Newspaper Page Text
3SPUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY DY
ARTHUR SIMKNS, Editor,
W. F. l)UI:ISOE, Proprietor.
T1'U1 ..rTwo Do'LXRr per year, if paid
h advance-Two DOLLARS and Fi-Trr CE-TS if
not paid ii six months--and TrREE DOLLARS if
-sot paid before the expiration of the year. All
subscriptions not distinctly limited at the time of
subscribing, will be considered as made for an in
d'efinite period, and will be continued until all
arrearages are paid, or at the option of the Pub
lisher. Subscriptions from other States must be
accompanied with the cash or reference to some
one known to us.
ADVRTIssmEs'Ts will be'conspicuously inserted
at 75 cents per Square (12 liites or less,) fo'r the first
insertion and 37 1-2 for each subsequent insertion.
When only published Monthly or Quarterly, One
Dollar per square will be charged. All Advertise
ments not having the desired number of insertions
marked: on the margin, will be continued until
forbid and charged accordingly.
Those desiring to advertise by the year can do
so on -liberal terns.-it being distinctly under
stood that contracts for yearly advertising are con
fined to the immediate, legitimate business of the
.irm.or individual contracting. Transient Adver
tisements ruust be paid for in advance..
For anr.ca.cing a Candidate, Three Dollars,
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars,
to be paid by thi Magistrate advertising.
The following gentlemen were elected
Delegates to the State Convention:
S.Charleston- angdon Cheves, W. P. Fin
Jey, Edward Frost, R. W. Barnwell, Ciarles
M. Furman, D. E. Huger, Chas. Macbeth, B.
F. Dunkin, A. P. Butler,. Isaac W. Hayne,
Dr. John Bellinger, Mitchell King, Thomas
Lebre, T. G. Simons, C. G. Memminger, Ed.
ward McCrady,J. Cuningham, A. G. Magrath,
J. Schnierle, T. 0. Elliott.
Richiand.-Jas. U. Adams, Maxey Gregg,
W. F. DeSaussure, A. H. Gladden, C. Book
Newberry.-Drayton Nance, Peter Moon,
J. H. Williams, F. B. Higgins.
Lexington.-Gen. Henry. Arthur, J. C.
Hope, I J. Caughman.
Chester.-C. T. Scaife, Samuel McAliley,
Isaiah Mobley, W. A. Rosborough.
Union.-J. S. Sims, B. H. Rice, Gen. Gad
berry, W. 3. Bobo.
Greenelle.-B. F. Perry, P. E. Duncan, T.
P. Brockman, V. McBee, Jesse Senter.
Orange.-Donald Rowe, M. GramblingD.
. Claremont.-W. Haynesworth, T. R. Eng
lish, F. Sumter, A. C. Spain.
Clarendon.-J. P. Richardson, D. St. P.
Dubose, S. W. Witherspoon.
St. Matthetes.-O. M.Dantzler, H. A. Haig
St. Andrews.-John Rivers, Alexander H.
Edgefld.-James Jones, F. H. Wardlaw,
J. Lake, M. L. Bonham, F. W. Pickens, R. B.
Bouknight, W. Harrison.
Barnteell.-E. Bellinger, S. V. Trotti, J.
V. Martin, A. P. Aldrich, W. Graham.
St. Thomas and St. Dennis.-George Elfe,
St. Bartholomews.-E. St. P. Bellinger, L.
0'Bryan, David Walker, Daniel S. Henderson.
St. Helena.-John Fripp, Edward Rhett.
Kershaw.-John Cantev, Thomas Long, L.
Chesterfield.-Rev. Hugh Craigs, W. J.
Hanna, Rev. J. C. Coit.
Lancaster.-J. D. Mellwaine, J. Williams,
A ee. L. Wardlaw, T. C. Perrin,
J. F. Livingston, Jno. Garlington, G. McCalla,
G. W. Presaley.
:LanS:=HrC(.tYoungt, 3. I. Irby, T. F.
Jones, I. D. Williams, George Anderson.
Pengton.-F. Burt, John Maxwell, J. N.
Whitner, W. Hunter, J. Martin, . -ax.
u-*iiiines, Win. Sio
rg.-J. G. Landrum, Ja.Frrowv,
Jahn Winsmith, P. M. Wallace, Rt. C. Poole,
J. J. Vernon.
.&t. Stephen's.-Wm. M. Porcher, T. L.
&t Paul's.-E. B. Scott, J.-B. Grimball.
.Yor-k.--W. A.Latta, Rev. A. White, Rev.
R. Y. Russol, Dr. Rt. T. Allison, J. S. Moore.
Williamsburg.-A. W. Dozier, D. M. Ma
son, Samuel Graham.
St. John's Colleton.-Whitemnarsh B. Sea
brook, Hugh Wilson, jr., E. M. Whaley.
