Newspaper Page Text
FO THE ADVERTISER.
DAYS LANG SYNE.
Memory ! th'ou art a tered book,
A casket worthy of its trust;
The clasps that dust thy portals lock
Are free from all cortbding rust.
When one by one I-turnthe leaves,
Shielded so well from &lot or stain,
A sweet isd drean my spisiit gives
To hours I ne'er can know again.
There, next the title page, I mark
The happy home may childhood knew,
The dear old woods, the limpid brook
The many flowers that near it grew.
The bold old stream whose spring-tide swell
An amazon of streams I thought,
The busy mill whose clatterings fell,
On me with Babel noises fraught.
Then next, I see the sire whose tones,
Like silver melodies we loved;
Whose treasures were his little ones,
The mother who among them moved.
And yet another, some have passed,
Like autumn glories far away.
The grave hath elaimed the chrysalis,
And Heaven the soul disrobed of clay.
Though mine is now a sunny spot,
My brooding spirit would not lave,
(Though all life's ills should be forgot)
Its pinions, in old Lethes wave.
From the Charleston Courier, March 20.
Death of Wm. S. King.
With deep regret and heartfelt sorrow, we
discharge the inelancholly duty of annonne
ing the decease of our associate and friend,
Cot. WILLI.M S. KIG, one of the Editors and
Proprietors of this Journal. He died at twen
ty minutes before two o'clock, yesterday af
ternoon, of pneumonia, after an illness otf
more than two weeks. Col. King was reared
at Johnstown, in the western part of the State
of New York; and his calling was that of a
Printer. When in his twentieth year, he
came to-this city; and, not long after, he be
came connected with the Courier, first as a
Compositor, and then as Foreman; and his
ieal, activity and intelligence commended him
bighly in the favor of the present senior Pro
prietor and Editor, then sole owner of the
paper. On the 1st January, 1833, he becatme
an associate Proprietor and Editor of the
Courier, and so continued until the time of
his death, devoting himself assiduously, dur
ing the whole period, to the business and
commercial departments of the paper. As
business and comnerci:d Editor of a daily
paper, lie displayed a zeal. energy, idust rV
and enterprise, which may justly be s:aid to
have placed him in the very front rank of'
his profession. le was possessed, too, of a
strong mind and wielded a ready pen, and
contributed largely and efficiently to our
editorial columns. In his course as a jour
nalist lie vwas ever studious to avoid person
alities, and preferred the interchange of edito
rial courtesies to the prosecution of editorial
warfare. He was a man of social and com
painionatble qualities and generous impulses,
with a heart open as day to melting charity
his liberality and benevolence were alnost
without stint or measure. Never did the
was.=tmnsa5g brother printer ap~ in
his presence. a. e i itn
public useftulness with credit to himself and
advantage to the coummnity. For a numtber
of years he was an eflicient ofileer of outr
State militia, and fotr a consideramble time hie
held, by popular suffrage, the offiee of Colo
nel of the 16th Regriment of infantry, whence
he derived his military title. As a proof ot'
of his appreciation by the fraternity of the
type, he was repeatedly elected President of
the Charleston Typograpieal Society. Hie
was a zealous member of the Masonic'Order,
and often filled mpratstations ini the
He has been cut off in the midst of-his
usefulness, and while yot in the full vigor of
manhood, having~ completed his tiftieth year
on the 22d of~ December last ; anid lhe has
left a widow and a large famiily of sons and
daughters, all born :and reared in this city, to
lament a bereavement, to thenm, irreparamble.
In his decease, we mourn the loss of ain ex
teemed partner, companion and friend, andl
the severance of old and cherished ties ; and
ithe community arc deprived of a useful
citizen. We record, with sorrowing heart,
this brief and imperfect tribute to his memo
ry and virtues.
It will afford gratification to his friends,
and to a sympathizing community to learn
that his interest in the Couerier wilhl be con
tinued for tho benefit of his bereaved widow
We clothe our paper ini the hiabiliments of
mourning, in respect to thme memory of the
GOLD AGAIN.-Wec mentioned in our last,
that the mine so successfully wvorked by Mr.
Doria, wazs in Edgelield, siice then we have
seen Mr. Dorn himself, who informs us the
mine is in this District and that in two weeks
ho has realized the sum of ten thaousamnd dul
Jars and upwards from his operation with
eight hands. The wvorki of two days alone,
yielded him something over three thousand
dollars. Independent of the gold, there is at
this mine inexhaustible qualities of manga
nise, which commands a ready sale, in the
Northern markets, and of itself would be a
Gold has been discovered in various por
tions of our District, and we have no donbt
that when cotton ceases to oceuapy so much
of the attention of our farmers, mines will
be fouind within our borders which will bless
with their golden treasures the lucky own
THE WEATHER.-The Mercury of the
20th inst., says : Yesterday mornaing it snow
ed from sannrise till near noon-a part of the
time with great violence. The ground being
warm and wvet, the- snow melted as it fell,
but the day was made very inelemnet and
closed with all the symptoms of a killing
frost. We have never before kanown in
Charleston a falL of snow so late in Marcba;
but this season has bid detiance to- all past
experience, and had things its own way. It
will be seen by the telegraphic report, that
they have had a furious winter storm at the
North. So we are not the only sufferers.
SPANIsH CoIsoL AT Ksr WEaST.-For the
information, of the travelling public, we have
been requested to state that a Spanish Con
sulate is open at Key WVest, where Passports
for ports in the Island of Cuba can be ob
tained at all times.
NEW PoST OFFIeE.-A new post ofie
has been established at Donoldsville, A bbe.
v illb Drstriet, and Samuel Donold appointed
EDGEFIE LD, S. V
THURSDAY, MARCH 25, 1852.
