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From the State-Rights Republican.
RichLamd Lodgo, No. 39, A. '. M.
COLUMBU, Feb. 5,1851.
Extracts from the minutes. The follow
ing preamble and resolutions were, on mo
tion, unanimously adopted:
Whereas, Thel hand of death, by permis
Sion of an allwise God, in the dispensations
of His providence, has been laid upon our
trusty brother, James Cochran, and he is now
enrolled with eternity's countless millions;
and whereas it is a duty we owe the memory
of our deceased brother, to give public ex
pression to our approbstion of those quali
ties of head and heart, which made him a
useful Mason, a good husband, a kind neigh
bor, and a valuable member of the communi
ty, in his sphere of life; be it therefore, Re
1. That in the death of our brother James
Cochran, Free Masonry has lost a zealous
craftsmen. his family an indulgent husband
and father, the profession in which lie had
grown gray, an industrious and honorable
member, and his large circle of acquaintances
a warm and generous friend.
2. That we deeply sympathize with the
family of our deceased brother, who have
been thus suddenly deprived of their best
earthly friend and protector.
3. That a copy of this preamble and reso
lutions be sent to the widow of our deceased
4. That a copy be sent to Concordia Lodge
Edgefield C. H., of which Lodge Brother
Cochran was a member.
5. That a copy be sent to Brother Albert
G. Mackey, for publication in the Masonic
Mfiseellany. Also, that the papers in Colum
bla be requested to publish the same.
L B. BECKWITH1, See'ry.
Tribute of Respect.
At a meeting of the Printers of Columbia,
held in the Town Hall, at 9 o'clock on Tues
day morning the 4th instant, A. S. Johnston,
Esq., was called to the Chair, and 0. P Fitz
gerald appointed Secretary. On motion of
Mir. Calroacomimittee~was appointed. consist
ing of Messrs. 0. P. Fitzgerald, L. -. Jones
and J. LPennington, to draft a P'reamble
and Resolutionls suitable to the occasion, who
repoted hf olowi eh ereunani
W7 ~ . i tion' of His Provi
dence, / .~ from our midst our highly
esteem~lfftnl~rfidbrflii,~JA31ES CoeHR AN
Resolved, That we have heard, with deep
regretsis death of our beloved friend and
brother, JASIES COCHRAN, whereby our frater
nity has lost one of its most worthy members,
the'community has been deprived of an lhon
est man and useful citizen, and his fazmily
have lost an affectionate husband, father and
Resolved, That whilst we deeply1 feel the
loss we have stustaine.d, we tender to the famn
ily of our deceased brother our sincere and
heartfelt sympathy in their sudden and unex
6 Resolved, That we will, in a body, attend
our brother's remains to their latst resting
Resolved, That we will wear the usual
badge of mourning for thirty days.
Resolved, That a copy of these proceed
ings be transmitted to the family of the de
Resolved, That we tender our thanks to
the Intendant and Wardens for the use of the
Resolved, That the above be published in
the papers of this Town.
A. S. JOHNSTON, Chairman.
0. P. FITZGERAL.D, Secretar,.
THE EXECUTIVE OF MfSSISSIPI.-The Jack
son (Miss.,) Union of the 31st ult., says:
"We learn from reliable authority, that it, is
now certain that Governor Quoitman has, or
will resign his office of Chief Magistrate of
Mississippi, and on Monday next, leave for
New-Orleans in obedience to the writ issued
against him, by his honor Judge Gholson,
for an alleged participation in arratnging in
the Unted States, the neccessary preparation
for the late invasion of Cubai, under the com
mand of Gen, Lopez.
We are authorized to state the fact, that
the writ issued against Governor Quitman, is
,7not a gainst him as John A. Quitman, Gohrer
zor- of the State of Mississippi, but simply
sgainst John A. Quitman.
The duties of the Executive ofice will
devolve on the Hion. John 1. Guion, President
of the Senate, for the remainder of the guber
45 - 0
WE ARE gratified to learn (says a St. Au
gustine paper) that the property heretofore
known as Drayton Island, at the outlet of
Lake George, has been recently purchased by
Dr. J. C. Calhoun, of S. C son of the late
lamented Senator Calhoun. He has given
to the place the beautiful name of Anzie, by
which it will hereafter be know. We under
stand Dr. Calhoun intends immediately to
transfer his residence to Florida.
