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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our LierliTs, and if it must full, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUMIE XIV. TII '. 29
Will. F. DURISOE.
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Look Uways on the Sunny Side
Wharolitie things may sweet'n life
If we but view them rightly!
Our dati kest moments oft are rife
With plea-ures beaming rightly.
The mind that wraps itself in grief
And vents its woes in groaning,
Would never gain oie hour's relief,
For ages pass'd in moazing
Look always on the sunny sie
The sun is ever shining ;
The shadow may lie dark and wide,
But 'tis no use repining.
Nay. tho' the sun seem vanish'd quite,
We are not unenlightened.
The glittering stars show best at night,
As though by darkness brightened.
Your path may be thro' deserts drenr,
But springs e'en there are flnowing;
Keep tip yetur spirits, never f,-ar,
Heaveu still ijoy bestowing.
As a bright fower that mov be found
Where all besides is dreary.
Seems to shed sweeter fragranco aroupd,
In comfort to the weary.
Just so. a joy the mourner sees
,.nAadthe.4 o9 f-srsy w% ---
- Poeswses4oui e Vo.w,er to please,
Afid 'sirenhiens for the morrow.
Thlen let 1s al ways look for joy,
E'en in our griefs invite her;
And what woul.l otherwise annoy,
Will helpo to make life brighier.
A GOOD ONE.
The Hartford (Conn.) Ga:ette tells the
following good one, which well hits tiff the
practice of running ourselves down itha
others tie induced to compliment. Very
few, as in the case of the pious Mr. H. that
would like to he taken at their word:
In a village not a dozen miles from
Hartford the members of a religious snrie
ty were in the habit of holding prayer
meetings in the church in which they
made a kindl of confessinn commoanly called
"telling one's experience." A very pious
member of the flock, Mr. H. somnetines
ativited 1 r. P. who was not a* nembler, to
attend the "experience meetings." At one
rofthese. Mr. It. in relating his experietce,
stated that he was a great sinner-that he
had.sitned daily, wish his eyes open-wil.
fully and kuowingly sinned-thai gondness
dwelt not in his hienrt--that he was abso
lutely delpraoed, rrnd that nothing but the
boundless mercy and infinite goodness of
Jehovah, nmanitested through ste attuniing
bilood of the' Redeemer, coubil save himui
from eternal perdition. Mr. P. whon had
accidentally bieen placed upion the n'nxiouts
seat," was calledl upont after his- neighbor
H-. hail ended, ton relate his "experience."i
He arose, and with great gravit y said, lie
had very little to say of himself; but the
hrethren would remnembter that he had livedi
for twenty-nive years the ntext door nteigh
bor to Mr. B. sh.t lie knew him well atnd
''it gave him great pleasitre, (becausme he
cotuld do it with entire sincerity) to confirm
the truth of all brtrh-r H. had cotnfessed
of himself ! When Mr. P. sat dnwn uinder
ste smile of the whole congiegat ion (the
worthy parson not accepted,) .ilr. I1. went
uip to him aind said. "You are a rascal
and a liar, and Ill lick you when out of
*Dennis. darlin', och Dennis, what is it
-you're dotng !'
'o trying an exparament !'
'Murder ! what is it ?'
WVhat is it, did you say 'Why it's given
hot watber to the chtickenus I ami, so tha'lI
be after laying boiled eggs.'
'Men are made in the image of God! ?'
s Gentlemen are matnufactured by tailors,
barbers, and boot blackers.
Woman is the last and most pierfect
work i.f God. Ladies are the producetionis'
of silks worms, milliners and dressiog
A darkey set. to. work to cut down a
very tough tree. but Ihis axe flew back, for
some time, with hut little effect. A storm
r occurred tmen timse, and a crashing shaft
-of lightnting shattered'a hnge oak to. splin
team near him.
-'Bress de Lord !' exclaimed Sambo, 'dat
wel done. -Spose y ou try dis one ttext
.gesyou getuour match..
Mr. Calhoun at Fort HHiI.
We find in the New York Ilerald ani
interesting letter from a correspondent
who .ad lately paid a visit to Mlr. Calhaun
at Fort Iill, his residence, in Pendle:on.
