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ED G E.F IEL k- l D %ER TISER
2 Democratic l/ourual, Uebotet to sotttfjeru 3 fgjto, Nt, olte GeneuaI )uIgence, Elttrature, jjooritt, E peante, %gtfeuIture, e.
"We will cling to tho Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Rbins.
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD S. C., JULY 3,1851. *' - *
From the Daily Winnsboro Register.
A FOURTH OF JULY HYMN FOR SOUTH
AIa-Scots whsa hac wi' Wallace b!cd.
God of nations, Father, Friend,
Unto The our prayers we send,
On thy will our hopes depend
And onr country's fate:
By The all-protecting power,
In the dark and trying hour,
Save our much-loved State.
When the storm of passion rages,
Aid her counsels, guide her sages,
Let them seek in thy blest pages
Wisdom from Above ;
Wisdom that may shed before them
Light amid the darkness o'er them.
Aid them God of love !
When, impelled by burning wrong,
We shall bust the fetters strong
That have thus enslaved us long,
Help us to be free.
Be thou Carolinas arm,
Let not foes vindictive harm,
Grant her Liberty.
But, while for the right contending,
Lives and homes and fame defending,
Tho' t' opression never bending,
If we perish all
Let us' mid the scene appalling,
Carolina's watchword calling.
Write on Hist'ry's page in failing
"DEATH oR LIVERY."
TH3'- EROZNE O WHEELING.
TlroroH we may sing of and tell about the
hardy anc true men who fought so bravely
and suffered so greatly to establish the prin
ciples of that government under which we
now exist, we must not forget those heroic
women who, as mothers and wives, sent
forth with eager hearts and cheering words
their sons and husband to the bitter fields of
strife, or as sisters aided to clothe and equip
their brothers. Their aching hearts were
silent, their burning tears were brushed away
as. with smiles they embraced them at part
ing, -and with high words of trustful faith,
likethe women of Sparta, ba them turn no
c urage woman;
and were our own history more perfectly
known, instances of female courage would
be found to parallel the most wonderful of
ancient chronicles. We have now to record
an act performed by a young woman during
our revolutionary struggle, which, for nerve
and desperateness, is scarcely to be matched
In the year 1778, Wheeling, Virginia, was
besieged by a large force of British and In
dians. At this time the fort, with an insuffi
cient force, was under the command of Col.
Silas Zane, a brave and meritorious oflicer.
Distant from this about eighty yards, and
outside the wall, was situated a block-house,
in which was Colonel Ebenezer Zane, a
brother of Silas, and the senior officer, with
a few men. There were several women in
the fort, among them at the time was Eliza
beth Zane, a sister of the Colonel. She was
a young woman of extraordinary beauty,
having a tall and finely formed figure, with a
head like Juno; a black eye, mild and firm
in its expression; a voice soft and musical as
a lute; and with an expression of counten
ance as bland as Italian skies, though be.
neath it might slumber passions as warm as
the fires of Vesuvius. It may be suppiosed
that nmany a soldier's eye followed her wist
fully, a in days of quiet she roamed about
the fort, or strolled f* a walk in company
with Otto of her brothers. Many a proposal
had becn made in vain. Officers of high rank
had sued for her, and many a gallant enter
prise was undertaken in her name, but all to
no effect, so far as winning her afetions
went. 'She was not one of those light-wit
ted women to be caught by fine show and
fine professions. As far as the heart went,
she placed no difference between high-nod
dinig plumes and the last man in the ranks
the last man, not the least. She was above
that age when young women are the most
apt to be caught by fine eomphiments or
dashing appearance ; but, plain and direct in
her manner, it was her sttudy to give no en
couragemenut to the attentions of her nuircr
Otis suitors. Yet from this description the
reader must not infer that she was not sus
ceptible to the softer passion of love. Far
from it, for her troth was at that time plight
ed ;'nor could-the most ambitious thought
in the world have tempted her to swerve
from the sanctity of vows made to the lover
of her ohoice-made, as all lover's oaths are,
in the quiet evening hour, and witnessed by
the moon, that lovers' planet, and "all the
starry hosts of heaven."
