Newspaper Page Text
From the Charleston Mercury.
The Administration and the Lawsi
Two successive Whig Presidents have
made blustering pretenions and prochinia
tions against alI manner of fillibusters,
lovers ot Cuba more than lovers otliaw. The
world has been told that the laws of the
United States would be inexorably enforced
against all who shared in these attacks upon
the peace of a friendly country, and that the
President would employ the land and naval
forces to suppress and frustrate such at.
tempts. In the face of these offitial mouth
ings, what a spectacle does the country
present! In three of the great cities of the
*nion, almost at the same moment, public
meetings of the most violent character are
held, virtually to demand that the Govern
ment of the tnitcd States shall as.ume the
protection of those whom it denounced be
forehand as pirates. In one of these cities
the former Whig Mayor presided. In ano
ther the Spanish Consul was publicly insul
ted. In the third tha' functionary was as
sailed and driven out of his Consulate, and
the office of a Spanish newspaper law lessly
invaded and despoiled. In this same city a
powerful expedition had before been fitted
out, with scarcely a pretence of disguise, and
set sail in open day amid the cheers of a
We sh.ll not pronounce whether the Ad
niinistration was right or wrong in making
its pledges,-nor whether the fillibusters
were right or wrong, in treating it with con
-tempt;-but the Administration having made
these pledges, and with endless iteration
icnewed them, what are we to think of its
course, its faith, its statesmanship, in allow.
ing such acts to be prepetrated, without
even an attempt to control them ! Where
was the army.-the sphere of whose duties
Mr. Millard Fillmore is so intent on enhrg.
ing! Ah, thereby hangs a tale. All the
disposable forces of the Goverament are
needed in Charleston harbor, and therefore
there were none to interfere Gen. Lopez,
or to protect the Spanish Consul from out.
rage-an outrage dis rraceful, we must say,
as ever was perpetrat Ad in Boston or Phila.
One thing is certain,-the Administration
is not executing what it clainis to be the
the laws of the United States, in the case 01
Cuba, nor has it made even a decent attempt
to perform what it has assumed to be its
duty in the premises. We have a right tc
conclude that this it has been by design. It
is a favorite policy with all weak and mnean.
spirited statesmen, to get rid of downestic
difficulties by breeding foreign broils. The
recent conduct of the Administration will
make it extremely diflicult to avoid a foreign
war. The American Consul at Havana cani
hardly fail to be paid with the same coin
pliments as the Spaniard at New OrleanS
Then we shall hear bursts of patriotism " to
make all split." Has not the Administration
been preparing for this? Nowhere has it
made any effective preparation to "execute
the laws of the United States," except inl
South Carolina, and that avowedly :gainst
the supreme authority of the State.
From the Abbeville Banner.
Do the Secession and Co-oporationists
of South Carolina essentially differ ?
We have not been able Yet to aseertain
what the Co-otierationists would do, or wheth.
er they wvould be any thing~, in case their
offorts to effect co-operation within a reason
able time, say one, two, or three years should
fail. It is not pretended that there is any
secessionist whe doe; not desire, and wvhon
does not hear#1ly wvish to sez co-opeationm
brought about; but yet should :m1l the eff'orts
used to accomplish this, wilhin the time spe
eilied, or thereabouts, there is nou dillienlty
in finding out where lhe is: ini that case, he
w~ould strike for secession wvithmout further
waiting. WVould our friends of~ thte co-ope.ra
tionists do this? or any of them, t hiink that,
without further cause., the presenit atggres.
sions doi not just ify actcion ? or wvould theyv
put up with that bill of iniquities, denomina
ted the Compromise ? or do they. or anyq o/
thm, candidly think that unless Sonuth Caro
lina, or some other Sonthcern State, or more
of them, jointly or .wparactely, do somethmiig,
Congress wil not abIolishm slivery inm thec
States, or in the Dicit of Columnbia, c~s
sion as the Constitutional maority of Stamtes
is acquired ? Or, if they think Congress
wvouid not, we should be glad to hear a ream
son for their thinking so, consistenit with
past aggressions. If they ha' e done what
they have done, without authority, we should
be happy to be informed of reasons which
would justify any sane mn:m in thinking, that
they would not do moore, tri/h authority, or
with the semblance of authority, at least.
Upon all these points, we wiil be glad to
hear from the Co-operamtionist's press in the
State ; and we hacve propounded the above
questions in the spirit of candor-in a spirit
whose sole object is /ru/h, and right, and
Light, in these great namtters.
A Brief but Ihccolont Lotter.
'The followingr letter from the lion. WV. F.
Coleoek, to the late meeting in Chairleston,
embraces in a fe~w words, plainly amnd intelli..
gibly put together, the real position of the
Stamte. As lhe says, the "plroposit ions are
plain and simple." and cain be easily under
stood by all who choose to understand them:
"GRAH[A3IvILLE, August 13, 1851.
"GENTLEMEN:I have the bonor to eknowv
ledge the recip~t of your favor of the 6th inst.,
and to return you my thanks for the very
kind terms in which you have been pleased
to express your i'pprobation of my bpi
"Irget extremely that my engnge mnents
wilnot permtit me to accept your invitation
to address your Association on the last Mon
day in the month.
"I feel satisfied, gentlemen, that the peo
ple are daily becoming convinced that the
pledge which South Carolina has given to
the world "never to submit to the past," can
only be redeemed by secession-acs no other
measure holds out -.ny promise of practical
resistance. The issue is now reduced to
separate State action, or acquiescence in the
compromise. Disguise it as we may, "to
this complexion it must come at last." Co
operation in practical resistance cannot lie
obtained on p~ast issues, and if to wait for
future ones, is not to submit to the pamst, then
.1 do not know what submission is.
