Newspaper Page Text
DErtmottatic $o1tr"a1, Webtet to S,,O uthern Eight,, Nr, s, uolit s,
"Wo will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our'Zaibe Witmust 614 we will Perish amidst the Ru
W. F. DURISOE, Propricter. EDGEFIELD, S. o. EMBER 4, 1851. m
FOR TnE ADVERTISER.
EXAGGERATIONS OF YOUTH,
-y I. K. M.
Is youth, why do we overrate
What seekis in after-years so small ?
Why then does everything dilate
In size, so great so deep or tall ?
Tiine crawled with such a snail-like pace,
A year was like the life of man:
A mile was then so long a space,
My infint mind could hardly span.
When young on novelty we dwell,
And wonder greatly magnifies;
Then rilhl to mighty rivers swell,
And hills to lofty mountains rise.
Tne has at length my fancy cooled,
And.rivers back to rills have shrunk;
Experience has my judgment schooled,
And mountains back to hills have sunk.
When time the glare has worn away,
- That dazzled once tha eye of youth,.
The bright illusions then decay,
-And fancy yields her power to truth.
Advice to the Ladies.
Young ladies, you caged birds of beauti
ful plumage, but'sickly looks, you pale pets
of the parlor, vegetating in an unhealthy
shade, with a greenish white complexion,
like that of a potatwe sprout in a dark cellar
-why don't you go out in the open air and
warm sunshine, and add lustre to your eyes,
bloom to your cheeks, elasticity to your
steps, and vigor to your frames? Take
early morning exercise-let loose your cor
set strins, and run up hill for a wager a'nd
down again for fun. Roam in the fields,
climb the2 fenceq, leap the ditches wade the
brook; nd go home with an excellent appe
tite. Liberty, thut exercised and enjoyed,
will render you ealthy, hearty blooming
and beautiful-is lovely as the Graces and
. everra. 'The buxom, bright-eyed, full
breasted, bouncing lass-who can darn a I
stocking utend trousers, make her own
;roM fit of ptsand.,ket. 2
for me, or nny'worthy young man to marry;
but von, ye pining, moping, rolling, screwd
up, wasp-waisted, doll-dressed, putty-faced,
consumption-mortgaged, novel-re uling, mu- f
sic-murdering datigiters of fashion and
idleness-you are no more fit for matrinmony
than a pullet is to look after a family of four
The truth is, my dear girls, you want,
generally speaking, more liberty and less I
fashionable restraint-more kiteken and less I
parlor-more leg-exercise and less sofa
more pudding and less piano-more frank
ness and less mock-modesty--more corned
beef and less corsets-more breakfast and
less bishop. Loosen yourselves a little; en
joy more liberty and less restraint by fash
ion. Breathe the pure atmosphere of free
dom, and become something nearly as lovely
and beautiful as the God of Nature designed.
IHow TO PIAEVENT A FAL.-A man who
had climbed up a tree, accidently missed his
hold of one the branches, and fell to the
ground with such violence as to break one
of is ribs. A neighbor coming to his
atssistanfce, remarked to him rather drily had
he followed his rule in such cases, he would
avoidecd this accident.
"Whmat rule do you mean ?" asked the
"It is this," repmlied the philosopher:
" Nev'er to go down a place faster than you,1
go up." --.
To MAKE money plenty and cheap. has been
the study of Statesmen for the last ten een-1
turies: and yet wh'len a counterfeter steps in
and shows thenm how it's done, he is bundled
off to the State's prison, for a dozen years or
more. What an ungrateful world.-Dutch
THE aman who had to lower his shirt col
ar to pass under the Wheelinig Bridge, ar
rived in Cincinnati last week. Hie was labor
ing under aslight attack of the collar-y, mor
A r.Amr sent to the Philadelphia Sun, a
man to borrow a newspaper containing sonme
thing pretty and interestinig. The fellow
wrapped himself up in thme paper and toddled
off to see her.
ThERE is a fellow in, Calhifornia so extrav
aennt that he kindles the tire with bank notes,
anid skates on icc cream.
THEr v. is a hotel in Cincinnati so leaky,
that in rainy weather the boarders are com
pelled to take umbrellas.
" WELLr, now I've got the hang of this
hnmsiness," as the culprit said when hc found
himself at last Ott the gallows.
" WuAr blessings children are!" as the
parish clerk said when he took fees for chris
BATTLE OF CHURUBUSCO.
