Newspaper Page Text
From the Charleston Mercury.
Letter from Mon. D. Wallace.
\VASHING TOS, April 12, 1852.
My DEAR SIa: I have received your let
ter of the 25th ult. You ask me what, in
my judgment, the Convention, soon to as
asemble in South-Carolina, should do? Be
fore this question can be wisely answered,
we must form a just conception of the con
dition of things, in reference to which the
Convention must shape its action. Events
have very clearly indicated what the action
of the Conventi'on should be. The people
of the South have decided that there shall be
no resistance to the Compromise mea
sures of the last Congress. The Conven
tion, then, can do no act, that will produce
resistance for past wrongs, either within the
State, or beyond her borders. It is true. that
a large majority of the members of the Con
vention are in favor of secession. But it is
equally true, that a majority of the people of
South Carolina have decided against immedi
ate secession, unless, in co-operation with
the Southern States. This co-operation can
not be obtained now, and the decision of our
people is, therefore, and acquiescence, at least
for the present, in the Compromise. The
majority of our people being thus opposed
to the only form of resistance, which, under
existing eircumstances, the State could adopt,
it will not, in my opinion, be either proper
or expedient for the Convention to pass an
ordinance of Secession; for I deem it to be
the plain duty of the Convention, to conform
to the expressed will of the people in this
regard. The State should not resort to se
cession, without a large majority of the peo
ple be in favor of it, and as that majority is
opposed to it, I consider the question as be
ing settled for the present.
The question then arises, what can the
Convention do to promote the publie good
within our own borders? Before this ques
tion can be determined, we should know
whether evils exist in the State, which admit
of a remedy, and if so, what are they, and
,what is the remedy? In November, 1850,
we wete a united people. Events which
have happened since have made us a divi
ded people; and while we continue to be
thus divided, our political and moral power,
which should be exerted alone in opposition
to the usurpation and injustice of the Federal
Government, will be exhausted in demoraliz.
inw and unprofitable conflicts among our
seives. This is an unnatural condition of
things, and ought not to continue; for while
if continues, we not only cannot advance.
but must recede, according to an admitted
principle of political science; and unless our
intestine divisions sh:all cease, a Oorern
ment party will at no distant date be formed,
and acquire strength and consequence in the
State. Recent events in the South have
clearly demonstrated the proposition that
the time for a dissolution of the Union ha%
not arrived. If that event shall ever happen,
it will be brought about, by the gradual pro
gress of public opinion, which in conse
quence of the abuse of power, by the Federal
Government, las within the last few years,
made a rapid advance in that direction. A
great event like this, cannot be forced in ad
vance of public opinion. The public mind
must be ripe for it before it will ever take
place. This adapnation of the public mind,
to the exigency of the times, has ever prece
ded all revolutions, and all attempts to ac
comuplish a fundamental change in the exist
ing form of government, before the public
mind was prepared for, and willed such
change, have ever resulted in failure.
Nor can another canvass in South.Carolina.
issues presented by the central government
without success, and I cannot bring my mind
to thme conclusion, that another struggle
would result differently from that which we
have already realized. The people of our
s~ister States have not symnpathuised with us,
to the extent of our hopes, and we should
learn wisdom from the past. Anothter fail
ure to achieve success, in resistance to wrong
will do our catuse infinite mischief. What
we want now, is a reunion of our people up
on our old State Rights, Republican plat
form; and until this re-union shall take
pilace, it is clear that we can do nothing to
advanuce the great cause of Southern rights.
The intestine divi-,ions which now exist in
the State, are therefore an evil, which in my
judgment the Convention should remedy, if
It is with much diffidence, that I venture
to indicate the policy, which the Convention
ought to pursue; but ais you, ais a nmemuber
of the Convention, ask for an expression of
my opinion, I will comply with your request
with frankness anud candor.
Those wvho lead a State, in times of great
puillec danger, are bound to acheir'e succ.%s,
if within the cotmpass of human means. The
Convention about to assemble. should not
lose sight of this principle. We wcant no
more failures. The question is not now,
what wye would do, but wvhat can wve do ?
The Convention should act according to the
circumstances in which we are placed, and
not other wvise. Its first aim should be, to
use all the means within its power, to res
tore to the State the power it has lost, by
the divisions wvhich now so unhappily pre
vail among our peop~le.
You inform me, that thme opinion is enter
tained by some, that the members of the Con
vention, who are in favor of secession, ought
to resign. I do not believe, that any maem
ber ought to resign, under any circumstan
ces which exist now, or which are likely to
arise; but that every member of the Con
vention outght to go into that body, not as
ihe partisans of a party, but as Carolinians,
act for the honor and happiness of the whole
State; and as the public voice has deter
mined, authoritatively, that there shall be no
separate action, this expressed will of the
people should be obeyed. The Convention
will deserve, and I think receive, the appro
bation, if it shall heal, and not widen, the
differences which nowv distract and paralyze
the energies and counsels of the State. The
present party distinctionus shtould not be per
mitted to exist any longer. No good man
or true patriot can desire their continuance.
The Compromise measum'es have broken all
the great parties in the Union into fragments.
The party divisions and. disti'netions, which
these measures have caused in our own
State, should be sacri'fieed upon the altes of
the public good: Every consideration of
sound policy and patriotism require this at
our hands. H~ow is this end which is so de
sirable to be accomplished'? No one should
be required' to abandon his principles. It is
not necessary that any such sacrifice should
be made, arnd, it is indeed most fortunate that
ft is so. All our people are State Rights and
Southern Rights meon, or if not all, the ex
eeptions are too- few to reqsuire notice. All
believe the South has suffered great wrong.
