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EDGEFIELD C. II.
WEDNESDAY AUGUST S, 1S -
$ Torrents of tain continue to full in this
section of Country to the great injury of the
Cotton crop. The prospect fut a fine corn
crop is highly flattering.
107 To give place to an a'cconrit of the praa
ceedings of the Dinner at Hlacard's in this Di
tuict on Saturday last, we have been coin
pelldd to omit nearly all Editorial
ity 'rie do*rtward riail of Sunday last did
riot reach its in consequence of high water be
tween this and Abbeville C. II. There was
also a fitilure in the Augusta Mail of Monday
6E In conserienc of the Court-Martial to
be held at the "Old Wells" on Saturday the
11th inst., the muster of the two Villa-e Beat
Companies has been postponed till Saturday
the 25th, which is the 4th Saturday of the
10" On the first page of our p1aper will be
seen at extract from the speech of Col. io
FALL, fiornierly of our Village, male at M3ar
shall, Texas, on 3rd July, in defence of the
"Southern Address" and against the course
pursued by Sam Houston, Texan Senator -
Col. W. reviews with canstic satire the pioliii
cal views of the lion. Senator, atid puts him in
some awkward dilemmas. The charactter of
Gen. Houston. as also his political career, are
eertainly open to just rebuke. lie is an apos.
tate from the Southern cause. atid like Benton.
is truckling to the free soil party with a view
of obtaining the Presidency. Like the big
Missouri Senatoir, also, lie has made an attack
in a public letter on Mr. Calhoun and the
The requisite nonuber for forming a Volun
unteor Corps at this place having been obtain
ed, the members will meet in the Conrt Hlouse
on Saturday the 25th inst.. for the purpose of
electing Oflicers and for other matters.
The 25th will be the day fhr tile muster of
the Beat Companies at the Village.
It is expected that every one who has given
in his natme will attend. The list will continue
to be kept open for additional subscribers.
Census of Edgefield.
Ma. HARRIS, the Census Taker, has fur.
nished us with the following estimate of the
White Population of this District:
Total white popuhation of the District. 16.211
S" of Fdgefiehl Vil, :Ml*5
S " -' ofGraniteville', 67G
i ' " of Vanelnse, 200
" " " of hlamaburg, 400
* Th-ere mulst be an error in the estimnaie for
Pdgefield Village. W~e unel-sitod thu Town~v~
Council are about to have the Cenesus taken,
and if there should be an earor, we will hereaf-.
ter correct it.
Fun TnE Auvca-rtse.m
Eixtract from the llinuues of the Edgefteld
Baptist Association of the year 1848.
"Whereas our brother F'asetms C.
Jolnssos, now laborine in Camon. Ghina ;
known, loved, and1 most highly esteemed
by all, went out, fromt amonttg us. ta -tidl in
the extvnsion of the Rtedleemer's kinttgdom,
in that mighty Emupire, we sympathtize
with him in; his present lbors, anmd pray
earnestly to God, that, if cotnsistent n ith
his will, he be spared years of usefulness
To manifest moro fully our sympathy,
Resolved, That we earnestly commend
our brother and his Mlission to thte constant
prayer elf all our Chucrelies.
Resol red, That we matke every ellhrt that
each one in the circle of his influence can,
towrards raising annually, an amount 1/hat
teill at least be adequate to i support.''
[FOR TIE ADVE:R?IsER.1
On Saturday the 4th inst., accord ing to
previous arrangement, many of the citi
zens, (Gentlemen and Ladie!.) of Saluda
met at Havard's to enjoy a social dinntr, to
interchange their sentimentms in regard to
the political condition oif the cntmnry. and
ta listen to the speeches of Col. Aa-rtu~n
Stat~mNs and JosEPHt ABSNE.Y Esq.. whon
had been requested to address them on the
occasion, in reference to the great and ab
sorbing questions that agitate the Unliont.
Every preparation had been made .for
the comfort of the people aned the canv
vience of the speakers; and, at the op.
pointed time, Col. Simkins spoke It) thme
meeting for nearly an hotur, d welling forci
bly and eloquently on the aboulition policy
of the Nort b-the constant warfare she has
waged during the last twenty years. ag ainst
the South and Southern institutioans, an~d
suggesting the remnedy proper to be adop
ted in the present emergency.
