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Correspondence of the Cohubia Telegraph. I
Mr. EDIToR-This article is written with
the concurrence (f tany of your fellow-citi
zens, who have adopted a signature to give
e'xpression to all they can conceive of imagia
nimity, wisdom. courare and patriotism.
Asyou have had the goodness to copy the
admuir.ible address of the Edgelield delega
tion, to their constituents, your readers have
alreadv been informed that the Legislature,
at its fast session. enacted a bill to elect dele
gates to a Sottthtrn Congre. ss. and to call a
Convention of the people of the State ; and
they have, probably, thus been put in posses
sion of the ablest exposition that could be
made, of the whole proecedings on the pas
sage of that act. But if there should still
be any mis:pprehension as to the bill, in or
der fully to ascertain its character and pur
pose, it will be necessary to enter a li ttle into
daiil, for which we beg your indulgence.
Every member of the Legi.hnture, excepnt.
perhaps, one or two, when that body was de
liberating on the acts of the federal govern
ment relating to the interests and instittiions
of the slave-holding States, avowed that his
sole object, in the cotrse lie pursued, was to
procure a dissolution of the Union, at the
earliest practicable period. In regtrd to the
means to be employed, and the no'de of con
duct to be adopted, to produce such a result,
there was a ditYeretce of opinion. Mr. 31em
minger, Col. John S. Preston, Col. Chesnut,
and others, (if we miatake not.) maintained
that a disruption of the confederacy, in a short
time, was inevitable from the natural course
of events, and that a Southern confederacy
was possible of attainment, without any pre
eipitation, violence, or convulsion. They.
therefore, asked that the recommendations of
the Nashville convention be strictly observed,
and that no other measures be resorted to,
except such as were requisite to place the
State in an attitude of defence, and sotme
stringent policy regulations, which, after a
sharp strutggle, were rejected, as imptlitie and
inappropriate to the present juncture.
Tihe other portion of the metmbers, who
conist itutted at large majority of the legishai nre,
urged, on the contrary, that the Southern
Convention was, in fact, an abortion, and that
conseqtuently, its sutggestions w.ere not bind
ing. They saw a genertl acqutiesence, by
all the Southern Stattes in the compromise
sebemes._o the~ last sesrsion of Congirp
an'd con'idering the immense pattronage o1
the General Government, atnd the great cor..
rnptibility of politicians, they conceived the*
idea of "a uniotn of the South for the s:dke
of the Union," or of a Southern Confederacy.
attainable without a shock, to lbe utterly pre
p.>sterous. A Southern Congtess also occutr
red to them, as a thing wholly imipract ieuible,
until sonme of the States at the South hand
seceded, or in the unaipt phrase of the day.
plunged inito the midst of revolution. imi
pressed with these convictiotns, aind in view
of the repeated wrongs and otrages inflicted
upon uts, (which aill admltitted,) and sustained
by a high resolve to do their whole dttty itn
spite of conisequtencees, atnd to peril property.
life and aill, rather than beair the inifamy of
tame submission to injury, the ma~jority bold
ly declared, thait it was biecomitng in South
Carolina to go forthwith itnto Conventtion,
anti begini a s.epara: ion, if she wotultd pre
.srve untarinished, her bright honor-the he
gacy from a brave aind glorious anciestiy.
This being the state of the case, and such
the vie'vs of the Legishitlure, bills wvere drawnt
up by both parties embnlodvinig their senti
mnents. One was a bill to call a Cotnvemioni
of the peophe of thle State. and the other, :t
bill to elect depuities to a Sottthern Congress.
Tihe first passedl the Sena~te, byv mote than the
constitutional tmajority of two thirds, but was
lost in the Houtse, (75) seventy-live votinig
for it, and (.12) forty-two aigainist it. The
number of reptesentates being (1U) cite
hunidred and twemiy-four, (83) e.ighty-thiree
were required in the atiirmattive. The other
bill was then pressed by its frietnds~atnd wotuld
have met a worse faute, had noct the coniven
tioni bill, wit h some imodificationis, been added
to it as an amendment.
The resutlt of the whole contest was a
comtpromtise, submitted, ini formt, cin the next
dayv, 18th Decemtber, by Mr. Campb~iehl of
Charleston, wvhich passed the Hotuse by a ma
jority of. (109) one huntdred and ninie to (12)
twelve, receivitng nearly the unanimtotus vote
of the Senate, anid tihus became the laiw unider
which the State is now calted upion to elect
Asa the shortniess of the lime allowed the
people for chtoo-ing lit representatives, and
the length of the pieriodl that tmust elapse be
fore their services cant lhe usefulI, have beent
object t o, by at writer ini the South Carolinian,
undirer the 'signature of' " Alg.ernon Sydniey,"
it may be itmportumt to explain the cause of it.
