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From the Charleston Mercury.
Northern Priends and Enemies.
The election of Sumner, the violent Aboli
tionist, to the United States Senate, from
Massathusetts, is a new light on the disputed
question of the devotion of that State to the
Union, and law and order, and other trum- I
pery watchwords of the Compromise party.
The Massachusetts Legislature have been
fighting this Senatorial question since Janua.
ry. The number of ballots has been great,
and the amount of intrigueing, lying, bribing,
cursing and sputtering, incredible. All this, i
for a long time, left the difficulty just where it t
found it. Mr. Sumner could not be elected.
The fuitiv-e Crafts was apprehended, and es
caped, but no decisive el'ect was produced (in
the state of parties. The other fugitive- I
we have forgot his name-was rescued out of r
the Court House, to the great indignation of
Nr. Fillmore and others, but still neither
Sumner nor any body else could be elected
Senator. But finally, a fugitive' slave is re
stored to his owner, (at a cost of fire times
his value;) the dignity of the law is vindica. I
ted in Boston; it is triumphantly proved to
the satisfaction of all Compromisers, that the
great body of the people of Massachusetts
are sound on the subject of the Constitution
al obligations,-and, lo, at the very next trial 1
after this event, Massachusetts elects an uin- c
mittigated Abolitionist to the United States %
Senate. This is the echo which she sends
back in answer to the extravagant eulogies
and rejoicings of the Administration press,
North and South.
It is-not indeed the first indication, but itis v
the most significant. The indignity offered 1
to Mr. Webster was a hint from Boston mere
ly; this is the voice of the whole State. We
have, then, Massachusetts declaring herself in
the most solemn form, against the execution
of the Fugitive Law, and electing to the high
est office iu her gift, a man notorious for insti
gating the mob to oppose its execution by vio
lence. This is the State for which the Presi
dent and his Secretaries, and his organs, have
kept up a stream of specious promise,
pledging themselves that its feeling was lny
al, and a little time would prove that all 'the I
disturbances were the:work of a few -dema
gogues at the head of a few fools.
Nowv, the reason why the triumph of law
has been followed by such consequences, is
worth considering. -There is but one conclu
uion-that tho people of Massachusetts are,t
with very few exceptions, Abolitionists,
practical, determined, and bitter A bolitionists.t
The fact is indeed abundantly proven by all
their declarations of opinion,-but on no oth
er ground could we adeount for this result,
that the excution of the_fugitive law hasc
suddenly raised the violent ant-bgavery party
to supr'emacy. The " triumpi or-law " has
merely preceded thme triumph ofa-Suuiner. It
has broulrbt the mutter to a test, and this isr
It must inevitably have so ended, now or;
soon, for-the reason that those who vindicat
ted the law, have, nine-tenths of them, done ~
it in a wvay to weaken rathier than confirm it. -"
'rhe "friends of the South" in Massnehu- ']
aetts have sought a hearing from the people, a
by professing to be enemies of the South;
Ray, claiming to be more sure and deadly en
emies than the headstrong party wvhich songht C
to gain all by the mad onset of violence. l
We make a single quotation to prove this, i
and every one familiar with the Northernt
p ross, knows that it is only one out of a mil
bao similar declarations. * The Boston Jour- E
nal is understood to be the friend of Mr.
Webster. It had warmly sustained the Uni- r
ted States authorities in the recent fugitive i
ease, and devoted much good wvriting to thme
eause of peace, compromtse, and the Admin
istration. In a recent article it states that v
Boston has suffered much in her commercial .9
interests by the withdrawal of Southerneusi- t
torn, and has the prospect of suffering much
more, unless things mend. The Journal
makes this the text of an earnest discourse
to its readers, to put down the excesses of I
the Abolitionists, and it caps the climax ofd
its argument as follows:
"We believe that our mercantile are as
deeply imbued with the spirit of humanity as
any other class of our citizens. They be-t
lieve that the present and futture good of the a
bondman would be consulted should the t
slavery question no longer be brought into
the arena of partisan politics. They believe I
that the cause of emnancipattion will be better
suisserved by a continuance of the Union t
than by a dissolution, which will inevitably ti
follow a sectional division. They believe, in i,
short, that nothing but unmitigated evil will .
result from the course pursued by the abolia ~
tionists. Believing all this, caxn there be any
wonder at their restiveness under a policy ,
which threatens bankruptcy and general ruin"
This is the language of our "friends," of ~
those who love the Constitution and law~s.- t
They believe that thme Union can be made the y
instrument for slowly and surely destroying j.,
the South, and therefore they denounce the
violeubassaults which, by awatkening the vii.- 0
tims to resistance, defeat their own object. h
Lsater from Eavana.
