Newspaper Page Text
From the Augusta Gnstittutinali.t.
NEGROES IN CALIFORNIA.
The fruits of the whig policy in the
South against the further extension of bla
very, are now apparent in Califurnia. If
California becmitues a free State In this
Union, Southern whigs will he to blame
for it. But for A. 11. Stephens and Rob
ert Toombs, Esquires, and their Southern
c6nfederates in In:ress, and the South.
eru whig papers, such as the Chronicle E
Sentinel, there ,would be vow a large
amount of slave population in California.
'The Souther slavOholders would hae
been there in thousands with their slaves,
and deriving fromi the gold mines rit h ru
wards of slaVe labor. Three or furi- ihou.
sand d>llars to the hand are now realized
there by the few slavelolders that have
boldly ventured to assert their rights as
co-equals in the confederacy, with North
ern citizens, and claimed to enjoy upon
the soil of our new acquisitions, the pro
perty which is recogii.ed as theirs by the
Constitution of the United States. Read
the following btatetment in the Alabama
"NEGRoEs IN CALronr..-Tt has
long been apparent, since 'Ar. P4,lk pur
chased the Mexical territories, declaringl at
the same tine, that they not, from1 the
nature of things. be free territory-that the
oly way to make theta slave States was
for slaveholders to emiigrate there wiih their
property in sufficient numbers to cuntrol
the policy of the country. Tliat they
could have done so with safety to their
property, is now tpparent. Those from
this quarter who carried negroes have had
no troublo with them, and it is found they
adhere to their tmasters there with greater
zeal and devotion that cisewhiere. Seve
ral have written back expressing their re
grets that they (lid not carry with them-n
hands frot their plantations, A gentle
man from Alacon county ,ho took out
three goods hands, has wriiin back th;-t
lie hires thema out at three hundred dollars
per month each, and has lhad no diflirulty
in retaining them. Every man there is so
Mimersed in his own absorbing pursuits
that he has no time or inclitiation to inter
fere with the busiuess ofo:hers. or engage,
even if so inclined, in abolition moxe
inet's. luch the lar,:est portion of the
population at the mines having the means,
it is stated, would purchase negroes to- aid
them, were they in market. A portion of
the work at the mines-the excavating. is
hard and difficult and must ie accomplished
by manual labor-henco the great necessi
ty and advantage of the services (if able
bodied negroes. If the soutlhern emigrants
had invested their capital itt negroes in
the place of goods, &c., which they took
with them, their labor would have rapidly
made them intdependent, and their exatm
pie would have been followed by others
with their slaves. in sufficient nutliers to
have controlled the policy of the territory.
-rho pan set on fltot las; year by Ir.
Howard, of Georgia. for large bodies to go
in compauy would, there is little have been
sumccseful if it had beeu cartled out. C-a
panies of twetty, fifty or a hundred, set
tling together would be able to protect
their property in all emergencies, if, by
niy eyaeTr totl-Oeeudairgcreh.- we
learn that many have this enterprise still in
con-emplatiou, and as the season approa
ches for the passage of the Ibatmus, we
trust it will be carried out."
T he comtment o f tlte Atllanta lntelli.
gencer upotn this editorial is worthy of nrote.
" We htave no doubt but that M r. llow
urd would have succeeded in his pi;n, had
it not been opposed lby ccrtain editorsita
nurn State for political effect at the North.
What have they gained by tbeir opposi
It cannot be doubted tat the cottrse of
certain whtg editoirs in Georgia aided ma
teriatlly to thrtow cold water upon the p-lan
of Mr. Robert RI. Iloward, to fortt an emti
grating Comtpany with their slaves from
this. State to California. These editors
were sustaitning alesstrs. Sterhens attd
Toombsa in their position that slavery
could not be carried to California utntil
Cotngress passed a law pertmitting it-that
California n'a ftree soil-made so by
Mexican laws which the antnexatint didi
ntot abrogate, andl that when a slave
touched thatt soil bte became ipso facto
free. This is the doctrine of' athe Northeran
wvhips, free soilers, and abolitionists. This
is thte doctrine th;at leat:on espoused int
order to ettnry favor with the North. 'lThis
is thec doctrine that it suited thte policy of
certain n hig leaders aind editors in '.icor
gia-as it dlid certia whig editors antd
',eaders. in Ketntneky, Virgiatia, Tennessee
and h1i iSouri. and other slatve htolding
.States, to p)reacht. It wa;s the advoracy of
tiS doctrine t hat was thle most ellectual
oppotsition to slave etmigra tiotn to Cit ifortnia
that cottld htavo been adtoptedl. The freec
soilers attd abolition;ists couldl not htave
asked tnore elfectual aid lromn the Sooth
- .. ern whtigs. it played rightt ittto their
htands. It pleased~ sttch mten as Fillmnote,
* Tom'Ewing, and honest Jacob Collatmer
- 1t will doubtless encourage them to ex
pect othter andI forther aid from their South
ern Whig allies..
