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any nation or power that would refuse to
obey its behests. -
And this will inevitably be the result of his a
mission if successful.- Such will be the con- c
-sequence of the triumph of the doctrines n
now held by the presses and the people of I
the North. And who pays the piper? The c
Southern States-the producers of the sta- t
pies that constitute the wealth of the coun
try. They are scarcely prepared for this.
And the people of the South cannot be par
ticipants in this missionary republicanism
Their pursuits forbid it; their institutions,
safe only under the rule of a conservative
foreign policy, forbid it; and it will be ani
evil day when the eontagion of this wildfire
takes effect among them. The present is but
another development of the utter dissimilari
ty existing between the ever restless spirit
of rampant democracy prevailing at the
North, and that conservative republicanism of
the South, which is the citadel of her insti
tutions and the guarantee of her prosperity.
It ib another incidental proof of the proprie- i
ty of a political separation of two sections,
whose people are, in almost every lending
feature of true and sound republican prine
ples, so utterly opposed to each other.-Co
lumbia South Carolinian.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 8, 1852.
SUDDEN AND AWFUL DEATH.
Os Sinday night last a ditcher, named RODY
MCGRAT , died suddenly on the public square of
this place. Ile had been drinking all day and was
quite intoxicated. No one witnessed his death.
Ile was found some hour or two after he had
been last seen alive. The jury of inquest return
ed as their decision that " the deceased had come
to his death from some unknown cause."
WHO CAN BEAT TilS?
S. S. To,.trxixs, Esq., living near this village,
made the last year upon 145 acres, one hundred
and thirteen thousand pounds of seed cotton, being
an average of neareight hundred pounds, per acre.
The same gentleman raised an abundance of pro
visions. We often hear of this being done-but
it seldom really occurs.
SxvEaA r. of our young friends have addressed
us in reference to certain " ExrGtAs," which we
offiered them a number or two back. We have
not room to publish their responses ' in c.rtenso.'
Miss S. A. M. DENNxY and It. 31. W., of this Dis
trict, and Masters W. W. R. and J. E. B., of
Charleston, have given the correct solutions,
which are as follows:
Of the first - - Ix1.
""second - WASHrNG'ON.
" " third - - EDGEFIELD ADVFRTJSrR.
" " fourth - PExOscoT BAY.
a GOOD MORNING, LADIES ALL !"
TitE old swain (we can't say " swan,") who
appears to-day in poetic colors over the above sig.
nature, meets with our unfeigned sympathy for his
forlorn and desperate predicament. There are
others we could point out, not a hundred miles
from this " ranceic," who will soon have to raise
the same wailings, unless they resrolve at once to
plunge into the glorious sea of matrimo~ny. Let
them take wvarning fronm the confessions of this
disheartencd and undone bachelor. Suich may be
their sad ease ere long._. ..
that we have seen straitns of similar character
somewhere else. Ittut we know that cases like
yours are of common occttrrence all over the
world-and we suippose the poor creatures are apt
to think and express themselves alike. The ver
sea are not so badl at any rate. There is, we dare
say, qjuiite as mutch Trutth as Poetry in them,-,-if
not a 'lectle' more. " Ihold on to the willows," a
few more idays.
"Whmiler the lamp holds out to burn,
The vilest sinner uny return."
TitenR is now being felt a cotnsiderabtle pres
sure in money matters. We learn that it is an
almost universal thing at the South. As to the
causes which have produced said pressure, we
have no idea of expatiatinr. Sufricient to say
that it is upon uis. Now,'how are we to get rid of
it ? This is a difliciult questiotn-some might pro.
nomunce it a " poser." We think there is a specific
which, if adopted by all, will be eminently satta
tive in its results. It is simply this: Let every
one " do tto others as lie would they should do
unto him." The practise of this good 01(1 rule in
mioney matters wvill lighten the pressure very ma
terially. For thus, kind and generous indunlgene
will be extenided froit man to mian, in a lengthetned
chain as it were, amti in a twelve month, all (or
nearly all) may be enabled by vigorous exertions
to come ont of their difficulties without bieinug
forced to a sacrifice of any kinid. The opposite
course, viz,, one of stern deimnd of immediate
payment, will be very apt to leadl to a disastrous
season. For one huarud creditor frequently forces
twenty others to a iuilar coursie. Tlhe wind,
once up, will cause imanty a crash. May it not be
WE cheerfully acknowledge the addition of
" SCOTT's WEEKLY PAPRa" to our exchange list.
It is a Mammoth sliet, published in Philadelphia
every Saturday, and contains an enormous amount i
oif readhing matter of every variety. The editoral
department seems to be coniducted with great
ability. The original contril,utions to its columns
are numeirous arid apparently spicy. The terms
of thlis paper arc S2 per antnum in advance.
TH E January Nitmber of the " IYTVaxaTIONAL
IAGiA ztYE" is also upon our tatble. 'lThis is the
first number of the Fifth Voluime of-thtis most
valuable publication. We do not exaggerate in
saying that this work is as richly dleserving of the
atterntion of every literary gentleman and lady, as
any othter of the kind in the Union. It is full oft
the most improving and amusing literature, and is
emhellished throughout with uneonmonly well.
executed en"rvng.Publishecd in New Yorke
by S'raixuuvt & TrowNSEND, at 25 cents a num
ber, or $3 per anutm.
