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the contest between the Federal Govern
ment and South Carolina, I have no difficul
ty in predicting the result. There would be
no division then in the State. One drop of
blood shed by the Federal army would not
only caly cafl every citizen to a determina
tion to avenge it, but th usands of Carolinians
who have left the State would return and
stand by the mother of their birth. If such
should be the coinplexion of the contest, I
would not go beyond, this assembly for the
Intrepidity of a Lannes, to carry the colors
across the bridge of Lodi-or the chivalry of
a Jubert. who would leave his beautiful and
youthful bride with a declaration that he
would return to her with laurels on his brow
or find a grave on a the field of battle, I
believe there are those who, seeing this gal
lant hern's fate, would encounter it. Stch,
however, I do not believe, will be the form
of the contest.
It will be a war of dollars and cents-a
war of Custom Houses and embargoes-or
of blockade. It may be, that the latter will,
in the first instance, be resorted to-that is,
the Federal Government may take such men
sures as to divert and drive the commerce
from Charleston, either by a blockade, or by
its influence exerted on foreign natiofns, to
induce them to prefer the ports of the Con
federacy to those of Citirleston. And ulti
m itely. might he left to her separate condi
tion, 'under a policy calculated to proscribe
and reduce her to terms. The Government
would restort to the agency and influence of
a Macedonian party. South Carolina be
driven to rely on European support and con
nections to sustain her. To the ex'ent (if
her exports, she might form direct comner
cial intercourse. Thin could not be done.
however, unless her neighbors stood aloof
and saw her sacrificed. Would they do so,
is the question. This is an age more ofutihi
tarian sagacity than romantic honor. My
opinion is, fhat wih all our confidence in
Great Britain, we should not trust to her pro
teetion, sooner than to those of our own
fatmily of neighboring States. But, Mr. Presi
dent and gentlemen, I will not speculate any
longer (in what taty be. Let what m iv come,
I am with South Carolina in all her haz:irds.
In my situntion, I must endure the morifica
tion 'of being regarded a tame counsellor,
whilst I pledge myself to encounter all the
hazards of friend., who in opposi- ion to my
connsels, may make a final isse for the State.
I wish no State divi-ions, and ul:imately there
may be none. I have no censures for the brave
and disinterested in the threatened contest.
They have my regard. and shall not find me
or those that I can influence, against them.
I have no politient aspirations beyond South
Carolina. Called upon as one of her coun
sellors to give my opinion, I have done so
with freedom and sincerity.
When it shall be thought proper to take
the initiative of State action, I ask that I may
be the first one recalled from the Federal
counsels, to take any part that may be assign
ed1 to me. Let us adopt the exhortation of
Cmsar, at the battle of Pharsahia, 'Pursue
the Foreigners, but spare the Romans."
Zetter frm Mon. A. Burt.
GETLEMEN:-I heve received the communi
cation you did me the honor to address to me, in
the Abbeville Banner, and seize the earliest mo
ment to comply with your request, that I should
reply through that paper.
You are not mistaken in supposing that a migh
ty crisis impends over the Southern States. The
posi ion of our own beloved State is eii
nently critical. South Carolina has never
h:.d greater need pf the wisdom, anid valor.
and tffection of heisons, than sit the presenm
mtomenat. Most sinicerely do I hope that
every man within her borders, feels as keen
ly as yourselves, the deepest solicitude for
her honor and her weltare. For one I snm
sensible of obligations to her, whtich my
poor .services can never repay, anud I intend
to do my duty, and my wvhole duty to her.
in the present juncture.
You inform me, that your solicitude for
the State, induces you to inquire of mae, as
your Represeutative in Congress, wvhat pasrt
is to be assigned to her in the great contest
which awaiits the Southern States. I had
supposed the position oif South Carolina :sl
ready deflined and determined, both by thae
Lei'islature and the people. I hand supposed
the argument exhausted and the deb:ste for
ever closed. A Convention was oradered by
the Legislature, at its last session, and large
and extraordinary revenues raised and sippro
printed for milit'ary defence. Delegates to
the Convention have been chtosen bty the
people, a large mmjori y of whom are under
stood to he in flavor of the secession of the
State, regardless of the course of other
Font hern states, and, itndee'd, regardless osf
all circumstances. I have not thme hontor of
being ga member of tltat Convention. Thse
expediency of secession is a question which
cannot come within the scope of those daiies
which you have confided to mae as a memtber
of Congress. As a member of Comngress, I
cannot be enlled upon to vote on that qtaes
tion.' It is one exclusively belotnging to the
Convention. But it is also true, that the
propriety of secession without regard to the
course of thte other Southlern States, wvas not
discussed pending the election for Conagress
and the Legislature, which took place ina Oc
tober last. In the public disenssion which I
hesnrd.nsnd in which I took part, I heard bit
very fewv express opinions ini flavor of the
secession of Sou~th Carolina alate, wiahout
regard to the actioan of the o:haer States. I
think the subject waLs noat discussed before
the people. and that their judgment wvas
neither expressed nor formed upont it. So
also, in relation to the calling~ of a Conven
tion by the Legislature. Until after the
session begsan I heard nothaing of it, and I
think nothing was heard of it by the people.
I should have been more happy to have haud
the opportunity of otffeaing my opintiotns of
these measures before thte judgment of the
State was inade up when they taight have
entered into its deliberations for the little
they may be wvorth. A Congress of the
Southern States, I then thought was looked,
and nothing else looked to, until its results
should be lknown.
I cannot even now but regard the actio~n
of the Legislature, and of the people of
Southa Carolina, as indicating a determination
to secede from the Union whatever othter
States may think proper to do. I should
consequently have deemed it my duty to be
silent until the period for the meeting'of the
Convention approached. I could thetn have
been better able to determinie what would be
expedient to do. The events of the sum
muer and autumn will, as I think, throw much
light on the great issue before us. I should
gladly have awaited those events before thec
final judgment of the State was made up.