20th August, 1847
IN pursuance of previous arrangements,
the anniversary of the victory of Churugs
co was celebrated in Columbia on Wednes
day by the remnant (if that gallant band
whose bravery shone forth so conspienously
on that day. The booming of the cannon
from Arsenal Hill ushered in the day. At 10
o'clock a procession was formed under the
command of Col. Anderson, Lieut. Col. Wal
lace, and L. S. Blanding, esq., marshalls of
[he day. The two military companies of our
town turned out'in full force to escort the
Palinettoes to the grave of Col. Butler.
After the volunteer companies had fired
the salute by the tomb of Butler, the Pal
netto Regiment m:irched round the- grave
incovered and i- silence. The procession
hen returned to the Town Hall, where Col.
Win. Maybin, Chairman of the Committee of
Arrangements, introdneed the regiment to
,he members of the Town Council in the
rollowing feeling and appropriate manner:
GENTLEWFEN WARDENS: You see here the
renant of the " Palmetto Regiment." They
inve convened in your town to perform a pi
us dutv, and, to celebrate a victory won
mainly by their gallantry. Years of rest have
mt removed from their hearts their affection
Ind reverence for the memory of the noble
Butler. I am sure that these years have not
removed from the hearts of your citizens
heir gratitude to these brave men. Your
>eople, gentlemen, desire to make manifest;
md I as their organ, commend to you, their
-epresentatives. these cherished sons of Caro
ina, knowing, that you will, in all honor, ful
il the wishes of your townsmen.
A. S. Johnston. esq., on the part of the
Wardens, then addressed the Palmetto Regi
nent as follows:
GENTLEMEN: The people of Columbia are
imppy to receive in their town the Palmetto
tegiment, and to have the opportunity of
nanmtifesting the admiration and gratitude wilh
vhich they regard the bhli' men who have
lone so much for the honor of the State.
since the heroic times of '76, the brightue
iage in South Carolina's history is that whieb
egords the deeds of the Palmetto Regime t.
tit acknowledged your conduct to 'e
een pre-eminent in an army wt'ehm in a sm
lo campaign, congaered a territory 'ide as
n E.uropeanempire. :It is. -true that from
a. at'vr -wee*warmirs
eepon, now dig from its bosom the golden
realth which your valor won. But no fraud
an deprive you of the glory of having borne
coispicuous part in as daring and success
ul an enterprise as ever tried the genius of
lie getneral and thi courage of the soldier,
i eit her :inient or modern tjmes.
We deeply sympathies with your pious
urpose of erecting a suitable monument to
our dead commander. It is a reproach to
lie State that the spot has remazined so long
minirked where lit-s his heroic dust. No
ands can he so fitting to raise a soldier's
omb as those of his comrndes in h:rdhip.
n danger.nid in victory. They who, midst.
lie storm (if bittle, enught him as lie fell,
mid bore his body from the field of glory to
iis native land, are the proper persois to rear
narble and phl:it laurel above his grave.
The cannon that we have to-day heard re
ounds in honor (if Churibuseo to vonr
nemories speak of the dangers and triumph,
if a hard-fought tie*ld. To us they suggest
;omethiing inore-in the proud assurance that
L peOple who fight .so well in a foreigi war,
'or glory alone, will carry valor und patriot
.m to their sublimest lengths. should they
!ver be required to defend their domestic
iltars. weeiliih d uwlcm
Gentlemen, w odal i o ecm
:n our town. anid beg you to ntecepit such hios
iltalities as it is in our power to oil'er.
To which Cot. Gatddeni replied as follows:
Sim: Permit me to thantk you, and~ through
youi those whom you represenit, for thle hios
uitaility extended to the Patlmetto Regiment
mthis occasion. nnid for thme thigh eulogiumn
ro.u hive been pleased to bestow on their
>oior services while engauged in tthe Mexican
v'ar. If our conduct nmet the ipprobation of
our fellow-citizens, we are satisfied. It is~
rue, sir, that we are excluded from thme terrn
ory won by Southerni treasure and Southern
>ood-it is trute thatt we have becen robbed of
hiat soil by those tinder whose bantner we
'oight-it is true, sir, that that territory has~
>~en appropiriate'd by iin u njust and tyranni
atatimajority, to themiiselves, for the p)urpose
if inecrenisinig that majority so as to enable
hem wvith mtore certainty to carry out their
iellish purpo'se of destroyinig our institut ins
md oppressing our 'already outraged anid
If for this South Carolina should resolve
to qjuit Ithis rotten :ind loaithsome Uniiot, atnd
if the General Goverinent should attemtpt
to coerce her-I feel that I amu speaking the
ientiments of ill wvi'hin the sound of my
voice-thle remnant of the Palmetto Regi
ment will be mnore rendy to aid in subuduiniw
them'i thin they were in'aiding to subdue the
We feel grateful for the deep sympathy
expressed for our purpose of erecting a nmon
umnent to our beloved Colonel.