WEarc pleased to sec that our esteemed neigh-I
bors of the Augusta Consstitutionalist, have en
largedh their valuable paper. Men,, who occuipy I
ground so admirably well,camnnot occupy too much-,
May their subscription list be enlarged along with
.. - -
Tuts part of the country has been over-rnin a
lately by these itinterant foreigners. We have no d
unkinid feelings towards the poor fellows-but h
their frequent appearance is, we confess, dis- d
agreeable. It comes too near arrant vagrancy to i
be tolerated by any industrious commutnity, whlen n
carried as now, to undue excess. Searcely a t1
week passes in which we do not see several of
thecse beggars, strolliing the country through with e
their miisic-machtines sluint hehiind them. Now o
if there were any huimor, or skill, or any merit t
whatever displayed by them, it woutld not be so i
ba. ttere,, ... . ,nt.,,,, of th.. .-o... n.h .a
Arrival of the Canada at Bostonr
Tiho steamship Canada arrived at her
wharf, Boston, at 8 o'clock on Sunday morn
The news from England is quite unimpor
tant. In the state of the money market, and
in the price of government securities as
quoted at the latest date and at the date of
our latest previous intelligence, there was no
We do not observe any incidents in the
more recent intelligence to afford any indica
tion of a direction of public sentiment in
Franee whieb can aid one forming an opinion
of the probable result of Louis Napoleon's
attempt, beyond what might be formed from
the events of the first opening. Sir Francis
Bond le:id, who recently has returned from
France, in a note addressed to the London
From date I was ennbled to collect, Iam
induced to believe, and without hesitation I
foretell, that the bold steps he has lately ta
ken will, by an overwhelming majority, be
approved by the -irmy in France, by the army
in Algeria, by the citizens of Paris, and by
the inhabitan's of the whole French Repub
On this and other parts of the Baronet's
note the Times remarks:
For ourselves, after the experience we have
now had, and the certainty we have now ac
quired that Louis Napoleon and his Govern
ment are restrained in their course by no
earthly consideration of law and duty, we
must confess that our confidence in his future
conduct is extinct. As long as he remained
within the bounds of the law, far from offer
ing him any opposition, we were disposed to
view his struggle against a factious Assembly
with favor, and we have only reason to regret
that he has neted with less integrity than we
then gave him credit fr. We still hope that
he will consider it his interest to masintaii
amicable arrangements with the British Go
vernment, and that lie will not add the hor
rors of foreign war to the evils which already
anlict his country. It is not improbable thai
his natural jealousy of any brilliant nilitary
achievements accomplished by other leaders
of an arnv not under his own command will
(ter him from enarinr in war: and it eer
tainly is the duty of the British Governmen
and nation not to allow the opiinions they
must entertain of his actions in France t<
alter or impair the international relations of
the Western States of Europe.
LAMARTINF ON TH E Coup D'EAT.-In the
Pays, Lauartine's paper, on Wednesday, tie
following occurs-" At present we raise oui
voices neither to approve nor to protest.
We feel that all discussion is impossilihe, not
only because the government would prevent
us. What. we every day asked for was, that
France should be saved from the crisis which
awaited her in 1822. The assembly elung
with obstinacv to the fatal law of May 31,
and that body has ceased to exist. The As.
sembly perished precisely from two causes
the disastrous effects of which we had ill
v.tin at tempted to paralyse; the law of May
31st, destroyed the majority, and socialism,
destroved the ninioritv. Between the law of
May 31st and socialisn, there were the re
publican and universal suffrage, and it is
precisely these two words which were in
voked by Louis Napoleon Bonaparte to di-i.
solve the assembly, and thus to destroy the
Ve were marching forward to eatastrophe
amidst those two currents of passions, :im
bitions, raneours, and hastreeds, the belloswins
of wvhichi scarcely permitted some indep~eni
dent voices to mnake the cry of alarm heari
which France was raising. If those voices
-bedn'resied,'if ilirresion .T ie^ec'sti:
tastion had been acepted by the ma~josrity, ii
all the parties had consented to do whal
Louis Napoleon Bonapa:rte had jst deli
himslf-that is, to alluw the people to de.
elie-we nre convinced that what has hip.
penied would niever have occurred. Wie nec
cuse no onse; for were we to commnenee, we
should be .oblied. perhaps, to neense every
one. T1he psresent situation is not our work,
WVe have not desired it: but we take it ass il
is, and with the de-sire, as public men, to rid.
hIl all the dutiies which it imposes. Tihe as.
senmbly is dissolved, and the constitution hs:s
disappeared. But there remain two gren1t
things, the republic and universal sun'ire.
There remaini also, wvhat we desire to defenid
above aull things-namely, France.
Tihe Wildfire of Republicaismu.
The Magyar chief has evolved by his visit
to this country a spirit which. unebsecked must
sooner or later be felt in its full development.
The wild restlessness of the popular ma~sses
at the North must have something to feed
upon, somiethiung to sustain it: and wvhiile One
would imagine that lie excitement of paurtv
poli:ies, fostered as it i-s by the sub-division's
whicb exist among each of the two greait
politieni pa:rties, was enough to satiaute this
unnaetural, but wide pervading crauving, it is
easuily seen that tihe safety valve of novelty.
of something out of the common order oif
periodical excitement, is absolutely necessary.
But, in these Kossuth demons'trations, w'e
apprehend that the effects will not be as
evanescent as such extraordinary manuifesta
tions generailly have been. Hie is not here
as a lion, to be merely gauzed at by the crowvd
with the same curiosity they would go to see
the latest imiportation to Barnum's Museum.
His mission has a definite object in viewv,
and his life and character prevent every one
from imnagining for a moment that hsis is a
mere holidIay trip, and the ovations whlich
have been given ini honor of his arrival, as
welt as the ma~rked distitnction of a Congres
sional welcome, a'l no'ify us that his object
is deemed of specialI importance. and is at
leas-t not met by disapproval from either the
masses or the government.