Upon these propositions, all, I hope, can
unite, and' again, form- one party-a party
wvhich will retore the State to her former
unanimity, in opposition to- the- principles
upon which the central Government is ad
ministered, -md re-establish her individuality.
If this be not done, there is danger that,.at
no distant date, the State will be absorbed
in th. nity and nationality of the -emnire,
to which the Union is verging, and a state of
things must intvitably follow-at which the
worst enemies of the State would rejoice,
and at the utterance of whichla blush would
mantle the cheek of every true Carolinian.
In my judgment therefore, the Convention
should frame and publish an address to the
people of the State, earnestly recommending
and advising them, that the party lines and
party names. which now exist should cease,
and urging them from high considerations of
patriotism, and public policy, to re.unite up
on the position we occupied in November
1850, under the name of the State Rights
Republican Party, and with the motto, " State
Rijhts, State Socereignty, the right of Seces
sion, and resistance to Federal aggresson,"
inscribed upon our old banner, with which
South Carolina has been so long identified,
under the lead of her departed statesmen,
we can once inure assemble under its folds,
bury our past differences, and again advance
and abide our tine. - I believe a propositin
of this kind, coming from the Convention.
which embodies the sovereign power of the
State, would be singularly proper and appro
priate. No feeling of mere party pride or
etiquette, should prevent the tender of this
peace off..ring to the State. In times of
public danger, a true patriot will never refuse
to be magnanimous. We should rise now
above the mere quibbles of party tnetics.
In addition to this, it mayl be proper for
the Convention to pass an Ordinance, afir.
ming the rizht to secede from the Union,
whenever in the judgment of the State such
act shall be deemed necessary to secure the
peace, safety, and happinres "of her people,
and announcing to, our sister States of the
South, that South Carolina is ready to unite
with them at any time to resist the usurpa.
tions of the Federal Government, and to se
cure, in any manner which may become ne
cessary; the inalienable rights of free gov
ernment. If the Convention can do more,
or better than this, I confess my inability to
see how it can do it. it tle propositions
which I have indicated, be submitted to the
people of the State by the Coiven-ion, I
cannot doubt that the (-feet will be rmost
happy and salutary. None. it seems to me,
could urge an objection to it, but such as
desire a continuance of our party divisions,
with the hope of profiting by them in con.
tests for office, State and Federal. These,
I contidently believe, will be found few in
number, and would doubtless be overruled
by the *good sense, sound judgment, and
p atriotism of the great majority ( f our peo
ple. The elfect of such a policy, on the par
of the Convention, would, I think have also
a happy influence abroad. ]i the present
confusion and disjointed condit ion, of the
great republican party in the South, thi
avo(wal of the old republican creed. and th
new organization (if a Stale and Southern
Rights party, under an appropriate name,
would indicante a rallying point for the fritnds
of the South everywhere. If our rights be
ever secured, and the blessirgs of free gov
ernment gnarrantied to the Soutlh, it rust
be done under the auspices of snch a party
and if South Carolina shall now by her ac.
lion, give a new imrputlee to the cherished
principles of the States Rig!ts reptiblicrn
school, she will have less cause to regret th
labors of the late struggle than many havt
supposed ; for if such be the result, as I con;
fidentliv believe it. will, sie will have niehn-ve
4n additional clim to the gratitude of th
South. If I, by any arinner of means hr:vt
contributed nmv mit'e, to produce such ar re
sult, I shall iiever regret the toil and labo
thart it has cost moe.
I am, dear sir, with much respect,
Gen. 3.11. Adams.
The Winsboro Register publishes- the fo'
lowing letter, from Gen. Adarms, in ref~erne
to the Congressional election ini that district;
GAsmEN, A pril 6th, 1852.
Dear Sir :-I perceive that I have beer
suggested in your columns as a suitable sue.
eessur to tire Hion. Joseph A. Woodward
wvho has announced his determination niot ti
le a candidate for re-election. While I :am
grateful to thre friend whoi (desires to see thi.
honor confe-rred on rme, I munst respiectfulll
decline being considered a c:rmdidate for the
place. I have nio amubirtion for Federal Ihon.
rs. Those who secretilv love* thre Union are
mnure proper persinrs to ofliciate at its altar,
than urie whou feels it to be aun engine of in
justice and oppresasioni. aind wvho regards its
existence as incormphat ible wi :h the pireserva
tion of Southern Institutions.
Warned by tire great Calhoun that we
had lost ail! power of self-protection uinder
the Constitution ; arid told by Chreves that
the measure of our insult, arid inquiry was
full t% overflowing, arid thant we were'livini
tnder a vulgar tyranny, I ilabured during thec
late canvass, (it is true to tno purpose) to
persuade my fellow-citizens to withdraw
f.om such a union, arid encoturnter all1 thne haz
ads ofanr untried resistance, rather than re
serve thremselves for thre inlevirtlble ruin that
aaitcd thetm ini it. Under ditrerent coun
s -Is they rhave decided for sui~mission rather
than resistance. Let those who choose, en
joy thre horror arid the emlolumttent of serving
a tyranny they profess to Ihate, but uniwil
ling to resist. I will not.
Your obdt serv't.
3. HI. ADAMS.
A'REMAKA BL.E MAN.-Thre Germantown
(Ohio) Emiporiumn hasw an obituary notice of
Mir. John Schaffe.r, who died in that vicinity
on tire 24th of 3March, aged 62 years. The
notice concludes with these surprising state
Tire deceased w~as the largest mian that we
ever saw. Tire collin was sntliciently large
to contain five inern of ordinary size: mienr
surinig in width three feet four inches irr tire
clear, arid three feet in heighrt. Three men
eduld have worked in it at the sanme time,
with convenience. It required six men to
take him from the bed on which lie expired.
