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ternal,-sprmgwoll uex -- r
SOgI*s jequally: eertaini that all expenses
in6fn-le li the-interchange of .Southern. com
jities for Northern and European merclian
dize, fall upon the Southern producer; and the
expense of Post Office communicatiuns is as
much to be taken into the estimate, as that of
freights, commissions, storage, wharfage, &c.
With the iicreased trade and cumnerce of
our State, under a separate government, the Post
Office would easily support itself, -lthough our
mail facilities might be greatly multiplied. But
we.have allowed $50,000 to begin the system.
Many, doubtless, will think. $100,000 too small
a sum for a military establishment. We cannot
think so. For many years the United States
army did not exceed 7,000 men. It is, at pres
ent, not 10,000. This can scarcely be called a
standing army in so large a Commonwealth. It
is very sure that the wise framers of our Repub
lie carefully excluded from our system a stand
ing army. They saw the danger and expense,
as well as the general inutility, of such in imsti
tution in a country like this. They supposed
and it is a'principle which lies at the bottom of
our gorernment-that citizen soldiers woubl an
swer all purposes of defence and protection;
and wars ofconquest and invasion never, per
hsaps, entered the heads of these wise and Ion
est men. They, at all events, deemed them
highly dangerous to Republican institutions.
Excluding then, a regular army, they introluced
a small military force to take carvf our mil*t-ry
posts, stores, &c., and to protect.our frontiers
from the depra.dations of the Indians. Time
has proved the wisdom of their design. There
can be no more dangerous foe to liberty than a
large, unemployed, well-traincd soldiery. Let
us not forget the wise lessons of our virtuous
fattlers. We want no standing army in time of
peace. If our borders be invaded, our eithaens,
with their strong sinews and stout hearts, by the
aid of the officers we may always have among
us, can soon be turned into disciplined troops,
prepared, at all tines, to defend themselves
against any forces that can get foothold in their
A few hundred men, therefore, to take care of
our military stores, arsenals, &c., would be all
we should need. Ten thousand dollars would
cover the expenses. But weshould enlarge and
nurture our present Military Acneemies, as
schools for Officers. Eighty thousand dollars
would do for this.
For our Natal Establ:shment $1,000,000 have
been allowed. But it moay well be asked, why
so niuch t What does a nation want with a
Navy unless she have ships to protect? South
Carolina has none. Biut it is hoped, she .soon
will have, and it would be wise policy in our
new government to encourage, as far as practi
cable, the shipping interest. As that interest
advances, so should our Navy and Marine; and
so they will with anything like wisdom on the
part of our government. One million of dollars
annually, would soon give us a hanelsome Navnl
and Marine Corps. More, we are cet lain. un
less we become involved in wvar, would not be
necessary. During WastrasoToN's Aduminristrma
tion, the U. States Naval Establishmenut did not
cost, in any one year, over $400,000. The first
two years, the cost was $570 ; the next only 953;
the next $01,409. The whol.. United States
Navy and Marine Corpsn of this day reguire for
their annual suppaaL $5,523,V22. fTreasurer's:
Rep.) One fifth of this amount would give us a
larger Navy than we should have use- for in tid
That the above may not be deemed an under
estimate of our expenses, let it be compared with
the annual expenses of the Government for the
thirteen original States under WAsHIGvoN.
Tihe following table will.exhiibit the expenditures
in each branch of the Governnment, as wvell as
the sum total of annual expenditnres:
Year. ICivil List. Military I Aavai . Toia
IFor'gn In- E stabli'nt Is"tb'nt each y'r.
17d9-91 91,083,401 SS835,018 S570j1,919.537
1792 651,2571 1,223,594 53a 1,877.9041
1793 472,450.) 1,237.620 1.710.070
1794 705,598j 2,733,540 G1,409,3.50l0.5 17
1751,387,037 2.573.059 410.56e1 4.350.65
17961 772,485 1,474,6611 2741.7d I 2.52 I.93'0
17971 1,246,904 1,194,0551 332,632 2.823.5'JI
Thus it may be assumed that the wvhole cest
of the new Government will not exceed .91.50~0,
000. Of this, $300,000O are now raised by direct
taxation: leaving $1,.200,000 to be produced by
a jttdieious Tariff'. But South Carolina is actu
ally paying every year to thme Genteral Govern
ment, in the way of revenue, $4,000,000, as
shown above. There could, at once, then, he a
reduction of the 'Tarill' from 30 to 10 per cent.
which would give us the desired revenue.
Upon this- reduction, foreign imports would
enter the ports of our State 20 per cent. ebna
pier than they do, or than they would enter the
ports of the United States. What would be the
effects of this upon our comtnerce and industry ?
These would inerease beyond calculation. From
the large amount of capital set afloat in the State
md from the new impetus given to our Cuom
merce by the application of the printciples of free
trade, a spirit of active improvement wvould
spring up in every branch of industry. A gri
culture, trade, thie mechanical arts, the facilities
for Edueation,-in short, all kinds of internal
improvements would multil ly and flourish far
beyond what they have done in any period of
In our next, we will take up the second branch
of the argument.
07" A PALUTE.--TheC adopt ion of' tlte
Address and Resolution by thme Conavention
in Charle-ton, abottt 7 o'clock ha cevenainm'.
was imtmediattely telegraphed to C7olumib',
by the Richmland Delegation. whetn a salu:e
ot' Thirteen Gttns wa.s tired from tihe Arsenasl
Hlill.-Croiiatn, Mayv 9.
gr" Syow TN MA.-Inl Western Matry
lamnd attd parts of Pennsylvantia~ as we ltearn
by telegraph, the stow lies to the depth oft
fr'om six to eightteen inchtes-in the latter
SItte sleighting'was good. This will do pret ty
well-for the month of May.
gi I-r is thte intention of the Postmaster
General to have all the newspaper mail-bags
recently contracted for closed bay loeks, in
stead of being merely tied, as has been Ithe
practice heretof'ore. This is :'n excellent
arrangement, and will insure greater security
to this class of mail matter.
gJUDGE EvAss.-We learn from the
Cheraw Gazette the retirement of Judge J.
