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Southern Rights Convention.
On Tuesday the 6th inst., Mr. M.G REGG,
Cliairm:mn of the Comnuit tee of Twenty-one.
laid b-fore the Convention the following Re
solutions, as expressive tof the sentiments of
the C nvention, and an Address to the SouA ft
ern Rights Associ.ttions of the Southern
1. Resolced, That in the opinion of this
meeting, the State of South Carolina cannot.
submit to the wrongs and aggressi.e:is whi-;
have been perpetrated by the Federal Gov
ernment and the Nort'kern States, without
dimhonor and ruin; and that it i.: .ecessary to
relieve herself therz-from, whether with or
without the co-operation of other Soutnern
2. Rcsolced, That concert of action With
one or tore of our ister Stater of the SouthI.
whether through the proposed Southern Con
gress. or in any other manner. is an object
worth m:mny sacrifices, but not the sacrimlee
involved inl Submission.
3. Resolred, That we hold the right of se- I
cession to be essental to the sovereignty and
freedom of the States of this Confederacy.
and that the denial of that right wouild N
nish to an injured State the strongest ::ddi
tional cause for its exercise.
4. Rcsolred, That this meeting looks with
cimlidence and hope to the Conven ion of it
people, to exert the sovereigrn power of the
S:te ini deiec of its rights t;ad .he eriew
pr e ie:ble peri-ld. a::d Li fie i .s elt-uid
mi:m~r ::md to the Letisl aure. to adiipt the
mbo.t 2-peedv and e!YetuaL..l imeasures tow..rd,
tlz Zaule eud.
Frm thie- D!-!g-sates (f the Sritihern Rights
Associatrions (f South Carulina, assembkd
in (.harkstom, to /he Southern Rigtks As
soWiations if the uthcr Southern Slates.
Having met to take counsel together, ani
having agreed tuponl that course which we
thiak it right and necessary to pursue, we
vwkh to lay bef'ore you the considerations by
which we have been governed, with that
franikness wvhich our respect for you. and our
desire to merit your good optmon, require.
We regard the position of the Sotuthern
States in thi~s Confederacy, us degrnded and
ruinous. The mnanifest tendency of those
systematic aggressions which they have suf
fared far. many ye; rr past, Is to subvert the
institution of slaveri-. If those ricts of hos
ti'le domination, which have been rendered
more insulting by mockery of language, uin
der~ the te-nn of Compromise, were finad in
their nature. and were not to be followed by
any further aggressions, we should still re
gard them as outrages, to which sovereign
Startes, possessing the spirit of freedom, otught
never to submit. But those measures only
form pai-t of a system, gradually commenced,
steadily carried forward, gathering strength
from development, and proceeding with fatal
mominenitum to its end. That end is the abo
lit ion of negro-slavery in the Southern Stat es,
andt~ the lowering of the free white popti
tion of the South to the same level with thait
agrarian rabble, wvhicha already strong and
datngerous, seems destined, before very long,
to be the controlling power in the Northern
St dtes. We see no remedy and no safety
for the South in the present Union. Btut we
know- that in this wye ditier from very matny
citizes oif the other Southern Stattes, spin i
ed and intelligent, having the same iunterests.
anid sufferinig tunder the saime wrongs with
ourselves, and wvho cherish thre lope that the
rights of the South may be vindicated and se
cured without dissolving the exi-ting Confe~d-I
eracy. In this difference, it does ntot becomie
us to assume to dictate, and we hope to standt
free from that charge. Up to this time, the
citizens of So. Ca., awvare that peculiarity of
1po1itical posit ion, arising fronm past events,
rendered a certain reserve on their pairt pru
dent and proper, have studiously avoid
everything which tmight look like assuming1
the lead in the defence of Southern Rights.
They de-ired to act, because they believed
that satfety and honor required action ;but
they~ hoped that they might find lea:ders in
other States, whlom they might follow in de
fence of the common cause. When the
ancienit Commonwealth of Virginia. the pirop
er leader of the South, declared her determt
nation to resist, at all hazards anid to the last
extremity htostil-e measures then threatened,
South Carolina, with all alacrity, stood ready
to support Virginia in carrying out her high
resol ution. When Geergia-whose former
resistance to Federal usurpation, under her
heroic statesmant, Tztour, gave promnise of
untlinsehing firmness in any contest in which
she might engage-proclaimed her determii
nation to make a stand for the rights of t he
South, South Carolinat rejoice:d at the' pros
peet of rallying tinder the bmner of Geor..
gin. And when her young and gallant sister.
31ississippi, proposed the wise measure of a
Southern Convention, for thme purpose of eni
deavoring to unite the Sotherni States in
m-ntinning their constitutional rights, and
at the same timhe, preserving, if p)osible, the
exisuing~ Union, South Carohitlinhiy en
tered into the mreasure; and she has carried
out m1I.e recommendation of the Convention
so assetmbledl at tihe instance of M1ississipp'i,
by providing for the election of Delegates to
a Southern Congress, to whose meeting she
still looks with anxiouis interest.
In these proceetinlgs. we think that the
citizens of South Ca rolinia have evinced all1
proper anxiety t<Avoid the arppearance of ar
rogance or dictation, to act in concert with
the citizens of the other Southern States,
and to do nothing separately or precipitattely.
And now, strongly ns we have expressetd otir
beli'ef that there is no hope for the South in
the existing Union, we~ are prepared to give
a trial, fairly in good faith, to any effectual
plamn which may be proposed by anyV sister
State of the South, for obtaining redress for
the past and settiity for the future, wvihiout
a dissolution of the existing Union, if there
be a possibaility of such a consummnation.