LTWz are requested to state that the Rev.
Dr. BantINGIIAM expects to preach at Dr. H.
BURT S, on Palm-Sunday-4th of April.
7 SEE tlie- very pretty atid neatly finished
verses of our "ROSE COTTAGE" correspondent,
to be found on an adjoining column. We have
another and still better piece, from the Eame
source, for next week. Our' fair friend will ob
lige us by a continuation of such nice productions.
SECES "S Ocsso" is right.* Ilia tone is fine.
We think he has given "CO-OERATION".the
relative position of the two parties very fairly and
truly. Let us all come together as speedily as
possible, and let us endeavor to work together
"like a company of horses in Pharaoh's Chariot."
Perhaps we may pull out of the bog yet.
I' GoDEY's wdll-known " Book'" continues
to reach us with marked regularity. And we
prize it very highly. The number for April is
beautifully embellished, and contains an unusual
amount of interesting and instructive reading.
r ' We are indebted to lon. J. L. ORa for a
copy of his excellent Speech on " A Bill granting
public lands to Missouri to aid in constructing
Rail Roads." Mr. ORa is, in this as in every
effort we have seen from ldm, perspicuous and
THEY HAVE CO3IE AT LAST.
YES, some of the loveliest articles of female
apparel we have ever seen, in this or any other
market, have arrived, are opened, and may not
only be inspected, but purchsed, on reasonable
terms enough, at the stores of LOD I LL, and of
CHRIsTIE & WILLA3rS, of this place. They
have also an abundance of the more solid and
essential Goods of all descriptinns. When a boy.
we remember thinking that the pristine establish
ment of CasE & PEaIt-s (the latter of whom is,
now a wholesale dealer in New York) was a per
fect treasure-house of beauty and fashion. If such
was the idea suggested by the Calicoes and
French Muslins of that day, what would we have
thought to have had the rich and brilliant fabrics
of 1852 unfolded to our gazo? Well, this bright
world of ours is whizzing on, certain
But see the advertisements of the two housrs
mentioned. You will find them in another col
WE have received the first number of this pa.
per, and take pleasure in welcoming its conduct
or and proprietor, Mr. E. A. Baosvsos, into the
fold typographical and editorial. If we are not
mistaken, this is the first enterprise of the sort
over attempted in Barnwell; and we should sup
pose the citizens of that intelligent District would
not fail to foster it into complete success. Its
location, immediately upon the great Southern
line of travel, gives it considerable advantages.
Our best wishes are drawn forth for Mr. Bao.
so,'s success, and we gladly number his sheet
among our exchanges.
"GONE GLI3MERI.IG-BUT TO RETURN.
WE are glad to hear, privately, from our friend
L.tBotnDe, editor of the late " Marion Star," that
it is probable said " Star" will rise againi at ne
distant day to cheer us with its rays. It seems
that certain untoward pecuniary embarrassments
have rendered a change .of Proprietorship indis
ments are now on foot, whtichI will p~robably rei'ul
in re-instacing the paper upon a certain basis
And wve are pleas'ed to learn that the Editorshil
will remain as it was.
Tauts granid foe of secession (the great Ashtaroil
of newspaper coliuns) again btursts forth itn Ian.
guage, teeminig with mtalicious leer. Biecomin!
the dupe of his~ own peevishnmess, lie iniflicti
upon thie objects of his vengeance (secession aml
our unoff'ending selves) the noxinus poison of hit
reptile sling. It really seems that his liver, likt
that of Dante's Fatrfarello, is a " hnge lazarei
of festerinig bile," from whetnce it, utnlike his greal
prototype, lie belches riot forth sniphturcous flamies
and stygian stentch, there at least issuie all sorts ol
bitter itnvective and ofe~nsive abuse.
For instance, we refer to a piece in a late num
ber of thme Standard, entitled " te departed
spirit of chivalry," a few extracets fromt which we
thiik will frully sustain the above assertion.
Speakinig of " the brave few, who feel, or seem to
feel, that upotn them rest the honuior atnd glory of
our State," we have the following frightful pie
ture. "'Their solitary wailitngs fall upon the ear,
tournfttl and distressing as the last wild cry of
the murdered." Heartily rejuiced are we that our
ears have'uot been startled by this horrid sharick
that this funcrealgroan isnever -' harrowed'up
our souls." Propitious gales have either wafted
this dismal sound of agonty in a dlifferent directioni,
or, more probablhy, it was shtudowerd forth by the
author's imatgination. Again, still alluding tothec
" brave few," he says-" fThey basely slander
her who say this, our noble " State, has ever fal
teretd itn her high course." Ilere then honest anid
patriotic citizents are published to the world as
base slanderers. Further on--"' In their phrensy
they goaded her (that is their State) itnto suicidle."
