Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1851.
Southern Rights Association.
TuE Members of the Edgefield Southern d
Rights Association, are respectfully request- a
ed to meet, at Edgefield C. House, on SALE I
DAY next; and to be punutual in attendance
as business of importance is expected to be
laid before the meeting for their considera
JOHN DAUSICETT, President. c
A. Si~xtss, Secretary.d
gV* THE communication of " VILLAGER," was d
handed in too late for this week's paper. t
g "WE AND Ptx.Er WOODS" is unavoida- i
bly crowded out this week. It shall appear in our t
R1ELIGIOUS NOTICE, 0
A protracted meeting will commence at Mount
Tabor Church on Saturday next. Ministering
brethren are earnestly invited to attend.
LOOK AT THIS, CANDIDATES. I
MR. VirtRlL . WHITE has authorized us to f
withdraw hi- name from before the people as Can -
didate for Ordinary.
ATTEND THE CALL.
Ar the neeting of the Southern Rights Associ- i
ation on Monday next, it is expected that matters Z
of great interest, in connexion with the qti son V
ef Co-operation, will be discussed. The meners t
of that body and nil desirous of mutual exp)lan:L- i
tion and definite understanding are earnestly in- h
vited to attend.
A SINGULAR CIRCUMSTANCE. a
A large double Chirn-y, running up through a
the interior of Mr. C. J. GLoVEr.'s Hotel, in this P
place, fellinto the cellar a few days ago. Not a
more than a half dozen bricks were ledged on P
either floor. A young man, attached to the housfe, t<
was quietly leaning back in a chair. with his 0
feet against the chimney at the time of the occur
rence. He decamped in time to save himself from it
injury. No damage done except the loss of the "i
WAS IT THE AUTUMNAL GALE. R
A severe storn of wind and rain passed over h
this part of the country on Sunday morning last. 1
Young corn was blown almost flat, and, as a con- tc
sequence, checked in its progress to perfection. C
This part of our corn crop was the most promising; il
but the cars will now, we fear, be considerably B
lightened. The freshet in Saluda River has been b
somewhat destructive. Cotton has also been pros- 01
trated, and in some places much injured. The I
wet season has caused a large portion of the o
squares and young bolls to drop. Rust has made a
its appearance in several neighborhoods. Upon ti
the whole, the prospect of an unusual turn-out is 1
very much diminished. c
WE regret that circumstances (to which we will 0
not now allude) have caused our fellow-citizens of "
the Ridge to draw a line of division. We could a
have preferred that it should have been otherwise.
But as it is now past remedy, we trust that nothing g
will transpire at either meeting to engender bitter- E
ness of opposition. The District has hitherto lI
set it's face almost unanimously against party I
-strife, while few objected.to frank4iscussion. We
think we arsperfectly right in sayinig that, in this i
instance, the Actionists are not to blame. They I
sought a junction, and were refused on what occurs
to us to be aa inexcusable pretext. They are still 0
disposed to carry out th -ir meeting in all fairness t
and accordingly have EXPR.SSiY INvITED JUDGE 0
EUTLERL and CHANCELLoR WARDLAw .to attend n
it. Why htas not the other party putrsued asimi- 0
WITHDRAWAL OF NAMES FROMl THE ANTI
SECESSION RlAXES. b
WE are requested by Mr. JoitN Lo'r to utate ti
that he was not present at the meeting, which ft
adopted certain anti-secession resolutions on the g
3d inst. He has understood that his name is ap- a
pended in some way, to those resolutions. He de- io
sires it withdrawn, ire is, like every other AC- ti
'rtoNT- in EdIgelield, for Co-operation if attaina- r.
ble-but upon failture of 't, hte advocates separate ht
action. This is the substance of a letter on this ti
uhiect received by uts fromn Mr. Lo-rT. d
Mr. Et.StESLEY LoTT, for the same reasons. au-p
horiz.es us to withdraw his name from the Coin- a
mittee of Arrangements of the anti-secession har- v
becue. Wonder how many more of these names b
have been used without advice or consultation j&
with the gentlemen wvho answer to them! r.
TItE last Quarterly Western M3edical News has
een recei-:ed, andi read with much interest. This
work seem,' to be~ devoted principally to the stub
et of " Can-ers and their proper remetdy." The
editors, Drs. 0. 0. & T. M. Nm'w'roN, give evt
dunce of having been eminently successful in the f
cure of this dreadful malady. Thte knife is bumt 1
seldom used in their process. The present tnmber
of this jornal states that out of one hund'r:~' a
cases attended by thtese Physiciatns. eighty ha;e 0
heen per'nanently healed. -In truth, some of the
instances are so remarkable that our credulity has
been rotnewhat taxed by them. And yet there
seems to be atbumdant evidence of the truth of
their stateren-mts. (Queries to o:tr Doctors). .\ re
these getntlemn heretical practitioners. or are they
orthodox and graduated P'hysicians ? If the lat
ter, why do yott not obtain possession of this im
portant improvement in the heling art ? If it he
true, surely a knowledge of it would be worth a t
trip on foot to the Rocky Mountains. But it can
be reached by steamboats and railroads at much tl
Ies trouble. The Drs. NEwToN are located in
Cincinnatti, where the Medical News is also pub.
SOUTHIERN LITERARY GAZETTE.v
The Editor of this paper, in a late numiber, comn- n
plains that his brethren of the press, while noti- i
cing foreigni pttblications, have rather given his e
the "go by." We are sorry that this is the case ; a
at the same time, we confess that we among the v
rest, are somewhat blameable in this matter. The ra
trutth is, in the excitement of political discussion n
for the last six months, we have overlooked this
joturnal almost entirely. Our " better half" ihow- 01
ever, has been a steady and delighted reader of n
it' agreeable columns. We have joined in rte Ri
perusal of the last two numbers by the quiet itngle bi
side." And thtis notice is the result of the rapid w
examintationt there made. at
We are glad that we can say conscientiously at
that this joturnal is richly deserving of extensive sc
Southern patronage. Every lady, especially, wv
would find it a most gratefttl addition to her mis- w
celianeous reading. The editorial is generally to
spicy antI amusing-the contributions quite equmal pt
to those found in Northern papers of the kind, and al
the selections are made with admirable taste. tih
Every South Carolina reader, who is at all pronte
to literary indulgence, will find in the Gazette ex- ta
trellnt catering for the most fastidious appetite. ag
THE POSITION OF PARTIES
THREE parties now divide South Carolina. T
rgest, beyond all question, is denominated t
ction Party. The second, in point of numbei
styled the Co-operation Party. The third, whi
as yet insignificant, is known as the Greenvi
ubmission party. Of tie last we have little
othing to say ; because we have for their cre
>little toleration, that it would be exceeding
iflicult for us to speak of them with that mildne
rid forbearance, which it becomes Carolinians,
io tryingiucture, to exercise towards each oth
ire would only express the hope that they mi
et see their delusion before it is too late-bef<
icy have been led to the extremity of raising t
ring but ponceless arm of resistance agaul
ieir mother and sovereign--before they ha
amapletely given the reins to that spirit of w
isorganizaiion, which is already moving up,
seir excited ard turbulent fancies. Yevs! we -
ently hope that " a change may soon come 01
te spirit of their dream"-that they may be
> view their duty and allegiance as Carolinia:
the true light-that they may become conviti
iat they are risking the charge of being inser
le to both, by their ill-timed recusancy. This
ur earnest wish-and we cherish it without 1l
air; for we cannot but think that the spell, wh
t present controls some good and true men of t
iountains, will be broken in time to save the fal
f our State from a grievous blemish. Surely
ind Providence has not this bitter cup in ste
>r us. We prefer to believe faithfully that it w
c averted, until we see the stern reality.