(X? SENTEicED.-Thomas Knight, jr., who
was convicted of voluntary manslaughter, for
killing Hughes in Macon, has been sentenced
by Judge Stark to four years imprisonment
in the P'enitentiary.-Augusta Constitationi
SSTATE GovERohtS.-It is a remarka
ble fact that in twenty-five, out of the thirty
one States, there are now Democratic Gover
nors. Thef6 States which have WVhig Gover
nors, are termont, Rhode Island, New-York,
tPennsylvania, Florida and Kentucky.
J@" YuceATAN.-Late aeccounts, via Hava
n, contradict the report of a pronunciamento
in Yucatan, against the Mexican goverment,
i AnozrxIoN CONVENTIoN.-Th~e aboli
tionists of Connecticut arc to hold a State
Cohvention, at Harord, on the 12th of Feb.
ruary, for the purpose of nominating a State
MONUMENT TO 3Aion AND LIEUT. TWIGGS.
-The Philadelphia papers state that a beau
tiful monument has just been completed in
tliat city to the memory of the late Maj. Levi
Twifs., and his son Lieut. George Decatur
Twiggs, both of the United States army, and
both of whom lost their lives during the
Mexican war: the former at the storming of
Chapultepec, and the latter at the National
Bridge, near Vera Cruz. The monument is
to be placed in Laurel Hill cemetery.
EDGEFIELD, N. C.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1851.
A district meeting will be held at this place
on the FIRST MONDAY in next month, to dis
cuss the grave political questions that now
agitate our people.
THE following gentlemen have been elect
ed delegates to the State Convention for this
di.trict. Their names stand in the order in
which they were elected.
F. H1. WARDLAW,
M. L. BONHAM,
F. W. PICKENS,
R. B. BOUKNIGHT,
APPOINTMENT BY THE GOVERNOR.
Tubonms G. KEr esq., has been appointed
by His Excellency Gov. MEANS, Magistrate
of Edgefield District, for the Village of Edge
6 SPIRIT OF '32."
Tr first, of a series of articles over this
signature, appears in our paper to-day. We
would not attempt to forestall the opinion of
our readers as to the merits of this writer;
and will therefore only say, that he is a native
of our district and well qualified for the task
he has undertaken. We hope our readers
will not be deterred, by the length of his
pieces, from giving them an attentive perusal.
IRREGULARITIES OF THE MAILS.
WI enter our complaint against the irregu
lar arrival of Charleston papers at this place.
Since the first of January, there have been
five failures of this sort. Some oflice does
not answer the purpose of its creation.
Whidb is it? We call attention to this, as a
TOWN OF EDGEFIELD,
For the information of persons concerned,
we publish the following:
W. W. ADAMS, Intendant.
E. F. TEAGUF, HI. R. SPANN, Jons Lros
and P. F. LABOnDE, Wardens.
E. J. Mxars, Clerk and Treasurer.
C. M1. GnAY, Marshal.
The meetings of Council arc held every
Monday morning at the oflice of the Inten
dant. Captains :of Patrole, arc required to
IT will be seen by reference to the notice
of RHETT & RossoN, in this paper, that or
ders for this article of manure can be filled
to any amount by this firm. The cost is $55
a ton or 20 ewt, making the cost per cwt,
about $2.75. Severnd of our fairmers intend
buying it this year ; some experiments, made
in this neighborhood last season, having con
vinced thenm, that by proper adaptation, it
can be made eminently beneficial.
GEN. H.UIMOND'S OR.ATION.
WXE are indebted to the kindness of a par
ticular friend, for a copy of Gen. HIAMMOND'S
'"Oration on the Life, Character and Services
of JonNs CAu.DWEL.L CAL.HOUN."
We have just finished an attentive study of
this production, and, speaking of it as a whole,
we have never arisen from the enjoyment of a
richer intellectual feast, or one served up in
more beautiful style. It is a literary and his
toric gem, worthy of being set in the most
costly and durable casing. The author, wvhile
tendering this noble tribute to the unequalled
genius amnd virtue of CamhOUN, has bestowed
upon his fellow-citizens a priceless treasure,
and has obtained, for himself, the first rank
among orators and eulogists.
We leave to some less enraptured admirer
of his subject, the critical exposition of the
writer's defects, if any real ones there be;
and would only advise every Southerner, who
desires to learn " multum~ in piarco" of the
great A postle of Southern Rights, to procure
a copy of this skilfully arranged and tho
roughly digested Oration.
WELL DONE, GREENVILLE I
AN enormous waggon-load of Brooms
passed through our village, the first or this
week, from a manufacto:-y near Greenville
C. IH. Upon seeing this broom-onmnibu~s
drawn up in our plaza, we wvere off to our
offce to offer an oif hand congratulation to our
house-keepers upon the present prospect of a
"' clean sweep ;" but happening to look back,
wve perceived that the wagon was off also.