-"Now these are very pliain and simple pro
positions, and the people cannot be deceived
by any false coloring 'which can be gie
them. Georgia hais erected her platform.
We have dlenounced, derided and rejected it.
South Carolina must nowv build hers, and if
she rejects submission, as she hacs sworn to
do, she mut adopt secession as the only
mode of redeeming her pledge and vindica
ting her honor and her rightls.
"I have thme honor to be gentlemen, very
respectfully, your obedient serv~ant,
W. F. CoteocK.
C:" Sou-rurfl x T aAos wrrn E unorr.
-WVashington puointed out the mouth of
James River as the point at which the com
merce of the other side of the Atlantic .thould
be met and received here. The citizens
of his native State begiai to perceive the
(Aj-D 1,*' rwr bfsa#
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER d, 1851.
IMMENSE SECESSION MEETING.
OUR STAR IS IN THE ASCENDENCY!
A Glorious turn-out of 2,500
WE have jtlst time to say that the Meeting held
1 near the Ridge on Tuesday last was one of the
most enthusiastic and overwhelming ever known
in the District!
Every thing passed off in the finest style imngi
nable. Several eloquent and powerful speeches
were delivered-among the rest, we were delighted
(and so wtere nine-tenths of the vast crowd) with
the brilliant effort of that high-toned and talented
Carolinian, Gen. JAtES 11. ADAmus, of Richland.
It produced a profound impression v1pon the hearts
and understandings of all present. Col. BAUs
KETT and Hon. N. L GRIFFIN also addressed the
meeting with their usual and well-known ability.
Jlidge BUT-LEn was present; but declined an
invitation to speak on the high ground of abstain
ing from party-strife. 1is few remarks were
But we are promised a full account of thits inte
resting day for our next paper. We therefore say
'nothing more at presett
Oud readers miust pardon us for the meagre ap
pearance of our department this week. We have
been ont among the Barbecuos and Pic-Nies. ta
king a little recreation. It is alost the first We
have permitted to ourselves this year.
CHANCELLOR IIAlIGANVS LETTEl.
WE call the especial attention of every one of
our readers to the highly interesting letter of this
distinguished gentleman. It will be found upon
our first page.
No one can object to the kind and conciliatory
tone which pervades it. Every impartial mind
will be struck with the force of its reasoning.
Read it attentively.
C-7' Arrot\T.lENT CY THE GovERNOR.-Mr.
JonN McBRYDE, of Canbridge, has been appoint
ed by his Excellency, Gov. ME.rNs, Notary Public
for the District of Abbeville.
Titis gentleman has given its to understand that
we misapprehended his views in allusion inade to
him in a recent editorial of ours. Sorry are we
that this is so-but as it is so, why e'cn let it pass.
We still hope that tle Chancellor's own exposition
will not be wide of the true mark. We should
he sorry to lose entirely the co-operation of snch
good and true men as lie and Judge BUTLER.
" The light of other days" colies beaming upon
us as we think of them, and it is with pain that
we even ask ourselves the question-" are we at
length to be separated from these gallant nullifiers
of *32!" We are mortified-but the fault is not
31ORE WITIDRAWALS l'RO31 THE ANTI-SE.
rTe following gentlemen have autthoriz'ed atnd
requested us to announce that their names were
pllaced upon the Committee of the Anti-Secession
Barbecute, without their knowledge and against
They desire this public~statement to correct~any
wrong impression whbich may have gone abroad ini
the District, as to their positiotn on the politicnl
questions of the day. They are ACTIONISTS
fur co-operation if attainable-biut if co-operationi
dloes not come, for Sece.ion by Sotuth Carolinta.
We heard of others similarly situated ; but we
think proper to name only stneh gentlemen as made
a personatl requnest. llereI'are the natmes:
3M.u. Wts-r. J. Wisi.:. II Attn, WV. PAn
GET-r. D. 3iI:..ERt, J1. M. JONEs, WV. L. S'roNcE,
.IoixN 1iuiNEtr.R. .31.iJ. .J. P.tDGETT, Et.hiER-T
L.O-r-, LuKE Lo-rr.
EIIGE'IEL.D SOUTIIEIIN lIIGlITS ASSOCIATION.
Old Edgefld flight!
A meuetitng of this Anoeiationt was hemld
oil 'Mlnduay, 1st inst., Col. BhesKET, .Presidlent,
itn the Chair.
The President extilaitned the .hjeet oif tile
mecetinlg int a clear ant forc~ible add ress.
Mr. GRtt'FIN, on the~ pairt of the Gemmnittee cOf
Iigilanie, mladle the followinig repo)(rt anid exposi
tiotn. TIhey .wvere suppilorted by air. G atFFiN ini
an elouenvit atid eti'etvo spieech-anid were
adopted wvitht perfect una~inihtity.
The Connnittee of Safety, upon the matters
whieb sem to fall wvithtin their peculiatr pirovince,
beg leave to subtmit the followitng
R EPORT :
The Adadress atid Ikesohmttiotns of thme Conveni
tion of Associations, whlicht wa held itt Chtarles
ton in 3May last, have received the general Apprto
bationi of the Metnibers, nlot otily conmposinig this,
but the other simiilar~ Assiociattiotns thtroughout the
State. The principles therein avowed and the
matlde of actiotn by the State thereby itndicated,
senm not to have met at htome any seriotus objee
tion, so far as they depend ott mere abstract right,
oonsgetions of expedieney, provided they
Icould be sustained by sufficient practical strengtht
in their development.