Iere the " brave few" are changed by an edlito
rial " hocus pocus" inito rac~ing maniacs, chattering
and grinning fromr the s'traw of Bedlam, not only
branded with the name of murderers but " sui
cides," the destroyers not only of the mortal body
but of the immortal soul. If. in youth, the au
thor's springs of life had been poisoned and the
noxious venom had grown with his strength and
increased with his years, he coutld not have utter
ed more galling language. Indeed through the
whole of thme above mentioned piece, lie assumes
(a false assumption by the way) that Secession is
dead, and with mock piety chaunts its funeral
dirge. Since lie had helped to bury this so-called
"departed spirit," both courtesy anid humanity
would bid him sing its requiescat and write upont
its resting place, " brave Secession slumbers
here." After having pursued it savagely to its
death, he should have allowed it to sleep wvell,
and not, hyena-like, have dragged it from its
grave to satiate, still futrther, his implacable re
In our last number, we paraphrased " the de
parted spirit of chivalry," as we thotught, inno
cently and good humoredly; hut instead of having
its desised effiet, it appeared to tihe distorted
vision of the Standard more frighitfol than the
"viper lock of Alecto," curdling his very blood
and arousitng his bitterest chioler. For the simple
ket of having turned a piece of prose into some
thing like verse, we are assailed with a torrent of
personal abuse, stigmatized with the sobriquet of
the "gay troubadour" (a name whlich, unknown
to the Standard, does us much honor, and which
we would be proud to have inherited) But when
lie goes on to state that we could, as occasion
required, " fiddle any M. L. (Member of the Le
gislature) into voting f or S. against the field" we
catch him in a dilemma from which he wilt find
, iten diffltt ecane. If htis assertion be true,
then he brands the Legislature of his own State
with a most silly weakness by insinuating that
their votes could be' bought by the sound of a
violin or the sparkle of a glass of brandy. If it
be false, theit Ire shall say nothing, but leave the
author to hii own conscience and- " those thorns
which in his bosoni lodge to prick and sting him."
One or the other of the horns he must grasp-to
neither an-he cling with safety.
It may be that the -Standard is a scholar. His
attempts at criticism evidently show that he at
least thinks so. Perhaps he is an ardent adm-rer
of Horace, in whose happy exclamation, " Al!
what a lucky fellow am I, to be purged of my
bile every spring," -h thinks there is a good deal
of philosophy, and -its yearly practice conducive
to his good health. Now, if like the good natured
bard he would cleanse himself of this bitter stuff
with a glass of " old Falernian,'. we should not
raise thq slightest objdection ;"but to belch it forth
upon our humble self is by no means civil.
We remember to have hear, however, that he is
too moral (for since he ' speaks of our immorality
we certainly can speak of his morality) to adot
the Horatian purge. Nor do we pretend to say
that he has a " liquorish tooth." Yet we would
be glad to find in his articles a higher tone of
morality. Perhaps he is moral in some things and
immoral in others. So was " Peter Bell." In
deed said Peter, after escaping from the regions of
the damned, was quite reformed.
" His eyes turned up, his mouth turned down,
His accent canght a nasal iwang ;
He oiled his hair. there might be heard,
The grace of God in every word,
Which Peter said or sang."
Editors, like all other men, should practice what
they preach, and if the Standard, as he intimates,
objects to a few lines of quotation, he might very
consistently have spared us his extract (amounting
to about the half of a column) from Shakespeare,
as we. would have preferred reading it in its pro
per connection. But what does the Standard's
" Gipsey .Girl" mean! " With regard (says he)
to matters in futuori, we would direct the atten
tion of all thus aflected to the advertieement of
the " Gipsey Girl," &c. Is " in futuori" the
language of the " Gipsey Girl," and is the Stan
dard already learning to lisp her native tongue!
Perhaps it may be Chinese, or Japanase, or an
odd mixture of both. Or is the Standard an ad
mirer of the "soft bastard latin ?"
Again, in the description by the Standard of
the celebration on " St. Patrick's day," we find
the following--" In the morning at nine o'clock,
with full ranks, and all the 'pride, pomp and cir
cumstance of glorious war,' they proceeded to the
South Carolina Hall." Here we have a company
of peaceable citizens, in the heart of a quiet city,
personating the enraged Othello in the midsL of
his war-like camp. These unoffending people,
after marching to the " sound of the spirit-stirrin
drum" and "the car-piercing fife," "carrnge
and havoc blazing ott their banners, and rage and
fury presiding over their van," very quietly pro.
ceeded to the above named Hall," where they par.
took ofa supper !!" We had anticipated a far difier
ent result, nnd were really antxious for the fate o
our metropolis. It may be that after - supper,'
these " quiet citizens" performed prodigious feats
of valour, and the Charleston papers " infutuori"
will perhaps be filled with the names of the killed
Now, if the Standard would.confine himself tC
criticising our articles, we would not regard hit
futile attempts "in fuiuori." But when he con
descends to personal- allusions, he must abide the
In good fait I, we would advise him to curb htit
tnasstuaged wrath. Like the misanthropy ol
Apemantus, "tin a noisome weed, errninatinli
from a bitter rooi," and. .~l d bs~.t
lignity. Let him recollect that " Deus os homin
sublime dedit cielumque ueri," and if, disrgardin
hsis form, hte chtooses to follow the suggestions ofta
perverted tnature, he must not " in fustuori," ex
peat our symp.athy.
THtE American Congresse, as a legislative body
has bett from its very beginning the most corn
mon subject for criticism and remark. While ott
pure and patriotic forefathers, securely maited it
wisdom and experience, looked upon the work a
their own hands and pronounced it good. the
putblicists and statesmen of the old world exhaust
'ed all their theories int fruitless spculation anr
idle conjecture as to its ttltimate success. Whethe:
or tnot it has failed to answer the ends fur whieh
it was intstituted, we dleem it ttnnecessary to say
nor have we the sligh'test idea of discussing stnel
a-qutesttion, in extenso at thtis timne. There it
however, among the various opinions now express
ed in relationt to thtis body, one, at thtis very mo,
ment, pecutliarly worthty of o'ur most serious atten.
tion andl careful consideration. "i Itad heetn pro,
phiesied," says Mr. 31ARnstALtr in his late speecht
"by one of the most learned, acute and thought
ful of all commetttators upon the American eon
stitution and its institutions, that the very thing
which is now happening in the Congress of the
Utnited States would happen ; that it would cease
to discharge its. constitutional functions as th~e
legislative body of the country, and become a
mere jarrittg, discordant, factious, ill-balanced
caucus of Presidential electors."
