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Although the mind of our community
has not been prepared by public discus
sion, or perhaps private interchange 'of
views on the subject, yet it is my deliber
ate opinion, that the period has arrived
for the removal from the State of every
free colored person, who is not the owner
of real estate or slave property. This
population is not only a non-productive
class, but it is, and always has been, es
sentially corrupt and corrupting. Their
longer residence among us, if the warfare
between the North and South is to contin
ue, will eventually generate evils very dif
ficult of eradication. Possessing, in an un
limited degree, tho right of locomotion,
they can, in person, bear intelligence in a
day, from one section of the State to an
other, or, through the Post Office, mature
their own plans of villiany, as well as ex
ecute orders emanating from foreign sour
ces. There is, indeed, too much reason to
believe that at this moment they are made
to occupy the situation of spies in our
camp, and to disseminate through the en
tire body of slave population the poison
of insubordination, prepared in the great
laboratory of Northern fanaticism.
In every community, where the institution
of slavery is interwoven with its social sys
tem, the public tranquility and saflety demand
the toleration of only two elasses, white men
and coloured slaves. The existence of a
third class, with many of the most valuable
rights of the former, on a level with the lat
ter in repugnance to labour, and possessing
all their menial traits of character, unchecked
by the restraints of plantation discipline, the
Co 0 freeman lives a degraded and un
itied being, a foe to public progress, and un
concerned in all that relates to the welfare of
his fellow creatures. History attests that, ii
every servile war, or attempt at insurrection,
in our country, this unfortunate race have been
the chief actors or instigators. The dark and
bloody scenes in St. Domingo would have oc
curted, even if the famous Decree of the Na.
tional Assembly of France, of the 15th of
May, 1791, had never become a law.
In South Carolina, free negroe. mulattoes,
and meztizoes, possesses all the rights of prop
erty and protection to which the white inhab
itants are entitled. They may purchase, hold,
and transmit, by descent, real estate. In des.
pite of these and other inestimable rights
which they undisturbedly enjoy, there are few
of the 9000 in our limits who own property
beyond a very limited amount.
In view of their early removal from the
State, I recommend that the Tax Collector
be instructed to ascertain the number of fret
negroes, mulattoes and mestizoes in the sev
eral districts and parishes, and how many (
each who own real estate or slave property
and that they report to the Legislature, at it
At my recommendation, and in pursuane
of your own conceptions of duty, it was re
solved, at your last Session, that ihe Governo
be requested to convene the Legislature, 1
not in Session, should the Wilmot Provisoo
any kindred measure, be passed by Congres
As the contingency to which the resolutio
had reference occurred in September, a prc
found respect for the Executive Departmaei
of the government, and the Honorable bod
by whose mandate I was called to fill it, ir
duce me to say, in genral tms, that pub
-Licalted to our fellow-einizen:
there were others that, could they have bee
made generally known, wvould in myi judgmeri
have entirely appeCased the publie feel~ing.
am gratitiedt in beinge enambled to assure yoi
that the correctness of my~ decision ha~s bee
almost unanimously sustained by the peophi
- W he~i last meeting of the Congress of thi
United States was the most eventful andl die
turbing that has been held since the establish
ment of the Federal Governnment. Afte
many years of unwarrantable legislation b;
that body, a crisis has at length arisen in ou
federal relations, affecting deeply and essen
tially thme rights and interests of one half thm
Union. Whether the endangered State
should longer hold an equality of rankr aviti
Mrcpr~lg l m n be prohib
ited from enjoying all thme advantages :uni
privileges constitutionally guarantied to both;
were virtually, the momentous and to us lhu.
miliating issues, which the legislative br~tme]
of the central authority was engaged in eon.
sidering for about nine of the ten months it
which it was in session. The "Comnpro.
misc," ultimately adopted, I consider anothie
triumph over the South by the fell spirit oj
The aggressive course of our Federal ru.
lers, and the States and people of the North
had at an earlier period, assumed so alarminu
an aspect that by invitation of Mississippi ti
the slaveholding States, nine of taeir numibe:
assembled at Nashville, in May last, for con.
sultation concerning the means of saving the
Union by preserving inviolate the principile:
and guaranties of the Constitution. Over the~
d.eliberations of that august conne il, commpo.
rsed largely of the taleut and patriotism of
'the land, the spirit of harmony presided. Ii
demanding the protection of rights, jeopardi.
zed by the unfraternal acts of their own coun.
trymen, they appealed to their sense of jus.
tice and the endearments of faimily associa.
tion, the plain terams of bond th'at uniited
ted them, the ennobling and prouid reco lle
lions of the past, amnd the glorious toticipa
-.tions of thme future. The result has shown
thmat the authorities and people whom the3
addressed, are, in feeling and sentiment. alien
to us their political allies. and that the North;
have resolved on possessing the unlimited
and permanent control of our civil institnt ions.