J. Evans from the Bench has been determitn
!~liC WVithou t 4're-alifv. nao:e run i'c rich.
FOR THE ADVERTISER.'
Mn. EDITOn.:-Two articles have appeare
in recent numbers- of the Adrciliser, signei
" INDrENDENcE," which, from the very bul
positions and unqualified assertions of thei
author, might exercise some bad influence it
the District, if suffered to pass uncorrected.
I feel a consciousness. that I am now invest
ing t'.em, with more importance than their in
tiinsie imerit would warrant. Buit that thei
errors may be held up to others, in the saim
light in which I view them, and that the ad
vocates of a temporizintg policy may reeiv
an answer for their most trivial excuses ant
arguments for delay, I am constrained to tres
pass upon your readers, to the length of ont
or two short cotrm u meat ions.
The pieces .in question appear not to bt
especially recommended either by originalit
or method. The argtuinents contained in them
have been reit erited for thelast t welve mon:hs
not only by public speakers, but by most (
the anti-secession papers. both in and out of
the State. The Sout hern Patriot would cer.
tainlv furnish a most appropriate text bool;
for the writer. I hope it may not disturlb the
comph:Ceny of the gentleman, to be inform
ed that some of hisio-t s'rking een eptions
are sanei(ined by so venerable an nuiority
as the most dintgus:led opponents of the
great and disastrous Americ ii Revolution.
In netig the points made in the artics
of "independence," it would be bet er to
purne his ow order, it i: cnihil be fairl y de
teeted. Bt Ifrm the iihereint dif'lily of
such an undertakingr. tie simplest pl:;mi for
mte tI) pliari'e, wili le Ic stlte, as well as I
cai, the opiniins (if the writer. and notice
lti as they occur1i toi my iiniiid.
In his first piece lthen,'he compl:ins at the
ell of the Ciiventiion, and lit' precipitane
of the Leislature. advkes the State to de
Liv her ae:ion until aicetmnilated wrongs drive
her to despAir. in order that she may ohiain
the co-operationl of iither Sou'rn Sta es.w.i I
will certainlv be c!Teeted by their returninig
seinse of honor, and by the I-.matiei-imt of the
North. that will "stop iot short of le::vetI ot
Hell:" by whicb co-operation, :il oir rights
are to be viidicated wi; lhout peril or blood..
In lhe meantime, ie rejoices at lite very laire
aippropriationis made at t:e last session of the
Legislature. and with a full knowledge ofl the
manier ill which they have lieen responded
to by tie people of the )istrict, lie yet re
commends, that they be increased in the fu
fure. for the purpose, I suppose, of maiking
one grand show in South Carolina, and of
equipping out' young men for tle very had.
some anid impressive entertaiiment of a mag
nificeit dre-s par:de.
I dillier as to the propriety of the call of the
Convenion, and can jsi.t ify the difference by
staememns tade by --Inl dependence" hii
elf. It as hie so warmly asserts, we ld re
Ceived injuries worse t hall thse whic.h roused
tle Cololies t I re-isu:ee, ::mil could di-cover
before ts. only the dismil prospect of' con
tinned :gression. a crisis had arrived. when
the Legislature.ei-en uni nstructed, was bond
as an honorable body of ien. to take !(oime
positive ae;ion for t ie relief of I lie people.
It saw ::mIl felt thit a rreat grievance had
been inflicted, ard it only paid tlie highest
deflerence to the judgnent of the peiople, in,
calling a Conveit ion to eniable them to poiit
out the course proper foir the State to pursute,
mid to apply the remedy most suitable for
the wrongs they themselves had to suffer.
T'he Legislature was not deciding the grave
intestion for the peopile, but the peopile for
themselves. Neither did thait body disregard
the implied wishes of' their constituents. or
ranscend the limits of any3 instructions they'
tad received. Its netioin last winter, so far
'rom taking the Sttnte by surprise, was antici
>.ied by almost every eitizen conversant wvi hi
r affairi. -t 'was looked td, with stih ter
Lainty, thtall the old leaders of the State
tad congregated ini Columbia, to hold the
einis upon the dashing spirits'of the House
af' Representatives. It was also umiversally
igreed, that out' District niever hamd so nmany
publie meetings, barbecues, and pie' tics, as
uring the last year ; and it is indisputably
rue, that thme Candidates never omit~ted to
speak their sentimetnts freely out, whent ad
lresising the largest assemblies wve have ever
vitnessed, not only in regard to the Bank,
but also in regard to our relations to the
Genteral Government. In some plices. they
equested the speakers to confine themselves
excltusively to Federal polities. It' any thing
prve tt gent lemo:m , pttienlarly allnded to
by " Independenice," ait advantaige over' his
rother candidates, it was the unmne:istured, en
ie made at his genteral reviews. Until thent,
iir people beciiite really :ms itgnorant, :is
Inde'pendtencee" deemis them to be. Wh'len lie
htarges al Pot:in oif t hem with Ithe bielief thati
ottr Staite Contvetn; jon has adetu::lv'itet amit
djoarned, I sht:l m int aaitn that t hey wvere
ble to f'ort a pr'et ty fair contepi iotn of thle
retiont their delegates wvould take itn the L~e
TIhat the Federal Goiverinment will comintue
ts en eriiachmenits itpon1 the rights, feelinigs,
and inilepetnece (of the peole of thle slave
oldiiig S:t ues, I nm wi.l ling~ to ahniit.nntd
here, Nelr. -:ditor, I do not take issue withI
your Ci respotndenit. it. thm it thes' at ates.
vill become lightned upj by such a fiume iif int
iignation. as will butrit and blaze friom thle
Cnesapea~le to the Rio Granide, we have jumst
reasoni to doubt, if' we judge the fatutre by
the past. Fiom the tatieness antd iifli-hrece
lately exhlibit ed by gr'eat maijirit ies in thew
South West, a i'easoinable man would muchi
soonter expiec!t o see th Ib'untes of their burn
lng hiouses eInkinidled by the fires of the in~
endiary atnd the slave,' thatn any flames of
their patriotism. 'Tell me of' the btirning re~
senment of a peopile wh'lo have :tlready be'
enome recoineiled to t lie monstrous oppres.-oon
aud indignities whtich have boeen heaped tnpoin
themi, within the last six months, until they
have become almost covered with infitnny ! It
is a v'ain atnd grounidhess exptectation. unlehtss
they be aroused from their apathy by the bold
actiion of some determined State.
