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-EE E D ER TIS R g
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple-of ourA *es, and ifit must fl, we will Perish amidst the Ruins.
W. F. DURISOEI Proprieter. EDGEFIELD- AV MAY 22,1851. *.
FOR TIE ADVERTISER.
Celebration of the First of May.
TiE First of May was celebrated by the
young ladies of the Female Seminary, under
the charge of Misses CoRNEUi. and ELIZA
A bower closely covered with cedar and
other evergreens, was erected in the grove of
the lMaie Academy at this place; Festoons
.of cedar intermingled with flowers of rich
and various hues, extended to every part of
the bower, and gave it the appearance of a
fairy palace. A stage or platform on which
was placed a -throne covered with crimson,
was built nearly in the centre of the bower.
Carpets covered the stage and the whole en
closure. Seats for spectators were arranged
on the ground in front. In rear of the throne
a ,piano was placed, and the singers were
there stationed. Some gentlemen who kind
ly volunteered on the occasion, were station
ed at a place in view of the Herald of the
Queen of May, as she approached. They
then played a beautiful and enlivening air,
and a". others, when the Floras and. the
Queen and her Court made their appearance.
It is but justice to them to say, that their
music was well-timed and was duly appre
A pretty air composed by one of the la
dies of the Institute, was played upon the
piano and was also sung by the teachers and
. It is scarcely necessary at this time, to give
a full description of the procession of the
young ladies in the grove and of the ceremo
ny of the coronation. These varied but
slightly from those of the previous year. It
is sufficient to say, that the ceremonies were
conducted in a very becoming manner.and
that the whole scene presented a tableau beau
tifut and picturesque in a high degree. At
the conclusion of the addresses, which are
sulijoined, all present were invited to an ele
gant supper. The Queen and her Court
moved irst in a certain order, to the tables,
and the company followed. Mirth ruled the
hour,.andthe.speetators, composed in a great
degree of the beauty. and fashion of the
District, entered freely into the spirit of the
n yeaausual.,aabright and
or young- M6de11Who-'took a,
i eth ceremodies._
- Queen'oj fay.
Mss MARY LYON.
Maids of Honor.
Mim TALLULAH BUTLER,
Miss MINNA BURT,
Miss SOPHIA LIPSCOMB,
Miss SARAH A. MIMS, f
Miss EMMA BUTLER, e
Miss LUCINDA BRUNSON. 1
Spring.--Mss LEONTINE BUTLER,
Summer.-MsCATHERINE LABORDE, P
Autumn.-Mss MARY CHRISTIE, t
- Winter.-Mss JULIA A. PELOT.
Miss ELIZABETH JONES.
Misszs EMELTINE BRYAN, MARY FRA
The Addresses were delivered in the fol-I
* owing order.
H E RALD.
. This is the bright and vernal day,
On which is crown'd the Queen of May ;
- To all, her presence I proclaim
Let hills and vales repeat her name.
Breathe soft ye winds! ye Blowrets bloom !
Be banish'd far dread Winter's gloom,
*I, Flora, smiling Queen of Flowers,
Once. more appear amid these bowers.
Glad mortals mee t enchanting May,
Is with youz on this happy day;
Sweet Blowreta her fair brow enwreathe,
Around her zephyrs gently breathe.
The little insects sweetly hum,
And warblers which were lately dumb,
Now chaunt aloud their joyous songs,
And echo the glad strains prolongs !
-The young and lovely Queen of May,
-On this'her own peculiar day,
Attended-by her loyal miaids,
Appears amid these rural shades.
Fair Sovereign! this rich crown receive,
ghlioeh we, thy subjects, freely give;
pt well lbecomes thy royal brow,
And .weptJy .of .a throne art thou!
-C- QUEEN OF MAY.
'4enidenswho this throne surroid,
'#id:Ipaennworthy, Queen have erown'd,
3UytdMiniseannot perform its part,
WIlzflade'ergows my heart.
Allisnulge'ish-.what shall I say,
-To taens goiIITour gift this day ?
. . Ui~It f:i1bidlydeniuy friends,
* s~ld ~~bpns extends,
Thnegiblia 6i6d a B my care.
