Newspaper Page Text
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, JULY 31, 182I.
&Vr Wa are bound to ask our correspondent
"CAROLINA" for the proof, if he means to say
that Judge BUTLER'S "motives have been insidi
ously attaicked" in this State. No man, since the
foundation of our Commonwealth, has been treat
ed with more marked courtesy and forbearance in
this respect. That Judge B., has pursued the hon
orable course ascribed to him, we cheerfully ad
mit. Take not the same credit, unjustly, from
TnE song over this signature to be found in
another column, breathes the right spirit. Will
our Marion friend please let us hear from him
again? We return him our thanks for the highly
respectable names he has been kind enough to
add to our subscription list.
WE are requested by several gentlemen to re
insert the Southern Congress nomination, which
stood in our paper for three or four months, and
we have accordingly done so. It was withdrawn
Tats able scholar and excellent gentleman has
returned, as is his custom, to take his summer re
creation here in his native village. We are pleased
to see him attaining better health as he grows
older. The community of Edgefield is always
glad to welcome him and his to their midst.
CHARLESTON CO-OPERATION MEETING.
WE see a very large call, in the last Charleston
papers, for a meeting of the co-operationists. Can
it be intended to drnp Charleston below the tone
of the late Southern Rights meeting? We will see.
In any event, we have confidence that the noble
spirit of resistance will continue to rear its head
higher and higher, let mistaken Prudence counsel
as it may. Three months ago, Charleston was
said to be, by a large majority, against action
now, the City is nearly equally divided. Three
months more will give us the majority. Should it be
otherwise, even "the gates of Charleston shall not
prevail against us."
THE CAUSE IN ALABAMA.
FaoM our Alabama exchanges we gather very
satisfactory intelligence of the progress of the good
cause of Southern Rights in that State. COCRAN
and YANCEY are leading our friends with distin
guished ability, and we have not a doubt that
victory will perch upon their banners.
We cannot avoid taking this occasion to express
to our old class-mate, SEIBLEC, the admiration
with which we have all along regarded his able
efforts in this great controversy. le has manfully
thrown himself into the front line of the battle.
May he as bravely bear up under the burden and
heat of the day, and in the quiet, cool evening,
after the engagement is over and the victory won,
may he enjoy the rich fruits of Southern Independ
ence, for which he is striking such sturdy blows !
"RICHARD is HIMsELF AGAiN."
WE observe with delight that ournoble old City
is at length shaking off that seeming lethargy of
spirit, which had crept over her wvonted energies,
and is now~ bravely buckling on her armor for the
decisixg engagement. The original Southern
tie purposes of its formation, a new one has been
instituted and is styled the " Auxilliary Southern
Rights Association of the Parishes of St. Phillips
and St. Michael.." This is evidently intended to
be an active, working, moving body, devoted to
the cause of Southern Rights and to the mainte
nance of South Carolina's constituted authorities,
in their onward and upward course.
The meeting assembled for the purpose of or
ganizing this Association, is said by the Mericury,
to have been " one of the greatest and most im
pressive political demonstrations ever witnessed in
that City-marked equally by intelligence, enthu
siasm and settled determination."
Hon. JohN S. ASHE w~as made President of the
Association and thirty-one other gentlemen, of the
first talents and of the highest respectahility, were
appointed Vice-Presidents. A Committee of Vigi
lance, consisting of one hundred and thirty Mem
bers was also filled out; and among them, we are
pleased to see much of the enterprise, wvealth, ge
nius and spirit of Charleston. The whole affair
wears a manly, open nnd fearless front, indicative
of the rapid progress of the Resistance feeling in
Freemen of the up-country! There's a good
time a coming. " The deaf hear, the dumb speak,
the dead are raised tup." Heaven's hand is in it.
A voice has sounded from your hills and has been
shouted back from where the Ocean-wave dashes
upon your beach-and it says, " SouvTu CAnou-I
NA MUsT AND WILL DC UNITED!-SoTH CtAoLt
NA MUST AND WItLL BE TRtIUMPHiANT!"
"WHAT IS YOUR PINEY WOODS LAND GOOD
FOR ANY HOW I"
Sticit was the somewhat startling and rather
impertinent query abruptly propounded to us a
few days ago, by one of these conceited red-clay
'Twisters.' At the first blush, we wore disposed
to turn off in dignified silence ; but, upon second
thought, we merely replied by saying.-"Andl
what is your plagued oaky woods good for ?"
" Well, said he, its good for almost anything
corn, cotton, wheat, on~ts &c"
" And our piney woods," said we, "can beat
you in cotton-equal you in corn, and instead of
your trilling wheat and oats, we'll show you cow
peas, sweet potatoes, water-melons, pindars and
other things too tedious to mention."
" Yes," returned lie with a sneer, " and what
other things are those you pretend to be too lazy
to mention? Gooseberries, fox-squirrels and clay
roots, by Hokey. Ha ! ha! ha !"
By this time, our sand-hill indignation wvas up
and we commenced unbuttoning. We looked
around for a place to deposit our coat, bitt on turn
ing again to face the foe-lo! the fellow had
sloped.. We walked off and, as we went, indulged
the follow!pj reflections.
a'ji~ abili'ies of our sandy Pine sections are
even yet unappreciated except by a few. But the
day is coming around when they will stand upper
mgt in the estimation of shrewd men. And there
are several good reasons for saying so. First,
these lands are generally level. Secondly they
abound in the best of timber. Thirdly, pine-straw,
the geatest of all vehicles for manure, covers the
earth and costs but little labor in the hauling.
