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Ire will cling to the Pillars of the Temnpie of our Liberties ad if Ut mitst IewllPisaddsIkRus.
VOLEV~E XIV. m wo. Ima 4 a
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CAN DliDA' E S.
HUMPIREYS BOUL WARE,
T. J. WIITAKER,
ALFRED MAY. g
For Tax Collector.
WF. W. BURT.
B. F. GOUDEY,
,'/WM L. PARKS,
SL. A. BROOJ(S.
0Bul T1 CLOY,'
Th5AMIP4N 1. MAYS.
F U ON.
RDWAR IRESL EY.
V. L. COLE1 AN,
M. M. JOllNSON,
TH(OS. G. BACON,
[VEIL TOW LES,
CORNER OF CHURCit AND QUEEN STREETS,
Charlesion, S. C.
FORRMFRLT KEPrT R CHARLES 1 M0T.
AME-) W. LANlKIN & JAMES M.
IlURST having aken the above exteni
sive anl well known' Esablishmernt, olicit the
patronage of their friends and the puiblic geni
Chnrileetoin . r. A nei.t 1. 1949. if 23
I3cw Boarding House.
MRS. FORD. respectfully iiforis her
friends and the piiblic. that she lias iakern
the second story over Mr. J Cohn's Store. ni
Edgefield Court 1-1nice. where she his openel
a BOARDING HlOUSE. for the ncrommo-da
tion of Perinanentnnn Transient Bounrders.
H er terms for renurtir honrdeor.a. will he $10
per month foor honirdn and Inding.-$, per
week for hoarding w ithimt loglinig.
Gentleiien visitingR the V'ilbnue. can lhe ne~
couoae with reenltar menis. (;it all hours ni
the day. and until J0 o'clock. P. M..) at the
low price of 25 cents per menl.
Candles, Soap. &c.
Of BOXL Ed permi and Adanuati Can
15 Boxes Hull's Canrdlesa.
21) do Winchiesiern 'Tirpenrtine Sonp,
20 ito Troihet anud Shuaving~ do
For sale by 11. A. KENRlCK
Hamburg, Nov 26 tf 45
W E have this ay assorinted with us. Mr.
J. E. BUCKMASTEtL in ihe trans
action o f the General Comsmission a ind FacLTr
uge Buness,. which w ill haerealier hocondunctec
tunder the niame and style of JEFFEns, CO'TN
sus & Co.
JEFFERS & COTHRAN.
Hlambturg. Sept. J0, 1849, tf 314
3000 LIIS. Bacon Sides.
3 1000 Lbs. Unconr Shoulders,
500 Lbs. Gountry Lard. For saite by
HI. A. KENRICK.
Hamburg, Nov 26 f 4
T HE BUILDING at preseni
a..ococupied by M rs. WAR D,
""as a Millinary Establishment
Possession will be given on the
1st of January next, Terms mioderate.
A pply to P. 1, LABORDE.
Dec. 12 tf 47
T H E Subsncriber having purchased of Mr
S. F. Goode. his residence in the Villag~e
lia removed to the enmae.
E. F. TEAGUJE, M. D.
Sept. J.2, 1849, tf 34
.Fine Chewing Tobacco.
5 O BOXES Fiine Chewing TOBACCO
U Nectar Leaf," " Eldorado," " Rougl
and Ready," &c., For rule by
H. A. KENRICK.
From the Dispatch.
Tlhe Furaner's Song.
T us-' Blue-faied Fl."
0, 1 would be a farmer's sotn,
Full aif frelie, life and iln. -
I would be nyl at early morn,
A hoeiig out the waving corn.
Boys have fun, I doi't care,
For father's gonie away.
And then I'd sing some merry tune',
Till I heard the dinner hornt at noon,
Then I would go i,, may fathler-'s cot,
And eat may dinner piping lt5.
Btoys have futn, &c.
Then I would work in the field till night,
With piure inieifable deligh:
When I would drive the cows fioti the lot,
To the yard at the north of my fither's cot.
