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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple Oand irit must W4l will Perish amidst the
W. F. DURISOE, Prepri*eor- ._EDGEFIELD 0., MAY 15, 1851. v re11
JIFE IS REAL
ny H. W. LONGFELLOw.
Tell me not, in mournful numbers,
Life is but an empty dream!
For the soul is dead that slumbers.
And things are not what they seem.
Lifo is real! Life is. earnest!
And the grv.e is not its goal:
Dust thou art, to dust returneth,
Was not written of the soul.
Not enjoyment, and not sorrow,
Is our destined end and way;
But to act that each to-morrow
Find us farther than to-day,
Art is long, and time is fleeting.
And our hearts, though stout and bravo,
Still, like muffled drums, are beating
Funeral marches to the grave.
In the worla's broad field of battle.
In the bivouac of life,
Be not like dumb, driven cattle!
But a hero in the strife!
Trust not tature, howe'er pleasant!
Let the dead past bury its dead!
Act!-act in the living present!
Heart within, and God o'erliead.
Lives of great men all remind us
We can make ourselves sublime,
And, departing, leave behind us
Footsteps on the sands of timie;
Footieps that perhaps another,
Sailing o'er life's solemn main,
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother,
Seeing, shall take heart again.
Let us, then, be up and doing,
With a heart for any fate;
Still achieving, still pursuing,
Learn to labor, and to wait.
The Orphan Doy.
A ToUCUING sToRY.
The bustle of the fight is over; the
prisoners have been secured, and the decks
washed down, and the schooner had once
more relapsed into midnight's quiet re
pose. I sought my hammock and soon
fell asleep. But my slumbers were dis
turbed by wild dreams, -which, like the
visions of a (ever, agitated and unnerved
me. The last strife, the hardships of my
-earlylife; and a thousand other things,
,pingled together as igures in a phantas.
" Little Dick, sr, is dying," said he.
At once I sprang from my hammock
little Dick was a sort of protege of mine.
He was a pale, delicate child, said to be
ai orphan, and of a gentle nature; and
fron the first hour I joined the sthooner
my heart yearned towards him; tr I, too,
had once eeIn friendless and aloine in the
worlds He had often talked to me in con
lidence of his mother, whose memory he
regarded with holy reverence, while to the
other boys of the ship he had little to say ;
for they were rude and coarse, he delicate
and sensitve, Oben when they jeered
1dm for hismnelancholy, he would go apart
by himself and weep. He never com
14alned of his lot, though his companions
mposed on him continually. Peor lad!
Iis heart was in the grave *!th his lost
I took a strong interest in him, and had
lightened his task as much as possible.
During the late dght, I had owed my life
to his, for he rushed in just ats a sabre
stroke was levelled at ame; and by inter-'
posing his feeble cutlass he averted a
deadly blow4 In the hurry and confusion
since, I had quite forgotten to inquire
whether he was hurt, though at the time
I had inwardly resolved to exert all my
influence to procure hinm a midshipman's
wvarrant in requittat for his serv'ices. It
was wvith a pang of reproachful agony,
therefore, I leaped to my feet.
" My God !" I exclaimted, " you don't
mean it i He is not dying !"
"I fear, sir," said the surgeon, shaking
his head sadly, " that he cannot live till
" And I have been lying idle here !" I
exclaimed with remorse. " Lead me to
" He is delirious, but at intervals of lui
nacy he asks for you, sir," and as the man
spoke we stood beside the bed of the boy.
The sufferer did not lie in his hammock,
as it was hung in the very midst of the
crew, and the close air around it wvas so
stifling that he had been carried under the
open hatchway, and laid there in a little
open space of about four feet square.
From the sound of the ripples I judged
the vessel was in motion, while the clear,
calm blue sky, seen through the opening
overhead, and dotted with myriads of
stars, betokened the fog had broken away.
How calm had it smiled down on the wan
face of the dying boy. Occasionally a
light current of wind-oh! howv delicious
ly cool in that pent-up hole-eddied down
the hatchway, and lifted the dark chesnut
locks of the sufferer, as with his head re
posing on the lap of an old veteran, he
lay in an unquiet slumber. His shirt
collar was unbuttoned, and his childish
bosom, white as that of a girl, was open.
ed and exposed. He breathed quick and
heavily. 'The wound of which he was
dying was intensely pairnful; but within
the last half hour had somewhat lulled,
thiough even now his thin fingers tightly
~grasped the bed clothes, as if he suffered
the greaet arony.
