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EDi EF D E IER
- 3rmocratic -ottax, uebotet to Sotuttjern ifats, N1etus isolitte geeral Kuteil gence, Afiterattt
"We will cling to the Pdlara of the Temple of our eZrties, and if it must fall, we will Porish amidst the RuinS.
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S.., F.BRUARY 5,1852..O
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ft IR0n C0 115.
Romance of Real Life.
THE BEGGAR'S DAUIGTERt.
The intelligent Paris correspondent of
the St. Louis Republican, gives us the
following sprightly sketch of a new ne
tress, Who is about to make her debut in
Paris, and who is creating an immense
sensation beforeh:md, on nccount of her
beauty and accomplishmnents.
The lady is about tl:irtv years or age,
but her lire has already been varied
enough to suit the most greedy romatncer.
First. abantdoned by her mother in the
streets of Paris, she begged her bread
from door to door. and slept wherever
she could find a shelter, until by force of
begging and economising, she purchased
an (Ad second-handed guitar, and with
that she went about singing half a1 dozen
of the most popular songs, in every court.
yard of the great city. Her youth, for
she was only thirteen years of age, and
countenancu.. favored her greatly, and
sous ad often silver pieces fell in sho-w
ers at her feet wherever she sang. She
had a snall room in the sixth story of a
house in one of (lie mo-.t popular qnuar
ters of the city ; and there she lived
quietly alone, coming hotme as snotn as it
was daork, and going out early inl the
morning to follow her buiness.. One
eveningt, about six ntonah< after site co:ii.
menleed the str.et singilg, 4he was sitling
in her little room, studyving ver the words
of a new song, when sie thought she
heard a groan in the next room to her.
She did not knowv her neighbors at all,
in eed had never seen either, but she got
up and went out, and knocked at the
door of the ront from whence site now
distinctly heard the groans repeaited.
There was no answer. The little girl
ran to the stairs and called for help, but
few people pay any attention to cries that
came from the sixth story, and the child
waited in vain for sotic otne to come.
When she found she was not heard, site
returned to the door, and turning the
knob found that it yielded, and a mtomenit
after sihe was in the room, hut in cottplete
darkntess. She ran back to her own rootm,
got a light, and re'turne~d, wvhen a sight
met her eyes, such as ever, she, who was
accustomed to misery, hatd never seen.
The oder of the room in the first plice
was ralmost insupportable ; piles of rotten
vegetables and o11ld onles lay promiscu
onsly strewn about the floor, and in one
corner ott a band of damp straw, lay an
old wtoman groatning inl pain. Th'e child
wvent to lter and spoke to her, whereuponl
the old hag started as if she had been
bitten, but immediately turned her face
to the wall again. TIhe little girl thitnk
ing she was very ill, left the room and
went herself for a doctor ; he came, and
disgusted with the appearance of tihe
room and oderT, declared he could do
nothing until the patient w'as removed to
a better place; but the old wvoman swore
she would die wvhere sihe wasi, and all re
monstrances were vain. The doctor,
therefore, prescribed as well as he could,
hut the next day tihe old woman died ; btt
before her death she questioned the little
girl about her former life, andl finally re
vealed to her thtat she was watching over
the death-bed of bior own mother: and
that site had amassedi a small sutm of
money, which her daughter would find
itn the strawv. After the old woman's
body was takent from the house, accord
ingly, the young girl searched, atnd found
an old petticoat; in which was found no
less a sum than 8,000 franles, in gold and
silver. All this the old wvoman had got
by begging and by picking atnd search
ing int the streets. Hecr danghter, Uponl
fiding herself possessor of such a for
tutne, placed the greater portioni of it in
the savings' bank, and thenl placed her
self in a goodi boarding school, where her
intelligence soon1 developed itself, and at
sevenlteen years of age sihe was the mtost
accomplished, anld by far the most beau
tiful girl in the school.