The real object of this remarkable man, in
visiting the United States, is to obtain a de
eharationt from the Governtment that every na
tion has the right to manasge its owvn domes
tic concerns, Hie wants this announcement
to go forth clothed with thme authority of a
delibcrate and oflicial manifesto, that Htun
gary, should she attemipt to throw off the
Austriani yoke, mniy have its full benefit and
psrotection. This is the intervention sought
for by this chuiefiin of an oppsressed people:
and so far as popular demnonstrationis, and the
development of public opinion have ye-t gone,
they all tend to the favorable consideration
of such a step. But it is idle to imagine that
- such a declaration would serve the end Kos
auth has in view, without somethinge to back
it. Hie knows this, and lie has the honesty
anid candor to say so. Ini his speech to the
members of the Bar of New York he saidl:
"I aim not the ma~n to decline the conse
qnences of tny prinicip~les. I wvill not steal
into. your sympathy by slippery evnision. Yes,
gentenn, I confess, shonld Russia not1 re
spect suici a declaration of your country, then
you are obliged--lite-rally obliged--to go to
war, or else be prepared to be degrad--d binore
mankind from your dignity. Yes, I confess
that would be the case."
It is evident, therefore, that he knows that
the wor.ls of such a declaratiion would be
something more than mere empty sosund
t'mat they involve action, and embrace in the
intervention he seeks to enwraft on the for
ontrary, the cracked, flues of their time-worn
istruments breathe forth naught but dissonant,
:reecidng sounds that might " split a cucumber" g
r kill a Mozart. In this point of view, they are e
uisances-to say nothing of the evil work they
tight be guilty of under this roving garb. We f
annot, with our peculiar domestic establishment, r
e too particular in reference to all unknown 1
irds of passage like these. And, although there i
re among them some deserving objects of charity, r
et the majority of them merit no encouragement, V
ut rather to be frowned, if posssible, into some I
iore decent and honest mode of life.
HAMBURG AND TIlE PLANK ROAD,
A few days ago we paid:a short visit to our
iarket town, and of courso, in doing so, passed
nd repassed over our Plank Road, in reference
D1both of which we propose to indite a word or
The prosperity of Hamburg, we must admit,
eems to be at a stand. The question is, will it go
nto decay ! We are not prepared 'n consent to
he conclusion, (at which some te .suddenly
umped) that it will. The same conclusion, it will
>e remembered, was drawn by many when the
ktgusta Canal was opened. And yet the trade
if Hamburg has been, since that event, fully as
ood, if not better than it was before. It is now
hought that the great npper Rail-Road will cer
ainly effect what the Canal certainly did not ef
ect, viz: the downfall of Iamburg. But -there
Lre several considerations which induce us to hope
tnd to believe that our little town will yet hold
ip her head with the rest-aye, with the best.
First, Hamburg enjoys the reputailon of being the
airest and best market for produce in the State.
rhere is the "1 prestige," and that is something.
People dislike to descrt a good factor, even though
ithers become more convenient. There is some
hing in a habit-especially when it has been
.enerally conducive to the advancement of one's
iterests. The habit of trading with Hamburg
ias unquestionably proved to be one of that de
icription, totltcse who have formed it. And it
will be much more difficult to set aside than is
;enerally supposed. Because it-is not like -the
tabit of some animals, which w-ill go to a certain.
pastnre even though a much fresher one might be
round. No-Iianmburg not only has bccn a good
tarket-lhit she will, we imagine, continue to be
'uch. Augusta, a flourishing city, i.: near by to
regulate ter, in the article of cotton especially.
She will be obliged always to compete in her pri
ees with the Angusta market; otherwise, the
planter will drive his cotton a mile further and
;et the fair worth of his produce. Thus will
here ever be a direct cause acting to ensure to
him the realization of a jnst and reasonable price.
rhis cause will not be acting upon the little mar.
kets which are being established above us. And
ror this reason we think it fair to conclude, that
amburg will be a safer-certainly a less fluctu.
ting market titan any one of them. But it :vill
be said, thu convenience of the oters, their cion.
igity, &c., will counterbalance any such ndvan.
tages. Not necessarily so. Aiken was more con
venient to a large porti.m of those who had, before
its establishment, traded with Jlamburg, and on
the direct route to Charleston. Aiken rose to a
ertain eminence with considerable speed, princi
pally from the novelty of ihe thing-to some ox
tent, from its apparently superior position. But
where is Aiken now? Gone forever as a market
town. It could not continue competition with
Iamburg, nor do we believe that it will be done
by any other place or places, now in prospect; to
her serious detrimnent. We are the more disposed
to advance this opinion, in view of the advantages
likely to ensue from thme Plank Road now in pro
ess leading frt~ g g ,neine
here will be a great achievement for the interests
of our market town. It: weill draw trade, if the
history of these roads is not belied in this instance
for the first timec. They have competed wvith
lail-Roaads after the trade of the adjacent country
had becomte accustomed to Rbail-wvay conveyance.
Ihow much more so, before this restult has come
about ! No population has ever yet adopted thme
use of Rail-Roads at onecc for transportation.
it has generally been a slow and gradual thing.
Witha Planak Roads at is very diflierenit. rThere is no
leparnre from thte ordintary course of travel. ex
rept itt expedlitinag the wvagoni whmeebs atnd saving
;aod teamis, at a small cost. Oat these premises
Ev foiund thec opiniatn thaat thec Edgefield Plantk
otla (if co)ntinuted at Onace) will enter the race
*ven with the great Greetnville and Columbia
tilItoad, with a bright prospect of at least equtal
laccess. Atnd if so, thte future conadition of 11am
urg will yet surpass any previous period oaf hter
iroserity. That it may be so, we earnestly de
ire, anad so, we tink, outght every citizen of
7dgfield to desire, if hte wislhes to advance his
awn interests and the weal of hais commnhttity.