This wvas done by raising a platform--remov
ing thre head board of thre beadstead and ta.
king him out endwise. They could not get
tie coffin into the house, but by taking off
tie door facings of an old vacated house that
stood in tire yard, they got it int'o that, and
carried the corpse thithrer on three empty
bags. A wagon arid four horses stood pre
pared, arid ten mna placed tire coffin and its
contents upon it. Irn letting down thre coffin
into to the grave, they had t wo lines doubled
-one at each ear! and one large well rope in
in the middle ; arnd seventeen men to let down
this great sprinkle of mortality into its last
hoe en earth. His weight was not known.
NEW ORLEAss, April 16th.
GREAT RioT AT JIAvANA-Loss of Life.
Advics from.Havana t o the 7th instant state
that on that day a number of drunken A mer.
icani and English sailors got into- a difficulty,
which enrded in. a bloody fight, in which
knives, pistols andrm other deadly weapons
wvere freuly used.. Several on each side were
killed arid wounded, and it was finally found
necessary -to-call on the- military, who sue
eeeded in- queflinig the disturbance and arres
THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1852.
9j WE call the attention of our subsctibers
and the public, to the advertisement of Mr. H.
B. JACKSON of Hamburg. The advertisement
will be found on another column, and will speak
for itself. Those wishing to purchase will, we
are assured, be highly' pleased by calling oi Mr.
AT an election recently held for Wardens and
Vestrymen of TRI-TY Cnuacit, Fdgefield, the
following gentlemen were chosen for the ensuing
C. B. WALKER, I F. II. WAtDLAW.
W. A. HAnRis, F. W. PjcxENs,
J. P. CARaOLL, A. P. BUTLER,
W. C. MoRAGNE, G. D. TiLMAN,
E. BILAND, JOSEPi ADNEY.
Jolly ACON. *
WE are requested to state, additionally, that
those desirous of obtaining sittings, at this Church,
are requested to apply at once to any one of the
above named officers.
CONSISTENCY VS, CONSISTANCY.
THE Editor of the Georgetwown Republic, in
an article to which our publisher has just called
our attention, intimates that we are shifting about
with various winds of doctrine so much as to be
chargeable with inconsistancy, as lie writes it.
Ile thinks it well to remind us of this at the pre.
sent early stage of our editorial career. We
think it equally proper to call his attention to the
blunder in spelling, twice repeated, which graces
his notice of us. It may be of service to him at
this early stage of his orthographical career.
When the editor points out onr departure from
a direct line, we will attend to him.
Tu Whig caucus he'd at Washington on
Friday last, has by a division among its members
defeated the ends for which it was called. The
Southern Whigs have heretofore made every con
cession to their Northern brethren, and in return
have been refused even the miserable pittance of
a ratification of the compromise by that party.
The SEwARD %%ing appeared quite sanguine of
success, and with the utmost arrogance refused
to make any concessions whatever.
It appears that neither the Whig nor Demo.
cratic party can ngree upon their enndidate for
the Presidency. The correspondent of the
Charleston Mercury says that" on the Democratic
side, the star of CAss is now in the ascendant."
We do not think he will be acceptable to the
South under any disguise whatever. However,
political shuffling and electioneering have become
so excessive in these days of the Republic, that it
is hard to say what will come of it. CAss, or
SCOTT, or DouG .AsS or BuchANAN, or any other
named competitor may ride into power, as party
aggrandizement shall suggest.
SOUTH CAROLINA HATS,
By the subjoined paragraph, which we extrct
I from a late " Family Friend," it will be seen that
the town of Columbia can now show a hat-manu.
factory that will corupare favorably with any
similar one at the North or elsewhere. It is but
right that such estalblishments, wvhen fairly com
peting as in this instance, should he liberally en
couraged. We call the attention of ours mar.
will send on for a sample of these Carolina hats.
The expevinment would in all probability result in
proving a Ihawley of Colutmbia to be as tasteful
a a Ileebe of New York. Why shoiuld'nt lie he
A SOU-rttaui MANIIPAcTOR.-" Our readers
we are sure, witl be glad to learn, that the prnise.
worthy efihirta oif od'r friend liawley-whose skill
in his husiniess, is only excelled by his urbiane
niannets, and obliging disposit ion-'have proved
Ienrinenatly successful.- Thle Southlertn HaIt Mann
factory, we know from our own observation and
kinowledge, is making as beautiful and durable
hams, as any that are implorted from the North
Iwhilst at the same time, they are furnished at
Ilower rates, in proportiion tom thiirgo:rlity. TJhose
who wish to encoturage 17unnie enterprise, and at
the same time get a lint that is a hxtt. nn reasona
bile terms, will ind it to their interest: to-eeiat the
Store of RI. Ihawley & Co.
0 W00ODMAN, SPARlE THIAT 'fiREE.fi
I3tMEnZATRI.Y on the road to' ott? r'e.sdence,
and neat the outskirts of our village,-lies the field
of Mr. LA--R. We have nothhng to' do
with tihe interior of said fieldl. hit our attention
has been attracted several times of late to the
beautiful row of native trees wvhichi lie on that
edge of it which is houtided by the pubhlic road.
