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tisements vmu:t be paid for in advance.
For anr.a.eing a Cindidate, Three Dollars,
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars,
to be paid by the Magistrate advertising.
Progross. of Nullification.
The "higher kmo" party are evidently on
the increase at the North. Ohio hais just
efected a " higher law" Senator in the person
of Mr. Wade, and the Lower House of her
Legislature- has passed a bill, similar in its
scope and purpose, to the nullification act of
Vermont. New-York has elected Mr. 11am
ilton Fish, Mr. higher law Seward's friend
and candidate, to the Senate.
The time seems hastening on when the
Constitutional Union Party of Georgia will
be called upon to redeem their pledges, and
become a disunion party. Yet this latter
very patriotic party seem at present absorbed
in the amiable business of abusing and de
nouncing their Southern Rights friends, as
traitors and disunionists, for exposing the
rottenness of public sentiment and action in
reference to the Constitutional Rights of the
Webster, Fillmore, and other first rate
Constitutional Union men at the North, were
foremost and most efficient in putting this
anti-slavery excitement in motion, and keep
ing it up for the purpose of overwhelming
the Northern Democrats who stood m:nfully
up for Southern Rights. But those gentle
men receive the honied praises and plaudits
of the Constitutional Union party of Geor
gia, and are even talked of as worthy the
votes of the people for the Presidency.
The Southern people will indeed have be
come a degraded race when they can be
cajoled into kissing the hands of those who,
have in times past, struck the heaviest blows
at their rights in this Confederacy.-Consti
STEAM CoMx3UNICATIoN BETWEEN ViRGINIA
AND EUworE -The Baltimore Suit says:
Atubrose W. Thompson, Esq., has presented
a petition to the Legislature of Virginia for
assistance in establishing a line of first class
steatmships between Norfolk and Antwerp,
in Europe, touthing in going or returning at
such other ports in England and France as
may be desirable-the said ships to possess I
great speed and sea qualities, and to be built
in such manner as to lit them for any marinie
or naivatl purpose.
Mr. Thompson proposes to contribute two.
fifths of the cost of construction and equip
- ent ojf saidastenamers, and begin. their eon
struetion iumediately, so as to establish the
lne at the earliest possible period, provided
the Stto of Virginia shall advance its six
per cant. bonds with coupons, having ten
ears to run, for the remaining three-ffhs.
rhe bonds thus atdvanced to be secured to
the Statte b~y mortgage on the s:aid ships,
accompantiied by policies of insuratnce, and a
contract that the steamers shall alwayvs run
from the watters of~ Virginia. The interest
on the bonds lhe agrees to pay semi-annually
into the treatsury of Virginia, and the whole
amount of bonds thus advanced to be paid
by him at their nmturity ; but he is to have
the privilege of paying them off at any time
previous to umaturity.
The Richmond Republican expresses a
confident belief thatd the Legislature will ac
cede to the terms proposed.
FATL ArFFRAY IN CAu!DEN.-We find the
following atccunt of a fatal rencontre in
Camden in the Charleston Sun:
"Editors of the Sun: I hasten to inform
you of the fatal issue of a renceontre wvhich
jook place in our towvn yesterdamy, about half.
past 12 o'clock, between Robert J. Lester.
formerly of Georgetown, and Samuel J. Love,
of this place, in which thme former received at
pistol shot in the abdomen, which caused his
death in about seventeen hours.
" A jury of inqnest was called this morn
ing at 10 o'clock, whose verdict will be made
known in due time; eonsequtently we forbear
" Love has been. arrested, and is now in
jail to atwait his triatl, which will probably
tke place at otur Spring Term."
CAsE OF Poiso~ixo.-On the 17th instant,
we learn, that Mr. Daniel Gladden and lady
patrtook of poison, administered in coiree by
their cook, w"ho immediately thereafter ab
sconded. Mr. Gladden very soon discharged
fronm his stomach the poison, by vomiting; but
nmot so with his lady, to whom medical aid
was speedily sectured, wvithiout success how
ever, for she survived but a short time.
This has truly beeni an afflicted family; but
a short time since an inmtiat of Mr. GIladdenm
wits burned to death in its cratdle, anid now
the partner of his Ijibreias been prematurely
hutrried hence, doubtless by the destroyer of
his infant, for the woman is now suspected
of having set fire to the clothing around the
Weare informed that the negro has been
arrested, tried and condemned to be hung on
Fridaty, the 11th April next. Shte is now in
jail awvaiting the time for her execution.
Fairfield Herald. -,
LYNeCHNG AN ArtoLITzoyIsT IN KENTUeKY.