IThtat thtis opinion is oracular, if not prophetic,
every one must admit; indeed each succeeding
campaign but too clearly manifests its truth.
Thte session, immediately preceding each P'resi
dential election, is consumed in petty schteming
attd party electioneering, necessarily creating a
latnk performance of dutty, a mere pretension of
bloated promise, austere htypocrisy antd peculating
There was a time, when the honest and patriot
ic statesman might look forward with reasonable
hope to Presidential honors-whten our beloved
WAsHINGxoo, called by the unanimous suffrage
of his countrymen, like the honest Cincinnatus,
" his plow meanwhile in the furrow left," hurried
from his paternal glebe to preside over tihe desti
nies of htis -country. Now, each aspiring candi
date, Mavtus like, wvould sattsfy his own selfish
and vaulting ambition "even at the risk of the
Republic itself." In earlier (lays and happier
hours, the President elect, not under obligation to
any particular party or party leaders, called from
the patriot's sacred couch, from htomes unvitiated
by political contagion, a pure and conscientious
cabinet-when even a citizen of South Carolina
might htave expected an htonorable office under a
faithful administration. Now, chteating, cozening
and trepanning is the order of the day. " The
loud roar of foatming calumny, the contemptible
whisper of the paltry few," thme .Janus glance of
the significant eye and the noxious slander of lips
that learn to lie in silence, are but so many en
gines of party success. No rival candidate speaks
well of his competitor-but,'like SEt.Y'S
" Each one damning, damns the other;
They are datmned by one another."
The present canvass is already teeming with
intrigue and chicanery. It is fairly opened. Sen
ator. and Representatives are caucussing at the
capital, newspapers pulling the virtues of their
different favorites, bar-roonr poriticians and steam
boat lecturers discussing the future prospects of
the various candidates and their parties. First
stepped' rorth a man of glory in the wars, General
Wr....... S-r,. " his bl,.ching hnnrs thick
uponihim." ince ,,R had been dictator, and
NArortremperm dI more especially as ACK
soN, and HAMMisolrknd.TAYLOa had filled the
Presidential chairthi Aqtiestion " cur non ego ?
very natural' presoWd itself to his aspiring
mind. Cerro Gordo,,CQnteras tnd: Churubusco
were so many steppingjtOnes-to the desired honor,
and he; doubtless, thought that like te . Hero of
Buena Vista he-wotillgsllOp over the track, as it
were, alone.~ Bit' som.'oI the General's glory
died away with the soundf -the last trump upon
the plains of 1exico-his military exploits are not
so recent in the heari his countryipen, and his,
laurels have -los 'somaing of their -freshness&
His train of reasoning (which- may be said of
many lunatics) was pdfeedycorrect, but the pre
mises, from whi'hu his conclisions were deduced,
utterly false--and we understand that, after the
first heat, the wiii'QIiwill be droppd over him.
Next-came .enera* As,.ore skilled however
in civil. intrigue thap wilitarY strategy-generally
admitted to-be-a manof ability butlately thought
to have lost his wits or.'sold them- not-- loig ago,
burning with'reientment miore implacable than
that of Achilles, he would have hanged with
more than savage.cruelty the noblest sons of the
gallant Palmetto, because forsooth they complain
ed of their injuries and dared to think of asserting
their independence. Now, when a foreigner pre
sents himself in behalf of his own and his coun
try's wrongs, we fini this noble General "like
Niobe, all tears." His heart, naturally as dry as
summer's dust, suddenly becomes all softness, the
very personification of-mercy and humanity-his
pitying soul expands with all that is pure, and
kind, and generous, and his tearful eyes let fall
their "fellowly 4rops"' over the fate of the poor
Hungarian. 'Why td dden.change from cruel
ty to mercy ! Is it not tockt pity and pretended
humanity 1 Perhaps tecunning General thought
that the high minded and chivalrous South would
espouse the cause of Kossuth and Hung.ry, that
he would be on the popilarside, and thereby ride
securelf into ofliee-tit.his estimate of our char
acter was in this caie, as.it usually is, entirely
We give the General 'all due credit for shrewd
ness, prudence and toresight, and readily admit
his thorough acquaintance with the principles and
character of those of his own kind; but must
conclude that he has 6ny a limited knowledge of
Southern hearts. Hie.may be, for aught we know,
a good judge of human nature-bt, in determin
ing ours, made a most signal failure. He saw
only the outline, and was not careful enough to
remove the drapery which concealed it from his
view. Perhaps his niorality overcame him, and
like the bashful Eunuch,
" Ie touched the hem of nature's shift,
Felt faint, and never dared uplift,
Her closest all concealing tunic."
At all events he was most sadly mistaken, and
must abide by the consequences. Indeed the two
Generals mnust, for the present at least, give way
for their more successfol competitors-BuCtAs
NAN and DOUGLAS. .
Of the former of ihese gentlemen little need be
said. le is an old political character, and well
known to the whole country. Wa believe him to
be true and staunch to his principles. What those
principles are we will forbear mentioning. The
late resolutions, passed by the Democratic Con
vention of Pennsylvania, recommend him as good,
and virtuous, and patriotic; nor are we at all
disposed to doubt it. 'We would call attention,
however, to-ons of tIfe' above 'mentioned resolu
tions, purporting this;the provisions of the fugi
tive slave law wvouldbe enforced. This we be
lieve to be electioneering jargon, a mere empty
sound, var eL pr ~~ i. .Cominon sense, as
wllas experiedV -''us that the provisions of
mst happily demonstrated by Sentator BUrtLEa
in his late speech umpont the " compromise mea
sures." In the course of his remarks, while al
luding to the fugitive lave law, lie speaks tis fol
lows-" United States Courts have no jurisdiction
over the subject, for.iti4 not regarded as treason.