I again thanik you, anid in the name of the
regiment, for the hearty welcome you ha~ve
.After Col. Gladden had concluded, a most
tounhiing anid imnpressive scene fotltowed. At
the request of the Town Council, Cot. J. S.
Preston, one of the Committee of Arrange.
menits, led upon the pilatform, in front of the
regiutenit, Wmt. Loudon Butler, the son of
Col. Butler-a fine looking youth of about
sev'entceen, in person very like his fathier. WVe
have never seeni an incident that produced
more effect on an audiencec. After the aip
plause wvhiich greeted the in troductioti of this
noble youth, Col. IPreston addressed the
regimient ini the followving eloquent and feel
SOLPIER.S OF TIlE PALDIETTo REGDIENT:
I present you here the son of your dead chief.
Ie inherits the sword won by his father's
gallantry in leading you to victory. Should
his counitry call, this arm' of his will ield
that weapon with the spirit and the strength
which mnrked his noble sire. Did-the blood
of the Butler need to be warmed in his coun
try's e:use, this scene alone would rouse this
boy to emulate his father's deeds. But he
needs nothing more to bind him to Carolina.
The son of the Butler needs no oath to bind
him to his country. lie is born to its honot,
and by blood baptised into its glory. I pre
sent you the "child of the Palmetto Regi
Licut. Abney, of Edgefield, on -the part of
-young Butler, replied as follows:
SOLDJERS OF THE PALmETfo. REGIMENT:
I am requested by my young friend to return
to you his warmest acknowledgments for the
kind manner in whic-h you have thought pro
per-to regard his introduction to von, and to
express to his father's friend, Mr. Preston,
and to the committee, of which he is the
graceful and distinguished organ, his grate
f'ul thanks for the unmerited distinction they
have conferred upon him, and for the very
fl:ittering terms in which they have allude'd
to the character and services of his deceased
lie is nware thnt nothing he could have
done, at his inimature age, could have con
manded such favorable consideration from
meir so renowned for their good conduct, ind
their valor in the field : but he appreciates the
compliment as sincerely, and feels the same
emotions of pride at its bestowment, as if
it were mennt for him alone. The flime of
his father is the best heritage that hns de
scended to him, and wlhatever enchances that,
improves the ('nly estate he valnes.
I am1 authorized to sn' that he is already so
deeply sensible of the debt of gratitude lie
is under to South Carolina, for honoring so
highly his father and family, that, he would
need no other incentive to arim in her cause.
And if, in the progress of the innuspicious
events which are now darkening the prospect!
before us, South Carolina.or- the South
should be constrained to vindicate, with the
sword, fr' down-trodden rights, his arm,
thinuhrl feeble. shall be raised in the fight.
Then he will endenvor to prove, ly deeds
of his own, whether he is a true and'dutiful
"child of the inble Palmetto Regimnt," nnd
orthy. to preserveJife rich legaey derived
m his honored fatthers. eded
The R"giment then proceeded to busines.
ol den in the ehai nd nlptritj.D.
)ur request the secretary has furnished us
vithi an abstr:ct of what was done. No or
ler was passed to publish the official proceed
Col. Gndden on taking the chnir addressed
the reiment in a very nppropriate manner,
remarking that the oveasion brought to his
miiid the scenes through which they had pass
d, from the mustering to the disbanding of
the regiment-the toilsome marelies, the em
laarknt ion nt. Molil, the hnding at. Lobos, the
landing at. Vera Cruz, the firing of the first
gun :nd the intense excitement burning in
all thiirbosoms. He- feelingly illuded to the
fall of their lamenled Colonel and their brave
aseciates. le then addressed them on the
subject more immediately before them-on
taking steps to erect a suitable monument in
memory of their late commander and the
dead of the Palmetto Regiment. He then
stated that the meeting was ready for busi
The.following is the correct list of the
remnaint of~ the Palmetto Regiment who w~ere
present on the occasion:
Colonel-A. II. GIladden.