A battle-stained and gray-haired sea
man stood beside him, holding a dull lan.
tern in his hand and gazing sorrowfully
down upon the sufferer. The surgeon
knelt with his finger on the boy's pulse.
As I approached they all looked up-the
veteran who held him shook his head, and
would have spoken, but the tears gather
ed too chokingly in his eyes.
The surgeon said
"He is going fast-poor little fellow.
Do you see this I" And as he spoke he
lifted up a rich gold locket which laid on
the boy's breast. "He has seen better
I could not answer for my heart was
full; here was the being to whom a few
hours before I owed my life, a poor, slight,
unprotected child-lying before me with
death already written upon his brow-and
yet I never sought him out after the con
flict. How bitterly my heart reproached
me at that hour. They noticed my agi
tation, and his old friend-the seaman
who held his head, said sadly,
"Poor little Dick! you'll never see the
shore you have wished for so long. But
ther'll be more than one when your log's
out"-he spoke with emotion-" to mourn
. Suddenly the little fellow opened his
eyes and looked vacantly around.
"Has he come yet I" he asked in a low
voice. " Why don't he come I"
"I am here," said I, taking the little
fellow's hand. " Don't you know me
He smiled faintly in my face. He then
" You have been kind to me, sir-kind
er to me than most people are to a poor
orphan boy. I have no way to show my
gratitude-unless you will take the Bible
you will find in my trunk. It's a small
offering, I know, but it's all that I now
I burst into tears. He resumed
" Doctor, I'm dying, ain't I?" said the
little fellow, " for my sight grows dim.
God bless you, Mr. Worth."
" Can I do nothing for you, Dick I"
said I. "You saved my life. I would
coin my blood to save yours."
"I have nothing to ask-I don't want
to live-only, if it's possible, let me be
buried by my mother-you'll find the name.
of the place and allabout itin my trunk."
**njeiUerni tigMi poiorlat.
1 answered chokingly.
The little fellow smiled faintly -it was
an angel's smile, but he did not answer.
His eyes were fixed on the stars flicker
ing in that patch of the blue sky overhead.
His mind wandered.
"It's a long, long way up there, but
there are bright angels among them. Mo
ther used to say that we should meet
there. How near they come; and I see
sweet faces smiling on me from among
theni. Hark! is that music?" and lifting
his finger he seemed listening for a mo
ment. He fell back, and the old veteran
burst into tears-the child was dead.
Did he indeed hear angel voices? Grant it.
BEAUTIFr. TNUSG1i'.-There is but
a breath of air and a beat of the heart,
between this world and the next. And
in the brief interval of a.painful and aw
ful suspense, while we feel that death is
present with us, that we are pdw*erless
and he all pidwerful, and the last faint
pulsatioin here is but the prelude of end
less life hereafter; we feel in the, midst of
the stunning calamity about td befall ds,
that earth has nd comjsensating good..to
mitigate the severity of our loss. But
there is no grief without some berisficent
provision to soften its intensetiess. When
the good and the lovely die, thd rtisiiory
of their good deeds, like the moonb~eams
on the stormy sea, lights.iip our darken;
ed hearts, and leads to .the sirounding
gloom, a beauty. so sad, sO sweet, that
we would ndt, if we could dispel the
darkness that enlvirous theni -Geo. D.
A GOOD MA's Wxs.-I freely con
fess to you, that I would rather, when I
am laid down in the gravd, have sdnie one
in his manhood stand over me and say:i
"There lies one who was a real frIend to
me, and privately warned me of the dan
ger of the young; no one knewv it, but he
aided me in the time of need ; l'owe what
I am to him ;" or would rather have some
widow with choking utterance, telling
her children, " there is your friend and
mine. He visited me in my affliction,
and found you, my son, an employer, and
you, my daughter, a happy home in a
virtuous family." I say, I would rather
that such persons should stand at my
grave, than to have erected over it the
most beautiful sculptured monument of
Parisian or Italian marble. 'rho heart's
broken utterance of reflictions of past
kindness, and the tears of grateful memo
ry shed upon the grave, are more valuable,
iin my estimation, than the most costly
cenotaph ever reared.-Dr. Sharp.