Fourthly, the land is easier of cultivation and
the wear and tear is greatly less than on stiff soil.
Fifthly, it is abundantly proved that a general
failure of a orop occurs less frequently ; because
planting: can be safely done so early as alnmost to
muajce the crops with the Spring seasons, which1
are generally more certain. Sixthly, the summer
range is better. Seventhly, the water is purer and
the healthfulness is superior. Eighthly-but we
will reserve the other reasons till that chap, who
spoke to us so the other day, comes out and pub
lishes his. reasons in favor of the oaky woods. We .
SOUTHERN STANDARD, ft
ALTHOUGH the Southern Standard peremptorily C
declines an argument with the Advertiser, yet
this shall be no drawback upon us in exprning the
fallacy of his positions, whenever we think. proper,
especially whient his remarkrls hav.e a bearinug upon
the people of Edgefield. It was no paltry anmbi
tion to cross swords with the Standard-.ditor, c
that caused our comments of last week-but an v
honest desire to place our District "rectus in t
curia" at once. Ir
The Editor is unnecessari'y mitt-d by onr allu
sion to the paper under his control. Outr remarks e
upon that point, he assumes, were intended for I
himself. If he will look again he will had this
cannot be so, unless, perchance, he takes the
"genius of the State" all to him":elf. We certain
intended no such personal application of the ex
pression. how could we, when, to tell the truth,
we have only very recently learned who Mr. B. C.
PREsSLEY is, and that, too, from vague hearsay!
But enough of this. We are perhaps less dis
posed to bandy words wtth the Standard than he
is with us. "Plain dealing and plain talking" is
our motto. If any wince under it, it is not our
fault. If we are at any time censurable, tell us of
it candidly, and we will endeavor not only to see
our error but make proper amends for it.
A FEW WORDS TO THE CO-OPERATIONISTS,
TitE indications from almost all qtuarters of the
State are cheeringly strong in favor of our pro
gressing in the course of resistance already institu
ted. Day after (lay we receive items of intelli
gence to this efect. Scarcely one mail in ten
brings news of an opposite character. We have
examined the few South Carolina Newspapers
which differ with us in politics, and so seldom do
we discover on their pages anything to prove that
they are sustained by the people of the State, that
really our sympathies have becu somewhat excited
towards them. On the other hand, the Secession
Papers, from the mountain-s to the sea-board, teem
constantly with abundant proofs of the true senti
ment of the ever-gallant people of South Carolina.
And this sentiment is one of deep hostility to Fede
ral Rule, connected with a fixed determination to
free themselves from it, by the on!-; proceedure
which will be, at the same time, right tend effec
tual-.the proceedure of Constitutional Secession.
The rapidly increasing unanimity of our people,
on this great matter, is destined to exercise a pow
erful influence upon this era of American history.
It is like a fore-shadowing of the gloom of Erehu3
to the hearts of our enemies. Pitt it i? joyott- sun
light to the souls of all true Southern Patriots.
Friends of the Co-operation party ! let us reason
together with all manner of kindnes1. Were your
policy decidedly in the atronlcney at this time in
the State, would you not think it ttl reasonable
in your opponents, not rnly to wi'hhold the in
fluence of their concert, but to r-ck, by fanning
the flame of civil disnord, to heat down the free
voice of the great body of their fellow-ci:irens !
And is not this precisely whet you ant doing now?
We fear it is.
It does not occur to ui that you have any im
proper motives in doing this. It may very well be
that you are actuated by the purest intentions.
But the effects produced by your unavailing exer
tions at this stage of the contest. may not be the
less fatal to your State. Without designing it,
you may foment bitter discord and strife at home.
You may even encourage, indirectly, treason in the
camp. One of your own-number has been among
the first to inform the St"e, that there is already
a spirit of rebellion abroad among us. We have
all along feared that there might be a fewi rene
gades in. thind. But that they were to be found
their disloyal whims, we had not before imagined.
We have not the slightest, idea that this is so as
yet ; and we trust in God it may never be. Yet
the bare suggestion of such a thing is sufficient to
startle every good man into a sense of the awftul
ruin and disgrace, which such a spirit might pos
sibly work out, unless crushed at once with the
contempt and scorn it merits. If it has comae to
thIs, that such vile treason muet be pendered to by
South Caroliniane, then we m-uy ar well tear down
the Palmetto, burn the recordls of the past and
prepare for the lowest political degra'dation. Ex
pect to win over an A nlxo:.D by compldai'anmce and
concessions ! It is wvorso :han idle. You only
keep alive the serpent by such mintirtrations.
Smother it at the beginning by unmniitiated con
demnation, or it may grow to he a rtaneo.o - iper
in your bosom.-Blut, while th-ere powseih!y may be
on the one side, a few individuals, had enough to
yield to this wicked spirit, look umnn the ether side
of you, and you wvill there find three-f".urmhs of
your State pressin:g on for their In-lpendence, by
direct, strait-forward measures. Trhey desire to
turn neither to the right hand nor the left, until
this fond desire of their hearts shall hav-e been
accomplished. While they si-li-it arnd earnestly
hope for the co-operation of other States, yet they
are resolved to carry their ecen State, alone, if it
must be, out of this unequal Union. 1k-re then
is a small factiotn, supposed to be ready for mutiny
on the one hand, and on the other, vutt SIassES OF
-vis STavE, burning to secuire their rights andl
vindicate their freedom.