Ueder these circumstances I cannot hope
that my opinions can be of any avail in as
signaing.atny "~ part" to South Carolina. But
it is etnough that you wish to know my opin
ions upon a measure of public policy, even
though it be a foregone coneclnsion. I have
no selfish motive to withhold such opintions,
as I have nothing to lose by expressing them.
I have never sought office-.I have never seen
the day when I would .have held an office
under the Federal Government. I could not
moj..t.hiki.itc without a -feelinr of per
sonal degradation. I come, then, tp the con
fessional without fear and-without reserve.
The inquiries proposed by you suggest
two propositiens. The first is, whether se
cession be the only alternative now left to
the Souwhern States? The second is, wheth
er.in the event of the other slaveholding
States remaining in the Union, it will be
come the duty of South Carolina, forthwith,
to secede, on the ascertaintment of that fact?
The onlyfull and fitting reply to inquiries of
sucb grave import, must be found in a con
sideration of the objects contemplated by
secession, and of its -probable effiecey in ae
complishing those oject.-The leading ob
ject to be attaned by 'eceission, wiil be ad
mitted to be the preservation of the insti:u
tion of African slavery, unimpaired and un
molested. It comprehends the quiet and
undisturbed enjoyment of this species of
property, as well as the means of making it
profitable and desirable. These condi irons
are necessary to save fifteen hundred millions
of property, the most profitable in the world,
and the source of countless blessings to
mankind. from becomirg a nuikance and a
curse. They are amply secured in the Con
stitution, and that instrument would never
have obtained the approval of South Caroli
na and other Southern States, without such
a security. But these stipulations and coin
p:tets have not been carried out, in gooid
faith. by the Northerni States, but have been
violated and utterly disregarded. We com
plai.t especially, that slaves fleeing to the
non laveholdine States are not delivered to
their owners, on their demand; that the pro.
perty of fifteen States is excluded from coun
tries which belong to all the States: mad
that the subject of shivery itself, is made the
tonic of vehement and mischievous discus.
sion in the Northern States, and in Congress.
They are well founded comnplain:s-ne s that
are 'p p ble violations of the Cons:izution,
and would. in my opinie n. any of them. jus
tifv the secession of the Southern States.
Titey impnir the secnrity and the valte of
property in slaves. The experience of eight
vet.rs of anxious hope and apprehension have
brought tne to the conclusion, that these
complaints will never be removed or redress
ed by any exercise of the means provided
h the Constitution. flow can South Caro
lina relorm public opinion in Mnssachusetts
or Ohio ? By what poent instrument can
she disenchain the public opinion of the
North, or break the spell which holds in ah
solute sway, the intellect of ihe Nor,h ? Our
appeals to their justice have been unheeded.
and our remonstrances condenwed. We
c:nnot diseuise the fact that the gnaranties
of the Constitution in favor of slavery. are
mockeries. They are openly repudiated by
those who yielded them to the demand of
the South, as the basis of a union with them.
Individunis may submit to wrong without
the loss of character, or self-respect, but such
submission.by nations brings dishonor and
degradmtion.-It implies both weakness and
pusillanitnity, and invites ageressirn, as well
as inci-es contempt. The Federal Govern
ment cannot and would not if it cauld, con
strain these Northern States to the dischar-te
of their duty. It has neither fu-cions nor
functionaries, to reach the evil. The great
funciion of government. in modern times is
the protection of property. Property in
sl.ves, of all other property, can least en
dure aggression, and most needs the arm ofh
government. A government that fails either
from its we'aktness or its will, to protect this
property from domestic as well as foreign
foes, does not deserve the obedience or the
re-p et of a fr'eetman.
' A govertnent that not only fails to pro
ect, but i'a ulaly hos.ile to the property of
ifteetn States, fs a monstrous despotism, and
:o) overthrow it is to pull1 down a huge nui
sance. The ttl~imate abo,'.tiuon of shtvery
mtast be the resulr, unless the -.aaveholding
States hatve the spitrit to take thtef. rights
tnder their oawn protection. The est.ahth
tment of' a cotnfeder::ey of slaveholditag Sta tes.
it need ntot embrree all the slaveholding
States, is, (as I soletmnly believe.) the onaly
nmeasure that protmises security, or even hope
to the Sotnth. I hold thdt the slaves of
Souath Carolina are of infinit ely greater valtue
to her than thais Union or any Utnion. Antd
whten the enormous evils of whaich we com
plain, and which I hnve specified. cetn be re
dressed hy the secession of South C.:rualitn
alone, I a'm without huesitation. and instantlyv
in favor of' it, whtateve'r other States may do,
and whatever consegnences mzay follow.
Let us, thten, see if our cotmplaints, or any
of them would be removed, or redressed by
the secessiont of Soth Carolinna alotne--the
other slaveholditng States remiaiing in the
Union.-Wou hd the prospect of recov'ering
fugitive slaves be better? Thtey mnay now
be, and now are recovered. sumannzrily and
certaitnly, wheat they are fountd ini fifteen'
States. The diffictnity of reclaiming theta
itt Georgia, or any other slaveholding State.
is no greauter thatn it is in the difl'-rent dis
neits oaf otnr owna State. Each of these
States afford to uts all the facili'ies thant are
enjoyed by i-s own citizens. Thtey are sp
propriate atnd ..mple.. Our only compklint i-.
that the non-shaveholding States taot only re
fuse to aid us, hut aetually obst rtuet us in our
edeav'ors to reclaim our property, whetn ac
cidetnt or crime~ places it wi hint their limits.
