Newspaper Page Text
From the ColumbizLTelegraph, Sept. 28.
NEWS FROM THE OLD WORLD
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAAM. AMERICA.
The following despoich was received at
this office late yesterday afternoon, bearing
date BALTIMORE, Sept. 27.
The steamship America 'reached Hali
fax on Tuesday morning last, 25th inst.
She accomplished her passage out in a
little less than ten days.
She brings advices from Liverpool to the
16th inst. seven days later, which we has
ten to lay before your readers.
The Cholera is still raging in Ergland.
Among the deaths of distinguished persons
we notice that of the Bishop of Norwich.
The deaths from Cholera alone in London
on the 11th and 12th inst., atnouuted to
LIVERPool., Sept. 15, 1849.
- Business has not been so active this
week as last.
Cotton has been steady, but sales mode
rate and in prices there bus been no mate
The sales of Cotton for the week sum
up 31.700 bales.
The following are the official quotations
of the Committee of Brokers:
Fair Upland 5;d; Mobile 51; Fair Or
FRAc.-A letter from Louis Napoleon
to a friend which appeared in the Moni
teur, has led to some excitement in the
It states that the French army had not
been sent to Rome to suppress Italian lib
erly, but to regulate it by preserving it
from its own excesses, and restoring to the
Fontical chair the prince who first took a
lead in all useful reforms.
Most persons wished to make proscrip
tion and tyranny the basis of the Pope's
restoration, but Restolan has been instrnct
ed that no act which can-bring any odiurm
on the Fret;ch intervention is to be permit.
led under.the tri-colored flag. The resto
ration of the Pope's temporal power is
thus precluded, and a full and general am
nesty is secured with a secularization of
General Rawdon has been appointed
Commander of the Army of Italy, with
instructions (on the event of the Pope's
finally declining to return to Rome) to car
ry out minutely the plan of operations de
tailed in the letter of the President.
General Rawdon set out for his com
Orders bad been received at Brest by
Telegraphic despatch of 6th ult., to have
six ships immediately, ready for sailing
orders. Their destination is not as yet
known but is supposed to he Tahiti.
SPAIN.-The Cuban Insurrection was
engaging the attention of the Cabinet. Mr.
Asher Kelly an attache of the English le
gation at Washington (?) has been trans
HusroAR.-Comorn and Peterwardien
had not surrendered.
" No later particulars in relation to Kos.
suth, nor is there from lungary any news
of interest or importance.
- ITAL.-From Gaeta we learn that
Cardinal Tremoinatic had refused to pay
any portion of the public debt which fell
due in June last.
A letter from that place bearing date on
the 5th inst., mention the crisis as fast as.
sumning a dangerous aspect, and atnother
rupture wras considered extremtely proba
ble and likely to occur at an early day.
WEIGHING OF COTTON.
.We were invited on Monday evenitng to
witness the weighing of some cottotn on
Fithsimons's wharf, the history of which
may tend to thtrow some light otn the dis
crepatncic3 betwecn the weights of Plan
ters and Factors, which arc now a subject
The cotton was received in April Inst
from onc of the most e:ninent platntels of
'our State, neatly packed. with tho weight
of each bale mcrked upon. It was shippcd
from thte landing of the pl.anter in a private
boat, and was consigned to a relative, a
gcntleman largely engatged in the cotton
husiness, under whose supervision it was
weighed. Every bale fell short from 8 to
35 ptounds-the aggregato deficncy on
ten bales being 172 pioutnds, or ant average
of more than 17 pounds per bale. Six or
eIght days afterwards it was samapled and
placed in store, under lock and key.
