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FOa TUE ADVERTISER.
The spring-time is upon us now,
All nature's smiles proclaim her birth
A myriad flowrets form the bow
Which promises a teeming earth.
Around the maidens radiant brow
The hawthorn-like a snow wreath gleams
Lilies and roses mingling, show,
In her fair face, their purest beams.
The woodbine strews a coral shower
Along the path her fiotstcps press,
From violet beds and jasmine bower
Sweet odours meet in glad caress.
-Mid forest arches broad and green
A glorious diapason swells
Sweet symphonies, from choirs unseen,
Steal from the brake where mock bird dwells,
Now high in air" now glaneing low,
The feathered throng, all wild with joy,
On all alike their songs bestow
On Lord of state or farmers boy.
Whi!st magnet-like earth's hidden store
Attracts the plough-shares strength again,
Deep from- the soil it turns the ore,
In sheaves of richest golden grain.
The skies have donned a brighter blue,
The rivulet its spray throws high,
And in its depths reflects the hue
Of nature's freshest, loveliest dye.
With sacred trust and holy fear
The day-spring from on high well greet,
And from this bridal of the year
Bow meekly at the Giver's feet.
From the Charleston Mercury.
MEssr.s.- EDrrons. I perceive by the report
of Col. BROWN. Engineer on the Columbi:1
and Greenville Railroad, that he makes the
distance from Chatanooga to Charleston, vi:
the Rabun Gap, 484 miles, and via Atlant:
and Augusta, 4-18 miles, ruaking the Augusta
route shorter by 36 miles than the RIabu
Gap. The Engineer makes this report upon
the basis of running as the Road now runt
from Anderson C. H1. to Columbia. But let
us suppose the road were run front Aiken t0
Cambridge, or to ANDERSoN'S Mills (at pre.
sent Drsox's.) Then from Charleston to Ai.
ken is 120 miles, and from Aiken to Cain.
bridge, by or near Lorr's, is 43 miles, making
in all 163 miles; whereas from Charleston to
Columbia is 130 miles, and from thence to
Cambridge is 71 miles by the present road
which.makea 201 miles in all, a ditference of
38 miles-so that the difirence between the
route to Chattanooga from Charleston, vin
Augusta, may be overcome by running a road
from Aiken to join the road at Cambridge,
and thence to Anderson C. II. and the Rabun
Gap. Now,'I venture the asser:ion that
there is no part of the State where a road of
the sam'& distance can be run eheaper than
from Aiken to Cambridge; or to Drsos's
liills,'on the Greenville Road. From Aikeni
te a point about one mile West of Lorr's
there is but one hill of the least notice-thmis
on the ridge that diviai.:waters of Saluda
from Savannah, there is almost a level grade
to within two miles of Cambridge, or to
within three -miles of Drsos's mills. Thern
is no water to cross until you reach Ninety.
six creek near Cambridge, or Half way
Swamp; near Drsox's. If yon wvill examnine
MnXr.'s Map of the differen~t Districts of the
State,. you will see the ridge distincitly
marked', and Lorr's, about 8 miles East of
Edgefield C. H. laid down too. This ronte
would avoid Saluda river, or the bridges
ov'er Little river, Bash river, and even Broad
river, and being besides 38 wiles nearer to
Charleston. Thtus, besides being the safest
for all heavy trainis, it would make thie route
krnm Charleston to Ch~attanoomga two miles
nearer by the Rabun Gatp, tham by Auguata.
It would avoid crossing Savannah river only
1Eigh uis, where it would be easy and safe.
This would have its corresponding effects
upon ill points beyond Chattanooga too, atnd
bring Charleston so much nearer to Mem.
phis and Nashville. It would avoid the hea
vy trestle wvork about Covington, Georgia,
the bridge over the Oconec-the conmpetition
at Atlanta, in ainthmer road-the bridge over
the Etowa, and all along thme Georgia State
Road, besides the tunnel, wvhich will mumst
certainly give way some day. And if the~
gap were filkd up by a dirert line from:a
point near Cambridge, or Dyson's Nills, on
the Greenville Road, to Aiken, it wou~l avoid
a circuit of 38 miles further; the crossing of
Saluda, Little and Bush rivers, besides Broad
river, and then the swamp at the Congaree,
and all their dangers and expcnses. Thmis
would give a dry line from Edisto river up to
Antdersou District, or rather up to Rock~
The route from Aiken to Dysomrs ferry
was once surveyed by thme Engineers of the
Railroad under the direction of Gen. IIAYNE,
when lie contemplated the direet route to
Cincinnati. It was found to be a most beau.
tiful route, with not the slighltest obstrution,
except at Shmaw's creek about eleven mile;
Ini permanently commanding the rich traide
of the interior West, it is of the greatest im
portance that distance should be shortened,
and also that the route should be suited to
heavy transportation without risk or con.
stant expenses for heavy repairs. If the
junction were made from Aiken to Cam.
bridge, I hesitate not to say that it would
effectually secure, first, independence to
Charleston and all thme internal improve
ments of our beloved State, and would inec
vitably command the trade and travel to
Knoxville, Nashville, Memphis and Chata.
nooga, and the rich countries of which they
are centres. The Rabun Gap is of thme last
importance to us as a State. Instead of
being secondary to and dependant uponi
Georgia, it will at once place us boldly along~
side of her as an independant rival for tie
commerce of the WVest, together with all its
moral social and political p~ower.