The comprwomise spoken of, was princeipally
in regard to timie. Thte frietnds of a Conivent
tion, atnd of earl'. seplaraite State actionu,
deemed it folly, ai:d ant utnbeeotmiing he-ita
tiotn, to wvait for at Southern Conigress. w.vhich
was never to assemtble, or to loo~k to the
suggestions of an imnpoteint Natshville Coni
vention, whiose deliberatiotis had entirely fatil
ed to subserve atny valuable purpose, antd had
even thrown obstacles in the way of the ac
comphtlihmenit of out freedotm. But to gratti
fv the earnest desire of the other memberts
of the Hotuse, anid to promote the ha~rmnony
of the legislative coutnsels, they agreed to atct,
for ontce, on the supposition that the pro
eeedings of the coniventtion assemnbled at
Nashtville were obligratory- ont themt, anid that
a Southern Cotngress, by somte remnote piossi
bility, miight be organized. Front these coii
siderations, the time of the meeting of the
State Cotnventtion was postpotied. But to
give indicattioni and force to their act, anid to
pledge irrevocably, the State of South Caro
lina and the Legislature thereof, so long as
she regards her sovereign and sacred honor,
ad the rights of her citizens, to the most de
tcrmnined, atctive, and decisive resistance to the
oppressive aicts of the Feder~d Governiment
to Nullification, Secession, Revoltution, or to
a measure of any oter name by which our
State to action, without a enaigo almlOSt ui
racutlous in the aspect of our aflibirs, it was
determined to fix the election of delegates
at an C:irly period.
A similar reason moved those who in the
asoendancy to require that the convention.
should be called together by a simple inajori
tv of the legislature, who should also desig
inate the day For its meeting. They knew the
proneness of men to fltter and reed'e, on
the approach of a dreadful exijgeney, and they
were aware how diflicult it wa:s.vel for stout
hearted soldiers to "i fbce the music," on the
eve o a de.perate confliet.
The e'lerts likewise, that wvould be made,
during the course of the present year, by the
timid, and by interested and superannu ated
politicians to tamper with the legislature, and
to engender discord and disseminate strife in
its counlsel, met with due consideration ; and
SOm(e of tthe provions of' the bill, especially
those relating to time, were adopted with aii
eve steadily directed to such influence. To
speak frankiy, it was thouglit best that the
State should not only be committed to sepa
rate action, but that the work should actu:iily
be begun, in order to cherish and keep alive
the sprit of resis'ance, and to prevent the
bad effect oi the imiinds of tile people of those
specious argunents by which "the worse is
made to appear the better reason," and which
have often misled the truest and bravest men
ill all governients and in all ages of the
Should the Congress of the United States
become so infatuated by the victory it has ial
ready achieved over tile South-so confilet
of power, and so forgetful of right and the
const;iu:ion, as to perpetrate some foul ag- I
gresion calculated to rouse the sleeping spirit
of the slave-holdiig Staes, and to galvanize
their dead sensllitiies into life and motion,
by electing your delegates in February next,
ycu will put it in the power of the Governor
to call together a convention, authorized to
en-operate heartily and effetually with our
Rip Vam Winkle sisters.
If your delegates be wise men, it will be
an advantage both to themselves and to their
country, to have them chosen some months
antecedent to tile tile of their conveilg.
Being alive to tile vast responsibility, they
will incur by their acts, tlev will address
themselves diligently to theirdties, and be
come better instructed in them. Nor wili it
alter the case, if' a new issue, in tile mean
time, should arise. Tihe delegates are to re
present the will of tile people at tle time
they asseinble, and if they be good and hon
orible men, they will, unquestionably, sympa
thize with their constituents as mucl, and
render theimitelves as true exponents of their
wishes. tunder tile present manner of' election,
as if they were to be elected oil the day of
taking their seats.
Few gentlemen of information, will ven
ture to queition tile power of the Legislature,
to authorize, by two-thirds of its body, a ma
jorily of the samne, to fix a day for the meet
ing of at Assembly, which has already been
created by its supreme will. No one doubts
that the Governor may be inveited with such
autioritv ; and if so, it is appoarent, that the
majority of a body greater than he, may like
wise be so endowed. Besides, nearly the
whole Legislature voted finally for the con
vention bill. and it would take tile most glar
in incon.Siteey, n and the vilest defection
thait ever occurred in the legisldative anntals of'
any country, to atfee~t tile uhimlate ac'tionl of
thlat body, ill calling the dehegates together,
and ini complleting the preparations begun,
for muttintg the State in a defensive positionI.
We hlave thus attempted to ainswer the
I 0i:s: of exception, to tile chlief sets of t he
las' legislature, thlat the minds of "AIMernon
Sydney," and all othecri may b~e sat i.fied as to
tile p)ropriety and dignity of' its conduct, and
as5 to the loftiness and purity of its motives.
"Algernon Sydney" is a natme lnouts for
course,~' and deair t o liberty, and terrible to
dle:'i-pol ; and withlout any imipeachlment of
mlo'ives, w e trust it wvill niever be prostituted
to sow tile seedsk of' dissension, and to inicul
cste sutbmisoion to tx ranoy.
Sir: It will appear, from the foregoing
statement, that. we are ini truth, - ini die miidSt
of' greatt events"-on thle very verge of' a dis
solution of' a Union. hallowed by gr'eat s:-eri
Yotir legi.~dature lias dect'eed if. TIho inte
rests, the honor, and the fair famne of our
State have required it. The frienlds of cii
liberty through' ut the whole South have de
mn d~:d amid expected it of' us5,as the hlabituial
ad-;ociat es of free governmlent, and the w~or
his desc end~ants of' a boldl ra:ce of warriors.