-Rev. Edward Matthews, travelling agent
of the American Baptist Emancipation Soci
ety of Newv York, whilist on a pilgrimage to
the residence of Cassius M. Clay, of Ken
tucky. stopped at Richmontd, Kentucky, and
mamde use of certain unwholesome expressions
relative to thme subject of slavery, which in
duced the citizens to order him to leave the
town. Hie left, but returned a day or twoI
afterwards, whereupon some citizens seized
him, and after ducking him nine times in a
horse-pond, ordered hinm to leave the State.
Upon refusing to do so, hec wa dipped twice
miore; wvhereupon lhe promised to leave im
mediately, and took up the line of march on
foot for Pennsylv-tnia.-Philadelphia Ledger.
WILD CAT, Es-q.-WVe take the following
from the Arkansas Banner, of January 14,
" This wily chief has organized a settle
ment on the Mexican border, and became a
justice of tbe peace, under the Mexican gov
ernment. Senor Alcalde Wild Cat, with
his free negro, and wild Indian constituents,
it is feared, will occasion. somec trouble to
EDGEF uELD. S. C*
THURSDAY, MARCH 27, 1851.
Notice to the Catholics of Edgefield.
TurE verv Rev. Dr. REYNOLDS, Catholie
Bishop of tiis Doces;e, will visit Edgelield
the ensuing week.
" Messrs. SNOWDEN & SHEAR, (as will
be seen by their advertisement in this issue
of our paper.) are receiving " additional sup
plies" of the richest and most beautiful
Spring Goods. They are never behind the
foremost in their line of business. Turn to
As a little variety, we give our readers, on
this page, an impromptu Lyric, which has
been kindly furnished us by our fair and
patriotic young friend, at whose request they
were written. The true Southern Spirit
which it breathes, makes full amends for its
slight poetic irregularities.
OUa beloved and admired Senator has re
turned from his labors in Washington to the
quiet and repose of Stonelands, his residence
near this place. We greet him with joy and
with pride. As no man is more eminently
qualified for the high duties of a Senator, so
has he no superior in the practise of social
and domestic duties. Long may lie live to
serve his State and to gladden his home.
The people of Edgefield look towards him
now with peculiar hope and confidence.
They feel that a master-spirit has returned to
their midst, who can quell the restless waves
of contention that are beginning to unsettle
our ranks. They believe that, in him, they
have a leader, who can rally the most timid
and constrain the most factious to the high
course of honor and of wisdom.
It is earnestly hoped by hundreds of his
immediate fellow-citizens, that he may find it
agreeable to meet them on the first Monday
in April, when a public meeting will be held
at our Village. We trust it will be our privi
lege to announce, in our next issue, that such
is his pleasure.
FARIMER AND PLANTER.
WE have carefully examined the March
Number of this excellent Agricultural Mag
azine, and feel prompted again to recommend
it to the planting publie. It is indeed replete
with interesting and useful information, much
of which is entirely new, while the rest is se
lected with jndicious care. Nothing of the
kind, that we have seen, is better adapted to
the wants of our people, in this department.
TiE SCIENTIFIC A.'iUcAN, for March, is
also upon our table, and demand.s a notice of
its uncommon worth, as its just due. No
Mechanic, who is desirous of imp
abilities, should fail to take it and e
study it in his leisure hours. It is
~among thp very b~est Scientific Jo
pra'tical purposes in.the United St
price is $2 a year. - -
gg WE clip from the PalmcI
(Chester.) the following notice, given oy
" We have the pleasure of info'rming onr
readers thamt we will conmmenee, next week,
the publicaition of~ an or'iginalI nouvelette,
written expressly for the "Palmetio Stand
ard," entit led " TIarleton's Quarter ; or Sev
entyj Years Ago."
Cannot some one of our many accomplish
ed and talented renders, bestow a like faivor
upon us of the Advertiser. Ours is the larg
est and most populous district in the State,
after Charleston ; and we certmaily may be
permitted to say. it is second to none in point
of intelligence. We have but two newspa
pers to a population of 30000. For ours,
wvhich is the central one, we finid it impossible
to get up the light reading without begging
eternailly from every Tom, Dick and Harry
of the Press. True, we get hold of very
good things in this wvay, occasionally. But
there is an air of interest attached to an
original sketch, which always takes, if the
subject-matter is only "from fair to middling,
as the cotton buyers say. We wvould be hap
py to have our colunmns, among the rest .gra
ced once in a while, with something of this
Now there aire certain persons within the
scope of our immediate circulation--upon
whom we could place our finger, were it
necessary-quite capable of peniiing light
and agreeable stories. We entreat them to
do this, as a source of improvement to thiem
selves and of enjoyment to others.
