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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Aiberties, and if it must fall, we wil Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, roprie'. EDGEFIELD, S. C., NOVEMBER 20, 1851.L...
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THE HEART'S SACRIFIC19.
A Pact at tho nattlo of Germantown.
BY LAWRENCE LABREE.
We iave heard the story of a Voung ini
who lived during the perilous times of our
country. He was ardent. :nd patriotic, and
thirsted to be a sharer in those glories which
our brave armies plucked from the bristling
bavonet.s of the enemy; yet he had been
withheld from joining the ranks by aged
and infirm parents, whose only support and
comfort le was. A4 he looked upon the
feebleness of their old age, and thoughts of
the perils they would be exposed to, with no
defender of their helplessness, ie would
sigh for the destinies of his coutiyy, and
resign himself to the duties of the smtall
farm that was their only support. He could
tiot desert them.and leave them to the mer
ey of the vagabond stragglers frotn the ene.
Iny's camp and worse traitors to ls own
country. Instances were too fresh in his
memory of reverend heads aniid hoary locks
having been crushed to the dust by midnight
authors of his being left him nothing but
prayers for his oppressed country.
But he had other .ffeetions grrowing in his
breast like spiing flowers. shedding a per.
fttne of holiness upon his spirit. like the
Christi:mn's holy inspiration. There exi-sted I
since their chihlthood, an atttnehment between
Itimn anid the only daughter ofi a widow who
resided but a few rdts from his fthier's: and
that attanlutetint hud ripened to t m1uttu.l de
claration of love t when the parties letatne
suflicientlv old to appreciate the glow (,I*
true devoiin. A time was set. for the con
stimmation of their vows. which was the
evening of the ever tmemortble 25th of De
ceniber, 1776.:t the titme Washtington was
mnllki ng his perilous but trintpiattt pmssatge
nerons the( Delaware, am11id denating ic.and
suffering from the intense cold ofthe season.
The two families were now uited
Georgeremitoving hishride and her tolter
to the house of his father. But still lie was
tnot happy-he could tnt banish from his
tmind ain Ippressive :nxiety for the welleare
Of his country, and the dotletful struggle
which she was itttaitting! itt the hopesor.
nequiring that freedom for whiel every noble
heart so warmly prayed.
In a week from the night of the passage
of the Delaware, Washington met a detceh
tment of the enemy at Princet on, which lie
defeatted with a snll loss, with the excep
tioin oIf several oflicers, attiniong whomt was
the gallant and brave Gen. Mercer, whtile- that
oIf the enemty was tinpwatrd of one hutdred
killed, and the remainder, abottt three hunt
dred, taken prisoners. Trhe Genteral thenm
retired to thte iinter qtuarters at Mtorristownm.
whtich he did not leave tuntil the hitter end
of May, when an armty atmottnting to bt
little over seven th~ottat men. :.l homtgh
Congress had offered recruits botunties itt
land, withI i ncreatsed payv.
At this time (George bturned to enlist in
thte ranks of his counttrymlien, :ind shamre their
sufferings and their glory. Bttt his young
wife looked in his facee with wveaping eyes,
whose eloqluence, added to the infirmities of
hiis parents, deterred him fromt the s terifice.
Besides as the roads becamec ntore passable,
and the season wvore tetmperate, robberies
and midnight excursions of straggling Hes
sians and skinners were mtore frequaent, and
the house of one of their neiighbors hatd
been pillaged, the itmmates brutally tmurder
ed,and the dwelling set Ott fire, withtin sight
of their frietnds, whto could ofl'er them no re.
sistnce, expecting, as thtey did, every nto
ment to meet a siiir fa.te.I
In this state of inquietutde passed away
the summer, until thme intelligence receed
George of thte engatgemnent between thme
American and Ettglishi armies at Bratndyinie,
on the lth Septenmber, when the republican
forces were cottpelled to retire after a day'~s
ha~rd fightittg, with a loss that was estimated
al thtree huntdred killed, about six hundred
wounded, attd betwveen three atnd four htun
dred made prisoners.
This reverse of the Amtericani arms atrotts
ed anewv the patriotic feelings of George,
atnd he at once c-ommuntticattedl his intetions
to his fathter, who offered no impedimevtnt to
h's immediately joinitng thme army an:d htelp
ing to retrieve whait had bte:m so utnforlu
" Go, niy son," said he, " I aim beyond ser
vice tnvself: but, like A br.ihanm of o.ld, I ant
illitng to oill-r my son to thme sncrintiee. Let
the plea of of protection to your panrents be
Ito longer an excuise to keep yott fronm the
rantks of those brave anmd devoted tmen who
follow Washington, buit receive our bilessing
and bid fatrewell to your yotung wife, whomise
hove of her cotuntry I amn sture catttot be less
thtan hier affection for yoturself. If you fdl
it is in ajinst anid holy cause.''
