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ED E DiL AD ERISER
R I~tuiocratic 3ottruaI, Webottu to Mouttrt(jtv u gf, Ntus, 3jotitte Gettra Mtigente, 7Lfttattire, jioraittp, Esteante, Egviettittte, $ct.
"'*e will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our bierties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins.
W. F. DtURISOE, Proprieter. EDGEFIELD, S. Ve, DECEMBER 4,1851. O .NO
the honor and glory of your Divine Crea.
tor. Joux McDoxoon.
New Orleans, March 2, 1804.
The conclusion at which I have ar.
rived is, that without temperance there ih
no health, without virtue no order, with,
out religion no happiness, and that th<
sum of our being is to live wisely, sober.
ly and righteously.
We have a friend who is somewhat ol
a practical joker, residing in a pleasani
country residence near the ocean. Some
time since he had a visit from Professoi
-, of poetic memory. The profes
sor is a keen trout fisherman, and seeing
a pond at some distance from R's resi
dence he inquired
"Can you fish for trout in that pond?'
"0, yes," said R. " as well as not."
"Possible !-where's your rod ?"
"I have none. I'm no fisherman,
But if you want to try, we'll go over to
S--, and get tackle, and j ou may
try your hand at it to-morrow.
It was thereupon agreed to do so, and
the-day was passed by the worthy pro.
fessor in preparations for angling.
The next morning early, R. drove him
over to the pond, and he whipped it all
round to windward & leeward and final
ly waded in up to his waist and threw his
flies most skillfully but never raised a fin.
At length, as the sun grew tolerably hot,
he turned to R. who lay under a tree
solacing himself with a book and a cigar,
"I don't believe there is a trout in
" I don't know that there is," replied
"Why, you told me there was.
"0, no," said R. leisurely turning and
lighting another cigar, "you asked me if
you could fish for trout here, and I said
you could as well -is not. I've seen
folks do it often but I never knew of one
being caught here."
APPLEs FOR 5HUXAN Foo.-The im.
portance of apples, as food, has not hith
erto been sufficiently estimated in this
country, nor understood. 'Besides con
tributing a large portion of sutar, muci
form of food, they contain such a e
combination of vegetable acids, abstr. c
tive substances, and aromatic principles,
with the nutritive matter, as to act power
fully in the capacity of refrigerants, ton
ics, and antiseptics; and, when freely
ased at the season of ripeness, by rural
laborers and others, they prevent debility,
strengthen digestion, correct the putrefaic
tive tendencies of nitrogenous food, avert
scurvy, and very probably maintain and
strengthen the powers of productive la
bor. "The operators of Cornwall, in
England, consider ripe apples nearly as
nourishing as bread, and more so than
potatoes. In the year 1801, a year of
scarcity, apples, instead of being convert
ed into cider, were sold to the poor; and
the laborers asserted that they could
stand their work on baked apples without
meat; whereas a potato diet required
meat or fish." The French and Germans
use apples extensively ; indeed, it is rare
that they sit down, in the rural districts,
without them in some shape or other, even
at the best tables. The laborers and me
hanics depend on them, to a very great
extent, as an article of food, and frequent
ly dine on sliced apples and bread.
Stewed with rice, red cabbage carrots, or
by themselves, with a little sugar and
milk, they make bo0th a pleasant and nu
tritious dish. If your friends will only
provide themselves with plenty of choice
fruit, we w~ill ventnre that not one man,
woman or child, in fifty, would care for
animal flesh to eat. Who doubts, for a
moment, that many scrofulous and other
diseases are traceabile to a flesh diet? It
is well known that much of the meat we
eat is in a diseased state when slaughter
ed, and its effects may he well imagined.
Yet our fruit is always in a healthy state,
and cannot generate disease in the human
body ; 1>ut it has a diluting, purifying and
renovating tendency.-Water. Cure Jour.
" No :uAY," said Mrs. Partington, " was
better calculated-to judge of pork than
my poor husband wvas, wvhen he wvas liv
ing; poor man, lie knew what good hogs
were, for he h'ad been brought up among
'em from his childhood."
A LAZY FELLOW named Jack Hole, liv
ing near Covington, Ky., has adopted a
way of spellinig his name which throws
Fonotype clear into the shade. He makes
a big " J." and jobs his pen through the
paper for the " Hole."