The steam ship Isabel, Captain Bollins, ar
rived here yesterday from Havana, bringing 0
accounts to the 22d inst. nI
A great deal of excitement exists on no- lI
count of the expected invasion which wans re
ported would take place on the 19th. Up to
the time of the Isabel's sailing, no news had
reached Havana that a landing had been of- s
feeted. Despatches from New-Orleans arei
said to have reached the Captain General that i
the expedition had sailed, consequently the
soldiers slept on their arms; ;horses wvers kept
saddled, and the entire army and navy were r
in a moment's warning ready for the fight.- c
One steamer is kept steam upon at aHl hours, s
so it is said by some of the .personal friends a
of his Excellency.
A Spaniard was to be "garoted," on thme
morniug of the 23d, having been betrayed by
one of the Spanish Pilots as a spy, of Gen. L
It seems this man had offered twelve Doub- d
ionsn to the pitt if he wvould join the exne- o
ition, and net as pilot for them. lie reeeiv
a the money, and then informed the Captain
leneral, who immediately had the Spaniard
rrested, tried and condemned to die on the
A gentleman from the Island, and one who
as been travelling much of late, informs us
iat all over the Island the most anxious de
ire is manifested for the invasion of the
sland by the Americans and probably the
cople were never so ardent and eager to
ise en masse and join the invaders as at the
We give these rumors as they reach u.
'he position of affairs in Cuba is doubtless
ritical, and whether actual demonstrations
re in progress or not is a question which re
iains undecided. Every preparation has been
mde by the authoritieq to meet the expected
ut-break.-Charleston Courier, 26th inst.
EDGEFIELD, 8. C.
THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1851.
-gr WE are requested to state that the
outhern Rights Association will hold a
ieeting in the Court House on Saleday next,
nd that political speeches may be expected.
THE COMMERCIAL TRANSCRIPT.
WE have received several copies of this
icatly planned and well printed sheet. It is
ublished in Columbia. by Messrs. HAIGHT
nd BROUGHTON, and edited by Mr. S. OLIN
The editor is a Southern Confederacy ad
ocate. So are we all, if there is any road
o its attainment that does not involve unrca
onable risks and sacrifices. If no such road
an be clearly seen, we suppose our new
rother of the quill will say " why, then we
re for South Carolina moving firmly on,
f it must be so." Are we righti
WE have, undesignedly, omitted to men
ion that this staunch paper has undergone
ecently a change in its editorial department.
Ve regret having lost from our ranks so able
, coadjutor as Mr. NOBLE proved himself to
ie. Although he has been induced, by other
ngagements, to abdicate the chair editorial,
ro hope that he will not, on that account,
ease to wield his effective pen in the good
Mr. KEiRR, in a number we have seen, gives
i earrest of his ability and determination to
:eep the paper fully up to the high position
t has hitherto occupied.
We perceive that he has associated Mr.
IooRE with him as co-editor, but have not
een a number of the paper under their joint
THE GREENVILLE MOUNTAINEER.
We desire to enlist for this old and well
onducted Journal, a share of the mipport and
atronage of our District. Perhaps it has,
A this time, a smaller circulat' n among us,
han any of the other papers that come by
ur upper mail. We do not, of course, de
ign to ma'rk it out as w-orthy of encourage
sent beyond these other papers; but we
v~ould only call the attention of our readers
o the peculiar circumstances of its present
It is nowv the immediate competitor of the
nly ra.bid Union Press in South Carolina.
This Union paper, which has come into exis
ence under the auspices of a compamny of
ameless gentlemen, with several thousand
egroes at their backs, and with the help, ab
itio, of Federal patronage, is, from its o'en
ecount, fioc rishing to a most amazing excess,
nd therefore needs no help at our hands.
~he Mountaineer, on the other hand, wvhich
ukes no pretension to such high-sounding
erms ofeconfidence and power, is nevertheless
ne of the most respectable and trust-wvorthy
apers of the State, and, as we perceive from
s last issue, has now quite equalled the Pa
riot's very neat and finished external ap
earance, of which we have heard so much.
The Mountaineer is evidently determined
ot to be outstripped, even in externals, by
.s new and singularly lucky neighbor. But,
wing to the fact, that party feeling has run
cry high in Greenville upon the exciting is
ue of Resistance vs. Submission, the Moun
iineer has, as we understand. lost subscri
ers, and that too, simply for continuing to
rge, in mild terms, the necessity of preserv
ig our State, unshaken, in the attitude of
etermined resistance to the aggressions of
e Federal Government, and the importance
f seizing the present opportunity for ending
e controversy by a resort to a course of
easures, based upon the old Carolina doe
rine of State's Rights. For this grievous
ifence, the old South Carolina Press is to
e deserted, and the new Union bantling is
>be met wvith open arms, and carried up to
ie very pinnacle of popular favor. This is
ideed a wvondrous strainge thing to happen
ithe Palmetto State.