A L EssoN Fox GIRLs.-An intelligent
gentleman of fortune, says the Bangor
Whig, visited a country village in Maine,
not far from Bangor, and wvas hospitably
lodged by a gentleman having three daugh
ters, twvo of whom, in rich dresses, enter
tained the dIstinguished stranger In the
parlor, while one kept herself in the
kitchen, assisting her mother in preparing
th frod, a.,d seting the table for tea, and
after supper, in doing the work till it w
finally completed, when she also join
her sisters in the parlor for the remaind
of the evening. Tho next morning t
same daughter was again early in tl
kitchen, while the other two were in tl
parlor. The gentleman, like Frankli
possessed a discriminating mind-was
close observer of the habit of the your
ladies-watched an opportuuity, and whi
pered something in the ear of the indu
trious one, then left for a time, but revisi
ed the same family, and in about oi
year the young lady of the kitchen w
conveyed to Boston, the wife of the san
gentleman visitor, where she now presid
in an elegant mansion. The gentlema
whose fortune she shares, she won by
judicious deportment, and well direeti
industry. So much for an industrioi
From the Charleston sun.
Union at Home.
Unanimity is at all times and under all ci
cumstances necessary to to instro success !
any political change. In the present positic
of our State, we say most -unhesitating
that it is her duty to act, if unanimity can I
established; the certainty of success res
solely on the ground of a want of this necess
ry principle. We are assured that contr
dictory impulses, which result from anticip
ted dread of consenquences imagined, mu
baffle any poeple in the effort to effect
change in their condition. If we cannot 1
forth in the cause associated with those wl
have led us by their conduct until the In
hour to imagine them confederates, why the
let us assume the responsibility ourselve
and go forth alone. But to do this it
necessary that we be united within ou
selve-that South Carolina present no ind
vidual obstacle to the course which she hi
already suggested as proper-that every mr
within her limits feel the responsibility, n<
of maintaining Union at all hazards, but 1
maintaining that which is dearer to the hen
of every ture Carolinian, her honor and inte
est. Much has been spoken of maintainir
a happy medium-of not resorting to extren
measures-of waiting for further aggressic
-of remaining in fact until we are kick<
head foremost out of the Union. Whe
will be the honor then of making a virtue
of policy marked out by the admmistirau
and to which so many have already falh
victims. Steady progression, interspersi
with occasional concessions on a small sceali
now and then a great display of justice, eve
tuating when we come to consider it
nothing, and merely operating as a cloak i
cover the designs of further eneroachmen
-flattering appeals to those who swallo
the bait-a great cry of Union with little sho
of equality. Truly have the words of tI
poet been here vindicated, which says th
'Tyranny of late has cunning grown.'
does not openly seek to destroy us at one
but would first sap the foundations of o1
strength by sowing discord among us, pavir
the way for our own suicidal conduct, at
eventually making us the ministers of o1
own destruction. If we are to succeed,
will depend upon unanimity among ourselv(
and this effected, we have nought to fe:
Union-union, we say, forever, but amor
From the Columbia Telegraph.
WeT have heard of "Straws" of ths Pie
yune, and the straws which show how ti
wind blows and of various uses and a'pplie
tions of straws, but the followving letter
ouir friend Solbn Robinson, so well knmown;
an agricultural w'rite~r, and travelling corre
pdndent of the. Agrieuiturist, is somnethii
neir. We find it in the Wilmington Cot
mercial, btut theb suggdstlon, if practicable
all, applies to a large portion of our ov
State. as weil as the "Old North," and i
therefore republish it.
To TItE EDnTR or fiiE C6.~unncraL.
New Discoi~ery-Important to N. Carolit
Sir: I saw at Charldston a few day's age
specimen of straw braid work, the mobst d
rable, beautiful, and of the most cheap ai
abundant material in thme world-one whi<
your State can-furnish in such vast quan
ties that the whole world may be cover<
with straw hats; at the very cheapest posa
ble cost of niaterial, and yet thme stmpplyshi
never fail. The article I allude to is t
leaves of the dommon leaf pine; prepared
somewhat the same way that rye straw
prepared for braiding: that Is; gathered wh
growing the most luxuriantly and scald
and dried in the shade; its toughnbss is th
remarkable, in fact it is almost indestructibl
I hope to sec it generally substituted in pln
of straw of cereal grains, or imported gra
for all braid work. It makes beautiful a:
very durable work baskets, and if used foi
foundation for covering wvith the leaves of t
dones, would greatly add to their value.
