Newspaper Page Text
EDGEFIELD, 8. C.
TIHURSDAY, OCTOBER 9,1851.
The Last Opinlion of Calhoun.
PEOPLE of Carolina, hear the last declaration
of your great CALHOUN, and let it sink deep into
your hearts :
"IF CALIForNIxA IS AD31IT-ED, AND NO OTHER
STATE WILL AcT, SOOT CAROLINA MUST
FOR SOUTHERN CONGRESS.
Hon. F. W. PICKENS,
DRAYTON NANCE, Esq.
t The Court of Common Pleas commenced
its session at this place on Monday last, his Ionor,
Judge WARLAW, presiding.
OUR TOWN ADVERTISE31ENTS.
WE call general attention to the new Advertise
ments of HIL.. and of BRYAN. It will be seen by
any who choose to call upmn them, that their
stocks are beautiful and complete.
All our stores are now being filled up with all
manner of elegancies and comforts. We expect to
present the full string of new Advertisements at
an early day.
NEWS FROM COLUMBIA.
A highly interesting meeling of the Secession
party came off in our capital on Thursday even
ing last. Ex-Governor Itte.in wsos. Gen Owxs,
and 3Ir. CuHALMERs, addressed the meeting with
great effect. The meeting res-oved upon sending
a formal and official challenge to their opponents,
to meet them in discussion. We suppose it will
TiE mass of recent intelligence from this sec
tion of the State goes to prove, that the tide which
had, at one time, the appearance of running into
submissionism, has turned it's course-and is now
become a resistance torrent, carrying every thing
before it. Co-operationits have discovered their
danger and taken the alarm, anti are now looking
to action as the true Carolina policy.
SONS OF TEMPERANCE.
Tit r following persons were elected as officers of
WAsIxa-roN Divisios, No. 7, Sons of Temper
ance, for the ensuing (juarter:
EDMU'ND PENN, W. P.
JA3!FIs SULLIvAN, W. A.
R. T. Mos, R. S.
ANDREW RA3tSEY, A. It. 8..
Jous C. MAvsos, F. S.
I. DntsoE, T,
11. C. BaRAN, C.
S. COVAR, A. C.
ALBER T PALL. I. S.
C. L. R EFo, 0. S.
Deputies to a Southern Congress are to be
chosen next week. As it is desired to make it a
test of the relative strength of the two parties, we
hope there will be a general turn-out at the polls.
We know that many of the Secession party are
.indifferent about this election, and do not care to
have anything to do with a trasaction which
looks so muclh like a ridiculous provision for an
occasion that will never occur. But as the Co
operationists will show their full strength at the
polls, so let the Actionists also; and let the voice
of old Edgefied go forth distinctly, whether it be
for doing something or doing nothing.
A CONTRAST-'32 AND '5I.
It is snid, by those who advocate a delay of
State action, that "thiere's a good time a coming"
when all will be right-wvhen State Co-operaztion
will be ready on all sides. We trust it may be so.
Blut, looking to the history of late years and to the
facts of the present, wec find cause to doubt the
In 1832 and 33, only 18 years ago, there was an
immense majority of the Southern people whlo adl
vocatedl the perfect right of Secession, and main
tained that it was a right to be peaceably exer
cised. And at that time, the opposite creed had
but few anti comparatively insignificant expo
nents, among the Presses of the South.
Itt 1851, the rightt of secession is becominig not
only a disputed question, but a number of organs
for the propagation and advocacy of consolidation
doctrines, are widely circulated and liberally sup
ported. Does this look like "a good time a cotm
JUSTICE TO ALL.
To coirrect any misapp~reensioni which nmay
- have grown out of certain remarks, made in one
(of otir late numbers, on "Co-operation tactics,"
we here state that we had no idea of conveying
the impression that uny formal challenige to dis
cussion had been given to the Co-operationists ats
a party, in this district. We know they would be
far from declining any such propositition.
As to any allusion made to the last Co-opera
tion meeting at Capt. DOUn's, (in reference to a
refuisal to comply with a reqtuest &c.,) we distinct
ly say that it wvas based upon what we (among
others) had heartd from an individual closely con
nected with the party. ie has said that we mis
imnderstood his meanitng, atnd we cheerfully with
draw the remark predicated upon our own uinder
standing of what was said. We are glad at all
times, to give an honorable man's remembrance
of his casual observations, a precedence over any
conclusion we may have drawn therefrom.
As a matter of course, any comments of ours,
suggested by this misunderstanding, are irrelo
vaint, inasmuch as the reason for them does not
We hope our Co-operation friends will accept
this as a fuill amrende. It is is initendled as such.
Though there be divisions, let there not be dis
cord among us.
LAST MONDAtY'S MEETING.
Ax unusually large number of the citizens of
Edgefield wvere assetnbled at this place otn -Monday
last. The entire mass seemed to be moved upott
strongly by the most marked solicitude as to the
different policies now urged upon the State.
Acecording to previous appointment, Judge BLTr
r.r~a ascended a rostrum (prepared in the Piazza
of the Planters Hotel) about 11 o'clock, and pro
ceeded to address the multitude, IHe made a long
and a strong speech, taking grntmd through.
out wvithr the Co-operationists. We have never
heard the Judge debate a question as skilfully as
upon this occasion. Although thre btulk of hris an
dienice (in our jodgement) differed with him in
principle, yet all heard him with the most profound
sespect. All sympathized with him in his defence
against certainr personal allusions which have re
cently appeared in print.
We will not pretend to comment upon his argu
menits until his address is published, which we
understand is to be done. We will then endeavor
10 show and to elucidate the dangers arid distal
vantages of adopting the course which hre has so
ably advocated. At the conclusion of the Judge's
speech, the meeting adjourned.
together for a further discusuion of tile great ques
tion before us, and Dr. Join LAKE acted as Chair
man. The ablest debate we have heard in a long
time then took place between the Ifon. N. L.
GRIFFIN and Col. BAUSKET, on one side, Senator
BUTLER and Judge WARDLAW, on the other. The
audience were deeply attentive and thoroughly
interested. Although the discussion, at times,
grew very warm, yet we are glad to announce
that, after a long and exciting debate, the meeting
adjourned, as far as we could perceive, in perfect
good humor. We think the result of tile day's
proceedings was, that both parties were confirmed
in their faith.