It is common languag.' and teeoe
no compliment to say, the perfoartance of
an Orator is eloquent. Thte Semtitmems
of Col. S. were amnly. highatonmed. and his
views were striking. andl even staltesman
like. All felt his enthusiasmt andl earnest
ness, and many expressed lay itvolunttary
withbie pinonsandtheir firm resolvo at
the juncture suitable to aid in elle-cintg then
plan of cure proposed, arnd the measttres
of redress pointed out.
Mr. Abiley then rose, andl fualowed ill a
speech aboundinig with soun'd rensoningi,
rich, fancy, and glowitjg eloquence.
Anmong other things, lhe adverted in forci
ble terms to the present condition of thle
country, rendered so imnminently criticatl
by the exciting issuaes of the day-the n
vast and varied acquisitions of territory
the prospective eliorts to aitach still other
portions of the American cotiinent to our
already overgrown country, and the con
fusion and trouble likely to spring from
that source. le expressed himself, also,
with much warmth, in reference to the
fiendish machinatiotns of emancipationists.
an1d our high duty to rebut their efforts
with the most active zeal and determitia
tion. In truth, his entire remarks were. in
the highest degree, interesting, well-tined,
and admirably delivered. The whole au
dience accorded to him the mead of heart
lelt approibation. -
Alter the speakittg was enocluded. the
company partiik of au unustally good
burbecue ; and whilst the bowl was flow
ing freely, ttany patriotic and gallaut seu
timents were druttk.
Cul. Ohver Towles antid Dr. George
Yarborough olficiated as President nid
Vice IPeidenc of the day, and per
fortned their diferent parts. with prompt
ness, efficiency and propriety.
The hilarily inspired by win e, was heigh
tened by tile laughing ettjoyloemt of the
young, and the whole affair was crowned
by the mirth-naking sport of " Walking
fCr the Cake," an ancient custon still ob.
served in this part of the Districi, calcula
ted to excite and cltcrish kind and social
feelintgs itn the hosoms of all, and perhaps
something a few degrees wartmer, in the
hearls of tibe more youthful competitors
for the prize.
The following are the Toasts, in order
1st. The President of the United States.
-M ay his civil adninistratiou, equal in
greatness. his military career.
2nd. T1he Hon. John C. .Calhoun.-By
his late masterly reply to Thotnas If. Den
ton, he has demIolished an arch-iraitor.
3rd. The iMon. A. P. Butler.-His
whole course has been marked by energy.
ability, and deep devotiou to the true itt
terests of his couniry. -
4th. George McDuffle.--The States.
nnt, Orator, and Patriot-upu.: whon
will ti mantle (if Elijlth ftll ?
5th The G->rernor oJ the Stat.-Calm
and courteous in his demeanor-he will
doubtless, creditably discharge the duties
(if his hiath position.
6th. The Memory of Col. P. Al. Butler.
7th. The free States an-l their Policy.
In their hot haste to secnre the Lion's
share. they recklessly override both Coan
stitutition and Compromises.
8th. Old Virginia.-The mother of
Presidents. and what is inore, the mother
of Pairiots. We rejnice that she has ta
ken the field for the maintenance of South
ern rights, with so much of her ancient
9th. Kossuth and the Ilungarians.-Fi
red by tle bright example of Washitngton
al the Amet icins-God speed them in
their hard stri2gle for independence.
10th A Southern Confederac.-Liberty
first, and the Uninti aherwards.
11th. South Carolina.-The land of our
love-her lIig list of statesmen, and her
devoted Paltetto Regimeni, are tie trite
exponeots of her talent, ier courage, and
of her fidelity to the country.
l1th. Won.-As long as she is true to
thte nobtle instincts with which God has
endowed her, shte is a solace, a ctomfort,
anid a help-mnate for man.
13Jth. The Orators of the Day.-Good
Goottd .'!Good !!
Tro this la~t, Col. Simnkins aind Mm. Alh
ney responded, itn terms evincing their full
aplprecition of the comitplitment besumwed
otn tem, and coticluded with the fullow-.
By Col. Simkins-J'The Saluda Regi
meot-froma 177G to 18409, site has futrnishi
ed her quiotat tf eflicient mien tthl ini the
cotinel-l claimbiter and tuon the baittle. lieltd.