To operate on the fears of the nminority
section, and expose the supposed hopelesi
ness of its condition, the President had v-ol
untarily promulgated, in advance, his fixed de
termiination to settle by thme sword a disputed
question between the General- Gov-ernment
and a sovereign member of the Union. In,
following the inglorious precedent established
by one of his predecessors, the principle was
maintained, that State resistance to a Con
gressional edict would by him be classed
among the unreflecting acts of a mob, or the
more deliberate opposition of a band of or
ganized individuals to admitted lawful au
It is foreign to my purpose to speak elabo
rately of matters that have of late been so
painfully brought to your notice. California,
created a State by Congress, was admitted in
to the confed-ey against all precedent, and
in violation of the laws and constitution of
the country. It was a premeditated insult
and injury to the s-laveholding states, and a
wanton assault upon their honor. In theu act
abolishing the slave trade in the District. of
*Columbia, the right of punishing the owner
by manumitting his slave is prominent among
its provisions, By this bold and successful
attempt to engraft abolitionism on the prinici
ples of our political system, a power has been
assumed, which, by expansion. mayi yet clothe
the entire federalI community in the hambili
ments of mourning. These, and other wilful
perversions of a high trust, have virtually ab
the sovereignty of the States. The whole
authority of the Federal Government, gran
ted and usurped, which is. now concentrated
in the will of an absolute and interested ma
jority, is hereafter to be wielded for the ex
clusive benefit of the Northern or stronger
interest. To its ambition and cupidity fifteen
I members of the constitutional compact, by
whose wealth the Government is supported
and our confederates enriched, are to be com
pelled ignominiously to minister. In a word,
the Congress of the United States is no long
er to be the executor of the will of co-sover
eign States, bit of a party banded together
by the two-fol4 incentive of sectional ag gran
dizement and public plunder.
If the fundamental object of our federative
system have been designedly perverted, there
is no remedy in the ordinary cheeks on power.
The b:dlot box is ineffectual, and the press
powerless in its appeals to an oppressor deaf
to entreaty, to argument, and the admonitions
of humanity and patriotism. In Federal
Council, it is certain that the voice of the mi
nority will never again be heeded. By a slow,
cautious, but regular process, the rights of
the people and the sovercignty of the South
ern States will be curtailed until their total
extinguishment is effected. By multiplying
the number of free States, resisting all at
tempts to enlarge the area of the slavehold
ing community, and dicriminating between
the rights of Northern and Southern persons
and property, another decade will not have
pas!ed before the General Government wil
enforce edicts, greater in their results on hu.
man liberty and the progress of political en.
lightenment. than ever emanated from th
worst forms of despotism. Before that pe.
riod arrives, the existence of South Carolina
as co-partner in a great commonwealth, wi
have ceased. Merged in the limits of con
tigous provinces, the truthful memorials o0
her history will lie scattered over her hilh
and valleys. On the printed page the tale o
her origin and progress may be found, but th<
real causes and m:tner of her political ex
tinction will never there be read.
I The North and South difi'er fundamentalli
in institutions, and from the frame work o
their social organization they need differen
laws. While a strong government, with al
the appli:nees of extensive patr6nage, is no
cessary to the former, a mild and equal sy
Stem of legal retraints is required by the lat
- ter. The restriction on foreign commerce i
, the poliev of the one, free trade that of th
- other. The North is from necessity a coal
mercial and manufacturing people, the Souti
an agricultural community. While the for
mer seeks an enlargement of the powers c
the Federal Government, in order to enable i
to profit by the wealth of the producin
States, the latter, impelled by the principle a
self'preserv:ation, strives to confine the coin
-mon agent within- well defined and narroi
f bounds. In the one section, capital and labo
, are theoretically equal, but from influence
i perhaps incap~ible of controlment, they -Ir
practically antagonistie; in the other, capit:
D is superior to labor, and the relation betwee
them is a moral one. The character and if
r terests of each insure the harmonious actio
f of both, in all their operat ions. These di:
r cordant materials in our federal structure at
;. mainly, if' not exclusively, reerable to tl1
n positions respectively assigned the parties b
- nature. Such is the adverse tendency of ti
it position in relation to one of them-the 1a
y ger section-that it seems to be an impern
- ive duty on i:s part to promote, under t:
C piretence of the general welflare, the suece
-of measures purely sectional in their appi
the off sjiring of th mi xormuey ; of ti
"nnn hie:mrt. T1he lesser. mnnerically', am.
trichter imrere-:t, has always beeun the subject<
plne by the greater :mid poorer inte'rest.
a lt is histor'icallv true umoreover'. 16- t in i'rei
" Confederacy, where the principle of tne cot
' current majority is not practically reognised
Sthe cent ripetal is stronger than the centrifi
'al 'dec of' the parties; further, thati
- he Legislative branch of the government a
~Insurp:iiions gener'ally commence, and a-'
mately acquie.-eed in by t ' .parl
ments. In relation ...~ seral instt
-tions, the Con- ' . i, i t most impjortar
in prvig'I meTeet, beeni so essenitiall
a eiidinged, that the Union created by it ino lort
ger exists. Its guarantees, f'romn the revolt
toe uwhichas been practically accomptllishte
ovruhave been overthrown. and a c'onsol.
dated governmtent havitng its dliscretion :mn
wiill as the measure of' its powers is now th
government of the Uniotn. Every comnpra
netointo whici the South has enttered
including thte compromises inacorporated in th,
great charter of public iiberties, has been ut
By legislativ'e devkes, our peoplc now a:
heretofore, are not otnly ina ei'ect despoiled o
thie profits of their industry, but their contri
butions to the public purse con;imie to be ex
pende'd ina unjust proportionas, to further th<a
interests of' thte revilers and sa:ppers of' thei
domestic altar's. While by Congt'essionai
Ienactmnents, the Nor'th in the various bran
chtes of indtustry, have been forced into:
conditioni of' unexampled wecalth and power
the advancement of' the Sonuth, so prodigahll)
h'urtnished by nature with all the elemients o1
prosperit y and1( greatness, hta occupied a posi
lion far below that it would ha~ve reached
had the Confeder:aiion been composed of com
people ini interest and feeling. The Nortl
andSothi teiuhy days of the Republic
itmmeasurableC blessinigs it insured. Unhap.
jily, it is ntow maintained by thte formeri te
eti'etuate its long cherished designa--hie dis.
f'tanchlisemnent and dcgratdation of' tlte latter.