T'hey ontly' vioahtet the stipulation of' the
Cotstituzion on tis subject. These States
do. not naow, and wvil taot ever deliver up fu
gitive slaves. It wvill not be conttroIverted
that Secession would phlee the State sec'ed
ing, in t.e reha ion of a foreign Statte towards
all the other States of the Union. It wvould
he at once the relinquishtmentt of' all the rights
as well as the duties, that tnowi exist betweetn
them. They wotuld be, to all intents and
purposes, as independent of each other, as
are France atnd Great Britaina. In the absette
of a treaty on the subject, one foreiirn $tate
has no right to require atnothter to deliver up
fugitive slaves, or fugi ice felons. Tfhe I .w
of nations does not etnjoin it, and it is in no
itstance done, wvithuout the raquiremetnts of a
treaty. WVhy is it, that of the twventy-five
thousatnd ftagitive slaves now in Canatda-a
country bordering on the United States-- otne
has never beena recovered hv his owyner I Why
is Cantada a place of refn'ge for slaves wh'o
flee from their owners in thte South? It is
because it is a foreign country, and the trea
ties between Great Britain and the Unaited
States, are silent on the subject. Would not
then, secession be the voluntary abandon
mntt on our part, of the right to reclaim fu
tive slaves withbitt the limits of all thte South
ern States, and of all othuer cotuntries ? We
could not even cross the line of Georgina,
Tennessee or North Carolina, in pursuit of*
them by virtue of anay right which we should
acquire by secession.
We know, as do the enemies of that insti
tution well understand, that the most. abso
lutely fatal policy that entn be ptursued in re
ference to slavery, is to Lonfiane it wit bitt pre
scribed limtits. Thus localized and hemmed
in, it must intevitably hmaguish and die. A
given area of country will aflord lucrative
employment to a much tmore naumerous white
than ctulored population, whether it be slave
or free populatiotn. tShaves are not fitted for
maay of the avocations of the white man.
The'slave popultation of South Carolina in
creases nmore rapidly than the whaite race, and
at this time considerably exceeds it. What
woul1, be ou. msans of difIfusing over new
and less populous countries our rapidly in
creasiog slave population, If South Carol
make herself a foreign State by secession ?
Our slaves may now b carried into any State
of the Union, which ims not m;:de the intro
duction of them unlawful, They may be
sold to the citizens of such States, or re
moved with their owners. The vast, and
fertile lands of Mississippi and Texns, offer
tempting fields for the slave labor of the old
Southern States Congress has no power
to interpose any pro' ibition or restraint. But
I ongres hias long since, under the special
provLiwon of the Constitution, milde the intro
duction of slaves frcm a foreign country into
a State of the Union a penal offence. The
moment, therefore. South Carolina shall se
cede from the Union-the other Southern
States rem'ining in it-that moment it would
be a high cirne to carry a slave from this State
to Georeia, or to any other State. Stich
State would have no power to authorize it,
the power being in Congress. The bounda
ries of our own State, could never be passed
by a slave, so long as it should be a foreign
S'tate. We hi-ve already been excluded from
California, and Utah, an'd New Mexico by the
unconstitutional and unjust legislation of
Congress, and shall we now permit our own
infatuation to exclude us from the rest of the
world ? Heaven save us from such insanity!
If secession would not place us in a better
po1sition for the recovery of fugi:ive slaves,
or for spreading our slave population over
other countries, but would interpose insur
mountable obstae'es to both, would it invest
us wish more efetual means of repressing
the fanataicism of the Northern States? I am
incapable of perceiving any such effect. No,
gentlemen, no, it will require he resources
and energies of more than one of the slave
holding States to quiet this wicked agitation,
or to resist its fital influenc'e. The strongest
Governments in Christendom, France, and
.weden, and Great Britain, have been made
to yield up their beau ifual islands in the West
Indies, to utter desolation, to appease the
fury of this demon. The Spaaish West In
di.. Islands and Brazil are now the only cii
lized countrie, on earth, beside these South
ern States, in which slavery, exis -, and the
fourth of a century will not leave a vestige
of it in either of them. And we must be wise
to escape their doom at n:Y distant day. Wi h
these eonsequences before us, would it be
wise, to resort to secession, against the views
and wishes of all those States, that are bound
in a common destiny with us?
I confess, with profound regret, that I can
perceive no reason to thinik that any, of our
sister States of the South regard the peril to
slavery as immediate and imminent as we
do. I cannot, however, believe that they are
less resolved to protect and preserve the do.
mestic institutions of the South, than our
selves. But while they underestimate the
danger to it from the action of Congress.
they highly magnify the difficulties and the
dangers of disunion. -Yet they have made
issues and condihionsconnected wih it, which
we must take for granted they will exact
trom the North. Their demands will not be
conceded, and soon, very soon, their 'final
hope will be flat despair."-As God is the
judge of my sincerity, I believe this Union
and slavery cannot stand together. And un
less we greatly misundersiand the oniens,
this appalling truth cannot much longer be
disguired, It has not yet been realized by
the North or the South.
Yiu seem, gentlemen, to be amazed at the
course pursued by Virginia, it has not struck
me with either surpri.,e or d~ismzay. I know
you are tani~ht, by more thani one of ottr
tatesnmen, to look to this venerable State
fair counasel and for lead. But I taever. sup-~
piosed she was to be the standard bearer
utf thte South in a conmest for slavery. That
Great Commonawealth did mauch to rebuke
the usurpations of the General Governmenat,
in fornmer days, but what has she ever done
to rebuke fanaticism ? The great leader in
the memorable contest of 1798 was one of
.he oarliest and mo.,.t eloquent of tho~se who
deprecated, if they did not denounce slavery.
No, Virginina will niever lead the haosts of' the
South, 4~hiase destiny it is to resist thae cru
sade againast Ulavet'y- That great duty, in
my opinion, will devolve upon South Caro
tinnz or Georgia.
