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"Wwill cling to the Pillars of the Temple eiakil, wse Run
We F. DURSOE, Frpie.DLL 5 OL
E D G- -- I - -8-.--.-59
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ro eI Ten ADVERTISER.
SUPERITENDANT)S MORTHLY REPORT
Onx, ini toot.s TonE warn TaIs
Pr TESTA.T EPiscor.i. CIU'aCHn FOa
ReVirirnd and. Dear Sir :-I have heretofore
e ry briefly the great benefits of early
keligOsf instruction, uml soinewhat of the Serir
aurrlWarrafit for believinig that youthful poiety is
ibn 6. Tcnnot think that now I an assert
n gtoe muech in saying tha~t an institutioni, which
direetly and ehieyl- con templates the spiritual
imaprovement of the young, tueln as is tie Sun
yn School, deserves'to be styled.a good intitu
It is uonin-its-AIx. It proposes to impart
i'eligibus truth to tine tpoiing ndidtu. lt'seeks to
td? thiyattfiu in ft way of-life. - Its 61ject
is not attained until the sclol.r is experimental
aenaiuted with the bltsingst of tif iis f
Jests,until thne ieart is renewed by the flpirit of.
the T.Ad, and-ti. -
its 'saviour. T -
matalins'bie -M 'm.---e.
efre'et..Tfi Si ",.ay &-Aool-howr, will. be
M_116 kod tttWeiidcy.! :The.
fo'thin tiL n the-great subjeet
-t6 siin tr. and enfiuree the
cawsfainit Tis ncearyh-atds te n to
"asrn~elsy adefine tews: of- Gospel -truth.
- lfwa ,AI mnos at tirally Alt n them to more
elriltnenkin their in'divid ual piety. Nayv, even
-is k aoieia dnrs are not lrtady pius, the4
sn a peated.ffort to convey Gos.pel
jxu* another is wont-to give a previously
- etiznijns rtnlity totheir religious belief, and the
64.nce and te sacrifice. of personal case re
t:i s'statdly, etrefully and gratuitously
etthcrs, involve a most valuable course
uTkl- adholars, if ignorant,, are taught to read
ilthout-money and without price." In the
Bj~iri f aniother-" Their itntell-etuazl and mnor.d
cjafrire deeloiped uinder thne benign radiance
they atre taught to atltinnk, to investi
utoreflect. The noble andi sablitne
*4oths of Revelationn aire spnead .before- thenm in
ennt uanner as to enlist intmediate attenitiotn.
h sT: subjects'necessanrily expatmi the minnd and
1WgUl the powers of the soul. They enlarge
of~-4,4.eintemnplation, .beget a huingerintg
Q4;ttdrsting.- after knowledge, and frequently
*eta to.:ipatient ibud perseverinag etlorts in thne
uame-ofseine,--literature, and the arts." Bit
te g redt redomnmendation is that the Bible is
cetu-il' read :mni accurantely studied-its pire
tS .ttndinvitations, its: warnizngs and thnreaten
nags sallt intelligently, fatmiliarly atnd airection
stelywxplained and~applied. TIere are imparted
~- Mrtto i fundimental p'rinciples of our hnoly reli
- ;61 Th'e seeir~ i-e taught~ the terms of
leiion' r'6e~eainee toward God anti faith in'
:tlh,, a eus .Christ." Thes.exercises are
aceomupanied with the ruliveaning, animating and
.subdluintg'ower of prayer ane palaise. Suchn is
4htle'systemnof Stijdaty Silhoiinstruction. Can
it.hb questioned, then, that in regard to the
* eclolatrs the Lendenacy of the .Su:nday School is
~~ oreover, truth radiates in every direction
fro thne Sindaty Sehool. Whno shall calculate
ti:hejpossibre'good? The pirents beconme inter
edli 1at ithii interests their children. Tis
ayad dnem tovisit tIne Sundaay School-here
*aqquaiantmtee meay 69p made with tho Teachners
thatnmay lead them ultimately to-thne Sancetuary,
nd~ this rstep masy leadh to thneir ete:rnal salvation.
liil~if this iir not the exedet consequence, the
gnapttil, ini all pi-obability, assist their chil
4en nteomittaing their lessons and in readiung
tenb4siailde they, carry home weekly. Thus
- fatlier or uather may be led to reflectieiii aml]
epsal-h~istr too while visiting thneir
ll v full'iedes jeficeir parents, and by
con rn 11ih9tIcn 9o. the interets of..theeir
p a ngity ofteti be the tmeanns of their sailvation
.--xtend thne.view tutbe egimnnunity lri which
* l.. gughtiSuady.Shoolsetolar's live. These
drcrgl-dn.d~ybe otr laws ail'ujp
Iie' ouar inittztions. -Ginrater,4lfe an T
. w .ninansiher. nrhearOl .he wjfitne5 hte Cn
Courts of justice. Thm-y have learned that all
Liars shall have their part in the lake which
bui-neth with fire and briimtone," that a heart
searching God requires the truth to be spoken
at all hazards. The oath laid upon-them has its
proper stringency and the rights of others are
protected. As to the private duties of life, they
have learned to render to all their dues: tribute
to whom tribute is due; custom to whom eus
tom; fear to whom fear honor to whom honor."
