Newspaper Page Text
FOR TUE ADVERTISER.
The spring-time is upon us now,
All nature's smiles proclaim her birth
A myriad flowrets form the bow
Which promises a teeming earth.
Around the maidens radiant brow
The hawthorn-like a snow wreath gleams
Lilies and roses mingling, show,
In her fair face, their purest beams.
The woodbino strews a coral shower
Along the path her footsteps press,
From violet beds and jasmine bwer
Sweet odours meet in glad caress.
-Mid forest arches broad and green
A glorious diapason swells
Sweet symphonies, from choirs unseerr,
Steal from the brake where mock bird dwells.
Now high in air: now glaneing low,
The feathered throng, all wild with joy,
On all alike their songs bestow
On Lord of state or farmers boy.
Whilst magnet-like earth'' hidden store
Attraets the plough-shares strength again,
Deep from the soil it tunas the ore,,
In sheaves of richest golden grain.
The skies have donned a brighter blue,
The rivulet its spray throws high,
And in its depths reflects the line
Of nature's freshest, loveliest dye,
With sacred trust and holy fear
The day-spring from on high well greet,
And from this bridal of the year
Bow meekly at the Giver's feet,
From the- Charleston Mercury.
MESSRS. EDITORS. I perceive by the report
or Col. BztovK. Engineer on the Columbia
and Greenville Railroad, that he makes the
distance from Chatanooga to Charleston, via
the Rabun Gap, 484 miles, and via Atlanta
and Augusta, 418 miles, niaking the Augusta,
route shorter by 36 miles than the Rabun
Gap. The Engineer makes this report upon
the basis of running as the Road now runs
from Anderson C. H. to Columbia. But let
us suppose the road were run from Aiken to
Cambridge, or to ANDEnSON'S Mills (at pre
sent Dysos's.) Then from Charleston to Ai
ken is 120 miles. and from Aiken to Cam
bridge, by or near Lor's, is 43 miles, making
in all 163 miles; whereas from Charleston to
Columbia is 130 miles, and from thence to
Cambridge is 71 miles by the present road
which.makes 201 miles in all, a difference of
38 miles-so that the difference between the
route to Chattanooga from Charleston, via
Augusta, may be overcome by running a road
from Aiken to join the road at Cambridge,
and thence to Anderson C. H. And the Rabun
Gap. Now, 1 Yenture the assertion that
there is iopart of the State where a road of
the same' ditance can be run cheaper than
from Aike'n to Caimbridge;' or to Drsos
Millsf on the GreenvilliRoad. From Aiken
te a paint about one mile West of LOTT's
there is but one hill of the least notice-this
on the ridge that divi~ m..a'waters of Saluda
from savannah, there is almost a level grade
to within two miles- of Cambridge, or to
within three miles of Drsos's mills. There
is no water to cross until you reach Ninety
six er.eek near Cambridge, or Half way
i~wamp~inear Dysox's. If yen will examine
MnIr.'s Map of the different Districts of the
State, you will see the ridge distinc.tly
marked' and Lorr's, about 8 miles East of
Edgefleld C. H. laid down too. Thi route
would avoid Saluda river, or the bridges
otv'er Little river, Bush river, and even Broad
Jiver, and being besides 38 miles nearer to
Charleston. Thus, besides being the safest
for all heavy trains, it wvould make the route
from' Charleston to Chattanooga two miles
nears by the Rabun Gap, than by Augusta.
It would avoid crossing Savannah river only
liigh'uji, where it would be easy and safe.
This would have its corresponding effects
upon all points beyond Chattanooga too, and
bring Charleston so much nearer to Mem
phis and Nashville. It would avoid the hea
vy trestle work about Covington, Georgia,
the bridge over the Oconec--the competition
at Atlanta, in another road-the bridge over
the Etown, and all along the Georgia Statte
Road, besides the tunnel, wvhich will most
certainly give way some day. And it' the
gap were filled up by a direct line from a
point near Cambridge, or Dyson's Mills, onl
the Greenville Road, to Aikcn, it woaki avoid
a circuit of 38 miles further; the crossing of
Saluda, Little and Bush rivers, besides Broad
river; and then the swamp at the Congaree,
and all their dangers and expenses. This
would give a dry line from Edisto river up~ to
Andersou D'strict, or rather up to Rocky
The route from Aiken to Dysoni's ferry
was once surveyed by the Engineers of the
Railroad under the direction of Gent. HIMNE,
when lie contemplated the direet route to
Cincinnati. It was found to be a most beau
tifu route, with not the slightest obstruction,
except at Shaw's creek about eleven miles
In permanently commanding the rich trade
of the interior West, it is of the greatest imn
portance that distance should be shortened,
and also that the route should be suited to
heavy transportation without risk or con
stant expenses for heavy repairs. If the
junction were made from Aiken to Cam.
bridge, I hesitate not to say that it would
effectually secure, first, independenace to
Charleston and all the internal improve
meats of our beloved State, and would ine
vitably command the trade and travel to
Knoxville, Nashv'ille, Memphis and Chata.
xnooga, and the rich countries of wvhich they
are centres. The Raboun Gap is of the last
importance to us as a State. Instead of
being secondary to and dependant upon
Georgia, it will at once place us boldly along
side of her as an independant rival for the
commerce of the WVest, together with all its
moral social and political power.