The Co-operation Party is a larger one, and
Dmposed of much of the intelligence and patri
m of South Carolina. As to tie true charact
tics of this respectable body of our fellow-ei
ns, we have perhaps been hitherto in the ia.
ie had to draw our concluions, in reference
iem, from such lights as they albfrdled us. Tt:
whits were to be found chietdv in, the speees a
Iters of those distingnished gentilemtuen w ho h1
e honor of brinaring this pairiy into ci-tencre.
least into position. The whole burden of 1
-gument, exhibited by these docIminots, was
ove the absurdity of CaroliNa's StpIrate latie
ity. The eflort seemed to be to cnince
ople of the State that it was slieer miadniess ev
think of asserting State sovereigntty by; the :
South Carolina secession. The inferii-e. dra
f ourselvesamongotliers (and we submit whe.ml
was not a very natural one) was that separ;
ction "was not in all their thoinuht<." Thic
-as no regular and formal exposiiuto (of tie pr
ipies by which this party proposel to goe vern thei
4ves, until the spring had passed and the suim
ad well nigh gone. The first open annoenneemn
the party creed was promulgatel. sone.h
iwards the close of July. by an asemly
harlestonians, with the advice anl contseit
ie two principal opponents rof tle actitin par
tITLEa and IARNWEI.L. This, we supiee, it
. regarded a tenuine and aithentir' sething., fi
co-operationism as far as it hall tien advanew
the views then and there pit forth. the i:
ject still seemed to be rat her to war aEainst sep
te action than to superinduce co-operation. 1
ere was here also- (anid for the first time) ani in
ation given, that separate State a-icutio was I
ansidered entirely without the pale (if reas,
'his intimation is found in the openini lanut:
r the fourth resolution, whieh is as follows: ".
deed, That in the present aspect of our politic
Mairs, we deprecate the separate secession
outh Caroina from the Union, &e." This a
uage, by fair construction, clearly conveys
lea that separate State action would not he
recated under all circutmstances. We were
oed to wvelcome this development. slight,
distiz though it was, as the harbinger of:
roximatton and a blending of difyerences, hut
tared that if we seemed too readily to erausp
ope, it mighr have been snatched from mus biy sou
miious and rabid member of the parry; and
urefore abstained from any partientar express.
Sopinion otn this point, determininig to awe~i
ore complete declaration of this part of thue
eration creed. Much to ouir gratificationi.
riod of waiting has been more brief than we
I expected. A distmngutished ammber of1
irty under consideratioen (Col. .Iottx Pttvr<
as since then, distincetly said that lie is for r,
nce to the wrongs of thre past--amtl that, if it
tnd impossible to obtaitn co-ope~rali-m run ti
ound, he is in favor of outr present tive~ntiei
ting before its finual adjourniment. In accordat
ith this view, we have the pleasure oef sayi
at our esteemed townisman, (Chanielltor WAt
rw, has openly approved the saetti poiit-a
s, moreover, expressedl the heapu tha:t the- snteg
E of Chianc-ellor DantaAN woul lead toe an
'rstanditig and reconciliation between the :
trtes. This sugeest ion was that te tinme
tion shonlt (if deemed necessary fur th-- :
icemuent of co-operatioti with anmy sinigle Sin
postponed to the utmost limits rul/oracI lt
1 providing for a Convent ion. Chiane-llir WA
tw (as well as Col. P.) has dleclaredl that
rems it the duty of Soth Carolina teu resist i
tt aggressiotis of the G~enra (overmeti. 11<
vidence, cheering evidence. thtat asur frientds
e co-operation wing d~o not intend tes orenipy i
corgia Platfeorm, as we hadl hritherro reitietne
ppseud. And although wve have it nioi as
Teial party aninoutncetnentt.yvet, coinug as it de
om two prominent and disi gtiiahed imtmbhers
at party, gentlemnen of known perspicacity. W
e, dotubtless, entirely awvare of te p~olitia
ntets of those with whomi they are assoeciateed.
ke it as gored evidence of the reI fair hi of t1
vision of our fellow-citizents. The "Southn
adard"' and the Rlidge Poulitician of Edgeli,
ay deny that this is thecir ereed. But we reg:
iter of these as good authority o the tpoi
'hey are disorganiizers--notr properry cn-eepera tir
ts ; and we here eall upon the senwibIle attd it,
mdeent men of that party to bewva:e- hirw ti
>ntinue to nurse plants like thaense amo~nL thietn
ey may possibly grow teo be rank ande noxi'
eids, over-shadhowinag andl blastinge every ge
aing near themit. No, we wvill thot i-steni teo e
ection corming from sitchI sonurees. If we li
is-statedl the trite grounds of the iintellizenst a
dependlent portion of the co-operationhi.sts,
ait to be set right by themselves. If we a re
rnng ini what we have saidt of themt. wve thini
ay lie pirrmi.-eed that the (lawn of a berighst dl
at hand, when South Carolina shall againi I
me as one family. Aned tis will hecrete mie
parent by taking (in coinnexion wvithi the ahn
ews) a glanice at the .crtox-ctr:.:tn. not as rc
seted by certain untfair and mtischIievouts opi1
nts, but sa i ine truth, is.
