up witlh anecdutes,
andI complim.;!ms to lthe tadties.
When ie took his sent. Mr. W. rose
nnd said iha 6 Nero hind laughed while
Rine iwas brniig.'" The matter utinder
'iieideraiut ui a serious on?. The
charg-s lie had tmide were grave. Tie'y
involved the charfcier of the Senator.
A nd he had attempted to lauIgth them oll
and141 divert niten:ion by his a:iecdotes.
lie wod now ask him. and Ie beenged a
reply-coulJi a Texan carry his nfegroes
iliove 36 deg. 30 min. im 1ititr own state .
(ell. 11. an;wered, lie could carry theim
il New York if lie suw lit. That is an
evasion said Mr. \V.. I will have a fair
ttswer. Is there any "lenai incapacify ?"
I do not know. said Gem. II I have not
coiisiderid the quiiestion. "You shiou ld
have doneti!so,"s-aid Mir. WV., belbre hazard
ing your repliatiton antd veracity by mnak
it;; the statemlent.
A Ne:w CoTroN Pas.ss.-We findl the
folloin iidlescip tiion of a tte w Cot tn press
in ttthi Mbile Tr'ibune. WVe wiould call the
atltefniton of otr planters tto it.
"itir. 1). ieCombii, the inventor ad pa
tentee has left at thdis tillice a model tof at
tew press hor comiprestsing cottion htay or
hetmp. Ii wvill remain ontly for a fewv days.
and iie invite planiters amlidothers interestedI
ttiCot11 exa i it. its contreiio~ tn, remarks the
patentee. is stteh as to secure theo tim tost pos
sibile duirnhlili'y; atid its locntion itn the gin
h)etnse5 secltret hanods and horses f'rtim ineile
mteltit weather. The bale bteiIng madiie in thle
lint r 'ott, or on the sm te flom, mantkes liei
o peratitin very convenc~ient. T1he prs lie
in siispendeid, is secturest fromi decny. and
lie honrse oper.iti ng riuttid its cenitre, is en
nmbled to dot hii woirk with uniprecedenied
caise and speed,. as lie only mtakes from
four hi eight re'voittionns to the bale. It
reqjuires. less than at horse ptowier to reduce
five' ii hndlred protinds of COt tii tO shipping
size, antd less than one htiour's work ofC lie
htorse in iiakitng ffy 'tales, or less than
onte tiiiti te tot lie balec.
'Tti< piress htas beit foilly tested in ~Iis
sisstppi andt Louisiana, adis ennsidered
Iuneilqua rled in its aidvaniiutges for thle pressing-.
puirptoes. it is remnarkaly simtipie in its
cndniructio mu ndil aflier i nspiec tintg it we
coidi ntot doubt 1than it is a grfai improve
mnitto, i ho ordiiini Y screw piress,
Mir. McCombh is artrangion to e-tablish n
wvorkshotp in this city, ini ordier to till promttilt
ly the torder iif planters io South A labaima,
Mississippi, &c. sem
The hotly of MarshaBiigendwaem
balmeid- andl dressed in full uniform, with
his sord iiy his side
From the Abbeville Banner.
REPORT OF THE HODGES AND
Greenwood, June 27th-28th 1849.
The Committee gave their undivided
ittention to the exercises of the pupils in
he several departments of these Schools,
ind express their entire satisfaction aud
iporoval of the performances.
lit our report, we will notice tihe ordet
>f examination, beginning with the Fe'
nale School. After an appropriate itjni
Vail been sung by the music teacheri, ab.
omtipaniiied with the piano. and prayer of
ered by the Rev. 3. M. Chilee, the ex
-reises comrnmeticed with .pelling, primary
teigrnphy, and proceeded to the higher
:lasses in geography, history of Souli
rolinta, history of England. Englisi
irdmmar, rhetoric, arithmetic, algebra,
isironomy, philosophy, and -at intervals
xercises ot Ihe piano-all of which were
ieard with no small degree ofpleasure.
l'he questions propounded to the yound
adies were unusually full, and the an
wers were so promptly and correctly given,
is to satisfy us that as far as they had ad.