Friends of the Co-operation party, what will
you do? We will not ask you to choose het ween
the two; for we are constrained to believe that
most of you regard that petty factio-i of recuisants
with tho same abhorrence, wvhich is felt by the se
cessionists. But we ask yout, in friendly mood,
will you clog the onward course of the latter,
when, to do so, you find yourselves compelled to
use arguments which, if they have any effecot, muset
tend to strengthen the hands and increase the
ranks of the former ? It is surely well demnonstra
ted that you cannot decrease the numbers of the
Secessionists-it is above contradiction indeed,
that they are rapiidly gaining accesiqn in ev-ry
part of the State. You have exhausted thme vari
rious terms " folly," "madness," "delirium,"
"recklessness,"4:c., in application to thetm, bt
they are still determined. You have appealed to
their fears and their interests in the strongeut terms,
and yet they are undaunted. You have presented
many worthy and distinguished names, in long
and powverful array, to sway them in their opin
ions, and yet they increaso in a ten-fold ratio.
Bethink you, friends, there is significance in all
this. Beware, lest you miscalculate the depth
and force of that feeling which some of ycu, twelve
months ago, fost red and encouraged. Beware, lest
in after years, you find that what you lhad termetd
" recklessnes" and 4"insanity," was in reality the
influence of an Almighty Providence, moving
upomn the hearts of a generous race. andI inmpelling
them to the execution of a high purpose. In the
progress of our holy religion, such epithe ts wereI
applied to the agents employed in its advancement.
Mlay not the same happen to those destined to
prosecute the cause of true Liberty !
We appeal, then, ardently and kindly to those
among us, who style themaselves Co-operationists,
asking them, as an .act of brotherly justice andI fi
filial piety, to join the dominant party in the
State. It is the only possible method of obtaining
that perfection of unanimity, which will enabsle
us to ride out the storm that may await us. That s'
this junction will make South Carolina as one
man, we have not te slightest shadow of doubt.
For, without the countenance of thme respectability, a
talent and position, of which the .cu-operationxists 8
mre unquestionably possessedl, this last and least
unily strife, convicted and disabled. SoUTH
AROLINA WOULD THEN PRESENT AN UNDIVIDED
no'T! Think, oh, think of this most fortunate
onsummation! It is yours to achieve it. Be
onsiderate. and place your shoulders to the wheel
rith us. All will be well, if this division be
ealed. For, then, ouraction will have a mighty,
ontrolling power. And this, it is generally agreed,
could be the happy result of unanimity. To show
hat some of our most prudent and distinguished
men, in both wings of the resistance party, concur
it this last conclusion, we will quote the langunge
if two of our immediate fellow-citizens. Judge
;UTI.ER, in April last, wheh deprecating action
in account of the divisions atnong ourselves, said
listinetly and with marked emphasis,-" If you
rcre unitcId, you could dissolve the Union to-mor
-ow beyond a doubt." Col. PicxENs, on Sale
lay last, said, "If we are cordially united at
tome, we can sarc onr. eles alone!" We select
hese opinions out of many others, because they
ell from men, long known and long trutted by the
reater part of our readers.
Te Southern Standard gives us rather a queet
'pecimen of reasoning in one of its recent articles,
the oddity of which we desire, briefly and in part
only, to point out. The question is asked. "Will
the other States follow us ?" He says not. This
nay be true enough-but time alone can show.
Our design is not here to controvert the conclu.
pion-but to notice the manner in which the
Standard arrives at it.. We confine ourselves ts
what lie says about Georgia, as this is the only
part which has the appearance of plausibility
The only argument advanced, to prove that Geor
gia will never follow our lead, is derived from he:
Cotventiion's decision not to act on the score o
past wrongs, and from that obstinacy of opinior
common to frail humanity. To give the demon
stration point, Sowath Carolina is placed in Geor
ia's shoes and an "urguentum ad <irilatem" i
thrust at her, after this fashion : Would you, tin
der similar circumstances, follow Georgia ? Woul
you not rather stan-d by in an over-boiling "huff,'
simply because Georgia had, after waiting in vait
for you to take the lead, pursued the dictates o
duty to herself, by stepping forward on her owt
responsibility ? Would you not stand by, grindin
your teeth like a very Achilles, and suffer her ti
be coerced hack into the Union by Federn
power! "Assuredly you would," says the Stand
ard-and how dare you hope that Georgia wil
not do so unto thee ?" We are astonished-w
are mortified that a South Carolina Journalis
should have entertained, for an instant, a thong:
so unsuited to the character of our people. W
will not say it is dishonoring the name of Sout'
Carolina ; for this might have the appearance c
harshness, and we now write "more in sorroi
than in anger." Tell us, that South Carolina i
sunk so low, as to he capable of standing by wit
indifference, should her sister Georgia be born
down.,for any cause, by the arm of it governmer
hostile to the South and her Institutions ? Tell u
that her sons would not rather rush to the rescu
at the first signal of alarm !
The man, who titters the thought, knows notli
ing of the people ie thus grosly, but perhaps ur
wittingly, slanders. We would be perfectly wil
ling to ri-k our whole cause upon the reply of ou
fellow-citizens to the question, "Would you not
in a quarrel like ours, sustain Georgia to the last
with men and with money ?" Could the voices c
the freemen of South Carolina be collected int
one sountd, it would almost reach Heaven with th
response, "We would--we would."
We must say to the Standard that a more un
surdum," whtich tells with efTet, precisely agains
the position designed to be mainitained.