We assert (like PanES-rON, WAurnh.Aw a
hers) that co-operation is " an obhjecrt wee
any sacrifices"'-andi su:eul ex-rertins have Ire
d are still beinig madec by the action party,
ig this desirable end aboeut. We aire readly a
lling to corntinute these exertions, while there
y hope of success. We will favor prepearato
tion to this end, by ouir Legislatture at it's tne
sion-bey our Convention at it's first aitting.
eare encouraged by pirospiects ref snerrens,
l favor meetings of the Coniventioen freert iri
time, to carry out this great purpose. We pr
se (as doi those, who theink weith thee gcelem
rie merntacnd) to exhaust all possibile effierts
is kind, tot bring other States to co-operate n ii
uth Carolitta in her course of unflinchitng res-i
ice to the outrages, which have beenti perpetrate
ainst the Sroutht by ant tunscrupuloius majorityi
TON, WARDLAw, and others) to take the rcspon'i
to bility of seceding alone from an Union, which all
to but the " Perry patriots," pronounce in:olerably
s, oppressive--and this we maintain, shouid le
.h efrelted, or at least decided by an Ordinance of
le our existing Constitutional Convention before it's
or final adjournment. So think Messrs. PIESTON
:d and WARDLAW. and we siptpore. the mass of the
ly Co-operation Party will agree with them.
sm We have heen induced to unemit to the public
at the above brief exposition-contlaining our present
br- apprehension of the true compleXinn of parties in
y South Carolina. We fear t-hat there has been.nnd
re is still, much misconception on these matters
lie Ianiont our people. A nd this htas rnwn very mirh
ist out of the unwise use of mere party tinames. Be.
ve enetie one profeeeis to he a co-opratinniet. it does
Ill not foollow that he onposes a cour'e of action : and
on heiene another calls himse!f an Aetionist. it does
r- not follow that he condemns all efThrtq in obetaitn
er en-operation. Tn truth. the two areat parties o
ed the State are not far from each other. God grant
is, tltat thtey may snn enme togetlher! For one. om
el whole sotl i. eilisitil in the cant'.e of " home re.
-conciliation." No erond is In elttti' of f-tts within
is otr own borders at this perile'ns c'ri'i-. We earn
is- estly call upon all anedh men to do sometlhine. annr
ehl to sacrifice stometiting to save our State fron this
lie greatest of all evils. internal strife. A hoiline
ne crater is threattrening to pour it's t'impest-wrath
a upon the house, and the iinates are eonsunin
re the precions en ts in unhn! wrnneling. Spirits
ill of Lowtn'.s. Il.eYt'x.. McD1vrs and C.u1r.no'.N
-hover over your conniry. inrh inspire us with yNomee
is wonted generosity! So nay Smtth Carolin still
t- present to the surrindiic world tIhe noble sp'cta
r- ele of popidar unanimity-wi tiut which. sce
ti- runs the rik of becomin-; the laeghing-sto'k u
,k. the age.
TIlE SOUTHERN ST.lND.ARD.
i! Wr anre sorry to perceive', by a late artiele in thi
id pnpe'r. ihat it alrenady pervertied fenhices have
or been ennpltely ny ett by the fnet that the Adver.
lie li!er has ventured to renensirate neninst thtr
to "< tiarrels of Carolinians." 5is crne n'iciter
it. pretare ious demamd a few remark< fron usi in reple.
lie We shall e'ndeav.r to he brief in troportitn to the
er feeble lencih o(f the Shndard's eritiote.
et It is said to be " uni t and scandalotn.'' te
vii cliaruc the Co-np.-rationils % it ia det-riinattit
erI to diinoraniz. iN- ob Ca rolinia pa ry. anl to erent(
it" two att:agzeontistic fnetions." If so. wlmnt mene
re ithir raising the hanner of ipposition in Chn r!ees
i. ton. nnl otier localities ? If so. why ive the fir
i. rovet ioen by calline two-t hirdt of lite pr'ctopeh
oer of suttih Carolina -4 il m-nii ?" if st. why Civi
t enrieirafcine t t tte intrit'irinte! wliir't ha ariseii
tin lill:-retit tpmrcers. :tenintt the' e rp-e/d itatimn f,
of our Conti itt ional Convention ? If so. why or
of .'ana-e a s ATcoN i wrY il Itt" nte The FpCI
lY. iQ so-il whaetever "injt':ie''' or 'cand l"' m)
aV e liped to exi-t in our i,-i-toe-ra! alln-ion t) i
'it in the atin- of truth let thn eedliuim wnatich tl itii
.e we l diee'ds brehilct this faect tilitt. I! ' n -If
evident proposeition, that, if two parrti-.- nr a?
r.'rayed iin hltil~e n'uti'tune weitleiie itt ideir. th
-.1I Caroliia party.'' (tle. ptnty which lens her"
- teofeore horne. unedi/ ' ly, the brtit of every conflit
bo i I-'>deral usuirpation i'. nuiten-d amoni i i v
n. thinzs that wter The 1ltot-eae of diceord i
e tp-rni-ed. and hio can rte'kon the fatal iont
Ine. qneues ! Yet. if our frie'nds will sta'y' tli-i -fr
-al to ell'et a new organiiation, we will lie ar-mij
of ite first oX eoeratte them of all blaiie.
Ln. Again, the Standard insiniuates that we pre
he neonteed " thoutands of C(arOlinians ntntue to th
le. State.'' h->eanvc we remarhed that it was "1 fondl
i.. im-igined"' that the T-egtilature, &'c., "--trrtek
nd chord whic(h woukl'meet a vibratory respotnse it
p- every true Carolina heart.", It is directly. infern
we.e ble from our phiraseology that we had bet'n dli-ap
i'. poinited-thaut it had noltnmet a responct. in evr:'r
ic. -rare Carolina heart-andI thatt, thtereforie. th-m
wewere nowe tre ('arolina Ieeart- that elill-red ni it!
o~ uls. Loetk to youitr Enigli-he. 31 r. N'ttnditne. If th
Sa h'e not enoughi~t to take the scale fri-et yeour eve'
.n. refer to the be'einintg of 'tnr article. where we
ti speak ot ottr oppeneci.tts as " enir mo~st e''Iiouahhl
at felloew-citiy'ues."' Int the bounneieee tef a certait
bii'. saeaeitets icarattler itt "(4 :iiact: l'.e.u.eno.lie-:.'
N)' a tt ii andi that toiethier." atnd jertatrs ytt
hec Aenitn. tie' ."e'andaerd c'nereivt- tha: we live
at e ast a " wanitont it,-iit"' eipe'e :he t t-otpe:to
-I simply! hteranli we e-ked' lhemit prperee at id
ci' ueny 'greilt~e upon iwheb no. teonh] all -tandI w~eit
nt' hionour."Nowie. venn'ter. the a'-.erlie'n tlteetu
tme alhl -he oippewingie rait, n~ loi e.'eibl hiaz'ard ih-- itt
i- di're'tion oi edraing~ii 'i tn-u'-'ru e'etace' n- lie e
n-fr ''e:c et r ttie't niiit litti:'dre'e.-itlie'ido.
xt.tsai distinctly that, ni bile "ee titcould noet ce' li'
ofl youetr j'i-it ien. wce we're eli-pet -iI e t mee et' ouhlf
i-iwa' You ''ionh'.l nit rem ii i-' i: ne ith ne hate eyei
ei taid-r--e ri.:t. c-iieet, ettl thne', fan olie
/i- e'ty he. nortabmb..!' tee adtiei eer entire ): pltform
it- Ne'ithe'r icoutld we. youtr enteiri' plettform. It waeser
he requheis.iiti to ee'at fer the naettural sentsitieei
he eef 'it her pa~rty. lTte ten-l.enttcy oft eeur prp"ee'.itieit
re wiasi t hear event tor.et'iIn-a tituDn ti. hant uiei
f vyin : heetate-'. lheere the iworbl. ati nyttcomrmei't e
he cf litr poetsitione wainble te re-eanerlt't in thle light tf:
retre'a-t-anty rebne n you.'er lart. itt thee- lighi cc
itn ant advae..c'. tieie '. th-. ttbjecit eef every ctm
of te rue nnnei at lunwecrihle inenteett. This ve'r'
hot iatcetette it ahnttt:t inva~erieah~ey tieel. Ande nievel
-atlbe'forte leave --know tei~ :me i-tle', were. 'itio
ve party tir itiiiuael itt:-We snleh :ilve~e s. wa
nt stiemtiteIl wtith ant itn-.liiet tet leta a " wt:tletr
ret iti.tlh.'' $tut'-!v. ie l-1l'r's perteiint tef htitti
hud ar' ntot soi im as he' waesie lha ye uii- ei''ve.