The mouth of the Ohio is the heart of our
continent; towards that point all the longest
and largest rivers run. The Missouri firom
thme WVest, near 2000 miles, including the
Yellow Stone up to the base of the Rocky
Mountains, and then the Mississippi from the
far North, the Ohio from the East, the Cum
berland and the beautiful Tennessee from
the South-all concentrating towards the
mouth of the Ohio. A circle there, with
radii 150 miles, would embrace thme heart of
our continent. From Cape Ilateras to Cape
Florida, the ocean makes an indenture, or
grea't bay, the centre of which is Charleston,
with a fine harbor, nearer to this heart thani
any other point on the coast. Nature intend
ed it to be the outlet to the world of this
vast interior. Of course New Orleans, in
many points of view, for heavy articles, is
the dificult and dangerous navigation of the
West India islands, and Cape Florida, to
encounter,where insurance is high, and where
you must lie out of a return cargo from four
to six ieeks longer than by a direct route
free of insurance, to the interior West. The
Tennessee River seems to sweep round in
its great band towards the Atlantic. as if to
invite the junction at a more convenient
point than New Orleans. This Rabun Gap
enables us to pass the Mountain ranze at its
lowest depression, and below the freezing
region, so as to give a constant open comn
munieation. It gives the interior West a
direct outlet for its surplus bread.tuf's, for
the market of Europe. with a redundant
population, and enables them to bring back,
in the safest and quietest manner, precisely
those things needed from Europe. A com
nunication through the whole length of
South Carolina, independent of much compe
tition in Georgia, and embarrassments from
rival interests, in which we must be con
trolled by their Railroads, would make all
our investments much more secure, bring
about a different mode of thinking and acting,
and connect us more intimately with all the
sympathies of the interior; and finally, iden
tify us together in interest. We could thus
be prepared to diffuse the full influence of
these moral and political principles, which
may become necessary in the future conflicts
of he Republic, to give us strengtl, and de.
fend our ultimate independence. This is
emphatically a great work for the St ite.
The polities of the question have a gre: t
and mighty bearing upon it-too complic
ted and too delicate to be developed fully at
Charleston has her part to act in it-she
must throw off her old habits and antiquated
provincialism, and enter with zeal into the
new habits and spirit-stirring enterprises of
the day. She once had lier rank according
to the position assigned her by ntare; she
once imported more than every city north of
the Potomac together.
This was before the adoption of the Fed
eral Constitution, and belore the final action
of the Government was broutght to bear di
rectly upon our trade. The Treasury order
of IIAmrLTos, by which public dues were
received in paper of the Bank at Philadelphia,
the Bank of North America, although only
part notes at the time, w::s the first blow
struck at the importations of Charleston and
the South. There was then no bank South
at all, and of course it wt:s cheaper to pay
duties in credit paper thai coin. Then the
navigation laws, and the treatv with Great
Britain regulating trade with the West Indies
-together with the imber duties, trans
ferred all trade from Norfolk and Charles
tutn to New York and the North.
But for the navigation laws. the tari:Ts, the
b.nking system and credit. which the Fed
eral Government built up at the North,
Charleston would at this day be the depot
fur the West India trade on one sle, and the
trade of the interior WVest and Northwest on
A new day tn'my yet beam upon her-ener.
gY, enterprise and inldep :-'denAet may do
much fur her. Instead (t' her lookin'ig to
New York and coast steamers, let her look to
direct steamers to Europe, cntting the At
lantic ocean below the icehurg region. Let
her form her connec:ions direct with Europe
and the West Indies on one side, and with
the heart of' the Amierican Continent on the
other, by direct Raiilroad lines of' her ow~n,
independant of any~ other rival State Interest.
Such rivalry in trade wvill add to the pros
n ritv ot till, and isasspn:ial to ouru-n
dence, and the permanet stability of our pre
setnt investmetnts in internal impjrovemnent.s,
as well as most other stocks.
BJ.OODY AFFR AY IN hrNT~CKr-SEvE R.U.
Pnsoss KILLED.-The L ouisvilhe Courier
ives an account (of' a bloody aff'ray wh'licha
occurred tnear Lancaster, Ky'. on the 13th
inst. between Russel, Isadah and Frederick
Hill, and two oir three oft their sonts. ont one
side and a party' wtho had fortified themaselves
~in a tobacco house on the othe~r. Nothiung is
said tas to the origin of'the all'ray, except that
as the Hills arrived opposite the house, theiy
were fired on and and Rtussell Ilill killed.
The accountt in the Couaier then goes ona to
" The Hlills then chiarged tupon the house,
anad Isaiah 11ill wias killedl just :is lie was get
ting over the fenice. The door of the house
wast forced by the remaainaing Ilills, aind the
fight comtinnted w~ith short arms, and bowie
knivee. Johna Sellers was shot by a .soan of
Isaiah Hill, (twelve or foiirteein y'ears of age,)
and fell atnd expired afer haviing rec'eived
five other shots thirongh the heuad. Wmta.
Crismann w'as shaot by the same bov', whena in
the nect of' stabbing Frederick liill with a
bowie knife. Crisaman died, huavinhg on his
body' onec pistol shot anad fif'ythiree wounds
inficted with a kait'e. A maan by the ntaime
of' Alv'erson, anad :inothaer lby the name of'
Stanuel Sellers, (of the hiouse party.) wvera
slightly wounded. Two of' the boys (Ihills)
wecre wounided with r'ile shots, atnd onec of
them, a maere boy, lies in a er'iticaul condition.
NXoTtIER. REv'oLUTaoxARY SOLDIER GoNE.
--We have beeni iinformaed thaat Mr. Joas
Basnor, wvell k'nowni as one of' the Jlast re
tnaining soldiers of the Rev'olntioan, died in
his 8t9th~ year on Sunday hIast, at his residence,
near Rossville, Chester Dist rict, after a short
illness of about 3 datys. He sank uander the
wreighat and pressutre of yeairs, in a ripe old
age, but retiained~ his body and meatal fuentl.
ties sound and vigorous to the latst day of
his life'. For the last few years lie has been
with us as almost the sole represenatative of
the heroic struggles ot' the Revolutionary
war and appeared ats one of' anauther age and
We unaderstanad that lie was bieried with
inilitary honors on Monday last aind that such
wa nh eard etatertnitned f'or him, in his
immediate neightborhood, t hat his funeral was
attended by about three Itundred persoins.