This was heroic advice, but nowise un.
common in the mouths of our venerable
sires. George communicated his design to
his mother, and afterward to his wife; but
the latter would not listen to his arguments,
and wept, and beseeclied him not to leave
them to the mercy of the mercenary robbers
that overrun the country in the neighborhood
of the British armies. Earnestly did lie
plead the sufferings of his countrytnen and
the necessity of his presence among those
who were battling for the blessings of liber
ty-to nothing would she listen-no argu
ment could convince her. What was a sin
gle anrm in the mighty strife! Despairing
and impatient, our hero resolved to leave for
the army the ensuing night, and for.this pur
po.ze lie made all necessary preparation for
his secret departure. His gun and knapaek
were deposited in the barn, and a letter of
farewell written which lie would leave to be
read after his departure.
Midnight at. lenglth came, melancholy nnd
gfloomny to George; but lie arose from his
ied, to which ihe had retired in the early part
of the eveining to lull suspicion, and kissing
his wifle afletionntely as she lay asleep, he
hurried to the barn, econtred himself as
well as his few equipments would allow, and
was soon on his way to join tiie army. le
had not far to travel, as Washington had
enemped within eighteen miles of Germon
town, and but halt that distance from his
own residence, and long ere daylight on the
first of October, lie had presented himself
within the lines of the American army, and
made known his desire to enlist, and that
morningi's reveille, as it beat the time to rise,
was answered also by the presence of George
But what consternation did the morning's
dawn bring to the hearts of his wife and pa
rents! His non-appearnmee was ut first
searcely noticed, till the former perceived n
letter lying on the table directed to herself,
where George informed her of his resolu
tion, and urged the necessity of his assist
ing in the struggle for freedom.
If I fall, it said. remember me-i shall
die in a just and glorious cause. If I live
trust ine it will be in the enjoymnent of a
freeman's giorious privileges."
Ere the letter was concluded, the forsaken
wifec had fallen senseless on the floor. The
father felt a glow of patriotic prid,
heart at this devotion of his son,
mother knelt and clasped her hand
The poor wire at last came to h
but it was to wander nbout the -hoi
ing, continu:dly calling upon her
insisting that she should never see
1u --mtuing..L. his.:erujtydn.
ier. She was not of Spartan i
lossessei not those stern virti
rompted those aneient heroines
hist pir:iele of afIveioni upon the alter o
their countrv's freedom! No: she a.sked I
nothinti more than the love and presence of
ier husband-i devotion that renaiined par
unt inl her heart, permitting the presence
(it fnone else. Grief! she could not submit
to be left tius alone. The act must be re.
Voked that niade him one of tle army. She
ould seek him-she would implore him to
-mine back to those who loved him, and to
whom lie was all tihe world.
On that same day, ere the sIn had rca h
d his meridian, Unknown to any one, she
left her home, and nfier three honr's wearyj
travel she stood beside her hmsband in the
etmiul, ieseeching him to return. Those
hoo witnessed her earnestness were mlled
bv her tender ent reties-those rugged sol
diers that would rush madly on bayonet and
Canlflon-ma31rch1 barefooted over frizen
ground and through deep snow, sustained
itly bty ftervent patriotism-they wept as
ieV belhold this fnd but timid wifel clingt
ing to her husband. id with elipient en
dearment, begging hit, for tie love he bore
her. to return once inore to the desolate
hearti now lefa without a protector. Jim
possible-tie had enlisted for the war-the
army could not sp::re any of its number,
vbich.i eveni at tihe best, was too small to
ope with a larger force, better disciplined
ind be: ier clothled. I mpossibtle ! hte could
ot with anyv decent grace, ret re::t from a
positioni so recent lv assumed. le consoled
ter as lest lhe c'i, bu.ant assured her of the
impr:etienabilit v of leaving t he army. Shte
must submit : it woti d be :a snecritiee ino great
er thtan taid beeanmaude by thloustands. There
was ni remedy lbut to wait in hope-the
nd was ceataiti, and thei .onaserpitemces would
be glorious ii whatz could the poo wile
do ? Ah ! a thtoughmt hais s rttek tier. Sh~e
will seek the tent of Washington-at his
feet she will lay her petition.
Behold the hero in his tent-theO great, the
od.like, in whom tare joined all the virtues
-created for the age andi for thte ettuse,
doing wvhaat nonte else cold~. Before him is
kneeling thle wite of George Nadden. I her
petit iota'haas no~t been in vain. her tears haave
not beena without effect. Shec holds in hter
hand a paper that will restore to tier tier
husband; buatt beforea she gaoes to the otlheer
of lais regimenat she reverenthly taikes thej
hand of her beneititemor anid paresses it to her
lips : a tear fiatls uptotn it whaich thle gaood an
sniers to renmiai, aind sends tier from hais
preseance with a bienediction, tand words of
hope arid comfotlrt
Againi she is in thae presence of tier huts
cand-shie shows taint his dischatrge withI a
b~aming countetnance, andiC words of joy.
" Now yon will go home with ate, Ge.orge.
and we will again be htappy-iih, so hiappy !'
But tao glow of stat istet ioin lit tip his eye,
nto gladdening (muotions stied thier radiance
over his fetatures.
