Newspaper Page Text
t1"e 1it fr iftr Muertiosrt
IS PUBLISHED EVERY wEDNESDAY BY
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor,
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
TZfR1 ..Two DOLLARS per year. if paid
in advance-Two DOLLARs and FiFTY CENTS if
not paid in six months-and THanEE DOLLARS if
not paid before the expiration of the year. All
subscriptions not distinctly limited at the time of
subscribing, will be considered 4.s made for an in
definite- period, and will be continued until all
arrearages are paid, or at the option of the Pub
lisher. Subscriptions from other States must be
accompanied with the cash or reference to somec
one known to us.
ADVERTISEMENTS will be conspicuously inserted
at 75 cents per Square (12 liies or less.) fo'r the first
insertion and 37 1-2 for each subsequent insertion.
'When only published Monthly or Quarterly, One
Dollar per square will be charged. All Advertise
MIrt5 not having the desired number of insertions
marked on the margin, will be continued until
forbid and charged accordingly.
Those desiring to-advertise by tile year can do
so on liberal term.-it being distinctly under
stood thatcontracts for yearly advertising are con
fined to the imnedfate, legitimate business of the
firm or individual contracting. Transient Adver
tisements munst be paid for in advance.
For anra.cing a Candidate, Three Dollars,
For Adveing Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars,
to be paid by th Magistrate advertising.
Unionism at Washington.
The National Intelligeneer, last Saturday
put forth an editorial of five columns long,
on the subject of South Carolina, the gener
al object of which was to prove that this
State was really and positively aiming at the
disruption of the Union. It promised further
eludidation of this obscure point in future
numbras, but thus far we have not been fi
voredivith anything additional. The South
ern Press, in an article which we copy to-day,
replies to some of the positions of the Intel
ligencer, and follows up the subject in a sue
ceeding number. It is not our purpose to
pursue this track. The Intelligencer itself,
as the pompous arbiter of political morals,
the Judge, without appeal, of the rights and
character of States, demands a little attention.
,As a political press, the Intelligencer is
somothing of a curiosity. Ordinarily it wear,
the appearance of dignified indifference. You
might read it for weeks without finding out
what its opinions are on any one great qu~c
tion. It is not merely that its edi-toriil col
umns are almost empty, but what is in them
is lifeless, and without any symptom or inter
est-i- the matters noticed. Thesmdllest awl
-atest subjects are reduced to the sa.:ne
,ns, and wrapped in the same sleepily
!utrality. Then comes a wonderful
The Intelligencer starts up. and
forth a volume of awfully earnest
on some State or sonic topic. and
xhausted its strength, sinks baek into
r apathy. In its habits, the lIntelli
esembles those monsters of the sea,
r long intervals, rise to the surface,
-rodigious uproar and smoke, and
3 to repose in their favorite haunts
s reach of sunshine and storm.
fairly, perhaps, it may be compared
ther monsters of the fen and jungle.
ondas and the like, that rush out of
retreats, and having gulped down
lo ora rhinoceros. slink back to indulge
onth's 'sleep on their elaborate dinner,
o deeper sense of existence than an oe
ldea fbefnig hungry, and satisfy
tnaryaravingby approaching a
u butlock ; and with no other outward
tation -of life,than a few faint dyspep
tmblings, like the bubbles that break
" standing pool. - -,
ting by this phenomenal character
3 Intelligener-ite periodical r-e.
-comet with a long blazing train
* notable feo.ture of these occas
. issumptios f~superior dignity,
.on andpatiribtism. It carries an
sisdenes towards those wvhom
Sits high tribuntal, and it deals
n nations with that look of in
matnion that seems ever to say:
expected to be as elevated aind
*-nobody is exp .ted to be that
.avo a sphere, whic-h, however
ought to till itn such a manner as
wn upon you the weit of my
* can go."
foundation is there for this mor
of the Intelligeneeri What
call lightly in question the mo
atriotism of others? WVhat is
eer ? It is simply a party press.
*y years, has owed its existence to
.ge of the Government.
aphatically a hireling, bound to tdo
so party, as the consideration for mon
ed to it by party. This is the Judge,
.:alls before him States and statesmen,
holds them accountable for not coming
to his standard of moral purity and disit
- -restedness. This pensioner on the poli:icetl
corruption fund at Washington, who crawvls
at the heels of party, like a shark in the wake
of a ship, to feed on the crutmbs that :zre
thrown out by the way-itn the intervals of!
pampering himself at the public expense, is
to sit in judgement on the selfishness and dis
loyalty of South Carolina.
The Intelligencer makes a sublime merit
out of its Umionism. Why, it feeds on the
Union. Without that it would not exist. It
has no position of its own, save its berth by
the Treasury. It haunts the confines of
North and -South, too cowardly ever to take
sides with either, and bold only in defending
the sacredness of the neutral ground, where
the one begins' and the other ends. It knows
well that if the North and South split apart,
it drops helplessly into the chasm. The ass
knoweth his master and the ox his owvners
crib-and it is not accounted among the rir
tuies of these animals that they eling to the
scenes of their feeding. No more is it a mer..
