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Eje ?5bgcfilt~ m~firtiser
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W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor,
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The President's Message.
In answer tA Mr. Clay's _resolution, the
President sent to the Senate. on Friday, the
Message which we publish elsewhere. It gave
rise to debate which was not terminated at
the adjournment on Saturday. Mr. Clay
arose immediately, and expressed his great
satisfaction with the Message. He was fol
lowed by M1r. Hale, and an angry altercation
between the two Senators enlivened the oc
casion. But we have nothing to do with that.
Mr. Clay represented that the fugitive law
had been successfully carried out everywhere
but in Boston. Mr. Mason of Va., replied to
this position, and showed that the law had
been really successful nowhere ; that its exe
cution in all parts of the North was obstruct
ed with such an amount of difficulties, that it
was, for all useful purposes a dead letter.
Mr. Butler of S. C., took part in the discus
sion, but we have no report of his remarks.
As far as we have seen it, the debate had
not reached those great questions that are
raised in a *practical shape by the Message.
The President, it will he observed, assumes,
as an undoubted thing, that the Constitution,
in making him Commander-in-Chief of the
Army and Navy, has given to him the right of
employing these forces at his pleasure, in all
cases that call for, or may be thought to call
for, the addition of any sort of summary
force to the civil power, and that he is the sole
judge of the necessity of the case. He
claims, in fact, as absolute a discretion in the
use of the military power, as was ever claimed
by a king of France. Add to this an estab
lished doctrine of the party now in power,
that a State acting against the Federal au
thority, is no more entitled to consideration,
and stands on no more respectable ground,
than a mob at a Court House, and we must
see, in this assumption of the President, no
thing less than a claim of right to wage a
civil war, and to turn the whole land and na
val forces of the Government, upon a State,
without the intervention of an act of Con
gress, or even the formality of a message to
the Senate. At what stage of republicanism
have we then arrived, when the President puts
forth such pretensions, and the oldest mem
ber of the Senate seconds and applauds them !
But Mr. Fillmore is troubled by an act of
Congress, which confers upon the President,
with cauiii nd ieservations, a portion of
the power which he assumes to belong to the
Executive by the Constitution, and he modest
!y asks -for the passage of an explanatory
law-.wvhich will remove this little difficulty in
the wav of his using the army and navy as
the fsniiliar constabuhiry-and body guards of
the Executives'and his satellites !
Thus the Boston riot is to be used, as all
Northern outrages are, as the occasion and
pretext for arming the General Government,
and especially the Executive, with increased
means of assailing the South. For it is
against the South, and it alone, that these
weapons will never be seriously used. The
Boston riot is a god-send to the party in pow
er, and they show how they appreciate it. It
is said that when Fiesch's infernal mpcehine
exploded, covering the ground around Louis
Philippe with dead and wvounded, before the
smoke had well cleared away, the King elap
pod his hands and exclaimed briskly : " Well,
now at last the Chambers will vote me my
appanages, and the dotations of the boys!"
We imagine Messrs. Fillmore and Clay ex
claiming joyously, " Thanks to this Boston
riot, we shall now get the power to make
wvar on South Carclina."-Charleston Mer.
Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.
. WASIsGOYo, Feb. 18.
I found the Senate yesterday, engaged in a
debate of a very spirited kind, upon the re
ference of a petition from the State of Maine,
for a modification of the fugitive slave act.
The Senators had received the information
of a negro riot in Boston, in which negroes
had forcibly rescued a man from the custody
.of the Marshal, in open court. This was the
reason for the departure by the Senate from
its usual course, as taken at this session, of
entire indifference to the presentation and
disposition of the hundreds of petitions on
The gallaries and the privileged seats were
thronged; for there are one or two thousand
visitors here, of recent arrival-mostly from
the North. The petition had been referred,
sub silentio. Mr. Atehison moved a reconsi
deration. The debate had been commenced
before I entered the chamber, and I found Mr.
Pearce. of Maryland, on the floor, and the
vast auditory enchained by his eloquence.
lHe was replying to Mr. Hale of New-Hamp
shire, and deprecating agitation. Hale's reply
was in his best style of bold and reckless de
clamation. Pearce's rejoinder was humorous
and sarcastic, and rich in allusions, historical
and poetical. He had in his first speech,
brought out in strong relief; the first agita
tion in the garden of Eden ; and, in his re
joinder, he managed with great art, so to usc
his adversaries points, as to represent him
-(Hale) as the devil himself.