WVe really must say, that we do not under
tnd the pecople of Greenville. We had not
upposed that defection wvould thus readily
ike root among the mountain boys. And
et so-it is. We do not blame Mr. PERRY;
r, to say the truth, lie is but acting the part
f a consistent manm. If we are not mistaken,
o has always been what he now is, an open
ad devoted advocate of preserving the in
>grity of the Union unimpaired "to the last
ttremity." But we do deprecate the blind
es and infatuation of those who, at a time
ke the present, recant the old political creed
-the creed of CALHOUN, MCDUFFIE., and
[ANE, and adopt the principles of WEB
TERL and of CL.AY.
Against these dangerous innovations upon
ur ancient doctrines, the Mountaineer is do
ig the State all the service it is capable of
ndering. But it is with a minority in its
wn District, and needs some assistance to
stain the fight as it should be done. We
ppal to our people in its behalf.
gW A FINE BUILDNG.-The Marble Pal
se of Stewart, in New York, for the sale of
ry goods, is valued on the Assessor's book
r the Sith Ward, for tis year, at $90,000.
REVEREND IR. READ.
Ir is but an act of justice that some public
testimony should be given, in Edgefield, of
the faithful and able services of this highly
ifted Minister of the Gospel, during his so
ourn among us. We take pleasure in mak
ing our paper the medium of this tribute.
Mr. READ may be now safely classed among
the most intellectual and cultivated Divines
of the South. This is, at any rate, the cher
ished belief of those among us, who have
had the gratification of hearing and becoming
familiar with his finished style, his lucid rea
soning, his chaste and fervid eloquence. Dif
ficult indeed will it be for our friends of the
Episcopal Church here, to supply his place
with his equal. They have only realised, to
the full, his extraordinary merit, since having
been deprived of his pastoral supervision.
Mr. READ, some years ago, married amon
us, and we had hoped that lie might have
fixed upon Edgefield as his permanent abode.
We can only hope that, wherever he may-go,
his merit may secure to him such a position
as his modesty will never seek.
We wish for him a sphere of action com
mensurate with his distinguished abilities.
And this we know to be the feeling of all
who knew him here.
Since writing the above, we learn by the
Columbia papers that Professor THoRNWELL
has just made known his determination to re
sign his seat among the Faculty of our Col
lege. We have no hesitation in suggesting
the gentleman, whose name heads this para
graph, as one exactly suited for this vacant
1. 0. 0. F. CELEBR.TION.
THuRSDAY last was quite an occasion with
us of Edgefield. The Independent Order of
Odd Fellows held, on that day, their annual
festival, which drew out an unusual assem
blage of ladies and gentlemen, from the dis
trict at large. The proceedings were con
ducted throughout with strict decorum and
very commendable propriety.
About 12 o'clock, the Odd Fellows issued
in procession from their Lodge Room, under
the direction of Col. G. D. Mists, Marshal of
the day, and, having marched up and down
main street, they proceeded to the Baptist
Church to attend upon the delivery of their
Anniversary Oration. The Church was crow.
ded to jamming-and the array of beauty and
taste was truly dazling. The Odd Fellows
should feel much encouraged by such flatter
ing evidences of favor and approbation. as
have been exhilited towards them by all our
citizens, but, more especially, by the ladies.
Say what you will of the purely impulsive
nature of the softer sex, we would rather
trust to their instinet, or rathertheir intuition,
for discriminating between the good and the
bad, thn to all the reasoning of the schools.
What woman openrfy approves wvith her
smiles, must be good. She has thus approved
Odd Fellowship in Edgefield. Ergo, it must
be a good institution. As we were saying,
however, the church was a scene of unusual
brilliany-not from the beautiful and appro
priate emblems and. badges of the Order
which were placed around the Orator's stand
in such an effective manner, nor from the very
rich dress regamlias of the members of the
Lodge, but from the beaming eyes, the
wreathed smiles, the joyous dimples and the
rosy-tinted cheeks of Edgefield's fair daugh
ters. It was indeed a most refreshing sight !
It was, we are sure, enough to have awaken
edone feeble pulsation, even in the withered
heart of the veriest old bachelor that cum
The ceremonies of the hour we-rc commen
eed by a brief and simple, but earnest and
appropriate prayer, by Dr. J. C. READY, wvho
acted as Chaplain pro temn. After wthich, an
Ode, prepared for the occasion, was sung, the
choir being supported by a Melodeon, recent
ly purchased by the Lodge.
Mr. ABNEY, the Orator of the day, then
arose and spoke for almost an hour, in a
manner worthy of himself and the occasion.
His subject was the Bible, and he presented
some striking views of its essential impor
tance to human society, independent of its
Evangelical character. He gave some elo
quent illustrations of its unrecognised pres
enec' for good, even in communities that scoff
at its teachings wvith atheistic presumption.
But we will not attempt an outline of Mr.
ANEY'S address, having frequently seen and
sometimes experienced, how very far short of
justice these hurried sketches usually stop.