It had always been her inltenltionl, when
sihe hiad finished her edlucationl, to go on
~the stgbut at a soiree given by the mis.
tress of the school, a young gentleman.
the son of a General of the empire, who
had left him the title of baron and a large
fortune, saw our heroine, fell in love with
her, and soon after married her. For the
first two or three years nothing occurred
to disturb their union ; but suddenly the
young wife, who had hitherto shown her- I
self amiable, tender, and devoted, chang- i
ed entireiy. Her spirits became unequal
and she no longer seemed satisfied with
the quiet happiness of her home. Arrived
at that stage of her youth, at the age
when all the forces develop themselves,
her unsettled and ardent nature struggled t
geatl y against her good instinct. She C
showed an inclination for coqnetting, and r
the passion for gambling seired upon her r
with unenntrollable violence. Her his- i
hand suffered and trembled in silence. I
With that weakness very common to e
tender hearts, he had becoie a econla- :
ry personage in his house, and could not f
now regain the power he had so quietly L
givenm ill). Madmne - had already C
lost large sumis at cards, and had secret- c
ly sold her diamonds and replaced them 1
by false stones.
The poor husband regretted not having
authority enough to bring about a reform, it
and stop the desperate course of his wilfe. V
He would have given a great deal to lead
a peaceful existence in the country, but a
he knew that at the first words any such
proposition would have been firmly ob- '
jected to. His perplexity was very great b
when a good idea camte into his head. q
Ainmong the saloons of the elegant
world where gamniliing vas allowed, there c
was one more dangerons than the others, h
becate the worse sort of gimblinig was;5
permfitted and a very mixed societ~y re
ce ived. Mr. X. consented to allow him- e
self and his wife presented to the gentle.
urman ofl this house, and he marched reso- u
h1itely into the abyss. Madame soon
placed herself at a card table, and imme- a
diately a middle-aged gentleman came t(
and pl.ced himself opposite her. They C
played, and At the first round the gentle- It
mlan won a hundred louis, and soon the t!
losses of the beautiful gamestress amount
ed to twent y thousand francs.
Shall we double ?" asked her partner. n
Z oo, wnu,)1Lig tlrjpi- s<
serve her calnness. te
She lUt again, and her adversary ask- e<
" Shall we doihle?" rc
This continuem'd question, and the un
luckv issuie of the game w:s repeated h
several titmes. Frightened at first, Mad- I<
ame X. thoight at last that her partner a
was a very gallant man, ho wanited to ti
le:1 her on to acquit her debt at a single 01
blow by jIlaying until the luck should
banBge. liut when the debt amounted m
to a hundred thousand crowns the gentle- ic
manm arose, excused himself, and said : al
" We will stop now, Madame, if you a,
polease ; you owe me three hundred thou- r<
This announcement caused a great ex
eitenient in the saloon, and Madame X. fl
retired with despair inl her heart. For.he a
first time she was afraid of her husband.
However, the terrible confession must be y
made to him: she made it, pale, tremn- it
bling, and onl her knees.
iise, my love," said her husband, in)
a sad hut idfeetionate tone. " It is a ti
misfortume which cannot now.be helped. I c
W~e must pay3 the debt. We shall hie u
nearly ruined, but y-our honor will be k
TIhe creditor- arrived soon afterwarde, ri
anid Mr. X. w~ent with him to his notary. a
On his return lhe said to his wtife: hb
"All tha~t remains to us now is my
little domnain in Auergne. 1 am well
content myself there, but it wtill be a
gloomy ab'ode f'or you, and that is what
af H iets mue.''
Tlouched by such exquisite~ kindness, ti
Madame X. set ont for the country with- hi
out regretting Paris andl her disastrous
pleasures. After so much excitement, a
country life seemed dhelighitful to her.
Ten eaidrs passed away, and Madame b
Xsadto her husband one day, that they
had been the happiest years of her life ; is
andl that nothing w~ould disturb her peace,
if it was not for- the thought of the large
sum of money she had made him pay. y
"Console yourself," replied the hus
band ; " our economies wtould have more h I
than repaid your loss; "but you lost
nothing, and onr fortune is nowv doubled.