But your Conttanittee regret to state, that out of
the proceedintgs of that Cotnvenltion a dissatisfac
tion has arisen atmng a portioni of thme peole of
this State, coenittteintg with a few wvho were pres
senit as nmetmbers of that body, aind extending by
accession to their numttbers, so as. at this time to
etmbrace a pourtion of sonic of our most worthy
atni respectable citizens throughout the State:
atnd that disapprobation is now embodied in ant
Iorgattized palrty, who call themselves Co-Opera
tionsts, whose chief purpose seemts to be, to lire.
vent the people of the State ftom setting down
decidedly in their opittionis now, that we should
secede alone itt the event thatt wve fail in obtaining
co-operation. Thaut question sents to be desired
by that party, to be held ini abeyance, or if brought
inito pulhie view by disettssio:t, separate secessiotn
is deprecated under existitng circumustattcs, as in
jurious antd hazardous to tho great Southiernt
cause, atnd thte people are desired to pronouncc
judgmenctt agatinst it.
The adhieretnts to the pritnciples of the Conven
tiotn, attd the eatusc of acetioni indicated .are styled
Separate Secessionists, or the Actiion ptirty, anid
thle precise difference between the two parties,
thtat arc thus apparently organized amid arrayed
against each other, will be better understood by
givitng at Tair and candid statement of the posi
tions whlich they respectfully assume and endea
vor to suta~tin,
Thme Action party believe thatt for many rea
sonts, anid more especially the recetnt aggressions
of the Fed~erall Govermenctt, int its action upon
the territory aerguired front Mexico, i coninexiotn
duty of tue South, if they desire to maintain
their institutions and their liberty, to dissolve the
political connexion as it now exists with the
Northern States, to secede from the Union, and
reassume each $outhern State for itself, its origi
nal sovereighty with a view to such Southern
alliance or confederation as may include only
similar and homogeneous interests and feelings,
but as may be necessary to give assurance and
confidence, not only in the permananey of our
institutions, but in the preservation of liberty it
self amongst i1s. And that the existing causes
for such dissolution, now past and remediless in
the Union, furnish not only ample justification,
but imperiously demand of t:s a course of pro
ceeding that shall surely, effeetually, and at no
great lapse of time, secue a consummation of
The Action party also believe that this put'pose
ean be most conveniently and safely effected by
the secession of two or more of the Southern
States at or near the same time, by a previous
understood arrangement as to such simultaneous
action or co-operation; but if such co-operation
cannot be had within a reasonable time, then it
is the firm faith and creed of this party, and they
so announce it, that rather than submit to past
aggressions, and occupy our present political po
sition in the Union, South Carolina should secede
alone, and rely for her protection and support
upon her own sovereignty and the sympathy of
her sister Southern States, for whose interests,
as well as her own, she will then be destined to
bear the standard of Southern liberty.
The Co-operation party admit the grievances
of which we complain to their full extent, the
necessity which utrges that we should conic out
from under the dominion of the Northern and
Free-soil people of this Union, who now have
the control of the Federal Government in their
own hands; and the expediency and safety of
procuring the co-operation of other Southern
States, if it can be obtained; but if it cannot be
had, then they as a party have nut made any au
thoritative public declaration of what they would
or will do in that event, and they seem to stop
short at founding and building all their hopes of
security for the future upon Co-operation to be
secured before Separate State Action by Seces
sion can be had.
It will, therefore, be perceived that the two
parties agree and larmonize in their measures to
the full attainment and consummation of the end
proposed, provided we obtain the co-operation
which both desire, but in the event we should
fail in that, then the Action party say that South
Carolina should secede alone; while the Co
operation party on the other hand have not an
nounced wlmat course they would advise the
State to pursue.
The precise difference or disagreement be
tween the two parties may be said to consist inl
this: that the Action party declare now what
they propose the State should do in the given
event of failing to obtain co-operation ; and the
Co-operationists except to that declaration being
now made, on the ground that they deprecate
separate secession, under existing circumstances.
It will not fail to be perceived, that in the event
we should be sustained by any one or more o1
th~e other Southern States, then this division of
parties, with the distracting conseqtuences, likely
and threatening to result from it, will have~gen
wvorse than useless, and all thme zeal and efforta
made to sustain their respetive views, will be
labor lost on both sides, itn the discussion at hmome
of a by potheticatl question that camnnot then arise,
:md which does not seem to possess that positive
cet-inty which should now emnbitter one portion
of the commitunity against aniother.
Caudor, h~owever, requires us further to state
that the Action, party htas been reproached, by
members of the othe-r party, with not desiringt
earnestly andi heartily the co-operation of other
States; with being impatient of the necessary
lapse of time for the maturimg of the steps essefi
tint to the great end we hae in vieev, and w~ithi
bing precipitate andi reckless in our counsels,
~ithout having a due regard to the consequences
that will likely flow from separate secession in
thte event anud at the time contemnplated. It
would therefoire not be iumproper at this juncturte
of the qunestions at issue, to mestatc nmore in de
tail what we have. done, what we propose tot do,
and the timne, as near as thme present mnay look
into the future, within which we propsse to ac
compish the final act.
The Committee therefore suggest that the As'
sociation take umeastures to re-state their views
amd putrposes, antd to this end they recommend
Thme Menmbers of the Edgefield Southern R.
Association have convened to-day, for the pur.
pose of using every effort in their power, to avoid
divison itn the District Ont the political questions
which now agitate the Stte. In their opinion,
the stuccess of the Great Southerna Cause de
petds upon the Union of the people of South
Crolina ;and to effect that Utnion, the Mem
bets of this Association on behalf of themnselves,
and, they believe they may safely add, thmeir
brethren of the Action party in thme State, are
wiling to do every thing in the way of concilia
tion, short of the sacr-ifice of thmeit principles.
They confide in the firmness, intelligence and
patriotism of their fellow-citizens who have indi
cated the designt of organizing themselves into a
Co-Operation party. They havec no reason to
conclude that any considerable portion of the
people of South Carolina are niot willing to unite
in all proper measures for supporting the hounor
ant securing the safety of the State, and they
ar firmly persuaded that the threatened division
of our people, into opposing parties, is the result
of a radical umiscotnceptionm of thme true purposes of
the Action parIty itn thteState.
