Newspaper Page Text
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, APRIL 29, 1852.
gP Wz are requested to inform the people of
Edgefleld that B. -F. GoUEDY, Esq., has with
drawn his name frqm the list of candidates for the
office of Tax Collector. -He wishes it to be un
derstood that he is no longer in the field.
Ouat thanks aie warmly tendered to Miss R. G.,
of Darby Place, for a full bowl of large, ripe;
freshatrawberries, conveyed to us through her
kind politeness. Fortunately, upon their arrival
at our Sanctum, ne had no hungry bachelors
about us-and so we enjoyed them in lengthened
luxuriousness, taking one after another until
dozens had disappeared. Even then we had
enough left for a second edition of the same en
joyment. May liessings, " thick as strawberries"
attend the fair donor!
Tits great article of Southern produce seems
to be looking upward with considerable certainty.
We understand that buyers generally in our
interior markets are holding on to their lots with
great confidence, A gentleman, recently from
Hamburg and Augusta, informs us that the ware
houses in those cities are full and sales firmly
withheld. May they not be deceived! And may
our planters not be tempted by these inducements
to extend their cotton fields too widely!
WE heard the other day of a turkey-lien which
hatched one set of young ones, went to laying
again immediately-took to setting again (with
said young ones around her)-hatched again
(first brood still in attendance,) and strutted
majestically off with two sets of turkey-diddles.
"Shoo, turkey, shoo! get out of my pea-patch !"
WE learn that purchasers have fkcked to
Aiken., from all parts of the South, to attend the
great Sale of negro property which is now coming
off at that place. From the late period of the
planting season at which the sale occure, we had
thought that the attendance would not have been
so large. It is this very fact however, seeming
to promise good bargains, which has caused the
great influx of buyers.. The consequence will
doubtless be that negroes will sell enormously.
,ince writing the above, we learn that the
negroes, sold up to dinner time on the first day,
averaged over $900, terms cash, Of course they
were all men. It is probable this average wIll be
kept tip throughout.
FIRST DAY OF THE CONVENTION.
Oua readers are referred to another column on
this page for an abstract of the Convention's first
day's proceedings, as reported by the Carolinian.
The election of our Governor to the Presidency
of that body was matter of precedent; ahthough
we doubt if any one could have been fixed upon,
who would 'have presided with more courtesy or
dignity, had it even been an indepcndentquestion
of choice. The remarks of hi Excelleney, upon
taking his seat, are peculiarly appropr-iate. We
advise every; one .to: read them careflyadt
.endaviottb.eatdhj soeo the enrous and
pleasing.jndipcajiouef~therfeeling of solemn re
spongibi ity wtigh rests- .upon that .gravt and au
t'is probable the Convention will he in session
bhroughout the. present week.. However silent
-andl indifferent our'citizens have he'retofore been
as to its results, there has -beeni awakened (new
that this body is actually at .work) the keenest
desire to learn the nature of its doings--the live
liest hope ihat something worthy of our past
history wtill dignify its conclusions. We hope
and we tremble.
TlHE SPIRIT 0F EMI'GRAlTION.
*WE are somewhat grieved- to- see the spirit of
emigration so rife among our friends mnd neigh
l'ons of Edgefield. It really appears that home is
no longer sweet to most of them-that they have
forgotten their " native valley's bowers."
We know that some are naturally restless, and
* Trone to roving--some attracted by the prospect
of acquiring heaps of riches, and others induced
to move, as they say and really think, for the
sake of obtaining a livelihood. But we think
that each of these end. can be attained at home
*as easily, if not better, than. abroad. If our
farmers would-plant more corn and less cotton,
thereby making ours a fine provision country, we
should always have a superabundance of all the
-necessary articles of food. As to gold, why go to
-California for the pmrpose of digging it, when our
fellowv-citizen, Mr. WVIt..IAX Dons, with five or
six raw and inexperienced workmen, turns out
* over seven hundred 'doflars (8700) every day.
- You would all do well to look. for gold mines
upon your own land, at least before leaving for
any foreign cotuntry.
Possibly, people may thrive faster and get; rich
quicker by moving. It is barely a probability
fkr from a certainty. But it may well be saidi to
-be an undoubted fact, that, in this State, every
industrious man can obtain not only the necessa
ries, 5tst also most of the luxuries of life. Then
why be discontentedi Rely upon it, certainty is
'always to be preferred to probability, and still
more so to possibility. A rolling stone gathers no
moss, is an old and true adage-" Qui-ft Mace
nas" 4-c., still older. Then stay at home, and
work, and be assured you will never have cause
so'regret it. At any rate, remain somewhere in
.your native State.
SUFFERING FOR SOMETHING FRESH.
WE beg leave to inform our citizetns at large,
f'stly, that there is still extant such a place as
Ecfgefield Village-secondly, that it contains
-some hundreds of people who like to have good
things to-eat onice in a while and are willing to
pay for thern-.and: thirdly, that they are nowy
especially hungry for something nice and. fresh,
whether in the way of fish, flesh or fowl. We
therefore say to all (who have them,) come on
with your beeves, your lambs, your kids, your
turkeys, ducks and cheickens, your jack-frsh,
your ti-out, your perch (oh ! they are our favorites,)
your horny-healis, your eels. Yes, we'll take
any thing~ in the way of flesh except pigs or shoats,
(we've had enough of them)- any thing in the
way of fowl except the buzzard gente-ahy
thing in the way of fish except craw-fish and tad
Now, good people of Edgefield and the adjoin
1og cosintry, you know our wants-will you not
help us out ?
.Therais-.man, of Company A.. wiho usually
hunts .up.gihese appetizing articles for us with
greatauceess, If the " old regular" has failed to
finid somethihfgood, what wvili become of us?!
Green peA* geting 'plenty, and no lamb to accom,
*paniy them! It im in bad.-LBut we pause from
very .~faiamness.--Hore, wvaiter' -hurry-a little
* - slic'of old Ned-Tuick!