If any of my fair friends in the region
pines, will prepare some articles of this kit
with specimens of prepared straw, nnd f<
ward thent to me at the New Ydrk Agriec
tural WVarehouse of A. B. Allen & Co., 14
189 and 191, Water street, New York, I n
exhibit them in the name of the maker foi
premium for a newv American manufactu
at the next Fair of the American Institute,
Castle Garden. and at the Franklin Institu
Philadel phis, besides taking every opportu
ty to callI public attention to this, as I et
sider, very important matter, through I
columns of the American Agriculturist a
Papers of the South generally may p:
mote a new~ brtanch of industry by calling:
tention to this new use fttr pine strait.
I awn most respectfuhlly your friend, I
" Agricultifral Traveller."
Wilminegton, N. I April 21, 1851.
Is outhm ghts Convention.
d nro, May 6,1851.
er The Conve net at 10 o'clock, A. M.,
ie pursuant to ent, and the session was
1e opened with t 'e -wing prayer by the Rev.
0 God, our nly Father! We lift up
our souls to the e King eternal, immortal
a and invisible. iejoice that thou hast been
Ig the refuge of ty; ildren in all generations;
s- and that fron ev ting'to everlasting Thou
s. art the same, un geable in power and wis
t- dom, in rectitude d goodness.
ie We d'esire to roaeh Thee with just con
victions of thy 'raeter, and we pray that
we may ever chei such a persuation of our
le dependence upo ee, as shall lead us to
's ascribe to Thee thglory due to thy name.
n, We adore The q an infinitely pure and
a intelligent Spiritg e Creator and Preserver
d of the Universe, Giver of life and know
Is ledge, and power d comfort and happiness.
By thy word, 0 ,were the heavens made,
and all the hosts them by the breath of
mouth. Thou ontinually in every part
of thy dominion ording to the counsels of
thine own unde ding. Every good and
r- every perfect gift mes down from thee;
n and without thee are nothing, and can ac
n complishnogood ark.
Most holy an ereiful God, we thank
)e thee that whilst u art present with indi
ts viduals and famili .supplying all with food
and comforts, and umbering the very hair of
their heads, so tli rart the ruler of nations,
imparting wisdo o our conusellors, pre
st serving them fro or, and leading them to
a suggest such rem es for evils and oppres
.o sions, as are calculated to advance the
0 cause of truth justice-to promote the
it welfare of the pe' e, and the glory of God.
n We thank thee. at thy holy religion in
s, structs us in the I e of our country-to ]a
1s bor-to suffer, - die,.for our cherished
r institutions. We ank thee that whilst thht
- religion inculcates e doctrine of universal
Is philanthropy-it ppossed to all injustice
)n and oppression, -requires the exercise of
ourj ud gment, the ctie ef self-denial, and
)f our untiring zeal be devoted to our coun
rt try's welfare.
r_ We pray thee, ou God of wisdom, and
a ruler of nations I on who has been with
e our country in cr vicissitudes and dan
" gers, to be p th thy servants who are
d here assemb ho have been delegated
-c by their fel o engage in such delib
cratious as Are d on them. in the pre
- f our country, and the
wise legislation they feeI :L. .. o
'n been wronged and oppressed. May all their
d deliberations be characterized by a love of
truth and justice,indill their acts be dicta
ted by a conscion4 regard to the authority of
" Heaven, and an arlous desire to promote'the
:o happiness of our people, by acting in confor
mity withi the will of God.
W We pray thee, Heavenly Father, to pre
Wv serve us from harboring in our hearts senti
ie ments of hatred or malace against those who
It have heaped uponus injuries and indignities,
It and under all excitements may we still ad
e here to thy holy commands, to " do justly, to
ir love mercy, and to walk humbly with God."
g Heavenly Father, we pray thee, who so
d orderest all events as to cause even the wrath
"" of man to praise thee, to look in mercy on
it our wide extended country-to check the
s, spirit of fanaticism, whose tendency is to sub
r. vert the constitition of our country, and to
'g produce anarchy and crime. Thou who didst
preserve thy people Israel amidst the dangers
of the sea, and the wilderness; thou who
didst t.arry terror into the he-i-t of the impi
ous Blshazzar; thba *ilt also preserve us
2- in the midst of oitr dangers; and we pray that
Ie thou would turn the hearts of the deluded
a- from the error of their ways, and the folly and
of wicke~ness of their intentions.