It is alleged, that the Action par-ty have not
sought, atnd do not desire the co-operationt of the
other Southern States ; that they are for imame
diae separate State action, and that their mecas
ures are rash and precipitate.
With the view of placinig themselves in thteir
trte positioni, a position which they respectfully
submit thtey have all along occupiedl, atnd with
the most amixious desire to avoidl strife and divi
sion, the members of this Association and othecrs
present belomigitng to the Action party, would
make the following declaration, amnd sincerely
trust that it may have the effect of uniting our
people in one solid and unbroken phalanxi, for the
redess of commton aggressions:
They declare, that they anxiously desire the
co-operation of the other Southern States; that
they hae labored, and are noro laboring to secure
that co-operation. To show this, they make the
the Legislature, unanlimouly approved the Reso- vc
hition of ihat body passed in 1848, declaring A
0 that the tijpe for discussion by the Slave-lhold- re
ing States aseo their exclusion from the Territo- b
ry aequired froin Mexico has passcd," and that
the State was prepared " to co-operate with her V
sister States, in.resisting the application of the S
Wilmot Pro -to such Territory, at any and all S
In accordance with the recommendation of
Mississippi, thosdwho compose the Action party,
united in sending delegates to both the Nashville
Conventions, to codnfer with the other States
and, for the -1lke purpose, our friends in the Le
gislature aided anipasiiing the Bill, providing for
the election of'puties from this State to the
proposed Southern 'ngress, and indicated the
time and place ofite-meeting.
In Maj of tNresen - r,tbe Ctnention of 11
Delegates (abQ 00 iin-number,) from, all the C
Southerikig1 isociations of the State, mct
in Charl+toh; %at Convtidon adopted with
great harmony an Address and Resolutions: the
Address vas "ta the Souftern Rights Associa- (
tions of theother Southern Mitates," and presents
on every page, our iearnest- desire to secure the
co-operation of these States.
One of the reutions conains the avowal on
out part, that we ill iakeeveyry sacrifice, short t1
of submission, to obtain -the concert of one or ti
more of our sister States of the South. The ti
members of that1Convention adopted measures v
before its adjou rent to secure the wide ciren- 11
lation of that addicss and'resolutions in the other
Southern States'adevier since" by virtue of
steps then taken,rwe have aided the friends of b
Southern Rightsin.those States, by the publica
tion and circulation therein of matter calculated
and designed toe if'eefthew'ork of co-operation.
All this and moY ha -been done to secure the il
concert of our slater 'States of the South.' Aid
now we go fri r an' declare that we will sup
port the addption of all measures which the t
Legislature, or Ainy department of the Govern- I
ment, may suggeit to obtain the co-operation of Q
the other Statcsf1i-hether through theagency of f
accredited Commissioners to those-States or s
otherwise; and when the Convention itself shall
meet (as we think it ought in the spring of 1852)
we are further of the opinion that its earliest
menasures should have direct reference to the
co-operation of the other Southern States, and
that the Convention, if necessary, should adjourn
from time to time witifn'the period of its legal
existence with a view of using every honorable
effort on our part to get the co-operation of those
States. And now seeing that according to these
views the next And the succeeding session of
Congress will inerverie before the legal exis
tence of obt Conteition will terminate, and we
shall therefore hav 's.dffof the events of
those sessions of Con, unitethe Soutihi
we Ask and we beg-our friends of the Co-opera
tion party not to chargogs any longer with behi
opposed to co-ope-ation. We are not opposed
to it. Wewish Co-operation, we knew its im
portance; we hav.labored, and will continue to
labor for it; and fOahe sake of harmony and
the success of tle eAse, %e invite our friends to
unite with us in th~ declaration of oit'incniples
and purposes, that ph honorable efforts for co
operation failing, ,V' ate all of opinion that the
State Conventioheaote the period of its final
lidjourimn~thould 'declare Soutih~'Carolina no
longer a member 6f the confederacy of the Urni
ted States of North America.
A fter the reading and adoption of the ab~ove,
the Meeting adjourned, evincing the utmost
' .JOIIN T3ALUSKET. President.
A. SIrnxxs, Recording Secretary.
September 1st, 1851.
CO0MM UNIC0A T ION S.
MR. COBB AND GEORGIA POL.ITICS.
" If I could b~iese as Southi Carolina does. I
rou/L resist to thec last drop of blood."-I owe6..
A gentleman of intelligcee and iintegrity, whlo
was present at a late political meeting in Angusta,
Georgia, has just informed me, that lie heard the
great Union leader of our sister State, make the
above aniionneement, wvithi deep feeling and efleer.
The speaker, at the time, wns defending the late
Compromise measures, and while alludhing to those
opposed to them, who deemed them an injury
to th - South and a fraud upon her rigthts. lhe made I
In the feelings of his heart, the eloquent reference to
How will the declaration of the honorable gen
teman be read by his friends ail syimpathirersI
here, wvho admit the wrong, and yet Iack the spirit
to apply the remedy ? HI~nv will the Co-operatioti
party themselves feel rebuked under the withering
scourge of an avowed Unionisti
That peculiar indescribable party, which is
neither white nor black, which is neither fur re
sistance nor submission, and whose whole purpose I
seems to be aimed to produce distraction anid dlis-h
organization, have all along acknowledged the b
injries we have received from the North, arid the
foul treachery of the late Compromise, and of all
our Compromises, and yet they propose only to
wait, and co-operate, and co-operate, and do no
Suppose that all our efforts at co-operation fail I
-and what then ? Resist or submit ?. Our party 'n
says resist to the death. The other prudent souls, a
who profess to monopolIze all the political wisdonm
and sagacity of the State. say they will tell us
what to do when the time conmes. rTey u-i/ cry
out " breakers ahead," when our gallant vessel
shall be struck upon the reefs.