Somue may say, "oh, yours is only a vilage
paper, and writing for it would be like " wast
ing sweetness on the desert air." Never
more mistaken in all your life ! Know that
a village paper, wvell siipported by an intelli
genit conmmuiiity, may even vie with your city
gazettes, except in thme matters of Tele
graphic despatchics, Steamnboat arrivals and
Prices Currenit. Besides, there is this advan
tage ; if your story is a failure, it will escape
the severity of criticism in its snug little cor-i
nr-if a good one, it will be sure to wvork
its way into thme world and become "thme ob-!
served of all observers."
W~ILLIAM LOGUE, ESQ.
WE perceive from thme Savannah Georgian,
f the 1 8th instant, that this gentleman, who
vas recently a citizen of this town, but now
a member of the Savannah Bar, delivered on
St. Patrick's day a very eloquent Orationm be
fore the Hlibernian Society, in that city
IRISH VERSION OF AN OLD IlYMN,
AMOSG the sentiments given at thme annual
dinner of the St. Patrick's Benevolent Soci
ety in Charleston, wye observe the following:
Come thou fount of every blessing
Tune thy souls to sing thy praise
Stremus of imerey never ceasing,
We will speak thy peerless name.
How much of this new reading is attribu
table to the Mercury's type-setters we cant
undertake to say. The version, as it appears,
ertainly evinces thme most sovereign contempt
of rhy-me na well na resn.
SOUTH CAROLINA ALONE.
WE have said that we would take a view
of the hopes of South Carolina, in case she
is left unaided by a single Southern State.
It will be permitted us to premise, that it is
with feelings of abhorrence we, for a mo
ment, indulge the probability of such an
event. So utterly repugnant is it, to all the
notions we have, throughout life, entertained
of the nobility of the Southern character,
that the mere admission, for the sake of ar
guinent, is loathsome. But grant it-and
Does it follow that we are to be ruined?
that our prosperity is to be blighted and our
energies paralysed ? that our homes are to be
given up to the owls and the bats, and that
our population is to rush into strange lands,
with the wild and terrified confusion of the
condemned in the last great day? Does this
comport with any one trait in our national
character? Is such a consummation conson
ant with one single item of our past history ?
What is required to give even the appearance
of plausibility to these deductions? A pre
existing condition of heartlessness, cowardice
and selfishness on the part of our people
an absence of all the hjigli emotions of patri
otisin, honor and local attachment. Can this
be said of us? Is not every true son of
Carolina ready to maintain the recerse with his
life-blood? We believe it with a faith, that
knows no wavering. And believing thus, we
will never admit that our State is to be de
serted it her hour of need, except by such
men, as were born traitors. Of these, we
would rejoice to be ridded. The great mass
of our people would but become the more
staunch and true, in proportion to the in
crease of the dangers that threatened "the
home of their affections and the land of their
allegiance" They would take up the language
of David when speaking of Jesusalein, and
say: " When I forget thee, oh Carolina, may
my right hand forget its cunning and my
tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth."
Should we be told that these are mere as
sertions which may be rebutted by contrary
ones, we answer, ours are assertions based
upon a knowledge of what our people have
been and what they still are. The contrary
opinion, however, confidently declared, would
be purely prospective and hypothetical.
Should we be pressed still further for the
reasons upon which we ground this abiding
faith, we would bid the sceptic go through
the length and breadth of our State, and put
the question plainly to every individual he
might chance to meet, " will you not descrt
South Carolina in her day of trouble?" If
he escaped, in the prosecution of this experi
went, eve. for a singrle day, with an unbro.
ken skull, it is more than we would expect.
Add to this, that it is the proud boast of
T[here is nothing then. to warrant the belief
that discord, or event discontent will prevail
in our ranks. There is every thing to keep~
alive the joyous expectation, that our peoiple
will present a solid front in defence of their
State, whatever may betide ther. This being
granted, we aire now to examine the extent of
the evils and difieulties which are likely to
arise to test the firumness of our population
and the truth of their cause.
And first as to the evils of war. It is said
by sonme of the political ' savans,' that the
Federal Government wvill not think of using
coerive measures towards South Carolina, ini
the event (if her seceding from the Union.
Mr. Wasr has indicated that the Execu
tive department is of a different wvay of
thinking. He has indeed almost declared
that we iil be dealt with as a rebellious Pro
vince, if that branch of the Government is to
have the decision of the matter. The ques
tion then arises, wvill this dictatorial decision
be sust-ained by the National Legislature, in
which the sole power of declaring war resides.
Even conceding the point that it will be the
disposition of a majority of that branch to
sustain the Executive, will there not be moral
hinderances to the fulfilment of this policy,
well calculated to stagger all but those who
r laboring under the blindest fanaticism?