AGAIN contains several Co-operation documents
in the shape of letters.
31r. PEatiX's is a long letter, and wyell written.
In one place he says: " They (the immediate Se
cessionists) propose to secede " solitary and alone"
-anti what then? Clouds and darkness rest upon
We beg leave to reply in a paraphrase upon his
own language. They (Mr. Peinait andi others)
propose to acquiesce indefinitely-and what thet !
Clouds and darkness hang upon their future also.
Ir, as 31r. PEaRIN seems to admit, there be a bal
ance of probabilities behind the curtnin of that
future, it cannot be doubted that the Right, clear
and indisputable, will be ?rilh the State Ix AcTOx,
and this surely ought to make the anti-action end
of the scales kick tile latm in it twinkling.
In reference to Mr. PEtNtr's stress tipon "a
change of government," we would respect fully
put to him tile following questiol: " 15 the simple
withdrawal (if an illdepelldelt State, from a
league, a change of that States government I
Upon the point of State pledges we recommend
to all, Chancellor WAaltl.Aw's high-toned view
" With or without pledges," says tie Chaucellor,
"I cannot tolerate tile idea of submission."
The letter of Mr. PiEs-rox, wliell follows, is
brief, He does not pretend to enter into anything
like an argttment.
But 31r. Ow.xs does. It is our opinion. how
ever, that a considerable portion of this getitie
man's argulment goes directly to prove that tile
Southern States must eventually comec to Caroli.
na's side, and form,withli her, a slavery confedera.
cy. If, as lie maintains, the extintiot of our
great domestic institution will be the inevitable
result of our separate existence, can lie or any
other rational mal imagine that the States, which
live by the identical institution, will remnin in
concerned witnesses of its overthrow ? If South
Carolina becomes, by the act of secession, " tile
peculiar exponent" of this institution, to destroy
whose existence the " English Lion" will ''pring
from his lair," would she be left to bear that shock
alone! Would tile South permit tie iilmolation?
Let wisdom decide. According to Mr. O's views,
our secession will, at the ror.t, but hasten tile
great struggle with Abolition which some think
inevitable. Even upon this ground is it not better
to do anything that will bring that struggle about
before the chances of maintaining ourselves witll
success are irreparably lost ! Let the far-seeing
statesman reply. Reply! did we say. One, wilo
had not his equal ill Iotlern times, las answered
the question in advance. That very Palinurus, to
whom allutsion is made, spoke to this effect in one
of his latest efibrts: " If this opporttity is suf
fcred by the South to Pass unimproved. all is lost."
And we have it uponI tile mst sared and unii
peachable authiority (tile testimonly oIf all initelli
gent, hlonorable anid devotedl son, who wattched
is death-bed) that onle of his latest poiitical ex
pressions was: "If tihe California Bill passes,
and no other State will act, Southt Carolina atUs-r
3Mr. Owiess remarks in anothler place, whlen
speaking of cerim adivantanges thlat nmiht accrue
to us ill a separate existene : " It is Ia rect-I, a
very recenlt dicovery, that the Tariff of '-1G is op.
pressive to slavery.'' Thlis looks somlethlin.g like
comning to thlat p~latform wichl says-we are dolingt
wtell enought ntow, why (-hanlge ! 111ut did it ntever
occur tol Mr. Ow E.:ss that a cottsidlerable reduction,
of the 'Tariff of '46 event, might advan-e thet in
terests of tile Southlernl farmers be-yonld thecir pire
3Ir. Owv:s c(oludt~es hisa letter with someIL allit
silln t) tile ttmtt of t reasont wihich lie seetfns to I hlink
was hlurledi againist tile llamhu~irg mleetin~g. wh ih
our readlers tmay r-eember, occulrredi s'omIe time
agio. We hlave forgotten tile utse of any such-I
tautnt in ap)plic-ation tlo thatt assembtl!:lt!. Wte re
me-mber seeing it statedl thlat 3Mr. Ow r.xs had0 enI
tire-ly chnlged Is opinions sinlce last wintecr's
sessionl ; that, holwever, is far from himil tt-helef
nitionl of treason. It is a right of conlsciente,
whlichl every one is boundt~h iln duty to ex--reive upon
conlviction of error. lilt we dliStniss 3Mr. Owess'
letter wvithl the remtark, thlat it is writienI very well
andi ences ain inlgenuity wortihy of a strongeer
3Mr. Hove.:'s letter is last tipon the list (except
the short ote of Chanlcelltor WVAr lInrA w) andl is
pierhapis thte most epigrammatic in appea-rnle- (If
all. Were every "if " at demtonstration, hlis views
wold be irresistible, onu the ploinit of separate na
tiotnality at least. hilt uicht is ntot thle case, atdti
(Iur old frienid's letter mutlst thlere-fore he- takent in
its true light-as a sucecession of spec-ulative 51ug
gestions. Thiey may have force, b~ut it remlains- to
be proved. No mnan ill the Cnooperation ranks is I
mtore capalie of dloin~g thlis, if it canl le done, th-an I
tile talented and e-stemed companioni of ouir more I
Iyouthlful days. We are constrainedi to tink thlat I
even lhe would falishort of accomtpiishing the task.
We regret to perceive thlat hlis aversionI to ri~king "
separate activn is so great thlat lhe prefers rathler to
acqutiesce in tile wrrongs oif the past, anti trulst to
the chances oIf the Southl becominlg uniitedl by fur-i
ther aggressions. Sulch indeed scetns to be tile fairly
inferable position of all the letter-writers we have
thus briefly reviewved. It
AGITATIONJ-WHIAT WILL IT AVAIL ?
THE tmode of action proposed by tile upptmnents
of early Secession is to tarouse 11hepuddic inld of file
Soult. Carolina is to become tile great agitator.
We do nlot know precisely whlethier it is inltendedi
that we site sh~all, in this character, waste nmoney
or wind. We rtupptose the latter, principailly.
