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miion " might be said to transpire and deter
termine in a day. Again, the Resolutions are
i i'ducecd and adeoeated by gentlemen whoare
avowed seccasicnists, and who reconmend sepa
rate State Action whenever the hope of co-op c
ration is extinct. We may ditler an widely as to
this point; of .time, as :we do in reference to the
policy of separate action by South Carolina, and
yet should I vote for the 2nd Rtesolution under
all the circumstances, I would seemingly yield
the right of determining wehen the co-operation
of other States ceased to be practicable, and this
would be, to become a separate State scccssionist.
Now I hold that no man can undertake to say
when the hope of. co-operation is. exhausted or
what a day may bring forth. Nor would I re
linonish the hope of efreeting co-operation even
if CoDs should be successful in Georgia, SmE.Ds
in Alabama and Foors in Mississippi. Other is
sues could be made, and such that slave owners
in all the States could feel and understand so dis
tinctly, that not even party training or federal
patronage could withstand. For instance, should
the constitutional convention of South Carolina
insist upon an amendment of the Constitution of
the United States, providing, that no future leg
islation on the subject of slavery either in the
States or theDintrict of Columbia should be tol
cratd .; or providing that all territory in future
acquired by the United States should be put un
der territorial government without restriction
upon the subject of slavery and leaving it to the
option of the people of such territories when
they shall have become States to elect for them
selves. The Congress would most eert:ainly re
fuse and-the future purposes of the majarity be
at once revealed. Is it believed that any South
ern politician would dare to justify or excuse such
a refusal on the part of Congress or that the peo
ple of the Southern Staten would not then see
that their only-their final hope was in united
Southern action? This plan is further recon
mended by the fact that we of the South thus
boecome the actors and thus force the people of
tho North to proceed in their measures, which
Virginia and Georgia stand pledged to resist.
All delusions of a returning sense of justice or
that fanaticism is satiated, would soon be dispell.
id, and the freemen of the South would read as
they ran, that safety hope and honor lay in a South
ern Confederacy "wide enough and strong
enough to give us peace at home and power
I cannot perceive that the condition of South
Carolina can be in any wise bettered by her sin
gleaction than it is at present. Because we have
the right to secede, it does not follow that it is
wise or beneficial to use it. If we are constrain
ed to exercise every right we possess, to its ful
lest or.tent, there are many that wo would be
better to be without. It is the privilege of choice
whether or not to use a right which gives its
value. You have the right to take medicine.
but does that compell you to take it? It is in this
light that I look upon separate secession-the
remedy in its results, may be worse than the dis
ease. I regard the threatened contest between
South Carolina and the Federal Government as
ilestined to be as decisive in its consequences as
was the battle of Warterloo to the fate of Natro
r 'oeIf South Carolina is not positively, whole
ly and thoroughlytriumphant she will have fail
ed.-There can be no future compronmise whmich
will not redound to our injury. Whaen'the issue
is nide, munutriumph or we shi of our
'edtes htavej dealt the most grievous wound upo:n
State. sovereignty and State Rights andl ebnffed
the sore of federal tyranay.
It belhoves us then, as men responsible to the
coantry and tou potrity (and by posterity, I
mensuoch of ordescendants only, as we are
likgly tosaeeand know and who are also to secsad
know us) to survey the whole ground-to trace
the'plan of secession by thtis State throughout its
elitir~o course, measure our strength for the tun
dertaking and to be fully convinced tlmt onr ac
tion will result in good and a pernmnent improve
ment of our present condition. We should divest
oaurelves of all excitement and the promaptingN of
impulse, and reason with that sobriety and eielu
lation by which all prudent aen aa e actuated even
in the management of their private afihirs. Our
Saviour himsclf, inculcates this weighing of con
sequences ; when he asks "which of you intend
inding to build a tower sitteth tnt down first and
counteth the cost whether ho have suffieient to
When the qu astion of separate secession was
first agitated in this State, I understood the plan
tobe advocated as a remedy good of itself, and
therefore worthy to be immtediately applied. Nor
was I alone in the impression received. Now the
argument seems to be, that separate Aeession is
to be employed as a meanas of procuring the co
operation of other Southern States. By thec strict
est rules of logic the question of separate secession
should be argued without reference to any co
operation whtich may be superinduced by it
should be confined to the intrinsic merits of the
plan by itself, exclusive of any assistance out of
the State. Every argument in flavor of co-oper
ation or by whiech it may be eifected, properly
belongs to us, who arc co-operationists.
We will now examine separate State secessionu
in contemplation of some kind of opposition rnd
compulsion by the General Goverunment, by which
it is to become a means of superinaducing the co
operation of other States. South Carolina then
on a given day retires from the confederacy.
The administration, denying the right of sces
and feeling hound by oath to see that the laws of
the United States are excuted in all the States,
will take such steps as may be decnmed best, to
enforce those pertaining to the revenue, which
the seceding State will first violate. Thoroughly
appreciating the strong sympathy which pervades
the plantation States and desiring to restrict the
contest to South Carolina, it will avoidI any overt
aet of war, by which thats ympathy may be a
roused to the extent of bringing thenm to our re
lief and of making common cause with this State.