.Froisii mjiele Peisn-lfear.
An ye fair mids, my ow~n loY' band,.
Vposyoa idI andepend
Each is a faithful well-tried friend.
For me your Queen, I know your zeal,
For you, this heart shall ever feel;
Through all my realms, let gladness reign,
O'er mountains high and lowly plain.
Here the gay tenants of tho wood,
May sing, and none on them intrude
The lambs may skip the live long day,
Anad none molest-The Queen of May.
Over them extends her watchful care,
And whilst she rules they need not fear.
Appear not here, hail, sleet and snow,
Nor boistrous winds here rudely blow;
Let roses, jasmines here abound,
And throw their incense wide around;
Let sweetest songs all tongues employ,
And every heart be filwd with joy.
FIRST MAID OF HONOR.
Cold Winter's iron reign is past,
No more is heard the howling blast
Hark ! the sweetly soothing song,
Of streamlets as they dance along;
Now gently falls upon the ear,
Our Queen, our beauteous Queen is here.
At her approach, let all be gay
Welcome! thriee welcome Queen of May!
A robe of richest green I wear,
The sweetest flowers adorn my hair;
The gentle breezes round me blow;
For me the gladsome streamlets flow.
Ye mortals banish care away
Spring o'er the earth now bears her sway.
Spring's gentle reign away has past,
It was too gentle long to last;
I come in all the pomp of power
Now lightnings gleam and tempests lower;
The thunder rolls-the flood descends,
And Summer's rule o'er earth extends.
A crown of fading flowers I wear,
But some are yet most rich and rare;
Sweet-smelling buds were thine, Oh Spring,
But richest fruits doth autumn bring.
With my good gifts all lands are erown'd,
And peace and plenty now abound.
Now dead is every lovely flower,
Subdued by Winter's ley power;
The withered leaves to earth'are east,
O'er every land I reign.alone.
SECOND MAID OF HONOR.
The supper waits-you're welcome all,
To join usin our banquet hall.
From the Montgomery (Ala) Advertiser.
Messrss. Editors: I feel disposed to con
atulato the South that we have such a
tate in our confederation. She now stands
rth the proud and dignied example of what
very Southern State should be. When I
yok to other Southern States I feel shame,
>rtification and humiliation; but when I
rn to South Carolina, I feel an emotion of
ride, which induces me to pay her this poor
ribute. Show me her first infraction of the
motitutions, or laws of the land. She
as always been loyal. Yet, with that vigi
nee and sagacity which has ever marked
er course, she has taken the high and manly
round of the Constitution and equal rights;
d is not to be driven from her position by
e threats of the General Government, nor
duced by proffered benefits. Noble State!
amples worthy of imitation.
We hear it said by some of the foretellers
'f cowing events, and political wiseneres,
at if South Carolina secedes she wvill lose
me of her best citizens. Amazing ! won
lrful! South Carolina would glaidly get
id of some of her Glorious Union men1
lobless; and I will prediet that, if she se
des, she will have no vacant farms or un
cupied houses ;-there are many now in
e South who would take pride in becoming
>uth Carolinians. This noble State has
r strong unwavering friends throughout this
>uthern land, whose hearts bent responsive
ohers, and whose hope and expectation is that
is proud State will pursue the even tenor
fher way in the discharge of duty, fearing
MomILE, April 23, 1851.
Msssswxrr.-"Liberty or Death!" was the
ar cry of our brave old revolutionary fa
hers when they resisted the tyranny and op.
ression of the government under which
hey were born and educated: and the war
y which their patriotic sons, living in a less
saguinary age, have been compelled to raise
pinst a government which has denied the
euality of right wvhich belongs to freemen,
, "Liberty or Secession! Our rights in
he Union, or our rights out of it !"
Situated as we in the South are, our re
olutionary fathers would have raised the
ld cry of "Liberty or Death," and drawn
a swvord; but we only propose a more
eacefull, a bloodiess remedy-a stepping
aside as the faithful Abdiel turned his back
n the apostate angels, proudly waving the
hand in farewell with the solemn words:
You shall oppress us no longer. Seek
hite slaves among those born to the distinc
ons of'inequality! You touch no or'
A Striking Illustration.