hlow did thtis doctrine aid thtem ? It did
so b)y discourngiun' ettigration. "Prope-rty
is- timtid."h iena are unitvillintg to itncur the
alightest risk of loss of prop)1erty, and ow-.
ners of slaves ale especially timid, owing
to the faculties of' volitiotn and locommtion
wvith which that species of property is en
Thte question asked by thte Intelligerncer
is not a ptleasatnt onte for "certain edilors,"
to- answer. " Whlat have they gainted bty
their otiposition." They have gained the
-prerention of the further extension of stu.
cery. This is what Mir. Stephens has
gained by the defeat oif the Clayton Comtt
promise 15i1l. This is what the Southern
Whigs have gained bey holdintg to, and in
sisting on the doctrine, that slavery could
tnot be carited itnto Californtia, unless Con-.
gress legalized it by legislation.
The Chronicle S& Sentinel has gainecd a
favorite poitnt. tmaintaincd by thtat press,
that it wcas lad policy for the South to die.
*ire the further c.rtension of slatery.
Trhe Kenttucky Conavetnion w'ns, at last
* dotes, absorbed in the discussioni ofthe
article on slavery. Froam the tmanner in
which some of the speekers argue, atnd the
general tone of thte debate, ia will ntot onaly
be a bone of contetntion. lbut -is likely to
result in mtaking~ Kentucky miore a slave
EDGEFIELD C. 11.
WED.NEs.AY. No-F-rEi 7, 18D.
17 WVe present to our readers in our paper
this week very little edittorial titter in conse
gtence of the absence of the Edito:..
An%oft li-Homicide.-We aitonntee
Wtih regrut iat a negro n,am belonging to Wil.
'uLm L. Dorn, Es-1., of this District, was brought
t> pienatne de.ith by undue correction ot the
2.th %It. The circumstances of the case as
nearly as we can gtther them, are the folloWying.
The negr-i and another negro belmging to the
falne gentleiman,had stolen a considerable qiai
tiiy of gold ditst from their masters gold mill,
two young men in, the service of Alr. Dorn,
Whe one n1amed James Coleman, and the other
Richard Griflin, the latter a Gei,rgian, in en
deavoring to abstract the Irnih of the matter
from ole of the negroes, by whipiing with a
leather strap. did nt nicely measure the extent
of punishment iifietnd, and con seqnditly the
negro died on the Wednesday following. An
inlest was held over the body of the deceased,
and rendered a verdict to the followitg effect:
That the deceased cmme to his death by whip.
ping inflicled by Janes Coleman and flichard
Grillin. Both the g ilty pers0n3 hilve fled from
jiustice. and are suipposed ,o be it the State of
FOR THE ADVEITISER.
Ma EuTon:-l-rmn1 the last commu
nicationif an --Old Planter," it seems
that there still exists wit It him, doubt, as
to my accuracy in the measurement of the
crj and land ; tihich is not at all unirea
sulpble. Tit doubt is humai.
Not satisfied with our own efforts, we
are too apt to impute to those, false and
incorrect nigions, who, by proper attention
to the laws that govern success, rea) for
themselves a rich and bountiful harvest.
'l'hat youth is sanguine, is as true, as that
old age i6 credulous and unwilling to
accede to the popular opinion, that this is
the age of improvement. Had Fulton,
forty years ago, divulged to "O!d Planter,"
his ideas, relativo to the improvements that
ultimately n%ould be made from the efTects
of steam power, he could not have evinced
more astonilinicist than lie now exhibiis.
Having somo idea of " Od Planter's "
whereabouts, it is not asiouishing to me,
that lie should manif'est so much doubt in
a matter of this kind. l1ad I have stated,
that instead bfr0 bushels ofI of one acre,
I had gathered 15, with the same involun
tary wonder, would " Old Planter " have
exclaimed, "can this be so."
