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IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY
W, F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor,
TERIES.--Two DOLLARS per yeutr, if paid
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ADVERTISEMENTS will be conspicuously inserted
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When only published Monthly or Quarterly, One
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tisements mast be paid for in advance.
For anr.G-cing a Candidate, Three Dollars,
For Ad vertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars,
to be paid by the Magistrate advertising.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, JULY 3, 1851.
The citizens of the District are invited to
attend a PUBLIC MEETING at the Court
House, on the first Monday in July, for the
purpose of interchanging opinions upon the
political questions which now so deeply agi
tate the State.
Several speeches may be expected from
prominent and experienced gentlemen.
To the Citizens of Edgefield District
who are Opposed to Separate State
action by South Carolina:
You are particularly thiuested to attend at
Edgefield Court House on the first Monday
in July, at which time you may expect several
speeches in opposition to separate State ac
gggEatIE-r SEIILES, Esq., of this District has
been appointed by Governor MEANS, a Notary
Public in and for this District.
IN a notice of the crops last week, we observed
that cotton was very promising. We have since
learned enough to warrant us in saying that the
appearances of a fine crop are really extraordinary.
In this immediate neighborhood, Col. F. W. PicK
ENS and AvoaRY BLAND, Esq., two of the largest
planters in this section, have such crops as they
never had before. The plant is at the same time
large and.well-bolled. We hear similar accounts
from all quarters. "What a pity," we said as we
gazed upon one of these beautiful fields. " What
a pity-it is for us that we concluded last March to
plantalmost all corn !"
Perhaps we were wrong in speaking thus. The
"mrfranentarse" is an important element-of
success, with individuals as -we.la-S~tiesC
- OUR PIANK ROAD.
-WE have been'iniformed that six miles of this
work is.completed, and that the company are ma
king arrangements, to progress more rapidly for
.,tie future. -A mile for each month is expected to
be their speed hereafter. It is to be hoped that 10
miles at least of heavy pulling, each trip, will be
saved in the hauling off of thid Coming Crop.
We are not among those who doubt the success
of this road. Two trial trips have fully satisfied
us of. its excellence and utility. When completed,
it will answer the purposes of a Rail Road suffi
ciently well for all ordinary purposes. Is will
L doubtless prove a profitable investment. Acceller
ate the planks !
SOUThERN REPUBLiC AND SOUTHERN
WE'welcome these new-comters to a place in the
ranks of the Carolina Press. The former advo
eases co-operation, if is can be obtained-if not,
separate action. The latter also advocates co
operation-anid if we fail to obtain it, lhe is for
.we know not what. Both sheets are well
printed and well-edited. We wish them abtund
ant success. 11hb Republic is edited by C. A.
PrCE--the Standard, by B. C. PRtssi.v, assisted
by W. C. RiCIIARDS and T. C. SURINE.
Turis excellent Monthly ia again upon our table
with its usual attractions. We notice in it an in
teresting -though somewhat abstruse article upon
the " Jewish Cabbala."
We also observe the fllowing extract:
"SECRECY OF TIIE MYSTERIE.--Montfautcon
says, (Book ti. chap. xii,) that Augustus. out of
respect to the Eleueinuian mysteries, upon hearing
a cause between two priests of Ceres. in which some
secrets wecre necessary to be mentioned, dismissedl
a numerous attendance of the Senators of Rome
and all the autdience, that he might hear the mat
ter in private, and without discovering any secrets
relating to these mysteries to the common pe~ople."
Are we to understand that the Masons claim any
kindred with the-ancient Priests of Eleusis! Or
is this published in a Masonic work merely as an
asnalagous illustration of the respect which myste
ries generally inspire1?
. From another article we pluck the following
"As the mos? healthy and vigorous constitution
does not escape the pestilence, so the most virtu
ons and upright rit may, ore aware that it is
breathing the malaria, be coutamiinated by the at
mospherc of vice."
We perceive that Spartan Lodge, No. 70, of this
order is to lay the corner stone of Wofford College,
in Spartanburg District, on tomorrow', the 4th of
THE NOTICE OF MANY ANTI-SECESSIONISTS.
MANY took up the impression, as we first suppio
sed in our remarks of last week, that this notice
meant a call of particularly-described individuals
for the special purpose of a separate and distinct
meeting. We merely gave it as a supposition,
which, in the after part of our remarks, we ex
pressly abnegated, in favor of the view that a pub
li-c discussion and trial of strength was intended.
Since then, the only person we know to be con
nected with this business, has said to us emphati
cally that he was and is in favor of a separate
mteeling. How are me to understand tis? We
must draw our inferences from what we know
not from the assurances of unknown person!. We
should judge the play by what we see acted tipon
the boards-not by the wire-working behind the
scenes. If this be not the full measure of editorial
fairness, we do not understand it. When a deed is
not done openly and above-board, it is natual to
suspect that something is on foot, which calls for
watchful scrutiny. And to receive every item,
connectetd with such a deed, with caution, is our
But in spite of the facts of the ease-, we will en
deavor to exh;ii a little "magnanimity" of the
right stamp, and will accept the explanation made
by these "anti-secessionists" as far as the place
of meeting and the spirit intended to be displayed
in that meeting are concerned.
Now in return, gentlemen, exhiliit a like magna.
nimity by acknowledging that the attempt to show
that your contracted notice made the "PUBLIC No
TICE" one whit more pu5lic, is the merest shift.