But lead who may it is our destinay to act
a conaspicuous parn in the contest when ii
shall come. anad come it will as surely as tr."re
is a God. interest and self' preservitiona wvill
armse, anad unite the States that grow cotton
and rice and sugar. Let us not mar and
iander thais great movement, by any raahness
ofours. Let us not vainly endeavor to separzate
our destinay from that of all those States that
hanve a comnmon initerest, and from whom
alone, of all man-kind, we have a right to
hope for suitccor or for sympathy. Renmem
ber wey ennnot preserve slavery ifall the o! het
Soauthern states suarrenader it ?Let us then
ield otir.elves to neithaer rashness nor des
'pair. Let us look to the future wiih counage
.:nd with hope. Let us do our own dnty ina
this great crisis and animate and excite others
ti, do theirs. If the other Southern Staites
shall follow the examaple of Virgiin, still leat
us not despair or strike otar colors. WYe shall
sinak below our high destiny if we hauve not
tate courage and the constany. tand the forti
tude to meet tall the vicisitudes of a contest
wvhicha involves our hopes,our htappinesas, our
Dntring the autumn of lest year, both in
speeches and' conaversationa, I repeatedly ex
press'ed the opinion, that if but one State
should secede, the Generalg~overnment would
attempt to enforce the laws of Congress, ;andi
c*oe her itn obedience. I have sincee seeni
nothing to chaange, but much to confirm that
opinion. It is the province of Conagress to
m.ike laws, bitt the duty if the President to
execute them. This duiv he solemialy swears
le wvill perform. The Piresident and hais Se
cretiary of State, having givena repeated as
-uranees that this duty will be discharged, T
kiow of no reason to doaubt, that it will be
attempted. The army and navy are placed
at the commnand of the Presideant for that
purpose. The President atad air. Webster
beloang to a school of politicians who do ntot
admiL the right of a State to secede from the
Union. Thtis opinuion has been often express
ed by Mr. Webster, and expressed with refer
ence to Mouth Ciarolinna. TIhey hold that re
sistance to the laws of Congress by a State
is lawless resistance, and to be treated as the
act of rebels and traitors.
I have takem much pains to ascertain,
whether, if South Carolina secedes, she will
be sustainued by the aet, or the public opinion
of any other State. The result is a convic
tion that our example would not be followed,!
nor our conaduct justified by any one of them.
They evidently do not regard the piast or the
present state of things, as jtustifying seces
sion, And I fear they delieve, that South
Carolina from factious and selfish motives, is
endeavoring to involve them in a conteat
without eniuse, and would look uponi a strugt
gle hetwveen the General Government and
this State, without concern and without sym
From the foregoing view, it will be seen
that my opinions are, that ."outhern States
ce~mnot remai in the Union, without degra
dation, and ultimately, the abolitioni of slave
ry; that jslavery is of greater value to the
Southa than the Union; that secession is the
nly reraniningalteraive_ bu tha it sh.o
be resorted to onljus of e"tablish
ing a cotiftideraCy-6f. one .rore slavehold
in1 States: thatrat thi lie, the secession m
o South Carolina 1 tie her be foillewed of
nor justified by inte ; that the
secession of So n ~i -t the present ha
time, the other Sotirti t.Kimannn in It
the Union, would onlyh - ravate the evils of
which we justly-com -ii ad would be in
expedient and unwisathat, in such event
force would be- attetlied, by, the Federal
Government, and the g .et object of seces
sion seriously hindered endangered, if
not utterly defeated, .
I have now, gentleme my opin
ions upon the deepyinfei Ztihg points indi. w
cated in yonr communialg *jth the frank- pr
ness and eandor that 6i'imes me na ai rpre- fil
sentative and a citizen. " mmend them to
your scrutiny and vourt deaion. They c
are opinions delibert4 formed, after the fa
long and anxious riefieei*rfn one who ham
no ambition but toprfuote the true glo-ry
of South 'arolina. Aldti not hope thmt
they will be nccepta1AeA 1-of you-they
m:ty not be so to any 0o ft .bnt I :m wil
ling to submit them to lftest of time and
trut h, as I am content an iresolved to stind
or fall in the public eAtimatlon, by them. and
upon them. In public or-in private life, I
should not feel that I vtWi: patriot if I did bm
not, at whatever persoonl 'anerifice, to save 1I
my native State from-the id osters of blind ai
and heedless counsels. BNt South Carolina ti
is the home of my affeetions, and her bosom fe
shall be my grave. H srcause shall be my v,
cuse-her fate, my fa e. u
I cannot lay down m pen without this
admonition to my fellow-citizens: Beforea,
vonu serede, make up you'r mind, unalternbly.
that the step. once takei enn never he re- b
traced without unutterAW. shame and des
pair. Be. then. resolved-to meet all its ha- t
zards and its trials. -If you are not rendy to 81
l:iy down life and fortune. -you are not pre- P
pared for seression. The North cannot and
will tiot part with you, and the treasure she
wrings from you, without i ~mighty struggle.
She will use'force, if dare. and there be t
need. Be sure. before on move, that you it
ennnot fiil,-and be sui,& also, that sucerse I
will brine the renlization of the bright hopes s<
and happy vkions that leid you on to the tI
contest. If von are inditeed to favor seel-a- o
sion by the idea, which Odmo of thope who o
are clinorous. for that measure hold out to
yon-that you wonld be carressed and coax
ed, by kindness and concessions, to return to
to the Union-I entrent you to diserd ths.
vain and unworthy hope..ecesnion, for sneh T'
a purpose. would be a paltry and a miserabl
trifling with the gntvest question of the een.
tury. I woild scorn, with as proud di-d:aii
as you could feel, any- unmanly appeal to
your years. I make no ich appeal. I ony q
conjure you to bring home to your own con. cl
seiousness the realities.of this irreat is- ne.
before the sword is dtwn. That brigrh
weapon, once drawn. ca'never be sheathed
without dishonor. Retriat, in such a (on- r<
test, would be as disastrons, and infinitely v
more disern-aeful, than defeat. Either wonld n
be irretrievuble ruin. Tien. be wi-e- be ,
revnlved-be ready-before you strike! I
have not a purpose. or alhiope. or a wish. 'h t t
i-- not insepar.hly connee(ed with the des.inyd
of Smith Carolinn. and, wjth the help of God, e
her de-stiny shall be my., stiny.
T nm, gentlemen. wi . nat respect, your h
obedient and humble sKI int.
AR* ISTEAD BURT. '
To Capt. Thomas B. ~z, and ot hers. tI
EDGE'PIE N . C. P
THURSDAY, MAY 29, 1851.