Prince George, Winyah.-J. Harleston
Read,~s r., James Heyward Trapier, B. HI.
Wilson, Samuel T. Atkinson.
*All Saints.-T. Piekney Alston, P. Vapght.
.Gn. Qumurx !Y CoCar.-In the United
States Circuit Court, at New Orleans, on Fri
day morning, "7th inst, at 11 o'elock, while
Mr. Benjamin was proceeding wvith the argu
ment in the. ease against John Henderson,
Gen John A. Quitman, late Governor of the
SState of Mississippi, appeared in court, ne
com ied y Mr FiedingDavis, the U. S
Masa for the Sonthern District of Missis
sippi, and the Hon. A. T. McMurran, a dis
tinguished lawyer from Nacthez and a former
partner of Gen, Quitman. The U. S. Mar.
ahal, Fielding Davis, having returned the writ
of arrest to the court, Gen. Quitman arose
and stated that, wvaiving the reading of the
indictment, he desired to enter the plea of
not guilty, and should demand a speedy trial.
as he had resigned his office as Governor for
the purpose of obeying the summons of the
court. Ho desired to he bailed, and was
prepared to enter into a recognizance to ap
pear from day to day until his trial. The
court ordered the clerk, Mr. J. WV. Gurley,
to take the recognizance of Gen. Quitman in
the sum of $1,000. The General then en
tered into bond, with Mr. Henry WV. Hill as
surety. The Court stated to Gen. Quit man
that it should give him as speedy a trial as
was in its power. Mr. Benjamin then resum
ed his argument,.
THE GovERNoR ( F YtaGINIA AND Souni
EnI Rssrrs.--The Richmond (Va) Southern
Rig'hts Asseeiation have elected Governor
Floyd, of that State, an honorary member,
in accepting which he sends them a long
letter on the objects in view, the compelling
the North to observe the peace towards
them in the matter of slavery, by discrimina
tion in favor of Southern manufactures and
articles of trade on the part of Southerners.
The Governor goes for direct Southern trade
with Europe, by lines of steamers from
from Baltimore, Norfolk, &c., and says the
proposed diserindnation is a sure and peaceful
means of accomplishing the desired result.
The following extract indicates his general
"Show to capital that danger besets its
path, and it will speedily put forth all its
energies to remove it away. And here lies
the only certain hope for the redress of
Southern wrongs. The capital of the Uuion is
concentraited at the North. The South are
apparently weak, but in reality strong, for the
commerce of this mioahty republic rests upon
the products or the ?:.uth. Our cotton, rice,
sugar and tobacco up:hold and sustain the
trade of Ameriear Destroy these crops, and
you obliterate North- Ameriea frc m the com
mnercial map of nations. Divert them from
the channels in which- they now flow, and
you leave New-York and the North like the
bottom of the sea, which the waters have
bdeserted-dismal and forsaken.
Mr A LUMP OF Ga.D has been found near
PAPER MANFACTL:E.-At a meeting of
the South Carolina- Paper Manufacturing
Company, held on Tuesday, the following
gentlemin were duly elected officers:
Ker Boyce, President.
Joseph Walker, Secretary and Treasurer.
Directors.-B. C. Pressley, H. S. Hayden,
W. Gregg, Joseph Walker.
S. Brown, Superintendent.
Joseph Waiker, Agent, ofice No. 1.01 East
8peaking of this Company, the Courier
" We learn that the company have pur
chased a most favorable location on Horse
Creek, a few miles below Graniteville, and
within one hundred feet of the railroad track,
and have secured what is of the utmost im
portance, an abundant supply of pure spring
water. The mill is to be of the largest class,
and the machinery of the most approved
" The Superintendent is a gentleman of
large experience in the business, hiving been
successfully engaged in the -manufacture of
paper for many years. The work has leen
commenced already, and will be completed in
about six months, and ready for operations.
FATAL RENCoUNTER.-The Macon Tele
graph of the 11th instant, says: A rencoun
ter took place in East Macon on Saturday
night. between Edwards and-West, which
resulted in the death of the latter. Edwards
had just been pardoned from the penitentiary,
where he had been confined for an assault with
intent to murder. He has made his escape.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1851.
A district meeting will be held at this place
on the FIRST MONDAY in next month, to dis
cuss the grave political questions that now
agitate our people.
" AT an election held on Monday, 3rd
inst. for an Intendant and six Wardens, for the
Town of Hamburg, the following gentlemen
were elected for the ensuing year.
Intendant-If. GRAY, Esq.
Wardens-Wam. SPIRES, GEo. RonmsoN, y.
J. KENNEDY, M. OKEEFFE, C. M'DONALD and
S. E. BOWERs.
CONVENTION OF S. R. ASSOCIATIONS.