It is referred to the Stgte Courts. What wrill be
the result I The. State Courts take jurisdiction of
this resistance of the fugitive slave law as of an
ordinary riot or murder. Who are to decide upon
the critne 1 A jury composed, perhaps, of those
who sympathize with the person charged. WVho
is to award the punishmenti The judlge who,
perhaps, enatertained the same feelings, atnd induil
ges in the same sympathies. Or if a trihnnal could
be founid--which I 'never expect to see--smern
enogh, in defiance of public opinion, to do justice
under the sanetion of an oath, to thme oblieations
of the constibution, the sentence would be remit
ted by the Executive of almost any one of the
non-laveholding States." Ihowever, we enter
taini a high respect for General JBUcItAssAY, nor
would we speak a word in derogation either of
hitself or his party, especially sinuce he is, as yet,
Ithe choice of our border States.
Jutdge DOUGL~AS is aid to be a man of great
a~ility and commanding talents. Mr. Ba rcxNs
rtDa stylus his party, the '-Young Bloods," and
M1r. ManshALL lias given to Bucmraxxxs the
title of " Old Fogies;' so it appears to be a con
test between the young and old Democracy.
Judge DOUG t.AS is a universal favorite in Califo'r
nia, and is ably supported by the Democralic Re
iew. Some say he is the " very life blood of
Amerian Democracy, and the favorite of tire
U~nion," all wuhich remamns to be provetd. Botht
parties are apparently fair in their dealings with
each other, but we fear-there is a great deal of
intigu beindthe curtain. They have not only
eredt e son from Epictetus that " it is some
times good not to be over virtuous,"* but have un
fortunately abused it.
Our owvn State has declared herself, as yet,
neither pro nor coa, but is still " a looker on;"
indeed she senms as mutch lost in the intricate
mazes of political chicanery, as Dante irr thre mid
ile of his " gloomy wood." It may be that she
is aaitinig the result of the Convenation, or until
some more acceptable 'candidate appears upon the
field. Unttil then, we defer oor choice.
The Abbeville B'inner of the 19th inst.,
says: David l'arkerson, charged with rob-I
bing the matil on the route leadinig from|
Washington to Abbeville, was brotughat tip
for trind before the U. S. District Court, nt
Mariett, on Monday latst. Heo plend "guilt y"
to the charge, and wvas sentenceed by Jtudge
Nicol, ini consideration of his yotutlr, to six
months imprisonment in the eomamon jail of
Covcros von Fomcrza.-rn the case of
the Sate vs. Charles.j, Graiger, for forge
ry, tried in the' Couirt of Sessions, yesterdaiy,
the jury fouand the defendant guilty, at a latte
hour last evening. There are two other ini
itnents agaitnst the same defendttnt for the
ame offence-Charleston Courier.
LAER FROM 'sr. Dosmsoo,-By the ar
rival of the 'brig Cktra Windsor, Captain
Britans, from Port-au-Prinace, we have re
eived advices to March '7. All wuas quiet.
The Dominicans wae in great glee in conse
quence of the coronstion of their emperor
to tatke plaee April I4 on which occasion a
grand feastio to be given, and twenty thou
snd troops to be paraded under arms. It
is supposed' that not-les4'han fifny thousand
persons wtil[' be in P'ort-au-Princo on that
FOR TUE AIDVERTIS
MESSRS. EnDFYORs :-A writer in one of ytur
ate numbers over the signature, " Co-operat
ion," seems to have awakened from that dreamy
iredicament, into which he and-his party were
placed by last Fall's election. He rises in great
haste, ind without taking time to rub the cob
wvbs out of his eyes, he wonders at the bad
effects which "a mild dose of moderation,'
seems to have had upon the patriotism of " our
citizens," alias, the Secessionists. We rejoice
to see this waking-up of our Co-operation friends
-it abnost.induces us.to in,1ulge the hope, that
they will yet do somefiting worthy of the cause
of South'ern rights and liberty. )Ve are, more
over, glad to see-that there is a fellow. feeling-a
spirit of amalgamation among them; yet we
cannot s& lrw the consummation can be efflect
ed without a marriage contract. The parties
can never be united, except in action-in such
action as will inevitably secure our rights and
lead to honor and safety. " A consummation so
devoutly to be wished," will never, we fear, be
attained, except in defence of our altars, our
fire-sides and our homes.
"Co-operation calls upon us to rally again
to "repent and do our first works"-and to
make one mighty ctfhrt for the - union of the
State; " and if the whole State will be united,
in a few years wce can have a government,
strong and secure, wholly separate from the
North and invulnerable to the assaults of any
enemy." We have italicised the last quotation,
because the sentiment strikes us with peculiar
force. A sentiment which, if our memory
serves us right, was.cloquently declaimed from
every stump in the district, by our Secession
orators, during our unsuccessful campaign.
Now does not " Co. operation" remember,
that while we were then doing, exactly wh:.t he
wishes us to do now, we were niot only branded
as reckless and insane but we were checked,
nay, opposed by every possible means-arrested
in our progress-and finally overpowered by a
majority, and denied the only course c-f action,
which could possibly secure our independence
and liberty ? Does lie not know that we still
maintain the high and honored position which
we occupied when that self-same ' mild dose"
was administered ? And though we are stand
ing still, we are looking down with the mot
intense interest upon the vallies of Co-operation
-wondering that the inhabitants thereof are yet
sleeping, while our foes are actively engaged in
rivetting, still inore tightly, the chains that are
to bind us forever ? low can lie then call upor
Lis to 4 comlie up to his help ngainst the nighty i
It is our province to use that hinguage-and w<
Vouldl, with all sincerity and brotherly love, call
upon our Co-operation friends to " come up
-:ome up!!" and we will inded co-operate it
the use of " the only instrument with which wt
can hope successfully to repel the attacks of oui
Fron the Charleston Mercury.