Upon inquiry, we discovered that the entire
load, ($500 worth) was engaged to some
dealer in the city of Augusta. Hearing this
state of the ease, one of our waggish villagios
perpetrated the following :
Sister Georgia, Carolina
Sends you greeting--and some brooms,
And shte hopes that you will find a
Full supply for all your rooms.
Swecep your chambers morns and evens
Sweep with Carolina brooms
And from your councils swecep out Stevens
Howell Cobb and Bobby Toombs.
gg WVE admit that our good friend of
the ANDEnsoN GAZETTE has " touched us up"'
very completely on an allusion, made in one
of our late nunmbers, to his mountain district.
If every blow editorial were dealt in such
genuine, good spIrit, there would be few hard
thmmughtu-twen the members of our broth
erhood. We are much more than recompen
sed for thelittle trouble of writing a par.
graph, by the pleasure his reply to it has af
We said what we did, brother GAZETTE,
"not that we loved Piekens less, but that we
loved Edgefield more."
WE cannot forbear adding, that personal
observation has lead us to the conclusion, that
in the mountain country proper, although
there may be less of the frrer and the ague
and the chills" than with us, there are many
more of the real "talloic-faced" specimens of
humanity. Whether this be attributable to a
too frequent use of the clay-root, or to the
imbrowning influence of their primeval pur
suits, we will not pretend to say.
NEWBERRY AND LAURENS ERECT.
WE observe with delight, that the Candi
dates for the Convention in these two dis
tricts, have, with scarcely an exception, de
clared for separate State Action. This is
what we expoeted from those spirited com
munities. It is, indeed, what we expected
from every part of the State. We are sorry
to say that this expectation has not been reali
sed to the full. In several districts, there
are indications of declension of feeling.
But as far as we can ascertain, this tempori
sing tone, even there, will be rebuked at the
ballot-box. In a day or two,it will be known,
into whose hands, are committed the destinies
of our people. We have no fears as to the
result, being convinced that an overwhelming
majority of the Convention will stand im
moveable, upon the ground which the State
has already distinctly taken.
PUBLIC MEETINGS OF TIlE PEOPLE.
IT is proposed to hold meetings of our citi
zens, monthly, to consult and exchange views
in reference to the present alarming difficul
ties, that lie in the way of a perfect enjoy
ment of our rights. We trust there will be
no effort to throw a damper upon this very
laudable purpose. We know full well that
our people are true as steel to the holy cause
of Southern resistance. It is no fear of inde
cision in our ranks, that has led to this propo
But, if ever we had cause to meet in our
primary assemblies, to disseminate light and
information, to arouse the dullest laggard into
life and to perfect unanimity in our midst, we
have such cause now. We should come to
gether, like brothers, who have a great and
common interest at stake, and, placing shoul
der to shoulder, we should study to brace
each other's weaknesses and temper each oth
er's temerity. We should consult like com
panions, who have embarked in a high and, it
may be, difficult enterprize, the success of
which will ensure to us, our children and our
children's children, famne, and wealth, and pow
er, and happiness for ages to come.
It has been often repeated that we are in
thme conjunction of mighty issues, and we
trust it is now universally realized. It does
appear .evident that we live in the most im
Snt er t:ahng -'U
cau flie very test-period of modern re
publiennism. Thme lights, that arose beyond
the wide waste of waters, wvithin the few last
years, to cheer and reanimate the hopes of
Freedom's devotees, have, one by one, paled
their ineffectual rays, until there is now left,
but a single fitful gleam ; and that is fast as
suming the lurid hue of despair. To Ameri
ca, then at last and to her alone, is left the
honorable task of enacting the beautiful but
diflicult drama of self-government. And
evenm she, alas! poor country ! is much nearer
the awful tragedy of mis-rule and bloodshed.
Unless, indeed, some angel of light shall be
commissioned from H-eaven's high chancery
to roll back the tide that is bearing us on to
anarchy, our Republic must fall into ruins.
Is it not a time, people of the South, for
each man of us to render to his neihbl'or the
help of his advice and the stay of his encour
argement ? The bright goddess, wec have so
long and so devoutly wvorshipped, stands by
in tears. She points to the land of the Pal
metto and the Magnolin, as containing at least,
a remnant of her noble race, and she calls
upon them once more to nerve the arm in her
defence. She entreats them to man the life
boat and save her from perishing with the
We can, if we will, give to Freedom a new
and a narrower, but a nobler home, wherein
to dwell secure. Shall we fail to do so ? Oh !