At the conclusion of the speech, the audience
testified their satisfaction by goneral applause.
Another original Ode was then sung in
good style. We cannot pass over in silence,
the spirit, zeal and taste, exhibited by this fra
ternity,.in advancing the cause of their Order.
We predict that its benign influence will
spread wider and stronger, until our whole
people. shall be forced to acknowledge the
high importance of cherishing and encoura
From the church, the large crowd proceed
d to another part of the village, where, un
der an extensive shelter, two tables, each '75
or 80 feet in length, were loaded with every
thing good, solids and sweets, in almost end
less variety. We happened to be located,
with several ladies, in close proximity to.a
trout of enormous dimensions-(its wveight
was some 10 or 12 pounds,) the product of
sne of our piny-woods mill-ponds. It must
aye been " a glorious nibble " indeed, when
Ais fellowv struck the hook ; and there cer
~ainly wvas a good deal of glorious nibbling
ver his well-browned and highly-spiced car
ase, as we can fully testify. But, though
:he trout was number I, yet there were ma
iy oilher rarities and delicacies, not one whit
ehind his trout-ship. In the pastry line, our
ocabulary has not sufficient diversity to war
nt us in broaching a description of the long
ist of pies, cakes, et cetera which came un
ir our observation, as we made our way
iround the tables. Altogether, the dinner
was admirably gotten up, admirably sustain
praise is due the efficienlommittee of ar- m
rangements, in whose hands -was placed the 1W
control and direction of teast.
These anniversaries, are* etting to be the
most general and agreeane public merry- th
makings we have. It is- be hoped that at
they will be continued. ere is nothing 01
like drawing people toge on social occa
sions like these, for the ning of nar
row and groundless preju and jealousies. 4
There is nothing supen Alem, for the a
promotion of the bless! of.." Friendship,
Love and Truth." A
HO. A E
Tms gentleman has deae. his position to tl
the editors of the Laureizle Herald. That
paper says: t<
"We have received a longable and interes
ting letter from this distinguished and Taith
ful Representative, in w*de.he portrays in tr
vivid and truthful colors ' ;real position of t
the South, and imminent . not only of our
cherished institutions butbf Our liberties and
independence as a people if ie remain in the
Union, and proves by rgiAents irresistabile: tI
and conclusive the absolu(eeeessity of a 8
dissolution of this Union, or ruin and dis- d
g-race to the slave States. - .
" The letter was written in reply to one
addressed to him by us, stating that it was 0
rumored here he was opposed to separate g
State secession, and asking his views on the 1
subject. He defines hisposition clearly ard 0
forcibly, and Fays he desires S. Carolina to
take such steps as will surely lead her out of 1
the Union, in company if: we can get it, with- tI
out company if we can't get it." v
b - 0
WHAT THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
DARED TO DO IN 1;74-5.
When Boston was Moekaded on account
of the rebellious dispositigtblof her citizens, t4
manifested by the act of#hgwing overboard ti
the East India Company'#tea, the Colony of n
South Carolina immedi& hold a mass
meeting in Charlestown, .was then called. a
A very great number ase led from every
part of the province, a ' pon hearing the b
matter explained to themW ey adopted reso- o
lutions for supporting the people of Boston C
by roluntar contribution, for organizing va
rious committees, and 'for-appointing Dele- e
gates to a general Congress. "This Con- ti
vention of~the people, and these resolutions," b
says RAjrsAr, "id the foundation of all
the subse nt prbceedings;" which, in two
years, ted in a Revolution. N
We adduce this fact to remind Carolinians d
of this day, of the prqmpt, decisive and de- g
termined conduct of those from whom we -,
are descended, in resistingthe very approach s
of unjust legislation. P
They knew that the prospect of success, in E
a contest with the power of the Brother Coun- n
try, was altogether cheerless; and yet they p)
moved right on to it, because the other nlter- n
native was eubmission-to wrong and conse
quentydisgrace. Thc knew it was against ir
their present interest totake the step. They n
were prosperous and Sonifisinig-thieir pro
vinee, the chief faivoritisof Royalty. "In no
colonhas there a s g-a bond of-inion,
from a reciprocity of benefits, or a fainter
prospect of interrne~nd 'conteritinn. Thes
colony consumed an immensity of British ti
manufactures, wvhich she could neither make ti
for herself nor purchase elsewvhere on eqnal o
terms, and for the payment of which, she hadd
amle means in her valuable native comnmo- e
dities. The exchange of one for the other 8j
was a basis of profitable commerce." Happy ti
in her connexion with Great Brittan, Carolina
was moved upon by every feeling of kindness
and every suggestion of private interest, to ri
condemn and oppose a rnpture. And yet o
there was not a moment's hesitation, on her"
part, to DARE ALL THINGs AND R11SK ALL I
TIIusGs for the maintenance of a principle. o
Can weo not draw a lesson from this noble
M1ODERATgaBUT FIRM. t
Those ofus who prefer anything to degrada- te