Will the Standard excuse us for asking an ex
planation of his singular use of the word "coer
cion," itt the article under consideration. If w.
comprehend him at all,he intimates thtat secssioi
by a single State would be, towards anm adjoinini
sister State, as flagrant an act of coercion, as tht
interposition of Federal power, woutld be towvari
the seceding State-in other words, that Soti
Carolina's co-ercion of Georgia would be as pal
pah'le andI as ourageous as FtL~stone's co-crcio:
of South Carolina. For, says the Standard, "1
,oul onli be th coercion of a sovereign State, i.
either crse''! !!! Thtis is a parralel, vwith a yen
geance. Poor South Carolinta! rThreatenedl b
her enenmies wiuth Fcd'ral coercion, and accuses
by her children of umeditatinig toward others sin
gle-Statle eo-eriont ! But sutrely sutch notions ara
writtent dlown inore int jest thtan in earnest. A
least, it cantnot he expected thtat grown-up meni
who fully realize the equtality and sovereignty o
the difTrent Statec, will he at all itnfluetnccd bs
No stuch thing as the coercion of Georgia b:
South Carolina hias ever been dreamed of for
moment. The act of Southl Carolina when shi
secedes, will b~e her own, independent, legitimat<
and sovereign act. Howv can any one find ini
thea coercion of Georgia? Because gentlemer
think proper tos specutlate upon the probabilities o
a sister State's jointing her destiny with ours, art
theiy to be accused of dlesigninig thte coercion a
that State ? If the result of that secession be peace
catn Georgia sufTer ini any degree fronm ouract ? I
it be war, ouir act would thten inudeed have causec
i development, whticht would shake the Utnion in
to fragments. But would Georgia have the slight
st cause of murmuring against South Carolina
sven in that event!? Would shte charge uts witha
result, brought aboutt by Federal despotism! ? L
thters think as thtey wvill, we can but believe thta
ur gallant sister wotuld then be thankful to the
tate, by whose instrumnentality the rotten condi
ion of the Federal Governtment lhad been thut
uddenly and comipletely exposed. Shte wvould
less the means which had discovered to hter the
ninte, before it was futlly laid for her destruction.
[east of all, woutld site then complain of coercion
iSouth Carolina !! No! the idea is a hunbug,
md ottr sensible brethren of Georgia will be thes
irst to lautgh at its futility.
Whatever coturse then otur neighbor may putrsue
n reference to the secession of Sotht Carolina,
and we do not pretend to divine whant it will be,)
ne thing is very clear-it will be shtaped by high.
r or at least stroniger cnsideratiotns thtan thtose
uggested by the Standard.
G7TnuE Augutst tnmber of the Farmer and
lutter, puiblished at Old Pendleton has reached us,
nd containis its usual variety of itnterestinig and
We agree with "Strawts" itn the main, about
)ats. It is, in nine cases out of ten, the close
asturing and hard trampling which do the dam
ge. We have tried it.
" Broomasedlge" is a clever Rleviewer and makes
maiy good hits. We wish heo would extend his
omments a little. As a specimen of htis sensible
ay of talking we clip the following.
"CnovnR vs. Tt'Rstrs."-The " turnipahbene
to land !"-all gammon-" theatrical phantitng,
is, truly. Commnt sense come to our aid-dlid
ver atny hodly grow turntips on poor land ? If this
nnnot be done, we take it. that it mnurt hte the
lture, and not the turnips, whIh imiproves the
il, i fanv improvement does take place.-Sprengal
'tys, 20 t'ons tutrnips contain 15 lbs. of alkalis anid
I) bushels wheat with its strawv added only sixteen
ouds. Profeossur Johaon in coprigte
mounit of alkalies abstracted from the soil by thte
nn and green crops, says that " nine teuths of
to potsaah and soda withdrawn from thte soil are
ontainedl in thte green grasses," andl that " every
"GEN.ADAMS'S L.Enlemen, here
is something worth ieadin -e take it ; no man
has ever travelled through The Fork," without
being struck with the woi4erful neatness of their
planting operations, or without the thought being
suggsted-"how in the world do those plantern
grow rich on such poor d 1" The mystery is
I solved by Genl. A's e lar manuring,sys
teniatic management, clean culture. We
have heard it said, that It because they can cul
tivate more to the han tin we do. Not so-here
is only fifteen acres t hand-but it is wellt
done-slowly and sure y dr e..More failures arise
from planting a crop in great a hurry than in
any other way. Take 'at the beginnin, and
remember that, " wit Q requisite nuniher of
stalks to the acre, you t ther a full crop."
TO THE GOVERNOR'UARDS, OF COLUMBIA,
TiE first Company-to 'offer its services to Gov.
SEADROoK, in defencef Souiern Rights, this
song is respectfully dedicated by an old Member.
Aua-" A wet .8Sand a ftowing Sea."
Oppression, with ts gallig bands,
Now presses on the South,
And Northern tyrgnIeommands
That we should hold our mouth,
While they are tra;ifly on our rights
Who once have bhrers been
So let us, from our-sunnyheights,
Our rallying cryb"!
tUNFoLD -rn FI he "SouTnRn FI.Ao,"
And let our warriorsoaome
From sea board, vioe nd mountain crag,
To march at the roll1f the drum.
I .- , ,
Against Ambition an'd its hordes
Of greedy, lawless men,
Who, for the wealth the South affords,
Would visit her again -:
f With fire and sword, which once she bore
For them, in Freeddm's cause,
When Britons from aToreigu shoro
Came to enforce thgi laws
"Rise fellowmen"-Unite, unite,
And should our foeinen come,
We'll show them that we still can fight
We'll march at the roll of the drum.
Justice, Right and.Vidfue, all
Upon our side will etand
Then hearken to a brother's call,
Obey CALIwoL's 1 mand.
"UNIE, UNITE," ai ever fear,
Though ten to one oar foes
t To SrARTANS this verenoble cheer
s So strike. your deadlet blows;.