TnE news from Congress, for the last week or
two, has beefi exceedingly. uninteresting; indeed,
so far, daring a session of five months, little or
nothing of very material - consequence has trans
Congress, it must be allowed, has expended
entirely too much time upon subjects foreign to its
direct duties. For weeks nothing was heard but
long and elaborate speeches upon the arrival of
Kossuth, as if his advent were second only t
that of the Messiah. At first, it seemed that too
much could not be done for this renowned person;
but now, since public excitement has subsided,
the amount of money expended, indeed we may
say lavished, upon him, as well as the attention
given and the deference paid him, appear almost
ridiculous. However, although Congress has
consumed an unnecessary length of time in dis
cussing the Kossuth question, still it was not alto
gether lost time; for the very important question
of intervention or non-intervention, after the
most careful examination and thorough discussion,
has been finally determined, and we have been
taught by the greatest men of the present day,
that to attend to our own business and let others
alone, applies as well to nations as individuals.
After dispatching the great Huongarian and his
cause, the intricate and, to most persons, the unin
telligible printing qunstion arose, magnifie 1 sya
the National Inteligencer, into an undue conse
quence, and mystified by attempts to discuss
details with which it would require little less
than a five years apprenticeship to make the
younger members thoroughly acquainted-a ques
tion indeed, so complicated and so full of chi:ane
ry, and electioneering, and bargain-making that
very few, if any, with the exception of those
immediately concerned, really understand it.
The still more absorbing question of determining
who is to be President, has been for the last month,
and still is, engrossing the attention of both houses
at Washington. Numberless speeches have been
made, and several c-.ucusses held, conventions
called &c., but apparently to no purpose. The
last speech upon this question of interest, is that
of 3Ir. MANGCUM from North Carolina. lie is
clearly in favor of Gen. WINFrELD SCOTT; in
deed he will support the nominee of the Whig
Convention at any and all hazards. M11r. MAN
GcM's speech is for the most part an elaborate
eulogy upon SCorr, although ie distinctly says
"I think eulogies of the living are always in bad
taste." He moreover implied during the course of
his remarks, that his favorite nominee for the
Presidency approved of the "Compromise mena
sures," and especially that portion thereof relat
ing to the fugitive slave law, and ifelected, would
enforce the provisions of the said law. But upon
being asked by Mr. Gwiavs, in reply, whether lie
stated this upon his own accord or by authority,
it turned out tmt he had not as much as conversed
with Gen. Sco-r' upon the subject. It is said
that " all things are fair in love and war." Is
this the case also in Presidential elections f
When this debate upon the Ptesidency *rill
close we are not able to say. It appears that the
diflerent parties are as far from agreeing upon any
one candidate as ever. We think there is a great
split between the Dem'ocratic and Whig Conven
tions. Cannot the South concentrate upon some
one of her sons for this most important office 1
TIE PAUPERS OF EDGEFIELD.
A CEr*T.EMA* renarked in orar presence the
other day thiat " the white paupers of otur District
were, perhaps, the: most comfortably sustained
psaupers-in the world.'t. Without usingtshe super
~iiiltliieonifonable- houseir, neatly:furnisifed-are
allowed an abundance of 'r'omin-are'supe'rntenid
id by's ea'rusful old gen'tlemnan.-are'warke~ljust in
-pr6oilon to their abilty," some n'ot at all--have
clothing sutflcifnt-and, last but not le-ast Ihave a
good supply of sound wholesome meat, bread,
cofiee, &c. At reasst we corsode that ti last
item must be so, from- the number of times we--see
that sleek sorrel horse, belbnging to the Poor
House, pulling a little wagon out of our town at
most laden down with lard, bacon, flour and other
things of .the kind.
We are glad that this is so; we doubt not it is
the same all over the State, perhaps we mighst
even say the South.
" un," says she Northern philanthropist, with
a sneer, " these are, as you say, y'our whilte pau
pers. Where are your black ones 7"
We answer, at home in their masters' yards-ift
ninety-nine cases ont of a hundred, so well cared
for, that they could not be indttced to take tip their
lodgings, even in our well provided Poor-Houses.
A nd thtis is the truth. Yet, miserable fouls ! ye
will go on ranting about the evils of ouur Southern
institutions. Look to your own comniunities and
do your works of beneficence (if a-ny ye- liai'e)
there-and ye willf be both wiser men and less
SOUTHI CAROLINA AND THE BRITISUl f0K8UL,
As issue has been brought about, at length,
upon a question which attracted the attention of
our citizens some months ago. We allude to the
point in dispute between her Biritirsh Majesty's
Consul, Mr. MATTilEw, and Goy. MEANs of
South Carolina (representing their respective
governments) as to the privileges of colored sea
men in the Port of Charleston.
It seem that recently one MAiNUEt. PERntiA,
av colored seaman, liad been imprisoned in that
esty under thme amemdatory act of our Legisla
ture, passed in 1835. A writ of HaIe.2s Corpus
was applied for, during a late term of Court,
by the British Constul, in behalf of said sea
man, and refused by Judge WITilEas who pre
sided. Notice of appeal was forthwith given,
and thtus, the matte~r will go for investigation and
decision into our highest Appellate Forum.
We have no doubt that Judtge W. will be ses
tained in Ihis course.
HAVE THE WOOD-PECKERS COM1E?
Wszsaw, yesterday morning, the first Wood
Pecker of the season; by which we mean that
bright colored bird, (with red cap, white vest and
pants, and black. jacket,) 'which comes to us, at
this season, from the warmer regions of the torrid
zone, to sport away the summter and .filch. away
our corn. It may nowv be said, with safety, that
old Winter has fairly fled to the more frigid clime
of the North; inasmuch as our red-headed visitor,
said to be a true index of approaching summer
heat, has thus boldly dashed upon the scene.