The mouth of the Ohio is the heart of our
continent; towards that point all the longest
and largest rivers run. The Missouri from
the W~est, near 2000 miles, including the
Yellow Stone up to the base of the Rocky
Mountains, and then the Mississippi from the
far North, the Ohio from the East, the Cum
berland and the beautiful Tennessee from
the South-all concentrating towards the
mouth of the Ohio. A circle there, with
radii 150 miles, would embrace the heart of
our continent. From Cape Ilateras to Cape
Florida, the ocean makes an indenture, or
great bay, the centre of wvhich is Charleston,
with a fine harbor, nearer to this heart thnan
any other point on the coast. Nature intend
ed it to be the outlet to the world of tis
vast interior. Of course New Orleans, in
many points of view, for heavy articles, is
equal ini position-but then New Orleanis has
the dificult and dangerous navigation of the
West India islands, and Cape Florida, to
encounter,where insurance is high, and where
you must lie out of a return cargo from four
to six weeks longer than by a direct route
free of insurance, to the interior West. The
Tennessee River seems to sweep round in
its great band towards the Atlantic. as if to
invite the junction at a more convenient
point than New Orleans. -This Rabun Gap
enables us to pass the Mountain range at its
lowest depression, and below the freezing
region, so as to give a constant open com
munication. It gives the interior West a
direct outlet for its surplus breadttuffs, for
the market of Enrope. with a redundant
population, and enables them to bring back,
in the safest and quietest manner, precisely
those things needed from Europe. A com
inunication through the whole length of
South Carolina, independent of much compe
tition in Georgia, and embarrassments from
rival interests, hi which we must be con
trolled by their Railroads, would make all
our investments much more secure, bring
about a difirent mode of thinking and acting,
and connect us more intimately with all the
sympathies of the interior; and finally, iden
tify us together in interest. We could thus
be prepared to diffuse the full influence of
these moral and political principles, which
may become necessary in the future conflicts
of the Republic, to give us strengthL, and de
fend our ultimate independence. This is
emphatically a great work for the St tie.
The polities of the question have a gre: t
and mighty bearing upon it-too coiplica
ted and too delicate to be developed fully at
Charleston has her part to act in it-she
must throw off her old habits and antiquated
provincialism, and enter with zeal into the
new hAbits and spirit-stirring enterprises of
the day. She once had her rank anccording
to the position assigned her by nature; she
once imported more than every city north of
the Potomac together.
This was before the adoption of the Fed.
eral Constitution, and before the final action
of the Government was brought to bear di
rectly upon our trade. The Treasury order
of HAaILToN, by w%'hicl public dues were
received in paper of the Bank at Philadelphia,
the Bank of North America, although only
part notes at the time, w::s the first blow
struck at the iniportations of Charleston and
the South. There was then no bank South
at all, and of course it wrs cheaper to pay
duties in credit paper thai coin. Then the
navigation laws, and the treaty with Great
Britain regulating trade with the West Indies
-toethier with the Inmber duties, trans.
ferred all trade from Norfolk and Charles.
ton to New York and the North.
But for the navigation laws. the tari:Th, the
banking system .-nd credit. which the Fed
eral Government built up at the North,
Charleston would at this day be the depot
for the WcsL India trade on one side, and tihe
trade of the interior West and Northwest on
A new day iny yet beaim upon her-ener.
gy, enterprise and indeponidence may do
much for her. Instead if her looking to
New York and coast steamers, let her look to
direct steamers to Europe, cutting the At
lantic ocean below the icehurg region. Let
her form her connections direct with Europe
id the West Indies on one side, and with
the heart of the American Continent on the
other, byv direct Railroad lines of her own,
independant of any other rival State interest.
Such rivalry in trade will add to thie pros
npritv of till. and isnentiahl toouniduiu.,
dence, and the permanet stability of our pre
sent investmetnts in ititernal improvements,
as~ well as most other st ocks.
BLOoDY AFFICAY IN KENTUCKY-SEvER AL
P~asoxs KILLED.-The Louisville Courier
gives an account of a bloody affray which
occurred near Lancaster, Ky. on the 13th
inst. between Russel, Is:diah' and Frederick
IHill, and two or three of their sons, on one
side and a party who had fortified thiemselves
in a tobacco house on thle other. Not hing is
said ais to the origin of the ail~ray, except that
as thme Hills arrived opposite the bonse, they
were fired on aiid and Russell Ihill killed.
The account in the Courier then goes oii to
"The hIllis then charged upon the house,
anid Isaiah Ilill was killed just as he was get
ting over the fence. The door oif the house
was forced by the remnainuing Ihills, and the
fight continued with short arms, atnd bowie?
knivea. John Sellers wais shot by a son of
Isaiah Hill, (twelve or fourt een yeairs of age,)
and fell and expired afser having received
five other shots through the head. Wmt~.
Crismtan was shot by the~ same boy, whbent in
the aict or stabibing Frederick I till with a
bowie knife. Crismnan died, hiavinig on his
body onte pistol shot and fifty-three wounds
intlieted wvith a kr.ife. A mi:m lby the nae
ot' Alverson, atnd :inother byv the name of
Samuel Sellers, (of the house party.) wera
slightly wounded. Two of the boys (Ihills)
were wounded with ritle shots, aind otie of
them, a mere boy, ies in a critical cotidition.
A NOTTHEn REvoLUTioNARtY SolDIF. GoI:.
-We have been iniformied tha~t Mr. Jlo:iN
Bisntor, well known as otte of the latst re
m iaining soldiers of the Revolution, died in
his 89th year on Sunday last, ait his residence,
near Rossville, Chester Dist rict, after a short
illness of about 3 days. He sank unider the
weight mid pressure of yeatrs, in a ripe old
age, but retained his body and mental fuentl.
ties soumnd and vigorous to the last daty of
his life. For the last few years lie has been
with us as almost the soile representative of
the heroic struggles of the Revolutionary
war and appeared as one of aniother age and
We udersltand that he wyas bheried with
military honors on Monday last and that such
wvas the regard entertained for him, in his
immediate nteighborhood, that his funeral was
attended by about three hundred persons.