WVhat a weight of guilt will we be dragging
down upon our devoted heads! Call you
this the wild enthiusiatsm of a revolutionist?
It was a like feeling, carried into action, that
gave to you those very blessings, wvhich you
have ever looked upon with such heart-felt
pride. These blessings are again at stake,
and, unless you are degenerate sons, a similar
combination of causes will reproduce, in full
vitality, the old spirit of the Revolution.
These causes, nmgnified ten-fold, do again
exist, and Carolina, true to her history, is mnov
ing on as did the colonies in '76. The peo
ple met then to give mutual aid and comfor t
against the common enemy. Mamy we not
appropriately do the same now ? They met
then that all might arrive at a perfect under
standing of their position, and that their ranks
might be cemented for an effective movement.
Are there not as strong reasons for adopting
the same course now ? We commend the
proposition to the consideration of our citi
297 Ix compliance with the request of the
Const ittionalist, we give him our method of
growing Irish potatoes. We must premise
that we fear the plan will not be suited to city
G'ardencrs, as pine-straw is an essential to its
TO RATSE FINE IRISH POTATOES.
Select a spot of ground, which has a red
clay foundation, if possible; it should also be
rather low and moist. Break it up well, first
with a shovel plow and then with a sub-soil.
Broadcast heavily with strong stable manure,
and turn this in lightly with a small short
plow. With the same plowv, open trenches
b itmmnu single furrows ahout two feet
apart. Cut the potatoes, place them in the
drill 10 inches or a foot distant, and then cov
er by merely levelling the surface. Immedi
ately after, while your ground is loose and
before a rain falls upon it, cover the whole
with pine-straw from 12 to 18 inches deep.
And await your crop.
Long-leaf pine-straw is the best as it will
not so readily pack or rot as any other cover
ing. It. should be covered deep, to keep the
earth moist and cool during the heat of suem
mer. The proper time for planting is Janua
ry ; although February will dovery well.
By strictly attendingto these -directions
you will produce as fine potatoes as can be
had in any market. -
Yellow potatoes are the best for our cli.
The crop will be found upon the surface of
ENGLAND AND SOUTH. CAROLINA,
\VE propose, under this head, to give a suc
einct account of the afinir diplomatique, now
pending between our State and the British
Government, in relation to the priveleges of
free-colored seamen arriving at the port of
It will be remembered that the Act of our
Legislature, restricting those privilpges, was
the result of the mnemorable insurrection of
1822. This event imminently endangered
the lives and property of the citizens of
Charleston, and, in its results, affected the
peace and security of our-entiro State. So
it seemed to the men of that day, as the Mer
cury has said, and there cn be no doubt,
that.they were the best judges of what oc
eurred under their immediate cognisance.
They were convinced, at any rate, that no too
extravagant precautionary action could well
be taken, to prevent a recurrence of so fear
ful an evil; and, accordingly, by the act of
1822, the strongest possible guards were pla
ed upon this matter, by additional regula
tions for the port of Charleston. This Act,
looking to the fact that aT-crious calamity had
well nigh befallen us-attributable, in a con
siderable degree, to the influence of free ne
groes and mullatoes from other countries
provides, among other things, that all such
persons shall hercafter.be confined by the
proper authorities, from the time of arrival
until the departure of such vessel, as brought
them in, whether as passengers or ship-hands.
The British government, through its con
sul for N. and S. Carolina, enters something
like a protest against this law, in two com
inunications addressed to our Governor.
Below we give the correspondence.
COLMma, Dec. 14, 1830.
"The undersigned, Her Britannic Majest y's
Consul for the States of North and South
Carolina, has the honor to intimate to )our
Excellency, that he is instructed to invite the
consideration of your -Excellency, and of the
Legislature of South Carolina now assem
bed, to the existing law of the State, under
which a class of her Britannie Majesty's sub
jects, entering, on the g ranlce of a National
treaty, the ports of So Carolina, in trading
v sels *or in "dist -rom the
in the common jiis in 'lthe moment of th'efr
ship's departure. y:.
The direct mode, iidopted by H. B. M's.
Government in this communication, will, the
undersigned hopes, be accepted as a further
proof of considleration and good will towards
the State of South Carolina.
Aware of the constitutional change im
pending upon his arrival, lhe has purposely
awaited your Excellency's oflicial inaugur
tion into oflice.