WE are much pleased with the proposition,
made by the Beaufort State Rights Associa
tion, to hold a meeting of Delegates from the
various associations throughout the State, in
May next. There har never yet been one
organised in our district-but Edgefield has
all along been right-is so still, and, we trust,
will remain so to the last. We are to have
a public meeting on Sale-day next, and one
of its purposes is to form an association of
this kind. Name the day and we'll be there.
gal WE calI attention to the advertise
ment of Dr . .T. Mr s' tannery. This es
tablishment is located in the suburbs of our
town, and is now in full and successful ope.
ration. The leather is pronounced by judges,
to be fine in- quality.. All desirous of being
wveil supplied in this line, would do tem
selves 'and the proprietor a service bygvxng
him a trial.
80UTH CAROLINA COLLEGE.
WVe are indebted to our former townsman,
Professor LABORDE for a " catalogue-of the
Trustees, Faculty and Students" of this in
valuable Institution. From it wve extract the
The total number of students is 184.
LIBR AR TES.
Thme College Library containsabouteighteen
thousand volumes: a liberal sum annually
granted by the Legislature, provides for the
constant increase of the number of books.
Th~e Library is opened every day in the week,
except Sundays. for the accommodation of
the Students. Resident graduates, in comn
mon with the undergraduates, have the privi
le~ge of taking out books.
Besides the College Library there are Li
brasries belonging to the t wo literary Socie
ties, which are respectively reserved for the
use of their members.
The stated expenses of the College term,
consisting of nine months, paid quarterly in
advance, exelusive of books, clothes, room
furniture and travelling expenses, are as fol
Board, about 40 weeks, at $2 50 per
week,..... .... .... .... ....... $100
Tuition, room rent and use of Library,. 50
Washing, from 12 to.... .......... ..15
Lights, about........ ... .... ...... 6
27' THE Columbia Telegraph of the 5th
We learn with regret, that Newvberry
District has lost one of her promlinent citizens,
Tno~Iss H. POPE, Esq., who expired on Mon
day evening. We have not been informed as
to particulars, but believe that Mr. Pope had
been suffering for some time under a disease
wvhich wve suppose finally proved fatal. Mr.
Pope was a leading member of the Bar of
Newberry, and had represented his District in
ADMIINISTERING A " NOSTRUMI."
WE never heard Senator BENTON on tme
floor of the Senate more than once ; but this
was sufficient to convince us of his deficiency
in scholarship. In the course of the debate,
he had cause to speak of occurrences " with
in our seas," and, preferring the Latin phrase,
he repeated several times, with marked em.
phasis, "intra nostram mare," in violation of
the commonest rule of grammar.
A polished Senator from South Carolina,
(now President of our College) having the
reply, piquantly administered the "nostrum"
to the waywvard scholar, thereby producing a
general titter in the gallery at old Bullion's
0" T HE noblest sentiment ever uttered
by Gen. TAvton, was this: ".I waill naerer,
alive, icace my u-ounded behind mec !" An able
writer, in a late number of the Southern Re
view, says, "It should be inscribed upon
every chieftain's banner and enshrined in eve
ry enoldicr' heart.
MR. RICHARD'S LECTURES.
W9 perceive that tie citizehs of Charles
ton liate been enjoying a rich " feast of rea
son" in the shape of philosophical lectures
and experiments by Mr. W. C. RICHARDS of
the Literary Gazette. Columbia is also
about to come in for a share of this enjoy.
ment. Treats of this sort are some of the
very enviable advantages cities. and large
towns have over our villiges. Circuses,
monkey-shows and an occasional half-handed
concert, are almost the only sights and sounds,
out of the usual routine, that greet our eyes
and ears. These we frequently force our
selves to enjoy, and sometimes, to say the
truth, there is not so mueh of the forcing in
the matter either. For we have once or twice
known it to be the case, after a long dearth
of amusement, that a eommon bag-piper or a
"man with a dog " brought down the (Court)
House, benches, prisoner's box and all. As
a general thing however, our people have
taste enoiugh to detect a hoax or a failure,
and good humor enough not to grumble at
the price of admission after it's all over. We
will any more-they have taste and educa
tion enough to appreciate things of a much
higher order than these Harlequin exhibitions.
And this brings us back to Mr. RICHARD'S
Lectures. What we wish to know is, how
large a subscription would induce that gen
tieman to come, with all his apparatus, and
give us a set of these discourses? We are
in earnest, and hope, if he sees this, he will
reply either privately or publicly.
6 WE Clip from a correspondent of the
Mountain Signal, Ga:, (which paper, bye the
bye, presents this week a handsome appear
ance) the following specimen of Scotch Met
aphysics, Boston Trinseendentalism, or what
ever the reader may choose to term it.
"May not mind, in its mutations and chan
ges, for ages past, frequently light upon ob
jects, and bye-gone ages, and scenes .be
brought to bear upon its present sfate, in
lines of recognition, and yet not with suffli
cient distinctness to arouse distinct memories
sufficient to absolutely define the objects?"