Goon.-A tutor of a college,-lecturing
a young man on his irregular habits, ad
ded wvith great pathos, "Your conduct
will bring your father's grey hairs with
sorrow to the grave.".
" That is impossible," replied the youth,
" my father wvears a wvig."
NA TURAL DEATJ.-An old man, who
had been a close observer all his life,
when dangerously sick, was urged by his
friends to take advice of a quack ; b)ut
objected, saying,-" I wish to die a natu.
Every fool can find faults that a great
many wise men cnt remedy.
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY.
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SISIKINS, Editor.
TURM5..Two DOLLARS per year, if paid
in advance---Two DOLLARS and FirTy CENTS if
not paid in six months---and THREE DOLLARS if
not paid before the expiration of the year. All
subscriptions not distinctly limited at the time of
subscribing. will be considered as made for an in
definite period, and will be continued until all
arrearages are paid, or at the option of the Pub
lisher. Subscriptions from other States must be
accompanied with the cash or reference to some
one known to us.
ADVERTISEMENTS will be conspicuously inse
ted at 75 cents per Square (12 lines or less,) for
the first insertion, and 371.2 for each subsequent
insertion. When only published Monthly or Quar
terly, One Dollar per square will be charged. All
- Advertisements not having the desired number of
insertions marked on the margin. will be contin
ued until forbid and charged accordingly.
Those desiring to advertise by the year can do
so on liberal terms---it being distinctly understood
that contracts for yearly advertising are confined
to the immediate, legitimate business of the firm
or individual contracting. Transient Advertise
ments must be paid for in advance.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, in
For Advertising Estrays Tolled. Two Dollars,
to be paid by the Magistrate advertising.
NO HEART ALONE.
0 SAY not, we through life must struggle,
Must toil and mourn alone;
That no human heart can answer
The beatings of our own.
The stars look down from the silent heavens
Into the quiet stream,
And see theniselves in its dewy depths
In fresher bbauty gleam.
The sky, with its pale or glowing hues,
Ever painteti the wave below,
And the sea sends up its mist to form
. Bright clodds and the heavenly bow.
Thus does eeh of the other borrow
A beauty not its own,
- And tells us that no thing in nature
Is for itself alone.
Alone-gnid life's griefs and perils,
The stiutest heart may quail:
i-to its own unaided efforts,
Then let us learn to help each other,
Hoping unto the end
Who sees in every man a brother,
Shall find in each a friend.
A CHRISTIAN THOUGHT.
I WOULD not ask a thornless life
Fro-n every sorrow free.
Did God in His kind providence
Permit it so to be.
For as the verdure of the earth
Would wither and decay
Beneath the dazzling gloriousness
Of a perpetual day.
So the green places of the heart
In life's progressive years,
Would cease to yield the buds of hope,
If watered not by tears.
I ask a firm and steadfast mind,
My duties to fulfil;
A cheerful and obedient heart
To do my Maker's will.
An humble and enduring faith,
To lift my soul above,
And in each chastening grier to see
A Father's tender love.
A heaven-born strength to follow on
The path my Saviour trod,
Through Him to win the meed of grace
And endless joy with God.
Rules of Life.
The late John McDonough, who died
wvith so immense ani estate recently in
Newv Orleans, left papers, among w-hich
was found the following. They are capi
tal rules, if they do not lead people, as
they did him, into the narrow path of the
R ULES FOR 3fY G UID ANCE IN LIFE.
Remember, always, that labor is ono
of the conditions of our existence.
Time is gold; throw not one minute
away, but place each one to account.
Do unto all men as you would be
Never put off till to-morrow what you
can do today.
Never covet what is not your owvn.
Never think any matter so trivial as to
deserve no notice.
Never give out that which does not
first come in.
Never spend, but to produce.
Let the greatest order regulate all the
transactions of your life.
Study in your course through life to
do the greatest possible amount of good.