The Senators were apprehensive that con
tinued discussion would lead to something
beyond a mere contest of wit, and were de
sirous of checking it. They insisted upon
the question. But, at the moment, uprose a
Senator, who always reminds me of a volca
no, with frosty head, and fiery eye-Judge
Butler. He is a man who can stir up the
passions from their very depths; but as a
debater, while he is armed at all points, and
ready to attack; he has generally chosen, to
act on the defensive and to receive the shafts
of his opponents upon his polished shield of
good humor. When Butler rose on this oc
casion, I caught a glance of his eye, and I
saw in it, not passion, but humor. He had
long ago; determhwd, as well as he could to
keep cool. He said, addressing the Chair
I must differ from the Senator from.Mary
land, as to the attribtutes of the first agitator.
H~e wvas not a vociferous rhetorician, declaim
ing as loudly as- if he :swere calling to the
ferry-man across the Styx: but he appeared
in the form of a serpent, gliding into the gar
whispering in her ear, there is a " HIGHER
law." The effect was magical. Every one
sprung up-laughter and applause rang thro
the chamber and gallaries. if you have heard
Hale and heard Seward, you will see the apt
ness of this contrast. In the whole compass
of parliamentary anecdote, I will venture to
say that there has been nothing equal, in
point of wit and humor, to this sally of Mr.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1851.
A district meeting will be held at this place
on the FIRST MONDAY in next month, to dis
cuss the grave political questions that now
agitate our people.
NOTICE TO OUR CORRESPONDING AND AD
To enable us to get out our paper in due
time, we will hereafter, strictly adhere to the
All communications of any length, over a
square, must be brought to the office by 12
o'clock, M., on Monday; and all advertise
ments, by 10 o'clock, A. M., on Wednesday.
THE SPIRIT OF '32.
WE trust our readers have all given their
attention, to the very sensible and well-writ.
ten articles, over this signature. They are
from the pen of one, thoroughly identified
with our every interest, and very conversant
with the matters, of which he writes. More
than this, we do not feel authorised to say.
Would that we all felt the full force of his
ggr WE are indebted to the Ion. A. P.
BUTLER and Hon. A. BURT, for valuable pub
lie documents, for which attention, we return
Hon. JAMES L. OnR has also, kindly for
warded to us, a copy of his speech on the
ease of Ritchie. Besides being a good argu
ment, it is eminently proper in tone and prin
" THERE is a slight ambiguity of ex
pression in a brief article we copy to-day
from the Courier, entitled " The State manu
facturing her own arms of defence." If we
thought this meant any thing more than a
jest, we would have it thrown into "pi." The
particular passages we allude to, are in the
last two sentences.
GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK.
THE March number presents a very taking
appearance. This is, perhaps, the most fin
ished, certainly, the most expensive work of
the kind on this side of the water. What
they have on the other side, wo-dont exactly
knowv. $100,000 is the annual cost of the
Lady's Book, making that of each issue over
$8000. So that it requires nearly 35000
paying subscribers to defray the expenses of
the wvork. But GoDEY says he is dashing on,
with A- - - -
" A wet sheet and a flowing sea
And a gale that follows fast."
While it " bends his gallant mast," may it
never break it.
Our only objection to him is the useless
amount of self-puffery in the Editor's table.
gg-THE MAsoNie JOURNAL: Published
at Marietta, Ga., and edited by J. B. RANDALLz
& I. N. Looms.
We have seen a number of this Monthly
and have examined its pages. It is beyond
dispute, one of the best things of its kind
that we have yet seen. The editorial duties
are evidently discharged with unusual ability'
and the typographical execution is exceeding
ly agreable to weak eyes, while it is no less
satisfactory to nice taste.
Every Mason, at least, should take it ; nor
would any one fail to meet an ample return
for the price of subscription, which is only
$2 a year, payable in advance.
We will give our readers a specimen of
this periodical in our next.
THE last numbers of the Abberille Banner,
Pendleton Messenger, Anderson Gazctte and
Greenrille Mountaineer, actually reached us
WITHIN THREE DAYS of the date of publica
tion. We would be glad to know what this
unceremonious conduct of the Post-Office
gentry means? For a length of time, we
have been- habituated to receiving our up
country newvs some wveek or ten days after
date-no indecent hurry in the matter,-and
thea it came to us fraught with all the vene
rability of antiquated relics. In going round
via Columbia, Augusta and sometimes, Char.
leston, it acquired some of those racy quali
tics that wine is said to gather up during a
voyage. It certainly possessed the mellow
ness of age, and had become one of our prin
ipal means of comparing the past with the
present. Judge then of our indignatior,
upon taking out of our box the other day, a
opy of each of the above-mentioned patpers,
amp from the press,-aye, sirs, damp from
the Press !
Gentlemen of the Post Office department,
here is something wrong here. WVe cannot
sbmit to this "posting in such hot haste" of
hese damp sheets. Weo have'nt been used
o such treatment.