The State of South Carolina, the under
signed apprehends, has derived :invantagcs of
moment from the plresent liberal comumercial
intercourse wvith Great Britain, as it is evidlent
ly. the price at which her stapule coinnnodi'ies of
ric and cotton can be .sold, that lim its thecir pro
duction and importation from rarious othucr
countries; nor will it esenpe the recollection
of' youir Excellency and of. the Legislature,
thait the pulnctilious adherence of the British
Government to the unintended, but stiet, np
pietion of the wording of the mutuaul trea
t v, (.nabled a talented Carolina gentlemen to
obtain for the South, under it,n funrther benefit.
To the distinct clauses of that trenty. and
to the declaration in the Constitution (,f the
United States " that the Constitution and the
Laws of the United States, which sha:ll b~e
mad e in pursunnece thereof. and all the treaties
made, or whuichu shall be mnade undlcr the author
ity ofthe United States, shall be t he sapreme
la7w of the land," the undersigned begs to call
yourii Excellehey's attention, apprehending
ihat its inf'raction by the act in question will
The snbstitution of any more "pro/ectice"
hasis of commercial intercourse, for the pre
sent treatyv, would, lie feels persundedl, be. at
variance wvith the wishes of~ H. B. M1's. Gov
ermnent, but, it is just, and indi.spensulble to
its continuance, that a pefe~ct reciprocity in its
adrantages should be admitted.
H. B. M's. Government seek this reciproei
tv in the unrstrlcted trade of IT. M's. West
liuian Colonies with all parts of the United
States. These colonies mainly depend on
their imports for corn, flour, cattle, salt, prov~i
sions, and lumber, and, to their small, buit nu
mrons vessels (necessarily manned b~y mixed
and chiefly colored crews,) the ports of North
and South Carolina, respectively, arc more
especially suitable, and at all seasons acces
Your Excellency and the Legislature will,
the undersigned cannot doubt, concur withI
him in the general international understand
ing of the poers of Police, or Port regila
ions, co-cxistcnt 70ith trealiCs, namely,-t hat
such permanent regulations should extend to
foreigners the same restrictions they impose
on natives, of the spot, where they are enf'or
ed, of a similar class and calling, and nmo
The undersigned indulges in tihe hope that.
under these circumstances, the Legislature of
South Carolina will .see fit to abrogate or
mend such portion of the laiw, as appllies to
the subjects of foreign allied powers and will
thus strengthenl the existing bonds of com
merce, of friendship, and of mutual good
faith, with a kindred nation.
[Signed] GconoE B. 3IATHEw.
To His Excelleney,
Thle Goveriior and Comn-in-chief of
S. Carolina, &c., &c.
Reply of G'orernlor Means.
eCOLmBIn, S. C. Dee. 16, 1850.
The undersigned, Govemnor of the Comi
monwealth of South Carohin, hars the honor
to neknowledge the receipt of thle comlmunli
ation of Her Britannie M.-jesty's Consul, in
cass of 1. B. A's. subjects are imprisoned
upon landing in Charleston. and the under
signed takes this oceasion to assure H. B.
Ai's. Consul. of the friendly feeling entertain
ed to his Government, by fhe State over which
be has the honor to preside, and that no dis
position exists to do :nytling that might tend
to disturb the amicable relations now exIstingI
between the two Governmentis. 0
The law alluded to, the Legisliture of
South Carolina deemed necessary to enact,
from eonsiderations of safety to the institu
tions of the State, and not with a view of
imposingz anly uineess:iry restraint npon the
seamen elim ing the protection of the flag of
any friendly power. 0
The corm mnunication of H. B. M's. Consul.
will be transmitied to the Legislature at the
earliest possible convenience of the under
signed, and no doubt will meet with a respect
[Simned,] J. Hf. Mr.As..
To 11. B. M's. Consul,
George B. Mathew, Esq.
Second Leiter from Consul Mathew.
CorrUMA, Dec. 17, 1850.
The undersigned, Her Britannic Majesty's
Consul, for the States of North and South
Carolina. has the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of your Excellency's "Note" of the
16th instant, conveying to him the gratifying
assuranee of the friendly fFeelings entertained
to his Government by ihe State over which
your Excellency presidesand intimat ing, also,
your -Excelleney's intention to tansnit the
communication of the undersigned, at your
Exellenev's earliest convenience, to the Leg
islature of S tith Carolina.