IWe have now ito room to retreat, if' we were
mei~~an einoug~h to see.k it. If' we sink dowvn
ino sulbiion, we will desce'e toi be trod
den upon by the beasts of the field,.:md even
to beC er'iivled over hiv loaithisome reptiles aind
their " slimIy brood."' Let tts rather advance
fearleasly to thle task atssigned us, and like
men'i and freemen, hazard all in def'endintg the
rich heiitaige derived f'roml otur father's.
If South C.arolinians are not prepaired to
sacrifice their wealth, anid evenl to pour out
their blood if' needful to insure stu'cess, they
are itot pireplared foi' thtis emetrgency'~. Yes
sir, our c'oncep'htionls of' dut y must be elevatted
:above dollars :mnd cents,:md0 even thle peril of'
ouir lives, or we arec irreCtrieva~bly degraded
We who1l atddress you have this consrolationi,
ze'ns who are influenced ill their condtuct by
either thle fear of' shame or the love of' glory,
or lby ai just estimaite of the~ valuie oif liberty:
if, ini thle appr'oachling tial:, Soulth Cai'oiina
sh:.dl act ill ebar;.eter with hierself,~ though otir
mite for'I her ireasar'y lbe inronid~.eeraible, we
have bothI body' and sotul foi' her' sei'vice ; but
if she f::il to a:.'ert her digiiity atnd to protect
the chtie'est inte'rests of' her peoleL, t hougha
she be dearer to us thtan the apple of' ouir eve,
we are a.bsolved fronm our allegiance to het'
by her own wrtong.
'iThe woi'ld is all lbefore usa, whecre to chioose
Our place of rest, and Providenice 01ur gliude."
We c-in find perhaps. in a more generous
clitme, that freedom denied us ini the tlnd of'
our fathers. Jouix I[A~trnas.
CarrrTa . or- Ftont.--Resolut ions hiave
been introducee.into tile FloridaL Legislature
for' thle remioval of' the seat of go ernmltent
f'rom Tahhtssee to sonie other point. Cer
to se.lecit a suitale ltace to which'l remove it.
In tihe selection of' the site, they are to take
into considerat ion its centr'al position. healthy
locaition, and thle inlterest of' the State ait lairge,
and to repiort at the ntext sessIin of tile Legis
Tinr, AnT.SrAN WErLr..-Mr. Welton has
gone to tile depth of one thouitsanld feet and is
nowi engaiged in puttting down his tubes to
securie further operationls. For ntealy this
whole depthl, with the except ion of' occasiont
al boulders, lie ha~s cut thirought a bed of'
marl. We have not seen tile cemllical :inaly
sis, hut suchi is the appearml:ee. His latest
borings show a considerable inc'r'ue of'sand,
arnd tile rise of water atbove the surface is a
very h opeful indiention.-Charleston Mer'.
p:" Tus Legislatture of North Carolina
fitnily adjout'nied on WVednesday latst--theI
bill whichl had been before the two H-ouses,
providing for the caill of a Convention of' the
people of' the State, was rejected in fth
Senata e y vetonf 3i to 11.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1851.
The Rev. Mr. Bnooss will preach in the
Baptist Church of this place, every Sabbath
inorniig and afternoon, until the return of
3-5 WE call attention to the Advertise.
ment of VI.r.IA II. CnZAs, of Augusta.
It will be seen that great bargains may be had
at his establishment. We have heard some
things which lead us to believe this is no
,. Wr. have been requested by Brig.
Gen'). Join% R. WEvER, to statc for the infor
mation of the Officers of his Brigade, that by
an Act of the Legislature of December last,
commanders of compnmies are required to
drill their companies at least six times in each
gjT" The Rev. JosErii MooRE died at his
residence near this place on Tuesday morning
the 4th inst. The deceased was, perhaps, the
oldest minister of the Methodist denomina.
tion in the State. Hle was,in truth,a veteran
of the Cross. A crown of glory from his
master's hand will rewaid his faithful "hold
ing out to the end."
ANOTHER PRINTER GONE.
We have learned from a private source that
Mr. JAMES CoCHRAN. for several years fore
man in this office, died in Columbia on Sun.
day night last. le was a Masonand an Odd
Fellow, and, above all, had through a life of
usefulness, maintained the reputation of an
It will be remembered that the deceased
was the originator of the Jlamburg Republi
can. We trust he has ceased his labors be
low, for the enjoyment of eternal rest in
Those w ho wish an excellent thing of this
sort, would do well to call at Mr. LEIGH'S
rooms in the Spann Hotel. We direct atten
tion to his advertisenment. le is a South
Carolinian by birth, and, beyond doubt, caleu
lted to come up to his promises.
" WE, understand that, Miss ELIZA PE.