~it in the Intelligeneer that it adores the per
petuity of a Government on whose vecry cor
ruptions it subsists.-Charleston Mercury.
FROM .TAMAIca.-The advices from Jamai
ea by the Crescent City are to the first inst.
The cholera had almost entirely abated at
Kingston and in the district of Liguanent, atttl
New Year's day was observed as a day oJf
thanksgiving oni the occasion. In the interior
the disease still raged. At Montego Bay the
deaths were from forty to sixty a day. :tnd
had reached the fearful total of five hundred.
The want of medical attendance and of medi
cine was aggravating, as is said, the saciiice
of life. In the Parish of St. Elizabeth, on
Block River, the cholera was prevailinig, and
the poor people were dying from .want. At
St. Thomas, Morant Baty, andi Blue Mountain
Valley the ravages of the cholera were rapid
Trxas Bosns.-Gen. Hamilton, of South
Carolitna, has published a card ini the Texas
papers, requesting the creditors of that State,
for the payment of whose bonds, certificattes
of stock or scrip, "the duties on imports
were specially," or the revenues of the late
republic were generally pledged, to meet at
the Natioa Hotel, Washingtotn City, on the
first 3Fonday in February next at 12 o'clock,
for the purpose of ascertaining,
1st. What class of creditors, in the opinion
-of the Secretary of the Treasury of the United
States, hold obligations which involve an
ulteior liability on the part of the Untited
2d. What relcnses ne will require such cred
itors to sign, whose claims in his estimation
come withib,and are protected by the proviso
reserving five million for their payment, imi
the boundary or adjustment act, passed at the
last session of Congress.
At the proposed ineeting, Gen. Hamilton
will present an analysis of the public debt of
Texas, the securities pledged for each issue,
the amount and date of the same, and the
elassitintions by which the Auditor and
Comptroller of Texas has recommended their
TiH or PLANK-TWO NOBLE IfEARTS
w91Ie DESERVED TO LIVE ?-A Russian ship
of war was overtaken by a violent storm on
the coast of Kamschitka, stranded,and dash
ed to pieces upon a reef. A sailor attempted
to reach the shore upon a fragment of the
wreck. In a little while he perceived one of
the officers, M. Minski, struggling with the
waves, and offered him a share of his plank.
"No, my boy," lie cried, " it is too light for
two of us; God has given it to you; keel) it,
and go and tell my wife that I die with her
upon my mind." The sailor urged; the offi
cer again declined. This noble combat lasted
an instant; when, seeing his superior deter
minied to refuse this anchor of safety, the
sailor puslied the phnk with all his force to
wards him. and sank in the. waves. The ofli
cer was preserved.
TnE Missot'RI E.EcToN.-Later telegraph
ic despatches contradict the re-electioin of
Benton, and leave the contest yet unsettled.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 23, 1851.
TO THE PATRONS OF THE ADVERTISER.
THE undersigned must introduce himself
to his readers with a candid confession. He
has scarcely ever, since the days of his colle
giate troubles, pondered so long upon the
commencement of an article as the one lie
now indies. The cause of this hesitation
has been two-fold, first, the novelty of his
present position, secondly, the strong desire,
conminon to most editorial novitiates, of " put
ting the best foot foremost" at the begin
nig. The railings of the " goose quill fra
ternity" againsi the hardships of their lot
have been to him hitherto rather a source of
amusement and thu " qui fit Mrcenas," of
Ilorace has been frequently called to mind as
being especially applicalble to their case. But
lie now acknowledges his error and forthwith
enters his recantation. For here a the very
outset, lie realises the disparity of their ad
The orator and his topic, for instance, nre
usually introduced topnblic attention by
some gracefl; explanatory prelude from some
second person. The preacher has ample Ire
liminarieb, beside as staited text upon which
to raise his superstructure. Tilbarrister's
debut is preceded by the introductory evi
denep iyhichbringa .him g7ently.oD the. tapis,
at the same timefixing in his mind the main
pointA. of-.hiseagwent. All havt their.
"knowj numbers" as the algebras have it,
though, it mnagabe added,g not a few fail to
reach the "last expression." The editor
alone,:in the words of western eloquence,
must "launch his fragile barque upon the
billows,'' without a pilot to assist him in
learing the port. Be it so. The under
signed, has, at least, taken the initiatory step
-the narrows are paissed and " we're afloat."
whether for shipwreck or prosperous gales
remains to he tested.
As to the future conduct of the Adreriiser
in its several depairtments, it is preferable to
make no special promises; its patrons will
doubtless be satisfied with the general one
of continued exertion to pileause them.