Deprive yourself of nothing necessa
ry to your comfort in life, but live in an
honorable simplicity and frugality
Pursue strictly the above rules, and
with the Divine blessing, riches of every
kind will flow in upon you to your heart's
But first of all, remember that the chief
and great study of your life should be,
to live hy all the means in your power to
FELLOW-CIT1zENS OF THE SENATE
AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
I congratulate you upon your assem
bling to deliberate upon the aiairs of the
commonwealth and to discharge the higl
and sacred duties which devolve upon you
Since your last meeting our State ha,
been blessed with an unusual degree o
health, and although, in some portions o
it, a scorching drought has blighted tht
hopes of the husbandman in a considera
ble degree, yet in others they have beer
rewarded with an abundant harvest; anc
whatever deficiency in breadstuffs maj
occur in one section, can be supplied fron
another. A new spirit of enterprise ani
improvement seems to animate our people
and when the great railroad enterprises
now rapidly progressing, are completed
we may indulge the hope that a new erz
of pro;perity will dawn upon us-neni
life and energy be infused into all our in.
dustrial pursuits. For these, as for all
His mercies, we are bound to render ou
heartfelt thanks to Almighty God, d61
The financial condition of the State
may be put down as follows:
Liabilities........... 3,208,424 5(
The Bank of the State during the pasi
year has paid a heavy interest on its cap
ital. According to a report made to me
by the President, the capital in use may be
put down at three millions three hundred
and fifty thousand dollars. 83,350,000
Deduct fire loan bonds...... 440,OOC
The entire profits, after paying
all expenses, are. .. ... ..$300,000
Deduct interest on fire loan . -
bonds ................. 28,OOC
It.will be seen by the above stakmeni
that the Bank has realized a.profit of
something over nine per ceint on its capi
In conformity p a resolution passed at
-.anr4LCst.gnetr g ,PpWit4Ian. agen
to receive the share of the proceeds of
the public lands assigned to this State un.
der the act of Congress of the 4th sep
tember, 1841. The amount paid was
Deduct commissions paid agent 700 00
which sum is deposited in the Bank of the
State to the credit of the Governor. I
await your further directions as to its dis
The South Carolina College, which has
been so liberally endowed by your en.
lightened generosity, and looked upon as
the pride and ornament of our State, is in
a most flourishing condition. Under the
auspices of its accomplished president,
and able professors, its reputation is daily
extending, and students are drau-n to it
from nearly all the Southern and South.
western States. Although the western
wing of the North College was burnt
down in April last, vet it caused no sus
pension of the usual routine of duties
either of professors or students. This
injury to the building was promptly re.
Ipaired and paid for out of the tuition fund.
As this first accident admonishes us of
the dangers to which so large an amount
of public property is exposed, I beg leave
to call your attention to the propriety of
having all the College buildings insured.
The important science of geology and
mineralogy, wvhich for years has been so
entirely neglected, is nowv taught with
great ability. Thue cabinet of minerals
has been considerably increased and al
though it is still comparatively small, yet
its elegance and propriety of arrangement
not only present a most attractive aspect
to the visitor, but reflects great credit up.
on the skill and industry of the able pro.
fessor of that department.
I regret to announce to you that the
valuable services of Dr. Thorn well, whose
eminent piety and profound learning ren
dered him one of its brightest oirnamients
and strongest props, were lost to the Col
lege by his resignation, which was ten
dered to, and accepted by the trustees at
their May meeting. It is also with pain
ful emotions that I inform you of the
heavy blow it is to sustain in the contenm
plated resignation of its vener-able presi
dent, who, wvith zealous fidelity, has dis
charged the delicate and laborious duties
of his oflice in such a manner as to give
additional lustre to his already extended
reputation, and to the brilliant fame he
has wvon for himself in other fields. It is
most deeply to be deplored that continued
ill-health forces him to take that step
which will deprive the rising generation
of our State of the example of one whose
commanding eloquence, whose pure mo
rality, springing from a highly cultivated
mind and heart, was destined to exercise
such a happy influence over them. Jus
tice requires. that I should mention, to the
credit of the other professors, that the
deficiency resulting fr-om the inability of
the President to complete his course of
instruction to the classes was promptly
supplied by the assumption of additio~nal
labors by them. TIhe experiment of our
Military Aademies has suceeded beyond
the most sangine expectations of thei
early friends -The Cadets now number
at the Citadd-. 103 (one hundred and
three,) and at the Arsenal 27 (twenty-se.
ven.) The in ng popularity of these
Schools call f! in extension in the build.
ings. At the hat annual meeting of the
Board of VisI's, at least one hundred
applications dmission were rejected,
for the want o'0 eans of accommodation.