Exhibit a like magnanimity by withdrawing the
term "Party Press," which you use only for effect,
and allowing us to be what we have all along en.
deavored to be, a fair and independent District
Press, engaged it the good cause of Carolina
and of the South.
Exhibit a like magnanimity by confesring that
your fling at our "reluctance to have anti-seces
sionists invited to this "Public Meeting" is pilpa
bly inconsistent with the character of that notice
as well as with the remarks in which we referred
to it,-by confessing also that our question, "Do
they design forthwith to place old Edgeficld in
leading strings 1" was penned in connexion with
the supposition that an e.rclusive meeting was in
tended. This supposition we threw aside, and
substituted of our own accord "the heroic desire
of a public passage at arms" as beinr the more
probable motive which prompted the call.
Exhibit the same noble feeling by admitting
tl-at you have totally minconceived the first call,
when you say that its object was to bring about
a Party gathering. Nothing of the sort can pos
sibly be deduced from that notice. It was intend
ed to elicit calm and dispassionate consultation.
It was expected from the first that Judge BUTLER
would attend and lie was spoken to on the subject
with as much formality as any other speaker. You
say that it is announced "that speakers on the
secession side may be expected." Read the no
tice again, and you will find that your memory
has served you very badly.
Moreover acknowledge magnanimously, that it is
a remarkably far-fetched idea, to say that your
notice, bearing upon it's very face the plain traces
of party lines, was a necessary appendage to the
other liberal notice, "to make the meeting what it
purported to be, one of harmonious consultation."
Finally, exercise that magnanimity, of which
you seem to have so keen a perception, by frankly
admitting that your allusion to "Edgefield Vil
lage" is an ungenerous appeal to narrow prejudi
ces. Whether you admit it or not, we are sure
that nine tenths of the sensible people of the District
will contemn this shallow effort to curry their
favor by low appeals, at a time when high princi
ple alone should sway the minds of all. Are the
secessionists confined to Edgefield Court House ?
Do a majority of the members of the Legislature
reside at the village, or sympathize with it? Do
one fifth of the Southern Rights Association reside
within it's corporate limits?
As far as the Edgefield Advertiser and its influ
ence are attacked by your illiberal thrtst, we ask.
doyou not know that the humble individual, who
now conducts it, has been altogether indentified
with the country since his earliest manhood?
Have you any information to rebut our assertion
that the greater part of our correspondents were
born and brought up in the country, and have
their dearest associations linked with remote
corners of the District? Even where this is not
the case, are they not entitled, equally with other
citizens of the District, to their proper and legiti
mate influence ! Are they to be suspectedpmfiding
actuated by impure or unpatriotinnotives, merely
because of their loealit? Is not an accusation
that conveys this charge, a gross slander!?
- - Truthful answers to these questions will suggest
a course of~prudence and rpoderation-to our corres
pondent, if it dges'rit restoihito hIacius
tomed equinim" isnd d.tin~pe'r.f'Let thiem be
answered, and' en let e poisoned'shaft rebound
against it's impotent projector.- -
Let one other question be answered. Who re
ceives and circulates numbers of the "5outhern
Patriot," a paper which fondles Cosa of Georgia,
and hugs SAt HoUsToN of Texas, and worships
DAtNIEL WEBSTER of Massachusetts, and declares
that it will defend the Union against South Caro
lina and all the other Southern States ? Who?
But we have said more of this commutnication
and its author than was required.
4 31ILE BRANCH ACADEMY, BARN WELL
WE cheerfully cG~fply with the rngnem mi:de of
tus, to call attention to this inhool. From referen
ces pointed otut to uts, we have no0 doubt it ia con
iducted with perfect orderandl propriety. 'The late
examination and exhibition, from the account giv
eni in the letter below, musrt have been ani occa
riotn of uncommon intereset. It. is pleasant to hear
of well-conductedl Academies springing tip and
flourishing in different secions. WVe coingratulate
ottr Blarnwell friends of the Sav~annah side upon
the prosperity of this growsing institution in their
midst. Go on-the attention of Edgefield will be
attracted by its light. In days past, Edgefield
help.ed to educate many of your girls. Pay us
back now by helping to educate our boys. We
have no doubt you will.
The following is a brief, notice which has been
forwarded to uts; of the school, its principal, the
4 MILE BRANCH, BUnswer.L D~s-r., S. C.
Jutne 23d, 1851.
COL. SrIMtas-Dear Sir:--The semi-annual
examination of the 4 Mile Branch Academy. lnrnt
well District, came ofy on Friday last, 'the 20th
inst., and though the weather was very unfavor
able. (it rained all (lay.) there were uine 300 or
400 people in attendance, uposn the occasion. The
school is a very large otne. Mr. J. E. CatLNn is
the teacher. and an abier ieachter or a better man
cannot be found upon the globe. He has a fine
set of boys, and a good many scholars studying
the differetnt languages. The scholars were exam
ined by several very competent gentlemen, anid
they reportedl that they had never seen boys get
along so well us they did.
There was a barbacue on the day of the exami
nation. At night the servie, were opened by a
chaste and ebxiuent address from Mr. CLix-roN
Ba~owy, of Barnwell C. If., on Education. which
was received with great applause ; a fter which the
scholars followed in their respective order. And
nowy for the fun. Major .oov~s' Courtship was ac
tel in full, and was received with tumulttuous a p
plauise by the people, who had waited (notwith
standing the had night,) with the utmost patience
to see it performed ; and after that, they htad a ne
gro dialogue which, rest assured, was acted " brown
asp." This dialogne was composed by the Boys of
the school. Every person whlo wvitnessed thte per
formances says that it wotuld have done honor tea
theatrical corps. A fter the exhibition was over,
the ladies and gentlemen had a dance whtich they
kept up until mxorning. In short, it was one of
the pleasantest days that I have ever spent.