And show that traitori, like the Stag,
Though bragging, will be dumb,
To see us 'neath our Southern Flag,
March at the roll of the drum.
But should our Southern sisters fail
To join us in the eapse
Shall Carolina's childrt quail ?
S Can Carolina pauset
No--No ! our rights oqurs to guard
'Tis ours the time e
tUnfol then our Palintto'Fing-.
Let Carolinians come
From sea-board, vale and mountain crag,
Andl march to the roll of-the drum.
Marion C. H., July,1l85%; SEcEssioN.
- Fo THE AnvEatTisERt.
?ItR. EDITOR :-Rarely indeed have we been
permitted the pleasure- of attending a Barbacee
equal to that we had the pleasture to partake of
on the 1 7th instant, at the residene of our old
friend, Cel. WYA-rr UIoLME,-theC expense andl
trouble of which was all shouldered by our libe
ral old friend anod veteran. It was truly'inferior
to none, tboth for quality and variety.
His guests consisted of,.some 'our hundred or
more persons, principally from the neighborhood
imnmediately surrounding him, all of whom
seemed to be perfectly delighted, at home, and
much too to thme gratifleation of the Colonel him
self. The juvenile portion of the company, as a
matter of course, was engaged pretty much all
the while, ini a well-directed Cotillion party.
We hope that others will profit byithe exam
ple set by Col. UI., and call us together again on
a like occasion.
r-- -- -
FoRt TiHE ADVERTISER.
rMr. Editor :-In your paper of the 17th inst.,
I finid the followirig:
" To Lovsia.-The Picayune says. 'We
pronise to tell any ono .who will unriddle the
fllowing, where he may find a sweet-heart.'"
A Problem.-A witty yotung gentleman living
with a rich farmer, fell in love with his daughter.
On harinmg of this he said to the young man
that there were three 'gates between his house
and his orchard, and that if he wvould go to the
orchard and get a nuamber of apples and leave
half he had and half an apple over at the first
gate ; and half lie had left and half an apple over
at the second gate; and half he then had left and
half an apple over at the third gate; and bring
one tp him, without euttiug an apple, he might
have his daughter. I wish to know how many
apples lie had left at each gate, and the number
Now, I ay, the young man who can't unrid
de this problem, is unworthy of a sweet-heart.
Why, sir, it is as easy as " falling off of a slick
log." Let him take 15 apples. The half of 15,
and a hmlf over, is 8, which he will leave at the
first gate, and have 7 left ; the half of 7, and a
half over, is 4, which lie will leave at the second
gate, and have 3 left ; the half of 3, and a half
over, is 2, wvhichu he will leave at the third gate,
and have 1 left, which he will present to' the old
boss and tuke his " gal," for aught I care.
I send you this, 'MR. Enrron, for thme benefit
of love-siek swains in general. But I wish you
to hear in mind that [ donot belong to this class ;
nor do I claim tho. benefit of the Picayune's
promise. I waive my claim in favor of thoso
youths whio think tihat,
" Sugar apd 'las.ses are ne'er so sweet,
As kneeling at the lasses' feet."
A COxFlaxED B3ACHEI.
Iiggins Ferry, July 24, 1851.
A DV'ERTIS!NG.-Genlin, the great hatter, in
a nte to the editor of the New York -Cou
rier, inviting him to teat his style of hiats,
holds the folowino.-language:
" The benefits I halve drvdfronm the
press as an advertising. medium it is be~yond
m powver to, estimate, and I am wvelh satis
tid, from careful observation and experience,
that advertising is the main-spring or success
in ever bnmh of business."
FOR TrE ADVERTISER.
Ma. EDITOR :-I have been pleased to see the
ecesionists and Co-operationists of our State
ending to harmony with each other. Unanimi- bi
y is absolutely indispensable to our success. to
tlthough some have assumed that South Caroli- te
in may sustain herself in her present exigeney, f,
olitary and alone, none are so rash as to deny fu
Io impossibility of her doing so without the p
muited wisdom and action of her own citizens. 01
The one is possible, the other impossible. For
Lunately for our State, our able men have gene- ai
rally interchanged freely their counsels with each t
Ather, and uniting upon some common ground, ti
guided us safely through every political crisis, tl
No one would deprecate more than I, to see our p
leading men so ambitious and injudicious as to I
erect, each for himself, his individual standard h
and which having erected it, pride of opinion ti
would induce him to maintain, by inflamatory ap- g
peals to the people. Such would be dishonora- s
ble to them, ruinous to the State and a deep stain t1
upon her fair history. South Carolina is not a e
place for demagogues, and I would gladly hope a
that the conservative character of her govern
ment will ever protect her against them. It is
with the profoundest admiration, therefore, that c
I view the present course of Judge Bu'r.Ea and v
his friends-submitting to misrepresentation and ?
insidious attacks upon their motives,-rather than I
underteke a vindication of themselves, lest it
should involve our citizens in party strifes and t
bickcrir.gs. I pity the soul, that cannot appre- <
eate such patriotism, but deludes himself into
the belief that Judge BU-rLEa is not able to vin- i
diente his course triumpintly before his coun- <
try. Surely no one has been more devoted to
his State, or more consistent in his course thani
this distinguished gentleman.
In 1849, the Southern Delegates in Congress, i
under the lead of .1r. CALHouN, met in Council
to advise upon the most efficient remedy of the
great evils*of which we, and the whole South
now complain. The result of their joint wisdom
and deliberations, was given by Mr. CALHOUN,
and subscribed to at the time by Judge BUTLER
and our Representatives in Congress, in the fol
"We then aro of the opinion, that the firt
and indispensable step, without which nothing
can be done, and with which every thing may
be, is to be united among yourselves."