.But we find ourselves forced to consider
we find that there is no reasonable hope of
the co-operation of any other Southern State
in any effectual plan of relief, and the alter
native is presented to us, of submitting, or
acting by ourselves. And, reluctant as we
are to separate ourselves from our natural
friends and allies, we have made up our minds.
We cannot submit. WP know that South
Carolina entered this Ci f.dercv as n sov
ereign and inidependent State. and Ihat, having
been wronged. she huis the perfect right to
withdraw froim it. Her sons must exercise
the right and meet the consequences. If no
other State will join us in relieving ourselves
from the wrongs already inflicted, we see no
hope in waiting fur new outrages to arouse
a higher spirit of resistance. The new out
rages, we are well convinced, will come in
due time; but we feel no assurance that the
spirit of the vassal will rise in proportion to
the indignities heaped upon his head. On the
contrary, we see that the South has already
borne what it would not for a moment have
submitted to ten years ago, and what the
North would not then have ventured.to per
petrate. We are not willing to try the ex
perimnent how long it will be before our spirit
is completely broken, by gradually and con
tinually yiefding to slow and gradual, but
increasing eneroachments. And if the ex
ercise of the right of secession is to be fol
lowed by the-at:tempt on tire p:rt of the Go
vernnent of this Confederney to subjugate
South Carolina, it is bitter fhlit we should
meet that attempt while we still have some
spirit and some power or resista::e le's. If
we are to submit to the conditi- of o t Con
q uered people, we think ;.ss di-honor'able
not to dwe so ut. w have first been conquer
ed. And ;. anythinu could add to the ne
...-itv ','iP-i e believe exists for a with.
drawil froni. .Ie CXi;ting.t Uniion, it vould be
the denia., of the rigt. of secession. For
the deni:d of that ritg!rn indicates of itself
extreme da:ge(r. The right of secession has
heretofore. and in better days been regard
L unquestio na ile by :li Southern poiilima
with the exception of :m inconsidernb!e nuin.
ber of conwoli'hanists. And if ever that
riht e:nm he dv-'ied widhout arousing Cthe
whole Souithr to .!1in::1 it. the Sotnh will bi
ripe for tIe most miser..ble fate which has
ever efallein .my lroph-. It will then. as :
permnieit siction:l i:inority, have no de
fencae 1!:e tyr:mny of a Gover-ment
Con:bining all the vices of the CorrupJ'est
diimocrrey and the most olire:-Sive freign
We know th12encnsvonewce- which will
fo hlw a aiil::re inl onr i'1ubrtoi m:'iii: -i ir
liber y. WNe !ee clearly h:.T a riumph:it
x r irn of 'h' power he Fede:'al Goverin
elit. ill ?sbja in. a S::. e. will v:sily in
cre.ise that power. :.ird re lv :,eler;.te the
ebme..r .yCr vaed.'of cont F'ieer
ti*r e-em !:::o :1 ( o:n olidated cv!:;r I de,
p~i in. W Ve e. a. ). that Son b Carilina
wilh niot sull'er the con:iequqences if thi' chm nige
alone. but th::t the rest of the Southecrn
S:ates mast su!T-r :n an equal degree. They
will imve no s:di-Vguard against the Central
Government, stre-irgthened by crushing op
position, a:d rendered. by triumphant force,
what our Northern enemies have long been
endevoring to make it by fraudulieit usur
::ion-.e supreme Government of a con
so lidaed nation. The sovereig-ny of one
Southern State cannot be destroyed, without
the loss of theiir sovereignly by all the others.
We are awarre of the responsibility of doing
an net which ma;y hiasten these consequences.
We feel the respect which we owe to States
having a common interest, threatened by a
common danger, but not egnally prersuaded
with ourselves of the inecessity of :tetion.
And nothing would induce us to take, with
out their concurrence, a course which is to
involve them in itseconsequences, but a thoro
conviction of the necessity which urges us.
and of otir right to do so.
Addressing citizens of Southern States,
associated to m:.intain thre rights of the South,
we cannot imiagine it to be necessary to ar.
gue about the right of secession. WVe hold
it to be the great State right, without which
all others are nugatory a nd incapable of being
enforced: atid your position arssures us that
your fatith cannot be differenut from ours.
Nor can we regard it as necessary any far'
ter to disens thre wrongs which have been
inlited on the Southern States. They may
be denied by those whlo shut their eves to
them. but you (10 not belong to that ceitss.
Sort:her amid State Right s men mnav ditfi'r as
to the necessity of exercising the right of se.
eeio at a partiecular rime, on neccount of
thoise wriongs. Btut as certainly as the right
exsts, eachl Starte must possess the right of
judging for hrerself, as to the occarsiotn and
tte foi~r its exercise. If South Carolina de
ieis that honor and saifeiy require her to
secede, she has the right to leave the Confed
eney peacea',iy mu;: ' h~out molestation.
If the act of se'cession is niot permit ted to tic
pe..e:ble. it will be from usurpation oif power
by the Federalh Governsment, not from the
nature of rhe act performeld by South Caro.
hn. Accustomed s we have been to viola
tios of. the Constitution, antd of the rihts
of the Southierni States by the Federal'Go
vermntrent, we have to look forward to the
probability of :aother outrage by that Go.
vernmtet. in the attempt to force the Statec
to remnaini in thte Union. WXe suppoiiie thle
attempt will be made. if 1 he othrer Southrerni
States permrit it. Those States must decide
fori theselves whether theyv will nertmit it.