Seriously, brother editors above, we have
een sorely vexed by the delays in the trans
nission of your papers, and hope that a bet
ter state of things is about to take place.
R" WE refer our readers to an extract
rom the Washington Correspondent of the
ourier, for a good one. It will be found in
WHO'LL GUESS ?
I'M A WORD OF THIREE LETTERS.
My first is the most exemplary of insects.
My second is the Scotch name for one of
the features of the "human face divine."
My third gives the half-sound of one of
the softest names in our language.
My whoi.a the .nna of a genneal.
"EX OCCIDENTE LUX."
TImE was, perhaps, when the lights df.edu
cation and advancement within our State,
shone, with brighest lustre, in the more eas
tern-districts. But that time is past, and a
change is being rapidly effected in our favor.
We would not be understood as exulting in
our superiority to other sections, for we can
not say that this point is yet fully established.
But the race of improvement in educational
advantages is a noble one, and we do claim
the merit of being close upon the heels of
the foremost. Nor can any one say that this
claim is unfounded.
In Abbeville district alone, there are (to
say nothing of minor schools,) three first-class
seminaries--the Methodist Institution at
Cokesbury, the Baptist at Greenwood, and
the Erskine College. They are all ably sup
plied with professors and instructors, and sus
tained by a liberal and increasing patronage.
Around each one of them, has arisen a beau
tiful village, and more than all, each one is
compassed about with the strong "outer
wall " of morality and religion.
At Anderson also, there are two very flour
ishing institutions, progressing under the
happiest auspices, and their success is now
beyond a doubt. Ve have been truly grati
fied in looking over a catalogue of these
Academics, to perceive the cheering results of
these enlightened efforts to advance the great
cause of education. Greenville too is carry
ing on the good work with most commenda
ble zeal. Newberry and Laurens are also
coming up in handsome style. And, last but
not least, Edgefield-but we must give her a
Our Male Institution is undoi the superin
tendance of Mr. TuoMAs Jonssos, a son of
the Rev. Dr. W. B. JoHNsoN. No young
man in the State, is more eminently qualified
than he, for the discharge of the duties which
now devolve upon him. He was regarded
in College as the ripest scholar in his class.
The school itself is endowed to the amount
of four or five thousand dollars. The situa
tion of the building is peculiarly Academie,
from its shade and' retirement.
Our Female Institute is under the superin
tendance and especial care of Mr. RoEnRT H.
NICHoLLs, supported by various and accom
plished assistants. The Academy is a large,
handsome and commodious building, most
eligibly located. Expensive apparatus for
philosophical experiments, new and excellent
pianos for the use of pupils, Globes, Maps,
&c., are some of the appurtenances of the
Institution. We feel confident in asserting
that it is not surpassed by any similar one in
Besides the advantages of this Seminary,
we have other helps to the accomplishments
of life. Mr. EDMUND BACON, long known as
a most successful instructor. in music, still
gives private lessons in that department.
Mrs. McCunTocK keeps up an admirable
seool for girls.. In short, the advantages we
offer are very-uncommon. ,
- Our villaM "' u ***"7Nd~Zy~l
the sea-board to the mountains. Firat'rate
boarding in most respectable p ivie ihmilies
can be obtained at $8 per month. Upon the
Sabbath, pupils have the choice of three
Churches, Methodist, Episcopal and Baptist,
all well supplied. Indeed there is nothing
that should act as a draw-back upon the pros
perity of our schools. We call upon the
friends of educational progress, especially in
our district, to foster them. " The laborers
arc certainly worthy of their hire." Patron
ise thema and benefit yourselves.
HACENEYED FIGURES AND QUOTATIONS.
It is the fashion of the day toridicule the
use of any phlrase or figure that is not out of
the common line, by dubbing it "hackneyed.'
The pntetise has been carried to such an ex
cess, that we much fear the many good things
of old Will Shakespeare himself will at
length be excluded from use, by the critical
equenmishness of these masters of taste.
We maintain that a moderate use of such
things as have been really wcell said by our
predecessors in the paths of literature, is not
only very convenient, but very useful in sev
eral respects. It frequently gives force to an
otherwise tame expression-frequently obvi
ates prolixity and saves unnecessary typo
graphical labor-frequently suggests original,
analogous ideas-frequently directs the at
tention of youth to passage., with which they
might, otherwise, long remain unfamilliar.
Upon the whole, we regard the limited use of
appropriate quotations, whether old or new,
neither injurious nor indecorous.
As to figures, they are drawn mainly from
the book of nature, and,' since the days of
Homer, the same old stock has been on hand,
with no great accession in modern days. If
every thing old and long-used, therefore, is to
le suppressed, merely because of its age and
long use, why, close that great book at once,
and open another, where Rail-roads, Sarsapa
ruI, Telegraphs, Sewing machines, Paixhan
guns, Washtiug fluids, et cetera, arc found in
pell-mell confusion, and draw thence the im
agery suited to your progressive taste.