Consequently the tendency of tie Sunday
School is to make the reholars good citizens, the
upholders of law and order, and the promoters
of sehemtes of benovolenec for the poor and suf
feiingi. Ilow invalmable to society at large is
the influvece of the well regulated Sunday
B ut that I may not be Pttpposed to draw upon
rfaney, let me sate brit fly facts gathered from
reliable authority which show that Siuday
Schools are good in their results.
InI Enmgland. nineteen-twenitietlas of all who
have volunteered to become Mlissionaries, re
veivedl their first religious impressions in the
Sabbath SMool. IIENDERtON and PAi-rFsos.
those indefatigable and successful champions of
the Bible cause, trace their piety and usefulness
to the same Souree. Amnd I would mention the
umle of Dr. Monnisox, who line done such won
(hers for the Church. As Missionary to China, ie
translated the whole Bible into the language of
that vast Empire. The sanic author States
that "through the indirect argeney of Sunday
Schools, thousands of fathers and mothers have
been raised from ignorance to intelligence-amany
from vice to virtue-many fromt the doninion
of Satan to the service of God," while a great
majority of those converted at the preseit day
are those who are or have been connc :ted with
Ohm, that the Church at large, parents and pa
triots would awake to the woadrful influence
fur good, exerted by well conducted Sunday
Schools ! Then would Zion cease to mourn her
present desolation. The wilderness and the soli
ary place woule be glid, and the desert would
rejoice and blossoim as the rose. The young, thel
young are the Ihpe of the Chur-h and of- our
eountr. Train them in the iurture and admro
rain is ver Aud gone, the nUWers -appear on.tne,
earth, th'time of the singirig 'of birds is come,
and timevoice (f the turitie is heard in our land."
We. have. 1(0 Teachers.~ Thus far 40 have
entered our White School, and 38 our.Colored
-Total8. The average attendance bas hen'
very good-" hitherto the Isrd hatti h'hlped us.
Xiud1 witli'thm addititns Whilich'we have-nade to
our Litrary and. to our Books of inustruction, we
hope, with God's assistace, to do some efficient
.service to tIe eau,e of Clrist. rlay his blessing
be with us! Very respectfully yours,
- C. BRUCE WALKER, Superintenldant.
To the Rev R. GiAix, Reetor.
OUR CALIFoRNIA "BoY."-A. etter has
been received in this ilace,-we understand.
fromn Mr. Richard Saniter, who. inl company
with some tweity otlhgrs, left this plice for
the land of gold some weeks since. 31r.- S.
stats that'" the, boys" a.rc all well, awniting
traniiiportationi froi time Isthmus to Sani
Fraisco. There atre 4 or 5000 others in
time saune predicament. Ie winds- up with
thme remamrk that if lie was ini A thiens again hie
would riot start to California for temneho
The Caissville Standamrd of last week eon
trainis an extract of a Ietter.frotri a young mn
forrmerly of tint place, satying "for God's Make,
tell thme people of Georgia not to come here."
Tire loruntaini Signia! of a late date has a
letter from Mr. Whmelchmel, a'genitlemnan or the
striclest itegrty, hesecinig hris country
'menm to rema.'in at htome. -
Aimd vet, ini view Qf all this, arid nm thousand
other reasons that mrighit be.merntioned, there
are hundreds of young meni, wh are, and
might cnitinuae usefuil mecmbcds of soiay at
home, dissatisfied wvithi their lot, and anix-'
lously watching for an oppoitunity to go to
California!! It seems they will not be*
wirnmed "even though one should rise from
time dead ."-A1ens Ga. Herald.
FLOYD -IlAr.-A few days ago we sauw
sevendj bales of finre lookinig lhny for sale inm
the streets.of Rtime, which was raised and
piaeked:- on tire "Ilomnewood" farmi, about
.thrree miles from tis place. It was very
*handsomeiy .put uip, and looked as green andl
tenmptingas anry from tire " Yanikee Imand."