A company of individuals united them.
selves together in a mutual. benefit asso.
The blacksmith comesand says, " Gen.
tleman, I wish to become a member of
"XWell, what can your do ?"
"0 , I can shoe your horses, iron your
carrages, and make all kinds of iron in
" Very well, come in Mr. Blacksmith."
The Mason applies for admission into
" And what can you do, Mr. Mason ?"
"0, 1 can build your barnes, stables and
" Very well, come in, we can't do with
Along comes the Shoemaker, and says,
" I wish to become a member of your so
" Well, what can you do I"
"I can make boots and shoes for you."
"Come in, Mr. Shoemaker, we must
So, in turn, applied the different trades;
till lastly, an individual comes and wants
to become a member.
"And what are you ?"
"I am a rum-seller,"
"A rum-seller! and what ctn you do?"
I can build jails and prisons, and poor
" And is that all !"
"No, I can fill them; I can fill your
jails and prisons with criminals and con
victs, and your poor houses with paupers."
-'And what else can you do 1" .
"I can bring the grey hairs of the aged
with sorrow to the grave; I can break the
heart of the wife, blast the prospects of the
friends of talent, and fill your land with
more than the plagues of Egypt !"
" Is that all you can do ?"
"Good Heavens !" cries the rum-seller,
" is not that enough 1"-City Item.
A WEDDING INIDENT.-The follow
ing beautiful incident is told of a temper
ance man, who, being at a wedding, was
asked to drink the bride's health in a
a glass of wine which was offered him.
iiient he hadjuL. ... d--. -
it was resolved that all intoxicating drinks
should be banished from the room.
We Wish a temperance man of this
kind could be found at all wedding par
ties, ready to condemn the use of wine.
Much suffering and wretchedness might
A PETRIFIED CoarsE In WIscoNsiN.
-The Foud du Lac Journal relates the
following very extraordinary case of rapid
petrification. "On the 20th of August,
1847, Mrs. Phelps, died and was buried
at Oak Grove, in Dodge Co. On the 11th
of April last, she was taken up to be re
moved to Strong's landing. The coffin
was found to be very heavy, and the body
to retain its features and proportions.
After its removal to Strong's landing, a
distance of forty-five miles the body wvas
examincd and found to be wholly petrified
-converted to a substance resembling a
light colored stone. Upon trial, edged
tools made no more impression upon it
than upon marble. In striking upon the
body with a metal, a hollow ringing sound
wvas produced. The disease by which
she came to her death, was chill, fever
and dropsy, and when the body was
bur - it wvas very much swvollen. The
ground in wvhich she had been buried wvas
a yellowish loam, and the body lay about
three feet above the lime rocks.
ToBAcco S3IoKElls ANDCEEs.
Here are twvo or three hints for juvenile
tobacco smokers and chewers, wvhich we
extract from the Boston Olive Branch
they are worth being treasured up :-To
bacco has spoiled and utterly ruined thou
sands of boys inducing a dangerous
precocity, developing the passions, soft
ening and wveakening the bones and greatly
injuring the spinal marrow, the brain and
the whole nervous fluids. A boy who
early and freely smokes, or otherwise
largely uses tobacco, never is known to
make a man of much energy of character,
and generally lacks physical and muscu
lar, as well as mental energy. To people
older, who are not naturally nervous, and
particularly to the phlegmatic, to those of
a cold and more than a Dutch tempera.
ment, tobacco may be comparatively
harmless; but even to those it is worse
than useless. We would particularly
warn boys who wish to be " anybody" in
the world, to avoid tobacco as a deadly
THE MAN who never loved a pretty
woman, was lately seen by some Green
landers, going round the N. Polo, and an
icicle a yard long banging to his nasal or
gan, arid a sharp nor'-easter after hin
whistling, "0O never fall in love."
NzEE say *"coat tail," Ibut " tbq Oon
alusion of a gentleman's onter vestment.
From te RieLonRxaminer.