Perhaps a little steamu, to move a power-preSs or
two, may also be called inlto requisition. Thles0
wvind and steam operations wvill not surely be con
fined to the limits of our ownt State. Thiis wouilti
be tile old thing over again. 'rhe object mnust be
to enlighten othier States as to thleir rights, andi to
draw thlem by moral or intellectual suasion, up to
our mark. TIo efye~ct this, the several expedienlts
of printitng and speakinlg will lbe resorted to. iI
othler words, otur sister States are to be kept coo
tintually inundated withl Carolina tracts--politicald
colporteurs are to be sent this way andi thlat, with
bags of Secession matter, to itnnocullate as thley
go-and lastly, some of the Ihigh Priests are to go(
forth and rouse tip a rushing crusade inl thle great
Now it has been insisted upon of late, tihat our
sister Southern States are very jealouts of theirt
claim to) equal spirit and inltelligenice withl Carm
linat-rryjealous. Admittintg tis to be so, hmow t
will they look upon01 South Carolina, whlen shelO
volunteers as Schuool-nuaster anid Rtousienator Gent- t
eral, to teach anti stir upi their people ? It may be
answered, "Oil, we dott't intend to present such
anl appearance (If systematical effort as wvill he
odiiouts!" No " appearaince of systematic efyort !"
WI..., teI. ! All ! we n :ow-a .ort of clanides
deemed we had the power to act for ourselves
but we have been shown our error-it has bee
urged before us that, tter ruin will devastate ot
possessions, if we move alone to avenge our imj
ries or secure our future peace-and now that v
are indeed alone, with no powerful appeals to pr
sent to our sister States of the South, with litt
sympathy and no piopect of success, you c
upon us to risk this' once-derided enterprise
single-handed secediion! It is in vain. Are v
not fated to be slaves!" Such might-such pr
bably will be the language of that day. Thi
again, when these five years shall have passe
Carolinians, good and true, may have given up i
Upon considerations like these, we base o1
opinion that to wait five years before acting
past issues is identical with submission to the CoT
promise measures-and we much fear, it will let
to absolute and abject submission for all time
CONSTITUTIONALITY OF TIlE CONVENTI(
IT is beginning to be said that the call of ti
Convention was certainly very irregular, and it
hinted that it borders very nearly upon ani unc:
stitutional proceedure. This is a grave sugge
tion, if there be any force in it. We think the
is none however, and are not therefore, mu
starited at its announcement.
The present is a Convention which the repr
sentatives of the people deemed necessary to me
an emergency, and according to the general chn
aeter of the precedents which have been set
just such cases, that call was strictly regular.
had not in view any alteration or modification
the State Constitution: had such been the cas
there were certainly old and experienced legisl
torn enough to have saved the General Assembly
South Carolina from an oversight so entirely ine
cusable. We know some bends whicl are grov
gray in service within our Legislative Halls
Columbia-gentlemen who have been thorough
conversant with our State Constitution and orga
ization for the last thirty years-and time bare fa
of theirihaving i;rsmitted time action to pass throum
as it did, is to out mind conelitsive evidience ti,
by no construction, could it he supposed that a
constitutional amendment was thought of. as co
nected with the call of the Convention. 1ut ti
face of time Bill itself affords abundant refutati,
of the idea. The duty of that Convention. I
express limitation, is confined to time care of t'
commonwe th with respec(t to the encroachimet
of the fVfral Government. It may be argu
that time 1gislature has no power to impose si
restrictions. He this as it may, we regard it
next to a moral impossibility that the existant Co
vention will deviate from the precise objects kntm
to be held in view'by the Legislature calling
Unless a grave and high-toned assenmblage of o
brother Carolinians, can in one year become
mass of corruption and dishonesty, the event cot
never happen. '
But it is set forth in plain terms that if the y
gistatmure, at the time of making the call, had
view the separate secession of South Carolina,
was an abuse of delegated aimbority"-" an inv
sion of the most vital principle of our State Cc
vention." This sweeping assertion seems to
founded:by its authors upon the single assumpti
that "any ordinance of secession would be
amendment of the Constitution of the State
A far-fetched idea truly? Wihy, it is perfect
conceivable that South Carolina could exist atom
withm her present Constitution unaltered in a1
manner whatever. And it is rationally amaintai
ed that wvithmbut few anti inmexpensive additio
to our civi ' ), we would have thme best Co
.titanton-.h - .nvn thpamn hannficial n
ditions would nout necessarily come within
scimpe of time Conventioin elect. Or if anmyting
tie sort were done, it wotild be proivisional al
suject afterwards to time regmlar process. In pea
litts periods, every governmentt hast fountd it nece
sary to depart thums far from prescribed regumlatir
Time safety and welfare of nations mighmt othei
wise suffemr. at times, serious dietrimenmt. 'T,
great probability in our case, however, is th
there will be nom pressing occasion for ainy pro
sional action aflecting time Statem Constitumtio
That canm be regumlatedi and ctmntromlled bmy tihe popr
lar will.of:,er see.'han is accompmlishied andmmi
Covntiomn, which effectedl it. is dlissolvedi. Hom
thenm can it be saidl thmat a Convienmtionm which tia.
es a simnpe ordinanice uof secessiomn will be " intv
ding thme vital priniciple of omur State Conmtstitumtinm
Thie ideca may be that any action whmichm wotu
create time necessity offuture amenmdmenmt by~
fuure Convention wouild come under time sat
codemetnation. This wouild be ginig down t
"chtainm of cnseqences" onme linik too far, to mom
tie presenut case. Wouli nmot time same argumme
militate againsot time authority omf any Conventio
however apitedm ? Atny sneh hodly nmighmt orda
a policy wich~ woull give rise eventually
amendments of time Conistitution, nt original
cotecmpatedl, bitt still inevitable. Wouthl surm
action thmerefore lie aim " invasiont of time vital pimi
cile of outr State Cotnstitutiont ?" Admiti this nm
ion, ail Conventions, so far fronm huavinig am
sovereignty about them, are the mecrest pttppj
00 Ml!UNICATI10N S,
FoR TitE Anvaarmsmtt.
Barbecue at M~ountaini Creek,
Ox time 5tht itistant, time Actioni pamrty htad
large andI respectable mueeting ait Motmaim Cree
Curchm, in this District, for time puriose of tdi
etssintg thme grmtvc atnd imommenttotms quetttionts nto
prsnted to thte people ofn South Camrolinam...
There were no co-opertionm speakers pr'esen:
altough free discusion was fairly tendered.
Tie assembly of people wasi variously cstitmtet
at from six hudred to a thmousandmm voters.