Among the soldiers in the fort at this time,
none was a greater favorite wvith oficers and
men than Ashly Harper. Bole, adventa.rous,
and generous almost to a fault, nto hazardous
expedition was projected in which he was not
always ready to volunteer; and many a des
perate adventuire, and many a forlorn hope
had seen him face the savage foe with odds
agatinst him; and while powder flashed and
bayonets gleamed, he was sure to be found
in the hottet of the fray. On two occasions,
had he saved the life of his superior officer,
when the uplifted tomahawk glittered with
the fearful expectation of its victim's blood.
He had enlisted in the service a year previous,
as a private; and although promotion to the
rank of a non-commissioned olicer had been
offered him on account of his good qualities
as a soldier and intelligence as a man, he had
refused its acceptance; declaring that, as his
only desire was to serve his country, he was
willing to serve through the war as a private,
leaving all conditions above that to soldiers
more competent and more ambitious. le
was the son of a respectable farmer, whose
industry had enabled him to raise up and re
spectably educate a large family-a man of
severe discipline, whose watchful eye detected
youthful faults in time to prevent their ma
turing to crimes. He had been intimate with
the family of the Zanes, and, when Ashley
expressed a desire to enlist, the old man easi
ly prevailed upon Col. Silas to enrol him
among his own men.
Now we will not pretend to say that there
had been any particular understanding be
tween Miss Elizabeth and the young gentle
man above spoken of previous to his becom
ing a soldier, though such a thing might pos
sibly have been in a mute way. Verbal de
clarations certainly had not been made: for
an owl told how, one moonlight evening,
while he was sitting in the shady branches
of a chesnut that stood but a few yards from
"Considering, as well he might,
Ways and means for a supper that night."
he looked about with a solemn seowl,and be
held coming from the shadow of the fort a
lover and his mistress-he knew it was a
lover and his mistress, they spoke so tender
ly to one another.
They came out from the fort stealthily,
and stole softly over the green sward to the
foot of the chesnut, and sitting down upon
one of the knarled roots, said kind things, ut
tered sacred vows, and breathed fervent sighs
one to the other. They sat there an hour
a good hour by the march of Saturn-talking
and sighing all the while,.when, calling upon
alt the stgto. ritness their oaths, and seal
renc hat'the Beigesof Wheeling was com
menced by the British and Indians; and al
though the place was defended with zeal and
an unlited amount of courage, the hopes of
the beseiged grew somewhat dim as they
looked forth upon the masses that surround
ed them. A scarcity of provisions was not
what alarmed them, for of those at present
they had a sufficient supply; but alarm be
came almost consternation when was an
nounced, on the second day of the seige, that
their powder was short. Several despera'e
assaults had been made by the enemy to
break into the fort, but Colonel Zane and
his men repulsed and drove them back as
vigorously as they assaulted. The Indians
on two or three occasions attempted the des
truction of the fort and block-house by firs;
but in each ii s'ance they were shot down ere
t'ic faggot and the burning brand could be
applied. But ultimately those in the fort
began to fail in their hopes of a successful
defence, when the word was passed around
that they were in the possession of a fewv
charges of powder only. There was an abund
ant supply in -the block-house, which they
had been prevented from removing by th'e
suddenness of the assault; but how was it
to be gotten now ? Surrounded by the most
inveterate of foes, wvhat possible method
could be adopted to procure them a supply
of ammunition? Their condition must be
known to the enemy the moment their fires
slackened, and then they could easily be de
stroyed without the least show of defence.
The second day of the seige had well nigh
worn away-it was in the middle of the af
ternoon. The last shot had been fired-the
last gr. in of powder was exhausted. Now,
what was to be done ? Make terms of capi
tulation, or despairing, submit to fate ? They
in the block house still held out bravely, and
a little concert of action might save them,
for the enemy already began to show symp
toms of wavering. At this crises Colonel
Zane called his men around him, and after
describing to them the situation in which
they were placed, he desired to know if there
was any one among them desperate enough
to attempt a passage through the enemy to
the block-house. He added that it was in
deed a forlorn hope, but at the worst could
not remain in their present condition. No
answer followved the appeal. The men gazed
at their commander and into the eyes of each
other with the most complete despair, and
with faces blank with any ray of hope. Eliza
both stood by the side of her brother, silent;
but that silen~ce was more eloquent than the
words of the Colonel. Perhaps, though, a
slight pang might have fluttered her pulse to
hear no one speak. Was there not one brave
enough to peril life for the salvation of the
whole ? Ammunition was5 all that was want
ed. One keg of powder, and they were free ?