.rd Agini. the eai/ndared citolinti theat we enitl'
i. 'the ('i-pteraieiih hineir an '' ioeeeiec'ripei haner.'
'i- , W still co'endite that wha i~t is tne'iiher 'eacthly re
Ie- si'.tanice. tior etanre Iy tthmiT-+innt. is " tnn-de
e'Y scriptt.'' or if thtie tertm lit tthoutghlt tautitie.. we
- are' weilhi iii w~vildratw ii atiel. ti!cte. "' ind'efi
ts nite'.'' Sitn'. our ariele wa< weritt'-t. and' beefoire
"it oter atteto weas c'all'ed to the .'"andaierd~e'.terie
er- tein-". a d--vehi'et"'tment eef e--rtaitn tttrtete anhh
eeandeii.iitie.ie re-'istaee fe'mtee- of eeur friemhet
itd iot the ('eonperation tn ine lhe rached n<: atnd il
vce wilI he aelecnitt. we Iruh even~ by the~ ."?eaedard,
iot thaeit e havte' erreted ha desilelo ipmten't iti a prpe
17 ilt ancain, and' itn conehtniein. it 'e /adard rete
'e- re'n'i~s us as t enyinge that ec neente lim.e anet his.
'rue f" hijting the duest.'' ' eatnr his wotirds. '&c.
""'eeTtaclly e'rnree. 'Th ey' i have tneer veiet aidh.i
o-ttr tmteiry' c'res e'-tt ellt. t hatr the'y ere' re'oled ie
i-tepon rei' ilicin. a/nte if need he. thle ew~ire' oif thle
at ~~. Unet ae:- lne, opetnly' aend undiirisedely.
" it-as 'n. undce.'r the'e e'iremtit'antces. to ewa~it in-'
hthdefintitelye feor the pro'eeress uof the cheaper~ of politi
tackinte ics lto hit:e eur cinslie utih 'ete unkee'~ined
periodi int the fittere rotlls ernol. h i- pretIicva/
submtiisstion,. fer the titne bee'int. ande thlis. w
ry imaciet'. wilt ntot he zeniinaed. Heit if youier u:trty
Swil cett fotrwa.:rd atnd annnete a'. a part tef their
ferteed, nt:sts-r.se': -ro r'.es-r we.'nNxs oN F.ii.ct:
e Os' co-ot:c.vtox. ec are. rendly to tmodeify this
e t tei -e arie r'edy for coniliiaitin.
W eee heav~e tho:teejt pereoper toi ntie'' thlt .N/and-uI
ardn's tei repre'.tenentiens thnet. her: eeabonlh wie
haert ui that leery iipireial rt:e'r ouf eatr
h respeectiee aricesh iise thruongh lhis garbledl
-statetment at a ylanee.
1 -i? Joltixsox, oef (Ark.) ihe .eetthercn Rihts
TiE evidences are -bdigtaning that Mississippi
will cleCt QUITMAN Goternpr, and a large majori
ty of Southern Rights mien to the Convention. If
this he so. there iseveryirobability of her meeting
South Carolina in Sithern Congress. Indeed it
is now almost certain, that this event will take
place. It becomes the people of the Congressional
District then to unite upon some two suitable gen
tlemen to discharge the important duties of dele
gates to that body.NIn Edgefield, a ticket Was
nominated seven oreight months ago-and has
been kept publicly advertised before the people
ever since, with thesexception of an interval of a
few weeks. The names thus announced were F.
W. PicxExs, of this District, and DRAYTON
N.NcE. of Newberry.> The known integrity and
patriotism of tlhese'"entlemen will, we suppose,
seeure to them the almost 'ndivided support of the
people of the Congriional, District. Every one,
of whatever politic Jasa looks. to this Congress
wi:h buoyant expectation. We are all desirons
that every eflort shiud betheifn made to ensure
the co-operation of the galat[( Mississippi State.
No men among us -ill be tnore indefatigable in
achieving this desirkblepbject tlian those named
above. And we indulge the confident belief that
all will unitie in trPtig to their prudence and
We hope the .bbeville nomination will not be
pressed. as the EFigelield-has the precedence of it
and has so far prnved -1o be generally neceptable.
So might the other. "Our suggestion is intended
to avoid unnecessary-eonflisson.
FOR THE ADvEaRTisEa.
0[IR CATSrE OF QUARREL.
FF.I.ow-Oizx.8 :-The qpteetion now arises
oIl l. Constitutionality of the Wilmot Proviso,
Miud of the aidnission of California into the Union.
with her prev-ent Constitution ndi1 popinlation.and
with the whole mode of piroeelure adeptel by
Ctntress in relaotin to it.
it i astniel. by same, tlit Conarese ins the
power to prouihit slavery from the Territories.
under the Constitntio'n. and by others, that it has
tit rihl to prohibit ir; in virtue of its sovereianty.
Niw. in order to neeirtain correctly. the extent
of the power (if Conngress to le.islate for the Ter
ritories. it will lie necessary to reenr briefly, to
the sonree of that power. I apprehenl. that it
mny he iderived from the econd eilause of the
thir setion .f ti. fonrth nrtiele of the Cionsti
ntion-:-- pnrt if which renls thus: " The Con
: ese s-tl J ar1 ro'ver to dispose of. nrd make
tll neeful rnl and rEnienlntons respectine the
Tirritory or oilier property helonttint to the
i'n'ted States.'' Tf it were not derived frion this
.hmee. it iniohi"t lie justly implied fron the power
to m e wnr oill eineilttle trentie. in which is
--omir. -i .i,1 the power. not onilv of anequiring.
hit ab of 'everii Territories. Wheii a !rant
iq umal.e, prniisson to eprry it into efect must be
nece:sarly iiforreil. The Constitution, more
over. uthorizes Con ress to make laws for exe
entinz its powers.