-- A.,,ap _ai-awle4s.hvlinidf.rant itofut
to my mode of culture. the price of
land per acre and is fertility, I will
deavor to satisfy him -pou that p
which, of all others, seemed to admit
inuch doubt and uncertainty, *But th
yards equare is mote than anl acre, a
an in stepping off ground, is apt tr
eeed three feet at a step, antd more
cially when lhe is steppinig off an ar
corn t) be mecasuredl." This we adi
be true. Bunt, may we not sometimies
comie tinder as well as~ go oiver the mark.
There flmay e.ist, however, the same dis
propjortionedl leugth, anid inaccuracy in the
Surveyors Chtai anid Copass, that '-Old
Plantters " asmtitess, has enabled him to
discover in the length o'f legs. of the biped
race, and the~ exaiggerated stride, oh a man
stepiping nff' an acre of corn to be mea
sured. I dIo not kntow how the '* Old
Gentlemen,"for such he calls himself, atnd
ca en settle mis comrovertedl point, unless
we refer to the Notes *of 31aj.or Isaac
Boles, who, in, his survey of the landl,
makes it 2ij acres, instead oif 23, and the
one aere, one acre and 12 perches. lie
also, measured the width of the rows, which
arc not qulite 34 feet, the corn one foot in
stead of a font anid a half. As he wishes
mec to give hiimi time number of bushels coni
tainecd ini a erib 18 feet long,. 14 feet wide
and 11 feet d1eep, agreeable to the way
in which I at first Ruagdh toy ownt cribis,
I wtill dio so. M1ultiply the leegiki by the
breathI, atid that produoct hy the depthI, antd
divide that by 2, or itn other words, half thte
latter product, and thtat will give you 1386
bushels, which by referinig to [looper, on
the measurement of cortn, we finemd to be
incorrect. lIe says multiply the length by
the breath, atnd that product by the depth,
ai divide that by 5, then subtract the
qu otient from thle dividend anid divide the
remain intg produte' by 2, which will give
himt instead of 10 bushels, 11094. This
Iconsider to be, thec must coirrect mcithod
of guniging. Liy the application of which
rule. in the imeastremnit of toy own eritis,
I hase only matde off of 2-li acres S35 bu
shlc, inistead of 11000, which is etqual or
nearly so to 1000 odr of 23 acres. The di
menisions of t'y largest crihi, is as follows,
18 feet long, 10 feet and five inchtes wide
and 2 feet deep. Theo other 18 feet long,
10 feet wide, atnd ihe corn 34 feet deep.
'iThe coin thmat I gathered niff of the one
acre and twelve percbes. afhter battling ini
the fourth load, n hieh was the last, 1 liad
tImat shucked ouIt anti tmeasured wvitha a half
tiushel. The haulinig of which four loads,
I aticnded to myself,-they were equal and
CTe propoition of 4 Old Planter," ini
regatrd to G-10 bushels, I (It nth consitder
foir. Should I make G39 bus~hels anid 3
piecks, I shituid ho comnpellet- to sacerifice
that qmanitity, at 25 cents Per bushel. 1
amn willing however, as I before retmmked,
to rmake the elfurt, anid h;ave "Old Plin
ter," zpptiitted Chairmnan of she meiaso
G. bl. BLtoexIn.
* We could tnot nppend the fic'h niotes of
Maj. Liowles owitng to te- latentess oif the hour
at which we received this comtmnintin.
lint ii it is desired they shall a ppear in our next.
NEGRoEs tN DiEsEt:ET.-A letter from
ithe Great Salt Lake hlormotn City, says
theteo is a settlemnt fifty tmiles from that
city of me nineii t tg negrocs, carryimg oti
A friend in Lexington furnisies 0s the
following particulars of a-most deplorable
"Lexington District has been, -vthin a
few days' past, the scene of a fiurder
whicb the time of its perpetration .eiders
extremely revolting. A man by the-hamo
of Louis Siack-who resides near John
Coogler, some thirteen miles from Colun
bia-of a ilissipated character, heing.withal
strange and peculiar in many of his notions
and actions. was murdered during the
night of the 31st of October. by. Edward
A. lodges, a respectable citizen of this
"Stack wa a married man, the father
of several children and has on several oc
casions, upon the death and burial' of a
child. exhumed the body, retaining it seve
ral dayt, and then imerring agn. A
daugher of his having recently died in
Columbia, was buried there; but Stack, in
one of his odd whims, in conjunction with
others persons, drove a wagon.down to the
grave, disinterred the body, and brought it
up to his own house-designing to iutet it
by tho graves of his departed children.