The extent of his plantation and the ad.
mirable management everywhere observa
le have perfectly enraptured the writer,
and we regret our space limits us ti ex
tracts while our desire is to give the who!e,
as it presents our distinguished citizen in
a character entirely new to mnst persons
beyond she hounds of the State.-South
"\fe reached Fort lIill about two o'clock
p. m. It was nearly the dinner hour. I
was introduced to his family, which at that
time consisted of Mrs. Calhoun, his young
est daughter, and tbree youngest son.
Mr. Calhoun has seven children; ihe eldest,
Andrew, isa planter in Alabama; the next
Patrick, is a captain in the army, and
stationed near New Oileans, the eldest
daughter is in lurope, the wrife of our
charge at Belgium. Mrs. Calhotn is just
such a wife as a matn like Mr. Calhoun
should have-sensible, domestic, and in.
dustrious. She governs her household in
a style that the Roman matron in the olden
ames ever surpassed. Cornelia,the daugh.
ier at home, is a most flrectionate comnpan
ion for the mother. John is a physician,
atd was married, shorily after I 1es to the
daughter of a near neighbor.* ' ill
make a leadling physician whi is
destiny leads him to settle. Iis* he
next, is a calm, quiet, thinking gain man
of 20, and, in many respects. strongly res
enibles his father. Willie is the youngest
of all Mr. Calhoun's children, atout 18
years of age, and the pet of all. The two
last are students in the South Carolinta
College, ani at home during the vacation."
"Towards sunset Mr. Calhoun gave me
an invitationi to walk over his farim. I
"Hiad I not known with whom I was
conersing I should have set [am dhown
in my mind as the most thorough going
practipil fairmer I had ever met with -
There is no detail connected with it, with
wihichi he is not pert'ectly ftmiliar; and as
tie carries you alung with him, he poinits
onst to yon. and explains every thing in the
most simple imunner possible. Yon won.
der, l<nodng the man, where lie got his
infurmaii'n froii, anti when he had iitme
tip get it, and still more when he had time
to carry it imo operation. it people
x- not-iinhrstand ;M: ieCa1-61111. h
oi~rc. I.,..p ikts ystelti d power
of con:bibations. lie-has a time and plice
lir eveity ibing; itn a word, to give a vul
ear qnotation, "'what Mr. Calhoo n don't
know about any anr every thing, ain't
wuorth a man's while to look afer.' Say
what you please about Mr. Culhonn's
tither qualifiations, dispute abont therm
as moc as you please. whether lie is this,
that or the tiher, I care not--but this as
sprtion I n ill make, lohn C. Calhoun is
the iest practical faritier in the United
States,. anti if any m'an doubts this as'er
tion, let him make a pilgrimage it Fort
Hill. and fis doubts will ie lelt there."
"JHv tht, way, while walking in the large
coris i3ld.f asked ir. Cailho.un what gave
he name of Fort Hill to this place. Ie
answored my tiery by pointiing out to me
a long hill about the Seneca, and remark
*-there was a fort stood there, built, I
believe. during the war of the revolution;
it was used during that titme by the Ameri
cans, and called Fort Hill. It was dis.
mantled with peace. but its name has
been gi-en to tmy farm, on which the old
fort stood.' By this time we had passed
throuh the tall corn aid had reached the
batk "of the river, a narrow but a rapid
and very deep stream, whose head waters
were libnid not forty miles from him. in
fact itt sight oif his house ini the mrount ains.
There wits a lotng scow tied to a tree on
the hank swung ot into the stream. We
both entered it, and I took a seat.
Not a word was spoken for some mo
ments. antd an imrpression wvas ma~de on
my mind which 1 abnall uiot suoo- fitrget.
Mr. Calhoun'-s clear voice for a moiment
broke the spell. 'The Seneca nust be
about two-thirds of tihe size of the Jordanr.'