If slavery were' notreeognizcd by the Consti
tution l.nnil hended with the whole operations of
tht (ovirnment. nntiwith the welfare of a large
portion of our peopl4 if' it appeared" needful"
to exclude it from atu'territory under our juris
d ition, there counld bino doubt of thl thority
of Coiiere's to do so b'1ut the Constitution does
recognize. ' a 'j ~ . akes pi-ovi
ione~ teria n m o ogt servicet it
r :i.re:s ihue impoirtatioin of .\frienns fromo beiing
rr ven--t lirioir toi 19IP : it allows ai slave repr.
,entmiim in Cn~ress : it taxi's slaves: al it
e...dler tlu-m property, in everyV respect.
'I ibh tie if th.- *ei.1pin if the Contstitu
tiin. provei y in sereis, was eiinwad by. ablniust,
all ihe :re:t'l r u ie en ihe 2hl''e : atid the~ ne
iattts 'if 'laves. to the itird and foutrthi genern
ii itns. For. ns was the enstom of aincient natiors.
i i veti lie enisto of thu hiarhinrous tribes ouf
A %-;*. toi iitniei tiheives of their eniptive~s ini war.
at th ::5-otutel iisposal iif te victors, who either
mik-- .!nvis of ilthem or doomi theta to a cruel
It winhil then. he a most violent atni fingitious
uentir. tiuon the (onstit~utn utnder a stratineid
ti 'l nihi'lish an lutituttionlt, which wats gualrd ed
:mdi ,raittl. ini the mist soilumn mianimr. nnd
iln thei mosit explcit termis. by the innetions of
lhat inlstrumellct, andl imiversailly respeictil, by
lie autthors of bioth our Constitution aind liberty.
*The siivereignty of the Supreme Legislature,
ecept as an nient to (ectnte the ktnown will if
the ~uphipl anid of the States, atud ti carry, ont the
emipnet iif the~ cimstitutioni. is ani iden, ti my
minil. tiidy incoitprehiinsible. Thme Genueral
Givernimnit is one iif limited powers.nna hts nto
:n11:h' rity beyond the Contstit ution : niid it is ex
prel~y set feirth ini the enthi nmetndment of that
i~tnimenit, thuit "' The powers noit dlelignied tii
lhe [ nitedu Staites bi:. lie Conistituittiion, ntor liro
hibitel l.v it to. the States, arc reserved to thec
Si. e ris peetively, or to the people." Thei. State.s
th .n:eh ;:re siovere.i'en. na theyv are ~indepintt
andl egnal, and it is ti voice of thriee-fiurths if
them nionute whiceb enn amniud the C'onstituiion.
Tetnci, iimiy bei f::il ledlieed, the uncitonstittu
*tiontalii v of t his eir'intie abolition imovementt,
whi~eh lhas ueutroved the equaimlity if tihe States,
as: toa their riht iof propertvin the newly nequiired
Territ eries~ whlich has uistnrhed thlt eqi.iiiillenirce
f thei N.ortheirn anil Soiuthern sectuins. lby tr:mis
ferriwi' n!l piiower in the governmencit ti -he formter,
an rbini iigiti. the hatter even iif her~ bunii oif ind.
pedne which ha~s th rown i the cinutryv in ti n
i.eneraul fermeunt, and poisgnecd the fiuntainis of
siiciy anid legislntiion.
It will senreely be demanded, at this titmie, that
aneh a f(net ats thte sovereignty andi equality oif the
Stttiis shlimi he provedhby a cottrse of reasoniing.
Bt that every pioint of the. ngtumet tny be
sistitn:1. it is onliy necessary to refer ti thle
is li :h e uam nnonnemiint. thant "tiht.' lnitedl
Clieu ar. .in, of rigtht. uuphut tii be. frend
inlependent Slates.'' The seonid article iif
th "u. '.\ rti ires of conhii 'derat ion andt peirpietial
uio ii n betwvein the $ttes reads thne: Eneh
Ii- e tetinst: its siovereign ty, freedomu aiid inde-.
pehniei, andi 'eer powe-r. juirisiitiin antdi
rimzht, n hmlieb is noit4 by thin confeiderat ion ' expressISy
de'ented tii thle t :. d Stattes, in Conigress ais
sebld." The !:l!iwiiig sent enee uieeun in the
liflth aicl : "in deu~teiningr questions ini the
i'niedl Staites in Coniire,.s nuse:,ibledl, each State
hll ha~vi ine viot'." Thei art icles o f contif'edern-t
tto were rattified s'paraitely, ni on differeint
ilays byV .the thlirteent or'iginal Stntecs. In the
trety by whieb Gr'eat Ihritain neknowleudgedl the
imepeindencee of the Unitedl States, each of the
t.:....,.,. mtt.., byn a,, ...., .st ..,1 a l.se.
cign and inadrpendcnt State." And thc present
Constitution was ratified by the States, each
severally in its sovereign capacity, and at difler
Ct periols, some having declined to ratify until
1789tt and 111. After till, a number of the S ates,
ant v which were New York and Virginia,
expressly reserved the right of withidrawinvt frm
According to the ninth article of the Id Con
fedleration. the Congress could perforim very few
of the important functions oif Government with
out the concurrence of nine States, or nearly
three-fourths of tie States then in the Union;
and no amendment can bie made to the Constitu
tion now of force, without its having been adopt
ee by three-fourths of the States of the Con
federacy as States, and not by a certain majority
of the people.
This statement siows conclusively the impor
tance that ias ever been attached to the rights
and dlignity of the several States, and establishes
their "authority in the exercise of sovereign pow
er under the Confeieration."
The States then, are equal sovereigns, and
consegnently, by the law of nations and of na
ture, are equally entitled to the benefits of the
common government, and to the common pro
perty of the country: andel any attempt to de
stroy that equality is tyranny and usurpation, in
its most odious form. and should be resisted as a
breach of the Constitution and tile original com
paet if the States.
The Wilmot Proviso is such an infraction of
the law, and of the charter of our rights. For,
it denties to the South, a common interest in the
Territory of the Government, by precltding
slavery therefrom. and, in that way, by elosing
the (oors forever agiai:st Stiern emig-ration to
it, anl by establihing sneh Territory in the in
fluence of Northern free-seeil. anti-slAvery inizal
ity. STAr RE.OUlBT.
17011 TirE ADVENaTISMCR
TuF Citizens of the Ride anl vicinity met tio
!ether ott Sattur.lay. the 'il inst., for tit- purpose
of expre'sing their sentiments ot the subiret ,f
Secession. tiu1 loe tr.aeizo teimttsives inteo a hlit.lv
3lInj. T. W.TO% acted a4 ('Ihairman. anl W.
TT. Nonttis i-l -Toitt It. Norttis were requested
to aet as Secretaries.