Ar:REST OF AsI ENGLtrsI FUGITivE FRO3I
JUsTIE.-Thie Louisville .Journal of the 8th
instant announces thme arrest at Richmond,
Indiana, of Win. Henry, Ihigh Shecriff of
Gloucester, Enghand, who escape-i to the
United States some time since after forging
the notes of wealthy citizens of Gloucester
to the amount of $25,000. He was com
mitted to await the puroper requisition which
will authorise his deliveiy to theo British au
A fire broke out last evening, about half
past seven o'clock, in the dwelling of Mr. F.
A. Tradowvell, on the corner of Bull and
Laurel streets. The fire hiad attained such
progress, before the arrival of the engines,
that it was found impossible to save anty por~
tion of the edifice. Its spread was prevented
to the out-buildings, however.-Carolinian
TitE PR ESIDENT'S FATHtER.-Tho father of
President Fillmore is a Methodist preacher,
and presiding elder in a coniference district in
New York, grey wvith years and reverently
pious-loved and estettied by all wvho know
THiURSDAY, APRIL, 1852.
An Editor Married!
O; Tuesday evening last, Ma. Jou, BACON
and Miss PAwEE 'BU-LER; (dntightce of, lt
late Cl. P. M. BUTLSa,) were married at this
plae, in Trinity Church, by the Rev. AIaTHUR
WOGFALL, of Clarendon.
&7 WE are requested to state that. the Rev.
Dr. ;ERaiiriAn expects to preach at Dr. H.
BaR's, cn Palm.Sunday-4th of April.
7 A Leather Pocket Book has been de
livered at this office containing a certain-sum of
money. It does not tally entirely with the one
advertised in our last. But it may be that it is
the same. The oiner, by coming forward,
proving property and paying costs, can have the
7 WE regret that it is entirely out of our
power to pub!ish "SALUDA'S" article in this
number. It did not reach us in time, and certain
ire-arranged matters in the ofice compel us to
postpone its publication until our next issue, when
it shall certainly appear.
V7' WE are indebted to Hon. R. B. RuETT
for valuable public documents.
We have received from the same gentleman
quite a number of copies of his Speech upon the
Compromise measures, which we will .ake plea.
sure in distributing at an early day.
HOLY. A. P. BUTLER.
Oca distinguished fellow-citizen reached his
home near this place within the last week. We
are glad to find hint in his usual health and spirits.
Ile will not return to his post in Washington
until after the sitting of the Convention.
TireaE are several advertistments in this num
ber to which all would do well to give their at
One is of the Great Sale of Negroes, &c.,.to
take place at Aiken, on the 27th of this month.
We understand that much of this property is
The others are from A ugusta merchants, to wit:
Messrs. L.%r.LXnusTEDT & WIMIEALEY in the
Dry Goods line, J. A. VAN W-trJC.LE,. in the
3erchant Tailoring business, and ALoRict &
lIonAI., dealers in Boots atnd .Shoes.
We have tried theni all, and can safely recom
mend them to public pa:ronge.
WE call attention to the advertisement of
FISHIER & AGNEW. The reputation of this firm,
established within the lust year or two at the
ri-ing town of Newberry, has already become
pretty widely known on this rile of the State.
The general testimony is that they are skillful,
attentive and liberal dealers.
It gri-ves us a litde,,at, times, to thiuk that our
Saluda frienas aire beginning to turn their faces
more and more towards the Newberry market.
But we can't blame theni; for besides the supe
rior conaveniemco of trading there; we are told
that it is getting 'to be ti fie rate .pTsage. to pur
chase good articles on'g'obd'terms. And'norne,
perhaps, have helped more 'to bring this stale. of
things- about than Messrnr.Fsuaa& AcEzw.
But see their advertisement.. -'
Since writing the above,' we have received at
adv-ertisement f ruom . lLvY, ahsc Newberry,
to which we refer all interested in stat trade..
gg Tnte following gentlemen were elected as
Ollicrs of W.rsu:iNo-r6 Dfv:ol, No. 7, Sons
of Temnperatnce, for the enruing quarter.
R. T. Mixs, WV. P.
WV. W. Aouas, R. S.
E. PENN, A. IR. S.
John C. Maysos, F-. S.
- SAMuiuL Baoons, Tr..
F. L. Sni-rnt, C.
hILLI.tM WAaD, A. C.
WiV. L P'AInaLuEE, I. S.
Titos. A. Josas, 0. S.
Rev. N. At~naici, Chaplain.
JArS. B. SeLI VAN, P'. W. IP.
WEa arc requested to state that the vacancy,
occasioned in air. A rnntcu's Seminary, by the
withdrawal of air. EDMuUND B.4coN frotn the
musical department, will be speedily stupplied.
Th'le senool continues to cheer its proprietors and
patrons with its usual prosperity, nowv numbering
upwardls of sixty scholars.
Bly the hiye, is it not. time for both our Female
Academtie- to b~e making some arrangements for
honoring the advent of fovely May!? We like
all simpnle and innocent atid refreshinig old cus
toms-tand this we regard one of the most cheer
ful atid appropriate. It is not revereintial to neg
Itect it- and notne but a prude or a hypocrite
should oppose the harmless ri-te, especially in a
country village. See to it, girls!
Wie have a few specimeins of gold as found in
Mr. Doax's mine, which any one, curious about
stuch matters, can see by applying at this office.
Mr. D's. mine contintues to yield prodigiously.
Ilis profits would make the ltt:-kiest Californian
of theta all stare in astonishment.
From a gentleman just from the mitne, we learn
that it has yielded, without the shadow of doubt,
at t he rate of onc thousand dolldrs per day!. Mr.