- -Otn Monday last, ten bales wecre taken
out and roweighed, showintg a further di
minutioan of weight, but 'which is readily
accounted for by thec evaporation which
always talkes place when stored in a dry
room. After the ten bales ivecro reweighed
* in the wiarnfingeyr's scales, they wecre placed
together itn thte scales of the City Weighler,
which were adjusted with the the nicest
adc~racy, attd thte diflerene was hut tharee
pounds, occasioned, no doubat, lby the dirt
accumulated in rolling the bales from otne
scale to the other. The following is a re
Plantter's weightt and mark on the
balea-374, 326, 330, 360, 406,
364, 390, 380, 360 3632
Whtarfinger's weight, as weiged on
Fitzsimot's whtar f, A*.ril 6, .J849,
360, 318, 316, 333, 339. 373, 350,
377, 344, 316. 3460
Wharfing~er's weight, as weighed on
the 24th September, 18-19-35.5,
315, 309, 327, 333, 366, 342, 373,
.240, 341, 3401
City scales, as weighed Sept. 24,
1849-ten bales 3401
These results will show that errors ini
weighing may sometimes occur on thte
plantation, as well as in the city, and that
imputations of fraud should not be lighttly
based upon a disctepancy between thetm.
As charges of thte kind have bteen tnade,
however, it is due to all concerned that they
shtould be pressed to an .isstte, atnd either
established or withdrawn.-M ercu ry.
CoNsuLarn APPoINTMF.NTS.-A letter
from Washington states that E. Bleatty
Graff, Esq., of this city ltas been appointed
Consul to Nassat; Dr. F. Monroe Ring
gold, of the District of Columbia, Cotnnl
to Arica, Pertt; and Capt. \Vm. P. R og
ers, of the Mississippi Regitment, Volun
,teers, Coasul at Vera Cruz.-Bal, Su.a.
Alistrust is the mother of safety.
EDGEFIELD C. 11.
WEDNESDAY. OcToBER 3, 1849.
U 'I'he Court of Common Pleas and Gen
eral Sessions commenced its sittings at this
place on Mo:gay last-Judge WITERS presi
0L The HIon. A. P. Bor.Ea returned to his
residence near this place froni the up country
on Friday last.
.7 The strangers fever in Charleston is
not, it seems. assuming a dangerous form.
The Charleston papers report, that for the
week, ending Saturday the 23d uilt. there were
28 deaths, only fourteen of which were from
ydloro fever, making only two per day. The
disease is said to be confined entirely to for
97 Dr. W. A. SPAnKs. consul to Venice,
died of Cholera, the 12th of August. lIe was
a native of this State.
07 Mr. WArLsn. fot manny years consul to
France from this Government, and a Whig, re
appointed by Mr. Polk, has been dismissed by
General Taylor, on nccount of his views on the
Revolutionary movements in Europe.
This is a free country; and yet a man is un
hesitatingly proscribed for his opinions!
0T According to a table in the Washing ton
Union. there are now elected to the House of
Free Soilers, 9
To be elected-Massachusetts 1-Maryland
4-Louisiani 4-M1ississippi 4.
The Democrats in Maine have secured a
majority in both branches of the Legislature.
No election took place for Governor-the num
er of votes not being suflicient.
Air. Alontholon is .about to be sent to this
country, as Ambassador in the place of Mr.
Ponssin, who is no longer acceptable to the
Cabinet of our President.
In another column will he found the particu
lars of the loss of this fine Ship and her whole
cago. The passengers were all saved, by a
Brig from New York.. Many Merchants from
the Interior of this State had goods aboard, and
as the insurances were not full, will sustain
considerable loss. The last Carolinian says,
oine firm in- Columbia. bad on board nearly
$20,01t0, but all insured. Two of our Village
Mferchants had on board nearly thte whlole of
their winter Stock of Goods,* but we are glad
to heat n that they were nearly nll insured.
Treason or Georgey.
This distinguishted General after coverinag his
name wvith unfading glory, has become the sutb
ject of vituperative attack on accoutnt of his
mpposed treason. Kossth himself aseribeR
he failure of the Ilungariana cause in part to
is "shameful itngratitude." We are lotha to
give ear to these gross chanrges, atnd hope thtat
Georgey's cause is not so bad as tans been re
presented. lie was no doubt reduced to great
extremiiy. lie was htemimed in oat alt sides.
lls men wvere ragged, anad alnost entirely des
titute of food. The Ilunagariani catnse appear
d to himt ntterly haopeless--and the longer coan
intance of the struggle w ould, in aall probabil
ity have resulted entiy itt disaster anad disgrace.