I looked up. an-i he describied the resemn
blanice, probably, wvith as mnuch accuracy
as if lie has seen hoth. Agai, 1. thought
writh what is he not familiar. The htisto ry
of an empire or republie, or the history o~f
the cotton plant or lndlianr corn; these riv,
era and lrooks, or JIordant and Etuphrates,
and TFexas rivers. WVhile lie was giizinig
Ill that plaidt stream. I gazed at him, arid
I have felt an. irresistible love come oiver
rre, and'a eotnsciousnesso( irresistible ipow
en in himt, which I never ha~te felt behore
io the presee of any created 'oeing. I
have stood in sight of emperors and kinigs
ini the old word at r evie ws, amid t he rolhiig
mif artillery, the peals of music from hn
dtds of bandis and the nmarchring of thou
sands, and yet 1 never was so imapressedl
with a feeling of the one man power,. as
in the presence alone of John C. Calhomi,!
in a boat on the Seneca river, arid during
that brief period a hundred things flashed
across tmy mind, wrhich I will recall agaiu.
One conviction was this: that but for ig
norance, downrighit stuipid ignora nce, on
rte part of the people of the United States,
made so andi kept so by rt-ill moro stupid,
hack party papers, contented wvith the in
terest of selfish, aspiring party leaders,
whose interest it is to keep the mass of the
peaple ignotattt of the real character of
Jolhn C. Calhorun, of his glorintus and god
like intellect, his lofty patriotism, and love
for country, which is oinly bounded by that
ecotry, and- not by any onae State or sec
tion-lie wrishes but justice 'o all-of hisI
his supreme contempt for dishnnet, ti-m
serving politicians. tricksters, and lickspit
ties; and his love for all that is grood. use
fin, and patriotie ; above all, his honest3
and incorruptibilia'y or his sagaciy-hi:
long experience or fory years in the high
Pot seats in the councils of. the Union-anm
his deep thought and friresight, which al
-nake him whai he is, the greatest man it
the federal Union-but for this. tie people,
as one mai, would have ariseti and placet]
him at the head of alTairs at Washinigtoi
1:ng ago, and lie would inare stanped thie
inpress of htis miglty mind, for years to
come. fir good. With so ture. so lofty
and patrioic a Preidetnt, how would our
government new stand before the strng
gling European nations? ie woull miark
his admitistrationhy act and policy ili
would cause it to he blessed for a centnry
to come. As it is, what has he not done,
for the last twentv years only ? IIe has
originated and carried more meastures,
which have becoine law. and defeuted more
which lie believed to he had, than all the
Presidents during that period. 1- it not
true, and are not the people of the United
States fully conversant witi these facts ?
lie has tn press to trumpet forth anti bla
zon his great actions, as every other little
great man has. and who consequently he
come quite honored and caressed. Thesc
men, and that class of men. every ione of
them, know what John C. Calhoun is, and
what he has done, and feel that to him
they are the pigmy to i lie giant. Mr. Gal
houn stands alone. ie is like the iightv
chain of the Alleghanis, which loom ui
nnto the clouds, 4U or (0 miles from his
miansiona. When tine has passed witi
him, when 40 or 60 years intervene, then,
and not till then, will the people nf our
country look back, and then in that dis.
tanec-nbove all. will tower the memory
or the acts or Calhoun. lie is like the,
mountain-the grandeur ofr his mind and
its conceptions caiot lie sien by those it
his time. Distance will ma.k his outlines
with distinctness and do hin justice-bct
ter for hiu-too iate for uts.
4 What experience has been his-how
long and how varied ! Six vears a mem
her of' the lower hlouse of' Congress. PigtI
years Secretary of War. seven 3eurs Vice
President, one year Secretary of Sie,
eighteen years Setiator in Congress ! For
rtry years, without in:ermission, in the
pulic service ; and diring periods fraught
wih the greatest excileeniat and internt.
in the Union. I thgrtnT r lirnung
flThe iltlt party subserviency should be
able it) obscure iii ouir own land an intellect
n~hich would shine brilliantily in nny nit
er ; and the sage o! experience never occ
py his true position in our estimatian mtil
afuer he leaves its; and whant does he think
4i this or of the Presideiicy ? I 'a-ked
him, and as near as I can recollect I will
give his reply :
"'GVlii could I gain to be President ?
Care and anxiety, that I nn-free fron now.