Though no great adept in the selection of
tasteful illustrations ourselves, we still pro
fess to belong to the old school, which re
gards the moderate indulgence in such light
fancies, as discreet and proper ; and we may
yet practise the art occasionally, at the risk of
encountering the shrugs of these hackney
hating literat eurs.
We would further beg leave to submit,
whether this exceedingly polished mode of
attack has not itself become so very common
as to incur the condemnation which it points
We think it has, and, accordingly, must
~rave indulgence hereafter, even for the un
lucky wight, who may chance to use the
speck-upon-the-horizon" simile, or who may
dare to quote the 15th stanza of Gray's Elegy.
7 MARRIAGE ExTaAOaDINAr.-Capt.1
ohn Hartman, a soldier of the war of 1812
ged '70 years, was married on Tuesday, at I
P.R THE Out OF PRUDENCE. -
OuR ciiption expresses what we regaidns
he true.nature of theirine'al oJpositon.to
Carolina resistafle. 'Werwrite with refer.
2nee to the faction, whi'h tak'es that ground,
within our own borders. Tiberi'is-some,
perhaps,.who object tothe State's .movig
on, in the cobr*e she us &redy begun, from
D morbid. desire to save, the Uni.on-some,
(but this number is very small) from a fearful
anticipation of being samm' to the battle
field, and some, from' a e6 tion that this
course mny not lead to a- twphant termi
nation. But the greater ber of these
dissenters, we fear, aiedn ed to*this-op
position by a selfishness, that cannot bring it
self to adopt any line'-ofictiourthat may,
perchance, frustrate its-pey .purposes of
present emolument. -"B .d-.by. the God
of this world," they cannof'perceive how an
additional tax-contribution Aolthe common
treasury for the common weAl and the common
defence, is "to help them -and their con
erns," as they meanly 'express it.- They
cannot, for a moment, admit the idea, that a
temporary and partial sicrifiee of their dear
profts, or of their idolizediotton-bags, can,
by any manner of meanri4-esult in a long
succession of prosperous 4ears. Absorbed
in the eager pursuit of pelf they are utterly
unwilling to stay, for iny purpose, the
schemes they are planning to'fleece the un
wary, and defraud the simple. Oppressors
themselves, they, perhapsudiwittingly, sym
pathise with oppression. ITn a word, they
prove themselves dead to 'every motive of
potitical truth and public honor.
And these men have cunning, (it is a part
of their trade,) and they de .iso. plausible tales
to lull the righteous indigiition of free-born
souls ; and, unfortunatelgy iany do not see
that beneath the ample folds -of Wisdom's
garb they have assumed, tke."CLOVEN FOOT"
How humiliating is the reflection that, even
with us. Mammon has, at last, dared to array
himself against Patriotisii'! What a falling
off of our fair fame! 'We. have 'but to go
eighteen years into the t to'reach a point
in our history, when oropple flocked to
gether around the shrinefof Fieedom, with
clean hands and pure henrtad swore an oath
before high heaven, never to brook oppres
sion. And he, who had then dared to whis
per the grovelling suggeti6ns of personal
selfishness, would 'have en''held accursed
forever: more. And eait'ilie' that, in this
brief period, the Cardotminiles.changed his
nature I Have these:e4 winters suffi
ced to "freeze the _gbe cirent of his
soul ?" No, no! ti'nl this chauge has
not yet come over anyansiderable number
of our people. Eve ai.-mall faetion,
wvhich feels its banei~al esis partly de
luded. 'Would thsit.' 'excuse them
all thus!;'But this'w4 tO exercise leni
efiefit the eost onrt 2 r4drla' observa
advance these contraetedivews, deserve se
vere condemnation, as welf':as.eonimiseration.
They evidently seek to make 'pricdte e~xpedi
eney, the. touvh-stone by which-to test-the
orthodoxy of any public -measure. They
diseourse'to us such-admirable and elevated
logic as this: "I, myelf,' ami doing well
enough in my business-my gains are accru
ing with charming regolairty-I shall be rich
before I die. Any publies action that tends to
impede my individual progress in thme race of
Riches, is unjust to mne, and therefore it must
be impolitic. The publictnet of South-Caro
lina, in seceding from the Union, may have
that effect. Thereforelt is both unjust and
imnpolitie." How' powerful the argument!