Sourth Carmolinra tmutst dlecide for herself wheth.
er it is necesary to secede. Hier sister States
of the Sou th wil ha~ve ino right to cotmphaiin
t hat sihe forces i'., ini: i a positioni wvhere
they: muist eithecr interporse to prevent her
subajugat iona, or, by consenting to it, abandon
heir own siivereigznty, mial liy the'mselves at
the tmercy of a despic pr wer. lIt seceding,
South Carolina will simply do an aet which
all Souithtern inent who blieve in the existence
of Stite rights at all, must admtit '.hat .she
has a perft'-' right to do, and wiebt she re
gad aabolutrely necessry Shwilb
.ct ing on hter sacred ri2!ht. She wvilIlibe nret
ing. as --he would ha~ve to net, if none of the
oher Southerni States were in cxistetnce, and
sheC were lie onily object of aggression by
te Northern't Stales and tire Federal Govern.
tent. She i'd nit answe'rable for thre usur
pati-ons :and injiust ice which may bie commaittiled
agit her. Andi fist her si-ter State. ol
he Siuth Iito 'isk iif her toi refraitn from an ex
ereie of rihit which iihe reigards as indi-pein,
ble for selt-preservat iion, woiuld be atn inter.
f'rence withi her free aelitn of a fir dliflerent
ebarracten.r ftrom which s-he can be charged to.
wards them. Soverigo~s are eqnals. In Sc.
seinig ailone, Sonith Ca rolinta woul be pIne.
iig her sister States of thle Southi, under nc
constaint. .If thecy shonld find themiselves iat
a posit ion of constrainit, it would comeit fromil
tre net ion of thle Federal Governmaent, tnot ol
Suthtl Carolina. But if they shtouldc insisi
upon her refraininrg from ti exercise of' liet
riht and suobmtitting to a condition wineb sire
rearsas itt oletrable, they wouuldl make theum.
selves parties with thre Fe-det'r Govemrnment
in p:eing an unjustitiable constraint upon a
Sovereign and Egrnal.
We wish thatr the necessity for separate aie
tion by South Car'oliina, wichI we ha~ve con.
templated ma~y be taverted We confide itn
the gallant spirits whrom we auddrcss. There
may be some hope of tire assembling of' a
Southern Conigressn, to devise measures of re
jured States may unite. We have heretofore
been willing to snerifice much for Southern
Union. We still are. We do not desire to
lead, but to follow. Propose any effectual
measures for vindicating our common rights
and providing for our common safety, and we
will heartily unite with you in carry them
out. We should regret most deeply to imeur
the censure of friends, with whom we have
the strongest desire to net in concert. But
we feel a deep conviction that we have not
acted heretofore with any precipitation and
that we are in the right in the. determination
which we have formed. The self-abasement
of submission, appears to us unworthy of men
still pretending to be free. The gloomy pros
peet of inevitable ruin, to follow submission,
appears to us more formidable than any dan
gers to be encountered in contending alone,
against whatever odds, for our rights. We
have come to the deliberate conclusion, that
if it be our fate to be left alone in the strug
gle, alone we must vindicate our liberty by
The Convention met pursuant to adjourn.
Prayers were offered by the Rev. Dr. 1ar
chel, and the journal of the previou. day's
proceeding having been rend by r-.eretary
Fraser, the President appealc to the Con
vention to restrai!. their' ieelings, and not in
fringe, by thlcir iaudits, that decorum which
.tould evail in the nieting.
Mr. W. Peronneanu Finley, on behalf of the
minority of the Committee of Twenty-one,
submitted the following Report which was
The undersigned, the minority of the Com
mittee of Twenty-one, dissenting, as they are
constrained to do, from the report of the ma
jority of the Committee, as involving a de
partiire from the proper objects of this meet
ing, and prematurely making issues not called
for by the present occasion. beg leave to re
co:nnd, as a substitute for l report, the
resolution submitted by a delegate i'oin An
derson, amended so as to rernd us follows:
Ren.ored. That fteeling entire confidence in
the Cons1itn.ion:al organs of 'our State Gov
ernment. and the wisdin and fidelity of the
Convention elected under the act p:ssed at
the h:t session of the Legislature, wc are
perfectly willing to leave to them the mode
and mensure or redress for tlh wrongs we
have suffered from the Federal Government,
as well as the time (if i!s application ; and,
wit hout in(licnting' or stgestig!." tIh, eolrse
it boliluoves lini to pursne. we hereliy Iedge
ior.-elves to Abide by their -let ion. whether
the s:ame sh:'ll be for feee- wiun from Ihe
Union. with or wi:l'n: 1he c.e'peratio'n of
ihe o her Southern Si:-,es.
Wv. P'i~noma-F.u Fm.Exy.
P. )ELLA TonRE.
The report was made the order of the day
for to-morrow, and was ordered to be printeid.
The order of th( day, being the report of
the Committee of Twenty-one. was taken ip.
and Col. Gregg, the Chairm:tn of the Cinmit
tee. addressed the Convention at length in its
Ile was followed by R. A. Gantt, Esq., of
Barinvell, and Gen. J. H. Adams. of Rich
l-md. on the same side, and by H-on. A. 1.
Butler and Hon. J. L. Orr in o'pposition.