The flestlt:ois f titie iat Charleston. Yuork
Ville antd SpartanbutrL C -Op'ration ietit
wvere read, wh-icht met the- hearty nppflrobat-on ,f
On inetion. a ommi tee was anpointel to
dratf n Rep.rt and Rtstluiteons for tile :nohptioii
of the meetina. The followitnr zetntleimei, Coll
s-tituted the Commulittee, viz : .Tons 11. 'NonRIi,
Cha.ir-man1. E. WArsos. 11. llorLSTON, .T. 11on
rtxv. 11. 13. Warri-rTtE, .OE o R lALLt., 1P. WXIL
1.AMNS. -TAnvis Asun., V. If. Nonnis antl Av
naosa W I-TTL.
A frer a fewe moments cntsultation, the Chair
man male the following1 1Tprt with Resolutions
appended, to wit
In the spirit of a people that know their right.,
as Freemen. we, the citizens of tile M ide all
vicinity, have met togzeter to declare our senti.
ments ott the g-rreat questions now agritatint onr
State, anel which so dieeplyi conllcern ourI most5
important interests. We hlde thatt the intstitu
tiont of shivery is gnaranitied to us~ by the (Consti
tlttioen of the Untite/hSta~tes.-that it is satnntetien.l
andi apprevede by thte Chtristiano reiion, and1 tht
utponl its" pe'rpetiity dependu~s lte fituire welaire
a111 nroetpe.rity of thme South. We beliieve th~at
the (1eeral Goerenttttt lhas pe'rpeetrated wrongs!~
and injutstice tpon thie people oef the South by
see'kintgr t break .1meni tii, ourlt chierisede inisti
sh.-eli te St' thl. We. bielieve t hit .'nr Cite
tites, i tthebiiiiw.t'ettalrett'ly n1 f.rmeidabile
numbterst'. WAe hohl1. ii lt Ibe an. undteile. fatct.
thal, wve have' te ritghit te- seehd frott the Untion,.
antdtat we shounld exerci~se the' iiblt felt the' reat
sonsei ablve emuneraiiit'tee. flult whilst we holid
Iit is liedhi tme tat heis Unin lie diiislvee
tre iunwillt.intat Sothli CarinaIit shonl s-eee
nm c'ours.e shee will ntet onlyi sepati'ie freemi hert
true frilents and allies elf the South. We1 be
lie.ve that our sisltr States are arousing tup to a
senise of lhir~i dantieer andi thatt te tlimis not11
fari idistaint whmen' thtey' will be rea:dy to join 8outh
Carioeina inl a Soutth ern'i Confeeriacy. Wtee are
of thte epinieo, thatt, thei Stale byv sep~arate tteti
('annte t accL'omptlis ee. siinle geood~ r'estult, itnder,
the' pre'sent ta'pect of' atlle'rs. With these views,
we havie adopiite~d the' followinug Rleseolitis:
1i-r. Resorerd. Thatt we are' tppo~seel to te
seara'tte tseetessitn of Sethi Careolinia, tittder ex~
isiti eir'enmttst:tces, as utnwise, imracte'ticalee
an-il nottt :i' n!!ineeenbtle tee tihe wVishest eel a ittm
jetrity. eel tie' S:, ver.i''nt poee~e.
eso. Re.soired. Thait we reenrea concert of
a'tionon ethe till. of till eer al inumbeir eofth
si'tt ining2 Seoiutern Rights anld oef r'ee 'ssing~
:iun. Re:o~ired, 'rTat s~thuld thei Stat' secede
italerti Il-esent I e't'rttnsinne it'..eve' i elit I eliev'e
that anty ethter Southiern' State wrill jeein us in a
d-rii. R.-nolred, Thai~t lourt D'.-leentes to the
S1:nte ('etien hee instrneett'e t optese lie
te' :tter soi-i 'inventionei. wh~eni a ljottrneed. be
suittt-ed tee the p1eoph-t lot' rattifienttion or r''ee'
iiion. nmiul that we wuill abie' the deisio~n of thce
5-rtn. Renhred, That we'( aire readyei ande eleter'i
ef Twenty'-onme in ntuberi lee cerr'esp-toil wuith
like Ceoilmittees it this antiee thier' Sitalt.. aned tee
ede tt!i eterli :tets itat tmay~ seemit pr'tperi toe tem
tee advate tie e'mlSe eef (eo-eter'ationi.
7-rn.r Rennte~d. Trhat te proede~eies (ef this
mtetir lie pubtltihed itt otti 1District Papjer, atte
tt tihe " Soutlhern Stndard"' be reqe.sted
Thte fe'llowutintg cr'ienteen wer'e nppoiinted uin
deet lihe 6~thI Re.soluition, viz:
-1. 31l. Nitris, E-. Waistson Cap~t. 3. Ptadg't,
Padge.t, - - -, Capet. Wm1. :1Ibh-y,~ Wm.tt
Syey, We. li. Sawtye'r, Me. 'I. Patteget, N'.
Joes, L-'1.. Aleses5 lsteon, i'. Banlikit ci.
Iilami, Ja.'rris A'sbell ande A imrose W~hittle.
P'eirfect hatrmonyii prevtiiledl itroeughiout the
\leeiig, tindc ill the Retsolitionts were untani
mously adttede tined sigiteed by evecry pe.rsoni at
It mayv be ptropler to staite that ai geoedly number
tie the Actionists-although but olort niAce had I
been given. d
The meeting then adjourned.
- T. WATSON, CiAia'N.
W; 11. Noasis, Seeretaien.
J. M. NoaRIs.
ANOTHER LETTER FROM GEORG!A I
MrLwoo, (a.) Aug. 19, 1-51.
DrAit S:-I rejoice to see that you t.l i
maintain your position. Cotinue to do so atd
all will be well.
The greatest intensity pervades tds State to
know what South Carolina will do. Should slilt
determine to secede (and God gr:.t she may!)
and the General Government anempts tocoerce
her back into this " Glorious Unjiim:," I :cssnre
you, there are in Georgia Twr.iv TuoUs.ANo
IEN that will rush to the rescue:
Carolina has gone too far to rceecd-if shte
" doubts she is damned!" Let not he2r people
suppose they have no friends. The majority of
Georgia will die in her defence. Let her ACT,
and ACT AT ONCE, and show to " all mvan
kind nnd the rest of the world," that she" knows
her rights and knowving dare maintain thrm Ft"
Ahhougl Georgia determined quiet'ly to sub
mit to past wrongs and indignities, she has prc
claimed to the world, trumpet tongued, she will
submit to no farther aggressions.
We have some excitement about polities here.
The friends of McDox.sLn nre sanguine, and I
have but little doubt of his election. Cherokee
will give a good account of lerscif in, October,
and this County (Baker) will give him over 300
majority. There is a great and mighty chali'g
working in the minds of the people. The cry
of " Union, Union, this Oloriou Uon hana
lost its charms-the " grand masked batry,
bhind whic7h. the Conlarris had foidly hope1Z to
elect their Tdla. Mr. Coon gained no votcs in
South-Western Gcorain by lis late tour, nna I
think lost deal. Tie is a " bitt-r pill"' for many
of the Whits to swallow.