LOT intending this year to become a student
instead of an Instructress, her Elder sister
Miss CoRNELIA PELOT, the accomplished and
expe-rienced lady, who has t-muglt the last vent
in Dr. G. TENNANT'S family in this District,
has kindly consented to take charge of the
Primary Department of the Edgefield Insti.
tute. This is the more advantageous to the
Institution, as Miss P. is competent to con.
duct anmy class in the School.
HOPE OF TIlE ATLANTIC'S SAFETY.
A despath to the oilice of the Sterttes
Rliqhts .Rennmlavn. damu fnl ah,-re. pp1 9.
says:--"Thme Captain of the ship, Tarquin,
arrived at N. Y., reports seeing a large Ameri
ean steamer without bow-sprit, under sail,
steering for the Western Islands. The At.
lentic had no bow-sprit.
WVe give our readers to dayv, this article,
which appeared in a late number of the Tele.
graph. It is conceived, mainly, in a yery
proper spirit, andl gives a true delineation of
the causes which led to the action adopted by
the Legislat ure.
The author must piardon us for omitting
particulamr passage near the close of his piece
Our exclusion of that portion is a mere mat.
ter of taste.
Our readers willuobserve in this week's pa
per, that the nmamne of JTudge BUTLER, has beer
omitted in thme list of those, wvho have beet
proposed as Candidates for the State Conven
tion. This has beenm done by his friends here
after full consideration. Judge BUTLER wa!
not consulted before his name wvas announced
nor has lie been since consulted as to hi
wishes on the subject ; his absence and th<
short lime allowed before the election, havi
prevented it. IHis friends, after full reflection
have concluded, that a senmt, in the Conventioi
might be regarded by himu,as inconsistant witi
his duties as Senator in Congress, and al
though they have the most unlimited confi
dence in his patriotic devotion to the State
and know that his feelings are thoroughij
with her in her present position, they hayi
deemed it due, ais well to him as to the Stati
at harge, whose Representative lie now is, t<
withidraw his name as a Candidate for tI
The friends of Col. JOhN ]3wAUE-rr, at li:
requiest, beg leave respectfully to ainnounce
that lie is not a candidate for a seat in thi
State Convention; his naime is therefore with
dramwn from the list of those, who have beet
recommiended ams suitable candidates for thma
The names of Ansrn Pr~nnis, Esq., an
of Col. L. II. .\Uxvay, are also respectfuill:
Ef" I-r will be seen that the New Yori
legislators are giving indications of a dispos
ion to follow suit to the Vermont action i
reference to the Fugitive Slave Bill. " S<
mote it, be." As we are firmly convinced tha~
a union of feelinig can never be restored be
tween the two great sections, North an'
South, we~ hail, with the liveliest smt isfactiotn
every thing that tenids to hasten anid complet
the disrupt ion. WVe dread only a CJonmpro
mise. We detest the very word; because a
fr as lhe Sotith is concerned, it has evel
beemi but ainother name for concession, abso
lute conceessionh, without the return o1 at
equivalent. And now we are fully preparei
to say without reserve-lot Sewardisqm pro
vail throughout tho Free States-nothinh
could be more fortunate for the SouthI. Om
ranks would be closed at once, our front form
.an ,a lin p,,s,,,-. long, firm invincible
Orn readers will perceive that We Ivte
laid before them to-day the article which was
heralded in our last. It vras said of that trti
cle, "its views coincided with our own."
Tis we now promptly retract, and beg that
all will excuse us for our first editorial slip.
We had but glanced overit in great haste for
the purpose of catching the authoFs %iews,
and our decil was fidgetting, in equal has'e,
to catch the script front under the pen, as the
latest moment had arrivtd for going to press.
In this way, we overlooked the concluding"
portion of our correspordent's article. which
we have since discovered. contains the very
pith and marrow of his iews.
From this part, we am forced to say, with
all possible respect for our correspondent's
opinions in general, we entirely dissent.
The main portion of bii. positions, in point of
number, we still admit are in unison with out
own views, and, indeed, they would form no
unapt preface to the declaration of the most
ultra advocates of separate State action.
These give no other evidence, than that they
are from the pen of one, who feels, as w
know our correspondent does, the deep and
righteous itdignation of a down-trodden and
insulted freeman, who looks in vain for any
chance of escape, other than that which is tc
be found in the strong arm of resistance.
We regret that so noble an expression o;
genuine truth and sterling patriotism, con
eludes with a position so incompatible wit:
our humble, yet fixed opinion of the onl3
course that will lead Us, speedily and safely
into the port of security and prosperity.
The first mis.givings which crossed o.
mind in following up the writer's thoughts
occurred at tle sentence which says "ti
only remedy adequate o the salvation of th<
South and her institu ns lies in the separa.
tion of this Union and the establishment of
Southern Republic." We italicize merely t<
convey our notion of the point intended.