If asked for the evidence of these g'rave
accusations ag'ainst the go vernmentts and peo
ple, who~so support anid frietndshtip we oniec
so dearly valued, IJ int with grief of heart,
to the often perp aated, or attempted en-.
eroac'hmenits by Congress on the reserved
rights of' the States ; the incenidiary resolu-.
tions of State Legislattures; the sweeping
dcen unciat ions emanatimg from dlifferent asso
celations, formed for the special end of' ear
ryitg throughout our borders the torch of in.
sturrection; the bitter anid vindietive feelinigs
of the Press, the Bar, and I may aidd, the
Pulpit; the inaflammatory hatrangues at popu.
lar meetings ; the actualI robbery of millions
of our slave property by emissaries, not onily
without an effort by the Northern State GoN
ernments to eniforce the provisions of the
Constitution conicerning fugitives "held to
labor," but by the athority of' law and the
force of public opinion encouraging and ss
taimang these fanatical exhibit ions of' public
sentiment; thte annihilation at a blow, of the
principle of State equality by the exclusion
of one htalf the citizens of the Confederacy
from all p.'rticipation in the newly acquired
domain: the violtion of a great sectional
comipromnise by the dismemberment of a
Sonthern member of the Union. in order, at
a convenie'nt .season, to carve from its bosom
a free and hostile state; in tine, the utnens
iner assaults upon the character of the slave.
htolder by all classes, in public mand in private,
as amn enemy to God and man--as unworthy
of a seat at the tabre of the Lord, or to enjo~y
as co-p:atners, thme noblest bequnest ever in
herited by freemen. The utimmate obiject of
this consentaneous mnovement, in which gov
emancipation of the. negro throutehout -e
region in which h6is-constittio h&d
property, although it4 execution may cOig?
to the same -rve themaster and tieA ,
and spread esolationI over their comli in.
While I rejoice'in the conviction that a
large number of individuals at the North do
entertain conservative opinions on the matter
of slave property, and whose voice is occa
sionally'leard in the uproar of the waters of
strife, yet overawed by the impetuosity of the
torrent which is perhaps destined to over
whelm the land, they involuntarily shrink from
the task of attempting to stay its progress.
The instances are rare in which, where the
effort has been made, deprivation of office, or
other mark of displeasure and rebuke, did not
quickly- follow. This of itself, If proof were
needed, proclaims the deep-seatedness and
all-pervading character of the disease which
affects the body politic of that extensive and
For about one-third of her political exist
ence, South Carolina has presented an al
most uninterrupted scene of disquietude and
excitement, underlhe provocation of con
tumelies and threats, poured from a thousand
tongues, and in forms the most offensive.
During that period. it. may with truth be af.
firmed, that the public mind has not for a year
been free from the most painful solicitude.
Peace indeed has long fled from our borders,
and discontent and alarm are everywhere
present. Better, far better, it would have
ben, for the South to engage in deadly coul
fliet with the North, than to rave endured the
torturing anxiety of an anomalous struggle,
the consequences of which are beyond th
ken of human prescience. An open war u
limited by the causes which produce it, bul
the further continuance of such a war-po
litical, religious and social-as has beer
waged by one party against the other, and ir
which a strictly defensive attitude has unwa:
veringly been preserved by the weaker, wouk
falsify and dishonor the history of the Angh
Saxon race. Whatever may be said by th
demagogue and the fanatic, it is our pride an
high privilege to declare, that the unexample(
forbearance of the South is referable solell
to its unaffected devotion to the compact o
1789, and the principles of constitutiona
Our present distressed and agitated condi
tion has not arisen solely from the recent ag
gressive measures of the Federal Govern
ment. These effected by illicit and wily com
binations, having destroyed forever the bal
ance of ppwer between the two sections, .th
f equality of the States, and the equality o
right in the people of the States, constitut
% the crowing evidence of the fixed determini
f tion of a dominant majority to consummat
its perfidious purpose of seizing by a law c
its own enactment, the entire inieritance of
r common ancestry. The startling truth v
a length stands openly revealed, that the la;
a hope of arresting the career of infatuate
1 rulers is gone forever. The final act of th
i drana is over, and when the curtain whic
screens the future from the eye of the patrk
a shall be lifted, it may be, that the Pahrnett
banner will be seen, anong other standard:
e waving over a triumphant people, united I
e institutions, and in determination to maintai
y with fidelity their new relations with
t co-soveriprs, and the nations of the n
- But shouTd it please the All-wiso Dispost
- events in His inscrutable Providence to
e sign us the condition of the British Tsland
s the West, and to rivet the chains with wvl
i- we are manacled, the people of South Car
na will, at least, be comforted with the as
Does hope still linger in your bosoms i.