Here we see how much Mr. CALnOUN and
.udgc EUTLEn., relied upon the co-operation of
the Southern States with each other to effect a
remedy of the identical evil of which we now
complain. But shortly after this Mr. CALHOUN
died, and the evil continuing, it devolved upon
our Statesmen, still to use their efforts to secure
us against the aggressions of the North.,
The consequence was they became tho advo
cates of a dissolution of the Union, for the pur
pose of re-organizing ourselves into a Southern
Confederacy. This project was unanimously ap
proved of by the whole State, dnd our Senators
returned to the last Session of Congress, its open
and avowed advocates. In fact, Mr. RnErr was
elected Senator by our last Legislature, because
of his bold advocacy of this measure, and on ac
count of which he was denounced by Ir. C.v
.And consistent-with th'e pledge of thi State,
not to lead, bzi* jofollot,-theo ,Legislisturo ap
But although Mr.-Run-r-r had been so conspieni
ous an adroentc of this great project, upon his
return from Congress. he suddenly places him
self in the lead of the Secessionists, and is so
ultra as to say we do not need co-operation, and
so bold as to threaten to force it if necessary. Is
this the conduct of a wise Statesman, or of a
practical man ? To dissolve this Union and form
a Southern Confederacy is not the work of a day.
t is a great and magnificent adventure in behalf
of our liberties and institutions. And now when
it has beer, advocated as the settled policy of the
State, but little more than twelve months we are
tld to discard it as not important. In truth it is
wo ~rth the labours of many years ; it is as great
and as essential to us, as was the achievement of
the American Revolution, to the interest of our
ancestors ; and if formed wvith a proper estimate
of the comity and good-will that should subaist
between its members, it would prove a lasting
victory over the enemies of our country. The
assertion of Mir. RuETTr that we do not need or
that we will force co-operation, sounds to me
more like the maudlin vauntings of a bragart,
than the lesso'ns of either patriotism or wisdom,
and forces me to refer it to his weakness, to
avoid maligniug his motives ; for in any event it
could only result in his ineuring the denunciationi
of the South as lie did that of the North, hut with
out any reward. In' truth South Carolina can
have no sympathy eithi any men or measures
that would hinder that union and co-operation of
the Southern States, which Mr. CALHOUs and his
distinguished associates have taught us to regardI
as " the first and indispensable step on this great
question." The remarks of the brave and patri
otic G. M. Taour in reference to nullification, 1
may be easily applied to the present question. p
" Carolina (said he) had a perfect right to doo
as he did ; but as we doi not always wvisely what c
we havo right to do. I b!amed Carolina for notr
acting in concert with these States having iden
tical interests ; if ahe had done so, a certain and
omplete triumph of the Constitution would have r
been the result."
But in tho present ease it is not only wise, but b
onsistent in South Carolina to " act in concert t<
with those having identical interests." It is her v
declared policy. The publication in the Cnarles- f~
ton Mercury, of an extract from .Judge Bumr- o
Et's speech, delivered in 1830, is entirely fin- e
pertinent to the present issue. The object then r
was to interpose the sovereignty of the State to a
rohibit the abuses and usurpations of the gov- g
mnent. South Carolina contemplated no revo- a
lution or remodeling of the government; but a
lud up a::d acted under the regis of the Consti- ni
tution with a viewv to its preservation. Standing d
apon the platform of the Conistitution, lie could ae
Aell say " if our principles are right. South Cara- U
in small as site is, can minhtain thema as well te
is twenty States joined." But the opinion now te
btains that the Constitution is impotent to pro
ect us against the encroachments of onr eneimies; ib
liat the Union should be dissolved and the South- it
r States reorganize thiemseclves into a Southern ti
onfedray to save their liberties and institu
No one has been more devoted, patriotic and be
onsistent upon this great question, than Judgo pt
3ILEa, and more deserving our lasting grati- ca
ude. Let us show that co-operation and conse
uently a Southern Confederacy is worth any b
acriice, but the sacrifice of submiissioni. 'When If
his is done, the co-oporationists will then resort cc
> secession by time State, as a forlorn-hope, and
rove the truth of their words that in any event i
'the fate of South Carolina shall be their fate." at
FOIL Tmits AuYizTLER.
OUR CAUSE OF QUARRECL.
FELLoW-CITIZES:-The inquiry then, may
fairly made, from my precceding remarks, us
the distinctive character of the different quar
*rs of this immense country, of which we have
end ourselves possessed. For, it really has
ur sections as different from each other, as it is
ssible for difference of location, of popuitionl
pursuits, and of interests to render them.
The Southern States are bounded on the East
Id South, by the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico,
eo Rio Grande, and Mexico; on the North, by
te States which have abolished slavery ; and on
te West, by a line yet to be determined, but,
rhaps running with the Rocky Mountains.
With an agreeable and salubrious climate, they
ve a high spirited people. Stretching nearly
trough fifteen degrees of latitude, and thirty de
recs of longitude, they freely yield an abundant
apply for all the physical wants of man. From
lie peculiarity of their soil, and the slave labor
mployed in them, Cotton is raised in greater
bundance and perfection here, than in any other
art of the globe. The productions of this re
on alone, are said to furnish almost half the
mmercial and manufacturing resources for the
rhole world. The profits derived from it to the
forth alone are computed at eighty-eight mil
ions of dollars per annum. Its interest then
ould lead it, to burst the fetters and commercial
estrains thrown around it by government, and
ifer a market for the competition of all nations.
his course successfully adopted, would make it,
n a few years, the most opulent and powerful
ountry ever dreamed of by the wildest and most
anguine political philosophers. The support of
million of troops for an exigency, would not ex
must its treasury ; and the natural courage of its
mhabitanta would oppose resistance to all the
wcrs of the earth. This, I believe, is an unex
g;gerated portraiture of the South ; and these are
ier vast capabilities.