A writer in the issue, now before us, calls
upon the Press universal for an elucidation
of its meaning. We give it up. There was
once in our community an old man-(a very
old man, inasmuch as his birth dated back to
a time " whereof the memory of man run
neth not to the contrary,") and this old man,
(he was a good old man too, for he had been
every thing from a metaphysician to a preach
er,)-this old man, we say, might, if he were
alive, give some light upon the subject. We
think lie might have done so, because lie used
to repeat to us, in our boyish days, the fol
lowing as the key to his knowledge. Said he,
"By the induction of heterogeneous particu
lars and antipodistical principles, I have fram
ed a set of philosophical rules, applicable to
:orality and the extension of mentality and
he receptivity of the recipients." Froin this
emark, especially the receptivity part, we
udge he might have unravelled the mystery
f the -above extract. - But .thebold
Delphic authority at hand, we enter a plea
WITH AN OCeASIONAL CoMMIENT.
W EL PASO is a town upon the Rio
rande, containing between 4 and 5,000 in
inbitants. Deans, onions and pumpkins are
he chief food of its people.
This town is in the diocese of the Bishop
f Durango, whose residence is 900 miles
istant from that place. A good ride for the
Its women are far more intelligent and in
ustrious than its men. Rain is seldom seen
in that country-they are sometimes without
t for eight or nine months.
Dig Gen. WINFIELD SCOTT has been nom
iated for the Presidency by the Whigs of
ndiana. Wonder if he'll win this fiel?
W' THE Whigs show a majority in the
ggy Tu HECaliforia Courier gives an ac
ount of a " turnip that could not get into a
lour barrel." We have seen several brick
bats that could'nt climb a tree.
ggy StR HENRY BULWER, it is thought,
will soon resign and return to England on
account of inliirm health.
gig Col. JOHN PRAGEY, of KossUTn's ar
my, is about to establish a Hungarian Colony
g~g THE escape of fugitives from the
South has not been diminished by the law of
the last Session. A commentary upon the
eficiency of our government, as it exists.
g~g TuE lands in Arkansaw are rapidly
rising in value. Some rate as high as $35
per acre. Should'nt be surprised if this turn
ed out to be the land of promise after all.
WVe have heard from a veritable traveller re
ently, glowing accounts of her prolific soil.
IIe is going to prove his faith by his works,
and nmore out, at any rate. Why is this tray.
eller like Noah when the flood began to come?
Because lhe looked at the Ark-and-sawv (Ar
kansaw)-all righit-wvent back to his family
and prepared to embark his fortunes on her
Dig A correspondent of the National Era,
says of the population of Newv Mexico "that
it is sunk into the most profound depth of
degradation human nature will admit of,"
and a little while after, lhe assures us that
" their extreme urbanity is only equalled by
that of the French, and far transcends that of
the States." Singular incongruity this, to
our view--but perhaps icc hav'nt seen the
gig AT Berlin the mantua-makers aro a.ll
men. May it be long before this Berlin hab
it of haabiing the fair sex hiabet auctoritatem,
on this side the water. .
giif MAR TIN VAN BURnEN.-The defunct po
litician is to be sent to the World's Fair, not
for exhibition, but as a delegate on the part
BiSHOP CAPER. As A POLITICIAN.
"Shall wd resign ,6 liopes, renounce our rights,
Forget our wrongs, becauso a voice, that comes
From ulitred priest, i'iee, ,ie it so!"
To be forced to relinquish, or even to qual
ify, a long-cherishedAdmirdion of a fellow
creature, who has been to is the very ' beau
ideal' of excellence' in his particular voca
tion, is one of the mlost unpleasant circum
stances of life. It produccs a feeling not
unlike that experieneed by one, traversing a
wilderness at night, when he observes an ill
boding cloud concealn one of- the brighest
stars, by which he had'guided his course. If
this be true of the ular pursuits of life,
how much more is i4,iof that "high calling,"
which is of God, the *hvisible and the Eter
nal. When a mere man of the world for
fits, by some rash 'step, the'power he had
been wont to exer4 over his kind, though
the hearts of his followers may be deeply
pained for a time,' yet may the effects of his
indiscretion ultimat rebound only upon
himself.. But whe'n oj el with the higli and
saered authority of a minister in holy things,
swerves from the strict line of propriety, and
and so far forgets ths exalted dignity of that
service for which he has been solely set apart,
as even to lend the *eight of his indfuence to
any particular ine f.temporal policy, evil
results of a more general and serious charnc
ter may well be anticipated; For, while mor
tification and regret yvill be the only effects
produced upon manyIit may still be diffieult
to estimate the number of those who, in spite
of their. convictions,nwill follow'blindly the
aberrations of the Ido, rather than tear loose
its hold upon their Affections. And hence
the greater danger of-sich an error.