D L's. cxpenses, in the opinion of this getitleman,
cannot exceed $30 a wveek. ie has five hatnds
digging and two or three others differently em
ployed. ie has examined the rich vein lhe is
now upon, 150 yards in advance of his present
work, and itnds it quite as good as at the begitn
ning. It is now almost certain that a fortune will
be realized by him in a short time, and we con
gratulate friend D. upon his singular good luck.
We stated some time ago that this mine was in
Edgefield. The Abbevillo Banner has since
claimed it for that District, and as- wve learn,
very correctly.' Mr. D'e first operations were al
most upon the litne between the two districts; lhe
is now several hundred yards on the Abbeville
But while Abbeville has the mine, wve have the
SUPPosE, hrother Standard, we come to n
understanding. set's agree, betwecen ourselves,
that we are both apt to deal in extreme epithets
and exaggerated ?Vitim when engaged in any
thing like a dispute. We look in the bag upon
your back and find these articles " sticking out."
Ad, doubtless, you see them in our dorsaj ap
pendage. Let us take these faults into calm
consideration, and, for the time to come, rival
each other in their opp-sites. .Such a course
might not itijure the respectability of either shleet.
If acktiowledging ourselves "unhiorsed," in
our late passage at arms, will gratify you, why,
e'en let it be so. To say the truth, wve rather
think you " had us."--Hut we never throw our
sles behi.d our a..n--nae.a~
U JST C E F R AILROAD.L
gWE call the espeM'l attention of our readers to
t most sensible;-sprn an of geld)
peculiarly interestingatic 0. foundupon
the first cu jthies 21ver t~ intreA
oP"SoutA VECaro Pewe had
ton Mecry neirly two'ww
marked it for pib1licktion s e unac
countable oversight it was d.._ It i" never
too lati, howe7i-;1f.r aftee ldly
truthful and practical as .Sosuggestions
thrown out in this piece.
We call upon the ergene dwealthy men
who would be particu Tfl- ..eati-d -y this
suggested route (if ever broac ) to con over
this article *ell, mid t bitSno"
wards the enterprize daily. ..of these gen
tlemen, from Aiken' and . 4le Ao Can
bridgc-aye, and eien' ono th$ .bunatins, are
now. in our mind's eye. Andwe-...ave. -porfect
confidence that if they would cymbine and cast
the full weight of theif itpt fudire'in' favor
of the project, the day wudli', e f'ditant
helen the Engine's. screfe.W~ d .: be .heard
throngh the length and breiathf'our district,
and when by far the chape, ,.and most
productive route between Charleston -and the
great Western Interior wonud Wiseblished.
Think of it, fellow-citi ,It isot last
chance for the.exerpise of thq . prxt"ng. spirii
which once.cbaract eed#.u r ,but which
has slumbered so shamefully of.DA years.. Anl
it is the best chance ever oani CR1 enlightened
A KIND WORD FOR A kIftrRPOSE.
WE learn fr' the N .I ntinN1 and
other sonrces,ihat the latt & 0. JESSE
Sctinty, of Newberry -Distrat,for' the murder
of Mr. JOn BELTON VJLt.A, of the same
District, resulted in a verdict of--Not Guilty."
We haverredeivodfrom sou jarfeetdy-relia
ble, statements which induce no to offer one or
two well-meant suggostioi it fbrbace to this
sad affair. - . "* ' ' -
It is thought probable.Jy;,sqWg that further.
difficulties may grow- out ofguiat bas already
oceprred. And it is on this fe.int -we desire, with
entire respect and fiendship for all concerned, to
say a word or two.
Inasmiich as this melanihofytent n's been
adjudicated by the proper tribbfal, it occurs to
us that a Teil shoild .be dropp&pver the past, as
far as may be. While the friends and relatives
of the deceased have suffered the bitter pangs of
this heavy affliction', the otherparty has met that
most excruciating of aH temporal-ordeals, a trial,
before his country, -for-life aid death. Fur the
future, tho contentment ofsicitheespide can. be
increased by a protraction .of-.the idifliculty. To
set a train on fire now, wilich inight burn from
bosom to bosom until it shol.'ead to further
and, if possible, more heartirending results. is a
consummation to, be depreca$Lf.lhy. eyery,. friend
of social harmony. We expres nurselves thuk
the more readily, because wo--are convinced,
by what'we have hearLfrom-eicellent -authori
ty, that this matter can be hn rably terhinated
now, and that ii shtul be.
Arid this eurs, we' hiniinoAotibtwotil be
approved by the -good sepi'see., geeous, feel!
ings of- the -whole-dommuntyigftlr which the
parties are identified. '-'
A LINCEIU50G2l~ .4.0u I
A ,onsti~a citizen of Edglid .ri-ites to us
from one of the South WestferSitates, enclosing
hmself full accounts of tieprrubeedings' of our
pproaching. Nate Coti-eai. He h'o'pea fur
omel ii.50. fom tis dy 'of Soutlh Caro
-linang 'L .rn~ti . -, , .
We cheerfully send our jmper da requested ; but
we have our'mil-giving5d YoiuatiafaF'tioti
Ilthi tis sanguIne f'riemi- aro~na 4iil1'i
eience upon scanning 'ed:~Niedline is so
dnxiously a'aiting. Tet;like 'thinwe cannot
cease to indulge the hope 1J~t the' wise hends and
patriotic heartse, whtich~ wllr bo'then uissemibled,
toay yet do sotiething-tlist'will at' heast sho'w
that outr State is progressive in the enuse 'of
State's Rights and 'Soutbgrn. pquality.