Mr. Calhoun's Work on Govern.
The following extract is from a letter of.
centlenian in the State of New York, ad
aressed t6 a gentleman of this city who had
transmitted to him a copy of-3Mr. Citlhobuni
Tre'ntise on Governmnent and the 'Constitu
tion of the United States. It is a very eleni
and striking eriticism on that remarkuibli
" I cannot refrain from troubliag you wiil
the expression of the delight andii improve
mnent which have resulted to mec freom rend
inig this voltume. vThe disquisition on. G;ot
ernent is a most ma~sterly essay, (clearer
mor oriinal, ore fconcluiveand mor
kind with which I harve, in my limited read
iiig, met. There is no writer otn such sub
jects who wotild not have filled volume;
with the matter containted in this bref trea,
tise. So much ii' so little space, it is nev~er.
theless easy readitng fromi its perfect method
althotigh the hard thiiikinig it begets in 0om
after readhing- it is no ordinary lnhor. It i
the most philosophicnl essaiy of anllI, long ou
short, on whatever subject, tha:t I h:.ve e've
seen. I wish it would contsi.,t wi:h the in.
terest of the family to isue this disquisitioi
at seine day or other, lby itself, in pamiphlet
form, and att a eenp rate. It is by ito meann
tinsu ited ton be iuders: ood by the mass in thn
North, and it would do great good againtt
the trash which they are constaintly reading
on the subhjet of Government. Ilis exand.s
iiation of the ifritishi Government, is evi.
dently the first sketch, never reviewed, for
he overlooks entirely the adoptiuon there el
the executive, originy intdependent, by the
Iis5 commitia~~rie's on finr own Constitt.
tion are, in origiinality, truth, just, inferences,
far above any othier commientaries, from the
Federalist. do~wn. I never, until now, under
stood nuillificatin, nor by wvhat process his
lcxgtciimiind haid arrived at that'as a remedy.
i ot onlih drtadi now, but I give it
my adhesion fully. I tndcrstaind, too fnliy
ntow, the piosit ion of thle Sotuth Cairolina
Senat ters against the expedient of the Coin
pironmise. It was a mere expeedienlt for temt.
p~orasry relief from a quarrel: the quarrel wvas
a wholesoime one--and had the Soeuth unit.
ed, and Calhoun lived, they wvould have not
onily provided for their own safety, but in
doing so, would have saved the Untion fromt
its greatest and rapidly increasing danger
cent ralization. Thel op portuntity is gone.
And tunless the abolitiomists shouild iincrease
rapidly in nuimbe'rs antd itnfluence, so as to
drtve the South ite united atnd unflinching
actioin to obtain a reform ini the Constitution,
making it phiiinly the price of their adhe
rencee to the Unioni, I do tnot see how or wvhein
we cain hope to obtain additional guarantees
for State righits. To attemipt to make that
the cry of a party lhere at the North, is use
less; the risiniggeneration hardly knmow that
the reptublienn party held thaut doctrine.
There is one other hopte, that seine day,
somne great and popular nia, like Andrew
Jacksont, int respect to his will- and his popu
lar atrength, mtay get into power, aiid have
convictions strong einough, and honsty
enough. to use his strength to diminish the
power of the Gorerinmtent of which lie is
hiniself head. To hope for this, is hoping
Kessuvns GoIY.-It is stated that Kossuth
wvill sail frotm Boston for Europe, early ini
May ; and that lie expects a revolution to oe
cur in Ihungary in July. WVonder how mneh
of thet "material aid" lie takes with hint. We
hope hd wvill leatve somne of our interventtion
politicians a leek of his hair.
T EXAs.--Ad vices from TIexas to the at h inst,
are received. Governor Bell has refused to
sign the Apportioniment Bill, passed by the
Legislature previou's to adjourinment, because
it equally divides the State. -.
It is supposed that an extra session of the
LegUatunm will be. c..nedl
From the Correspondence of the Courier.
WAsHINGToN, Aarch 18.
The Attorney General has decided In re
ference to the constructioi to be put on the,
provision inthe Alabama, Mississippi, and
Illinois land bill. (which bill Mr. Calhoun
spoke and voted for,) that the lands must be
taken in alternate sections, not only within
the six miles on each side of the road, but
also- within the fifteens miles in the cases
wherein the states are allowed to select
lar.ds-beyond the six miles. This was Mr.
Calhoun's understatnding of the bill. If the
lands were taken iii the aggregate beyond
the six miles, the- StAtes would select the
best and leave the wiorst, and the argument
ti:at the Government as a landholder, would
receive an equivalent for the grant in the en
hanced value of the remainder of the lands,
would fail. Mr. Rhet urged this objection
to the Iowa land bill, the other day. If the
lands were granted in the aggregate, it was
of course liable to the objection that it was
a grant of land-Las if money-for internal
improvements. Mr. Houston, in his speech
against the Iowa land bill, also took the
ground that the bill sanctioned the doctrine
of internal improvements by the - General
Oie of the main arguments in favor of the
Land grants to the new States is, that the
new States settle and improve the lands at
their cost, and thus render the whole salen.
ble. The five per cent. granted to them by
the compnet is not an adequate grant for the
completion of their roads. The tive per cent.
is not an equivalent for the exemption (if the
public lands within the State from taxation.
It is nt believed that the Iowa Land Bill
will pass the Houses without some conces
sions to the old States.
The Select Committee. of the House, to
which was referred the petitions of Drs.