Boys have full, &c.
And when the sun had stink in the west,
Atnd all the birds had gone to rest,
I'd go to bed to sleep and to dream,
Of the calves and Inmbs, and the old ox team,
Boys have fun, &c.
When summer had gone with halmly breath.
And all the preltty flowers were frozena to denth
Amid the bells tinkled ierrily over the snow,
Then on a jolly slav-ride I would go!
boys have funt, &c.
In winter too, I-d Lo to school,
And mind and obey the master's rule,
Or I mig lit feel the force of the hirchen slici,.
Which would brighten my ideas very qtuick.
Boys have fun, &c.
Every Saturday. with my sled I'd go,
A ramblintg (over the beaten snow,
Till I got til the top #or some hill side,
Then down the hill with my sled I'd glide.
3Boys hav.e fun, &c.
On Sunday nights I'd always an nd see
My true love, if there r.y suc~h should be7
And I'd walk itmo the parlor, too.
And say, "sweet Nancy ! how d'y U 7"
Boys have fut c.
Then sIe would take toy great 'coat and lint,
And we'd sit down togetheriand have it chat:
Then I'd talk tat her soft words of love.
Aiad call her uy sweet pretty dove !"
Boys h1 .&, &C.
I'd tell her. ton, of moy ham is and my calves.
Ani ask if she witlal' ti e go
'I the .i d
Boys have fun, &c.
Then we wnhilal mnrry and settle down,
Near to some qttiet and pleasatnt towi:
There wotutld1 we live inl wislimi's ways.
And have lots of fri. tie rest of nulr days.
Old itien have hil, I doi't carre.
For father's gotie away.
Trnslated from the Italian bv )r. Dicksoty.
Swa'et iise ! all charig its tlhou art,
Go to tie boosom of the fitir
But aithaless nymph who holds tmy hearf,
Ai shed thy loweetest odairs the.e.
There.lippy in her smiles, be thott
Of all I feel itterpretet ,
Atnd in soilt whispers tell her hovO
I live, I love, I burn fur her!
And when thy head shall lagttugidif
Upoa her snowy breas.at dcliiie.
Say to lier theit. swaet rose ! that 1.
I)viig. shall woo i dealth like thine !
A COtIPLMiENT Tit TIM LADzi.-A
minister a short time ago, held forth tat his
female auditors inl the mititer folliwing:
'Be not proul the onr ble-sed Lord paid
yonur sex the distinguished hotnor of op
pearing first to a female after the resotrrec
lion, ftor it was only done thait the blessed
tidiigs might spread the sooner !'
A Crr-r L A nttn_.-4s smoke oTen.
sive toi ytit !' said a lanwtlord. as hte tatok
out his cigair, to a family thai had just
mn.wved inato lans house. '-Nat at allI, sir.'"
baid the female part ouft he household. "I
am atd to hear li," sa it'h, "foir all thec
firepices here stmoike sat hu~ad that you will
he baicao before yaou have inhabited the
premtises bix weeksa."
The other day while a mitnitnr was
hearirag a lboy saiy his lesston, the follotw
ing passage occurred: "The wages aof situ
is death. The mnonitor wishing to get
the w~ordl "wag~es" out by tdeductuon, askc
edl, "What doe's your fathler Ct 5a'turi
night VT' lie boy antswered-"Lle gets
Couldn't help laughirag the other day
at an atnecdote of a mtan acacustote to
make long pratye, over fpersutatded a gutest
greatly against his itnclitnatioin, to stay tat
bureaklfau~. HeI pirayeda and prayedl, till his
impalntient gnest began seriouusly' to thirtk
of edlgig away quiety atnd walked siff;
but in aitemnptintg it waking tup the old
tmatn's sotn. who was asleep in-his chair.
'-llow soaon wilt your father be through?'
whistpered the gttest.
it s he gait to the Jews yet 3' a,ked the
boy it: reply.