I ain not anitious. The inly reward I
seck is the approbation of my own con
icience. I neither ask nor desire any oth.
er reward than thiat. I wonld not accept
the office of President on any otier terms
han the most entire freedini to ref'orim
abuses. aholish this system of re:iovals.
and break up the spoils and phitder sys
tem, arid restore the government to a
healthy antl vigorous action, anod this with.
rItit anty tramir.el or pledges, excepi those
which the constitution imposes upon the
A PRAYFR BY KOSsUTn.-The follow,
ing prayer offered by Kossoth will be in,
teres'ing to our readers. It was ofl'ered
by him kneeling amid the inltituude. at
the grave of the Magyer heroes who fell
in the battle of Raplaiyln;i. and was orig
iially published in the Opposition a jour
tnal ofjPesih. We translate front the Ger.
Almighty Lord ! God of the wvarriors
of Arpadl ! Look downt from thy starry
thrie 01on ty impl~rorinig servant, * mmu
whose lipis thie prayer of miilhlionts ascenls
to thy Heaven, praising the untsearcihible
power of thine O:nnipotenice. O God,
over moe shtities thy sun aiid bieneath mae
repose the relics of tmy falle3 hteroic bre
thren, abiove miy htead the sky is bilue and
under tmy feet the earth is dhyeud red with
the holy blood of the children of our an
cestors. Let thle animnating& heamos oif th3
sun fall here ilhat flowers may sptng up
from the blood so that these hitdis of tde.
plartedl beings may not itnierr unaidorredl.
Gotd of our fthers andl God of theo untionis!
hear and bless the votice oh' our w'arriors in
which the arm and the soul of brave na
tions thunder to break Ihbe ironl handl of
tyranny as it forges its chains. As a free
mao I kneel on these fresh graves, by ihe
ue'nainus of' my birothers. By such a sac.
rice as theirs Thy Eh~'l would lie con.
secratetd were it till- stainied with sin. O
God ? ont thtis holy soil ablove these graves
no race of'slave's can live. 0 Father!
Fathler of our Fathlers! Mighty over tmy
rinds. Almighty God of the Hjeaveni, the
Earth atnd the Seas ! From the hones
springs a glory whose radiance is on the
brow oif my pleopile. Hallow iteir dust
wtith Tihy grace that the ashes oaf tmy fil
en heroic brethren may rest in peace '
Leave us not, Great Go d ofl buttes !Ini
the holy name of the tnatins, praised be
Thy Omnipntance. Amlen.
TaE RmcOzDY.-"Oh, D)oeior,'' satid n
elederly latty recently to Dr. 11--, the
cele'brated bonie-seiter, ia descrihing the
effectsof .t deseased spine, "I catn tneithiet
lay nor se.
"I should recommend, then, replied he,
"t hn pronriae of' rooling. "
From the.MahAnll (Texn) Republic:mi.
, ARSHALL, July 3, 1&09.
Ma.EiTonT.-I have drawn entirely
fromn my pemory the few paragraphs of
Col. Wigall's speech, whiv b are -givei llr
public;ti. . shall, at some convenicint
Iiiimne. gi Ou otlier parralIIs. inoril lie
euuire -ch sl'all have'c been puili,be.l.
The ss of the southern members.
said Mlr.Wigfall. was uibjectecd to by our
Senators.-beca use the original draft con
tained fie dlhclaration that **the presem
criis wa'5ns imporinn us that whilh led
ti Ohe DJnration of.Iolepeoderce." Hotit
1r. Ber's Addres4, for which hohit
Senators' Vted, and wouhd have signed,
declaresiat thle question is of all si-j-e0s
the 1A portant." Can lng:ua1-1e be
stron;er?.J t is objertel ngolin,that tlie
origioni declares ahat 'if our righti
arc loot p'tectedl under the consitiiitil, it
(the conliaatino) will heome "a swond
for attackmaiil not a shield for defence." Is
the propjsilion not self-evident ? 13t,
strige;to say, neither of the Sen:aors
were everlasked to vote for the orizinal
draft-he oh-jecsbihaile passnes havin
been strickten out. by the consent of Mr.
Calhoun, &frc lhe motion was maide fAor
recommitmetu, .t was the Address of the
Southern,7inembers against w'hich they
voted, nhd as nn excuse for it they point
out seantettces whidi.they weic ncver usked
But the Sonut'hiern Adlress. they sny.
declares hnat the aggressimis of the Norih
uponl South would he tIe cause of war he
tween lot *gn nations. This is langiinge
which they could not tolertc-it is sneh
as shoul0ot be used towards our brethren.