If the buildidle were extended, and the
annual appro'tion increased, the num.
ber of Cades ight be doubled in the
course of a Already sixty-eight
applications been made for pay-pu.
pils alone, an is number we may cal.
culate will be . atly increased by the
next meeting,' the Board. The Board
with the vie 'receiving a larger num
ber of Cade for an appropriation of
$10,000 (te usand dollars,) for the
purpose of *'ng the buildings of the
Arsenal in C ibia, so as to accommo
date the whol the fourth class in that
place. By this, two hundred Ca.
dets (200) received at the two
schools. I th that the funds of the
State cou1d e expended in a more
profitablen m t inn to grant the sum
asked for., glesee to call your atten.
tion to anoth' tter connected with this
subject. Th fessors in these Institu
tions, althou eir duties are exceeding.
ly oerousa' isicharged with great fi.
delity by .thers, more poorly paid than
any officeiso eir grade in the State.
Their salarie scarcely sufficient to
support them I have reason to believe
that we ..can procure their valuable
services muc iger at the same rate.
If the number . adets is increased (and
the popular vol calls for it) an addition
al Professor e employed. I there.
fore recomme further annual appro
priatidn off t ousand dollars to these
Academies. 1. less hesitation in re
commending as the State has, as yet,
done little or 1ng for them as institu
tions of I Not a single dollar
has been adde -the annual appropria
tion, beyo was given originally to
hire a guard i the arms; and it
seems. to dMe Legislature cannot
refuse to. 'Lso small to an in
of the Itale, ,idsfir to rival in useful.
ness any one of the kind in the Union.
Already many young men, entirely desti
tute of means, who might have ever lin
gered in obscurity, have been sent forth
from it userul members of society, exhib
iting the practical utility of that mode of
education they were designed to illustrate.
Upon these institutions, founded in de
signs of benevolence to the poor, as well
as usefulness to all classes of the commu
nity, I feel assured that I can with success
invoke your liberality.
I visited during the summer the Cedar
Springs Asylum for the education of the
Deaf and Dumb. This benevolent In.
stitution, founded in 1849 by the enter
prise of Mr. N. P. Walker for the educa
tion of some of his own connections, has
grown into importance, and excites the
deepest interest in every philanthropist.
The number of mutes is now twenty
seven. There are many others too poor
to pay their own expenses, who are now
applying for admission, but cannot be re
ceived because there is no provision made
for them, by the State. I think that in
steadl of appropriating a specific sum to
this purpose, as is nowv the case, it would
be better to allow one hundred and thirty
dollar-s ($130) for each indigent mute
(native of the State) that is admitted, with
out regard to the number of them.
There should also be appointed a Board
of Visitors to regulate the admissions, and
take a general supervision over the bene
ficiary pupils. This plan wvould suffice
for the present to secure the means of
education to all the mutes in the State.
As this subject begins to excite gmeat in
terest in our community, I have no doubt
but that some plan wvill be soon proposed
by which this Institution wiill be put upon
a per-manient basis, and this unfortunate
class, who have heretofore been cut off
from all the enjoyments of social inter
course, wiill be educated as to be put in
communication with themi, and thus not
only rendered happy, but be fitted to act
their parts in the drama of life. For the
information of the Legislature, I herewith
transmit Mr. Walker's letter on the sub
During the past summer, I visited offi
cially the Lunatic Asylum. There are
nowv one hundred and fity (150) patients
in it. Fifty (50) have been admitted this
year; nineteen (19) have been cured;
seventeen (17) dismissed much improved,
and nine have died. The male apart
ments are now full. Justice to those to
whose management it has been commit
ted requires that I should testify to the
fidelity w~ith wvhich they have discharged
The cleanliness and good order of the
establishment reflects great credit upon
its excellent Superintendent; and the com
plete control exercised over the patients,
not only exhibits the skill of the attending
Physician in the management of them,
but his benevolence and kindness to them.
I was greatly struck with his kind, pa
ternal manner towards them, and their
almost filial devotion for, and obedience
to him. This Institution has been raised
nde nurtured by the State with a munifi
cence highly creditable to it.