At th~is moment avoung man stepped modest
y forward and said:
"Colonel, I will attempt the passage. If I
His eye caught the expression of Eliza
beth's features, as they glowed upon bin
with unutterable fondness and pride, and fell
to the ground. Colonel Zane stepped for.
ward, and taking the young soldier's hand,
"You are the man I expected would volun.
teer for this enterprise. Go, and God pro.
teet you! If they see you from the block
house, they will try to cover you with their
fire. Self-possession is your only hope. Now
away, while the enemy are partially with.
But here Elizabeth stepped forward, an',
addressing her brother said
"Silas, let me undertake this enterprise."
"You!" replied her brother, viewing her
with astonishment. "Impossible ! Do you
know the danger of the attempt!"
"Perfectly," she answered. "You have no
men to spare. Every one is needed in de.
fence of the fort; and this is the only service
I can render."
"But a man would be more fleet, Eliza
beth, and more certain of success," said her
"Still you have no man to spare; and a
woman would not run the same danger in
passing through the enemy. Besides, if I
fall, I shall not be so much missed, nor your
The Colonel was affected to tears, and,
embracing his sister, exclaimed- -
"Then go ! God's will be done, and may
He protect you !"
A dozen men now sprang forward, prompt
ed by the devotion of this heroic woman;
and Ashley Harper, more urgent than the
rest, insisted that it was his right, as he wrs
the first to propose. But Elizabeth would
hear no objections for the enterprise. Par
tially devesting herself of her clothing, in
order, that her speed might be less impeded,
she was let out at the gate of the fort, fol.
lowed by the prayers and blessings of all
within; while, from one of the embrasures,
the anxious eyes of Ashley Harper followed
her, as she fled like a young roe through the
lines of the enemy. Now she falls! Twen
ty muskets are raised bythe savg top
MhMM b ouse in
safety, aid is admitted !
A period of awful suspense awaited them
in the fort. The men were anxious for re
lief, the Colonel was regretting tiat he per
mitted his sister to go, and Ashley Harper
was breathing prayers for her safety.
In the block-house the excitement equally
as great, and astonishment was expressed'by
every one at the intrepidity of the maiden.
Her brother there endeavored to persuade her
to stay with him, offering to send one of his
own men to the fort with the powder. But she
overruled his arguments with the same logic
she had used with her brother Silas, and at last
was permitted to return. A keg of powder was
poured into a table-cloth and she again sal
lied forth to run that dreadful gauntlet.
In the fort, every heart was seating with
the utmost anxiety, and as the dusky foe was
seen gathering around scarcely a vestige of
hope was left for the safety of the heroic
maiden. Still watched her lover from the
embrasure. and still prayed her brother si.
lently. Forward she sped on her return with
her precious burthen, as though hecr feet were
winged, while the enemy, at length suspicious
of her errand, were pouring showers of lead
ater her. Yet onward she came unarmed
apparently unalarmed-preserved by an Om
nipotent power, and at length reaehed the
gate of the fort, whlich wvas thrown open with
eagerness to admit her. As it closed in safe
ty upon the little band within, it was assault
with a hundred bullets, while the savages
around made the air peal with their demoniac
yells of disappointment and rage.-The
brother welcomed her with tears. All press
edl around her to thank her for her bravery,
all but Ashley Harper: his heart was too fall
for expression. The result of this adven
ture was the successful defence of the fort
against the besigers. But ero the wvar of the
revolution was ended, Ashley Harper slept
wth the dead heroes of our country, having
fallen at the battle of Saunder's Creek, in
August 16, 1780.
A GOOD Trnex.-" My son," saidl a
father, " take that jug and ;fetelh me sonme
beer." "Give mec the money,'then, fat
ther." "My son, to get beer with
money, any body can do that, but to
get beer without money, that's a
a trick.'' So the boy takes the jug, and
out he goes. Shortly he returns, and
places the jug l~ef ne his father. " Drink,'
s td the son. "I-How can I drink," says
the father, " when there is no beer in the
jug 1" " To drink beer out of a jng," says
the boy, " where then is beer, anybody
can do that; but to drink beer out of a
jug where there is no beer, that's a triek !"