T1he gentleman who played with you is
one of my friends, who played on my b
The joy of the wife wvas extreme, and I
they soon afterwards returned to Paris,
But Mr. X. wvas induced to endorse for i
several friends, and in two short years he
lost all that lhe w"as worth, His wife is '1
now going on the stage to try and repair
the losses of liar husband. I leave it to |
you if her life has not been varied enough.'i
Ax honest old lady in the country,
when told of her husband's death, ex
claimed : " Well, I do declare our troubles'a
never come alone! It aint a woeok since
I lost my best lhen, and now Mr. Hooper
has gone too, poor nmani !"
GOOD L.aw.-A law among the Arabs,r
permits a man to divorce any of his w~ivest
who do not make good bread. Did such 4
Ia lawv exist here thme number of divorces I
we f.ar wouldie uamut..le.
Guilty, But Drunk I
Not a few of our readers, West in
South, who had the pleasure of an int
ite acquaintance with Dan Marbi
ivill recognize the irresistable story LI
Ised to " tell" of the stolen spoons an
he Georgia Tudge. Col. Bradbury, u
)elieve, once dressed up the joke and a(
t a going, and partially in that gnise w
rive it a place in the annals of the con
"Many years ago, while the State
Jeorgia was yet in its fancy, an eccer
ric creature named Brown, was one <
lie Circuit Judges. He was a man (
oansiderable ability, of inflexible inteo
ity, and much beloved and respected b
LlI te legal profession, but he had oi
m1!t. Hlis social qul:!ities would lea
lin, despite his judgment, into frequei
xcesses. In travelling the Circuit it w,
is alm1ost invarialble habit the night b(
re opening the Court to get " comforta
ly corned," by means of appliance
omn111101 upon such occasions. If h
ouldn't succeed while operating upoi
is own hook, the gentlemuen of the Ia%
could generally turn and help him.
"It was in the spr:ng of the year, tak
ig his wife-a model of a woman in he
may-in the old-fashioned, but stron.
carry-all," he journeyed sonic fort;
iiles. and reached the village where thi
court" was to be opened next diaty. I
'as along in tie evening of Sunday tha
0 arrived at the place, and took up hi
unrters with a relation of his " better
aig," b whom the presence of the offi
ial dignitary was considered a singulai
onor. After supper Judge Browi
rolled over to the only tavern in thi
>wn. where he found n ym v old friends
ailed to the place, like hi:n14elfr, on ink
ortant professional bune:css, and wht
-ere proper glId to mieet him.
Geitle:nen, said the judge, 'tis quit<
long time since we enjoyed a glas!
1gether-ltt us take a horn all around
If course, Sterrit, (:ddr'ssing the land.
rd,) you have hetter liquor than you hac
e last time we were here- the stuif
nu had thein was not lit to giv:e a dog
Sterri:t, who lad charge of the house
they went to wo. It i.4 unnecessaN
enlarge upon a drioking spree in z
)uhltry tavern-itf will quite answer om
irpose to state that somewhere in tic
gion of midniiglt the Judge wended li;
ry deviois way towards his temporary
mIe. About the time he was leaving,
)wever, some young barristers, fond w|
practicel joke, and not much afraid ol
e bencl, transferred all the silver spoom,
Sterrilt to the Judge's pocket.
It was eight o'clock on Monday
orning that the Judge rose. liavingu
dulged in thr- process of' ablution and
>stersion, and partaken of a cheerful
id refreshing breakfaist, he wentit to hi:
>omn to prepare himself for the duties
r the day.
"Well, Polly, s:aid he to his wife, I
el much better thai I expected to fee
rter that frolic of last night.
"Ah, Judge, said she, reproachfully
ou are getting too old-you ought te
ave ofi' that busineess now.
Al, Polly, what's the use of Lalking
It was at this precise instant of time
eat tile Judge, having put on his over
oat, was proceeding, ac.cordin.g to hi.
sual custom, to give his wvif'e a partinll
iss, that he happened, in thrusting hi
and into his pocket, to lay hol of Ster.
