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ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor,
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t1sements must be paid for in advance.
For anr.c.eing a -Candidate, Three Dollars,
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to bei *pid by the Magistrate advertising.
Froni the Sou'thern Baptist.
To t iaptist Denomination of the
BSuth ani South West.
-The Committee a ppointed by the Conven
tion on Ministerial - Education, held in Char
leston; S. C., in May, 1849, and charged with
the conducting of correspondence and the
taking of sucih other-measures as they might
deem necessary, with aviey to the establish
ment of a Theological Seminary for the
Baptist'Depomination, South, deem it proper,
as the ti for' the re-assembling of the
Biennial Convention is drawing near, and as
probably the subject committed to them may
engage; the attention of the brethren who
will meet on that occasion, to report in this
. puplie manner their action in the premises.
At their earliest convenience they entered
into correspondence with the don ductors of
the different Theological Schools and Teolo
-iiahl Departments in' Colleges connected
.with the Denomination, urging upon their
attention .theL object. contemplated by the
Convention, and soliciting their co-operation
in its attainment. The responses made they
deem it unneces.ry-to submit in detail, it
- maybe sufficiedtto-state that- not one of
thszngcontained any: thing to lead the Com
iittie to. believe that the. funds of these
- Ie Inistitutions could be Init'ed in any
e of the existing Institutions, or in the
orinatdi of ner one.. 'And that while
in'most- W- the-Veplies there *asexpressed a
willagnessadobco-operate,'in the* -establish
ment-of onvInslittition of -high order, yet it
ainyarialyconnected with such condi.
'on*and reservations relating to their pecu.
Hhf'-iqb igtionand, the:*ifterests of- their
several schools, as td eotiince the Commit
tee ?it fts' nof'expedienit for. them to
'cTieyhav', 'therefore, only to: refer the
aubjedt'eik to- the denominatioh withont
prggs'fg, t any. thing for their considenrtion
ferin yplan for their adoption. The
Sout, toherei~ pr
mittee. may, ee,:.bei permitted to
f tih'ay de'ein the establishment of a
TSocha~ ool''of high gaeby the
tancee to the interestsifatruth:and the pros
perity .of our churches,, mad-tdiat this-ec..wic
t1n 'essttrength ~4rom (every:rve
'The Boston 1ugitive Slave Case.
Should the fugitiveislave law gain a prae
tical triumph in Boston in the-actual delivery
of the slave:Thonias Simmis to liis owner,.and
his safe escort out of the juris diction of "high.
er law" Massachusetts, it will be a dear one
to the ownor- The expense will probably far
exceed-the value of the negro. It will, there
fore, proye to be ajlaw practically of no value.
TPheesedfthb recovei-ed HenryLong proves
noles ciearly than those of the escaped Win.
and Ele'n Crafts, and Shadrach. that to the
South. the co~nstitutional guarantee for the
delivery.of the fugitive slaves is,-for all use
ful purposed, a dead letter. Only a very
wealthy man like Mr. James Porter can af
fo-d to purchase the benefit of the law at the
enormous price which the recovery of his
slave, if' he ever does get him away from Bus
tonm, will- cost him.
-Mr. Porter, .a- eitizen of: Gedrgia, and all
others, of ,our citizens who lose in~ the same
way, should be indemnified for his expenses
ini'tlid ease out of a tax levied on Massachu
setts' gi-oduct& found witinm our borders. If
Geort~~oiild.i'mliose such a tai-, it nould
'do i-more to secure the 'rightis of 'hei- citizens
than all' the Union :dinners'that can -be'eaten,
and-all the Urnin speeches and letters that
can be sidaen~and written by WVebster, Fill
more, Foote,. Cobb .& Co., and the Union
Commitfees from. Maine to Texas..
But wi predict even- this dear and wvorse
thanworothloss' triumph will not be won. We
predect that Mr. Josiah Quincy will prove a
true prophet in .sayinig that a fugitive slave
will niot-berecovered. fri Massachusetts,
insis4 yea' t- io come.
Mr.Porter's claim is like -an old-English
-Chaneery suit inherited as an heirloom. It
is a losing piece of property all the time,
.and the longer it is pursued, the ligher grows
the pocket of' the unfortunate suiter.