Hilt whO''1.~r. ierrien say<,- "such inter
ference wnn d iot-be llerated bet ween in.
erpen4ent.'overrigntirs-it wonld le mt
by reindtstraice, mi, if necessary, bg
force." they see nothing objeciionaile. but
vole for, iaidorse, and are willing to) sig-n
it. The lame sentimenis in other p!-i.n
ges. whic Were objected it by then in
tle South rn Address, were shown by .1r.
W inf ali t e coninineoF in .i. ierrien's,
njad to h; 'received their entire sfnietion.
What cor peuce, th-n, ie .aked, can he
placed in eir sincerity wheii they urge
the existepc ofth'ee pssees ii ihe South.
rn A id e reatsi fur not sign
General Honton snid (M.Wcalcon.
I linluedl) thiat he had beenl (uiaedl hvy .blr,
Calhonn oh n'count of his Oregounvote.
Wtin rave charges are inade, i i.4 i m.
portant to determine the charieter of ihe
accuser. lie (General Iloli i.) would
rest Ii-; defence upon tie issiue of sh-o in2
bhat \lr. C;illioii was, and ever had been
upon all lihe great questions which had mei
uied the cuiiintry. 1hithless to the Soth,
and panricu larly to Texas. Mr. Cadllo .
said Mr. V., tneded tin defender. mnd hle
(.\Mr. W.) could he neirher proiklied nor
betraved into tle discussion of inina1s te.
Gen. Hlouston's conduct, aid not Ir.
Calhtoan's was tie m1n)ter tinder consile
ration. Bnt as Gen. II. had rested his le
fence upon the establishing of is rharnss
against ir. C., they beiame impor1ant,
and fbir that purpose lie would consider
them. and for that only. It was impossi
ble. ii ithitt the tile allowed him, to ex.
plktiiii and consider in de'ail the positimils
which that great siate.;mima hail oieenpied
upon all lie great qutesii'ins upon which
ite country had been divided dutring tile
last quarter'of a century. lie %ioul.d
restrict ihimself to one-lr. C's posilion
as 10 Texas. lie seleeted ib it'eieus his
audience were iniili.r with it, and be
Cause Get. If. 1nd laid creat stress unotin
it. If on this lie Could show thi Gen
eral Il's poisiton 'nas unsust~tained, thle
facts UpIon which he reliedh false, aol hi~s
charilges utunded, then lie would callI
upon the ple~~I io rej'ct his (Getn. Ii's)
estionnrtiy upon nll other polinits as unweor-.
thy of belief. Pulduus in uno fidsus in ont-*
niliUs. [Whena a wimness wilfully mlisrep
resented as to one mater hle cll bie lie
lieveud as to 1none.] Genl. IlluIn, chiarge'd
that iI r. C., bly llhspatchting the Joimt Res
ol u'ioins, put it out of the plower of ?ir.
Polk to tentder tile nhternmaive as he (Ai r.
P.) had ll d hllli~lIiimoeef to do. Mt..
here asked Geineral ll. if Mir. Polk coul
no111, 01 any3 time buefore the Joinat Resoln
tions had beeni actedl 11pon by) a le Republic
ofjTexas, have with hla wn themu and)1 substi
tuted the alternative. General ii. was
undlterstood ill say "he could nor." Thten.
said M'1r. WV., lnt of vouor ownvr mouthi I
will cond~ten iiyou. I hol itt my ham lii aI
letter sinned $nam. Hoiusiton, writte six
wieeks Iifter the J1no i R~esoilutionlStshad been
di'patchled, andl addlressed, tol M.yjor J.