It's spoonis. Hie pulled thenm out. WitI
n expression of horror almost indescri
aible, he exclaimed
" My God! !Polly !
" What on earth's thbe matter, Judgei
" Just look at these speoons.
" Dear me, where'd you get them ?
"Get theni Don't you see the i
als on them ?-extending them toward
er-I stole them!
" Stole thenm, Judge ?
"Yes, stole themu!
' My dear husband, it can't be possi
"From Sterritt, over there-his nanm
" Good heavens! how conld ithappeni
"1 know ver'y well, Polly-I wa
erv drunk when I camne home, wasn't I
W~hy, Judge, you know your ohb
abit when you get among those law~yerc
"But 1 was very dirunk
"Yes, you was."
"Was I remarkably so when I go
onme, Mrs. Brown C'
" Yes, Judge, drunk as a fool, ami
art~y times as stupid."
"1I thought so, said the Judge, droppin,
mto a chair in extreme despondency
new it would come to that at last.
ave alwvays thought that something
vould happen to me-that I should di
omething v'ery wrong-kill somebod;
a a moment of passion, perhaps-but
ever imagined that I should be mcal
nough to be guilty of deliberate larcen2
"But there must be seine mistakt
"No mistake, Polly. 1 knew ven
ell howv it came about. That fellod~
territt, keeps the meanest sort of liquoi
nd always did-liquor mecan enough t
nake a man do any sort of a mn
hing. I leave always said it was mn
enough to make a man steal, anid now
cve a practical illtustratione of the faic
sid the old mcan burst into tears.
"Don't be a hlld, said his wife, wip
d away the tears,go, like a man, over
i. Sterritt, tell himdit was a little bit o:
1, frolic-pass it off as a joke-go :
e open court, and-nobody will ever thi
d of itagain.- i
e "A little of the soothing system o
t rated-upon th. Judge, as such thh
e usually do, his ektrene mortification v
I. finally subdued ,:nd over to Sterritt's
went, with a tolerable face. Of con
If he had but little'difficulty in settling w
him ; for aside Irom the fact that
f Judge's integritywas unquestionable,
if had an inkling of the joke that had Nc
"Judge Bro, proceeded to cot
e and took his sea but -poons and 1
liquor-bad liqidbr and spoons-liqn
t! Sp1ons drnk, larceny, and Jud
s Brown, was so mixed up in his " worshi
bewildered head,R that he felt awful pr
if he did not look so. In fact, the Jud
s felt cut down, q04 his usual self-posse
c ed nianner of diiposing of business,I
diction and deeisions were not wl
r Brown had beencoted for.
"Several daysi had paseed away, a
- the business of *0 court was drawi
r towards a closellien one morning,
r rough looking s.* of a customer, "
- arraigned on a clire of stealing. Af
the clerk had reA the indictment to hi
t lie put the usual iestio:
t "Guilty or no uilt r'
i Guilty, but jrunk," answered t
What's that lea ?" exclaimed t
Judge, who wa ialf dozing upon t
" e plead s iltv, but says he w
drunk, replied til lerk.
" What's the e rge against the mal
"He is indictedr grand larceny.
V"What's the cae I'
"May it pleas your honor, said f
idisecutin atto ,the man is regult
lyndited for s ng a large sum fro
tle Colnmbus H A.
" He is, ehi ? *e pleads
LIle pleads g , but drunk.
"The Judge .not*fully aroused.
"Guilty, bi Tha *4 a
certain you were nk!
" Yes, sir.
Where did you get your liquor?
Did you got none nowhere elFe ?
" Ton got druink on hii liquor, ai
afterwards stole his money I
" Yes, sir.
"Mr. Prosecentor, said the Judge,
ie the favor to enter a nolle prosequi
that man's case. The liqnor of Sterriti
is menI enough to make a man do an
thing dirty. I got drunk on it the oth
day mnje!J. and stole all Sterritj's spoo
-release the prixoncr, Mr. Sherir'
adjourn the Court.-Falconbridge's Lil
A.in Io: PITAidTY.-We boast dov
in Carolina a great deal of our "Soul
en liosp~itality," and not without reasc
for in no portion of the Union, and
fe wV countries, we imagine, is hospit di
more regarded than at the South, but t
Arahs ont do us.