How elevated the tone ! ' It is indeed sadden
ing to think that some few, even of the good
and true men of our State, show a disposi
tion to chime in with this contemptible whin
ing; thereby, giving it'encouragement and
attnehing to it a degree of importance, which,
otherwise, it had never known. Men of hon
or! pause, in Heaven's nanme, and consider
the direful consequences of warming into
life this heartless viper, that maliciously his
ses and strikes at every thing that approace
to disturb its petty, insignificant reign. Adjure
the loathsome thing and come out from its
companionship at once. Let it nots be snid
in South Carolina that the time is drawing
near, when the terrified cries of sordid Ava
rice are to drown the urgent calls of patriot
ism. Suffer the contracted views of those,
who hold their purse-string with a tighter
grasp than they do their honor and religion,
to gain the ascendancy, and we are, indeed
and in truth, a "fettered race." There will
be no necessity for armies and navies to com
pel us to bear the yoke wvith meekness. We
will have become slaves by our own decree
slaves, not only of a consolidated despotism,
but slaves of Mamnmon and the Devil.
THmE following is extracted from a work,
just out, from the pea of RonER-T Cimoss, 31.
D). There is truth and wisdom in every line
of it It accords precisely with our notions
f the inestimable value and importance of
the sex. We do not say this, merely to in
~ratiate ourselves with the fair ones; for be
t known, we are mar'ried, ?Oe are-and rejoie
oo at being in a position, where we can say,
'shame upon you, bachelors !"
"Thus woman is, under God, the true
~reator of personal ebarncter,'and, in the ag
gregate, of national chnracter also; for the
lestiny of a nation, 'so far as instrumentality
lees, is really the charge of each succeeding
'male generation. Senators may make the'
ition's laws; stitfesmen may wield the na
ional resources ; universities may perpetuate
ta learning; but' the women of a country
llustrate its moral dhamecteristics.
" How greatly, then, does man err, and howv
nperficially does he estimate woman's posi
ion in the world, in conceiving that aught is
ceded to make it co-equal with his own.
" Man and the schools may finish the struc
urc, but woman it Is who lays the co'rner
tone which truly remains ever the head of'
-VE publish -below a communication from
Graniteville, in reference to the disorders of
the M-iils. if agitation will do any good to.
wards effecting a change for the better, we
are more than willing to keep it up. We
therefore give the letter subjoined.
-GRANxTuvILLE, FeVy 19th, 1851.
Mr. Editor:-The irregular manner in
which your interesting paper is received in
Graniteville, is to us, a source of great vexa
tion. We think that a spirit of criminal neg
ligence exists somewhere in the mail depart
ment, which cannot be too severely censured.
The Advcertiser, published on Thursday, ought
to reach us on Friday morning, but never
comes to hand till the following week. This
Village is but 18 miles from Edgefield, and
it took the last issue six days to come that
distance. This has been the rule;-a short
time ago it did not come to hand till ten days
We have remained silent to the present
time, hoping the evil would be remedied with
out a complaint. We hope that a hint to
the negligent party will be sufficient; if not,
we will certaigly appeal to a "higher tribu
nal." MANY SUBSCRIBERS.
" THE DEAD SEA OF SUBMISSION."
TuE Pendleton Messenger thus strikingly
designates the condition of political feeling
in Greenville. We have heard that the dis
trict was thrown into this deplorable attitude
by "ad captandum " appeals to their selfish
ness, in reference to the matter of taxation.
It is a source of satisfaction to know that a
majority of her intelligent people, stood firm
and unshaken. As to the rest, let them sail
on upon this."dead sea." Few will envy
them the voyage-many, like ourselves, hope
soon to see them returning, disgusted with
the filth and slime of its life-less waters.
"HAD 1IM ON THE HARD."
A certain lawyer in these parts, becoming
somewhat excited in conversation recently,
suddenly launched out with, "I should like
very much to know what in the Devil "
and happening to turn around abont this
time, he observed a parson standing by, and
with equal suddenness, checked himself and
said, " Excuse me, sir, I did not observe your
presence. "Go on, sir, go on," quickly re
plied the worthy minister, "do you suppose,
I am an apologist for the Devil!" It is unne
cessary to add that the parson had the lawyer
"on the hard " this time.
WESTERN GRANDILOQUENCE AS EXHIBITED
ON THE WITNESS'S STAND.
WE do not believe the following has ever
seen the light. It is given from memory.
. A case occurred in some Western Court,
in which the issue was an assault with intent
to kill The judicial record states the names
of the parties, as beirig McFADDmN Vs BAI.EY
A brother of the plaintiff, wvho seems to have
had a vein of humor strangely co-mingling
with his King Cambys'es jugular, being quali
ffede was requested by the Council for the
Ma tAankiI o,~~ e -knew of the case.
Whereupion, with .a ludiero-majestzeo'air, he
began as follows:
"'Gentlem-en of the Grand Jury"
"This is not the Grand Jury, Mr. McFada
din," interposed his Honor.