Twuo tonms of this hay -was probably-mude to
'theu acre wvhichi at 715 cents per hrundrd
tire price it- now -commamnds. would yreld-a'
crop worth $30 per acre. flow rmuch bettei
is cotton planting tihan thir, whtimt-sttaple
downi to 6 and 7 cents i-Rome. Courier,
I-r is stated that an enlightened member of
the Tennmessee legislature-one 3Mr. Tioinp
son--declarea himself op'posed to all: hril
ronids. .Hheregurds thmemi as injurious 'to time
'country and to tire morals of tihe towns, and
is in favor of a law directing the Attorney.
Gencraml to proscnte time travelling orators
wvho' go about the coumntry to advocate them.
The member must be a cousini of tire
memiber in thie legislature of Alabama, whio
made the solemun declaration .that "geology
is a humbug." ..~ .
Acountry editor 'having received twvo
*gol l dollars in ud~vance for-his. pnper~eays
thant he arllows his child to-play with-other
ebdidien a uan.
OR, A SCENE FROM REAL LIFE.
DY E. T. WILSON.
Ix a certain town in England-there resided
a young'Indy, who besides being gifted with
those indispensable requisites to female love.
liness, beauty grace and intelligence, had
come in possession of a large fortune. In
deed, it would not be too much to say that
Mary Livingsti n was the acknowledged belle
of the pl:ce, which, with the wealth she pos
sesssed, constituted her a perfect- cynosure;
attrncting, as she could not fail to do, a host
of admirers. But, though adorned with so
many personal charmes, and having every
worldly comfort at her command, she was
not devoid of tender feelings. Though
beautiful, she was not vain ; and her good
heart would not allow her to hesitate in per.
formin" sincere acts of kindness towards
those wNo might be considered her inferiors.
Charity and benevolence were priceless gem,
in her estimation; and the fidelity with which
she nurtured them in her own bosom could
not fail to elicit from the well-disposed, ap
proval and admiration. Love was, indeed, a
part of her nature; and in the very sparkle
of her eyes it could easily be discerned.
Incapable of restraining it to her own breast,
it would always flow out into every grade. of
life, producing a beautiful effect, and exerci
ing a benign iiflnence. But there was one
whom she regarded with a part icular anxiety.
Richard Langdon, a young man of prepos
sessing appearance, had succeeded, notwith
standing the rivalry he had to contend with,
in gaining her affection. Ie was a stranger
in the place, having come from a neighbor
ing town on a visit, which he intended to
extend to a couple of mnnths: ut, 'being
very sociable in is dispotition, he soon
made a pretty general :equaintance, and
fixed his eye on M1ss Livingston. .Having
gained information concerning her circum
stances--that she 'was the only child of de
ceased parents-that her income wasconsid
erable, and that she was left in the care of a
childish old uncle: and feeling a strong de
mire to obtain wealth, -wi:hout caring how,
he commenced prosecuting his plans for the
rcqmezfe pfinn s6 hof eiaage iW flo*
eti, matttled the trees with blossoms, elothed.
the ficld u'ith verdure, and suffused-the
hols~w-ith -the taistening influefice of nan-:
itire's tear-drop-the brilliant, spinrclug ddw,
w1ieltho gvlowing sun ever and nion ox
hales to limself but only to dispense again
at his departure. The evenings were serene
and be'autiful, and offered temptatioans for
joyous ramblings, which the medititive -ad.
uirers of bright and silent night'could not
easily resist, At aby rate, so it *s With our
lovers. Often they strolled outt6gether, to
breathe -out their hearts in. warm expres
sioi of love-to g-.'ze on tleafull orbed moon,
and drink In the: beauties that nature pre-i
sented-the one wira sincere trusting heart.
-the other witl falsehood on his tongue.
But to one of thoie 'butiful'evenings we
would havereference in pariieul'ar. -
At a short-distance from the village,-and.
centiguous to the uncle's estate, was situa
ted a asmall, but well proportiond lake,- on:
which it was 'the custom of some" of those
whose means allowved them to keep a boat
to sail. On the evening in question, Mis
Livingsto'n and Langdian both captivated by
the bewitehing aspect of-the scenery around,
and the se~eet tranquility of the warter,
whose surfaeel w~as merely 'tippledby the
soft breese' that swept aeross it dIrected' their
steps toward the little sailing vessel that lay
moored in a curve of the shore.~ In necor-.