On the other hand it will realize that if the State
is permitted quietly toscede, its temporary pros
perity while relieved of the 30 per cent tariff
will also defeat its plans by seducing other States
to fellow our example. It wvill thenm probably
take a course between the two and enforce the
cialleetion of revenue duties by means of bloekadbe.
But here we are tol to stop-blockade is WVar.
Technmically I admit it to be so ; but what assur
aneo have we that other States will take the samne
view of it that we do? Virginia, North Carolina
Ceorgia and Louisiana certainly differ widely
from South Carolina, in their appreciation of the
acts f.or wvhich South Carolina desires to accede,
and no State has yet declared her readiness to
e4rornt the Union bcatts of past offences.
In view of the excitement in this State, I hold the
action of Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia and
Lou'n:a. and the inaction of the reiaininlg
Soothern States as clearest evidence that cetion
by Sowuh Carolina for the past,, is condemned by
most of the Suuthcrn States, and that we cannot
rely upon the sympathy of the others-such syn.
pnthy as will induce them to take up arnis n our
defence. We must remember that the very
laws which are so offensive to us, never would
have been laws but for Southern~votes. But we
are to compel1 the shedding of blood with the hope
of exciting this Southern sympathy, and will at
tack the blockading fleet. I believe its officers
will avoid us until forbearance ceases to be a vir
tue-until they shall have put us so far in the
wrong. that then to shed blood, will be in self
defence and justi ied even by the Stat:'a of the
South. Nor do I believe that you will find men
who will hopelessly immolate themselvesand de
liberately and voluntarily court martrydom. We
have thousands who would joyfully join a forlorn
hope, and cheerfully risk the chencea, for mili
tary glory, but to make a certain sacrifice and
deliberately to provoke death is quite a different
There is a pride of opinion with States as well
as with individuals and the appearance of dicta
ion is',offensive to both. In a confederacy of States
the same obligations obtain between the several
communities, having the same intres's, which
compose it as between men, and as man in af
feeting independence of his fellow, becomes a
churlish, helpless brute, a, will one State by a dis
regard of the obligations pertaining to a general
interest and by an overweening assumption of
superior intelligence and patriotism, inevitably
fo feit all sympathy in its hour of need and re
voke derision and contempt when its counsels
May not the efibrt by South Carolina to sur
prize the States into co-operation irredeemably
retard, prejndice and possibly ruin a cause which
"has the constitution for its base, and JFFFEIrox
for its chief corner stone."
Separate secession, as a means of securing co
operation, is an experimental acceleration of the
work of time-a work which time will surely ac
coniplish, and an experiment which if successful
will be glorious in its results, but if it fails must
unnerve the proud spirit of the State and entail
commercial ruin and rivet upon the South another
fetter of consolidation. I hold the right ofseces
sion too precious and, the hlessings promised by a
Southern confederacy too dear to peril either upon
an experiment. S1y oppostion to the separate se
cession of this State is because of imy earnest
desire for the secession of the South,and because
I fear that separate secession may defeat it.
Could I believe that secession by South Carolina
would in one, two or three years certainly super
induce secession by other Southern States in suf
ficiemat numbers to insure security and respecta
bility for the new Government, God knows I
would be a secessionist and deliberately risk for
the time the embarasments of isolation-the
distresses of blockade, and the horrors of an un
equal war. But will this Coup de Etat neces
sarily be followed by secession by the States of
the south-"there's the rub." Promisesare more
easily made than redeemed, yet not one State
has even promised South Carolina either to lead,
to accompany or to follow. Are not the proba
bilities thamt South Carolina if she acts shortly must
nt aloneci A nd if she does, the time will come
when she will realize in the bitierness of sorrow
-a sorrow made inore bitter by reproaching re
fletions-timat a great and glorious victory had
been lost by an imprudent delivery of battle be
fore the whole line was formed.
Co-operation is either attainable or it is not.
If it is "worth many sacrifices," and if it is at
tainable, I prefer to have it before we move, sa
that we may move successfully and securely.
I desire before I leave our government at least to
have the basis of another government, and I am
willing like Cuaissrornsa G A osDEN', to wait ten
years for it.