Major-K. S. Molfatt.
ient. W. LB. Stanlhey, Quartermagter.
('apt. 3. D. Blandinig, A. C. S.
0. T1. Gibbes, Sergeant MnIjor.
C'ompny A.-Capt. F. Sumter, Lieut. S.
Sumter, Lient. M. Boyvkin. Pergeant E. Jones:
P'rivates A. F. Allen. JT. Ernmnbv, 1. Camgh
m:mi, T. McGee, Rt. S. Mellett, II. Moody, WV.
Company B.-C:pt. W. B. L~illy, Lient. J.
T. Walker, Lient. G. W. Curtis, Sergeants
Pagan, H ood, gnhill, Postell, Dunovant, Cor
poral Gill; Privates N. R. Eaves, S. I. Evans,
W. N. Nicholson, TP. Miller.
Comnpany C.-Lient. K. G. Billings, Ser
gea:nt S. J. Young ; Privates L. Bradley, F.
Hallard. C. T. Darby, Blenj. Baj~kins, Joseph
Denn, W. F. H-uter.
Company D.-Capt. p. S. Brooks. Lieut.
Josep)h Ahny, Sergeant Charles Kenney;
P'rivates JTohn Addison, John Arnold, Win.
Burrell, G. WV. Durst, A. Delorea, W. Ilol
senb~ake, Rt. Kenney, Jnmes Maroiny, Wiley
M:dorne, A. McKetizie, J. Whitaker.
Company E.-Ca pt. J. F. Marshall, Ser
geant Hodges. Private N. Q. White.
Company F.--Cn pt. W. Blanding, Lieut.
A. M1. Manigault, Lient. L. F. Robertson,
Sergeants Rivers. Thayer, and McColhim;
Privaites 0. Blanding, Camupson, Darev.- 11cr
nandez., E. M. Gilbert, H enderson,' Levy-,
infekey, Mnxcy, Parsons, P'inckney, Pender
grast, M. Verdier, Wright.
Compang G.-Capt. J. A. Kennedy,. Lieut.
Jais. Shede, Lieut. Saniuel Rowe: 'rivates
Barber, J. Brittinghamn, Jf. Craig, Wmn. Clax
ton, S. Camnek, A. Duakes, J. UI. Due, Elims
Earle, Quarterniaster's depart ment, Rt. J.
Gladnecy, Jas. Me Neil, Comn.Serg. WV. B1. Me
Creighit, Sergeant T. J. Myers, H-. J. Moore,
S. P. Newman, H-. Robinson. E. A. Rabb, S.
Smuart M1. B. Stanley, M1. Stuber, HI. Scott,
WV. Tidwell, UI. J. \Vilson, T'. Young.
Conmpainy I.-Cpt. W. D. DeSaussure,
Lient. T. N. Moye, Lieut. M Rt. Clark, Ser
geants Henry heard, S. L. Percival, T. Beggs,
H. E. Scot t, J. M1. jliller., Corporals HI. Miller.
E. G. Rnndolph, W. F. Purse; Privates T.
Beard, W. Barkuloo, M1. Brown, J. Campibell,
T. Cross, P. Cantwell, II. J. Caughman, J. B.
Glass, J. Glaze, J. E. Hodges, 13. Hulchison,
U. S. Johnston, Rt. S. Morrison, W. Mooney,
C. Manor, E. Price, 3. Polock, H. Shiever
Company J.--Lient. J' nsart, Lieut.
A. J. Secrest, Sergeanut Sergeant
L Horton; Privates J.F. e Philips.
Company K Capt. N. Iker, Lieut.
A. B. O'Bannon, Lieut. C 'IKirkland;
Private H. W . BnrLtrg. .' 11.
Company L.CnS J i ians, Lient. H.
C. Higgins, Corporal V A Pope; Privates
F. Barte., John B..-'WOo Chapman, A.
Fet-gle, V.- R. .Garey, ittle, Wn.
Sheppard, Jacob Warner.
Captain Marshall: submt d the following
plan for an Association the Regiment.
which was adopted::
The Constitutionof the P etto Association.
We, members of the P etto Regiment.
being desirous of keeping. ye the brotherly
feeling which was generat and cemented
by nearlytivo years campJ unite ourselve
intoaui assocition, to e 'lied the "P -
me&Aciaion?' -/ 4
-1st. Each niomber.of I giment hall
be an honorary member o e Assoe' tion,
and shall become a regula ember b sub
scribing this qonstitution,a .ying nnual
ly the sum of ($3.00) thre rs.