Diiitsn. "1 said,"' exelaitnedl Genernl
hi.. "that Mir. Polk said lie coubd not.'" If,
saidl Mr. W., there are anyv other mtothfi
Cationst of youtr answer to lie tmaide, I will
platienitly await them. TIhere seem to be
mote. Then I wvill read w'hat Geii. ii.
hiou ght of~ ir. Poel k's posit ion atnd cloinrl
over the Joint Rtesolu'itlis on thc 9th A pril,
1845, six weeks lifer they had passed fromn
Alr. C's hands. "Now, my dlear frientd, I
conjurle yout to use youra itnfluencte ittn hv.
ing presentedl to thlis golveriimeni,. tire ah
ternative suggested by the nrtiendmennt to
Mr. Brown'~s B~ill befoire i is too late, anid
while there is a remedy."
It was5 not even th'n "'too halo"' for
31r. Pidk to utndo Mr. C's work. lIe
might (accordinig to Gen. [H.'i still substi
lute thle alternmat ive for the Jtintt Resolin
tinis, anti, by wvithdtrainiig from tlie Ieo.
ple the .privilege of dleciding for temn
selke's, rerdeem-hig piledge, nnd thus pllace
TIex~as in the hands of Mr. Bientoti and htis
read GOca. H: But whatever may be the
fact ns to the power of the President over
J the Joint Resolitinis aifir they had been
dispnilhed. that Gen. I.$l.lionionl did Iot be.
lieve Ohl ir. Pola's conduct was coirll.
ed by .\lr. Cationn's action is manife:,.
Yet lie openly and boldly charge% it.
Could lie have frorgotten the letter, oi did
lie presume upon our ignorance?
Bitt. agin. Gen. 1[. says that iy the
Joint liesiloions slavery is'now ahilued
over one third of Texas--thal the "le1al
capacity there exisling to employ slave la
hor" has been "1 desiroyed by Mr. Gif
hioun." and Iit vast rcgion eii oIT frmi
the oceupaLi im of Souihern planters nnd
farmers "-lint " Mr. C. has nuillated a
Southern state. and suippressed, in a large
I portion of it, the doetlOic institin Salle-ti e
tinil by its laiws." It has been already
seen titi. acCording to his own showing, ii
has been M r. Polk, anti not Mr. C., who
isi idiponsible for this, if it he so. But is.
0hc siaiement Irne. that slavery is now
apolir-hed in Texas? Mr. W. would no*
intult ilhe tndersiading by arguing the
uips'inst. Slavery exisied there. anld still
eximss all over Texasi. The Federal Gov
ernmnent hid no right to abolish it. Our
own Legi,iure hil none. Yet Geo. II.
had just siated, in ilie most solemn manneatr.
ihn: it was now abolished over oue-third of
Mr. W. then rend the Joint Resolutions.
It was plain that tlt Missouri restriction
wias a mere nollity. If a state is formed
above :36 deg. 30 min. slavery is to be pro
hibited; but no stich state can he formed -
e~xcelit "bytheconsent"ofTerus. Slavery,
then, c-inout he abolished over any of
Texas. except by our consent. It could have
been abo16lied by our consent whether
Ihe Missouri restriction had been ingrdfted
it the Joint Retolulions or not. Hui with.
nut ihe insertion ofthe A1issouri Compro
iise the Re.solitions could never have
been pas,5edl. I. tlTorded norihern democrats
n xense for voting for them, and at the
samte time in terlered with none ol'our
righ.6- 'Tis the only compron:ise we have
ever maide with tihe Norti, by which we
iave lost nothing. And ror this Mr. Cal.
hotitn has been denounced, and held up it)
.repirobaiion." It is at tlie faihful sen.
tincd the ileserter always fires as lie is pass
ig. firom the cmip of his countryten into
the lines of the enemy.
But, said Mr. W., Gen. H. Q-ys that
the line of 36 deg. 30 min. cuts oi'one-.
thirld f the owte. Ile here exhibited a
m.ut- wth4ti onet. iba, mt n*n toure tian a
:wcITh. or n leth it most, lay above the
line. It', saiil Mr. W., lie is atiempted
o impnse Iupon our crcdlJity as to those
matiers tl which #-very Texian inuit lie
infurmed, %% hiat conlilence eau we pluce
in his sltenots as to Iltse maniiirs of
which we know noihing-31. Calhotin's
position upon ihe Jmiak, Taril, naid hai.
tronil Improve Imeit, questionts more Iliu
In Gen. 11' re;y. lie said that in staing
iih:ii iine-itird of the s[tic lay ave 313
deg. 30 mni. Ie ime gant degrees of latitude,
;iaid not square miles. The oiler two
cbarges he left untaiched. tile reply being
nimst nitirey taken tilt witlh anecdotes,
U11 coitilim-,Il l tst) tile ladies.