If en-operation is not attainable, secession by
South Carolina alone and in contemplation of any
kind of co-ercion by the General Governmient, is
reommended, but by the smuggling argument
of Mr. Rmuv-rr and by the hope, of voluntary
aid by individuals from other States. To the first
there arc two objections. Smuggling is in defi
ance of the moral sence of the wvorld. It is an
offence akin to piracy and in violation of the
statute law of every civilized nation. Even if it
were practicable it wvould debase and corrupt our
own people. Bunt it is not practic~able. To smug
gle successfully, we must have accomiplices out
of the State, and the penalty wvhich they would
incur in their persons,besides the risk of forfieture
of merchmandize after it has been sold, together
with the difileulty of transporting secretly hea~vy
bulks, would so detract frim the net proceeds of
your stap~le, that it would not remnunerate youm
for your labor. This argument of smuggling is
the only one 1 have seen and the only one which
I believe eann be adduced, in support of separate
secessioni on its own bottom, in exclusion of uihi
mnte co-operation by other States, anid in view
of any manner of compulsion by the Federal
Goerumnent. Every other argument runs into
secession, as a mneans of attaining co-operation
mf other. Southern States or relies upon protection
by Englanid. In repuly to this idea of Britimih aid
let us but remember that A boltion took its oirigin
in Englhnd anud that she has been jealous of'
America. But where is the man who is willing
to take Uritish protection and avow that the
American Revolution was for nought. That
many daring spirits and imore bold adventurers
would come to our aid is certain, but wvould they
long remain wiithmout pay, and could we pay them
while denied a market for our produce by a block
ading fleet ? Could we reduce into possesson
the revenue dtuties now received by federal ofli
ers, it woiuld be easy eniough to pay the men,
btt if we had the revenue we wvould not wvant
But as a last resort we are told that the honor
of the State is pledged to ultimate secession, if
necessary alone. Now who has pledged South
Carolina to separate secession ? Who can coim
mit the State to any measure but the accredited
agents of the people and who are their averedited
agents? Thecy are our Congressiomdl Represen
tatives-mmemnbers of the State Legislature andi
our delegates elect to the Convention. Ihave
our Congressional Representatives made any
pledge to secession ? On the contrary, if I am
corretly informed, six out of nine are opposed to
it. Uas our Legislatuire committed the State ?
It has pledged itself to make every available effort
at resistance, butt the words separate secessionm
Your constitutional Convention has not convened.
Who then has committed the s tate of South
Carolina to separate secession? Why sir, a
voluntary assciation of gentlemen-an assecia
tion eon aining men of cineitt worth, mnry of
them m;y wnrme'nt perse.nal frknds both in and
out of the District, from whena I know that I can
at all times command ally of the legitimate ser
vices of friendship and who know that they can
rely on mine in return. But can it be pretended
that this Charleston Convention had the legal
right to commit any one but its own members.
From whence was its authority derived? Had
one man in ten in this room a voice in the selec
tion of delegates ? Why sir, at least one third
n ere appointed by one man-my excellent friend
the President of the States Rights Association in
this District. In other Districts, the facts are
the same. The members of the Charleston Con
vention do not themselves assume to be your
legal representatives. How then can it be said
that the State is committed to sera-ate secession ?
flow committed to any particular course? How
committed at all, but to sustain the Constitutional
Convention. As well might one of the Religious
denominations assemble delegates from their dif
ferent churches-pass resolutions, and call upon
the whole community to stand pledged to their
proceedings. For one I am willing to abide by
the decision of the Ccnstitutional Convention. I
have confidence in its intelligence and patriotism.
I cannot believe that the members will go into it
as automatons-labeled "secession." I believe
they will act the part of statesmen-canvass the
whole ground. and that when they do act it will
be with the conviction that the course they pur
sue will advance the honor and the interest of
South Carolina. That is at all events an authori
tative body, whose ordinances we are bound to
obey. I have never objected to the convention;
on the contrary I hold that good faith to hiissis
sippi, required that it should be provided for.
I She invited us into the Nashville Convention and
we followed her, she provided for a State Con
vention and we stepped pari passa with her. If
she proceeds I am clear for following. If she
does not, let us remain as we are in a prepared
attitude and await the "chapter of accidents." If
deemed advisable, let us commission and pay
our ablest men to visit our sister States and rea
son with them. Circnmstances have caused the
people of this State to receive a better political
education than in other Southern States. Let
us endeavor to impart our information and in
spire them with our enthusiasm. Their hearth
are right on the question which agitates us, and
but for the tricks of politicians theirheads would
be also. Give them time and all will yet be
right. Let the people even in thia State have
more time. The only matter connected with the
Constitutional Convention to which I object, is
the precipitate election of its members. I think
the people never were prepared for so sudden an
election, and I know many who now regret hav
ing voted. I never could see the propriety of
electing men so far in advance of the time of
We are told that it was the work of thc.ee
operationists in the Legislatui'e. It does not
matter whomse work it was-it was wrong. There
is a feeling with the people that they have been
tricked, and all the newspapers in thme State,
great as is their power, cannot divest thema of it.
I give no opinion upon this point and whether it
be so or not, or whether the secessionists or the
opposition have caused this suspicion, it is a lamen
table feeling for any people to entertain. Juatice
to them requires that their deliberata judgments
should be known. It would be cruel injustice to
our delegates to thme Convention, to deceive them
as to the real popular sentiment.
It is contrary to all usage for a Legislature
which passes a convention bill to be thme same
to convoke the Convention. In England, under
the circumstances in wvhich we arc now placed,
the Parliament would be prorogued until thme will
of the whole people was known. Ihave not our
people the right to demand a suspension of ac
tion by the Convention, until after the next gen
eral election ? The precise sentiment of all peo
ple could thus be accurately ascertained, which I
do not think is now satfatorily nderstood.