tion, hazardous resistance to inexensable sub- a
mission are denoniinated "madme~n" "firc- e
eaters," "factious and turbulent ultraists," by ~
way of reproach. We are not wounded, in h
the least, by these epithets, harsh though they i
may appear. The mati. who conscientiously e
walks in what he believe to be the path of 1
duty and of honor, regards not a lowv and
~foul aspersion whihleknows to be utterly J]
without foundation. " Calling names" is the e
peculiar business of spoilt children; in grown ri
men it is entirely ridiculous, and always be- si
nenth notice. .t
If wve may be permitled to speak for our
selves, we say that wve are resisting as steadi
ly, as firmly and as moderately as any party t
ever did, the tyranny. of an oppressive gov- g
enent. We are willing t~o stop awhile by
the way for our good brothers, until all hope ~
of the speedy help and co.operation of other
States is gone. When this shall have be- ei
come clear, why then'we say; the voice of et
Prudence admonishes us to take our own t
cause into our own hands. It is the only sv
hope of escape for us. Dangers and difieul- tI
ties may lie in the way ; but. that God, who ti
holds in his hands the destinies of nations, b
will bear us up amid them all, if wve trust in
the strength of His arm and our own righte- '
ous canse. -v
Upon the combination of firmness and
moderation, by which the efforts of our peo
ple are guided, the following remarks of the -
Darlinglon Flag, are to the purpose. m
We announced in conversation that our til
views were moderate but firm--and such is he:
the position we still occupy. But all hope off tii
coopration by the States as States is gone, t
and the question of separate action is pre- IIs
sented. We have read and pondered the eoc
subject with all the powers of intellect which I c
God has given us, and our reason compels us! fo
to choose separate State action in prefeirence er
to ultimate submission. We can compare Idi:
present submission to nothinig ibut the or
song of the Syren, which lures but to des- oil
troy ; we wvill 'Ae getting weaker while our
enemies will be growing stronger every ay;
like the huge boa eonstrictc'r, they will be mi
winding their folds about their -slumbering ed
victim, until, alas ! it will be too late to es- tn
cape to " the city,.of refuge." jf we have of
bemn in enrnest in nnue namnlaints and rc-. cal
Dnstrances-if all that we have said and
ritten has not been like
" A tale
Told by an idiot. full of sound and fury,
en it is time to nerve ourselves and boldly
rike for our " homes and firesides, God and
ir native land."
OUR MILITARY ACADEMIES.
We are indebted te the politeness of Gen.
orEs, Chairman of the Board of Visitors, for
copy of the "Regulations of the Citadel
eademy at Charleston,'and of the Arsenal
endemy at Columbi,"-also, for the " O
tl Register of the Officers and Cadets" ofI
From the latter, it appears that these nd
irable establishments are coming fully up
the expectations of their wise projectors.
he admissions in Charleston, for 1850, a
aunt to forty-four, those in Columbia, to
venty-nin,-making in all, seventy-three.
nder the able and very zealous eare of the
ord of Visitors, the skilful guidance of
ieir Superintendants and the thorough in
ruetion of the several Professors, these Aea
mies have proved themselves worthy of be
g ranked among the very first Institutions
our country. The State may well con
atulate herself upon this fortunate experi
ent. We will soon be entirely independent
F West Point, for all the purposes of civil or
ilitary engineering. In the troublous times
at may soon come upon us, much good ser
cc may be expected from these fosterings
r Carolina, recent as they are. Come peace,
me war, we look to them with hope and
We append a few explanatory remarks
ken from one of the pamphlets above-men
oned. They contain a brief and plain state
ient, which may be interesting to many.
"The Military Schools were established,
id are supported by the State of S. Caro
na; one at Charleston and one at Colum
ia; the latter auxiliary to the former. Tzca
rsenals, containing the arms nod munitions
r war of the State, are located, one iN
harleston and the other in Columbia, which
'ere formerly guarded by two companies of
alisted soldiers, at an annual expense of
24,000. In 1842, this appropriation was
ansferred, by an Act of the General Assem
ly, to the support of two schools, which
e;re organized upon the basis of the U. S.
[ilitary Academy at West Point, in the be
inning of 1843, by a permanent Board of
isitors, appointed by the Governor, the Ca
ts at which, perform all the duties of a
uard for the Arsenals.
" The Cadets admitted consist of two elas
A, Benrficiary and Pay Cadets. The State
ipplies to the Beneficiary Cadet all his ex
.nses. The Pay Cadet pays $200 per year
ir every charge, including clothing. The
eneficiary Cadets are selected from those
at able to bear their own expenses. Ap
ications for admission are made to the Chair
an of the Board of Visitors prior to the
nnual Meeting of the Board, wlich takes
ace on Friday next after the fourth Monday
November, by whom appointments are
ade at that time, for both classes of Cadets;
sect being had to a due alpportionment a
ong the several Judicial Distriets of the
Fronm tha/State-Rights Republican.