In polities, the paper will be, as it has been,
purely South-Carolinian in every feature.
The undersigned has seldom found it neces
sary to go beyond our own State and States
men, for the main artieb-~s of his political
reed. And first among his authorities stand
the teaichings of the immortal CarHOUN.
While it may be aidmitted that in some few
instances this great man slightly swerved
from the fixed priniciples of his political code,
it must be acknowledged that no other genius
of the age has throwni its light with such
ondensed power upon the true cbaracter of
our government and of the federal consti
Scarcely second in their influence upon his
oinions, (altnough munch more limited as to
tie questions embraced) the undersigned feels
and admits to have been the matchless in
tegrity aind transcendant ability of him
" W ho rode sublimie,
Upon the glowing wvings of eloquence.''
of him, who in better days, nobly stemnmed the
tide of Norithern aggression and with a mans
ter's band tore aside the veil that concealed
its hideous deformity. Mlany wvill anticipate
the name of G~oRGE; MicDUFFIE. By thus
particularizing, thte undersingned means not
to imply that he " pins his faith to the sleeve"
of' any individual, nor does lie intend being
invidious in his selection. IIe designates
those distinguished names, because they are
peculiarly the property of his native district,
inasmutch as she gave them their first impetus,
and because they are, at tihe same time, the
embodiment of all that he holds to be a"pure
and lovely and of' good report" in American
politics. If. this be infatuation, lie confesses
his blindntess. For the doctrines they illus
trated have "grown with his growth" and
can never be eradicated.
it refer:nee to the present emergency of
our beloved auh the undersigned is ready
to go as far as the iart~st in maintaining our
every right as free citizens of free, sovereign
and independent Six. s. Ule believes that
te only alternative left a is political degra
d tion or speedy and utni hring resistance.
But of this hereafter.
As introductory remarks for one'. self ne
essarily savor rather strongly of .-M::m,
the undersigned concludes by bespeaking -
kind indulgence of his readers until his arm
ehir and p)ort folio shall have become more
WE cheerfully and unaffectedly accord to
him the meed of" well done good and faith
ful servant," and would only add "may we be
as sucesssful in our career as he has been in
his." We have heard in our rambles, many
commendations of his zeal and ability. May
some friend hear the same of us, when our
editorial course is run.
THE gin-house of Mr. BENJAMIN BFTTIS of
this District was destroyed by fire on Tues
d.ay morning last just before day. Six or
eight bags of cotton were lost with it. The
incendiary is logded safely in jail.
CENSUS OF EDGEFIELD DISTRICT.
WE publish below the following, with
which we have been politely furnished by
JowN C. ALLEN, Esq,, U. S. Deputy Marshal.
Free Inhabitans ............... 16,568
Slaves do 22,732
Total,.......... ............ 39,300
Whole nnmber of persons who died during
the year, ending the 1st June 1850..... 661
Whole number of Establishments of In
dustry,....... ................ 198
Real Estate,............. S5,977,450
Total amount,...........$ 16,485,079
Free Inhabitants in town of Hamburg, 646
Slave do do do 423
" IT will be seen by reference to anoth
er coloumn, that Chancellor WARDLAw has
been placed high in rank among the Officers
of S. C. Grand Lodge, I. 0. 0. F. Honors,
political, civil and social, have been his for
the last few months. We speak the voice of
Edgefield, when we say, "No son of hers is
more eminently worthy of such distinctions
01 A apology is due our brother of the
Palmetto Standard, for an inadvertence that
occurred in our last issue. In noticing his
paper, his name was only given in part. It
should have been C. DAvIs MELTON. We
will not fail, to do him much more than half
justice in future.
E4 WF perceive that Col. A. C. GAt
LINGTON has been associated with Mr. GILES
in the editorial management of the Newberry
SENTINEL. From personal knowledge, we
feel certain that he will prove an ornament to
the craft. We trust he will run a most sue.
SOUTilERN LITERARY GAZETTE.
WVE think it is not improper to volunteer
a recommendation of the above n'ame publi
cation to our lady readers. It has been sub-.
jeeted to our careful scrutiny, and, according
to the tasto-we ; j~~y~j
abundant eneouragement. We have been
too long obtaining our light reading of this
description from Philadelphia and New York
presses. Should we not cheerfully substitute
a wvork carried on by Southern enterprise
and beautified by Southern talent? Such
an one is the Garette. It will amuse, and
inprove many an hour that might otherwise
pass in listlessness.
SWr. aeknowledge the receipt of two
additional exchanges--the bt~vr TIEs'
(N. Y.) an ample and well-crammedl sheet con
taining much interesting matter and of the
Dickinson stamp in polities-the other, the
MoUN-rAIs SIGNAL., (Dahlonega, Ga.) a fair
sheet of medium size, but as far as w*e can
discover from the number before us, inditl'er
cut as to political matters. The former, as is
well known, is under the guidance of NOAH
-the latter is published and edited by JonN
Is designed, among other things, to aff'ord
an opportunity of free interchange of opinion
and feeling to all within the scope of its cir
ulation, more particularly to those of our
own district, who are desirous of "marking
down their thoughts in ink." We trust that
many will make use of the medium we offer.