2d. The Association sha eet annually
on the 1st Saturday after t fourth Mondny
in November, in the town ;columbia. At
which time-the senior offie. present being a
regular nimber, shall pre4 .
3d. It shall be-the duty f the presiding
officer to appoint a Treasu r, and a commit
tee of arningements for ti ensuing year.
4th. It shall be the du of the commit
tee of arrangements, to p I4'do..1 dinner, as
soon after the the regul neeting as prae.
tienble. which each regular ember shall be
notified to attend.
Resolred. Unanimous ytfit William Lou.
don Butler. the son of:ofr lIto lamented
Col. P. M. Butler, be, andii.hereby, declared
an honorary member .of the Palmetto Asso
Capt. Mirshall brough 3o the notice of
the meeting an allegatigpmade by the Rev.
Dr. Curtis, an in the Southern
.iPbyterid*Re , effect that a ma.
jority of -those members ~olhe regiment who
.rturned to South-Cao could not write
their names; and mrov at a committee,
consisting of one meim f each company.
be appointed to inqu ei 'eport upon the
matter. The comiitte' red, and in a few
moments reporteA tiat, otal number of
the mndiiers who' rtu 'j)as 375; that
the total numIber oldnot
write their names wast
to publish this statement to correct the error
made public on its pages by Dr. Curtis.
Lieut. Abney submitted the following plan
for the erection of a monument to the me.
mory of Col. P. M. Butler and the dead of
the regiment, which was unanimously adopt
The Committee of Officers appointed to
offer propositions to this meeting relative to
the buihling of a monument, bAeg leave to
submit the followintg roport:
At the earnest solicitation of many of the
friends of' the State, and of some o' its high
est fnietionarics, the remains of Col. Pierce
M. Butler have been permitted to lie in this
city, that some suitable memorial might be
erected over them. The request was made
in the year 1847, and notwithstanding the
promise thus given, no stone has yet been
raised to mark the grave of the leader of the
Palmetto Regitnent-of him who was called
the father of his regiment"-nud who. hv
his brillant conduct on the field, has recorded
his name in history among the proudest he
roes of South Carolina.
The PImetto Regiment, when it left the
State to enter upon the campaign in Mexico,
numbered about eleven hundred men. On
the v'arous marches it performed in the bait
tIe of Chmurnbuseo, and in thle sitecedinlg
"battles of the v'allev," it stustained v'ery'.
heavy losses. In a word, from siekness and
fromn battle. about two-thmirds of the Palmetto
Regimnt died in thme military service of their
country. Yet. though the living have been
rewarded by their State and by their friends
with medals, swords, arnd other to'kens of
respect and nipprobation, the dead have re
eeived no tribute, and their friends and relni
tiv'es have not been permitted to share fully
in the general rejoicitng, and in the rewvards
1. Resnired, Titat a monument to the me
mory of Col. Pierce M. Butler and those of
the Palmetto Regiment who died in service
be placed ove his remnains. on some appro
priate-spot in the town of' Columbia.
2. Resoltred, That a committee of three
from ench company be constituted a c'omnmit
tee to raise funds in their own aind the ad
joining dist ricts.
3. Resolced, That a commit tee of one from
each company, with the field officers, Colonel
Gladden chairman, he appointed to receive
motney and reports from the rmtb.comnmittees
ilready raised, and from other sources. ma
king iull :iequittances for the samie. That
it shall be the special duty of this committee
to project the plan for the cnntemplated mon
unment, to employ an architect, and to do all
thinigs necessary to its completion.
JOSEPH ABNEY, Chairman.
Capt. J. D. Bluinding moved that the senior
officer present of each company hand in the
names of'all the members of his company
wvho have died since the regiment was dis
charged. The motion was adopted.
Lieutenant Manigault offered the following
resolution, which wvas unaaimously and with
great applause adopted:
Resolired, That we, the surviving members
of' the Palmetto Regiment, do hereby pledge
ourselves to sustain the action of South
Carolina in whatever positIon she may be
placed by ther constituted authorities.
1 here being no further business, the meet
At four o'clock the firing of one hundred
guns commenced from the Armory of Messrs.