6 It appears, from the miost correct state
ments given, (as the evidence of the per
sons present has not yet been taken,) that
[lodges was at a neighboring house on tie
road ott the evening of the 31st-a Mr.
lluffnan's. rime short distance off-whea
he wats sent for by Stack to come and-set
up with Ihe corpse at his house. lie con
plied with the reqnear. and was accompa
nied there by a Mr. Hughes.
On his arrival, he was asked in and
treated very kindly. It is thought, from
appearances, that Stack wassober-Ilhouli
ie was then in the possession of liqt1ol,
and given at such tine to drink deeply.
whetn he was exceedingly irri-able 'and
insulting. It seems that a conversation
commenced, concerning some trifling mat
ter, lwhen Stack, differing from Hodges,
iecamo violotly vexed, and gave him
the lie, which was promptly returned by
Hod-ges. Whereupon, Stack immediately
sprang up, seized upon a loaded gun, and
made cirect at him to shoot him. In the
ncantime, Hodges made for the dear; but.
on retreting out, being closely pressed by
Stack, drew his knife in self defence,
seized upon tle gun, averting the muzzle
from his body. made several flourishes and
thrusts around with his knife to keep him
off-itnflictingjseveral wounds one of which,
striking against tle left cheek, inflicted a
flesh wound, another severed the temporal
artery on the right temple, and the third
divided the jugular on the right of the neck
-a deadlr/ wound-which prostrated Mr.
"With singular presence of mind, Hod.
ges sewed up-the wound sovering tIhe jnga
lur, thereby stopping the lcopious effusion
of blood. Stack expired the following day.
When Stack fell, his body struck the
corpse, overturning it ott the floor; and
there, awful to say, by the exhumed burly
of the daughter, lay the body of the frather,
weltering in his blood. Hodges has been
taken into, custody. We regret the Ia
meutahle occurrence.-South Car;,
... .., inauiu uus nave grated
harshly upont tmy ear-s for tIre last timte. I amn
now at libert, and there is not mtanifested
by the great 'mass of thte comtmutnity the
least dispositior. to treat me even disrespect
folly. TJhuo mren who had baunded them
selves together in this place under the
terms "Safety Conmmittee,'' and whto, itt
order to keep themselves' safe from trte ac
ion of the l.aw against them for their lawless
conduct hravo proclaitmed themselves.'above
hre law.' arid n ho, from the time they
cast me ito prison up to tIre momet
appointen to rush me through the .forms of
a public trial, had kept'every instrument
in mrotiomn to excite trhe country anrd bring
tire people up to the lev~el orf theirown famna
ticismi arnd cruelty. have had the tables
most completely turned upon thetm.
Thelr yiomtanry of tIhe land crome upi to
Court, from thte diff'ercnt parts oif thle Dis
trict, with a stern rebuke to the spirit of
disorrde-r written on their faces.
Istead of being prepared, as tmy etnemies
ha,d varinly honped, to act against mec with
tIre injustice of art excited populace, somte
of them were importunate that I should
turn tupon my prursuers, atnd give some of
thetm a chance to occupy the seime dark
hole into which they had so wantortly
throat me. Tiho truthr is, the great heart
of r le Itonest atnd conrsider~ane prrt iont of
this cornrrity beat in symipathy with my
wrotrgs. Theoy saiw tIre base irnjusrice thrat
had been done, and were wvillinig and even
anxioius that reparatiotn should be tmade.
These mnanifestaitions were nut to be
mistaken by tIhe "Safety cotmmite."
W.hen they saw all their hopes of irreak
iii' vergenre upon mo tefr the fincied in
juries of the Northt had vanished, thecy
took coutnsel togethter as to what was to be
done, atrd determined that my case shouldi
trot lie tried during tire present- sestsin;
that ifirecessary, certatn of threir brother
hroodl should go befure tIre Court and make
allidavit that in tIre case of thre said J. SI.
