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EDGEFIELD C H.
WEbNESDAT AuGO8T-29, 1849.
1T H Mainber s of Go. D. Palmetto Ryg't..
T will, meet at Edgefteld Court House, on the
farst-Monday in September next, for' the par
pose of considering the most appropriate man
nor of presenting a Sword to- their Captain.
Right heartily 'do we welcome " SAtUDA".
and "'Hansone," to our columrs. We hipi
they will continuo to give us their practical
views on the interesting. subject of their cam
munications. It is certainly. to the true inter
ests of Edgefteld District, as or all the upper
Districts to facilitate communication between
the interior of the State and our commercial
towns... Who ctn ealculate the advantage to
the pianter in this particular? Read the com
munications of Saluda," and of " Farmer"
in our last.
By the way, we will be glad to hes .ngain'
From " Farmer." Will he not favor us further
with his views? His communication isonr
last has excited general interest among the
"Farmers" ol our District. It bihs already
drawn forth articles from "Suluda" and "Ham
burg," and we hope it will excite active efforts
among our citizens genetally to btiild the Roads
Let -Old Edgetirld " be up and doing, or
she will.indeed be left behind by her enterpri
sng neighbors. .Ifshe cannot build Rail Roads
-s y Pa'nk. Roads; and it is 'our. jug.
men at in a country not interspersed with
important commercial - towns which induee
mucr trade and traet, Plank Roads are the
better modes of Convenience and profit.
On Saturday last the following persons were
elected officers of the Voruntecr Company at
W. C. MoaosE, Capt.
.L. B: WEVER, 16 Lieut.
JouXso 13.Aso..2nd Lieut.
Jas.. L. Ht.r., 3rd Lieut. ur Ensign.
This distinguished officer has been. ordered
to Florida to direct the military forces sent there
against the Indians. -
(E A friend has sent its a pamphlet copy of
the proceedings of the Alabama Democratic
Qonvevntion held in June last, at Montgomery.
Our readers are already informed on this mat
tor Tbo ow-eo&n-adopted -e they-pmrbt
bly know the Virginia Resoluti.'na in relation
to Southern Territorial rights, and warmly ap
ptoved " the course pursued by those members
of Congress, who signed and published the
Among the members to the Convention we
observo the names of Judge T. S. aliays, and
T. 0. Glascock, delegates from Mmotgomery
and formerly from our District.
E7J A secret expedition is contremplated at
present by snme of thc citizens of this courntry
against the Island of Cuba. and the Northern
*portiomn of the Republic of ?lexico. The en
listment of soldiers in New~ Orleans, Baltimore.
and New York, it said to ho in active upera
tion. The object of the enterprise is thought
to be to annex Cttha to this country, nnd to es
tablish a Republic in 'the Northern Provinces
of Mezico, under the style of Sierra Madre..
The Presjdent of the United States has is'
sued his Proclamation condemning the expedi
'tion, anid warning all the citizens of itis coun.
tryfr'omi uniting themselves withs it, under the
-:beavy penalties announced against them by
our acts of Congress."
It is to be trusted that no respectable body of
otur citizens will so far forget the fair name of
* . their country as to violate so grossly our lawvs
sod our treaty obligations by joininag in an arm
ed'ainl.nulawfulinvasioni of the territoty belong
ing to other countries. . Nothing is more highly
criminal in 'the ayes of all civilized countries
than to invade the 4erritories of a friendly na.
.tiOn. It is as bad as to intrude upon a neigh-'
her's possessionis and to commit w~anton and
The good citizetn of every class will set his
face agaiinst such ain immoral and illegal eater
Mochi interest seetms to be taken al jlresent
in our District on thin subject, and we truly
h ops it wilt not be allowed to subside until the
Roads in qutestion be built. Let ius no longer,
Fellow-citizens, bear the reproach oh' heing
styled "big talkers" and "little doer's;" but in'
the might of our strength let us put forth our
determined energies to accomplish the work
which we all knowv will be to our initerest and
welfare. We are all satisfied that these roads
will be highly useful-let us, therefore, project
and build them. To test the utility anid prac
ticability of building them let us establish Roads
at once between thir. Village, Hamburg and
Graniteville. Hamburg we believe will meet
us half way and so will Granitevilhs. Let us
- have no cavilling as to which plaee the Road
sball go. Let uis carry it to-both places. " Old
Edgefield," theo mother, should take ca're of
her fair and growing daughters. Hamburg and,
Graitsnille. Shte shouldl allow r spirit of gen
erous rivalry in all that pertains to prosperity
and improvement to exist between thonm; btut she
should use her parental efforts to keep theta
from opposing and destroying each cther. She
has for them both a mother's love; amid she is
equally interested ini promioting the prosperity
ofeAsch. - 'Liet us build the Road thenr to Hain'
burg or Gianiteville, amid then comnnect thie nih
er place by a branch from sonic convenrient
point on the Road. But above all let nis have
ac th! a t ion s ! ! ion ho ! ha a! l n e i t
e have tecei'eld the y thesage sent us by'a
geai ien naresiaing onIthe Saluda side of the
District,;; d we =liou'iin dui; cknoFlI
ilgements sooner; but for our aisence from the
Village. The aubject of mnanuftcturing is one
in which we take a deep interest. Wei hve
several times since our connection with the
Adverliscr, seriously urged the importance
ofmanufactures upon our readers with a view
ot'directing the capital and enesgies of our citi
zens t6their advancement. From much teflec
tion on the sobject-we solemnly believe the oon.