'No:,' said the oilier.
'Wal the:: he aint't half through?' atn
swered the boay, anid comapaised himself
again to his tnapl. W~hereupon the guest
bolted at once.
F'RONT Ay) BInEAOTIn.-A lawyer, the
oilier daty, wvent inuto one of our barber
shops to proentre a wig. In taikinag the di
metnsionis of ltawyer's head, the boy ex
claimed. 'Wh!y, how long your htead in,
sir,' 'Yes,' replied our worilhy friend,
'we lawyers must have long heads.' rThe
boy proceeded ih hiis vocatiien, bit: at
length exclaimned. "Lord, sir your head
is as thick as it is long.' The lawvyer
From the Mi-stieasppisan. 7h inst.
SETTLEMENT OF THE SOUT8
The Souih will never relingish her po
sition. Congress nust lay aside the Wil
mt.1 Proviso ntid mnove in her ,arpprroe
wt hit, or the South will seek rdress out
side of its halls. Nor can the qutaes'iom lie
settled by the insiduous policy of General
Taylor, which works out tie object of the
free soilers at the sacrifice of all the past
tsa-:e in the frtmation of territorial gov.
ernments. Gen. Taylor, employed. with
out doubt, Coal. Riley and Mr. King for tie
purpose. of establislihing a govertment int
CaliIforniia. to the exclusion f slavery, antd
(of -introducing into Congress a consittution
which would dispense with the necessity of
the Vilmot Proviso and the alternative of
signing a bill with tihat proviso insdried.
The whole series of events shows conclu
ively that this and no other purpose was
intended by Gen. Taylor. It is trilling
w:ih the' South. We can see no dif.
rence bet ween an aer of Congress insert
ig the Wilmot Proviso in a 6tate Con
stitution, and its insertion by an illegitimate
onvention in a portion of an embryo ter
ritory,.- ig. There is nothing in it hnt
gross subterfuge. It presupposes that the
South eanAe i:asily satisied, and that it is
a mere petite ouerre-sham fight. ibat we
are nakirig with the North. Col. Riley
could derive no anthority fronmLen. Tay
or to establish a civil government. r-ver
was it otity of this Kind tsed by a IrLsi
de t. In he case of Florida and of Louis
a'a, the *ors exercised by the Prseident
itt contitirii the existing Spanish and
French envrtarenpts until others were
erected by Congress, were derived frotn
acts of that body. Congress first imparted
the power to the President; and hal ithis
ot taken ptace- the conseiluence would
have been, a resort to a purely military
police. It is only to this extent that Col.
Riley had any po"#r to act .as the repre
sentative of the army of the United States.
The usage of the federal government in.
the erection of territories and State< is a
mat ter of history. It o itl case has a single
territory west (if the Alleghany mountaiis
been permitted to organize its government
without the supervisory action of Congress.
Nor has this been a mere accident of legis
#:ic:t' ec.tered into by fiiasearlyas
176-, and alerwards by Massachuwetts.
Ctonnetictict. Souti: Carlitta. Norm Curo
lint, New York and Georigia-being all
the States in the union having atiny lands
t) cetde. This charter expreiily slipulates
for Congress to lay otut hotuntary lities,
in al: lands ceded by individual Siates to
thle United atues; gi'.es nuthoarity to Con
gress to establish a tomporary gove ret
to cll conventions of representatives to
establish pectianent constuitotiiins and -o
ernments, when these territories should
have acct.ired twenty thoutand free ill
habitants '.ad it) lermnit them to coite
itmo the Unnitt when theN should have as
mtany free infhabitants taire in any one of
ihe least numefous of the thirteen original
Under this -ter of contpact. the fede
ral (orf*n e ' c me into possession of all
tle territory irrih of the Ohio and west of
the Alleglavniy mnouitains to tle ali.issippi
river. embracing Cte present States of
Ohio, Nichlig!an, Indiana, filinois. Wis.
consin, Kettmcky. Tenessee, iMlississippi
and Alabtait. The teris of the cor
pact, while they were carried Euit itn refie.
rence to this domain, are the only prece
denIs teco-nize-d i the estalblishmnent of
Governmtetit for all subseqluent territoiies.