And we say it was good taste which first prompt.
ed the leaving of these trees, better taste which
suflered them to remain even to the detritment of
the crop within, atnd still better, which has caused
said trees to lie kept regularly trimmed and topped
until they have assumed well-propormioned
shapes. TIhis sacrifice of utility (for there is
certainly a loss to the producetion of the field by
this border of oaks) to comfort and beauty, is
commendable. A small private loss should al
ways he thus encountered for the general gratifi
cation. It evinces ntot only good taste but a
proper degree of public spirit. For nothing is
more pleasant or more beautiful thtan an abun
dance of shade trees (native ones are thme best)
upon thme various promenades and drives which,
usually, make up the most agreeable features of
village scenery. We are sorry to see that some of
our suburbans have ruthlessly departed from this
rule of taste.
WEs find in the Mercury of the 19th, a high
compliment to his Honor Judge VsITHlEis, for thme
"abdlity, dignity and devotion to the exacting
duties of his oflice," duritng the session of the
Court in that city. The Mercury also reports the
verdict of the Jury against the three boys, ROUSE,
M cH EL,, and CAmtuI.I,. Rol'sE was found guilty
of tmatslaughter. and recommended, Onl accounit
of his youth, to executive clemency. The rest
were acquitted. " It wvill be remembered," says
the Mercury, " that ROUSE, DmctmEa. and CA tiLLt
had been previously convicted of manslaughter,
on the indictment for murder of slave John."
They are sentenced to six mouths imprisonmenlt,
and a fine of $500 each. "Fur the killing of
McGorEY, the white boy ROUsE is to-reteive an
additional imprisonment of one year, and $100
U? TnitE N~tional Intell igencer, after annomflca
ing the resignation of Mir. A. WV. DoztEit, a de.
gate elect from Williamsburg to the State Con
vention, concludes, as follows, that lie, Ms.
DOZIER, " thinks that in view of the last October
election, the Convention can do nothing, and he|
is not disposed to take part in a lndicroos show."
Now did Mr. DOZIER say this, er does the InteL
ligenicer, very kindly, think so for hirm? We have
no dosbt but that the Jntelligencer wonld like to
represent the Convention as It ondierous show ;"
but as there-are no prophets in our land, we think0
he had better abide'its result. I'owever, be that
what it may. (unless for actual submission) it will
appear " ludicrous" in the eyes of the latellt
LET PEA~CE 9E RESTORED,
'IrrHts the last twelve months, South Caroli
na has been the scene of more bitter political
altercation and more ttious political divisions
than have fallen to her lot throughout the whole
of her previous history. As might have been
expected from such asateof things, her position,
at present, is less hdnorable to herself and less
useful.to Southern interests than it has ever before
been. Could the unpreceaented sehisms and un
fortunate dissensions of the past enmer have
been counted upon, at tbis time last year, with
any degree of- probability, there are many who
would have shunned these evils in their filst ap
proaches. But human whsdont, vveok at the best,
was in this Instance, led astray by seemingly
rational conclusions. Ircould not fe-adily be an
ticipated that a State, which had been always
characterized by loftiness of intentiorn and bold
ness of exectition, would ever become vacillating
and irresolute, howeveir 'trying the emergency
which presented itself., It could not easily be
imagined that a people, who hadalways indicated
as their creed, " millions for the defence 'f their
Rights," could be suddenly metamorphosed into a
calculating race, cautiously weighing the costs of
resistance to, against the evils of acquiescence in
measures of extreme oppression. It could not be
expected that a population which had been for
many years instructed to itermine their course
for themselves and of thetgelves, and to depend
upon their own right arms for maintaining that
course, could so soon have declared their inclina
tions and desires subservient to the decision of
others, even though these others were friends.
Yet such things as these have taken place
among us. Thus it is that'many have been bit
terly deceived. Thus it is that a political enter
prize of a daring and, it.may be, desperate char
neter was speedily set on, foot, and as speedily
condemned. It was doubtless regarded by its
originators as the safest beause the boldest and
most imposing mode of proceedure in defence of
our interests and privileges as freemen. In esti
mating its virtue and efficacy, they had not in
view the possibility ofihultings or falterings or
doubts in our own ranks, deeming that these could
never he. And herein did they fail in fore-cast.
The impartial judge of the Carolina character
will decide that they had good reason to cherish
this belief, however wide of the reality. That
they reckoned incorrectly here, cannot then be
charged against them as even an obvious error,
much less as a fault. ind Yet it has resulted in
placing us in the unenviable position of a com
monwealth promising great things and doing
We will not say how much of the odium, (if
odium there be,) which attaclies to this condition
of things, is chargeable upon another party in
our midst. Our wish now is to see peace restored
to our lately distracted ranks. and to feel that we
are all, again, brothers in deed and in truth.
Union at home has made for us whatever of char
acter we enjoy as a State, and has given to us
whatever of influence we possess amdng the
American governments. It is indeed, with small
republics especially, "the ene thing needful,"
" the peril of great price." Without it, they sink
into weakness andi insignificance. With it, they
are morally if not physically strong, and can ap
peal with mighty effect to' the public opinion of
the civilized world.