dance ivith their intention, the jib aid main
.anil' were hoisted, and with a slowv, gentle
motion, they spread. 'far away 'down the
strennm> Nothing-could be more enchanting:
-more enra'pturing. Here and- there no
mierous -sails could be seen- moving graoe
'fully 'from one point to 'anoilier; and the
glad hearts and. exuberant spirits ofreach. lit
Ile e~ompany gMve forth such hearty, vocife
rous strains of-irth and jr yfufnecsf'as mando
the' very nii- vibrate with 'tlie 'pleasing din,
Enceh little wave that broke from the prow,
as it basked in the moon's rich raysa, seemed.
topped~ with piolished silver;'nd the gems
that -stud the sky; in their clear'refletion pro
'duced another canopy, far, far-belowv the wn
ter's surface. In the rear, far above' the
head of the lake, rose in statelymjet mote
of the most beautiful hills England can boast
of:f while in the distnt perspective, along
arraly of fields and iiiedows,'ini which cattle- of
of'varioui' descriptions were'bi-wsing,'ient
'a peculiar fascination't'oth'e senes
-'The two piersons~with shoin 'welhave
more particularlyjto do, had spenttho'time
in pleasant conversation, apparently 'lost, b-'
sorbed in the reflectitons eachandduced. The
gentleman had indulged inaprotestatiers- 'of
fidelity..and attachment, .refuting every re
ported Iaspersion angdinst.-his charntermhsla
r'ady 'lin'aveids of ingbttelti obrbis
integritf diseal-dinag er'y if riluiijloh'ihat
slutnder and caluty, as she 'believed it;'ksd
girent rise to.In the bltiaaidul exciiem'entFof
the momaent, both were happy. Sh'e in the
consciousness or~the purity :ofbher~Ioverattd
thje prospects. of a happ~y union-heo;frath'this
favorable. iasu'e his nelirious seliemedyoi
ised,'ne iheuptuous 'beauty'ofhisa confi
ding vietemi. . . - -
'But -that 'cvening was not topis~sopto*
antly as it had begun. Suddenlif'end unno
ticed by them a thaw pased..oyer thenlaks
upisttig thleir b'dat;.as thvy: ubt-zuar
ded'ngainst-tibe acciddit,liaavitig;all theaseese
were dired Joene-0
accident. e Addies
males -de"A .1it,.
being alte t
a boat hap
time, and :a, iIng
era of ietnlt d
Henry St: i"n Zrgood
appeara'nea, M 1,riil and
honeAt in -et - p dt is almost
needles. to Nerzous desires'
for Misa Lapro'
it must be adme i
deep regard fear g :hr rene
was.given to tt'ndghoid
a more fzins. rbq Ae hii
suit,4 nd c-sn
mendabler' n noym I dd
ing the disit
ed to,'his'live" ~ il~t.fr
confidenae,)-hii 01mr t Spar
with him-oni - 2 to
her merits deY
Accordingl . i e
tiail cerenionfi , i O
his rivalW (or iW m; to
accompany him 4 .After ds
SRlard,Tlr rsay ery
delieate sub' 914'.4Ipooe; von
its coop u giv
:ne rest, I had
the task. Y"u reiat t
your objet' toM1
Livinston. ry your
knowedgeF hoe Of &un.
ing her myselfi r, aa ;ince.
finding yn . 0* .0 -
her behaJtwi6, irelol we ondies
iitioanjis too paretfo be$Iaus u.
app;prat -spha i&~~uu~tl n.t
- fwrwe -too. sweet, Wt( muaspbmted -into,
r rle i~l 0of _ tine fI
usteid Eef 'woman, -u~elii"w money,
.thus 4iepang-rho trfMsrcad rs
,ping'at- the bauble, a- me *uuthang. an corn
u stop!' criedJ.Angdort, fedlidg very sen
sibli the effectof thit cwaiure,' who -has. au-ia
tiborized 300u toA lecture 'mid-i& in anner?'
I -wil listien u.'l o" rr~e iebearle*d
s'i'nipithy. You Ptv~ltsreiaw r rde .
1. liud nOiv that. my xoadeuotii,.4mi.'aced.