We have been led to these reflections from
observing the line of eonductadopted by sev
eral eminent Divines bof oitrState, within the
last few weeks; in rehtioheto the political
course of South Cagolina. While we wil
tingly absolve these ly men, as far as our
opinion goes, from a -pure or sinister de
sign in striking outimis-' singular course for
themselves, we are 'inot ,the less impressed
wvith the dangerous-lendency of the prece
3ent and the unhappify aults that may, in
this instance, flow f66m it. . To contribute
our mite towards counteracting these influ
inees, is our only aimin writing this article.
When the Great rHead of the Church
"dwelt among menHe, on several occa
iions, pointedly rebuted the efforts of those
6vho sought to entangle-him with their tem
poral affairs and civi 4putes.m "Who made
me a. judge or a di over you?" was a
juestion of deep im and came from the
ips of Infinite Wisdo Render unto Cm
uar, the things that arief ar's, and unto God,
'he things that are G wasa marked ex
pression of his det9 *on only to'point
aut the general rul it, without
lescending-to the d
ticular case. And '
te general tenor o.
;ought to~ in to
inrth go~infe. . -i
endom, since that da *inly bears us out
ai the assertion that elhave been few de
martures from tliesk a -.wise injunctions, un
Lttenlded with disaat~ois visitations of his
ower, both temporal and spii-itual.
WVe presume, howe'ver, that it is scarcely
icessary, in this, day, to demonstrate the im
>ropriety of Go'spel-instructors volunteering
*o advise a people, under 'any circumstances,
ipon measures of State policy. This im
ropriety becomes the more palpable, in pro
>ortion to the insuffielency of the grounds
iet forth as excusing the interference. It is
,vell then, carefully to scan the political Epis
:hes that have recently emanated from certain
Chiristian Pastors in our midst, that we may
irrive at a just appreciation of their extenua
;ing points, if any such there be. We wilt
it this time confine ourselves to the circular
af Bishop Capers.
It seems that the Reverend Bishop had just
returned from a denominational tour th:-ough
the States of Tenn., Mississippi, Louisiana,
Alabama and Georgia, much influenced by
the hue and cry, that was raised on the par
ticular route he happened to take, against his
native State. He speaks wvith precisely such
reelings of alarm as one might have, who
Find just discovered that South Carolina poli
tics had many enemies in the West-an item
tending to showv, that, for a political adviser,
his general informationi is rather stale. And
rrom this discovery, the at once deduces a
broad conclusion, unwvarranted even by the
facets lie developes, as we will endeavor to
Thast lie had, during the period of his ab
sence, given but little of his attention to the
political action of our Legislature, is evident;
ror he wvas, according to his own account, un
requainted with the fact, that the action of
that body looked to secession, as a probable
and not a very distant event. All his politi
mal conversations then, white abroad, could
have had no bearing upon South Carolina,
only as a State resolved to resist with the co
operation of other States. H~e was unaware
of the true issue that existed, until his return
home. How then could tie have ascertained
the feeling, even of that portion of thie Wies
tern people -with whom he had intercourse,
upon the true position of our State, when
neither he nor his Western friends really
knew what that position was? It may be
said in reply, that if he knew they were op
posed to the State, when merely proposing
united Southern action, it was but fair
to conclude, that they were opposed to
tier acting singly and for herself. This is by
no means, a necessary sequence. Many thcre
are, we trust and believe, who, while caution
ing us to " beware of entrance into this quar
rel," from a fraternal solicitude as to the dan
gers that may attend it, would nevertheless
pray that "once in, -ye might so conduct
ourselves, that oinr opposers may beware of us.
The very men, who asserted to hinm that
in the Acts of the Federal Congress, might
have used very different- linguage, had the
question been narrowed down to the simple
one, "has f'outh Carolina the right to deter
mine, for herself, the extent of grievance,
which will warrant her withdrawal from the
Union, and should she exercise this right
peaceably and without restraint from the Fed
eral Government?" We submit that Bishop
Capers, in asserting that three fourths of the
people of the above mentioned States, were
utterly opposed to. the course of our State,
came to this conclusion from remarks he
heard, made upon a wrong understanding of
the true issue. And even granting that three.
fourths of the opinions lie heard expressed,
were opposed to separate State action, under
any circumstances, does this prove that such
was the sentiment of three fourths of the en
tire people. This were to suppose that three
fourths of a particular denomination were an
index to the whole population. We think it
fair then to infer, from his own statements,
that his conclusions are not legitimate, or, at
least, that they are too weak to form the ba
sis of an oracular announcement from so au
gust a personage as a Bishop. When we
add to wh:.t is said above, that abundant other
testimony directly conflicts with his, in refer
ence to the States of Mississippi and Alabama,
it is not going too far to say that his positive
assertions are only supported by "ex parte "
information. When he says then, "that a
majority of the wise and virtuous of other
States, greatly outnumbering us, hold the op.
posite opinion," lie cannot speak in reference
to the real isssue we seek, nor from full and
proper evidence for a definite conclusion.