We go for co-operatioin too, blit wve go fur resis
tance alone, if that fail. Now what do our fllow
citizens of the other side go for,if the oilier South
er States submit. - H. L.
FoiL TilE A DvEatTi~stn.
Ma. EDzTon,-I see in your last an editorial Iti
notice of a new Female Aendemy, in our Village. ti
i that notice, you say that you know nothinig 1
of the qualifications of the Principal, althou~gh. ei
you presume that they are such as to umake the r<
School one of high grade. Perhaps I may khtow
more of them thtan most of your readers. A
limited nequainttnce wvith the Rev. Mr. A,.unicu,
has convinced mc that lie is a Southern Gentle- al
man. I have seen, moreover, one at least of the
letters whiich.he brings. This testimonial is from It
the Rev. Dlr. BAiMAx, of Charleston, a scholar
known not only throughout the Uniited States,
but to men of science theroughout the world. Dr.
H IACstMan's letter gives Mr. AL.Daton the veryW
highest character as a Man, a Christian and a v
Teacher, This opinion is based. the letter states,A
upon an intimate acquaintanc for sevenal yearsa
past. Mrs. McC.:N-rocK is known in this como
munity as a careful and successful instructor. w
Mr.BC ' repu....ttio -,s a Treadier, is deser- e
dly very high in this community and District.
dd to this, that the two latter persons are a -
ady residents of our Village. Should this School
patronized in proportion to its merits, the Rev.
r. ALDRICH Will. of course, settle among us.
fe have then a prospect of a permanent Fenale
hool, of a very high order, a strictly Southern
:hool, whose Teachers are not only Southerners
it also native Carolinians.
Aug. 28, 1851. VILLAGER.
FOR THE ADVPRTISRn.
OUR CAUSE OF QUARREL.
FELLOW CrrizENs :
It. would tax your patience, to waste time, in
roving further than I have done, that the prop
ty of the Government is, truly, the property of
One of the first and most serious questions
mt arose to disturb the Congress of the Old
onfedleration, was this very question of Territo
. The smaller States maintained, that the as
uneel limits of the larger should be restricted,
nd the land thus cut off, surrendered to the
rovernment, for the conimon advantage of all
icotherStates. Delaware sent to the Congress,
mong other resolutions, the fosllowin.r:
"Resolved, That this State consider them
elves jt:stly entitled to a right, in common with
lie menibcrs of the Union, to that extensive
raet of Country, which lies westward of the fron
irs of the United States, the property of which
-as not vested in, or ,r.u t.d to, individuals, at
o conmnencement of the present war: That
lie same hath been, or may be gained from
lie King of Great Britain, or the native Indians,
y the blood anl treasure of all, and ought there
>re, to be the common estate, to be granted out,
n terms beneficial to the United States."
The General Aesenmbly of Maryland instructed
t Delegates to Congress in this impressive ]an
" We are convinced, policy and justice require,
iat a country, unsettled at the conitInenteemient of
his war, elainied hy the British Crown, and
eded to it by the Treaty of Paris, if wrested
romi. the common enemy, by the blood and trea
tire of the Thirteen States, should be considered
s a common property, &c."
In consequence of her failiig, at first, to obtain
amendment of the Articles of Confederation,
r any act of Congress, embracing the sentinentso
ind asserting the principles here set forth, Mary
nnd refused to accede to those A rticles, for three
i four years, until her wishes were substantially
From the very liberal course of New York,
mia from an eartest appeal of the Congress. New
Cork, Virginia. Massachusett, Connecticut, S.
'aolimna. North Carolina and Georgia, made. at
arious dates, relinquiltnents of large extents
,fterritory. Before, however, a single State had
noved in the matter, Congress passed a resoli
ion, of whieh-tiys is time chief portion :
" Resolved, That the unnpprolpriatodlands, that
nay be ceded or reliitioished to the U. States, by
ny particular State. pursuant to the reconmmen
lation of Congress of the ith day of September
ast, shall be disp.sed of for the connnon benefit of
he United States, &C."
It-.pears clearly, from all these proceedigs,
ht t nost promincnt idea advanced, sustained
mde : reed u~n, by~he Old Confedeitio was,
ot onhy, the' political sovereign eqali the
ttes, but their eiiuality of. interest in the py blie
The same principle was grafted into the Coni
titutiotn, ande enforced by the practice of the
visest builders of that sublime andi holy strtutre.
Thle Wilmmot Proviso denies that principle. dec
*trays thme so~ve reiglity antd independence of the
sintes, refuses to the ~Southm, a commonn enjoy
nent iof the piropeirty, l~urchaslsed by time h~ersoi
iehiemenctts of the pieople of all the States, in.
riuges the Constitution, in its pelainmest nmeaning,
rainnples upan the lirst rights known even to,
lvge men ; and shoiuldh, thuerefeore, be met, itf
eessary, with, the samie stein courage anmd lhigh
-e 'siilutiitn, thait replle.d the knoghty pr,. tensionus
.f Great Uritii. umt wvithistoodl the fierce aggres
tons of the banuditti of Mexico,.