A well known Arabian horse steal
once related as follows, what had bef.
len him in the desert:
"I once, as I was astray in the dese
came to a ti-ibe of Bedouins. Theyi
eeivedi me with great hospitality, al
killed a camel every day on my acconi
Spr-ayed them not to pumt themselves
sneh inconvecnience, but to let ine depa
Still they would not suffer me to go, al
every day they killed a camel. A t lena
one day I got ani opportunity, drove oti
fleet camel, mounted it, and wvent aw
with all speed. The owner who saw
- oing off with his camel, mounted a
pursued me. When he had brought
hack, he pointed to a snake that was lyil
in the sand.
"Seest thou," lie said, "the tail of ti
snake there ? I will hit it with this
row." ie shot, and the arrow piere
"And with this arrowv," said lie as
dlrewi forth a second, " I will hit his heam
HeT shot the snake's head in too.
I" Th'lou seest now," said he, " wiithi t
I third arrowv I should not miss thy brea
,and thou dost deserve it for rewardi
our hospitality with flight and robber
but since thou art our guest, go hence
t God's name, and choose twventy cam<
miore to take with thee."
" MY YoU~o FRIEND," said a minisi
to a boy at a camp-meeting, " do y
ever think of a future state ?"
" No, I never meddle with St4-ite affai
thoughi brother John is a polititioner."
"Do you ever think of dying ?"
" No-but I guess our Sally (lid whi
she had the measles, for she turned
sorts o' colors."
" Whol~se boy are you 1"
" When any body axes you that, t
'em you don't know."
Smart boy, that,-but unfortunately
was a litli too smart.
" SEE THIERE 1" exclaimed a return
u [rish soldier to a gaping crowd, as
' exhibited with some pride his tell-tale h
i with a bullet-hole in it,-" Look at tI
I hole, will yout You see that if it bi
h een a lowv crowned hat, I should hr
be-en killed out-right.!"
ing PLEASURES OF CONTENTxBNT.--I have
to a rich neighbor that is always so busy,
r a that he has no leisure to laugh: the whole
Lnd business of his life is to get money, and
ink more money, that he may still get more
and more money. He is still druging on,
pe. saying that Solomon says-"I'The dlii
igs gent hand maketh rich." And it is true, -
as indeed: but he considers not that it is
he not in the power of riches to make a man
rse happy, for it was wisely said by a man of
ith great observation, " that there be as many
ti miseries beyond richecs, as on this side of
he them." And yet God deliver us from ,
en pinching poverty, and grant that having 5
a competency, we may be content and
rt, thankful. Let us not repine, or so much t
ad as think the gifts of God unequally dealt,
or, if we see another abound with riches,
go when as God knows, the cares that are
p's the keys that keep those riches, hang.
le, often so heavily at the rich man's girdle, i
ge that they clog him with weary days nd
ss. re tiess nights, even when others sleep t
Is quictly. We see but the outside of the i
iat rich man's happiness; few consider 1im i
to be like the silk.worm, that, when he 0
nd seems to play, is at the very same time
og spinning her own bowels, and consuming
a herself And this many rich men do
as loading themselves with corroding cares,
;or to keep what they have already got. Let
in, us, therefore, lie thankful for health and
competence, and above all, for a quiet
Tim E TFEcTs OF Vinr.--It is the b
l1e peculiar property of virtue to make man's
lie chief happiness arise from himself amd
hik own conduct. A bad man is wholly
as the creature of the world. le hangs L
upon favor, lives oi smiles, and is happy
I? or miscrable, in proportion to his success. P
But to a virtuous man success in worldly e
undertakings is but a secondary object. b
de To discharge his own part with integrity c
.r. and honor, is his chief aim. If he has c
m done properly what was incumbent upon
him to do, his mind is at rest, to Provi- ti
dence lie leaves the event. His witness 0o
is in heaven, and his record is on high, ti
satisfied with the approbation of God and
thle tetim nf 4 was
of guilt. In proportion as such nanlyl d
principles rule your heart, you will he
come independent of the world, and for
bear complaining of its discouragements.