"Quite immaterial, judge,-Gentlemen of
the Jury, a difficulty ensued (!) between my
brother and this gentleman sonfie six months
ago. I tricd. upon several occasions, to see
if I could bring about a reconciliation, and
frequently despatched ambassadors, to see if
they could bring about a reconciliation; but
gentlemen of the jury, it seems it could not
be done. And, a few days since, the two
parties met in the road, and a difficulty ensued.
My brother prepnired for battle by dismount
ing from his horse and picking up a rock in
his hand. The other gentleman drew his
Bowie-knife deliberately from his side and
came at my brother in a menacing manner
and a carving attitude. My brother display
ed great generalship, by retreating in good
order-that is (aside to his honor,) by run
ning like d-mnation."
" What wais the remoteness of your posi
tion," exclaimed the Council for the defen
dent, mimicking Mr. McFaddin's high-faleu
ten, "from the two parties, when this diffi
eulty ensued ?"
" Ten foot, four inches and a half."
" How came you to know the distance so
exactly?" quickly asked thme attorney.
" Because, sir," said McFaddin, "I sup
posed sonme d-d fool, liko yourself, sir,
w ould ask me the question, sir, and I took the
pains to measure it, sir."
And having spoken thus, the dignified de
ponent left the stand, and strutted out of
Court with an air of majestic independence,
only pausing to wvave a graceful adieu to the
Court, and to say, " Yours with duo respect
and high consideration, GLIsTAVUS ADOLPHKUs
Fronm the State-Rights Republican.
WASHNG ToN, Feb. 22.
In the Senate, to-day, the bill making ap.
proprinition for thme support of the Military
Academy, and the Naval PioBiwa
passed. 'lso il a
The President transmitted a message to
the Senate to-day, recommending that the
Executive be authorized to call out force to
excute the Fugitive Slave Law without issu
ing his proclamation previously. A warm
debate ensued, but an adjournment was car
ried befere a vote was taken.
In the House, the bill making appropria
tions for the support of the Post Office De
partment, was passed, and the Fortification
Bill was laid on the table.
A duel is anticipated betwr-en Mr. Stanly,
of North Carolina, and Mr. Inge, of Ala
bama, in consequenee of the off'ensive lan
guage used by the latter in the debate of
Wednesday. Mr. Stanly was arrested to-day
for sending a challenge, but was released for
want of proof. Mr. Inge, and a friend, (Gov.
ernor Brown, of Mississippi) wvas among the
017THE. MAYOR and council of Boston,
have ant horized marshal1 Turkey to assist the
United States marshal, when necessary, in
FOR THE ADv.RTISER.
- To the People of Edgef&la. o
uUMBER THREE. 11
I had thought, Fellow-Citizens, to end e
these communications with the last number. t
If I should tire your patience, the purpose t
of my labors will be entirely defeate". But h
the trouble of writing, must be greater than e
that of readin g, even the commonest produe- 1,
tions; so, I am persuaded, that if I can un- 1
dergo the task, without any reward but your v
good wishes, of presenting you, an intelligi
ble sketch .of my views on the deplorable t
condition of our affitirs, you will certainly il
compliment me by reading them, and by spar. 2
ing the pains to take counsel with me on the f
best mode of obtaining redress.
A dark mantle hangs over our future, and t
it is not the worst sign of the times, that the c
Southern States are disinclined to confedera- a
ted action. Even in South Carolina, there i u
discoverable, I fear, the germs of a party, n
organized to distract her counsels, and to I
baffle the efforts of those "good men and
true," who have placed her in an attitude, t
where she can command the respect if not c
the lore of other sovereign powers. Men t
who feed at the same boards with ourselves, '
and are nourished by the bounty of the same
generous soil, are endeavoring to defeat the
patriotie action of your legislature, by pro
claiming the utter inability of the State to
protect itself, and its great unpreparedness
for a State of hostilities, 'if the government
should choose to force that issue upon her.
In my humble opinion that alternative will
not be presented. But if it should be, w 1
are ready to meet it. A freeman is ever
armed in the defence of his liberties, and no
condition of affairs can discharge him from
his obligations to protect them with both
property and life.
Suffer me in this last address, to enlarge -
on the state of our preparations.