NU.IL EXAilN~ATlON OF TIlE HODGES'
Te lioard oft Visitors, inl attenaehnee upon thme
n nuael exate inationi aund exlhibeit ion of the 1!isdges'
Iale Institute,' at G reentwsomd, A bhteville. D istriet,
i. C., talko pleasure in expressineg teir satisfnme
ion tvithe thme performanet s of tile Studlmils.i, h
rer~e exuituied upon the usualt studies of youth,
repaig heir College. aund gave pheasing evidence
rTe exercises of the upper classes ini the Latiti
d Greck Classics. andis the mnuthlenulties w'ere
artiuarly grait ifyinug, as aflbrding satisfnetory
roof of capacity amnd application in the Studenits.
nde 00hlco etney' andl diligentce in the Itusterctrs.
hist the exhibiitioti of thme ynuntger p~upils in
rononeintg selketedh orat jons, was very aeepta
. The delivery oIf their origmtal coumpositions
y the elder sttudenlts wvas peculiarly gratifyitng.
Th'e appenennete, the gesttures, the intonations
f voie, ini bot1: the youn'iger amnd the eler
penkers, were very generally correct, and fur
i..ed good proof of aecurtite training. The
op is indulged that from the Hodges' Institute,
-ill go forth im no stinited numbers, well taught,
n well trainedi youths, to be a blessing to their
auuntry and the world.
WILLIA.M B. JOUNSON,
Chtairtman of the Board of Visitors.
A ugust 1. lS5l.
The spectators expressed them,,selves highely
leased with the exercises of thme Miilitary Corps
rthe istitiutiont, uneder the itnstructiotn andi
rilling of Mr. .J. A. Watlker, nnd it is with plea
ire the Boeard annontnees to their patrons that
cy have beeni fnrnishecd with arums and241neeoul
emnents bly the Executive of the State, so that
ec traiing (If the young gentle.men inm this nun-.
anl healthy exercise, can be piroperly attenld
I to. The exercises of the Institution will be
,sumed Monday, the 15th of September.
A. WA ,Lim,
DFTJ! or N. M. DYE.---Ve are paitned to
[monn~ee (sanys the Autguta Chronicle
'entinel, of the 28th tilt.) the deathl of Mar-I
n e. Dye, Eseq.. hate of Savanniah. He died
Madisoti, whit her lie had gone wvith thle
rpes of regaininlg lhis health, oni Tuesdaiy
me 2(ith inst. nfter at protracted anti severe
line ss, froml wichl lie pttilly recovered,
hen it was deemed atdvisable thant he should
it the ump-ounltry. But alas! too bite.
native of South Carolinni, lie had beenl iongr
resident of Georginl, where lhe- settledi in
aly life. Hie frequenitly represented the
tizes~ of Bnrke county in the Legislature,
ene he removed to Augusta, atnd for ser
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
Ma. EaorT:-Towards the close of our late
Enicaptent, We concluded to ride up thinking!
we would perhaps have the pleasure of an ocular
view of the physiognomy of some of our pld
friends and acquaintances in that quarter of the
Tistrict-and truly did we see many of them
with some of our Piney Woods friends; anl, as
a matter of course, we had to take a social- glass
together, which to do, we had recessarily to
walk about a qqarter, athere was no accommo
dation of that sort allowed within the compass
boundary by those in authority.
On our arrival at the bar, or rather the house
in which'the bar was kept, our attention was
particularly attracted Ily two persons, one on his
horse, the other standing, or rather staggering
about in the Piana, talking very loud to each
other in an ill-humor. We were strangers to
both of their names. For the sake of conve
nience, however, in this sketch we will call the
one astride his horse, Nic BiDDLP, for lie, doubt
l-ss, well understood shaving. The one in the
Piza we will call BILLY TInT GRIP, na lIe
truly verified his extra power in that art before
the scene ended.
They. as a matter of course, hald " bricks in
their hats," though Tiarr Gar carried rather
the heaviest one.
It appeared as if they had but a short time
previous swopied horses, and IIDDLE was to give
in difference twenty-five dollars, but as lie had
not that much money with him, Tnowr GRIP
agreed to take his note until they got home. Tihe
note was aceprdilngly made -anl delivered to
cltimant. After reflecting on the matter a
while, TruwT G ntr concluded that he had a good
deal the worst end'l of the trade. owing, he said to
BIDDLE taking the advantage and swoping with
I him; when the "brick in his hat" was at its
greatest specific gravity, and that he intended to
hold on to the horse until the money was paid,
nbout which time lie seized hold of the bridle
reins. Tintwr Gare now felt quite sure of a new
bargain, for lie was very certain that BrunLE
had'nt the money. BoDDLE was however too
smart for such stuff as that, and had no notioni of
fooling away such trades, for they were not to be
made at any and all times, and told himl Ie in
tended to hold himls to the contract in rpite of a
law-suit. Trar GRIP still continued to eihibit
an extraordinary power in the shape of a grip,
by holding on to the bridal reis, which tended
not only to prevent BIDDI.E from riding the horse
of, but also to keep him (TIGIIT GRiP) from
gravitating to the groiund, in consequence of the
increased weight of the brick in his lint. At this
time tihe following remarks past between them.