If further prosecuted, it would have beeni a
war of death atnd extermination orr the part of
the Russianas anad thme Austrians, anad thb nation
uity itself of IHungary would most certaintly
have been destroyed. Though our feelinags
were etirely with the tiugarianas itt thaeir tno
ble struggle, and we had fonadly houped that they
would haave risen superior to the power of thmeir
eeics, yet since, by thte force of circumnstan
ces, a diflerent result has enisued, we cant make
allowance.o fur the patriot Genecral, when, under
thec pressure of the tianes, atnd the fear of brinag
ing re:nidiess ruin iinu his coutntry, hie htas felt
it his duly to lay down his armis and yield to the
aecessity of the case. hlut we ta ust that the
essation of armts is onaly temtporary ; that at
somte fuature day the spirit of the nation wil1
againa rise ini its gencrous purpose, wheat ctr.
cenmtances will conspire more auspiciously to
success, and achieve tnationtal Independence !
W~e think much unnecessary aoise has been
umade about theo slighat interruption am thte Official
ttercoursze between this Country and France.
We have ourselves regarded it only as a little
cabinact quarred of nte serious mnometnt, ini whtich
there should be no ntational feeling whtatever
Is it cause of nationaL gaarrel, when a Mlinister
is merely rejected on personal considerations ?
No objection is matte at Paris to receivinag-fron
this government ant Ambass-tdor, but the objec
ion is simply against Mir. Rlivcs. So at Wash,
ington, an Ambassador from France will be
readily received-opposition onaly existing to
air. Poussin. Why therefore quarrel?1 France
is abobt to senad another Min ier to take the
place ofMr. Ponssin; let urs send aanothter, to
take thme place of Mr. Rives, anid the diflictulty
will all be over.
Let nts not be drawn into a serions difliculty
with a friendmly Power, hy the mere cavils of
two Cabiniet Officers. The correspoutndence
betwten 1air. Glaytan, our Secretary of State,
and Mr. Ponissina the French Minister, we say
at with deference, is ahtogethsr ung~rthiy of the0
high stations they both occupy. It is as undi'
plonatic, ns it is haasty-tempiered and tunstatds
malike. 'We cananot thtinkt any better of Mr.
no '.o,..t..i,,'s ,,ttr to Mlr.Rtngh!
Editor of tite Augusta Chronicle
This " fitiied Noithern Agricultural Editor,"
Stine to his Northern Instincts. holds forth, in one
of his late iss iins, in the following amusing bal
"Georgia has confided in the industry and
enterprise of her people, while Garolina has
looked to her "resdittion mongers" to regain
her lost prosperity. A fow more years of. such
confidence will opien the eyes of her people,
and show then the advantages to be der.ed
from a ' famed Northern Agricultural Editor,'
as well as the blighting curse of her great -tes.
"That such a day will, ere long, dawn upon
South Carolina we are rejoiced to believe and
know, from evidences in the constant course of
development. That she has been too long ac
customned to use the ' resolution manger' at
Fort 11111 as a sort of ,inhor-saving machine to
think for her, is a fiact of which muany of her
intelligent sons are already convinced ; and
they are well satisfied that the buildin; tp of
Graniteville, or even the proper disposition of
a few loads of manure, contributes more to the
real and substantial prosperity of the State than
all the resolutions and gasounale that have
been pit forth at his bidding."
The Editor has repeatedly entertained his
readers in low ribaldry against Mr. CALuiouS,
and in expressions of contempt for South Cars
olina and her internal policy. Every mran has
his taste. But, this man's idiosyncracies are,
indeed, peculiar. He seems to have a strange
relish fur manure-and for indecent aUack s uron
virtue and inteligence! And another of his
pecularitics, not the least strange is, that he
does all his vicious work under the guise of
virtue. But in this he verifies the old apoth,
thegu -" Saepc laet vitiumf prozimitate bont."
"Tis ton umch proved-that, with 'eeb.
And pions action. lie does sugar o'er
The devil himself."
FOR TILE ADVERTISER. %
Mia. EnITot,-In again recurring to the
the subject of Plank Roadq, I propose to
rhow the probable cost ant.
Plank Road from Ed"
In my last I stated, eu,
be 25 miles in length, th .