In Louisianle. Floiila. Arkaisas, I issouri
ad Iowa, & the territory of Mintesota.
Cngresssttned the samne power in
iring teir govertYments. It has dis.
crimiinated wht- shiall he voters. what shall
e the Iimuit tif t he powers of their Covern
ment, and how these powers shall be exer
Ini the pur se of territtory fronm Franre
ami .Spainl. anspa thte ces'iona of the afexi
can territtory. tno stipulations were ent ered
into reputtntant to this antthority otf Con
g'ress. The only itiportati stipuilatiotn itt
the treaty with France wats, that her sot:.
jcts rematittitig in Louisiana should heo etn
titled to all thte rights andt privileges of
Anterican citizens. We also stipulatedl in
mar treaty with .d exico, thpat Alexicatns in:
thte territory ceded, should withain itn one
year froit the exchtange ratifications, mtake
teir selectint. whtether or not they wttil
eoine citizens of the United States. lIt
all'other respiects, California, like Lnuisi-..
ansa, Florida. antI all the terrilory ceded lby
the Stttte tof Viruinia,-&c., is by the usages
ofotur coutry, subj-et to Congress foir so
pevisory directiotns in the estabilishment of
Thte first viaoation of this well assented
usge has, htowever, taken place in CXali
fornia. I nstetad of the inaititatory stepas
bting taketn by Cngress, an uiflicer ini our
armny, acting uniider the orders of the Presi
dentt, assumies the power of organtizinig thte
territory ; attd tinder his inistructionrs, a
conventtiota is chosent an d a coanstitu tiona
mtanutfatctured, withatut even a decenit res
teer for the teams oaf the iAlexican treaty.
Eyery mtan voted, wvhether Alexican or
half-breedl; and in manty cases, Ittdiatas,
personas just from emigrattt vessels, and
foreigners. *Under thte treaty, MIexicans
were to acquire the rights of American
citizens, or by remainaing one year in the
territory they were to becotme in fact
Ameicaicn citizents. Until, therefore, Uett
gress (determuined how those rights shoulit
be acquired, thte Mexicans couldl not within
the tme prescribed, enter upo. the im'
portaint work of framing a rephublidan gov
The electin, onn have b.een cand,,ted,
iy adventurers wno ail no other oljec
tltan their otwt aggranlizemet, either itn
goI or political station; and itus the su
quel turns it. as we naitra'ly mtight have
expected. that the Sowhern portion of our
confederney is denied all participation in
the benefits and resources of Califrnia.
With corinfrant rapacity, this little con
vention in Cabfornia. representting only a
narrow sirip( of country. without scarcely
ai acre of 'and in cultivation to the sq'are
mile, hasLl'tid claim to torritory sulliciem
for fiftecn States. and ilse ted a clause in
its consiiution prohibiting forever the in
stition oislavery in the whole extent.
This movetneut may he a lorlesque
apon Stirycrightis. but it is a scriois one.
We miius!'iPot he cheated with our eyes
operr. Cgdifornia. if Site comes itm i the
UJniad. must subtit to the saine restraints
imposed hY congress upont all other terri
tories prior to their entrance into the Union
as States:-California has te right, upont
forming a state coustitution, to retain or
exclude our slave intittions. but then it
must be done by an assembly of American
citizens; her power must be limited. to
certain terbiicirial bounds fixed by Congress,
and.while .he territory renainslin pupitage,
receiving as it must, all its. iowets from
Congress; And Congress having no po*er
over the inititution of slavery, it cant exer
cise no rigit'of prohibiting the immigrafian
of the citizens of the South with their slave
property. The Soth, we reiterate, hals
taken her posiiom on this question and %will
never recede. We look fiorward "r. the
action of Ciogress with entire indifTereiie,
so far as any course of that body can aeict
our rights. These rights will not ihe
cded shodl of revolutioti. It devolve
Congress look with deep itieresh-t
preservatign of the Uniotn. arryi
out every menure produ that etn
the North..vill find 'g
with themeon a cc
R EipoRToFikjE SEC Rft'r
TEtIon -A Washington letter tO
York Tribtia says
"The Report of the Secre I
terior, with the Commissi "
will exhibit an ' mense fun r 1
lortiation* for M pubbtc, aun li
recommendaiend:As that will'
pub tic ends - held by the Government
of the United States from its organiztimon
it) that acqIired uuderihe treaty of 1848.