We only addl that thte Plank lload is progressing
inely, atnd paayinagas well as ever. Near ten tmiles
if the road are ntow cotmp!leted. Thte Conmpany
ane establishted anthler saw-nill, and their oper
tiots are motre energetic.
ABRIDGEMENT OF NE~WS ITE.MS OF THlE
Fao.ir the latest foreignt dates, Louis N.irot.EoN
as sustaitned in Franace by a majority of two mil
A UsTRat.t threatens to adopt retaliatory me'natres
gaitist ("reat lirimain, on accouant of thte counate
ance givent by thte latter to refugees.
I.aoE sums of money htave been forwarded to
lurngary from Enaglish Democrats to aid hter
gainst Austria. The funds were intercepted.
Ma. OwExs, (late Constul to Hlavanna) htas in
art exculpated himself from the chtarge of itnat
ention to the Americnan prisotners.
THE legislatutre of Maryiantd was to have con
Coros is slighatly improving.
A LOT has been granted in New York City for
he erectioni of a glass butilding for thte tacxt
Kossu'Tt has been received at Washtington,
nl introduced into botha branchtes of Conigress.
A N attempt is being made to cultivate the Date
ree in thec Sourthern part of this State. (Thtis is
at the latest date.)
BAaINUM's Museum, in Phiiladclphtia, htas been
otnsumted by fire.
Two othter very destrutive fires occurred the
me day-thte one in Newv York, thte othter inI
PESIDE.NT FIz.r.MoRE and Governor Kosstu'ra
ave met and htad a " talk" as thea Indians call it.
'e remarks of the former were eatttiottsly lire.
ared. lie does not enicourage the great Hlunga
A LETTER.-wRITER to the New York Tribune, I
tys thtat thec "Britisha Government are a good 1
cal alarmed at the supposition thtat Lotuis Napo
on will thnite with 'Austria and Russia to putt
twn England and Liberty in Europe, anal that
e Government dock-yards are alive wvitha as
any mten as can get around the ships, getting
om ready for sea." J
DEAn OF FATrIER .IENNTT.--Tai V-en- e
mble cilizett of WXilmington, N. C., its 1
Idet inlutbilant, and Ite oldest Methodist a
reacher in the South, died in that plince ott d
te 31st uilt., in the eighty..fthl year 'of hgia r
A G0OD SIGN,
Wz have heard it stated'by several very intelli
ent gentlemen, of late, that our district evinces
vident signs of improvement. Our farmers are
ecoming, year by yeaLr,:more skilful and succens
i in the'management of their business in its va
ious branches. The coieqnence is that our
Lnds continue regularly to'rise in value, present
ig now in many places a iuch more inviting and
heering appearance than they didl twenty years
go. We have no doubt buiihat the farming anti
lanting interests of our-dijtrlct will for the future
0 rapidly upward Agriciture is beginning to
eceive, at the handsof allisjtalattention which it
o richly merits. The wor(iippers of Ceres are
ecoming mors and more -orthy to kneel at her
hrine, from the praie-wolthy ambition they dis.
iay to make her golden rvests cover their old
nd (aa many thought) exitited' hills. And the
ime is not far ofl; we tras, 'when many an Edge
ield emigrant, who is nowenutilng andl hrning in
he far-famed forests of the West, will return to
iis deserted birth-place to loarn the true lessons
if agricultural wisdom..
But the aa go6d sign" td-ihich we now especi
Lily allude, is the fact tha our citizens, in every
ection of the district, are execting dwelling houaes
if the most substantial pa well as tasteful kind.
'n some instances they border upon the elegant.
n all instances, they are neat and well-finished,
and generally painted (no on the outside only,
irter the Georgia fashion,) but thoronughly. Add
o this, that in almost every neighborhood the
Murehem are being enlarged, improved and occa
ionally rebuilt in the beststyle, and, all together,
he circumstances may be'lhirly set down as ma
in.g up a truly " good sign." It is evidence of
ermanence in our society--of contentment--of
listrict priale-of refinement-of local attachment
-of the inerense of meanus-and of prosperity in
general. To show that lve do not assume this
itatement merely for the sake of an editorial par
igraph, we will add that we base our remarks
upon the authority of serible anti observant men,
besiales our own knowledge., The saw-mills in
)ur district are said nevesto have done a more
Lhriving business-anal the demand for lumber
among ourselves can scarcely he kept up with,
lthough the number of mills has increased. We
are glad that these tihings 'are so. May our be.
I,vel old alistrict see a britier anal happier f[tture
before her, with every returning year.
FOR rik ADVERTISER.
AN EDGEFIELD BACHELOR'S LAMENT,
I'st weary of n single lire,
I really wish I had a wife
My years consume in grief and pain,
And Nature proves I lire in vain.
I've lived so long in al9jbt nnd fear,
The girls now fly me like a deer!
And if I ask a rosy is,
If she will grant mne' bbi a kiss,
Or Nancy will you be my bride ?
She laughs as if she'dbreak her sile!
Good God! must I bbdure.such scorn ?
I really wish l'de ne'i# been horn
Or that I'd shunned t13.al deadlly woe,
By wedlock twenty ypars ago.
Blit well they may revile at mne
I'm not the smn 1 us4ed to be;
My beard is long-myt.ady igray;
My eyes are dim-rngteeth- decay ;
My shirt is dirty aint..uh waorn ;*
My coat is dal and sald' elaothes torn ;
My stockings have fiye hundlreal holes ;
Anal all these woes .ad ills of'life,
Arc because I've potfgot a Wife.