The 'best piece of luck in a pecuniary way
that could happen to the owner in this case,
would be for the negro to incontinently die,
e'rpeg out at once to Canada, by the aid of
his Boston friends. If, however, he should
be brougat back to a Southern State, we ad
.vise the owner to reimburse hizmself by turn
ing hinm over to Barnum for exhibition. It
will be tihe first fugitive slave ever brought
'back from M'assachusetts, and the showvman
can fearlessly appena. to thme Southern people
-iit-to miss seeing this great enriosity. As
itwill certainly be the lat.-Augusta Consti
REMEDY EOR- SHORT SIGHT.-The follow
ing has alreadyappeared in the Mercury, and
we republish it at the instance of agentleman
vho .hais~derive4 consjderable, benefilt from
'Dr.Tdinlth a discovered a remedy for
~ibrt''i ht, wih lie has' comni'euiated. to
'the Med leal publications. The 'eirined doe.
.tetthus describes the process: "In- the-first
initanice I applied the extract of. ginger,
- hwas rubbed for five or ten minutes
92.the whole forehead, with, the view of
a.~b fifth pair of nerves. After
lsItted a oncentrated tincture
~ t.~i~l~atfengthi of one part of
~IF~t.Thdo - '?orised by animal char
0061 - of-this operation was
reuxtlIleainyfinues it had the effect
of doubling the length-of- vision. In some
cases Moundl the Irm- as notanuch dlhited
but veryv to ' . AtliesasesI ppliedthe
concentraf'e tin'eture of pepper ma do of the
- -same strength, .and in these.mtanner as
tll tincture- of ginger. Thia- sed until I
observed that the iris had obtaineda great
.poiwer. of contraction -and 'dilation, after
which Ibhad again recourse to the tincture of
ginger. 'Thi plnl no- t,-ntmnnt has hbLren
attended with the most signal succeSs, nd
persons who-were extremely short sighted
ave very sooubeen .enable to permanently
lay aside theirce oncave glasses.
EDGEFIELD. N. C.
THURSDAY, APRIL 24,1851.
Fg WE are requested to-state that the
Southern Rights Association will hold a
meeting in the Court House on Saleday next,
and that political speeches may be expected.
W We regret that the communication of
"The decision of 1850 " was received too
late to enable -us to give the whole of it this
week. The7'remaining portion shall, of
course, appear in our next.
ga WE refer our readers to another col
umn for several pew advertisements-that of
Messrs. LALLERSTEDT & WIMBERLY, and
that of Mr. WiLLA H. CRANE, all of An
gusta. Both firms are in high repute among
their own citizens. The former is a staunch
" Southern Rights" house, and we hope the
latter is also. . They are both well supplied
with all the necessaries and clegancies of a
EDITOR'S - TABLE.
WE have before us several publications
that merit our favorable notice. The first is
an Address on " Self-Cultivation," by W. D.
PORTER, of Charleston. This we regard
an exceedingly well-written and appropriate
performance. .T''here is scarcely ever a word
too much or a word too little-the thoughts
frequently beautiful and always sensible. A
series of essays upon kindred subjects from
Mr. PORTER'S pen would be valuable to the
The Masonic Journal, for March has just
reached us and presents its usual perspicu
ous and finished appearance.
The Masonic Aiscellany, for April, is also
before. us. This work is evidently conducted
with much ability, and is gotten up in that
style which is customary with the superb es
tablishment of- WALKEr .& AMEs. We see
an article ii tili number upon Tubal Cain.
If the editor seds this, will he be good enough
to procure the words qf Slomin's celebrated
song of -that name, and give it.to us through
his columns. :.He would receive the thanks
of. many amateur poets and musicians.
We are glad. also. tod welcome -that very
useful and improving journal' the Farmer
and Planter, of Pendleton. Fromtheglance
we have taken at-its page ears to be
an unusually interesting numw.- Good luck
to its talented and enterprising coniductor~s.'
'Godey's Lady's Book~ is here too, last but
not least. We haye thought that GODEY
mnist..be decidedly a publie-spirited. man;. he
certainly caters most eapensively andqdmira
old gentleman were- to drop' off from the
scene of action just at'this'time, many a pret
ty-mouth would lisp "Alas ! poor Godey."
But we trust~this will not happen soon. Long
may he'live to conduct the leading Lady's
Magnzine of the country.
The May number has all the usual attrac
tions, and proves what we have often said,
that the "Book" is worthy of a place in
every lady's parlor.
-A FEW WORDS OF SELF-DEFENCE,
WE have been criticised in several instan
ces, and have been charged with being fae
tionists. If that precise word has not been
used, certain .faults have been attributed to
us, which are the chief ingredients of that
character. Now we confidently say that
there is no good and sufficeient reason for
making, this allegation against us; and we
refer-to every politicn1 article we have writ
ten, for our justification.