And now let mu say to you that if any of your
Edgefield boys wish to go from Edgefield to a
school where theiy can, on cheap terms. he prepar
ed for College, ict them come to 4 Mile Branch
Academy. It is a very healthy place. Board can
be obtained at the most reasonable rates, and the
society around isi excellent.
This Academy is situated on the Savannah riv.
er about 25 miles below Augusta.
inery Resectuys prsB. F. C.
. P.S.-The eope i thee prtsare almost all
m faor f "sparte Sateaction," if they cant
get tec-prtoofother Sothern States
speedily. (A good posteript thiat !-Ep. ADo.)
A LATE OCCURRENiCE,
THE military commander of the United States
soldiers stationed at Fort Moultrie has recently re
fused to permit the " Moultrie Guards," an old
volunteer company of Charleston, to celebrate
their anniversary at theirlong-used place near that
Fort. It was done, because Gen. W. E. MA -rN,
at the last celebration on the Island, delivered an
able address, demonstrat ing the injustice of Feder
al Legil,:in, and bchusr seeal sentiments
were given at the same time, of a similar hue.
This is taking the view that it is treason to mur
mur against the government at Washington, on
Government grounds. Thus progresses the DEsro
TIS31 OF THE MAJORITY! Poor Charleston! many
of your sons gave out to the world that the great
mass of your population condemned action ag ainst
Federal Injustice. It went up as a sweet-smelling
sacrifice to the great Political Wanton. And In!
the result! you have been requited, through or.e
of your time honored corps, with supercillious
"Ye have the ' Moultrie House' as yet
Where is the Moultrie phalanx gone?
P. S. We learn, since writing the above, that a
noble band of Charlestonians proved themselves
fully alive to the insult offered them-that they
went by boat-loads to the Island and held a glori
ous celebration within ear-shot of the hostile fort.
A letter, received at this place, states that intense
excitement was speading through the City. Hoist
THE POSITION OF TilE MINISTRY.
In periods of excitement, like the present, when
painful anxiety for our future political destiny
troubles every patriotic heart, it is difficult for any
of us to possess our spirits in that degree of calm
ness, which is essential that our course may be
shaped with perfect propriety. We have thought
that, of all other men, the ministers of God found
this task most trying. The nature of their office
is such as to render it problematical whether they I
can, in accordance with the instructions of their
master, participate at all in the public discussion
of political questions. On the other hand, they
have the feelings of men and of citizens. and can
not well forbear the expression of their views up.
on any question which touches the institutions of
their country in a vital point. Truly, it must be
hard for them to decide their course. It has often
been said in our hearing, that the trials of a preach
er's life were the severest known to humanity. In
view of the present dangers and doubts that cur
round and perplex us, calculated, as they are to
absorb the universal mind and to excite contending
feelings and opinions, we are ready to admit the
truth of that remark. How shall they serve their
country and not displease their God? We confess
ourselves totally unable to dccide this doubt.
The most satisfactory solution of it we have yet
seen, is contained in a private letter recently ad
dressed to us, as Secretary of the Southern Rights
Association of this district. It is from a Divine,
generally admired and beloved for his mildness,
purity and intelligent zeal in the cause of his
We risk, perhaps, his displeasure by publishing
this letter; but we know it cannot be injurious in
its effects, and as we honestly think it may do
much good, we venture to lay it before our readers. 1
Iheed well the calm temper and elevated tone
which characterises it throughout.
Con.. AItTIUr St ts-Sir:-Your note and
the copy of the " Constitution of the Southern
Rights Association" have been received. You
inform me that it is the wish of the Association
that I should serve as one of the " Committee of
Vigilance.'' Occupying the office that I now do
in the Church, I do not think it would he expedi-L
ent for me to take an active part in the nolitical
affairs of the country. As a minister of the Gos
- pel it becomes my duty to give myself wholly to
the work of the-ministry, while I have opportunity.
I erilous times should come I will then, when
my services are needed, obey my country's call.
No one I presume will deny me the right cf
opitnioz. I gladly embrace this opportunity, to do
what r'have never till now thought necessary.
No one I am persuaded. feels more sensibly thimn II
do the insults~and injuries heaped uponau by the
General Government. I- believe, the Sopthern
Stites should -seed~e and form a rate gv~ -
South Carolina to: make the r in'eans
she has, and trust in God for help. --.
The Association will confer on me a favor by
appointing, some one to arct in the place of trust,
which their kind regard would have assigned me,
and for which Inow return them my hearty thank#,
hoping that they will ever find irn me a friend to
Southern luistitutions and States Rights.
'Yours Respectfully, ~ A. P. N.
DOUBTS vs, L'LUTY.