By Mr. Ahney-Allen Little, the Ni i
lecr's Boy, of " Big Creek " anti * Lit ile
Sailudae." M~ay the arm lie lost itn the he
roic defence of his country's flag, lie me
placedl with ani armo of gold. His claimns
to thte bequlest of Gen. Jackson are infeui
or to hut one tman's.
By A. Dozier-The Palmet to Regiment
-they have been honored highlf, but uot
above their deserts.
By J. Saiddler-Col. P. M. ait ler-troo
early lie died a sacrifice to patriotism. The
timies we fear are approachintg. whten it
would lie well that all Caro.liniaas were
mrtade of the same stuff.
By Jactob P. Ahntey-The lHon. John
C. Caihouti-his hue trittmphlant refutation
of thle false charges of Thotmas II. Beniton.
and his abile vindicattion of Southern rights
have giveit him ant additional claim to the
admirationi atnd love of his countrymnen.
By C. Havnrd-Gen. Taylor-we have
had cau-se to love himt-may we never have
cause for the exercise o'ftthe oppo'ite feelitng.
By S. Mlartint-lIre's hopinig, thtat
king's skins may lie imatufctured inmu
tmbrellas to shade the tree of American
By Wesley Whitte-To the South
Save the Uniont. Uti shall we save it at
the price of our liberties. Forbid it
By G. Yarborough-Our Mexicani he
roes-mtay they mecet with the high re
ward they so richly deserve-the approba
tioni of aiges to1 clime.
By A. M~ari-Gen. Zachary Taylor
he mtay lbe a haool-he may be itad-d rascal;
but he fights like the uatnaale Ilyen"-i
By Wilt'ot Abntey-Thte Hont. A. P'.
Butler-a nobl'eo pillar of tihe temple of
By the hlost, WV. lHavard-Thte preset
comtipany-entjoy yournelv es mty frietnds;
for if we do appear a little uncivil. we have
good hearts, atnd aire rno waiys dangerous.
jf'y Tpjibnah Jenntings-Lieut. Abney
Miay lhe not be forgotten for his gallumi
deeds itn Mexico.
By Thomnas Carson-Getn. M. L. Bon
bamn-the Lawyer, So~tldier atnd Genttlemran.
By C. Perry-Col. Athur Simkis
HIa vaind's neighborhtoodl showted their good
use~e .'n selecting him as one of their
By tsaac Edwards-OhI South Carohi
ta-utao of the athirutee~n States "-shte
has ever shown to the worht htem willing,
niess to stipport Southern rights.
By M. C. Whittle,
Ladies :are the objects of the a flections of matn,
Hlenee, they unmte wvitha them, hanid itn htand;
Fonr thetm I wou~tld toy passions ftr expnand.
By L. T. Abney-Messrs. Stevens and
T'oombs of Geo. and their kindred spirits,
he Southern Ablitinn Editors-they merit
he reward of traitors and political apos,
Lairs-the reprobation of i heir calutrymen.
By. L. Butler-Col. A. Simkins-mnay
he live as he has ever lived-an honeit
man both in! his public and private re
By Simon Street-South Carolina.-the
mother we love, and will protect and do
By T. II. Clark-Lient. Joseph Ahney
-he has ever exhibited to the country,
genuite patrioism-may he, in rine, meet
with his reward, end enjoy his honor due.
By M. Graham-.Gen. Bonham-his
gallantry in .Mlexico, has wou fur him lau
reli that will never fade.
By J. W. Schunpact-The Ladies or
South Carolina-1 forever respect them.
By J. Croiner-May the Ladies of
Edgefield ever remember the b;chelors.
Hy A. J. Neal-aiy all the ladies mar
ry and be happiy.
By A. Agrippa Whittle.
Ye gallant and brave " 96 Boys,"
Who fought in yom coumtry's catise
Who made the tnmtskets your toys,
Enter into your patriotic joys.
By - If ever that maagtlio calls
himself "Brutus " ownes his true name,
ho had better he in h-l-had'nt he ?
By Win. A. Logan-Sacred to the
memory of 0. Washington, F. Mlarion,
and B. DeKalb.
By M. Smuurt-Our Fellow Citizen,
William H. Havard-by his liberality in
furnishing the euterlainment of to-day, he
has deserved our thanks.
FOR TIE ADVER'rTSER.
IF/o is a ical friend to the People!
We now lay down the principle-ISa
lus populi Supreia lex"-he welfare of
the people is the supreme object of law.