tunned prosperity of our State depends greatly
on their promotion.
We would be glad, however, to receive com
tunnications from our. Saluda friend himself on
the subject, satisfied as we are -that his views
will be strong and practical.. Wilfhe not help
us in this good cause ? We beheve it to be the
moral duty, of every citizen honestfy to use his
efforts to develope all the energies and resoour'
ces, moral and physical, of his-State or contry.
On this rcsts the chief prosierity and happiness
of ns tier's.
_ Our Saluda friend has an-opportunity at pre
sent of using his talents and his capital in pro
meting manufactures in our very midst. A
scheme is proposed- by some of the citizens of
our Village to erect a Steam Factory at or near
this place. Will our Saluda friend give an imn
pulse to this noble enterprise? We hope to
hear from him on the subject. This is an un
dertaking worthy of the best efforts. It will be
profitable not only to the projectors and stock=
hofders of the establishment, but to the whole
surrounding Country and District. And here
let us add (and it is i conviction derived from
both history and observation.) that the only sure
way of building up and securing the permanent
prosperity of an inland Town is to muItiply
nanufactories. A--sort of artificial, prosperity
may be created by making a place a thorough
fare or depot of trade, where much produce is
bought. mid quantities olfmerchandizo sold. but
real wealth or capital is in this way yery slight
ly increased. The gains are usually small
commissions acquired by sgencies in passing
articles of commerce from the producer to the
consumer and vice versa. No value is added
to the article of -commerce. Hence inland
Towns, which are wuere thorough-fares or de
pots of commerce afford little means for the
accumulation of wealth. It is-dif'erent with
manufacturing towns. The raw article is
brought into market of comparatively little
value. By the skill end labor employed upon
it, it is sold again for trip!o and oft'en quadruple
its prime cost. The difference in price now be.
tween the cast of the raw material and the
price of the nanufactured article, is a perusa
nent increase of capital, which adds to the real
prosperity of towns and conimitnities. Are
these views chimerical? Let our readers ex
amine for themselves the difference between
manufacturing towns, and small commarcial
If these views be correct it is of more impor.
tance to us at present to erect manufactories
tnasro-bond runum enn-t-tritrm1JgmlyTimpmotamn
to have both; and they wi!l mutually benefit
each other. Muanufactories will increase the
amoutnt of t'ravel andI carriage, and facilities ini
carriage wi'l greatly promote manusfactories.
Bthtogether must add incalctdably to the con
renicnce, wealth, and general prosperity of a
country. Let onr ditizen~s enstae themselves to
cion on these great inateresats. Will they hses
itate to pay out a few hundreds of dollars when.
they anud their children tmay thtereby acquire
thousands? A .buld energy directed by moral
influence will alwvays-lead to success and pros.
FOR Trt AovIaTtsEt.
Ma. EatTont: Having learned that an
article I published in your paper as Editor
Pro. Tem. under the caption, ''lHonors to
te Brave," has given off'ence to some of
our citizens. I desire to stale, that. in wri
ing that article, I never thosught of wound
ig te feelingaof any person whomsoever,
tueiher the feelings of any one of our ntoble
stldiers to whom we n'e under the areastest
idebtepess. nor of the public which has
honored them. The honors conferredl upon
Brevr. Capt. Stuts and Lienst. WEEER,.
are. 1 repeal. richly desertved: and I ni oaidl
be the last to detrnet from the well earned
reptiation of these yoong Oflicers.