Mr. S. M. HEWL.ETT. Georgia State Temper
ace Lecturer, will deliver an address this eve
ning at early candle light in the Methodist church.
WE are requested to state that the people of
Edgefield, are invited to attend a Public Meeting
to be held in Hamburg on Saturday next.
"JoitN RANDOL.PH" desires us to say that his ,i
piece was modified after seeing the reply of " IN- p
DEPENDENCE" His articeo will be found on the ib
out-ide. Expecting a press of original pieces this e,
week.,.we took the liberty of-Petting his commwti- a
pation for the out-side, to make the labor of the n
office less difficult for our hands to accomplish in h
due 'ine. If our correspondents increase, we will n
be compelled to adopt this plan with others. Let a
this be an explanation for al. d
A NEW Pos-r-OFretc has been established at E
" Edisto Mills," Edgefield District, and PARCKsI
J. COLEMAN appointed Post-master.a
WAtTEJI ri'RE. e
IN our paper. to-day. will be found an advertise- Ii
ment of the "SorrzztN WATER CuRE INSTI- p
TUTE," located in MilledEeville, Ga. We know el
but little of this rather modern system of redeem- 01
ing mankind from the ills that tlesh is heir to ; but 01
we have heard it much lauded by very sensible n
men. One thing is certain-the world has gone El
" Starke" mad about things of far less importance El
and utility than the " Water Cure." 0
To S. C. C. we say, our columns are open for
any articles that tend to theamelioration of human SE
GRtAYITEVILLEI CIG4lR. ,
WE are indebted to Mr. B. PALMER TYL.ER of
Graniteville, for a bunch of finely-flavored cigars, a
of his own manufacture. They are made with
unusual skill, and need but age to make them
worthy of the approbation of smokers generally.
" Get along dar, Mr. Palmer Tyler."
HEAR lOTih RIIDES. I
WE promise in our next issue, the speech de
livered by Gay. SEAsaoo in the late Convention
of Associations. It contain,' many plain and prac
tical views upon the question of separate State
A great part of our paper thi' week, it will be "
seen, is occupied by arguments opposed to our own
positior " Fair play" is our motto. We re com
mend it to certain anti-resistance sheots in the
In particular, we suggest to the political head of S
the Southern Baptist, a little more genero- iry, (im
magnanimity, charity or whatever it should be :
termed. Why does not that religious exponent of ' C
tolerant Protestantism carry its principles into fo
politics, if it must need. go theref atUll? We say fr
to the editors, that many of their Baptist friends it
in this section, condemn the one-sided course they! ,pt
have thought proper to pursue.. " A word to the 'al
wise ought to be sufficient. e
- --- bt
THE following may be rather too coarse for a
very delicate and sensitive persoin; but it is one of gi
those facts which we feel som'ewhat constrained to aT
journalize. . .at
As the mail-coahdrew up in front of our Post- to
office not many days since, a worthy gentleman of pC
serious habits and grave deportment, approached, Ni
and ventured to address the following enquiry to oT
the driver-" Much inerin-the mail to-day, sirt" tn
" Well, as to.the siaater, I caint say for certain- mi
but," continued he, throwing over-board several sit
of Uncle Sam's rusty leather bags, " here are some SI
dangerous looking old 'cb.", s
. pgntlema-a-i-e .
JUPGE 3'T-LEr-r SPEECH.
WEz lay before our 'readers to-day the speech
de by Judge BUrLa in the late Convention
Southern Rights Associations. It is regarded,
believe, as the most powerful argument which
a yet been made upon that side of the question.
is unnecessary for us to bespeak for It a careful
msal. The well-known character of its author
11 ensure this.
It will be seen that he still looks to other diffi
Ities than war, as being the most formidable
tacles to the future career of South Carolina,
an independent Government.
The concluelon of the honorable Senator, is
tIl worthy the atter. I in of those, who seek. by
ivate trickery and implied threats, to throw the
e-brand of discord into our midst.
When the test is made by our Constitutional
mvention (as it inevitably will be,) the miserable
etion that may reck Federal protection to shield
em from the fearfully-anticipated dangers of the
ntest, will find in Judge BuTLa one of their
oat indignant prosecutors.
"GLORIOUS NEWS! I-THE BALL IN NO.
Tuos shouts the mercurial conductor of the
ranscript, upon hearing that the city of Ham
rg, Edgefield distriet, is about to take measures
ainat separate secession by South Carolina. We
e indeed thrown into dismay and confusion by
is terrific intelligence. Stand about and shift
r yourselves, ye men of Carolina-a political
lano is about to belch forth its hideous wrath
)on your devoted heads! HAMBURo Is TilE
oRD- -pass it round, brethren of the Press, that
1 may know their doom. Wo! wo, to the infat.
ted madmen, who will dare to stem this I1am
irg torrent! The only possible means of meeting
I tempest with any degree of equanimity, is by
ndily and firmly whittling a piece of soft white
ne. and humming that ancient couplet
" lamburg ladies. cakes all dough.
Nevermind the weather, so the wind dont blow."
Since writing the above, we have learned pnsi
vely, that the Hamburg Republican, from which
brother Transcript gathers its " glorious news."
not the exnonent of all Hamburg. We thought
. There is a party there however. it it deserves
e name. which coincides even with Mr. PERRY
Greenville. This set is composed in graat part
Northern men, with Northern principles, and
ry and their co-adjutors constitute the Hamburg
woken of above. These, we understand, are in
rumental in promoting the grand move to be
ade on Saturday next. We warn onrunsuspect
g people to beware how they suffer themselves
be gulled by thnee who have for them no genu.
e feeling of brotherhood. Judge BUTLER was
aited upon yesterday by a committee of two. re
iesting his attendance at their meeting. He de
ined the invitation.
SPIRIT OF '61.