This is the end to lie aimed at by ill gov
ernment or ocietiy. And it is to be
achieved. not by consulting the interests
of majorities or minorilies, bitt by looking
to the concurring majority of all the vari
ous interests of society ; not by laboring to
work the greatest good to the greater nun,
ber, but the greatest goofl to the greatest
number. To achieve the highest possible
good for the largest possible number, yet
causing injuiry to none, is the perfection of
human legislatioi. Towards this noble
object, therefore. should the efforts of the
true Statesman be directed.
It may 'te assumed as a postulate. that
to preserve a jtist balance ir gosernment,
and to allord properfvrotection to all the
inteests of society, it is absolutely 'neces
sary to lay whilesome restriciions-upon the
le:islaiive will of the numerical majority.
This restriction is applied theoretically in
our Federal and State governments by
the peculiar organizatinii of the Senate
Chambers and the E xecutive ,veto ; but
they have not in practice provelk entirely
tdequnte. The power of faction has, inl
manty instances, rendered these checks
altogether nugatory. Attd it ust coi
inue to di so, unless kept under by the
eneral improvement of the people. In.-a
.,,,,y '.-, !,ttnr+ , ,, aras are
limsy and idle wit hout a strong sustaining
power of yirine atnd intelligence itt the
peopile. The peCopIe here are the fountin
>f authority ;ts well as the ob'ject of gov
ernmenet. Tfhey are the object of law, but
at the same time, they are antecedent io
the laws. Lnws properly etmatiate from
he' people. Tho fountain of laws is the
'vil of the people How important, then.
that thtat wilt shtotuld lie pure'and exalted!
It is paramotunt to all governmett-to all
aw, since it is the inotrce, whetnce these
ire derived. In the language of an em'i
ent statesman. "we hope for a security
aeyond the law anid above the law, in the
>revalence of an enlightetned and ,well
nincipled morail sentiment." *
As the hearts of the pteople are the he
titimato source of~ power and law in our
:onttry, it will follow that nearly all re-.
orms5 are to ho tmade bty wotrkintg imo
rovement in the moural and political sen
imienis iof the pieoplei.
Treach men the lawful extent of their
power, and the full obuligattiotn of their
moral dites, and they will naturally be.
:omiie mioderatte and firbearing. They
hvilI claimt less for themsel,ves andh allow
miore to their associates, Thteit thoughts
will becotme enlarged, and their sentimnents
liberal. This is the refining power of
knotwledtge upon the mind tand it is a
princittle of human nature that may be
-eliedl on with as Inuch certoinity as the
'ticihple of obedience, or any other quality
>f the hecart on which rests the exercise
ad st ability of govern ment.
TLhie true patriot, or frieni of the people.
vill, then, feel it his dut y to diffuse widely
arrect principtles of legislative power, of
~eneral rights andh irivileges, and just no
ions of motral duty. lHe will pitt forth
us effohrts to establish universally the sway
f right, amld to temiper or stinooth down
he aspterities of pulhic opintion, which so
>fen e'cciie discord antd turbulence in free
:ommniftiities5. TFo etTect these dlesirable
mdis is greatly in the power of the mode.
-ate anid intelligent portion of every socie
y. If they choose, these -nen, can to a
rreat extent check the growth of vulgar
prejudice and iof extravagant exactions in
lie tpouhtr intd. By prtudent and digni.
e~d dep->rimlent, their inienico rmust ail
pays he favorably atnd seriously felt. In
ellectual piower and moral worth, judi
~ionsly used, sehlom fail to have their
appy ell'ect. As patriots, arid good ciii
~ens, therefore, these men are bounid to
xert their eticrgies in behalf of or'der aind
ight against prejudice and wrong. The
luty they owe to their posterity, to their
!uuntry. wind to their God urges them to it.
fa moan can exert a beneficial iinfluentce,
when lisi cotutry detmatnds it, and fails to
o so-what is his fault ? A crime to
vards his fellow-man! and a sin against
uis God !
But our stndardl exacts of the true friend
>f the people a higher and mnucht more
lillienilt duty. It obliges him freqnetntly
o break oflT from his parly, in order to do
that his judgment tells him is best for his
ountry. It demands more. ft requires
im to strive to modify amid corol the
ash and inexpedient mrovements of his
twn party, or the impetuous frowardness
fr dominant majorities. .Diflieult as the
ask may be, it requires him to sustaili his
principles, if necesary by joining th6se,
whom he has been accustomed to regard
as his political upponents. He should stand
up as the boli advocate of right and -jus
tice against all opposition, and only aban
don his principles when it is necessary 1o
sacrifice them on the altar of his country.