Mouley, as ~hare toladi,*s indeedrtundyo
ject, -and t04481'-1u6 pi& 016, olege
-You'maty cAllit. C blbtA,-b~eauifiul ill
'tlamgIor with-out' I ~ut apt i-ntad
"tha sou ae o ~ut r.de efriree
tita ,~at par~lgth deem
menydfies rs memy maItoh
'te~inerris 4~tiaw suis ey,
him wo~d I~ es a~2sI ne~b, thou
as-an neaa~. But once ~giLc~ eteth
*yo'toljado y~it t~r~eiou'dsft is
Is fo: yor Wnett a ~d ayto ayourai
man~notir.~b~* tmr.po Y nowe
her beatro ou dophpy~hia'
itfioni'*ffaet' be d'u ke.:e~e -wat
'tiewr.;yd witold-plusnfr~easve tnd
apputiae, apdyhe s. ldbentl;:adits
dogmetiircet, t< iliam~ranhme-ntto
tdotiia lo f g ~ ~rb .onvilc.rn
bsted f ath onian -toHervt m or~y
pigeaeh, a ti e agnotn -injuor
hartswill . be-- o
Stopwtl'rid Landn fee~hg~Ilidgb hve'r en
havy te uceedof otiensueg wo~ yao-ur
thornzed yeou to ereAi -thiasmnner ?
hav'wid stni teIetkneis.heamigtyd
awo'e, ascqmre toI yle grdand yobau
jeet, .ad this L m ngs h toanledge.o
-Yourmnyd Iall. a'~ulil,-r-utiofdut~u
sione butotmyou badnetiauyi every-t
thingsfi waO it ouiek'a deiiigad
woan'saffetopastrih5 g4tit abeitt."
Mstbe supoed ss-'i"uitdHny
"thato aj~re s1'ol utIO~ter ('.& shido piciple
otherwise theu twibl~ o-mght!.hafb deemk, c
.equ an accidental, and we may add, 'a for
4unate.-istener.4o 'the conversation. just.rela
ten.his T eingthefirst-time-shehad-hea'dN
anything concerning the subjeat, (Henry nev
er havingspoken to her abaiJt-it, fearing she
might. think itthe effeetof jealousy,) the rea
der can imagine, better than we can describe,
the suri.ac sheinafiifested, and the unplea.
rant fee ihepivaded-fet-bosom., After
heyhalbthagone-she -iastened home to
cogitate upon what she had heard, and deter
mine what shothould do.
CHAPTER I IL
Tho import- of the -hints -that had been
throwa out- by-her friends, Miss Livingston
now realized but- too, entsibi; and what be
fore she had- iegarded- -as slander, she was
itow consitrainedto consider as truth, having
had4he evidenea of her lover'sduplicity from
-his-own lips ' Instead,- however, of, mou-rn.
ingeoverethe-evcnt.as- many females would
-have.-done, she-rejoiced-at her -happy-escape,
.andheatily delesting the betrayor, admired
the otliermore -than-ever. - Happy the per
son who -caneexercise such -command over
:oircumstaneesq. - . -
--,-Jt :now. ieked but three days. of the time
specified forithewedding, which.was to take
.placerin6the village church, on Sabbath mor.
-ingafter-service-.- Jnstead of revealing any
.thing of what she had heard,-she pursued the
.-prudent course of.-keeping it. to herself, re
solving..tocadminister a pungent rebuke to
her apostate lover, an&st:the -same time re
.wardhim who had exhibited so muchinter.
At length the bridal morn arrived. It was
i the pleasant month of June.. The air was
edetandfrershing,the sky uneloaded, and
the whole appenranceof nature- indoed beau.
tiful. The bells p'eaid merity foth, chi.
mng liarmonio(isl with thegn6iitle 6aroling
ofteiild; free birds, who seemed -toparti
idjie in the festivitTes of the occasion, and
everYthIng-betokendd itraordinary prepar.a
tisnis - -
-'The affnir-belg regarded -with a great-deal
of- interest, the- churclh was*croWded with a
respectable audience. Presently, after the
dlscotirse-was-condladed, and-while-the spe
atorsermon: the-piiniiele- of--expectation,
the fiir bridemd supposed groom; attended
it-the bridesmaid a - 'brideagroom, (which
latter"line ,was stipplied by .enry, sthe
requsiierhn~oranthe n re of
)ntcy s yoi jie would agy--not me?
.Te e thpugh lpthkrFludicous, was-in
prdiljmusing.:and bore-at..the same time
a~pertou~sect.,. e .oa..wa.-completely
confInde and hung his hend..ingsihame.
The man of God bptra'ed astgimshmeit.
longdon,. tljinugIh surprisd, cosidot refrmn
fom smiling,- and, soin .ofp.- batioln
were .whispered all oyer the house..
