Newspaper Page Text
Written for the Advertiser.
CONNUBIAL CISS I
THE Pleiads, with their frosty train,
Had long since left the watery main,
And Sl resigned his place on high
To tinge with gold the Western sky.
Whilst Venus, brightest star that gilds
The heavens, has sunk beneath the hills,
And Cynthia's ever smiling face,
Locked in a lowering cloud's embrace,
Can not be seen-but from the cloud
Vivid ightings, thunders loud,
A storm foretel-whilst, Martha waits
Her husband at the cottage gates.
Joyful she hears the slightest sound
With anxious gaze oft looks around
At last oppressed by grief and care
Goes in to sooth her heart by prayer.
Aroused by watchful Ililax' hark,
Again she views the increasing dark.
Nauglt fiPs her anxious eyes and ears,
So back she turns with sighs and tears.
Still, still he barks, again she stands
Obeying holy Love's commands
" Cease IHilax ! cease-'tis lie that comes,"
Then forth to meet him quickly runs
A hymn of thanks to heaven sings,
A kiss receives and thus begins:
She. When summer's flowers all have died,
And wintry winds blow far and wide:
Iow sweet to nestle by the side
Of you, my loving Charlie!
He. And when the labors of the day,
Have slowly passed the time away:
What feeling soul could bear to stay,
Away from you, my Martha?
She. To me bright day brings no delight,
But like the Owl, I love the night;
Because it ever brings in sight
31y only love, my Charlie.
le. Like busy Bee, which ne'er is seen
To loiter 'midst the flow'rets green,
'Tis sweet to labor for my queen,
My love, my life, my Martha.
She. And I, like her, ne'er leave my hive,
But know my Charlie e'er will strive
For me; so only wish to drive
Dull-care from home and Charlie.
le. Though absent from my Martha dear,
My thoughts, mny heart, my soul are there:
My joys and sorrows none can share
Save her, my love, my Martha.
She. The kitten dearly loves it's play,
Tire bird its merry roundelay,
The finny fish its watery spIy,
And I, naught else but Charlie.
le. Let poets praise the balmy spring,
The beauttes of an Easurn King
Of naught my brain can think or sing
But you, my life, my IMartha.
She. Thus may the all-wise God above
Pernit us e'er to live and love,
-For fithlful as the gentle dove
Is MIartha to hter Charlie.
Ife. And I, as each long day is o'er,
Will only love-thee moreand more,
Save loving thee, my Mai-tha.
Separating the Goats from the
At a recent General Conference of the
3lethodist Church at Boston, we have noticed
that several pletitions were presented, praying
the abolition of the rule which requires the
women and men .to occupy separate seats, in
the M1ethodist Church, during the perform.
ance of Divine service. There is no denom
inat-ion of Christians for whom we enterinin
a more profound respect and admiration than
the Methodist; indeed, the exemplary lire
and pious wamlk of those professing that
faith, generally, is the best evidence of t he
pturity of their religion and its near atssimnila.
tion to the principles of its greatt fotunder.
But, in. mere matters of Clhurchi discipline,
the wisest bodies of Christians may err.
With a decided predilection for the generail
principles of churuhi governtment of our
.Methodist friends, it has always occuirred to
ats that the rule requiring the separation of
the sexes was radical'y wrong. The rul e, it
seems to us, has not one sensible reason to
justify or excuse it. Surely time heads of
famnilies, with their respective- eharges, can
better preserve decency and good order in
their different groups, than casual or custo
mary acquaintances ? W~e think the separa
tion of families and friends, in church, has a
bad religious effect. If, during the perform.
ance of divine service, anything peculiatrly
happy--something enlenilated to plhase the
faneiy, touch the heart,.or awaken- new senti
mnents of piety should be uttered, how natu
ral for the exchange of looks, or a touch,
between those endeared by ties of kindred.
affeec.ion or friendship, to impress the happy
thought, or, mayhap, indellibly inmpress oni
the heart with a savor of life unto life the
word fitly spoken.
-Agin:In God's holy temple, in this day
ofrefinement anid general good christian
feeling, it stri kes ns asa sort of libel on both
sexes to enforce the rule animaudverted upon.
In the days of Ihe primitive church, when
the purity of social intercourse was less un
derstood and practiced than now-:-when the
reforming irfluences of the precepts of the
Saviour had, not elevated the thoughts and
perplexed the feeling and heart of the mass
es,such a rule may have been allowable and
-proper. But, with the present prevailinw
sentiment of respect for religion, for publii:
opinion, and sacred observanice, in all chris
tian churches, o.f the decent conventionalist
due from the male to the softer sex, the rule,
we should think, might be advantageously
dispensed with.-Greenv'ille Mountaineer.
?HE AMERICAN JAPANESE .ExPEDITION.
The Journal des Debats, of Paris, on the
subject of America and Japan, says:
"The English and Americans are not
simply conquerors--they are the missiona
ries of civilization, of humanity, of tihe
rights of nations, or, in a wocrd, of Chris
tianity. At the bottom, it is still, and al
ways was, the struggle of the old and new
world, of old reli'rions and the Christian
religion. The Chmecse and the Japanese
will niot recognise the rest of the human
race; foreigners are regarded by them as
harbarians and enemies; they close their
gates against -them whenever storms drive
them on their co~vt; it is the principle of the
Jews, who wotuld not recognise the Gentiles;
it is that of the Pagans, who designated
foreigners and enemies by the same name.