AnREST OF AN ENGtIsh FUGtTivE FIIoM
JUsTICE.-The Louisville Journal of the 8th
instanit announces the arrest at Richmond,
Indiana, of WVm. Henary, Ihigh Sheriff of
Gloucester, Enagland, whl o escape-i to the
United States some time since after forginig
the notes of wvealthyv citizents of Gloucester
to the amount of $25,000. Hie was coin
mitted to await thle propet' requisition whlicht
will authiorise his delively to the British au
A fare broke out last evenaing, about half-!
past seven o'clock, in the dw'elling oif Mr. F.
A. Tradewell, on the cornaer of' Bull and
Lurel streets. TIhae fir'e had attained such
progress, before the arrival of the engines,
that it was found impossible to save amny por'
tion of the edifice, Its spread was preventted
Ito the out-buildings, howevr.-Carol inian
TIIE PREsIDENT's FATHER.-The father of
President Fillmore is a Met hodist p reacher,
and presiding elder in a coniference district in
Newv York, grey with years and reverently
pios-loved anad esteemed by all wh'lo know
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, APRIL- 1, 1852.
An Editor Married I
Os Tuesday evening last, bla. JouN BAcON
and Miss PAwNEE BUTLEa (datighter' of Ae
late Col. P. M. BUTLER,) were married at this
place, in Trinity Church, by the Rev. ARTHUR
OYrFALL, of Cinrendon. -
gg WE are requested to state -that. the Rev.
Dr. BERINGHAM expCcts to preach at Dr. 11.
JJ'RT's, cn Palm-Sunday-ith of April.
Z7' A Leather Pocket Book has been de.
livered at this office containing a certain -sum of
money. It does not tally entirely with the one
advertised in our last. But it may be that it is
the same. The owner, by coming forward,
proving property and paying costs, can have the
177' WE regret that it is entirely out of our
power to publish "8.%LUDA*'s" article in this
number. It did not reach us in time, and certain
pre-arranged matters in she office compel us to
postpone its publication until our next issue, when
it shall certainly appear.
.7 WE are indebted to iHon. R. B. RnETT
for valuable public documents.
We have received from the same gentleman
quite a number of copies of his Speech upon the
Compromise measures, which we will take plea.
sure in distributing at an early day.
HON. A. P, BUTLER.
Oust distinguished fellow-citizen reached his
home near this place within the last week. We
are glad to find him in his usual health and spirits.
Ile will not return to his post in Washington
until after the sitting of the Convention.
TuEnE are several adverisements in this num.
ber to which all would do well to give their at
One is of the Great Sale of Negroes, &c.,.to
take place at Aiken, on the 27th of this month.
We understand that much of this property is
Tihe others are from Augusta merchants. to %%it:
Messrs. LA.rEAtSTEDT & WIMnEaLEY in the
Dry Goods line, J. A. VAN WINKL.E, in the
3herchant Tailoring business, and Aonzcu &
RloiAL. dealers in Boots and Shoes.
We have tried them all, and can safely recom
inmend them to public pa:ronage.
WE call attention to the advertisement of
FiitER & AcNEw. 'T'lie reputation of this firm,
established within the lust year or two at the
rimig town of Newberry, has already become
pretty widely knoi n on this side of the State.
The general testimony is that they are skillful.
attentive and liberal dealers.
It griuves us a little,.at tines, to think that our
Saluda frientds aie beginning to turn their faces
more and more towardi. the Newberry market.
But we can't blame then; for besides the supe
rior conveni .mco of trading there, we are told
that it is getting 'to be a first' rate 'pI,ae. to pur.
chase good articles on good termns. And none,
perhaps, have helped motre to bring this s~tate of
thing abiout than Messre. FiHR&AcNEW.
But see their advertisement. -
Since writing tihe above, we lhave received an
advertisenment from 7.. Lavy, also of' Ne wherry,
to which we refer all interested in that trade.
STauE following gentlemen were elected as
Oflicers of WVrsuetstorN Divsjof, No. 7, Sons
of Temeratnce, for thme entuitng qluarter.
IR. T1. 3Mnts, W. P.
Jlos'EPit ABxN, WV. A.
W. W. A o.1ns, R1. S.
E. P'txx, A. 1U. S.
Jous C. Mavsos, F. S.
SAMxUEt, EnooKs, 'I..
F. L. S.ui-rn, C.
WVn. L. P'in:MAiE E, 1. S.
Tu'eos. A. Jox~s. 0. S.
Itev. N. Ai..ncten, Chaplain.
J.is. B. $et'L.IVAr, P. W. P.
WE are requested to state that the vacacy,
occsioned~ inc 31r. At.nntcen's Seminary, by the
withdrawal of Mr. Euustcx JIrcoN from the
musical department, will be speedily suppelied.
The senool contincues to cheer its proprietors and
pattroncs with its usual prosperity, now numbering
upwards of' sixty scholaers.
By the hye. is it not time for bothn our Female
Academcies to he mnakineg somce arrangements for
-onrineg the advent of lovely Many ! We like
all simnple anid ininoceint aced rer'reshing old cus
toms-antd this we regard oine of' the most cheeer
fed ated appropriate. It is nt reverential to neeg
lect it- ande none but a prude or a heypocrite
shoueld oppoese the harmless rice, especially in a
country village. See to it, girls !
WE leave a few specimenes of gold as found in
MIr. Doas's mine, whcich any one, cuerious about
such matters, can sec by appelying at this office.