T sincerelv regret to ree ltere is dhivis.ions
:m111on0'st V1u. I love Caroliin.-I love her pcf
nile. h." enve me birth. I pray the God tf
Ine-na Ii to riidte her in her cnuncils, anud save,
aoh ! av my b.-oved State from internal disscn
ticans. Yours, truly.
A C.aom.rx DEMioCRAr.
Nrw Or.EANS, Aiz. 21, 1851.
T.0' rq re'eivel by the Picainvn St::e.
-I h:.' Gnrd Manz:ann' has returned to San
-i-iwn. -,ando-inz the field to the - patriaats.
who Ih-va' entire pos-ession of lie cotntrf v
surrounding Puerto Principe. The senr
Tamipero nppoare.d at ITvana on the 11th.
'I wa1 sivn::lized from Moro Castle. SIh
*'td- 'wn pilot, from -i schooner.nnd proceed
~1 f.. the west lanidinz. nt Morelli. twelve
mi'e from 13thi:l Honda, and took psses
-ion of thtoiwin of Los Poyns.
The seanmer Pizairro limd two merchant
-teneinrs. 800 troops nnd sixty horsey, let
IT:mnn on the mornitr of the 12'l. nnd
:itneked Lopez on 1.1ti at San Miguel. near
Los Povs. Pizarro got ashore :tt 0BAhi:
TIondo, and it is expe~ctedl that Lopez will
'-e her. Lopez nadvnneed to Snn Diegn do
fIines. to ent (afT the retrent of Spaniards.
TI-e people are riaiinz in niny places. 500
left Anvn to join Lopez. fifty of whom
were t ak en pri' oners. On ly 700 troops were~
The Empire Cit.v nrrived from Tlavann.
which port. ahe left 'on the 18th. 1Her ndvi
a*-4 stab' thai:t the Sp-inidh troops nttacked
T.oaez ne:ar fl:hin IHowd. n' took fityv.onte
p-isonere. includfine Coal. Critteniden and
Victor KeCarr, who wecre carried to Hnvaina
awl' brutally excnted. Sonme 200 Spani:trdls
waerte kill during the two enutaeemenfs.
l.opez victorilos ini both and proceedead.
NrEW On~~s A ne. 21. 1851.
A p-:rfy of Cnhnun liberators. mostly Wsee.
tar:, men, exatspcrate1d lay tie ton oftc athec~
Spn~ ar Lam ': 1trin. t his aift ernooan at
tneked the otlice. boewnosaddos
Ihrew~ t he priew< uid e::sess type andtc furn'i
ture in the s'raet, nn d deastroay..-. I a:vervthine
belianginug to the aflice. No in:trti rece byv
Aa 'tar dhemolishaing~ Uni:,j,. atliear. the riitears
pro'eede'd t Ihe se~ sore on coarn-..r
St. Charle~s ant rve O. boedos:~
destraayad all silaek ;.od ihtr::itmae, w!;keb w'.:
Rioters. harlceed-a at 7 o'cleek to the
residence of the Sank ,h Consatie. :ami decs
tro ed eks. funritur i e, andi proa perty of all
kinIs: bro'ake down signs. wh'!ich is carriedf int
riumph to t he meet ing int L:dhya:ette squcare~
NEW OP.L.FNs, Aug. 22, 1851.
Two thonsacnd men this morning' sor rout,
dedl thte ciyprison, where Spani.,h :..'snt
hms takedl retfuge, :ad thcreateni to deme~!b~,h
it uncless the Consul be deliver. AJta~
tifty' polhice on the ground. S:'gnr shops
kept ly S'pani:is nearly all destroyed diur
inig last nighit. Minute emn 41iral .5iinc suna
rise in haoor (of mur r'ied liefor.;. Th'le
baodies of Victor Kc'rr andt~ Co!. Crit tenden c
ttracet maany' sistors, acnd pro'duce'L runth
T3MPORTANT Fnt C('u.-Ilv tNe arrivil
of' thie U. S. Shamei~r Vixven ni l'ens:neolnt. we
h-ive initel ii enee traom Cuba: w'hich c'onlrzas
thce snecess~o ith piiatriot's enuP."a. It is stin
taed that one whoitle regtient of Spanish
traops hail gane over to the p:d:'iats, and
the pe'e were ising in any 'pttte rs.
Gent. Lopiez haid made a stan md at Madrieh,
and has had twao en::neets wvi:th the
Government trioop:5 it bo:hI of whki he was
vic'tariaans. The Spai-b'i loamomec:a:c:ed t
wonnaled were carried to lI Innaat.un a we ~ rea
bicriedth ~ci reat pomp oan Friay~ htst.
Liapezi's force amnountted to) 1 200& ar 14100
men, mtc lith' is d:'ilyV receiveal necei('n.I'i. Oin
the' iiht af the 14th, over 100 left' Uavnta
fto join the invaders.
i iy-~eight tubancs we'reL taken priso::ers.
iad can the morning oft the I16th priepartions
weret akingt: fior thetair exen tion. :tnnontt
Steim 'a's a Spaniish Col. fortmer .id to I!:
Onme French man-of-war, and lthe U. S
ship~ Albany. were lying ill the hatrbta 'af
Ilavnni. Thme Vixen retur'n immitedit !.
Tcrra Nr.w ORLEANs H io'.-Thie Saa.:
papers aof Sainrday havec hater cespatches
fraom Newv Orleatns from wvhcich it :ape:ia
that the Spantiish Consuml at, New ( )ans
has bi eent complelled to surrender to th.-eaaom. I
mitte wci~ho ealled npon haim, thme inamces oft
the tfity-one Amaericcans, wh'o in Oe of thie
encgageiments, whlile ma~king flan k mnoveumenit
in boats, we'cre captue it 'a ken to 1 lavana, :ad
tad e'xc'ntedl. Several letters fraom siomela
of' che deceeinsedl were likewise given up !.y'
the Consul at tihe since time. At first h'e
had refused to do so. One of' the despatches
states thint among thme eaptured were " Cmit.
11 artillery." Is is also stated that five hun
red Creoles had left Havana to join Lopez,
.d that the Crmeles were flocking to his
tandaird froin all directions.
From the Carolinian & Telegraph.
Philosophy of Co-Oporation.