We would urge the rising portion of our
community to venture out upon our pages
with brief and carefully prepamrcd articles.
There are many, we are sure, capable enough,
if they could be drawn from their hiding pla
es. S'ome may shake their sapient heaxds
at such advice as being heterodoxical. " Lay
aside your productions for nine years," say
they. And this we regard as equivalent to
saying "wvrite not at all." We would say,
subject not your effusions to such "durance
vile." Let them sec the light, and if there
are errors, you will learn to correct them thtus
much earlier than by any other course. Lock
them up, and in nine instances out of teni,
they will come forth, at the close of their
probation like Caspar Hanser, totully unim
proved by their imprisonment.
LORD MIORPETH ON AMERICA.
IT is impossible for us to relish the favora
ble notices made by certain staunch Southern
presses of this noble gentleman's lectures up
on our country. We can see nothing in
them friendly to the South and her institutions
-nothing, indeed, that is not decidedly inimi
al to us. The falsehoods wvhich others pro
pagated with disgusting virulence lie has ut
tered wvith seeming moderation, thereby only
making them more insidious and dangerous.
Our friend of the Augustau Constitutiona
list, in making extracts from these lectures,
must have overlooked the point of the follow
ing sweeping remark-" I made a rapid jour
ney through the States of Virginia and North
Carolina; the country wore a unircrsal imi
press of exhaustion, desertion, slaccry."
This single illiberal and prejudiced sentence
is enough, with us, to give his doeuments a
pL~e only ammong our rubbish, esp~eciallhy as
they :.: m:ot very remarkable for their literary
ALOERNON SIDNEY AND TURABULL.
We have read two articles over the above
distinctive signatures, and must say that while
we regard the first as ill-time,; we do not
think the latter much les obnoxious to cen
sure. SInNEY, while correct in some of his
views, is unfortunate'in not having made hi:4
demonstrations at a time ien -thcy would
have strengthened, not Aveakeaed the action
of the Legislature.
TuNsULL ha betrayed himnseit into the
same error which he so yointedly att, in
SIDNEY, viz, an evincinrgof spleen. While
we agree with the latter as to the inipro
priety of SIDNEY'S article, we differ with
him as to his display of mere satire upon its
author. While the one is influenced by what
seem to us groundless snspicions, the other
hurls his sarcasms with too much the air of
one who felt his superiority to tihe subject of
hiq strictures. SIDsF.Y, while wrong in the
step he has taken, when placed -ide by side
with TUNDULL, may not prove to be in the
comparison, the inferioFand presuuptuous
politician he is representd to be.
We deprecate all suchcontroversies at t his
time, and would only sy to all who would
now disturb our perfect, inanimity, " Procuil.
procid este prqfani." Wint of room prevents
the appearance of TUtt;DLL in the present
We will publish it in
Ir is unnecessary togo is
recting public attentio .o this
subject. We regard it.0s h,
ing more serious results-th
1 ~ ~ ~ w ab 7; ich has
transpired since our existence as i.
dent commonwealth. 'The saineha
in February next, will e.t'votes into th bal
lot-box for members s supreme boi.,
may, possibly, before anoir winter shall hive
passed over us, be cleaising muskets and
brightening fire-locks to sustain its enact
This is no stereotypd conclusion dr:nwn
from oft-recurring eve . It is an apprelien
sion, for the realization of which there are
many chances, or the *eaction of our
Legislature is a politi We do not.
for a moment, indulge a pposition. It
would be an assumpti nwarranted
by any facts that have Ome to light,
and utterly incompati what we know
to be the high charac e -our present Leg
islature. There can. Ministake as to the
determination manife that body, pii
vately and publiel out and sustain
the polief indicat
What though the A eut on
be slightly defectiv
Are we to suppose tha no.ug
of sterling h n ~ - 'ryou
borders to crush i a en e~~wlfo
should dare tothwart atbd
from the purposes ~ .,~hwhole
ae entirely* repuj a i-ios
We hase no othe'r' f 1 71t the full
tide of feeling is pp la ik .us, and
flowing onward to.;o poliia redemption.
The stream widensjan d 'pensinitwprogrcss
and we cannot thinik i' swift-descend
ng. flood," can ever ked in its, channel
or turned from its se. There Imy be
treaon ceen in South Catrolin , (anud whetmre
is the cause that had not its triutors ?) but it
will show its head only to call down tIm. cur
ses of ali good p-'triots. The almost unirer
sal determination is, that something must be
done to give ample satisfaction to am long inju
red but now fully-aroused people, or we ri.4k
In view then of the duty, which will soon
devolve upojn us, of selcecing Convention
men, let us not forget. the high amnd soleumni
character of the assembly we arecrti.
the highest and most soleni to wvhich, aus a
people, we can give existence.