Please God I live and tarry hero,
I'll have one ere naother year ;
But sahoulad I nnmsuedessful prove,
In all the fondl intrigues of love,
Should the~y adespisec me andl my pe.lf,
i'll buy a rope-.\ndl -- ---.
"Gooms Sloaswao I.aores A..."
wRITTENY Fot Tint .tDvEtTmsP.
JF we woulhl ta N~E FAt.,'" we must, accord
ming to the Psitamist, attend strictly to the folloiw
ing preepts, which shoauldl be renal every. nmorn
'g before going to the duties aof the dlay.
I. We must lead uncorrulpi lire.
2. We tmust do the thinig that is riglat.
31. We miust speak tihe truth from our hearts.
4. We muatst usae no lecit ini our tongues.
5. We nuist rdo nao evil to otur neighlbor.
6. Wae mutst sapcak no coil of our neighbor.
'7. We nmt he. lowly in oatr anwn eyes.
8. Wae must make mu~ch of them that fear
9. We must disappoint no one in a promise.
10. We must gain nofhing dishtoneastly.
11. We must tke no reward against the in
" Whoso aloeth tlwne things (Psalm the 15th)
nIALL NEv~ta FAur..'
KosUTHr mx WVasnmicao.-A mog thle
iistintguished personages who have enmlhl on
Kosstuth since his arrival in Washington,
vecre Attornec General Crittendeit and the
[Ion. Reverdy Johnson. Thle Presitdent, it is
itnted, will (antertaini Gav. Kotstuth, the geni
lemen of' his suite, and the htdies, on Satuor
ly evening, at 6 o'claock. It is undiaerstooad
hat the Senate Committee, Major-General
Scott, Commnadore Morris and other distiun
~uishied gentlemen, will lbe of the party, with
~Irs. Webster, Mrs. Seward atnd other ladies.
~Ir. Webster will give a reception party ont
riday. The Congressioal~ Diiinter will pro
a:bly occur on Monday. Alludling to that
ension, and the oppnrtnity3 tht;t will bie
forded to speak of lis missiont, KossthI.
enrdinig to the N. Y. Timecs, is undlerstood
o have said thnt " he cetme to Washington
ith the conicitiont that' thec time tao lad~ the
:ause of his country hatd prettyv neatrly ended';
mnt lie should stannal, nteveritheless, be~fore thme
ribunal whose dtity is to decide." WVe mtay
Lticipate a surpassing effort. He sees thme
rhiole grotind niow, and the Ilat speech will
robably be the most elieetive. Senator
seward entertainis the distinguished gnest on
Th'le \aVashinglon Union states, that Kos
utli will honor with his presence the festival
o be prepared by the Jatckson Demtocratie
ssociamti in haonor of the battle of New
)rleans, on the 8th of January next, should
is engagements not eg"ll him'from thme city
eiore thatt p~eriaod. Frotm this it would ap-~
cer that lie cointempllatets a stay of someia
mite in WVashingt on.--Balti more Amtericanm,
MR. CI.AT, on Wednesdamy and Thursday
ust, was, we regret to perceive from our-ex
i[nges, considlered to have been in -more
eble henlth thian ani time since his reecunt
Itack. On Thursd'y lie was compelled to
eline receiving any visitors, ad had to
fuse admisbionm to Geu. Cass and Mf. Kos
This gentleman, now in Washington,pub
ishes a letter in the National Intelligencer of
'hursday last, setting forth his conduet in
relation to the Cuban expedition prisoners.
Justice to this gentleman indnees us to ex
tract from the defence he makes the follow
ing explicit denial of the charges brought
against him. lie says:
" It is not true that I refused to take any
steps to arrest the proecedings which result
Dd in the order for their execntion. It is not
true that I.knew of their capiture until after
their condemnation. As I have stated on a
former occasion, they were condemned be.
rore I heard of their capture ; so that I had
n1o time to net, or to do any thing to prevent
their sentence, if I had the power to dip so.
Again: It is not true that I refused to see
them after their condemnation. Nor is it
true that any desire was expressed by any
one or theum to see me that was iade known
to me. On the contrary, I did express a de
sire to see them, for the purpose of bearing
any message they n)iglt deliver to me to be
borne to their friends. And I was informed
that Mr. Costa, of New Orleans, known per
sonally to some of them, had been sent for,
and had attended to stich matters. And I
ask that all fair men will bear in mind that I
had no more power or authority from my
ollicial position to act in the matter thani any
other American citizen who happened to be
there, as will here:ifter be fully shown. But
it is not true that I even failed to do my ut
most as [in individual to avert the sad fate of
these men under the most moving and mIel
ancholy eirenmstances of their situation.
As sooti as] arrived atmy toilie, a lit~le af
te: ten o'clock in the morning, and heard of
their sentence and appronehing doom, I ad
drcsse I a note to the Governor and Captain
General of the Island. This I did not do in
my tllicial eharnter, beeans. apart from iy
knowledge of the full extenf of my otlicial
powers, 1.had, in an interview with tle Cap
tini General the day before, tonching the
conrseintended to be pursnel by him in
case any of the men invading the i.land
should be capitured, been inaforied by hltm
that lie would not. all w any interference.
either oflieial- or personal, by any Consul in
their behalf, let them beloig to) whatever
nation they might. I therelor., on reaIchingi
my ollice, earing a personal interview might
be denied me, wrote and delivered in person
to the private secretary of the Captain Gen
eral the iote which foflows, purely as an act
of human inty."
This is followed by a note to the Captain
General, asking merjy for the fifly condenin
ed to be shot, and Conchia's proipt refusal
of the reqnicst. In this refusal, the Captain,
ill a pretty rough manner, tells Mr. Owen
that he will admit no interference from him
privatcly or olicially. Mr.Owen completely
refutes Mr. Kelly's statement, published in
this country, by a letter from Commander
Platt and Lient. Taylor. 1i relation to Mr.