-the dark cloud which envelopes the politi
~horizon will yet be dispelled? Thati
enemy will forego his premeditated design
Ired neing your honored Commuonwealth to
lonial vassahige ? To these questions a a
Sfactory answer will be found in the melaine
lyepr of thme past-the overshadov
' f the General Government, ins
- ythe permanent ascenmdency of the secimm,,
-party which aims at the annihilation of ou
tproperty, the history of famnatieism, the renes
Sed and augmented agitation of the slaver
question, and the recent practIcal verificatio
-of our fears that, at the North, the provision
of the Constitution in beha~lf of Souther
-rightsecannot be enforced without the shmed
ilng of blood. If, to that section, which not
has the control of every department of th~
government, the preservation of the Confed
eracy is indlispensabile to the completion o
its work of desecration and ruin, to us it
dissolution, as a compact between thirty-on
States, is necessamry to our social and politicai
quiet, and the samfet y of our institutions. Or
dained " to establish justice, insure domesti,
tranmquility, provide for the common defene
promote the general welfamre, and secure-tI
blessings of liberty to ourselves and our pos
terity "-in relation to each and all of thesa
essential objects, the Bond of Union havint
buien deliberately mutilated by a majority o
the contracting parties, the minority have nm
longer any security for life., liberty an<
The time, then, has arrived to resume thn
exercise of the powers of self-protection
wvhich, in the hour of unsuspecting conlidence
we urrndeedto foreign hands. We muns
r-raieour political system onsome sure:
adsfrbasis. There is no power, moral o~
phisical, that can prevent it. Thme event isin
dissolubly linked wvith its cause, and fixed a~
destiny. 1In the admonitory lainguage of oui
lamented statesma~n, " the worst calamity thal
could betlill us would be to lose our indesen.
dence, and to sink down into a state of' ae.
knowledged inferiority, depending for securi.
ty on forbearance, and not on our capacity
and disposition to defend ourselves."
I have not attempted to discuss the ques.
tionm of secession. The right by a State to
withdrawv from thme Onion, results from the
nat ure and princiless of the Constitutional
Compact, to which the States are sovereign
parties. While adheritng faithiully to the
remed~y of joint State aition for redress of
commuon grievances, I beseech yotu to remnem.
ber, that no conjuncture of evemnts ought to
induce us to abandon the right of deciding ul
tinmately on our own destiny.
In recommending, as I now do, that South
Carolina should interpose her sovereignty in
order to protect her citizens, and that by co
operation with her aggrieved sister States,
she may be enabled to aid in averting the
doom w~hichm imnpends over the civil institutions
of the South, it is fit and prop~er that as a
Commnonwealth, we~ shiouldl, at an early day,
to he designated by you, implore the God of
our fathers for the pardon of our manifold
transgressions, and invoke his protection and
guidanmce in tIs our day of! trotuble and af
hliction, that hmi woiuld graciously vouch-saife
to enlighten the minds of our Federal rulers,
the North and-its citizens, and direct them in
the way of truth, of reason and of justice,
and preserve a once happy political family
frorm-the unspea~kaible horrors of civil strife.
To-morrow I shall address you on a sub..
ject of mourntil interest, still freshi ini the res
collection and regrets, not only of our own
State, but of the entire South.
WVHITEMlARSHi B. SEABROOK.
-- EDGEFIELD,.V -C
RSDAY, DECEMER 5, 1850
Our intelligence from tho ILgislature is to
Tuesday morning last; b'itas we failed to
receive any communicatioh from the Editor,
who is in attendance on ita..deliberations, up
to the hour of going to press, we must coni
tent ourselves this week with giving a bare
summary of its proceediqy up to Monday,
which we copy from the Columbia papers..
- .0 -
r We call attentio~ri the Proclama
tion of his Excellency Gov. SEABROOK ap
pointing, according to Leg ' recommen
dation, Friday next, as aty-of Fasting, Hu
miliation and Prayer.
We are requested to state, that Rev. Wnt
P. Mouzox will, on that occasion, officiate, in
the Methodist Church of this place.
ggr The Communication, signed "O:
OF T HE OLD '96 Boys," has been received, an
shall appear in our next.
ggr In the list of articles on exhibition a
the recent Fair of the .Stith Carolina Insti
tute, we are pleased to noilce a " MAs SrnIs<
GUIDE,"-an improvement in the mechanisa
of watches, by Mr. H. A. GRAY, and ingeniou
Artist of our Village.
We present our readers this week, to th
exclusion of many otheginteresting article!
the Message of Gov. SEABROOK in full. W
hope its length will deter none from its perv
sal, as it is, in many respects, the most in
portant document that has emanated from tl
Executive Departmentof our State, since th
memorable days of '32.
We regret to notice,-hat Mr. GEORGE I
MARTM, of this District, committed suicide I
- Autauga County, Ala: -pn the 19th ultim<
. while on a visit to a, f&*ed. No cause is a,
% signed for this rash aC and, we presum
. Mr. M1. was laboring 1"'r a temporary me
I tal aberation at the timi.
f He leaves a Wife ain. two small childrei
a Mother and numero relatives and frieni
t to mourn his loss.
1 COL LOUIS *. WIGFALL.
I We are highly pleased to notice, that th
t gentleman, so long a resident of our Villag
D has been recentlyelecjed to the Legislatui
n of Texas, from Walker County, by an ove
n whelninrr vote. Z
- GEORGI A CONVENTION.
yThe election for Members to this body h:
"resulted in the election of the Union Ticke
by an overwhelming majority. The Convei
.tion, will assemble at~Iilledgeville on the 101
Notwithstanding this election has resite
jso disa'sterously to the friends of Souther
SResistance, we yet entertain the hope, th:
the deliberati-ons of the- Convention will re
IsuIt in good to the cause of Southern Right
and although the great majority of that bod
will be composed of " Union Men," that
will recommend resistance in some shtape, I
-the late unauthorized acts of the Feder.
The imnpolicy of our encouraging Nortfher
Periodicals and Newspapers, hazs se ofte
been urged upon the attention of the Souti
athat we feel reluctant again to touch upon th~
subject. Nothing but a rigid regard to who
we conceive to be' our duty, could induce u:
at this time, to do so.