The discharge was recognized, and she
led tier hutsbaind front thec ratnks of his devo
t -d cotmpanions; tbut tie wvent noit forth wa~ith
that mtanly dignaitad firmn step wvith which
hec entered thte camp tas a volunteer. The
eves of the hiardetned soldiers were upotn
ha tIme fiancied scortnfullyv-his htead drop
ped upon his chest, tind suppressed whispers
hissed in his ear like so inanty serpents, cacti
a voice of reproach anad shine: butt thle
tmid anid lovintg womnan thaat led himt forth
fromn thiat etnmp oft wair was uniconisciouts of
all this. She heard no whtispersu of reproach
she saw ito scornful (yes--she wvas oail
conisciouIs that shte haad recovered tier hits
hand, iad wvhat eared shec for (eyes and~ lips!
Thme nickets were jitns:.edl, and the last gutard
started rudely in her face as she appronched
him, and muttered something that. she did
not hear. She prattled raublingly to her
husbind, fotid ereature, all the way, telling
how hnppy she would be, and fat her, and
mother; but he answered her not. still walk
ing gloomy by her side. Little eared she
though, and still she wended along, aid still
she prattled. Poor, timid, tender creature?
She did not imagine what a lond of' shame
she had piled on the head of her husbind!
She could not thitik how dendly he was
wounded. She had him safe-ail her own
again, at last, and she could not dream of
any future woe, or brooding sorrow! But
he thought-he brooded over his desertion
of his comrades, and remembered the expres
sion of their f.ces, as he suffered himself to
be led out of the eneampment. And that
night, in his dreams, he heard the booming
e:nnonade. the ernek of musketry, the clIsh
of steel, and the pealing shout'of victory;
but he had suffered a child to tie his h:nds'
and when he had struggled to free hitmself
lie heard a cry of " Shanie! siane! that
awoke him from hiii uneay slumber wih
cohl sweat upon his brow, and his tender
wife slumbering pencefilly by his side with
her white and delicate arm clasping his pant
When the morning dawned and the day
enlled him to his duties, it found him a
strangely altered man. The caresses of his
wife seemed loathsome to him-he could not
bear her presence, but sought every oppor
tunity of shuning her. But once during
that day did lie speak to her. The poor erea
ture could not bear his coldness, and her
heart overflowing with feelings that Ieeamne
insupportable, she seized his haids, and
looking earnestly in his face while her eve
glistened with tears, she exclaimed:
"Oh, George ! why, why do you behave
so coldly ? It is killing me, George-you
must look kindly-you mnust speak to me, or
I shall die!
He pressed her to his bosom for ! mo
ment and then, looking earnestly in her eyes
"Marv, you have disgraced me! I can
never look man in the face again !"
She spoke not, but returned his glance
with a proud eye, and -suddenly quitting the
room, she left her husband wondering at
- -4"rrPnsg of her behavior. Her ab
Need we sny how the hen:-t (if the yoting
patriot leapt with exceeding joy. :nd how
lIe pressed tihe yielding foiro ot' his benutifll
%i%-e to his hosoml) , Shall we describe the
tender part ing and atl'ect ionate farewell ? or
shall w cover with tIhe vil of silence see is
so snered! We prefler that the imwgini ion
of tie reader shot:ld sipply a scene that
tlecription emillot do justice to.
George 1aId:len was once itmore enlisted
inl the raiiks oh' his countrymini, where lie
was received with npplause.
At this period Philadelphii was ovenpIied
hy the Britih under Gen. Ilowe, w-Io an
noved at somei forts ot the Delewtre. de
ticted a portion of the royal ariny to reduce
tlIei. W..ashintonl improved this opportu.
nity to attack the remainder of' the British
artov etnenimped it Gertmintown. The at
tack was made on the fourth of' Otober, anmd
was uaiitaiied on the part (if tle A me
cans with great severity. bitt they were
eventu:lly repilIsed wiIi twice the'loss of
tle enemyv, oving to the inexperience t par.
of tle troops and the iresence oh' a t hiek for
whieb embarrassed thi' imvements. It
wa':s n-eertained thai~t the Amerl. iennm loss
amnountted to two hutidred killed, six Ithundred~
wouiided, nud about four huindred pri..
But how f.ired George Madden? How
t'iiinght the the new reeiti
An old nian-ai survivor of the ranks
told us tha~t lie fought with th li-~roity of a
li!!ei, :imd thai~t just pr'eviouts to lie coin
i-neeimnt of' the aittnek. : young st rilting
pre-enited himseilf' to the ulicers inid request
edi to be pilnced side byv side with the hardy'
hat tilets for liberty. lIis regnest wa':s graint
ed-for ito tinme wais allowed for qutestionis
or considen:tions-and lie was plhwed byt thte
side of MaI~dden, who only noticed htim by a
look oft :lpproval as the trops wheeled iito
line. He f'otught bravely antd well-foot to
foot, soimet imes-breist, to bi'east. Butt in
v'ainu the comnt est-useless tlic st rug~gle. 1II<
ory tetlls of t hat disaistrolns st i rlgle, ind
howv, like the wn'ves ofi the oeann. ihe brave'
t roiops of Washiingtoni, uder the'ir heiei.
leader,. gathered aiid broke. naini unid nyn:ini.
itponi thle mesistiing fiorces oft thle 'eemy'. bit
with1outt etl'eet, only to mteet defe'taiteln
death i! N ighut shrouded thle victoryi oh' 'iir
ohpres.cors, and huii.;g gloomyi mti thiek
over the camp of' ouri depnig but. iiot
But the eatrly light of the succeeding day
betimed upon a spectahte of' worse htorror.