The States not included in the Southern States
tud North of the Ohio, but watered by the Mis
issippi and its branches, and lying east of the
Roeky Mountains, may be considered as the
Western States proper. They are inhabited by
a people, who present some features of character
different from those of the people of any other
section. In travelling amongst tle m, a stranger
would be struck, by observing it singular mixture,
in the same individuals, of frankness and dis
honesty, profligacy and avarice, ignorance and
sagacity, and of indolence and enterprise. The
character of this region seems to be yet in- its
chrysalis state, but possesses some rough strength,
and exhibits some bold points. This part of A
merica is better adapted, by soil, climate, and
situation, to farming and husbandry, than any
portion of country known. It could furnish pro.
visions for one quarter of the globe. Nature has
decreed its independence, in every respect, and
nothing but the degeneracy of its people can
change the order. The genius of this population
is likely to turn towards speculation rather than
commerce. Front the abundance'of their corn,
meat, and other supplies, the Western States will
be the most populous of any other, and hy. the
nmerical strength of their vote, they w~ill con
trol every measure of legislationa and. no com~
inatioq~fj~ti tt~a eetterj
utet for -their produc, throug~h the Mississippi,
r through. the:St. Lawrence,:in. despite..of all
hat fleets,. or armies, or any opposition can ef
let. The quality of their productions, and their
id will always comnmand a ready market.
Let this suffice for the West-a region of ini
~alulable ntatural wealth, and of dxhaustless re
The Northern States, bordered by the Lakes
,d the Atlantic are peculiarly mnraitime, comn
ercial and manufacturing in their habits; and
to political organizations, or national eonvulsions
otuld alter their destiny. They are likely to far
~xel,in pursuits of trade and manufactures, every
cope on this henmisphere. Trhe tide of emigra
ion first reaches their shores, and therefore, they
an sooncst obtain the cheapest laborers, and the
blest artisans that Europe a!Tords, or that any
)art of the world sends to the A mnerican Conti
tent. Their business too, and their freqjuenit
~omnintiont with other countries will keep
item fanilliar wvithi all the improvements and in
~etins of mankind. Fromn the ntature of their
tonsant avocations, and from other causes, the
tharacter of this p~eople is already fixed. It is
tot surprising, that they should be both indus
rios and calculating. Almost every politicnl
esure is estimated, at the Nortih, according to
s utility; and the noise of the spindles of Bos
pn and Lowel, andl of thte iron forges of Pennt
ylvania, are sufilienct to drowvn the miost elo
ent appeals of patriotism, and the most im
assioned exhortations, ever addressed, by j us
e and humanity, to the hearts of men.
The Territory on the Pacific, and West of the
tocky Mountains, froni its position and settlers,
roises to have a separate organization as soon,
before any other portion of theo Union. Theo
mntry- is described as Asiatic, in its soil, scene
y, and many of its products; and its people be
g constituted of all nationas, will form a mixed
tee, differing, in many respects, from every
ter ia existence, Their directest intercourse
eing held with foreign States, and foreign eus
nts, and languages, and institutions being inter
'oven there, thtickly, with thte American, and
mrmng a whole differing essentially from our
va, our government, in a little while, will be
me an intolerable burthen to them. It is natu
l, that a comtmunity so situated, and so far re
oved fromt the fountain-head of authority, and
rernent, and syinpathty,should desire to think
ud act for thtemnselves. The quality and rielh
ss of thteir mines, and their distance from the
ain power of the country, will give. them confi
ee in their ablity to protect thtemselves, and
cure their intdependence; and it will cost the
ited States ten times more, in men and money,'
preserve her authority over them, than it did
win their territory from Mexico.
The condition of the various sections of this
and Republic being sucht as I have represented
would it not be a miracle, if thtey should con
te united under one Constitution and Govern
cut for a centuryi I pray Hleaven that it may
so, if our liberties, in thte meantime, can be
'eserved inviolable. But, if it should be the
se, it will be the tnost remarkable Instance of
therhood and harmony reorded in history.
tte iitecrests of all these various portions of our
untry, and their pursuits were similar, then we
gt expect to realize -ur bi-ightest anticipations,
our fondest hopes of the perpetuity of our
ion Thir. intrests thonugh_ are all rlisuim
lar. The Northern man is a manufacturer-the
Southern man is a cotton, rice, and sugar planto,
-the Western man is a farmer and speealator-x
and the Californian, is a piratica dreamer-ad .
full of dreams as any disciple of Swedenborg -
but unlike the imaginative reigionist, ie does
not revel amid a world of beatific. spirits..an
guardian angels-his dreams are of gold, and
plunder and deialtatfoii. The Northern State%
will oppress the Southern States for the 6enetfitof'
their commerce and mamfateres. The Wes
tern States will join in the oppression to monopo
lize the ofilces of the Government; and as it
spice to their common measures of extortion,and
as a relaxation from their severer financiaisti
ies, these two sections will occasionally create
wars. in order to shift off their old goocaf'
their surplus of musty provisions, and to en
ter, for a brief period, into exciting end-nii
cent army specenlations.