The great duty to country, when our cuun
try speaks its determined will, is para.
mouti to every other consideration, except
our duty to God. There is. it is true,soxIe
compromise of moral duty in the loufy senti
ment of Decatur--Ozsr country, always
right ; but our country right ortwrong" ;
-yet it is a compromise of one idlue to
the glory of anotlier, higher and nobler.
The patriot ini the council chamber, may
display in all their sttength, his wisdom
and eloquence against the fatal policy of
his goverument. and point with propltic
vision to the disasirous tendency of its
course-but when. the State, the nation
hais ote spoken, so that it would be dis
honorable to retract or dangerously fatalto
dally or move slothfully, honor, patrioLism,
moral duty. all urge the Statesman to
cease opposition and to unite his sincere
efforts in the cause of his country. The
good Pilot, in the time of storm, and dan
ger. will not desert his vessel because he
lied been liidered from directing her in
a safe Passage. but will still cling to her
amid shoals and breakers, adding all his
skill and vigilance to secure her future
safety. This is the course likewise of the
good patrio. The Earl of Chatham
poured fourih his stormy eloquence in all
the sincetity and vehemence tif his nature
against the war with America; but the
headlong rashness of the British ministry,
regardless of his wise counsels, plunges
the countiry iuto the war. Shocked at the
unnatural state of things between the
mother country and the Provinces, but
feeling the honor or their nation involved,
anti that it would be dishonorable and dis.
asirous to withdraw, the Old Earl had
himself borne to the House of Lords upon
a litter, aid while upheld by his friends,
delivered his last memorable speech,
urging upon the nation in burning elo
quence to prosecute the war with the ut.
mott vigor and energy.
This was a noble sacrifice of his perso
nal opinions and of his settled views of
policy to the cause of country ; a surrender
fIor the time of his pfrinciples to extricate
the British nation from the fatal results of
a rash aud headlong act of her Legislation.
This uay, by many be considered as an
exception to the doctrine we have advanced,
of adhering faithfully to principle in politi
cal conduct ; bit if so, it is an exception
which proves the rule. The only sure
giide for the statesinai, if he will work
for itel'true glory and prosperity of his
country, is by stidying oat and diffusing
correct notions of political rights and just
rules of political action ; and by boldly
combating error and prejudice in every
shape and form. We must not stop to
study flattery or to court popularity ; but
must pur-ue an open, independet, honest
line of policy-never failing freely to utter
the truth onl matters afTecting the public
good for fear of giving offence, if by pro.
claiming the truth he is likely to promote
the interest of his.country. A bold advo.
nationtal imnportantce against the prejudice
and fanaticism of patrty or faction, ennto
bles the statemani, and points him Out as a
benefactor to his race. That man is the
(ruce friend of the people !
Briefly to reca pitulate our position To
be afriend to the peo) le, it is necessary to
labor ir the good oif the whole people-not
a bare majority ;--Secontdly, to stive to
keep the majo'rity wit hin due hounds, or
from encroaichinig upon the rights of the
minority ;-La;stly, to labor, to keep a
senise of right and justice ini the public
mind, !tto suppress poputekr prejuidice, to
ptursue a prompt and independent course
of cotnduct, andt to difise correct and solid
information on subjiects ofr public interest.
ONE OF TitE PEOPrs..
From the South Catroliniian Extra, 4th itst.
ARRIVAL OF THE CAMBRIA.
sEVEN DArs LATERt FROM EUttOPE.
Another Adcance in Cotton.
On last uight we received the following
despatch anitotuncing the -arrival of the
steamier Camnbria at llalifax on Thursday.
'rThe most cheerinig intelligence is the
continued advance in cotton, which has
tnt onily gone up one-eight since the lust
steamer, hu t is still rising.