Far greater are the dangers to he apprehended
from the blighting influences of civil strife, in a
country situated like tbi dir fair Carolina. She
is (or has the name of being) a Free and Indepen
dnti member of a Con'federatio~n. 'The central
organ of thiutconfederatiimnt in palrt her creation,
has become giganlic a* overhearing in its pro
potos t enec wlo up the original
ing yearly moi-c pialpdle and'dangerous. Its
power, thus directed, is at war with the interests
of the Southern States, continually; and will
eventually succeed in stripping thetn of thcir
equality andl, perhaps. of-the commonest benefits
of freedom, if suffered'.to go on unchecked by the
proper opposing influence. These influences are
only to be fuundh in the determined resistance of
each sovreign State acting for itself. The centtral
organ atid its engines understand well that this is
the only diflicuilty which impedes their progress to
absolutism. Therefore it is that they watch, with
transport, divisions irn the States, and artfully
foster them into distracting quarrels. Trherefore
it is that they bribe prominent Sotherners to
trason ugainst their own homes. Therefore it is
that they exert their wthole patronage (which is
already enoermous and rapidly icreasing) to beget
among us a party n hto wtill how down to the su
preme cntral authority and obey its behests even
> the sacrifice of their native hearths and ancient
privileges. Ihere is the danger that impends andI
threatens soon to) number the story of A merican
freedom amtong the brief but beautiful visions of
Enmtit'y to Smshtltty prosl'ity utt remit, but
never ceases. We may be calmed, by political
anodynes skiiefully administered, into occasional
repose ; but we are not suffered tosleep long before
we are again aroused by the st'ng of oppression's
hash. Again are tu-e Ielled, andl again oppressed.
And ikb dreadful process may work out our c-om
phete destuction in the-end.
So thought the Secessionists last year, and this
apprehension, -as much as any osther cause,
prompted them to declare for immediate resis
But the time has passed-the sting is partially
fomrgottn-and shall we fall againa into the sleep
of indifyerence ? Shall we suffer the State to roll
on sluggishly into the maelstrom of Federal cor
ruption ? Will Co-operationists consent to this ?
Can Secessionists abide' the tought i If not,
then we say to them, shake off every feeling of
opposition among yourselves-drop the party
names whicht you yet bear, (they do not become'
you now)-and be once more what you were but
two short years ago, e're yet your noble CAL1Ious
expired-Carlinans-nothinig more, nothing less.
as ambition entered thme bosoms of any ? ambi
tion to reach an eminence through party influenice
which~ it is feared, cannbt be attained by indi
vida'merit and worth ? iLet it be banished as a
poisonous plant muited onity to the udank beds of
corrption anl' vice. flas envy been lengendered
aog those who have hitherto felt towards eiach
other a warth of kindness and cordiality, al
most equal to that which pervades the -domestic
circle ? Let it be rooted out at once, and let for
mer confidence be restored. Thus alone can wve
expect to make oarseleves felt again in thme politics
of the country. Thus alone can we resunme our
wonted position in defen'ce of Southern Rights.
Planting ourselves thten *ih~ ananinmity upon this
position, let us repel the assaults of Federal
power in suich manner aat w*e. may. waiting pa
tiently for the day when Southern priofe shalhl be
folly aroused for die attainment of Southern
mndpendenes Is not this, niow, the part of wis
dom, the part of patriotibmi
To otr Convsention, 'which meets in a few days,
we woul not presume-tos speak the Imrnguage of
advice, far less of dictation. Bat we would re
spectfully recommend to them, us the first and
greatest objects to be effected by their deliberations,
the restration of peace at home, the planting of
our State onco more lipgn thme high ground of
Democratic State's Rights Republicanism, and:
the discomfitre of that Union faction which is'
begitnning to show its -liateful visa'ge but too bold
lyit-iin our borders. . But if nothing else can be
done, still, let reconciliation be their guiding star,
HOTCE-FOTCH, No 2.
Tnv weather is now fitful and ugly in the ex
n-me. How long it will remain to is difficult to
ell. For this is the changeful month of April.
Ab ! April was the word, eh ! Well, let us see.
kpril is said to be derived from the Latin word
tperio, signifying to open ; because the buds then
,pen, and genial Spring opens her lap full of flow
:rs. Would that some diminutive human hearts
would follow shit and open then also! Better
mnce a year than lever. But a misee is not afto
,ether unlike April either. The only diflerence
4 that one is full of change and the other of
And that reminds us that it is time to change the
ubject, our object being to " ring the changes"
ts fast as possible.
" Ring that bell," bawled out one of our hotel.
ceepers the other day, about 12 M. "What!"
raid a stranger-" dinner at this time of day 1"
Bven so it was. And even so it is, every day,
xmong these ravenous villagers of Edgefield. A
nan, who lives fdur miles out, has sererecly time
o eat his breakfast, ride into town, open his office
sid read the papers, before the dinmer hells greet
ei ears. Of corse its none of oof butsiness.
Doubtless it is a custom well adapted to the busi
niess purposes of our citizens-but it is certainly
hurrying up the victuals with clattering rapidity.
Speaking of hurrying, there are other things we
would like to see getting on with a little more
elerity. Among these, the one which occurs to
us at this moment is the Plank Road. We would
be very glad to hear of the workmen being on the
upper end of the road. The warm days are com
ing on, and t hat heavy sand, bet ween the upper
terminus and the Pine House, is terrible to get
over. I3r. K- k, do come along with your
dirt-carts and diggers.
"Diggers!" Well, "diggers" rhymes with
"niggers," and " niggers" are selling still at the
tallest prices. And the qtestion at once arises,
what is it that keeps theraup! Any one who will
silve this question on one page of foolsenp. and
send it to us, will do the Adrctirser office a favor,
and tho Advertiscr in return. will offer him what
ever thanks may he found due.
Talking aboutt "being found doe," we were
glancing over certain little hills, dne to us, the
other day, which we would he extremely delighted
to have duely cashed. For in due time we pro.
pose, as we said some weeks ago, to enlarge our
sheet and make a few ornamental additions to its
pages, which -,ill cost us some five or six hundred
dollars, certain. Indeed we have already sent on
for the new type and enlarged paper, and in a
month or six weeks, perhaps in less time, we will
come out in our new dress.