3r. D's. micne continutes to yield perodigiously.
Ilis prolfits would make the lu:'kiest Califonciani
of them all stare in astonishcment.
From a gentleman juslt from the mitco, we learn
that it hcas yieled, witheout the sheadow of doubt,
at tlhe race of onc thouscand dolldes per day. Mr.
D's. expentses, in the opineion of thcis genetlemane,
cancot exceed $30 a week. ie has five hcaends
digging and two or three otheers difleirently em
ployed, lIe has examined thce rich vein hce is
now uponm, 150 yards in advancce of his present
work, and hinds it quite as good as at the begin-.
ning. It is ecow almost certain thcat a fortune will
be realized by him in a short time, and we con
gratulate friend D. upon his singular good luck.
We stated some time ago thcat theis minec was ien
Edgefield. The Abbeville Bamcuer leas since
claimed it for that District, and as- we learn,
very correctly.' Mr. D's first operations were al
most upon thce lince between the two districts; le
is now several hundred yards on thu A bbevillo
But wheile Abb~eville lens thce mine, we heave the
StorrosE, brothcer Standard, we come to an
understanding. het's agree, between ourselves,
that we are bothe apt to deal in extreme epicthets
and exaggerated writticisms whena engaged in any
thing like a dispute. We look in thce hag tupon
yor back and find these articles " sticking oeut."
An, doubtless, you see them in our dorsal ap
penacge. Let us take these faults inito calm
consideration, and, for thes time to come, rival
each other in their opp-sites. Such a course
mightc neot injure the respectability of eithcershceet.
If acknowledging ourselves "unbhorsed," in
our late passage at arms, will gratify you, whey,
'en let it he so. To say the treuthc, we rather
think you " had us."--huet we nevecr throw oetr
..0V AST CIMCE FO1A BLROAD .
call the espedil attention of our readers to
a most sensible , anJtu of Edgjld)
peculiarly interesting itcle, to be found'-upon
the first coWn 4th'iver the signature
of Sout'lr 'a nia ,~tN intheCharle
ton Mercury nearly two wea'o -ind we had
marked it for pal iiation ; . some unac
countable oversight it was. oited. It .is never
too late, hoielre, far alt Aleeldidly
truthful and practical as e.suggestions
thrown out in this piece.
We call upon the energet1 wealthy men
,who would be partiilar e ttd -by this
suggested route (if ever broach d) to con over
this article *ell, btbogwii t o
wards the enterprize daily. . -~y. of these gen
tlemen, from Aiken and G eant(yal6 to Cam.
bridge-aye, and even onto lib mountfains, are
now in our mind's eye. Atd....w--havu.-perfeet
confidence that if they would en' hine and cast
the full weight of their tinitidn ein' favor
of, the project, the day w6'lIt'"kbe f(ndistant
'hen the Engine'szscreat1 jd be .ieward
through the length and breadth ,fotr district,
aitd when by far-the eheapest, and most
productive route between Charleston-and the
great Wcstern Interior would lbaestablished.
Think of it, fellow-eitize, ' It is ou' last
chancc for the.exercise of hat terprising spirit
which once charactegqed r *trtbut which
has slumbered so shamefully of t years.. And
it is the best chance ever o 41toanenlightened
A KIND WORD FOR 'LP tIPOSE.
WE learn from the Newbe r Setinel and
other sources, that the 'lato' ti iCapt. JE.SE
Scen ar, of Newberry District, for the murder
of Mr. Jonts BELTON WtLtUpAs, of the same
District, resulted in a verdict of-" Not Guilty."
We have'redeirdd from sourpeV.rfeatly-reli&s
ble. staements which induce upto ofler one or
two well-meant suggestiois ir eenci to this
sad affair. - ; , ..
It is thought probable..by.,sqme that, further
difficulties mny grow- out oLwhat has. already
occurred. And it is on this point we desire, with
entire respect and friendslhip for, all concerned, to
say a word or two.
Inasmuich lis this -mnilaholy event 1ms been
adjudicated by the proper tribbnal,' it occurs to
us that a veil should'.be dropped over the past, as
far as may be. While the friends and relatives
of the deccas : have suflered the bitter pangs of
is heavy affliction, th6 other'party has met that
most excruciating of all tempralordeals, a trial,
before his country, forlife aid .death. For the
future, the contentment of neither..side can. be
increased by a protraction of-the, difficulty. To
set a train on fire now, which inight burn from
'tosom to bosom until it shoUld .lead to further
and, if nossible, more heart-rending results, is a
cons:- nation to. be depreat .by, every, friend
of socii harmony. We express ourselves thut
the more readily, .because -w-are convinced,
by what-we have heard. from exellent authori
ty, that this maitter cn b. hodirably terminated
now, and 'that ii ushould be.'
And thtis coiirse, we Itad nd'obi, 'would be
approved by the-good sensense. generous. feel
ings of the whole -conmunity with which the
parties are identified. -
A LINGERING OPJWr
A FoatitEa citizen of Ed Oeld wriites to us
from one of the South Western~ 'bates, eneloeing
a sal biland .orderinm . ,.a ;ertain
himself full accounts of theoprucedinga of our
approaching. Stae Conveipp. He, ho'pes for
something 5ye from this body offSoutih Caro
linians." .. . - .
We cheerfully send our paper as requested ; but
we have bur.' mni-givingissfo'-hesatisfation~
ihich~ tliis sanguinie friend "offeiontt ~i i'
perience upon scanning i'tie ~rocedings'lie'is so
anxiously an'atiing. Yet, like hiin;' we h-annot
ease to indulge thme hope ihat the wise heads and
patriotie hearts, which" will bethen~ssembled.
tmay yet do somethinig that' will at least showv
that our State is progressive in the cause of
State's Rights and Southern equality.