TiHE u ~r O MAKE AY I3PRFssIoN.
-"Sammy, miy boy, what are you crying
"Bill hove the Bible at me, and hdt
me on the head."
"Well, you are the only person in my
fanily on whom the Bible ever made the
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
Mr. Editor I herewith inclose a paper
on the" R n RAPPINGs." It is taken
from the New York Obserrer, of June the
19th 1851. TI* respectability and character
of that journal is primi facia evidence of
the authenticty d credibility 'of the state
nent-either:.cfl be easily tested by addrer.
sing the lady or tenterei named. I only
hold myself res rsible for the accuracy of
the copy. R. G.
The flahester Rappings.
As there are some who still try to keep up
the idea that.thee spirit-rappings have not
been exploded, .'e copy the deposition of
Mrs. Noman Culver, taken at Arcadia, N. Y.,
April 17th, 18514
I am by mar a connection of the Fox
girls; their br er married my husband's
sister. The gir have been a great deal at
my house, and about two years I was a
very sincere b' ver ir the rappings; but
some things whia I saw when I was visiting
the girls at Roc ter, made me suspect that
they were dee& ng-I resolved to satisfy
myself in some- .y; and some time after
ward I made a oposition to Catharine to
assist her in pro cing the manifestations.
I had a cous ' siting me from Michigan,
who was going- consult the spirits, and I
told Catiarine tli if they intended to visit
Detroit, it would- e a great thing for them to
convince him. I so told her, that if I could
do any thing to h Ip her, I would do it cheer
fully-that I sh ld probably be able to an
swer all question he would ask, and I would
do it if she wo show me how to make the
raps. She said atas Margaretta was ab
sent, she wanted mehody to help her, and
that if I would jme a medium, she would
explainit all to
She said that en. :my couin consulted
the spirits, I m it next to her, and touch
her arm when t 'ht letter was called. I
did so, and was to answer nearly all the
questions cor After 11md-helped her
in this way a fe es, she revealed to me
the secret. Th s are produced with the
toes. All the t re used. After nearly a
week's practice, t Catherine showing me
how, I could p : them perfectly myself.
At first it was. lard work to do it.
Catharine told warm my feet, or put
them in warm. an ,itewould then be
easier work to that she some
times had to three or. four
times in the
a redan Tap nii cession.- I
cai rap with all the fois on both feet: it is
most difficult to rap with the great toe.
Catharine told me how to manage to an
swer the question; she.said it was genera-lly
easy enough to answer right if the one who
asked the questions callecthe alphabet; she
said the reason why they asked people to
write down several names on paper, and then
to point to them till the spirit rapped at the
right one, was to give them a chance to
watch the countenance and motions of the
person, and that in that way they could near
ly always guess right. She also explained
how theyheld down and moved tables (Mrs.
Culver gave us some illustrations of the
1t icks.) She told me that all I should have
to do to make the raps heard on the table,
would be to put my foot against the bottom
of the table when I rapped, and that when I
wished to make the raps sound distant on
the wall, I must make them louder, and direct
my own eyes earnestly to the spot where I
wished them to be heard. She said if I
could put my foot against the bottom of the
door, the raps would be heard on the top of
the door. Catharine told inc that when the
Committee held their ankles in Rochester,
the Dutch servant girl rapped with her knuck
les, under the floor from the cellar. The
girl was instructed to rap whenever she heard
their voices calling the spirits. Catharine
also showved ine how they made the sounds
of sawing and plaining boards. (The wvhole
trick was explained to us.) When I was at
Rochester last JTanuary, Margaretta told me
that when people insisted on seeing her feet
arid toes, she could produce a few raps with
her feet and ankle.
Elizabeth Fish (Mrs. Fish's daughter,) who
now lives with her father, wvas the first one
who produced these raps. She accidentally
discovered the way to make themn by playing
with her toes against the footboard, while in
bed. Catherine told me that the reason why
Elizabeth went away West to live with her
father, wvas becauuse she was too conscientious
to become a medium. The whole secret was
revealed to me wihh the understanding that I
should practice as a medium when the girls
were away. Catherine said that whenever I
practiced'I had better have my little girl at
the table with me, and make folks believe that
she was the medium, for she said they would
not suspect so young a child of any trick.