These mis-givings were again swept away it
part, and our whole soul would go with thi
setntiment which soon follows, were it isola
ted. "I can see no way of hope, no groun
of safety, short of secession." This, withou
qualification or proviso, is our creed. W
cannot therefore concur with the closing re
marks of our worthy correspondent, wherei
he says that the State. is not ready for thi:
important step, and that to act alone will b<
attended with ineonceivable hazard and ma
result in disastrous defeat. We maintaii
that the very reverse of this will be the mori
probable consequence; that it will-be attendei
with but little hazard, as compared with th
magnitude of the interests involved, and tha
ultimate and glorious success will crown th
undertaking. But, 3. we have accepted fo
publication thte article of "SEssx," we pre
fer, as a matter of courtesy, not to join issui
with him particularly, on the argument wvhieh
our difference of opitton suggests. We giv<
in another place our general views on thi:
THE MOU'.-tIN SIGNALS
''Te Editor of thti. WVeekly is untnecessati
ly miffed wvith us, out necouttt of a brief no
tiee we made of it in our last.
Knowittg full well thtat no good is to b<
effected, by disputing wvith thtose of our Geotr
gia neighbors, who look upon a dissolutimi
of this Union as so dreadful a catastrophte
we forbear comnmentittg upon thte Signal,
Catndor cotmpels us to say that we meanm
no disparatgement, by speatkintg of thtat shtee
as a "miediumr" one. Our pubilisher regatrds
the term as applicable to a pa~per of (one gradi
smaller size. That we do not understatt
"priter's parlance," as thtoroughly ats tdoe:
Iour eotemtporary of thte Siguna, is our tmisfot
We. did not speak of l.is plicis as bein
itself indijfre~nt, but of htis p:aper as indicai
It ing in th at number, nto leaning towards th
prittciples of anty particular party. T1his wva
We tnow see whtere hte stantds. and give id.
all necessary credit for his ittdependence.
& 'WE thank our brother of thte Repu1
lie (Augusta) for the following generous ex
pressionis, wvhich we extract from a noble edi
torial of his, upon South Carolina. South
ern Editors of every party ! in heaven's natt<
eatch up thte sp)irit antd sentd tus furthter shout
of encoura gement. It matkes us feel tha;
vietory wvill surely percht upon0 otur banners
To the rescue-to thte rescue ! In esponsing
our cause, you butt espouse y~our owvn.
"We believe, before God, Itat itf tl l th
Southtern State~s had occuied thte positiotn .
*Southt Carolitna, the sun would never* har
shtone upon0 a Sothertt wrtong. iHer spirn
whlich is described as so hideous and t reasot
ablec, IS tihe spirit of '76. It isthec spirit of '0
atnd 9. It is the spirit of' freemen. We pr~g
y et, for Southern uttion-for such utniont her
as will make our Northern assailatnts tretmbh
-at thteir injustice. Ilut if it should hap'pet
that it will not. be efeted-tha~t we will be
divided and distracted people, and Sou~ t hCmi
olina shall be lost to us-shtall put hter tru.~
in God attd hter own arm-we trust tat de
Ivotees of freedomt maty be foun~d upotn lanc
antd navies mttay arise upon the se.'s, to 1en
hback her invasive foes anid crowvn wvith viet(
rious~ itnviteihihitv lher itnntortal efrort to cot
tnue free attd itndependentdetnt."
FrGITrlvE SI.AvE ARREsTE.D.-A fugiitiv
,slave was broughtt before Commissioner 31
IAlister on yesterdaty, attd remandedC~ to hi
Iowners. ie wa~s one of theo party that lel
witht thte negroes thtat Mr. Taylor arroste
h iere in Autgust last. Hie was sattisfied to g
Iback-said before thte cotsmissionetr that It
(lid ttot know lhe was rtttting away wvhett ht
left--that. his associattes itnvitced hhtn to aL wed
ding up thte cottutry, but heo acLcompan:ttied Ihlet
to P'etnnsylvania. Hie said hte was satistic<
with his experietnce itt Pennslyvania, att
wvoutld have gone back before, if' he had know:
the wvay, atnd coutld htave ret:rtned contveiet
EFFECT OF SUDDEN FORTUNE.-A mal
tnmed Henry Woods, itt Newv York, o
hearing thte othter day that lhe httd beetn leJ
a legacy of $5,000 by the death of a relativ
in Scotlatnd, itmmediately quit work, go
drutik, nttd the next mornitng wats fount
WHAT Do WE IMEAN BY THE SEARATI
ACTION OF SOUTH CAROLINA?
The exercise of her inherent sovereignty
act an1 independent commnonwe-alth, in anl
ling a comilaet, which other parties, contract
ingm with her, have grossly violated.
What are we to lose by this action? I
cnnot be honor-for it is the very soul o
hontir. with communi:ies as with individul.
to resist a wrong at its first appearance, au1
we have horne nr wrong. until patience her
self is wearied with our delay. It cannot bi
wealth-for it is notorious tlit the unitijust ex
actions of our oppressors have drained on
coutry' of a sui suflicient to have dotted i
over witdh gilded palacesi. It ennnot be terri
torv-forwe have yielded already our indispu
table right of possession to pros inces, ampl:
large enough to accommodate a new natioi
It e-nnot be ime-for, if our history doe
not undorg.o :m entire Thange within a brit
period, our very natme must become a byc
word and a reproach thre ughout the earth.