Thrasher, Mr. Owen ublishes a nioe from
that gentleman, just befo're lie sailed for
Spain, thanking him for his eflorts in his be
half. i he defenu'ce of, Mr. Owen is plau.i
!e, and it would appear, from his statement,
tit the onl- blame that van attch to. him
is, that le did not take the responsibility 'of
stepping beyond his official sphere, and risk
ing the concquences.
TinFE GHEAT FiREs.-Three very dis
-strous tires occurred in [s many different
cities, ol Satnrnlav, 27th tit. The fire in
Newv York, extemding from the Blowery to.
Div ision street, dest royedi eighteenl buildings,
which, wivh hithe other prolperty consulmed,
-vL--tao iim jrh ove 2100.000
In Phiilaidlphia, a fire ocereudestryingo
Barnum's Museum, and it is supposed tha~t
'aver 8:'.00.000) worth of property was swept
away. WVhat renders this calhnnity still hmore
serions, two colhored men wvere known to
ha~ve beeni killed. amnd several iremnen were
injure~d lby [lie falling of walls, and ii is al,.o
feared that thaere were sonme persons b~uried
in tihe ruins, whose boies have* not been
fiund. .5ir. l:dley, a very resipectable law
yer, was observedl in the vicinity~ of tile fire
just before the walils fell. and had not after
wards been seen:, up toi live o'clock, P'..M.
An[[othler tire in Uillhlo. burned a vast amounit
of pro perty-robiably $:200,000 worth. The
hardyv liremien in thme three cities had great
diitien ity in suibdn ing the spread ofi the
lam[es, in consequenCe of the intense cold.
.G A TIIE RI N GS.
hIron:TAYT ['it EUnoPE.--The telegraph
briongh~t us a despatch oni Saturdal:y mo~rniing,
afier our papePr had gone to press, :annionn~ue
ing that A nstria was prearcPuing for hos~tilities
An naidr-e~iimp, trom the Czar had arrivedl
at Pai to conigratutlate Louis Napoleon on
LE~isLATUIIE OF MARI.vAND.-Thell IA'g
islaintre of~ .aland wtill meet on WVednies
day, in :iecordmiee with the provision of~ thle
new conlst itultion). A long Sessin is anltici
aied, inaismnLeh as5 miany aets have to be
pimased to carry inito ehiect the directions of
lie consti ultioni.
A BT.AcIx E YE.-Wh lenever you get a black
eve by a E~l oan the ice, or fromn runnIjing
aiinst tl:e bedpost, apply the cloth 'wrnnig
ot of very war water,.'mid renew it un1til
the pinl eases. T1hie [moistntre antd heat
iuilies thei blood. nnd sendcs it back to the
proper channels. Use warma or hot, but
never cold water to the bruiise.
Hos. A. F. Owris. laute Consul alt Hlavana,
has arrived in WVashiingtoia city. It is expect
ed thatt lie will soon pli ush a defencie of his
conduct ina regard to the Cnhaii invasion.
THE nssembily of citizenis of liremien, in
Europe, has resolved to send, in tthe unme of
the city, a stonle wiith a sniiable inscripitiun
to thue'Washinugton Monument.
CoUNTERFEIT $20 pieces~ have made their
lpernice ini Cincinnati. Thiey are wvell ex
een ted and beair a fai-hful resemblance to the
eineil. In wveighit thley' are dletiicint.-AU
"nsta Const ituitionahist anud Republic.
DEA TII OF .IENNY LIxn's MoTHER.-.Ienny
Lnd has received intelligence of tile death
of' her mom her, and in consegniene, her cont
erts have hben abl. [donecd. It is suphposei
she will leave for honme in the next stenmer.
LIREnA i:h.IEQUET.-Nathaniiel WVest, who
died in Sailem on1 Friday last, bequeathed,
as e lea,-ni from the Salem Gazette, the
extesive property, known :is theO Derby
Wharf, mind the income of 2.5,000, to be ap
praprited to the suppilort of a school fur
instriction in Natingation.
gr A MAN tmade applientiotn a few days
sine, for inlsurance on a building situated in
: village wvhere was no fire engine. IA an
swer to thie question[, " wthat are thle ficil ies
foir extingnishiig fires !"he wvrote-"It, rains
TnE P'UBUC spirit of Tennesssee is far
thendl of thmat any other Southern State. It
expectedl that the Legislature, now in ses.
in. wvilh lend the aid of' the state, to the ex.
et of' $5,000,000 to $8,000,000, to rail-road
F. Mti.T.En, a young printer, died at Pitts
nrg, of head fever, cont racted by the prae
ice 01' nntimrli tye in his mouth.
Additional per Africa,
CHARLESTON, Jan. 2, 1852.
The Madrid (Spain) Gazette contains an
>flicial docnment from the Minister of For
-ign A fltirs, in reply to Mr. Webster's note,
in which he expresses :-atisfaetion at the tone
)f the note, and liberates all the American
risoners taken in the late Lopez expedition.
M. Labord was about leaving for New Or- g
leans, via Havana.
The Frankfort Diet, at the instigation of
Austria, has resolv-d on addressing a diplo. 9
matic note to the English Government, re
iuIesting the surrender of political refugees
residing in England.
To AMtND 'rnE LAW Im REILATION TO MANA
GEuis OF ELECTION.