1s We beseech thee, Almighty God, in behalf
s- of that ittstitution ivhich recognites the rights
ig and responsibilities of the master and the ob
- ligations and duties of .the servant. We
t thank tht-e that in thy divine and holy word
'n thou hast laid down rules for the government
re of both~so that the foriner miay nOt become
an oppressor, or the latter be led on by wick
- ed passions aind evil advisers, to raise up ini rc
a. bellion against his lawful master, protector
a and friend. We pray that We tilay be the
- humble inlstruments in thy hiand of shedding
ad the light of thy Gospel over the minds of a
:li benighted race. That the folly of those whto
ti- would reduce them beyond the level of hu
i inanity, and incapable of tinderstanding, or
i- receiving the truths of chrIstianity, may be
aLI made manifest by the orderly department, the
ic affectionate obedience and the devoted piety
in of the humble servant, who, whilst he is idea
is tified with a race of higher intelligence, who
lb will be his protectors and guides, approaches
ad also the altar of the same God, feels that he
an has an equal interest in the atoing blood of
e. the same Savior; and that, after having mu
ee tually performed their duties in their severail
s, stations in their families on earth, they may
id have an assured hope of being reunited in a
-a land of light, of happiness and immortality,
be in the regions of eternal Glory.
And now, merciful Father, we commend
of these thy serrants to thy direction, and in
d, yoke in their behalf thy blessing. May our
>r. rights be secured-may our liberties be pre
l- served-mayour land be watered by the dews
o. of Heaven, and our people become the people
ill of God and the heirs of Heaven, and finally
-a receive us into thy kingdom of rest and of
re, glory, through Jesus.Christ our Lord. A MEN.
at The roll of the Delegates was then called
te, over, and the names of several additional Dele
mi. gates were added tb the list.
n- The unfinished business, which waus the red
he port of the Committee on Rules for the gov.
ud ernent of the Convention, was then taken
up, and after a brief discussion the repo~rt was
'0 agreed to.
t- Col. Maxey Gregg. then rose and said that
the Convention had assembled for a refy
lhe brOad and getneral purpose-that of donsulta.
tiofl, and the objects to 1b6 emibraced by it
iould hate no Iiunit oidept the. objects for
which Snihern rigrhita Aaaociatina werc
formed. In deliberative bodies the appoint
ment of Committees, to which the various
matters brought before them, could be refer
red, to be placed in a shape to be efficiently
acted on, was found to greatly facilitate busi
ness, and he arose for the purpose of moving
the appointment of such a Committee. He
then sent to the Chair the following resolu
Resolred, That a Committee of 21 mem
bers be appointed by the Chair, to prepare
and report business to be submitted to this
meeting; and that all propositions which may
be introduced in this body, shall be referred,
without previous debate, to the said Com
mittee for consideration.
The resolution was adopted, and, in pur
suance thereof, the Chair appointed the fol
lowing gentlemen as the committee:
Maxey Gregg, Richland; D. F. Jamison,
Orangeburg; James Jones, Edgefield ; H.
Peronneau Finley, and P. Della Torre, St.
Philip and St. ilichael; John S. Palmer, St.
Stephens; James Chesnut, Kershaw; J. A.
Bradley, Chester; F.D. Richardson, Sumter;
J. A. Calhoun, Abbeville; T. B. Haynesworth,
Darlington ; G. Manigault, Prince George
Winyaw; B. K. Hennegan, Marion; J. S.
Maner, St. Pete's; J. G. W. Duncan, Barn
well; W. H. Gist, Union ; W. B. Wilson,
York; J. H. Williams, Newberry; R. A.
Maxwell, Anderson; J. D. Wright, Laurens;
Tandv Walker, Greenville.
Mr. Jio. D. WRIGHT, of Laurens, submit
ted the following preamble and resolutions,
which were referred to the Standing Com
Whereas a crisis has arrived in the history
of our country, calling for some decisive ac
tion on the part of the friends of the South:
1. Resoged, That the conciliation is a vir
tue, and co-operation desirable; but that, if
need be, seperate State action is the rightful
remedy, to which, or to any effectual measure
of resistance by the Constitutional Conven
tion, we pledge our all.
2. Resolred, That more effectually to se
cure the co-operation desired, a State South
ern Rights Association be organized by this
Convention, to be composed of Delegates
from each Association in this State, which
shall meet semi-annually at Columbia.
3. Resolced. That each Southern Rights
Association in the State be requested to call
a m fting of their members as early as prac
ti- )le, and ascertain the names and number
C, members over Le age of 17 and under
40, and all over the age of d, tnd keep a
roll of the same separately, to be reported to
the State Association semi-annually.
- - ts
ciations shouid bu etmaut in ;iw.;t. l.
order, to enable the members to sirbmit their
propositions for the sonsideration of the
Convention; which was agreed to.