.We have thought for ourselves entirely,
and have endeavored to pursue that course
which we thought was recommended to us
by every consideration of prudence, of safe
ty and of honor. We have been warm, it is
true, in our advocacy of that course; but in
no instance have we been bitter or uncharita
ble. Or if' we have been so in the least, re
paration has ever been speedily made. We
not only disavow the intention of harshness
and unfairness;.but we are constrained to
hurl back the- charges, which .imply that wve
have been guilty of this, upon those .who
make them-believing that there they will
find a more natural and appropriate "roosting
We have done nothing more than sustained
with earnestness the action of the Legisla
ture of South Carolina at its last session.
We have not been at all mora zeahous in doing
this, than many other papers in the State.
We have thought all along, and we still think
that the current of public opinion is with us.
We wvere desirous of perfecting unanimity
among our people, and to this end, we have
contributed our humble efforts to increase
the aseendancy of that line of. policy, which
we verily thought was already in the ascen
dant. Wo could not see how opposition .to
the Legislattre would-tend to produce thai
effect. Nor did it occur to us that to remain
mute, would contribute to that result. We
therefore selected that course which accord
ed with our feelings and sentiments, and
wicih wte thought best calculated to produce
more perfeoftinion at home. For having
done so',ivoeaid unfair ~andilliberl.
rsthere aufr justice in this'
Our columns have been offred again and
again, to anmy .(of whatever complexion in
politics) .who.,. desired to: make ttheir views
public. I f half the piaper has-noa been occu
pied by thosee who have" thought best -to. op
pose the Legislature, it is not 'our fault. It
surely could'not-hav''been expected of~us to
write on two sides at onos. A lpoor compli
ment indeed would this, have been to our
onesty and independence?
;we have our-convictions, as well as other
men . and, unon ihn all.imnportant issues now
n progress of decision, these convictions are p
iarnest, strong and deeply-rooted. And we 1
Pill maintain them at the risk of denuncia. t
!on and to the loss of. popularity, if it must a
ne so. But"we cannot, believe that more
han A very feo of our readers will attach the r
slighest blame to us, for the manner in which T1
ye have hitherto condncted our paper. This e
irould be illilieiidity iiiidunfairne's inideed.
WHAT IS REALLY EXPECTED OF SOUTH CAR.
OLINA BY HER FRIENDS THROUGHOUT
. -THE SOUTH?
IT is expected that she will more steadily
an in that course of self-preservation, which
ier regular Legislative body have indicated. s
It is expected that "she will take no step
backwards." It is expected that she will do
i deed that-will rally the Southern Rights
party of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi. I
It is expected that this deed will be, at the
rery least, a declaration of her fEed purpose
to hoist upon a given day, the banner of dis
It is expected that she will indicate this
purpose by such action, as will command the
respect of the Union and of the world-such
metion as will be worthy of having applied to e
it, those terms, so unpopular at this time, c
Idef nite, distinct, positive and decided."
It is expected that she will prove herself
entitled to the appellation, which has been by
many accorded to her-the champion of the t
rights,.the honor and the happiness of the
It is expected that she will resist the Fed
eral Government, whenerer it cometh in its
military might, or in any other way, to inter
fere witlh that original independence and spe.
cially reserved supremacy of the separate
Republics, which agreed, for certain, well-de
fined and expressly limited purposes to dwell
together in a Confederacy, as long as it ijght
be agreeable to do so.
WHAT DANGERS HAS SHE TO
APPREHEND FROM PURSUINGV.HIS
COURSE? Is it invasion ? The wise.men
tell us that this can never take place, and
indeed any fool might know. the.. same for
himself with a moment's thought. Is it a
blockade of our sea-port? The wise men
(or some of them,) tell us we need: not ap
prehend this either-and to believe that sueit
a ' L will occur, is to believe that the-Fedl
ei dvernment will most flagrantly violatd
all law and justice before the world. Can
any one credit this? Would it not be an
outrage unpre'edented in uidlhistoryI Coti
it prove successful'? Would Great ]3rit4in
suffer her shipping to be thus oantonlideba r
red entrance inid a Free Port?, Would any
natioaysqomit to a wrongso palpableas this
This blockade might be sekon-foot4y.-the
Executive.; But before he could get together
a squadron sufficient to effect 'the "purpose,
Congress would-meet to .decidethe propiriety
of the-course. 'Would the 'tor otllonfii
Stateseconsentifor petty purtoses of Tfis~i~
rest their hopes, of politikal salvation?
Would Congress approve it? Would Con
gress, in a word, sanction such-an act of in
justice and illegality ? If not, the -blockade
would be ended at once.: Perhaps then, m'ost
persons will agree to the opinion which has,
at least, th~e support of high authority, that a
blockade is not seriously to be apprehended.