On the other side is the principle, which says
thait all men are the children of one family,
anid owe each other mnttual Assistance ; that
3n0 nation cnn shut its doors to the shin.
wrpked, or refuse them assistance; that
hospitality is a duty, as asylum is a right;
that no nation has a right to isolate itself
from general society and common responsi
bility: that all have duties to fulfil one to
wards another, which all may mutually
cim and demand the accomplishment of.
This is the Christian principle-the principle
of charity, fraternity, and sociability. This
is the real struggle that exists in the old
Asiatie world; it is the struggle of progress
r.gainst immobility-of the spirit against the
letter-of grace against the law. low ean
the issue of it be doubtful ? What is now
doing by the Americans is the realization of
the dream of Christopher Columbus."
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1852.
C3ME UP FELLOW-CITIZENS TO THE CALL!!
THE Citizens of the District, fivorable to
Rail Road Enterprise, are requested to meet
at Edgeflield Court House, on the first Mon
day in June, to take some steps towards be.
ing represented in the approaching Rail Road
Convention to lie held at Anderson C. 11.
It is proposed to open books for subscrip
tion to the Rabun Gap Route on certain
conditions, and it is earnestly hoped that
many will come prepared to show that Old
E lgefield is yet alive to her best interests.
Opportunities of the most advantageous
kind have been suffered to pass by neglected.
Let this be so no longer.
Shall there not be a hearty and a general
hearkeninig to this call of
THE above call emanates from gentlemen who
are ready to back their proposition with the
right kind of sums annexed to their names. It is
gratifying to see that the Railroad spirit is at
length enkindled among us. If we are not very
much mistaken in the signs of the times, the (lay
is near at. hand when Edgefield will redeem all
her past omissions and hhnders-when she will
show, at least, that slothfulness and illiberality
are no longer impediments in the way or her
onward march to wealth and importance. We
can but add to the call of "3MANY CITZENS"
our most anxious wishes that there may le a full
attendance on the day specified and that every
thing may be done which a spirited, wealthy and
energetic people ought to do.
g-V Owi:o to the facts that the attention of
one of our Editors is at this time completely en
grossed by the duties of another office, and that
the other is laboring under severe indisposition,
our editorial columns present this week an unu
sually limited appearance.
Our kind anti considerate readers will of course
excuse us under the circumstances.
-7" " TnE PnriL. WHrTE Ilinutco" anti
" THE DINNER PARTY" %%ere both received too
late for this week's issue. They shall appear in
our next. e
PERCElvNG that our correspondents " SwvEET
IIoat E," " Taurnt" &c., are likely to rn into a
controversy of undue and unnecessary titterness,
ibe subject hitherto mooted.
If they will change their theme we will be
gratifled to hear from tem; for thley are inter
esting writers. But we cannot and will not lend
our paper to the fostering and increasing of vil
Tus " GAZETTE OF TnEF Uxtoy," an Odd-Fel
low Putblication, is a neat and cheap paper wvhich
well deserves at least the encourngement of the
Order of which it is an organ. We see in the
number before us a portrait of Mir. MIOUNTOrnT.
Grand Patriarch of New York. It is pubhlished
by Caitsirox & CLARKE, 107 Fulton-St., New
York. Price 83,00 pe-r aninum.
rTuE "WORKING FARMEa." is a monthly of
high reputation. We ever greet its arrival as wve
would that of an old an~d cxperiencedl friend who
who came to tell gs sometig fomr otir advanitage.
The "3MAsoNIC MisceL.LANY," is another
monthly of excellent character and " high finish,"
irf we may use a Cabinet-maker's terma in refer
ence to it. It is edited by A. G. MA CKEY with
mneih ability, and well deserves the support of
every good Mason.
"IIOUISEIIOLD WORDs" always aboundts with
interesting articles-and is richly wvorth its sub
scription price, which is 6 cents a number.
g' FROMt the stibjoined statement it wvill he
perceived that otir Charleston llouses are favor
ing direct exportation, an eniterprise reflecting
great credlit upon theta as individuals, and if
carriedl out of inesumable benefit tot our country.
rTe cotton exporteud is parily Sea Islanid anid will
commantd, as will also the Ililand cotton, it price
at thte Liverpool market, suflicieniuly high to ::omn
pensate the exporters.
J)Era R TIaREs.-ouir large ships, with valuable
cargoes, wvent to sea fromt thtis port on Saturday,
Ship Johna Rtilehge, Wanmbersue, with 435
bales Sea Island aind 39nt bales Uptland Cottotn,
fr Liverpool. Cleared by Ravenel and Co.
Ship Ocean Qtneen, 3latthewvs, with 45 bales
Sea Island and 3511 bale-s lipland Cotton, for
Liverpool. Clearedl by Jlohni Fraser antd Co.
Ship Samoset. Chtapmtan, with 334 bales Sea
Iland and 17.17 bales Uplan I Cotton, and 198
tierces Rice, for I1avre. Cleared by Mlottet and
Br. ship John 3Miller. Vaughn, with 2953 bales
Upland Cotton, aitt 127 tierees Rice.
Three of ttese shtips drewv over 15 feet of wa
ter, and ontd over 16 feet.-3Mereury.
Tusa CALIFOnNrA FUGITIVE SIAVE BILL.