There lav heapjs of' thme dead. the woumndid,
and the d'ying. Butt a little nipart f'roml the
rest, upon a greent moutnd, stainei(d only wvith
their o'~wn blood, laiy two forms clashed ini
the faithfu'l embrace of' deaith. Tihe elder
aind umore mnly' form f the two wais rico"
nized asthat of' Md den. thle other the fair
volunteer of' thle pire(cdintg day. They~ were'
locked in a last emobr'ace, and in t ryingi tof
pairt thii'm, it wa':s discoveried that thle slenider
The hearts of thle v'eterants grew~ big ais
t'ier gaze'.d upon t his melanuchioly spectiaehe,
ai theiy forebore to pairt themi. bitt thiey
p~lineed them, hockeid in each oilier's arms. ini
lie saute grave, and as the eai'th was thriiwnt
over them,tno sneried rite was~ pe'rforimed, l .
the tear's of' brave soldiers werel' sutlicient.
plenders at the har of' 1leaven, nind t heiir satd
thoughts an :ippropriate funeral piray3er for
the sweet rest anud perpietralted hapintess of'
two such rare sptirits!
A full nttr.e never lnekst frietids.
Meeti:;f o the Central S. R. As
sociation--Our Future Action.
We perceive that-in eomneof the Districts
in the State, the semi-innual. meting of the
Central Southern- Rights Association was
expected to have taken plaee here on last
Monday. Among the nicasures provided at
the Me'eting in Charleston, vns 11e follow
I"Resolred, That the Central Southern
Rights Association of South Carolina do
consist hcreafter of delegat'es appointed by
the sevesal District Associations, in the pro
portior of twice -as many delegates as the
number of Senators and Representatives to
which each election district is entitled, -1nd
I hilt it, meet !emi.annunlly at sich pices as
mny be designated by the presiding otlicer
the present delegates continuing - members
until a new appointient by the several dis
triet *Socialt ions."
The semi-annual limitation prescribed in
the above would seetm to heve been intended
to be modified in some degree, by the dis
cretion of the presiding oliller, or designat
ing the p:ce of meetini, else the time
would have been specilienliy, instead of pe
riodically appointed. Neither is it uisual or
necessary to give that strict construction of a
day or an hour, to a limitation which was ob.
viously intended for 'a term. only.
In the astonishing resultA of the late clce,
tions, there is every reaso ' to defer our de
liberations fur the-dere pements--wich
we think ti events obf a few weeks must
make-of the course of Our opponents,.as
well as of our own duties id obligations to
the State. We believe thi the warmest ns
well as the wisest' among ds have concurred
in this view. If we pusry however, it is,
lint to pet with deliberation, and to engnge
in our patriotic duties with renewed zeal and
energy. More than seventeen thousand of
the voters of South Carolina in despite of
the horrors of " war,-pestilence, and faimine,"
that were predicted to follow in its wake,
have solemnly and deliberalply endorsed seces
sion as the t rue and ~only State remedy.
There is nothiig in such a resultrsurely to
discourage onr hopes for the future, much
less to damp the ardor or deter a sense of
.ihnen2wh__have sq galantly breast
pri Iier. is tlv said. a better renuoi .
Seression. t is will, thietfore, tI allow I
thei the lei.re and retlection of a few
weeks to ngsi:it it. The resuilt. pihvips.
mi1av iniduce themi to /ed where they would
not' ih/or. t .so. we :rc frieiids. tind not
!'1oonetit. Ilihaiis. like the A postle to
It1(- Genie~s. ther m11:1 beginl to pre.Cach the
etite-e therv hinv' hvretotire persectitedl. If
so, we 'ill belive :ad lilor with them.
Nor is 1i. t all iproiiblle. They have
niever vet )ireteidedi or dared to :iinidon.
betaree l people, the idea of reistanic to
;yt amii Irrrrnl a'grssin. 'They asked
onlv 1hat the State mihit not be " precipi
nttd " into Secession. They repelled the
term oh " ubi sion.-they corned the
charge of 'denviig the right, or the expe
dienev. lierhlaps,of tsecession," but naiked on.
lv to lim allowed to supersede it by a //er
ai.1d speedier. blt as vet. lindivul!rei remedy I
1t in all this lle were sinere, a ft i
wvs time is sorely iecessiry tIo diseti.
milinher thei of the str:ige a.-lies :md di. I
Coirdn:t miateiis vith which they haVe betn <
iled in the viet''ry. The si siiits tf
G e e ut Chtarleston. of Ilmburg-, :md .
snteh exhibitiiins ais the vellinig abolitionl lito
eesioni in Chiernw-I.--. ~surely arte no weakt
or nimiiniagenhle eh-etis:.i intyt the-e
i hitce of :m'yW pai tv wvthi clims to control
tiw dlestinies ( ';o ouh C:irioiint.
l'owetful as they doutbt less hiave been to
chetek thle spiirit ot thle people, exmisperneted
brvevery wyronm g id impelled by every mo
ire to a contest tor lbeir rights and istitu
tionis vet t hey mite piower!ess, we feair. for t he .