It is the imperfection of your virtue,
id which occasions you to be weary in well. ti
(ing. It is because your heart remain r
divided between God and the world that I
1n you are so often discontented-partly v
i seeking your happiness from snmething I
's that is repugnant to your duty. Study to a
y. be more consistent in principle, and more h
er uniform in practice, and your peace will a
r be more unbroken. is
'. A FAIrn OpFn.-Doctor Franklin, it
is said, once made the following offer to
a young man :-" Make a full estimate at
h. of all you owe and that is owing to you. s
n, As fast as you collect, pay over to those P
in you owe. If you cannot, renew your A
iv noto every year, and get the best security s
bme you can; go to business diligently and lie in
industrious; waste no idle moment; be i
er very economical in all things; discard all .
d- pride; be faithful in your duty to God; f.
be regular and hearty in prayer morning p
rt, and night; attend church and meeting
e- eglarevrySunday, and dountoal
idmen as you would they should do unto
it. you. If you are too needy in circum- a
to stances to give to the poor, do whatever t~
rt, else is in your power for them cheerfully. e
id Pursue this course diligently and sincere- ti
th ly for seven years, and if you are not u
a happy, comfortable and independent in b
iy your circumstances, come to me and I r
no will pay your debts." Younig people, a
id try it!
"P,.AEoSr dpap your knife
at " Certainly, my son, here it is.' s
L.. Youth retires with the knife ; and re- c
ed turns in about an hour.e
" Please, sir, here's your knife; pap- d
he py's done with it." C
in " I should think lie was. Why, what
'the devil has lie been doing with it? I t
be thought lie wanted it to make a pen ?"
at ".So he did-but I forgot to say it wasa
a pig peni."
" Exit youth a little in advance of an C
in old boot.,i
BETTER to ho upright with poverty a
than depraved with an abundance. Hie s
or whose virtue exceeds his talents, is the o
u good man, he wvhose talents excoeds his
virtue, is the moan one. t
irs A MINIsTER at a camp-meeting Eaid, t
" If the young lady with the blue hat, t
red hair, and cross eyes, don't stop talk-, a
Ci" ing she will be pointed out to the con- c
gregationi." . b
GOOD Anvc.-ln marriage prefer -
ol the person before wealth, virtue before ~
heauty, and the mind before the face, a
he then you have a friend and companion. e
A xr~nniR of the lazy society, feeling '
ed a fly alight on his joly red nose, instead ~
le of brushing it off, petitioned Congress to C
ahave the insect removed.r
at "I hAD rather inot take a horn with ~
ad 3-eu," said the loafer to the bull; but he t4
ve insisted upon treating him to twvo, and the ',
loa fer ot quite higrh n
What Constitutes Citizenship t
We publish in our columns to-day, an ar
icle which will well repay perusal, on the
luestion" What Constitutes Citizenship ?"