At thec regular hmotr for time comummeement
tme business of thme (iny, W. C. Mon:Arsx, F~mq
a ddrssed tihe people, int a pinu tmtml forcible tman
iner, very clearly prnsenmtimg our catuses of com
plaint, andm settitng firthm, int mm tunequivocatl mi
eloqttentt matnner, th:n niecessity imiposcd up~onm u
of prompit anmd deelsi'e actiit.
Josmmrm AtmNser, Eu1., next spoke for atn hmot
urginmg wnitht earnestn-ss, thamt time State was bum
itn hotor to assert het nfreedom andii independenet
ie mainitainedl, that South Camrolinma ha~d comr
mmittdi herself to separmte resistancme, ini thme eye
of time other Somuthmer: Statts, by lier past carreer
by lier course from 52i, tin thte presemt time
by lier rcsistne tot Protetive Tmrill' whmich
through a treacherout Cmmipromise, is still i
force amnong us, mand by all her r'esolutionms mitt
Ordimaics in thamt regrd, dumrinmg thet. imost ilitus
trus period of lier hiitory ;and thamt if r'eslm
ttions and p)rotmises enmrinid a pmeople to a certami
couse of action, time poplie mmf this Stamte atre not
specilly and moramlly >lemdged to Secessiont h,
their late proceeditgs im-relationi to time slaverj
qustionm, and time Cmtmises int referencet
the excitemenmt of tihe pb1lic tintd, whemreby we
have lost Califmoria, Ne' Melxico, Utamh, anmd
large portion of Texas.
He contended, that Suthm Carlinam, in liei
primary assmcblics, anmd I lhe Legislature, hmm
,...1~.....1red, on~ie or te enar to create th,
ine, Jesuitical plan will be adopted, which will
:onvert whole States before they know it. Well,
hat would all be very fine, if it could so happen.
3ut does any one suppose that our keen-scented
md' hawk-eyed opponents in those States would
ail to perceive the effort, however guardedly
nade ! And can any one doubt that they would
told it up, in all the colors with which sarcasm
!ould invest it, as the advances of a serpent
ampering with that which belonged exclusively to
.hemselves! Better go boldly to work, like Peter
he Hermit. Either course would render us ob.
ioxious to the charge of meddling-either course
vould defeat its own purpose.
Let South Carolina act independently, and she
vill command the respect of her Southern allies
-she will give cause of offence to none-she will
iot have assumed, in any respect, superiority of
pirit or intelligence-she will only have claimed
ier undeniable prerogative of deciding her course
'or herself. If her action should preach Disunion
vith trumpet-tongued power. it will be the legiti
nate etlect of the exercise of a right which must
md- will be sustained by the true Patriots of the
She has essayed agitation by addresses, resuln
uttions, arguments and appeals, until she has be
:ome proverbial for "bullying" and "bravado."
It is only by the agitation of action that she cnn
ow expect to command the attention and respect
)f her sisters.
- -.- -
IHE RESISTANCE FEATURE OF CO-OPERA.
We have no objection to admit that very many
if onr friends of the Co-operation party, design
itiiate resistance. And yet, it appears to us to
be a point easy of demonstration. that practical
obtission will be the result of their advice-and
Lve cannot avoid the further conclusion, that ulti.
vte acpttiescetce will he the the "last expres
-in" of the problem they propose to work out.
This is the chief objection with uts, to the policy
thev advocate. Of course we have now in view
rute WtoNGs oF TIM PAS, and we address cur
-elves to those good brothers among the co-opera
tionists, who declare that they will nevcr submit
o those wrongs.
Upon each of these points, we will give our
views in the briefest possible manner.
An first, as to practical submission. Co-ope
rationismi is founded upon the belief that South
Carolina cannot act alone with any prospect of
MUeess. The simultaneous movement of one or
more of our sister States of the South, is regarded
in indispensible condition to action. This has
beent inculcated as one article of the co-operation
!reed. A few individuals who belntg to that
arty, have very wisely disapproved of this being'
nade a '-siic .ua non" to resistance ; but judging
*rom the general tone and character of the argn
nents now used throughout the State, we think
ve are warranted in saying that the party has
aid, as one of its corner-stones. the impotency of
4outli Carolina, and the consequent ahsurdily of
er seceding alone. The other pretnise we lay
lown is equally elear, and it is this: No Southern
state will co-operate with its in resistance on the
Core of past grievances-for they have all so de
hlared, itn the must direct, unequivocal and an.
horitaitive manner. If, then, South Carolina
iust delay action on past issues until some one of
hose States shall agree to join her, is it not per
'ectly clear that she will delay until doomsday, if
io other issues arise. Even though she retained
ie "animis resistendi" (if we may use that ex
iression,) yet, in deedu andt in fact she would be
-emtaining inactive unoder the perpetration of
vrongs which sue had distinctly said nere insuif
'erable-and whbat would this be but practical
fuhminSlen 7 - - - ---
Now we are aware. nta intimated above. that
here are some Co-operaltionists whoii would nabbre
inte the period of delay. andl wvho are wvilling to
it a year aLt the comning of which they will agree
hat Sottuth Carolina shall act on Jpost issiues, even
htutgh nto other State go wvit h her. This indication.
'ye are ready to allow, goes to prove that, though
Slimite-d vista of praclira/ sublmission. a day of
lcterminedl and hazardous resistanice is steadily
-ontemiplated b~y a portion of the co-ope-rat inn party.
echrh men we will never term stuinissionisgs. We
recod to them cheerfully the true spirit of free
ntei in its fitllest signiifienution. lRut we wvoutld
nt)st respeictfuilly urge it upon itm to reflet~c
vhiethter they arc not veitutrimtr the sutppression of
hiat spirit toio far. ott a dim and uncertain hope.
Ve seriouisly fear that thceret will he biut inte step
ruin the- prtical snhmission of Sonuth (Carolitna
trn for- fir' yeavrs) to her ult imte andI final tic
Iuiescnce in the late odions compromise. If we
.ohd thtitnk otherwise. the chief obstacle to a
nodification of our viewvs woutld bc removed.