If it were wrong in us, many years ago, t
encourage with our money, the publicationc
the~ organs of those "fcw miserable fanaics,
among whom abolitionism was said at thin
time, to 1~e exclusivelyr confined, is it not noi
doubly so, when, according to the testimon
of our public men at Washington, they har
grc wn to be a powerful party, against whon
the most eminent and influential of their poli
ticians daire not stand in opposition?' Ais
who have now, almost as one man, made
fearful onslaught upon our institutions?
It matters not, that somec of these publica
tions do ntot, openly, assail us through thzel
columnse.. Policj aIone deters them. Thiey
are therefore, not thie less dangerous on tha
aceount. Their owners and publishers havi
all imbibed the "rfell spirit," amd it is crirnina
in us, at this crisis, to contribute to the sup
port of men, whlo would'see our institutionm
and people crushid and annihilated !
Away with ati Noretern Newspapers ant
Periodicals, say we I
IW" The Chalston Mercury of the 30th
ult. says: "It is said that the Troops hmnded
here the other duiy, are on thndir way to Texas,
wvhether to help-the Texansi, or the New Mexi
cat, or the Cuntancvhes, we are not informed.
By the way, a telegraphie despach i a North.
ern paper stateashn~t theo rumor of this 'move
menit, on r larhmton,' produced- a great ex
citement in Savunnh. Wec are not so exci
table here, and Air. FlLrzoRE nmight send the
'whole of his disposable force without raising
K s. .egativeFroueems
WEDNESDAi, November 27i 1850..
Mr. Griflin presented the return of tlfe
Commissioners of Free Schools for Edgetield
District, for the ybar 1850; which was refer
red to the Committee on the College, Educa
tion and Religion ; also
The petiLfbn of the Commissioners of Pub
lie Buildings for Edgefield District, praying
an appropriation for a new jail for that dis
trict; which was referred to the Committee on
Roads and Building., and also
The petition of David Payne, David C.
Boazinan and others praying the establablish
ment of a ferry over the Saluda River, at
some point between Chappel's bidge and
Higgin's ferry, which was referred to the same
committee; and also
The petition of U. \V. Lilessand Wife and
others, praying that all the right and title of
the State in-certain eseheated estate and prop
erty may be vested in them and other persons
named in the petition ; which was referred to
the Committee on the Judiciary; and also
The petition of James Tompkins and oth
ers praying that the titleof the State to cer
tain e - heated property maiy be vested in M.
W. L1 es and others; which was referred to
the same commtittee.
Pursuant to notice and with leave of the
Senate, lr. Carn introduced
A bill to provide for keeping open the offi
ces of clerks of the General Sessions and
Common Pleas in certain cases; and also
- A bill to define the powers and duties of
, Master and Commissioners in Equity in cer
tain cases. The bills severally received the
first reading, and were referred to the Com
mittee on the Judiciary and were ordered to
In the*Senate, on Thursday, 28th instant,
D memorials, petitions, &c., were presented.
Mr. Gist offered the following resolution
e Resolmcd, That the delegates from this
State who have attended the Nashville Con
vention be allowed the same compensation for
their travelling and per diem expenses during
a the session of the Convention as is allowed
a to the members of the Legislature of this
Mr. Mazyck offered the following preamble
and resolutions: .
Whereas we cttn no longer hope, by the ex
- ample of our forbearance or otherwise, to re
n pair the breaches whielf have been made in
), the Federal Constitution, and to restore it to
its original integrity; and whereas the threat
ening aspect of our internal relations admon
-, ishes us that it is unwise and inexpedient to
k- reject any means fairly within our reach of
strengthening our military defenes: There
Is Resolved, That the Governor be, and he is
hereby, requested to appoint an agent to re
ceive the share of the proceeds of the sales
of public lands assigned to this State under
the act of Congress of 4th September, 1841.
is Rcsolred, That a message be sent to the
House of Representatives asking their con
eurrence in the foregoing preamble and reso
r- Ordered for consideration fo-morrow.
-, on Thursday, 28th inst., the
vas occupied by the presenta.
s, memorials, &c.
Middleton introduced the fol.
le and resolution:
e Government of the United
ad to secure to ns our rights of
tv, and tranquility, and, otn thet
rusts, an puittin inJ afd
as a people ; anY 'vhereas we
idvantageous to anticipa:te fromr
pation in the formnrs of legisla
igton: lBe it therefore
hat this General Assembly will
intor to till the vacancy at pre
in the Senate of the Ur~ited
*consideration to-mnorrow and
Mr. Ashmore gave notice that he wouild or
to-morrow ask leave to introdluec a bill to al
s ter the first section of the third artiele of the
*t, constitution; ailso, a bill to reduce the fees ol
comm iissioners. retgisterse, and solicitonrs ini
heqluity ; also, a bill to alter and amend the law
in relation to slaves and free persons of color.
M. L. M. Keitt presented a plreambtle and
d resolutions relative to the Soutthern question,
,recommending-a convention of~ the people of
t the State, and- declaring seces~iion as the only
remedy against Northern aggressions.