with Alexico, is etlal to fifleen hundred
antd eighty four nzillion acres. That of
this vast dmntrain. but onte hundred and
forty-six millions of acres have thus far been
dislpos*'d of, leaving yet unold. aud as the
propetty of the United States, 1burteen
hundred und thirty-eight imilli ns of acres
of Find. lie reconmmend. in view of thi,
sub1j- et, that an tdlitiemil donation for
schoul purposes. beside thue sixteenth sec.
tion, he mande by Cottgress to each town.
shilp a recommendationi that will lind a
hearty tespontse in the buzoin of every
friend or education throughout our wide
--Another recommetndion which I learn
is urged by the Cnomissionier in his report
is, that suitable rewards should be held out
by the (enteral Govertnment for itmpirove
itent iti the important branchies of* aricl
tore, as will as of the torts nod sciences.
Tsi it is proposed of a small portion of the
prnceert of the public lanls, has most
matcriallv diminished, tntwithstanding the
nutoler of acres sold is tuch greater du
ring the past thtat the year preneding it.
Titis arises, from the large nunmber of
houinty land warrants located. which have
been received in lieu of just so much
moutey. The whole number of warrants
bratied does not vary a fraction either way
fon foriy thtousand, leaving yet in mar
k et atnd uttlocated..:twetmy-ight thotusand
fve htundredf warrants of ithe aggregntte
nmber issued up to the first otf November.
'The report also gives a cfearintelligilec
succinct exposition orpour enctire lan-d sys
tetm, whticlt, f believ'e hans never before
beent attempted by ay of the ptredecessors
of the ptresetiUt tommitster."
ANECDOTEt OF Passton~st A DAts.
.John Adamts. the secontd Presidentt of the
United States, used to relate the follow
"WVhent 1 was a boy, F uqetd to study
Lntin g rarmmrt but it was dull and I hat
ed it. .Aly father was anixitits to send tme
to collego, atnd therefore I stndied the~
groatmer till 1 could stand it no htmtger:
antd going to tmy father, I ttld him I. did
not like at wedy, askedi for somte oither em.
ploymtentt. It was- Opposittg his wishes.
amitl he was cjtick in- his answer. ''Well,
. ohtn, if Latin grammner dttes not sttit you,*
tty ditching; perh.aps that will, toy moead
ow yonder needs a ditch, and you many
put by Latin and try that.'"
'.TIhis seemedci a delighitfnt chantge and
to the meadorw I- wet. lu t soonl I found
elhuching huardier tant Latti t. andl the first
foreitoon was the longest I ever expher
ienced. TIhamt day I ate thIe treadl of Itt
btir, and glaid was I when ntight camite on.
Th'iat night I mtade some comnpatrisnt be
tweenm La tin grammar anid diuchimig, htut
said tnut at word about it,* dog ntext fore
noon'.n and wated to retoun to Latin at
dinnter; but it was htumtiliating, atnd I could
not du it. At night, toil congu~ored piride;
attd, thtoughi it was otne o~f the severest
triails f ever hatd in tiv life, I tohl my
father that if hte ebose',' would'go but kt
to lastin grammer. Hie was glad of it,
anid if I have since gained any ditatioc
ion;- it has been owing to the two days'
labors in that abbmtinable ditch."