Evidently3 so. A ny a'ct of rcar against South
Carolina for the causes nnder consideration,
will be a public proclamation that the Ameri
cn people have renonneed the strongest
feature of their Federal system, the only
cheek upon the aggressions of the Central
Government-the hitherto uncompromitted
sovreignty of the separate members of the
League. It will be canonizing the deeress
of a majority in Congress, as infallible and
supreme. It will be acknowledging to the
world that our boasted government differs
from a despotism only in name. It will be a
retrogade movement that will call down upon
the government the ridicule of monarchists
and which will afford them just grounds to
boast of the superiority of their long cherish
ed constitutions. It will be perpetrating in
the enlightened era of 1851, an outrage
worthy only of medi-mval tyranny. It is no
salvo to the consciences of those who perpe
trte the deed, that it will commend itself to
the support of transatlantic politicians, as ac
cording with the teaching of their schools.
They will not regard it in this light alone.
Their chief use of it will be,to point to it as
a proof of the impotency of our political or
ganization. While a deed like this, by the
American Congress, would impart joy to the
hearts of monarchs and despots everywvhere,
it would arm their parasites with a newv and
powerful argument against Republican inno
vations. It would weaken, perhaps destroy
the moral influence of this Wecstern Republic,
over the affairs of mankind. Could such
men as WEBSTER and even CLA, suffer
shouts of a reekless party, into a misur
that would reflect such disgrace upon tht
American name ? It is scarcely prohible.
Another barrier against the persecution ol
South Carolina by any act of war, will be
found in the unprecedented .s'rength of her
political position. S tands upon a inoral
Gibraltar, and from,birlimmaiding height,
can survey the pe jleity of her assailants,
with a calm confid ngin the pnrity of her
cause and an unfaltering trust in Him who
has said, that " the battle is not to the stront
alone." Among the revolting elements that
may struggle to combine for her destruction,
the still small voice of common sagacity will
make itself heard, however unwelcome its
suggestions. It. will force our adversaries to
see and to admit that they are entering upon
a confliet in which the 'morale' will be alto.
gether against them. The questions will
present themselves to the sober, practical
farmers of the North-for what purpose i.s
this proceeding against South Carolina insti.
tuted? what injury orginjustice have we ever
sustained at her hands.? what is to be the cost
of this experiment? when is it to end ? if
the extirpation of a few savages from Florida
cost us several millions, what sum will be
required to organise and keep up a force
sufficient to subdue a hundred thousand free.
men fighting for their.very firesides? Their
leaders would strive in vain to give satisfac.
tory answers to these puzzling questions.
There would thus arise distraction and divi.
sion without end, even among the people of
the Free-soil States. -Fanaticism would ad.
vise to desperate measures-self-intcrest
would pause to consider the pecuniary ad.
vantages to be gained-justice, though per.
haps in a sad minority, would condemn the
policy-even the violated Constitution might
call around it a remnant, resolved to restore
it to its original purity. Thus the very na
ture of the case, to say nothing of the les.
sons of their past history, will lead us to be.
lieve that the Northern States would be split
into factions and that their action througi
the National Congress would, as a conse.
quence, be vacillating, weak and inefficient.
We do not speak of our sister States of the
South, having agreed to admit that they will
remain neutral and indifferent spectators o
this effort to subjugate South Carolina.
Should they be taken into the estimate, ir
making up an opinion of the wrangling and
dissension which this measure of oppressior
will produce, the expectation of an armed
attempt to force our State into submi:sion
would dwindle downto the barest possibility
But leaving them out of the question, ther<
are many reasons, some of which are indica
ted above, to strengthen the belief that nc
formidable party ead be long held togethei
for the destruction of our Commonwealth.
we will command the issues ot this coniei
for peace or for war. We will have the con.
trol of~ our own free destiny, with no survei.
lance but that of the mighty Ruler of Nat ions
IBut if they even yield to the suggestions of
that prudential patriotism, which elaims foi
itself a spirit ef determined resistance, whik
saying that "the time and the occasion " to]
beginning the all-important movement, "havi
not yet been, are not nowv," while, in efll'eet
disclaimning the action of our Representative
taken at the last session, then we much fea:
that the "die is cast" and that the fates arc
against us. Thea do we seriously apprehend
that "a tale of submissioa" will begin tc
be unfolded, the last chapter of wvhich will
present a picture, more appalling than Brit in
emancipation 'ever stamped upon the uniifor.
tunate island of St. Domingo. Patriots of
South Carolina! dampen not, with these
temporising counsels, the enthusiasm of
those, whose tohole souls and fortunes stand.
pledged to the unflinching prosecution of the
course, plainly marked out by otur Legisla.
ture and joyfully recognised by our true
sympathizers throughout the South! You
may thus deal a death-blow to the great
cause in which we are all engaged-a cause
which must triumph, if guided by the spirit
of '76. We have much ground to hope that
this triumph will be achieved without the ne
eessity of war; and to this view we have
confined oiurselves in the above. At another
time, we will consider the probability of that
triumph, should a resort to arms be necessary
to secure it.