The undersigned would merely desire, in
contimnance of his "note" of the 14th inst.,
to request the consideration of your Excel
lencv, and of the Legislature, to the opinion
of tie late Attorney General Wirt, elabo
rately written, under the command of the
Ilon. J. Q. Adams, President of the United
States, and printed in " Elliott's American
Diplom Code," (Appendix. vol. ii. p. 676,)
concluding in the following forcible language:
"I am of opinion, that the section of the
lmw under consideration is roid, for being
against the Con ittion, treaties, and law of
the United Sta , and incompatible with the
rights of all nations, in amity with the United
This opinion, your Excellency will, the un
dersigned conceives, huld to be well founded
on the supreme power of treaties, s ruled by
all writers on international law, and briefly,
but decisively laid down by Wheaton, in his
" Elements of International Iav," who states.
(page 122, chap. 1. part 2,) under the head of
the "Rights of Self-Preservation and bide
pendence," of nations:
. " The only except:ionis to the applications
of these gemral rules, arise out of compact,
such as treaties, of alliance, guarantee, or
mediation, to which the State itself, whose
concernsare in question, has become a party."
The undcrsigned feels fully assured, that
Her 31jesty's Government may confidently
rely on the jus:ice and good fidth of the
Legislature'of South Carolina, to arrest from
the present moment, the operation of an aet,
which he apprehends will, on examination, be
found i:.b!e (by the in lividual irritation it
must cans '.) to create the result it was de
signed to preclude.
[Signed] GrorGE B. MATHEW.
The Governor of the State of S. Carolina.
Reply of Gorernor Means.
Corm~ra, 19th~ December, 1850.
t o acknowledge the receipt of the note of the
17th, from H1. B. M.'s Consul, and informs
himi that it will be transmitted to the Legisla
The undersigned takes this oeenision to
renew his assurance of his own friendly feel
ings and those of the State over which he has
the honor to preside, towards H. B. M.'s
Government. and also his individual respect
for H. B. 3M.'s Consul.
[Signed] Jonsx H. MEANS.
HI. B. M's Consul,
George B. Ma:thuew, Esq.
It will be seen from these documents that
Great 1Britta'in,huas inken the initiative towards
demanding of us, the repeal of a law, toueh
ing very nzearly our dearest interests. It may
prove to be a question of grave importance,
and, as such, we direct attention to it. The
commnuiinientions of Mr. MATnIEW certaminly
breathe a very friendly spirit, which our Gov
ernor properly reciprocates.
The Charleston Mlerctury, in a long edito
rial, rather leans towards a modification of
the law-the Sun takes a position against
any such course. The prominent Northern
palpers have also commented copiously upon
this plroceedure. When looking upon it as a
reognitionl, en the part of Great Britain, of
S. Ca roli na's independenut sovereignty, they'
cry :doud against its absurdity. When re
grding it as an authoritative demand of the
arogationi of laws protecting our "peculiar
institutions," they chuckle in great glee.
Every thing we have seen upon the subject,
whether Sotithern or Northern, considers it a
dilemma-except the Charleston Sun, which
we clearly understand to be in favor of the
State law, as it now stands, it being, in that
paper's opinion," the only safeguard we have
against the plots of Abolitionists through,
what they would soon make their emissariea,
the negro cooks and stewards of Northern
and English vessels." If South Carolina is
to make tier policy square withi the riht, no
matter who may be the parties affected by it,
we comninid the course indicated by the last
mentioned pape~r as worthy of the attention
of our citizenls.
At the same time, we hope thatt the first
suggestion, made by the Mercury, as a sub
stitute for that portion of the lawv, which af
fects the rights of Brittish subject. may be
sullicient for the protection of Charleston,
her interests and tihe interests of our State.
This suggestion is, that all such colored sea
men be restricted to their vessels, while in
port, at the cost of their employers, and that
the masters of vessels give ample security
for thme observance of this restriction.
Our objectiotns are strenuous to any such
modifientiont of the law, as wvill weaken, in
the least, the f'orce of those wise preventive
measures, by wvhich our predecessors have
sought to hedge us around with a wall, im
passible to abolition fanatics and their emis
saries, from whatever quarter they come.
As to the right of the State to enact and
enforce police regulations, essentially neces
sary to her safety, there can be no doubt.
Nor can there be any as to tihe unconstitu
aiy of any treaty, madbe by the Federal Con
ress, thai:t conftlicts with this right,
OUR POSITION, AS UNDERSTOOD ABROAD.
A long and elaborated article appears in a
late number of the Southern Press, the ob
ject of which is to urge upon the Southern
States, the necessity of insisting upon their
constitutional right of resorting to ile elec
tion of President in the next Congrrss. by
States ; to the end that they may retain as
nearly as possible, their equality of power in
the Executive departinent of Government.