TIlE IlIDIT QITESTION SOLVED.
Tutr.ar~ is nothing like asking for information
on any poatinit whatever. .In reply to tinr query,
touching those garslen depredi tors termed rabubits,
n e have received several antswers, the subhstance
of which we will briefly give for thme benefit of
alt good housekecpers and hioieunrists..
Otte deposes (nnd this one is a lady) that she
was recently troubled just as wve have been--:bat
she forthwith despatcedt a servant for powder amnd
shot-that she armed saidl servant after night-fall
with a double-barrelled gun-that i-le stationed
hiim as Eentry over a beautiful bed of English Peas
and bade him do his duty-that in a mshort time
" bang" went thme gun, and ogaint "hang,"
" hang," tuntil some seven slhots were dischmargedl,
that she called up the senttinel so receive his report,
and that lie presented a list of five killed andi one
womiided-thmat she ordered this mode of warfare
to be continued for n. fe'e suecesiive nights.ntind
tat now her garden is entirely clear of thme
wvreches. And further, this deponent sayethi not.
Another (and this une' Is- -a' Doctor who tins
ramled mttch and has heard many an old widlow
disciss the 'subject) avers that' he has often been
told by these oracular dames, that to catch a big
buck-rabbit, kill him, sprinkle his blood in and
about the spot threatened with invasion andi mas
tication, and then to extend his-hide upon a stick
or sicks near the centre of said spot. made tip all
together an.infallible preventive of all suchl rab
bitical incursions. And liere ended thme Doctor's
A third (and this is a voice from Newberry) says
to us briefly and imphrditically-"mitake yottr gar
den so that they can't tre'in ; that is, rabbit-tight.
That is the way we din .. NW'ierry, and we are
some on gardening."
A f(orth (and sli is a shrewd and experienced
spinster frien'd of ours) declares that well-seasoned
put-liquor, sprinkled :arefully about the roots of
the plants, is an infallible antillote for a'll such
evils. (Did our friend omit the d before the last
word intentionally ?)
A fifth (anti this one is, as he says, "an old
rabbit-hunter") announces the followiing as "a
eture plan hy which to sears the rascal. away :"
Go around your garden,isayshe, and stop all the
holes except the one mostly used b~y thme long-eared
thief. A few nights after,.at 9:o'clock precisely,
sen a careful hand ar.c'o:-d tand let him stop the
hole you before left open. 'l.'hen let all thme chil
dren and little negroes and dogs be niuetered and
turned in at the gate..which beirig w~ell secured
behind them, order the*~whole pack to open in full
cry, and you will soon ha's- the rogue and somte
fun along with him. Then take hinm outside the
garden, (if ho be caught alivey)ctut ol' both his
ears close to his head--trd him- loose a few paces
ahead of all the-Hounds and Fir'e yotu canm parade,
"aid lie will lopeofW,"eonedes the old hunter,
" and not return again shortly."-May be not, old
horse! Ncithter will we ."rgeturni again shortly"
to the subjiect.
The Californi-a flpers state that during
the year 1551, the export of Geld from Catli
r...:t ...,,...-d.., $39, 033en 22.'
O IE PRIVATE .IFE OF JOHN C. CALHIO
Tnuts is the tideIof Ia remarkably ell printed
,and neatly prepared Pamphlet, recently issued by
'those praise-worthy Publishers, W.%LkER, Rick-.
AiDs & Co., 'of Charleston. The pioduction is
fth the 0e.i'o1iss1 'MAR BAts.
Thi4 lady, if we have not taken up a wrong
impresi6n, is the daughter of a' New Ilampshire
clergyman and a native of that State. For some.
ilme,.she *as one of tii'el p ii e'aecers i' a
Female Seminary which flourished several years
ago at Old Pendleton. We are well aware- of thel
fact that 3i'ss BATES was on terms of constant
and cordiaLintercourse with-the family at Fort
1ill; and we have no hesitatancy as to her up
.portuidties of forming a full and clear estimate of
the private character and habits of our lamented
Statesman. Indeed we know that her portrai
ttre of the Great CAL1ouS's " private life" is, as
far as it goes, an accurate and truthful delinea
tion. And we fully appreciate her little work as
a most beautiful and earnest tribute to departed
excellence. At Icast, it has won from our very
heart the most unaffected admiration, and has,
more titan once, brought to our eye the unbidden
tear of grateful sympathy. - ..
This little pamplet (together with Gov. HAX
atoso's splendid eulogy upon 31r. CALunoUs's
public life)'bhould be found in every Carolinian's
' A single copy can be procured at 12 1-2 cents
ten for S1. 'We 'hope many of our subscribers
will procure copies. They will then see that
what we have said above is but a deserved com
pliment to an intelligent and high-toned woman.
EPISCOPACY, TESTED BY SCRIPTURE.
WE have been gratified by the perusal of a very
able and fairly written Tract upon " Episcopacy,
:ested by Scripture," handed to us by the worthy
Clergyman who has charge of this portion of the
South Carolina Diocese. Of course it is not onr
aim. to originate anything bordering upon section
al controversy. But, at the ruggestion of the
donor, we have no objection to state very briefly
our opinion upon the matter discussed in the
pamphlet under consideration.
We think it capable of proof that there were
officers of the Chitrch, in the days of the Apostles,
to whom very different duties were assigned. Bat
as to tile absolute necessity of ordination by an
Apostle, to rentler one litted for the work of the
ministry, we cannot fully perceive its inculcation
in the scriptural passages referring to this subject.
We hold that no arrangement of discipline,
made by the early preachers of the Gospel, was
inspired, or was imposed upon their followers as a
necessary and indispenrable regulation, to prevail
throughout all ages and changes. For this wouhl
be placing tle tenpornI rules of the Christian
Church, as regulated by mere men, upon an equal
footing with the moral lessons of that Church as
expounded by the Son of God lainself.