After I had obtained the whole secret, I
plainly told Catharine that my only object
was to find ont how these tricks were done,
and that I should niever go any further in this
imposition. She was mueh freightened, and
said that she believed that I meant to tell of
it, and expose them; and if I did, she would
swear it wias a lie. She wvas so nervous and
excited that I had to sleep with her that night.
When she wvas instructing me how to be a
medium, she told me how frightened they
used to get in New York for fear somebody
would detect them, and gave me the whole
history of all thme tricks they played upon the
people then. She sa'id that once Margaretta
spoke aloud,, and the whole party believed
it was a upirit.
flins. NORMAN CULVER.
WE hereby certify that Mrs. Culver is one
of the most reputable and intelligent ladies
in the town of Arcadia. We were present
when she made the disclosures contained in
the above paper, we had heard the same from
her before, and we cheerfully bear testimony
that there cannot be the slighiest doubt of the
truth of the whole statement.
C. G. POMEROY, M. D.
REV. D. S. CHASE.
Wayn is a horse the most mis 'rable of
all animals. Because bis thoughts aro
alam on ihn "InAeK."
From the Mercury.
The Hamburg Meeting.
MESSRS. EDITORS :-It was to have been
hoped that the late meeting held in our town
so diametrically opposed to the interests and
sentiment of the State in its object, and so
insigi ificant in its nature, would have met
with its merited contempt. But in confirma
tion of the old adage "drowning men will
catch at straws," certain journals in our State
have seized upon this meeting as an evidence
of the increasing strength of what some have
been pleased to term a party opposed to the
separate secession of South Carolina from
the Federal Compact. Fearing that such
may have the effect of creating false impres
sions as to the political sentiments of the
people of Hamburg in this crisis of our ex
istence as a people, when every heart through
out the length and breadth of our State
should vibrate in unison, when but one senti
ment should pervade our entire ranks, when
but one object should actuate our every
movement-the speediest and most effectual
mode of extricating ourselves from a politi
cal thraldom in which we have been gradual
ly entangled, I beg leave through the medi
um of your valuable journal, to make a few
statements relative to this meeting, and the
part taken in it by those who properly con
stite the citizens of Hamburg. I of course
exclude from that list those wandering hordes
from other parts in search of gain, who un
fortunately infest our little town to a conside
rable extent, the entirety of whose patriotism
may be summed up in their grasp after the
all mighty dollar. I have been credibly in
formed, it not being congenial with my feel
ings to attend any meeting whose object it
is to create division among our ranks, that
after extensive preparations on the part of
those who prefer the milder appellation of
" wait a bit," to the more significant, yet not
less appropriate cognomen submissionists.
the appointed time arrived; when lo ! out of
the "four hundred respectable citizens of
Edgefield District," which number it was al
lodged had called the meeting, scarce two
hundred were found present to raise their
feeble voice in opposition to the declared in
tention of the sovereign State of South Caro
lina. 'Of this number, not more than seven
ty-five were from Hamburg, -the remainder
were principally from Aiken, Granitecille
and Augusta, Ga., many of whom were led
to attend more through curiosity than a de.
sire to participate in the proceedings .f the
meeting, it aving been previously announced
that Messrs. utler, Hammond rBut were'
espee'to address:the es 's
porting to be the sentiments of the people of
Hamburg. Never was a mistake more egre
gious, never an injustice mere flagrd'nt. We
are, as we ever were, fqr South Carolina,
right or wrong. There is still to be found
patriotism enough ii our li:tle town to ,epu
diate any such doctrines as those put forth
by what has been designated the " Hamburg
meeting," which, had it been held without
corporate limits might with equal propriety
been called the "Augusta meeting," from the
number of Georgians who attended. We love
the Union as it once was; but detest it as it
now is. We admire and adopt as ours the
following sentiment of one of Carolina's de
parted heroes: " When I hear a Northern
man cry out 'glorious Union" says MeDuffie,
"methinks I hear the bugle blast of the rob
ber band; but when I hoar a Southern man
cry out 'glorious Union,' methinks I snuff
treason from the tainted gale." There are 1
possibly to be found in our midst a few wan
derers from their legitimate sphere, who, not- 1
withstanding the wrongs that have been
heaped upon us are still carried away by
their veneration for the Union; but these,
like the men of old, no doubt, will be seen 1
when the first Federal gun shall be fired, on ]
their pilgrimage back to the Mecca of their
fathers. But nil mong us, with a few ex
eptions, who claim to be the first settlers of
ur town, all who are identified with it by a
ommon interest and feeling, all who are
nited to it by the kindred ties of birth, and,
n a word, all who love freedom and detesti
sbmission, are for separate State action
hat action to consist in the secession of
South Carolina from a Union once the pride
f America, now the curse of the South.- I
We have been forced to adopt these senti
ments as ours, beeause we aire sensible of the
itter, burning wrongs that have been henaped 1
pon us by a reckless majority in Congress.