Suppoase it to be dietermointel ott. tlat South Car
lina is to wanit five years, with the clear iuder
tanditng that she wilL at the enid of that time, act
at all hazards." Thle qtue:-utin arise~s, "' is there
ny probabiliy that shte wrill then, act ?" We lion
sily helieve that shte will ntt and we submit a
ew considlerations below, tuponi which we fotud
First.-.Our Northern enemies, who have always
layed the game of enceroachiment with conisutm
nmte skill, wvill perceive at onrce that thecir true
ulicy is to stay the hand of aggressiont, for at
east the period covered by Carolitna's threat. Itt
lie mean time, their efibris will be exertedli ti p
icase antd quiet the uprisinig of Southern resenut
tent by seome shanm showing of conciliationi antd
senefit. Their aim will he to fix anud contfirmn thoseI
souuthertn Suites, which have aequtiesced in the
:omnpromise, in their determinatiomn to accep~t and
hidle by its provisiutns. No one will pretend to
ay that there will he any diflicuilty in this, whien
tis retmembleredl that dominant majorities in all
hose States have already rentdered in their unt
tualified approbation. Thus at the expiration of
lie five years, even those whlo now commend and
ray for thte actiont of South Carolina, tnay be in
uiced tot condemn it as ill-timed and out of date.
Secondiy.-Th'le people of South Carolina will
ave bornte ant "intolerable wrtag" fur the space
ffive long years. Time, which wears away the
itterest griefs anti the sternest resentments, wviii
ave done its work towardls efimicing, partially, the
nemoiry' of the injustice which has been done tus.
'le "' deferred hope" of indelpendlence will have
ickenied the hearts of many-the blanduishiments
f federal patronage will tend to contvert resistance
a tyrannty ito deviotioin to the tion-witht the
ery motley pait by the people of South Carolina
ito the Federal T1reasury, the lofty patriotism of
he State may be taited. 'Thuis, at the expiration
if these five years, there many he mutch less of the
ieinig of self-sacrificinig determtinationi to vindti
ate the htonor of our piarent, State, thtan at present
xists in bioth parties.
TIhirdly.-Whten this period shahl have arrived,
nil we shall finud the work of Carinta isolatiotn
whlich is said to be the steady aimt of the North)
ompjletely effected-when we shall discover more
irmidable enentics to have sprung tip in our otn
onscholM-wvhen the days of '52 may have biecome
hte theme of conmmon jest with frienids as wvell as
ies-what theni ? The still-indignmant spirits of
lie State may gather around their gallant leathers
ud say to thetm: " We remember that you told
s, ini days ptast, that yonu wotuld lead uts to inde
enidence if we tarried unitil ntow. We tdemandl of
ott to redecem the pledge." And, doubtless, thtey
tuhd make a gallant effort to do so. But to
very stirrinig apptheal they woul attempt, the voice
f a r.eining h,.,mp., wouldi r..ply-" W,. otc
- impression, that she would procCed alone to re
n dress her grievances, if no other State wouli
ir consent to act in concert with her ; anl that
therefore, ler escutcheon would be tarnished,
e she failed to make good these appearances to th
world. Ile appealed to the connon reason <
the people that in the present emergency, seces
sion, separate and alone, was the only adequat
remedy, and called upon them, by their sense o
pride and all their glorious recollections, to en
force and vindicate it, with their property an
in Colonel BAUSKTr, in a speech of great clear
ness and ability, advocated the separate secessio
ir of South Carolina, as a mode of resistance, HU
" only Constitutional, but entirely practical an
.lie dwelt on the argument for necar two hour:
to an audience as attentive as ever listened to
public speaker. 'Nothing seemed to escape ti1
N grasp of his comprehension, and it would hav
been diflicult indeed for any addition to ha
te bect made to his admirable speech. The que
tion was viewed in every possible aspect; ar
it was apparetly demonstrated, with mathemat
re cal precision, that the cause of South Carolin
h would necessarily beconac the cause of tli
South ; for, if the Government should attemi
C- to coerce us. the Southern people woull rally t
et our standahrd, and if it determiiiied to leave i
r alone, our heroie example would soon drai
in others into tie same track of success and glor
t At the coielnsion of the remarks of Col. DAUl
r rTT, dlintier was announced, which bemin free]
partaken of, the people again repaired to tI
of stand aiid were addressced by the Ilon. N. I
. GRIFFIN, their able and acecomplished State Set
at .1 r. C RIFiN presented the questiolis at ssu
lv with great fiirness and eloquence, anl argu
n- them witi skill, and with that elarncteristie ca
et iestness and zeal, which so peculiarly distii
fh guish him. Ile insisted that the purtpose of tI
it, Legislature, at its last session. was. not te sui
. prise the people into the aidoption of mneasures
unwonted stringency. Tle people demand
in that somhuig should be done. Virginia, Geo
gia and Mississippi had acted, and it would hai
li been recreant in Soutli Carolina, to have retir<
Its froim the fild, and1l let down the banner of ti.
Md South. What then, eoild have been a bett
I miaoile of action thai to submit the Whole que
as tioi to the people: ini Convention, who would I
"" responsible for all the losses and dangers th
u might resiult from such action as the nature
it. the ease, and the rights, interest and reputath
a of South Carolina denmnded ?
Id It was not the object of the Action party
conmit the State prematurely to any mode
e. action. The State was already comii:ted
in action, ald the hill (if the Senate, with whIo
'it details lie was familiar, appointed the election
a- delegates to the Convention to take place in ti
n- very month, and when it failed to obtain the pr
be per majority in the House of Representative
on a compromise was ityered by the Co-operati<
,, gentlemen themselves, in which the time for ti
lv election of delegates was changed to Februari
e tad the A ctioni party' flIt obligedl to take the bi
ayir to do absuolutelv ntihtling towardas puatting tI
n- State in position to) co-operate with her sisters
na the South, tad to vinidicaie her honor.
a- Mr. GaaFF~:i submiitted that secession was t1
*e rihfl ad pervhnpqs, the only reimedy, nrm
naintatined his poasitioni by airguimentt and illutstrt
tioni. Ife exhorted the people by the spairit th
.i ainimatedl their own Butier, their heroes in ti
. revaolutiaon, ad their Palmnettoes who illustrate
.so glaoriously the praawess aof the State in Mexici
rn- ta) rause thaemiselves tao the support of their right
lie aiia to mieet any extremiity on earth rather thet
at brook submissioan.
n. Letters to the Sccession IMeeting a
n-. mountain Creek.
ie Outa Co-rr.ws,~ Oct. 1, 1515.