It has been long, vcry long, since an (lee
tion has occurred in our district th.at did not
turn upon personal squi~bling aind electioneer
ing trickery. We trust and helieve thatthe.::p
proching one will be a marked exception.
May every voter ealadyv reflct biy his own
fireside and, with hisall around him, dleter
mine his choice accormling to the dictates of
his nmbiassed judge~ment. And mnay every
candidate leave us enmnclsted in the dis
harge of our duty, tmeing that the honoer he
solicits is to be receiwd miore with -ifear nud
trembling," than with pride o f spuirit.
EDGEFIELD SENIIING SOLDiERS TO
ii Pr-ig-u.-oii Sampon.
Is one of our perigriaaitionls at tew days
since, we encounteredl: a sladl sguad of trauv
ellers whose h~onrn was the mountain-district
of P'ickens. Four or tive amuletic men, (cal
ulated to "do the State sune service,"') a
ale matron and a Ihalt-dozer' children, ais
blooming as any country can pronice, formed
Whlat nimmans t his, Ol Edlgetield Are youlr
amcienit hills losing their chuarnm, ! Are yout
left behind in the rauce of improvemnent !
I~ave you lost the golwen (opportunitiiy'>t se
uring the advantages anud facilities icih
others hamve grasped, that your peolhe hgini
to prefer even the rugged mom~utinsl of Pi~k
ens? We fear the instanice recorded aba ve.
lut the beginning otf numerous ones of
siiar character. We fear that our di~triet
will have cause for a long tim :o. regret her
tardiness in enterprise for the last ten years.
Is there no active spirit. amonig us, backed by
abundant mneanms, who canm yet point out sonmc
way of turniing the tidle in our favor, himnselt
leading off with patriotic boldness. If there
le such an one, we call upon him to conmc
forward and give a new impetus to our pros
perity. Shall our invocation be like " calling
spirits fronm the vasty deepi!" WVe will see.
(ljGf CARaoLL CoUN-rY (Ga.) according to
th late census, presents a list of fifty-four
sets of twins. Angels and ministers of gracc
preserve us fronm Carroll. WX e ercive that
unmcof the otwnnity itself hasu tu-o els
SERMON OF THE REV. WHITEFORD 831TH
Br re the Legislature on thc day (f Fasi
ing, H 1imiziliation and Prayer.
WV have read, with much satisfactiot
this impressive discourse. It breathes a pur
and elevated tone lhroughour.
The idea it developes, that fanaticism be
caine bitter in its warfare upon our institu
tioin of slavery, precisely at the time whe1
the Ahnighty begin to imake apparent. li
purpose of emploviig it as a means of rais
ing and evangelising the negro race, is nev
The burden of his lictort is to strengthei
the general conviction of the purity and ree
titude of our eause in a religious point o
view-and of its strength as derived there
from. There is a text we shonuld all trensur
up in these perilous times, "If God be will
us, who can be against us?
WIrrS, the poet, and FOnREST, the trage
dian, have been making for themselves veri
conspicuonu pices in the prints from Maim
to Texas, by their wrangling and fighting.
This thing of giving publicity to ueh inde
cent sernpes is Corrupting in its influence an<
searcely honorable even to the innocent party
We have not troubled ourselves to di-crimi
nate the right orwrong between the belliger
ente. It would not, we imagine, fill the lan<
with mourning, did their conflicts result a
did that of the Killkenny ents.
roR THE ADVERTISER.
Mt r. Editor:-No one can enrefullv reac
the .T -n:d of the'8Senate and House of Re
presenta-S at thelvst session, together will
the spec embers, without bein(
satisfied that the presenTtinclnationl of' th
State, unless t ere appear some prospect of
speedy redress o her grievances, is promptl)
to withdraw from the onfederncy.
That she, or any State h .ghe right to d<
. been acknowledged by t rue Repub
hlent -,l ' ie conntry, from '98 " his day
and l:s be a eardinal doctrine o
States South. '>.-ould the government reek
lessly attempt coere. e i
- we will have oul
pl:in duty before us, and j --, to di0charg<
it, anda:rmsto sustainus. In1. " ,ecwith.
out the grossest inconsi.-,tency, all tie "t.
ern States will be bound to lend us the
aid. But should we even be deserted "in ot
utmost ned," by those, whose support v
have a right to claim; men cannot'fulfil
higher destiny than to perish struggling ft
their liberties. We will make the who]
State a sacrificial altar, upon which to di
vote our lives.
If the United States should acquiesce i
,the .ourse we intend to pursue, we are full
ti care of ourseles, iand vi
Secom rieh and great.' All our affectior
will be~ lavished upon our litt/e country, an
we will, render it a garden, and a paradise.