Ihe bill which has passed the California
[egislattire, in relaution to fugitive s~laves,
provides for the surrender, to thieir originial
mstrs, of all colored people in California,
who were slaves before they were brougrht
into California. thus virtu-Illy reptudiating the
dotine that Californmia w'as a freo territory
y virtue of its old Mexican law, and that
laves could not be held there to service
after the conquest. Mr. Van B~uren, at muem.
ber of the Legislature, whlo figured in New
ork at the last Presidenttial election, as a
reesoiler, voted four it ; while Mr. Biroderick,
ormerly a New York htinker, bitterly op
osed its passage. It is saiid thier-e nre no
laves in California to which the bill will be
ESCAPE OF CUBAN Is1-ADE~S.--Tie Herald
f New York says, tha~t Don A. Lages
znaga Miranda, D)on Jgnmacio Behinprez and
on Juan O'Blourke, Ctubans, with Major
~iehelsiuger, at Hunigarinn, hind escaped from
he Spanish Pental Coloniy in A frica, on April
4, and -urrived. at Liverpool on the 3rd inst.
hey beloniged to the Lopez Expedition, and i
ere pre-armin tolave I'nr A merica. I
MEssas. ED'rons :-I hope that the rebuke
contained in your late editorial, advising a "pro
per spirit," in communications was not meant
solely for myself, inasmuch, as it is my desire to
disaus principal and not indulge in personalities.
But 1 acknoyledge the justice of your complaint
against improper "length" and will tndeavor
for the future-to conidenscmultim in parro.
It is however, unfortunate for this resolutioii,
that I must returri the fire of two assailants in
one brief communication; still I promise not to
be longer in my one defending myself, than they
were in their to attackingmInc. Dr. FRANKLN
said that lie was a great advocate for the freedom
of the press, as long as freedom of the cudgel
accompanied it, and so say I, without any ambi
tion to be thought such a magnate as Dr.
FRANKLIN the secona. As long as scurrility and
vulgarity are avoided, an almost unlimited range
for the discussion of principal should be allowed,
while a little polished invetive, now and then,
give relish to it. Hot weather too is approach
ing, and a village in summer is always the dull
est place in the world. Desides there is q-iite a
dearth of news just at present for your readers,
who I have no doubt would be interested, if not
instructed, by the fencing and sage counsels of
"SWEET HOME," inuTii" and your multi
I did not mean to wound any foreigner, much
less " an Englisliman," who has thrust himself
into this controversy, without the least color of
cause or excuse. My remarks were made with
reference to "Northern men," and of .thiem
oily generally. I did not pause even, to make
the qualification, or exception to the principle,
which I ought to have done. That I know a
fcw Northern men at the South, in South Car
olina, in Edgefield Disttict and some in Edge
field Village, whom I would be willing to stand
sentinel, over the last forlorn hope of the South,
the night before it was to be -devoured by the
wolves of Abolition howling around it.
But, Messrs. EDrroas, such men come here
when young, before Abolition poison had been
poured into their veins, and before SEWARD, or
his "higher law," arose into power. They
contracted marriage here and acquired oicncr
ship of land here, which are said to be the two
foundations of society, as they are the nurseries
of patriotism. I only mant to excite a suspi
cion in my countrymen, against traveling Yan
kees, who perambulate the world for their hum.
true to their race instead of fixing their local
habitation and name like Southerners. Men
who can pry into your affairs, whether you
will or not and sometimes into your pocket-who
can smile, and smile, gnd still- be villains, play
ing upon Southern .phe, while they shrug
their shoulers at its self-delusion. Such mncii
as instinctively resort to a town or village, be
cause its vicious crimes, and busy curiosity are
more congenial to their soul, than the pure air
and reflective solitude of a farm, where they
would languish and die. Sech as though ser
vants at home, can by their cunning have white
servants here, that own a hundred slaves, and
finally, I meant to caution my countrymenm,
against cempoying Yankee teachers, who besides
the suspected crime of Abolition, or Treason,
aight have enmough othir tiis and daubs abont
-them, to make them stiak in the, nostrils of
pose, and not to wound the feelings of an Eng
hishirman, or of any Foreigner, and though the
foreign enmigration has ruined this country, I
caii better bear to he wronged by a stranger,
than iinjured by mny b~rothecr, as the Yankee calls
himself. I have none of the proscription of a
Native American, but such men are justly nu
inerous in the Northern States JEFFEasoN
foreseeing the evil consequences of emigration
to this cotuntry, prayed God that an ocean of
fire might roll between the two continents.
Foreign emigrants, at thme ratc of half a million
a year, or ais many as thme whole population of~
South Carolinma enter America, through the
gates of the Northern Cities which have our
only direct steam cmonmmunication with Europe.
Thus a new free State is added to the North
anally by eamigration alone.
And these emigrants are generally poor,
mostly laborers, aiid but few eapitalists, hence
they miust work arid they cannot finid employ
meiit in thme South, because we are an agricultu
ral people, whose labor is mostly done by slaves.
A grain of Wheat, or a seed of Cotton, will
mature by the hand of nature and thle assistance
of the uimskihful black under the dirceton of his
master. But manufactures and commerce re
quire the skill of the white Yanmkee, who live in
a country to which nature gave nothing but
granite and ice, but wvhiebi is now filled with
wveahlth and palaces plundered from the South.
These emigrants then first arrive at the North
and mostly remain there for the above reasons.