Although some alterations and improve
ments in the buildings have suggested
themselves to me, yet I forbear to say
anything on the subject at present, as the
Legislature at some future and more pros.
perous period may deem it necessary
either to remove them to some more fa.
vorable location, or so to remodel them
as to keep pace with the improvements
of the day. The reports of Dr. Treze.
vant and Dr. Parker, on this subject, are
herewith transmitted, to which I invite
your particular attention.
Ten thousand dollars was appropriated
by you at your last meeting, for the pur
pose of stereotyping and publishing the
two manuscripts, works of the late Hon.
John C. Calhoun, comprising a " Trea
tise on Government" and a "Discourse
on the Constitution of the United States."
Gov. Seabrook very properly selected as
the Editor of these works Mr. R. K. Cralle,
of Virginia, the intimate personal friend
of Mr. Calhoun, and the gentlemen to
whom he had himself consigned his mann.
scrips. The entire work was executed in
South Carolina, except the stereotyping,
which was done in New York, at the cost
of about $227 20. These two works are
comprised in one volume, which is now
ready for distribution.
I feel it my duty to call your attention
to the fact, that nothing has yet been done
by the State towards erecting monuments
to Mr. Calhoun and Col. Butler. The
Palmetto Regiment, actuated by a spirit
worthy of so noble and gallant a corps,
have determined not to suffer such neg
lect to the memory of their beloved coni
mander, who proved himself worthy of
the appellation of "Father of his Regi
ment," have taken steps to erect a monu
ment at their own expense. This should
not be allowed. Although it is a most
pleasing duty to them, yet the State should
certainly claim the right to pay the last
tribute to the memory of one whose con
duct during the Mexican war has added
the brightest page to be written in her
history. The stranger who visits their
graves might well be struck with surprise,
that no sculptured marble marks the spot
where sleeps the remains of two of her
trated her- glory in the Cabinet,teohe
on the tented field. For the credit of the
State, I trust that this seeming neglect be
remedied at once.
The work of indexing, collecting and
arranginging the records of the State, re
lating to its Colonial and Revolutionary
history, has been pursued with much
energy and industry by Mr. John S.
Green, who was selected by my prede
cessor for this important purpose. Many
valuable documents, which have been al
most entirely obliterated, have been suffi
ciently restored by him to be copied. It will
be seen by his report, (which I send you,)
that certain chasms occur in the records,
from the loss of documents. If it is at
all desirable to preserve them, it is impor
tant that they should be complete. I
therefore recommend that you authorize
the Governor to send an agent to Eng
land in order to supply the deficiency.
Since your last meeting, I have re
ceived, through Monsieur Alexander Vat
temare, a copy of the great national pub
lication, "La Gallerre Nationale de Ver
sailles," containing several thousand en
gravings, illustrative of the historical
events of the French nation, together
with the Milemoriale de l'Artillarie, and
other military works. The former was
presented to the Governor .and Legisla
ture, in the name of the Prefect of the
Department of the Seine, and municiple
council of the city of Paris, " as an addi
tional token of the fraternal feeling of
France for South Carolina, and their de.
I ire to see this enlightened and most useful
intercourse permanently established be
ween the civilized nations of the earth."
The latter were presented by Monsieur
Vattemare to the Military Schools. Trhese
compliments to our State I acknowvledge
in suitable terms, and have sent in return
all of our State publications. I trust that
this kind intercourse will be kept up on
[ received a short time since, a petition,
signed by the principal Chiefs of the
Catawba Indian, to grant them the means
of emigrating to the West, with the view
of settling near the Chickasawvs. Al
though I felt much disposed to favor this
scheme, for the good of the Indians, yet
I felt that I had had no authority to act
in the premises. This, as you are aware,
is now but the small remnant of a once
powerful and numerous tribe, reduced to
penury by their roving and dissipated
habits. I am informed that the whole
tribe will notimake more than one hun
dred bushels of corn this year, and there
is no reason to hope that it will evcr be
better with them, while, with their slov
enly habits of tillage, they are forced to
remain and cultivate poor lands. It is
the opinion of Mr. White, the Indian
Agent, that nothing short of emigration
to a State more genial to their habits,
will save them from utter annihilation. I
am sure that lie is correct in this opinion,
for the reason set forth more fully in his
report, which I send you. I therefore
recommend that means be given to all, or
as many as wish to emigrate, to enable
them to do so.