The " hot haste " with which the delegates wer
elected, and the small number of votes which
were polled many seem to justify some in not sus
taining the actioIn of the Convention. This would
certainly be a grevous error, yet it is one which
I hauve reason to believe is not uncommon and
which is certainly worth a little timne to remove
and how can it be so thoroughly removed am hy
keeping the State in her present potential attitude
until after the next General Electioni If this is
refosed, thlose of us who distrust the feasibleness
of thle plae of redress, anmd pirefer seeing the
bottom of the abyss into which we are invited to
leap with, our wives and children, lives and for
tunes are not unreasonable when we require the
secessionists, to prore, heyonmd a shadow of a
doubt that South Carolina when an independent
State is beyond continigency of collisionl with
either of thme great powers of the earth, and that
she wvill be able to sustain herself in the happen
ing of such an event. To prone that secession
by Soulth Carolina wvill superinduce secssion by
other States. To prone that the strength of our
national character or physical means will ensure
the delivery of our fugitive slaves-the protee
tin of our commec-the enforcement of inter
national law-thme safety of our citizens whterever
carried by lawvful pursuits, anid the honor of otur
this wherever it imay wave. They n~mst prone
that time es5tablihmeni'~t anmd orgianizattionl of an
Al rmy and Navy calpable of inspiring our people
with contidence and hope when threatned by a
rationt greater than our own, will net entail a
burden oif taxation macre onerous and oppressive
than the tribute exacted by imperial CEAsARt of
the congntered. They maust prore that territory
will be provided for our rapidly increasing poptu
lation anti that our children will be spared the
horrors of a war between races and for bread.
Trhey mnust prore that separate secession is an
adequate remedy to soothe our injured honor, or
to restore otir violamtedl rightts.
In the absense of these assurances we may
well doubt, if unintercepted secession would be
a blessing, and may derive a lesson front the pre
senit comndittn of Cuba. 11er population ais e
presented as greater than that of thlis State, antd
y et a htandful of adventurers have contemplated
her invasion, thotugh protected by thme flag of old
Spain and the mnoratl sense of the world.
I have purposely, Mr. Chairman, declined ma
king any allusion to thme asperities of patty-to
taunting expressions and to the refleetiotns upon
the tunderstandings of those of us wrho tare co-ope
rtiottis. whe we aen told that but for others ini
high position our State would now be united for
secession. Snuchalidsidns 'eaa possibly do no
goed, and migit resi't in nmueh'harm. I feel
that it isnow. our highcst duty to cultivate har
mony amongst curselkes and to assuage the in
tolerance of party-whieh is some times more un
endurahie than federal oppression. I do not
think that practically there is much difference
between the secessionists and co-operationists,
for although I would never consent to fix any
time when to move by separate secession, yet I
believe that the people of the other Southern
States will be prepared, either by their own re
flections or by the father encroachments of abo
lition legislation, to net with South Carolina, by
the time she will be prepared to act alone. It is
in view of the effect upon the people of the oth
er States in causipg them to " calculate the val
ue of the Union," that.I do-not regret the agita
tion of seperate secession in this State. Let us
then who we, mutually believe, are divided but
by a-point of time, not stand mangling over the
shadow, and by asperities drive into the ranks of
the old Federal Party, numbers sufficient to en
able it to rise up and take away the substance.
M1 any good citizens are easily confused by party
names, as is illustrated by the fact that many old
nullifiers are now avowed secessionists because
of the name assumed of " State Rights," and
never dream that secession is in reality the doc
trine of the Union party of '32, for maintaining
which at that period the Nullifiers were almost
ready to immolate them.. There is at the North
a social disease preying upon its vitals which can
be arrested only by a diversion of popular excite
ment. While we at the South are quiet, they
will be turbulent-when we are distracted, they
are unanimous. Let not precipitate action on
our part be to them a God-send, in that we save
them from agrarianism and anarchy, by giving a
diversion to their corrupt public sentiment. Let
us also remember that had there been no French
Revolution, there would have been no insurree
tion in San Domingo. In the language of one
of her sons whose abilities are far superior to his
position, let " Eouth Carolina make no move."
Let her "stand in a defensive attitude, with her
laree couched and not afeather quivering in her
I have thus Mr. Chairman, endeavored to give
expression to the opinions I entertain in a spirit
of kindness and concilliation. I have labored to
be at the same time frank and respectful. I am
responsible to myself alone for my political tenets,
and to my country for my political acts. No man
need hope by insinuations or feigned misconcep
tions of my position or principles to precipitate
me into opposition to South Carolina, when her
sovereign will is officially declared. No injus
tice can release the obligations of a child and
should the opinions I express before the final ac
tion of the State is determined, be visited by
censure or reproach, I will not even then waver
in my allegiance, but like the humble RUTn, I
will lie at the feet of my sovereign until time and
truth shall elevate me to that position in her con
fidence which I shall feel to be my right.
-Sir, there- are aesceations connected with the
Palmetto flag now resting in peace in the office
beneath me, which will force me to follow it
wherever unfurled isthe eause f South Carolina.