Iiarrett, rlhere was some irmportatrt testi
nmnny thrar, durring the whole summier they
had been slarrnderinrg and persecutitng himt,
they had tort been by any mearns able to
raise, and that, thterefore, they were trot
at present prepiared to try the case, and
they tnust have six months longer to get
tan imiportant testimnry.
Tlhcre is much more yet which in a
short time I hc pre to give to the public.
Sleanwhrile, I horpe you will be kind enough
to pubbmfsh this hrasty sketch. I start fur
Iome in a fewv mnomtenIt. -
J1. M. BARalETT,
A striking ev~idlence of tire wvisdom of
tIre settlers of rinrcsota is afforded by thre
actiont of tIre Legislature in passing a vote
'irectitng tIhe Secretary to subiscribe for all
the niewspnapers puhulshted'in tIre Territory.
from tire time of their commencement.
l'hese papers are to be bound yearly and
epusitied in tIne libirary as at valuable
istory of tIre time, for future reference.
Sceretsanrc never lnun-livcd.
From the Sounth Garolini.n.
TIE BANK-INDEBTEDNESS TC
We have endeavored to prove that it i.
an error to suppose that the State derivet
very large profits from its Bank. Wt
have shown that this is an error, even ij
we do not take into consideration the sink.
ing fund, which, for the last 27 years, ha!
forned in varying amounts as truly a por.
iion of its capital as any other fund in its
possession. If we take that fund into ae.
count, the balance due the State by the
Bank wi!l, of course, he much larger than
the amount which we have heretorore sta
ted. In order to make this appear, we
take the statement of the B-ank itself, made
in 1847 and 1848. of its actual capital
from J814 to 1848, year by year. We
presume no one will challenge the accura
cy uf that statement. It has every ap
pearance of being the result of elaborate
We then debit the Bank vith amounts
paid in as capital, 81,372,422 0
R. R. Bank dividens and in
terest, 37.340 00
Surplus revenue, 1,05t,42 09
Fire Loan f1ouds, value re
ceived by Bank, 3,810,253 37
Inierest at 7 per cent. on ave
rage actual capital for 36
years, as per statement of
Batik, (see reports and ac
1847 and '46,) 4,8G6.642 00
We place to the credit of '.he Bank all
of the payments which appear in the re
ports uf) to the 1st of October, IS-4; and
in order to make it as plain as pjossible,
we place first the payments stated as hav
ing been made up to October. 1847, and
then the subseueut ones to Ist October,
1848, viz :
.loneys paid into Treasury previous to
1822, and interest, $G13.106 64
Interest on Stato debt, 1,849.950 45
Subscription to Railroad, 200,000 00
Revolutionary debt, sixes
and threes, 248.892 87
Six per cents to Oct. 1817, 990,376 06
Five per cts. to " " 744,523 54
Six per cts. on account sub
scription advanced by the
State to R. It. Company, 152,G43 OS
Six per cents not due till
1850-52, 6,035 03
Five per ets. of R. R. Batik
capital, 835 05
Five per cents of Fire Loan,
not due until 1858 and '68, 26,606 67
Intorest and exponses on
State Loan, fives ani sixes 108,527 65
To balance due State, 4,136,548 42
It hence appears, that if wie charge the
Bank with 7 per cent. per annum from
1814, (and this it mnust be shown to have
made to justify the character of ordinary
proitablenees.) it still owes the State $4.
136,548 42. on account of the agregate
amount of moneys of all anre- --i '
S.....MsB and non exislenti
b>us, &Sc., and ttntil it is made appiarei,
we must wvithhtold ottr belief.
11 surely will not be objected that we
charge 7 per cent. per annum on the atn
nuail averaces stated by the Bank itself as
c'apit al. If it is, the objectors must relin
quish: their argument in lavor of a re char
ter as far as it is found upon the great
pruofit?'bleness of the Bank.
We have endeavored to put the matter
in the fairest light; have drawn our state..
mnents froam those of the 13imk itself, and of
its advocates; ntid are tnot aware of ainy
omission. Andi we presume to think thait
we have provetd that, by the most lavora-.
bIe statement to the Bank, it has refunded
only a stmall portion of the capital invested
and, by the latter anti most equittable
method of making otut the account, it has
not reimbursed the Stato to the extent of
a thirtieth part of the funds with which it
has, from time to time been etndowedl. We
do not pretend to say that very satisfacto
ry reasons cannot be given, why the profits
of t he Bank have been so moderate. On
that point we have niot hing to say at pres..
enit. To enter upon it, would open an
annst boundless fieldl of inquiry, that we
do not intendl now to explore. The fact
simply of the State being now engagedl in
a busitness wvhich has not commended itself
to public stupport by the realition, of
tempting profits, is that which we aim at
But it may he said, abthough, as the ac
count stoodl in October, 1848, it may appear
that the Bank had repaid the State a mere
trifle, and still owed it within a fraction its
endowment, yet it had ample funds in its
possession to reimburse the St ate the whole
of thatt endowment, over and abovo the 7
per cent. intorest with which you have
persisted in charging it.