By a resolution of the Geaneal As
sembly I was instructed to- cause the
Magazines to be removed from their pre
sent location to the Citadel Square. The
City Council petitioned me to postpone
the matter until they could have an op
portunity to lay before you the danger to
the city, from having so large an amount
of powder kept within its limits. AsI
found the .apprehension on this subject
very general in Charleston, and some
portions of its citizens painfully excited
about it, I determined to delay the work
until the present Session, on condition
that the city authorities would become
responsible for the safe keeping of the
powder during that period. I thought
this course just and proper, particularly
as the State could suffer no detriment by
it. A more thorough examination of the
subject convinced me that the necessity
of removing the Magazines was not as
great as was supposed, but that a small
additional appropriation for building a
wall around them would make them safe.
For full information on this matter, I
refer you to the report of Maj. Trapier,
which I send you. I await your further
instructions on the subject.
By an Act of the General Assembly,
Brigade Encampments were re-establish
ed. According to your instructions, I
encamped the ten Brigades of Infantry,
and five of Cavalry in the State. The
officers, generally speaking, exhibited
great enthusiasm, and conducted them.
sel.ges as soldiers and gentlemen. A
high-toned spirit and patriotism seemed
to animate them, which convinced me
that they would ever be ready at their
country's call, to " stand to their arms."
Although encampments must be admitted
by all to be excellent schools' for the train
ing of soldiers; and although the good
which has been done by them is already
manifest, yet I am not prepared to recom
mend their continuance under present
circumstances. Where the immediate
necessity for them is not great, I do not
think the State ought to 'be subjected to
the heavy expense, or the officers to the
inconvenience incident to them. Where
the Brigades are compact, little incon
venience attends them; but where the
country is sparsely. populated, and the
tent or countrJVy thle dity of iittentidij
them is exceedingly onerous to all the
officers, and almost ruinous to those of
them who are poor. Under these cir
cnmstances, I recommend that they be
The General Assembly, at its last
meeting, put at the disposal of the Board
of Ordnance in connection with the Gov
ernor, three hundred and fifty -thousand
dollars ($350,000) for the purpose of
arming the State and putting it in a con
dition of defence. What progress has
been made in the matter will be seen set
forth in the report of the Major of Ord
nance, which is herewith transmitted.
Resolutions, passed by the Legislature
and Convention of New Hampshire, also
by the Convention of Maryland and the
General Assembly of Illinois, on the sub
ject of the compromise, together with re
solution passed by the Legislatures of
Florida and New Hampshire, on the sub
ject of the establishment of an Agricul
tural Bureau in the Department of the
interior at Washington, are herewith
On the subject of our Federal relations,
I have but little to say. You are fully
aware of our wrongs, and know that the
Federal Government, which was instituted
for our protection and welfare, as wvell as
that of the other States, has directed all
its energeis to the destruction of that in.
stitution upon wvhich our very vitality de
depends. Yon know that we have been
deprived of every inch of that territory
which was wvon, in part, by our blood
and treasure; that we have been robbed
by a tyrannical and unjust government of
the very graves of our gallant country
men who sacrificed their lives that the
" Star-spangled Banner" might float in
triumph on the bloody fields over whiclg
it waved. You know that our equality
in the Union has been denied, by the
very act which excludes us from this ter
ritory. You knowv that the tide of North.
ern fanaticism must sweep over us, de
priving us of our property, and desolating
our homes, unless it is stayed by the bold
efforts of freemen, wvorthy to be free.
The noble attitude of resistance wvhich I
suplposed the State was about to assume,
and which I have directed all my ener
gies to place her in, seems to .have .been
delayed or abandoned by the popular
voice as indicated by the result of the
late elections. I cannot believe that this
result has been founded in a willingness
tamely to submit to our wrongs, but in a
difference of opinion as to the best mode
of resisting them. I know of no other
mode to recommend than that which I
have heretofore so earnestly advocated,
viz: T'hat, as our equality is not ac
knowledged in the Union, " we should
assert our independence out of it." This
course I think our pride, honor, and safe-.
ty alike demand. Others, whose opinions
are~ entitled to respect, think differently
and it seems the popular voice has sustain
ed thenm in their opinions. It remains now
for those who have defeated the proposed
mode of action, and who have proclaimed
their unalterable purpose not to submit to
our wrngs and degfradation, to point out
a better course.: I, myself, have none to
suggest. Whatever is the action of the
State through her constituted authorities,
it is my duty to obey. ut I solemnly
call upon you, as the representatives of
the people, and as the guardians of their
rights, to remember -that since you re
solved upon resistance, and ordered the
State to be-armed for defence, no single
wrong of which you then complained has
been redresied; no indemnity has been
offered for the past, no security forthe
future. That, under the vaunted4fugitive
slave law, it has cost, in some instances,
the owner four times the -value: of the
slave to recover him, and ii others his
life. But, above all, I call upon you to
remember that the soldiers of the Federal
Government ace now stationed on your
cost, either to overawe or to coerce you.