"New dresses!" why they are decidedly the
order of the day. Old t'ame Nature has just
assumed a most beautiful one. The woods are
clothed in freshest green-the gardens shine ou
in all the colors of the rain.bow-:he little girls
are donning their gay spring apparel- the young
lMdies are blending about their lovely persons, in
most becoming rontrast. hues well ndapted to the
season-the young gents are flaunting their parti
colored n,,ek-ties and fancy vests-and even the
old gentlem n and ladies are freshening tip theii
externals considerably. Nor can we see anythin
of vanity in it, for it is bit following the exampht
of all nature, animate and inanimate.
This brings us, some how or other, to speak o
inanimation-we mean in the light of a persona
chameteris-ic. It is one which too often attach
es to girls in their teens. Parents shoild stud)
to banish it. Sprightliness, girlish sprightlines
is charming-but an absence of animation, glee
fulness, vivacity, is ani utnfortunate defect, espe
eially ini the yottng. With some, perhaps, it is
tmost, howeover, it is nothing more than a bmt
habit. Wec exht irt you, girls, to correct it, utnlesi
you ihh to be "wadl-flowerze" when yont entei
societyand mier household fixtures when yotu get
married. Let this dullness of demeanor grow
upm you and it will become a second nature
and, whether a dunce or not, yotn will be apt tt
pass for one all the days oif your life.
And so furth.
To Joseph Abney, Esq.
DEAat Sttt :-It gives mte pleatsure, to aC
knwledge thle receipt of voutr cotnrteous lette~ro0
the 20th, inst. I notice particularly its Inst patra.
graph, witht fe'elings deep~ly alive to thte truth it
cntatiitis. You say,
" Tyranny antd profligney arc rampant in the
land', and spereatding throttgh it, a resistless tide
of crruptiont, whtich will as certntinly ove'rwhebu~
tis ats we exist, utle'ss it be stenmmed by thte bold
hearts of our pcope."
Yes Sir, it is "a tide of corrtuptiont," likena pmi.
sotnous Ethiopian wittd, which has already blight
ed thte tree of tour liberty, bid ba:re its ttoble
branches, withered its fruit, and destroyed the
Republican principles of our government. T~he
Untitedl States is no0w nothing but a prac/tial
absolute nmonarehy, prostituted by thte old cry of
" Uniotn" antd " Coimpromuise" to cheat and rob
by staffnte, the So~uthern people,. of " the land of
tteir l'awful inhteritance," aned, in the end, to
biud themt downl in chuins of vassalage antd tri
bute to the Northern-Pilgdim,. Peritaa, and Free
soil Alliatnce atnd Confederatiol.
That clause of Southernt lantd ro'bberv itn thie
" Ordinanice of 1 87" was exhumed itt the. name
tof DAVID'1 WtL~toT, front the Journal of the oldI
Continental Cotngress, and sent to California, an
a sine-qua-nont, .without the adoptiotn of which
in her State Cottstitutiont, preparatory fur the
mere sanction of congress, she could have no
authoritative governtttnt granted hter fronm thte
City of Waschintgton. This was dotte by thte
odly descendants of the Pilgrhn' Fathers, and
by the Freesoil ers headed by ailr. WrVast~A and
th Nortern Co-.wokers itt deep felontious in
a igue outside of Congress, atnd not witint its
valls. Ansl whett the new State Constitutiotn
2me up for a hearing, it was referred to a Comt
nittee, of whieh- hi?. Doe'GLAss, tho Sentator
rom Tiwa, was Chairman, whto reported the
oilowing~ Preanmble nd bil! which were adop~ted
:y the Natiooa? Legistatore, and appro'ved by
Mr. Ftta~toaF, as President, en the 9th of Sep
embetr, 1 850.-To wit
" Whereas, tihe peopic Of Cutifornia have pre
ented a Constifation. and asked admission into,
he Ulnion,-whicht Constitution, ont due exant
nation, is fouttd to be Republican in its form of
govenment s-Be it enacted, &c."
here follow three short Sections-the 2d attd
Id pritcipally prohibiting California, uttder her
'ew State governoment, front asstuminhg any eon
rel over, or front taxing the public lands, and
:losing with a Proviso to the 3d Sectioni, as
"Proeided, That nothing herein contained shall
re construed as recognizitng or rejectitng the
ropositions tendered by the people of California,
Is articles of contpact itt the Ordlinanee adopted
y the Convention whticht formed the Constitua
ion of thte State."'
'rho above extract embraces the substance of
11I thec official record that Congress can show,
of legislation, In regard to the aumiusiun of Cali
fornia into the Union; and by that record, it
will appear, to those not acquainted with the
hidden corruption which it covers, that it was all
a fair Constitutional transaction. It will not
stand on the Journals, that the clause or
"A rticle," as expressed in the act of admission,
and taken from the " Ordinance of 1787," is an
official act of Congress: but is there a man in
the United States of perception and reflection.
who can bolieve that the Northern " majority"
in Congress woud have passed the bill and ad
mitted California into thie Union, unless they
had knoten that the clause, or article for the
pillage of tile Soutt, had been incorporated in
her new Constitution ? They knew it had been
forced there by their own corruption, and by
taking advantage of the South, wiilst the terri
tory was under the abolition " pupilage' of their
" majority" in Congress. This tiley 1ift .