Will it be said that by this act. we m::y los
our very existence is a people, and with i
our all! We reply, better thus thanu to live !
the end of time, with our individuality marke
only by dikgrace and poverty and barrennes
Bit we cannot think, that any Carolinia
will be detered, from pursuing the only cours
that comporth with our honor and plighte
word, from a fear of the consequences; espec
ally when it is matter of belief with many, th:
continued adherence to the Union will be th
more disastrous policy. In all such calculz
tions of mere dollars and cents, wo lose sigh
entirely of the high issue we are making ul
Let it be continually borne in mind, thi
the contest, now being waged between th
antaigonistic sections (if our Ccnfederae
Lmust result in the complete vindication c
the Reipublican principles tipon which ou
system stands, or in their utter destructior
I Let it be clearly understood that South Cal
olina secks a termination of this conter', tipa
higher groutd than that of sectional intei
est-the ground of right, broad and unquei
tionable-that site will not consent longer t
any indefinite post plonement of this termin:
tion, because she sees clearly that it is b
another name for delav-delay-delay, a
infintittimn. If there were any reasonabl
ground for believing that aty addition,
strength is to be gained by a temporary poe
ponement of her action, then might she, wit
some propriety, pause in her onward coursi
[ But whence is it to come! Upotn what is th
expectation of such strength predicated?
Upon some future aet of tyranny on the pal
f the Federal Congres, which is to kindle
bl:wze of resistance throughout the entir
South-a sipposition resting upon a suip<
sition. Vain expectattion indeed ! Thos
who indulge it, to use a homely addage
"reckon withtout their host."~ They forgi
the wily enemy, wvith wvhtom they' have to den
Erwj.. fatnatici-mn. w~hien united with Yankc
cunning, has some method in its madtness.
And it is idle to imagine that it will hastd
risk the loss of any advantage gained. Is
not more rational to conclude that a foe, s
sagaceious as thmo one we strive with, will eens
for awhtil, his attneks, utntil he sees that th
sting of the old wountd is partially forgotte:
anid. when lie finds that the gradual progre:
of timte and of change have dtulled the edg
of outr setnsibility, that hie will strike onc
more at our ittterest and otir hotnor? An
thuts may thte day of our increased strengi
Mlr. Calhoun, in one of his latest speeche
assured uts of his belief that, the present 0]
Iport unity lost, we might struggle in vain ft
the futur'e. Atnd hte wats certauinly gifted wit
a degree of preseienceL, whlich few men has~
puossesed. May we no(t look upon this pr
pheliei retmark( as a revelautiont, dlielosed to
mitL'ty mintd, statndinig between two world:
Weighed in the balatnce with this advice
Sour great, depatrted hnge, do not the over.cal
tionis suggestio~ns of thtose, who would sti
Ihave us ''watch and wait," kick the bear
witht the quickness of thought! Whal
watch the robber until he shall have borne c
our emire tre:sture and sha~ll then turn upt
us with a nckitng lngh of triumph ? Wv
until the raivin~g maniac shall have pl:-.eed tI
datgger-point agaist our heart amd then era
enly v ue tor a mnadm:mn's merey' ? Call du
Supon ottr mnetnories the excrations of ag
to comei, by tamely aequiescing ini a polit
2which urges us to tarry, until we atre "bout
hand :and foot ?" Surfe~r ourselves to be lullh
ito quiet by the political delusion of tho:
who cry "discretion, di..eretion,"~ wh'en ti
torch has alreidy been applied to thte temp
and the flames aro mounttinig high ? Fre
men of' Southt Carolinat, b:anl.h the thought
reject the ::dvi~c a if' yoult would save youurselvi
a nd y'our homes frotm irre'paratble ruin.
L'Athens listened to thte soothhng oratory
iEschtin's, until l'hilip of Maedon had pl
htis artny upon the m~ureb, and then, not ev<
the overwhelmtintg eloqtuence of' Demosthent
- tired as he wats by thte purest patriotisnm, coui
arouse her people to a pitch of cnthusias
atnd grallanttry', sutllicietit to avert a shamef'
-detfeat. WVe are not as yet, it is true, intt
abject situation in whtich the Greciatn Stat
were att that time ; butt the danger, which it
Ipen~d, it' not met pr'otmptly, will prove great
Sthani the powver of Macedot.
We mea noCtt 1 disrespect to our sister Stat
Iof thte South, by thtus takitng our own caui
inmte our ownt hands. It is ttot the poor and
tion of leading off in a great muoveme nt, 1
- hwhich we are impelled, but a deep sense
our boundent duty to ourselves and our pc
terity'. WVe throw ourselves into thte brene
with thte same feelinig that led thme l'almetto
-to thme charge at Churtubuseo, because web
lieve it is the clearest, anud peraps, theo ont
road to victory. Our Southern brethren wu
not surely fail to give us credit for purity m
disinterestedness of purpose. The good am
true meni, of tihe North eveni, will eventual
admtit that wve are but contending for the jet
. jnuti..e. 'The w..r..d will nn,-einte ti
holy motives that have driven us to action and
its sympathies will flow with our cause.
But, even should these cherished anticipa-1
tions be " broken to the hiope," it is certain
hat our si-p of State is already rocking on
the billow, which is to bear her out alone, if
it must be so, upon her g:dlant cruise.