Did I believe that the honor of the State was
committed to separate secessiourmy voice should
not have beenm heard. I behtot&-her in a poten
tial attitude-ready to strike,,the instant it ap
pears thatshe can strike with effect,,and impres
sed with-the belief that such is her real position,
unite in the Resolution, " that South Carolina
cannot with honor or safety retire from her pre
sent position, anda pledge ourselves to sustain her
in it, wvhether it ends in joint or separate seces
CA:F.trnsA FUGtTIv'E SL.AVE LAVt.'.-Tao
Memphis Appeal learns from a correspon
dent that a fugitive slave law has passed
the H-ouse, with a fine prospect of going
through the Sennte, which provides that any
person who ay bring slavecs irnte the State
in good flaith may be permitted to send them
bak in specified time, and it makes it the
duty of sherifh and other ofieers to aid in
te execultio'n of the law. T~be provisions of
the net embrace all those who ca.rried shwaes
into the State previous to its admission into
(Q WE have seldorn seen thme prospect
of the crops more gloomy than at present.
Four or five weeks ago they never looked
better ; but since that time, we have had but
one arid that ana insignificant shower. Every
thing is burnt up ; the corn is literally ruined,
and, unless we have a timely rndn, cotton
mtst suffer greatly. We have seldom seen
such a long continued and disastrous drouth.
-Marshmall Te'xas Republican.
E9 Tars MF.rnoD;T PROPERTY SunT.
-Time Christian Advocate and Journal says
that negotiations consequent upon the earnest
recoinaendiation of the Court for an amica
ble settlenment of '.ie unfortunate dispute
between the t wo branches of the Methodist
Episcopal Churcb have failed, the South
making it a pre-requisito that the justice of
her clam shall be admitted. and the North
refusing to make any such acknowledgment.
7"- THE Coinage at the Philadelphia
Mint, for the last six months has biein over
twenty-four millions of dollara. It is thought
that thme amount coined during the same
period at New-Orleans, will atuount to thirty
COLUM IBIA, JULYv21.
Oca report of thme cottomn market for the week
ending the 14th instant closed with a quiet bait
steady demand, at prices ranging from 5 to 8 1-4
ents. Duriag the week now uinier review two
steamers have arrived from Europe, viz: thme
Franklin, with dates from Liverpool to the het in
tant, and the Asia, with dates, to the 3d inst. By
the former the cotton market was quoted dull and
inactive. at an I-8d decline on formuer quotations;
and by the latter a decline of 1-8 to 1-4d on the
fine quialities, and 1-4 to 3-Sd on the lower grades
CIIA RLESTONr, JuL~Y 19.
TE Cotton market was quiet on Saturday last,
the transaction:: having been liutited mo about 258
bales at extremes ranging from 5 to 8 3-Sc. The
narket was depressedl, anid prices nominal.
Lard, Bacon umd Hams.
7ITE Subscriber lias in Store a lot of superior
HIAMIS. BACON AND) LARD, ad will
contite to recive through the season a supply
to meet thme wnints of his eustomers. Hie respect
fuly requests all who may coma to the Village
to urhiase the aboncve articles, to give him a call
before buying elsewhere.
(G. L. PENN, AGEs-r.
-r..l. 24 tfer
Tus 3anseas or CoMPANY a D," Palmetto
Regiment, are invited to meet at Edgfdcld C.
I., on the First Monday in August, and make I
arangemenr.ts towards being represented at Co
lembia, in pursuanc of a call from Col. A. H.
P. S. BROOKS, Late Captain.
Butler Lodge, No. 17 I. 0 0, F.
A Regular meeting of this Lodge
will be held on Monday evening next
at 8 oclock.
JOSEPH ABNEY, See'y.
July 24,1851 tf 26
G EORGE W. FITZWILSON, ARTIST, in
forms the citizens of Edgefield and vicini
ty, that he has taken a Room at the Sraxx Ho
TEL, where he is prepared to execute Portraits
in a SUPERIOR MANNER: and respectfully
asks the patronage of the public. Ile will at
tend, where it is prefered, at private residences
in any part of the District, when more than one
portrait is desired.
July 17 St* 26
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
BY JOHN HILL, Esq., Ordnary of Edge.
Whereas, Lewis Elizey hath applied to
me for Letters of Administration, on all and
singular the goods and ehattles, rights and
credits of Samuel Johnson late of the Dis
trict aforesaid, deceased.
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish
all and singular, the kindred and creditors of
the said deceased, to be and appear before me
at our next Ordinary's Court for the said Dis
trict, to be holden at Edgefield Court House
on the 5th day of August next, to show cause
if any, why the said administration should not
Given under my hand and seal, this the 23d
day of July, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, and in
the seventy-fifth year of American Indepen
dence. JOHN HILL, 0. E. D.
July 23 2t 27
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
BY JOHN HILL, Esq., Ordinary of Edge
Whereas, Ridley 31. Scurry hath applied
to me for Letters of Administration, de bonis
non, on all and singular the goods and chat
ties, rights and credits of Oliver Towles, late
of the District aforesaid, deceased.
These are therefore, to cite and admonish
all and singular, the kindred and creditors of
the said deceased, to be and appear before me,
at our next Ordinary's Court for the said Dis
trict, to be holden at Edgefield Court House,
on the 4th day of August next, to show
cause, if any, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my hand and seal, this the
18th day of July, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one
and in the seventy-fifth year of American In
JOHN HILL, o. E. D.