When II. took iii sent. Mr. W. rose
andtt said that '-Nero had lathed while
iRome was hurning." The mater uider
'iiideratisin sI- i a Seriiotis on". The
charg-s lie had made wrre grave. Tiiey
inivov-il the liaracter of tile Senator.
A nil he had atemtied to laugh them ol
ai divert niten:ion by his niecotes.
lie woitl now nsk him. and hie lieued a
reply-could a Texan carry his negroes
above 3G eg. 30 min. in our own state
Gei. I1. anwered, eecould carry them
to New York if lie saw fit. That is an
evasion said Mr. W. I will have a fair
answer. 1i there any ''legtl incapacity ?"
I do not kntow. said G,-n. II . I hasve not
conisideredu thus qiiestiotn. '"You should
have idoine so," s-. id 31 r. Wi., befbre hazarid
ing yotur repuitatitn anud veraceity by uuak
in" the statemnent.
A Ni:w Co-r-roy I1n:ss.-We finid the
follow intg deicri ption orai tiew Giition press
in the M cibil e 'iTribunei. We would call the
air enition ohf our landters tol ii.
"Mr. 1). McComib', the iniventor and pa
tenteg, has left ait this ollice a rrodel of it
new press for ciomipressing cotigin hiay or
hem p. It w ill re mini oiily fir a fe ws day s.
aiid we invite plaiters atnd oilhers interested
to exa mine ir, Its construtcioin, remarks the
psiteii e.ius sneh as to secenre the nimttost hils
sible diirablili'y; anid its locatiotn in the gin
hiagse secuires lithaids and hoirses from inee
mntt weaither. 'ITie bale hieiogn made in the
liii r 'out, or on the samiie hunm, makes lie
opieratiion v'ery' cuonvenient. The ptress ho
in sn001pende, is seCtured from idecaiy. and
lie hors'e operatinog ronditus centre, is en
iihled to do hiis woi k wigh unprecedented
caise andi speed, as hie only matkes from
four t-o eight revolutionnos to the bale. It'
requires. less than ai horse poiwer to reduce
five hunidred pounids of cotton no shipping
-ize, andu less thiasn one hur 's work of lie
horse itisikinig I'ifmy b.ales, or less thtan
one iu..nte to thes haue.
Tis presslihts beeni fully tested in Mlis
sissippi anii Louisiana, nni is considered
uneqalg~ ted in its advanvisi ies iiir thle pressing
pupss It is remark ably sim ple in its
coinst rtuction an tiIafi er inspectling it we
co uld not doubt thait iit is si great imp Irove
mienit~ the iig ordiiaiy serew press.
iri. McuCombi is airranginog to establish nt
workshoiup in this city, iu itrdier in fill promptw
ly ghe girider 'if planttets io. South A labamka,
The body of M'$arshalh Biieaud was em
balmeid- rind dressedl itn full uniform, with
his sworrd by his side,
From the Abbeville Banner.
REPORT OF THE HdDGES AND
Greenwood, June 27k-28th 1849.
The Commimtee gave their undivided
attention to the exercises of the pupils id
the several depariments of these Schools,
and1 expresi their entire satisfaction and
aptiroval of the performances.
li our report, we will notice the ordet
of examination, beginninig with the Fe
minale School. After an appropriate hjd'
had been sung by the music teachere, at
companiied with tie piano. and prayer of.
rered by the Rev. J. M. Chile5, the ex
ercises commenced with -pelling, primary
ge::rnphy, and proceeded to the higher
inusses in gpography, history of South'
Uarolina, history of England. Englisi
raimmnar, rheioric, arithmetic, algebra,
3s'ronomy, philosophy, and -at intervals
exercises on the piano-all of which were
ieard with no small degree ofpleasure.:
l'he questions propounded to the yourne
ladies were unusually full, and the an
iwers were so promptly and correctly giver,
is to satisfy us that as far as they had ad
vanced, they were thoroughly aceguainted
vith tie various branches upon whicli
they were examined. The performanced
>f the young ladies on the piano were
ighly satisfactory, showing rapid improve
nent, as several of irem had bit receuty
:oimiimenced. Specimens of drawing antd
paiting were also exhibited, which had
necn executed in very neatstyle.