.Yly obiject in wsiting the Communica
tion. was to bring to the notice of the
public, thme military services of Col. Bos
HAM!, dlf'thei'2sh lnfantry. ns represented
y the Reports of Gen. Pierce and Csol.
Ransom, which-had nor been brotught ape.
ially to the attrent ion of our citize-ns.
Yours, &c. H. R. Sprns.
rront TlE AnVEattsER J
Plank Rloads and Rall Rodlds.
Ma. Enivoa-In discussing the sub
et of Plank Roads, many are disposed to
lass them wvith Rail Roads as to expense
sand div-idendle, which is entirely erroneous;
n the former, there is no expense for Cars,
Locomotives, Dlepots, Fuel, Track Ten
ers, Water Tanks, Pump Trenders. or
ven hands employed after the track is
laid down. The ouly expense-of ansy note,
arc Gate Keepers, who can always be
obtained at moderate wagseu.
There is a Plank Road in the State of
New York. between Syracuse and Brew
eron. and'Onteida Lake. a distance of 12
or 15 miles. which ins the year 1847, paid
to the Stockholders, a dividend of forty
per cettt per annum ; ,vhat it has paid since
that titme'I have tnot ascertained, hut will
t1n so and inform you in a future commu
InnDsAN SETTLEMEtiT IN EASTaN Tiex
As.-The Houston Telegraph sitaies that a
lare and flourishing Indian village has
lately heen established a~n the Brazos,
abouat 200 rniiles above the frontier settle
ments. The Telegraph goes on to say:
" About 400 families have settled at this
poitt. and most of them are engaged in
agricultural employment. These Indiatns
are remarkably friendly to the whites, and
tire under the superintendcee of Mlajor
Neih bors. Their chiefs bave rigidly ad
hered to the treaty thai was made a year
or two sine, and.have restrained their war
riors from engagang in any forays upon the
frotier settlers. ,A lairge portion of the
id Caddo tribo from the Trinity, and the
remnants of other tribes, are settled ins this
WRITT EN O -:THE -MERTIsE
.Mi EDti o t-A comttauientio a
penredtin yoidlast'paper. over the na
turn a'rf' A Farifier" which is well w rih
of the 'coissderaioaan of the people f' dge
field District. Ours District is larg th
Roads geinerally a-e bad, andt:lhose n
-in remote 'parts of it, are subjected to .ee
inconvenience arid expense, as well a -!a1
of time, in attending Court, Public lc
&e;.. Could these remote parts of t~i pi
trict be connected with the Viliage, b,
Plank' Roads, the facilities of cnmmitica
tine would be so much increased, the fj
tigue and expense of travelling so mug
reduced, the time expende-i in guiog t
Court and returning home so much-lessen
ed, that-ve should hear little or no Jom
plaint of attending Court, Public Sales, &
Our Spring Court is held in March, a
a time our Platers aore busy plantingthei
crops. and when their personal attensto
is particularly necesssary in directiu4ithe
affairs, epd it is a serious loss to jnan
planters, to be obliged to leave theirfarrm
and plantations at that time. Make
Plank Road, and it will reduce the aim
of going and returning to one third. ,Ti
will enable many planters to return-tom
at night, direst their planting. and retur
to the Village in time for opening of Gout
It is well known, that the planter i
forced by circumstances to send his..crm
an market, at a season of the year whe
the Roads are in the worst possilestait
from heavy and long continued raihi.;'.
from sickness, broken down scams, orahe
causes, he is -unable to get his produce 1
mnarket, during she witer, he is so tnne
employed in breaking up his land, plantin
and tending his crop. that no leisurd-tim
o0'era again, until the crop is hid by;.-sat
in.July or Atugust, at whiah time his team
are generally broke down by hard plough
ine; then. instead of utudly roads, Ps a
the winter, his teams become exhaustse
from crawling along through leep .sand
under a burning sun, and often fami.he,
. Now make a Plank Road. and it mat
ters not whether the roads are sandy o
sloppy, the planter hits a dry srif -saf
road, to transport his-crnp to rtarket, an
supplies home. His teams would retur
fresh, and not being obliged to lay up, t
recruit, could be started d' asiin, will
anoaher load to market, or would be fit fa
work on the plantation.