TifE RABBDIT QulESTION SOL5ED,
Tuar: is nothing like asking for information
on atny point wihatever. .In repily to our quer'y,
touching those garlen' demp'editors termed rahhits,
~have received sevrial 'aliswers, the i'tnlstance
of which we 'will brieflyNe' for tie benefit of
l good housekeepers andi hoh-tltnurists.
One dcposes (and- this one isin lady) that sihe
was recently trouibled just us we have been--:bhat
she forthwith despatched aservant for powder and
shot-that she armed 'saidwservant after night-fl
with a double-barrelled gun-that she stationed
him as sentry over a beautiful bed of English Peas
and bade him do his duty-that ini a short time
"bang" went tie gun;, and again " hang,"
"hang," until some seven shuts were discharged,
that sihe caled up the sentinel~o receive his report,
and thtat lhe presented a list of five killed and one
wnded -that she ordered this mode of warfare
1to be contitnued tor ti feE s'o'teessive nights, and
that now her garden iq etatirely clear of the
wretches. And further, this deponent sayeth not.
Another' (antd -this ener ir -ar Doctor who has
ramled much and has heard many tin old wii,low
discuss the 'subject) aveis thdit he has often been
told by these oracular dames; that to catch a big
buck-rabbit, kill him, spriukle lisa blood in and
about the spot threatened withuinvasion andl ma.
ication, and then to extend lishide upon a stick
or stacks near the centre of said spot, made up all
together an.infallible prevet'tiro of all such tab
bitical ineursionis. And here ended the Doctor's
A third (and this is avoice from Newherry) says
to us briefly and 0mplti~ally-" make your gar
len so that they can't get In ; that is, rabbit-tight.
Tat is thte wvay we di, .. Neidierry, inil we arc
some on gardening."
A fourth (and this is a shtrewvd and experienced
spinster frien'd of ours) declares thtat wvell-seasuned
pot-liquor, sprinakled carefully 'alout~ te rouots of
the plants, is an infallible antidote for all such
evils. (Did our friend omit the d before the last
A fifth (andi this one is, nit lhe says, "an old
rabbit-unter") announces the fullunitng as "a
sure plan by which to scare the rascals away:"
Go around your garden,'says~hs, and stop all the
holes except the one -nostly..ued by the long-eared
thief. A few nights after, axt 9;o'clock precisely,
send a careful hand aroou.-d'gud let him stop the.
hole you before left open. .Thien let- nll thechil
drn and little negroes and dlogs be nuetered and
turned in at the gate, wvhicih lbidg wvell secured
behind them,' order the wvhole ck to open in full
cry, attd you will soon hay-s he. rogue and sottne
fun along with him. Then take him outside the
garden, (if he be caught alive,) cut off both lisa
ears close to his head--turn hiiloose a few paces
ahead-'of all' the-H~ounds ad~Fice.yout can parade,
"and lie will hope'off,' -tonendes.the old hunter,
" and not return agaitn shortif.".-May be not, old
horse! Neither will wee'raturn.again shortly"
to the subject. '
The Californi pus'slate that during
the yoar 185l1; the export, of Gold frotn Calhi
'lfIE PRIVATE LIFE OF Jon c;L1.H10U .
Tuzs is t til of a remarkablyiell printed'
and neatly prepared Pamphlet, receitty issuial by
those praise-worthy Publishers, WALKER, Rien
1mDs & Co.,-of Charleston^ The pioductionis
freri the'petof'3Miss 31tAav BA-raWs
Thi lady, if we have not taken up a wrong
impression, is the daughter of a New Hampshire
clergyman and a native of that State. For some.
uimeshe was ore "of tiie irndip'tenthers; in- a
Female Seminary which flourished several yenra
ago at Old Pentleton. We are well aware- of thej
fact that Miiss B.TES was on terms of constant
and cordialintercourse with-the family' at Fort
].Ull; and we have no hesitatancy as to her up
portunities of forming a full and clear-estimate of
the private character and habits of our lamented
Statesman. Indeed we know that her portrai
itire of the Great CALuOUNS " private life" is, as
far as it goes, an accurate and truthful deline-a
tion. And we fully appreciate her little work as
a most beautiful and earnest tribute to departed
excellence. At least, it has won from our very
heart the most unaffected admiration, and has,
more than once, brought to our eye the unbidden
tear of grateful sympathy..,
This little pamplet (together with Gov. lN-I
SoIOD's splendid eulogy upon 31r. CALHouX's
public life)fahould be found in every Carolinian's
A single copy can be procured at 12 1-2 cents
ten for $1. We hope many of our ,tubseibers
will procure copies. They will, then see that
what we have said above is buit a deserved com
pliment to an intelligent and high-toned wontan.
EPISCOPACY, TESTED BY SCRIPTURE.
WE have been gratified by the perusal of a very
able ani fairly written Tract upon " Episecopacy,
ested by Scripture," handed to us by the worthy
Clergyman who.has charge, of this portion:of the
South Carolina Diocese. Of courseo it is not our
.aim to originate anything bordering upon section
al controversy. But, at the ruggestion of the
donor, we have no objection to state very briefly
our opinion upon the matter discussed in the
limpllet under consideration.
We think it capable of proof that there were
officers of the Chtrch, in the days of the Apostles,
to whom very diffierent duties were assigned. But
as to the absolute necessity of ordination by an
Apostle, to render one fitted for the work of the
ministry, we cannot fully perceive its inculcation
in the scriptuiral passages referring to this subject.
We hold that no arrangement of discipline,
made by the early preachers of the Gospel, was
inspired, or was imposed upon their followers as a
necessary and indispensable regulation, to prevail
thronghout all ages and changes. For this would
he placing the temporal rules of. the Christian
Church, as regulated by mere men, upon an equal
footing with the moral lessons of that Church as
expounded by the Son of God himself.