The money ii'o paid to the support of a ty
ranical governinent,'vill be expended fo' th
1o fitoidfar v'p own- peopli
Mr. EDrron: Such being the intention<
the Legislature, and the purpose of the Stat'
it is of the gravest importance that our Di!
trict should not be misrepresented in the Cor
vention, whic'h is to assemble in the course<
the next twelve months. We have no us
for a representative, who is not preparedt
ii:tte the reputation and glory of Soul
he candi :'tes f'oir elect ion to the conver
ion will pairdun us, fur addressing to them,
Thle Leii-lat ure of your Slate has netnail
heguin a 'ep:eratioin. The State without
chvmmge in thle aspect. of our polit ica:l aflhirs,
poiti vely comiued to secession. and all
has a- pprocpriated. at least, three hundred thot
r~ddl~s for her military def'ence.
eletd, w ill yon sustuini her. In other word
it our, pr et (10 not ebange between thi
and the timne you may be called upon to ne
iil you vote for the separate sceession<
South Carolina, wi!htout delay
Your ex:picit allirmative answer to i
que'stion, in one or hot iiof the Journauls
the Diti et, is absolut!ely regnisite to cult
mand the' confidI'e nmd support of
Maavn or vour. FELu.ow CITtz E NS
WITH AN oeCC.alIoN.tL Co~ilENT.
>C.." IT W.-* rcport ed throughjl the news
p.-:prs thaut a sucvcesslid experiment had bee:
ma:de' in G reat. IUrit:;in with flax aus a sut ,.
tutec for c'ot ton. La:te accoutats dent th~
staitemuent, amnd assert that there is no pirobmi
1bilit y of' suc.h a th ig bieing eleted. FroL
allI discoveries anid inventions hitherto knowr
cotton must remain in the ascendant.
Ca Trr. Chaurlestonianis s'eem dispose'
to "kick up a row" in referenc'e to the remoc
va1 of' th~e Powder Magaizine into the city a
ordered by an :act ot the present Legislature
It is supposed that it w~ill endanger the cit:
and rednee the value ot' property. Tht'
Chai~rle'sten Siun sugg.ts nullification.
(jT- Tu. Austrian government inf'orm:
our.s that it regards Geni. TA~'awn's laute mis~
sioni to Ilungary as unfriendly and the enivoj
as a s'py. Nlr. W\ELsTERt in ret urn, :adminis
tens a rebuke anid statnds upon his Americau
.j* Orcn neighboring city of' August:
hans inicrenesd in population during the has
jise years from~ 7,O0 to 12,u00 We rejoiel
ih her ini her prnosperity.
\ Pu r.uc'rzos AccourLuE.-Thec fian
nib. (3!o.) Uniion otf the 12thi inust., rnelates:
sin1atr circumnstance connected with th<
death of' a Mrs. Charles W'~liin, oif thti
city. Tiye yeamrs ago she predicted that it
1850l st- would die'. This belief' she limu
eve in contidently maintained. About tw<
iminithis meei, wvhen in her usual health, shn
expressed omec a pprehiension that shet miighi
have done 'rung in mar'ryiir, when she nuns
5o soon1 tak a linial leave ot ther huisband
Whewn her sie.r came to see her, during hei
last sickness, :rs. WVellman reminded ther o
the prediction, md its approaching fulfillment
]lier death took >icue a night or two after
She was 'oiurteeni 'ears old when this strang<
,,.. .iit~.'i Iimmi~.t..c. :s,I eupo. her mind
Tributo of tespoct.
AT a regular meeting of the Washington
Division, No. 7, Sons of Temperance, orf
Thursday evening last, the following Pre
amble and Resolutions were untianimously
Wm1;I:RirAs, it has pleased Almighty God,
in his, wise Providence, to remnove from us.
by deat h, brother C. L. GOODWIN, who has
long been associated with us in our labor of
Resulred, That while we bow in humble
:submission to a just and merciful God, who
does all things right, we feel a deep sense of
tle loss we h:ve sustained.
Resolrced, That in the death of brother
Goi DwIs, our Division has lost one of is
most useful and devoted Members, the Ten
perance Cause one of its warmest and firmest
friends, and the community in which he lived
one of its most useful and exemplary citizens.
Resolced, That as a feeble testimony of
our sincere regard for the memory of our de
ceased brother, the customary funeral badge
be worn at each meeting of this Division for
Resolced, That the R. S. inscribe the name
of brother C. L. GOODWIN, with the date of
- his birth and death, upon a blank page in the
Record book of this Division. -
Re.olced, That the sympathies of the men
bers of this Division are hereby tendered to
the bereaved widow and afflicted family of
our deceased brother.
Resolrced, That a copy of the foregoing
preamble and resolutions be sent to the Edi.
tor of the Advertiser for publication.