WE ntre forced to the conclusion, after long antd
calm reflection, that the arguments against the in
dependent action of South Carolina, are, mainly,
horn of the imagination. They are almost invari
ably founded upon vagtte anticiption~s of non
descript calamities to arise from undefined causesa.
how it is that freemen and Carolinians can thus
far yield to thte influcnce of 'excited fatncies, we
are unable to conceive. We findh it still more dif
ficult to rcalise this condition of feeling. when we
think how great and essential are the reasons
which call upon us to combat even the sternest re
alities, that lie in the wvay o~f the deed we propose
to enact. WVho has well consiidered the nature of
that deed ? Who rcmemhers that it is the act of'
insulted Americans in defence of those holy rights,
which, they were taught from infancy to believe,
must bse prererved inviolate to be of any worth ?1
Who be::rs in mind the truth, that even the op-1
pearancee of submissicn to " foul and unnatural" "
injustice amounts to descrtion of the high grotund
of ttncompromising hostility to oppression ? Who,
we ask, ctan fix his indi upon these truths with
unbiased earnestness, and yet doubt that there is
but one strait forward course left us to pusue ?
What will a bold pronunciamento, of our doter
mination to cut, slash and annihilate every thing
in creation upon a repetition of the insult, availj
us, i f we tamel y acknoweledge our inability to re
sent the insults of th~e past? When shall weu be
I moraldly or physically, strongeri The act we con
template is approved by the Southern people-or
at least, by that portion of them upon whom we
should most implicitly rely. Their approbation is
indicated in termus that cannot be mistaken. The
present attitude of South Carolina has nerved
their hearts and is carrying them to speedy sue
cess. " The wvork goes bravely on." The " Mac
edonian party " tremble already at the near pros
pect of their downfall. Good and true men are
bcginning to sea and to reali,.e the treachery,
which had led theta by insidious steps, to the very
gate-wvay of apostasy. They are turning upon the
faithless leaders who deceived them, and they will
visit upon the~ir heads the bitter scorn of indignant
Southern freemen. Of all the South, it is this
rapidly-decreasing Macedonian party alone, which
condemns the coturse of our Stale. And shall we
pander to their vile desires ? Shtull we give them
renewved strength by our irresolution ? Shall wve
not rather make an issue wvhich will assuredly
bring to tnught their dreams of unhallowed hion.
ors and polluted gaini? By this course, wve may
possibly save even the worst of them from the
deep disgrace of stabbing their native South for
purposes of self-aggrandisement. By this course,
we will certainly unite an overwhehning majority
of the Southern peoplc upon genuine Southern
grounds. Let him, who denie~s this proposition,
attempt to show that these efihects are not, at this
very time, being produced, and that, too by the
independent course of this State. Hie will be
convinced beyond a doubt, unless he suufler the
imaginary accid~its of tomorrow to outweigh thne
stubborn facts of to-tday.
Why thnen should wo hesitate ? Why mar the
perfect eff'eet of our action by distracting the putb
ic mind of Carolina with woeful speculations ?
It in not by any means certain, that a single seri
ons obstacle will hinder our triumphant progress.
It is not in theo least probable, that Southern co
operatioa will fail to result from the moderate hut
firm line of policy, now universally known as the 5
ion, has given birth to the different reasons for I
lelcy. To prove this, it is only necessary to state t
hat there reasons are almost as various as the
ninds that originated them. One apprehends war
-another peace. One pictures to himself the in
ititution of slavery as the indissoluble bond of
Southern Union-another fears that this bond will
)e no protection to poor Souith Carolina. One
says that two States can act safely-another sug
;ests that it will require at least-three. One says
hat we can never strike alone-another rays we
nust do so. if all elne fail. And thus throughout,
heir reasons clash, and cancel each other.
" When doctors disagree, - -
Disciples are set free." -1
Well may the anti-secession followers look to
heir leaders and exclaim, " whom shall we be
ieve. or by whose suggestions shall we direct our
course l"-Fellow-citizens, there is one plain path,
which we will venture onee'again to point to your
new. It is the path of Duty acid of Honor. In
t, there is no perplexity. Those who pursue it,
tre vexed with no grating contradictions. But i
me feeling animates them all.. It is the self-same
eeling which influenced your' randfathers in the
var of the Revolution. It is a feeling of strong
letermination to decide at once - the 'question of
ur Freedom as a State and of our Rights as indi
riduals. And the foundation.qf this feeling is the
:onviction that this Freedom and these Rights are
1ow most imminently endangerod.
Who will not say ' Amen' to the wish, that we 1
nay all yet walk unitedly in ths plain path, hav
ng oflfred up the sacrifice of aff minor doubts and
lifi.rences. in humble propitiation of the mighty
[tuler of Nations.
FOR THE ADVERTIsBR.
"When I hear a N',rthern man, cry this ' Glo
bus Union,' methinks' I hear the bugle blast of
he robber hand ; but vthen I heara Southern man
ny this ' Glorious Union,' methinks I snuff treason
n'the tainted gale."
MR. EDITOn :-T notice a call, in your paper,
hr a meeting of the citizens of the district, on
Wale day next, for the purpose of discussing the
Iolitical questions of the day. Another call, I
>creeive, is made by "MANr Asr-SEcEsstoN
srs," who, I suppose, think .that. their party is
lot invited by the general call. From the above,
t is apparent that our District, which has here
ofore been almost unanimons on all of the im
ortant ouestions which havetbeen agitated for a
mumber of years past, is uowdivided into three
i1st, The party who are for Seeession by the
o-operation of one or more States, if attainable,
f not, secession " at all hazards."
2nd, The party who are inrfavor of secession
>y the co-operation of one'or more States.