But, granting that portion of the Bishop's
premises, upon which he lay- such stress
the undoubted opposition of three fourths of
the Western people-does it follow, as a mat
ter of course, that we must, review our course
and rapidly retrace our steps? Is it come to
this, that a. Carolinian and a Christian can
even renotely suggest the hateful principle,
that a'majority, however over-whelming, is to
determine the correctness of an opinion ?
As a Carolinian, let him call to mind that we
were once more completely alone upon the
great question of Free-trade. As a Chris
tian, let him remember that his holy religion
was once in the keeping of a few, humble
fishermen, with the world arrayed against
them. The religious creed and the political
doctrine have alike been triumphant-proving I
that the strength of a cause is not to be
found in the numbers of its advocates, but in
the purity and truth of its principles. Be- h
anse three fourths of the Western people
ire opposed to us, are we therefore wrong? 1
South Carolinians, is this a compliment to
your sagacity and experience? Is it a recog
nition of the gallant lead you have ever taken
in the cause of Southern Rights 1 Is it not
rather advising yoifo~ relinquish the position
ou.have so well egned She advaneced
' at righ trijeau :Heed i~ o,
th attl ny i*as and every lingei ril
say to you, " heed it not." There have been
and there now are men, who from a mistaken
notion of prudence, or from blindness, or
from perverseness, say to you, "sta'y your
hand," " bide your time," and the like ; but,1
in opposition to these remonstrances, the
voice of thme past urges you to yield to your
destiny and save the South.
Bishop Capers, in conclusion, asserts a few
iews, which arc so singularly dogmatical, as
to need but little reply. They are as follows:
1. Secession must prove ruinous.
2. The General Government will put us
3. Charleston will perish.
4. And so will all the State.
5. We will aill be sacrificed.
In support of these several "dicta," there4
is nothing but thme writer's "ipse dixit ;" in1
other words, it has occurred to Bishop Capers4
that auch things may come to pass-ergo, they
will come to pass. A re such unsupported as- 1
sumptions, fellow-citizens, entitled to your
eonsideration ?-But we must conclude. If:
we have spoken somewhat freely of a vener-<
able Minister of Religion, it has not been]
from an illiberal appreciation of him in thati
eharacter. Some of the most tender and de- 1
lightful reminiscences we can recall, owe their <
existence to an aesociation with him as Pro
fessor and Adviser. We have ever loved the
man-we love him still. Yet this is no ar
gument against condemning a course, which,
from mistaken views, lhe has been induced to
Tributo of Respect..
At a regular meeting of.Butler Lodge No.
17, L. 0. 0. F., the following preamble and
Resolutions were passed without dissent.
WHVatnEAs it hath pleasedl the Almighty in
his inscrutable wisdom, to remove from us,
our brother JA3mEs CoCHtRAN, who was bound
to us in brotherly affetion, and who was an
upright, h~onorablc and consistent member of
our order. Therefore,
I. Resolecd, That in the death of brother
CocnA, we have lost an ornament and a
worthy aid to this Lodge.
2. Resolred, That as an expression of our1
ppreciation of his worth, a blank leaf of the
Seretary's book be appropriated to his memo
ry, and that his name be recorded in the Bible1
of this Lodge, now rendered more dear as
being a gift from his own hands.
3. Resolced, That our sympathies be ex
tended to his bereaved family, and that our
thanks be tendered to Palmetto Lodge, for
its devoted attentions to him ini his last ill
ness, and its kind expressions to this Lodge;
amid that copies of these resolutions be for
warded under the seal of this Lodge, to bro
ther Cocanax's family, and to the Palmetto
Lodge No. 5 at Columbia.
JOSEPH ABNEY, Secretary.
EASY TDIEs. cerkC employed in a city
store, writes home to his father thus: "Dear
father-I have an easy time of it nowv; noth
ing to do but lie on the counter and smoke
ilaans, Our honueidos no~t advertise."
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
To the People of Edgeield.
I have shown that there were no solid
constitutional objections to the -Southern
Congress bill, and that the difference of our
Legislators was a difference in their policy,
and in regard to the time and mode of action.
When the issne' thus became narrowed
down, in the Legislature, between ultimate
secession by this State alone, and no action
except in concert with the other Southern
States, it was soon perceived, that there
ere very few members, who could have the
irdihood or tameness of spirit, in the face
Df their constituents, to advise and follow
the latter unworthy and humiliating course.
rhe consequence was, that nearly the whole
egislature voted for the Convention Bill as
It passed. Some of those who voted in the
minority, did so expressly because the provi
,ions of the bill were not strong enough, and
the time of separate action wias fixed too far
ihead. Of the three Senators who thus
roted, one of them distinctly and boldly
arve those as the reasons for his vote. He
vas a man, as lion-hearted and incorruptible
is any that ever enjoyed a seat in that Hall.