-It occurs to us, that from the whole tenor of tle
Gospels it may be gathered, that the breathing of
the' Holy Spirit, upon one-whom Heaven wishes to
raise up as its champion, can never demand, as a
pre-requisite, the imaposition of hands by any par
ticular man or set of ment.
But some form of ordination is certainly e.rpe
dit nt, to ensure respectability .and piety- to zhe
pylpit,as fur,as hmiann supervinion i cnpuble of
achieving this end. Further tian this, it. borders
upon.an apparent assumption of. the prerogatip
of God laiIself.
MORE GOOD' FAIIG---WVE 'LIKE TO RE.
Ai0o-rime gentleman' -'-as 'rendered! inutoffi
ihdan acctmntof certatn' farmirign operatinga
carried out on his 'placiirmain~fett*'aimself
itn his domestice Account -Book' -' ' ' .
Were we not specially enjoined not Jo give the
name of this suncessful farmer, we 'would "take
pleasutre in making it known..When we say thar,
letides being a gentleman . and a .farmeer, heis
also.a schlahr worthy of the appelation, .wv are
perhaps coming near enough to the :nark to ena
ble some of our readers to guess the rest-. But to
18.19. Had about 20 acres in cultivation,work
ed by otne negro, 'middle-aged (alear 50,) anad site
of my carringe horses-no' manure.
Gath'd. 435 hmihelts olf cor,. at 50 ets. $217.50
'-l200 lbs. fudder at 75 ets. per lhun. 90.0t)
"30: buyha. of peas S1 per bush. 30,00
Desaides, there were sumane groumal-nntts, sweet
potatoes na'l water.mtelons.
[A tine protit thais upoan one old negro and a
hoare tltat did thtis as extra-work.]
1850. i'Tis year was nolt so good as s.thae pre
cedinag, and corn rani up to $1 per btushel.
Gathered from same landi with same means of
rultivation, 3I12 huashels $3hd.00
S9,000t. lb~s. lhay tatn: foddler. I 12.50)
" 10 bushels peas. 10,00
Pea vinaes were macie andl not cenh n!at
es!h. Abount ix dlays, e..wh year. the lwilp
'If lane hand was renadered, at 37 i-2 cents
1per dli a akiang itn all, 54,37
Thea ab~ove was produced ont pintey-nooda~s landt,
two anid tharee years _11d, anad we. parlnouance it,
emphatically, ".herd to tbent." Genthuamen, we
tell you againi, our pitae laands are not yet properly
Mtisuniderstanudinig with Great
A grave misunde.rstantdinag or misitetrpre
tattona of the esa-cnlled Treaty of dettlemenct,
(Oregotn Iountdary) ins relationt to Biritialh
vessels niavigaitinig thme wasters under the Unti
ted States jurisditioni, withina the bondaries
anid alonag thte coatst of Oregon T1errito'ry, we
learn, is the occasion of at correspaondenace
which is juast flow goinag on betweena Mr.
Webster untd the Blritisha linaister at WVash
igton. Mr. Cramptoa. It las been ithe pae
iee of Englisha sea captaitns on the Ileeitic
coatst, it seems, ever smeae the settlemtent of
the boluanry betwveen the two Governmtents
-west of th'e Rocky maountainas," (by treaty
concluded .haune 15th, 18-16,) to seek to !anad
and deliver "goods and wares" tat Amearicana
prts withtont payitng dutty. More recently
so:nae of them, it is said, have gone so far as
to aherlise to tranusport mtercandise fromn
otte Atmerienn port to antetr: thuts interfer
itg with our coasting trade, whsich the vessels
of nao nation tnre permittedl to do. No:iee
has been repeattedly giveni to them,'by the
A merican Custom llouse ollicers in Oregon,
that thtese liberties could ntL. be pertnitted;
ad fintally a formialh notice was served oat onie
of thema b'y the Collector of Astoria, that for
any' fuature infracetionts of the reventue inws of
thte Uanited States hec should proceed againast
thetm forthawith, con~detming veasels and con
fiscn:iaig eargoes, anad thuts brought atteris
to a crisis. The notice wast commtaumeanted to
the :agentts of the Iludsotn's lay Coumpaniy by
the shiptaaster upon whom it was served, and
by thtem communinted to the British Goy
ermentt at hmomea. It was thent mwade thea
sbject of conisideration in counacil, nnd Iher
Mjest v's secretary for Fsreign Aflitirs there
pon tranmitted the doemnmeats to the
British Minister at Washinigton, with instrue
tioans to bring~ the matter to thte attention of
the govermenst of the Unaited States, to the
end thatt the Americnn authourities itn Oregon
might be advised that they were temselces
gunity ofinfrnetionss oft lie t reaty sI itnlations
b..e....een. h-tw Govcrnmnt~is. and thtat 'the~
Collector at Astoria. might lic insthueitedo
writhdraw the notice he had served uponthe
masters of British merehantmen 6n the Piefie
coast. For these interesting facts we, are
chiefly indeLted to the Washington corres
pondent of the Cincinnati Gazette, who goes
on to inform us, further, that Mr. Crampton -
has recently obeyed the orders of his Gov.
ernment, in good temper but iwilh rather tait
langpuge, and that the whole matter is now
before the Atiericnn Seeretary of State. He
also predicts that the Amerimn authorities
in Oregon will be fully sustained in the
course they have taken, and that the British
Minister, anid not the Collector- at Astoria
will have the privilege of withdrawing his
complaint.-N :Y. -Expresr.'