Later News from Europe.
AiIIUVAL OF TIE ASIA.
NEW Yon, Jan. 17.
The steamer Asia reached her wharf at
ten o'clock, having left Liverpool on the 4th.
Cotton is in steady demand, and prices
remnin the same as per steamers Franklin
and Niagara. The sales since the 1st instant
have reached 11,000 bales-.Middling Or
fn Manchester an extensive business has
been done at improving prices.
In exchange there is considerable re-action
in favor of England. Silver is advancing
with a great demand.
American stocks are firm.. 3Ioney in de
m* nd, but plentiful.
Co is quiet,-no change. Good Lard is
a shade higher. In Beef there is little doing,
except of-TN Pail character. Pork the same,
witia slight advance.
11The political news is favorable. Affairs
alr 0gressing satisfaetorily in Germany, and
Noe j the Continent generally.
a o ne ,t of the Atlantic.
r Fronm the Sta i ~hTs Republican.
e Serious Wire a w Orleans.
NFw ORLEANS J la -
The St. Charles Hotel took' .1 ' a
ing, and is now entirely destroyeh ,also
n.fi ,11l'thodist church and the church as
y PR.- Severail -dweM
dtewrofamin my ~~ N
-Businesse :ialgb't eni~ t nde4 i
ot6e s ofof
jacent the store recently oepujidlbT
Kinsler & Co., now known as the Caiffiii~
'Rooms. The building was ocenpied by Mrs
-M3. C. Walter. milliner, and Mrs. Scott, dress
f maker, and notwithstanding the most strenu
oua exertions of' all present, was speedily
burnt to the ground. Thanks, however, to
0 the extraordinary eiforts of' the firemen, to
hi whom great praise is due, the adjacent build
ings were preserved.
. We unerstandl ir. Walter had insured
a the buildings, but his stock in trade, furit ure,
&c., which was tmore or less injured by inn
ving, as also the property of' 3rs. WValter and
SMrs. Scot t, were uninsued.
a TJhe( cauec of' the contlagration has not as
s vet beeni ascertaine.d.-State Rights Rep.
NEw PosT-oFmcEs.-Trhe followineg Ne'w
P lost-Otlices have been established in this
BJritton's Neck, 3Iarion Distriet, G. WV.
SWoodbury. P. M.
Ar'iel, 31arion Distriet, J. N. Stevenson,
Tambernnele, Marion Distriet, C. D. Rowell,
Angleys R ranch, Blarnw.eli District, Juo. II.
Letvee, Rieblan:d District, J. Entzimnger,
- P'. 3M.
Countsville, Lexington, J. II. Counts, P. 31.
Snom:Ie; DEAlTH.-Ani old nmn, named
ConneLr, aged abeut sixty-one or two yeairs,
caine to at sudden and awful death on Wed
- nesdamy lamst. at lratnchville. The old gentle
manm was walkinug rounud and gazing about,
andihving stopped on the railroad track, wais.
-without previous not ice, suddenly run upon
by thme Iceomiot ive " Rio Granide," attached
- to at huirthmen train, and his head and~ armif coin
leltely severed f'rom the body'. The body'
was tien ca:ughmt under the :'sh-pan, rapped
up,and manigled in a frightful manner. P'er
sons ought to be exceedingly careful how
they venture on the ra.ilroad track, and engi
neer's should be ma~de to pay dearly for thus
trihlimng with htuman life when they have the
note of' warnming ailways in their reach, and
fail to use it.--Chmarleston Sun, 20thm inst.
Paonant.EBooN FOR (Th:U.'lnTNG SnAvEBS.
-M1. Jloudet, a French chemnist, in a conun
nication to the .Journal de Phmaratnmcie, gives
then following fornmual f'or a depilatory:
"Take of' sulphurite of' sodiunm or hydrosul
phate of sod::, chrystalized. 3 parts; qjuicik
lime inipowder, 10 do.; starch, 10 ;mix. This
powd~er, mixed with a little water, and ap
ied over the skin, acts so rapidly as a
depilatory, that it' it be removed im a minute
or twvo after its aipplicationi by znear~s of' a
woodcen knif'e, the suirtbece of thie shin will iue
entirely dleprived of hair. By: :hi process
the i'enmoval of thme hair be'omecs so simo
ph'. rapiid, and safe~ in operation, that it will
pro,~bhbv supereedtte the use of the razor in
ma.- ese. It may applied to pamrts the
most det'i. :as wvell as irreguhlr, and.to
sur'facs either iimuted or extended, and it is
only afterm several dayvs that the hair b~eginms
"Ihow Lrtcxy !"-A gentleman w~ho usn
ally' w~ore h is wattch, a finme repe:.ter, in htis
waisteoat pocket, near thme region ot'the heart,
w~as accidentally shot amnd killed--the balhl en
terinig thme exact spot where his watch would
have been it' it ha~d not happened that lie had
heft it that nmoi'ninug hanging up in his oflice.