In consemjuence of the advance in the
raw material and a' consumptiotn greater
than ever known, [the words of the tdes
patch.} spinniers have advancedl a half
penny on the price of their goods. The
sales of the week reach 76.400 hales, tmosm.
ly bought on speculation. The omcrinl
quotations by the Boatrd of Brokers are as
follows: Fair Uplands .51 Fair Mo'nodes
5j; Middling Orleans 4j a 5d. The market
B readlst u fs are depressed. Western
Canal Flour 24 6 a 25s; Wheat 7;3; In
dian Corn 30 a 32. Iron bas advanced
Parliament has been prorogued until the
Oh August. The Cholerais raging badly
in Liondotn. A severe light occurred in
Irelatnd between a party of Catholics and
Orangemn, in which fifty wvere killed and
No tmaterial change Ites takeni place in
the political condition of Franice.
The H-ungarians have gakred other vic
tories over the comrbined armty of Austria
The belief exists th at the Pope will soon
return to Rome.
The Charleston Mev~rcuhj, says: "We
are indebted to C. WV. Simonis, esq. Census
taker for St. Philips and St. Michaels, ftor
a statemient. of the white population in
these parishes. It is as follows:
In the city ]2,958
In thes neck 4,866
By the census taken under the direction
of our tmutnicipal authorities a few months
since, the white ptopulation, in the city,
was 14,187; taking a difference of 229,
which catn be rea'dily accountedl for by the
number of absentees usual at this season
of tue year.
"I say Jim, what nmechanical work did
you first do ?" said one darkecy to antother.
"Wh/y, why, cut leeth oh courso," re
From thn Savannah Gengian, Aug. 1.
REPoars OF Fu.TtiEa DEPREDATInNS.
From passengers by the Florida bout,
we learn thal anuthier express arrived at
P.latka.jnst as the boat was leaving, giv
ing infortmation of the murder, by the In,
diatis, of six or seven negroes, the property
of some of the settlers on the Manatee, be
tween Tatipa Bay and Charlott's Harbor.
It is stated that tlie Indians first attempted
to cart y oi the iegroes, but they resisting,
were killed upon the spot.
It is further reported that the company
of troops fron Tainpa, with a few volun
teers, came upon the trail of ite Indians
and pursued it to ie bank of a stream, (the
nanme of which we did not learn.) where
the bridge used for crossing had been des.
troyed, and the Indians, tu the number of
one hundred, appeared on the opposite
side, arn-ed and painted, giving the wat
whoop. daring the troops to cross. Being
so smaill a nunber in compari,on to the
Indians, the troops felt obliged to decline
the invitation, and returned to Tatmpa.
These repirts, which are said to be
well atthenticated, evince a disposition to
hostility we have heretofore suggested, and
of another regular outbreak.
An editorial inii the Jacksonville News of
the 28th July, written before the receipt of
the news by the last express, intimates
that these depredations are not the conse
quence of a general rising of the Seminole
nation, stating as reasons that Billy Bow
Legs, one of the principal chiefs, had been
rmet by the United States troops from
Tampa, n solemnly disclaimed all pat
ticipation in the aiTair, and charged it upoo
a hand of ouilaws of the tribe.
All the planmatiois are deserted, and the
frontier towns along the St. John-, Lake
Mionroe, &c. are placed under military dis
cipline. Dwellings oin plantations most
exposed are being picketed in, as luring
the last war.
For a long time the Indians have had
every opportunity of providing themselves
with the means of defence. They have
been laying up provisions, and 'have se
cored-.il supply of powder and lead.
The -increased in numbers. and feel
hNready for another attempt to
gain f!lkpossession of the country.
It is rumored, but we do not credit it,
that reinfor:ements of other Indians have
made their way into Florida, from Ala.
batma antd others quarters. There were a
few Indians left in Weat Florida who
tniglit have joined the Seminoles, but their
numbers were few, and unimportant.
Whether our details are strictly correct
or not, one thing is certain, they are be
lieved in Florida, and the authorities of
the State are promptly acting in reference
to this belief.
Gov. loseley has issned a requisition
for a large number of' volunteers, and will
prosecute a war of removal or extermina
tion. We have heard of the requisition
amoiMiing to the number of five hundred,
and that if necessary, it will be further in
creased. One company has already left
Tallahassee. One hunired men will be
mustered into service at Jacksonville, by
Col. Pans in-morrow, and double that
nnber we lean -are in readiness. Rs
other counties itn East Florida. Tiere
will be tno lack of volutnteers. from the
State. Atnd frum the well known charac
ter of Gov. Moseley, we atre satisfied that
the Iidians will lie remo ved., if not by the
Genter'al Government, by the State au
From the N. 0. Picyitne.2tth art.