C0O.. I. W. UAYNE.
WE perceive that the Greenville Patriot,
by claiming several gentlemen as anti-secs
sionists, has elicited a long reply from Col.
HAYNF, through the Charleston Mercury. It
is not our good fortune to understand the
full force of the Colonel's demonstrations.
For all that we know, or can learn from the
article, the editor of the Patriot may still be
right in reference to seceral of the gentlemen
le lays claim to.
As to Judge BUTLER and Col. IIAYE him
self, we had no doubts before, of their beliet
in the right and possible expediency of seces
sion. WVe regret to perceive that wec have
mis-judged the latter, so far as to number
him among those, who belie-:e that, without
a change for the better or some such positire
prosect of Southern co-operation. as will
warrant us in delaying, the " time and the oe
aion" for action will hare arisen at the
meeting of our Convention in '52. WVe supl)
pose from his use of the expression, "striking
while the iron is hot," that he is for waiting
until our people are again placed ini the fur
nace of Federal oppression. We doubt the
utility of subjecting iron too often to a red
heat-and we doubt the wisdom of familiari
zing any population with acts of tyranny.
The iron may lose its temper, and the popu
latin my hae "he ege f sesibli.
blunted," by 'a repetition of the experiment.
It is with deep disappointment, that We
feil tibligred to draw this inferenec from Col.
HmAYNE'S communient ion. The name he bears
is dear to the whole State. Many fondly
cherisied reminiscences are awakened by its
mention. Not the least amonetiihem, is that
memorable occasion when a noble Carolinian
maintained his ground against the boasted
orator of Massachusetts, and fearlessly de
clared, as his own resolve and the resolve of
the State he represented, " that they would
not lav down their arms until they had ob
tained indemnity for the past and security for
the future." The present representative of
that honored nante iav b" infinenced by the
same "uncalculatng devotion to the interests
and the honor of South Carolina." This
conviction but adds to our grief that he has
thought proper to differ from the adopted and
manifestly wise policy of secession, on the
score of wrongs already coimnitted against
the only sovereignty we acknowlelge.
If we h:ve mis.construed his position, it
will afford us more than gratification to know
it. According to our understanding of his
vie-.vs. it does appear to us that he is the ad
vOcate of a course, that will place our State
just where she was three years ago. The
base wrongs of the past are to be forgiven
and forgotten-we are to return quietly to
our hewing of wood and drawing of water,
until something occurs to arouse us again to
a burning heat; and then we will net, and
that too, at the very nick of time. We de
sire, with proper respect, to enter our solemn
protest against this dallying with our extreme
grievances. It is throwing ourselves into
the power of our enemies. It is learing to
them the decision of the time and occasion
for the next up-rising of Southern feeling.
Their shrewdness will regulate this period
according to the ascertained preparedness of
the South for the infliction of new wrongs.
Before it shall have arrived, the gallant gen
tieman, whose views we are considering, may
be gone to his grave. The old veterans of
the Constitution will be all gone. Most of
the eye-witnesses of '32 may be gathered to
their fathers. The inundation of Northern
influence, may have spread every where.
Our voice may have become powerless and
our hant's have become fettered for all time.
Who can endure the thought.? Is it not bet
ter to strike at once, before that evil day
" Strike for your altars and your fires;
Strike for the green graves of your sires,
God and your inatire land '
DANIEL WEBSTER AXD THE FUG!TIVE
WE copy below from a Northern Exchange
the proceeding of the citizens of Marshflield,
WEDSTER's home, in reference to the Fugi
-' ' '-- thi. rod-like Daniel is
tremzity. WVe must eithier conclutde from thuis
that 3Mr. WVECSTEa has lost all manner of in
fltuence in his own little townt. or else that lie
is playing the part of a double-dyed hypo
erite. Read the statement ecarefultly and de
cide the point for yourselves.
BosTON, WXednesday, 3March 5.
The citizens of the town of' 3arshfield,
the place (of Datniel Webster's residence,
adopted, at their late town meet ing, held day
before yesterdamy, M1arch 3, a preamble and
series of resolutions, lby a vote of' 120 to 31t,
pronuncuiing the Fugitive Slave act. unconsti
tuitional. They say it is so, in thait. amnong
others, it violautes that provisioni of' t he Cotn
stitution, wvhich declares that tno bill of at
tainder or ex pJo~e fad~o law shall be passed;
that which declares that no mnan shall ibe de
priv'ed of life or liberty' without dIne process
of law ; anid thamt men charged with crime or
wvhose interests are at state ini suits at comn
mon law involving a stin equal to $20 shall
be entitled to tri:.l by Jury. Further, they
declaire thatt this act is utterly repugnant to
our moral sense, a disgrace to the civilization
of' the age, and clearly tt variamnce' with the
whole spirit of' the Christiam faiith.