The Convrtli6f the Southern Rights
Associations of Suth Carolina, now. i
session in lQarl , is- an evpnt whicL
attracts the atteti of the whole nation,
Thirty-six. Assoc ons are represented,
and four hundrh Id fifty delegates were
present.' An ass ly so constituted is
naturally respec as a fair representa.
tion of the peopleTSouth Carolina; and
naturally looked or a definite and al
most official exreIFon of their determi
nations in regr ti their future conduct.
The Convention iiich is to meet next
year, to proclaim ie secession of that
State, or its acquiescence in the existing
conditioioif tlerMison, thus "casts its
shadow befoie- .' nd if the coming sub
stance is likedfitoits-effigy, theie is little
doubt about thedeinihy of the old Union
of Thirtedn Stati-s.' All things in heaven
and on earth proalinm that the end draws
nigh. Tf ever mbnhad reason to expect
with certainty an-eyent *1hich depends on
moral causes, weha . cause to believe that
South Carolina: wllteave the Union. The
people of'ihat Stdtspear to have weigh
ed all coisquefc all the dangers, and
all the benefitswhi i may result from se
cession, andiully 4 e their resolution
to stand the' dt o-he dice. They may
not, after all, effe their determination;
but if prevented it '11 be by causes which
are not foreieen. -that in the present
condition of thin3 does not anticipate
their secession ds not reason with
"(he party oft olidation and their
leaders, threaten" var. They declare
that the powersio h-,.e Federal Govern
ment shall be. ktested when South
Carolina shall dec her separation from
the rest of the U They promise to
send thither armi ravage and despoil
those fair lands erminate that brave
people, to mak a wilderness that
garden of the, t the fleets which
guard our shores e work of bombar
ding, burning, n ing her city. They
vaunt the vastV s and myriads of
men which the t of the United
States can co business of
o extaiduct. bui ulkts IM: qMiStIuah jiaco,
whether such an effort of the Federal
Government, in a cpuse so iniquitous, is a
possible thing? N6 characteristic of the
Anglo-Saxon race uis so indelible and so
strongly marked; as its love-of fair play.
It-is not one of those who side with the
strongest.. The sympathies of this race
will everbe with thc weaker side. In our
revolutionaiy war.the colonies were not
more unequal to acontest with the whole
British Empire, thin South Carolina will
be to a war with the rest of the United
States; but the powers of the British
Empire, even in .he hands of a prince
nearly absolute, c ld not be, and were
not, brought to beai upon us, because the
sympathy of the na on was always with
us. The same caile would deaden the
arm of Federal auth 'ity in a contest with
South Carolina. ~ sympathy of all the
American people wedd be with a brave
State, contending' liantly for its inde
Then the cost all nature of such a
contest must be take~ into account. End
as the war might, ifwould cost millions
of money and -oce s of blood. What
portion of the Ame an people are wil
ling to be taxed for t~dstruction of their
fellow-countrymnen' ~rhat portion of the
American people "Il volunteer to go
there and be shot don by, or themselves
shoot, a people hon geneous with them
selves speaking. -tht same language, ac
customed to the samt ife and occupations?
Can the political qu vrelsa of the United
States carry themto lese terrible lengths?
If South Carolina is ially beaten in such
a battle, she will be hten as Poland was.
All the harrowing ones which darken
the pages of Europe history must be
renewed in this virg hemisphere before
she can be subjugall. Are the people
of the United.States ady to be the actors
of that tragedy? ' ~ill they be satisfied
and rejoiced to hear i victories in which
thousands of their felle citizens have been
cut down at the rout Of cities pillaged
and burning, in whic nan~y of them have
traded-lived--and fold endearing friend
shipsi Of lands 2id waste whence
came the riches and lbglory of the whole
And for whati 1 what are wve to
undergo all these hors, bear all these
expenses, send dowr ur name to posteri
ty spotted with civiblood, and harrowv
the sympathy of all b present world by
tales of our butchest - Suppose the
triumph of Federal jper to be complete;
and that South Caias shall be perfect
ly broken down; 4 isrgainedi How
are we better .offth -fifshe was out of
the Uniont .Whyat ~dwillit do to keep
a ruined, oppressd#yd'zasperated peo
ple inhsuch afl.tP' tnaasnrs i The
very key-sto.'ofal organization is the
ennality of the sov enr Stea. They
have equal powers and rights, meet in a
common parliament, and decide all things
by the majority of voices. They have
no sovereign ruler above them all, who
shall decide their disputes, chastise their
faults, and receive their fealty. Their ex.