Mr. Hunt gave notice that lie wvould ask
s; leave to introduce a bill to extend the eharter
y of the Baink of the State to December, 1870.
it Mfr. Leitner presented resolutions to allow
the same compensation and mileage to the
0 Delegates to the Nashville Convention. from
d this Staite, as that allowed to mcembers of the
Mr. J. 13. Perry offered resolutions instruc
ting Senator Butler not to occupy his seat in
n the United State Senate, and requesting our
nRepresentatives to-adopt the samie course un
t, Mr. Lyles gave notice that lhe would intro
e dhuce a bill to prohibit the introduction of
t slaves into this State after 1st March next,
except brought by emigrants intending to-lo
Inte IN SENATE.
nteSenate, on Friday, 29th instant, a
nmmber of. petitions, memorials, reports,-&c.,
were presented. Among the other business
trtnaaeted, was the introduction of the fol
v lowing resolutions by Mr. Marshall:
Resol red, That the Union was formed for
the purpose of establishing justice, insuring
domestic tranquaility, and promoting the gen
' oral wvelare of the people of the several
- States of the Union ; that the constitution of
Sthe United States is a compact acceded to and
ratified by the States ini their separate and
sovereign capacity; and that thme right to en
joy our property and the pursuit of happiness
- is gnarantied alike to all as er/uals by this
rcompact. That thme General Government is
onie of limited powers, and that the several
States to the compact which created this agent
have reserved to themselves respectively all
powvers not delegated by the constittutioni;
I nd "that in all eases of compact between
pairtics, having no common judge, each party
bhas a right to judge for itself; as well of the
infraction as the mode of redress."
Resolred, That when- the constitution was
adopted the property in slares wa expressly
recognised by the insertion of four special
guaranieis: 1. An exemuption of the Aicean
slave trade from the general powers of Con
gress over commerce for the .space of twventy
years; 2. Representatives for staves in the
Nationadl Legislature; 3. The right to de
manud the delivery of fugi:ive slaves escaping
into non-shaneholding Statest 4. The obli
gation in Congress to suppress insurrection.
That those gniaranties stamp slavery upon the
very haeart.of this government, and before it
cani be restricted or abolished thle Federai Gov
enent must first be destroyed:
Resolred.Thait the territonies of Californi;:
and New Mexico were eeded in absolute sov
reignty to tho government of the United
tes; hat. th ase eer..al tt .es of th'e lm .tin..
acquired indefeasible title to these trrito
ries, and are joint orwners of this common d
main, and entitled alike to the same privileges
and the same protection under the guarantees
of the constitution. That the general gov
ernment, as the agent of the several States,
was bound to extend these rights and privi
leges to all as equals, and to remove all ob
structions to their enjoyment; and when it
undertakes to diseriminate between the do
mestic institutions of one section of this.
Union in favor of another, it violates-the
ends for which it was created.
Resolred, That Congress,in admitting Cali
fornia under the atendant circumstances, con
firmed the usurpation of the Executive, and
the unauthorized and revolutionary -seizure of
the public domain, and destroyed the line of
36 30, which was originally acquiesced in as a
measure of compromise and peace. That
the dismemberment of Texas by the Federal
Government, with the sword in one hand and
the purse in the other, is a blow aimed at the
sovereignty of the States of this Union.
That the abolition of the slave trade in the
District of Columbia is unconstitutional, and
is intended as the enitering-reedge for the ab
olitiorn of slavery in that District, in the forts,
arsenals, magazines, and dock-yards situated
in the Southern States, and the abolition of
the slave trade between the States. That the
non-interceniion doctrine, as applied to the
Territorial Governments of Utah and New
Mexico, is a fraud upon the rights of the
South; and that the whole of these measures
are intended to circumscribe and localize the
institution of slavery, with a view to its final
Resolved, That these acts of Congress call
for prompt and doncerted action on the part of
the shtveholding States, and that for this pur.
pose South Carolina stands ready and prepar
ed to unite with the Southern States in any
Measure that will preserve and protect their
rights, their honor and institutions from the
unjust and despotie rule of the Federal Oov
ernnent, be that measure secession or rev
Resolred, That this General Assembly con
firms and ratifies the preamble and resola
tions of the late Nashville Convention, and
highly approves of the recommendation of n
Southern Congress. composed of delegates
(rom the slaveholding States, clothed witli
-plenary powers to " provide for their fiture
safety and independence
Resolred, That for the pufrpose of darrying
out the recommendations of the Nahvilk
Convention, and of this State deliberating ir
her sovereign capacity upon the present posi
tion of our Federal afftirs, it is expedient foi
this General Assembly to call a convention oJ
Resolred, That it be referred to the dom
mittee on military and pensions, for the pur
pose of placing South Carolina in a positior
to meet any and every emergency, to inquir
into the expediency of increasing our ord
nance and ordnance stores, and of plaemin
them in such locations throughout the Stat,
as will be most convenient for the arming an<
equilyping the people of the State.
Ordered for eonsideratio'n to-miiorrow, am
to be printed.
Mr. Adams, from the committee appointe<
on the part of the Senate,. to count the bal
lots for Commissioners in Equity for the dis
tricts of Abbeville, Chester, Lexington an<
Colleton, reported the following gentlemne
had received a majority of votes, and wer
duly elected, viz:
H. A. Jones, Abbeville; 1H. A. Meetze
Lexington; 0. P. Willians, Colleton; J
Mr. Gritlin presented the petition of manj
itizens of Edgellekl.ditr, pramying that:
nlijoad rpenjjly laid out from the stean
Cane road at ohnTompliins''maL.oe s/
tinued; which was referred to the commnitte
on roads and bafidings. Also,1
The petition of the commissioners, lam
owners, and mamny citizens of Edgefield dis
trict, praying that a puLblic road recently laki
out fronm the steam milF on the Martintowi
road, to thme Laong Cane road, at Jolm Tomf
kins' mill, granted at tlre last session of tim
Legislature, be continued; which was refer
red to the eomnzittee on roads and buildings
Mr. Griflirn also presented the memorial o
the Town Coimneil of Hamburg, praying cer
tain amendments of their charter; which was
referred to the connmittee on incorporation:
and engrosced acts.