A Publie Meeting of the citizens of Edge
field Di.4trict. was held at the Court Iou~se,
onl Monday the 3d instant, of which the fol
lowing k a conlensed account.
On motion of Mr. ABNEY, the Ifon. N. L.
GRIFFIN, was called to the Chair, and Col.
AnRuT SIMKiNS, was appointed Secretary.
The Chairman, in explainivg the object of
the Meeting, said that it was no improper
time to make a few remarks as to the action
of the Legislat tire at its recent Session. le
would fearlessly announce that this action
looked to a separation of the State from the
Union at no distant day, and it was predica
ted upon a full knowledge, on the part of
Senators and Representatives, of the intelli
gence, the spirit and the unanimity of their
constituencies. They had abundant proof
that the people, who elected them, were
thoroughly acquainted with the issues in
volved in this struggle, and that they were
determined that the time for submission to
Northern injustice, must end at once.
He referred any one, who might doubt the
propriety of this conclusion, to the history
of South Carolina since the days of '33.
There they would read this strong resolve
traced in the strongest characters.
t Ile knew, that it would be an offence to
the patriotism of Edgefield, to suppose that
her people were not up to the mark.
t Ie explained the apparent clashing be
0 tween the two branches of the Legislature,
in devising tho Convention bill. By the ope
ration of this bill, the State would be, after
r Moiid;y next, virtually in Convention-and
- prep:ired for all contingences. Ile had but
little hope from a Southern Congress, fearing
n it might prove but another Nashville Con
vention. The real question, lie thought, is
- now, as it will be then, shall we act alOno or
> subinit? If the Southern Congress fail, then
South Carolina must secede alone! (Great
t iipplause.) lie saw no danger in the issue,
1 and, for one, was prepared to meet it.
0 Col. BA;SKETT, said he would rather be
I permitted to attend to his private duties
-which required much of his attention, but if
11 lie was needed to fill up the dance, he was
ready to take a hand, and "tread a measure."
C He had no disinclination to being chosen
- a Miber to the Convention, on account of
t its responsibilities, or on the ground of op
a position either to that mcasure or any other
e which was acted upon by the hst Legislature.
I- He :aw nothing in the members of that body
C lbut a paitriotic devotion to the State, its inter
:a ests and its honor, anid lie believed that all
t their acts were governcd by that lofty sen
e The Eldetadaligation preferred the
- immediate call of a Convention, as the body
v best qualified to represent the sovereignty of
t the State, and to consider the great questions
o of a Southern Confederacy and separate
oState action. They ylded their supp)ort to
ethe Bill that passed rather than adjourn with.
iout any acetion whatever.
If lie had a vote in the Convention, with
eout a good prospect of the formation of a
SSouthern Coinfederney, he would give it be.
dfore the adjournment of that body, for the
htotal separation of South Carolina.
H~e hiad no idea that the government would
~attempt to force us back into the Union, in
. ease of Secession. Hie believed that the
r ballot-box of the North would decide in
hfavor of a sepa'ration of the Shave-hiolding
.fronm the non-Slave-hoiding States. Their
. teinaticism, for once, has got the advantage of
a Itheir avarice. But should the government
!l attempt to coerce South Carolina, the right
f of a State to secede from thme Federal coin
. pact, would be a preliminary question for de
ll cision. All the Southern, and niany of the
. Western States maintain that right, and
! therefore they would be eompelled to sustain
ty vs. Our only difference wvith our sistors of
n thie South is in the sufliciency of our prove.
t cation; but if a State has the right to secede
ewith a cause, it has the right to secede with
.. out a cause, for under the Constitution, it is
n, in the last resort, the only judge of such a
*s cause. Ini the end, we will be fored~ into
y Isecession, or subjected to a servile wvar. It
ad is better to secede even now.
d IGen. Bosur., said lie h:.d not der.ired a
eC seat in the Convention, feeling the great rce.
ponsibility of that position. He had not, du
hringr the whole of his life. devoted as nimell
time, to serious reflection, upomi any political
_question as upon this. And lie had come tr
the conclusion that no mani, ini South Care.
linaz, laid a right to refuse acting as a dele,
gate in this important body, it it were thec
twish of th e people that lie should do so
Under this conviction, he could not withidran
his name from the list of those whlo wert
Iwilling to serve their couiitry at this trying
to beard'-d the object of the Conventior
tobactive preparaution for another Govern,
iiinit--the present deserved to exist iio Ion
ager-and the course idain to all, was, to takt
into our own hands, as soon as possible, the
r intittin ofsuch other Government, eithiei
in concert with other Southern States, oi
S" solitary and alonc."
Hie would confess that the question hiad
niade him pause. It was clear that, if th<
Sother Southern States wvent with us, we
would be united, in a contest that must bt
~eminently triumphant. If not, the question
though startling, must be decided, " What ib
South Carolina to do ?", It would be well tc
count all thme consequences with care.