L goi". theimhve piromnised,. anid eveni for te
redemptui~ion ot t he pleidges theuy hamve given.<
Wniloter b le allowed byv thIeir ownt party to<
cov iethecovetio cnwhich they have piro
videhd t o assemble. wvith so much deliberation.<
t thte last sessiomn of the Legislatu~ e? Will
they disbiandl their:troops, abo~ their mir- -
mttii-es, redlnee thle presetnt raite of tn.t i m,
or hiopielesily :b::tndiin their mnilitairy prep: n
tiini e Or will they' ha~ve the ilmgnaoppyi t
ti, aek niow.ldre tha~tt secession, ultimate iir1
immiiedinie. is the t tie, the inudispentsable, my.
andc Ii thei e iefly retmedyl'c
To' I:now t he eonurse of ottr opponents on 1
mU iheoim queii~iins is necessaury, both to thei
perhi imatnce of ouri ditty will und to te
preseirvamtion ut ourt eetnsis2tecy. W~e would
inot dii the State thme wrong, nor would we
do nitr opponents thle inmjulstice--we wool 1
not dlo thIe silniis..iiinists of the State thle
favor of fiiistinig t hese latter into party
power, c otntidentce, or pait ronaige, b~y an itndis
creet tforest au1ling of. or an ittdiserittinatte op- i
liositiont to, their "s yet undivulged meon
sure ot tesi-t:mee. W\e will endeavor to doi
our ditty to Sotih Carinam, andit niotthin
itore tor less. It they leadt itt our direetiiit.
wei will fllowv t hemzi if they diverge, our
cosience antd our piriniphles forbius us to
lin this viiew, wve have heartily concurred
in the(15 p iotnement of th~e mneetingi oh iiir
Cititral Su'.thern Rights Assoint tiont to nt
periidi sub lequent t& ' lie :iplpronchting tmeet
ing if thle ILegi-hmt itre. It nimy lie that cir
cimstainces iiiny uniite all trite and good citi
zenis uin onie commontil phltltfo ot tesistante.
If s;o, we shall hiiartily rejoice. Bitt if ntot,
sevetnteen thlouisand freeimeni in SouthI Caro
ilina re prepared to do theiir anty: and be it
retmeimblered, that. secessioni-even na de
veiped in the late elect ion--is the st rotigest,
the~ best. considered, thte most decidedly :ip
proved, sing/le mind acmiitirmasure yet prii
........id.1 to Lite jnidg .ei ir the p..o..l. Cr
the South. We know that the true resis
tance men among our opponents have to
walk both a devious and a narrow verge.
We would not jostle them in trending it.
Will they come to us, or will they fall upon
a worse Charybdis? Will they convoke the
convention! Will they abide its decision.
or follow its counsels? Will they, in short,
redeem their pledges to us, or fultil their pro
mises to the people? The omens, we con.
fess, are not very favorable. Already have
we heard something of a change of naine
from the "co-operation" to the "endurance"
party. Can this be so? Nous verrons.
If the late popular vote is indeed to be
construed as the deliberate judgment of the
people ngainst the right of secession, and in
fAvor ofan acquiescence in Southarn wrongs,
then the greatest recolution that has occurred
in modern times will have been perpetrated
without blows or blood. Then civil liberty,
constitutional government, and federattive
leagues have received a shock, which must
produce effects to thrill all popular govern
ments throughout the civilized world.
If this be the conclusion to which the late
victory of the anti-secessionists has brought
them, let them speak and proclaim it to their
deluded followers. Let them raise the sil
ver veil, and the hideous Mokanna stand
"undraped" to the gaze of his astonished
This article is longer than we intended,
but we felt bound at this time to state the
reasons which we have no doubt -influenced
the presiding officer of the Central Associa
tion to defer its meeting. We have enden
vored to glance at them. and we believe they
will be regarded zood and sufficient by the
members of the Action party throughout the
From the Charleston Mercury.
MEssrs. EnrTons: A step has been taken
by South Carolina which should cause every
rreeman to pause and reflect. The cause of
civil liberty is in jeopardy. The people of
this State have cast their votes, by a majori
ty too large to be disregarded, in favor of
submitting to the existing oppressions of the
Federal Government. These are the facts.
What -is to bedone ? Are we to despair, and
ibandon the cauge of civil liberty? Or shiall
we continue to agitate the question, and with
his majority ngainst us, attempt to Carry out
-- afor lwhiph we have manfully con
iee that they are in a fdse position, :nd this
ight will increase upon them with the open
ng iof coming events. Unlike l'yrrhus.
hey do not need another such victory to de
;trov hen.' These honest and brave men,
she', in /he excess of prldence, have takent
his t*.e step, will. in twelve short months.
sel a pinl( of repentance with tears."
int with these good men and true, geting
mder a common banner, is no smil pailrt)ion
, ignorance, sellislmness, and cowardice;
wlich. indeed, is onl saving that they are a
>romisenoni m:ssi of meIn.