w Genflemen-l have the hionoir ta, acknoiwlede
*.- the receipat aaf vaaur iinvitatiuon to at "Secessiti
a. Itrhieee,"' to be giveni at 'aloiiiitian Cre
'a Chureb, on the' -lth instant, anal regret may inm
Id bilitv, fromi unavoiadable eniga.;ements tat home aiai
h le piresent. It wounld be hi;;hly gratiing to wii
a ness at miass meecting oaf citizens of Ealgetield-a
e inmgle wvith petrsaonal and political frienads, arid
Ie ascertain the coiitrolling sentiant:at in public at
at T1here npphears to be tat present. tn ardeant eair
,n, fliet af opiiin ini Saiuth Caraalinaa. whiich. to mi
Suadgmient, is eq timly unnaiecssary in origma an
unfoirtunate in result.
iits appjroach. ae udistracted anal divided in caanaa
e il, oan its actuial imipaasitiaan. At the very peria
ri- whien every heart shiaulad responid to. the er)
y "resstance tao tyrannyi, is obeadience toa Goad"
etunnd every tam shoiuldl be miovedl to viindientte oi
hiaritage of egunility, suavereignity and f'reedlomi ;
. thiete are hiesitatian.daaubts. timiad enleulattioni a
- conseqjuencees in all thier raiiieantionis, whlich ou
forefathiers foar a muchel less stake scaoraed to coii
sider-andl utimiiately, disrupition oif tat unity <.
confiadece tad caourage, which alonec is coanpc
tenit tia inasure succeSS iad triumphil. Ftactiain ha
rearedl its IlIydrat-headl in a coniiiunity, whler
a fur lifteen years thecre has beena concord ana
- peace,-whlere one sentiment pirevauiledl ahaios
akaaiversally, ana where onae set of futndtamenta
i poiia priniplles, gaoverneda till elasses. 1 i'av
ae tur hihl-tinead paipulation reecanthy changed thei
_ ebtartacter ? since the loss of~ the great Geniius
who wvon their ati'eetionsa, anda shiapeda their aic
4i tionas for twenty yetars, are they without pilot 01
- coaiitss ? withount tany Ilandmarks of' the past, t<
d serve as guiades in the future ? Does ech ammt
imagine, ns ini New Yaork tad Geairgia, that lie it
ifeghnal in siagacionis intelligee iad reqtuisite tat
tainmencat, to every uiote,-is as ciaale aaf thirenad
,inag the iintirieis of poalaities, as oif gtiiniag th
- hpllw, aid thteretire, thitt his scheme of actiatn
. hoawever erndle, mua~st be ciarrect. anad must b<
a tdoptid ? If such lhe the case, our proaud earcea
is eimled. When the Prophets are stoned, the
s people tire lost.
1l;eing~ tiniailiar with them, it is useless to re
.ii~ m inu, ini detail, aaf the efllbrts uof yoiur distin.
'vnished mnen,-aif Calhtouni, Chieves, Buttler
B arnawell, Ilhunimiantd-urging you in buring~
-Ilaigutage, to tassunie the attittae you present,
- all tenidinag uniiformly, to rouse yoau to the exact
crisis, which noaw exists. Deliveredl with earanesl
ganad faith, their pretichinag aand thecir propihiecie:
coanvinicead thae uindersttading, wvhile they enlist
eda piermtianiently, lie feelings. Thiey could inol
untda (noane tof utemt), wham~t theyv hatve so well daane:
Maturer years, or timidl thaoughts, in view of haigl:
Irespainsibility, or bouth may hatve moaaditied their
viws liut theyv know anda we kniow, that it is
- too late for rca~ntations. They miuist unite withi
- you in reapinimg, what they sto pleantifully soiwed.
They mush.t pro~ve by their deeds, that they have
not fatlsely taught yoau !
A ndt lami very shure that they will doa so. The
two parhhties, nirrayedl in opjpositionh oan the test (?)
vat e, faar dlelegates to the Saunthernt Congaress. comn
sist really ouf fur. rThe secessiona, intehades thase
vw hrefler deciaded actiaon in 1852 ; nuidathmose,
who ar'e wvilling tai etl'eet it at ai lttter period, wvith.
in reiaoablec Iimiit*. The co-aoperationi, is equatl
lv aividled intoa those wvho, tnot atcquiescinig in the
I.tta praaeedaiaigs of Contgress, area for deltay, to in
sare efficient and inal actiuin, haopinag for the ear
lv jnanetion (if other Stattes, either by the aseen
. d .. y ....~.-.n .,.:. r.:,:.., or. fr...t...,. Fed ....l
aggressions consolidating all parties ;-and those
who are for unquaLifed submission. The latter,
it is to be hoped, are few and far between. These
four, are now blended into two. A nd with this
r organi*ization, the battle at present must be waged
at the ballot-box. Every man should regard it
a sacred duty, to deposite his vote. But what
ever the result-and I am quite sanguine-the
cause cannot be overthrown. It must survive,
while there remains a throb of patriotism-unti
oblivion enshrouds all the past, and degenerates
to serfs, that brave stock, which never quailed to
power, and never failed in the end. tomaintain its
just pivileges atd eintal rights. The resistance
men of the opposite party, cannot in honesty, and
through disgrace and shame, merge their prinei
pes with the slavish faction, which would kiss
the rod that smites! In any event, Butler and
t Ilainniond, and all their adherents, will be with
1 you in the struggle. They imy temporize-tiey
may urge the Convention to long deliberation
recommend ia prolongation of its session, by legis
lative enactment-advise the gradual severing of
the Federal links that bind us.-and finally, to
strike conclusively, when the auspices arefaro
e rathle." But they caiinever consent to absolute
Thns the controversy really hinges on the
- question of TIE. And while I ani an advocate
i of disunion abstractly, for other grievances than
. the robbery of Mexicaii territory, for the tariff,
for the social discrepancies between the sections,
a for our manifold advantages under a separate
C governient, I know that revolutions, even when
it peaceable. are not eonsumnated by a single blow,
1 that governments are not reconstructed in a day,
that adequate preparations for aill contingencies
are requiste; and to see South Carolina present
v the grand spectacle'of a unitedfront, without the
inurnur of a hostile faction, I would consent to
. the delay in her action, of one, two or three
urs. It would not be unreasonable to any,
while it might be just to the old war horses, who,
e no longer able to leap the ditch, must be permit
ed time, to skirt its flank!