[e said, with great manliness, that lie oppos
d the bill on account of the diffidence and
iesitation manifested by it.-" Senators!" he
mc.laimed, "Place my liberty and honor be
'ore me, and I will pursue them to the death
-point me to the eagle's nest that devours
ny lambs, and I will tear it down; but I will
iot consent basely to fawn, and cringe, and
irawl to the accomplishment of an object,
,vhich requires manly fortitude and upright
ess of spirit."
It occurs to me then, from this plain state
nent, that the only escape from separate State
ttion left us, is in the possibility of an uni
ersal change of sentiment, in the South,
md in the speedy formation of a Southern
oonfederney, by the concerted action of all
he Slave-holding States. Is an end so desi
able of attainment in any degree probable?
lave we the slighest indicatiens that any of
r aggrieved sisters will aid us in a move
nent so just and noble. We have every proof
o the contrary, and he that still hopes is in- t
htuated. We have coaxed ind waited for v
hem until the bare idea excites either ridi- r
ule or disgust in the mind. We patted Vir
inia on the back, for a time, telling her to
trike, and we would follow; but Virginia I
nly shook her drowsy head and relapsed into (
er former slumbers. We then turned to the c
,llant game cock, Georgia, and she flapped t,
er wings and boisterously crowed, aid strut- v
ed out of the ring. We next looked to- u
rards Mississippi, a proud little State,: and if a
er people are as fearless in counsel, as they C
ro brave and devoted in the field, she and
idbh.Carolina,-whose chivalrous regimeonts:
oopolized thielory of the Mexican War'
heir sons. Ibhave, in a great measifrkthough~
st confidence even in Mississippi,and I am re
uced to the conlurion that our own banner ,
ifirst to be brought on the field solitary andj
lone, it is a banner that never yet has a
een struck, and if it goes down in this con. it
et, it will sintk-with all that is brave, and ti
enrous, and noble- in the Palmetto State, a
erishing with it, and shrowded in its tatter- si
There will be no concert of action. Some
tate must move first. That most danger- in
us and most honorable position is best suit- t1
d to South Carolina. Let her occupy it-let t
er advance; and in less thtan a twelve month -a
'force be attempted against her, her stand- n
rd will be upheld by two hundred thousand
f the bravest hearts in the South,-a South- n
rn confederaicy will be established,-our Ii- a
erties will be secured,-and our p)oitical re-. ti
lemption will be wrought out forever. ec
But Fellow citizens, there are some checks, T
hank God, even to the most tyrannical go- g
~ernmnts, and to onrs, blinded and reckless rc
s it is, there are some hinderances, which it y
an neither disregard nor safely surmount.- '3
f we secede, it will never seriously attempt
o force us back into the Union. There will
ec a very grave question to decide before it
an adopt such a course, with any prospect of
uccess. I presume, that on our final seces
ion, which will take place, with all the form
d solemnity that can invest a movement so
nomentous, Commissioners will be sent to i
>Vashington to arrange the terms of our with. t4
trawal, to bind the State to the payment of P
ir portion of the public debt which has al- I
edy accrued, and to establish finally the re- n
tions and the intercourse which are to sub- ri
ist in future, between the independent P
overnments of the United States and South I
Jarolinta. The President, of course, will h
sue a proclamaution after the manner of a
akson, or he will send a message to Con- d
ress notifying that body of the rebellious "
rocedings in South Carolina, and demand- a
uga sufficient authority to use the military i
nd naval forces for collecting the revenue in
he ports of the refractory member. A bill, ~
nther force bill, to that efl'ect, will be moved ~
y some freesoil leader either from Vermont e
rn Massachusetts. It wvill awaken such a de- e
ate in Congress as has never been heard in b
hose halls. For consistency's sake, for their t
>wn safety, and for that of their families;
md also in obedience to the will of their
tate Legislatures, the Southern and West
r members will maintain, that the right of i
ecession is indisputable, and that though ~
ey disagree with South Carolina as to the
uflicieney of her provocation, yet admitting tl
he right of secession to exist, and admitting e
he States to be sovereign, and the Union to t
> the result of a compact, it is only the
arties thereto that can be the proper judges a
f its infraction ; and therefore, they will bo k
:ompelled to oppose the bill. The Bill will
e defeated, and South Carolina will be left
done to pursue her own glorious career.
nt supposing it to be afhervi,nd m hat r
lhe bill should.
ion, will be o
tion or to abanditLe
we will have millions of friend
If though, as will be the,
anmolested, how shall -
iave a goernmenta
Dperation, Which, 7 g
-an be made the
-orperate with our own, e a a .