You r Correcspondetnt himself, has furnishted
the best answer to his owno argnment. In
the samue breath with wvhiceh he tells yotu, thal
i. i imdispenisable to stuspend our aetioni.un
til thei supnrei.sed wvrath of' those Southieri
State.s sh 11 finid vet, anid like Stromtboli
:itd X-in is. und( ina shall spout outt theil
caitar. ets of fire to consiime the eneieits ol
libierty, lie infoirms you that we have sufl'erei
wronigs worse thantt the Stamp Act, and1( bur.
thens tir mtor'e intoleratble thtan those wh'ich!
drove the Coilonties to rebellioni :tat we hv
nothing to expect from the protecting justic<
of' Cotngress, bt only instice grownt mort
arroiganit aiid tihufeling( from htabit, :and thn
sfill thiee same slavethling slav'es, wit lon
the aid of' whose guiek perceptions we at'
blind.nand without whose pni-ssant strength we
are pow~erles, have ini every waty, mantifeste<
a pe'rf'ect aequtiesenice, in each anid in all thi
aets oif tyranitny that have beent infictled upoi
us in the mere pride and wantonness of power
Bitt in the secoind article oif yur corres
poutdent, lie endeavttors to poinit out thie contse
q1uences that would restult f'rom the separtat
seersion of South Carolitia, and contendi
that suich a course, on her patrt, would be or
wise and impolitic under anty eircumstance
prob-ible or coinceivnab!e.
It is supposed' first, thant fhe governmer
may not attempt Cotercioln, and, t~int, eve
th0. . c .. tzl bm unnable to maintain ot'
independCe--In p-- 1 litiilliyTTIMTibet
I nation; and secondly, that should it pursue
I a different treatment towards us, by estab
I lishing a floating custoni-'house'in Chirleston
r larbor, we would be utiterly discomiTited,
t ruined, undone.
Now the experience of military men. has
taught us, 11hat it ismiuch eas.ier to takestrongr
positions t1han to maintain them. , Let us ex
r ilamine 1 he argu:nents adduced by "I ']depeu
detie," to prove that we capid not govern
ourselves and command respret, if left alone
by the United States. He urges, that deliente
negotiations are to be entered into and com
pleted.-That is true, but we have men among
us competent to the task of negotiation
some at least, that the Government nt Wash
ingrton, great and wise as it is., has been wil
ling to employ. And if justice should be
denied us in the transaction, there would be
no eliange of issue, but a mere pretext by' a
stronger power to redce its to subjection to
its will. I apprIehnd too, that the nations of
tle earth, and -the other Sta:es of the eon
federney would have astutemess enough to
I penetIrate the designs of the government.
But. the Uited States own valuable real
estale inl tilt' heart of out Imetropolis. in the
preservation fo which our :ist irs of the Soulh
would be interesed ag;.inst u.s. There is
one ensomn-house. in the cii v of Chnrlest on.
surelv nt ta bribe,in the etimat ion of this wri.
Our, siillicient, to induce Georgians and Ala
liniins to cut the throats of their brethjren
of Son:h Carolini ! Verity aecordin! to this
view, our brolhers are the vilest robbers. I
think we had belter have noi leagriue with inii
of timit.cas-t. I1 five millios of imenl will
open our veins for so small an amount aS (Me
customsliise, in oipposhiin to their own
salety and freedom. they will do it in positive
sliort. L'ut I eschew this supposition as un
worihy of the Southern people, passive as
they 111ow Ire.
We are informed again, that should all
the prelinimimnrieas of a sel::nt'inn be finlly
adin-d. we woitld still have inuperable
diflienilties to contend against.-We would
h:live a goavernment. :lnd de'pirments of go.
verninen: to orgranize, and clerks to employ
witlout ioney to pay thetm. Wlin thill. ob
jaeeion is se.iously examined, it ought to iake
the objector blush for its futilihy. How
m11:111y dep:irt enn:, does a great and indepen
deni goverinment usudly have ? Let them
be nmed.-Say, the Departiient of State,
under its S'ecttbry, the Judici.iry. the Navy.
the Tre.stury :id the Post Ofi'e Department.
iow tim:!y of these dc'partineit s doe. ollr
State goverinent now Inek ? We have tle
best .Itdicary in the hind. which is well paid
fotr by our present taxes: we have tli. he'dpar:
mnit of 6 tate. of the Treasurv, and a pret ty
good War Department : and the onilv new
dep'trimnlts to be established. will be the
Post Mllice dep:rmient, and the Navy, aid
perhaps tle department of the interior. if we
are inclined to cherish t lie ill ust rious ex:mtpl
of the giveriunent of the United States.
c'iites :!l this, we have a lionse :nd Senate.
'and .1r. fHouston savs, a1 hereditary nobili:v.
togeilter ih a Gov'ernor, wih can very w'll
miupply tle p.iee of a President m d with a
little attention we can have the best Consti
tilion Oin earit. Now any man of inf'ortna
tioni mnust admiit. that Ihough these varions
depatmients would require sonic tie, mod
elling, that their increased expetses could
not be Very heavy. If we are to hia've no
sources of rev'enue, besides direct taxation,
as 'nhecorrespondenit of the Adecrliser sup
poses, thlen thle Treasuryi is already amply
provided whh'ml odhieers. As to the Post Ollie'e
d.:partmient it will be a source of' iincome, and
n'iliing else. A very intelligent gentleman
oi my :iequaininneie, :iid of high character,
rtho is extensively employed ini carrying thle
United States mails, pi'oposes .to transport
the whole mail of South Carolina, withiout
tone dollar of' expetnse to her gover'nmett.