" We've had wvrongs,
To stir a fever in the blood of age,
Or make the infants sinew strong as steel." I
It is our honest conviction that- secession
s the only possible means by which we can
btain redress for present injuries and securi
y against future aggressions; that the time
has arrived when South Carolina must either
protect her rights, and sustain her honor, by 1
he lawful remedy, secession, or sink into a
state of infamy and ruin, from whlich nothing
save the hand of resurrection can ever re
eem her. The experince of thzepast teach- 1
s us that under existing circumstances we
eed not expect co-operation on the part of
the South ; they have listened so long to the:
siren sons of peace and prosperity as to lhe
ome indifferent to their most vitaI interests.
n the opinion of many, nothing but the
rompt and decided action of our own State
can ever arouse them to a sense of the dutty1
which they owe to thenmselves and to posteri-1
ty. Let us, therefore, act, and act promptly ;
in the language of the lamented Butler, " al
ays remembering that we are Carolinians."
Let us set the example by leading off glori
usly in the van, and then, and not till then,
an we hope for eo operation on the part of'
the South. This course of policy, if adopted1
by the State, will ever be sustained, let what
ome that may, by the citizensof
AxOTHERt SUBTERFUGE.-The Fugitive
Slave case in Chicago has been deck'e 1. The*
discharge of the negro has been ordered by
the Co~mmissioner. The proof of hi. identi
ty was full and complete, but it seems the
proof was at variance with the r cord. The
Yankees are great adepts in overcoming the
law. They have "wvl igped the devil round
the sump" in this case completely. Oh, what.=
n blessing is the Fugitive Slave law ! Even
a shnado. di:Terence in the color of th- skin is*
made a pretext when it can possibly be traced
between the proof and the record to rob the
Southerner of his interest. and yet Southern
men point to the Fugitive Slave Law, saying,
'behold the recompense-the South should be
Southern Wrongs and the Remedy.
The Southern people, generally and the
people of Mississippi in particular, complain
of the action of Congress, last year, because
it excludes them from a vast empire acquired
mainly by the bravery of Southern soldiers,
and by money collected from the Southern
States. Those acs also manifest an aggres
sive disposition on the part of the general
government, which justly alarms them for the
Under these difficult and embarrassing cir
cumstances, the question arises what shall
we do. It seems to us that answer can easily
Let there be a demand for amending the
territorial bills, by repealing the Mexican
laws on the subject of slavery. This would
leave Utah and New Mexico so that the emi
grant from a slave State could take his pro
perty there as well as one of the free States.
We should also demand a division of the
State of Ca'i'ornia, on the line of 36. 33,
either by purchase or cession, or by asking
the voluntary consent of the people of Cali
fornia, and repeal of every law, that would
prevent the existence of slavery, South of
that line. This consent would be given
readily as many persons in that State are an
xious for such a division, because the State
is too large. We should further demand the
immediate repeal of the law abolishing the
slave trade in the district of Columbia. If the
South permits that law to stand, it will soon
lead to the abolition of slavery in the District
uid of the slave trade between the States.
A Union of the South would obtain all
hese demands. They would to some extent
ndemnify us for the past, and give security
ror the future and perpetuate the Union.
We respectfully suggest these things to
he friends of the South, in this and the other
Southern States. If the -June convention of
he Democratic State Rights party would
adopt our suggestions as the basis of a plat
form, we can carry the State by a majority
>f twenty thousand. If this State lays down
iirch-u.platform, other Southern States would
to the same. This-would lead to a Union of
.he South, which- is important and essential
o success. -
We shall close this article by asking the
ttention and serious .considerationot t e
iberties of the piople.-lJa itan
MIssiss-rr.-The Southern rights nomi
atingconvention of this Stateiias nominated
.en. John A.. Quitman for Governor. It
iassed a series of resolutions, Southern in
one, denouncing the compromise, affirming
he right of secession, and expressing confi
fenein the State Convention already called
,o indicate the mode and measure of redress
or past wrongs.