The resoltutions are very strong. They
maintain t hat until we are prepared to repudi
ate the principles of the Declaration of Inde
pendence and abjure all idea of' jtistice and
huimanuity, we can render no0 voluntary obedi
ence to this act. The second resolution is as
Resolved, Thait while we love and defend
the Union that secures the objects for which
this was satid to be established, we are not to
be det erred by any threats of dikunion, or by
any fear of evils, immuediate or remote, pres~
cni or future, fronm usitng all just :ind lawf'ul
means to aid and assist those who hav'e the
manliness and cotratge to escape from the
prison-house of bondage.
The third and fouirth declare that while
they' desire liberty for themselves, and retain
a spark of the spirit which led the Pilgrinms
:cross the Ocean, while thiey reniember the
golden rule and rccognize thte obligations of
charity, anid love, and good will, their homes
shall be oipeni to welcomie the hunted fugitive
as he passes their doors, in his flight from the
national blood-hounds wh'lo are buying on his
They conmmend to every fugitive from
Slavery the glorious sentiment of' Patrick
Henry-"Give me liberty or give miedeh.
The preamble and resolutions were ordered
to be eiitere'd tupotn the public ofliia records
of the town.
WVF. are glad to see, by the Columibia pa
pers, that the very large Southern Rights
Associa tion of Riebliand, sheows no disposi
tion to step bauckwards in the great cause of
Resist:imee. The grounid they took at the
beginning was high, and altogethmer honorable
to our spiritedl Capitol. They occupy that
ground still, the polished and distinguishecd
correspotndents of the Greenville Patriot to
the contrary notwithstanding, and we may
confidently add, they wcill ocenpy it to tihe last.
Indeed, from the subjoined notice of the
State-Rights Republican, it would seem that
the feeling for determined and immediate ac
tion is increasing and spreading.
"The tone of the meeting w~as firm and
decided, atnd evidently every individual pre
sen looeuponnn SECESSIO 5 inevitable.
" One incident. however, is specially wor
thv of remark. Our readers doubtless re
colleet that some of the Submission Prints
-the Richnond Enqutirer among the number
-recently claimed with loud hosannahs, C.
P. Bookter, Esq., one of the Delegates from
this District to our Stnte Conveniion,and the
senior Vice-1resident of this Association
as a Union man. Maj. D. D. Finley, in apolo.
gizing for Copt. J ookter's unavoidable ub
sence from this meeting, in consequence of
indisposition, stated :mid loud and continued
cheering. that he was authorized by Capt.
Bookter to announce, that that gentleman
had now come to the conclusion that there
was no longer, in his opinion, a probability
of our obtaining redress for our wrongs, and
that consequently our only alternative to es
cape dishonor was
This gratifying announcement is rnly an
other demonstration that instead of subsi
ding, the spirit of resistance is every day
becoming stronger, and that despite the mis
representations of interested parties to the
contrary, South Carolina was never more in
earnest than she is at present."
It will be seen from this that old Richland
is all right. Shall we not have the same to
say of Edgefield ? We have no doubt of it.
Come up, fellow-citizens, to the meeting
of our Association on sale-day next. Let
every man, who is not disposed to back out,
enroll his name among the members of that
body. And let us send a full delegation to
the meeting in Charleston.
TIlE SOUTHRON'S PRAYER,
To Miss A. L. P., the following impromptu
lines are inscribed by one proud of her friend
ship and good-will. A Sov-TnoN.
God of immortal Washington,
God of the Sunny South !
God bless the land of Washington,
God bless the Sunny South!
God bless the .Mothers of the South,
And bless her Daughters too
God bless the Fathers of the South,
And keep her Sons all true!
God bless the Fifteen Southern States,
God bless Columbia too;
And pity Lord, the Northern States,
" They know not what they do !"
The South her Independence won,
Old England's bonds she broke;
Nor will a Southern Mother's Son,
E'er wear New Eugland's yoke!
Woe to the wretch whose traitor hand,
Shall aid and comfort give,
To foemen of the Southron's land
Let not that traitor live!
God of immortal Washington,
God of the Sunny South ;
God help the land of Washington,
God save the Sunny South!
From the South Carolinian, 25th inst.
Arrival of the Artic.
LATER FROM EUROPE-COTTON PIRM.