Ii conclusion, gentlemen, I olfer as a senti
The Union of the People nfSouth Carolina. the
harhingCr of triunphnant suceess, which can only
be etheeted by a spirit of conciliation.
Verv resptctfulIly. your ob't serv't.
l . C. 51. RAMIMOND.
To, Alesrs. R. C. 0 rifin. R. G. .\. Dunovant,
G. J. Sheppard. Z. W. Carwile, E. Andrews,
J. 11. 3limns, Committee.
f (Col. CUxxtxan:A's letter cannot appear this
d week from absolute want of room. It shall ap
pear next wck.]-ED.
d I FUGITIVE SLAVEs.-We find the follow
ing despatChes in the Baltimore papers:
SYR ACUSE, N. Y., Oct. I.-Henry, a fuigi
tive slave, was arrested here to-day. Whilst
- nndergoing an examination lie escaped, and
was subetinently arrested. Intense excite
it ment prevailed, and the military were order
ed out. The fugitive has been rescued, and
the excitement is increasing. The military
are still on duty.
SYRACtiSE, Oct. 2.-J. P. Lear, agent of
: the claimant of Henry, who escaped last
f ni-ht, hats been held to bail on the charge of
kidnapping. Much excitement prevails.
The fugitive is out of the reach of the au
i A SAD OccurnaNscE.-On Wednesday
- night the 24th ult., Mrs. Morgan, wife of Mr.
Wm. Morgan, jr., of Pentield, Ga., Ben. H.
a inion, a young man about 15 years old, and
his sister, were engaged in filling a lamp
with "Burning Fluid." The contents of the
I jug and lamp took fire, and were spilled upon
I, their Clothes atd the _loor of the room. By
e ja prompt eil'ort, the flame was extinguished,
,fbut yotuing binion vras so severely burnt thait
I lie did not survive forty hours. His death
seems to hjave been o'eensionedl by his in
e haling the flame. His sister and Mrs. Mor
d goun hats recovered the wounds which they
-Ireceived at the time.
NEW POST OFFICES.-Twn new post
oflives has been e.-,aiblished ini Williammsbumrg
Distriet: one ait Sutton's, Samuel F . Guild,
"postmaster. and one at Lownds' Ferry,
5 amuel HI. Lofton, postmaster.
Tuta P.turPno.-Thiis ives.'eh has been li
belled by the U. S.. Marshal in Florida. for a
t violation of the reventue laws, and for par
ticipating the receunt invasionm of Cuta
- Correspondence of the A&dvertiser.
IIAMhBUTRG, OC-r. 8, 1851.
Since our last wve notice a decline in our Cotton
L) Market. We quote at this time for strictly fair,
-De: Fair. .9 ; Niddling, a to 8.j; Ordinary, 7.
- Market still dr-ooping.
. BA CO-Thle stock is light with good demane.
1 -Sides, 12.4; Shoulders, 10O; Hamne, 12.4, 13 to
t CoRs.-5to857.. FIDALGO.
-- 3M.xmuunu on the 21st oif Sept., by Rev. John
Trapp, Mir. G. W. DeusT to ' Miss A:MANDA
daughter of A. R. Falkner, all of this District.
?JARRIED on tIme 2d inst., by time R,. JIoln
jTrapp, 3Mr. C. 31. 3Av to Mliss CAnot~uxE, dauh
.ter of Benjamin Stevens, Esq., dcc'd., all of;
aMAuRKvED, in Abbeville District, on the w5th
ult., by Rev. Jams. Mfoore, Mlr. REUBEN L. GoL
DING to Miiss C. F,. Ht..
aAmA RRun, ott the 1st inst., by the Rev. S. P.
Getzetn, air. R~oDERiT ATINS, of Abbeville, to
Miss EIZABE'Tn HENDEitsoN, of Edgefield Dis
Hooflanad's German Bitters.
Wia would call the attention of our readers to
the aidvertisement o1 Dr. H OOFLAND's celebrated
German Bitters, pieparedl by Dr. C. 3M. JACKsoN,
No. 120 A rch street, Philadlelphia. In eatses of
Liver complatint. D~yspepsiai, Disease of thme Kid
necys, antd all diseaises atrising front a disordered
stomatch, their power is not excelled. if equalled,
by any other known preparation, as the cures
atitest, iinimany cases, after the most celebrauted
phy)siins had failed. We catn conscienciously
recommnetnd this mtedicitte, ats being wvhat it is re
cotmmentded, antd urge our readers who are af
flieted to procure a bottle, antd they will be coin
vinced of the truth we assert.
I will, by divine permission, preatch at the fol
owinig plauces: October 15th, at Gratniteville, at
night; Mt. Pleasant the 16th ; at Mit. Ebal 17th ;
at Bethel 18th ;at Dry Crcek the 19th ; at
Phtilipi 20th; at Rocky Creek 21st ;at M1t. Ta-I
bor 22d ; alt Stephen's Creek 2ld ; at Good
Hope 24th ; at Red Bank 25th ; Salem alt eleven
o'clock in the mortning, and Satrdis at 3 o'clock
the same day, 21th; on Monday at Cloud's
Creek, 27th: Samnaria 28thm; Boiling Sprintgs
E9th ; New 1fope 30th: Sandy Run 31st ; Sare
dis, in the Edisto Associattion. on the 1st of No
vemnber; Bull Swamp 2d; Edisto 3d ; Buck
head 4th ; Cam nmel 5tht; Orange 6th ; the 7th
Sthi, 9th, 10th and 11Ithi, in Charleston ; at Eb
nezer 13tht; at Willowv Swamp 14th; ea
Swmap 15thlt; Rocky Grove 16tt: Tabernacle
17th ; Beth Car 18th ; Rocky Spring 19th
Aiken 20th, at night the sanme day at Granitev Ile'
WE find it our painful duty to record the
death of an esteemed friend, Miss BADRIDS
DORaINDA WALL, who departed this lire at the
residence of her Father's, in this District, on
the 4th day of Sept. in the 25th year of her age.
She attached herself to the Grove Chareh
when quite young. and was An orderly mem
ber up to the time of her decease. When
on her death bed she conversed freely on the
subject of religion and expressed a perfect wil
lingiess io die as she felt the Lord precious to
her soul. Tier disease was one of Typhoid Fe
ver, and of short duration, she being confined to
her bed only seven days.
" Thus in the midst of life we are in death.?