-After. the exlienient had' sjibslded, the
noble lady, still rinining. Ierfortitude re
1.pe the levity with which tlie ceremo.
ny-has leen conducted. on my- lpart,.will be
exeused,- and-the afflair viewed in its proper
glt I anbut too Ippy to .be n'le thus
to.extricate .myself froniths wily snare -of
that villIan.(ppinting:to him wio.would.-be
ta herJ has laid for mao. I-had -always-re
liu rpon his hone.And:integrity; buth av
ing heard rereently from .hisoiwn lips his-.do
eeitfu ~jmrposes; I am--constrn'ine to )ook
sppon, lin.as an-abjeet~wretoh-worthy- onlyof
contempt. .1: have chosejtthis methoad or ex
posing his. gilt,-that. he-mightsbe held up to
the..exeeration-of all:ight minde4d people,
lIangdon at this junoturo, like a condemned
~crimtinal, and .justiy .afraid of. hisafflance-ne-.
euser, snteaked away,-and: from -that time baa
.never been: heard- of hy any .person who wit.
nessed thie seee. Oh!I vice, how:ad are thy
results !:. Oh.!.hou.sty,.how.gouod thy policy!
Imine4iate,thesmutual wisit having-been
-expressed by- boh-Henry Stuart and Mary
Livingston, and-the-consent of all parties ob
tainedy~the -venerable officiator-performed the
marrisgoe-e-eremony; and -when- eoncluded,
-ge0satisfuction was manifested; and Mrs.
8urt eongratulated upon the.:hnppy termi
ination of all- her diffieulties, Sufficee jt to
,ia,,h~ he spatch.s vaagood one. Thus
hlnIsidedception:metsa merited- repulse.
ani hdlity became justly rewarded
M~ ax o f.rradrs 1 remember
the -account published-in- allithe - newmpi
pers.,-nearly two-years ago, of -a:Califor-.
-nia emigrant, -ble~rossedthie plains "on
Tota 31done,"Mith a wheaelba~ow-con
Veing all liis ea'rthly g6ods, that is; his
pr-ovsioun', clothes, tools,. &c,,. ini that:
hunihle'vehigle, and outstripping in his
inaielknumbers wiho started for. the land,
~ofgold with-more showy and expensive
appointments. -His. -:-ame= was. Brook
mnire,-and -be-isr:au Irishman-by -birth. His
residence, says the Syracuse~3ournal, is
at W'arren, in- Penniyvaiin, where he
~l1Franife airfd failiy of children iin ysry
linlgen't jcircumstances, wvheni he .wente
o ver the Roek 30imtains~ to " try his
fortune. Broohrnir has lately returned
from Onlifornia, niith .about $15,000 -of
the "idusti," all -of which-he- -dug'-and
~ailed outr with his otviihds; And as'
it'is veg "ap ito pour wiit i-ainis his
telthe aniotint of0, Sl,.falliing to her.
uqnthedeath of some relations iu Scot
sil~iv i Ominibus lik th e
heat-of--a-irt - Because , there is~ -i
-ays rnom-laranne imore to- bn-inken in.
From the Southiern Press.
The next PjresideUtia Election.
The Hon. Alexander 'H. Stephens, a'dia-'
tinguished representafive in Congress from
Georgia,'and -a staunch advocate.of the "final
ity of the compromise," in a private letter to.
a friend, now-biecome public, deilares him
self "utterly opposed'to sending deletates to
the Baltimore Convention," meaning. I pre
sume, the Democratic, Convention. in this
I perfectly-agree with him; but should have
been better- pleased had he extended hisdis
approbation to, a Whig Conventitn,'sh6uld
such a one be contemplated. It* is clear
from this letter, which is 'iitt-emely well
.written, that Mr. Stephens is becoming aware
that.the compromise is not exactly a "final
ity," and that a co-operation of either of the
Southern parties with either of those of the
North, must be brought about, not by con
cessions, or guarantees to theformer, butby
acquiseence in new encroachments of the
latter. In order the more clearly to compre
hend the actual position of. the South it
seems necessary to take a brief glance at the
present state of the two great parties, now
di!iuting the ascendeicy in the government
of the lUnited'States.
That-section of.the Whig: party which
sdems about to rally round Mr. Fillmore or
Mr. Websterjnake it a. sine qua non. tlrt
their candidate for the Presidency shall.paii
tain the "finality"- of the compromise in all
its parts: wlile:that.portion of which Mr.
Seward is supposed to le the head, Main
tain it is not final, either with- respect to 'the
fugitive slate law,-or against future aggres
sions of.the Abolitionists. --On the other
hand, it is said that a portion of- the North
ern Democratic party, i !1ke manner, rally
round the finality of the compromise while ;
is certain- that a far-greater portioi) :elled
Freesoileia are sternly adverse to it on the
ground- of the fugitive slive' law, and espe
eially, beeuse It does not embody the Vil
mot proviso in so many word.