This beiig the umnber and the qnality of
lie imajpriiy party, how shall we be:ir nr
.lves tow:ards them? " Though east down, i
Ve tmtn1st not despair." On the second Mon
lay of this month there were seventeen
:htnsand brave ia who, at the ballot box,
ledgred " their :s, their fortunes, and
heir sacred honors" to die in defence oft the
iherty of Carolina. With this nucleus of
reecdotm still breathing, I say we mnst not
uint, where then nre our efforts to be di.
-eeted I Wold it be proper for the State
."nvent ionl to paiss an ordimiance of Seces
.1on, we hbeing the minority ? I amt clear in
lie opiunion timt it would not oiily he un-t
sike, bunt it wvouldl e a podlitienil iminorality
And pa:ihnl ~as it would be, I should be
'rced to raiise tmy voice agniinst such a mnen
mtre. lint I have no belief~ that sueh a step
,vill now be taken. The majority have
spokcn through the ballot-box. The major?
4 must gorern. If. that seven thousand ma
orit y had been on our side, vie should have
Ienti wvith any man aus a traitor who oppoised
or nietion. :ind should have had the rihht to
lo so. Lct tus, with that stern justice wvhich
2elongs to brave men. cheerfully concede to
ur adversary that which is his.
It follows, then, thtatve cannot with saifety
r proprity, during the sitting of that Con
~ention,3 dlissolve our e.9nnection with lie
Lederal Goviernen. WVhat then canu we
to ? W'e mov~ conitinue to agitate this qnes
o.nnd cont intue to expose the weaikness of
le posit ion of the muajority. Th'lis we have
he rihhlto do. lint will it bte Wise anid
.rudent to do so1 ? Tlhi<, tie assured, gentle
nun. isjust the course which the Co-opera
~iin Iende; s desire we should :adopt. Such
ol lv, on our part, is all that enin sav them. .
Pa:rtv lines aire nowul drawn : mni have corn
nitted themselves at thme biallot btox: they
myeC the majority ;a large portion of that
najorit y are still sound meni and true ; they
tave, tinder a p;ane, committed thtemselves,
md if y-ou wvill stiller thetm toi grow cool, to
recver from this panie, they will, before it is
oo late, come to see the hipeless and de
sradetd condition ini which they have placed
heir Stte, and will, in the bitter end, be
rund wihm us, shoulder to shton!der. They
annot " run with the horsemen," bitt they
-illI stand firm at least withI thle " footmen."
it, however, we adopt ai ditirent policy:
if art'y lines nre tmintainted andt~ party strife
contim'red, fte peole will fall into the hands
of corrupt leaders, anid, in a very short timue,
the maurity will sinuk itto absolute submis
sion a-id inkcralisma. The voiof the hon
es Resistance meni of that party will then
hte disregarded, atid the devotees of Federal
power will betray the State into the arms of
[le (cent nal despotism.
I nim firmly persuaded thean, that our trite
polic y is at once to ahamlon all party organi
:ation, anid thirow the entire responsibility of
potetinig the hionor and1( interest of the
Mate. unoo those gentletmen who hlave per
sunded the people that there is no danger.
We shall see if they will tell the same story
to the people two years hence.
In a word, we are unable to do anythingfor
the cause no cicil liberty. Surrounded by
enemies abroad and deserted by friends at
home, we must only sleep by our watchfires
and bide our time. Should it prove that the
dominant party has vitality enough to exist,
-when it has sloughed off the cancerous
and federal fungus from its body, it will then
lie time for us to give them again our Shib.
boleth. Until then,
"To your tents, 0 Israel !"
INCREASE IN THE DIET TRADE OF
CIARLESToN.-The receipts of revenue at
at the Custom House of this city for the last
three months have averaged nearly $100,
000 per mouth, exclusive of the duties to be
paid on goods which have gone into ware
houses. The usual quarterly average receipt
for dtiies here has been $100,000, showing
at this rate, a quarterly increase of 200 per
cent. This demonstrates, as plainly as
figures can, the rapid augmentation of the
Direct Trade of Charleston, the improve.
ment both of the State and the Metr.opolis,
as vell as the extension of our commercial
intercourse with other sections of the
country. The number of well supplied
wholesale establishmerts in our city-the
new lines of road and water communication
opening on all sides of us-have given this
impulse to our direct trade. It must receive
a constant augmentation from the same
causes, as they multiply, giving a reduplica
tion to the influence of those causes. The
rise of real estate, the last species of pro.
perty that feels this influence, will soon fol
low, of which there are evident signs in the
increase of our population, and the scarcity,
not Increly of business sites, but of places
of residence. New mercantile firms are
springing up daiily, as one of the fruits of
this prosperous state of things, which bring
ing additioinal capital to Charleston, and ex
tending its business connexions, will intro
duce new forms of labor, and enlarge
the old, until we shall diversify our industry,
the sure source of enduring and general
prosperity. There is, on all sides, the evi
Lence of that activity of spirit that diffuses
through a community bunyant hopes of a
progressive rise of fortune, imparting and
reeeiving the rewards of successful business.