He-proposes to make tmoney too by the con
tract. As to the establishment of' a mint,
if' havo the bullion, we w,,ill consider it,a
very light matter to give it the right stamp.
I thought we wvete to be too poor to need a
mint. The Navy departiet and our foreign
relations, w'ill constitute ain addlitiotnal item
of expenise. Butt to balamee that itetm. we
w,,ill hav'e the income fi'om' the Post Office,
which w,,ill be consideralble, andt if' we are
itettrruptedc byv the Utilted States gov'erni
ment, according to t tat posit ion of' " Judepetn
dence," whviebl I anmnowv mrguiing, we will
htave', ini addi ion, 'all the tmoney we inow'. pay'
into the Treasury of the Geerad Govern
It excites imy di.'gu-t, whien I hear edum'n
ted gentlemen asser ing lihit a Sinate however
gvernmenttii'tt. It looks' like appeCdingL to the
sordid passins of thet nuat vuolg:.r men.
Di es thle Unmitetd Sta'te's noat have :i govern
mntt pervainiig (alir own State t. iibI feideralI
o:l'i'ers t'xerei -iiig. jurisitioin in out' midst,
and pt i 1 from un our own peekelis ? Are ouri
membi ers to Congress tnti paid, inudirectly bys
the people cal SouthI Carrul ini ? In mmhe event
-of' a pc.weeable seplarationi, would not aill thuis
tmoniiy lie plid~ ito t he Treasuiry' of t his
Slate ?Somue arie dispos~ed to caainpllain of
the taix of' 300,000 dollars by thle l:wt Legis
latumre for thiri iet uiil pirotetion fromt shLvery,
whvlen if' the li',',,'ll e'xaineit the books of' the
Treisitriy it' Wash ingtonii, It'ey will find thlimt
they~ really paid t he laist year, iaear' 700.000
dollars. to the Uinitedl St ates Governmient. for
iiothiing but the oppressions mind da.egraudation,
hat have beeni fixed and rivimued uponm them,
in i'etun if'or their juist, seliIients of' loyal ty,
mand devotion to their country.
If' toa. we are periiitted to retire quietly
f'rotm the Unini, thie Staite of' South Carolitna
w,,ill unmdotubtedly be entitled to re'ceivet thle
dutties on Iiports, whiebt mre now,, collected
lay t tie Custom House Otlicers oft tihe Govern
inent. The presenit Tariff is smiid to miyeraigo
about 30 tier centt. Thme Expiorts4 of' South
Caroinam exceed $12,000,000, atid tier direct
Imports wou'acld equmal or exceed thaut mimount,
if she w.ere an Independent State, mind per
tmitted to enjtav her trmide unire'stric'ted. They
w,,ould pr'opaibly rchl $15.000,000, beemnu e
ourm eit izenis woul(atd requlire noa tproutection fot'
mt~lt.nmctures'5,mind 20 1per centt <duties would
supply us with anmi mii ale revenmnie. An im pe
ims wout t huts hea griven to our Commencrtc',
whieba wouild swell our lmpaarts, proaib!''lacb
yond the amout stated. But mdmitt ing~ $1 5,
u00.000 to be 'cur tiimatumn, thle duties oni
Icmport s aloane wvould yie'ld a revettue of thrc
niillios~ of dollars,' almiost equail to the inecome
caf the wh''lole' United Stmites, at the chase of'
lie WVar of' Iindependence. Let uts now,', See
htow,, tmny, Foarei-rtIn Ministers could 1be pmlid
by $1.00.000, at thce rate of $10.000 emmch,
t he highest pamy thmt ma Miniistert of' thme preiett
Governnment recei',e. It with fit out no less
thanil one htundread, mocre than wouratld lit tre
quilrd by' Scauthi Cmarolina, ait many onme timie(, ill
hall' ma cemntur',. As to the Conisuls foir For
eigni ports, they mire alwvays hnmppy, to reiceive'
Sttheir appointmeits for the pergmisites of teir
- But, Mr. Editor, I have lrespa's'ed too long
- uponau vyaur r''menes. In my next, I shall con
tinue my reply to the poinits mado by " inde..
s pendence." I htave no atmbitioni to gmiin a
- triuimph of ainy chareter, butlI too am one of'
it the partlicipators in t hose rightR mind piriviteges
which wvere pturchamsed, by the blood of' those
t who hma',e pre'ceded us, mind I mean to expose;
It to the utfmost of my ability, every margumint,
r -mnd every men eninot to lull m,'r pompl
are standing Upon4 7ink ?4a precipice,
and the earth is trem ing beneath its; and it
is cruel in men of character and information,
at such a crisis, to address their appeals,'eithdr
to the weak prejudices, the fears,,or the eu
pidity of their fellow-citizens. lwguld not
have this galint people, withwlom imy hium
ble destinty is forever liked for weal or woe,
sleep on t'heir injurie.,hin the voices of the
past and the cries of 46- futureare calling
upon them, to resist 6 the ieai.
Nor will they do sw areedded
to their Vassalage. ,
EJ" Tni EDIT1oi eEd -Adier
liser will please e cep 8r the
very kind and flatterin 'e'n enlin
behalf of the Mount4 i s~ h
peal to the gillatnt -A "Or j"'ptr t
District may not b b gf
Were we. like our a en6 fAdle-i
ser. located in a coin in and
approving friends, onr woItie flie fr
moreigreeable. In Ed efield,indigniant de
nunciat ions of Northiern robbers, and appeals
to the honor and manhood of the people for
redress are felt ifid;'ipreeiated. The sen
seles% ery of Unio n Uni n! di.,es not, with
that int elligent people, sane:ify every out
rantLe upon our rigljs, or, stifle every effort
loikinig to redress as it, unhnpily, too often
does with imany of our alaried citizens.