A National Convention is repudiated on
the ground that it will be entirely subservient
to the advancement of Northern power.
In running over the list of States (South)
that will, in all probability, unite upon this
system, the writer notices South Carolina
last, and speaks of her as a State, that will,
by that time, be lost to the Confederation.
His language is as follows:
We have not mentioned South Carolina
because there can now be little doubt she
will secede from the Union alone if not joined
by other States-by Mississippi particularly,
for the decision of whose Convention it is to
be hoped South Carolina will wait.
The probability of this event gives at once
great practical importance to another princi
ple-the right of secession. When South
Carolina secedes it will have at once to be
decided whether she retires in peace or wheth
er the country is to be rent by civil war, and
stained by fraternal blood. It will be the
peculiar duty and interest of the other South.
ern States to preserve the pence; and nothing
will enable them to do that more effectually
than to have their utmost power and share in
the next Presidential election. We believe
that the Southern States will be unanimous
in favor of the right of secession or at least
of the policy of peaceful secession. In Ken
tucky to which Mr. Clay's intemperate and
infatuated language last session has imparted
a ferocious aspect, we are happy to see that
the leading pa;pers of both parties, the Lou
isville Journal and the Louisville Democrat
agree now, the one in favor of the right, the
other of the policy of peaceful secession.
It will be seen from this, that our State is
generally understood to be, as she really is,
umunistakeably pledged to separate secession,
and we rejoice in the belief that there is not
one man in a thousand, throughout our bor
ders, who is ready to desert her in this, her
hour of need.
WITH AN OCCASIONAL COSIMENT.
a BEi, the well-know Polish general,
died at Aleppo in December last. History
will honor his memory.
r0 A GREAT emigration of Mormons to
the United States is now taking place. This
sect is also progressing in Sweden. They
have not succeeded in getting a foot-hold in
any Catholic countries. "What does that
mean I wonder !" as Sloman would say in his
[ TiE London Morning Herald speaks
in praise of a novel just out, entitled " Ellen
Clayton, or the Nomades of the West."
J' JFTTY and Jenny are iee names, and
known to fame as belonging to two of the
greatest living cantatrices. WVe had a thought
of giving them to the two next mocking
birds we chanced to catch ; but our idea w~as
ming us that lie had just bestowed them u' on
"twno beautiful pups."
EF THER E is an old notion, about a man's
having one rib less than a woman, which skele
tonians pronounce an absurdity. This is a
death-blow to many funny little sayings to
our "dear partners."
W JotiN JAalES AxNnoy died in Newv
York Jan. 27, 1851, at the advanced age of 70.
W THE farmers of Utah sowv wheat
every month in the year, except June and Ju
ly. Echo says " you lie."
SF MOriAuNIsM is saiid to be a combina
tion of the mystic lore of the Brahmins, the
traditions of the Jews, the precepts of Ma
homet and the vagaries of Swedenburg.
gr TnEa first Madeira wine, imported in
to the United States, was brought to the port
of Charleston S. C. And, we believe it is
conceded, that her cellars have ever since been
unequalled for that class of liqjuors.
W KosscTH' is coming to America.
E@ Srvoni, LrsTz and ReNrs are to visit
this country, in the spring, in company with a
celebrated PRIM De NNA.
ADAnts & Co's Express was recently rob
bed of $10,000 in specie. No clue to the
If THFRaF. are twenty-five or thirty news
pnpers publishecd in South Carolina, and not
a quarrel existing among them. Estoperpetua.
F WE perceive, from a late Abbeville
Banner, that the citizens of that place are
making arrangements to extend her stakes,
and spread out her lines. A great increase
of prosperity is anticipated. May it be re
Our devil gathers from the above, the fol
lowing conundrum-" Why is Abbeville like
a butcher of growing custom l
No offence meant.
ron THrE ADvERTIsER.
To the People of Edgoeid.
FELLIOW-CITIZENS :-You will pardon a
man, who wvas born in your district, whose
ancestors, for generations past, repose in the
bosom of your soil, and who for a large por
tion of his life, has resided in your midst,
your neighbor and friend, for addressing you
on the subject of the ditliculties with which
you arc environed, and on your means of es
cape from your truly perilous situation.