istence as a whole is simply the concert
of equal parts. How then will the ex
istence of the Union be conserved by the
degradation and enslavement of one of
those States I The Union is not more
complete when one of the States has be.
come a slave and captive of the rest, than
when one of the States has withdrawn
from the Union. The result is the same.
A limb that is paralyzed is not more valu
able than a limb that is cut off.
Thus the Federal Union can gain no
thing by the most complete triumph which
can be conceived. But let us now look
at the reverse of the medal-let us see
what the Federal Union has to lose. It
has everything to lose-honor-power
existence itself. These are her stakes in
the game. Can it be supposed that the
Southern States will either aid or abet the
Federal Union in the destruction of one
of themselves-in a contest over rights
and injuries which are the rights and in
juries of them all-or bring down on
Carolina a doom which they must see in
store for them all in succession I They
would not, while one grain of common
sense, one spark of manly sympathy, or
one relic of independent character re
mained among their people. They would
strive in the beginning to be mediators
between the contending powers ;,their
Legislatures might vote the regular quo.
tas demanded by Congress; but the first
tale of horror which would shudder along
the electric wires to mountain an savan
na, would rouse the passions of the
Southern people to madness. No man
would fail to feel the cause of Carolina
the cause of himself and his posterity.
None could fail to. see that what was
then war upon one State, would be war
upon each other Southern State undethe
same circumstances, at some future time.
Armies of volunteers would pour into her
ranks, and in the end every Stata
cannon wmich snaii ue nrea in that great
battl It will disappear like the gorgeous
battlements of clouds and' mist which
curtain the setting of the sun. Pushed
from its broad, ambitious base, the giant
statne will be shattered into uncouth and
us--' %Ocks of disjointed masonry
.. ' the blended work of strength and
With ay a rude repeated stroke, [grace,
And many a barbarous yell,
To thousand fragments broke.
Such would be the most deplorable
event that has ever befallan mankind. It
would put back nine degrees the dial of
human progress. It would blot from the
record of time the only page that began
with justice and common sense. It would
close the portals of the most splendid fu
ture upon which the eye of man has been
permitted to gaze. Nevertheless, it is by
far the most probable result of an attempt
to conquer the State of South Carolina
by the fleets and armies of the Federal
Government. It is a result so probable,
that it may be called inevitable. It would
seem dependent on the necessary connec
tion of cause and effect. So manifestly
probable is it, that we cannot believe the
threats of coercion, wvhich we hear fromI
Yankee lips and read in Federal newspa
pers. We cannot believe that any Con
gress, any Cabinet, any President, will bei
round so mad in folly, so drunk with miur-i
derous stupidity, as to attempt the exe
eution of those threats. It is the language<
of cowardly braggadocia, signifying'less
than nothing, so far as it concerns thet
threatening party. Empty as it thus is, 3
however, its natural effect is the furtherE
exasperation of the party threatened ; and
in this view, we denounce it wicked asi
well as cowardly.
Congress and the Federal Executive
rnay fold its arms and do nothing ; but
that will be the uttermost extent of con
ieivable stupidity. They may refuse
justice to the angry State, but they will<
aever be lunatic enough to make war up
nit. The only means in the power of 4
man to prevent these people from accom-<
plishing their design, are concessions andi
rair promises. If these fail, or are nott
used, the rest of the Union has nothing
to do but to let them alone. War will
only convert an untowvard event into uni-i
versal ruin. If South Carolina be per- I
rnitted to secede peaceably, events may<
induce her one day to return. If she
never does, our galaxy gr-ows fast enough
to permit the fall of a single star.