Let every farmer make ad estimate c
what it costs him annually for reppirs r
wagous, harness, danage to horse !lest
and loss of time, from his wagons bein,
occasionally stuck in a mud hole, togethe
with loss of tisme in travelling aer,. undo
and through muddy and sandy road:
(leaving out his being able to carry dot
hle the weight with the same teams.) an
if he can figure up, that it costs less than tt
toll for travelling over a Plank Road, the
it may he for his interest to travel ove
There is one great advaniagb thatflan
Roads possess over Rail Roads-eveg ot
people's road. whether travelling in cat
singe. wagon, buggy, cart. on horse, mare
mule. jackass or guat, wheelbarrow or o
faoot. They tare exactly adapted to- th
purpose. Wisest I have leisure, I wi
relcur to she subject agains. SLD.
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
io. X. .
The same subject continued.
Like to the evil practices alresady naoticea
is the constant h-rahit iihi toasty to creal
unnecessary antd false alarms by endeavor
ing to persuadie the people that their right
nre inifringedl or usurped. A faithful moni
tor oat that watchtowrer of liberty is a hoe
of Providence, whsich she people canr
too highly appreciate. Such a man ma
be losokead tat as the political guardian angt
oh his country ; bait our nnation and sl
are, at presnt, inafested with a pigmy trib
oif political watrhmen: a wvhale hostr
noisy little sentinels, with short-sight
vision siad narrow. a imid minds, perche,
oan the smalli watchtowers in otur politica
camp, araa prodluig, oat every faons nois
i.n she dlistiace, their might of saam.
Stach men are baad sentinels. They are
indeed, only alarmists. Their mindls, fua
lowing ahe instinctive fears of their heart
ready maagnify overy adanger. Theoy se
a spectre in alse distatnce arnd fancy it is.
livinag mnonster oif tyranny and oppressioa
A smailllegi-lataive approtpriation, hnwwvor
thy soever the aobject tEo which it is to b
applied; or a law, operating within a towi
ar a village, haowever wholesome and ana
cessary-brinsgs from thsem the yell
tsurpraion of the people's rights, whichi
spread far anid wiade.
Now there is anashing wve more admit
titan a qauick sensitavetness-and a just feel
inig of ind~ignagaon at any real eucroach
ment of i people's righats and liberties.
To lie jealaus of these is a nsoble and loft
senaimnent, poascessed bty every bravo srn
free people. Baut so raise the hue and cr
of tyransny, whien ahe Legislative armi
only reared to snake necessary enactmen1
-to mseet dlebts aof moral or legal obliga
tio-to sustain she faith and credit of th
State-or to promoatec virtue and intelli
gence: is paltry anal contremptible. Th
reputa tion of a'St ate is as much her weali
as her treasury. Pu'blic credit, as all Pa
iicail econosmists tell s4s. and as every ma
of sense kntows, is toealth-as priatct cred
it is wealah.
The matn, therefore, who injutres ah
fair escutcheon of -higstaite air country, hb
trying to dlesaroy alkig '.al- feeling in ha
leislation, msay, tW oaw thinkers, ar
pear to save a few-d . tand cents to bea
resury, but in realit dimnishes lier get
siral wealah anad prosperity. An economi
cal adntainisaratiosn oif gatvernment shoul
certainlhy beo ahe nimn of every Legislaaur
but thte amiserly grIp atpon~a the publhie purs
that will not let a dllar escape evoutf
the most laatdahle puirposes is niggardly ans
ruinous. Saaeh a ptoliey1 obsitiately put
sted, wvould da msore to sea back a natio
in improvement an-i prosperity tha nt
the shackles of tyranny, Ashile it woul
mark her character with i hthbrand of dot
trated meann~ss. Those stases and unatin
ht have beens moat prosf'>erous and paw"
erful hsave pursued a liberal policy in th
management of their fiscal concerns.
There are men whose feelings of pairi
oatim, andl wansn views of nnhlic utilist
seem not oejfend b yond- the limits o
theirjudci stricts They have'Jiltlt
conception of he neral ,good. or of th
importance of state a-nd national, regtta
:tion. Public eiteficence must aenir
y around their firesides, or it is an infringe
ment on indtsiduai privilege. Under: thi
small feeling the it ues. t nationil 'pros
perity Lire corri'pitely. shut up. Al ener
gies toward improvemnent are stifled. ant
s all efforts to elevate the national charaotei
are ein and fruitless. The man who i
intruinentalvin encouraging this petty feel
Y ingais not, in our judgment,. a friend to i-t
Nor is he such, who seeks to exeite un
natural prejudices against certain classesati
professions in the community; for the leas
reflection Will teach, that differs~nt callings
are absolutely necessary for properly per
forming all the business of society-. A
it the best evidence of this, is the fact tha
r 'here has been no age or coiuntry. ad
n vanced in civilization, in which these va
r rious professions have not been required.