Let us see how this matter stands. Let
us see if this be clear. WVhat was the Bank
statement on ihe 1st of October, 1848 ?
That statement dleclares, that at that
time. the Rank hel: tissetts to the amount
of $5,912,026 74; and that on the same
day, exclusively of its liabilility to the
State Treasury, amountitng to $63,150 00
for cash received, and of its other liabilities
to the same, antd exclusive of its liability
to the State for its original capital, it owed
other parties 52,398.516 21, to wit :
To issues, or bill or note
To bills payable, 140,000
"1Drafts in tranisitu, 15,0G1 44
De'poisitors, 551,724 77
Balance, 3,513,510 53
'No-rE.-We state as, the Bank does, the is
sns andi tnt the circulation; which then was
5773,2141 25, anid wh,ir.h inore accurately shtows
the debt to note holders. Bitt the account is in
nwise really a,ffected bty this, as the Dank htas
full credit for $919,615 75, (the difference.)
among its declared assatts of 55,912.026 74.
In othier words, it is on both sides of the tac
count. Thtis we state ex sbundanti cantela,
It thus is manifest, that on tihe 1st of
October, 1S48. the Bank had a clear bal.
alnce of $3.513 510 53, minus S65.150 00,
to pay 81,136,543 42, duo the State for
capital of all sorts, and the profits on that
capiial a 7 per cent per annum.
If we are correct in our calculations, and
if we have omitted no credits, (aid we
certainly have designedly amitted none,)
it cannot in the4ce of this be pretended
that the banking of tihe State is a seven
per cent. business. Q. E. D.
By the arrival of the papers, brought
by tile Europa, we ar; put in possession
of a noble letter from Kossuth, to Lord
Palmerston, appealing to him, in the sad
dilemma in which he and his companions
are placed. The Sultan gave the refugees
protection, but now, it appears, makes ihe
dishntnoralule proposition that the price of
his protection must he the abandonment of
their fitith and religion. We trust that
the succor so promptly granted by En,,
land, and its apparent endorsement by the
Republic of France, may have its elfect.
Christcndom ought not, cannot, submit
to such outrage. There are some eloquent
and glorious0 passages in the appeal of
Kossuth, hut our limits will not permit
more thlin the few brief extracts below :
'A fresh letter from his majesty the
Czar arrived in Constantinople, and its
consequence was the suggestion sent to
us by an express messenger of the Turkish
Government, that the Poles and Hlunga
rians, and in particular myself, Count
Casimir Bathiany, 11inister of Foreign
AfTairs of H ungary under my Government,
and the Generals Messaros and Perezel,
(all present here,) would be surrendered
unless we chose to atsjure the faith of our
forefarthers in the religion of Christ and
become Musselnans. And thus live thous.
and Christians are placed in the terrible
alternative either of facing the scalrold or
of purchasing their lives by abandoning
their faith. So low is fallen the once
mighty Turkey, that she can devise no
other means to answcr or evade tite de
mands of Russia.
--Words, fail me to quantity these aston
ishing suggestions, such as never have
been made yet to the fallen chief of a gen
erous nation, and could hardly, have been
expected in the nineteenth century.
"My answer does not admit of hesitation.
Between death and shame the choice ca~
neither lie dtnhinue nor difflcult.
"God's will he done. I am prepared to
die; but as I think this measure dishonora
ble and injurious to Turkey, whose inter
est I sincerely have at ieart, and as I feel
it my duty to savo my companious in ex
ile, if I can, from a degrading abierntive,
I have applied to the Grand VIzier in a
ennciliatory manner, and took also the
liberty toapply to Sir Stratford Canning
and General Atpich, for their generous
aid against the tyiannic act.