TXhe Evil Working its Own Cure.
The practical effect of the pseudo-philan-1
ropie policy of the British Government in
e emancipation of the colored population
its West India Colonies, has incontestibly
~monstrated that impulses of the lhe::rt,are
equently not based on the dictates, either of
>mmon sense, or real charity. British
tatesmen are now beginninig to perceive
nt the designs of the great Architect of
me Universe are indeed inserutabile, and that
iy had done far better for the eause of suf
ring humanity, had they attended to the
-al deplorable condition of millions of' their
wn countrym:en, instead of futilely endeav
ring to raise, fronm the position in which it
1d been placed biy its Crea:tor, a race, whose
it is, ha:s, and ever will be, to be "a servant
F servants" ut o mnnmkind.
Our Canadian neighbors, whose maudlin
msibility for the sleek, well fed blaek, and
erfet i'ndiiference for the unfortunamte of
eir own race is piroverblial, are alike having
icir eyes opened to the same tinet. A re
nt Toronto p:aper states, that it hais received
letter from Chiathinm, complaining that the
mntry in that vicinity is being inmndated
lih negroes from the~ Untited States-that
icy are allowed equally with the whlite popu
tiont, the right to vote-to be elected to of
re-and sit as Jurors. The writer also
>mplaints thmat o fourth of the votes at the
te municipal election, were polled by ne
roes; and suggests that, as Lord John
nssell intimated, in a late speech in thte
ritish House of Commons, that as the
reumstances of Colonies are differentt, and
quire different Constitutions, so provision
ould be ma:de to deprive the colored raee
F the rights enjoyed by the white popula
on of Canada.
The same writer likewise most significant
asks whether a further influx of negroes
ight not be prevented and a reciprocal free
de obtained, by the Can~adians agreeing to
ve up fugitive slais?
Whreupon the Rochester Adlrerfiser admti
bly observes: " So it seems, after all, that
is boasted British love of liberty and equal:
.and phlilanthropy, are ready to be ex
mnged for free-trade in Cotton antd Brend
uffs; and we should not be surprised if this I
old be the ultimate result of inundating i
e Canadas with fugitive negroes. The
ite ptopulaition will soon become cured of
ir theoritienl philanithtropy. wh'len they finid
eselves likely to be egnalled, or ontnum
red by a race whose nature, habits andt
raetei are so little cottgenial to their own.
heir love of the negro wiill vanish with that
istance which lends enchantment to the
' ASHGTON, April 27.
PoCLAnAT~oN OF PREsIDENT FILL3MORE.
The papers of this city yesterday morning
ntained a proelamation of President Fill
re, warning all persons against p'irticipa- (
mg in an imtvasion of Cuba. The President
s reasons to believe that a military expedi
m is fitting out, contposed principally of
reigners in the United States, atgaiast thet
land ot Cuba. HeJ forwarns all persons
uneted with said expedition, that they be-.
me amenable to heavy penalties, and will
rfeit thme protection of the Ameriean Gov
ament. He exhorts all good citizens to
sountenance such enterprise, and calls up- e
civil and military officers to arrest such r
'enders for punishment.
SLARGE Cr.ni.-The Board of Coin- t
ssioners on the Mexican claims have allow- e
the claim of L. S. Hargous, amounting to i
ele hundred thousand dollars, for supplies
cnnon, &c. furnished for refitting thme ~
mstln of San Juan d'Uiua.
FOR THE ADVERTIRERL
MR. EDrroR,-Inasmuch as my article was
;o unfortunate rs to reach you too late for
ts complete insertion, last week, I prefer to
nodify and abbreviate the remaining portion.
Should "Independence" think proper to
-eply to what I have already written upon
he general question, then what I had intend
>d further to have said upon it, will be, per.
taps, more opportune and forcible in a future
-ommunieation. At present, I design to
nake a few observations in reference to that
1art of the article of "Independence:" which
akes issue with me upon the following ques
ion:-" have our Representatives done more
han carry out the clearly implied wishes of
t large majority of each and every section of
he District?" "Independence" loses sight
)f fairness, so far as to reply to this question
is though it were thus worded-" have our
Representatives done more than obeyed the
express instructions of their Constituency ?