They hate thme South, because they cannot get
empl~oyment here, and because also, their wild
notions of socialism and anarchy arc at war with
Southern slavery. In add ition to this. thme North
has superior Cainals, Railroads, and other facili
ties for tranisportation, to a hiomie in thme far West,
which is given to the emigrant free, gratis aiid
for nothing, by Northerni votes, but which was
conquered and bought by Southern blood and
Abolition like a sp~eek, first rose in France,
not a century ago. It thence wafted through
England, like the expandimig cloud seen by the
rophmet, and crossing to America by Foreigni
emigration, now hangs a bhr.ek pall, shirouding
the Hecavens, over our once happy home, charged
with fife, blood and ruin. A fter this, am I, a
native born Caroimnian, to be lectured by an enmi
grant from England, the natural foe of my coun
try, as to the measure of my toleration to Y~an
kee wolves in sheep's clothingi God and pa
triotism both forbid it !
Yet-I am ready to welcome this Englishman
because his unncessary vindication of himself
bears initernal evidence of coining from a true
Southierner. Because, he has married here,
has land here aiid owns slaves here. These are
all pledges of hiis sincerity and devotion to his
adopted country. Even a non-slaveholding
Foreigner in thme South must be presumed true
to her, because in a war with thme North lie
would not be fighting against his fatherland. A
Foreigner but seldom if ever returns to Europe,
with a fortune accumulated at the Sotuth, while
nothing is more common than for the Yankee
Southerner, to shoulder his golden fleece and go
back to hum ini some town or village, omit of
whieh, wherever he roams he can no more live
.Many;if not most of the Nortern-men at
the South, do try to hold her back and would
return to the North, or at most, remain but
neutral in case of a collision, and I respect them
for it. I do not ask them to stab their mother,
as mtchas she desertvs'deatlI and the Fo ither
ner *Ito does, asks for the treason tha't would
make him hate the traitor. " Ax ExiLtsniAsx,"
confesses-that it took several years of observa
tion and investigation, to remove'his prejudices
entirely, against the South and her institutions.
It is a hard matter to learn an old horse new
tricks, whether he comes from Europe or the
A word farther to " Ax E.:Lisn.Ax," and I
bid him an aff'ectionate adieu. I admit the truth
of his assertion, that many of our revolutionary
heroes were born in hgland, but most of our
Tori... were born there also, (as they would be
now at the North) and in England or Scotland
at that, while, as General GREENE said, Ireland,
poor Ireland, had no tgry,in South Carolina, aid
from hei stock,have sprung the CA Lnous, ifc
DUFFIES, BUT.Eas, &o., &e., of the State.
" Ax ExraIsnxAN" contends for the exception.
T contend for the general rule. We do not
iif'er when each rightly understands the other.
And so farewell to him. -
I now turn to a morelirviting theme, " Taut"
or the Southern man withNorthern principles,
defending a Northern' n with Southern prin
ciples. Ile complains the great number and
variety of my dishes, under the short bill of fare
of "Our Male Academy," and yet lie seems to
have partaken of every dish in every course, but
his foul stomach could iot contain such palatable
food-hence as I intended, it sickened and work
ed him like good physic; but I did not mean to
reduce him so low, as to make him feeble, or
loose his temper, in doing which, lie betrays
rather the wish than the ability to wound. The
galled jade winces under the lash, and I am
sorry for the sake of fair play, that I have so
nuch the advantage of " TRUTH" ill the sound
ness of my shoulders and the strength (if my
side of the question. My magnanimity inclines
me to swap sides with him, that lie may recruit
his exhausted energies; on the abundant supply
of argument which he advanced against his
present position last summer. DBut I hope in
our friendly correspondence, lie will not indulge
again, in such course and vulgar epithets as
" narrow-contracted, sickly. pseudo-patriotic
sentiments." They ire better adapted to the
abandoned in society, than to gentlemen, such
as he and I. And I hope also, that before lie
writes " Big-endians ad Little-endians" again,
lie will remember th.Va turn for punning is not
Altic Salt. Or rather that before lie nianufac
tures any more suelh harsh phrases, he will
recall PorE's advice. as to the proper ute of
words and fashions, a
"Be not the first, by hnm the new are triel,
Nor yet the last to ar the old aside."
However, I suppose h rly asserts the privilege
of W EasTER, to matoifture a word whenever
lie pleases, instead of following WALKER, our
guide at the Souih. 10nw he can amend his
ninnnersn in thiis respef u'r lie has lived to little
purpose. I do not sti .W for grammar, as I anm
oceasionially false in that-,fi-self.
-His loss of temp'ar a~i made -him unkind in
anothter respect., Fro 'tle selection of his sig
- 'eza seabors to convert an hdniest mistake,
if mistake it be, into the Euphemtismi of mis
representation. But I inhust thank hinm even for
this courtesy and only hope that lie will not
throw off the thin disgnise of the figure. What
was ainmed however as a wouniding nrrow does
not quiver in my side, as many, very manty of
this community have been deluded like myself.
Ulut perhaps " TadvTn" and " SwEE-T hliE" are
both nmistaken in regard to this m~atter. It mtay
be that the Trustees d~o not desire to ettploy any
'reacher at all for the Male A endemyv, " either
native or not, Northern 'or Southerni."
But as the field of competition is so expanded
and invitations are extended to all harts of the
world. Will " Tau-nt" infornm us what are
"the requisite qualifications" ini an applicant to
" be altogether acceptable" to the Trustees.