July 23, 1851 2t 27
A E ore of those handsome Enibroider
MUSLIN and LACE SLEEVES, NETT
GLOVES and LACES.
W. P. BUTLER.
JTune 25 tf 23
Ready Made Clothing.
J UST received a large assortment of RE ADY
MA DE CLOThIN G, consisting of
Alpaeen, Linen anrd Gino Deta SACKS anid
Linen, Cottonade and Cro Dcta PANTS,
Black Satin Silks and Marsails VESTS, all of
which will be sold vE RY L.ow.
WILLiaMhS & CHRISTIE.
Mfay 22, tf 18
Constantly on Hand and
3T lE Subscriber lhars just received sonme bean
tiful EMi3ROIDERED GOODS, to which
he invites attention, anmong thenm may be found
Worked Muslini Mantillras and Saequcs,
" " arid Lace Capes,
" " " " Sleeves,
" " Chemtesettes aud inside Hand
" " Collars ad Cnmfls,
Col'd Barage Manttles and Mantillas,
inen Canibrie Handkerchiefs,
White and Col'd Canton Crape Shawls,
a" Sewing Silk do
(ents and Ladios Sup. Kid and Silk Gloves,
Bleached and Browtn Shectings, and Pillow
Rihl Frriture Prints,
"Ficured Uanasks for Curtains,
Somer Silk and Cotton Hosiery, &c.
-A L SO
A few more fine W ATCHES and CH AINS,
Lardies CHA T A LA INS and BROACUES,
KEYS, CHARMS, &-c., &c.
W. P. BUTLER.
May 29, tf 1
Ad iitao~ Sale.
NOTICE is herebty given that by virtue of an
..order fronm John huh1, Esq., Ordiniary, 1
shall sell at thre late residence of Elizabeth Car
ter, deceased, on TIILURSDAY the Z4th inst.,
all the personal Estate or said deceased consist
ing in part of
EIGHT LIKELY NEGROES,
Stock of Horses and Mules, Cattle, hogs, Plan
tation Tools, Waggont, Hlousehold and Kitchen
Furniture, &c., &e.
Terms made known on the day of sale.
A. J. RAMBIO, Adafior.
July 7 3t 25
T EN OR TWELVE able bodied hianmds wan
tedl for the' ensuing three months. Liberal
wages given, and paid mronthuly if required.
J. IL. CIJRISTIAN.
July 17 3 t .26
A LL persons indebted to thre Estate of Mrs.
Trrenceia Lowe, deceased, arc requested tot
make immediate payment, and all persons hravi'egI
dearnds agarinst said Estate, are also reqo.ast..i
to present thema according to law.
HENRY KEY, Ez'or.
July 10 6mni
IILL he sold at Edlgefieli Court House, on
n te first Monday in August next, the
building now oeenpied by Mr. Led lhih as a
Store. Also the outbuilsings.
Terms made knowna on the day of sale.
JOHN HIUIET, Chair'n.
.luly 17 3t 2t
I3 LS. CHOICE STONE LD~!E, iiot
slacked, iin tine order. For sale by
EDGEFIELD COLLEGIATE 1NSTITUTJ
nocM.E nTnd: NacireL 3
S7. Cia. o' h".5I 12 Me?!1 PrincipaL[.
'ITE FIRST SE S!ON comvontees Septcm
The Institute building will contain eight
room,, all of wh'eh are appropriated to purpo
ses of instruction.
A tine apparatus ; a large collection of Maps
Anatomiea! Charts, Globes, Se ; a Ml useum of
Natural History; a Cabinet of Minerals and
Shells; furnish unusual facilities for acquiring a
practical knowledge of the different branches of
Two new Pianos have been purchased in ad
dition to those already in the Institute.
The course of Study is of an elevated charac
ter, nand more comprehensive, than that of most
female institutions of the highest reputation.
The 1'RICWtr.. devotes the whole of his time
to the supervision and instruction of the various
The Assistants are experienced in their dif'c
rent Departments, and those only of known sue
cess in teaching are employed.
The Academical year is divided into Sessions
of 14 weeks each. It is of great importance that
the student be present at the comimenceernut of
the Session. The Classes are then formned, and
a few weeks delay may tseet, the standing of the
pupil throughout the year.
Tuition is charge-d but from the time of en
trance to the end of the Session.
Payments are to be mude at the- close of each
Uunusual facilities are iven for a thorough
In addition to other improvements, which are
now in progress, a large covered playgronmd, for
exercise in wet weather, and a gymnasium, are
to he erected.
Circulars containing a list of expenses, coarse
of studies and other particulars, will be sent free
of postage, to those who apply for them.
F. H. WARd)LAW, .
N. L. GRIFFIN,
R. T. MIMS. -
July 17 if 2G
By his Excelleney J. H. MEANS. Governor
and Commander-in-Chief in and over the
State of South Carolina :
E11R1WEAS information has reached me
that an atrocious murder was committed
upon John Mcl)anil, of lhirmwell, by six young
men, among whom were SEAIORN E. FAR
MElR and WM. G. TOBIN; and whereas the
aforesaid Farmer and Tobin have made their es
cape:-Now be it known, in order that they
may be brought to trial, I, John U. .leans, Gov
ernor in and over the State of South Carolina, de
issue this, my proclamation, offering a reward of
Taco Hundred Dollars for the delivery of both.
or One Hundred Dollars for the delivery of
either of them, to the Jailor of lHarmwell District.