1.: .. i a i intCe tile rigit to vvo ..
D1 unsomi id mind. or a l:liiir, or a nonl-con
tissiotteiid Olier, Soldier, :meimnio, or a ma
ine in the service of the United States, or
ho lias been c onvicted of' bribery in an
-leetion, or o'any inf.ioints oil'ence. lin all
'leei'ons votes are required to be given
'plnly liria roe".aund not by baIllot, exceit
haicit ( 1in1 e iirsonis enitled to sull'cmre mayiv
-ote by billot.
Under the new Constiintiion, the Governor,
Lietennt Governor, and Attornev Geineral.
ire to lie elected by tle people. The oflicers
or tile ensuing terin, as well as imceibers of
he Seinate :id IIonse of RepiesenitativCs,
ire to lie ehiosen ol tihe Sth dav of' Oecem
er liext. The seats of all ine'iinbtrs of lie
cnieral A.seiiblv alrecdy t'ected will be
rom that date v.e'-ated bi the eil'eet of the
iew C'nsititt ion.-St'un tit Caroliniciin.
SL.AvEs DiscovEiU ON A VESSEL J.A
SG TI PioJ0MA.-Tlhe laist number (i tIle
klexandria Gazette contain' tle f1ollowin:
"he i schoounr Sican, Captiii Kirwciin, I
n her vorcnre lat.4 week from bccl6imore to
his pnrt,l'tfI in wihm the brig Eiiy, Smcll
)l Bacth, Mlcinie, bound f'romn the river P oto,
nc to) :mi Easterii port withI a carg'Lo of' tinm
ecr. She had, ho:iled nealr lBiyd's Iluile.
rom some cirenimstacices which tranpiure'd,
nytiin K. was inchneed to blot1ie.ve t ha t there
-ere cbscoinding ,daives on lonird the Fmtcily;
poni inivestigaitioni such proived to be thte
as.Caplinii K. proiceededl to the brig.
ehiere two negro ioi were found, who stat
di at first that they' belonged to Messrs.
nrulinins Turner cand Lcindon Ccarter, of
ing George, lint subsequently to Mr.
~tnecr Price and l)r. Iorciee Ashiton, oh' that
ontv. hev were tciken on board the
icn'by Captain K. and the cre w and brought
.0 this picnce, where they have been dleposi
ed in jcilh to await adviece from their masters.
houghi the Captcain of' the Emily om-red no
esistcance to Captcain K. vet hie rendered no
'oeili ties ini rest orn g thle negroes;c nnd, it'
;:t islfoetory reaisonis are' not given for him.
0ondumct, cand a fithl explainationi rendere'd of
his whole trainscietion, he will not tcike ci
rcd nain from Boyd's I lole, or canywhiere
'se on the P'otomnec."
Kossr-n's PF.RsioN. AlTm:.\ ii A NIF..-Tli(e
iimes scas: "le stanids cabout 5 fe'et, 8 in.
ci height, hics a slight and cipparent ly not
trngly knit frcame, cand is a littlec round
houldered. Ihis faice is rcather oval: a pcir:
1' bluish grey eves wvhich somnewat remiinded
e of' O'Connell's iin expression: well sett
xneath ai full and cirched brow, gcave cii ai
iated cand intelligent loiok tci his countenance.
l is foreheacd, higb cind brocnd, is dlely
vink led, and time hics jnst beigun to gizzle
,head of st raiight dacrk hiair, nind to leave a
ild spot behind, ie hacs not gcot thle true
Ingirin nose but it is ai flair wecll..fornmed
entnie; sneh as ai French paissport would
leeribe' 's imoven : ci thiick monistnehei nearly
oveis his mouth, except whn lhe spieaks or
~miles, and unites with hecird cand whisk r
n~ a fumll tlock of' dcark hicir fllinog dow~n from
iis chin. Wh ether fromi his recent eniptivit v
irh romi const it utionnl cnnses. there is romue
o' 'an ain of laiscituide in hcis look, to wvhic'h
he faitigues of' hik voynge~ not imiprobali
ontributhed. Altoge'theri lie gives one the i
deni of a mnan ci'lofthoght ratthe.r thrcn a mani
>t act ion; thetre is a speenilcative cir in his
heie inigled with a degree oIf nmelanieholy.
vhich would macrk hdi for a visioncary or
horetical enthusiast rather than f'or a great
mledr or a si ludier."