y If, therefore, direct proof were wanting,
s this universality of their existence would
a sufficiently attest their necessity. But we
a will touch on this point in a succeeding es
say. What we wish to urge at present is
e that the utility and necessity of these dif
n ferent callings being knon n and felt by ev
ery one, the good citizen will regard him
self nwrally bound, 'to protect their rightU
s and interests and to add to their respecta
P hility. The omission to do this, or efforis
to stir up unjust prejudices against a'ny of
these necessary interests of society, rendei
a man an enemy to the institutions of bit
a Combinations, likewise, to put dow1
h inoral worth and talent, exclude a mari
g from the privilegeofcallit himself a friend
to the people ; for this-is not only doing an
evil to the people. but it is working agains1
s the moral laws of God. Men of high mornl
worth and talent are certainly more capa
n ble of achieving great good to society, that
those who are for the most part devoid of
these gnalities ; and it is equally certain,
that the Deity. in his perfect Wiisdom,
though alloiing to every man his appropriate
share of social duty, designed these men for
r a sphere of userolness more ernlarged,
and imiportant. What God has designed,
therefore, man is.made to frustrate. In ad
dition, then, to the real injury done to socie
ty by keeping down moral intelligence, at
obligation to the Deity is thrown-off. Are
there sn compunctions visitines of con
science." attendant on such conduct? We
- are bound to think so. Frpm.thal orce o
t hat mural sense implanted iM our nature
- wo believe there is no itance of eaten
f and true merit being put down by unfai
means or by wilful neglect. that does no
r bring with it so-ne twitchings of con
, cience. Aud what is this hut internal evi
deuce, that the great Author of our being
has made men of talent and moral worl
e more useful in their generation, and im.
n planted in the minds of their fellow-men,
r a lively sense of that utility ? This natu
k r:al feeling. if left to i:self. woul.l alway
prompt to correct acion. The people, it
ciy incnithe' ! sacinn. deliberately and in
strong sense of justice and right. Theil
natural propensities are to appreciate virtu,
San to reward merit !
e The mein, thereforme, who by false rep
II resentattons,or insilious combhinatiotns, ir
lead away the public mind ns is causei
to stuppress this natural feelitng of jutc
and to put down ini society nioral and in
-iellectual worth, are amnong the worst ene.
mies of the people.
- Osm. or -rus PE~Orr..
1, Monz Rtort,.'e IN CaAAA.-The froI
e lowinig despatches froimMntreal to th<
-lllhimiore Sun,. annioonnee that the Cana
s dinn rtbellion was "skotchied tnot killedl
i-and has again burst forth with fresli
It MOs'raEAt., Aug. 16.
y Last night aboiti 30 persons wenit inte
:1 La Fintaini's house, and broke open the
e gardnen.-A inmber of shots were fired b'
e the persons in the house, said to be a bod~
: of isiguised mounted police.
d A miatn named M~ason was shot, ter
d slugs ereterinug his btody, killing hitm atlmosi
1 itnstantly. A tnumbet ofother-s are said ii
e have been wounded. A cornoes's jury
- was emtpatnnefled this afmerr.oon, and ther
,adjourned over until to-niorrowy. Anothel
riot is atnticipated to-miorrow.
-MONTREAL, Aug. 17.
e There have been further outbreaks ant
rt riting inorcity, btwithout any very
' eiu contscquetnces.
~ Dlonnegan'sspleinruid valmuable hote
e wa roallydesn~ye byfire last night
nThe loss is estimated at ?35.000, ontly
part of wvhichi was instured. During the
fire one of the firemen was killed.
NEW OntcA:s, Aug. 22.
The sales of Cotton yesterday wvere
only 100 bales, andl prices over buyer's
limnits. .Aliddling qgnoted a' SI.
Sales 3,000 bags Rio Coffee at 7j, ant
d the articles advancing.