We have heard it stated that the Wood-Pecker
does not come singly, " but in hattallions"--that
in one night, frequently, the country is overspread
with them--that they make a great noise in the
air, as the chattering of thousands, upon their
arrival-and that they muster together at the close
of the season and leave as they came. Having
heard this statement from some shrewd observers,
if not natural philosophers, we were disposed to
credit it. .But having lookted ever since yesler
morn, for another Wood-Pecker in vain, we now
doubt the truth of it. How is the fact, ye that
Perhaps this one was only a pre-cursor of the
grand~ route. If so, we hop9 some sentimental
night-walker wsill keep a sharp look-out for the
real coming of the Woo 1-Peeker army, and de
scribe its effet upon him for the benefit of our
A GRlIEROJJS:C10PLINEN TN -
BELOW will be found an extract from a late
editorial of the Augusta Constitutionalist, to
which we call the attention of our readers gener
ally. It is a handsome and: griteful tribute to
Carolina worth and Carolina usefulness, conceiv
ed by an honest heart and indited by a vigorbus
pen. We have always appreciated the idmira.
ble tone which has pervaded every thing emanat
ing from this quarter in allusion, to -our beloved
State. If there has beeti one depattme from this
manly and liberal line of condnet, on othe part'of
ouresteemed cotemporary of the Constihionalist,
we are not aware of it. Would that such'noble
fairness presided *over many other Southern
Journals! Would that we all had more- of li!
It would be the happiest- harbinger: of approacho
ing unanimity and cordiality- in our :Southern
ranks. We may render ourse.1ves, in the opinion
of some, ohnoxious to the charge of Variilty.by
appearing to catch thus eagerly at a passing com
pliment. .it it be so. Our choice is to make
much and think more of such occurrences, be
cause they are as rare as we feel them to be just.
May South Carolina never cease to be-worthy
of such encomiums! Nor will she, if her sons
shall fall to work, with a hearty good will, to bury
their internal differences and to work together, as
heretofore, against federal tyranny.
"The traducerE-even the Southern traducers
of South Carolina -have carried their partizan
hostility so far and have got into so inveterate a
habit, of ridiciling and depreciating the high
spirit that would make a sensitive people ever
ready-perhaps too ready-to vindicate their
rights, that they finally seem to look upoi this
high spirit as an absurd trait; and State sovereign
ty a ridiculous alistraction. The former, they
speak of sneeringly. as South Carolina Chivalry
the latter, as South Carolina transcendentahm.
Yet, South Carolina Chivalry, in its connection
with Southern rights, has acquired more -respect
for the South abroad, and (lone more to give ele
vation of tone-and a commendable sectional pride
to the Southern people at home. than could all
the floods of fulsome eulogies of the glories and
blessings of- the Federal Union, which Southern
demagogues have sponted and partizan presses
have poured forth to the tired ear of the country.
South Carolina transcerndentahsm is likely--to do
more to break the force of that .huge flood of con
solidation and federal corruption which, unresist,
ed, would have swept, long since, over our coun
try, than from any other single influence how
operating upon the popular mind of this country.
While parties and politicians in other States have
been struggling for Presidential aspirants,-and the
spoils and patronage of the National Government,
the South Carolinians have struggled for the pre;
servation of State Rights, and for a strict adhe
rence to the terms of the compact of Union.
The South Carolinians have shown, in every
war of the country and almost on every battle
field, that her chivalry was respectable. They
have shown in the'councils of the nation, no lack
of civic kn6Vk'g- and sagacity. Their intellect
has been as forcibly impressed tpon the legisla
tive history of our country as that of any' other
State. The action of the approaching South
Carolina Convention will, we are confidlent, not
do injustice, by comparison, to her past honora
. FOR TiE ADvERTIsER.
Tributes o1 Respect.
At a meeting of the EDGEFIELD iUZZARs, held
at their parade ground, at Cosby's, on Saturday,
the 24th April, Captain RoDeRT MEaRtwRE.TIIR
was called to the Chair, and JLturs DAv re
quested to at as Secretary.
The Chairman upon taking the Chair stated
th'e object, of the meeting to be to -pay some
tribute of respect to the memories of ELDRED
W. OVER, and CUARLEs J1. Gzoven, hate
memcabers of -the-Company, who -had died uinece
th -fst'meeting .Wheupon thi followring
| WnsEsA,.by.:an inserutable---dispensatioit o1
an all-wise -God, te: Ezi~Gangw .flUZZEns -ar
called. upott to mourn -the- -logs of-one: of theis
comrades in thie, death of ELR~nZO W. GL~OVEIL,
who died -on the second -of March last, in thec
spring time of his life and the beginningof..him
usefulness as a eitizen, .surrounded by every
ttitng calculated to tmake life.comafortabke and do
siratble-thterefore ns a tribute of respect to his
mtemory be it :9 -
-Resolved, That'i'n thte death of ouir comrade,
ELoRErr W. Gio.eve, ear-Corps han lost g~ne of
its most active, useful and) eflcient members, and
thte c'omnity a promsising and usefwT citizcn.
Rcsolked, 'Thut as av testimonial of oar grief
at te hoss of our comrade, we wdar the ussal
batdge of mourning for thirty days.
Resolved, Thtat in tesutmony of oar sincere
symtpath~y and condolene,~ a copy - o these reso
lutions be sent to- the family of t he deceased.
Resolred, That the papers of the District be
requested to publish these proceedings.
Wnt.RAs, it ItaS again plcased Coil, to visit
the EDGEFIEeLo IlUzziAs, with thle loss of oine of
its most valued anud excellenattmenmbers, Cuantea
J. OoVER, ulto fell a victimi to dentlt, on -the
seventth of this moth, after a protracted illness
of several weeks. Antd -whereas Mr. G LOVR
was cndeared to the company by an association
of nmnny year sand by a deportment whtich was
uniforndtty manly, courteous atnd kind. Be it
Resolved, Thtat int testimony of- our grief for
thte mnekmehmoly fate of our frie~nd and brother,
comitng studdetdy upmon us as it does, before the
sod is yet dry upon the grave of his nephew, oar
late departed comrade, wve wvear the usual badge
of mourning for thtirty days.