Mr. Gritlin also presented the petition o:
John Holly, senior, praying that his ferr
aross the Big Saluda river may be rechar
teredl: which wvas referred to the comnmittet
on roads amnd buildings.
HOUSE OF REP'RESENTATIVES.
Thlie following resolutions wvere introduced
by Mr. B. F. Perry:
Whereas the re'eent legislation of Congres
on thme subject of slavery, and the continmuei
aggressions of the North on the rights of' thi
South, render it necessary thait all the slave,
holding States should tak'e common council
and action for their own security and honor
and whereas the Nashville Couvention hart
recommended a Southern Conigress for the
purpose of considering our grievances, and
prescribing the mode and measure of redress;
Be it therefore
Resolved, That this Legislature do hereby
concur in the proposition to convene a Coni
gress of the Southern States, for the purpose
of obtaining security for the future and in
demnity for the past; and the committee on
the judiciary are hereby imnsructed to report
a bill for the election of Representatives or
the part of' Sonth Carolina, to such Congress.
I'tesolved, That in ease any of' the Southern
States should refuse or neglect to appoint
delegates to a Southern Congress, then it
shall be the duty of his Excellency the Go
veror, to send delegates to such State to
urge the people and the legislatures thiereof,
to unite wvith the other Southern States in a
Congress of the whole South.
MONAYu, December 2, 1850.
The Senate met at half-past 9 o'clock pur
suat to adjournment.
The clerk reamd the journal of the proceed
ing of Saturday.
Mr. Grithin presented the petition of James
H. Taylor and others, praying an act of~ in
corporation for "the Havne Cotton Mill"
compny in Edgefleld distict; which was re
ferred to the committee on incorporationis and
engrossed acts; also.
The petition of John Lipscombi, praying to
be refunded a double tax; which was referred
to the committee on tinance and banks; also
The petition of H. A. Kenriek and others
praying for an aet of iueorporation for " the
Hamburg Paper Mill" company; which was
refrred to the conimnittee on incorporamtions
and engrossed acts.
3Mr. Mazyck presented the memorial of sun
dry citizens of Charleston, prayinig for the
passage of ana act to provide for the inspec
tioa of flour; which was referred to the com
maittee on commerce and the mechmanic arts.
Mr. Porter also presented the- memorial of
the fedical Association of the State of'South
Carolina, praying some legislation concerninw
the registration of~ births, marriages,.anal
deaths; which was referred to the Commit tee
The following are theStajding Commit.
tees appoiuted at the present session of .the
General Assembly of .Souli Carolina.
IN THE SE14TE.
Privileges aid Elections esars. DeTre;
ville, Moses, Gist, Alston, _.Jey.
Federal Relations-MessrsV;zyek, With.
erspoon, Porter, Carew, Mn I. D. Wi.
Pinance and Tanks-Messrs. uchanan
Felder, Marsball, Carew, Nowell.
Judiciary-3lessrs. Moses, DudleyNston,
Accounts and Vacant Offices-Messra.
Claims and Grievanees-Mesars. Porter,
wilson, Williamson, Eaves, Gauze.
Military and Pensions--Msrs. lann,
Barnes, Mezyck, Quattlebumu, Miller."
Incorporations and Engrossed Acts-Messrs
Griffin, Hibben, Ware.,
College, Education and Religion- Me rs.
Manning, Townsend, Barker.
Agriulture and Internal Improvements.
Messrs. Taylor, Bull, Ward. Cannon, 3. 3.
Roads and Buildings-Messrs. Wither
spoon, Adams, Perry, Irby, Lawton.
Lunatic Assylum and Medical Accounts
Messrs. Palmer, Goodwyn, Evinv.
Legislative Library-Messrs. L D. Wilson,
Commerce, Manufactures and the Meelanie
Arts--3essrs. Carn, Bedon, ID. Wilson.
IN TH E HOUSE.
Privileges and Elections-James H.Irby,
William Giles, B. J. Johnson, F.N. Garvin,
A. C. Garlington, E. C. Leittier, L. Boozer,
James M. Nelson, R. G. W. Grissette, E. P.
Jones, James Sinkler. ..
Ways and Means-C. G. Memminger, A.
W. Thompson, F. D. Richardson, R. Moor-.
man. A. G. Summer, B. F. Perry, A. H. Dta
kin, N. R. 3iddletoj, T. 31. Wagner.-.- -
Federal Relatioi1s-John S. Preston,1J. U.
Trby, Edward MeCrady, John PhilipsGabrid
Manigault, James Chesnutt, jr., C. T.Hasil,
L. 1. Keitt, J. P. Reed.
Judiciary-Benj. F. Hunt, Nelson Mitchell,
F. H. Wardlaw, W. R. Robertson, Samuel
McGowen, J. W. Harrison, IV. F. Hutson,
Henry R. Lesene, A. C. Garlington.
Internal linpfovenients--JohnL Middleton,
William Giles, Sathel McAliley, J. H. Kina
ler, James Cantey, J. P. Reed; W. 3. Keit,
31. M. Benbow, 3. K. Vance. . e
Claims-J. D. Ashmore, W. S.Lylep, 11.
Dean, J. N: McElwee, sr., J. B. Carapelr, E.