News from the City of Mexico has beet
received by the Br. steamer Trent at Mo-e
,bile, to the Jith inst. A difficulty ha
arisen bet weeni the Government andl Man
e ing C. M'Initosh. The Government de
mand~s that .Nl'Intosha shotld abrogate the
econtract he had received for makinig
ht road aicross the Isihmus at Tehnuntepec
,-which the latter refuses. The Chiambel
e of D.'puties have passedl a resolution au
ti.torisinig Gjoveronent to mauke a loatn a
half a miillion, on a pledge of the impor
e duties. It will probably be opposed b)
. 'iotnal troops have been otrdered al
Mitras and the Rio Grande.-Chars
.Tnz GLASS WVoaxs.-We are inuform
d ed that nearly all, itf not all, the experien
; ced o.perators to Ito employed in the aInsi
e manufnctory at this place, have arrive,
ir from Newv Jersey, sri that there is now lit,
d tie doubt buit that thecotmpan~y will be tma
-king glass, as has heretoletre been conte~m
n platedl, sometime during the month a
1 September next. It wotuld be wecll foi
d .the mterchants of East -Tennessee, North.
-. erm Georgia andl North Albama to hear.ii
is mind. when putrchesing~ their fail and 'yin.
-tor supplies. that the Holstotn Manufactu
e ritig Compatiy at this place'will be abile i<
furnish them wvindowv glass of all qualitiec
-ad sizes on better terms than they cam
~, purchnae clewher,-aonille 'Reniete,
f ;. from the CincinnatiDaily Globe.
;LETR FRO1t1 M3 . ARRE '
.TO HIS PATHEd.. :t ;
S'rArde' , C", Ju1y
My )ear Father: You -have been but
too correc'Ily informed by tlio newspapers.
I am .iudeed in prison and! would luve. in.
formed you sooner, but how could I pain
your kind heart by the sad news.? Ol! .
with a father's tenderness you reared me
and have loved me, and in your old days I
have.brought sorrow and a~fliction upon
you. It pains me,.mv father. it. pains me r
to my heart's core. You sayin your let- I
ter to the Clerkhere, that I left you with a
character untarnished.' My fith'er you
will believe we you will love me, let the t
world say what they will of me-I ,have t
committed ..o crime, been guilty of no deed i
that ought to br'ng reproach or censure t
upon any one. . t
No. I. frr whom you feel so much so- t
li'itude. albhough I am in prison and may t
never see you again in this world, have i
not stained your natme with infamy by the t
commission of any crime. 1 am charged
here with having circulated abolition docu- I
meants. Now my father you will believe .d
me. I have circulated no documents of any a
kind in the State of South Carolina, nor i
violated any law of the State, so far.as I t
know -Bear it in mind that I tell ybo so, s
r and although leatn may close myeyes in
eternal sleep before I see you again, when I
you shall hear that appearances are against s
me, and see my name aspersed in the pub-- t
lie print, remember what I tolJ you,. and n
treasure in your heart that 1 am-innocent I
ihat I am- the victim of the schemes. -.is- I
conduct, and infatuation of others. and that e
I now suffer for what ottiers' havo dine,
and for which they ought to he responsible, (
My story is simply this ; Icame here as c
an agent of E0. Harwood & Cu. of Cincin- I
nati, to procure materials for publishing a I
gazet:e, I came hee in the- early part of f
the season intending to go Niurth as the I
-weather grew wanner, and finally around r
to our old' home in Virginia-thence to i
Cincinnati and to Di1lin. I found docu- e
ments afloat in the State which were ob- i
noxious to the people, and'which gave me r
some trouble, as people suspected me for I
having some cnnnexion with them. Out c
knowing myself clear of their circula'ion, I
felt no fears and proceeded with my labors.
'I came to this place with an anxious heart,
for I had written to Sarah and expected
an answer at this placo from one whom I
tenderly love--my dear sister. C
Asiboon as I had taken lodgings at a
hotel,. the people came upon me with. two I
letters, one from Dublin, which I was.
much pleased to see, but on opening it, oh r
SArah ! it pained me, it was not from you.
W by did you not, my 'lear sister, write
me a simple letter as I requested ? Then
perhaps I might have escaped this prison.
But I don't blame yon in the least-nor do
I blame Mr. Johnson. for I know he in..
tended no harm, hut his tetter injured tne. c
The other letter was anonymotts. and con-- e
tained a few Nos. of this sate obitoxious i
document, which the writer requested me J
to circulate. It was enough-the people.
r "*-~ -'..A--ino* prison i
tstantly-where I have since remained,
(This was the Bih June.) l
Since then other documents have been 4
sent tie, making the same request. Ther
documents were all closely envelopied ad.
diressed to persons in the State, and I wasr
requested to drop them in'o post oflicesc
along my wvay. Thus I was made to cir,. I
culate them without knowinig what theyi
were. But I did not circulate atny ofthtem.