What then is the really great danger?
Our inability to sustain our separate exis
tence is that which seems to fill many with
the most horrible apprehensions. There are
several propositions conneeted with this view
of the danger to which we will brieflyadvert.
Charleston, it is said, will be ruined. She
will be cut off from that great Western trade,
which is now flowing to her. Is there noth
ing that will compensate for this deprivation?
We think there is. Let it be remembered
that Charleston wcilL then be the exclusive mart
for the entire trade of South Caroinia. T ake
our villages and interior towns generally, and
it will be found true, that seven merchants
out of tea trade, at present, with New York
and Philadelphia. All this trade, in the event
of secession, would necessarily go to the
support of Charleston. This will, to a great
extent, supply the loss sustained in other
quarters; especially as it is highly probable
that the Georgia'Rail Roads and the Savannah
river will, under any circumstances, draw a1
great part of this trade to Savannah, thereby
making the real loss to be sustained by1
Charleston less difficult to be supplied.
Besides securing the entire support of the
smaller merchants of the interior, Charleston
would also become the grand depot of the
Grocery business of the State, which she is
not now. Hamburg and Columbia, which1
towns supply at least one third of our plan
ters with their heavy articles of domestic
consumption, use Charleston at present, (as<
we are informed, to a considerable extent)
only as a thorough-fare. In the contingency
we are considering, this could no longer be
the case. The larger importing houses of
tat city would then be in a situation to com-1
mand the concentrated support of this whole
branch of business. She would, moreover,
become the'market for the sale and shipment
of almost every bag of cotton, tierce of rie
or barrell of corn, many of which now go 1
abroad through a diff'erent channel. A newt
impulse would be given to the arts andtrades,.
there, as well as in other places throughouta
the State, which would result in any thinga
but that stagnation and decay .which- are I
painted by some in such gloomy colors.
The very fact of our being alone and depen. I
ent upon ourselves would awaken energies
that might otherwise remainrdormant and de
elop resources that would otherwise bea
mnimproved, throagiout the borders of our
little Republic; all of which would tend, di
reetly or indirectly, to the weal of our me
We think thien, that the city of Charleston
rill derive bUnefits from the very circumstene
f being the sole emporium of a freand ilj
ependont people, which will bounterbalance ,
mny injiousar eets ht may be considered (
urely auribulable to our isoloteg yos iton.
Lnd we. regard i o n. assumption todiY
bat she~l ota gg9eth re.
ent pro'sparity -
It isAso soit, aqmj_ thA ouragr nC
al interests would 1anguih aid fail in thi
ew existence. UpoAi this junt.we give av
xtract from an ably . wrterticle upo
Separate 'StgtM eyAo&,'I eaie
ome time since, over the al- re of "Barn.
rell," and which -fro e f-Mr; J
1. HuTsos of our neigh district, a
entleman of 'deeigd t
"The next objection w i.tjAW
outh C aolii, eve fi un sted, cannol
ustain lierself/plone. This .ica con.
ideration.i- 'T denyr that-*t. 8 en'f
ieictly iarry on'the tuieti vernmefnt
d to m tainthat a unio tOthertateA
3 necessary~ to her politleiIl-existence and
irosperity,is to-educenSttg'overeignty tc
:shadow.. :ButI takeissuiFO- the.point. 1
s an admitted fact,; that t" outb pays fan
aore than one.half of thirevenue into the
reasury of the Fedora nGov iernobntI. South
,arolina pays her' lrogri inong the
louthern States. - The two1 gc1i .s of thet
Jnion are benefitted b1.yha enditures ir
he inverse ratio of their eoiitributions. 11
lie tribute paid anRually yjisato our North.
rn enemies, was at once .rtansferred.to ou
wn use, who can doub -thit'the means ol
ur Government vioul. l5b bd'qitat6 to ti
ecomplishment of much (hnii'is done
r us under the present iii,: b'y the Go
ernment at Washington. We'ire' essen
ally an' agriesltural people;;.our market it
t our door;; our staples are.-sold upon the
oil that proaces them., -'Our carrying.tradf
qge-by..dThers we wil'-quire no nav3
o protect oui comre. ftV I'f in the pro
ress of our: -psperti puld become.