e are reminded of a declared intention on
or part, to present some views on the sub
eet whether colored persons are citizens
vithin the meaning of the clause, " The citi
;ens of each State shall be entitled to equal
irivileges and immunities of citizens of the
At the time of the adoption of the Con
titution, there were various classes of per
ons--whites, Indians, slaves-each of whiLch
ras recognized as distinct. In the Consti
ution they are designated respectively as
citizens," " free persons," " Indians," and
From this speciality and difference in des
Ination it is perfectly evident that the fra
ters of the Constitution intended to confine
lie term citizen to a portion only of those
ahabitants of the United States. It will be
uirther evident, from contemporaneous Acts
f Congress, and from the language of
arious State Constitutions, that colored per
ons and Itdians were intended to be ex
luded from the designation. The first legi
ition under the clause of the Constitution
rhich directs Congress to "establish a uni
rin rule of naturalization," took place in
790. This language is used in the Act:
Any alien, being a free white person, may
ecome a citizen, by complying with the re
irements hereinafter named." In the law i
f 1795, it ik declared: " A free white person
ay become a citizen." The Acts of 1798,
302, 1813, and 182.1, continue the same
iraseolegy. Although any white person
>ming from abroad can be made a citizen
V the process of naturalization, a black one
mnot-a distinction founded wholly on v
The laws relating to the transportation of I
ie mail, and the management of the post t
lices, exclude blacks from the right to par
cipate in this privilege; a distinction of the
111tMsof t1M -Unlohi, minatied the smec
stinction. Delaware, Maryland, Connecti
it, Virginia, South Carolina, Ohio, Louis
na, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, Indiana,
id Rhode I.4mnd, each had clauses confining I
ie privilege of the franchise, or of being
-presentatives, to whites. New York in
er Cnnstitu.ion, nmakcs a distinction between
bitesand bl:tck<, but in a different form.
i the recent Constitution of Indiana. blacks
y excluded from the rihlt to settle within
er linmits. A distinction egnallv evident
ad severe, is maintained in Acts of the Leg- I
lature of variou4 States, foirbidding inter
arriages between the two cksses, and pre
nting the enjoyment of various " privileges
id immunities' on the part of colored per
mns, which are common to the whites. These
oceedings on the part of States, and these
ets of Congress and of Legislatures, con
itute a most imposing interpretation of the 4
caning of the clause referred to; but yet it I
contended that a native born colored per
mn is a citizen, although born of colored a
reign parents who could not. under our e
ws, become natnralized. If this is so, all r
mese clauses of State constitutions and 'I
ese several acts are void. In a previous n
-ticle the decision made by the highest legal ~
ibunal in this State, that Indians were ttot
tizens, was referred to. They stand on
eo same grounrd as free colored persotns;
ithm thtis difference, that they have always
een free, whereas thte blacks were imported
om Africa as slaves, and at the time of the
loption of the Constitution they existed.as
ichi in twelve of the then thirteen States of
mis Union. Like decisions have been tnade I
iother States, and the Courts oIf Tennes
30 have decided that free blacks are not
tizens. The State of Connecticut, in the
lebrated case brought by her against Pru
ance Crandall, made, through the Supreme I
ouirt, a like decision. Indeed all the judi- E
alh decisions are in perfect harmony with ~
te grave and coneimtsivc interpretations pre
moted in Ithe action of Congress, of Sates,
id of Legislatures. They just~ify the do
arat ion that free colored person.a were not
tended to be designated under the terme
'itizen, a title which embraces, only whites,
rid was substituted for that of subject,a:s
aown by our correspondcnt, when we threwv
m our allegiance to the British Crown.
In construing the Constitution of the ~
'nited States, the circumstances existing at
me time, the precedlig history, and the con
tmporaneous constructlon puit bn it by its
athors, are all to be considered. They are
)nelusive against the exttraordinary claim
ut recently made in relationl to the citizen- r
lip of blacks. The action of nearly every I
tate in the Union has been equally conclu-.
ye. That action has been untiform and
tnatant in a direction against their claim.
'he friends of the claim involvo themselves
I this dilemma; that the framers of the
onstitution, who limited to citizens the
ght to becomo President of the United
tates, or a Senator in Congress--yet in-* s
muded that the office should be held by one
-o, under Stato laws, was debarred from
ries, who could not fill any public office, who
could not, except under special laws, 'take
land by descent, who could not vote, who
could not- become a Legislator, who could -
not pass from one State into another, who
in society was looked upon as of a degraded -
aste, and who might be held as a slave.
The error is too clear to need any labored
The right of South Carolina to pass her
Exclusion Act, applicable to negroes, is un
questioned, if they are not Citizens. We
ittempted to show in a previous article, that
her right existed, whether they were eltizins
)r not; in as much as its exercise was fairly
)f the character of a police regulation, neces.
ary for her safety in a matter in which she
vas the sole judge, and that it was unfriend
y to disturb her in a regulation adopted for
ier sifety.-N. Y. Journal Commerce.