Tnts is the name of a vnhinteer Cavalry corp,
ently formed at Mount Willing in thi- district.
re understnnd that it numbers already about 60
en. Col. R. B. BAuRnn-r. lately a member nf
e Lecisln'ure. and at re-ent a delegate elect tn
e State Convention. ha- heen choeen Cawain of
e new enmanny. -The Colonel'- knawn spirit.
ergy and militnrv skill are cerni, guarantee- of
e success of thie undertaking. We have not yet
ard the names of the other officers.
We learn also that. annther corps of he same
irt is about being formed in a difflerent quarter of
e same regiment-the old 10th. We are truly
*oun to see these demonstrations in a section
ich we may well call our second home. Should
' cau'e of honor and pa'riotiem call to arms. old
aluda will not, b e found' wayting. It may he
moe~ro mentinieiat Catit*W.C. Mouaoits,
the Butler Rifles, proposes to obtaina battery
om the State authorities, and to convert his com
my into Flying Artillery.
It will be seen, from these items, that the Spirit
'51 in Edgefield is decidedly a military spirit.
Mr. Littan, the Dactnerreotypiet, who has h-en
r some time occupying rooms in the SIA NN Ho
s. at this place, ha." had a Daguerrean Car en
ructed at the carrinte-manufactorv of our enter.
i'ing town-man. Mir. A RNER IBUSnNEL. It is
idend an admirably arrannert and elegantly finish
I 'inte. refleting credi* upon thnee who deviced
well as those who built it. We doubt ifa
ater or more convenient specimen of the kind,
i vet been made. Its advantages for the bu-i
tse are manifest. Having lights at the sides. and
sk-light which cnn be regulated easily accor.
ing to she judgement of the artist, the nrecise
sree of light can be rendhily attained. In travel.
ng. pictures can be prodhiced without the delay
d trouble ueually reotireud to make the necessary
-ranemnts. IHere is always an eleucnnt little
oon. wi'h velvet.cn~li"ned sens, and silk cur.
ins readyr fixedl and exactly adlapted to the pur.
e of operating speedily and ruccessfully. The
tablishment. although very large and commoidi.
s. can be easily drawn by four horses, over any
slinary road. Its entire cost (with harness) is
'ar $1000. and the whole aflfair is one of those
tily increasing proofs, that " some things can b
mc as well as others," even in this back country
The front of the car is ornamented with a land.
pe view, and from the top arises a beautiful
ri-colored satin banner, a fit ensign of the taste
We wish for Mir. LEton,. whose sojourn here has
on for him the respect of our community. many
pleasant and profitable jaunt in his travelling
dlery. The present is Car, No. 2, of the firm of
EtGtt & TUCER. In their No. 1, the pictures
re taken, that bore off the premium at the
sorgia exhibition. In their No. 2, others may be
ken. that will win the prize at the next annual
ir of the South Carolina Institute. We will see.
Wa have been highly gratified by the cheering
telligence brought over from our sister Common
ealth, by a friend who has recently visited save
I places in the heart of that State. This testi
any is worthy of all credence. The amount of
is intelligence is that the whole country is alive
ith political excitement-.that the advocates of
tthern Rights are moving heaven and earth to
ike their noble creed the Lord of the ascendant
that their numbers are rapidly swelling and that
iss, SErnENs and ToOBSa, may well tremble
the result. " God speed the cause," say we.
nn the depths of our heart. That Georgia will,
spite of the appeals of sagacious demagogues,
raueo the path of honor and truth, we have all
ag hoped most fondly. The indications to that
ht we hail with the liveliest joy. Come on,
ave sister, we entreat you. You have the spirit
you have the intelligence. Burst then the clog
g fetters of party discipline, and let that spirit
d intelligence shine out in all their native power
d brilliancy. South Carolina does not pretend
dictate to you. She is not vain enough to sup
se that she can teach the land of Troup a lesson.
>! no ! She invites-she entreat' you, for your
n sake, to join her. When she says that the
te of action has arrised for her, she, of course,
tans no disrespect to you, or any - other
ter. She judges for herself-for no one else.
le holds her own sovereignty sacred, and she
:redly respects yours. While she scorns to ap
.. i....a...n..w. or Aaian-l she yet anp
peals to you as an independent slow. She long.
telhave you at hir sider She.ongstostrkehhads.
with you across the Savantah, apd to gght to
gether as in the oljien tite of the Revolution.
Once moi, brave Gergiams, we exhort you,
"ADVANCE TO TIE FRONT."
Nfl. lsUTS LETTFR.
I, our coluims, this week, will be found the re
sponse of our present wamber of Congress, to cer
tain enquiries as to his views upon the question
now occupying the attention of our people.
We publish this letter from motives of fairness.
Its author has, perhaps a right to expect that the
papers of his Congressional district, should at least,
do this much; and, what in of greater weight with
us, many of our readers may be desirous of seeing
this production of their immediate Representative.
Our unfeigned surprise has been excited by the
manifest dif'r nee between the tone of this com
munication, and of the enthusiastic speech made
to the citizens of Edgefleld during the past Fall.
We are aware that Mr. BURT did not say distinct
ly, that he was an advocate of separate State ac
tion ; because co-operation was then looked to as
a certainty. and such a declaration would have
been not only useless, but entirely out of place.
But we are very forgetful of this said speech, i' it
did not teem, from beginning to end, with denun
cia'ions of the Federal Government, and unquali
fied declarations of the absolute necessity of cheek
ing at once the progress of its usurpations. If any
impression was conveyed to our mind more dig.
tinctly than another by those declarations, it was
that Mr. BUaR would be among the very foremost
to lead off in the first m'we that should be made,
for " Equality in the Union, or Independence out
of it." Such were indeed the opinions and the
feelings of almost all our Washington eounsellors
at that time. And they struck a responsive chord
in the heartsof a brave and counfiding oonstituenoy.