4.356,000 feet lumber. Thib
thousand, would be b.
Grading and laying down plank,
2.5 miles, $200 per mile, 5
Estimated cost of Road, $35,492 00
Thus much for the cost, now for'the
probable income. The Receipts of Coito
at Hamburg, the past year have blera
00,000 bales, as a reasonable estimate.' I
will suppose 30,000 bales, will pass over
the road. Allowing l0 bales to a load,'it will
mako 3000 loads Cotton, this atone dollar
per load, will make $3,000 00
The same wagons returning from .
market, the same amount, 3 00 00
Wagons laden with Flour, Meal,
Bacon, Apples, Peas, Whiskey,
Oats, Brandy, Feathers, To
bacco, Powder, Shucks, Firs:
Wood, &c., (both ways,)
Stage 6 times a week, 312 trips
Carriages, 75 cents
2 Horse Buggies, Ba
rouches, &c. 75
I Horse Buggies, Gigs,
Man on horse, 25
2 H-lorse'Wagoos. 50
1 Hlorse Vgons, &c., 23
Deduct for Gate Keepr
Deduct 10 pcr cent, an
to receive as a sini
to rebuild the ror , when
'eon out, 3,540 00
Laving to Stockhoh'ders, $11,107 00
which is above thirty per cent per annum.
his, enormouts dividend, as it is, is not
gnl to what has been paid to thme Stock
holders on some of the Northern Plank
Roads, buat it is sufficient to indiuce capi
talists to slake stock as an investmewnt,
without regard to the great benefits which
will result to the country from their intru
duction. SA LUDA.
On yesterday, the 17th inst, an Inquiest
was held on the body of James Dougluss
Adams, which wvas found that morning
about en o'clo::k, hanging to a tree near
the Alill of AMr. Peter Wylie, on Rocky
Creek, about six miles distant from this
It appears that the deceased left his
home about 4 o'clock ont the afternoon of
Sunday last, and is supposed to have gone
directly to the Gin-houso of Mr. Wylie;
and having possessed himself of a piece
of rope, (which lhe cut from a coil which
lay iu the Gin-house,)' he repaired to a
tree which stands near to a fence some
100 yards distant from the Gia-house.
lie seems to have acted with groat deli
heraion. hlis hat was tied to a limb abu've
his head; his shoes were taken off' - 1 laid.
on the opposite side of the fence, tne rope
was greased with a piece of tallow, which
was found carefully wrapped in a rag and
placed on a limb of the tree; the rope was
tied very securely to the limb, and -was
adjusted jto his neck with ani ordinary noose,
anti his head carefully enveloped in a
handkerchief. It is supp~osed that he
stood on the fence while preparing for the
act, and then throw hitmself tilT. The
otly swung clear of the ground, and so
near to the tree and to the fence, that lie
could readily have recovered himself if
e bad been so disposed, unless, as is quite
probably, his death was instainttanous., The
neck wvas dislocated. Mr. Adams. wyas
aged 45 years, and leaves a wvife, to wthom
heo was lately married, and some tour or
five ehildred by a former wife. He was
always reputed an hotnest man, willing to
work when work could be had, but ofrather
a weak mind.
No cause is known for the act, nless,
as is conjuctured, biig a very poor man,
of weakly constitution, antd much in debt,
he found it impossible to keep pace with
the increauitng wants of hi is family, andi in a
moment of despair, perpetrated the melan
holy deed.-Chester Observer.
Cov. SEA BRooK.--The Columbia Tele
rph of yesterday says: "Ihis Excellency
Gov. Seabrook, arrived in townl last evotn
ie, and has taken lodgings at _lut's Uni
ted Sinmc.: Iatcl.
From the Charleston .Evening News.
PARTICULARS OF TIlE LOSS OF
TH E SHIP CHARLESTON.
We are indebptcd to Capt. Morrison,
of the ship Charleston, who arrived here I
this morning in tlie Gen. Clinch, from I
Savannah, with part of the passengers and
crew of that vessel, for the following par
ticulars of her loss by fire. lie states that
there 'vas no hay on biord, as mentioned
in one of the papers.