Farmer is about 25 or 28 years old, 5 feet 8
inches high, well made, fair complexion, blue
eyes, light hair, two of his front teeth slightly
broken off. le has a scar on his check about
an Inch and a half lung made by the cut of a
knife. - .
Tobin is 18 or 19 years qd, 5 feet-il inehss
fair complexion, very little beard, lighthair, white,
teeth, thiek lips, wvell nmadei, and -is badly searred
on the right arm and shoulder.
Civen undcr my hand and thle seal of
'the State, this fifth dlay oif .July, in
L. s' the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and tifty-onie.
J. Hf. ME.\NS.
W~x. F. AaRHU, Dcp. Sec:ary State.
July 17 4: 211
SHER IFF'S SA LE.
BY Virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Fnaeiats
Bto mec directed, I shall proceed to sell at
Edgefield Court House, onthe first Sionday
il August next, the following proplert3 in th
Fleminig, McIntiro & Co., vs John Hill,
admiistrtor of M. Rt. Smith, all thatt sec
tion of land situated within the corporate
limits of the Town of Hamburg. aind known
as Section No. 7, containing nineteeni and
~nd 90-100 acres, more or less, bounded on
the North by Feetion of land No. 6, on the
East on te Edgelield Roamd and section No.
11 nteSouth by the Town of' Hamburg,
and on the Wecst by lands of' Charles H1am
mond and Josiah BibIey.
Lnyd Mitchell vs Charles Powell, one hun
dred acres o1' land, more or less, adjoining
lands of A. J. Ramho and others; levied on
as the property of the defendant Powell.
John Blauskett v.s John Turner, the interest
of the defendant in the tract of laud where
on WVillinm Barton lives, contabning three
hndred and lfit acres. more or less, amnd ad
joining lands of 'B. G. Croft Thomas Turner
Leonard Sinber, A gent, vs P. H-. Castleber
ry; Mathleny & Benly vs the Same, the
house and lot in the Town of H-amburg
known as the "-- Hotel," adjoining lots of
t. M. Owens and others, fronting on Centre
Street and rtunning back to Cobb. Street.
W. H. Mdoharrev vs Samuel Tr:>wbridge,
two negroes. viz: 'Will and AtTy, levied on
as the property of defendant.
S. CHRISTIE, S. E. D.
July 12, 1851. 4tc 26
STATE OF SOUTH CAROL~INA
WVilson Holstein and uife,
anmd othiers, Bill anrl amr mdd
E. U. Norris anid othlers.J
IT appearing to ny satisfactirn that Win.
LD. Norris, Sally Sawyer, A1.xander Nor
ris, Luther Norris aind Na'.,:an J. Norris, De
endnts, reside beyo'.d the limits of this
State: On motion Oj'?Mr. Gramsrx, Solicitor,
Ordered, that the seid Deendants, ns also,
any child or cehikken of the said Nathan J.
Norris, ndr' named above, do applear and
pled, aniswer or demtnr to this Biti, within
thren months from thei pubik~ntion of this
O'der, or that the said Bill be taken pro co-n'
fesso gainst them.
S. S. TOMPKINS, C. E. E. D.
ommn'r OdlceJun~e 241, 1851.
J ne 16, 3ra 23
.4 LL Persons are forewarned not to trade for
f.a note of hand givenl by liet to Thoas Ri.
la.nd. and payabtle to .lo'diua Kinig or b.earer,
dated the 17th of May, 1551, and duec the 1st cit
Octoer ntext, for sixty dollars, as the property
for which said no~te was givenu hias prioved un
sound I am determirned not tto pay it until comn
pled hy law.
.e'- 0. 6Jr0ota.s9s.9.
1' BLS. NE ~W CROP, a superior article, for
Ot. sale by '11. A. KENRICK.
"R.A. G. TEAGUE haying rcmoved'- his
Str -to the North side of' the. Ptblic
Scquare, in the same building -and -next:'door 4o
M r. J. Lyoes Merlant Tailor '.Fabsliment,
respectitnly invite, the attention .of .tfit eitisenw -
of the Village ard -stprottnding eountry- to an
examination of his Stock.
Edge ield C. f., July , t 23
FRESHI and Genuine Drags, Chemicals, &c,
purehased under the supervision ofihe Pro
prietor, all of the most reputable nostrums,&c.,
and for sale at the Drug Store of
A. Q. TEAGUE.
Julv 10 tf 2:,
Oils and White Lead
SL ARGE supply of Liuseed, Pgre Sperm,
. Whale, Train, Neetsfoot, castor, Sweet,
and Olive Oil, &e.