I3iopr.V--T.et go mlly horse cousini Will. TaWIT
Gn'ir-Its moy horse by G-d, till tie Imoney is
paid. 3omn.s-Its a d-d lie, I've swoped for
him and I intend to pay you as snon as 'We get
home. TIaHr G Ir-Can't take hilmi off till you
pay tIe twenty-fiVe. BIDDLE-By G--d, 11n1
good fur the iinoniey. -TonnT GiP-So you may
be, a;nd I'm good for the horse till the money is
Spaid. BfDDl.'s anger now seemed to swell up
to almnost bursting. nnd lie connmenced using his
E46-0skin at a rapid rate on' lis beast, hopfig
thbreby to diseungage the pony fronm tihe paw of
ITzoan-r-Unsbut failed. B3IDD.' aingsr did'nit
ab~ate in the least, and lie commitenced stripuig
ITarayGRIP's hound wIth 4is cow skin, whlIch
-Tioner flair iet loose the bridal lie comnunenneed a
series of blows on thne carcass of BIDn1.E, which
Isoon bromnhnt him to the ground front off his
hor'se. 'The mnomnent BIDmLE landed Ine seemed
dletermtined on ascertntining tine amuount of' force
r'equisite t'o diseingage the hair of Tmo:r Gnuir
fr'om his scealp, an'd e'fter leading~ abount by it for
swime tuie, asked Tmonrr Gr.nr if lie would give
up tine horse, providedl he would let his hnair
loose. Pay tie the tweinty live, was thne replhy of
TnTn' Ci ulr. A bi uit thIS tIme tip staggered a
yoithl of aboutt tweitmy, dressed ini a linten suit,
whicht lookedh as if it mnight at ione time been
wItle, but fromn eithner having spenit a few tii.;hts
in thne guardi house, or' else havinig miadle mnity
mnissteps, oiwing to thne weight of thne briek he
hadl thne apptearance of catrryintg ini his hant getne
raliy, it tmighut nmnre piroperly be termed orainge
colonr, aund said, comne boys stop this, it wonn't doi,
bunt rathier at lie sanme timen semed1 to k an to
rnn ;Gurr, which was very soom observed be
Bhourn.n, andn lie consequnentlhy gave himi about
fifteein slripes, aind~ they well piut oni with his co-v
skin, neries hi.4, shoulders, whnen lie remarked, go
youi d--d so~n otf a B-h, aund bring mne a dhrtnk
of wvater. Yes sir, said thne youth, anid obeyed
JEmiot~ now r'emnt~tited the po~ny~ to manke
anothier eflert to disengage him front tine poaw of
TiGn? Unnir. After' tnn.kiing an poverful ciflbit
with his cow-skin over thne pony, Ine gisve it tip.
lIe sented very tmuch einraged indneed at the
idea of not tbeinig able to get his potty away, antd
nev'er until mow did we begin to appr hneind any
thing serious. BriontE in a powerful fit of annger
drew a knife fromn his pocket, renmarki:.g to him-.
self at thne samte time whnat Ine had determninned to
do, which was in these words, G-d tI-in yotur
soulh, I'll eult your thnroat from ear to earin, aind
thnen cut your d-n guts out, if yotu doin't let that
bridal loose. HeI opemned thne kntife, mid to thne
great asto~nishiment of all present tine onily use
mnade of it was to .dislodge a goodly portion of
rich lookimng soil from uinder his little finger nail
and returned it to his po(cket, remarking to Tran-r
(GtOr in a very kinid and hunmble tone of voice,
entrsin Will, niow I mnighnt hurt you ; aind jm-t at
that imomenit lie sented to perceive thne hol of
Tain' GRr to be rather slackenned, anid gave thne
potny a very sudden aind severe rap wvithn the cowe
skin anid hec disenigaged hinmself, after mainy u
efi'etual efi'arts, front thne paw of T:GnT Gnir.
Now all you sportsmnen, and especially horse
racers, go aind trade for thne potny, for I tell youi
there is motney in himt, aind he will do to bet en,
amd you would say so too bad you been permnittedl
the privilege of seeinig theo speed aind velocity
withn which B~wDrit w'as removed from that plae
by thne poiny after he was released front the pawn
of TWouT G nir. ITe left shout and htuzzas as a
matter of course withnout numinber behnindi him.
WE AND) PINEY WOODS.
REGDIENT FOR C. BA.--Thm Monfgnnmcrv
(AIa.) Atits of tihe 28th .nlt. says:--" By a1
telegratphie despniteh to au geintlemnn in tidis
ity, we learn thIat Jaments II. CIlanton, of'
Alontfgomtery, is elected lieutenannt colotnel of
a regimtent boutnd for Cnba. Thne regimnent
rentsista oft 1,200 mnent, all well supplied with
rmos aund amimuinition. They are itt New
Orleanis, andti expect to leave sooni f'or tine
field of strife. 3Mr. A. RI. 3MeGiboiney -is
chosent eaptaiin of' tine company which left
tii. ,,1.,.. .a en. d2i... .itn... I
CHARLESTON, Sept. 1, 1851.
'By the arrival of the schooner Merchant
we learn that General Enna was killed on the,
17th ult., and buried at Havana, with great
=eremony, on the 20th. Ln)ez is reported teg
be advancing on Havana, with front 1,500 to
2,000 men. He has constant accessions from
the ptople of Cuba. The. Merchant was not
allowed; to! land or-take any eargo. Five
hundred Sp'abitih soldiers are reported to have
been killed in the battle it Lapaseas,
NEW ORLEANS. Sept. 1, 1851.
The steamer Cincinnati arrived from Ha
vana with dates to the 25th nit.. The ac
counts via Savannah are confirmed;incbding
the death of Gen. Enna. Considerable loss
of Spanish roops, and.adrmee.of. Lopez..,,
The Cincinnati passed ie liari it'sea.
NEW OaLE A NS, Sept.~i, f85'f~
At Havana police and nilitry officers were
very aetive to prevent news from the countiy
bei'ng communicated. Fonr leaders ofte
volt, near Principe have been shot in the bick
as traitors. Full list of Lopez's oflicers is
published in the: Faro Industrial.' Lopezs
whole force when he landed was 400, inclu
ding officers. All Americnn vessels are
strictly searched. All Antieridans are closely
watched. Five Spanish officers, besides En
n, were killed. - Report -ofcruelties,/when
Crittenden was shot, fully confirmed.,
ARNING THE STEAMERS.-The7'NC1f ork
Sun of Wednesday says: .".We, le'n that
the United States, mail steamer Cherokee,
which left this purt on Tuesday afterihoon
for Chngres via Havana, went well arm
having on board ten fine guns, six of .yrh .