Glaze & Boatwright, and the Palmetto Reg
;me.ta.nd their guests rproceeded there to,
dinner. We have never seen a more suimp.
tuous entertainment. We would be doing in
justice to the Committee arrangenents. and
more especially to the gentleman who super
intended and prepared it, Mr. John McKen
zie, were we not to give a most cordial and
hearty commendation of the feast and of the
excellent order and arrangement of everything
relating to it. Col. Wm. Maybin presided
a.tsisted by the other members of the Com
mittee of Arrangements. Between two and
three hundred sat down to tables loaded with
the good things of life, to which they did
Letter from Chancellor Dargan.
TiE following is Chan. DARGAN'S letter
to the recent secession meeting in Yorkville:
DARLISGTON, S. C, July 25, 1851.
GFNT.E1MEN: You have done me the favor
to invite me to be present at and to address
a meeting of the citizens of York, on the first
Monday in August next, which meeting has
been called for the purpose of sustaining the
policy of secession by South Carolina from
rron the Union. I can in truth say that
there is no political question which has ever
engaged with such intensity my thoughts
mnd my feelings, and there is no public policy
vlich [ so anxiously desire to see promoted
is that for which you say your meeting has
been e:lled. If I could persuade myself that
my presence would but in a slight degree be
nstrumental in promoting the great cause of
Southern liberty and independence, now so
learfully put in jeopardy, I should, despite
he distance, the short notice, the great heat
)f the weather, and other engagements, do
nyself the honor to comply with your flat-r
ng invitation, and take part in your deliber
Ltions. Though not permitted, by the cir
mmstances adverted to, to mingle my voice
vith yours upon the occasion, courtesy re
luires that I should respond to your invita
ion; and, in doing so, justice to myself de
nands thiI shall n'ot seem to evade. the
onq upon the all-isor bing topic which will
mgnge your attention. In a crisis like this,
very man, from the highest to the lowest,
nust form and express an opinion; and
he day is coining, and not far distant, when
to will lie required to act upon his opinion.
%nd I pity tho man who has, or shall florm.
mn opinion, and utter a voice unfavorable to
lie honor and peace, the liberty and inde
sendence, of his native State.
What South Carolina most needs in her
>resent trials is the union of her sons.
rhere are three parties in the State. The
irst. embrnees thioqe who declare themselves
n favor of immediate secession, with or wilhI
)t co-operation. To this division. with the
xplanations hereinafter expressed. I profess
;o belong. I trust, nd, from all the infor
nation I possess, I believe, it is largely iii
.he ascendancy. The. second division is
'qually hostile to the continuance of the
LInion. They ardently desire its dissolution.
rhey maintain the right of secession, and
ielieve in the necessity of an ultimate resort
o this remedy for the salvation of Southern
nstitutin. They' L'elieve, an wve do, that
'he Federal Government is a failure: that the
Southiern States can promise themselves no
protection, security, justice, or equality from
,t or in it: and tha.tthe sooner our connexion
withi such a Government is dissolved the
Letter. The third party in the State (if ind
Iced, it is vorthy to be dignified wihm the
name of a party) is contemptible for its
anmbers, and etmbraces those who are for
unqualified submission. They profess not
to believe that the-Southm has sustaine'd, or is
likely to sustain, nnmy wrongs at the hands of
raf the North. They glorify the greatness
:mnd powver of the Federal Government, and
magnify its excellence and its purity. They
are even singing hoIsannas to the glorious
Union, and lift up their hands with holy hor
ror at the profane and damring. traitor who
suggests the necessity of its d'ssolution.
You may point them to thme insults, thme
the wvrongs and injuries which the South has
sustained. Their answer to the most logical
statement of facts is simply " the Union un
dler which wve live is a glorious Union !"
You mnay demonstrate the dangers, the in
vitable calamities, that attend submission.
The answer is still, in yet more sentorian
tones," the glorious Union! the glorious
Union !" 1 impeach not the motives of these
men, and must accord to them the credit oft
sincerity in their opinions. I amn, however,
at this moment, reminded of the story oif
Demetrius and his associate, who, wvhen their
idols wiere attacked by the preaching of P'aul
and his fellow-labori r.4, said nothing in their
defence in the wvay of argument, but all, for
the space of two hours, criod, "Great is Di
ana of the Ephenina!" I think I may say
to these persons, and wihout any preten-.
sions to being a great prophet, that the mnag
nifleent temple at Ephesums, with its gorgeous
decorations and splendid worship, has not
more certainly passed away and loft only its
mtory behind timn, that their own great po.