reat mercante, as we ricultural com
nunity, tbiieml ient.1 de will bring
* t 'i Ihe me'ns6o n' A well reg
d militia' 0 urdish all' th4
nilitary 'efense v''oI' e ; :-No-savagc
ribes infestsDur bordeo,'i on Ineighbor
f.not our allies,:woul- lour friends. Ou:
rade.ith.alltenwrl d be free-bur
lened only with suehAMi6., as pprposes o
evenue . 6qld d r and. wouli
e reguat ed 61kelI ''" a strict'refer
mee to our wants."Fo '' w"iFld iake 'thi
)lace 4f'Nrtli 'e" a ifterpaymen
f a modide" utyphoulbeUprocured by u
it cheaper -ratestiebiemand
hus, at the. ;u r ng lndinereas
>wf re u -,smaller- e
bens nde ou proanless al
"1a6 ist. Ures-aif- ^dr gres
thrti.. dt dblini
levotion t fiod, now" stani
loofiwo . . sperit~yp the evi
ene-f~he a r rso ad th
work efSouthern m ation would the
e at last aco e
A TVOICE I~0 A
W ,.Pu blish ).lq v o p f;aletterw
ave rece f A pt tilemn.c
&labam wh ~ or of th
most honornan a ein thm
Lingbhed inkjd favo:
t eders to
a on o r e ,
large, an ~t pgqih , ~ rt~ I
the WesE,~aT h heron
earts~gith~mortfea on sa espala
- ': Mo"Noeinyit Aprillt4,i1851..
My DEAR SmR: NiI1rpaper of the iofh'if
tant, now before-ineid&itina your cornmeal
on the: speech '"of'3idge-'Brl.ER before ill
Siate Rights As diilio,, i thie''ith of th!
month> You isay, :joj "iiddnee t*d' fael
fornm~ h'es ou sthat tha speechI
Iudge BOvas' n mi hb fort'yo
ever heard him make,-and .the other is, th:~
the Secession.Party, of Edgefield, ismore di
tei-mined than ever." 'fonla not beliiidiffei
et to any thingythat .eon'erns ; Carolina
n'd particularly'Edgeield. Her honor wi
always be deafto nre -
I was veij~'mtioh ~gaified,'io- learn thn
Judge B. mnde fdrtNorthy of hharself~o
the occasion of the meeting. . I was still mior
ratif'ed toleari, tg the .Sessiopnjarty c
Edgefeld is~ad~egnipe, as .you-represen
t to be. .I'.reallyv hail'.begun .to have fenna
hat Carolina might, spossibly back out toc
[t appears, to methatthejpublie ini of you
State, so far a ci eiylearn;- arevinelined ti
ounsel -delay.2 'Ik"iilaerkf'however, -arl
enerally,T Ithink,' &r'eparrateiition." H6m
s it withithe -People ..
It uppsars~to me1 i2 si eij thifagso fai- ai
the South iscedneernest, depends' ulion-you
State. There is nridope whatever of gettini
the other Southerpm States,to unites States
r'he only chance, I think, is for.your State ti
ake the issue, and then beyond doubt, i
ny opinion, it -wilIbsoon involve the wholi
South. If. aetion~be now postpuned, on
2eople in-th other Sbuthern States, will soom
ye involved' in th'WPresidential canvass, ain(
hen the- matter9)l -'be postponed for al
ie to come. .Tlibsonly error Carolina huu
~omitted, was in".not seceding npon thn
lonae of Je iaJutment.Bill. If she hai
ioswe could have had a snug Southerr
Jonfedracy by this time.
I feel great solleituide on this subject,.ani
vould like to sh'li from you. Will youa
tate' seeedet *M'impression ie that the
ople every whenare' readier than the poli.
icans. I'am athled, th1at suchi is tlie casa
ni Alabama. I"our politicians had 'beer
nolder,we shol 'have had a better state os
I see that .Geoggia is preparing for the Pre.
idential campuigun The same is true, te
ome dextent, I-;fear, 'in Mississippi.. If the
)eorts -iu Ihuir N~' Convention' ehould
ominate ,DAvrs;.of 'that State, for the VicE
Cresideny,'witheomie 'Nrthern 'man, she
ill go into it *herad hane."- Wdeould
oiejA~itFo of it.' As for iginia
ad North garolina, they are half and hali
rsifdahesfatbest: So -that, it 'de
-u rrig isa hp aory ~ i
thethe e h ee
possible in any pway to gt out.~
'g'h r :Ii the United States aubout
.,00awyers,18,000 clergymen, and I2r
nankiannatlsiv of 8,009 quaeks..
BOUNTY LAND CLAIMS.
AT the rie.guesL of the Agend 4io Bointy
nd claimqt' for this District, we publish
below some extracts from the Commissioner
~ensignaor the information, of persons
entitled to Bounty tand under the late act of
Considerable anxiety prevails in some qua
ten in regard to the execution of this law, and
liiuch impatienee manifested as to whether ap
plications forwarded have been received, and
when the warrants- are likely to be issued.