Alexander, jr., A. Q. DonneWant, P.F. Duin
eat, F. . Baker.
-Milltary-James Cantey, S. Cruickshanks,
J. C. U3lut, T. W. Waters, W. D. DeSaus.
sure, F. N. Garvin, Jas. Sinkler, G. Manigaultf
Roads, Bridges and Ferries-S.~McAlilef,
Donald R. Barton, V. S. Lvles, John Smith,
G. J. Mivres, E. Brownle, D. W. Jordan, Al
len RoliertsomT; T. P. Brockman.
Publie Baildings-W. A. Oweas,-R. G.
Mc:Caw, Simon Verdief, WA Rowel, Jo;
Abney, A. Robertson, Jos. W. Duncan, S. T.
Montgomery, J. P. Kinard.
Incorporations-B. Y. Aiartin;E. P. Smit.h,
James 31. Nelson, J. W.Wilkinson, V: R.
Robertson, J. B. Perry, G. A. Addison; J. F.
Poppenheim, James C. Campbelt.
Education-C. P. Sullivan, C. Tr. Hasksl,
S. MeGowen, A. IV. Btrnet, J. V. Wilkin
son, Ed. McCrady, N.- R, Middleton, E. M.
Clark, 'V. H. Evans.
Accounts-E. 3. Arthur, T. S. Marion, G:
S. Myers, J, C. Blum, T. K.~Cureton, P T
LHammond, John Smih,' 3. C. MeKewn, -L.
Patterson. . .
M1. Baker, J. B. Perry, D. J. e1bonhMd, Johm
emimsjr,.K.VceDistrict 0flices and Offieers.A. W.2'hinip
son;J. 'T. Whiitetield, L Boozer; 3 . A: Dar
gar, TI. WV. Moore, A. M1. Lowiy>G. A. Addi
son, Win. Giles, H. II. Clark.
Agriculture-A. G. Summer, A..o):es, E.
M. Clark, D. K. Bamrton, P. F. Hammnnnd, Jas.
B. Hleyward, P. E. Duncan, T. S. Marion. A.
- W Burnet.
Grievancs-L. M. Ayem', T. lK. Cureton 3.
Easely,jr., M1. M. lBenbow, As R. Johnson, 3.
T. W~hitefield,. 3. Patterson, 3. N. McEhiee,
sr.. WV. B. Rowell.
Lumnntic Assylum-Benj. F. Perry, T. W.
rMoore, John Wright, H. HI. Clark, J. F. Pop.
p'enhleim; .. a. Blaickwell, J. H. Kinsler, T.
Cumnninghmam, 3. W. Duanchn..
Pensions-G. W. Willistas, 11. .1. Dean, D'.
J. MceDonald, Simon Verdier, J. Abney, A. G.
Johnson, W,. Bowers, P'. B. Brockman, Di. 3.
.Pulie f'rinting-J. W.-NHarrington, J: A.
Dargamn, E. Alexander, jr., S.--W. Evaun, P.
iDella Torre, W. H1. Evanrs. 3. W. Tucker.
.Wedichl-John 3. Ingram; 3. C.- 3ieKena
B. W. Bradiev, WV. D. Jennitig, B. WV. Las.
ton, WV. Keitt, J-.. WV. Ienrst.
-Vacant Offices--P.-Deli'a T'orre, E. P.
Smith-, A. Q. Dnnovant, E. C. Leitner, John
Wriglit, John Pfillis, A. 31. Lowry.
Engrossed .Acts-B. 3. Johnston, WV. D.
DeSaussure, H. D. tessesne; F.-. ftichard
son, 3. WV. Harrikn.
Legislative Library-N. Mitchenl,- A. H.
Duncan, 3. B. Heyward, E. P. JTones,- 5. WV.
W Tap. Mississippi Hoitse of Represen
tat ives have passed a resolution by a majority
of fourteen, disapjproving thme course of Gen.
Henry S. Foote, IUnited States Senator from
Gov. Quitman sent a Mfessage to tiie Le
gielature advising an immediate organization
of thme Mlitia of the State.
W Hrmnatr IHARTYESS, a citizen of Ca
tawba county, N. C; was arrested last week,
under a requisition of the Governor of South
Camrolinma, for negro stealing.
Ca7 TIIE nANK of Hlanmburg, has declared
a dividend of three dollars per share for the
last six months, being at thme rite of twelve
per cent, per anm, payable on or after the
lirst of' January, 1851.
7 A'FINE.erop of tobacco-from Spaniski
seed has been raised,-near Wihnington, N. C.;
andl the specimen warrants the' bel'iefrthat the
sand hills- of North Carolhna will produce as
fine tobocco as any country in tho world.
7 F. S. Hoaimes, Esq., was on the 2nd
inst. elected 'Professor of Geology and Palw..
ontology of the College of Charleston, by the'
Trustees of that Institution. .
W Andrew Lowvand J. M. Wright, Esgs:
have been: appointed and recognized as Vice'
Consuls of Austria. The fonner for the portb
of Sarannah, Ga., andi tho-hmtter fbi the port,
W TtourPsoN.----They ar'e spealinq of
getting up an indignation meeting in New..
Yurk, to inite Tuto~rrsoa, tiin -bolitionist,
fo leare thme coumntry.
g~g LARGE FEE.--Ilhe Medical 'Times
s-ty.i the-largrest doctor's feeon record, is that
received by Mons. FErL He operated 1e
fistula in and upon Louis XIV'; his fee was:
I-r IS sAD that~ words hurt nbd-nvr
theless Sampson jawed a thousand Plulntines