litical idol at Washington is destined soon to <
totter and fall from its proud pedestal. I
This party, though noisy, and attracting s
much attention abroad from the tnemies of a
South Carolina and the South, is feeble In m
point of numbers, and will not be felt in the I
coming struggle. The two divisions first de- d
scribed embrace nine-tenths of the people of e
South Carolina. The two combined would
constitute as near an approach to unanimity
as could be reasonably expected on any great
political question or revolutionary movement
whatever. Their opinions on all the abstract
doctrines involved in the controversy, their
views as to the -nggressive policy of the North
-V 0 a
the advancing power of the spirit that ani- 1
mates it, the irreparable wrongs and injuries i
it has already inflicted, and tihe overwhelming ;
calamities which it threatens-the opinions of f
these two classes, I say, on all these sub
jects, are identical. They are separated by a j
very narrow isthmus. They differ only as
to time. Both are patriotic, and have the
honor and safety of the State deeply at
heart; and the hist as well as the first would ti
be incpable of raising an arm against their
mo:lier hind. I believe, and I unhesitatingly
express my conviction, that those (I speak of ti
them as a class) who cll themselves co-ope- 1
rationists, would, with the most patriotic de
votion, sustain the State in any attitude she ti
It is unrortunate, it is deplorable, that in
i great crisis like the present, where every
hing cherished and dear to us as a free and n
iovereign State is in peril, and on the eve of i
t great revolution, there should be divisions
imong ourselves even though such divi
iions should te upon subordinate points. 1
ri'ey paralyze our movements, destroy the
noral force of our position, and impair the .v
,onfidence of those who synpathise with us uI
n the other Southern States, and look to.
ur example and our lead, which they are
iereafter to follow. SrA' I!,rnlina is A
orlorn hope of he Soudi -
lie first blow, and co-op
vill come. It is her pr.
lhe van. She must et.
ained.only -y moralinflu-p : . -
vill rally around her. -He
cnlly theirs. Would they
;ni'ly of the suicidal polie) *.
mubjugation of their gallant ..., .,
ither cause than her zeal in defending their il
!nmmon rights, and to no other end than to i
Tive strength to the arm by which they in
heir turn, would be immolated ? in the 0
itnure of things this cannot be. There are
tdver:se circunmstancs that will prevent the rc
:o-operntion of the Sonthern States until af
er South Carolina shall have seceded. There
ire no indications to the contrary of this.
)n the other hand, every indication favors the
rrectness of these views. We are assured
>f thb truth of them by our warmest friends
n those States. Yet there are patriotic 0
nen in South Carolinn, who still cling to this
lelusive hope, who yet would be opposed to
illimate submission, even thougb they were
isured-that co-operation and assistance nev
,r would come. t
The secessionists and the co-operationists, ti
is they are ealled, are one party. They mustii
aruonize. The seceessionits arc not op- fr
losed to co-operation,but desire it, above allb
:hings if it can be obtained. But they are
mnwilling to let the secession of the State
rest upon that condition. The co-operation- ,
sts desire, before the State shall secede,that
ane or more of the Southern States should
;mter into some comapnet or pledge of co-ope
ration and assistance. But then patriotic I
:itizens would be offended, and justly, to be C
ichiided in the category of the subnmission
ists. They do not hold that, if all hope of I
Southern co-operation is lost, South Caroli
na must, or ought to, settle down in quieta
sbject submission, 'and strike not one blow
four her lost rimzhts, and for the maintenannee
of the few that renmain.. These are not their a
opinions and feelings; (I speak of them as r
a class.) on the contrary, in that event, they "
go for resistance, and resistance to the last C
extremity. What hi it, I repeat, that sepa-0
rates these two classes of our citizens, and i
p~revenits them from fraternizing? \Vhy is ita
that they snarl at each other, and 'utte~r mu
tual reproaches through the dress and other- f
wise ? Let such ill-omuened and mischievous a
contentions ense between brothers and pa
triots. Let our People forbear to give aid c
and comfort to the enemy, by divisionsI
among themselves. Let ihem turn their in- Y
vective, and their arms against the common d
These ehises of our citizens are separa- sr
ted, as I have showvn, bmy no irreconcilamble n
principles. They only differ on the question e
of expediency. Let a high and fervid patri- u
otismn fuse and amalgamate them into one. d
it seems to ine that neither of these par
ties have very well defined their " phtform." 'I
WVhile the "scessionists," have not declared
with precision wvhat tihey' mean by immediate
secession, the "co-operationists" have not
explicitly said howv long they arc disposed to e
wait for Southern co-operation, before they s
wetilrd be willing for South Carolina to so- a
c..d1 ane. I have as I have said, nao hope
>f previous Southern co-operation. I, there
'ore, as an individual acting "for my single
elf," should be in favor of immediate seces -
ion, at least as soon as the State should be
ble to complete the necessary preparations.
lut for the sake of harmony, I should be
lisposed to make some concession to the
o-operation party as to time.