The delegations were then called over in
alphabetical order, and the following propo
sitions were submitted, and referred to the
Standing Committee of Twenty-one.
By Hon. J. L. Onn, of Anderson:
Resolred, That the State Convention called
at the last session of the Legislatr re of South
Carolina in our opinion should be assembled
by order of the next Legislature; that we
have implicit confidence In the wisdom, fidel
ity, and patriotism of the delegates elect, and
pledge ourselves to sustain the final action
of the Convention; and that we consider it
inexpedient to dictate or suggest to the mem
bers thereof, the modi- and neasure of redress
for the many grievances inflicted on us by the
Gen. J. D. ALLEN of Barnwell submitted
a preamble and resolutions; which, without
being read, were referred to the C.mmittee.
By Mr. MCCALL of Fairfield:
Resol red, That in the opinion of this meet
ing the right of a State to secede is not an
Resolred, Trhat in the opinion of this meet
ing the State Convention should take decis
ive action on the question before its final
Mr. PanrE of. Kershaw submitted resolu
tions, wvhich, without being read, were refer
By Mr, MANIGAULT of PrinLde George Win
Resolvred, That although the co-operation
of the neighboringr States be desirable, it is
not indispensable'for our relief from the bur
den of a usurping and tyrannical Governmsnt.
By Mr. EnszuxD RHiETT, from the St. Hele
Resolred, That in the opinion of the Con
-veritlon, the institutions of South Carolina
are no longer safe under the Constitution,
nor in the Union.
2. That the dondert of the Southern States
in any systemiatie and decisive resistance to
the power of the General Government has
been hitherto sought in vain.
3. That the only effective call upon the
South must be by the appeal of a practical
4. That the committee to whom these res
olutions are referred, be instructed in the
name of the Convention to memnoriailize the
Legislature of the State to convene the State
Convention at the earliest period p)ractieable
after the ist of February, 1852, for the pur
pose of declaring South Carolina an indepen
Mr. BADGER of the York Association sub
mitted the followving:
Mr. A. G. WHITE moved that a committee
of nine be appointed to make suitable ar
rangements for the accommodation of the
Convention during the present session, which
was adopted, and the Chaiir appointed the
following gentlemen the committee:
.A. G. White, John C. Wa~lker, Wmn. Bland
ing, 3. F. Poppenheim, Robt. W. Hare, A. M.
Manigault, J. M. Caldwell, Win. E, Martin,
Gen. N. Reynolds.
Mf. GREGG moved that when the meeting
adjourned, it should be until 4 P. M., which
was agrettd to; and then, on his motion, the
The mcrtinr was ceto orderl, by the
President, pursuant to adjournwent, at 4
Mr. G. A. TRENTOLM stated that he had in
his possession a letter from Hon. LANGDON
CHEVES, addressed to the Convention, which
he asked permission to have read. This was
agreed to by the Convention, and the letter
was read by Mr. TRENHOLMI, as follows:
PLATATION (OGEECEE,) 1st May, 1851.
My Dear Sir: I have been appointed a
Delegate of the Southern Rights Association
of St. Philip's and St. Michael's, and also of
the Indian Land Association of York Dis't,
to. the Convention to be held in your city on
Monday next; and it was my wish and in
tention to have attended the Convention in
obedience to these clls, but I cannot do so
without neglecting private business of my
own of importance, which admits of no de
lay, and which cannot be well accomplished
without my personal attention. This busi
ness, however pressing and important, should
have been superseded by the public call, if I
could have believed that my attendance at the
Convention could be of any material impor
tance, but I am well satisfied that it could
not. l1y general views of the grievances of
the South, and of the subversion of the Con
stitution of the United States, are fully known
to the public, and will weigh for what they
are worth, as effectually as if I were again to
The object of the Convention, I under
stand to be, to declare whether, in the opin
ion of the Convention, South Carolina ought
to secede from the Union alone, and without
the concurrent action of any other of the
Southern Stater. My opinion in the propri
ety of the separate action of one Southern
State, and particularly of South Carolina,
has been long known. There is no man in
the country who feels more sensibly than I
do the danger, the diahonor, the infamy of
the condition of the South. No man is more
entirely convinced of the jus'iee, the consti
tutional right, and the polit.ieal expediency of
the withdrawal of the Southern States from
that Union by which they are enthralled, and
which cannot fail, while it subsists, to bring
on them farther and future dangers, oppres
sion, and infamy. I am satisfied that history
furnishes no example of such disreputable
submission as that which they now exhibit.