The Convention then took a recess until 4
The Convention having re-assembled, the
discussion w~as resumed by lHon. WV. F. Col
cock in support of the rec-ommendations of
the Committee. who wvas followed by lHon.
R. WV. Barnwetl in opposition. John A. Cal
houn, Esq.. next addressed the Convention in
advocncy of the Committee.
Col. A. P. Hlayne then moved an adjourn.
mnent, but withdroew it at the request of Gen.
J1. H. Adams. who submit ted a resolution that
the debate on the report of the Committec
should close, and the question be taken at 9
o'clock to-morrow evening; which was adopt
ed. The Convention then adjourned until
10 o'clock to-morrow morning.
The Conventin met at 10 o'clock, and was
opened with prayer by the Rev. Dr. Gilmnan.
Mr. Gregg, from the Committee of Twen
tv-one. made a supplementary report, which
was laid on t he table and ordered to lie printed
Mr'. Gregg then mnoved a recommendation
of the resojlutions adopted yesterday for clos
ing debate at 9 p. mn., wvhieb wVas agreed to:
and it was so amended as to provide for the
closing of the debamte at 3 o'clock this day.
Thaw order of' the day being the reports of
the majority and mInority of' the Committee
of Twenty-one, w~as then taken uip.
Cob. A.~P. Havne addressed the Conven
tion at length in snpport of thme minorityv re
Ex-Governor W. B. Seambrook followed in
strong support of the recommendation of the
report of the majority.
Hon. J. A. Black followed in a brief and for.
eible argment in fahvor of lhe majority report.
Mr. L. S. B-adger, (Ut " the Ihornet's Nest,"
(N. C.) in some eloquent remarks returned
his thanks f'or the ter'ms (Ut respect atnd kInd
ness in which North Carolina had hteeti so
frequently alluded to by the members of the
Mr. J. B. McCall, in some brief remarks,
advoeated the adoption of the report of the
N r. Gregg, the Chasirman of the Committee
of Twenty-one, closed the debate, by review
ing~ and replying to the various :argumemts
that had beeni urged against the report of the
The Convention then took a recess until 4
IThe Conv'ention having re-assembled, thme
Resolutions and Address of' the Committee
of' Tlwentyv-one w"ere tukeni up.
I-Ion.. .:L. Orr moved the resolution report
ed by the minority as a substitute, and the
motion was rejected by a large majority.
The resolution of the mamjority were then
taken upad we're voted on sepsarntely.
ToIeaoto of' the 1st Resolution there
werobtie dissein votices.
The 2ndl and 3rdh Resolutions were adopted
To the .tih Resolution there wvere six dis
The question was then taken on the adop.
tion of' the Address, and it w~as adopted with
but one dissenting voice.
ion. Wmn. II. Gist, of Union, submitted
the follwing resolution:
Resol red, Thamt this meeting is not disposed
to sepamrate from those who express a willing
net(ss to atbide the fate of the State; that we'
cordially necept their pledge to sustain the
ation of the Constitutional Convention, and
that we hav'e an abiding confidence that S.
Car olinat will present anm unaided front to her
Thme resolntion was adopted unanimously,
andl with great aplausei.
The Commii: tee of' Twenty-one beg leave
to re!port that they have considered the sub
ject of~ the best mode of' providing for the
more perfect and eflicient organization of the.
SuhrRights Association of South Car.
Su. n uotitfullyrecommend the adon
tion of the following resolutions as appiopri
ate for that purpose.
Regarding thcse"resolutions, in addition
to those already .reported, as embracing'nll
that is aVpresejn e4iary for action of this
meeting-.the ecikmittiqigspectfully askiato
be discharge firom the furtiIfr consideration
of the various propositions referred to them:
1. Resolved, That this meeting. of dele
gates from the District.Ass ' tions do now
form itself into a itial -' oationi's of
the State of South Carolina, preserving its
organization under the same:officers.
2. Resolved, That the Central Southern
Rights Association of theState -of Scuth
Carolina, do consist hereafter of Delegates
appointed by the se.yvral District Associa
tions, in the proportion of'twice as many
delegates as the number of Senators and
Representatives to which enh district is
entitled; and that it meet semi-annually, at
such place as may be designated by the
presiding officer; the present delegates con
tinuing members until a iew appointment
by the several District Assoeiations.
2. Resolved, That a Centra~ Committee for
the Southern Righto so-da'fion' of"South
Carolina be appointed bythe President of
this body, to consist of nino-members, vhose
duty it shall be, by correspendence, by pub
lishing and circulating sound doenments, and
by allproper means, to prbiite the common
eause; and that any memberW any District
Association in the State shall be eligible as
a member of the said comniftee;
4. Resolved, That the Central Committee
be authorized to appoint a2Secretary and a
Treasurer, and to take all-such measures as
may be proper to provide' for all necessary
Mr. W. H. Trescott m6ying to strike out
the first resolution, which was opposed by
Mr. Wright, of Laurens; -and the question
being taken, the motion wia rejected.
The report was then uninimously concur
Mr. Torre (Ex-Governoj W. B. Seabrook
in the chair) offered the folioting resolution,
which was unaniiusly adopted:
Resolced, That the thcnks:f the Conven
tion le pres'ented to the Hon. John P. Ph.
ardson, for the urbanitv, dignity, and imp.r
tiality with which lie has presided over its
The President, having resumed the eblnir,
expressed his high appreei.1iin of the con
plinent which had just been7paid him by the
Convention, and in wari 'eloqnent language
urged a continuance of tiat kindness and
forbe:rance which had so eminently distin
guished the deliberations of..the Convention,
to the end that when the time for aetion
-:rrived. they ight be abre, as one man. to
no di. ill vilienting the honor and maintian
inu the ri*ghts of our beloved State.