are to hle phced onl boarn the seanmer Falcon.. -
We learn that the commanders of these veiv
sels have instructions to resist firomptli, for
the future, any insult or Indignity' that may
he offered them hy any of the Sp:anish ves
sels of war. This is th' ightspirt'.*ktwj1
meet the hearty approval of the whole. Amer."
iean people. The commanders. of ther veq'
sels named Are brave and expej~sd naval
oflicers, and if thev. come in conthdwith any
of the Spanish hir'elings they wile agool
account of themselves. We shold not be
surprised to hear of a brush betiieri one oir
our steamers and the old Ca'lid176' Ha- -
banero, before long." -
lornE VOLCTEERS. FOR CuBrA-,.A letter
in the Savannah Miorning News of Frida
dated Jacksonville, FloridaAugust '25.atiites
Ihat five hundred men compo II fledFlorida
Regiment. were to have embarked forCiba
in a couple of days from that ,date. . he
writer understands that they are to be com
mnanded by Col. Henry 'Titu's who bore i
distintinished part in the Cardenhi. xpediton.
The. Lient. Col. will.-Most prohabkjbe:Col. 4
O'llara, who commanded the Kentucky regi
ment in- the same expedition, and. wiho wo
hadly wounded in the battle 'of. CardesI -'
Who the othef officers are is not metitio'ned.
The following are the names of those shot
Col. V. S. Crittenden, Capt. F.Sg~awer,...
Capt. Victor Kerr, Lt. J. 0. Bryce, t: T. C.
James, Snrgeon John 'jsher, apt.. T. B.
Veney, Corporal K. A. W.niqn,.t;.ergt. J.
Whiterens, Sergt...M. Coteltetto R. C Stan
ford, privates Win. Chillin,... A'.bConk.
0. Jonsd, 'M.'H. Ball;. B~1er. Sert! t. pa
leoni Collins, private R. 'Galdwell, itergt.4. .
31. Green, Sargt. J. L Salomousprivates.C.
C. W. Smith.-A. Ross, P, Blarraurk ,1 Chls
tides, W. H. Hopine Sninel (ersd
Nicman, E..T. Collins, JamieuGStanton, .P
Harn:att,,Ansehino, T..,Hernnnder, Pnatrick~
Dillon, Alex. Mileer. Thos. Hlenre:Bamil.
R red, Jno. Stulbhs. Jats. Ellis, H: T.'Vi~nne;
Win. Hlogan, M4. Phillips, Chas. A. Robinson,
Jas. L. Manv'ille.
A NOBLE SENTIMtEN.-Spe:IkIng of the
coolness and bravery of' the Havana massncre,
tl-e New Orleatns Crescent says:
"Whten the momuent of exe-ntion enme,
many, U'ud. Crittende'n, na Cnpt. Vic'tor
Kerr :imoeng thenm. refutsedl to kneel with their
bneks to, the excentijoner. " No." snid the
chivalrous Crittendotn, "An Amerienn kneels
only to, God, and alwnys f::ces his cenmy."
They stood up, faeed their executioners, were
shot down. and their brains then knocked
out by e.inlbbed muskets. The blood, rnns
coa14 'befoire thle terrible narrat ive or their
barbarons fate, and we seem iathier tor re-.
coerd tlhe inhuman ve'n'iennee of savages thtan
the stern justice of civilired man."
From the Pentdleton Mlessenger.
Who are the friends of Ce-Operation.
Great eflforts have been made to convince
the people, that the only true friends of the
union ot' the Southern Statesin, resisting the
usurpation of' the Federal Governme'nt, are
those wvho enill themselves co-operaiotists;
and that ptortioni of the resistirece party', whlich
advocates the right of each State to' net
separately, is opposed, or inditfirent to this
nion otf aetion among the friends of .the
South. This is manifestly . wrong, anil uni
:ttst, and ungenerous .to thos6 wvho advoentd
the separate action of the State in jiefer
enco to siibmission. The separate State
aetion men :ire represented as being for
immnediate action, without regar~d toi thte
position of the other Southern Srites.' Now,
so far as we know, or are informed, there
is no party in flavor of this course of con
duet ; on ihe contrary, the "action men," as
those with whom we act, are called, are as
earnestly and decidedly in favor of cn-opera
ton as any others; and would make any
saeriflee, sliort of submission, to accomplish
it. We are not, as is charged upon us, reaidy
to snerifice the peace and prosperity of the
country, merely for thme purpose of trying an
experiment ; but are willing to waiit for Co
operation, so long as' any rensonable hope
rematinsi of obtaining it. Neverth~eless, we
beieve that a movement on' the part of South
Carolitna will be the surest means of bring-.
ing up the other. States to 4he position se
now ocenpties; biut to avoid division among
the resistunee men, wve are and have been al
ways willing to wvait 'and giv them a flair
chance or trying a Southern Congress, for
the purpose o'f uniting the South. There is
one thting,-'however, we w~ill never consent
to, and that is waiting. for newv aggressonl
and outrages upon tho rights of the South,
before we move for redress. This is the
trte position of the secessionists, and if it
does not entitle them to be considered as
the frienids of co-operation, we cannot under'
tndany thminag. This is the course marked
out by t'he Charleston Convention; the ac.
tion of which b~ody', in our opinion. has dpnme
:.ore to stinmulate our friends in the other
Sttes, thtan every thing else; and we marvel
how~ any true friend of resistance can object
to it. If we Itesitate, halt or flatter, it cnn
bit have the effect, to dishearten cur fjdends
elsewhere, and weaken the cause. So long
as 'e advance, our frienids will advance; but
when we retreat, they will retfro'hO alt
wvill be evidence to' them, either thqd we
doubt the cause in whichs we are entgnged,
or are too faint-hearted-to meet the diffieni..
t... tat li, i,, war. A patle iwdil come