To obtaia a refreshina sleeP, put a re
Correspondence or the Chars. Mercnry.
WAnt.'aUTO., Dec. 14.
The stotrm which burst in such wid
fairy upon the House on yesterday. an4
which raied so fiercely for a ime. though
not hushed into a (alIn, has, to a great Ce
gree, subsided. How long it will remain
so I catttnt say. The deep-rootel preju
dices of the people of the North. are no- in
lie eradicated by feeling uppeals to their
parriotisi, or laive of justice. They will
undoubtedly persevere in that system ol
aggression which they have contedccal.
and thtirngh the present excitement may
he stilled, they will sooner or later, bv
theirjibes and taunts, arouse another antd
itnightier storm, which, I vary much fear,
will upr.ot the pi!lars of the Union. and
scatter the seeds of discord utid disstEIsiUn
throughout our common country.
The session to day, thatigh calmner than
that of yesterday was not less interesting.
Tjte journal having been read, Alr. Ash.
inuti, of Mass. arose he said fair offering to
the iousideration of the House, what he
deemed to be the only practicable motle
of organizing.; he cared not whether it
resulted i iAll election of a Whig or Deio.
crjj ,Itatwauta flatterof Itle importance;
his rmode wig, ihattffai . proceed to
vote viva voce for a Spa en er-id in case
they failed to elect one, that then the roll
lie called a mad the person receivitig
ie ii he.i beI of votes. provided that
ouib wa I less' than one third of the
whole nuiber, should- be ret to be
ti? 8 aer. - ;
rooarard oT " d for
ifnnriion a resolutis ce posed
eriidg, atOidvi emet. ir o prac.
'iale than Ihatof Mr A Tlfeubstaince
S reslniioii ithlat Einai~oyd should
..p o if res s k rY L ti e i.''and il a
sitoduld proceddto so its 0l
oicers, aidFliih ui.hsito T ein
tempt to elect a Speaker. A . sa
tie had sugested the name of Mr. i.
on accounit of his heing the senior member
a if however, a miajority of the
Sthat the forier Speaker
~wa's aproper person, he
ifOiir' resolutiofns- -tng in view the
'Wect. to ': peedy organiza-.
ad, as infirima
. F . 11. 15 , 117w l, Iremrn ik-ed yesi
teralay, imagined himself the %%it of the
House, and who I believe is regularly in
the habit of speaking about art hour every
morning. arose in opposition to each of tle
resoluions read. lie i'-,hed every tie to
vote as he plea- d. and ie intentded II
have the same privilege. lie spoke :or a
shori time upon thesi, resolutians and then
tirnel his attention ita the slavery qutestiun.
lie sail he thought that the gentlemen
from the South who had addressed the
louse yesterday, hnd set an exaiple to
the North worthy (,f imirtiion. They land
spnket holdly and openly the wishes itl
their conistitits. lie thought iU was tle
that gentlemen who represented Northern
constittiunts. should ie.gin to stir themselves,
and speak oa ; for his part he htd bilushead
for them. Mr. R. hird evidently exhausted
his staick of % it ticisms, as iooti this ocea
siitn ie was remarkalily dul', and receivad
but little attenisn.
But by far the ablest speech af the ses
sion was one delivered tvy Mr. Johnson, oi
Tennessee. and it would have becit well
received had it not been for its great lenOth.
I le rose to sustaiv .the resurttioti of .\lr.
Ashimun, being similar, in every respect.
wa one which was olfei ed by himself a few
dnays ag. Mr. J. is one of the large party
in the I louse who n.re, by no means. fapr
nhie to the administration. He apokedl
the efl'ris caf Southern Whigs to eleet Mr.
Wimiabiop sficaker: lie said that Whigs
hId sptken af alr. iv. as at ininrtial of
leer. but that rte records denuied the~ as
sertion,. for, upon the maal~ importarni comri
mtiltees, he hadil in every itisrance npapoin
led a rmrjjority~of men irom free Szites.