MELAYCHOLY SUICID.-On the 9th
inst., Mrs. Mary Gaines, an aged widow,i
and for many years a member of the<
Methodist Church, committed suicide by
hanging herself with a hank of thread to:
the beam of a loom. Mrs. G. had beeni
for some time partially deranged in mind. 1
The Columbus, Ga. Times strikes the
chord that has been strung by the recent
movements in South Carolina, in the fol
lowing eloquent strain. No true South
Carolinian will read it without a quicken
ing of the pulse and a proud exultation
of the heart :
"We find in the Richmond (Va.) Ex.
aminer, an address to the People of South
Carolina under the signature of " Citizen
of Virginia." Would to God, Virginia
had more such citizens. He views the
case as we do, that -the liberties of the
South are suspended on the action of the
People of South Carolina. Their heroism
is the last plank to which they can cling
for salvation. If they quail now, in the
language of the London Times, the "in
stitutions of the South are doomed."
Shame on the other Southern States,
that one gallant sister should be left, un
defended, unsupported and without sym
pathy in the deadly breach, baring her
breast to the assaults of their common
enemies! Shame that in Georgia, and
Virginia and Alabama should be found
public men and presses, joining in the
abolition bowl that transmutes her self.
Eacrificing devotion to their common
liberties, into rebellious treason ! There
stands South Carolina alone-like a lion
at bay, heroically confronting her world
of enemies and preparing to execute those
resolves which Virginia and Georgia have
made but to abandon. The eyes of the
world are on that State. Her enemies
are straining to catch at every symptom
of relaxation in the energy of her high
purposes, and her friends in the South,
with burning hopes that she may prove
equal to the high enterprise, courageous
in the crisis, and bravely throw down the
wager of battle which is to decide wheth
er the South is to be the home of a free,
or an enslaved people. Carolina must
make the issue-the practical issue, and
draw the line boldly and distinctly be
tween the enemies and the friends of
State Rights, SoverPint
- iat, is sound at
heart and true to her principles and her
destinies, if that heart could be reached
through the thick coat of deception and
ralsehood wvith which the trained bands t
>f party politicians have conspired to
>verlay it. There are thousands even in
the Union party, who are restivo under
their wrongs, and whose consciences up.
braid them as disloyal to their instincts
>f patriotism. Let Carolina unfurl the
anner of resistance ; not in words to be t
aten-not in resolutions to be retracted f
-but in deeds, and then, and then only I
vill the direct appeal be made to the
eople of the South to take sides in the
,reat sectional battle, whose forces have
een mustering, and whose antagonisms
iave been coming to a head for twenty r
rears past. Let the signal be given-let t'
he battle begin. It were better to be ~
~onquered in a manly struggle for free- I
omn, and die free, than live the minions '
if power and the slaves of a despotism,
onsolidated of fanaticism and cupidity.
Ve have striven hard to repress these
entimnents, when speaking of South Car
lina. As a Georgian, we have blushed ~
or the degrading position in wvhich her a
oliticians have placed our Stat3, when- t
ver we have thought of counselling our I
rave friends beyond the Savannah. But P
a the name of the People of Georgia
a the name at least of a large, able, true- ~
earted, ardent and patriotic minority, we n
ppeal from the decision of party politi- '
ians garbed in the voices of the people
roughi the November Convention, to the
ecople themselves; and in their name we -
ay to Carolina, lead us on to freedom! I
laze the path, and the people will follow
through weal and through woe, to es
ape from the degradation of submission."
We are permitted to publish, says the
auoth Carolinian, the following extract
fa letter from a distinguished citizen of
labama to a gentleman in Columbia, S.
., dated May 1, 1851. We have no
oubt many of the friends of the South
a our co-States entertain the same sen
" We are looking with intense anxiety
o the course of South Carolina. Thosen
ho under any and all circumstances will
e faithful to the South, believe that your
iwn honor, as well as the honor and safe
y of the entire South, is involved in your
ecession from the Union. That a more
ivorable juncture for a dissolution of the
arful bond that binds us to our enemies
ever will occur, and that if it.passes un
nproved, the last hope of the SoutE7 will *
isappear. Such is my own yieo o.
ubject. The faithful everywhereAwRIt.