When I say that I am for immediae State
etion, I mean this, that I would desire South
"arolina to secede from the Union for exist
irg causes, with or without co-operation ; the
nal act of secession to be consummated
'ithln the period prescribed for the continu
nce of the State Convention by the Legis.
itive act which called it. Within this time P
, and for the sake of harmonizing all opin.,
ns, I should be disposed to wait as long as
iose who still cherish the hope of Southern
n-operation might desire. To this end, let the
oegislature at its next session call the con
ention -together on the first Monday il
Lpril, May, or June, 1852. The convention
ould then sit, and adjourn from time to
me until the first Monday in April, May, of
une, 1853. as the case might be. This
lould be almost two years from the present
me. In the interval, Congress will hard
vice met and adjourned. I would not coun.,
l this delay with the expectation or hope
iat any'vatisfactory adjustment of the great
sues would be made with the North through
ie intervention of Congress. I believe that
) just compromise would be tendered. And
it were, I should have no confidence in thd
mod faith of the North in observing thd
impact. But I think that if Southern co.,
ieration is not effected by the spring of
53, then no man in South Carolina could
iy longer hug to his bosom that illusive hope
hich is now a stumbling block to thd
ifuttered movements of the State. MTi
ight then show an unbroken front to thd
the ITegislature the right of re-establishing
tem. Let her make ineligible thereafter,
Inse who hold Federal offices, to any offie'
rhonor,,profit, or trust in South Carolina;
id withhold from them the elective franchiso"
ithin the State. Let her enact such polied
gulations, and levy such taxes upon North
-n goods sold within the State, as may be
Wed expedient, or conducive to the great
id in view. I only glance at the character
the preliminary measures that should be
lopted, without any positive expression of
iion, as to any particular one suggested.
no paramount object of course would be to
ece the State in a state of preparation for'
s new phase of political existence. And
imaly the convention should before its dis
ilution by its own limitation consummatd
labors by the crowning act of a declara
Dn in behalf of the people of South Caro
1ia of their independence of, and see-ession
om the United States of North America. If'
3fore the final act in the groat drama, wve
stnin the co-operation of our sister South.
-n States, it will only be by pursuing some
ich course, as [ have above crudely and
riperfectly suggested and defined.
If South Carolina falters or recoils all is
ist. The right of secession will be consid.
red as abandoned. The colossal poster at
Vashington will be fearfully increased. Tlie.
coplo of this State will be disheartened.
'heir spirit will be broken. 'Thlef, as weli
our enemies, will never again have faith ini
ie pledges of the State, to resist thewrongs
hich she has suffered, and to a'vert the evils
rid the dangers that are threatened. The
impant spirit of abolitionism and freesoflismi
-ill exultantly hurry us to achieve the fina[
itastrophe. But I pause, I forbear to fil[
at the gloomy picture. I would even hide
I could, from my aching sight, the horrible
aid appalling vision.
I feel, gentlemen, that I hie iety impera
etly presented my views upon the greatest
d most important topic of the times. Tho'
regoing remarks hav~e been ivritten fhurried,
damno currenle. I have apprehensions that
iey may not now reach you ini time foi
ur meeting. If they do not, I am purstad
ad notmuch will b9 lost.
In conclusion, gentlemen, snflier- ind to
ty, in the language of that stern and ren6wv
ed old Roman, who is said thus to hate eon
tided all his spechfes ini the Atoman Senato
pon wvhatever subject, " Carthago. dclcnda
clenda est ? Carlihago delenda est !"
Gxo. W DATRG Al.
'o Messrs. Ti E.bratton, J1. M. Lowry, and
gr'I'E more feople do, the more they
nu do. Ho that does nothing renders him
eli incapable of doing anything. While we
re executing one work, weo are prepaning
nrelve to undertake another.