Thai iwenatv-Live out of te rtirtv-sevenr
ebsairmten elf comrtittees, wvere firotm free
States; that it was a mistalke to give~ Mr.
Wilmno- thte eredit ofi the proviso which
had become so celebra'ed; that Wilmoat
wvas'hitt a junitor iit it ; that Mr. Winthrop
himself' hail propo~ed it ; that. sai for as lie
wats caoncerned, he wotuld stipport the h-.
miermber fro-n Ohio. (Mr. Giddings.) in
preference to Mar. WVinthrop; the ditier
eneae betwieern them w'as thnt the formter
wias hlaad entougIh to tavaw his printci ptes
oipenhy, which wats not the ease with the
Mr .l. then entered ittto nn ekihtrateaor
gttmlent to proave thnt slavery, so far from
betinig an evil, w~as net-isally a benefit to the
Nora h itself. 1 shall ntot attem-pt evetn to
:tive an iautline ofi thi-s part of his speech.
Yaru wirll ro- thouht soon see a copy of it,
and in relation to ii [ shall onty say. thaat if
it reads as w~ell as it was deliveraed'-it will
iaply cormpensate one for the perusal.
lie corncludled by snyimn. ihmt he wnasgtad
to see the men of the South speakitng ouit
upon1 this subaj'ct. ie assured the l'irth
that thle Soth wecre determninedl inl rhe tao
sitionl they had htissumnedh ; that they would
resist aggraessiona, aind if' forcedl tot retire ho
foare supierioar f-trce, in the language oif an
othier: -lThey woualdl dtisp.te e'ery inch
of iground, hurn every btl~ae ail gra's, anrd
thai t he last enttenehment aif liberty would
be their grav'es."
I wouldn't marry n' eastern man if I
hlad toi live an old uriaid allI may life.' ex
elaitmed a hitsom country hiss. 'Why
not?' demanded an aslonished comnpan
ion. 'Iecauso every paper you pick CIp
contains aim account or the failure of the
Youth is the snason fnr imovement.
LFrom the N. 6. Picayune.i
TilE OLD WORLD AND THE NEW;
In glancing at the map of 'the world'
what -,irnnge ideas are suggested to a re
lleting_ mind. Thle pefioripi outlinies..ig
mititiatore, of two grund divisions...which
have been convenltional y termed the Old
World. and the New, present themselves
in strikinga contrast. .ut the cofitrast is
really not iound its advantage fposition,
of climate or ferility-it is chiefly foiund
in the influences whichi dilfereqs systetms4 Of
.overunmeni hive eierted on shelsn, fur good
Though lavcd ly the waters of the same
vasty deep." and fantned by the breeze.s
wifich had sported in wantonness ovcr tils
vales atl the hill iops of each, yet,lung
did the great continental divisions of oPr
earth remain unknowti to each ot.hcr. ,u
it few cesturies have rolleis by since those
vast twin-boin sister continenis, with their
attendiut isles, were fsrmnerly isi rodu'ced
is each oiher hy:lhe enterprising densoeso
navigator, who. fur this purpose, hal trust.
ed himself it the wild waves anid. wids. of
a then untraversed ocea-i. At that tisse
the one continent was overspread ith
thrones, priricipsdittes, anil other qnblMein
of irresponsible power, all hoastiag of their
science atid their civilization, whije the
other was covered with upruned IPrests
through which the red hunter rqagsd at
iwill, and knew [s)o boast h' ut his prones in
the :base, and the exhileruions qf bi '*r
d ancp. ., . fifs. siniq ,.then, tibat strats.6
ivents have taken place ! evdfis which are
full of meantinug tolfw'historia, ti*e 1lo
t 4t a pOli pl-*Cosiornist..
h i orfthe.oA ~ aii
k trum iihetuffiajeiit aby
I pettyX riNN -
rnsy arilti o
su:hun M- I'ssl
s been converted fut
s, arts, cotnmerce, a n pr ave
been fostered. and a lio id o4'
civic privile .h enee a
ple base str IS o to tns
sher. whikt. Is s are ted to..
gether. b if od of a generous
Encoura thy the exaitplewhich Amer
ica .4i l 'n ~ e -i
srmr *. ,ne , :me rig t o Rngs.
smsl proiouncedh it a mockeryaiia cheat.