That the guns of Castle Pinckney, and
even of Fort Moultrie, (which your fa
thers so gallantly defended,) and which
were ceded to. the General Government
for your protection, are now frowning
upon Charleston. Surely this monstrous
insult, added to our injnries, will rouse
the pride and patriotism of our people.
The dangers which threaten our country
call upon us-to bury the party feelings
which have so unfortunately divided and
distracted us, and to unite all our ener
gies against the common enemy of our
insiitutions. The taunts, the insults the
abuse that is heaped upon our State,
should cause every true son of Carolina
to cling to her with an allegiance still
more unfaltering. Gentlemen, the honor
and safety of our beloved State are -in
your keeping. May God direct you in
JOHN H. MEANS.
- THE DRUN3ARD.-Poverty, in- itself
is not a crime. No disgrace be'longs to
the man, who by reverses in' business, is
led down from affluence to destitution.
The poorest man who -walkthiseArthof
sorrow, or who-toils in vaii td -clothe and
feed his children, can stiadd in the pre
sence of the manin niilli*Os, with no 1
consciousness of.infetiiny-11 when
poverty-is-the reslt oeitjcomes
shame. -Under any -circumstances it is
exceedingly unpleasant and inconvenient
to be very poor, and by most men, pov
erty is dreaded as one of the worst of
evils. Now poverty is as sure to follow
a course of intemperance, as light and
heat-to follow the rising of. the sua. God
has so ordained. In his word he has de
clared that the drunkard shall come to
poverty, and wherever, we behold drunk
enness, we also gaze upon squalid misery.
Go into any community and you will find
affluence to be the result of sobriety, and
destitution the sure attendant of dissipa
tion. You will expect to find in the neat,
vine-covered cottage, a frugal temperate
man; and in the hovel, unpainted and
desolate, the windows shatteted, the
doors unhinged, an intemperate man.
EDUCATE YOUR DAUGHTERS.-A wri
ter says: "When I lived among the
Choctaw Indians, I held a consultation
with one of their chiefs respecting the
successive stages of their progress. in the
arts of civilized life; and among other
things he informed me at their first start
they fell into a great mistake-they only
sent their boys to school. They became
intelligent men, but they married unedu
cated and uncivilized wives, and the uni
form result was, that the chilcfei were
all like the mother; and soon / tialher
lost all interest in both wife an- lrn
" And now," says he "if wve could ed
ucate but one class of our children, we
should choose the girls;-for when they
became mothers they wvould educate
their sons." This is to the point, and it
is true. No nation can become fully and
permanently civilized and enlightened -;
when their mothers are not, to a good
degree, qualified to diischarge the duties
of the home work of education."
FAStrDrous TAsT.-An amusing little
incident occurred at a city hotel a few
days ago. A verdant looking chap sat
down to take "some -filln," as the im
mortal Joe Lawson' would say, and in
due time a waiter presented himself at
the back of our hiero's chair and inquired:
" Tea or coffee, sir?"
" Tea," he answered.
" What kind of tea, sir?"
Greeney looked up in the waiter's face,
and, with considerable emphasis. said:
" Why, store tea, of course; I don't
want none of your blamed sassafrac stuff.
A genious out west las ineted a nlew
kind of dwelling.. They bMe made of
india rubber, and are so poi-table .that
you can carry a row of tlire4tory houses
in your hat. Wonderijrthat's the truth,
the whole truth, and nothing else but tlie
"MOTHER, send me for the doctor.": -
." Why, my son."
" Case that man in the-parlor is ago~j.
ing to die-he seid he wiould fssfr
Jane would- not marry him-end Jane
said she wouldm't. "
Trust not the praise -f- adiend oor
the cntempt of aenemy-- -