A pplicants from " abroad" whonm lhe seems so
anixious to entlighiten, wvould like to know. Has
an accomplished Gerntan, but a Lutheran in
Religiont, applied for the Academy and been re
jectedi Did the Trustees ad vertise for a Teach
er till all such as were -worth having, maght be
presumed to have got ensployment? And
" SwEET IIOMtE" now fears that no matter who
applies a Vermonter, or sonie one from thtere
abouts, will be the first Rector, to sit in the
I have never sought any politienl preferment
in my life, antd do not know that I ever shall.
" Tacun" is therefore at fault, to ebarge me
with '"the nmiscrable slang and stale cant of an
ambitious asplirant," especially as in doing so,
lie imitates General FoorE., alledging crimes
against others, of which he is notoriously guilty
hiimself. Before throwing this stone, lie should
have rememibered the greint notoriety to which
lhe himself has been advanced in the politicail
world. Hie acted so conspienous a part, in thie
late canvass, through whtich the State has just
passed, that the Secession movemenit bears the
nnme of his and a distinguished Collengue's
revolutien in Edgefield., But a change has
come over the spirit of hii~dreai, and the burst
ing of Secession seems .to have piroduced as
much hiallucittation in him, as did the explosion
of the Stockton gun on, board the Princeton,
upon Benton. ils great reverence for truth,
must be the result of a deep conviction of the
error of Scession. Else how can we account
for his " face being set like a flint" to the North
now, wvhen it pointed direktly to the South last
Summer ? Or how else account for his present
cordial emtbrace of such unnatural conipany, in
stead of his native born, losig known fellow
I adimire the' passive tehse, cautious phrase,
and insinuating genernlity of " Taurmt's' diplo
matic style, in wvhicht I recognise the hand of
TAL.YaIAND the younger, or more appiropmriately
that of the " Little Magician." " Tauvn" al
most asks mc, "does your mother know you
arc out 1" in his impression of may " being home.
raised.". My -greenness is perhaps much riper
than lie supposes, and of this lie may become
persuaded, when we exchange our respects a
few mgrce times. I have seen the elephant of
Abolitionism, Socialism-and Yankeeism behind
the curtain, and wvithout the disguise for South
erun Gulls. I inisist, Messrs. Eiroas, that the
poetieal bird, which hovered over this town the
by the sympathetic feeling ivliieT1 makes birds
of a feather floek togethet. As to the charge of
my being a visionary, indulging " idle specula
lations and impracticable theories," perhaps
" Tau-T" may one day become convinced of
their correctness, by proof palpable, as people
have been elsewhere. But I have said enough.
If ears will not hear and eyes refuse to see, it is
no fault of mine. I confess my weakness of
loving my South, my Carolina, my Edgefield
too well, and Yankees may call my countrymen
Cascons, or Bumble Bees, or what they choose,
but give me my country and my countrymen,
right or wrong, with all their faults, in prefer
ence to any Yankbe.
Therefore I will not require like " TRUTa"
that "all things else shall be equal" before I
will give the preference to the Southern, over
the Northern Teacher. I am willing to take the
former, with half the qualifications, upon trust
that he will by application and adoption of his
calling as a profession, make himself worthy of
being called a teacher. If we do not begin with
sacrifices, and strike for the Educational we can
never have the poltical independence of our
own SWEET HOME.
We elip the following political item from
the Washington correspondence on the Bal
The proposition by Gen. Shields and the
Secretary of War for a re-organization of
the army, has drawn to this city a number of
general officers of the army. Those who
hold or expect staff appointments are very
hostile to the bill! It will put the staff
officers back into the line, with reduced
emoluments and rank. The majority of the
officers of the army 'will be well content
with the proposed change, for the staff np
pointments are looked upon by them with
There is 'much doubt whether either of
the National Conventions will endorse the
ftgitive slave law. Senator Hale and Mr.
Preston King have cautioned the democratic
party against it-convincing then, appa
rently, that such a mis-step would be pro
ductive of another Buffialo convention.and
another breaking up of the democratic party
in the North.
Mr. Preston King argued, in his speech
yesterday, that slavery was a sectional ques
tion, and should be it matter of conflict be
tween the North and the South, and not
form any part of the platform of a national
party. Slavery presents also it constitution
al question, and according to this reasoning,
the constitution ought to form no part of the
platform of a national party.
It appenrs to be the purpose of both par.
ties in the Convention to exclude slavery as
a party issue; ahnd to carry on the slavery
warlre between the two sections, after the
election, with renewed vigor and mggravated
A few oflice holders, consisting chiefly of
eustoni-mouse chibs, have held a pri ate
nteeting in Philadelphia, and determined to
nmake a denmonstration on S.turdaY night.
next in favor of Mr. Villmore. This is the
only movement of the sort that I have heard
of in that qaurter.
Mr. Clay was more comfortable yesterday
than ie had bceen for some days. .lo.
RECENT CORRESroNDENCE or MIE. TusH
En.-Th~e New York Hernld of the 15th
instanut publishes two interesting Ilters,
copies of oriinnils addressed to, Gen, Con
Dminiel Webster. Secretary of State. by 3Mr.
Thrasher. in these letters, Hr. Thrashmer
argues with great ability the illegality of his
recent arrest, trial, and sentence, passed
upon him by thme anthtorities of Ctuba. He
r peet nno very enviable light the conm
due ofMr.Webterand the American Gov
ernnment. The statenmnt of thme Captain
General receives some pretty ennmdid refuta
tione, in the plain recount of circunmstancees
attemnding the trial as set fortht by Mr.