Voites of thanks were then pasLsed to the
cl'rrgven who had voluntarily officiated at
tle openins of the Convention; to the
Board of Oieers of the 4th Brigade, for thie
gr-u ni ons n-e of the hell: to the rieret arie's.
for thei able and failifttl 'manner in which
they have perforned their duties; and to the
Committee of Arrangements.
Prayer was then offered by the Rev. Mr.
Bowman, and the Convention .bjourned sine
TIIURSDAY, MA -I 51.
The Rev.1Th. Gauua ~ f~who now
takes charge of the Ep a' urchat ThIs'
plnce, will commence a~s mini erial dutics on
OUR CORR ESPO1DENiTS.
WE do not design, at~ present,' to interfere
with the disputations of opr different correspon
dents, nor to take part with thoem in their colli
sion. It is our duty, however, to correct an
error, w"hen it occurs, in 'reference to the public
position of our public men. We ay then, from
llhe beet authority, that our correspondlent, " IN
DErENDENCE," 'is utterly' nisataken in supposin~g
that Col. Pieruxs sides with him upon the issue
now before the people. It ii precisely the re
verse ! We perceive that the Columibiat Tran
script has committed the same blunder. The
"Soulthern Patriot," is not tbe only paper that
claimes allies and co-adjutors "rough at a ven
MAY DAY CEI.EBRATION.
Owlsoc to the fact of being much crowded
Iwith political matter of great importance, we
have been unable to publish an account or the
May day Celebration at Miss PELeT's Academy.
handed in last week. These are times when
the lighter matters of life must not be suffered to
interfere with the grave and momnentou's qucs
tions of Liberty and Justice, which present
themselves to us with such stern reality.
In our nelt, we wIll leave room, and will take
pleasure in giving to our fair young maidens a
full sheowinig ini our neatest type.
PROSPECT OF THlE CROPS.
Co,-ros, in our District generally, is very
backward-in many places, the stand is very
bad. The weather is now, howvever, exactly
suited to the wants of the plant, and appearances
may be safely expected to revive rapidly. It is
idle to predict a falling off of the present crop,
at this period of its ad vancement.
CoRN is also more backward than usual, es
pecially on the sandy lands--the color, however,
is darkening, and it is beginning now to grow off
OA-rS will be good, beyond a doubt ; and with
a full season within a week or ten days, the crop
will be extraordinary.
Wn E.VP. from all accounts. promises an unusu
ally line yield. Most of it is headed out, with no
appearance of rust, wvhich is the only thing now
to be alprehendetd.
Noavn~t A MERICAN SENTINEL, published in
Boston, Mlass by BEN . PEaLErTOORE. This
is a Saturday Gazette of considerable merit. The
editor is evidently anadmnirable ncwsmonger, and
uiderstandls " crowding'te thing" to perfectioni.
The paper is not atal a political one, nor are its
sketches, in the number before us, in the least
tainted with fanatical or "Chigher hew" notions.
Something good occasionally "comes out of Naz
ADDRES OF TilE S. C. COLLEGE S. R. Asso
CwrTION to the young men of the South.
We have been much :gratified by an attentive
reading of this address;. We trust it is destined
to produce a great and lceieicial influence upon
the rising generation of 'Southerners. It is a
manly, clear, forcible and eloquent exposition of
our.tuecnditin, .a an amirable defence of
ur last resort, separate State Action. W
lelikhted to perceive that ierj young ma
.ne from Edgefield, in College at this time,
ncmber of the Association. To one of t
Ir. J. D., we are indebted for a copy c
kddress. We may publish portions of thi
cr in a future number.
BON. A. BURT.
'WZ are entirely agreed with our bretbi
be Press in the Congressional District, up
ropriety of the above-named distinguished
leman's making known, at this important
ure, his views of public policy. The Sti
wassing a dangerous and critical point in he
ory; and no son should be backward in a
ng freely his opinion upon the eventful i
rhich agitate and to some extent, bewildi
iublie mind. Much less should lie do so,
ecupying the position of a sentinel upo
utcr wall. Almost all of our outposts
.ent in their estimate of the danger that 11
Ms, and their judgement of the proper i
meeting and r,'pelling it. There is certa
narked difference of opinion in both partic
so far as heard from. The probability is
Ihis division of opinion will be nearly eqi
lhe result. We hope to have the thing re
o some certainly at an early day. Seve
)ur Representatives in Congress have hi
remained perfectly silent. This silence
?ursc, not a studied thing. Such an ide
een intimated; but we cannot consent
moment to indulge it with reference to ou
respected Member. It would be doing
vho, up to the present year, had ever ft
and boldly uttered his sentiments with a!
warmth of a genuine Carolinian, too great
ice to suppose that he is quailing, in the
before the threatening tempest-to iinc
lie is doing less than preparing to dischar
eighty responsibility at a proper tinie, an
becoming dignity and decision. Eut we
y that this time is now fully arrived, at
ave no doubt tinat. a response to the varin
that have been made, will he hiartily giV
the gentleman who has so long enjoyed th<
pect of our Congressional District.
SOUTITERN RIlHTS CONVENTION.