11 is anf'etionate spouse, on learining the details
of' her husband's deease, amnd lie absence of'
to Sn 34 8 5 t& ?
3 l -O39U4Pro i d5iiq ome
evitabl th tY C f
some new t be levi n i n
to imaikt tohe Suthern
.e per cePn . -presentsubjects:6f ta
tioln, andth'. riminating taxbe 16
p)oIn~fohelrnym a and productio r.
we u ~intlheir eeding. Tte
thon, however, must -irly ou a
decided by the Legisl dw
shall be raiseisI hetr
jects,orwvhether new o
ced.,rhe propositioi ~ osings
ininating tax agaist it
having bjen'rmade ythe-G
by the Souitheni Rfrts.S
the pres0n1 i'' 8tat
expre nee,:n t .prote
tromie hppa g
turing 0 :Oour o .
We doniot twinkmy tradViginisi enn
W hat, ta. down our lands, uegroes, horses,
and everthing we hi't a protect dn
courag . nkee shinng
The ti U i
ties in aimast o 0
of th o rts of the S i1iP
bc j ccsuordingl ild
now adopted, and topro
duce nrgy ad airtment
of industr 'ng1.n.
terests and o o enefit
of protection i;a ous system of
taxation ui on.the impor ad productions
of the abolijon Stte'brogit hbere :will'
give thei We ashall p:ynoAinore (iaxes;
:nd vet re4idbenefito ourownfellow-citi
zen, inst" hules' themd 'tho;ie
fit of our ' 6k '.ineumbe
the lands, and B e
taxation with 1 0 o
goods we brin sit t
tionably the w
the produci lisasse. n
APPorN B ~n
AND WITH T ECONSE
James S. Callin.4
of the Terri
Justice of the S
States for th r
have p~e ur$
C., there bive been 1o ~~
that it has paissed ,.~cjn.i
-trict. Soon it may b ~
eases travel on the '
we should use such ~C-cu
pass harmlessly by. It woudb
aill, even those who have beenVto
submit themselves to theopr$ n
thling should be omitted Vihm s
against a disease so dangerous draz
iltence, and so terrible i t cntV
A VrTr A~rsar.-Orle ofathe inost popular
vulgearismns of the day. is embodied in the
word "patronage." We have always been
at a los's to understand this term as incorpo
rated with the language of the times. If a
mnan buys a pair of boots, getting the full
value of his money, he calls himuself the "pa
tron" of the manufacturer. The purchaser '
Iof six cents' worth of tobaccd or a penny
worth of tape is a " patron," and looks upo
with a condescending eye, as if he had-fed,
elothed, and sheltered them. One's.'patron,
regarding the term it itsetruelighit, isiaperson
who gives one alms. Patronage in shortis ~
charitable protection. It is no patronage to*
give money for its full value. The term' as
now most generally employed, is one of a
most servile sycophantie character, and it
should be expungedfroutthe moderm vocabu.
SHADING THE EYES..-Some 'people cover
their eyes with green or 'other shadosiwhen
any thing is the matter with' them. .This-is
wrong. It is now asceradndid by the-beist
oeulists that shades injure the' sight instead
of strengthening it, from their creatin heat
and inflammation, in the parts effected. - If
the eye be injured, and light insuppo~rtble,
the best way is to tie a cool linen har.dkerchief
over it. We heard it stated as a curnors fact
that, when the Eniglish army rett rneis from
Egypt, those soldiers wvere least ansueted with
ophtalmia who had w ornnfr'ontn 'to their
hats.-Phila. Sat. Express.
Tir E UNKxoWN DEA.-A eB~hu Franciseo
corresponmdent, alluding to the deaths.by cholc
ra; says that the names of.many of the vic
tims are not published. "One uridertge~i, in
a single day, buried five persons whioa ~mbe
could not lie ascertained. :Ijfenarri'ie'fromh
the mines, or from sea, strangers" to almost
every one. Boarding in restaurants, and
paving for each meal at the- time, and.'for
their baidgings each night, in advance,.-they *
have no necessity to register their names, and 'T
hundreds of these men have died' within'a
fewi weeks iutterly unknown to the ionimi
Mrssissr-The returns of 22 countIes
in the southern district of Mississipishow
a white population of 66,863, and a slave
poulationi of 86,504-total, 153,367. .In
1840 the same counties contained 49,674 ~
whites, and 64,5-46 slaves-total, 1 14,220.-~
This is an increase in ten years 'of 39,147,or.
very nearly 35 per cent. There is emfr1ess s>
than .1 of I per cent, difference in thildatlve
increase of ulaves.'and -free posz the dif
ference being in favo t ~ -~
rat, of Key Westw~~et~o~
day last, U. S. Sen
eonsoidatio o hoWIsnle
ed Democemts. ''"