Thrasher. Thme letter is dated from Madrid,
but it expressly appears by the last accounts,
says the Herald, that Mr. Thrasher himself
hn's arrived in Park.lie is expected soon in
New York, wl:ere he will no doubt meet
with a wvarum reception from his numerous
DEATH OF TitF.Ot.DEST METHoDIST PREACH
rR IN THtE WORT.D.-Tlhe New Ytork Chris
hian A dvocate, contains thme followintr : " Rev.
George Hlighitield. of the Brilish Wecsleyan
Conference, the oldest Methodist Preacher
in the World, eansed his lengthened pilgrim
age near Liverpool, on the 9;h of December.
Hem was cenlled imn:o the ministry by Mr.
Weslev in l'785, and continued to travel
until 1825, whetn the state of his health
compelled htim to beconme a supernummerary;
but he still labored in thme piulpit amnd on
pastoral work unttil his strength entirely
filed. During thme last four years infirmi
ties grewv rampidly upon him: his memory
failed so that secular things were nearly ob
literated from it, btut he could amhvays reenmll
portionms of Scripture amd hiymmns which had
long been treasured there.. The forenoon
of the day before lie died, lie spent alone,
and was tunusuially happy. He wa~s ninety
ote years ni:d had beeni itt the ministry sixty
THE RAN! ol~rH NEc aoE.-A writer in
tie Ralhimore Patriot, who is travellimg in
Ohio, gives this neeonnmt of thme RandolphI
neroes, who, it will be remembered, were
d-iven from -thmeir honmi s which had been
procnred for them by the whites:
" Troy, abomut twenty miles frotm Dayton,
is a smiall .,nd rather dilapidated town be
tween this place and Piqur. Along the en
nd are a majority of the Randolph negroes.
Swas in the adjoining county of ?Mercer,
that the large tramct of~ land was purchased
for their set tlement, from which they were
forcibly ejected by the white inhabitants.
The condition of thme poor creatures is a bad
commentary on the miserable peli-y of
e:nnciptinlg negroes, and allowing them to
remain in this country. The majority of
these once valuable servants, are now worth
less beasts upon the community amiong
whom they are located, and often want for
the common necessaries of life. I heard
several express an ardent wish to return to
the shores of Roanoke again, wvhere titey
h:id plenty, and did not know what it was to
suffer for wat
OCEAN PosTAE.-We perceive, says thme
Newt X'mrk Herald, thtat there is a movement
in England to reduce thme price of ocean
postage. This ought to be done immediate
ly, on the very same principle of thme redne
tion of inland postage. Thme same reasoning
lds its good for onme na thte other; and thme
success that has attended chmeap postage on
both sides of the Atlamntie, is an earnest of
the success of ceaep postatge over the high- 1
ay of nations. It ought to be reduced to
six'eents, wvhic~h would produce sineht an in
rese in letters, as in a short time to more
than compensamte the public revenue for the 1
eduction, while its advantages to Europe
a Amea...aA woul bemeynd ..ninatinn
We noticed some time since, a letter pub.
lished In the New York Tribune, written
from Jamaica, Long Island, giving a most
deplorable aceount of the condition of the
free negroes, in that place-describing their
idle, intemperate, immoral, loathsome habits;
adding, that in consequence they were rapid
ly decreasing in numbers. This is the con
dition to which the abolitionists are moving
heaven and earth to reduce the slaves of the
South-starvation and the lowest depths of
moral degradation. I
We observe, too,by accounts which we
occasionally see in the Northern papers, that
the situation of the same class of blacks in.
Canada-which place the mendacious fanatics
have taken so much pains to picture forth as
a very paradise-is almost precisely the same
-as, indeed it is and must be every where
until their Maker is pleased to change their
moral and intellectual character and capa
The following is from one of their number
named Bibb :-Baltimore Times.
"XWINDSOR, CANADA WEST, May 13, 1852.
MR. EDITOR: I have opposed and shall
continue to oppose lying and begging,
whether carried on by white or colored men,
and especially amongst reflugees in Canada,
with whom I stand identified, and upon
whom the whole civilized world are looking
to see whether they are capable of taking
care of themselves under an anti-slavery go
vernment. I know that every timn in Canada
West who will work can make a good living;
and it is disgraceful to us as a people to con.
tinue sending ngents over the country to beg
for a living when we are just as able to work
for it as white men are.
For maintaining these views I consider
myself maliciously calumniated through the
columns of the Tribune on Monday last, by
a set of unprincipled beggars from Canada,
who are determined to sponge their living
out of a generous public in this way."
* * * * * *
"But, ngain; as far as my property in De
triot is concerned, which the writer seems so
much to covet, I would say to him, and his
self-made pauper friends, that I came honest
ly by it, and that if some of them would
drink less whiskey, stop lying, and go to
work, t hey might also soon have a house and
lot. This course would be far more credita
ble to the fugitives in Canada 'than to be
continually sending out firnorant prenehers
over the State to beg old clothes, &c. If the
representations of t:ese beggars were all
true, the fiagi:ives in Canada would have little
to choose between starvalion on the one
hand and slavery on the other."
WAn ROxons t% MEXico.-We learn from
th Rio Bravo, that there was an excitement
at Matamoras upon receipt of the nevs from
the city of Mexico.