The ship Charleston. Morrison, for this
port, sailed from New-York on the 14th
inst., with a valuble assorted cargo, hav,.
ing experienced variable weather until the
19th, when sho was compelled to lray to,
in a violent gate from the East off Cape
Lookout, doing much injury to the vessel.
in hull, saits and rigging, causing her to 1
leak-washed away bulwarks, deck load,
fc.. and filled the cabin w':th water. On
the 20th, the wind shiftet to the North
West, and blew with great violence, but
with a more favorable aspect, the harome.
ter, which had been at 23 and 5 10ths, then
in a rising state.. Made sail, close reef
topsails and courses, standing to the West
ward, having drifted into or near the Gulf
stream. The Captain, being fatigued and
finding the weather moderating, retired,
leaving, the necessary instructions with
the officer of the deck. About 6, A. M.,
on the 21st, he was informed that smoke
was 'making its appearance in the house on
deck. Ile immediately cleared away and
eudeavored to see from whence the smoke
proceeded, and discovered it coming from
the hold, through the hatches. On rais;
ing the hatch, he found it impossible to
stand the smoke. The hatch was immedi
ately laid on, every precaution used to
prevent ventilation, and all necessary pre
parations made for the worst.
Soon after discovered a sail to leeward,
bore away for it, and signal-of distress.
On approaching, found it to be the brig
Philura, Capt. ''hatcher, from New-York
'' :, 'nah, informed him of being on
-. whets ha kndly olfered to render all
* ' -ss;imce, and remained by the
. eather being still boisterous
t.e s'. running high, tlie Captain
risk his boat out; the weather in
rile moderated the fire made
ress throughout the ship.. Pre
- ... were made to send the passen
gers on board the brig; at 3, P. Ml., succeed
ed 'in getting the passengers on board the
brie; the officers and crew remaining until
7. P. M., when they could not stand the
smoke. The fire made is appearance
through the decks before the Captain and
crew left. The wind was blowing hard
and the wet"'rer squally, and it was with
much difiy ty they got on board the brig
about ek, P. M. by which time the
shir dames fore and after. Capt
in saw the smoke of the burn
3, A. M., on the morning of the
vere thirteen passengers, and the
sisted ofsixtcn persons, includ
MORE OF KOSSUTIT.
New York papers of Saturday con
til particulars of the Cambria's news,
,ich the telegraphic despatch gave a
correct outline. We have only space
few inerestinD detaity concerning
suth, who with Bem ani Dembinski,
Another Letter from Kossulk.
The following is a letter from Kosauth
* Count Cnsimiir Batihyany, the Minister
-f Foreign Af(Tairs:
'-Dear Count : Y ou will receive this
let ter from Cal. Von Kalmatty, who is
chargedl to cotnmuuicatte my wishes to you
verbally. Thte apprehensions I stated to
you Szegedin otn .June 23, have been re
alized. Georgey's conquest of Oron was
the Iast gleam of the setting sun of the
Republic, for immediately afterward Demn
binski was defeated in the North. and Pe
rezel in ite South ; then Georgey fell itnto
his fatal position at Comnorn, andi, finally
Becm was compelled to retreat before Lu
ders. My slender hopes of being able, by
resorting to extraordinary measures, to
give'our cause a more favorable turn, have
beeni wholly destroyed by the shanmeful
ingratitude of Georgey,.for the sudden rev
elation and execution of his plans, which I
had long perceived and feared, was a trea
son to the catise of the natiotn,and inflicted
on mie, and throtugh me on the Republic, a
O ur misfortumne has cost us 200,000 can,
non balls, and a flight already become dan
gernus is the grave of so many glorious
victories. Our cause is now utterly lost;
the immense fatigues I have lately unider
gone have wvearied tmy spirits andl shattered
my bodily streugt h; I sigh for repose. My
greatest consolation in my present critical
positiotn is the knowledge that those tost
dear to me after my native land-my fain
ily-are itn safety. I go to night with
Usanyl and Hlorrath to Lugos, where I
shall expect your 'verbal answer through
Col. Von Kalmany. In the mneanitime,
accept the assurance of my profound res
A rad, August 11."