The meeting was a very large one, num
)ering 253 delegates; larger by 70 odd dole.
ates than the Union convention recently
net for the same purpose. Gen. Quitman
md Hon. Win. McWillic addressed the con
ention, and were greeted with enthuiastic
TirE UroN ! THE UxroN !! TiE Uiox !!!
-Win. H. Seward of New York is a masked
attery man. lie says:
"The union of these States is indispensa
le, in my judgment, to the accomplishment
f any good even in regard to the institution
>f slavery, and the agency of the Whig party
Lmd Whig administration is the only agency
)y which it can be elfeeted. I am therefore,
think, quite unlikely to put either into jeo
Death of the Inebriato,
IT IS A sAD DEATH. There is no comfort
m that dying pillow. No sweet repose. No
-oice of friendship bidding adieu. No light
ng uip of joy in the depatrted spirit.
IT IS A FREQUENT DEATH. Two every hour
~o through the gates in our owvn land.
IT Is AN EAF.LY DEATH. Few drunkards
ive out their days.
IT Is AK U'NLAMENTED DEATH. "I am glad
to is gone," is the common saying, as the
>ll announces the solemn event. Even his
hmily look for comfort, he is no more.
Let it be soberly contemplated I
1. By the moderate drinker. It may be
2. By the vendor. He has filled the bot
he, and done the deedl.
3. By the magistrate. He signed the Ii
4. By the heedless parent. It may yet be
he death of his own son,
5. If not too late, by the drunkard him
elf. And let him escape as for his lire.
Ihnhit hturries him onwaid. Appetite Jhur
ics him onward. Sickness hurries him on
vard. But oh, his end !
Yes, his awful end. 0, reader, how can
rou remain Idle and see 'your brother man
pproaching that .awful end every dlay. By
md by, these things wvill stare you .in the
hec. If you have done your duty, and
varned your fellow man of his danger, it
nay be well with you ; otherwise, depend
ipon it, you stand on slippery ground, and
nay have to share the same fate that awaits
h'drunkard. 0, professing Christians ! how
~an you remain idle for ono moment, and
~eo your fellow man dropping into a drunk
rds hell, without raising your voice to warn
im of the awvful danger and the final fate of
lie drunkard. 0, that wve could be the hum
te instruments in the hands of our heavenly
athter of waking up the sleeping sentinels
o a sense of duty ! Let us ask you in all
ander, if you believe what the Bible says in
~egard to thie final end of a drunkard ? you
nay you believe every word ; then, in the
ame of heaven how can you fold your arms
md remain unconerned ?
WHEN a man has his mind once enlighten
di and purified; when his moral and intel
eetual facubmie~s have fairly gained dom-nion
>ver the animal and sinful propensities of his
aature. ho finds in the precepts of the Gospel,
..ecisTy what his own reason would dictate.
Decision Under the Now Pontage Aet.
POST OnFFcE DEPARTMIENT, e
The postage on all bound books and on
all other printed matter, except newspapers
and periodicals published at intervals not ex
ceeding three months, and sent from the of
fice of publication to actual and bonafid'e sub
scribers, must be prepaid.
If the amount paid and marked' on suefr
printed matter is not sufficient to. pay the
whole postage due, the excess of weight be
yond that paid for is to be charged with
double the rate which would' have been:
charged if prepaid; and the- postage on such.
excess collected at the office of delivery.
If by the neglect of a postmaster such mat
ter is sent without any prepayment, the
double prepared rate must be collected on
Postage must be charged on all letter,.
newspapers and other matter, according to
the distance on the route by which:they are
forwarded; and this (unless otherwise-direct
ed by the sender) must be the iroute by whiclb
they will soonest reach their destination, al.
though that may not be the shortest route...
On letters to and from GreatBritiin (find
the continent of Europe when sent oilirongth
England) the rates of postage-and modes of
rating will be the sat as heretofore,.exeept
as to letters to or from California and Ore
gon, in respect to which special instructions
will be hereafter given.