Resolved, Thamiin the decease of CnAte J.
GtovER, this compatny has lost a long-tried, a
high spirited, and a gallant soldier, and thtat the
commnunity has been deprived of an active, an
enterprising, and a nmost worthy citizen.
Resolved, That as a token of our sincere eon
doletnce in their heavy afibetions, a copy of these
Resolutions be seat to the bereaved fatmily of the
deceased; and that-a copy be also furnished for
publicationa, to each of the journsls of the-Dis
R OBT Il\1RR IWETIIER, Chairman.
JULIos Div, Seerutary.
ThE SLAvERIY QUESTION IN CALIFORNTA
-We are under obligations to n friend in
Clifornia for legislative documents of that
State, which Ite has from lime to Stine beeni
kittd enoutgh 1o forward us. Amongst oth
ers received ysaterdlay, we find a copy (of
the bill entitled an Act recommending to the
electors to votc for or atgatinst calling a Con
vention, to revise and change the entire Con
stitution of California. It passed the House,
we understand -by a vote of 5.1 to 7, and was
sent to the Senate on the 3d of March. A
majority, we learn, of the assembly is pro
Slavery, and yesterday we were fav~ored with
the perusal of a letter from oneof oltr own
citizens now in Californ~ia, who states therein
thatt hoe thinks the effort now being matde to
render California a Slav'e State will prove
successful, and. that in the event of a falhtire
i, will be endeavored to make the Southern
portion at all events, Slave, -
" Justice'," says the writ er, " demands-one
of these two courses. Situated ats weo now
are, the wealth and inexhaustible resources
of California are open to all the world except
the Southern States.:- Any man with capital
can invest it in* any way hd may deem best
and reap a rich return for his toil; but we of
the South, because our capital is invested-in
slaves, alone of till the wvorld are deprived of
a right, net a privilege, which we should first
aye entjoyed. Had it not been fprthe South
ern volunteers. Califorriia might stiHl have
remained in tihe hands of thte kothful and re
trograding - Mexican, or else in the grisp of
T b-pss 0jYIvesterday at the Cap
itol, at 12 o'cloe, -i)n motion of Mr. E.
Belling jT4- H ' . Wardlaw was call
ed toJth J. Davant, esq., ap
pg..i e members present
then~ proce ded t their nantes, and a
emit to -verify the crt -
dii ipresent. Mr. Bel
lnjii I * tee, reported that
ilieri em al-the districts
prine. C es. Dorchester, and
that: one- rty-seven members
Oim Bellinger, jr., the
Coiven , -ballot.for Presi.
- counted, his Excel
.1 i was found to have
receive' ng 7.
On i-d.lon,.a commit
tee 6N a -otMessrs. John Can
at , and W. A. O-vens,
ws app the President elct
to his se -ite returned with
the iasidente Gaurention received
hiini-staiidinig.' . ldenlti on taking his
seat addrussed t Invention as follows:
Glerndeie the?. ~ tioni
Although' 1imnfily ate that I am in.
debted mm al toengbilal station than to any
merit Of te distinguished honor
you haveon e m ine, yet I must be
pen ittea'" al piofound gratitude
to you for . aored that station in my
person 1 as I am .o._parlir
ientary " s Ul be displo ted to
shrink e #t 1youhave assigned
me, but's h e ured that I will be sus
tained atasis the. discharge of its
duties -by tl. 1indness which has
prompteouw.t ,tii upon me. While
Ianu Ifl v ponibilities, I trust
I fe-el sAtiiI de'perhe? solemn responsibility
which rests 'upon wme as a member of this
Coiv~entiaN .W liikemet together clotlied
in the sovereign B*er of the land. The
voice-of thi vesion, when it .speaks,
must be 'or for evil. - How
prudenee,: hI m eicaution and delibera
tion doten -us to use before we aet?
It is' useles. .tenter into a detail of
the peouliairessne'es under which we
have' met; inecr8hALidsion to them is suffi.
.cient to r-mjids the fact that
they irel .0sment. We con
tainly have fditte part to net ; one
whichvena t erm witli credit to our
'elEei or. Kthe State, unless we
ire buoyedc atriotisin above
the pettyed pnati.ons. of party strife, of
persona) agbitio whieh is even worse
.and mori id e-4iaed, vindictive fee
-ings to-eaeh'ith0.*iause w-edii!er in opin
ion. . Tli'e Mt lr remstances by which
we are surroiinM-fa rfully admonish us
thawe h'W 'i o 144 nhit o waste in internal
feud. T ir o ngnrs of our position
ial loudljnpooit b6 united. But, un
-fortunatelyfor, '4 thengreat cause of the
Soutlh, -we-ire ,qpt'.itid. We have been
divided and ds~rqdte& by,.the convulsive
throes of party. tinfe. The great question
ofour wrongihe eon, forgotten.amid our
wranglings asy '. remedy. While this
state. -ofiings-aziit amongst uq, the fien.
dish fa n m bolition spirit, which
tramplci - lhumaine and divine,
under .iaM y-noiingi-drward to
wardeaeb dhiment of'its ends. If
we intendi d 1o-des6rt the eause in
wyhit-h ne-k so lonerenignged, and
fina eg4i:!tio~ and ruin,
~surroutna Ui ore glonmy .are those
tinagi wp u4 ierre-ee1fear no
danger. The . e (f o'u'reau.e, and-our
atrolig arnise Ybtufiittf tc us.