Thte Oflicial Gazette of Vienna states
that for sotme time before their surrender
the corps or Georgey was completely ex
hausted by fatigue tind hunger. For some
time they had lived ontly on the remains of
vegtables and on unripe fruit. When.
after they bad given thetmselves tip, the
Russians sent some oxen to their camp,
the men did not wait until the animals
were killed, but cut ofl' pieces with their
knives and swords, and after slightly cook
ing thtem on the fires of the bivouac, eager
ly devoured them.
The Dgutsche Zeitung has letters from
Pesthi of the 31st ult, stating that in conse
quence of the heavy contributions which
Gen. Hlaynan imposed upon the Jews of
Arad, the Christian part of the pegulation
of that place declared that having always
lived in peaco andI unity with the Jews,
they would now join them in bearing their
"A celebrated Evangelical preacherotnce
toldl us,'" says the Liverpool Albi',n, "that
when he wvas unmarried, the young ladies
of his conigregation were iudcfamigable in
hemming cravats, hiankerchiefs, &c. for
him; butt" lie. added, "since I have had aI
wife I have not even bad one to do it for
Glno is the sadown of virtne.
From the South Garolinian.
The following interesting correspondence
vhich has been placed in our hands for
ntlicntion, we take great pleasure in lay
n'g before our readers:
Columbia, July 14, 1849. -
Madam: The Legislature, at its last
ession, directed the Governor "to procure
mnd cause to be presented, on behalf of the
State, some appropriate memorial to the
vidow of the late Lient. Col. Dickinson,
is evidence of the deep regard and admi.
ation of the State for the lamented and
In the performance of the honorable yet
nelancholy duty assigned me, I herewith
ratsmit, and ask your acceptance of,
seven pieces of silver, constituting a tea
inl coffee service.-Receive them, mad
ira, as a slight testimonial of the high esti
nation in which South Carolina held one
f the gallant defenders of her fame; pre
erve thorn as a memorial of his patriotic
.al and heroic conduct on every occasion
lenanded by duty and danger.
Lieut. Col. Dickinson lived a brave,
kilful and humane officer, and received his
nortal wound at his post, n here he was
always to be found. Although no token
if the gratitude of the Commonwealth can
lissipate the grief engendered by your be
eavonent, still the hope is indulged that
he one I now forward,-will, ivhile it re,
!ails the most endearing domestic associa
ions, be considered and held by you as the
-award of honorable merit bestowed by a
overeign State upon a citizen soldier, once
tour bosom friend, but now, I trust, the
:ompanion of his Cod.
With sentiments of respectful regard, I
tavo the honor to be, your obedient ser
rat, WtrrzsMRtu B. SEABROOKL.
Mrs. E.3iA S. Dicaitasotr.
IIonst ax, July 26, IS4.
Dear Sir: Through the politeness of
,ol. Gladden, I have received tho service
>f silver presented in behalf- of the State,
ind with it your letter.
I thank you very much for the kindness
and delicacy with which you have fulfilled
'the duty assigned you ;" and to you I
nust express the gratitude 1 feel for this
ribute from the State.
You ask me to receive it am a testimo
ial of the high estimation in which Caro.
ina held one of the gallant defenders of her
'ame; to preserve it as a memorial of his
>atriotic zeal and heroic conduct on every
ccasion demanded by duty and dauger
s such, I accept it most gratefully, and
will preserve it proudly and sacredly.
Carolina, ever warmly loved is rbw
rebly dear to me. Dear as my native
State-dearer as my husband's native
State-dearest as his last resting place.
Grateful to me, then, is this "token of her
gratitude"-this proof that his services are
If I cannot forget that for her I have
ufTered, neither can I forget that the kind
tympathy, so freely accorded me, has re
mnoved some of the bitterness of tny sorrow.
larnesly do I hope that this sympathy, so
:oforting, may not be withdrawn from
As a woman, I am denied an active par
Carolina ; but, as a woman, I may and do
sxult in her nroid reputation. For her
prosperity I wish watnmly and truly, and I
rdenly hope that her fame, so dearly
bought. may be preserved as bright andl
ntrnished as her own beautiful offering
With mtuch respect and eisteem, I re
maiu yours, gratefaully,
Emnta S. DicasysoN.