FRENCH REFUGEES IN ENGLAND.-A large
number of French refugees now in London
celebrated the fourth anniversary of the
Frene lrevoluction of februiry, 18~48 at the
National iall, Holborn. The Hall was
densely crowded, and the utmost enthsusiasmn
was manifested when any of the spezkezs
denounced the nets of Loui-t Napoleon. M.
Gustave lnequet, ex-editor of the Le Peuple
Souverein, said tlwt the revolution of '48
wis a glorious event, becruse it overthrew a
monarch who, after hainng taken the crown
by the consent of two hundred men, main.
tained his power for eighteen years by eun
ninug and violence, anti at last lost it without
cour.ge or dignity. The spenker called upon
the meeting tc protistngninst the crimes of
the blood-thirsty, private property plunderer,
universal.sut1rgo forger, oath-brenker, law.
despiser, the so-enalled President, of a sham
Republie-Nipoleon the Little. He was
one of the most despienble knaves who ever
disgraced hnmnity. le had threatened war
against Switzerland, Belgium, and even
England, but he wanted his soldiers nt home,
to maintain by force what he had ertablibhcd
CIRCOTSTANCES ALTFR CSES.-The Phila
delphia North Ameriean opposed the com.
proni-e as too favorable to the South-and
thought the Southerr pretence of common
right to colonize a commom territory too ex
travatgant low be tolerated. Now, when men
sures art, pending in Congress to give the
public doimain to companies and individuals
in the new States, and thus deprive the old
of their right of property in the public land,
the North American pronounces for State
Rights as follows:
There is something ns ominous as mon
strots in this new conidi:ion of hibigs; and
i. is dilficult to conecive how statesinten,
living the'comntion goiod of the country at
heart, ean saction a. principle at - once so
odious and so irreconcileable with every
idea of republican equality aid hIrmony.
The whole fraie work of the confederacy is
founded on the b:isis of the eqal rights of
the Stites and of the people of the States:
and the ConAtitution which recogni.,es 'that
bsis is infringed upon when Conmgress entnets
and substitne another of an oppti-ie
cbarneter, by which the national . wetdik in.
decided to be the exclu-ire property of one
set of States, or of the people of. that set of
Bt NING OF GEoRGI. R.I.ROAD CARS.
A traiu of Freight Cirs going up on
Thurndi, tooklie n-few uilles ,bove Stone
Mitiii,'fron the'wood& which werts btihi:i
ig. anud six~of them were destroyed. Twoi
of thesedwere .elosehCn,,filledf with 'dry.
goods,:wiih, were .en.1irely'consumed.. Tho'
thrT~r T lslr C~ir'..tttn ef
two ri-n).Iaiitg Unr v, we..w o~n whicth'
ti sj-e'd;.' a ho . end of me ees, an~d
some .otlier - heavy nrikles pdrt of which
weredestr(oyed .t -
-In our no'tice of the fire on-the hine of! the
Gesrgi Railroad. we were in error in stating
that the wood work of thes Rond. was butrnedi
near Del Air. This occurred ,a short dis
tanee below Stone .Mountain. The woods
have bieen oni fire nt'several pioints alontg the
lne of Road, aind owing to the dry weather,
the destfuction has'baen e-xtesisivea
-FmnE.-A desti-netive fire occurred, about
five miles South West of thiis place on Wed
nesday last. The Arbor, and all the Tenits
at Sha'ron enp-meetinlg gronid wvere coin
samned. Fromt these, the p'rei.,es of .\r.
Smith Minu who lived ntear by, enught, and
lis dwellinig, a large Gin Ilouse, a borii anid
indeed nearly, or quite all thle ont bulldings
on thec pilace'destroyed. The fire, we under
stantd broke ont froin a new grouind in the
neighborhood. It was ani unfortunate day
fer the managemtent of this uniruly elemtenit
-we ha~ve no re-e->llection of a day so wiin
dy.-A bbeville Bannier.
IsmiAN Nzws.-Col. B. Pearson, direct
froim Tampin, tells uts that lie undoerstands
the iidian news is of a pn:eitie character;
that the Iladianus with wvhomn Capt. Jet-nngin
tias had this ditlienilty, aore t he ontlaws fromt
the inat ion-perhtaps ntot more I tan a dozeni
warriors. Thast Lilly Jiowlegs declares
hey shall neover come ini the niationt, sand
Capt.- Jernagin swears t hey shall not live ett
emutide, so thtere' will hardly he a war withs
Billy on their noecounit. Th'le otdy chance
now for Apattie's band se-ems to lhe to pre
pre for their s.ensio.-Ocolai (Fla.) Con
To P'titiY V0ATEP..-Nine onnteet, says
the Scientifie Amecriennt, of pure, fresh limie,
dissolved in forty gaollons o f water, ill purify
five hundred and forty gallons of water; the
prt cipite is chalk. It takes sixteen hours
for the water to settle, atnd aill the itmpurities
to fall to the bottom of the vessel which
coniniius the water. This is a useful faoct itn
hemistry,and is niot very extenisively known
H YNEE NIA L,
MA.RRFED, un this Village, ont Tuesday even
ig, the :30th ult., by Thos. G. Key, Esq., lir.
J. IIULa-rvELJ. BLA~Sas and Miss Mi. R EBEceA,
yougest daughter of Mr. Lewis Covari, all of
Manttit'.D, on Tuesday ercning, the 22d1 ult.,
by John Tompkins, Esq., Mr. MArraN FOWLER
and Miss Sanucm A xx, second daughter of Robt.
Shernman, all of Edgefield Dhistrict.
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
1IAUMBIJlIG,liMar. 30, 1852.
Our Cotton Markcet this wveek is quitecfirm.
We notice that the New Orleans market has
iraely meit the shock and no change in quota.
ions. We giuote for strictly Fatir 8 eta.; Mid
dling 6 3-4 to 7 ; Ordiniary 6 to 6 1-2.