.Butt;fyinithdzisfa cof part#'striedre full
upon cacelteetd -forget lie commo~n ene
my, an-easy victorj Swill be acconmplied by
them; A~ei..og -lh.ilk biing ruin and
disgrace -uppn 's. .The very first object oft
this 'Qin''estion. alhould le'to ben these di
~id.ons. '3I .w i(n ' rcbme;t~o suggest the
ourseglhii ihi tproper for you to pur
sUe. to.aceornI t tis great object, and to
maintain the Jhonor and dignity of our be
loved State.m'his ,must be a matter of eon
snhtation and deliberation. The intelligentce,
thei patriotism,, the dignity of this body is an
earnest that thag course.ywill be oine which
will mnvolve. no aacrifice ofprinciple; one,
the Qbjekt Af3i~ will be to promote the
best interestsj ei:Estate. WVe meet to
gether as ineid~-i of one common family,
whose .iufeeat1fpnor, and destiny are the
same, A deep devotion .toour country and
its institmtions should be the polar star to
guide us in ow- eourse. T1he -arm of our
-State,- whichvwnastreeently strong and ready
to' strike, lma'been.-paralyzed alone, by our
-dissensionsa- lietrast heali them at once, that
withi fim anniitd strength we may ineet
the enemies-:.o0bur--institutions. Upon the
inion of. our:Salik, I'solemnly believe, d
ponds our desti,
Mr. DeSaased.hisbmitted that upon an
occasion wlisch eejdacy colneerned the1 hon
or and intcerest.o~ her State, it was lit that the
prode'dih tghe'le Condent ion should be
opened -by-'ant'-imble supplica-tion to the
throne- of eDim aGra-ce -to -enlighten our
counsels and d kt our course. Wherefore,
he moved-that Rev. Mr, Coit, a minmber
and delegataif'~i Chesterfield, be requested,
on behaf"6f'hg envention to address t he
throne of.Divine Grace
'Mr. Coit-havifl'rofficiated, on motion of
Mr. E. Bellingerr., s was ordered that the
Convention a" day be opened by prayer.
On miotion of ?honsme gentleman, the Con
vention .proceede to ballot for Clerk, Mes
setger JanDooeee.+'A .rA. Strobhatrt,
esq., was- eteitedt hrk,;B. L. Hayes:Mes
senger, and B -Oeil'Doorkeeper.
On motione 'b e~:Butt, a Corianittee of
five, consisting '-Mesirs. -Burt, Nanune, H.
C. YouttBrich9n nd Harlee was appoin
- ed to- coinfml . lme printing'o! the- pro
eeding of theV Qnventmonsideveral orders
in. r-elatial~t 14tI our of.meeting, printing,
&c., werie adopte .
Mr. Jamison, ogate from Orange, aro.4e,
atnd in a feeling w ncr, announced the death
of his'eilleagqu apt. D. Rowe..- On his
motiona,tjhfi- omai-y resolutionis were
adoptt... - , ,' s . s.
Thle.--re idenn tben..read;aa letter from
Hon..Gi:WV5 i n,.resigning his seat as a
member of the C lT tion; whic-h, on motion
of ~Hotr.,V.-M brook, was laidon the
table fon ihe,,pit t.
On fiitiosh ,Iainit66 the Coni-en
tion adnjr1 Icclock, m., this day.
PlUPER I R~. - e Newbipryport (MIass)
Herald triha ho eIages''of all 'shoema
kers in the iar ainactoriesm in thatt ne
gioiiaebe ucd-about 30 por centt,
on a~lhufirst '-~wori 'I he satme paIper
states fliitFtho-d .- great r-ny, Journey
men shoeuntakeiwtemploed ofn ordinary
work; 32 oh l5W r iday who earti less
Ao NewI en%~httaPercha Pen is
tbe-lmio o . ~ i just introduc-ed.
They are a. com as tien ofigutta-percha and
.As sundry rumors have gone abroad in
relation to a recent exercise of the pardon
ing power by our worthy Chief Magistrate,
Gov: Means, we beg leave to call the atten
tion (of our readers to the statement from E.
J. Arthur, esq. This statement is merely i
recapitulation of the facts in the case.-Car
.ESSs.s. EDroRs: A8 some misapprehen
sion has gone abroad in reference to the cir
ennstances-under which his Excellency Gov
ernor Means remitted sI much of the sen
tence recently passed upon John M. E. Sharp,
for manslaughter, nas rehites to the imprison
ment. I ask the use of your columns to make
a brief statement of such- of the facts and
circumstances under which that pardon was
granted as come within my own kiwledge,
so that the pubjic may be able to form a cor
rect judgment of the transaction.
On Moonday or Tuesday of the Spring
Term of the Newberry Court, John A. Moore.
esq., as one of Sharp's counsel, and at my
request, applied personally to his Honor
Judge O'Neall, at Newberry Court House,
for a report of Sharp's ease, with a view of
presenting a petition to the Governor for a
remission of the whole or a part of his sen
tence. ifis Honor replied that he had not
yet had leisure to make out the report, but
would do so when lie had time, or words to
that effect. These f::ets were communicated
to me by Mr. Moore. This, it will be borne in
mind, was some eight or ten days after
Sharp's conviction. The application to the
Governor w:s accordingly delayed, with a
view of getting the report of the Judge, until
Monday, the 29th day of Mitrch, just about
two weeks after the dnte of Mr. Moore's ap
plication to the Judge. On this day, no re
port having yet been furnished, (no doubt in
consequence of the pressure of other engage
ments upon his Honor.) and two respecta
ble physicians of the town certifying that
Sharp's.health had already severely suffered
from his confinement, and in ease of his in.
earceration being much longrer continued his
henth mllight, and, in the opinion of the phy
sicians, " would- be grievously injured and
perhaps permanently destroyed," I, as one
of Shurp's counsel, gave my consent that the
pe:ition should be forthwih presented to tl e
Governor, believing, as I did, that lhe urgen
ey of the case was such as to justify sucht a
step, Oven without the report of the Judge.