BIGADE EscapM~rasTo.-The South
Croliniatt, says : "We are pleased to
learn that there is every prospect of the
restblishmtent of this most excellent sys.
rem of drill for our military olileers. It is
Almost needless to discuss the rluestion of
their propricay or utility. The superior
discipline of the soldiery of this State hans
been ever~ywvhere acknowledged, and t here
is sarcely an experienced officer who will
not pronounce this superinaity as theo result
of the encampment system. That the
law establishing this drilling of our mtilitia
oficers has been repealedi, is no evidenuce
hat they are not needed or desired; for
we venture to say that nine-.tenths of the
commissioned officers of the State are
anxious for their re-establishment ats the
best school for the soldier that can be insti
tuted amrong ius.
"We are also pleatsed to perceive the
dep interest sour esteemed Executive is
taking in these matters. WVe are a anili
ary people; we ought to b~e so; and it is
all important that thte rnost complete or
ganiztion of our citizen soldiery tihich
ca be attained should be effected. We
have no doubt but the thorough investiga
tion which htave been put in operation by
ihe Governor will satisfy him of the necs
sity of a tmoae perfect system, an~d induce
him to recommenid the establishment of
enampments, and the organuization of the
special troops, as proposed by the board of
flicers of Union district. WVhatever he
conceives to be of importance in improving
upon our present military system, we be
lieve the people and Legislate will sus
rain him in carrying out.
Escars or Ma CL.AY's SFEnVANr LEvr.
-We understand that a telegraphic corn
nunication has been received from Mr.
Clay, by Mr. Ilodges, of the American,
tating that on arriving at Sandusky, his
servant Levi wvas towhere to ho fountd. It
is supposed that he was either accidental
ly behind here, or has voluntarily escaped
he latter most probably. It will be8 recol
lected that be was once before itnduced to
le~ave by the offer of $300, but refuntded the
money and returned to his master at New
port. We learn that Mr. Clay has an
rhorised Mr. Ilodges to pay his expenses
home if he again repents of thestep ho has
taken, and wishes to return.-Buffalo
A Now FRENcn MtN5TER.-The New
York Tribune says-"We are informed
that Mr. Poussirn's recall has been decided
E by ahn French goveranmentL inde pendent
of his difficulty with the Cabinect at Wash
ington. Mr. De Moutholon, the sotn of
Gen. Monaholon, is said to be named his
LETTE R FROM J. M. BARRETT.
The New York Express contains -a
lengthy letter (tom J. M. Barrett, bitterly
abusing the citizens of Sparranburg for re
fusing to admit him to bail after procuring
a thousand dollars for the purpose from
We subjoin the closing portion of his
letter in which it will be seen. that he calls
on the'Slate of Ohio to protect him ! When
the Executive of that State, dnd its people,
learn the lesson dictated by common hones.
ty and morality, and cease to aid and ctr
conragp the schemes of the skulking matr
stealers, their appeals might have weight
with us-but not till then. As .to their
citizen in durance, he has made his own
bed and must lie down upon it. The -
Abolitionists can neither -bully nor buy
hun off from the trial which he has court
ed. He will have full. justice done him
nothing more or less. After dwelling on
his evil ease and hardshipss he thus con:
How shamefully have I been disappoint
ed ! The people around me knew that l
was making. every exertion to procure the
required indemnity, and the magistrate
even expressed his settled puirliose to
release me upon a bond, of $1,000 when
ever I should be able to offer it; yet im
mediately upon the arrivalof the requisite
amount a public itteeting *was held, add
fiery and vindictive speeches were made.
Myself sick and in prison, was branded,
as I learn with the vilest epithets and i
resolution -passed, denouncing as a traiidt
to his country, every Magistrate who Would
admit me to bail in the sum of a thousand
dollars. Mr. Legg bent before the furious
tide. and announced on the next day that
if the matter was pressed upon him he
must violate his sacred promise and rase
the bail. In the name ofjustice, why was
such a course pursued ? Did these men
seeing me a prisoner in the laud, ii bad
health, making every ufferto gainan hodo
rahle release upon, the terms themselves
had proffered me and thereby cuhsing my
distant friends much expense and trouble,
only await their action till my hopes were
almost fulfilled, to have the pleasure of
disappointing me ? I leave it for the
country to determine.