3rd, The many named party, i. e. " Anti
3ecession,. " Consolidation,"" CLAv, EI x.MsonE,
1 Co." " Union at all hazards," or" Submission
Between the two first naied parties their can
tot be much difference; b$ acknowledge the
iggrowsions 6f'ite Gene l Government and
oth are for resistance, an f warm discussions
o sometimes arise between e:two parties, they 1
Lre in the end 'obliged to be-ohe, for neither are
nt favor of submission. I - therefore. when
ye meet on Sale day, the eotion will be pru
!ently discussed by both patfes, and that we
u'ilh shew to thethf abt we .lmnve no1
y.mpathy for th' ~. d of pulling
'intse t riet-us gether ad save
'Greenvill'se iiy nmountins, bt it seems that
re have sonme cold hearts in the sunny elime of
)ld Edgefield, who are willing to desert their
ontry in her time of need.' If so, come out,<
sentlemen, and give us your Platform, and let us
and it down to posterity. Or are you like yourt
mother sub, the Senator froni Marlboro. In his
ronunciamento he has decltred that he will not;
ec taxed or fight for posterity, fur. they have ner
r yet done aught for him. Turn out Gentle
non, and let us know whether vou arc native
roductions or imported-whether you nrc for
'EQuatrrr IN -rHF UNIoN on INDEPEiNDEeE OUT
FOIR THE ADvERTISER.
Mr Editor :-Your comments upon our call
ri anti-scessionists to be at Elgefield Court
louse on sale day next, are unjust.
The first call (which you denominated gener
1m is for a " Public Meting"-a District meet
ne for the purpose of interchanring opinions.
tmd our call was~ inte~nded to mnake it more pub
ic-nothing more. If the meceting you adver
ise as a " Publie Meeting" for the interchange
if opinions was intended as a bona Ji'e public
id general meeting, how can it he objected to
>r specially regquesting the attendance of those
i or way of thinking. Yours is a party Press,
mnd a general convocation of your party is luite
ufficient, but our invitation was, of necessity,
pecial. You announce that speakers on your
'de tnay be expected-we do the same. Ts this
mprmoper at a genern1 meeting for an interchanee
f opiion-thie example enne frotm you. You
vill not surely now pretend that anti-secession
peakers were included in your annou'neemen~t
imong tihe " prominent and experienced gentle
tnon expeted"m to speak, and because we ilesire
mr friends to appear at this " Public Mieeting,"
md that we may also have speakers to represent
mr views, we are ch'arged with " illtimed de
It would seem from your relutctance to have
mti-secesinnists invited to this " Public Meet
ng," thuat after all your call was for a party con
:ave-where of course we were not expected,
ye unrortunately deenmed you sincere and thus
maye been beguiled into error. We trust that1
-o will not be offended at our believing you
nore ingenious than you now present yourself.
7ur purpose was to prevent a one sided affair,
nml to-make thme meeting in reality what it pur
>orted to be, one 4"or larmmonious consultation"
mmd " plain explanation." This you construet
mto " unfurlinig thme black flag" of dissension.
Ve have become habituated to these exhibitionsC
C magninmity however. Whenever you are per-t
itted to have things your own way, then you
re for "conciliating" and harmonizing and
iaving one sidedn " Public Meetings ;" but thmei
isant those of us who dissent from your politi- I
al doctrines, express a desire also to be heard, I
re are then charged with a design to place " Old I
adgefield in leading strings." You have noC
oubt read the fable about the Farmer, the Law
er and the Ox.-Readl it again.
We still desire a full attendance of anti-sces- t
oists at this " Public Meeting." for a fair in
ere.,ange of opinions upon a question itn whicha
se are interested as wvell as the secessionists. I
We ditrer with a large portion of our mostv
espectable and virtuous.fellow-citizens and de- 1
re to do) soan the spirit of kindness. Such is t
ield Village shall. not put " Old Edgefield Dis
niet in leading strings" any longer if we can
FOR THE ADVERTISF.R.
THE EDGEFIELD HUSSARS.
Mr. Editor :--On Saiurday the 28th ult., this
rrslant Corps paraded at Cosav's, within nine
niles of Hamburg, and after the drill, they were
addressed by Capt. losiERT MERRwETnER, in
egard to the ndition of public aftairs, and as
o the probaboties of their being called on in a
hort period, for active servico in the field.
The Captain did not pretend to determine
which was the best mode of resenting the insults
Inm encroachments of government-he was per
aps unable to decide whether the beginning of
Southern Confederacy, or of our great conflict
n support of our rights, should be made by
south Carolina alone, or by her conjointly with
he other Southern States. The end would be
he same, it mattered not how the movement
hould be commenced. There is one question
or us to decide. It is a simple one. Shall we
lofend the institution of slavery. and preserve
>r equality on this continent and among the na
ions of the earth, or shall we yield up our pro
nerty and suffer ourselves to be rendered infa
inons? (Here voices from the crowd of specta
ors shouted we will defend our property and
4onor.) Fellow-Soldiers, the question will uei
mately be decided by the arguments that hang
it your sides, and I care but little, how soon, or
n what way the issue shall be made. The sooner
t is made, perhaps, the better it will be for our
reneration. The anti-slavery fanaticism at the
North is growing fiercer, and the abolition ma
iority in the country is growing stronger with
very year of our delay. We must reconcile
o our minds, the most speedy measures of resist
inee, or we are utterly overwhehned and pressed
lown. These remarks are made to warn my
2ommand and my comrades ai friends that the
dea of a compramise, or a peaceable settlement
>f our difliculties is an idle dream. We can
Irnve no peace until fanaticism learns modera
ion, and avarice learns forbearance. If we are
lrave men-if we are freemen, we will have
war in our own day, and our swords must be
kept bright in their scabbards.