BALTIIoRE, March 25, 1851.
-- - - ning. She was
nel on the first
y a large vessel.
5ut little from
3 sailing of the
striets were doing
.avre cotton market
Corn, owing to large importations had de
clined from Gd. to Is.
Filour in- Liverpool-Western 20s. 6d. a
21s. 6d. Baltimore 22 a 23.
In France all was quiet. The Assembly
met on Monday. The tlonting debt was aug
mented seventy millions francs. Tis' an
nouncement ha'd depressed op~era.tiosns on the
Bourse. Seventy-livee are quoted at 94
franes 24 eenlimnes.
Austria refuses the demand of Russia,
concerning a confederation. -The Emperor
of Russia has presenited the King of Prussia
with a ehair worth a million of dollars.
Constantinople intelligence states that the
Emprorof Austria hats granted an amnesty
to all the exiled Hungarians. except Kossuth
and Biatheny but none of them will be al
lowed to revisit Hungary.
Death of Dr. Wray.
" The young may die:; thme old must die."
The latter portion of this impressiv-e aphor
ism is solemnly brought to the minds of our
citizens by the dleath of Dr. Thomas J. Wray,
who depnarted this life on the 20th instant, at
his residence in this city. His mortal frame
yielded gradually, and without pain, to the
sure progress of age and phlysical debility,
whih h-ad long given wa;rning of his ap
proaching end. He breathed his.' last in the
midst of his famnily, and cheered by a Chris
tian's hope of a happy imnmortality-.
Dr. WVray was borii in WVilliamisburg, Vir
ina, in IFebruary 178I, and emigrated to
Anusta in 1801, where he has resided about
50 years, engaged in business until the in
firmtes of age forced him to withdraw. He
was one of the most tho'rough Biotianists in
the conntry, and a memtber of several Scien
tific Societies in this country and Europe.
His intercourse with his fellow imetn was
aracterized by high toned probity and gen
His recreations were such as marked a
man of refinied tastes and high mental culti
PAssroRTS TO THE WORL.D'S Faxa.--No
one intending to visit Europe should quit this
cJuntry without first obtining a Passport
from the Seeretary of State's Decpartmen't at
WVashington, inasmuch as the trouble to pro
cure one is but trifling, and the advantages
many b~e incalculable.
A law of Congress passed on the 16th
December last, makes it obligatory on a na
tive citizen, applying for Passports, to make
oath of his citizenship, which also must be
attested to by another citizen to whom lie is
personally known, before a Notary Public,I
and this testimony must be forwarded to the
An adopted citizen is required to forward
to the State Department, his naturalizatior
papers, and a personal description; and the
papers will be returned to the applicant with
DEATH OF GEN. BaooxE.-The Charleston
Courier of the 25th inst. snys:--A telegraph
i despatch was received from; New-Orleanis,
at the War Departmnent on Thrdy an
nouning the death of Brevet Major General
George M. Brooke, which took place at San
Antonia, Texas, on the 9th itnst. Gen. B.
enteed the Army from Virginia, in 1808, and
served gallantly'at the defetnce of Fort Erie,
and in the Mexican WVar. At the time of his
deth he was in command of the 8tli military
department, (Texas,) and engaged in plan
ning an expediin argainst the indinns.
"Secession has been determined on by
the leaders." So writes a Columbia corres
pondent of the Washington Union: and the
only remark we have to make (in the point
is, that the Union's correspondent is more
observant than the rest of us to discover who
are the leaders. We have been using- all
the powers of penetration we possess for
some time past, but have not yet been able
to put our finger on a leader in this secession
movement, as it is called. lie is not to be
found among those we have been wont to
look to as leaders, for a large number of
them are nowhere just now. They certainly
do not occupy the position of leaders.
This constant effort to class the deep feef.
ingr which pervades the whole people of the
State with the eferveseens of ordinary politi
cal excitement, or as the result of the machi.
nations of political "leaders," is mischievous
in the extreme. It deceives those whose
opportunities do not allow them to become
familiar with the real popular sentiment in
the State, until they beg n to regard the
whole thing as the mere claptrap of demago
gues. They will wake to the reality, how
ever, when it will be too late to offer media
tion, or plead ignorance of affaira as they-ex
ist and have existed with -us for twelve
months past. The people, and not the lea
ders, are determined on secession. Vere
such a movemenit the mere instrument in
in the hands of " the leaders," the people
would have risen in their strength many
months ago, and crushed both them and their
pet scheme. As it is, from one end of the
State to tihe other, not a whisper from any
popular assemblage, even hinting at subads
sion, has been heard; and when a single
press has raised its voice in one corner of the
State in favor of such a course, its first np.
pearance is announced in all the papers, from
Maine to Texas. as a most wonderful phe
nomenon-a lusus nalurr.