The rumor there is " that Mr. Letcher, the
Amerienn Minister, had, after tihe refusal by
the Mexican Congress to ratify the Tlehuan.
tepee treaty by a vote of 79, to I sent in to
President Arista his ultimatum, which is said
to have been, as follows: either allow the
work to be continued. or indemnify the com
p:mny for all losses sustained. otherwise-his
pissport to leave the country. It is, also
said, that Mr. Webster has intructed the
President of the Tehuantepec company. Mr.
Benjamin, to proceed with the work and the
Tnited States Governmen', would sustain
haa, and that a naval force laid been senat fur
" Whenm this news renehed .Natamoras there
wvas sufieient gas expended to illi a balloon,
which was sent up that evening. There was
a remark mads by Colonel Portilla, which is
ing wvar, Mexico will use all the meatns that
God has given her to defend herself; hitherto
the Amerieans have bought, with their gold,
the battles which t heir prowess conld not
gain, but now, (striking his breast and look
ing as fierce as a lion.) Mexico is in the keep
ing cf honest men and goodl patriots."
RIVETING THlE NAIL..-Trhe Young Meni's
Democratic Committee of the city of New
York have passed resolutions re-affirming
their attachment to General Cass, and their
preference for him above all others as the
candidate for the Presidency. Jo addition
to this, they censure the manifestation of
different vews on thme part of their repre
sentatives in Congress, and determine to
attend the Baltimore Convention en masse.
KYOmuTL.E AND CmtAnr..ESvoN RATLROAD.
The Knoxviile Register, of the 18th instant.
says a subscript ion of stock, to the amount
of $105 000, has been obtained in that place
and vicinity, within a few days, towards
buildingr a railroad from Knoxville, by the
wuay of Maryville, to intersect with the road
fronm Charleston, South Carolina, t hrotugh
the Rabnmn Gap. TJhis amount being more
thtan enough to secure the charter, which
was granted by the last Legislature of Ten
nessee, the Company was organized the day
previous by the election of finleen Directors.
Dr. J. G. M. Ramsey was afterwards elected
President, Joseph L.. King, Secretary, and
Jamc s HI. Cowan, Treasurer.
PR1EsENeE OF MIND.-Thte herdsman of a
faram in North Uist had occasion otie day,
lately to send his datughter foar the enttle
under his charge. There were a bout eighty
of them. and amnong them two bulls, one of
which was (oeensionazlly in the habit of as-I
sauhing people. Otn thme day in question, the
d~imsel unwarily approached the .bull too
cosely, when he inmediately gave chase.
On a leve Ifield, without dykes, bogs, or any
other Iltce of refuge- to resort to, what
would the reader have done-for to run
home, a distance of three quaxrters of a mile,
wa~s olut of~ the question. The girl, with
great presence (of mind, ran over to the
other bull, a good natured animal, antd munch
stronger thtan her assailant. Standing close
by his side, anid kindly tapping him on the
bck, she drove him towvards her father's
house, followed by her enraged enenmy, who
kept roaring amnd fuming all the way, but
when he camne too close her protector turned
round and kept her assailant at bay. In this
manner the fugitive arrived safely at home.
[Iverness (Scotland) Courier.
BURNING OF ENGINE IMoUsE.-On Saturday
morning, about one o'clock, the- Engine
touse in this place, belonging to the State
Road, wa~s discovered to be on fire. Gen.
Bishop with his hands hastened to the spot,
ad by great exertion, got out a heavy En
gine. A harge number of Cars loaded with
otton, &c. were much too close for safety.
A sufficieint force wvas thrown upon the Cot
oton Cars to put out fire that mightt fall, while
thers were stationed on thme Depot house,
n which there was more than $50,000 worth
>f frgight. By this prompt measure and ac
ive exertion, all was saved from destruction
>ut the Engine House. The fire eaught
~rom a spark that lodged near the top of the
himney of thme htouse. The loss, we pre
ume wilt not exceed $1000. But it was a
mrrow escape from an -expensive fire.
GRAIN is treated like infants. When
he head becomes heavy, it is cradled, and
~enerally well threshed to render it fit
Later from Europe.
NEW YORK, May 24,1852.
The steamer Humboldt, with one day's
later news, has arrived. The saes of 6otton
at Liverpool on Saturday, the 8th instant,
amounted to 10,000 bales-2,500 of which
were bought by speculators and 2,500 1
exporters. Prices were steady. Breadstuffs
unchanged. Consols closed at 99.1-8 to
THE CnoP.--'e were informed few
days ago, by a highly intelligent and practi.
enl farmer near our village, that he laid re
eently visited several sections of the' Dis
trict, and was struck with the' favorable ap
pearance of th.- growing crop. The wheat
crop, he seys, is looking remnikably well
in fact, in many places he has' never seen
finer wheat than is now growipg, while in
all he has no doubt but that an average crop
will be made. We are much gratified to
learn this fact, as regards our own District,
as well as to hear favorable accounts from
If the wheat crop is a good one,..thou
sands of dollars will be saved our farmers
in the purLciase of corn alone, for if the
price iN not greatly reduced, they can rnake
use of their wheat until their own corn is
Corn and oats are also doing well. The
stand of cotton is good, and the probability
is, if n0 misfortune occurs to it, a much
larger crop will be made than our mosft in
telligent and thrifty farmers desire, for they
are now beginning to deprecate the preva
lence of the cotton mania. Our friend. to
whom we have referred,- has almost entirely
abandoned its culture, and we are in hopes
his example will soon be geneiahly fVillowed.