Nevertheless. if our friends from other por
lions of te Steill'furnish us widh the sin
eurs of -ar, we hone t< be enabled totdissipate n
the f1ers and :Iw:ikenthe ptrioi f, t ant :iV
of iur -iiood citizens. --Greenville wants onil'v
lighit tie right. Out' ptople have not le.,;
intellignivee th:in those of other sections of
the S:nte. but, in addition to the perpetnal
cry of Union ! which .artful demagogues and
sm11:l1 politicians'tve fir ia' tned into
their ears, they' have. 'been' singularly unore
fleeting on the alarming usurp:tions of' the
Feder.dl Government.-Greenville Monutain
(j)e -.iid irtn.
C1If.RLESTON, May 12
Our market was much depressed to-day, and ,
prices in favor of buyers. 900 bales were sold,
at 71 a 10.3; bulk (600 bales) at 94 a 9.. t
COLUMBIA, May 12.
The Cotton market wasiquiet and inactive to- t
day with a very smallsupply on sale. * In prices d
there was no change from those current at the t
clse of last week. 37 bales were sold at 6.j to
Os the 8th instant, by the Rev. A. P. Norris,
Mr. J. A. ILAxD to Miss'S.LLIE A. WA TSON,
all of this District.
On the 2Eth April, Rev. IT. r. Sloan, Dr. G.
F. S-rir n, of Abbeville Distriet, to Miss . BAA
i.i A;x. daughter of Geoige Robinson, of this
)n the 9th instant, by. Rev. David Bodie.
31r. IENRn Usn, of Alabama, to Mrs. EL!ZA
:'OFEY, of this District.
r.D, in Greenwood, Abbevill Distriet. at the
resilene if Ths.os.Cha.thamP, Esq., JASs WARD
L..tw .\xut.:sox, aged $8::ears, 5 months and 26
ilays. Shie wias at remarkably birighit andI promii
sinig chii, and attrateNthe attention of: all who
saw tier. Prev'iuu ~er death ,she svas a memi
ber of the Fuller I ituti anl thitgh.so young.
was very much beloved -by her teachers andI ]
schoolmnates. An unusal large' concourse of J
pe.ole attended her u4lmainifesting their
symipathy for the af&i . , iher bereave
mieot. Site was au only ehil. M~ay He " who
~empters the wind to the shorn lamb,'" support
those whom lhe has thus utilited.-Banner. C
Butler Lodge1-No. 17 1.0 0. F. a
A Reguhir'meetIng of this Lodget
- will1 be held on Moaday evening next a
- at S oclock. .: .. t
JOSE.PU APBNEY, See'y. a
May 15, 1851 ,tF L5 e:
A Regular meeting of CON- h
SCORIDIA LODGE, No. 50, will
tihe hteld at their Hall oin Satu-rhav '
-the 1 7th Mayant 2 o'clock P. I. a
A puncetual atte'ndancee of all the
31embers t~ is r'eque'steid,
CilIA1 LES McGREGQOR, Ssac'a~v.
Slax 13 It 17
Sil T. 1UE lllRlE D to the highest bidder on
? aletlday next, at Edgefichd C'ourt 1 louse,.
a N EG~l RVoOM.\N belonging to the Estate of
.iohn iil. M1artini, .h e'd., for the balanco oif the
year'. 'T'ris iniade' known't on the day of hireinig.
JUIIN HILL, Aulhn'.,
Wi'th the toilt ann.cedl.
May 1.1, 1831. 3L 17
T Oi1N F. 1'oUTNTREE, living ten mib
l bow Cambitritge, and one mite ea't of' liw;
Martiniow Roi Uad, tolls before me a lAI IT
IJ.\ Y HlORSE MULE, supposed to be eight
yearis ol, about tw'elv'e hands-high, marked with
the gear and shedi all round.., Appraised at SG5.
SA M. STEVENS. M. E. D).
May 10. 1851. Im4 17
STATE'h OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
WV. E. Jackson & Co.,
Th .ts. For'gn Attac~h'nI
P'. M1. Tidwell.
rse. For-'gn Attach'ni
Henry Moore, *
vs. >For'gn Attach&'nt
1)Y Virtue of an Order the Court of Comn
Imon iPleas in the above stated ease, I
shall proceed to sell in the Town of Ham
burg. tin the 10th June next, 1 Crate of' Mer
ehandize, 13 Boxes of Merchandize, 1 Paick
age of Seives, 1 Uale of Band Boxes, I Bun
dIe of Buckets, I Hlogshend of' Merchandize.
I Butndle of Tubs, 1 Bundle of' Spades and
Sethles, 1 Rarrel (if Merchandize of' the pro
pert y of P. M. TIidwell, the aibsent Debtor
attached in the above eases at the several
suit s of the abo(ve Plaintiffs5..
Terms Ca st..s CHRISTIE, S. E. D.
Maty 1.1, 4t ' 17
ISTATEl OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
WV. E. Jackson & Co., .
vs. ~ .For'gn Attacht'nt
Thomas M. Robinson. .
B Y Virtue of ain Order from the Court of
Common Pleas. in the above stated case,
I shatll proceed to sell in the Town of' 11am
burg, on the 10th of Junie next, 1 Box ohf
Merchandize of the properly-of Thomas 31.
Robinson, the absent Debtor attached at the
stuit of the Plaintiff' in the above case.
-~t~ C-h i. S. CARISTIE, s. i. n'.
- 4111 9500 Meward-!!
T HE dwclling house of the subscriber in this
District was broken open on Thuirsday iight
the 24th April last and a large aniount of money
and notes stolen.
There was stolen between the sum of NINE
OR TEN TIIOUSANI) DOLLAWM, of which
between seven or eight thousand dollars were in
bills.of the Bank of I lamburg. six or seven hun
dred-dollars in hills of the Bank of the States of
Georgia, a considerable amount in hills of other
banks,and in gold and silver about three hundred
At the same time were taken PROMISSARY
NOTES and NOTES UNDER SE A L to a very
arge amount-over TWENT Y THOUSAND
.51l these notes or notes under seal, except one,
ire. payable to Robirt C.. Gordon, or to Robert
Gordon, in some -of them the letter C. being
unitted, and generally to Bearer, and on short
Ime-one, or a few days after date.