WE publish in full this week the procet
>f the Southern Rights Convention, to Ii
:lusion of almost every thing else. Th
nothinrp, we suppose, that will be looked
mir readers with nore interest and anxiet;
a full account of these proceedings. It wa
-d by nny, that this (onventio'n would b
trolled by Charleston politieians. and other
take ground with them, and that the in
would either result in loweritig tie tone
qtate, or would break up in ridiculo.us coni
It was sneeringly anticipated by (ithers, t1i
assemblage of such an anount of conibi
material, would terminate in some sudden
sinn. some turbulent out burst of the passii
which the world around would smile in sa
derision. Neither expectation has been V(
'he friends of the cause have hand their
Itensionts entirely removed, and its few ei
hae hiad their hopes of failure, or of pre
tion cornipletely sntatchied from them. Wc
ratulate the people of South Carolina, ups
issue of. this important meeting. Ilaving
wesnt.na.a nmmer .during thie entire sity
the body, we have no fear of contradiction
ur eyes, when we say It was influenced,
that it did, by the deepest conriction of t)
titude of our cause, combined with th<
eart-felt solicitude to ensure Till uNION <
w Paorz.E, and the co-operation of our I
elsewhere. All heated or distempered e:
sions were sedulously guarded against,'b
speeches and in social conversation. The
tion was discussed everywhere, in and out
onvention, witht that calmness and senrio
hich its magnitude and gravity demanided
The argutmenits on either side, were liste
with equtal respect, although with differe:
gress of approbation. It was no unusnul
to see genitlemten of different opintions, wit
perhaps but a short time before, been atte
each others positions from the rostrum an
their abiiity,. talking together upon the il
the IHall, with the openness and friendlit
brothers. It might have been observed agal
gii, thatt almost every street argumntt
ated more cordially even than it began,
smile of abiding confidence in each others I
ty, and a hearty shake of the hand, as
d.edge bat they would be ultinmtely unite
deed, while the miinds of men seemed pow<
noved upont by their respective views of the
policy for South Carolina, the hearts of all
evidently animated by but one feeling, a
to place our State free from the despotism<
resent Government. No mian faiied to e:
his fixed resolve, to abide by the decision<
onstitutional Convention, and to Euppot
ecision with all the means God had givet
A nid now we fondly hope, thtat this hi;
itmple will be eiiulated by the people of
Carolina throtughiout her limiits. No eat
evrangig,or unkind controversy has arse:
the meeting in Charleston. It was said b
ver~ high in station, anud esteenmed in an ci
degree by all of us, that there was no gruu
schism in the Rleso~lution or the A ddress, a'
by the Convention. And such will surely
onclusion of every oite who wvill, withouti
dice, read those Resolutions and the At
Let it be observed and heeded, that the:
been given no indication of the adoption of
rate State action, only as a last resort. V
all anxious for Southern co-operation, a
hope for it and will continue to hope on
last. All we do say is! that these hopes
utterly blighted, we* prefer that South Cc
shall take her destiny into her own keeping|
the help oIf God, rather thanm flich front the
grotnd of r~sistance, which the whole col
titiout a doubt, understands her to assu
Aid, if atnother change has not very re
onme over~ the spirit of our people, wee
that theL State , with the exception of a smae
nority of untionists, will be found stanudin;~
lessly up to this line. This i certainly, thi
ground tupon which our people can be b:
together with anything like unanimity.
make this assertion with confidence; bee
iasjust been made clear to our understand
We have j ust held conference together, an
hnd a free interchange of sentiment tupc
ondition of the publie mind throughot
State. From all that we have learned,1
satisfied that nothing less than the cours
are ings and wishes of a large majority of the people
abut ef South~Caoliiia. Arid t'sVill b-oun d;tiue,
is a aind will be soon admitted by all, unless a great
hese, I revolution of sentiment be speedily;-effected.
f the That such will be the case is by no mean iroba
3 ra- ble ; for the stream is at this time, evidently rush.
ing in the opposite direction. In those districts
where the spirit of absolute acquiescence in the
past prevails, Greenville and Abbeville for in
-en of stance, the lowest point of depression has been
the reached, and there is thought to be a reasonable
gen- prospect of a steady increase of the resistance
june- party for the future.
ito is Seeing then that it is clear to demonstration that
r his- South Carolina, carried on by an overruling and
peak- irresistible Providence, is destined to take a step
;sues, which we all feel will be attepded with tremen
-r the dous consequences for good or for evil, let us, in
when Heaven's name, forbear henceforward to dispute
a thle it anything approaching to enmity among
have ourselvcp. Let our communications, verbal or
ireat- written, be carefully freed from taunting expres
odeof ions, or miserable attempts at sarcasm. It is
ily a beneath the dignity and gravity of the great issue
ula's, we have reached in the course of events.
, that We are aware that it has been intimated that
Ial in an organized effort is to be set on foot, backed by
lueed the moneyed power of our metropolitan interests,
ral of to revolutionise the State, that a paper is to be
therto established in Charleston to forward this purpose,
is, of that every effort, in short, is to be made to over
a has whelm the promptings of Carolina patriotism.
for a This we are slow to credit, and shall shut our
r own eyes to it, until it stares us in the face. Control
onteI the free opinions of Carolinians by management
ankly and strategy ! Who can brook the idea for a
i the moment? We speak not in the way of defiance
mjus- or menace-but we are constrained to assert our
lenst, belief that an attempt of this sort will create in
that opposition, from the sea-board to the mountains,
e his an energetic and untiring resistance, the like of
I with which lts never yet been witnessed within the
mutist borders of South Carolina. We therefore de
d we precate and disregard all suehl unwelcome hints.
s calls Division will be Our ruin, and he who dares to
en by fimnient and encourage it, will deserve to be blast
: res- ed where lie stands. flut, enouh-let cheering
ITope yet lie the an:zel of our thoughts-Hope,
that looks with In eye of faith to the unity of our
people-Uope, that points to a happy time in the
dings unknown future, when brethren shall thank
e ex- heaven tlt they had the wisdom to be charitable
-re is and] kind towards each other, in the common
for by efibrt for the common salvation.