I am informed by Capt. J. D. Trndewell,
who was also, or counse.l for Sharp, that
about the time of 21r. 31oore's personal ap.
plication he also addressed an applicntion
by letter to Judge O'Neull, at Newberry
Court House, for a report of Sharp's case,
but without effect, no doubt from the causes
It was under these circumstances, (which
of course were commniicated to the Gover
nor, in order to explain the seeming precipi.
tuncy of the application.) and upona petitions
signed by some of the most respectable and
intelligent gentlemen of Riebland and Fair.
field Districts, that his Excellency Governor
Means remitted so tmtich of Sharp's. senl
lence as related to the imprisonment, upon
the condition that Sharp would pay ilita tint
and costs, and either leave the State or entet
into bond, with sureties, fir his good belan.
vior for two years. It. may be proper ti
state also that the pet! ion was i 'gned b%
every juror who sat in the case, (whitch wa?
in necordance with their previous unainou
reommcndation .to merry, *s entered upo.:
the records of our-court,) and also by) mnn
niembers of the Columbia an'd Wirnnsbor<
connected witht.th'e presentation of bharp'
.tlib in-rdon.< In jusicre to his Excellency
Governor Mens,- to the highly respectabli
sigtners of Sharp's petition, antd o myself,)
feel enslled uponi to make the above statement:
and without .the remotest intention of cas,
ting censure- upon any one, or att em ptintg tr
dictate a judgmetnt upon the~ net of elemency
for which Gouv. Means has been so severely
censaured int stime quoters, I must say, thamt
the above facts turnish to my mind a coin
jilete and satisfuetory vindicatioan of the Goyv
ernor from the chtarge of precipitaney, and
fully justified hi.< aetion upon the petitiot
without the report of-the presidintg Jutdge.
Those newspatpers, which, under a misap~
prehension, or ignoratnce of thte facts, hntv
made publientions cenlsuring Goy. Means for
remitin Sharp's impjrisonmetnt, wilt ne
dbtat once seec the propriety, ais ani aet ol
justice, of copyinig the above.
A prili 22, 1852. E. J. AntInUR.
Bank of St. M~ary's.
This Institution, as it will be perceived
fronm the sutbjoined eard received by Tele.
graph yesterday by one of our most infinen.
tial businiess men ini this eity, has been forced
to a temnporary suspientsion of specie pay.
ments. The paragrap jit:lluded to itn it from
the Mobile Tribune is, we presume, the fol
howittg .which appeared itt that Jourmd on
"BMNK or ST. AnRY'S.-There was a
good deal of excitement in town yesterday
in regasrd to thte issues of thuis bank. For
several months the bills have passed here itn
ordintary tratnsnetions at par, and as they
were redeenied on demand at thtceounter ot
a respectable mercha:nt, almtost every oine
had confidence in the solvenicy of the inistiin
tion. Thte present distrtust, we understand,
grew out of the fact that a draft of thte b:mnk,
for a large amounst, was protested here ont
thte 15th instant, for non payment."
* Cotu~wus, A pril 23.
To TitE PUBnLl.-A very heavy and un
precedented run uipotn the Bank of St. Ma
ry's, for the mnonthl past, aggrnvated atnd
brought to a crisis, b~y ant mneessary and
probatbly vindictive publiention int the Mobile
Tribune, and copied in the Montgotmery Ad
rerliser, wvithout comment, o'f the innability of
a Drawee, to pay the fBank's-draft for $20,
000 (dollars,) has, I am pained to say, forced
her to a temporary suspension of' specie paty
ment. It ::irord~s me, however, pleasure to
assure the ptublic, thtat .the Institution is
abutn'antly solvent and requires only a lit
tle time to matrhal her assets.s In addition
to her ownt means, I will bring to her ntid my
own amiple fortune, until not a note shall be
left in circulation.' Thte means will be itn a
few days provided to pay all her depositors,
and the outstantding checks upon the several
points drawn, will be honored on presenta
tion. These assurances to the public of the
enttire solvency of the Institution, are not gi
ven for the purpose of sustunining its credit,
as the Banik will be woaund up without delay,
and hter Charter surrendered to tht:p'ower
that created it. Theo small notcs of the
Bank, as well as my own, will be- promptly
redeetned, without intermission, until thle last
dollar shtall have been ret ire-d. I will close'
my fitancial connexioni with the public with
honor, even should it be necessary- to p~art
with everything but its good opinions.
-JOHN G. WINTER..
WIIoT.EsALE Exrtir os.-Twenty-five stit
dents of the sophomore clnas in YaleCollege
have been expelled, in consequence,-it is snid,
of the Kappa Sigma Theta Societ-y to which
they belonged having publislied several :nri
cat ures abtisive of some of the offi'eers of the
faulty. The affair seems tofiave deasioned
From the CharletonCourier.
A New Mineral:Spring.
MEssrs. EDITORS :-Inm pleased to inform
you that Mr. Watkins, the soleaowner and
proprietor of the Miadiron Springs in;Geor.
gin, has just diScovered a nero spring posses.
ing a very valuable combination of waters.
The proper ies of the new spring arePerexyd
of Iron, Magnesia, Soda and Sulphur. lt is
now being improved and willibe in readiness
to offer to visitors this scason, in connection
with the old, every variety of waters.
At Madison Springs the bathing is free and
truly luxurious. New walks are being laid
along the brow of the Precipice, commanding
a distant water and mountain view, where a
rushing, tumbling mountain torrent leaps
from rock to rock, forming many picturesque
and beautiful scenes, wortiy the peucil-of an
The improvements and style of finish at
these Springs, surpass those of any other in
in the United States. While the shady
groves. the sloping lawns, the equal and bra
eing climate, render it a delightful Summer
The Medicinal efiects of these waters are
well known to enre all peculiarly female
complaints and irregularitie -dy:pepsia, liv
er and kidney diseases are heated as if by
margic-agne and fever of the most inveterate
type,are cured withott mediciuie. There has
never been a failure to effect a radical cure,
in a single instance. They impart strength
and vigor to the constitution and paint the
female cheek with rosy health.
Extensive preparations have been made for
the aecoimodation of families, where each
can have a cottage in the grove, with con.
veniences for their own servants to do their
washing, if desired.
It has ever been a favorite reisort for Caro
linian; and taken all in nll,-nature and art
combined, have done .more for the Madison
Springs than for any other Watering plaice.
Its climate is peruliarly salubrious, being dry,
bracing, buoyant nnd equal-devoid of the
extreme midday heat, and nocturnal 4;tnp of
the mountains, as well as the arid and suffo
cating heat and musquitos of the low county.