As yet, no party, Ionh, Eait or West,
hash.olown the slightest disposition' to co-op
erate with the South'in-defenee of"its inAti-'
tutions. No party has ventured to come
forard In opposition to the settled, na'wed.
policy afthe Abolitionists and .Freesoilers.
No Northern .party dares to do so; f6r these
two adjuncts of o -ne 'id the 's'amefain
would at onde arrafstis'lvsin opostitnn
to any eandidate'wiid 'deciazid~iiii1f wil.
pies; and, should they ventu eo to, stipuhste
any conditions v ornable to thicselvcs,'sl
partlbi, Whig and Democrat, will' , oabine
against- then-for they' -Will-occupy a posi
tion-in which alfare more or loss titir oppo
nents.: At most..they wil. get nothiig bat
the "finality of the Compronise," and is that
an object worth contending for ? Does any
man, not natursllv sr wilfully blind, belleve
thait the furitive slave liw can be enforced.
in Vervnoni., where it has been nallitied by
na act oi the legislature ? or in Massachu
settaI Nw York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Miehi
gan.andother Western States, half peopled
by Yankee Abolitionists, and German Social
ists I Do,.Ihe.b,jieve that either the au
thorities of these States, or of the United
State;Wond,'if they cold, enforie this law,
at the' riski nay, with the absolute certainty,
of ruininr their political prospects by their
deing their duty? Almost eerywhere, ex
perience has 'proved that the public officers
camiol. not if they woul, and would not if
they could, enforee this lair', and that if they
did, 'the courts' and juries would acqiuit. .its
violators, 'even wvhen resistande was carried
to the extent of mnirder. What, then, do
Northern 'politicians, and Southern acquies
cents, mean by the " finality 'of the Coin
piro'ise?". They mean only that it shall be
finainas respects every thing injurious, insul
ting, offensive to the South, and null. and
void as' to the only measure in which all its
representatives heartily concurred.
Th e sole agency of Southern delegates to
a Northern convention, wIli be' limited to a
choice of evils'; 'for It is scleely within the
reach of possibilitj that a' candidate for the
Presidesney' in the least' favorable to South
ern' rights will' be -selected for reasons I
have just specified. Their choice, if they
make any, must be. Hopson's choice, or that
of thd'French people-that or none. They
wili' exercise' the' right of acceeding to the
selection, not of the-eandidate wvho is most
agredble,'lat of him riho is least disagreea
ble. As in tihe case of the compromise
"they must take the best they cah get," and
be thankful' for the smallest favors. They
-must accede to. the support of a 'candida'e
whose "lpledges" arc least hostile to' their
rights, their interest, and their safety. It
'seems" to me that this would be placing the
South- in a false and degraded position.
Surelyit is not reduced so low iu spirit, or
in'strength as to stoop to such an alternative?
But it has lately been accustomed to a choice
of evils, and use reconciles us to almost eve
ry thing but hunger, gout and the tooth
If this view of the subjedit Is correct, it,
may be again "asked, why should 'any party
ijhe"Soth 'send d'elegates to 'sny ednven
tfiih i the North ??"Whitgood ein' they do
there ;'anid'ihat-iiiiraeles aro they expected
to--nehief'e? Oni the-'conitrary.-whatmis
c.efs maytheynot'do! 'May it not be ap
'prehetided'that dome, jierhapps many of them,
cun,ini'thdad tinmda soffritful in bargalns,
Wi onlitidje,'h4 'openated upon by a'cedin-'
bitititi' of those irrealitibli influences which
drem kiawi ' to' yroduie" such niiraculous
-colyivris," to 'become the' pliant' tools of.
one or othler of the great Northern paities'
This is an a~ *In avhich poltiegil chemistry.
hdwo fliele anigamating thie
inost Ite grn'eus'b ubstatiekapiiHe liairfnd
nious-mna2 "here'-is athkigdo~ hefe'ro
gneouts inartyetonlitias, snthIng'.o--onno-2
site but what -maybeomfae
stanceti may notJ h
iini issilVWAA keid7
extraordinary steps back
tionists will be:,jf6ati6" W1
white mon aswe Mis'bac 6 1t indl
District of C luIb M"
I don't pritendto-set sl a men
tor to the go'd peonie of the Soni 00as
a sincer frpd: "'I.4 uld 7d
out distinctiorjf.pirties t
serve a- separatorganization at26 a
the present-state. of:thingis conne&"- F
assuming wthis "Atftide thefe- ill:
stronger, as -w'el, Ms'nr'd reiftel
.they -were,-tox come. into a d
ven tion. The Northis fghg bat
tles, not those 'of the o n fisy
Northern candidate can Iecure- s' o to
the.11residency by sacriicing the t,A.s
South, will be sacrificed.-Byp
the whirlpool of Nortlien Iten l l
only fose -themsdives' By ,tgo.Ip
they Will he heardand -fPlt;A ee,
like thate of .thicbust ofatoaat~asar's fu
neral, will excite moWeatentro tn i-l
presence. -It will erve-s sii
wainTuhn of'the fii '
sistinaIn the dangerousc xb..