All persons are hereby warned not to trade
'or any such note or notes, or pay any note or
iotes under seal due Robert C. Gordon. or Robt.
3ordon. uniess to the subscriber or his legally
There was also taken RAIL RO.ID SCRIP
or stock amnounting to Five Hundred Dollars,
tanding in the name of the subserber, to the
ibbeville Branch of the Greenville and Colum
ia Rail Road.
For the recovery of the MOXEY and NoTEs the
ubseriber ofl'ers as a reward, the sum of One
(housand Dollars! For the discovery of the
rimiinal or criminals, with evidence to pro-secute
D conviction, the sum of Fire Hlundred Dollars;
ud for the recovery of th notes anl monev and
he discovery of ith crimiiiial or criinals and
vilne' to pro'eeute to coinviction. the sut of
IFTEEN IIUNDRrD DOLLARS.
ROBERT C. GOmION.
Abbeville Distri. May 1, 1851 3t 16
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
harles Nickerson and wife, I
Bethana and Mary Burnett, Pe'tition for
reston Cilder and others.
[T appearing to my satisfaction that Preston
Gilder, John S. Dodgen and Preston L. Dod
eli, heirs and distributees of the real estate of
esse Gilder, dee'd., reside beyond the limits of
lis State, it is therefore, ordered that the said
'reston Gilder, John S. Dodgen and Preston L.
)odgen, do appear in the Court of Ordinary. for
ie District aforesaid. on or before the lirst Mon
ay in August next, to show cause, if any, why
ic real estate of the said Jesse Gilder, dee'd..
liould not be sold for Parlition, or their consent
ill be entered of recorl. Given under niv hand
t my office, this the 2d day of May, 18517.
JOIIN TILL, 0. E. D.
May S 3m 16
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
D.vid Jayne and ot!iers, Bill for Innc
rs. InIl. Appjortion
S. RoL. rts and others. (f Ass:us, 4-c.
Y virtue of an Order from the Court of
l Einity, in this ease, notice is here'by
iven to the creditors of the said R. S. R
rts, seting up :nv cltin under the Mort
nye refered to in Bill in this case', to prove
nI. dobt.s before ine on Thursdiy the 29th
ty of May inistant.
-S. S. TOMPKINS, c. E. E. .
May 1, 1851 4t 16 .
STATE OF SOUTH! CAROLINA.
YJOHN HILL, Esq., Ordinary of Edge
Whereas, Wilson Ahney harth atpplied to
e for Letters of Adinisitration, on all and
ngnlar the goods and ebuattiles, rights and
red its of L. T, Abney late of lte District
These are therefore, to cite and admoni-sh
I and singular, the kindred and creditors of
te said deceased, to be anid appear beforie mec.
tour next Ordinar'"s Court for the said Dis
'iet, to lie holdehn at~ Edlg.efield Coturt [House,
n the I10:h day of M:ar instant. to show
tmse, if' anyv, wily the said Administration
onld not lhe granted.
Given under myi hanid and seal, this the
fih day of Ma:y in the year of our Lord
ne thousanid eight hundred anti fif'ty-onie
id in the seventy-lif'th yea of American In
epeiienee. JOH-N IHILL, o. E. D.
May 8, 1851 St 16
ULR.T C110IC1E STONE LDE. not
s.lacked, in ine order. For' sale' lby
11. A. KEN RICK.
Ilambhurg, Feb 3i, tq 3
LL personis having detmands against the es
..tate of .Tohin TTarrisonm, deceased, ar"e re
ested to hand them to the subscriber, propIierly
itesta'l, and' all t hue indebted to the estate arc
~qdiAeMtEd M. I I AR RTSON.
Sept 3, 1850 ly 23
Boarding for Young Ladies,
I IE Subscriber willacconinnodaite w ith board
ing, ten or twelve Young Latdies. li~s
ouse is roomy and pleasantly situated, conveni
nt to the Female Academiies. Parenits and
uardians may be assured that every attenition
coesary will be paid to Girls coniuitited to his
are. EDMUND PENN.
Jan.1. 1831 if 50
I0o Contractors & Builiders.
1 E A LEhD Proposals will be received by the
Comimissioners of Publice Buildings of Edg~e
ield District, for the bilding~ of a N EW .I Al L,
mtil the 1 5th Junc unext. The Plan aiid Speci
intions of the work can be seen at the Shuerif's
JOHIN IIUIET, Cna~R'r.
April 1'7 '.t 13
ST The Temtperatnco Advocate and Augtusta
Republic will publish the above weekly, until the
I5th Jutne. and fo'rward their aceounts to this
ilice for pa:ymeint. _____________________
"Zn statu quo ante bollum."
O~F ALL D)ESCRIP'TION$, may be had at
'1the Tanntery for' ('Aunt.
Also Tan ner's andu Neat's Foot Oil; the latter
the best article for Harness.
Cash paid for 1 lides atnd good Oak Uark.
All orders addlressed to Williamus & ('biristie.
or to Mr. L. M. Alunger at the T1ani Yar'd, will
be promptly attetnded to.
R1. T. MIMS.
Feb. 6. --- f 3
E sin p1.
T FYTMul ER\lA N, living near T.iber
tv ill. Edig'lh'ld Dietrict, tells hefure mue
ai BRONN B.A Y IIOR:E. supposed to bue six
vears old, t wo lind feet. white, blaze in his face.
Inarked with the gear, 15 hatnds high. A ppiraisedl
at forty-five dolilars.
JOllN TOMlPK INS, 31. E. D.
April15a Itm 11
5,000 LBS. WRhITE LEA D, pure.
200 Gallons Linseed Oil,
200 " Train Oil. For sale by
Mloubm;v i'e 13t if .1
NEW SPRING AND SUM11MER
Cheap and Low for Cash!