The philosophy of Liberty is jealousy. The
proper action of patriotism is the earliest
possible resistance to the slightest encroach
ment on '!ho pub!ic rights. The lovers of
liberty snuff the tainted breeze of tyranny in
the distant gale, and do not wait for the over
whelming power of the storm. But we tame
ly endure the full blast of the injuries and
insults so profusely poured upon us. We
hug our chains with something approaching
our bitter enemies-and yet it is only netes
sary to will it, to rend those chains, and to
be -redeemed, regenerated and disenthralled."
As a citizen of the South, I feel humiliated
into the very dust. Yet I am not of opinion,
that South Carolina should secede alone.
Nor do I think this on acouint of the dangers
it may provoke, or the sacrifices it may re
quire. No dangers and no sacrifices cnn be
too great in such a cause. Btut one State of
the South cannot stand albne in the nidst of
her sister States: These States frbm one
family in interest, in blood; in feclihg and in
endearint, social and historical relations and
recollections, and su-h ties oupht not to be
broken but by dire necessity. South Caroli
nn:, I know, has been grossly slandered and
villifled for tvhat no dispassionate man can
say is rash or unwise. She has done no more
than proclaim the Southern ivrongs, and who
can deny them, and to express a desire to
unite with. her sister States in resisting them.
She will be n-rong, however, in my poor
opinion, i:' she separate albne from thec- in
her measures of re.,istance. But it may be
said they have not proposed to do what the
honor and interest of all require to be done
to redeem the character and to sustain the
rights of the SoUth. It is most true and
deeply to be lamented; but we are but one
member of this large family, and have no
right to dictate authoritatively to the other
members of the ihmily. We must wait up
on them, and entreat them to move. We
should use no language of irritation. We
must look wvith forbearance on their tardi
9 lie to their faults a little blind,
Be to their virtues very kind,
And put a padlock on the mind," as to the
Thea people of our Southern States, are a
brave people, whose fathers fought for liber
ty, who themselves were born and nurtured
in the enjoyment of it, and who, therefore,
know the valne of it. It cannot be believed
that such a people will long consent to be
governed othierwvise than by a Government
in which they shall enjoy equal rights, equal
power, and eqtual honnrs. They have been
deceived and betrayed. They must and will
hearken to other counsellors thtan those to
whom they have hitherto listened. The
South must and wvill rouse from its slumbers,
and mainly rely upon the Democracy of the
country. 'The Detnocratic party one al
ready, under the guidance of Jefferson, in
1798, saved the South from the ambition
and toils of Federalism. We now contend
aga.inst the same people. but with these dif
ferences: The leading Federalists were then
high, honorable, able men, who were ambi
tious to govern yott, but whose ambition was
noble, and, therefore, scarce a crime, though
dangerous to the true pritnciples of our Union.
These men have gone dowvn to the grrave, or
have been proserihed and disenrded by their
unworthy associates-men with more than
their ambition, but none of their virtues or
talents. The great object of the old Fede
ralists was a strong, but honest, Government.
That of their successors, is an anarchical ty
ranny, regardless of the provisions of the
Constittution for the secunrity of Southern
rights, and animated by the principles of abo
lition, and the phrensv' of fanaticism. Let
the Democratic party, then, which rallied uin
der the wise guidarice and foresigrht of Jef
ferson, anid saved the South, again put forth
its strength. It embraces the great power of
the Southern States. Even the WVhigs of
the South are Democrats, though in a false
position, in which accident has placeed them,
andi freed of that, they will appear under
their old flag. The Whig party is now no
ln,er that of which they we.re mi mnber*. It
was a party founded on t6a details of the
politics of the day, on the comparatively
small measures of the moment, and upon'the
candidates of Federal offices. The Present
moment is one of life or death to the South,
and that party is .not now contending for'
these old objects, but to conquer the- Solth'
and to abolish her most important and valua
ble institutions. If there are Whigsat the
South who will still adhere to them, they are
few and can be spared. We shall be strong
enough. if true to ourselves, without them.
It is only necessary that the Democratic'
party act vigorously, 'zealously, and. perse
veringly, and the principles of the Souti'vill
be triumphant. If we have souls in -ur bo
soms, can it be otherwise I
The consummation so devoutly wished
may not be accomplished in a day or a year;:
but let the party of the South perievere, and
the result is inevitable. This will be true of
Virginia and Georgia, as well as of other
States. Let no one believe that the recent
acts of these States truly express the will
and determination of the people of these
States. They will take new counsel, and
finally be governed by their old principles.