'lhey listened to the story of the provincil
hero. our glorious Washington, who' at tite
head of ass 61iiiainted losi,.wrou ght. Ot for
his country the proud escutcheon of free
dom and indepeudence; and.at therecital
both hope aud patriotism were proused.
This was the spirit which moved upon ihe
waters (if European society, andl awakened
the billows of p0pnfar will, which, since
then. have ever r'nd anuon Ween dashing
against the sindbase4 ssrict ures of.feudal
despotiisn. From cities and iillages, fronm
fields atnd worlds and nountiains, as the
sound of many wsters, have ies for.liber
ty been heard. Caught by the PUle, the
Frank, the Hun, the llibernian and the
Italian, the echoes of iit siounil have al
ternately .slhken, one after a:nother, ite
firmres't stronsgholls.of absolusism.and al.
thou qh a reactionary movement, has fur a
timne defeated the hoprs of ,5ome o( those
noble conbmianri, their uhiniate triumph
i4 certain. A's it is, tle proud erections of
po!itical and sacerilot al oppressin have
had t heir foundations lsid nare. tnall their
hideous foulnessr to (h'e enze titlle world.
In Hsunga!j, in Italy atid some other parts,
the uprisitig of time mulsitisle have nat
been attended with the ssucess.which the
friends or freedom could have wiished, but
still have lein tr.ices of their struggles
left. whtich., like the movemsefils of a trou
bled sea., .give promiso of iei'n seepened
atnd enlarijed by the next retirning tide.
. Buss.co or -rts. CArriTAL-t AL~A
53.MA.-Thte Motgomtery Advertiser of.
Sasturdlay,' says: "As we write, the cramh-s
ling. wasll are all that remnaini of outr once
beasstiful Capitol. It wats diproverd so be
on fire ycsterdlay,. abonis,' halt past one
o'clock. and nIl eihrts to save it proivedi
uinavailisng. Ily sito'closck, is was entire
lv consumiedl. . Wh-en we first sawv she
isoke, it was issuinig fromn she fronti por
ticso, and it is explicahbrs how the fire could
have commssunicased .so t'his part of the
btuildinsg from ansy of rhe chimnuics ini thsc
Seniate of Repsresqnstatiyo.Chambiers, and
slhese were she neasrest~ f thsose which had
hasd lire is. thema;' an. still it is more dif
ficuslt to) account for it fromn the isncestdiary,
as it orginsated in thse !onf. It s an awful
dlisnenlsation of Providecss, which has
thsritwn glsoszV and despondency over our
"We unsd'erstansd that the clerk of the
two hsouses saved all their papsers, andi
that the atrchives. ssf tihe State, in. she of
ficers sof rhe Gotvenor, Secretary oifState.
TIreasurcr. anid Comsptrollher, were also all
savedh. Muist all thse furniture, and thse
largs.er psortiont, sof she different libraries
were likewvise prese'rved frsoms the flames,
ss that te great loss is the bsuilding. The
city of Montgomnery wvili dnbshess s'rect
ansother, should it be necssity. ...When
the fire occutrredl the Senate had just ad
journed. The Hlouse was in session, bsut
in the contfusion, broke up without aid
josursting. so sthat constructively it is yet
its session. Heith llou,es will probably
mteet itn the Churchses this mnornsing and'
asjourn over until the inaurgturation on the
17th, ts allsow sisne for susitable arrange
ments to be made for their accotmmsoda
' Since writinig the above, we understand
thbat the Presbyterian church, together with
its spoecisus lecture roomus, lies been ten
de,.re fot theus of the L.egiaur."