Be it enaced by the Senate and House of
Representatives, now met and sitting in Gen
eral Assembly, and by the authority o' the e
same, That it shall be the duty of some one r
of the Managers of Elections, at each poll, V
to meet the Managers of Elections at the
Court House, or fllace appointed by law to
count the votes, as now or hereafter required
by laV; and should the managers of any
poll, wilfuliv neglect or refuse to have the
votes at that poll received. talcen to the Court
House, or place appointed by law to count
the votes, by soue one of them, and counted
according to law, each of the Managers at
snehi poll shall be subjeet to be indicted, and
on conviction, shall be fined at the discretion
of the Court, in a sum not exceeding twenty
WAslitrGroN, Dec. 30.
Kossuth is doomed to inevitable disap.
pointment in his wishes for the execution of
his requests by this Government. He will
be received here with cotnrtesy, kindness,and
respect: but it is not probable, at this mo
ment, that he will ever have his mneh'desired
opportunity to address his views, in person.
to Congress. No addreses are contemplited
in the progrlmme of his reception. The
Senate will not meet till next Friday.
Mr. Clay was said to be somewhat better,
yesterday. His resignation is to take effect
immediately, and his successor will be elected
by the Kentucky Legislaiture, this week.
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
1IAMBURG,.Jan. 6, 1851.
Ova Cotton Market is extremily dull thin
week-with very little doing. Quotations rang
ing- from 6. to 8 for fully Fair.
Provisions of all kinds are high with a good
Corn is selling fur $1,00 per bushel.
MARRID, on Wednesday morning, the 7th
inst., by Rev. W. B. Johnson, Mr. Rossar II.
SoULLIvAN and Miss MAaR V., necond diaughter
or Mr. G. L. Pcnn, all of this District.
[ The Printer's.fee was received in the shape
of serpral slices of very nice cake. If all our
-marrihige customerm had served us so, we would
hare had a cup-board full by this time. May Mr.
and Mrs. S's cup-board neve'r be enpty ! ]-E..
MARRIEsD, at Chiesntut Grove, Chester Din
triet, S. C., on. the 23'd Dee., by the: Rev. Mr.
71iner, Ue01.7 tKXWT- ITA RRIsoN, of . 31nCon
'Coutnty, Ala.. to Miss MaAR JANxx JOInsT-oY, of
the former place.
MARaIED, oin the 23.1 ult., by Rev. D. Bodlie,
Mr. E~DMUND IBoLarNs to Miss Euzasru Uila
as.s, aill o~f this District.
Os the 1st inst., by Recv. D. Bod~ie, Mr. D.
A. M. BL.ocK, of .\labama, to Miss Ez.zt
DF.R McD.AN:EL, of t111.4 DI.st riet.
Os the 23d1 uit , by R.e-v. W. Walker, Mr.
W. S. .\rcussos and Mi.q EMxA VIr ams:A En
ixw'o, all of Atbbevitll Di~srict.
Ox the 29thi ult., by W. Truit, Esq., Mr. M.
V. A. JTAcons ant Miss EUZA BANSs, all Abbr
Ox the 25th tilt., by C. Attaw'ay, Esq., Mr.
Sinwos .\-.swav and Miss \tL1uNDA TaO-rra,
alt of this iDistrict.
ON the 4th inst., by S. Blroadlwater, Es~q., Mr.
E. IR. Drou-r-ris to Miss FaANcas KING, alt of
Tnix follo.wing persons have paid up to the
time aflixced to their inamenS:
.Jotin E Ilarrisun, to 7thi October 1852.
lii H ti1lt, iito h-Fbruairy '32.
Ifoni John Smith, to 6th Nov '52.
Jaimes Perry, to 20th Sep~t '32.
D)aietl Simithi, to 6th Nov '52.
D~r J1 Grahamui, to 2.d Nov '32.
Dr W W Geiger, to 8th Feb '53.
Enmlekl Cord. r, to 6th Nov '52.
G W Nixon, toi 21st July '52.
Johin W Mathiis, to 18th Sept '52.
J D) Treadwell, Esq., to l13th Nov '52.
.Johin Jom-is, to 28th .\lay '52.
Jack lomes, to) 28th Nov '52.
Win Walrumn, to 28th .July '52.
Johni 1I.Cosby, to 1st Jan '53. -
D) losonbake, to 6th F'eb '53.
Wim Bouknight, to 25th Oct '52.
James Henderson, to 11ith March '52.
]ienj Stith, to 6th March '53.
Joseph Recarden, to Sth Feb ''53.
Miss Mary F. Williams, to 6th Feb '52.
,loel Swearengin, to 6th Nov '52.
J R Breare, to1 21st Aug '52.
Mrs Susan Cloud, to 3d July '52.
Rlobt Kenny, Es-q., to 1st Jan '53.
Simeon Dinkins, to 6th Marcha '53.
James U Harris, to 10th July '52.
Col R G M Dunovant, to 9th Aug '52.
]Benj Stevens, to 25th March '52.
Benj Roper, to 1st Jan '52.
.Josepjh Oriffi, to 2.1 Jan '52.
Beinj Conolly, to 4th Oct '52.
D 0 tlunghes, to 9th Jan '53.
Geo Ke-rshaw, to 1 2th Dec '52.
Win K Seigler, to 1st Jan '53.
L M Keirt, Esq., to 25th Dee '52.
John Jenkins, to 25th D)ee '52.
James Patterson, to 1st Jan '53.
James B Horn, to 15th Nov '52.
J. D. S. Livingston, to 23d1 Jan '53.
Butler Lodge, No. 17 L. 0 0. F.
ARuarmeeting of ths Lodge
wiflbelheld on Mondlay evening next
Sat 7 oeloek.
'A. G. TEAGUTE, Scc'y.
Dec 2-. 185 t-f 4
IEW BOOT SHOE FACTORY I
(Next door to SULLIVAN & BR'TnER.)