Let the question be distnetly put, at the polls,
to the people, whether they will submit to
the present subversion of their rights, and
the present degradation of the Southern peo
ple, and, I thin the result is not questiona
ble. The question is really one between the
South and the North, and whether we shall:
be governed absolutely now and forever by a
people whose avowed objects are to an,' '
I have finally, my dear Sir, to ask the favor
of you to communicate this letter to the
Convention, if you be a member of it, which
I believe you are, or, if not, to engage some
hand to do so. My object is to show to those
who appointed me tht- their delegate, though -
unable personally to attend the Convention, -
has not been wholly unmindful of his duty
I am, my dear sir,
With great respect and esteem,
Your obedient servant,
G. A. TRENuoLbr, esq., Charleston S. C.
P. S.-Since writing the above, I have seen
it estimated that this Convention will be
called upon to act much more largely than
was at first suggested, upon thedifficult.ques
tions between the South and the. .General'
Government. If it shall do so, I have no
doubt the action will be unfortunate. It
will, among other evils, divide the people of.
the State into parties, instead of presenting
that unanimity which now does it..o much
credit, and will prolably, under. futura con
tingencies, give itmuch strength..,Thegreat
troy her mo Rid nf~
That zeal and activit innable
in themsel'as,~ but, under'actual irumstan.
ces,- Were ifipolitlie. It 'was "slanderously
ealled ambition, and a desire to dietate, and
excited the jealousy of other States. . Mea
sures, right and proper, and patriotic, were
condemned simply because they came from
South Carolina; and every dastard has jus
tified his recreaney under this prejudiced and
slanderous condemnation. If South Caroli- -
na be ivise she will wait upon her sister
States yet a long while. Let her be pre
pared to act, but leave other States time to
deliberate and determine for themselves.
Great changes must take plice in the senti
ments of the Southern people, or history is
a fiction, and the nature of man has changed.
Let South Carolina be prepared to join other
States, but she cannot go foremost without
injuring her own and the common cause.
There has been, I think, another error in
the management of our great controversy
(not peculiar to South Carolina.) We have
had too many Conventions. Such assem
blnges are proper, and only proper, on great
occasions, when the sense of the people is
doubtful. In almost all, if not all, other oc
casions, the organized power of Government
is the safest ground of reliance. It is par
tieularly so in this. which is a case of usur
pation and tyranny on the part of the Gene
ral Government,.and our wise ancestors, with
great jealousy, reserved and secured the In
dependence of the States as a p roper power
to control the ambition of the Federal Gov
ernment when it might arise; and our great
error and misfortune has been, that we have
allowed the State Governments to be virtu
ally nullified by not calling them early and
vigorously into action. A concert between
the State Governments is the great want of
the South at this time, and this great object
will best be attained by the Legislative and'
Executive functionaries of their r-espoetiv-e
The letter was then ordered to lie otr the
Mr. GREGG, from the Select Committee of
Twenty-one, submitted Resolutions as ex
pressive of the sentiments of the Convention,
and an Address to the Southern Rights As
sociations of the Southern States..
Mr. GREGG also stated that the Committee
would report upon the other matt4 rs referred
to them, and especially in reference to-the
more perfect organization of tho Southeorn
Rights Associations, to-morrow..
On motion of Gen. J1. H. ADAMs, thefleso
lutions and Address were ordered to lie on
the table, and were made the special order of
the day for to-morrow at 10 o clock, and or
dered to be printed.
On motion by Mr. ADAMs, the letter of Mr.
Cheves was also ordered to be printed.
On motion by Mr. GREGo, the Convention
then adjourned until 10 o'elock to-morrow.
Ax ALLEGORY.-A hufmming-bird met a
butterfly, and, being pleased with the beauty
of its person and the glory of its wings,
made an offer of perpetual friendship.
" I cannot think of it," '*s the reply, "ca
you once spurned me, and called me a drawl
"Impossible !" exclaimed the humming
bird; " I always entertained the highest res
pect for such beautiful creatures as you."
"Perhaps you do now," said the other,
"but when you insulted me, I was a cater..
pillar. So let me give you a piece of advice:
N -er insult the humble, as they may some
d become your superiors."'
SoMERoDY has wisely said that marrying
"is like fishing for a single eel in a barrel of