The evening exercises were taken up
with thei reading of composimons, whichl
eviiiced much original thought, and were
particularly marked for their moral ca't.
Durin; these exercises, the Instructors anit
pupils performed some admirable pices'
un the piano, which wereltruly eblivening.
The second day was directed to the ex
rmination of the students in the classical
lepartment of the Hodges Institutes. The
branches of study upon which they were
examined,were nunmerous: Sallust, Ho
nr, Naturnl Philosophy, Botany, Latio
Lessons. Mental Philosophy, Geometry,
Greek Reader, Book-keeping, Aniieni
G;eography, Surveying, Menial Scienc'e,
Algebra, &c. The examination was ably
ind faithfully conducted by the Principt
rf the Institute, and the clasees acquitted
hemselves with much credir, and to the
entire satifaction of the Commitiee.
The exerci;e? of the evening weri&eep*-.
ly-111erestiig,' consisting of addressies by
he several students of each department of
the Institutes, a large proportion of- whicht
were original, commanding the 'ppioba'
lion ofull present.
Ont third day, the Committee attended
with interest to the examination of the
Midents of the English departmeut of the
llodges Institute, conducted by the in
Itructor in that department. In this ex
imination, the pupils evinced a farniliariit
with the braniches ofstudy to hilich' they
had beei attending, which s'atis6ed ilue
Committee that they were tiorougbly
li conclusion, the Committee take plea
;ure in expressing their opinion, that the
exercises. of the pupils in the several de
part ments of the above schools, were high
ly creditable to th'emselves, n'nd reflect
ionor upon their instructors, and could noi
oil tosttisfy the expectations of their par
ents and guardians.
J. S. ANTLEY, Chairmanf.'
MR. CLAY ON FREE SOIL.
The lion. Ilenry Clay being invited to'
itendi the Convention at Cleveland, Ohio,
to celebrate the anunivesary of the pas'sag
,f the ordiriance of 1787, sent the follow
ing letter, in excuse fur tionaitendance:-'
"ASnLtND, June 16. 1849.
Gentlemen,-i receiVed your official let-'
terin behalf of tihe Freemen of the R'eserv''
nvi-ir'g tme to unite with th'edi a'Cle es
laid, in celebrat itg thd ariniversary of the
passage of thd Ordinancee of 1787, on the
1:3 h of July next. I cotncur etntirely in
npinion as to the wisdom of that greas
measure, and I am glad that it has sectir
ed to the State, on which it operates, ani
exempltion from thme evils of Slavery. But
the event of thme passage of the Ordinance
has never, within mny knowledge, beens
celebrated in any ohs' of thd six'ty-di1a'
years which has- sinde intereided. It is
proposed fur the first time to'commemor
ate it. It is imposible to' disguise time.
conviction, that this put pose originates'
mott of the questint eowv unfortunately agi
tntitng the whole Union, of thme introductioti
of slavery into New Mexico and Califor
tnit. Whilst no one can be more opposed*
than- I am to the extension of'shavery into
thoise niew territories, either by the authori
ty of Congress or bytindividual enterprise,
I should be unwilling- to do' dytitig U'
increase thi' lrieailinig excitement. ?
hopie that the question wvill be met in a
sipirit of caltmness and candor, and finally
settled in a mn:ner to add strength ande
stabmility, instead of brimnginig any danger
to thme existence of our Union.. I'- altaanr
dil'ernes of opinion, we ahitrdd n'ever
cease to remnembecr that we arrfbllow citi
zens of onme common and glorihins countay,.
nor to exercise mutual and friendly. for'
But, gentlemeni, evaiving all other enn'
sideratios, indispensable engagemxents<
will prevent my attetndance on th6 occa
slotn, whicht you have dhone me the honor
to inlvite me.
With great respect, I am your friench
atnd obhedient servantt. H. CLAY.
Messrs. Juli: U. Vaughan,. Thome&
Crows are never the whiter for wasbiag;