-it occurs to us, that from the whole tenor of the
Gospels it may be gathered, that the breathing of
the Holy Spirit, upon one'whom Heaven wishes to
raise up as its chnmpion, can never demand, as a
pre-requisite, the imposition of hands by any par
ticular man or set of men.
.But some form of ordination is certaily e.rpe
dhtnt, to ensure respectability.and piety to she
pplpit,.as furas htunn supervinion is enpuhle of
achieving this end. Further tltap.this,.it.. honers
npon an apparent assumption of, theprerogativp
of God bimself
MORE GOOD FARM3INC--.WE LIKE TO RE
-Aso'rnai gentfenu lns-]isrendleredl idn't t
hands an-accourit of certatn farming 'operationts
carried otst on his. plifeak e ~ed iuiself
in his domnestic,Acunt BonkJ ' o -
Were we not specialhyenjuined notoo.give the
name of this successful farmer, we 'would .take
pl~asuire in making it known. When wve say thar,
lemdes being a gentleman a pnd a ,farmer,.huis
zgso.a scholar worthy of the appelatiin, .woe,are
ltaps coining near etiougha to the mark to ena
ble some of our readers to gu-:s the rest. .But to
18-19. Hadl about 20 acres in cultivration, work
el tby onie negro, fliuidle-aged (near 50,) and oic
of my carriage horses.-no' manure.
Gath'd. 435 bnsitels of cord,. at 50) ets. $217.50
'-12U00 lbs. fodiler at 75 ces per hun. 90.00)
"30.bush. of peas $1 per bush. 3U,00O
Besides, there wvere some grounid-niats, sweet
poltatoecs andl water-tehons.
(A fine profit tis upon one old negro atnd a
horse that did thisa as extra-wurk.]
1850. This year was tnot so good. as 4the pre
ceiig, and cornt ran up to Si per bushel.
Gathiered f'rom samec lumd with samec means of
cultivation, 312 bunshtes $312.00
-- 9,0010 lbs. hnyv an:l fodder. 112.5')
" 10 bushels peus. 10,010
Pea vines wrere madie and not cab n!:at
el. Abtoutt ,.ir days, eacrh year, the th,-Ip
of one hand wats rtedered, at 371-2 enis
per~ day mtakitug ini all, ,3
'Te albove was produceed on pittey-woneds land,
two atnd three years .ohl, antd we protnounce it,
emphatially, "'hard to heat." (entleitmen, we
tell you agaitn, our pitne lands are not yet properly
Lhisundrstanidisag witia Great
A grave mistutnderstandinig or misinterpre
tatuotn of the set-called Tireaity oif dettletentt,
(Oregon .lountdary) ini relation to Britisht
vessels navigatitng the watters under the Unti
tet States jurisdiction, wvlitin the bountdaries
and alonig the coaist of Oregoni Territory-, we
learni, is the oceaaiotn of au correspotudence
whih is jtust now going on betweent Mr.
Webster and the British 3inistersat Wnmshu
ingon. Mr. Cramupton. It. has been the prae
ie of Enuglish sea captains on the Paeific
coast, it seems, ever Since the setlhetment of
the boundairy between the two Governments
e west of th'e Rocky mnounliius," (by troaty
concluded Juno 15th, 1846,) to-beek to !ntnd
ad deliver "goods anud wares" at Atmericatn
ports withotut painig dnly. More recently
so~ie of them, it is said, have gone so far as
to aheerfise to tritisport merchndisei tromt
one Atmerienni port to anther:c thus interfer
inuw with our coasting trade, which the vessels
of no nation tare pertr~ittedl to do. Notice
has been repeatedly given to them, by thet
A merican Customt Ihouse oillicers in Oregon,
tht,,. thecse liberties culd tnt, be pertnitted;
and finally a formal ntotice wvas served ott otue
of diem biy thes Collector of Astoria, that fir
any futture infractions of' th'e reventue laws of
ths Utnited States hie should proceed against
them forthwith, conedemuing veasiels and con
fscaig cargoes,.atnd thtus brought mttter
to a crisis. The notice was commoutmented to
the ageints of the Iludsont's Blay Compatny by
the shipmaaster upon wvhotm it wvas served, and
by them commuticeated to the British Gov
ernmetnt at htomeu. It wvas then made thte
subject of conusideration in counceil, and I1er
Majesty's seretary for Fereign Afibirs there
upon transmitted the doetnents to the
British Mintister. at WVashington, with instrute
tios to brinig hie mtatter to the attention of
t~e governument of thme United States, to thte
end that the Amerientn authorties it Oregon
might be advised that they wvere themnsekes
ity ofinfrnetiotns of the treaty stipunlations
ti..-.... t... two CcvrnmttftS. and that "thet
'bllector at Astoria- might $e instinis e4d
vithdraw the notice lie had served ulin tle
nasters of British tierchaftmein 6hbthe Vviefie
onst. For these interesting facts we are
thiefly indebted to the Washington corres
ondent.ofthe.Cininnati.Gazette, who goes
in to inform us, further, that Mr. Crampton.
ras recently obeyed the orders of his Gov
rnment,.in good temper but witlh rather tint
anigunge, and that the whole mater is now
aefor the Aririean Secretary of State. Ile
dlso predicts that the American authorities
n Oregon will be fully sustained in the
-(urse they have taken, and that the British
linister, and not the Collector- at Astoria
vrill have the privilege of withdrawing his
-omplaint.-N. Y. Express.. ...