If sccession were confined to the leaders
if it did not pervade every portion of the
State to a greater or less extent, why is it
that a single paper opposed to it, published
wi:hin her limits should be regarded as much
a wonder-a saintly counsellor in Pandem
onium? This single fact in this age of in.
dependent journalism in the best evidence
that but one spirit, that of resistance to the
aggressions the Union has brought on us,
animates the great body of the people. The
greatest-if it can he termed a want, where
all are united in a single purpose-is that of
leaders. There is enough of the raw mate
ri:d fortun::tAy to manufacture them of when
the time comes.-South Carolinian.
The following article of the Mississippian
contains a pregnant truth. In confirmation
of the last part of it, we should remark that
Mr. Owens of Georgia has received the con
sulship to Havann, and thus "the price of tie
noble and patriotic stand" of his State, ias
been paid with creditable promptitude
THE WAY DIVISIONS ARE CREATED IN THE
SorTH.-We have often argued that it is
useless for the friends of the South to post
pone the adoption of measures of resistance
to the oppression of the Federal Government,
with te view of securing unanimity. It in
idle to'expeot such result, when so many
causes exist to prevent it. Prominent among
these, is the power which the Fedoral Gov
ernment possess of buying up with office,
leading men in our own section. The
duuceur is held out to corrupt aspiring politi
cians, and they arc sure by partizan appeals
to take with them to the-support of the pw
ers that, be, a s'ufficientinumber to create the
divisions which we so much lament.
Thus the National Treasury which is sup
plied to a great extent by taxes upon South
ern labor, is used for the purpose of produ
cing discord in the South and rendering her
powerless in the hands of her oppressors.
Will delay remove this obstruction in the
path of resistancee.? Will it destroy the
elitter of Federal gold or break the charm of
Federal oilice? Surely it will not. The
nature of man will reta:iin the same, and the
means of enticing the depraved will but in
crease whh~l each rcvolving year.
Who knows the extent of the bribes that
were held out to the enrrupt demnaeognes of
both pa.rties in Georgia, who deceivedl and
misled the people of that State ? The Wash
ingtont correspondent of thme Louisville Conr
ier (WVhig) openly announces that the Presi
dent promised t o one of them, the most lu
crative otlice in his gift. Thme writer says:
"The consul-ship at Havana, the most
lucrative consulate in the gift of the excent
tive, h::s been placed by him at the disposal
of the delegation from the State of Georgia,
provided they present a proper person for it.
'This of course they wvill do, as there is, no
doubt, as good material for it in that State as
in any other of the Union. The claims of
Mr. Langdon, the WVhig Mayor of Mobile,
were strongly urged by his friends for this
consulate ; and, but for the promise made by
the President to the Georgia delegation,
there is no doubt but what Ite would hare
received it. Front the noble and partriotic
stand, however, that Georgia took during
the recent slavery excitement, and Mississippi
disunion, and successfully checked the head
long course of sucession ; she was entitled
not only to this, but much more at the hands
of the General Government."
DEATIT OF M1. M1. NoaH.-By tele .aph, in
telligence of t he death of M1. M. Noah, has
been received. Hie has been nearly fifty
years past associated with the press, to which
his intelligence and tolerance in matters po
litical and otherwise, with that urbanity of
style and manner wvhich characterizes the
trume gentleman rendered him an ornament.
As a veteramn in this department of public
literature, his opinions wvere considered as of
authoritative value, w~hich his judgment and
experience confirmed. Society in general
will mourn his loss, as well as those who
have ever in any respect been associated with
him in friendly or political relations.-Sun.
The Valley W~hig cautions the publio
against receiving ten dollar notes on the
Charleston (S. C.) Bank, five dollar notes on
te Planters' Bank of South Carolina, five
dollar notes on the Northwestern Bank of
Virginia, and three dollar notes on the Bank
of North Carolina, without rigidly scrutini
zinmg them. During the week the editor says
le has seen not less than half a dozen rank
counterfeits of the denominations above des
SGNS OF THE TIMES.-The New York Exx
press of Wednesday last says:
" Our editorial table grons with some hun
dred sermons and essays, written and publish
ed in different parts of the Northern States,
in which are inculcated disobedience to laws,
nullitication of law.s, and especially the crepd
that a mnm's consciencc, as a man oftddn
chooses tc nickname his own perverse will, is
a higher lawv with him than any lawv of the
Statute Book whatsoever. These elaborate
documents have been put out with more
especial reference to the fugitive Slave Jaw'
and they are circulated fir and wide to im,
press public opinion, and to break down all
regard for laws that are not agreeble. to
,nen's nalties or passions. - -