Morton an-] Jackson desiring compensation
for the discovery and application of Chloro.
form, as a nedical agent, have come to the
conclusion that Dr. Morton ii entitled to the
merit of having first applied the principle.
A majority of the committee have agreed toi
a Bill granting him a hundred thousand dol
lars, as a piublie reward, nnd as compensation
for the use (if his discovery in the medical
service of the Army and Navy. Dr. Chas
1'. Jackson. it is admitted, was' the first dis.
coverer of the principle, and communicated
it to Dr. Morton, who successfully applied it
Arrival of the Steamer Pacific
BALTIMoRE, March 21, 1852.
The Pacific has arrived. Cotton was Is
fair demand rince the sailingr of the Niagara
but the news brought out by the Canada h:1
the effect of flattering prices, and made hold
ers more aunxious to realize. The sales o
the three days were 21.000 hales. Flon
declined Gd-western canal 21s a 21s 6d
Baltimore 21s 3d a 21s 9d. Corn-yellov
129 : 20s Gd-w i:e 32s a 35s. COnsol
closed steadv at 97 1.2. American securitie
un11chaniged inl price anud in fair reiquest. Ii
Rice a:nd Ro~sin nit1hintg dtin tg. Rough Tur
nentine 8s 9d. Tar I1s Gd.
Wilht & Corners' cotton circular of tih
7th quutes f:ir Uplands and Mobiles at 5 3
Orleans 5 5-8. Middling Uplands 5, Mobile
5 1.8, Orleans 5 1-4.
The trade of M:ehester was firm. wil
moderate businest and light stocks.
On the 17th the Paeific passed the Balti
The Canada reached Liverpool on the 8;l
France quiet. A fusion of two branches e
the Bourb, n family is about being acconi
p lisised. The Sw iss staff oficers now .on
-visit to Paris have .been ordered home fortl
rvith, bat te ditlienl:ies-betwee~n France an
SSwitzerlanmd hate been te nmorarilyj 'uste<
A serious conspiracy to overthrow thm
Anstrian Govermnent is ont foot. TroopI
amre movmig, and every pass% hetmween Turke
asnd Ausiria i's securely guarded.
In Englansd nothing new ha~s transpired.
In France. enugles were to be distribute
to theanrmy by Lonis Nnpoleon on the 151
and it was expreted that lhe would be de
einred Emperor by aelation.
IImAxa LEGIsL.ATUP.R E-In the Senate, o
the 25th uit., a joint resolution, asking th
Goenetof the United Stastes tos put
stop to the slave trade on the const of Afri
en, and aid ini co'lonizing the negroes an
mnulat toes in the Unsited dtates, was read th
third time and passed-aye 30, namys 5.
MI.iTeEtR. AID.--The total amoutnt 'O
maerial nid received in Cincinnatti, by Kos
suth, will amount to neasrly $14.00t0. C
thIis, 9,000 is voluntary contributmions, ani
$5,000 resulting from the s:de of bonds.
Tute following persons isave paid up to th
tinme affixed to their niames :
Joshua Harris, to 8th Feb '53.
J Rt Eidlson, to 1st .Jan '53.
Wiley Eidsoni, to 6th Mlarch '53.
James A ttaway, to 5th February '53.
,John A Lott, to 6th Slarch '53.
Lewis 11111, to 15th February '32.
Hiram Jourdan, to 5th February '53.
Johni F Talbert, to 16th October '52.
E J Lake, to 5th February '53.
Capt E B Belchser, to 8th February '53.
Butt Ihoward to 8th February '53..
T L Ransom, to 5th A ugust '52.
David Hlarling. to Ileth February '53.
Gen M Graham,. to 6th February '53.
S Temples, to 9th January '53.
Thomsas M Chandler, to 22d A pril '52.
Bennett Holland, to 6th February '53.
John McNeil, to 8th February '52.
Dr. Samuel Stephens, to 17th A pril'52.
George Rt Mays, to 12th February '53.
Luke Cuibreath, to 8th February '53.
Capt Join Miller, to 8th Fcbrunry '53.
Dr M W A buey, to let A pril '52.
Elias McCatty, to 12th February '53.
Hampton Howard, to 12th February '53.
Thomas Swearenigin, to 22d January '53.
D A Blalock. to 12th February '53.
D Holland, Esq., to 9ths February '53.
Rev C B Walker, to 9th February '53.
Dr S G N Ferguson, to 17th A pril '53.
D Ardis, to 28th May '53.
James Raiunstord, to 8th Febi-nary '52.
T W Lewis, to 23d January '53.
R1ev Wm Johnson, to 0th June '52.
D F IHollinigsworth, to 8th October '5g.
L S Johnason, to 30'th March '53,
John L Doby, to 8th Feb '53.
S F Goode, to 18th March '52.
Maj A Jonies to 8th Feb '53.
Lewis Bledsoc, to 5th January '53,
E~ McDaniel, to 18th March '53.
Wm~ Colemsan, to 20th February '53.
Manly Totngblood, to ist Auguset '5g,
Win Carter, to 10th February '53.
-J Gibbs,'to 1st October '52.
Capt Jesse. M Cogbmirn, to.26th Feb '53.
C'-m 'R 31erriwaLher. to 5th June '52.
Correspindence 6t the Advertiser.
IIA MBURG, Mar. 24, 1852.
.elsve nothing that is worth communica
ting this week. Our Cotton market dtiilg the
last few days has been quite doll; and-although
some Cottons have been bought at 8 ets., there
is no margin to justify such prices. We quote
for fully Fair, 71 to 7 ; Fair 71 to 71; Ordina
ry 6, 6 to 61.
We have not noticed any quotable change in
the leading articles of our provision market.