T HflE Subscriber respectfully invites attention
to hi large and handsome assortment of
FRESH GOODS, adapted to the present and
pronching seasons. Among which may be
found most of the latest and fashionable Styles of
LADIES' DJRESS GOODS, such as
Plin and Figured Black Si1ks,
Plain and Figured Chene do (.very pretty,
Foulard Silks and Muslins,
Printed Jneoncts and Swiss Muslins,
Plain and Printed Organdies,
Brocade Tissues, Bareges, Grenadeens,
Crape dc'Parris, French Cambrics & Lawns
French Scotch and American Ginghams,
Embroid'd (apes, Collars, Cufis and Sleeves
Edgings and Insertings,
Silk Thread and Kid Gloves,
Silk and Cotton Hosiery,
Silk Crape and Straw Bonnets, with hand
some Ribbons and Artificials to mateh,
Fanls and Parasols-with many other arti
eles useful as well as ornamental.
Also for lhc Gentlleme.a
ORLEANS CLOTIIS, SPRING CASDIERES,
LINEN DRILLINGS AND NANKINS,
HATS, GLOVES, OPERA AND GAI
TER BOOTS, SHOES AND,
SLIPPERS, &c., &c.
Tocretlr with a general assortment of
GROCERIES, IIARDWARE, SADDLERY,
All of whicl shall be sold at the lowest market
price. with a liberal discount to those who buy
W. P. BUTLER.
A pril ., tf Ii
W. P. BUTLER,
INvIlTES attention to his larze and handsome
assortnient ofJE lVELR Y among which may
,e found Gold anid Silver WVATCII ES, Guard,
Fob andl Vest CHAINS. BRACELETS. Ear
md Finger luNGS. M E IALIONS, .OCK TS
BITTONS, SEALS, CIIARMIS and BROA
O11ES, of the most fashionable pattern.
-A L SO
A lot of superior DOUBLE DARREL GUNS,
April 3, tf 11
AGNEW, FISHER & CO.
NEWDERRY C. II.,
Importers and Dealers in
GUNS, PAINTS, OILS, WINDOW GLASS,
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS,
GROCERIES, WINES AND LIQUORS.
T11 E advertisers would respectfully invite the
. attention of persons vi-iting Newberry, to
i examination of their Stock (it Goods which
onii..its of almiinst every article in Ithe HARD
WV.A RE. GROCERY 4. DRY GOODS line,
ill of which they will sell as CiiEAr as the same
rticle can be purchaseil in Charleston, with
ransportation only alded.
AGNEW, FISil ER & CO. .
No. 2 nd 3., Merchant Riw,
Tn front of Newberry Court House.
A pril 17 3m 13
To the Public.
V E nr nowreceiving a large and well so
eedtok of DR Y GOODS, GROCE
W~hiceh will be soldl at the L~wEs' mnarkf't price.
WILLIAMlS & CURISTIE.
March 27 t? 10.
11 LEIGII of the fir-m of LElan & TUCKER,
t.\ ugusta. Ga., whose P'ictures was awarded
he first P--emnn,, at the State Fair of Georgia,
vould respiectfuilly annunnee to the Ladies and
3enttlceen of Eletiel and vicinity, that he has
aken rooms at the Spann ilotel, and would be
,deased to wait on all that nmay favor him with
February 0, if 3
2,200 Acres Pine Lands
B3EING desirous of m~aking a change in my
business, I will sell at pirivate' sale mny lands
m Sh~aw's Creek, 13 miles fromt Edgtelield, and
0 fronm Aiken. On the premnises are an abun,
lance of waiter pow'er, well impiroved with dwel
inies and othier houses, and also, my POTTFERY
itnehed. There vanl new be a bargain had.
March 0, amn 7
o7 The Newberry Se'ntinel will pilese copy
bree times and forward bill to this offie.
Ii e a d-Q u a r t e 1r s,
MILLIlLLE, ArRL 20, 1830,
ORDE R KO. 14.
TlE LOWFR DATTA LTON ofrthe ith Reg.
I imett will puaradel at tile CnrnoKr.E IPoNvs,
in Saturday the 7th of Juone necxt, at 11 o'clock.
rlhe Commissioned and N on-Commissioned Ofl
:ers will assemble the day previous fur Drill and
Tfhe UPPER BATTA LION of the 7th Regi
inent, will parade at the P~INIoLsIE, on Satur
lav thie 14th of Jnone next, at 11 o'clock. Thec
Co,mmissioniei and Non-Conmnnissionedu Offeers
will asseniblc the day p~revious for Drill and In
Captains are charged with tihe extension of
this orider to their respective comnpanies.
By order of Col. G. D). Mutis.
S. II. GRIFFIN, ADJ~vr.
May 1, 3t 15
II7 The Hamburg Republican copy 3 times.
STATE OF' SOUTH CAROLINA.
L. M. Mundy and others, ? Bill for Mar
R. P. Quarles and others. shlgAse.
IN pusunmnee of an Order of the Court of
LEqunity iln this ease, passed at June Term,l
1850: Notice is hereby given to the Credi
tois of the late Merenntile Firm of Penn &
Brannon. composed of G. L. Penn, Edmund
Penn nnid William Bl. Brannon, and for the
year 1837 of the same persons, and of Shep
pard S. IUndion. amnid of Brninnon & Mundy,
conmpose'd of samid Wim. 1B. Brannon and L.
II. 3lnndy, and of Brnnnon, Mundy & An
idersotn, comrposed of William B. Birannon, L.
IT. Mundv and Robert Anderson, and of
Brannon & Anderson. composed of WVm. B.
1r~nnon and said Robiert Anderson, and of'
W. 1. & E. WV. Brniinnon. composed of said
WV. 1. Urannon and E. WV. Bran~non, and also
to the Creditors of the individual pa:rtners
composiing said Mercantile Firms, to prove
and establishl their demnands before mue on
Mondiay the 26tb dayv of Ml::y next. anid fail
ing to dlo so, t hey will be barred from any'
shaire of the assets prayed to be Marshalled
in this ease.
8. 8. TOMP'KINS, C. E. E. D.
Coimrs Ofiee, A pril 9, 1851.
A pril 10 't12
' LL persons havingr demands again't the es.
Etate of .Jacob Shiibley, deceased, will please
t-> render them in duly attestcd., and those owmgl
the s.md estate will please to make imnmediatte pny.
menclt. SIL AS LANIER, Admn'r.