No change in othecr quotations.
Thte Spring trade has opened quite briskly.
100 Cords Tan Bark
V NEfor wih$5,00 per Corel wifl
R. T. MIhMS..
March .1 - tf ~7
ggiUgRE Friends of Col. F. V. P
BNS,1ieg leave to present him to the people
of .Edefield, and of the Districts which iay
be thrown with us by the ntew apportion-'
ment as an eminently suitable person to
represent us in the Congress of the United
States. Mr. BiRT hiving positively declined
a re-election, it becomes our duty to gele'i
his successor with care; and we respectfully.
suggest that the experience and ability. of
Col. PcxENxs should be again called into re
quieition upon the very floor where he'has
hitherto served us so efliciently.
It is perhaps proper -to -add,,on rour-pnmr
that this announcement is tendered whit
Col. P's knowledge or .desire-'anda vith .n
feeling of opposition to any individual.
g:F THE Frieids Wr CaL PR STON9
BROOKS, announce him.Aa & Landida4t&7
represent this Congressional District. .o the
next Congress, Mr. 0T having positively
declined a re-election..
This nomination, like another which'ap
pears in this paper, was made by lhiriefids
of Capt. B. purely of tiwirown aecord iti
out reference to his wishes on the subject
and without the remotest design of forestal- - -
ling public opinion in -is favorragninst a any.
Butler Lodge, No, 17, ,0. 0 1.,
A Regasir leetingof thisi Lodg
will be held on Monday eveng
next 7 oeh4A. -
A. 0. TEAGUESee f..
A pril 1 it
, N Extra meeting of BUTLER LODGE,
' No 17, 1. L. 0. F.. will be held in their
Hall, on Saturdny evening 7next, the 3rd inst.,
at 3 oclock, when the Lodge will be opened-in
the Degree of REBEcCA, and that beautiful
Degree conferred on na many of the LWdies,
who sire Odd Fellows wives, as may send their
appuliestions to the Noble Grand by that time,
and present themselves at that time at the HalR.
By order of the N. G., -
A. G. TEAGVE,See'ry.
A prfil It t
AN EXTRA CommaUnication'of
No. 50, A . F M.,-will be held lt
their Hall on - alonday evening,
the- 5th inst., at 8 o'cloek- PsM;
A prompt attenlanee of every member lsrt -
eetfuly solicited, na business of mueh'impor.
tanee will then be brought beforethe Lodge.
By order of the W. P
R. SULLIVA,'Ett ""
April I tf
To the Bar of Edgefietd
H lIE undersigned, 1vishing tu commenee,the
I work of re-arraning the papers,.of.hh
Coimmissioner's O1ice at.an early. day,;rgqsa1t
he several Laiwy ea at thiabar to rrSutn a pe
all papers. UJhrngiIg to.this dtpament, neh
they may have is their oitea. g .. ., .
A. SllK S,
April . . , .
n this niatter iveyes;. g.. , os
Laud, for' aei.,. ndt .a
T lIE Snbscriber umf'era for sale his P~k~
TA TION onrey Crekubu~st 5 1-2
milet N.'rth .f Edgeslchd Court House -
The. Tract contains Nine hundrell and fifty
(tP5) seres, between 309~ and -400 acres of
which arc in woods, and abouit 80 acr-es of low
SOn the premises is a large- .welinglHouse.
Alo, new andl comfortable out Houses, good Oin
Ilus and Stableu, &e.
Another tract of Land about 2 1-2 miles East of.
the above, estniniing Five hsundred (560) acets.
Oni this tract there are about 89) acres eared
within the last 18 moenths-Ihe balance is in
woodls, and all t.ooul Cotton and Grain Land.
There are sonic negro houses and stables om
this rnet.G. A. ADDISON.
Aprill tf 11
- E pann Ilotel; sat Edigefield C. IL, a negro -
man11 GEORGE. about 33 years old of dark
comkxi'n. Said George will probably enden
vr to make his way to Celambia S. C., where
he has a wife. When quickly spokon to ho
Snid Ge~orge is about five feet, tenl inches high,
well made. Csarried on' with himt a bla.bk bait.
of elothes, black cloth eloak and rsalise..
A pril! tr . 11
Bolting Oloths ?
NU~lE Subscribers have now in store, a .lnrge.
and complete assortment of. BOL TING
CLOTBS, of thu most appmngd. brand.s,
which will be sold at greatly reduegi.priers for
cash. AGNEWFISILER & CO- ,.
Newberry C. HI. A pril L1.. 2sssm I I
ALL4 persons havings demands against the es
Ltate of .1. A. Perrin/dee'd., are requested.
to render them in to Capt. W.llarrison.as heis
sy Agent during my absene from the StateZ
A. PERitLN, Adns'r. .
A pril! 1 itjs.1 -.
Tp HE Partnership between tto & WARD
ra Lw is dissolved by consent. Jokn Hill
will ecominne the business, and will aittend to
the settlement of the boxinens of the late Firm.
March 20, 1852. 4t 31
ALL Persons indebted to the Estate of Famip
.4son B. Mays. dee'd., are requested to make
p.ayent, and alt those having demands aganst
said estate will present them proper,1y attestes -
according to law.
EiVE LIN. V. MATS, Mmx
A pril 1 3m i~
A GOOD met of SURVEYING INSTRU
MENTS, nearly new, will. be sold low.
A pply sat this Ofliet..
A prill 1it ii1
IF you wish tos huy SPUN LAOT TON very
e heap, this is the plnce to get it, as,.larg
snplylas just ben received, whieli,is tr
for sale cheap for caMs.
G. L. PENN, Aeu.r
March 18 tf 0 .
largeReceived a su y
TJCLE o sal by