LATE FROM CALI1FORN Ii.
We lenrn froim the Trait dl'Uniont, of the
city of Mexico. that the steamer ftott Sun
Francisco had not an the 30 h June touched
ai San Blas.
The Te-pic Gaviota reports that an in
dividual named Alvino Palido, wrniiing
from the placer on the Stanuilas, the 17th
of May,, stated that~ the most satisfactory
security reig-ed att that spotm fior the inte
rest of the itnhahimants. Theft was un
known, antd the tmutual police so strict,
that any one convicted of such a crime
would lie hung on te spot without mercy.
The Gamvioca gives fromn the same source
of inforinm ion thle following intrestitng de
tails of the pirodntee of twenty imen's labor
on the place.r. The qiuaotity of gold ob
tained is as follows:
From the 20th to 30th April 62 11
"1st to 16th May 161 12.
Besides, gold fused with saud 5 64
Total 229 I3&
-['Tis. at $16 an onnee, worxldI atmount
tot $3676 for twventy-six days' labor, or
$141 a day, or $7 ;t da~y for each man.]
rThe company realizinug these profits
have determidned to quit Califhrnia. after
eight mnuths' labor in gold digging.
The Gaviota in, a long article defends
itself against the itmputationus thrown upon
it, for htavinig exaggerated the resocurces of
Califotrnia through which many unfdortuniate
men have been induced to emnigrate to a
cottntry, where they were doomed to en
counter misery anud death.
The Trait d'Union hereupon states that
'the information comtained in Mur. Redding's
letters, setting forth the dilliculties and -pri
vationis inCidentail to the life of an adven
turer in Californmia, is cotnfrmied bty Mr.
Botnfanti, a gentleman well known in Newv
York, anid who had just arrived (9th July,)
frotn ihat country.
A letter from California. dated the 18th
May, states thrat a Mr. Martinez, Captain
of a party that left Tepiic last IFebruary for
the placers, by landl, was nearly perishing
with all his people by hunger and thirst, in
traversitng the deserts which extend from
the Rio Colorado to Loms Angeles. It ad.
ded that an individual named Hlilarion.
who had left Sonora with four hundred
tmen (or California, had been exposed to
the same danger.
ADULT POPUAtTIOs OF TExas.--Ae
cordling to the late census~, the tunmber of
vot'ers in th at part of Texas east of the.
Brazos river is 15.-400
\West of that river 6,528
The city of Citncinmnati returns four hun
dredl and fifty piono fortes oni the tax list.
Sixty years augo thue only imusic heard on
tha snot was from wolves and bears.
PARTZ.t; ADLat.ss OF THE PRISONERS.
-Previous to the departure of the leaders
of the lute insurtecieu, they placed in the
hndIs of a tmutual frieid the flltowing ad
dress to their fellow countrymen :
'Fellow countrynet,-If your efforts
to procure a initation of the penalties ft
whichi we are about to be subjeicted, had'
been as successful Ias ) ou desired we could
not have offered i you more sincere and
grateful ackottwledgments iliad thude nh icg
we now tender, fIr the sympathy and so-,
licitude whkichyou have displayed in our
"41this moment, while, we are bidding
our Tast farewell to our native land, the
reflection that our fellow-countryncn have
tot witnessed with indifference our remo
val fron amnongst thetm is a sweet source of
consolation, and be assured, that this re
memhiatce will hereafter he a soothing
alltviatiot to whatever sufferings it may
be our lot to endure.
"Knowing that we address many who
do not concur with us in politiedl opinion,
we do not feel ourselves at liberty to offief
any observatious upon the policy by whidl
ibis country is gd9erned-upon the policy
wfich gave occasion to our resistan-e to
British power--upon the policy wbicb now
c6nsigns us to exile. We are compelled.
to repress even the emotions which we feeL
in reflecting upon the awful condition ? -
which we leave the land that we deeply
loved rnor ii this a fitting occasion to point
out the means by which its disasterd hfrag
be repaired: but we cannot refrain from
the expression of a hope that you wiU
iot despuir df your country; and we nisy
be permitted to offer to our fellow country
men a parting exhortation, that they will
lay aside those unhappy dissensions which
hnve so long paralized the isitrinsicstrength
,f the Irish nation and henceforth learn
to love and cantfide in each other.