our action. If you succumb, they will
etire in disgqat.from a staiggI. that ofers. b
o0 prospeet but continiued humiliation and ti
"It is a great responsibilityidmi
But your course, which 4'been h
has brought it upon you, and to sbrip
from it will involve an -utter loss of hal
actor and irretrievable ruin toyour outh,
"Believing that you have the tight to
secede, and that circumstandesveiuire its
exercise, I have no fear for results. Pr,
vidence never fals a brave peple strug
gling for their freedom. Milan -beld at
Germay at bay for nearly half acentury,
and finally obtained a concession for alt
Italy of the rights which Frederic-Barba,
rossa endeavored to trample under-foot;
and she commenced the struggle with les.
countenance from her sster republis
than you now enjoy."'
TkE MAGAZINZ ExPLosIoN IN Hz-r
GARY.-A letter from Temesvar of the3d
of April gives the following details of this
terrible catastrophe: " This morning, ft.
seven o'clock, a noise like thunder was.
heard over the city, followed by-a -sound:
like a heavy fall of rain ; every window
in the city was smashed to. atoms; the
doors in all the houses, even those which
were locked, were burst open; masses of
masonry strewed the streets, and a dense
mass of smoke darkened the atmosphere..
The powder magazine had explode. In
a few minutes the noise of the explosii
ceased, and the cause was ascertained
the powder magazine near Transylvania.
barracks had blown up. People hastened.
to the barracks as sooji as the smoke had
cleared away. Of the magazine itself, a
large building with substantial walls, no
thing remained bit a heap of smoking
ruins, from which occasionally a shell ex
ploded. The whole roof of the barracks
was blown away, the walls riddled with
shells, and other materials, which had
been thrown likewise into every part of
the town, committing havoc where they
exploded. Legs, arms and corpses, hor
ribly mutilated, - were scattered in all
firections. The exact -number killed ha*
lot ye bnertaine' Two ' 4ttt-h*F
* i?*nit hu1jU. :te1' ;i %Awl
u ri Ichmn ty ri* h
ers of some of the unhappy victmsitere
oundfifteen hundredards'-from the spot.
iearly all the inhabitants have led'from
he city for safety. No clue to thedisas
er has yet been found."
BosToN, May 8-4 P. M.
NEGRO EXCITEXENT IN BosToN.
'here has been considerable excitement
ere among the negro. population for the
Lst few days, in consequence of one of
ieir number, T. B.. Smith, opposing be
)re a committee of the Legislature, the
roject for a separate school for-blacks.
aast night he was violently assaulted by
3ree negroes and badly injured., Upon
ie approach of the watch two of the
egroes escaped in a carriage, but the
imaining one was captuied. The-other
wo were arrested this morning on the in
>rmation obtainedl from the one taken
Lst night. Their names are NcKea and
A SLAVE REFUSING MIs LBR -
outhern gentleman has recently been
.opping at a Revere House, with a-slave
ho was his personal attendant. This
ave upon being informed by personshere
iat his master had no right to restrain
im, but that he was under the-laws at
erfect liberty to go where he pleased,
ifused to be liberated in this way, and
~turned yesterday afternoon with' his
aster to the South.-Boston Traveller,
Veetzy of comzmerce.
The following epitaph on alinen-draper
copied from Hunt's Merchant's Mtaga
ne. There may be poetry in the yard.
ick after all:
" Cottons and Cambrist all adieu,
And Muslins, too, farewell!.
-Plain, striped snd figured, old snd new ;
Au oustomeru inc~le
The churoh-yai now has'measured me,
And nail. my coffin bind.
So now my kind and worthy frends,.
Who dealt with me below
P'n gne to measure Time'salong end
Yo'll follow me, Iknow
DESTRUCTION OF MoLEs.-Al caipangv
'as some time since organised iislianse
iond county for the destuinition-of this
pecies of eriazid on tlie 26th they
roduced upad f this-t' imdred
3alps of noid taain tps,ithiathe
eriod of two months..
ymn aVpiaied lie 1fessachuats
et rai thpmtotslin 4 en
stion' of the fugitive lsle.
intton af yop vistha
nd alow eck spencer.