We are not Legislators but Soldiers, nor do
the presume to question the wisdom of our Leg
islature and the constituted authorities of the
State. They have pretty clearly indicated the
yoursc for South Carolina to pursue and have
marked out our duty ! To the faithful and noble
performance of that duty, we must direct every
.-ffort of our bodies and minds. Wid that view,
his troop must be organized for active service.
Every officer that shall hereafter be elected,
must be chosen with the expectation that he may
cad you to battle. I trust that every member
will exert his utmost to fill out the ranks of our
ompany, and to aid me in having it perfectly
quipped. This company has been handed down
'o us from the Revolution. It is a link that con-.
icets our tinie with a most chivalrous ago. It
vas organized by as brave a warrior as ever
Irew his blade for liberty, and has been filled,
mad'eontinueddogyn in r ulir'suecession to us,
e.oor add 'th* * o
>reserve the charge committed to' u' and to
>rove ourselves equal to those who have preceed
!d us, we will hold ourselves prepared to'make
my sacrifibes either of our persons -or ou'r es
A t the conclusion of this address, which gave
eneral satisfaction, the company and its friends
at down to an elegant dinner furnished in Mr.
"osav's usual good style.
According to my owvn observation, there was
to member of the company and scarcely a spec
ator that did not approve of the course of the
state, and showv himself ready to sustain her in
t, at any risk.
ERSPRIT DE CORPS.
Font TnPF ADvERF.R~f.
TH E NAKED l'OSITION OF TlE MODERATE
Mr. EDITOR :-It strikes me as being a strange
nonsitistency. not only in a portion of our Dele
tatio~n in Congress, but in most of the assailers
,f the present position of Soeuth Carolina, to at
empt to create the impreseion, that they acre pre
'ared, in certain contingencies, to resist inede
tenelantly of other States. In sonme of their re
narks, they most assuredly intinmate that they
i'ould adopt that course, eibber ott our failure to
,btain Southern co-operation, or on our experri
meing a repetition of Federal aggressiones, which
hey denounce as certain to he inflicted, when
~very argument thoy address to the people is de
igned to, demonstrate the utter inability of the
late under any circumstaneces, to resist separ
etely, eand to show the total incapacity of a free
e'ople to maintain those rights and privileges
tat Equality and Independence. which were
-;en foer them by the swords of their fathers, and
insmnitted as a legacy dearer thtan honor. and
nore precious than life itself.
As a Souith Carolinian, I feel a resentment,
vhieh I canneot suppress, when [ read and hear
hiese appeals to the fears, (for I can call them by
io other name) of a wreenged and outraneed people,
whethter they proceed from the pens of news
>apen carrespondents, or from the lips of grave
mud wise Legislators. I would impugn the tmo
ives of nto man, and I would sedulously avoid
'very acrimonious expression, but if these ap
,eale do noet contaitn, under the decent and pcpnt
ar gatb of mtoderation, exhtottationts, excuses,
mnd nmotives, wvhicht might natutaly lead to ualti
nate submissiont to infamous tyrany and degradla
ion, then these writers and speakers arc the
vorst luogiciaus in the world, and their arguments
omprehendc a thmousaund times more thant the end
bety have in view, and wo~uld coniduet themt to
my eother ponint, than the one they profess to be
iming to reach as a "de'rnier resort." Let the
eeptive nmrk be torns of. Many of th'se mn
re opposed to separate resistance in any contin
~eney; but they dare not boldly occupy that
~round before the people. For the purpose of
stabliahinuga respectable party,they declare them
elves in favor of joint action and nmoderation,
mitil "their fintal hope is flat despair," or until
he legally constituted convcntion of the people
hall meet, when they will shape their course
eording to the exigency, and wvhen they may
rove themiselves as ultra secessionuibts as those,
rho from the beginning, have borne up the
ntner of the State. They make these loffy pre
ensions, to commit men to their support, whilst
arguments would extinguish all the fire of separ
ate State action, and break down and quell the
proud independant spirit that has animated the
bosoms of Carolinians for the last quarter of a
century. If moderation only is their policy, why
not tell the people, in plain English, that they
desire to wait a specified time-a certain number
of years, say fifteen or fifty-in order to prepare
the State for. struggle, and to let the infatuation
of the North have time to force a Union of the
South ; and that if nothing can be effected with
in the period specified, by negotiation, and by
indulging the frenzy of our oppressors, they
pledge their honors, their fortunes, and their
lives to the cause of resistance-even to the
separate secession of South Carolina. A course
like this, if it were not wise, would command the
respect of us all, and we would be disposed to
"let them alone in their glory."
But on the contrary, their arguments have no
othcr tendency than to debase the minds of
their fellow citizens, and to reconcile them to
their lot of slavery, by exaggerating the difficul
ties of their ridding themselves of the yoke.
They insist, that nothing can exceed the tyranny
exercised over us, the enormity of our wrongs,
and the low degradation of our condition-which
tyranny, which wrongs, and which degradation,
are only to be hightened, magnified, and riveted
upon us in the future. We are admonished also,
that it is folly to calculate with any degree of cer
tainty, upon the resistance of the other slave
holding States. When all this is told, we are be
sought, in the name of wisdom, not to perpetrate
the "madness" of risking our lives and pro
perty, in stopping the wheels of this monstrous
despotism, which is crushing us to atoms.