Reader. " Be ye also ready, for in such an hour
as ye think not, the son of man cometh."
DIED, at this place on the 3d inst., Miss Lu
CINIA COSNAIIAN, daughter of Mr.,Joseph Cos
nahian. of this DiEtricte-aged eighteen years.
Deatth, under any circumstances, brings to the
bereaved emotions of melancholy sorrow and
grief. But when its shafts are aimed at one
just as the bud is expanding to the full bloom of
womanhood its blasting stroke is most keenly
felt. So it is with the subject of this notice.
Though her youth and beauty, together with
all the amiable qualities of heart that could cheer
the fond parent, or entwine around the family
circle, have been nipped in the bloom on earth,
we have hope of their full fruition of lappin
in a world to come.
A nd whilst we bow in sorrowing submission
to the will of an allwise Providence it is not
without the hope that our loss is her eternal gain.
DIEn, at liladison Springs, Ga., on the 2nd
September. Mirs. FRANCES E. PEARIm, reliet of
the late J. P. Perrin, ii the 30th yearof her age.
At ain early period she became united to the
Baptist Church at Gilaal, and continued a mem
ber till her death. Her last illness wassevere
and protracted. This she bore with much pa
tience and gave many indications of the Christian
character, which lead her friends to sorrow not
as those without hope. Especially towards the
hist, death. svemed. to have been stripped of its
terrors.. 1mutil, she said, been long no stranger
to hier tltijrhts, and she felt no fears at its ap
proach. "'Let me die the death of the righte
ous," sand let my last end be as her's. . iL
DIED, at Kemper Springs, Miss., on the 26th
of August 1851, Dr. RoBEAT W. WAsUINGTON,
in the 56th year of his age.
The deceased was born in Brunswick County,
Virginia, and grew up and received his eduea
tion in the same county, lavina rend medicine
with Dr. Miller. After attending Medical Lee
tures. in the University of Pennsylvania City, of
Philadelphia, he located in Edgefield District,
South Corolina, where le practiced his profession
fifteen years. with success and reputation. In
December 1825, he was married tc Hannah P.,
daughter of Shepherd Spencer. Sen., of the
same district, who with six children still sur
During the summer of 1830, Dr. W., made a
public professinn of Christ, receiving baptism at
the hands of that truly apostolic man. the sainted
Nicholas Hodges. In 1832. he emigrated with
a number of relatives and acquaintances, to
Sumter County, Alabamna, where he resided
'till a few weeks before his death. he was re
isoved to Kemper Springs, as a last resort.
In 1833, our deceased brother and his wife,
fornmed a part of the Constitution of Providence
Church. in whose bosom lie spent the remainder
of his days, liberally contributing for its support,
and to the various benevolent objects it fostered.
The illness of the deeeased was long and wea
risone-at first borne with some degree of impa
tience, which gradually gave way to submission
and chseerfullness. During~ the last fewy days
he survived, he expressed hlis gratitude for the
gradutal departure alowed him, saying it was
necessary to prepark hint for a chance of worlds,
and doubtless 'ed in mercy. Our brother's
views of the Uan of Salvation were clear and
correct. I freqnently said, to the. writer, he
was a poor ufiworthy sinner and that'all his hope
was in JTesu..Christ. The cotmmunity miorn
hinm as a liberal' ifl generons neiphbor, a high
souled. warm-hearted and honorable friend.
Rhis indigntant contemplt fotr anything base, sonme
times anmounted to an infirmity, and savored of
Let his eltildren, whom he loved to a fimntt,
remember how heavily their temporal and spiritu
al welfare lay upon a dear father's heart in his
last hours. E. 1B. TEAGWE.
Pastor of Providence Churcht.
For the Southern Congress.
M1a. EurTolt: I offer for the considersation of
the voters of this Congressional District, Col. F.
W. PICKENs and DIIAYTON MNCE, Esq., as
randidaites to rep~ressent it in the Southern Con
gress. They are gentlenmen of ripe experience,
of tried patriotisnm, and timited to the State by
the highest and holiest ties. These gentlemen
would possess sonme advantages from their at
tenddamee upon the Nashville Convention above
many others, no less worthy ansd qnalified in
othier respects. A VOTER.
To our Friends!
EDGEflEL.D C. 10. S. C., )
October 4, 1851.j
T TPON a conference between sonme of the
UI friends of Co-operation in Abbeville and
Edgefield Districts, occasioned by the unexpect
ed withdrawal of te name of Captain PREsTON
S. Baoomes. as a Candidate for the Southern Con
cress, it has been determuined that the name of
IlEaYtt Summea, Esq1., of Newberry, should he
presentted to our friends int the Congressional Dis
triet, in place of the nomintec withdrawn. It is
conisidered very important that, as far as is nowv
practxicabhe untder such nntavorable circumstau
ces. the full strencthx of our friends should be ex
hibitedl in this election. Let us give a strong vote
to Dr. J1. JT. WARDLAW, of Abbeville, and
H EN RY SUM!.IER, Esq., of Newberrv, for the
Southern Congress. Let our Co-operation friends
H. R. SPANS, :
DANiEL iloLLAND,~ CS
A. BLAND, J
October 6,1851. It 3$
Butler Lodges No. 17 L. 0 0, F.
A Regular meeting of this Lodge.
will be hlcd on Monaevignx
Sat 7 oelock. aa vnn e
R. T. MIMS, See'v.
Oct. 9 1851 tf 37
A LL Persons indebted to thte estate of Oliver
L.Towles, are requested to make immediato
payment, and those having demands against the
same will render them in properly attested.
R. M. SCURRY, Administrator.
Oct. 9 . tf 3
T HIE subscriber having shaken hands with al?
Ihis old friends so often, that his hand. be
same blistered, and he was necessarily compelled
to withdraw fronm the canvass for Tax Colletor,
hor three weeks. 1His hands arc now well, and he
s again in the field anid ready to shake hands
meec more wvith his numerous frienids.
Oct. 6,1351. 6t* 38
A PPLICATION will he made to the Legisla
Ztureof South Carolina at its next Session,
o vest thue title of the State of South Carolina, in
the Estates of John B Logan and Charles Logan,
leceased, in M. W. Liles atnd his wife Rebeeca,
&mbrose Nicks anid Eliz.a his wife, and Edwvin
P'. Holloway and Amanda his wife.