A few explanations will probably suffice Up
to.the time the- present commissioner enter
ed upon the discharge of his duties (the first
of December, 1850) between thirty and forty
thousand applications were received; but as
the force. empolyed had been engaged upon
othdr branches of the business, no special
acknowledgements had been made to claim
ants. Early in December a printed circular
was prepared and despatched by every mail,
ncknowledging the receipt of claimis; but as
it was impossible, for obvious fasons, that
ti is circular could be forwaded to previous
aiplicants. it was necessarily confined to the
future. Hundreds, without a knowledge of
these facts, have been surprised that their
own applications were neglected, when others
subsequently forwarded have been acknowl
edged by mail. If those who sent their claims
prior to the 10th of December wait patiently,
they will in due time be advised, either in the
form of a warrant, or by letter assigning the
reasons of suspension or rejection. Up to
this period the -ofiee, with nll its force faith
fully applied, has only, been able to issue
between seven and eight thousand warrants
on declarations received in October and
early in November.
Some time, therefore, must elapse before
the numerous claims which arrived in Novem
ber and early in December can be finally
acted on, or of which the claimants can be
informed by the usual printed acknowledge
ment. Up 'to the present lime about one
hundred thousand applications have been
received, and every day's mail brings an
increase, varying from five hundred to a
thousand. The office is now issuing between
a thousand and twelve hundred warrants a
week; but more that eighteen months must
elapse before the claims now on. hand can
be disposed of, or matured into the form of
warrants. The nnmber of applications hav
ing increased. so far beyond what was antici
pated, in order to satisty the publie'demand.
ndditional force was asked of Congress near
- the close of the late session; and the request
would doubtless have been granted had it
. been made at an earlier period. If granted
1 hereafter, the work will of course be acceler
ated, and the time of its completion shortened.
Sngula mseon ceptione enst as t h
tinie necessaryto execute the law. The rule
of'the departmnent is that each claim shall be
acted'W il tur , r in thi- odi t6'r hiich it is
A receihd siid-this-ralhIis been igidly and
impartially. :enforced. It would be tedious
And unnecessary to describe the, process by
! hieiseb& claims ate conducted' from their
first receptionand - aeknowledgementto: the
3 final issuing of the warrants.. In order to
guard against erroi and impositithey are
citrefillyregistered"and classified, and'subjee
ed tA. pepa rateeiin iti6n' iii- different
t hands; no6adv'antage in any respect being
gainedby a hurried and ill-digested method -of
proeeedig. With all these preenutions.errors
will unav oidlbf oeeurbut--neeansaViltl--io
be employ ed to render them harmless..
J.' E.. HEATH,
er the cdo ongress, to whi Jr the ai e
Srefers, all persons who have been, engaged
in the military service of -the United States,
in~any;war-uince.1790, are entitled to Boun
Sty Land inproportion to the length of time
Sthey: served. ' Persons who :were in the Inst
ewar with -Englandr whether officer or soldier,
Sai-e'entitl'ed'to thd benefits of' the act. Aleo,
thdse eiigaged 'in 'the Flirida War, in'any of
-theonficts -withi the' Creeks or other In
Those who served tlhree monthis are enti
-tled to..... .....40 acres.
Those who* engaged: to serve six
months and actually served four
mnonths, are entitled to.......80 "
Those-wvho served six months to.. 80 .
jNine months and more........160 "
In case the' officeer or soldier, who served
is dead, the widow, if living, is entilled to
the same quantity' of Bounty Land, that her
husband 'would be; were he living ; but if she
be dead or married, then the children, under
the age of twenty-one, are the only claimants.
From the Columbia Telegraph.
Seven Days later from Elurope.
ARRIVAL OF THE STE AMER AMERICA
- F URTHER DECLINE IN COTToN.
' -e HALIFAX, April 17.
TeBritish Steamer America arrived here
thsmorning, abringinig advices from Liver
pdiol up to. the 5th inst.
--From them, we learn that the current quali
ties of cotton had declined an eighth of a
pnny, and that the sales of the week had
amounted to 37,000 bales, of which 3,000
were taken on speculation, and 1800 for ex
port, the balance, 32,200, going to the trade.
The sales for the corresponding week last
year, amounted to 43,880 bales, of which
14,600 were taken on speculation.
On the day prior to the sailing of the
America, the 4th inst., 4000 bales were sold
and cotton closed firm, holders being indis
posed to yield.
STILL LATER FitOM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF THE PACIFIC.