FATAL ACCIDEST.-A most lamentable ae
ideit occurred at the Arsenal at thiu place
yesterday morning. Two or three ndgroes
were engaged in Captain Matthews's ioom
plasterii.g. In this room. the guns'of- the
niAht-guard were placed.. Capt. Matthews
lid just stepped out of his room, .when one
of the boys, about 14 or 15 years of age,
picked up one of the guns, and presenting it
at a hand, remarking "how light a gun."
The man at whom it was directed told him
to liy it down, when he turned towards the
other, and the gun was discharged, killingt'-he
man instantly. The whole load, a ball and
three buckshot, passed through his head,and
lodged in a1elock on the mantel piece. The
three boys present, we understand, beloned
to the estate of Col. F..H. Elmore, and were
During the afternoon, Mr. Coroner. Mier
assembled a jury of inquest upon the bedy,
who.:fter investigation of the cireumstances,
rendered a verdict in necordance with the
fats.-South Carolinian, 25th inst.
OvERLAND ROUTE TO CALIFoRNIA.-An
express line overland from St. Joseph's,
Missouri, to Sacramento City, has. be,-n es
tabli.shed. The first train left on the first (if
May, taking out the necessary stock for the
sev'eral stations of the company, ard ithe
second is to leave on the. 10.h of June. The
station of the company are Fort Laramie,
North Fork of the Platte; South-Pass, Salt
Lake City and the Head of Humboldt: The
number of wagons in each train will be ten,
and the limitation of' passengers, - forty.
Time from St. Joseph to 'Sa1. Lake Cia.y
twenty-fire days; fire $1.00. To.Sh -
rnento, sixty days, fare $150.
FATAL CAsuAuTT.- p. Quin, narespect
ereess handhing of Spirit gas.. ~A servant
was tillinag the latmp from -a cnn, whean the
finid enu~rbt fire, and, we supplose by the
fright of the seant, the whole was pre
eiitated upon01 the floor in a blaze. 3Mrs.
Quin attempting to pt it out by stampingion
it, her dress canght fire anid she was so
dreadly- burned that after twelve&hIii's''of
sife'Lring she, expired yesterday ,mornig.
SmtoCKING RAll.RUAD AeCIDENT AND Loss
or LIrE.-The Cleveland Plain Denler
states that on Tuesday last, a freight train
on tihe Michigan Central Railroad came in
collision with a pnissenger train at Nihes,
?libig:mn, by which four ears were demolish
ed, seven patssetngers killed, atnd nitnety
wounded, thirty of whom will die. Tile
eente is described its h. art rending. Arins,
legs, and ribs were broken, and the mass of
hlumaln beings miultilated in every possible
tainer. The engineer and firemnen,.who
were saved bly jumpjing fronm the train, have
been arrested and imprisoned in Niles, and
it is said the inhabitants are determined to
have their cotnduct rigidly investigated.
arOrTATION OF SUGAR AND MOLASSES
During the year 1851, the importation -of
brown sug::rs itnto the United States amnount
ed to 366.537,861 pounds-value 8i2.889,
274; of white or refined sugars, 17,000,000
pounds-value $1,000,000. Of moinskes
there were imported 36,376,772 .gallons,
valued at $3,707,581-making the total val.
nation of tile importation of these two arti
les $17,589, 855-or nenrly one-twelft h .of
then value of the entire imports for the year,
whichl amtounted to $2 16.22-4,932. The prir
ipal import of sugar is from Cuba; 276.
000 000 rounds, valued at $10,000,000, comn
ig from that Island.
EvERY bitter has its sweet. Proverty
britgs good appetite, wvhile hard work make's
you sleep and snore like a humumitng-up. If
you live on cold potatoes, just recolleet'that
cold poltatoes arc no way related to the gout.
If an acquaintance cuts you merely jbecause
you have f'allen from pnirple to ciirduroy
don't get in a passion about the nincompoop,
but return thanks that the numnber of asses
yout have been compelled to nod to, has been
reduced by one.. -
ARRIVAL OF MR. TYIRASIJER IN N. Yoaxs.
-A despatch received in Baltimore from
New York, anld dated the 17th instant, an
nounces the arrival in that city of Mr. John
S. Thrasher, wvho was recently pardoned byp
the Spanish Government. Mr. Thrasher
:ame over in the steamer Atlantic.
A TALLt P'IN.-A raft of timber came in
2n Saturday from the Edisto which deserve&
iotice. The average of the stieks we un
erstood to be abont 80 fe-et in length. But,
ine of them measured 116 feet, squaring .18e
nehes at one end and 14 at the other. IL
vns ecut by Capt. J. S. Jennings, of Or-mg&
urg District. Our friends in Wilmington
ejoie in this line occasionally-can they'.
>ea't Capt. Jennings?-Charleston Meury.
DEATH OF JOHN HOWARD PAYN.1
Washington letter in the Baltimore Pairiot
mn~ounIces tihe death of John Howard Payqe,
sour Consul at Tunis, and the authoio
teveral dratnatic workst, and, a niumber of
ther literary productions, including. the'
opular song of "Home, Sweet Home.~
HION. JosrA H J. EvAs.-'The Marion tar
tates that rumor says that the friends of.
ndge Evans have nominated him as a can
lidate before the next' Legislature) for the
~osition of United St~ates Senator to:repre
ent thlis State, for the sixyears next aftirf"