They cre situated twenty-three miles from
Athens, Georgia. the terminus of one branch
of the Georg: Rail-Road, where stages will
be in readiness daily, to convey passengers to
the Springs. MADISON.
GEORGIA UNIoN CosVEN'iTo.-This Con.
vention adjourned on Friday last. The fol
lowing resolut ions were adopted:
1. Resolved, That the Constitutional Union
party will not aive its support to any candi.
date for the offiire of President or Vice Presi
dent of the United States, unless the Coni
vention nominating .such candidate shall de.
elare i:s acquiescence in the measures, of
Congress known as the Compromise mea
sures, and its determination to consider these
nensures as a final adjustment of the matters
embr. ced by them.
2, Resolred, That this Convention at this
time will take no action in relation to the
appronching Presidential election.
.3. Resileed, That another Convention of
the Contstitutiontional- Unin party be call, d
after the Democratic and Whig Conventio
h-ave made their Presitientiil nominations,
a aid for the purpose of considering said nom.
in itions', and for the purpose of taking action
i] eil atiola to the -Presidential election, as
Ss'iall be deemed proper, And tit snid-Con.
rcen-aon be held in.Milledigeville, at-such time
as the'President and Vice President .of-thi,
Conv entron, shall hrereaftergppoiutrand maki
of the aiVdit rie itefriends 4d
Gort Cobbver.to. hold arnmeetig Fridan
evelling-fair thie ~elctionafd'elegalis whi
arre to go-t Baltimore.
,A WoJAR's OPrNION or IfUSBMND.-Wc
know that men have, by nature, a superiority
in strength, which enables them to go through
labors :mrd dangers muental ras well a bodily.
from which females should be exempt, and
that by eduentraion, they arc qu:sliiie-i faor exer
cisinag the several trades or professions by
which they are to maintain their familie..
On the other hanad, women are endowed (be
sides thec graceful amiarbleness of tire sey,)
wiha grea t supyrioriy'of gnickness, taet,
and deliente discernment, in rail tihe every-day
nafirs of life. In rall these, therefore, th'e
husbanal onght to be compjletely anuided, by
his i-ife.. Anad :his shtowsa the wisdom of 'r
ancestaors inr making tire husband "endow
with all his worldly goodls" the wife he has
choase~n. The .wife' is dependent on tire hu.
b.mnd, and clinmbs to him for support, just as
a horp planat climrbs on it' pole, tand a sawet
peai on the sticks to suppaort it, antd as the~
vine in Italy was, necording to- the poets,
"mrarried to the elm." But if yonecould cnn
eeiv'e a ihap-ptole, or a pea-stick, or air elan,
imagining that those plants, were put there
on purpose for its ardornment, you would tell
themr that thri- wvas qauite a mistaike-thrat tire
c'imrbers are only cultivated for thre flowers
.or frutit, and that the stakes are placed tihere
merely for their .sake, and mast not claimn any
suppaort. Now just such is the office of the
husbanrd. And this state of thrings is what
people a ppronch to more as they advance to
eirilizationi. Among mere savages the wrife
is made to yield- to brute force, anad is a
mere drudge. In barbarian counties wom~nen
are shrut up: in mrore civilized life they are
left free, and hare more control.
.TEA AND COFFEE.--The following analy
sia of thre powtersa of tea and coflfee, by Dr.
Sigmnond, wrill be read with interest by rall
who peruse it. He says: "Tea as the
morning beverage when breakfast forms a
good substanttial meal upon which the pow.
eirs for tihe day of meeting the various chan
ees and chantges of lire depend, provided it
be not too strong, is march to be recommten.
ded ; but when individuals cat little eoffeie,
certainly supa;ports them in a more decided
m-nauier; anad besides this. too,=withoaut a cer
tain quantity aof solid ariment, is snth nmore
likely to influence thre nervons system.
Some persons, if they drink tea in thre morn
lug and coffee at nighat, must suffer in theo an.
imral spirits, rand in tire power of enjoyment
of the pleasures of society; but if they re
verse the system, and take coffee in the aton.
inig and tea at night, they reap benefitfrom
tire change; for the cotl'ee, whlich to them-in
the moriig is nutritous, becomes a stimulus
at night; and the tea, wich acts ats a dilo
tent at nighat. gives nothing for support du
ring tire day,"
TmE NEGIO RACE-Bayard Taylor; wri
ting from Naibia, in Upper Egypt, says:
Thtose friends of the African rnece whto
pointt to Egypt as a proof of what.that-rnaee
hras accomplished, are wholly mistaken. The
only negro features-represented in Egyptian
sculpture are -those of slaves and captives
taken it the Ethiopian wars of the Pharaoh:
Thre temples and pyramids throughtout Nu
bia, as far ais the Dlar-Fur 'and A byssitim, aill
bear the hrieroglyphs of these monarchs, and
there is no evidence in the. vahly of the Nile
that the Negro raee eversattained. a higher.
degree of civilization than is at present exhi
bitedviri Congo and Ashantfee. I mention
thhnotfroin any feelihitiie to that race,
but simply to controvert an opinion very
prealent in soenmatsi afthe United Slntes.
tonin a late pe ipsra d a
frct 'not, generaly know . ,of
importance to the famili '1o
were. murdered by order oE ta Anna, in
Golad, in 1838.-: It i -sid thstitl g -
lure of Texaq- several yea ,,go ptssd. an
act.gin'g'tn .tbe nex. f fil . eiachzg8AIler
who :fell in that..masaner*e, sixteen lbydared
cres of land, to be.1eatedi on n
appropriated -lands belonging 10
LARGE -SIZED FkmE. ed
thntnmong s'number 'f Fih en
-it Anernnia fishe, offr W
two of thefinny rie inre
geons were enught, wcigl&!P'
and ten pounds. One We
and sixty, -ind th'ietber w
fifty. These are what niay b8-.
fish." Who ean beat iL-Cam
DiED, on the 'th iust., .hI'n
E.lgefleld Village, CARLSa-. G ^,G ithe
43rd year of his age. -
The deceased was a native-of th.4 iia
had passed therein all the years f su
active and enterprizing existence P -
man, -of his opportunitis and .erenm
life, was better. nequafnted wkh the eoi
in which he lived, or was more-k
ir more hlighly appreeiated for is
charity and benevolence. ie'wa
many people, and 14heI.a' arn ed k
by good deeds bestowed uon; 14W .
their. diffieulty. ...