Mr. WEDSTER inew it, for lie sai s6, itt his
Speech at Buffalo, aid spokce of "tose-citfa
ordinary events whief oceutred in California,"
for three or four years, so tiat thtey could neither
grant her a Territorial or State government. It
was an infamous trick to borrow that land claue
referred to, nnd to apply it to that vast territory
in question, and to Utah and New Mexico, in
some way, by which they could effectually rob
the Southerp States and people of their just
estate, for which they had laviehed their trens
ure and poured out their blood. Mr. Fi.LrMOE
knew this as well as Mr. WE~tirri. In fact,
they all knete it. They knew, that the land
robbing clause was in the California Constitu
tion-and their guilt, therefore, shows with a
double criminality, when they annex their hypo
critical Proviso to the gd Section, " That nothing
herein contained shall be construed as recogni
zing or rej'eeting the articles of compact in the
Ordinnnee adopted by the Convention which
formed the State Constitution of Califurnia."l
This Proviso carries a most damning falseliold
pon its very face. It shows upon the record,
in an Act of Congress, that those Northern
fioly-faced Puritans would induce the South aitd
the broail world to belieto, tat they claim 11o
right for Congress "io reeognize" any interfer
ence with A neriean slave-labor in the Southern
new State of Califtnig:: Wlylie, at the same
time, fir three or (ft yeats, t'ief, refetld her
an authoritative goverirhest, fitod tfhq forced
her to adopt that objectionable clause, extracted
from the old Ordinnee, alluded to, of 1787, in
order to exclude slavery from her borders.
They dietated to the Convention of California,
by a special Government agent, TnoitAs tO-ri.v.n
Kisa, sent out expressly to pander with the
Convention and people there, and to procure the
insertion. in their new Constitution, of an Arti
cle proltibiting slavery. After all these facts.
which are matters of record, for that Puritan,
" Majority in Congress." to falsify their own
Joernals, by inserting in their act of admission
of California that. Congress does not "recog
nize" the right to interfere in the matter (of slave
labor, as touching California, is a blacker mnstance
of. hypcrisy than ever disgraced the govern
ment (of Ilerod of old, or that of Rome or Greece.
I They never would, I repent, have passed that
11i1l for the adlmission of California, had thmey
not known, that thme Constitution was initmical to
Southern interests, and to the institution of slit
to the closing third Section of the Acet carries a
foul blot upion its very front: And if there is
any Cotnstitutiotnal " freedom of the Press" iti
this country, thtose perfidious abolitionists. ivho
would enaet so base a deception titght to be ex
posed and ptublished before thte people. not only
of the Untited States, but of the whole civilized
rThose hiund red guns fired by the righiteotus
Pilgrims :tnd Frees',ilers in Washington City, ott
the night of 9th September, 1850, thte dany Sir.
F1LL~Ion.napproved the Catlifornia Bill, is fttrther
proof that they knew the robbe ry wvas consumn
ttated, and thaimt they did " recognize" its cotn
sutmtntiont as thte onily condlitiotn of admoit i g
California ittto the Union, or of gramntintg her
anyv efficienit goiverniment.
Those Hlundred Guns, celebrating the perpe
tration of that dlark fraud, nmay justly be styled,
" the Stun-down guns" of the Reptublice|-A
Republic that cost WVasntysoyo and his cotm
patriots seven long bloody years to establish!
Such a governmnent to be dectroyed by the ruth
less hands of robbers, makes the heart sick, and
alumost ready to welcome even an absolute nion
arehy We are to be absorbed by exhorbitant
Tariffs, and the taxable resources, bluood andI
treasure of the Southernt Sttes are to be wasted
in lghtng battles and acquiring Territories for
the " exclusive occnpancy," of these Northern.
nmantufacturing atbolition States !
Sir, you never read of a more dinbolical and
revolting system of oppression, in the history of
thec Auttocrat of Russim, or int that of an Allinee,
enlied'" lholy ,' (to mafle it more blasphemous)
of the Crowned IDespots of Europte, for the
pltinder,- sejegatiom, and destruction of iima
I pl'ead for tire fawrfo 'rertitotiah rights of the
Souti ,-oni the principles of universal justice, and
I regret to say, that those priniciples have be
come extremely unpopular, not only ini New
England and the Northern States, but among
vile factions even in some of the Southern
tates. So long as I cant raise a ?iafe or a voice,
I never will consent, that an irresponsible politi
cnl 4 manjority of Conigress," from any of the
State., shall become Omnipotent, and rib the
balancee of the States by Statutes of pretmedita
ted fraud, of their country, of their true inheri
tance, and of their blood and treasure.
To those to whom these ptriniplest atre unpopu
lar, 1 have no apology to make: and those who
approve of them need no apology.
I am, Sir, respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
R. V. W1.
WranLso-roTO, N. C., Mar. 23.
DIED, suddenly, yesterday morning, Thad
deus Street, Eaq., aged '70. Mr. Street for.
tnerly itn partnership with hmis brother, the
late Mr. Timothy street, carried on a very
extensive business in this city, atnd ever
maintained the ehnrne-ter of an honorable atnd
sagaeious merchant. AMter his retirement
fronm business, he was for a tine presidenit of
the Insmunnee and Trtrat Company. Hie was
a very snselseh ma n a regard' to motcy,
and seemed to take a far greater satibfuetion
itt naiking his fostune servieable to his
friends than in spending it upon himnsel
Utder- an exterior tof reserve atnd apparent
coldness, he concealed a warm and generous
heart, atnd his death will be sincerely and
long lamented by a large.eizelo of friends
MercuryP 17th ,,,aL
One Week Later from Europe.
ARRIVAL OF THE AMERICA.
HALIFAx, April 15, 1852
The R. M. steamship America, Capt. Shan
non, froin Liverpool it 11 A. M., 3d inst.,
arrived here -it half-past 3 o'clock this morn
ing. She has 65 passengers, 18 of whom
I .ud here.
The America arrived out at Liverpool at
8 P. M..on the 29th ult., in 12 days and 8 .
The Artie arrived out at half past 6 P. 3,
on the 31st uit., in 11 days and 6 hours.