Now, common sagacity will teach any one
that " express instructions" and "clearly im
plied wishes" are very different things. Had
[ believed that our people looked to the call
of a State Convention as the great object of
the lst session, I should, of course, have
used in my question, the former expression,
%s being the stronger. But, knowing that
uch was not the case, I used the latter, more
guarded expression, the truth of which call
be easily maintained. For although the par
ticular qiestion of a Convention was not
aanvassed, yet it is notorious that, at our pub.
lie gatherings over the District, the warmest
expressions in favor of the unflinching resist.
lnee of South Carolina to the wrongs of the
past, were always met with the most decided
applause. Although there was, then as now,
beart-felt anxiety to obtain the co-operation
f our sister States, yet the almost universal
:termination was that our State at least,
nust "stand to her arms," let others do as
Ihey would. Although there was, then as
ow, a willingness even to follow the lead of
ome other sister State, to secure united ac
ion, yet no one had then dreamed of carrying
this complaisance so far, as to follow any
iuch lead, if it even looked towards acquies
ence in the measures of CLAY's Compro
ise. Undying hostility to these measures
was every where loudly proclaimed and un
istakeably sanctioned. The position, in
vhich South Carolina was placed by her po
itical leaders and advisers, was perhaps a
vise one, but it was certainly a forced, unea
,y and unnatural one. She was induced, by
:onsiderations of prudence. to waive her indis
utable right to the first rank in the great no
ion, and, purely to conciliate other States, or
-ather to stimulate them to a high and honor
tble course, she declared herself ready to
ight under any banncr that should first take
he field. Much of this assumed diffidence
vas intended to produce the desired effect in
3orgia. But the action of her Convention
:learly proved the futility of the scheme. I
neption this merely to-show that our people
vre; last summer, endeavoring- to, a
le semblance of waiting patiently tliejae.
ion of some other slave State. And yet,
ven under these restraining circumstances,
here were many and oft-repeated declarations
f their intention to resist the action of
ongress, "at all hazards and to the last ex.
remity !" I have before me, an edition of
he Advertiser for 1850, from which .many
mech sentiments can be gathered in the shape
of toasts and resolutions at public meetings.
But, lest I might be too prolix, I abstain
from using them until they are demanded of
me. One thing is perfectly clear, that sub
mission, or if another phrase be prefered, ac
Imusence in the lnte acts of Congress was
not contemplated in any portion of the Dis
rict, under any circnmsfances.
Well, our members go to Columbia, with
he reasonable and perfectly jns liiable con
ict ion that Edgefield is as determined upon
the great question of resistance as any other
part of South Carolina-resistance, wvith
telp, if possible, but resistance at all ecents.
The Nashville Convention (of wvhich "Inde
pendence" speaks as a thing of sneh moment)
as tact, in the meantime, and before our
Legislature adopts any course of proceeding,
s generally regarded as a failure. It proves
o be very little more, indeed, than a Con
~ention of Delegates from Southm Carolina
md Mississippi. They agree upon a South.
~rn Congress. In the latter State, a Con.
'ntion is called to meet wvithin a year from
nte, to consider the grievances under which
uhe is laboring. In South Carolina, it is pre
ieted upon reasonable grounds that the
southern Congress must prove a failure.
l'he most active party, towards calling this
Jongress, except South Carolina, has def'er
nined upon a Convention. South Carolina
mmediately seconds this move of the only
ster State that seems disposed to gc with
er her, heart and hand, by eralling a Conven
on of her sovreignty also, to consider the
nestion of direct and immediate resistance,
~or doing this, it is said that our Representa
vs have exceeded the clearly implied wishes
f thme people they represent. "Exceeded
heir wishes" by placing the State in a posi
ion where she can, whken the proper times ar
ires, act promptly and efficiently? "Ex.
eded their wishes" by providing for thte
tate's being represented properly in a South.
in Congress, and by calling into existence a
~onvention of the people to take cognisance
f the recommendations of that Congress
r, should the Congress fail, to take measures
hat the Republic .suffered no detriment?
Vould a hundred men in the District have
bjeted to this course, because it woas ultra ?
Independence" surely cannot think so. Our
lgislators have not, by this course, defraud
d the people of their consciences, or their
ight to shtape their own course of action.
'hey have but thrown thme great question
pon them, where the right of ultimate de
ision certainly rests. The only feature in
eir legislation which could, with any show
f reason, be perverted into a transcending
f their legitimate thereawea the oulre of
active-preparation for the approaching eme.
geney, which necessarily involved an increase
But this, I am glad to perceive, " Indepen.
dence " most heartily approves-and further
says that " he would have the State do more,"
indicating the adoption of a course of " iil.
tary training for oursyoung men" as a thing
to be desired. We lre pleasantly surprised
to hear an opponent of separate State seces.
sion advocating the most prompt and -Iij.
rous course of military preparation, cost
what it may. Greenville was carried against
action, because of this very piece of legisi.
tion, which "Independence " so highly ap.
proves. - So it appears that a Greenvilli sul.
missionist and an Edgefield temporizer are
two entirely different and dis.si611itliiji.
This is what I had all along hoped, and what.
I now recognise with -satisfction. In con
clusion, I most say that- still. indulgrth
further hope that our people will- soon dome
together on all material points, and that old
Edgefield will yet go forward in the .great
cause of life and liberty, that now demands
her earnest attention, with that unanimity
which has heretofore characterised her.