H ERE may be had BOOTS 4. SHOES
of all descriptions, made of the
y the BEST WORKMEN I
A large Stock of Home made Plantation Bro
rins of the best quality. Planters are invited to
xamine them -
Upper, Soler iarnesa and Belt Leather upon
nod terms for eliAr.
Mr. J. D. TrE', the Foreman of this
stablishment; will fl all orders for materiali
nl execute all orders for work with deupatelf.
R. T. MIMtS, Proprietor. '
Jan8 ti, 51
F'HE Undersigned having forrhed aCo-Part
nership for the purpose of conducting thez
bore business, at the ol stand of Joni-C -
aN, next door to Messrs. Wi.uaus &-Cna. .
espectfully solicit the patronage of their frie
nl the publie generally.
The best quality of Goods kept constantly on
mad, and made up in the neatest and mst faih
COLGAN & LEGG.
Jan 85 . :.5r:
LL Persons indt bted to me either by. note
or open account, are for the lost time,
olicited through this mediun to call and liqui
late the claims I hold against them. Settlemeits'
iot nmade by return day for March Court, will
,e handed out for collection.
Jan 8 5t 51
TTHE Partnership exisAting between W. 13
nIRANXON & NI. W. CoUExaN, in -the firm
of Brannon & Coleman, is this day dissolved by
mutual consent, anl M. W. Coleman will attmnd
to the winding up the affhirs of. the late firm.
W. B. BRANNON.
M. W. COLEM&N.
Hamburg, Dee 30, 1851
HE Subscriber will continue the Ware
HIlousse & Conaaission Busi
sness, at the stand ~of the late 'frm, and will
ive his entire attention to the inter'est f tbose
who may favor him with business. Ad hope by
promptness and an exertion to please,- thef he
will merit a share of the patronage of the late
rirm. The Books of the late firm arein iny
landas for liquidation.
M. W. COLEMAN.
Dee 341, 1851 Im 51
BY permission of John H[ill, Esq.,.Ordinary
I of Elgefielil Distriet, I shall proceed to
mel1 on Wedneitday the 21st of January inst.,
nt the late residenee of Mitainchi Brunson, dec'd.,
all the personal property of said .eeased, con
About four hunIdred bushels Corn, a quntity of
Fodder, Oats, Pens, One Carriage and Uarnems,
One Buggy and HarnessSjock of Horses. Hog,
Cattle, Plantation and Blaeksmiths Tools. Uouse
hold. and Kitchen Furniture, and other. articles
tOO tdlious to mentian.
The above property will be sold on, a erdit
until the 25th of Dcembetenext. .Notenrwith
two approved sureties will be requuired - of the
:T sale to commenee at the usual lour.
R. P. BRUNSON, Adm'r.
Jan 7 Ste 51 .5
Bi:.irtue or an Ord-r from John 1ill; REq.;
LiOrdinary of Edlgefieldl District, we will
proceedl to sell at -the hate' residence of Elisha
lBarr.mnton, dee'd., on Wedneidaly the 2Rth inst.
all the real and persemal property -of said .1e
e.-ased, consisting of one tract of Land contain
inc three hundred aeres, more or less. Also,
all the personal ~property, consistine of Corn,
Foohder, Cotton Sted. Baeon, Hlorses, One Yoke
of Oxen. Cattle, Stock Hogs, Household andI
Kitehen Furniture, Blneksmiiths Toole, &c.
Txas-AII sums unuder 8.. ensh-all over
thaot amount, on n credit until the 25th of De
A. & W..BARRIONTON, Ex'rs.
Jan 6 St* 51
ALOT of FR ESH G ARDEN SEEDS,
" " Irish Potatoes,
A fine lot of Hlollow or Poi Ware, which will
be sold very low for cash or punctual buvers.
.Tan 6 tf 51
T IE Subscriber informs ihet public that lie is
Iprepared to furnish L UMBER at is Mill,
at the rollow~lung prcs viz:
Best l.umbe~r............75 eta pr hun'd.
Refuse and Rough Edge,... 37k ""
JIOS. A. ADDISON.
Jan 7 ____t 51
At tent ion !
, Lpersons indebted to the estate of John
S AUner, dee'dl., are requested to make
inunediate payment, and those having demands
against said estate will present thema properly
G. J. ANDERSON, Adlm'r.
Jan 8$ 2t* 51
T IS is to notify all Persons that gave their
INotes to Robt. McCullongh, for the hire of
Negroes or for property bought at his sale, that
said Notes are in the hands of Samuel Brooks,
at Edgefield C. 11., who has positive orders to
sue all that remain unpaid-after the 10th day of
Jan 8 . 4t 51
LL ~T Persons indebted to the Estate -of Mil
ton Perkins, dee'ol., are requested to make
mmedliate. payme~nt, and all those having aipy
lemands aainst said estate -will present them
FELIX RODGERS, Ex'or.
Jan 0 1y 51
A LL, persons indebted to the estate of Hlenry
C.F. Freenman, dee'd., will come forward
immediately and make payment and those lhar
ing demands will render thenm in properly at
tested. J. 11. JENNINGS, Ex'or.
Jn3 ly 51
A LL1 those indebted to the estate of James
LT'.F. Grisham, dee'., are requested to make
payment forthwith, and those having demanuds
till present them prdlperly attested.
J. A. TALBERT, Ex'or.
Jan 8 5t - 51
GO CA RRIAGE and a pair of irel
A brOke MAC.HORSES. e
W. P. BUTLER.
Jani- tf - 50)
[FjOR the ensning year, a small dO'TG
Lnow accupied by Mir. R.~ S
ncc tfi 46