NEW YORK, April, 19.
The American Steamer Pacific has just ar
rived with dates from Liverpool to the morn
ingof the 9th inst. The sales for the three
ays since the departure of the America, were
1 1,000 at the following quotations:
Fair uplands, 70; Mobile,7'1; Orleans, 75:
Consumers were disposed to restrict their
operations. to 'their actual requirements, and
await advices respecting the crops of Ameri
a, Coi'n was in demand at 32s. Bacon a
A SnocKIrP AiraIRi!--K negro man,
belonging to-lif. Silas Massey. 'of jhis Dis
trct, md-an ussault on his master onr last
Suday, whielhcamonnmigh sproving fatal. Mr..
Massey 'wainth.is buggy, when thme negr
fell, upon him'.,with: a., elub ,and serioul
injured him 'b 'his hind -and, legs.Th
hors 'eantfe hrght'ened, andib runinga
short distance sabled Mr. Md~yto eseape;
The udgriI'was tried on Mfon alast and
sentenced to be hung the first, -Fia in
May.-Anderson Gazette,19th inst,
IR' BrnnUar it Is astatedFhas of'ered
Thkeray. a; good rotind .sgm to :deliver .a
a course of lectures in the. nited States, on
t.....o.i ...ls.+ of Engletana
0 DD FB-LLOW SBf.
An e iract fro-an-un k' d pe
Twas in a crowded mart of welth fane
The bell had tolled its solemn funeral note,
Proclaiming that another soul Lad fled
To give its last account at Heaven's bar.
But who are thesejthatissue from the porch
Of yonder lowly mansion, bearing forth
In slow and sad procession, all that's left
Of him who, but a week ago, possessed
The full and active power of manhood's strength.
The hallowed motto that adorns their banner,
Their garb and their insignia declare
Odd Fellowship has come, with pious hand,
To do the last sad office for a brother.
With decency and order they discharge
The melancholy task which they have claimed.
The grave is closed, the multitude is gone,
And sacred silence reaseends her throne.
But look again-beneath that humble roof,
Deprived of their sole earthly hope and itay,
The mother draws her children to her heart,
And drops 'upon their cheeks the bitter tears
Of grief for him thai's gone, and anguish for
She sees the little stor' of earthly goods
Which manly industry had kept supplied,
Fast failing her. Her frightened fancy hears
Her loved ones shriek already, from the pangs
Of hunger which she cannot now appease.
Oh! who can tell the mother's poignant grief.
Who sees her ofspring suffer, and cannot give
But look once more within those lowly walls
A gen'rous female anxious to do good,
(In woman's heart soft pity still survives)'
Has heard that here her charity ii find
Fit objects for its noble exercise
That here afflicted virtue meekly moans,
And sufibring Innocence for merey groans.
She enters with a heart prepared to view
A family o'erwhelmed with wretchedness,
And all the wants of frigid poverty.
But ah ! the sweet surprise that fills her heart,
The tale of grief was surely all a fiction;
Where she had looked to see the tearsmof woe,
She met the smile of pious resignation;.
Where she had thought to hear the cries of want,
The shouts of playful childhood greeted her.,
" What means. this change," with wondershe
"This happy change so speedily effected
With tearful gratitude the mother cried,
"They have been here, they have been here to
Odd Fellowship hai pitied my disrs.
A TRUE'ISCIDENT VERSIFIE.
-Scene: A Wahington'AsuembtjRoom.
Time: The Winter of 183C.';
:.61uni , uixz~ M .
-Tan hall wasbrightt )s.
--And-mesps be~e'wsther-- ''
'r.But uone-so~fhir ---
naeould compare - -cI
-With Azsle'oft -,
Like Roo, -- -
--He vow'd 'ad swore.
She would bedim the moon.
With steady gaze,
HeAnd hasty praise,
Heask'd'a stranger near,
Had seen a prize
So exquisitety dear..
And then he rose
And now he goes
To speak to this sweet lady,
And when he'ecame
Up to-the same
A fulsome set speech made he.
With lovely voice,.
And language choice
The lady then replied-.
And when she had
.Her answer made,
" Do you speak French 2" he cried.
" Oh no," said-she
And then was he
Surprised-his lip did cr
* len for a jokco,
The maiden spoke,
"IPm bunt a country girL -
This shallow Lord
Turned at the word,
And call'd her " silly wench"
For all his weight
Of wisdom great
Was centred in the.French.
Sweet Anzie knew,
(And it was true)
That she was more than fortunate,
Off from her one
So prying and importunate.