Trho first that came to tme was at this place.e
atnd there is perhaps nothing in the law
against me, at least the attorneys I have1
cmintyed. say so. and my judgment is. that
there is little or no chance of convictingt
me. I Cen prove by my emplotyers what
I caime here for, and if I cotuld find the
man who sent me the documients, which I
may yet do, tat they were setnt to me
without my knowledlge or cotnsetnt. Andtr
this ought certatirnly tio set nme clear-espe
cially sitnce they can have niothing auainisti
me but vngue circtustaniccs. The peniple
are ex-cited however,-antd it niill be hard
for me to have a fair heatritng.
The pennaly, is one thousand drollars flnee
and0( one year's imprisonment in the coun
ty prison. -1 cain be bailed out al onte
thousand dollars, aud this must be cash
AAFats tN E~NEZUEL..-tNsULTs TO I
AnRaicAs.-By the arrival of the brig
Po.tomn'c at New York. from Muaracaih., r
we hatve adlditional intelligence from that
distracted countrry. Is would seem that I
Ithe whole country is in a state of revolu
dion. Trho greatest animosity prevails to' I
wards Americati citizens by the govern
menut aflicers; theit hous- are searched,j
under the pretence of suspicion of there I
beitng disaffected persons secreted therein ;
their propetty sacrificed; and themselvea, I
in many instances. thrown into prson
Soon after the intelligence of the landitng 1
of Gen.Paez at Coro, the house of th~e
iAmerican Cotnsul, at Maaracaibo, was at
tacked at night, by the soldiers, said to be
I headed by somne of the principal oflicers of
the eity, and severely pelted with stnes
Sand tother missiles. One American mer-.
-cannt was confined ini prison, and others
.had their houses taken from them, by order
:of the Gotvernior, wvho threatened, if they
ididi not give lienm up without any reton
,strance, to imprison them, A correspotnd
,ent of the N. Y. lieral, utnder date oif
July 12t h, writes as follo we:r
r"An American citizen, a few days since,
thad his house broken open for ithe purpose,
rof takitng his horse, atnd the Governor pays
tno attention to this assertioni, '1 am ani
A merican citizen, and want protection.' An
American- tmerchatit is now confined in a<
filthy- prison, where criminals of every
grade. antd of all colors, are throwt into
.one cotmmton pen. His. crime is, havingr
.-eetn present at a ball wh~ere the portrait of ]
,Paez was exhtibite?., &e. -
'I'"hte A merican Consul is coninectedl by
.marriage with a family who are violently
.opposed (as nearly all rersons of respecta- I
.bility are) to the presenit adniistration, e
r and in cotnsequenice is treated as an enemy.
r"A single m~an,.of-war, not drawing I
.more than ten anid a half feet water, wvithe
one Paixan gun, arid fifty or sixty men,
.would insure our safety."t
A frienud says ho saw a fence made of
such erookedi rails that every time a 'pig
Scrawledt through it, he came out on the h
m the Spartanburg Spar a.
S ;LrNV SPiatios .Aug. "
Gea Sir:--You 'silf rulige me b pi
oi n your paper lh notice here* b
" WITETARsH 1 SEABROOK.
We would invite the anention: nfthe
tarents and friends of he Deaiand Dumla
hildren, citizens of this State,. to a schoor
vhich has recently been opened81 Cedar
springe, Spartanburg district, ( sittiatioi
emarkable- fur- health. and "-pare-water;;
y Mr. N. P. Walker, principal. for-the
ducation of the Dcaf and :Dumb.
.We recently'-visted the school and were
nnch gratified at the progress .made by
he pupils, and have no hesitation in say.
ng, that their profciency mould compare
nost favorably with the pupils in anyof
he- common schools of th'ecedutry; andiso
ar as, we are competent to:judge, we re
lard the principal "" as fully competent to
struct Mntes in the .primary branches of
hir education. . *- -
Parents who are able-to incur the ex
tese of educating thidir :unfortunte chil -
ren, and would desire to have it donde at
convenient distance from their homes,'apd
n their own State, we recommend to visit
he-institution, examine and judge~for them
The indigent parent who is desirous that
j childshould receive the benefits of the
eiIlb but ;who is .unable to.remunerate
he er. will be furnished -with -the
Ce' funds ;from the money,- npro
rate . the legislature of this Stat;
r he purpose, (until the same may, be
xhausted by applications- prior pjo int
f time,.) by tigtitying his wish to GoL.