-Tiie presses-our doom may in a rew
days he sealed- A "- Ice an
,.. . to
,... persecu't'ns. I conjure youtr Ex..
cellency itn the name of the Most liigh, to
put a stop to those cruelties, by your pow
erfi tmediattiotn, and especially, to accurd
to my n ife and chrildorn arr asylum oti the
soil oif the generous English people.
"As tto my people-my loved antd noble
country-must she, to perish forever?7
Shall she, unaidedl, abandoned to her fate,
and unavenged, be doomed to antnihilation
by her tyrants? Will England, once her
hope, not 1become her consolation ?
Iloy. JEFFERasoN Davs.--This distin
gttishied orator dclivereisn address to his
fellow-citizenrs, at a dinner recemtly given
him by the citizetts of Aberdeen, (Mo0nroe
Coutnty.) 31ississippi. "wi thotm distitnctiotn
of tparty." The address is very htighly
commendced by the cilitor of thte Aberdeen
Independent, a Jietermined Whiig, but sup
porter of the constitutional rights of rho
" Hos. JEFFERSON DAvis-An aide
attd eloquent speech was made by this
genticene int ttis city on Thursday last ; it
was an effort worthy of his reptattion as a
Senator of the State, representing its peo
ple, and not a mere party. While in matny
portions of it the friends of the present ad
mtinistrpition could not agree, still thte great
ci part, Whigs as well as Democrats could
praise. We wvere most agreeably disap
poitred itn its torte. There was nothing in
it of tile rmere patrtizan, but it bore all the
characteristics of the independent gentle
matn andI thte Mississippi Senator.
" A large portion of his remarks was eon
fined to the slavery qttesriont. For tlhe
maintetnance of the rights of the South, he
biases all htis htopes uipon the people. Poli
ticians can do nothing, lie thirnks. He htas
no htope in the justice of Congress; and but
little of Executive interposition in the case
of the passage of any law based upon pre
cedent, and many sucht precedents could
be fihmndr. lie based ihis opinion on Tay
lor's letter of last year. (He should have
htere enunar.rated, we tihought, the prece
detnt left by lSir, Polk himself.) An exo
cutive Veto, moo, would but arouise still
higher abolition feeling. Tihe judiciary he
considers will bend before tlhe popular i:nr
pulse. antd his only htope is that by a firm.
ttnitedl, determitned statnd on the part of
the Sourth, tire North may be induced by
mnotiyes of interest, and of patriotism, to
ptause and be just,"
ILLINois SENAToR.-We learn by the
Telegraphn (says the Nartionial Intelligen-.
cer,) that Getn. Jatmes Shields, who is noW
elig:ble to the oflice, has been again elect
ed a Untited States Senator by the Legis
lature of the Stare of Illinois. FThe elec
tion took place on Saturday last. anid re
sulted itn 72 votes for Gen. Shrilds and 21
for Cyrus Edwvards. There appears to
have been a warm con'est between Mlessrs.
Shields atnd l3eese in the Democratic
caucus, whliCh nominated rte -former on
rthe twetnty-first ballot by a majority of
Suh na the tree is. such will be the fruit.
From the Correspondence of .the Courier.
WASINGTON Oct. 31.
Some of the New York and other North
ern papers stronly insist. upon the necessi.
ty of a ohnge of the.Cabinii. The New
York Tribune remarks, significanily, it -
reference to the dissatisfaction of the whigs.,
that, " io say that Gen. Taylor does not
kiow when he is ill served, or dare not
apply the obvious remedy, is to sharge
him with gross icapacity and plisillaiimi.;
ty." But the truh is, it is well known
here, that Gen. Taylor is obstinate in his.
partialrtirs, and that lie will not listen id
any representations against any one of his
Cabinet. There is nor the slightest rea
son to believe that Gen. Taylor is dissat
isfied with any) one of his Cabinet, 'r
that he will request them in go out as g
unit, or otherwi.e. The Tribune must,
therefore, condemn him for not knowing
wheni he is ill served. The whigs do not -
pretend, however, to find much rault with
the Cabinet, except on the score of the
distribution of offices
Some of the Northern papers scony the
idea that the whigs will, in any conin-gen.