THE Undersigned is now receiving a com
plete assortment of
Spring and Sunnner Goods,
consisting of the latest styles of- Dress Goodi.
Bareges, Tissues, Lawns, French and Lineu.
Ginghams, Spring and Summer Silks,,.Bonnets,
Ribbands, and a full assortment of Trimmings.
and Millenery Goods, Rich Muslin and Lace
Capes, Cuffs and Collars, Silk and Lace Shawls,
Hosiery of all kinds, Gloves and Mitts, Gents.
and Boys wear, Domestics- of eveuy deseription,
Boots and Shoes, Groceries of superior qualities,
Hardware, Crockery, Willow Baskets and Wag..
gons, Carpet Bags, Parasols, Umbrellas, &e.
-A.L S O
Fancy UAMS and Fitehes celebrat~d. STIOUIL.
DERS, Superfine Canal FLOUR, fesh every.
month, and in short every thing necessary to,
supply the publie wants.
Having taken special pains in selecting Goods.
from the best and most fashionable Houses in the.
City of New York, a careful examination is rA-.
quested to test: the cheapness and quality beibre.
purclusing elsewhere. Thankful for patronage.
heretofore received, no pains shall be spared to,
suit customers nor no intentional misrepresent&-.
tion of Goods.
A pril 24 tf 14
More New Goods..
T HE Subscriber is now receiving an openihM.
one of the largest and best selected STOCK
OF GOODS that has ever been offered for sale.
in the country, consisting of a great variety of
DRY GOODS, HARDWARE. CROKE-.
RY, GLASSWARE 4. GROCERIES,
and in fact EVERY ARTICLE usually made use of
in the country, and will be sold very Low Foi.
C.tsui or on accommodating terms to punctual:
M. W. CLARY.
April8 ct 12
New Commission House.
HAMBURG, S. C.
r iHE Undersigned having been engaged in a-.
r GENERAL COMMISSION and FAC
TORAGE BUSINESS for the lastfifteen year*,
in this place, takes pleasure in informing his old
customers and the public generally that lie has.
opened a House to transact said business in aR.
its various branches.
From the long experience lie has had in this
business, enables him to say in confidence, that
lie will do as well for those who patronise him as
any other I-louse in the United States or Cali.
fornia, and that no effort shall be left untried, on.
his part, to do BETTER.
Consignments of COTTON and all other spe
cies of produce, as well as MERCHANDIZE.
for the Country will have his individual and per
tonal attention, for which, lie hopes, his labor
may be beneficial both to his constiuents an&t
A. M. BENSON,
April 1, 1851. .6m
lee' Ice! ee!
TE Subscriber keeps constantly on hand at.
Llarge supply of SUPERIUOR ICE, whole
sale and retail, which lie of'ers to the City and
Country trade, on as rearonablo terms as any
other House in the City.
JOI -N B. MARTIN, AGoET,
Charleston Neck Ice House.
Charleston, S. C., March 15, 1851.
N. B -Persons wishing Ice sent to any place.
on the South Carolina or Georgia Rail Roads,
ean be supplied by addressing a letter to the
A gent, at Charleston, S. C., and the Ice will be
forwarded on the ree~eipt of the same.
J. B. M1., A gent.
Cost prie charged for Casks and Blankets.
Drayage to Rail Road, 124 eents per packages
Bngging and Rope,
25 Bales GUNNY BAGGIN~G,
200 Pieces Duudee Bagaing,
75 Coils, A inch Kentucky Rope.
For sale by A. BURNSIDE.
Hamburg, Feb 13 tf 9
A LL persons indebted to the estates of Thos.,.
.t.Flood, deceased, are requested to make im
mediate payment, and all those having demands
against said u-state to present them properly attes,.
ted according to law.
WM. HERBERT, A dm'r.
Sept 2, 1850 1.y 31
A LL those indebted to the Estate of Abi.
..~.Robertson, deceased, are requested to make.
paymient, and those having demands to presci.t
themn, properly attested.
JOUN HILL, Adas.
A pril 29, 15
T HlIRE MILES of the Rlamburg and Edge.
field Pland Road being CO31PLETED), it
will be opened for the use of the Public on tho
RA-TES OF TOLL.
Wagons drawn by 4 or more horses,.. .5c pr mile.
do do " 2 do . .Se " "
do or Carts drawn hy one do . . e " "
Carriages, &c., drawn by two do . ..3e " "
1lorsebaek Travellers,............Ie " "
UI. A. KENICK, President.
Hamburg, March IS, 1851. tf tI
fl ol asses.
30 UUTDS. CUBA MOLASSES.
10 " N. Orleans "
50 " Golden Syrup, very fine. Foe
sale by A. BURNSIDE.
Ilamburg Feb 13 tf 4
A LL those having demands against the estato
-of Allen B. Addison, deceased,arereques-.
tedl to present them properly attested and those
indebted to make payment.
E. J. MIMS.
July 24 1850 if
9O00 Lbs FINE SUOULDERSjust
5 recived and for sale low by
WILLIAMS & CHRISTIE.
A pril 10 tf 12
010 LV Tbs. BALTIORE SIDES.
1JU VJiust received and for sale low by
WILLIAMS & ChRISTIE.
March 24 1831 if 1(1
IALTL Persons having demands againast the
il estate of Martha 1Hall, dee'd., will present
them to the subscriber pmpo~erly attested, and
those indebted will make payment.
SILAS L ANIERI, Adm'r.
May 1, 4t l
trigar and CeIite.
20 hilHS. SUG AR, different brands,
75 Barrels St. Croix Granulated Sugar,
16 Barrels Crushed and Powdered Sugar,
1000 Lbs. Loaf Sugar, double refined,
50 Barrels Coffee Sugar,
73 Bags prime Rio Coffee,
23 " best Old Governmnt JTava Coffe.
For sale by .A. B3URNSIDE.
Hlaimburg, Feb 13 tf 4
A GOOD Stock of CHAlIRS of different
qualities, sizes, &c. For tale by
lumum.. rb 13 tf 4