This crisis seems to have called forth t
from their dusty chambers, and hidden t
recesses of obscurity, men of every charne
ter and every description, who come forward
and offer their services to direct the helm of
State. It is not a professor of Greek and c
Latin, that we need in this emergency, to I
steer us through our trials and direct us to
safety and honor. No! Let the Pedagogue
stick to his Synonymes, his roots of verbs, j
and conjugations and derivations.-We want :
men skilled in another war than a war of
words. Prudence is a virtue that we very 0
much rely on, but such is the infirmity of our I
nature, that the prudence of the very aged is i
apt to degenerate into inefficiency. We want
no counsel from men whose terrors present
to their minds nothing but hideous monsters
and lions in our path. If we are prepared,
in spirit-in mind and heart, for the duty be
fore us, we are prepared in every other wvay.
If then we clearly see the position, we, of I
right, ,..ughlt to take, and if "honor pricks us
on," why should we not proceed, at once to
occupy it? The opponents of State action,
say, that .we are not prepared for such a step; I
will just -wait-patiently, we will not only lbe
better prepared than we now are, but our
cause will be more thoroughly understood by
the other Southern States, whose interest, by
that time will comnpell them to .feel and de
fend it. My God! will you tell a man to1
wait for succor, when a relentless serpent is
encircling him with its folds-tell him to
wait for the other inhabitants of the endan
gered city, when the flames are mounting the
walls of his own domicil, the shelter of his 1
wife and his innocent babes. No! perish
such a thought forever. If wve have a cause,
let us go bravely on, and God and our good
angels protect us!
We will be much truer patriots, and much
braver soldiers, I have no doubt, after we
have been steeped in the mire of disgrace, for
fifteen or twenty year~s more of our short ex
istence. It is quite true, I suppose, that a
tame submission to insult and outrage, for ani
ordinary life time, will quicken our sensibili- I
ties, and better fit us for the assertion of ouri
rights and the preservation of our honor.
But are we not making, this preparation so
loudly spoken of? Shall we not shortly hear<
the "note of preparation," and the rattle of I
armor sounding through the State, from the I
mountains to the sea? Would we be any
better prepared to fight, in a whole century, I
if we never made an issue ? When shall we
be prepared, if tihe insults which are heaped
upon us by the North, in arrogantly claiming
our propei ty, to whieb she has not the shadow I
of a right, and in excluding us from all share
in a government wye are bound to obey, can
not stir us to begin a separation, and to apply1
the rightful remedy brought to our hands by I
our venerated fathers?
Whenever our State is insulted, and we I
are called upon and proceed to vindicate her(
honor, we can hear nothing rung in our ears, '
but that dastardly cry, "we are unprepared
for a war-wait till we are prepared.'' It is
tihe language of timidity or delusion, not to<
apply a stronger term, and if we wvaited till
its authors were prepared, we would wait till I
the Judgment day. When a brave man isr
insulted, he resents it immediately, or at least c
lhe indeavors to do so, whether he is prepared
or not. Prudence dictates that lhe should re- C
sent it to save himself from accumulated in
sults and indignities. And shall a State- y'
shall a sovereign State calmly bear the degra- t
ding inlfamy of the grossest insults, for fif- a
teen or twenty years, until one or two geaer
ations shall have passed away, because she is e
not ready now to wipe it off? I know we are
not ready now to fight as I w~ould have us do, y
but in the name of God, when shall we be e,
better prepared ? If our country, (for my y
State is my country.) has been insulted, and y
we know it, we should oven fly to arms, if o
necessary, and maintain her honor, though fi
every man of us perished in the attempt.- d
We could learn the art of wvar in the field of E
battle-or, at least, we could show our ins- vi
lent enemy, that we preferred death to degra- vi
diation Thae Thirteen American colonies
ere not prepared to contend with the arms
r Enghnd, at the breaking out of the Revo.
ition. They never would have been prepar.
I fo contend with them, if they had consul.
d their personal case and safety, or listened
> the dietates of fear. They were actuated
y higher feelings. Every ploughman, at
nee became a soldier, and what he lacked
i discipline, he made 6p in valor. The one.
ly was met and vanquished, and .America
It is but too apparent, people of Edgeield,
any one conversant with the popular feel
ig, that you are not now animated wifhitlat
eal in the support of State-rights, which
red your bosoms in the 'glnotu*'day
fullification. le would have been aceoun.
-d unworthy, in those tinesfoftr
ould venture arguments to deter you
sserting your freedom, and viiidicaiting yor
nsullied reputation, even agiinst tlie
kilitary powers of the Federal Govrn
efresh your memories with an extret~fron
ie address of the Convention of 1832 t
ie people of South Carolina, written ob one;
f the purest and ablest statesmen evr'nur
ured in the bosom of our State-RouEwr
rom you thatif Congress should notbe
Led with a patriotic &liberal feeling in thisons
uncture,they can give to thiscontroversywlit
.sue they please. Admit,then,that there is risk
f a serious conflict with the federal'of i
ient. We know no better way to avoidahe
hance of hostile measures in our. ppnens
han to evince a readiness to me *
ome from what quarter it will.
hink that the American Revolutio
leed to little purpose, if a considirafon'
his kind were to deter our people fromas ..
erting their sovereign rights. That Zlu
ion, it is well known, was not eutdriti
our Southern ancestors from any j
ppres.ion, which the people suffered.. t
eontest waged for PRINCIPLE, emp
Dr principle. The calamities of reo
trire, and civil war, were fairly prsnziti
he illustrious patriots of those timesay 5
ried the souls of men. The afternativ
ither to remain dependent coloiesi.'