,he Federal constitution, rejetinguia
md those parts that will be Inap
We will have a foreign trade, o
.o thirty millions, which with vy
luties, say twenty per een wilhA
-evenue of five or six millionsof dla
mnum, besides our general tax
mough to establish and mainfin o
-elations, to equip and k
veil appointed army, and't m
raordinary expenses of our e u n -
vithout the imposition of one doll i '
>Urthen upon the people. Thetas
-rom us by the Governmen of
3tates, for the purposes, ofre
eetion to the lordly man'fe
iorth, would fill our treasury to ovifdia
d render us the richest and'mostThd
lent little Commonwealth inexistence.
he United States Governmentperf
ts officers and ministers, and judicial.
very State in the confedeiacy
ompelled to sustain it by our U
inly reason why we are blind toiehormi
of our taxation is, that it is e:ueted
hape of duties on imports. The -
ics that you now pay to maintain the
Jovernment, in case of a separiT
ie applied to the support of your'6 When '-i
ve become independent, we will only -
me system to maintain. We noiw$
caning on us, and exhausting our
-the Federal and the State governmn
n ingeniusperson would make it a
simple Aiernment, as we will-ha
>e more expensive than the complie
ve now submit to and pay fof, then, Iw
gree that a separation might. raise o
nd cost us money; otherwise, 1 e
ain the contrary. The United
ernment covers so vast an area tat
ecessarily expensive, froni the numbei.o
gents and agencies. From the m
ize, of its territory if from -0oth ng
as becoime clumsy, weak, and buthen o
)ur dominions, on the other, hiaiid,
ompact, our ministers will bE few, an
ixes lov. - Our whole administrati.
igorous; for every pulsation
,ill be instantaneouslyfel f
nd every part o ody.
eive its just sh
s life."_ -
the small on
itast, and~ weaeo1l
riae miles embraced in some~a~
rite egualto miany, ofth -
elgium; Switzerland that has stoo like~a
npregnable tower ait the revolutiouns
iat continent, and many sther.s, f iz
own, might be cited, if it weeui~
rengthen the confidence, or to stbqulate he~
atriotic ardor of South Carolinians .:
But I have said enough. In ;my .zeei t
iake the condition of our affairs apparenst t
ie weakest comprehension, I have extended*
uis second communication to a length that
stonishes even myself. I close with this re.
mrnk; and I trust it will be heeded.
Men of Edgefield,-uiless the convention '~
ow elected, arc enabled to concert a union
f' the Southern States, for their mutual pro. -
ection and defence, I hold it to be theirs.
red duty, without delay to dissolve the con.
ection of South Carolina with the Federal
overnmnent ; and your own bosoms wfll beat
~sponsive to the sentimients I utter, unless
au have forgotten the principles of '76 and
8, and lost the heroic temper, and-.
THE SPIRIT OF '32
From the Palmetto Banner.
Arrival of the Africa.
ANOT HE R DECLINE IN COTT1?N.
SAFETY OF THlE ATLANTIC.
NEw Yoax, Feb. 16.
The American Steamer Africa arrived here
is morning, bringing thirteen days later in.
iligence from Europe, and the Atlantic's
issengers and mails.
The Atlantic arrived safely at Cork, Ire.
nd, where shte now is on the 22d uilt. When.
ie days out, she broke her shaft and expe
enced terrible weather, and her bulwarks,
iddles and machinery were much damaged.
will take two months to put her in repair.
[er passengers speak in the highest terms of
er qualities as a steamer and as an excellent
~a boat. She had completed nineteen hun
red miles when the shaft broke. The pa..
mngers passed a vote of thanks to Captain
VFEST. Under sail she averaged one hundred
nd fifty miles per day-not so bad consider
ig her bulk.
At Liverpool, on the 1st instant, American
~otton had gone dowrn Id. further, and the
mrket was dull.
The sales for a fortnight previous totha
iiling of the Africa, from Liverpool, amount.
d to 50,000 bales. Stock on band 453,0&
Business dull in the manufaeturing dis.
Political news unimportant.
AOT HER MIRAL..-A 4"prodigious facC'
announced in the French Catholic journal.
occurs in the chapel of Calvar, at 8., Sa't
rni. "It is," says the account- "an, oozing
f blood, producing Itself most clearly front
ie different wvounds of Christ represented
xtended on the lap of the Holy Virgin, In
ie pietnre of' the Taking down from the
~ross, fixed over the principal altar of the
hapel," One Clomont obtained some of.t1
rops in the forma of tearS on hip white j.
erchief, analyzed them, and publislied~1~~
'orld that they were genuine blood.Ib
n ultra-mnontane or high Popish patyht
ears the honor of getting up these 'id.
ions facets" for political effect.--Waltch. 4&