There are, I know,
Some girls who show'
Great deference to these " Lions"
And, by it, prove
They are not of
America's true .cions.
Better to ehide,
.As Ansierdid, .
Theme vain, presumptadfs fools
- Benterito be'
Than one of JFls's tasle.
5 'Ac Ham,~iytate that.,in
the mouth of MahlaJun Baptet Fran..
es, the Miiier 6Yue ner teEin -
roe Seoq i" ""thseven ot ers9i
of high standin t'tl(&.bl abilii'
Emprr h h agia 'them, iund
forv which theor ufferedsiafo: haiing beeb
conerne4 isa 44strey a thayeacat
FOR TIE ADVER2UTMi 1.cA
- 1 D rroa: The writer in your
ie'r-AAo signs himself "
;dhiit so gallant a spirit of i
coini- f other State, as rendirs me
what unwilling to enter the list froi the o
posite entrance.- Notialfjsidn y
the collision ut use I feel that our
hearts Are' nited one and-th e
sire-to see the land of our love lstas safel
and triumphatly fro
us around upon every side. I would
that we were "companions in -ar &I
battle together,-without-atth -
ence to disturb our united endeavors. -
is, I woul& fain lopei to--Awe
him disarmed, but unwounded,to thehe
penser of wreaths;aad id7
the winner of thet laurel, It would 60-1
not be claimedatalbe expenseofdds fel
The more important part;.ofqthe
tions which Lventured to submit,
of queriesto the:people of Ed
only admitted by "Independeri
been made oven' strdngerthai"pMdtd
them. For, whereasIaskedr;" et:# ts
of Parliament in-ptinciplei so 4
our rights, as the meassures'of i
promiser he answers, an O
part." To my 4ukstign, 'have W n
from the Federal G:v"': P'mdtd"
"not a single ray." I' eiNf A
we any reason to sxpeet bti eoitin
croaehment u on our' rights by hemW of
the North ?" e not only respond tii'4w
ative, but asserts'bit bilief VifQ"
blow" will \!ertainly saii
against us. .And.tbis last idea ukesthe
'basis of his principal.and indda. o o
.Y,'. -uo 7p
sition. I say, his on1 vposition; oitp
views seenito be, inte dedo
As well as I understand..histgnment, it.
is briefly .this: 1st, South Carplina anot
successfdifasert heior 6
2nly, No otfiiff~'*1ivill et
the Federal Govem t iinfieasosso e
outrage upon the it
nct now, would too alone act
alone would be to rain thiseB
Wf ... .... ,!
The admission of the
volves therhuml nglk w*te
Sovereignty is but ep p ie
of aiuiim-thp. , i
been swept away 6
tion, which haweft- ota
that our only
high and fear et
of principle an *
and just Gqa p
numerical strength. aaI
for a time, t
an array of brat ALMS A
other Stat. ambasesaih~soutam4u
tit- the. General Goverman stbd -
fled 'some newon e ipon'
wvill be edn'kJ ed
was roted at by men eg aIp
us. For if it~be determined that our'b
nt to Aetiuntil some .egieyaanmasJI
cur to.;nnite-theButh,ah shfiisat4bh
awaiting the anetfon- of the Conastadlonel
Union Party of Georgia, that
declared that the# ao'i-ithn.c
evdntly acquieisig~' ss in W~~
legislation of Congrent ol~nsa~~
poses, as abjeetly EteU
neighboring. Staste Thd~f e~
found to- be de~idedly in fa~ze
for theiracquiesenuee jasedpo lad
and,'as such,: aifcoy-Weedw.$0
their finality and constil ojismlykit
cording to. theeomm'enaati*d'%fIiMG
pend'ence,"weare alsd 'to'gwal84~a
wirit' the very entiuiencey w~iI
Party of Ge'orgialuy dowN s-h~Y i ii
tum. 'I suppose the idea, '
delay sereral yer rg
constantly sustaii'ed codto
and righteogs Tesentment, or to
ure of "Independece," .the. steed~t
tinue heroically ehamping the bit a.f
ing at the mouth, until it isseenilh~
other keen sting of the Fedeatwhip'
possibly, cause someone of the oh
barbs to joini him in'the open road t*~
to the freedom of theplainse Th.
perhaps start off -at-the ac-or
lant steed finds himself still ialoe in
ting and fuming, why thien lot tla"
be given to him and let li
exhausted bi the'impatienceo
glorious delay, dash himself
and perish. '-'
But widle In'
neither defes o~
the Southernr Rights
Soutbiwhbh Lbeva i vhl~ -
fes. I t k~ su
their jfrn. 4Lm
id t a h