One great argument, which is set forth, with
much stress against resistance, is the possibility'
of a failure. What great and glorious cause was
never in danger of a miscarriage ?
If their was no hazard in the noble enterprise,
our success would confer no victory and no
honor. Who deterve a reward for the perfI.rm
aace of an exploit in which failure is impossible?
If a man defers the execution of a high purpose
until he is certain of a prosperous issue, he will
never accomplish any worthy or noble under
Instances are recorded in history, of more
hopeless causes than ours being brought to a
happy termination by the genius, the courage and
the perseverance of their advocates. The an
nals of Greece and Great Britain are crowded
with lessons for our encouragement and instrue
tion. What obstacle ever impeded the designs
of HANINISAL, of CROMWELL, of C nsAR, of ALEX
ANDER, of FREDERICK, of NAPOLEON, or of
CHARLES the twelfth of Sweden ?-or what ob
stacle ever thwarted any magnanimous nation
while supporting its birth right of liberty? In
accomplishing the affairs of this world, in the
most of cases, "the will is the measure of the at
tainment." I sincerely believe, that no free
people, who deserve the boon of liberty, can be
enslaved by any earthly power.
If we are invaded by our brethren we gill make
every narrow defile a Therinopyla and every
swamp in the State, a valley of slaughter. The
assertion of one of your correspondents, that,
"Spartan valor won only a grave at Therisopflm"
was certainly a feeble and injudicious display of
learning and rhetorie.s Why according to wsiry
Persian., and contributed vatly to-the p ra
tion er the independence and liberties of Grieee.
That ine battle has made patriots and heroes
in every war for libertythat lha been waged,
from that day to this. A generous spirit would
rather have his. name enrolled with the dead of
so noble a Spartan band, than to be the undis
tinguished hereditary ruler of an empire.
Mr. EDITOn: South Carolinians should speak
in this emergency, as thteir ancestors spoke in 76.
The leaders in that crisis, addressed to their
compatriots. no such sentiments as are now ad
dressed to their descendants, to deter them from
defending their proud inheritance of freedom. In
those callant old times, it was esteemed a manly
virtue.~ to resist unto death, the yoke of tyranny.
The obligation to maintain the rights and honor
of one's country, waglceemed the highest obliga
tion on earth, anii hie was deemed a traitor, who
wilfully failed in its fulllmient, or a craven, if he
ecunselled submission to intolerable oppression.
-- -S. --
00NtUNDRUMS SENT UP BY A PlNETUTCEIAN.
Why is a falsehood told by one of the tribe of
Eenjnmin like one of the warmest months of the
Becauae it's a Jew-lie (.yuly.)
Why is a lean, lank dog like a fire stick ?
Because he's a poor cur (po-kes.)
Why is an old man stealing children like a young
Because he's a Kid-napping.
Why is the letter S, printed with type six inches
long like a gracious gifti
Because it's a largess (S.)
Why was the song written by MISS Lucy Long,
like brightness and splendlor ?
Because it was a lucidity, (Lucy-ditty.)
!'atal Affray in Barnwell District.
Wec are intdebt'ed to a friend for the partie
uhirs of a horrid affray, which occurred at
Barnwell C. H., S. C., on the 17th of June.
It aipp~ears from the accont oif our correspon.
dent, thait Mr. Jolhn McDaniel, who kept a
boarding house and grocery store in the vii
lnge, dismissed t wo young men-viz: .Daniel
Tobin and Win. Tobin fromn his house, for
some caunse not mentioned. These young
mcen, in company with some others, enteredi
the grocery store of Mr. McDaniel the same
day, and violently assaul ted him-heating him
over the head and infieting wounds of whlich
heo died in forty-five hours afterwvards. His
Clerk, Mr. Thomas Richardson, was also se
verely beaten-having received no less than
six wounids in his head alone. Fortunately,
these have not. proved fatal.
Immediately after the assault, the young
men engaged in it endeavored to msake their
eseape. Twvo of them-Wiliam Tobin and
Seahl Fanunin-succeeded in doir g so. Four
oter-Dtaniel Tobin, WV. E. Murphy, How
ell]larsden and--Pitts were arrested and
safely'lodged in jail.
A'few days after this melancholy event a
meeting of the citizens of Barnwell C. H.
was held and resolutions passed to clear the
town of all abandoned characters. Maj. A.
P. Aldrich was chairman and Messrs. Samuel
Bailey and J. G. WV. Duncan appoitled Sec
retaries. Several reports have been made to
the Chairman of that meeting in relation to
its objects, and several of the most susicious5
characters havo vacated the village. We
trust that there may be no repetitions of such
a shocking outrage in that enlightened comi
The above particulars are derived from the
intelligent Coroner of the District, and may
be considered perfectly reliable.-Augusta
FOR TnE ADVERTISER.
SHOULD SOUTE CAI~JNA STRIEE FOR HER
WE have hitherto written to show, that once
established into an Independent Republie, South
Carolina would be much more prosperous than
at present, while those ill consequences, so much
dreaded by many, are never likely to occur. Of
the probable cost, of the expediency, and of the
practicability of achieving our independence, we
have ye.; said little. We propose now briefly to
touch on these points. It would be an useless at
tempt to count the cost of the struggle in which
we may be engaged in breaking off from the
Union. That struggle may never take pse
Besides, the uncertainty of its character-of its
duration-of its results, forbids such an estimate.