A single circumstance I had, until. now,
forgotten to mention--it is that "eiream.
stance of decided meaning" to which' In
dependence" alludes, viz: "the fact that one
of our members who voted against the.Coa..
vention Bill, received about double as-many
votes, as did any delegate to the Convention."
"Independence's" manner of stating this
"circumstance of .decided meaning" s eer
tainly calculated to lead off the public mind
from the fact as it really was; and, doubtliss,
the writer penned the remark without a
knowledge of the real position of the mem
ber to whom he alludes. This member is
Gen. WEAVER. He certainly ran higb upon
the ticket in October last, and it is equally
certain that, from the beginning to the and.
of the session, he was one the - staunchest
advocates of secession at the earliest practi
cab!e day. It was his warm attacihment to
the stronger Bill of the Senate, and.da alone,
which caused him, with several other deter
mined and thoroughgoing gentlemen,tostand
aloof from the support of any measure that
proposed a more undecided course. "nde -
pendence" will perceive that he has selected,
to enforce his views, "a singular. cireum.
stance," which tells with singular'-fore.
against him. .
But I have been longer than I intended,
and must conclude with the assurance that I
shall only tax the patience of your readers in
future, as circumstances may require.
DECISioN OF 1850.
From the Columbia Telegraph, 28th inst.
Profossor Thornwefl's Reignatio.
The following correspondence 'vilbbe read.
with regretby all friends of our College, anA
especially by the Alumni of the lasit, thirtegn
years, w!ho. have enjoyed the benefit of Tro
'fessor Thornwell's labors, both pastoral ais
professional, and have witnessed the self-sao
rificing~and earnest spirit with whiehf& ha
however, Mldeh- bav .m. . us a p
must be acqjuiesced in and apprechtted bal,
and indicate that wvith Protessor Thornwel
duty and not inelination or interistil'para
mount. He wvill probably retain iis profei
sorship nntil December niext-all resqnaifonis
according~ to the College laws, being an
nounced0 six months in advance, unless par
tieular circumstances constitute an exception:
SOUTH CozouxA COL.LEG E,
April 8th, 1851. -
Rev. James HI. Thormceli:
Dear Sir: At a meeting held by the Stu
dents of the South Carolina-College, the fol
lowing motion was made and adoyted:
" Moved that a Committee be appointed to
express our regret at hearing of Dr. Thorn
well's intention to resign his Professorship,
and to offer our solicirations for his continu
ance in officee; and that the Commit.tee be re
quested to obtain the signatures of the Stu
dents, in order thus to express more fully the
feelings of the College."
In the discharge of our duty, we, the Com
mittee, would say, in behalf of the College,
that we intend by this no empty compliment,
or parade of wo'rdhs, for we are not so blind
and ungrateful as not to perceive and. feel
that you have fithfully labored for our good,
and that the wvelfare of the College depends
upon your continuance in oficee. We believe
that your place cannot be filled by another
so able to expound the great truths of reli
gion, or so faithful and earnest in striving.to
impress them upon our minds. Being con
sions therefore of the loss, which we must
sustain in your resignation we have brought
forward this request with the earnest hope,
that von will be able to comply with it. But
should we be unsuccessful, we will at least.
enjoy the satisfaction of having paid this
slight tribute of our respect, admiration and
love, to one wvho has always aimed only at
those ends, which are "his, country's and lia
D. F. JONEs,
FRANK S. GILEsPIE, Coin
SAMUEL GaIXtmaD, mittee.
WV. R. JToNEs,
.T. C. BAserr,
Sourn CAnozrAx COLLEGE, ?
.April 23, 1851. %
Gentlemen :-Your communication in be
half of the Students of the College was re
eeived two weeks ago, and would -have been
answered immediately after the adjournment
of the Presbytery had not a sudden and share
attack of illness prevented me from attend-.
ing to any public duties. I need not say tot
you that the terms of kindness and commen
dation in which you have spoken of mnysejif
personally, and of my labors, as the Chap.
lain of the Institution, hare gone to my
hart; and Ilean never cease to cherish, with
affectionate remembrance, the names of those
who have exhibited a warmth and cordiality
of attachment, for which I am much more in.
debted to the generosity of their natures than
to any merits of my own. You have given
a pregnant proof, Gentlemen, that honest and
patient and conscientious exertions for their
good, will never be lost upon the generous
hearts of the young.
It is a gratifying reflection, that!I leave the
College, after thirteen years of labor withia
its walls, without leavingsa single student be.
hind me, to charge me with nught inconsis
tent with the duties of my station orthe dig,
nity of my office asan ambasador of Cbist.
I am deeply conscious thatiladh frp
sessing the eminent qualifications irhieb yar
confidence has accorded to me. -BettetrinenI,
I trust, can readily be foundito ,ttcte.
Bn am su,, .. ha .o.ean bslci~dndwho