If I had committed the most heinous
crimes, it were no mitigation of the con
duct of gIea who could so shamefully vio
late their proffered faith with me, I am
justly indignant at such perfidious conduct,
hut am almost undecided what is proper
for me in the future. The antipathy
against Ohio and her people, esiecially
myself, is so strong here, that a tesort to
the habeas corpus would doubtleSs prov6 a
failure, although I would not tast unmeri
ted censure upon them, many things idai
cate to me that some of the most influential
men wil prevent if possible, my having a
fair and honorable hearing in a court of
justice. Therefore, although I would not
create an unwonted excitement, it seems
but just to me that the authorities of Ohio,
of which State I claim to be an hrafible
citizen, should speedily look into my case.
It is the duty of her Government. to aflrd
protection Io . her people when they h.ave
not forfeited it by their own misconduet,
and when she fails to afford such protec
tion she fails to accotnplish the purjpose of
her organization. If it calibe fairly shown
hat ssuamendais $ lh of h
this State for any'ofeiieeI have conmi-t
ted agains' them, I resign myself calmly to
my prisoit. If otherwise, I dermand atu
Very respectfully, .youts, &c.
3. M. BARtisTT.
Cot. GADSDEN's REPLY to CoL,. EEM
ToN.-We have received a copy of a pham
phlet-which originally appeared as a
communicationl in the Cirireston Mercury
-sustaining Mr. Calhoun against one
portion of the attack of Mtr. Benton-that.
which relates to the surretnder by grant to
the lodians of territory wvest of Arkansas, -
whtich wvas fit fur slave cultitation, and
thus reducing the growth of Southern
States. Col. Gadsden very distinctly
showvs thtat he was th~e commissioner wvho
tegotiated the treaty, that it was negotiat
ed under instructions from General CUassi
wheni Secretary of WVar under General
Jackson; that Mr. Calhoun had no agency
in it, or knowvledge of it; and that, in fact,'
th reaty made no such surrender, but
thtat tt wvas made by act of Congress, in
complliance with tho policy and at the
reconmmendatiotn of the administration-of
Gen. Jackson, and that Col. Bentoft sup
portedi all the bills.-Colmbia Tele.
RELIGIOUS R~vIvAL,.-We clip the fbi
lowiug from lte Spurtanburg Spartan:
"I was glad wvhen they said unto me let
us go into the House of the Lord." This
is the spirit, and this is the gladness, writh
whtich the people of our Village are bless
ed. For a week past, the Methodist
Church under the care of the Rev. Mr. -
Duraut, has been almost nightly crowded,~
with a serious and attentive audience.
Eighteen in all have recently united them
selves to his Chturch, and many others
appear deeply. affected, by the almost
irressistible appeals and manily eloquence --
f this faithful and much loved Minister.
We hope the,begmning influences of a graci
ous revival may go out and reach every
Church and every heart..
RELIGroUs RavtvAL.-A friend writing'
us from Lancaster, says:-"At a protrac
ed meetinig, which lasted twelve days, at
the Fort liil Church in this District, 89
were baptised; and eight restored to the
fellowship ofthe Church.-Camdenl Jour-.
COLLEGE -The Columbia Telegraph
of thle 29th, says-The exercises of the Col
ege will be resumed on Monday-the long
vacation being now over-and we there
fore may soon expect to greet our young
friends whose presence so much enlivens
our quiet streets.
The Professors iare either here, or en
their way back, antd we are pleased to learn
that the health of Presidlent Preston has
greatly improved, lie is nosW daily ex
A LAw QUESToN.-The estate that
was 'left,' said a~lrishman to his lawyer,
was a pig and a btusheh of putatoes, which
were to be divided between the heirs, my- -
self aud brother. Tihe Executors shut the
pig up with the potatoes, and during the
night ho cat them up, and now wve wvant to
nn owna ar tor divide the property.'