H le thought there might be a collision be.
tween South Carolina and the Federal Gov.
dernument-but that there was no possibility
1of any other collision than such as might
originate by an illegal act of the Federal
'Government, in collecting our revenue upon
me the igh, snna
He believed it would be well to make an
effort to obtain the co-operation of our South
ern sisters. If this could not be done, then,
of course, we must secede alone; for we are
steeped to the lips in pledges to take this line
of action. If assistance be denied to us,
we may suffer-we may )e overwhelmed, (al
though this is a remote possibility,) but,
whatever may befalul us, we must advance
steadily and boldly.
Col. lIA-unOND (being called out) said it
was with tuch diflidence he arose, but he
felt it his duty to respond. Ile was no speak.
er,-had come to the meeting without pre
meditating any particular views or preparing
any set phrases for the occasion. lie con
fessed he had no thought of being elected
he was not known-had never canvassed the
District, and was doubtful up to the last half
hour, whether or not to decline. But, when
now compelled to make a decision, he felt that
this was like a call to arms. le was bound
to his State by many strong ties, eivil and
military, and when her bugle called to battle,
he desired to be in the foremost phalanx.
lie believed the true question to be the
broad one, shall South Carolina secede with
out counting upon any certain aid? le did
not doubt that abundant aid, would in truth,
be at hand. le knew from good anthority'
that even one-half of Georgia would die by:
South Carolina. But laying this considera
tion aside, lie thought that the Convention,
when it did meet, should declare for seces
sion. The reputation of the State demanded
it. That reputation could only be increased
by advancing it to a higher niche.
Major Ho0M3Es, was for a Southern Con
gress first-then for any course that would
lead at once to " Equality or Independence."
Capt. HAansox was convinced that the
people were right in demanding the opinions
of every man before them. lie said he was
a South Carolinian in every way-ho had
thought, by his own fire-side, upon the dan
ger that surrounds us, and when he saw, that
by quiet submission he would be instrumen
tal in bequeathing to his children the hateful
lot of slaves, he was ready for immediates
cession-or even a stronger course; if any
such be feasible.
Mr. SHEITARD expressed his senseof
gratitude to those who were so kind to hiim
and confident in him, as to nominate him for
this high position. He felt that the South
was an over-match for the Worth in every
way. le was for secession alone as a last
Mr. IHAmXoND, embraced the opportunity
to say for Col. PicKEss, (who was absent)
that he (Col. P.) pronounced the conclusios
drawn by others from the article, " Argernon
Sydney," not conformable to his own un
derstanding of those views-that he was dis
tinctly for separate State action, when re
lieved from the pledges of the Nashville Con
Mtr. CARWElE had not sought or desired the
post for wii~
but he did not wish to aper esrn
shirking its responsibility by delii
ter South Carolina had used proper exertion~.
to procure Southern co-opeiation, he was for
Col. BoUKNI;GHT had replied through the
Advertiser, H~e would now only repeat, that
he was first for the establishment of a South
ern Confederacy, and if this were not prae,
ticable, he was then for single State action.
Major WVA2sos was for a Southern Con
gress, and would only resort to State action
as a last hope.
Dr, LAKE had already expressed his views
in the dietrict paper. ie wvould desire to
secure a combination among the Southern
States; but, if this could not be done, he
was also fur determined resistance by South
Dr. R EADY was distinctly for a separation
alone, if no other State would join us. Hie
regarded the side of secession as the side of
salvation,-the side of submission, the sido
of shivery. If South Carolina failed, all
hope was gone-if she acted, all wvas safe.
All the Candidates present having been
henrd, it was resolved, on motion of Mr. AD
DIRoN, that the proceeding of the meeting bo
published in the Advertiser, and then, on mo
tion of Mr. ABSEY, the meeting adjourned, to
meet ag:ain on next sale-day.
N. L. GRIFFIN, Cumnas.
A. SIKINS, SECnKETARY.
Fon TnlE ADVE1\TISafn.
To thie People of 4seelol Wiitrict.
Without desire on my pardstnd without
consultation in the matter, through the kind
noss of friendms, I find uy name before the
Ipeople of Edgefield, for a seat in the State
Convention: And fearing the imputation of
shrinking from responsibility, in the critical
oondition of our Federal relations, I am con
strained to maintain the position, whicht has
been assigned n~e.
Acknowlegding, b.roadly, the right of the.
people to know the sentiments of those who
arre propored to act as their representatives.;
I do nothlesitate-to avoiw my convictionis
frankly, and the course I should pursue, if
investod iith power.
The subiject of our difficulties with the
Fcderail Government and the "Free Soil"
States, has been discussed to exhaustion.
Nothing new can be advanced at this period.
It; as I firmly believe, the people are enlight
ened, and have formed their conclusions ont
the issues involved, all argument becomes
useless. The time for action has arrived.
And the essential question to be decided, is,
u hether South Carolina should in any evenlt
secede from the Confederacy, without tip
co-operation of the other aggrieved 8itates.
To this, I answer unequivocally, Yes, This
course, Is duo to her character, without con
sidering any of her pledges. It Is due to the
cause, in which she has been the advanced
guard for fifteen yrears; and if sacrificed,
crushed, no nobler monument will be found
on the record of history, than that she per
i-shed, the forlorn hope, in defence of the