ing them tothe wll.; andsadir' ta
produco. It will 'i
ly ch wfisyiffhs Ut
excesses of fanaticisn, and e arts fhyp
critical politicians, opened a wi4e,j&,of
separation between .dahe'No6I Wittinh,
which if not filled up will someda . , Io
them both. . :
Why should not the o
ielect a- candidate for r: e d o
among -.the.inselves, to
Northprn ot. i
.0 a.etcqu ne no t
a futre enelmn. T6F
iom.-man.;amon gem or
ties can: ul'an ' p s u
uim.a mta"h or7y.p
Riought pgii4a~nti em. .B,
,oin n one-common hogdeAbr
Lion of their ealistea . t
rents their copuinli n
will best be attei^edbji'
tion! Is it personal ii o i s
and fishes? '
I- respectfttlly sblief tiiflii efekt -i*ri
Uasly on thev itprehuindtand lide
who willprobabliginther'etd ei; to
the highest biddler; orithe iats pawaoFjuk
glingNoi-ther.n politilaiA,'wheo wilIdo as
they have Mhvayi d1', noanttiIiaddr
ind then. kick'it frodr,' der tfieLr sIAft
ehem mosb especialybewkaof"pMges".
hey. have .lud enougheof-these. They are
he sureties of achool-fbysyaho Ps to
b good ifyou will only give them,penty o!
agar plums. The b eeity the fu'
ture conduct of meniis tlielp-put attibs.
It seems to me-tliia' the'only selrepot
ion of the South -isA tostand aloofd' teast
,or the presentand -let the .partiestof"the
Vorth fight their battles lyy them'slves.
The'v have no interest in the dlfitdot.
-y o'f'either, for as r espe 'tifrelit ques.
ions with whlich the'vitull interetsfieof' the
South are inseperably 'inteist*inedpthere is
scarcely ashade of ditferencebetween Whio
and Democrats. in.thae North. Their prine:
ples have become absorbeid,,r aiam~aated
in the great menstrunm of hbi:o*, are'uli
lost in coalitions atd iompromiesthe solo
abject of which is an2 '~uat-dilisibW of-the
loaves .and --fishes. It - otbeenw-said that
when ronges .faall out honestia;anone at
the truth; and the late expositions of~Iessra.
Davis and Ranatoul furnish exeiiglifications
of the proverb. 'The gentlemen seem to
think that polities is notiizthan"e'shu'
system of bargain and sale; that disclence
ar principle is -as-much a merchantable corn.
nodity tas cotton or codfish,--andihat every
nan has aright to get as much for as he
s.an. Tynless the Southern 4eeites to
N1orthern conventions are'equa y ~expert in
this system of bargaining, ankeqially' plia
ble consciences, they-wille~satlidt chance
and had better stay at homi. eleeet they
wvish.to perfect tilemselve-in thisiiw s
tern ofr" free trzade."t
The Union, ir it is to stida'alms
itare some. better fouidatiosn t~iKcri-pt
coalitions or comnpromises, in 4htbh great
principles aro.snerificed tombegnjtssonal inter
ests of.grezat trading polteiiss..4'ere'is
nio, truth more thorouighly. ~empified'in
history than ihat the freediom of-mankliid
iras no other 'beais tilan the virtuciof' man
kind. -General iaitelligene'd alo'ne sinot suf
icient; and-the most glorioue1N kW the at.
tributes of liberty is, that sheesciiaoteuist,
except in the pure atmospheriefintelig e,
uander the direction of virtuous unpr
If any man dreamis that shei ie ahd
move, and have 'her beiud''"n'ti tidst of
corruption and dbgenerai'n i eokin
the mirror of the past au'.he4Wiee tsio
reflection, of the. future.:Polltit corttip
tion,. which .recal da4tr strong,
governupnt;. zaeu.Io this
meanas niot Unon, con~so 'aton.
A N~aiden liIAiniA FM1END
TiE-next question fo 8 I Is enio be-I
foare thme Bhakerag BebatingSoeiety ia:l
'MWhere does a, enndle goidesi
goes out r" It is thou tt'
tion will be decided int the aflnnative.