On all letters to or from the continent f
Europe, not sent through England, the Un . ' 4
ted inland and sea postage will in all cases
be combined, and will be twenty cents the
single rate, without regart to the distance
the same are carried within the United'taths
The mode of rating will be the same iishere
tofore. (Full tabular. statements in reard
to the rates of poste, both foreign and in
land, will soon be published)
Subscribers to periodicals, to obtain the .
benefit of the provision in regard to prepay.
ment, must pay the full' quarter's postage
before the delivery of the first numrnwhuiren
there are several numbers to- be delivered'
during the quarter. If, by reason of any in
crease in the size of the periodical, or other
wise, it shall appear that the whole quarte s -
postage was not: so paid in adviancet4i 41-.
scriber will aspe'the benefit of -
and the nunmer-'reoeved .during
quarter will beeharged with t ouhlevor
unpaid rate, and the subscriber wlbe credi
ted only the amount pidsii edance.<
Under thep r On of the
.ofi be-: . lig o
y~ 3m the eon
ties were published. The o e .ofpublica
tion is the office. where the newspaper is
In determinin newspaper postages, the
distances are to $e computed from the office
of publication, and not from the couinty line4
of the county in which the paper is publish
c, and the distance is also to be computed
over the route on which it is carried.
Newspapers published weekly only in a
county adjoining tjie Canada line may be sent
f ec to Canada, provided ihey do not leave tl e
county cf publication until they cross the
line into Canada.
Newspaper publishers may send and re
ceive their exchange newspapers to and from,
Canada free of charge.
A newspaper is not a periodical within the
meaning and intent of the provision which
requires the postage on periodicals to b.e paid;
in advance, and declares that the postage
thereon shall be one-half of the rates previ
ous~ly specified in the second section of the
act. All subscribers to newspapers we and
still are required by the provisions ofthe ir
tieth section of the uet of MarjL825, to pay
one quarteI's postage in-'adwiee; but by soi
doing they arc not entitled 'to have the pos
tage reduced below the established rates.
Pavments in advance on newspapers and.
periodicals can only be made by the subseri
bers at the poet office where they are to be
The postage on newspapers, periodicalis.
and other matter not chargeable letter-poe
tage, when sent out of the UTnited States, lie
prepaid at the full rate. Publishers nmay pre
pay postage on their issues, but can have'no
deduction of postage on account of such pre
"When a periodical only quarterly, thes'.
tual bona tide subscriber for such periodisaaD
may pay in advance, and have the benefit of'
the advanco paymnent, provided lie pays -to
the postmaster at the office where ho is 'to
receive the periodical before its deliv'ery. If
a periodical is published less frequentl than.
quearterly, the postage must be prepaid and
at the full rate.
Letters mailed before the first day of July,
though deliver-ed after, will, in all. cases, be
charged with postagze at the rates in Anseoas
the time of the mnailing- thereof'
N. K. HALL, P..M. Gen.
THE PATaROT AND TE: SPAR~ar.-'The
Patriot refuses to exchange with the Spar
tan," is the title of a spicy editorial in the lat
ter paper. The Spartan, of the 5th Instant,
wvas, it seems, returned, and- on it was writ
ten, "Excbange discontinued, Southern Pa.
trio!." Non-intereouse, then, exists between
the papers, and the Spartan is placed under
emnbargo. The mountain editor will hearaf
ter be relieved of the necessity of replying to
the arguments of the Spartan, and the Spar
tan will lose the chatnce, it has heretofore en
joyed, of exposing the anti-South Carolina
fallacies of the Union editor. WVeave sorry
that Mr. Perry should be disposed thus wil
fully to shut out the light; or, if lhe thinks
his own paper is full of light, that he should
not be willing to let the rays oft it fall upon
the optics of his Spartan brother.-Is he
afraid of the truth ? Is the Spartan brother
too strong for him ? Let hrim bear in mind
the old motto, "Mana est reritas et prexaic
biL." "Stop your paper,." will not stop the
truth of the paper from spreading with more
than rail-road speed.-Go ahead, Doctor?
A god book shouldbe so readand studid,.
that the leading and prominctnt ideas may be
incorporated into into or made part of the
rzeaders, intellectual self. as physical food by
the process otf digeistion becomnes part of the
1o10 into which it is received.