To be sure it is to the interest of chof
sections described, that the other should exist;
but the interest felt, that they all should exist-uw.
der the present union and constitution, has long
proved itself too weak, to restrain from'_
cred instrument, the hand of lawless. vioese. .
The magnificent idea of the bounle s(
slon of our territory may well eoomportiu thil, ,
views of those, who would destroy our tif .
Federal System-annihilato the. sovereis'of2
the States, and build upon their-rmine, a e
and consolidated despotism. By discanling the
Constitution, and establishing astrong,.t n i'
central Government, the Union mightbe vestrv
es as long as a despotism like that of iti
could last. BRut, I am opposed to the adznitiq
of so many States into this eonfederacy,'fen he o"
very reason, that when the public 'ititrests
come so varied, it requires a stronger andmct7
ahsolute power to control them. When the1eitiiii
is called upon to sacrifice his.eivil and political b
erty for the enjoyment of a Governme
ernment ceases to be a blessing, .and bein
curse. The most imposing and solemn foeng..rt.
law, become the more distasteful and loathsome.'
to the prisoner in chains, from .the iverypomp
and ceremony with which they are admini d,
No nation ever enjoyed freedom, with "a' large
extent of territory ; and I appeal to-the history of.,
all Governments to prove the assertion . L l,,
liberty, and constitutional freedom is likeho:.w
tal heat that animates the body; the more
diffused, the fainter becomes its glow,,until
totally extinguihed and life has entirely 4g
TUE STAR REDOUBsT.
As AMERTCAN STEAMER BLOWN U YJ4I
EscLusu STEA FRIGATE By the ariv i
of the bark Minnesota at Philadlifi
Rio Janeiro. we lnin 'that the "o i
of H. B. M..Steamer Cormorant, =hacekcM
the steam tow boat Saialhownedfy ,tasn
Hobbs & Alvaringe, an American Bous-se
suspieion of het hiiving.furnished r
to .vessels engaged in te slave tridni .~i
sod her to be blown up.. It aPpea a
notorious slave deiler named A zt o.
nez, dispateed a- sch'ooner' fromii Rin'Th
6th ult., for the coast of-":I!,friedr=#r
she was at anehor 3 miles oatside'of -
br.on t S%-alt j
eeded to the -scqe r w
the. Bfiti i offlcer.app
foi the- ami eniance of f
fled, he took ,pose iof4h
and aftNr trans e~h
oranit, towcd the Srhsome~
from 'the' herb F,'snd had-- eOr'wU'
wvheranponi the owners' laidfethwirn
t'ore Mr. Todd, the--American--Miniser,who
repaired on board. the Cormorantandideman
(led anexplanation, whitywagiutbul
in a very satisfacto.ry mrnnr. Jzs
stood *tht't Mr. Todd has fonvari ,
whole'proeeding 1;o Wasi .gtnn
the Britishofficer 'to underatr.dtaicy~a
iion and apolngy'wouId be nsitItlydemft.
ed by his Government.-N. Yorker, July'227
STGs or Tinl' Twmas.--Since our-]ast~issuc,
says the Mississifyvia of thslmth inst.,'we
hiavereceived many gratifying assurances'from
varioonrs oL f. the State, of. .the'success of
the lemocratie State Rights ticket..
Thompson is sweeping everything before
him in the First District. In th6 Second,
Featherston is tearing away the foundationsf
of Submissionism. M'Willio has his lance'
poised in the centre, and will make exter-.
minating work of Submissionism when his
canvass conmmoees. ]3rown has just com
pleted a triumphal tour, and those who have'
heard him, say that he is fairly out-doing
himself'. He will be rdthrned to Congress
by a larger majority than over before. Jef
t'ersona Davis wvill soon commence fulfillirig.
his rappointments in the Northern Counyj
and the people will turn out'by . thousands
to hear him. They will grect hien with bai
nors and musie,and'better than'all, witir hearts
heating with gratitude for his services in
their cause.-State-Rights Republican.
Ex-POUNDING THE CoNSTzruTo.-J'he6.
right of petition-The right~.to abuse and
endanger ha:lf the States of the Union.
The power to addiit a Stafe-The power
to exclude half the States of the Union from
all share of a commnon territory.
Com~promise-' he vote of a majority to
take all. Faithful execution of the laws--.
the conquest and subjugatiori-of soviielgn
States to the unlimited control of -their.
The glorious Union-A government of
a majority without limitation of power..
The right of' revolution-The right .of
committing treason, and of being hanged for
it, if caugrht.
The resolutions, of '98-The right of pas-.
sing resolutions, and backing ont from themu
The love of the Union-The lust for m.
opolizing its purse and its conquests..
DEsPERATIO.-A letter to. the Tribei
mentions the eircumstan~ces -of-a merdhant -
at San Francisco, who, having been buriit
out of all that he owned by the previous
fires at that city, when the flames of the' last
conflagration surrounded his building,--in
which he had all ho possessed, cooly invited
his wife to walk out and see the, fire; wiheni
they had passed into the street, in a momient
of mad phrenzy, he drew a revolver and shiot
her through the head, .and then instantly.
ended his own life with another sh t
f:7 Hox. W. C PREsroN-We are grati..
ied to state, says the Columbia Carolinian,
that this gentleman is recovering from his
recent alight attack of paralysis. We Idarn
that it is his intention not to resume hIsaz..
lies as President of the- Soth Carulina
gir CIInUsT was born amo~g the poor,
rrewv up among the poor, toiled wvith the
poor, and died for the poor. The casea in
avhichi he eve~r came'i~n-ttetaith rich m4li
.re noe wt-epasis in the 8criptq,