Mr. BuRT well remembers the loud plaudits that
greeted every expression of " determined resistance
at any and at every hazard," that fell from his
lips. It was in perfect accordance with the mind
and soul of.his audience. Soon thereafter, men
from every part of our district, understanding their
own wishes and feelings, and believing conscien.
cious'ly that they understood those of the people,
were elected and went to the Legislature. There,
under the influence of the powerful conviction
that something must be done, to the strengthening
of wi ich conviction Mr. BURT had contributed
no little. they did that something with the boldness
And now the very Individuals who, to some ex.
ten, instigated the deed. have come from Wash
ington again, and o !-they advise the State that
action is worse than folly-that it is insanity.
self-destruction. The moral consistency of this
course, we do not yet appreciate.
But we are not less surprised at the present tone
of Mr. BURT's politics, th-n at the nature of the
argument upon which he seems mainly. to rest his
opposition to the action of South Carolina. In
accordance with a view taken by a certain Co.
lum-ia paper, (which, for Mr. BURT'S sake, shall
be nameless) he argues, as if influenced by a be
lief that the existence of slavery is a thing ini
nitely paramount to the existence of State's Rights.
In other words, he makes that which is an inci
dent of the controversy (an important one, we ad
mind) the highest point in dispute-the domestic
nature of our social organization, greater in im
portance than the political principles upon which
our Freedom depends. While he shudders at tshe
thoughtofendangeringIn the least, the institution.
of slavery, he seems.to forget that any eperoach
ment upon the reserved Rights of the States, is
the sapet fatal meaos of-accodplishing thedestruc-,
tion of the foryne-, Gentlainen. should remembpr
that this is a coflrovers#N wbii214 if catrie 1 eli
with high de$rainition, is destlied'to sett1i whst
has now become to alarge portion of the American
people, a serious problem-" are the diffrent coms
munities that compose this Confederacy free, so
vereign and independent State ?" The eyes of
the civilized world will be attracted by this view
of the contest. It is our strongest ground, and it
can be made good before C9ristendom by irre'i-ti
ble demonstration. It is, perhaps, the only ground
upon which a party can be rallied in this country,
sufficiently united to rave the South and her In
stitutions. The political features of this siruggle,
nrc chidfly to he studied. And to the elucidation
atnd establishment of the true principles of the
Americant Union, let our Statesmen devote them
selves. Here is their great duty-here their befit
ting task. Here is their opportunity of impressing
their names upon the world, and heft, the noblest
prospect of transmitting their memories to a grate
ful posterity. "lIet the FRsEDont OF THE STATES
be preserved inviolate at all iski," should be our
motto. If the institu'ion of slavery shackle us in
the maintenance of this fundamental proposition,
JI is thus far, an evil. The direct tendency of Mr.
BEsar's argument (tf there roere any force in it) is
to prove that we are hampered by an institution
which places an interdict upon our taking the only
proper and constitutional mode of staying' the
hand of Federal aggression--she interposition of
State sovereignty. But we deny the gentleman's
argument in toto.
We do not propose now to enter into this dis
cussion, as it is already broached by one of our
correspondents In another column. But we would
ask our readers to bear in mind, while reading the
lester of Mr. BUR, the following consi.!e a:ion'.
Upon the point made in reference to fugitive slaves,
does Mr. BUaR believe, or can any reasonable
man believe, that if Canada were a slave-holding
country, there would be any serious difficulty In
recovering, thera ? s, runaways from another slave
holding communityi Could Georgia or North
Carolina, favor an escape of slaves from our State
into their borders ? The Idea is preposterous. Is
would militate directly against the secudity of that
very institution, which, equally with us. they are
constrained to guard n I h jealous care. Fugitives
from slavery tolerated or countenanced in adjoin
ing slave States ? It Is surpri'ing that such a
supposition should be resorted to, in the way of
argument. The result would be, according to Mr.
BUaR's expectation, to fill those States with law
less free negroes. They could not endure this for one
year wi:.hout enacting, as a matter of self-defence,
strong laws for the complete prevention of this
state of things ; and those laws would directly
provide for the prompt return of fugitive negroes
to their rightful masters. Any other course would
involve them in the most ridiculous Inconsistency
If this would not be their policy, let Mr. BUaR or
any other gentleman tell us what it would be.
" The right to cross the line in pursuit" would be
furnished to us by those States which adjoin, as a
requisite to the safety and order of their own ia
ternal affairs. Nor would the Federal Government
dare to Interfere, in violation of that important
provision of the Constitution, which secures to
each State the sight to take any step necessary four
the security of her domestic polity. If South
Carolina, has now the uight to legislate in roer.
ence to colored seamen from other countries com
ing into her borders, would not Georgia have an
equal right to guard herself against the black popu
lation of South Carolina ?
It cannot surely be urged that these fugitive.
would be appropriated by the honorable Sentes
Into which they Ged.. This would be a gross insult
to the people of those States. Again, would ne
gros fly from Carolina servitude to Georgia or
North Carolina servitudei
It ennnot baesid- that-ho Semanta.=Aii-n
would lend a helping bn& to-a e0aU -r emanei
This would be aeogni- g oU A r,te pell;g,
and wlout of that doctrine, But these States
hot dds to be a pienclous doRimn. '1eWin)
not manition or uphold it now in referenc to Cuba.
Would they In reference to South CarolInSt -Dt
we have not .oom to say more upon th1ainter
The argument merisbut 1-tdeeonsidedoo.Wj..
would.not have-said thus much, but that the aw
thor of the letter applies the baah term of "ia..
anity," to those who differ fro bb viemlws. Yes
calm consideration of this branch of bbsasput
will aflix the epithet to its proper owfew.
For an examination of his other main point; *
refer our reades to a comrunlaesdn in another
MAJOR PERRYrS SPEECT.
Wz understand that copies of this FSio-et4
Aazarir document are in circulation throughout
these parts. Whepme come theyI A6 iWM"R.
desires to know for a arnicurpurpe.
901, T. 6, CLEMSO.,
Tarts gentleman, late charge 't6 3Itiiniiir
been spending a. few days in tis vicinity,wht
Col. F. W. Piczasn, on his wat.e the esidenes
of his mother-in-law, Mrs. JoW C. Car.uo.