In the first place, it is probably due to your
able Senator, and to the intelligent gentle-]
men who represent you in the IHouse, that T,
who was a constant witness of their proceed
ings, should take this occasion to give you a
fuller account of their stewardship, than
could be derived from the papers, or thani
could have been rendered you, without seem
ing vanity, even in the card those gentlemen
thought proper to publish, as well for your
information, as for the vindication of their
Their ncts thenn. and the acts of the whole
Legislatute, at the last session, were directed
to resistnee-resistance to the usurpations
of the Federal Government, at any risk ind
at every price. I will not avoid the true facts
to propitiate any one. Your Delegation
would have looked, with pride and exultation,
to the confederated action of all the South
ern States, if they could have seen any ground'
for hope, to rational minds, that a result so
happy could be effected; but that they might
be discharged from even the least dercHetics
of duty, they determined to give their inosi
s'renuous support, to the measures they hon.
estly deemed best calculated to attain the end
we all have in view. I assure you, that your
servants were very much in earnest in what
they did.-They were in favor of separate
State action, or war and ruin, if you will have
it so, rather than base submission; and they
atually took such steps, as they were con.
vinced would prepare and pledge the State
to secede alone, on the failure of the other
Southern States to co-operate with her.
This was the course of your representa
tives, reflecting as they did, the sentiments of
a District that never shrunk from the calls of
duty and honor, or faltered in the face of tri
al and danger;-and representing, as they, in
part, did, the proud spirit of South Carolina,
that knows her rights, and, in the end, dares,
to assert them, even at the hazard of her po
There are no people in the Union, I believe,
none in the world so well acquainted with
their rights as the people of this State. Those
of the northern section, as a body, have er
tainly a limited political knc---4
portion of them, amounting
ely, are compelled to dik
that devolve upon our sa'
ently they are generally ur
sition and spirit, as well as
nitics, for the acquisition
any information. But Soi..
near a quarter of a century
the doctrine of State Righi
freedom, has been engag.
struggle with the General
in her efforts during the y(
tendency to Federalism, C
Tyranny, she came near b.
contest with the whole mili
country. In opposition to
sions ever inflicted upon
shape of protective duties,
upon the powers reserved
tively Nullified a law of C
zens were summoned to a
might understand a caus<
would possibly be called u
were thoroughly educated i
our political system. Th
Carolina was thus made, -
to be, one vast school for
men as Calhoun, Cheves,
and Turnbull have been ti
teachings of Calhoun will
property of the whole worl
pies lie has inculcnted will 1
rreedom herself, and the vi
eternal truth and justice.
ding in the intelligene.pri.
of the State, and ent'ertair
their own district possesset -
attributes of freemen as a
ed their action on the man
lie feeling everywhere, and
the people they represent .
own sense of honor, dign.
South Carolina has be.
with the Federal Governme
years. She had humbly su<
grace. She had been haughi
an unfeeling parent would
epricious child. At length
ees grew into threats, and w
ance wvere returned full in
inally nullified the Tariff at
misc was soon eff'ected, and as
The case is as urgent now a
and No: thern nggrsssion has 01
vated in the lapse of time. I- -
the protective system has been
the destroying principle upon
based, is an acknowledged pcI
ereed of a large majority of the
United States, and of many 4 . ...a most
skilful p~olitical headers, (including1r. Web
ster and Mr. Clay,) of which the country can
boast. By the constant operation of laws
founded upon such a principle, both wealth
and enterprise have been transferred to the
manufneturing States, and they have grown
populous, rich, and great on the impoverish
ment and decay of the South. They have
a majority in the chief coneils of the govern
ment, willing and able to perpetuate their own
power, and to infrease their own riches, at the
expense of all honor, and in utter contempt
af tihe interests and liberties of any other
portion of the ecnfederacy. We are then,
in fact, without a representation in Congress
and our voice is powerless, either to com
mnand or entreat. But another grievance has
been added to the one which, of itself, was
suficient to drive any people to-desperation.
Since '35 we had been brought to consider
the agitation in relation to slavery. We re
olved repeatedly to resist the oppressive acts
of the government, in that regard. Our re
solves are recorded against us unexeouted,
ad sneered at by our enemies as a reproach
to our courage. We pledged ourselves, and
the Legislature pledged us, and our members
to Congress pledged us, to resist the admis
on of California into the Union with her
resent Constitution, to resist the extension
f the principle of the W~ilmot proviso, to
-sist the purchase of a portion of the terri,
ory of Texas and the base corruption of
hat one gallant State, for the prostituted
ises of low-bred fanaties-and finally, to re
,ist the abolition of the slave trade in the
istrict of Columbia, where it had existed
ine the first settlement of the country.
Eour faithful servants had heard your vaunt,
ng and had read your resolves, and they
.nlly elieverd yon tn o esrious. They net.