Famcir REF'GEES Is ENGLAND.-A large
umber of French refugees now in London
-elebrated the fourth__anniversary of the
Preiteirevoltion of ebruary, 1848, at the
ational Hall, Holborn. The Hall was
densely crowded, and the utmost entlusiasn
was manifested when any of the speakeis
ilenounced the acts of Loui< Napoleon. M.
Gustave Maequet, ex-editor of the Le Peuple
Souverein, said that the revolution of '48
was a glorious event, beause it overthrew a
modarch who, after haviing taken the crown
by the consent (of two hundred men, main
ained his power for eighteen years by cun
ning and violence, and at last lost it without
rourage or dignity. The spuaker called upon
the neeting tc protest-against the rimes of
tile blood-thirsty, private property pliunderer,
nive-rsal.sutirngo forge-, oath-brenker, law
espiser, the so-eulled President of a sham
Republic-Napoleon the Little. He was
one of the mnost despicable knaves who ever
disgr:eed hnanity. U1e had threatened war
against Switzerla'nd, Belgiumi, and even
England, but he wanted hsis soldiers at home,
to maintain by force what he had eatablished
CuRctIsTANers ALTEri C.%sEs.-The Pila.
delphia North American opposed the coin
promi-e as too favorable to the South-and
thought the Southerr pretence of common
right to colonize a comniom territory too ex.
travainit to be tolerated. Now, when inca
sures are pending in Congress to give the
public doinain to companies and individuals
in the new States, and thus deprive the old
of their rightof property in the public land,
te North Anierienti pronounces for State
Rights as follows:
There is something as ominons as mon
strous in this new eondi:iun of things; and
it is difiCult to conceive how statesmen,
having-the-coanion g'ood of the country at
heart, ean sanction a-preiilie at-once so
odious and so irreeonealenble mith every
idea of republican equality and harmony.
The whole frame work of the confederneyis
founded on the basis of the equal rights of
the ttes and of the peopkle of the States;
and the conbtitutiton which recogn~es that
basis is infrinped itpon when Congiress etawets
and substit!t-. nnither of -an oppsite
chanrcter, by which the nationa .:wehltis
decided to be the exrlusive property of one
set of States, or of the people . thLa set of
BURNING OF Goai Z R. ir,RoAD. C .
A trani of Fretight Cirs going up on
Thur1idy, took fiie W ew ile above'Stone
Mbhuninn; from the'woods'whit-h wveti bihii
ng. .and six ot them wi re destroyed. Two
of these 'nere closm*CWna flled with 'dr's
goods.,winhere s arely-'consumie .:The
wiiwssron-.oi ano, e stene;eth
two reaniug br ,wea wnsgpn,w1feh'
d siid' a hsngghfie 3M diasse , u*3
sonic .other- licavy nrticlesparut of which
In'oir notie of the fire on the line of the
Georgia Railroad. we were in error in statitig
thait thewond work of the. Rond- was burnedi
tnear Bel Air. T hi se curred ,a abort dis
tatnce below Stone .Mountain. The woods
have lbin ont fire- atseveridl pints along the
line of Road, aind owing to the dry weather,
the destr'neti6n hais'ben e-xtenisiui-'
-FIRF..-A deistr-netive fire oecurred, about
five mtiles South West oif this place on Wed
nesdayv last. -The Arbor, and all the Tents
at Sluiron camp-meeting ground were coni
nmed. Fruom these, the preises of Mr.
Smith Mannt who lived near by, enught, and
his dwelling, a large Gin lionse, a barn and
indeed nearly, sir qunite all the oint buidings
otn the plaee'dest royed. The fire, we under
stnnd brokd odt fromi a new ground in the
neighborhood. It was an tiufrtunate dasy
foir the maniagement of this unruly element
--we have no rte->llection of a day so win
dy.-A bbeville Banner.
Tsma.x NEws.-Col. B1. Pearson, direct
from Tampt1a, tells us that lie utnderitands
the Indi.mn news is of a pneuitie eharacter;
that the Indians with whomt Capt. Jerungin
has htad this ditienlty, are the outlaws fromt
lie natiun-pierhiaps not more lhan a dozens
wrriosrs. That Dilly ilowlegs dehlares
lhey shall never come ini the natiotn, and
C1 yt. Jerneagin swears they shall not live sint
ousiade. so the-re will hardly lie a war with
Billy on their neitint. The onaly chance
now for Apattie's basnd seeuts to bse to pre
pre for their a-cension.-Ocola (Fla.) Con.
To P~tuiRrF WATF~r.-Nine onnee*, says
the Scientitie Amaerienan, of phure, fresh limte,
disslved in forty gallnns of water, will purify
live hundred atid forty gallonis of water ; the
1r0 cipitate is chalk. It takes sixteen hours
for the water to settle, and all the impurities
to full to the bsttom of the vessel which
cotainsl the water. This is a useful faict in
chemistry, and is not very extetnsively known
H YMNENIA L.
MARRIED, in this Village, on Tuesday even
ing, the 30th nlt., by Thos. G. Key, Esq., Alr.
J.11ArTWELI. B3LKASN and Miss M. REBECCA,
yogest daughter of MJr. Lewis Covar, all of
MAnF.D, onl Tuessday cevening, the 22s1 ult.,
by John Tompkins, Esq., Mr. MARTIN FowrLsa
and Miss Stanan A xx, second daughter of Robt.
Sherman, all of Edgefield yPistrict.
C OMNERCIAL, _
Correspondence of the Advertiser'.
11A Mi BUllG; Mar. 30, 1852.
Our Cotton Market this week is qeutfrm.
We notice that the New Orleans market has
lrvely met the shock and no change in quota
ions. We quote for strictly Fair 8 ets.; Mid
dling 6 3-4 to i ; Ordinary 6 to 6 1-2.
No echange in other quotations.