"We fee that it is not necessar to say
anythig. id yoh in vindication of our mo
lives. Even those who most afdemh
Lur conduct, know that we have not been
tinimated by considerations of a personal
nature in hazarding all that was dear to
us for the sake of our native land; but we
Dwe it to our feelings, to declare that, what
Dver may be the sacrifices we incur by
evotion to its interests, our latest aspira
lion will he a prayer for the prosperity, the
onor, aimt indpctdence of Ireland. 4
WILLIAM S. O'BRIEN.
Tuos. FaANcIs MEAGHER.
Tt:aRNcE SELLEW .'MANUs.
WHAT HAS THE SOUTH GAINED BT ELcC
riNo GEN. TAYLOR ?-This question is
reqiontly asked. bu-it will probably take
rour years to answer it in full. Already
ee can answer ii pait; we have got a
rull blooded Abolitionta for a postmaster
general. A man not only voted for ihe
;tboliti'iu of slaves in the District ofCo
luntbia. but voted that the negroes should
be allowed to vote on the question of their
awn rreedom. We have gained a new
Jepartment to the Governtent, Id super
titend the internal affairs of the country.
At the behd of this is placed Mr..Ewing
ill his long'lsf oT cls~hiaverbeet0ddedd 2*
o Ithe Pres~deut's patronage, and their
thole influence is turned agaitt. the
South. The fornmer Secretary of .ihe
Treasury was a Southern man, and his
anntuail repotrts were each of them a tower
if strettgth to Southern rights. The pre
tent Secretary is frotm the North, his feel
tgs and interests are there, and his in-.
luened w'ill be arrayed against the South.
T'he South then las gaitned a hoast of for
nidable enemties, by electing ten. Tray
or, the South 'voul have the advantage .
if his influence. What his influence is
sortit to the South can be seed by the se
ecion.of his Cabitnet. lie has called to
iis botnnels -some of the most hitter ene
tiles of the Soutlh:andlin his Cabainer coon
:ils the itinence of E wing, Collamer and
Co.. prevails. His Cabinet has already
lone many things which Gen. Taylor,
)efore the election, promised should not
be done. We mtust theti believe tat.
tithber Gen. Taylor htash~roken the pledges
hat he made before thte election, or that
be is a perfect blank in htiq adtministra
:ion, andt eannnot car-ry out his own inea
imures; in either case thte South has beena
icceived and htumbugged.--Albaniy Pat.
..From ax Ctnrrotte (N C.) Paper.
THE Duss MINE.-Messrs. Elms 8f
frrWl.-contnues to torn out good: many
housand bushels of ore have already beens
-aisedl, worth from S2 to S10 per bushel,
intd just awaiting te completion of a mnilL
o be ground.
Tuts Ls:uoss' MtJE.-Messrs. Cad
cell &- Harrison-is also doing a fair busi
tess at this itne.
CAris MaxE -Rankin. McGee &tCo
-htolds out well, htis is otne of the most.
-egular' mines in the State, always turuing
Wut na ahoundance of ore whlich pays well.
Tus BLAKE MZNE-IV. Davidson Jr.
[las been worked to a profit, and is weo
rttderstand improving lately.
A LE?tANDEnt MiNE.-Em. L. Datvidsen
-The ore is s'aidl to be very fine. resetm
aing that of the Dun mitne.
Fox MiNE.-C. J. 8SJ- A. Fez-is
fieldinug tire of the best kind just now. Dr.
F'ox shewed us a specimen that was very
ich and we saw some panned there, that
ihewed quite a fair turn otut. The mine
rorkod lty Messrs. Morris, Flow and Hallo
vhich we mentioned before as yielding
several pounds in a few days, is still prom-.
*The last mentioned Mine, is owned by Mr.
Mrw. A. HARRIs of this place.-Ed. Adverdiser.
TEA AND CoFFEF.-The salutary as
ell as the itnjurious effects of those vega
able substances which contain the aeria
etnt principle are illustrated in the use
f tea and coffee, a moderate quantity of
ither improving digestiotn, while a large
listurbs the hteart, causes restlessness, and,
revents sloep--Medical Time.
A clergyman at Moorwvinston,. was
>a ptising, a child, but being used to, cold
vater it did not cry. He k'ept dashing
tt the poor infant several limes and
mn being aske'd his reason for so doing,
aid, ''Sin' did not depart" till the child