The message of Gov. Towvnes is chiel
directed to State affairs. We quote the fo -
lowing paragraph, in which he ur the
Legislature to institute a perfect mihtisy
tem, and to put the State in a condition of
"To the strong arm and'stout heart of the'
citizen soldier must we look for protectidon
in pence and in war; and in view of a.possl.
ble disturbance, however remoto it mayap..
pear to many, of the amicable relations ex- -
isting with the States'of the Confederacy, or
a disturbance more strictly local and domes
tic in its character, does it not devolve upon
the Legislature to provide arms and muni
tions to equip at least one-third of the militia
force of the State ? This subject addresses
itself with peculiar force to the Legislature
at this time, from the attitude assumed by -
the people in convention last December, that
"Georgia would .and ougltto resist '(even as
a last resort,) to a disruption- of every tie
which binds her to tle Union, any action of
Congress upon the subject of slaver i the
District of Columbia, or in places subject to
the jurisdiction of Congress, in compatible
with the sifety, the rights, and the honor of
the slaveliol ding States.". Will Georgia
" take no step backward -' Will the tri
ulphant majority that hav-ratified this seme
timnent that they should not beprovided'*!*,
arms and munitions of war, if need be, to of.
able them to maintain this patriotic senti
ment? Or will this wise and precautionary'_
measure be postponed under the persuasion
that the necessity contemplated by the reso.
lution of the convention will never arise ? If
even this was certain, or the probabilities far
greater than the history of passing events
would justifyus in believing, I submit it.to
the sound judgment of the Legislature, if the
adoption of the measure here recommended,
of arming the people, would not do. more
to prevent usurpation of power by Congress,
in this respect, than the adoptoin of the re
solutions themselves. The State that arms
its citizens, and gives warning to the aggres
sor to beware of the next blow, will be re
spected; but in enunciation to the world,
unaccompanied with any preparation to sus
tain it, would rather accelerate than arrest
the apprehended aggression, which I am sure
it must be the wish of all to prevent, however
widely we may differ as to the means best
calculated to eiect that object."
'xtre*mlv dangerous. ilavmng become nc
su'trmned to h fin ilesh: they would not
willing'y eat anyt hinog else. When a neigh
borhmnod beenme infested, the people would
letermine on the measures to be adopted
go rid themselves of the nuisance; then form
:ng themselves into a band, they would pro
1-41d in senreh of' their royal foe. n'nd heard
he lion in his lair. Standing close by one
mother, the lion would make his sprinig on
ione one of the party; every nan of course
sopin he might escape the attack-when
nstatly others would dash forward and
-izc his tail, lifling it up close to the body
vifli :ill their imighit: tmus not only astonish
ne the aInIml. and absolutely taking hilmi
JI his tuard. but rendering Iis efforts pow
-rless for the momeint: while others closed
ii with their spears, and at once stabbed the
nonster through and through.
A lxcInrr.rn. MrnDr.R.-The Triesto
jazette lhas a letter fromi Venice, which s:vs:
l'lhe other morning about ten o'clock. the
elebrated tenare. Freschini, was -eated :,t
trenklast, when his colleague Collini, the
>nritone, entered, and sho~ok htands in the
nost friendly way. After a short convsersa.
ion. Collinii suddeunly drew ai stiletto fromt
uis coat. andl plhunged it three times in the
seart. of Frenchsini. who, of course fell deasd
ms the spot. The murderer at once sprung
nto a conueh and succeeded in mnaking hsis
asenpje. The luckless viet im of the knife was
unarried and the father of -susr children,. The
vchole scene is strictly Italinun, in its chairneter,
IoMatsr. IsrrtrX soF Gor~n-Thec steamer
Cherokee, wvhich arrived at New York on.
Saturdayv, has brought. aecording to the tele
!ratphie report, neasrly twoand a quarter miu
ions of gold : aind the Falcon, which arrived
it New Orleans thc dhay previous, more than
quarter of a million. According to the
sflicial report from the 3lisit at Philabelphsia.
here h.,s been oiver live nillions and a quar
er coined there dutring~ the month of Octo
Je. Whlat is to become of relaitive values
vithi this constant stren' pouring in
L~tn CANDT...To twelve parts or pounds
of lasrd, ::dd onse part alumn and part salipetre,
(salts nitre :) dissolve thme innum and nitre in
water: put the whole in some convenient
cessel oCer a slow fire unitil uhe water is eva
porate, stirring the mixture so as to prevent
the alitmi and insure fronm settling to the bot
loin. 'Then mould your cnndles, and you
will nevrer wvant to use a lamp about your
Dtrr~nTt-nr. OF FArnIr.n MATritrw 1s TYrr
PRserrre.-Ans izr'mense crowd collected a.
ound tlie wa'-f to see Fatheor Mathsew osfi in
hes P.teiie, wvhich sailed to-day at 12 o'clock.
rite m'.nlItitude cheered veheinently for the
senerable ol mats, who asppensred oi the poop
ift the ship wvith Ihis hat, o(, wvaving it in re
-wrni:i.n of the comapliment.-Newv-York
A ma;K:r. w~hso lately removed t o Wiscop
sin writes to hsis brother in Massnahsetts,
that the seetioni where lhe resIdes is in a
highly pirosperouss condition, ie as that
hut one tailusre hsas ever occurred isn Isis cousi
ty.nnisd in thant ensse the man paid one hun,~
clred and twenst y-tive cents ont a dollar !
A arENTuy. heart is like ripe fruit, wrhichi
bsends so low that it is at the mercy of every
one who chooses to pluck it, while the lbar
rier fruitsa keen out of th. re.,..