Mr. GLoVE a.was aman qfs*tro n
feelings, and oif a'rent irsielid
forgave an injury or sught'reco1e ,
an ene-ny, he never fi-rgot anact efr C
turned his baeh upon'hingfric: m
heart, his lad,'and lil parse -wt L
the commnand of his friends, did- s
had legitimate clnims vpon4lhid
good will. His oppoments
anl hostil-, becaupe, he dimielf's'iis '
mising towards ; fi, Irut of ts4q e
bounty, and liberality to thse ted
him, there are many who will bear 6Aip eut
and freest testimony. is admiistrator a
records of ounr Couns,. will furesati
proofs of that disinterested. .indnesnii
he audited the calls, and listened ti the i6lii-i
tions of his distressed feflmn nailise
whose rekitions to him warranted hlsinteifence
in their behnlf. If it is proper ti esll ~ rjt'y
any form. -a weakness, the readf'css y
he stood security and endori'ed fr-6hemshi a
weakness of him nature and a-fralittif f a rt.
The facility of his.dispsitin in tlatregard was
always a source of serinsp.'eeniary enbarinia
ment to him, and was problyjteaeaihe
whiole enbarrasmneut of his tater-.0 .
To the wilow, the orphan, ;andtheipior -A
around hin. he was a ,warm -beneon
never turned an . unheedinig eks ht , -
plaints and entreaties wer.e zevr er:.*nfia"
him. and. if they ekid be .ndtydtng efr
wistess of his gnoaness thiere anehundrWdswhli
would riie up to in yoke the btsahgdW Godupon
his depanrted spirit, - .
hr the language of one,1irvrocn
ciate his meris, and lullo.tas tlie Afh diileft
I0 spRak of his virtaes, " Iewas-one s
of Ihubands. and tle, mmst devoted failiimd
-riend'r -There peietrwa , "
der t sife, or,a fatfier more- gent 'and in
dulgent to-his ehildren ianai ti, t feteneves
was a husband -afatthser. mobrbelovedend
adored by his iwn hoiustehol A
In his deptTli. iDireti eA
ea0 meA I
tepeeny is~ifami te a m
~fe mllxied o theirnamens -
auj. Wm.Dhnwiel; fi8thVbtw~
L G llolrowayr to 8th Februgryn 8
-J L Talbert, to l$'tian~Sa i
Dr Joni R t Mbley; Yo 5th y
Dr D.C Tompkains, t Jainarj;5l
Tlaoomus J Dyson,' to l2th Jannam7.$.x
James Wallac,tat6th Fbranry '4
J B Newrnan,.to 6ch-February,'52,
.J F Wean, to 2.th- Deewnitir' %
Thomas Garrett lag Jaanur
Cnl'll tkins, to 22 aj, ry N.
E~ Laroe to 9ti: Jainay; l
R P ilarrison, to 6th February,'aS3
A ndrew Kveps, to 11thfsepteniber '52 -
George Ganter, to 6th Knsehjr2.
II Timmermnawr to 20th Jamnary, 2
Col S Quarles, to 16Ar October, f57.
A R Able, to 4th hrine,'i-~- -
J R Seurry, to.20tih Biay"52- -
Col Jaohm Marsh, to 1st Octor 51.
George Gaiphin, to 2Jth la rch, '53.
Capt W ll:Holloway, to 11th Marea '3
W M Johnson, to 16th February, 53
Dr George Yarborotugh, to 2-i16 S
A C Deen, to 1st February, '53.
D J Gihrist, to 5th-April, 52. -
J I1 Cook, to 12th March,'52.
A G Turner, to 9th January; 53 -
J B Talley, to 11ith Marcia,'53.
John Curry, to 8th February, '53.
Thonmas L Shaw, to-8th February.-'53
Col M C M lanunona, to .Jth'laarch
John Neall, to 6th June,'92 :
Mrs. Louisa C Kennerly, to:25th JMarel ~53.
Drury Morgan, to 6th March "53.
George W Morgan, to 11thSeptemlmr, 62
Artemas TAfe, to1t Apil,.?3' 3.
Quiney E Price, to 13th February,'52,
Richardsong McNDonald;, to 4th Mfate,'
Dr Wm S Doier, to-lMth:March, ?537
Marshall Falkner-,1e 17th Septemiber '5'
-Willis L. Stone, to i7li Marelhi'3 -
Miiss Elizabeth Go., .to 1st Aijuil'52
TIonmas Payne,to 6th lai-ch, 'SS..,,,~
Capt.J C Simnkins, to 25th Jul, '53.M
Dr James F Adamso, 8th February, '53.
James B Grilfin, toth'February '53.4J
Jamse Blaekgel,; Es .q.tj uu)5
Levi McDaniel, to 23rd F~ebriary, .
*Singheton Holmes, to 18th Mh -53~:
-W A Turner, to 8th Fb~ ,34i
Jordan Hollo vay, to 29th Ne.e5
Mtrs MA Dob, t0th:F -r~
W.B Addison, to28t,~Fea~
*H W. Addison, to 8th Jan - !~
Dr. hR Cook, to 9th O es5 s-"
E .31 Swearengin, to 18th ah3.
Moses Swearengin, to
Jamie Henderson to 2
JamesS Coheman,.to30th Ja y .
Capt B T Mlhnsto- 14t aisr -5
Thomas B Harvey, tot
J B Coleman, toI 3 ur~
Col W E~Les
DRn WihClta thJnsy5F