We regret to aunouce that another fire, at
tended with considerable loss of property, oe
curred in Augusta, on Monday night. . About
2 o'clock, the .Mlachine Shop of hiessrs.-TAt.
&Eo & TEaE', was discovered to bo in
flames and was entirely consumed before the
fire was arrested..- The -amount of(4im t
yet ascertained. This is evidently the work of
MARRID, on Thursday, the. 11th :insLby
Rev. A. P. Norris, Dr. 11. W. Ksxxszi, of
Orangeburg District, to Miss Lovi'A C., daugh
ter of Mr. Wade lIolstein, of EAgefield District.
MaRaRED, on the 16th inst., by the Rev.
Henry U. Spann, Mr. WZELEs BARR. of Edge
field. to bliss SARAI, eldest daughter of Mr.
Daniel Quattlebum, of Lexington Distriet.:
DiEt. in this District, oi.Friday the 19th in
stant, of a short but painurl. illness, lul NEAL,
Esq., in the 73rd of his age.
The deceased was a native of Ireland, but
having left the landi of his birth in coipany with
his Father, in , arly boyhuood, lie settled firit in
the low country, but after arriving'at mature
age he renoved to this District. where he lived
for more than 40 years. - He was a man remar
kable for industry, economy, energy of charae
ter and-uncompromismig honesty; possessed4f
a warnth of friendship peculiar to his native
land he was ever ready.to assist those in dis
tressed circumstancen. at the same time a" vio
lently opposed to any that were unwilling to
help themselves ; in slort, lie was bitterly op
posed to every thing like slothfulness, orjnde
eesion. wherever lie iet it. - A lover of mirli
ty and go.d society,hie never-failed to advocate
it ins all his coinversations. -
Retirement front the world and the bisy
Fcenes of life, was best suited..to his-a-tire,
- being fond of books. and naturally pseseeid of
r a strong mind, lie had not neglected to irtmprove
r the same by extensive reading so that he was
: well versed in the history of the times ;, and
being of a true republican soirit, he was ever
j ready to unite in any. and every measure that
would1 promote the welfare of the Couantry of hIs
adoption. and especially of his State where he
regarded his ileginnee as due.
Thus has .led a purely. honest man, "The
ntoblest work .f Godl." He has heft a wife Pad
family of children, together with numnerous
granA chililren and -friends to mourn his loss.
I And let all be dily itpressed with the certainty,
together with the solemnities a' death,.thattthey
may so live as to neet it with eahuness and
comipsure, in view of that more.'npoftait life
that is to conte.
rDio, at the reside'nee of his father on the
I h inst., of Typhoid Fevir, 31A.acni J.Ti
- sam, 19 yedrs, 9 mnonth's ai 12 mis.
IThe deceasedl was not a meniber of any Chureh
- but his whole lifqe wan chtarne terized by hi Atornl
I coniduet and ehtristian like walk. ifint to
I. coscious'fer seerirl days 'r vous..o him
but lhedidl nt fear lenth in the. k-nst.^116'spoke
e f it calmily durinig his finesi which was of two
. weevks Juirntion. His last audible..w ords;9'I alit
not long for trimi world, hut am..gig to mny hap
py home." mhouldl be a'sonrce of great esnsola
tion to his relatives and frienals. and sbhgl bouy
thtemt up to a faithiful discharge of that duty that
will prepare t1iema to mteet the lost one, where
'parting is no more.
-Ats a chtild he was dutiful nnd obedient, as a
brother kin.1 atnd affe.ctionate. lie has left a
large number of friends :.nd relatives to mourn
a his irreparable loss. T.
i W THE Friendsa of Col. F. WV. PICK
ENS, bieg lentec to prescrit bim to the people
Sof Edgefield, atnd of the Districts which may
be thrown with ats by the itew apiportiont
menit, ns an emiinently suitable per'son to
represenit us in the Congress of the United
iStates. Mr. BuaT htavitig positively declined
Ia re-election, it beenmes ofur duty to select
his successor with ent1e; -antd we respectfttlly
" snggest tha~t the experience anud ability of
Col. ICsENS slhouild be againt called inato re
quisition upon the very floor where he has
hitherto served us so efliciejntlyr.
It is perhaps proper to add, on our part,
that this anntouneement is tendered without
Cod. P's knowledge or desire, and with no
feeling of opposition to any inidividoai.
;gr Tus Friends of Capt. PRESTON S.
BROOKS, announce him nas a candidate to
represenit this Congressional District in the
next Cotngress, Mr. Br hiavitng positively
declined a re-electiop.
This inminiation, like another which ap
pears ini this paper; was nde by the friends
of Capt. B. purely of their owvn Accord, with
(JUt reference to his wishes on the subject
and without the remotest design of forestal
ling public opiniont in his favor against any
STATE OF SOUTH- CAROLINA.
BYIH.T. WRIGHI., Esq., Ordinary of
Whorena Benjamin F. Smith, bath applied
to me for Letters of Administration, on all
ad singular thte goods and chattles, rights
and credits of Silas H. Smith, late of the Dis
trict aforesaid, deensed.
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish
all and singular, the kitndred and creditors of
the said decased, to be and appear before
m, at our next Ordinary's Court for the said
District, to be holden at Edgefield C House,
on the fifth day of April, next, to show
ause, if any, why the- said aduministration
should not be granted..
Given under my hand and seal, this the 24th
day of March, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-two, and in
the seventy-sixth year of American Indepen-.
dence. . H. T. WRIGHT, o. E. D.
March 25 2t -10
A LL those Indebted to the estate of Charles
B.Logan, dee'd., gre required to make
payment, and these having domands to present
them properly attested.
M. WV. LILES,- .
A. NIX, Adr.
E. P. IIOLLOWA.)