Also, a good supply gf White Lea., pure and
extra, for sale at the Drug Store of
A. G. T.E GUE
July I t 25'
Putty and Glass. -
ON hand an excellent lot of Putty,
Also, on extensive assortment tt-.Cach
and Window Glass, of various and assoriod siues,
and for sale at the Drug Store of
A. G. TEAGUE.
July 10 if 25
A L A 1 GE snpply of Alcohol, P0 and 43
percent.-Spts. Turpentine, Etherisl 0c;
&e., for sale at the Drug Store of
A. G. TEAGUE.
Jury 10- tf
Physicians Shop Furniture, Ito.
A LARGE and well selected lot. Also MeJ
eal Chests with necessary furniture ir
flanilies, Medical Saddle Bags, &o.,just received,
and for sale a; the Drug Store of
A, G. TEAGU..
luTy 10r tf 25
TUST recei'ved a large lot of Trusses, Uter.'
e. Abdominal Supporters, Mrs. Blettis's for La
dies, and for sale at the Drug store of
A. G. TEAGUEs.
July 10 tf 2
A FINE assortment of Colognes,. Extracts.
Perfumed Sachets, Toilet Cases, Puffs- in
boxes, Pearl Powder, white and pink; Costme
tics, &e., &e., fur sale at the Drug store of
A. G. TEAGUE..
July 10 tf 25'
Toilet Soaps, &c.
JUST received, some of the finest Fancy Toi:
) let Soaps, ever offered in this market,
Also, Transparent, Pink, Orange and Lement
Wash Balls, fur sale at the Drug store of
A. G. TEAGUE.
July 10 if 25
Brushes! Brushes N!
LARGE supply of Tooth, Flesh, Nail,.nt
I and Hand Brushes, of a superior quality,..
Also a variety of Paint and Varnish 3rushes
and Blenders, Tanner's Serubbing and Oiling
Brushes, &c., &c., for salm at the Drug Store of
A. G. TEAGUE.
July 10 : ' tf 25
Paints for Water Colors, Pencils, kc.
N STOREa good tassortment *f Paints for
C Sable hai- n ,
July 10. . tf2
Fancy Note Paper, &ct
A LARGE and handsome variety of' Fan'ey
- Note Paper, Envelopes. Mottos, &., ,just
receivred and for sale at the Drug store of,'.
A. G, TEA.GUE.'
JTuly 10 tf. 25
TULST receive'? a superior lot of Candles, comn
Cs mon and fin, Sugar Plumbs, Mint Drops,
Lecmon sugar. Sugar' Sands assorted, Prunes,
Citron, Figs, Ainuads, &c.,.for sale at the Drug
store of 'A. G. TEAGUE..
.Juu'y la t f 25a
Spice, Tea, &e.
, GOOD supply of Spice, Pepperr Cloves,
I. Nurmegs. Mace, Ginger, and a vari-ety of
Extracts for flavoring,
Also, Youmg Hyson and latck Teas, Cocoa,
&e., for sale at the Drug store oif.
A. G. TEAGUF:,
July 10 t f
Tobacco, Segars, &c.
' TST rreeived a supiply of excellent Chewing
el Toibaceo. Also, Cut Tobaceo, of a fine
quality, Segars, Snuff', &c., for sale at the Drug
store of A. G. TrEAGUE.
July 10 U' 25
'T ALLOW, Sperm, Adamnatine and Wax,
.Lfor sale at the Drug store of
A. G. TEAGUE.'
July10 If 25
LAS L.\MPS. L~anu~ici-, Thermometer,
&ct., for sale at the Di'ug store of
A. G. TEAGU'E.
.luly 10 If 25
P. ED) and Wibite'Clover, Blue Grass, &c., for
IA sale at the Drug store of
A. G. TEAGUE,
July 'i0 If 25.
C"IONST ANTLY on; hand and for sate at the
'.Dro;;-store of A. G. TEAGU'E.
Jutly 10 tf 25
IGenuine Tinctures, Syrups, &c,
IINCTUlUES, Ointments, Syrups, Distilled
..and Med~ice Wate.rs, prepared by the pre,
prietor in strict necordlance with the United.
States Dispensatory, and for sale at the D~rug
store of A. G. T EAGUE.
.July 10. tf 25
F ROM the Plntlationi uf the Subscriber about
the 1st of Junie a YOKE O1" OXEN,
about six years oldl,-one is of a dark red colorn
the other white with brindle spots. Any ifor,
m fation euneernitng thcem will be thanukfillly re
eeive'd, and any person deliverinig them to me
w.ill he rewarded for their troubtle.
GE~O. A. ADDISON.
p.Tuly 17, 2t 27
2G\ IIUDS. CilOICE Baltimore BACON
-USIDES, just received~ and for sale by
WILLIA MS & CilRISTIE.
J .ulv 17 tf 26
sugar and~ Coffee.
20 IUIS. S EGA R, difi'crent brands,
25 Barrels St. Croix Gratiulated Sua,
16 11arrels Crushed and Powdered Sugar,
100 QIQlbs. Loaf Sugar, double refined,
50 lhtrrels Cof!'ee Sugar,
75 lings primte liio Cotl'ee,
25 "best Ohd Guvernmnent Java Coll'e.
For rale by A. ]BURNSIDE.