.than -- .0. -
sfear- WARNING TO TilE SOUTII.
e con- The New York Day Book concludes its notice
s who of SUMMER's election as followS:
eeting BL " We are not disuinionists nor secession
of the ists, but we distintl. say to the South, and with
. . sorrow and shamse, you cannot rely on the pen
T-le (Of illassa4chusettsm, or Vermont. ot New York,
at the or Ohio to do you justice. You must take care
istible of yourselves, your institutions, your property,
yiour wives. your little ones, anm your fire-sides.
exilo- The iquirker you VxrrE in this decision, the bet
mn,at ter it till be for you !".a
ritied. FoR TnE ADvERTISER.
ppre- Ma. Enrroa,-I am at a loss to know the ex
emies act position of a writer in your paper, to whom
eipita- I have, in one or two previous articles, alluded.
con- It did seem to mec that it was altogether infera
:m tihe ble, from his first piece, that he heartily approved
been the act of our Legislatare at its last session, mnak
ing of ,ing an appropriatio6gg1O,000 for Rlaeing the
before State in an attftude of -defene. THievidently
in all indicated, moreover, that it would be wise and
c rec- and expedient to increase this condition 'of pre
most paration until "~ the war steed was fully capari
F oUR soned for the onset." Hie cannot, and I suppose
riends will not, attempt to separate this feelingly ex
cpres- pressed approbation of the end, from a similar
oth in approbation of the means devised for attaining it.
ques, IHe therefore must approve the hate increase of
of the taxation, and miust be the advocate of a still fur
sness, thter iucrease fur a like purpose ; for he says very
. .plainly, that more should be done. This, nt least,
ned to wa.; the impression directly conveyed to umy mind
nt de- !iz his first communication, and, I imagine, such
thing nmust have been the understatnding of every one
ahbad, who read his article through.
eking ie spoke also of the suspension of action un
ith all til after the adjournment of the next Congress,
oor of for the purpose of testing to the full the hopes of
ess of co-operation that yet remanined. Suspensuion of
n and separate action does not impjly, according to my
ermi- understanding of Etnglishi, an abandonment of
vith a separate action ;amid, taking the expression ini
oncs. connection with the limited tinme specified, it is
it tacit evident that the writer meant in his first piece,
i. J- to revert to separate action as a fil resort. It
drully is eviden~t, at least, that he was of the opinion
irop~r that, if another outrage did not bring about co
were operation, then South Carolina could and should
lesire act alone. And this is the only view that wIll
>f our clear him from the chtarge of rashiness and want
press of judgemnt in so heartily espousing the late
>f our increase of taxation. For if South Carolina is
-t that nuever to act exept in concert with othier States
in him,. and at somne future, indefinite period, the act of
;hi cx- appropriation detmanding ani inercase of our taxes
South wats an net of arbitrary atid uncalled for extrava
tse for ganee, sufficient to awaken the indignation of
from every citizen. It can only be justified by an
y one, honest conviction on the part of those who de
itnent vised it, that the State mtighit soon be called upon
md for to maintain and, if need be, defend with arms
opted her sovereignlty and indepeundence, unaided anid
be the alone. To expend money and raise taxes that
reju- our people may be prepared for an issue that
!dress may or may not arise upoin sonic future Contin
geney, is an absurdity "per se," (to make the
re has samne random use of'the Latin phrase as the
sepa- writer in question does.) More especially is it
eare so, if this action is only looked to, in conciert
-e still with other States ; for then, it is admiitted by all
to the who pretend to the least piolitical sagacity, that
being our triumph would be achieved in all probability
rohina without tihe tnecessity of striking a blow or shed
,with ditig one drop of blood.
high Now, the whole tenor of the latter article of
intry, the writer in question, is to demonstrate the fu
me.- tility of separate State action, (" per se ;") no
cently one can read his three columns of labored speeu
ipp~ose latons (for. they are nothiing more) without comn
Il nmi- ing to the conclusion that lie noro regards this step
fear- oin the part of our State as unworthy of con
e. only sideration or support ini any probable contingen
ought ey. lie imay be said to an anti-separate-State
muse it Oeof his principal hypotheses, in descanting
ing.-- upon the evils that wvill enusue from the course of
I have action already cembraced by a majority of our
*n the people, is that "increase of taxation wvill depopu
it the late the State" !!!I And yet he approves the in
ye are crease already made-which, he leads us to be
a sug- lieve, he wishes to be regularly progressive, un.
nd.like,to a well trained war horse, champ
&e. waiting and watching the de.
rqlj,*ft of the future.
I Wg1d much rather,Sir,be taunted with "fip.
pyfor advising a generous people to pledge
iheir'aU in a just and holy cause, than to oecpy
z position so singularly weak and unte u - .
When the writer ventures to reply to my for
mer resirkitheiwis".than by sneers, I may
take notice of his speculative reasoning. As he
has thought proper not to reciprocate the eaution2
aourtesy with which I approached the discussion,
[ decline to make a further attack upon his for
tilage, although perfectly aware of the ease with.
shielihis -inia n'teibcii~r ihb
Darried. Should I trespass upon your columns
rur the futute, i6 shall be-1iid8Wit .'fpde7
ture. DECisoN OF 1850.