!ss servitude, or to become free,"sov
nd independent states-To attain-sui1
inguished rank amongst the nations- K
arth, there was but. one path, -and:.tb4
ath of glory-the crowning glory of
cconnted worthy of all -sufferMg -
mbracing all the calamities of a
var abroad, and of domestic evils
ather than to surrender their libertie
esult of their labors is known-to
brongh the flood of light which Q S
ion has shed upon the seience of gzve i A
nd the rights of man-in the " S SteD
as taught the oppressor,*and
t has afforded to the oppressed"-r-in thea
igoration of the spirit - of freedom every
vbere, and in the amelioration it is p adl
n the social order of mankind."
This passage from the same addre a
nanpropriate to the present crisis.
"It is full time that we should ]tnqw wbw~.
ights we have under the federal pi
nd more especially oughtwe~ to'lnoeww
r we are to live under a consolidifed ove ~
aent, or a 'confederacy 'of stsZwh~
he sates be sovereign,-orthefrslocaeksi
ures be mero corporations.::-Aissng 6
aERSTANDIN*G OF TEE BARGAIN We dem I95
ource of all poei, 6'lysomen.
orm. Till some one Southern Seth i
o the Federal Government an issu itffwllt
ontinue to have its " appetite, increased-by.
rhiat it feeds on." History admonishes6a
hat rulers never have the forecasto ospbsti..
ute in good time reform for revolution. T'hey ~
orget that it is always more desirable that,
he just claims of the governed should bzealc
n on them "through well contrived and welt
lisposed windows, not through flaws and
>reaches. through the yawning chasm ofthieir
>wn ruin." One State must, under the awful
>rospects before us, throw herself into.theo
reach in this great struggle for constitutiona4
'reedom. There is no other mode of'awallen-1
ng thae attention of the co-states to grievan'ei
rhich if suffered to accumulate' mustdi,
nemiber the Union. It has fallen to our'lot,
ellow-citizens, first to quit our trenches. Let
as io on to the assault with oheerfal hearta
*nd undaunted minds."' .. .
In that fearful period the name of GEORGZ'.
ICDUFFIE, wvas your glory and your pride.!
Ie was a live coal of fire to touch your heart'
with sentiments of patriotism, as he was the'
mbodiment and the soul of eloquence, ge.
ius and virtue. Read this portion of his ad
tress to the people of the several States o
he Union, written by order of the same Cone
ention referred to.
" A people, who deliberately submit to op..
ression, with a full knowledge that they arn.
ppressed, are fit only to be slaves; and all
ist ory proves that such a people will soon
ind a master. It is the pro-existing spirit of~
lavery, in the people, that has made tyrants
n all ages of the world. - No .tyrant ever
aea slave-no community, however smalid~
aving the spirit of freemen, over yet had a
iaster. The most illustrious of those states,
which have given to the world examples of,
uman freedom, have occupied territories not
irger than some of the districts of South
arolina; while the largest masses of popu
ation that were ever united under a common.
overnment, have been the abject, spiritless
ad degraded slaves of despotic rulers. We
ineerely hope, therefore, that no portion of:
he states of this Confederacy will permit
hemselves to be deluded into any measures
f rashness, by the vain imagination .thiat
outh Carolina will vindicate her riwhte d
berties, with a less inflexible and unfalteringr
esolution, wvith a population of some half a
iillion, than she would do wvith a population.
f twventy millions.
It does not belong to freemen to count the
osts, and calculate the harzards of vindicating
seir rights, and defending their liberties;
nd even if we should stand alone in the
*orat possible emergency of this great con
roversy, without the co-operation or ennOU'
gement of a single State of the confederacy,.
-e will march forward with an unfaultering
rep, until wec have accomplished the object
f this great'enterprise."
At the close of the last speech your~great,.
our beloved statesman ever made you,'In
mnversation with him who now addresses
au, he uttered these words in reference. to.
murrelves, which were indelibly .imprinted
my memory. "I commenced, and I have'
tihed my career here, .and I have always
aemed it a suffieient appeal to the peophrolf'
dgefield, to say that their rights have bsea'
olated, and that daager is involved li tla
Fellow~-citizens, what nobler euloglaut