cy. go for- Mr. Holmes for. Speaker, on
account of his being a Taylor' democre
The Tribune says that Mr. WintroplPis
chance will be the best-whereby it meaf
that Mr. Winthrop is their choice. Every
one knows that Mr. Winthrop, howevdy
great his merits, cannot, with a majority
of five democrats against him, and with
five free soil whigs against-him, be elecied
The game is to bring the Noithero whigs,
and the Northern democrats, also, to the
support of a free soil Speakers-either
Preston King or David Wilmot, and,
indeed, it will no: be very easy (a defect
The article, ii the London Timeti of the
13. on the Nicaragua question, has attract
ed much attention here. It displays, with
prccisi.in, t:e position of the Britisi go.
vernment on the question, and off'ers all
that we need ask, to wit, an amicable
arrangonont between the powers,.though
whose territory the oceanic c'nal will pass
-that is to say, Nicaragua, the Mosquito
country and Gautemala-by which the
use of the canal is to be secured to all na
tions, on the most liberal terms. The
United States' government will not, it 8p
pears, tolerate the' pretension of Great
Britain to any right, or interests in the
premises. and will act upon the contract.
made with Nicaragua, guarantying bet
sovereignty and jurisdiction, o-ver the re
gion enbtnced in the boundaries claimed
by her, hut the protection of Great Bri
tain. There is a fair chance for a collis
ion, as the Times, suggests, unless the
United States should embrace the amica
ble arrangement which is indicated.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 26.
Senators in Congress will no longer be
allowed to filch from the pubflic treasury
under the spurious claim for "construcilvi
mileage." For years past, on the advent
of every new administration, the Senate
has been in the habit of charging ful? mitt.
ago foreat tendance at the special exedutlvd
session of that body, in addition to the
amount received for the regular session.
- This usage was killed a few days since
by lott. Elisha Whittlesby, fist -'ei4P
troller of the Treasury.
It seetu,,thaw a claim came up in fstral
fo.rm, four S-1.000, paid by A. Dickierts,
Esq. clerk of the Senate, for "constructive
mileage" in at tendance at the special es
ecutive session in March last, and that every
member of the Senate, savo.three, received
Mr. Whit tlesey, after full delib'eratiotr,
was of opinion th:at the claim ought nTot
to be allowed. Fearintg, however, that
the Administration might regard this a's a
inopportune occasion for such. action as
might displease the Senmate he stated the
case to the President. through Mr. ClasyA
ton, and added the remark that, if it was
not thought proper to act in accordance
with his (Mr. W's) convictions, he would
resign the compptrollership.
The President's prompt and chereeter
istic reply was, "Tell Mr. WVhittlesey to
do0 what is right anid let the conseq.uence
t ake cnre of themselves." The claim was
Mr. Dickens has his remedy against the
hottorable Senators, antd it is to be hoped
that they wvill immediately "make restitu
tion."-N. Y. Courier.
PuBLIc NiGHT Scuoor.s.-It is proba
bly not knowt to many of our worthy
readers that there are public night schools
mn Now Orleans. The Crescent referring
to the stubject, says:
"The Public Night Schools for Muni
cipality No.2will reopein next Monday.
.It is not sufliciently understood that. these
schools are part of the Public School sys
tem. They wvere . instituted for the im
ptortant purposo of affording the opportu
nity for instruction to apprentices and other
lads,. wvhose occttpations do not, allow -
them to attend the day schools. - a this
view they are of great interest, and their
character should be better understood than
iseemts to be.
'Last year 196 pupils attended--a large
number in itself, but not a third- of the
number that could be secured, and- should
he secured, and should be sent by their
parents or friends. We direct attention
particularly to this notice, anid recommend
all who feel a proper interest in this most
useful institution to take pains to. make
known its, advantages, that as many as
possible may be benefitted by them--re
Ilectinig the benefit, too, upon the. commu
ty of which they are to- be members."
IIbHIMEN GoINo IIoME.--Yesterday
about otto hundred and fifty natives of Ire
land returned to their own country in the
packet ship Constitution, having been una
ble to finrd emnploymentt, or emnploymnt
sufficiently remunerative to induce their
longer stay. . Several parties have returned
from Boston for the saime reason. The
truth is, that the cities on the Atlantice
board htave been greatly overburdened with
immnigration, and the evil is beginning to
wvork its own cure. [lad thtese persons
possessed sufficient means, or sufficient
courage to go out WVest, they wrould not
onily htave plenty of employment with ""
god wages, but a hearty welcome. B ut
it was cheaper to return to Ireland.-N.q
Y. Comn. A d v.
Success is generally more .indebted to
prudence than it seemato be.