But who would stop to cast up such an account ?
Will a people, actuated by a high and geerou
purpose, pause to calculate the costs when.called
on to vindicate their dearest rights andrlibertiesy
Such an enterprize is above all money value.
What is property without liberty ? without the,
ability to protect it? The gins of the industri
ous would only be spoils to the tyrant. A brave
people, bent on preserving their liberties, would. .
yield not a third or a half, but all of their worldly
goods sooner than submit to be slaves. Who.
has failed to admire the noble generosity of our
brave fathers, who freely pledged "their lives,
their fortunes, and their sacred honor," to gain
the liberty we are about to surrender? To,
achieve liberty for their descendants, they not
only pledged, but freely expended their treasure
and shed their blood. The people that are not
ready and willing to do this, do not deserveliber
ty, and will not long enjoy it.. Satisfied, then,
with the justice of our cause, and the happy con
sequences of its success, how can we, as a brave
and high-minded people, pause to calculate the
costs of the blow we may have to strike ? We
may rest assured that the means of resistance
will rise to meet our wants, as they have-in the
case of all other nations, great and small, that
have struggled for liberty. So lone as we prove
ourselves worthy of confidence, our credit will
command in any market of the civilized world,
ample supplies of money and munitions of war.
And all nations, going to war, are compelled to,
contract loans to meet the demands on their tree
The question for us to consider, then, is this:
are our wrongs of that oppressive and degrading .
nature, as to submit to which would stain our
character, and destroy our liberty and indgpen
dene ? If they are so deemed. by.tushen
whatever all others may say or do, we should re
sist them at all hazards, cost what itymay. ;To
the people of South Carolina it is certainly, ,,
less to discuss the various wrongs andgrievance,.
we have suf'erde from the General Government.
A bare recapitulation of them will serve our pur
pose. They are familiar'to the minds of all.
Their enormity is known and felt by almostevery
I. First. then, since the formation of this govern
mont, and especially within the last twenty-fve
years, the people of the~So'utlh, have-b'edi oner
ously and unjustly taxed by."thelieoble6 the
North. .From the year 1790 to 184041ta 8oS~
has.paid seuen- s~otoall the duia u4h
ninth&v i. a 1
lied at tho reth.. The
meantime only $215,85,09"I." So haftthe tax>
paid by the South per 'head within te'- period&
specified, has' averaged $20 47 per 10' years,
while that of the North has beent onily $8 091T n
late years the disproportion' has- b6en much'
greater. From 1841 to 1845 the tax paid-by
the South per head was $10 46: the North
$1 99 ? making for the South per -heed-nearly
ten times more than for the North. 'f' s
This has been in the way of duties alone.' Bat
consider the increased price of Northern pro
tected articles, the diminution in price of Sotih'
ern produce, and the increased price of fr'ei t
due to the Tariff and navigation laws, and the
South has paid to the Government and to the.
Nor-th from 1790 to 1840. over $1,200,000,000.
The one-tenth of this would make far Sout1&
Ca., in the same period, $120,000,000. But It
has been estimated upon data furnished by th'e
Congressional Documents that the South iti
various ways now contributes annually to North
ern wealth not less th'an $50,000,000.t Allow
ing one-tenth for South Caroliaa, her annualcosn
tribution to the North is about $5,000,000: bes
lug upwards of $17 for every white soul, man,
woman and child, among us, while our State-tax
is little over one dollar to the white inhabitant.
What people, claiming to be free, ever en
dured taxation so unequal, unjust and enormous I
Nor is this all.
II. In the acquisition of California and the ne'
Territor'ies, the South contributed' abottst
thirds of the soldiers, and will have to pay at
least twno-th.'ird.e of all the heavy expenses 'ness
red. Yet of the whole of these Territories, wortlh
millions upon millions of dollars to the Southersi
slave-holder, the South has been outragcouslf
plundered, in contempt not only of all constitu
tional guaranties, but in the most oifensive and
insulting manner, by allowing a heterogeneousn
mass of squatters and gold-diggers to deprive us
of all our r'ghts to these Territories, ad bfecar
ryig out the nefairous measure of slaver pro
hibition under the bitterest denunciations aginst
our people and our institutions.
IlI. Again: By interposing every 'obstaele to
the arrest of our fugitive slaves, and by shame
lessly huarrassing and insulting our citizens while
in pursuit of their property, the North not'enly
deprives the South of thousands of dollarer 'an
nually, but heaps upon her wrongs and indigsi
ties, too flagrant for a high-minded peoplegte
bear. The North moreover perpetually annoys
our people by agitating the question of slavery in
and out of Congress, using towards us the most
in'.lamatory and abusive epithets, and expressing
the fixed determination to persist in their efilurts,
directed by their talent, influence and money,
till slavery shall be driven entirely from the Re
public. And do we not know these fanatics to
be ini earnest ? "There is" says Euixu,- oi
ae, in which it would be madness'not to give
tho fullest credit to the most decitfnl'of uiten,
hat is, when they make declarations of hostility
IV. Further. Under the absolute sway of the
5Torthern majority, the sovereignty of-theinudivid-.
tal States, the great arch pillar' of;Southern
iberty, is becoming rapidly drawn into a uge
*The Union Past and future-Table 3.-"
tGarnett; letter to the New York Day Book.
tThie amount has been, estimated at $50,000