R.STRICTIOYS oN CoDIEXRcE.-"Why,"
iaid Patrick Henry, "should we fetter
If a man is in chains, he stoops and
>ows to the earth, for his spirits are bro
ten and he looks sorrowfully to his feet.
But let him twist the fetters from his limbs,
nd he will stand erect, and assume alook
>f proud defiance. Fetter not commerce
,et her be as free as air-she will range
he whole creation, and return oi the
vings of the four winds of heaven to bless
he land with plenty. -
The fetters which the ilustrious orator
leprecated are now known as tariffs, and
r the Administriion now in power had
ts way, trade instead of being free and
inshackled, would be laden with prohi
aitions and restrictions, like a prisoner
iorne down with chains.
OTUA(; ox Tm A ac.Riax FLAC.
['he schooner Midas, Capt. Hagerdorn,
rrived ut this port on Saturday, from I io
le Janeiro, with a cargo of Cofl'ee.
Vhile sailing along the Brazillian coast,
he schooner was overhauled by a Spanish
aan-of-war. 'The schooner was searched
Ad detained for some time by t.heSpan
ards, who finding no-idn -et a r -
- . eer-lo
.ft her he fired a shot across the schoon.
r's stern.-Savannah News.
Tur Philadelphia Ledger publishes a
tter from Sidney, N. S. V., under (late
if August 10, whieh tells-some of the
aost startling stories to be found in the
pistulary chronicles of California. The
nines recently discovered at Bathurst, in
mint of riciness, infinitely surpass those
if the American El Dorado, according to
lie writer: in proof of which he men
ions the fact that it has produced the
argest solid lump ever seen-a piece
reiglhing 100 pounds. It is valued at
2,160 10s.-that is nearly $21,000.
DI:s.PATI UN PArin-Mxtur.-Few
rts have been more improved than this,
6 they will acknowledge who have read
descripion of the old mode, and coni
ared the present to it. The Louisville
Courier," of a late date, relates a re
irkahle iistance of despatch. "At
aIlf-past fire o'clock last evening," it
ays, "the paper on which this morning's
dition of the " Courier" is printed was
ags in Mr. Isaac Cromie's paper mill.
1he rags were soon converted into the
rticle we ordered, at fifteen minutes be.
re eight o'clock the paper was deliver
d at our office ready for the press. This 4
Scrtainly an instance of remarkable
AsYLU3[ FORl IDIoTs-A State Asylum
nr Idiots has been established in ~New
(ork. Similar institutions in France,
~ermany, England and Massachusetts
ave proved highly satisfactory results.
pecimens of work of the pupils in car
entry, shoe making, needle work, wvritinig
uad drawing, have surprised and delight.
d those to whom they were exhibited.
FOUR free negroes beloughig to the
loston brig, were recently detected in
nadeavoring to secrete a slave on board
me vessel, while lying in the port of Gal
eston, Texas. They Induced him to
teal a quantity of clothing before he
ame on board. The plot was discover.
d, and the whole party arrested. Upon
be slave's evidence, the free negroes were
TE Russian gold mines yield annually
bout fmfty-seven millions of dollars. Most
C the mines are worked on private ac
ount, but the government tax upon the
roduct averages nearly one quarter of
de whole. A large part of the tax, how.
ver, is consumed in maintaining the police
f the gold region.
A cultivator of f'rult, who exkample is
oferred to in the Newv England Farmer~
:eeps a circle of several feet about ever7
ree clear of grass, and enriches with chip.
ianure, hones, ashes, and other fertilizing
uhstances. He has large crops of cx
client fruit, which bring him more money
ban ~any of the neighboring farmers ob
sin from all their crops.
"Snmocarse times!" as the ol woman
aid wvhen the lightning knocked her over
me wash tub.
0:zr To swear is neither brave, polite