THs frequent use of the term "co-opernw
.iOn," and its flippant utterance by many who
lo not understand it, will justify us in explia
intion of our nwn views. A true apprecia
ion of words is rlways necessary to definite
bought or correct conclusions, and this is
specilly the e::e in reference to words that
bUome the vtbols or parties of great ideas
ighating the public mind. The great pre
Vailing errors of our political life arearten
tiency to mere personal preferences, and a
lispo!ition to attach magical virtues to the,
formuht or cant phrase of a party.~ It i' h
excess of these e:-rors that degrades parties
into faction -a result which man only.W*
avoided by steady appreciationof-and adher
enee to prineipfe and the l'gitiiato us of
Wha t is now meant by ."co-operation ?"
rh word has been in every-one's mouth;
:md yet very few have taken the trouble to
::sk t henelves the question.- Wo irosiiot
ak what is the so-called co-operation part "
for undler exiing circumstances," and ,i
tile " present aspect of affiairs," no one.dcfini.
tion conl be expected to take in all who oc.
eupy tLat unexplored tract of country N'e
tve. n Greenville and the office just in-reste.
of 'e past ofiee at Charleston. Itwnild
ie ernel to csk that party so puzzling a,
question, or expect them to tell what they
wi4h to do when they are evidently bent on'
doing nowhing, and ore balling lustily-Ifo'
help in that task. But w6* ask gnefil
"what is co-operation 1" We may be rigl
or not; buL at any rate we will submit ou
The term, we conceive,6rst equire'dis-,
finct. politie::1 -i-nificanee, and recognition.
fomt the use made of it by our Legislature;!
It was then used !i connection With the ides
of retilanee !nd netion. South' Caiol1in
p'eled hrelf on such and such oeesions,
as even our schoolboys know, to "co-operate
in re:-.istan'e." A pledge was thaikgiven;
and. !ike mnost other pledges, waseoirditiod:
SoLth C.'rilina said virtually to her sister
-;te, "I feel that my convictionj*and du
:ivs to myselfrnd mysonsrequiieiesistance.
I am determined to resist, at all hazards and
to the last extremity, acts'~ofoppression,
to whibi'l, with my feelings, I cannot and will
not. .abmit. I see, however, that youare
:slnut to ::t, anid I therefore will act with
you in preference to taking, at. thi*,ti a
ep:niate path of resistance." Such int sub.
s::m.ee ws the pledge, and it has never beer
violatnl. No State has taken a' step look
iPoresisfance without-finding South Caro
;na by her side. According to.the,.P.k
wicki..n system of polite:il metaphyskes,.it
ts been 'ontnd out, however, that na pled(4
Io ire'ist n, co-operation only means a'.pledgp
to co.ope.rate inedfinitely itatalking.abop&
resist:ance, and by thus cutting o'ithe word
"co-operation" from its proper connexions
:nd tiom i:.s relatiouis to theidia of'tine
re..i:inee to past aggressiori,-we
mlode.'rn herey of co-operation-abotAthe
most ha'rmles thing imaginable.. .Who. first
discovered that snh a negative, jnertn I
Mln~rish Cenient existed in co-opelation?
Wdi know not; but it -is astriking Ilthffaf
tion of the potency of.wordi. Hobbvsdsaid
"Words are the,couptersaof -wisenqeqqan
the movey or-.".- Wha: did he, neaiu3
.Having, dejned: moderne~eo~~
it-Ihere is~ i-othing- in it-there is'itifth
pim h nor aim :hout it as now inculentEddif
that term illi apply to- a system whosec-s
sene is one b:'rren, fruitless, and limitless
wa'ne oft nt.-tion.) Carry out this moder'r
cooeaindoet rine in spnee rtit2h
the Greek Cr lends, and' vou do nothing,'find
no: imr, gaidn rnothing. h'ie idea of two or
th'ree S:es "eig together, pari passu, inii
p aOInry dern~ils and preparatory stages'of
we iro, i4s'in .bsuirdity. No man believes in
i:, or c':n: he.!n've, wvho has ever tried the ex
per:ien. if b~ringting two individuals to.nset
lata way VWen our Legislaiture spoko
of *ii~ i;4 Georgia, it was expected' that
Georyu'. -. ud le'::.l in resistance; and tho
sat;' e:mdieluon att::ches to all the pledges
:m.1 deci':;r.'' ius ut tr-red lby the State..
(C oi pe.:I' n. however, has now fallen into
oth:*;- h:miun ;d ::ssumedl a very diff'erent sig.
:iie.intion. When it is clearly apparent that
n rothe'r Stamo will hend in resistance, and
wl-en it is a moral impossibility for two or
mn're States to go out of the Union exactly
:t the. s:mre time, or to resist, pan' pas.W, it
all plainn~ries of action, it is then precisely
tha:t a'r."pe::dtion looms up as something
m nvitient and highly desirable. When the
time~ seemedt propitious for co-operation,
'. mn:horn State was committed to
;ils o.-uiion or aeqnieccee, and when
it wa.'s daaost demonstrable that all needed
co-ofier:in must follow the first decigive
ste'1 takena, we were not told so much about
vo-oper.: in. The doctrine with some, was
hit Soutth C'arolina must follow another
S::te ; :nd when the lazst vestige of -doubt
or norern ia a. sh:'.ll be removed, and the cer
i:-i 'r e.t:;hli.,be'd that Stato action is the
ontly ponii"ile form at' resistance, then we
mn "; expect aomec co-operationists to become
furinsi ii thr'lr clamuors for disunion. It' is
oc'he::p n eny to have a afety-valve
through wich all our waste patriotism may
ese pe, and i: i< deecdedly convenient to utter
/heli.'enre threats when we know we have nu
impnsihle codimion behind which we enti'
t::lke reu'ei. Thetre i< much v'irtue in an " if I
verihiy. for it seems cenpable, iu the hands of
coier inits, of wav'ing even this Union,
for whi's e hanget or destruction they pro
t'e's to prauy mornting. noon, and night. We
must lhe undebr'ood, hocwever, on this point,
:;;l we' trust~ wie have made our meaning
p':.ho to "ll candid readers. What We urgf
uIgiast t be inew-light heresy of e-o-operaition
is nrot de'signed of coturse to apply to the so
entdhed co-operation party' generally. Mlany
ot' this pi'.rt v' still cling to the word "co-ope
rat iron'' fioun hnbit, and use it in its origial
gem:ine signifihention, not having observed
the gradual ehamnges that have taken place.
M3iany still think that co-operation means
::c tive concer'Ied resistance, and when it is
ne~ed th.ey nitt::eh this signification to it:i btt
4,uri o-opetr:::inn leaders know very well that
to talk non: cf ple'dging South Carolina to
co-orrrale in r'~eseecn ivith other States;'or
to fo'llowv the. lead of others in resistance,
would l:' too palpably absurd. " Under ex
M'i :r eiro':mstau'ees," and " in the present
tspoett of at!' it.4," it is deemed best to drop
ont silentiv the ;metion and resistatnce partsof
the origin.:l co-operatlon doctrines, and -the
;'onsequtee is that innocent, inefficient
hnenow called "co-operation."
(n' Tre Post OrrteE at Poplar Grove,
in thiis District, has not been abolishedgimor
b::s its name been changed, as has been .rce
ported. A new officee has been established,
itt Peth Eden, near Poplar Grove, *on the
mnil lin from this town to Rutherfordtoni,
R. C., this circumstance gaveoorginm totho