The public are aware that his sudden recall is at
tributable to the arbitrary pleasure of the pre eat
delectable Whig administration. Of course no'
reason ias been assigned, nor indeed could be.
Mr. CLzsson has proved himself a capable and
efficient officer, and has redected credit upon the
Government he represented abroad. And fortiis,
he has had to bear the harsh treatment of 'thi
generous Flllmorean Cabinet. Thu goesJuaibe
by the board. - -
Mr. W. W. BoTcu, of Fairfield, iio g1Tge-eis
mate and an almoat-ebum of ours- is ouritsa
anti-soession argument, the merit -of whihMW
will perhaps perceive more fully than we now do,
after he elaborates his several points. Especially
do we await to see that undefined " pressure frow
without," made more oomprehensible. It mat
prove to be a very statenman-like view, afr, it is
eawidated a Wl.
We were reading this art-Ie of our friend, a
evening or two ago, to a plain old gentleman of
our acquaintance, and just as we bad gotten tbro*
the high-pressure part--" Eh! what's that?" e.
claimed our old hearer, " Pressure fom athnst
neoessary to unite the South! And have we no.
been feeling that pressure there many yeas! Say
to your friend, sir, for me. that he is inculeating -
dangerous doctrine, when he teaches tbC af'ty
is o conme from a continuation and an increase of
this pressure. -A homely illustration maysiPw'iy
meaning. Place our beautiful staple beneath-tiii
powerful cotton-presm-let the screw down upan it
one fourth the depth of the box. and ifthe pressea
be removed. its elaeticity will am It toepa*m
and rise aenii. perhaps to its original fullnes an
beauty. Let the screw be rdn dnafso'
the depth of the box, and, althoughl he'erple
will be much less rapid than before,i es th'o &ui
may again ri'e considerabl,. But lef the sCrew
continue to come down with its gradual pole
until the loest point of pressure has heen macbed
--the cords are fastened, and the elaticity f the
cotton, its capability of reaction is goevfoeer.
May it not be thus with us a ipeople? fW6
burst free at once from the powerful politiea e.
gine, that bears down upon us with steadilyna.
creasing force, the spirit of our country y ye
rise wishe the boancy. audl vigor of-theproaid'
eagle of-the m'untain.... ButHw walsi auta
engine, under*ge cod e udinaif
toba-gin ad again,se m=
our enemies in this Govermacta.
"PerAaei so. Toll himb at- any rateuoe
little more explicit themnor time." -
And thus ended our-colloquy. -
TtrE NE.SBIT laoN WouES.-We learnf~
:a gentletnn who has lats1yyWited~thjisab
lishament, now conducted -b~*1t"h"Si is
Iron Manuafne uring Compan'y,"thatthetAi~
nes.t is g' 'n: on meet energeticallyand proar.
perciu.4y unade~r thej able management of Mr.~
H:ammer-kold. Troni working is entrried on.
finda grend vrey of fo'rms, and the company
Gda rad demtnand for their munnufeaturea'
which give much satisfaetion whenevertE.
ted. The' Chairbatte and 8. C. IRsilroad com.
p any, for some timec, have been us.ing - for
layin'n their tr-.sk, iron ebnirs from thes
work s, with nenh sni 1f eton tand stucceas.
We. hiennrily co'ngr:.tulate the newV company
on, their very suc'esstful beginning, and hops
that some fnend will favor us with an accurate
and minute statement of their progress *nd~
A HIEno.-The young Cuban. Montes do
Ocn, found guilty for bribing a pil'ot to asasiat
Lopez, in his' attempted invasion of Cynhi<
nnd recently executed in Havana, Is repored
to have dis-d like a hero. A letter to. the.
S-vannnh Rej ubican, ays: *'Preioaus to.
his exeention, the Captain General, C'oncha,
eave him nine days to denounce all the'pa.
triots on the Istland. and promised his h'berty.
and a large sum of money-but. he nobly'
replied thait he would sooner die a thousandl
denths than denonee his friends; for, said
he. Ubn will be free, and after generations
will shed a tear to the memory of one who
fell in behalf of his aenntrv, nd our friendua
in t he Unuited States will noir know that Cube
h as thousanda who will perish by the Garoto
rathan live In bondage."
C~urrURE or SUGA.-A hundred year.
ngo the .Je.'uita brorught a few bundles of
catne fronm His'p.:nioln and plented them i
what is now the second tmunicipnlity of New
Orleans. Tn 1759 the first s'ugar mill wasn
erected. In 1840 the number of al've='em
plotyed in the sutgar culture was 148,890ann
the product was 119.947 hogshaends of I000
pocundats ach, and 600A000 gallors of moIs
sea'. In 1850 and 1861 the erOp will e'xece
200.000 hog.seade, worth tensilker's of -
dellire. The enpital now empaloyed ist see
ty millions of dol fars.
Ax Oaxoss 'ussr.-On Tuesday inst
some of the new frienda of Gen. Foote. in
view of the ardunua dutie involved in a can
vass 11e thraee oflces, purehased and presen
ted to him, with some fouri-h. a Sne horse
and baggy. The next evening. whilst taking
ran airing,.the horse proved retrnetory, bust.
11ortunatetv on the first anifestation of "re.
sistance" 'on the part of' the qu-:dreped. the
Senatoe qmickly illustrated the prnetical doN
seieof' peaceale secession," thereby maring
his bones, but we are sorry to add, auser~leing
SWrnIrLER AIIn Baesa-Thereg have
lately arrived ins New-York .nearly a .e,
tie Italian bestrars, armed and Aquipgeil
wih documenta made out with ekigupo
ilrg to prove them " politicat xiles,
wrecked passengera." or persons wlau se
been robbed, &e. Thloeepersona, athero->i
good reansan to believe, are profesonZ e,
ahoebusiness at home iseralz
Abu hirh goneto fieeci'this
and charitable people of Philadelphla. Iti
supposed there are twelvo hundred~ofthes
nne inUha I 8ah euRest