The Spring trade has opened quite briskly.
100 Cords Tan Bark
W TANTED, for which $5.00 per Cord will
' bepiud, delivered at the Tan Yat d.
Marc .1 - R. T. MIMS..
jVU)'mg Friends of Col.-F. W. PICK
NS,1eg leave to present him to the people
fE field, and of the Districts ilisji
be "thrown with us by the new apportion-'
mentUas an eminently suitable person ito
represent us in the Congress of the Unit d&
States. 31r. BURT hiving positively deielnj
a re.election, it beconses our duty :to *elIEi 7
his successor with eaire; and we respectfullyr .
suggest that the experience and. ability, otr
Col. PICKENS should be again called nto re
quibition upon the very floor where )ha
hitherto served us so efliciently.
Iis perhaps proper:-to-zadd, on to~rh-t.
that this announcement is tendered with''t
Col. P's knowledge or .desire,'and1w1jth 41
feeling of opposition to any individual.
- H Trifids'rfCapt.TRESO
BROOKS 'ann6unee him i s i n4da .
represent this Congressional Distriie the -
next Congress, Mr. BURT having positively
declined a re.election.,.
This nomination, like anothei whielai.
pears in this paper, was made by ihfiM s
of Capt. B. purely oftlwirlown ae~d'i I
out reference to his wishes on thesubjeetx
and witloutthe remotest design.o oresil .
ling public opinion in-bis favoreninstOmn
Butler Lodge, No. 17, L;0TE
A Regulari ietingyf t~iso
- will be held onl Monday e'iig
- nxt7 o'lue. -r.
A. G. TEAGUE&oSeei s
, N Exm meeting of BUTLER LODGE,
No 17, 1. 0. 0. F.. will be held in their
Hall, 4n $aturday evening enext, the 3rd inst.g
at 3 W'clock, when-the Lodge will be openedin
the Degree of RZEBECCA, and that beautirul
Degree couerred on as many of the Liadies,
who are Odd Fellow's wives, as may send their'
applications to the Noble Grand by that time,
and present thenselves at that tinte at the UalY.
By order of the N. G.
A. G. TEAGUE, See'ry.
April I It - 3
AN EXTRA Comniniatio f 6f
0 No. 59,,A..F M;,will be .held A
their UiTall 'on Mouday -evening,
- the- 5th inst., at 8 o'clucki~ial
A prompt attendanee of every member199 A -,.
peetfully solicit-4,as buAiness'bf- maehAim'*119,
tance wil then be brought beforc'the. ge.
*Byorder of the WV. PC' ?~t -
To the Bar ofEdgcfJtdW*
rJ IE undersigned, wihn t
. work of re-arranging the papers, f
Coilmissiviner's Oflice pt,an early- Ja,9esta
the seoveral Lawy. is atsthis.bar tu.gttu ,sainya
all papers,. kuang'te.thlis .dpa n
eAy hear ffies
~l~y tay ia . A... S .lfS.. s*?.v
pri 1 ,:.I, s~ 1* .
aszunT returns numn -aeTs .
TIHE Subscriber offers for sale his PLIA*
..TA TIONontshey Creeki,sboiw5 1-2
mies North of Edga.eed Court Houuns *
The Tract contamas Nine haundreil -and fi
(95U) acres, between 3hth and -.f0 sere's
which nre in woods, and about 60 ne'res -of lowi
On the premises is a large JwellngP.4te~ -
Aleo, ntew aind ewmfortable out 1eoster good Gin
louso and Stabks, &e. -
Another tract of Land about 2,1-2jniles East of
the aiome, contrainaing Five band~lred (5110) serta.
On this tract there are about 811 aeres cleared
within the last 18 moant-the balance is in
woods, and all good Cotton and Grain Land.
There are somec negro houses and stables 'os
this tract. -
G. A. ADDISON.
April! tf 11
- l1 Spann Uotel; at Edgefleld C. I., a negro -
mana~ GEORGE. about 33 years old of dark
complexio n. Said George will probably enden
vor to make hia way' to Colombia S. C., where
h~ has a wife. When quickly spokon tohe
Snid George is about five feect, ten inecies lhijT,
well made. Carried off with hint a biakk s'ait
of clothes, black cloth eloak and valise.
A pril!1 tr. - 1
TI IIE Subseribers have now in styro a Jatre
atnd complete assortmnent .of BOL TINA.
CLOTWS, of tho. most ap yea1. brands.
which will be sold at greaty N . .eel.zefur
cash. AGNE~W,Y1SIIER & CO..
Newberry C. HI. April 3. 2m 1
Atate of .1. A. Perrinrdee'd., are requested
to render them: in to Capt. W.-Uarrison, as heis
my Agent during my abseneo from the Staef
A. PER~tLN, Adaer.W~
A pril 1 -t
Tp IIE Partnership between ThnLL & Wa
r.1.rwt is dissolved by consent. John Hil
will continue the business, andar ti isttoeatd t -
the settlement of the business of'thielafe FIda.
hiarcha 26, 1832. 4t I -
ALL Perbona indebted'to the Fiitcdi Sam
ason 13. Maya, dee'd., are rqeto nmah
hpayent, and allahoe having deamandsaaf~
said estate wall present thena. properely tet
according to law..
AGOOD set of SURV EY~ING IKST RU
MENTS, nearly-new,e will be sold low.
A pply at this Ofiec..
IF you wish tps~iuy $PUN.COT70N rery
.cheap, this i. the place to gti.a
suiPl has just been received, '~~
for ale cheap for casa.
March 18 G. L. PENN, Aor~ty
JUS Yeceyesaarge muy'~.W
T CLfor sale h
Marc 18 G. LPENN~~.