The news possesses several features of
MARKETS.-The Liverpool Cotton mar
kets have' been very dull, and The transin
tions smaller than for sone tfime prevfoe..
Prices were irregular, and a slfght re4eti'en
had taken place in all descriptionis of Ainori.
can under Fair Orleans. Brown & Shipley's
circular ays to the extent of fully id. . The
week's sales reached 30,750 bales, of which
the trade took 24,850, speculators 2170, and
FRANCE.-The French Chambers were
opened on the 29th by President Napoleon
in person, attended by a briliant staff. His
ret-eption was ofrthe warmest and most en.
thusiastie eharncter, both on the part of-the
representativeS and people. Ile read bir
speech standing, frankly and freely declaring'
that it was the policy of France to keep on
terms of peace, amity and friendship with all
nations, and that nothing shonld be done by
him to provoke a rnpture of the amicable re
itions now existing between France and the.
other European powers,
Napoleon, in the course of hs speech also,
di-claimed all intention of assuming the Em
perorship, bit declared that if disaff&etion
and intrigue faced him, lie would demand
front the people. in the name of the repose or
France, a new title which would irrevocab'y
fix oin hi< head the power with which the
people had invested him. le wias greeted
with *immense applause dnring the reading'
of his addres, aecompanied with enthusiastier
shonuts of "Vive Napoleon."
The President then took the onth of fidek
ity t the eonstii~fon, and the-metberswere
sworn to fidelit to the President. Generif
Cavitigna' and Al. Carriott Were absenf.
On the following day the Senate and Leg
i.lative corps fi'et jin their teslectire cham
Martibl' i* ceased in all the Depamrtmeif
from the 28th tt. The code eivil preserves
its former title-="the Code Napoleon."
A deputation fiom Inavre arrieed at Parie
to protest :ighinst the additional duty on for
The prsilient's dotuatin is fixed at ten'
millions. The feeli 'ig increases, and the em
pire may yet be declared.
No further arrests are to le m'ade,-exdept
'ecording to law~.
MlARRIRD, on Thut:Tdy, thle 19th Fe.. hf
the Rev. J. F. Peterson, Mr. Wam'oUT A DAMS
and Miss C. A. PETZRsoe, all of Edgdfield,
MARIaD, on Tlirsdry eveniig, tlie 8th-inst.,
by Rev. J. F. Peterson, Mr. Joux K. AnSzf
and Miss REBaccV Faiscza Wurre, all of this
a l10CESON of the M~emibers in full Rega
lia. benine~ Emnblems. .Teel's, &c., nuid l1 n'
Olt\TION. afret wicel tie Memlers will par
tsake oif a 1)T'NNER, to be iirepayed for them atC
.1. L. D~osv's lioteh.
Thue Mlemhers will meet in thleir falint 11'
o'clock, A. Mi. The Procession to form at. 12
"'clock, and pass to the Baptist Church, where'
the Oration will be delivered.
It is desired that thcecitizens generally1 liothi
l~ndies and4 Gentlenheen, will'honor us *ith their'
presence on t1:at oceasion.
By order of the N. 0.*
A. G. TEAGUE. SEC'.
A pril 22 1f 14
Butler Lodge, No, 17,1 0, 0, .,
* A Regular Me eting of thtis Lodge
will be h.Id on Monday ev'eing
next 1 o'elock.
A. G'. TEAG UE, See''y.
A pril 22 It 11'
SAN EXTR A Communiention of'
No. 50, A. F M.-, will be held at
their, lI all on Monday evening,,
the 3d May, at 8 o'elock P. M.
By order of the W. M.
RI. U. SULLIVAN, SEC'ar.
A prih2% tf 1:3
Teas ! Teas !
ItST ?eCeived~ a choice lot of TEAS, ft'on
I thbe Phil adelphiia Tea Company of a superior
quality, warranted or no u'ale. ilyson, Gun
powdef.~ hmperial and Blaek of every descrip
lion, put up in small pnekages. for family use.
For sale by S. E. BOWERS.
Hamnburg, A pril 21 tf 1.4
Itlolasses and Syruups.
-fOW Receiving a large Stuck choice Cuba
.l MOLA SSES, and Georgia and New Or
leans SYR UPS. 8. E. BOWERS.
Hamnburg, A pril 21 tf 14
Sugar and Cofiee.
.AM now receiving my Spring stock of'
A SUG AR andl COFF EE, consisting of a
superior articlo of Brown Sugar, Clarified,
Cush~ed and Loaf-Government, Java and Rio
Coffee, of a superior quality.
S. E. BOWERS.
Hamburg. A pril 21 .tf 14
AFAIR price will be given for RAGOS, (ali
2: Cotton) by S. E. BO WERS.
Hlanburg, A pril 21 tf 14
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
BY H.T. WRGQTEsq., Ordinary o
Whereas, B3. F. Strum, has applied to
me for Letters of Administration, en all andl
singular the goods and chattles, rights anid
credits of Win. T. Minter, kate of the Districte
These are,. therefore, to eite and admonisir
all and sigular, the kindred and creditors of
the said. deeansed, to be and appear before me
at our next Ordinary's Coeuct for thes..nid Di.
trit, to be- holden at Edgefield. Court House
on1 the '7th of May next to show cause if'
ay, why the said administration should not.
Given under my hand and seal, this the
20th day of A pril, in the 'year of our Lord
oeo thousand eight hundred .and fifty-two,
and inl tihe seventy-sixth yenr of Americant
Independence. HI. T. WRIGHT, o. e. D.
Api .,.. 14:..