'antced, they were thoroughly aciuainted
viti- the various branches upon whicli
hey were examined. The performances'
f the young ladies on the piano were
mighly satisfactory, showing rapid improve
neut, as several of them had hdt receuty
:ommenced. Specimens of drawitdg and
tanting were also exhibited, which had
teen executed in very neat style.
The evening exercises were taken up
vitnh the reading of cotn.positions, whici
vinced much original thought, and were
)articularly marked for their tworal cast.
)uring these exercises, the Instructors anti
iulpils performed some admirable pieces'
tm tie piano, which wereptruly ehlivening.
The second day was directed to the ex
inination of the students in the classicai
leparticut of the Hodges Instituies. The
>ranches of study upon which they were
xamnined,were numerous: Sallust, Ho
ner, Natural Philosophy, Botany, Latin
.essons. Mental Philosophy, Geometry.
reek Reader, Book-keeping, Andiehn
;eography, Surveying, Mental Scienc'e',
Ugebra, &c. The examination was ably
il faithfully conducted by the Principal
if the Institute, and the clasees acquitted
henselves with much credir, and to the
!ntire satifaction of the Commirie.
The exerciseof the eyeuing weri deep6.
of nddrdsses by
he several students of each department or
he Institutes, a large proportion of which
i-ete ori;iual, commanding the 'ppro'ia'
iont of all present.
On third lay, the Committee attended
with interest to the examination of the
tudents of the English departmeut of the
llodges Institute, conducted by the In
itructor in that department. it this ex
imination. the pupils evinced a familiarity
with the bran'ches ofstudy to Whibch' they
and iein attending, which s'aiislied the
oiminittee that they wero tliorougbly
lit coticlusion, the Commit tee take plea.
ure inn expressing their opinion, that the
-xercises of the pupils in the several de
inrt ments of the above schools, were high
y creditable to th'emseles, n'nd refeer
tonor upon their instructors. and could not
ail to sntisfy the expectatiuns of their par
nts and guardians.
J. S. ANTLEY, Chnairman.
MR. CLAY ON FREE SOIL.
The lion. Ihenry Clay being invited to
ittend the Convention at Cleveland, Ohio,
n celehinate the antnive:'sary of the piassags'
if tine Ordinance of 1787, sent the follow
ntg letter, in excuse for ionattendance:-'
"AsnL.%YD, June 16. 1849.
Gentlemen,-i received your official let''
er.in behalf of tihe Freemen of the R'eserve'
nvi-irg tme to unite with th'ei, at'Cle e
atnd, io eclebratinig thi~ atiniversary of the
assnge of thd Ordinatnce of 1787, ott the
13 hn of Junly next. I conceur etirely itn
ipitnion as to tihe wisdom of that grea3
neastire, aind I am gladi that it has sectiY'
dn'to the State, on which it operates, an
xetmption from tine evils of Slavery. But
he event of theo passage of the Ordinance
hts ntever, within my knowledge, been!
:elebrated it any oitd of' the six'ry-dW
years wichl has- since interve'ded. It is
proposed fur tine first time to'commemor
4te it. It is imponsible to' disguise the,
r~onviction, thnat this purpose originates'
"at of the gqe'stioni cony unfortunately agi-.
ating tine whole Union, of the introductioti'
if slavery into New Mexico and Califor
tni. Whlilst tno one ean be mtore opposed'
ihan-I amn to the extension of'slavery into
thnose new territories, either by the authori
ty otf Congress or bytindividual enterprise.
I shnould be unwillittg- to do' adyttitng tin
inrease the' preiailing excitement. 1'
hopeo thant tine question wvill be met in a
sibirit of calmrness an~d cannder, and finally
sen led itt a mantner to add strength aud!
stabnility, itnstead of bringing any danger
to t.he existennce of our Uaniott.- li- albot'
diiferen-e's of opitnionn, wve shotild' never
cease tot rememtber that we arffklow citi
zens of otne common and glorilits countRy,.
tnor to exercise mutual and friendly, forb
But. gentlemeri. 'vaiving all other cons
siderantiotns, intdispensable engagements'
wilt prevent my ateindance on the occa
sinnn, whicht you have done me the htonor
to mnito me.
Witlt great respect, I am your friend
andt obedient servantt. H. CLAY.
Messrs. John: C. Vaughan,. Thomas
Crows are never the wivbier for washing