FOR THE ADVERTJsF.R.
CAN SOUTH CAROLINA MJAINTATN. AN INDE.
TiEY, who support the .negativo side of this
question, urge many matters by way of,argument,
ll of which may be classed under. these two
First, That revenue for the new governument
cannot be raised without the most burdenous tax
ation upon the people.
Secondly, That the State will not have'size
and strength sufficient to maintain respectaixlity
among the nations of the earth, or to protect her
self against the aggressions of her neighbors;
Let us briefy examine these points. .What
will be our probable revenue under a separnte
government,? Something like a fair estimate
may be made, by considering the ago ft we
contribute annuaily to the General Cdvernment,
and to priva'e indiviJnals at the lorh. 'The an
nual exports from South Carolina are, 0omn
twelve to fourteen miilrons of dolats. In unre
stricted trade or commerce, the importsof ana
tion always equal and often exceed in value its
exports; and hence, under the 30 per,.cent.
rariff' now in operation, our in:ports, or, which
is the same thing, our exports, add to the gene
ral government an annual revenue of about.
B4,000,000. But according to the estimate of
securate writers, the use of our exports by North
ern Merchants as a medium of exchange be
tween this country and Europe, gres to North
arn citizens a profit of -10 per cent, oni our ex
ports. This takes from the State annually about
S$ ,200,000. Add to this the profits of North
ern Merchants, from commissions, freights, stor
ge, wharfage, &c., in the shipment and tran
shipment, to and. from New York, of our ,ex
ports and imports-and the whole amount. year
ly taken from South Carolina industry andadlied
to Northern wealth will not'be less tht' $5,500
000. Of this large imount, not '$200,010 are
re-imbursed withia .the limits .of, the State.
Nearly the whole is a clearloss. For more than
twenty years this draining proces bus been, go
ing on. and not less, probablf, than $100,000,000
of South Carolina wealth have, under the7unjust
operations of the government,.been transferred
to tIe North. Had this mnoney been expended
within the limits of 'our State,'bdiv like a gardeha
spot it might have been,: adoineAiwith' Schooltse
Colleges, Rail Roads,- and all kinds - of interna
With asepate dernmenttiiG~$5 soo~
now trsTeed f8to libbdo eu&
Economy-inmdeed, itis a certainliw of fi'%8.
that imnpora, frie'd .frd~ iifi ifiitlet
will always followezS*T.' U'ii,0,000 (i
exports would as surely bring us $12,000,000e
imports (and if our trade be profitable,a larget'
amount) as the 100 bales of Cotton sent lto inar
ket by the planter, return to lhimtheir eqivalo~nt
in money, merchandize, &c. Under the iresenst
Tariff, then, we should have a revenue of a'bbut,
$4,000,000. And if our citizens: shoud.en
gage in the carrying trade (na they surely would)..
it would keep within our limits nearly $8,000,000 .
every year, which are now moat unjustly taken ?
from the State and distributed at the North.
It is worthy of remark, also, that 'while re- i
tamning the present Federal Tariff of 30 per cent.i
we would searcely feel the oppression ; for -the;
revenue would be re-Imbursed among our- own
eitizens and would be a spur to their industr#.
Txes become odious and oppressive, mainly-i
when they are levied in one section and distiliu
ted in another, or when taken from one interest i
and bestowed on another, as now happens underi
the Federal Governmen t. Sh'ould cir'umstana
ces, then, force us to'keep up dhe present Tarift
rates, we should 'be every year, 06,000,000 .bt
ter off, with not half the oppression wie nowbei
But to pursue the argument. Will not $4,000-3
000 much more than suffice for the'expeisee off
separate government for South Carolina? 'Weo
have now one of the best governments' in the'
world. For its support, only $300,000. are
quisite. This is raised by direct taiktio't~n
the people.. Let us now calculate the additional'
expenses or the new. government. We will use,
what every one, on reflection, must deem large
estimates. The following table will serve to in
dicate: . .
Present expenses of State Government, ineluding
whole Civil List...............$30,0.
Under the new Republic-President.. 15,000
Cabipet of four Seeretaries and' Clerks- 50,000
Charge d'Afi'airs.and Consuls (twelvo ... e
in number)................. ..-50,000,
Post Officee Department........... 50,000
Military Establishment...........- 000S
Some may regard the last three iesins.
eient. But analyze the matter. The .wjlcQ
of the mails in South Carolina, Annully, is41*0
000 (Pat. Oil'. Rep.] It will be.seen bysintR
ing the Congressional .Doeunenitm that the 'Post
Office Department usually supports itself. For
the year ending June"30, ?3850/ thereceeiplU
were $5,552,971: the ex'penditures$5,512,953;
making an excess of receipts .-over. oxpenditures
of $360,018. *' ' i
It may be thounght that this exiess coni~s ot
of the Northern pocket, by reason or the extenT
sive mercantile business :it tlie Nortin a~ithli
seems plausible on first blush ;-but, undcp'i1
per inquiry, it will be found, if wemias ,
that while we of the South enjoy nmall ,~ft
a much less extent than the'Nileh
we yet bear the heaviesat brof
Office revenue. There cang
the largest portion-of th a 0 9 ,ce **
arises out of theyec~ .
th, cmamerc of the land, bth foreigit 'imd .