.G. Meinminger of Charleston Com
issioner ortheDeaf and Dumb-forthe
over Division, or to Thomas N.- Da,.
ins of Union, Comrnissioner of the Up.
er Division. The application of every,
arent, so. situated, it is exPieced will be
ade to the Cominissionier of the'Division
nt which the applicant resides, accompani
dily his affidavit 1o that'effect, witb a;cer
ificate of the nearest magistrate. or some
nember of the legislature from the same
istrict, stating his belief of the correctuess
f the affidavit>
W. R: SEAsaoOK, (row.
. T. N. DAwxtrs,.
Glenn Springs, Aug. 8th, 1849.
R EMOVAL oF GER. LAnn..-The tn..
ailed. for and unjustifiable proscription of
his gallant officer and patriot- eeems ux
tvo called forth the.universal reprohation.'
if the democratic puess. In alludtUo his
emoval, (the Penosylvanianindignantly -
"General Lane was emphatically 'the.
darion of the war,' and scarcely less die
inguished than Taylor himself . What a
pectacle! While the traitor. Collamer
rho voted for the resolution that sought.to.
nvet our arms with disgrace, by recalling
'ur troops before the war was over.ia hold
ng a.place at the right hand of General
rahr-while Hudson, the desperate au:
hor cf.that resolution, is reaping thousands
n a lucrative offico also conferred by-Gen.,
ralor-the 'brave and. weather beateu.,;
.ne,-in the far-off winds of Oregon,.is
eviiioved'and braumed-w'th. .tbe--brad-o -
his infamous adtmiitraiion.",
"Why did General Taylors omit to an
ounce this detestable act tintil the Itttianta
lection had takan place'? He sho*ud'
itle of the soldier by this timid and shrink
na delay. As it is, he may console him
elf that Indiana has done her duty to the
ontry, by i-ehu~king his administration
ithout being instigated to ii by the reido
al of her tmost cherished son. Genetal
.ane will be vizdiented in good time by
hose who scorn the ingratitude of the
>resent contemptible regency."
Tua PROSPECT TOR TEZA5.-At . Do
ie -since annexation, have the prospects
if our State appeared a Battering as at the
resent. The fine crops atnd good healhh
ni Tsxas, whilst the other Southern St ates
ire sulfering so heverely; canniot fail lo.
Iirect the sitentman of emigrants to our'
cew andI fourishing State. Indeed, so
,bviotus is it becoming that the planters
1f Mississippi, Louisiana. Alabama and
entucky. must seek Texas as the only
ste in which their negro property can
e made valuabl., ithat we would not be
urprised to see hundreds ahtd perhaps
housands ef enligrants coming into our
state duriugjthe approaching fall. Du
ing ouir late trip to the States we had am
dle opportunity of ascertaining the fe'eling
oiards Texas and the confidence felt in
er capacities and resources. and it grati
ies us to say that the result wus highly
mcourgintg. The ablition movement in
entucky in particular, it is believed, will
tave the effect to cause large unmbers in
hat State to seek homes in Texast besides .
he security, that will be afforded here for
heir slaves, there is no othier country
hre they would be more profitable to
beir owuers.-Vic. Advocate.
Ar.AUAsA.-Tin this State. wye are not
et in receipt of all the returns of the elec-.
ion. For Congress it is however certato
hat the followitng is the result:
1st District, WV. J. Alston. W~hig.
2d ' S. W. Harris. Democrat..
3d ". H. WV. Hilliard, Whig.
4th " Soom. W. lnge. Democrat,
5th " David Hubbardl, "
6th " W. H. R. Cobb, "
7th " FE. W- Bowdou,
In the Senate it is.somsewhat doubtful
vbether the Whigs have not obtained ai
najority of one vote, by the electison of a
Whiig in L awrentce and .Walker, though
omie of the Whig Senators, from Demo.
ratic counties, are pledged to vole with
he Democratic party. .In the House of
lepresentatiVes there will be a Democratic
n ajritYv of a bout ten. On joint ballot the
)gmocrats will have an undoubted ma
TEE PUaCHASE OF CUUa-The Wash
agon correspondent of the Boston Atlas
ys it will be the special duty of the new
riister to the Court of Madrid, Gen.
larritger, to procure a reduction of the
normous duties to which the produce of
he United States, subjected .when impor
ed into Cuba, adding that the late ad
ninistraion made a stading olier to the
patish Government of $l0.000,000 for
he 1land of Cuba, but tbat this offer has
een) or wvill be withtrawn by the prcetut